Collections
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, FABRIC
Catalogue Number
P19960112135
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, FABRIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
96.2
Length
66.2
Width
51.5
Description
OAK ARMCHAIR. DARK BROWN SIMULATED LEATHER (CLOTH) UPHOLSTERY ON CHAIR BACK; SLIGHTLY CUSHIONED SEAT UPHOLSTERED WITH SAME. STRAIGHT LEGS WITH SPINDLES BETWEEN THEM. STEEL BRACKET FIXING BOTH ARMS TO SUPPORTS AT FRONT. STEEL RODS ALONG WIDTHS OF CHAIR, JUST BELOW SEAT. FINISH ON CHAIR IS QUITE WORN AND SCRATCHED, ESPECIALLY ON ARMS. FINISH ON UPHOLSTERY ALSO WORN.
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112135
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19960112134
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
OAK, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
81.8
Length
57.7
Width
57.7
Description
OAK ROUND-BACK CHAIR WITH SOLID BACK PANEL. ARM RESTS; LEFT ONE HAS WHITE SPOT OF PAINT. BACKING OF CHAIR HAS BLACK LEATHER PANEL (BOTH FRONT AND REVERSE) TACKED TO IT; TRAPEZOID IN SHAPE. THREE SLATS CONNECTING LEGS: TWO RUN FRONT TO BACK; THIRD CONNECTS THESE TWO ACROSS CENTRE. LEFT PROPER SLAT IS BROKEN AT BACK JOINT. CHAIR IS SCRATCHED THROUGHOUT. LABELLED AT LOWER BACK OF SEAT.
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, RET. LETHBRIDGE POLICE CHIEF TERRY WAUTERS STATED THAT THE CHAIR WAS “FROM THE COURTROOM (LOCATED AT THE 5TH AVENUE POLICE STATION) AND THAT IT WAS USED BY DEFENCE LAWYERS, PROSECUTORS AND POLICE OFFICERS”. CONCURRENTLY, POLICE INSPECTOR BILL KAYE ADDED THAT AFTER ITS USE IN THE COURTROOM, IT WAS “USED IN THE LOBBY OF THE OLD POLICE STATION”. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112134
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FOLDING DESK
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK
Catalogue Number
P19960112133
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOLDING DESK
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1970
Materials
OAK
No. Pieces
3
Height
68.8
Length
81.2
Width
45.3
Description
SMALL OAK DESK CONSISTING OF DESKTOP, AND TWO HINGED LEG PANELS. TWO SLATS ACROSS BACK HOLD LEGS IN PLACE; ONE AT BOTTOM IS REPLACEMENT. DRAWER IN FRONT RIGHT PROPER, WITH BRASS LOCK MECHANISM AT CENTRE; NO PULL. WRITTEN IN PENCIL INSIDE DRAWER IS "DEX 90S-C". BOTTOM OF DRAWER HAS WRITTEN IN BLACK INK "WIN M1200 S. NO. 255888 PUR"; "BRNG 12ETTE. S. NO. 3A4452 PUR. DEC '66 $194.95."; "WIN M100 S. NO. 128002 PUR. 11 FEB '67". PULL-OUT WRITING BOARD AT LEFT SIDE OF DESK FRONT. TWO BENT NAILS JUST BELOW DESKTOP AT RIGHT SIDE. DESK IS SCRATCHED THROUGHOUT, WITH SEVERAL INSECT BORE HOLES AT TOP. COLLAPSES BY REMOVING BACK SLATS AND FOLDING LEGS UNDER DESKTOP.
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, RET. LETHBRIDGE POLICE CHIEF TERRY WAUTERS STATED THAT THE “SMALL DESK WAS USED FOR COMPLAINT BOOK ENTRIES” IN THE POLICE STATION. ADDITIONALLY, HE RECALLED USING THE DESK PERSONALLY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112133
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, LEATHER, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19641362000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS, LEATHER, WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
22.9
Length
28.9
Description
(SIZE 6) STAMPMARK ON UNDERSIDE OF BACK BRIM "WENDRY LTD. MAKER GLASGOW". FRONT BRIM EDGE IS REINFORCED WITH BRASS FACING. LEATHER-LACQUERED. WOOL LINED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
IN USE BETWEEN 1910 & THE 40'S. REFERENCE: REGULATION PATTERN (LEATHER) #200 IN J. MORRIS AND SONS LIMITED CATALOGUE.
Catalogue Number
P19641362000
Acquisition Date
1964-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19672564007
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Length
5.7
Description
BRASS TITLE "R N W M P" LETTERS JOINED BY BAR TOP & BOTTOM. 2 PIN LOOPS FOR FASTENER, MISSING PIN FASTENER.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
MADE BY "J.R. GAUNT LTD MONTREAL" PREVIOUSLY CATALOGED AS AN ANONYMOUS DONATION P19738905000-GA, ATTRIBUTED TO CRAIG DONATION. TITLE IS CONSISTENT WITH OTHER UNIFORM PIECES. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564007
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SIDE-LIFT TUBULAR TYPE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, CHROMED METAL
Catalogue Number
P19739474000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SIDE-LIFT TUBULAR TYPE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
GLASS, CHROMED METAL
No. Pieces
2
Height
48.3
Diameter
15.0
Description
RED GLASS GLOBE. FITTED WITH A BARRICADE CAGE OF CHROMED TIN, EMBOSSED IN 2 PLACES: "DIETZ". BASE, CHROMED & EMBOSSED: "DIETZ KING" "FIRE DEPT.". KEROSENE TYPE
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CARRIED ON LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT AMBULANCE. MAY HAVE ALSO BEEN CARRIED ONOTHER FIRE FIGHTING VEHICLES. REF TO P196413590000-GA FOR GIFT CERTIFICATE.
Catalogue Number
P19739474000
Acquisition Date
1964-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. SUSPENDERS
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19672564005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. SUSPENDERS
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Length
82
Width
3.8
Description
LEATHER & ELASTISIZED COTTON CANVAS, ADJUSTABLE SIZING. 1 LEATHER BUTTON LOOP TORN. "Y" SHAPED. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT. GREY WITH WHITE BACKING.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
STAMPED "CURRIE" ON METAL ADJUSTING BUCKLE. WORN OVER SHIRT & UNDER JACKET. NOT KNOWN IF ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE OR LATER ISSUE. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564005
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. SAM BROWNE BELT
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19672564003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. SAM BROWNE BELT
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
114.0
Width
9
Description
LEATHER & BRASS FITTINGS. LEATHER TORN AT 4 HOLE FOR BUCKLE. SEE CONSV REPORT. PENNED IN INK, NAME, POSSIBLY D.A. MCKILLOP? AT 1 END.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELT APPEARS TO BE OTHER RANKS' PATTERN & IS CONSISTENT WITH ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ISSUE OF 1904 OR LATER. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564003
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Materials
NICKEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
1
Length
4.5
Width
4.7
Description
NICKEL CAP BADGE WITH PIN. BADGE IS SHAPED AS MAPLE LEAF; CROWN EMBOSSED AT CENTRE OF FACE, WITH "CANADA" IN BANNER BELOW. BRASS COTTER PIN THROUGH TABS AT BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO FRANK BATHGATE, A MEMBER OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE FROM 1953 UNTIL HE RETIRED IN 1988. DECEASED 1996. FOR HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19960107001-GA. DONOR IS FRANK'S WIFE.
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SIDE LIFT TUBULAR TYPE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, CHROMED METAL
Catalogue Number
P19739463000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SIDE LIFT TUBULAR TYPE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
GLASS, CHROMED METAL
No. Pieces
2
Height
45.8
Diameter
13.3
Description
CLEAR GLASS GLOBE, EMBOSSED: "MADE IN CANADA". FITTED WITH A BARRICADE CAGE OF CHROMED TIN, EMBOSSED IN 2 PLACES "DIETZ". BASE OF CHROMED TIM, EMBOSSED "DIETZ KING" "FIRE DEPT.". CHROME PLATING WORN OFF IN PATCHES. KEROSENE OPERATED.
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
EXCEPT GLOBE-CANADA (PROBABLY A REPLACEMENT LENS) ORIGINALLY CARRIED ON LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT STEAM PUMP TRUCK NO. 1 (E.G. AMERICAN LA FRANCE TYPE 12).
Catalogue Number
P19739463000
Acquisition Date
1973-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BREECHES
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19672564002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BREECHES
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
105.0
Width
43.0
Description
BLUE WOOL SERGE, YELLOW LEG STRIPE AND "PEG" ON SIDES. INSIDE LEG WOOL GUSSET LACED AT THE CALF. FRONT SINGLE SLIT POCKET, BUTTONS FOR SUSPENDERS & 3 BUTTOFLY. UNDER POCKET FLAP IN INK "SGT CRAIG J.", VERY FADED. "SGT CRAIG J."
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
TROUSERS APPEAR TO BE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ISSUE OF 1904 OR LATER & CONSISTENT WITH JACKET. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564002
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BOOTS
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19672564004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BOOTS
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Height
37.8
Length
27.8
Width
10.1
Description
LEATHER LACED INSTEP & UPPER, BROWN, LEATHER SOLE & RIDING HEEL. LACED AT REAR & FRONT. SIDE LACING DECORATIVE. GUSSET AT FRONT ABOVE LACES. CLOTH PULL TABS INSIDE NR. TOP. PULL TABS ON INSIDE ARE STRIPED. INSTEP LACES MISSING. BOTTOM OF HEELS READ "ITS". SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BOOT BASED ON STRATHCONA PATTERN ALTHOUGH NOT CONSISTENT WITH 1901 ISSUE. OTHER PATTERNS WERE TRIED. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564004
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, WOOL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19739468000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS, WOOL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
22.9
Length
28.9
Description
STAMP MARK ON UNDERSIDE OF BACK BRIM: "WENDRY LTD. MAKER GLASGOW". FRONT BRIM REINFORCED WITH BRASS FACING. BLACK LACQUERED LEATHER; WOOL LINED. LEATHER SHOWS SURFACE CRACKS. "E.H." PAINTED INSIDE OF HELMET. REGULATION PATTERN (LEATHER) #200. BRASS BINDING ON FRONT VISOR. LEATHER & NYLON STRAPS ATTACHED TO HELMET AND LINER. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS TYPE OF HELMET WAS IN SERVICE UNTIL THE 1940'S. SEE ALSO P19739463000GA. REFERENCE: J. MORRIS & SONS LTD. CATALOGUE.
Catalogue Number
P19739468000
Acquisition Date
1973-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE HYDRANT OR FIREPLUG
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CAST IRON
Catalogue Number
P19870004000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE HYDRANT OR FIREPLUG
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Materials
CAST IRON
No. Pieces
4
Height
91.7
Length
44.0
Width
52.0
Description
HYDRANT FEATURES 3 SCREWED CAPS, REMOVED FOR COUPLING FIRE HOSES. 1 SHUT-OFF VALVE TOP MOUNTED. INSPECTION PLATE C/W 6 BOLTS. PAINTED RED, YELLOW. PROBABLY MADE IN A SINGLE CAST PROCESS. THREADED HOSE COUPLINGS & SOLID BRASS VALVE. LEAD PACKING. CREST EMBOSSED ON FRONT LETTERS; LETTERS ILLEGIBLE.
Subjects
OTHER STRUCTURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
MANUFACTURED IN ONTARIO. INSTALLED AS PART OF ORIGINAL FIRE FIGHTING SYSTEM ON S.W. CORNER OF 13 STREET & 6 AVENUE SOUTH. REMOVED DURING SYSTEM UPGRADE 1985-86. SYSTEM INSTALLED IN FIRST 2 DECADES OF CENTURY.
Catalogue Number
P19870004000
Acquisition Date
1987-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. SERVICE CAP
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON TWILL, FELT
Catalogue Number
P19672564006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. SERVICE CAP
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON TWILL, FELT
No. Pieces
1
Description
BLUE & YELLOW CLOTH WITH BLACK PATENT LEATHER CHIN STRAP WITH 2 BRASS 1/2 IN. BUTTONS, BLACK LEATHER PEAK, GLAZED COTTON OR OILCLOTH SWEATBAND. MISSING HAT BADGE. BLACK COTTON TWILL LINING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
WILLIAM SCULLY 6 7/8 STENCILLED ON TWILL LINING. CAP IS CONSISTENT WITH 1907 PATTERN FORAGE CAP MADE BY WILLIAM SCULLY FROM 1908. CAP IS ALSO CONSISTENT WITH OTHER UNIFORM PIECES. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES. NOTE: PREVIOUSLY CATALOGED AS P19760042000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19672564006
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
No. Pieces
6
Length
5.1
Width
5.1
Description
.1 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "F.D." IN ENGRAVED LETTERS. "1" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, WITH A BRASS "NUT". SMALL POINT ON BACK. .2 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPT." ENGRAVED IN BLACK LETTERS. "64" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, SMALL POINT ON BACK. HAS A SILVER NUT. .3 "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPARTMENT" LETTERING ON RED BACKGROUND. A SCREW WELDED ON BACK. PIN AND A BRASS NUT ON BACK. ALL BADGES ARE HIGHLY POLISHED.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
.1 CAP BADGE USED IN EARLY 1900'S (ORIGINAL FIRE DEPARTMENT BADGE)..2 A LATER MODEL OF ABOVE BADGE. USED UNTIL 1976..3 BADGE FIRST ISSUED IN 1977.
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
Acquisition Date
1978-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE R.N.W.M. POLICE
Date Range From
1904
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19738911000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE R.N.W.M. POLICE
Date Range From
1904
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
3.0
Width
2.5
Description
CROWN AT TOP WITH "CANADA" BENEATH "MAINTEN LE DROIT" AROUND A BUFFALO HEAD IN CENTRE. "ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE" BENEATH ON FRONT. "J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD. MONTREAL" ON BACK. COMPLETE WITH PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19672511000 FOR INFORMATION ON THE BARROW FAMILY. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING THIS INFANT'S DRESS DONATED BY BRUCE G. BARROW. ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE IS A NOTE THAT STATES, “FROM THE ESTATE OF THE LATE MAJOR REV. GORE. M. BARROW. SOUVENIRS FROM THE BOER WAR, GREAT WAR I & II FROM BRUCE G BARROW.” FOR MORE INFORMATION OF MAJOR REV. GORE M. BARROW, INCLUDING A SUMMARY OF HIS ATTESTATION PAPERS, PLEASE SEE P19672511000. IT IS LIKELY THAT THE COLLECTION OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY BRUCE G. BARROW ENDED UP IN LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE THEY WERE GIVEN TO BARROW BY HIS FATHER, WHO SPENT THE MAJORITY OF HIS LIFE IN ONTARIO. ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH, BRUCE G. BARROW WAS BORN IN TORONTO. ON 26 JUNE 1937, HE MARRIED MURIEL ELIZABETH BOEHM AND TOGETHER THEY HAD A DAUGHTER, JUDITH (TONY) PAYNE. BARROW SERVED AS A CHOIRMASTER AND AN ORGANIST IN MANY CHURCHES, BEFORE COMING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 WHERE HE SPENT TIME AT ST. AUGUSTINE’S ANGLICAN CHURCH. HE RETIRED FROM THE CHURCH IN 1972 AND WORKED EXAMINING FOR TORONTO CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC. HE PASSED AWAY IN THE CITY ON 22 JUNE 1977 AT THE AGE OF 66 YEARS. IN 2018, PUNDYK CONNECTED WITH THE DONOR'S DAUGHTER, JUDITH PAYNE, IN AN ATTEMPT TO OBTAIN FURTHER ARTIFACT-SPECIFIC INFORMATION. NO FURTHER INFORMATION WAS ACQUIRED. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19672526000 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING COPIES OF THE ARCHIVAL RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P19738911000
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. TUNIC
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19672564001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. TUNIC
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
69.0
Width
42.0
Description
RED WOOL SERGE, NAVY BLUE EPAULET (OR SHOULDER STRAPS) WITH BRASS BUTTON. COLLAR PATCHES IN NAVY BLUE, BRASS COLLAR FASTENERS. BELLOWS TYPE BREAST POCKET C/W FLAP & BRASS BUTTON. 1 PR. HIP POCKETS, SQUARE CUT WITH FLAPS, NO BUTTON. 2 BRASS BELT LOOPS, (1 EA SIDE). BADGES: 2 STARS MID UPPER LFT ARM. KINGS CROWN, 3 STRIPE CHEVRON, SPUR BADGE BETWEEN. ALL BADGES EMBROIDERED GOLD ON BLACK BACKGROUND. 5 BRASS BUTTONS DOWN FRONT. 2 BRASS, BUTTONS LOWER RT SLEEVE CUFF. BUTTONS MISSING ON LFT CUFF. ALL BRASS BUTTONS, KINGS CROWN & MARKED "R.N.W.M.P.." INSIDE TUNIC "SGT CRAIG J. 4812" IN INK. SHOULDER TITLES & COLLAR BADGES MISSING (STOLEN JNE 1975), AND CROSSED PISTOL BADGE LFT CUFF, WAR SERVICE STRIPE, RT. CUFF & SERVICE MEDAL BAR UPPER LFT BREAST ABOVE POCKET.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES INDICATE THAT CRAIG WAS A NON COMMISSIONED OFFICER WITH RANK OF SARGEANT, SERVING FOR AT LEAST 10 YRS (2 SERVICE STARS). HE WAS A ROUGHRIDER (RIDING INSTRUCTOR-SPUR BADGE), SERVED IN W.W. I & WAS LIKELY A MARKSMAN WITH REVOLVERS. CRAIG DIED AT AGE 62, OCT. 15 1952 IN LETHBRIDGE. HE JOINED THE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE FORCE DEC. 22 1908, DISCHARGED JULY 24 1911. REJOINED FEB. 15, 1915 WITH CALVARY DRAFT FOR W.W.I RETURNED FROM OVERSEAS & AGAIN DISCHARGED ON AUG 29 1922 TO JOIN ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FORCE. ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE QUARTERLY OBITUARY IDENTIFIES CRAIG HAS HAVING ACHIEVED RANK OF CONSTABLE, ALTHOUGH JACKET INDICATES RANK OF SARGENT. ALSO NOTED ON ORIGINAL CATALOG SHEET IS APPOINTMENT AS RIDING MASTER, THIS IS NOT MENTIONED IN THE OBITUARY. REF: "ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE QUARTERLY" VOL #4, & "UNIFORMS OFCANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE" J.J. BOULTON. WIDOW DONATED UNIFORM IN 1967. BORN IN ARMAUGH, IRELAND IN 1890, JOSEPH CRAIG EMIGRATED TO CANADA AT THE AGE OF SEVENTEEN. IN 1908 HE JOINED THE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE AT CALGARY AND FOLLOWING A THREE YEAR TERM, HE WAS DISCHARGED IN 1911. HE REJOINED IN 1915 AND WAS RECRUITED OVERSEAS WITH THE SIBERIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE "B" SQUADRON DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. AFTER HIS RETURN IN 1919, CRAIG BECAME CHIEF RIDING INSTRUCTOR AT THE LETHBRIDGE BARRACKS. IN 1922, CRAIG TRANSFERRED TO THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BECAUSE HE BELIEVED IT WAS "POLICE WORK", BUT RETURNED TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE WHEN THE PROVINCIAL FORCE WAS ABSORBED IN 1932. HAVING ACHEIVED THE RANK OF SERGEANT, CRAIG RETIRED FROM THE MOUNTED POLICE THAT SAME YEAR AND SETTLED IN BOW ISLAND AND LETHBRIDGE TO TRAIN AND RAISE POLICE DOGS AND HORSES. IN LETHBRIDGE HE OPERATED CRAIGAVON KENNELS AND RIDING SCHOOL. JOSEPH CRAIG PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1952 AT THE AGE OF 52 YEARS.
Catalogue Number
P19672564001
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. ABOVE DIMENSIONS DO NOT INCLUDE SPLIT PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES P20020090001 & P20020090002 CAME TO MUSEUM MOUNTED ON A PIECE OF GREEN FELT (REMOVED BY CATALOGUER). ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE HE BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY, 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920. IN 1922 HE MET AND MARRIED HIS WIFE, CHRISTENE - THE DAUGHTER OF A SWEDISH FARMER. THEY BEGAN THEIR MARRIED LIFE IN THE LOG CABIN DETACHMENT NEAR BEAVERLODGE, ALBERTA, AND HAD 2 SONS, 2 DAUGHTERS, THEN ANOTHER SON DURING AN 18 YEAR PERIOD. WITH THE EXPANSION OF THE R.C.M.P. THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT ENTERED INTO A CONTRACT WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE MOST SUITABLE MEMBERS WERE ACCEPTED AND CONTINUED THEIR SERVICE WITH THE R.C.M.P. ON APRIL 1, 1932, WHEN THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS DISSOLVED. FURTHER POLICE TRAINING WAS THEN TAKEN. ED BUCHANAN WAS THE FIRST R.C.M.P. OFFICER TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WEMBLEY DETACHMENT NEAR GRANDE PRAIRIE; ON CALL 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK. MUCH OF HIS WORK WAS DONE ON HORSEBACK WHEN A VEHICLE COULD NOT BE USED. IN 1935 HE WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL (AND THEN SARGEANT) IN CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH COVERED A HUGE AREA INCLUDING BARRHEAD THROUGH TO FORT ASSINIBOINE AND NORTH OF WESTLOCK TO SMITH. THEIR HOME INCLUDED THE COURT ROOM, OFFICE AND A JAIL CELL. THE PRISONERS ATE THE SAME FOOD AS ED AND HIS FAMILY (WHICH EARNED CHRISTENE 25 CENTS PER DAY WHENEVER OCCUPIED). HE USUALLY HAD 2 CONSTABLES TRAINING UNDER HIM. ED WAS INVOLVED WITH SEVERAL TRAGIC MURDER CASES AND ALWAYS ASSISTED THE CORONER WITH AUTOPSIES PLUS SENDING BODY PARTS INTO EDMONTON FOR EXAMINATION. IN 1944 ED WAS PROMOTED TO STAFF SARGEANT WITH A WARTIME MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE COVERING ALL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH SPECIAL DUTIES APPOINTED TO HIM; ONE BEING THE INSPECTOR OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE & CONTROL BOARD; ALSO INSPECTOR OF P.O.W. CAMPS. WITH REGARD TO SECURITY, HE ALSO REPRESENTED THE DEPARTMENT OF SECURITY CONTROL AND WAS OBLIGED TO INSPECT THE R.C.A.F. UNITS IN THAT AREA. HE SERVED AS THE SUB-DIVISION SENIOR NCO UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1950 WHICH COMPLETED 30 YEARS OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE. HOWEVER, HE DID NOT REMAIN INACTIVE. THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA APPOINTED HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF GAOLS WHICH TOOK HIM TO ALL THE INSTITUTIONS THROUGHOUT THE PROVINCE RANGING FROM PEACE RIVER TO LETHBRIDGE. HE MOVED HIS FAMILY TO EDMONTON AS HIS OFFICE WAS IN THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. HE WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN DEVELOPING NUMEROUS, PROGRESSIVE CHANGES BY HAVING INMATES GROW THEIR OWN FOOD SUPPLIES, SPECIAL WORK CAMPS IN FORESTRY AREAS, ETCETERA. CONCERNED ABOUT THE WELFARE OF RELEASED INMATES AND ESPECIALLY JUVENILE AND FIRST OFFENDERS, MR. BUCHANAN LOOKED AT THE OLD R.C.A.F. TRAINING DEPOT NEAR BOWDEN AND COULD SEE THE BENEFIT OF CONVERTING THE DORMITORY AND OTHER BUILDINGS INTO A SEPARTE PRISON FOR THE YOUNG AND FIRST-OFFENDERS AND IMPLEMENTING SCHOOLING AND TRAINING COVERING MANY PROFESSIONS THAT COULD EARN THEM DIPLOMAS FOR A BARBER, CARPENTER, WELDER, BAKER, HIGH SCHOOL, ETCETERA. UPON THEIR RELEASE, MANY WERE ABLE TO OBTAIN A GOOD JOB OR EVEN START THEIR OWN BUSINESS. ED ALSO RAISED UP THE BELMONT INSTITUTION WHICH HOUSED INMATES WHO HAD GOTTEN INTO TROUBLE DUE TO ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PENAL INSTITUTION CHANGES WERE RECOGNIZED BOTH NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY. FOLLOWING A 2ND RETIREMENT IN 1965, HE CONTINUED AN ACTIVE ROLE THROUGHOUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT IN CREATING A SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN EDMONTON FOR SMALL MUNICIPAL AND RURAL POLICE FORCES THAT LACKED PROPER FACILITIES. AT THE SAME TIME HE BEGAN DONATING HIS TIME TO SCHOOL CHILDREN BY SHARING SOME OF HIS EXPERIENCES, SOUVENIRS AND HISTORY OF THE R.C.M.P. THE STUDENTS WERE SO THRILLED WITH HIS PRESENTATION THAT HIS APPOINTMENT BOOK BECAME JAMMED. BY THE TIME HE TURNED 95, THEIR REQUESTS WERE RARELY ACCEPTED. ED WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER AND PAST PRESIDENT OF THE R.C.M.P. VET'S ASSOCIATION; ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICE ASSOCIATION; RECEIVED SPECIAL RECOGNITION AND HIS PHOTO DISPLAYED BY THE EDMONTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY; ACTIVE CHURCH MEMBER, IN WHICH HE SERVED TERMS AS ELDER AND STEWARD; LOVER OF THE BIBLE, HE ALWAYS HAD WITH HIM FROM THE TIME HE POLICED ON HORSEBACK AT THE AGE OF 20. ED PASSED AWAY ON DECEMBER 15, 1998. SEE HARD COPY FOR BIOGRAPHY. THE HISTORY OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BEGINS IN NOVEMBER 1916 WHEN A.B. PERRY, COMMISSIONER OF THE R.N.W.M.P., ANNOUNCED THE MOUNTIES COULD NO LONGER POLICE THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES. CONTRACTS WOULD BE CANCELLED AND SERVICES WITHDRAWN AT THE END OF THE YEAR. THE FIRST WORLD WAR (WHICH TOOK MANY MOUNTIES OVERSEAS TO SERVE IN THE MILITARY; AS WELL AS ADDING ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE MOUNTIES) AND THE MOUNTIE'S UNWILLINGNESS TO ENFORCE ALBERTA'S LIQUOR LAWS (PROHIBITION BEGAN IN 1915) WERE TO BLAME FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE MOUNTIES FROM THE PRAIRIES. ON MARCH 1, 1917 THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WERE OFFICIALLY IN CHARGE. THE NEW POLICE FORCE WAS UNDERSTAFFED, UNDERPAID, UNDERTRAINED AND OVERWORKED; AS WELL, ALBERTANS OBJECTED TO THE FORMATION OF THE A.P.P. HOWEVER, AFTER A ROCKY START AND SOME REORGANIZATION OF ITS ADMINISTRATION, THE A.P.P. SETTLED IN TO THE TASK OF POLICING ALBERTA. IT STARTED WITH FEWER THAN 100 OFFICERS, 50 HORSES, A FEW CARS, AND THE OBSOLETE 45-75 WINCHESTER CARBINES THE R.N.W.M.P. HAD BOUGHT IN 1873. THE FIRST A.P.P. UNIFORMS WERE SURPLUS METROPOLITAN POLICE UNIFORMS USED BY CLAGARY AND EDMONTON FORCES, TOTALLY UNSUITED TO THE RIGOURS OF RURAL POLICING. THE A.P.P. LATER ADOPTED A UNIFORM CLOSER TO WHAT THE MOUNTIES WORE, WITH BLUE FOR DRESS UNIFORMS AND KHAKI FOR THE WORKING UNIFORMS. AFTER ALBERTA REPEALED PROHIBITION IN 1924, THE R.C.M.P. REOPENED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ALBERTA; BUT BY THEN THE A.P.P. HAD GROWN AND HAD ACQUIRED A GOOD REPUTATION FOR ITS EFFECTIVENESS. SO, ALBERTA RESISTED THE R.C.M.P.'S ADVANCES, BUT AS THE GREAT DEPRESSION DEEPENED, ALBERTA COULD NO LONGER AFFORD ITS OWN POLICE FORCE. PREMIER JOHN BROWNLEE RELUCTANTLY APPROACHED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT LATE IN 1931, AND ON MARCH 1, 1932 THE MOUNTIES WERE BACK AND THE A.P.P. WAS NO MORE. (TAKEN FROM CALGARY HERALD ARTICLE, JUNE 15, 2003). AN INTERVIEW ABOUT SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S POLICING CAREER WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH HIS DAUGHTER JEAN I. BUCHANAN REGARDING A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE MADE TO THE MUSEUM IN 2018. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR THE ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, COPPER
Catalogue Number
P20020090001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
ALUMINUM, COPPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.2
Length
5.2
Width
4.1
Description
SILVER BADGE. IN CENTER IS A CREST FEATURING A PRAIRIE LANDSCAPE IN THE FOREGROUND, WITH FOOTHILLS AND MOUNTAINS IN THE BACKGROUND. FLANKING CREST ARE 2 STEMS OF MAPLE LEAVES. ABOVE CREST IS A BANNER THAT READS "FIAT JUSTITIA", AND IS TOPPED BY A KING'S CROWN. BELOW CREST ARE THREE BANNERS THAT READ "ALBERTA" "PROVINCIAL" "POLICE" AND THERE IS A BOW BELOW THESE. ON BACK ARE 2 COPPER LOOPS THAT HOLD A COPPER SPLIT PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES P20020090001 & P20020090002 CAME TO MUSEUM MOUNTED ON A PIECE OF GREEN FELT (REMOVED BY CATALOGUER). ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE HE BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY, 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920. IN 1922 HE MET AND MARRIED HIS WIFE, CHRISTENE - THE DAUGHTER OF A SWEDISH FARMER. THEY BEGAN THEIR MARRIED LIFE IN THE LOG CABIN DETACHMENT NEAR BEAVERLODGE, ALBERTA, AND HAD 2 SONS, 2 DAUGHTERS, THEN ANOTHER SON DURING AN 18 YEAR PERIOD. WHEN THE A.P.P. WAS DISSOLVED IN 1932 ED BUCHANAN CONTINUED HIS CAREER WITH THE R.C.M.P. AND WAS THE FIRST R.C.M.P. OFFICER TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WEMBLEY DETACHMENT NEAR GRANDE PRAIRIE; ON CALL 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK. MUCH OF HIS WORK WAS DONE ON HORSEBACK WHEN A VEHICLE COULD NOT BE USED. IN 1935 HE WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL (AND THEN SARGEANT) IN CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH COVERED A HUGE AREA INCLUDING BARRHEAD THROUGH TO FORT ASSINIBOINE AND NORTH OF WESTLOCK TO SMITH. THEIR HOME INCLUDED THE COURT ROOM, OFFICE AND A JAIL CELL. THE PRISONERS ATE THE SAME FOOD AS ED AND HIS FAMILY (WHICH EARNED CHRISTENE 25 CENTS PER DAY WHENEVER OCCUPIED). HE USUALLY HAD 2 CONSTABLES TRAINING UNDER HIM. ED WAS INVOLVED WITH SEVERAL TRAGIC MURDER CASES AND ALWAYS ASSISTED THE CORONER WITH AUTOPSIES PLUS SENDING BODY PARTS INTO EDMONTON FOR EXAMINATION. IN 1944 ED WAS PROMOTED TO STAFF SARGEANT WITH A WARTIME MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE COVERING ALL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH SPECIAL DUTIES APPOINTED TO HIM; ONE BEING THE INSPECTOR OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE & CONTROL BOARD; ALSO INSPECTOR OF P.O.W. CAMPS. WITH REGARD TO SECURITY, HE ALSO REPRESENTED THE DEPARTMENT OF SECURITY CONTROL AND WAS OBLIGED TO INSPECT THE R.C.A.F. UNITS IN THAT AREA. HE SERVED AS THE SUB-DIVISION SENIOR NCO UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1950 WHICH COMPLETED 30 YEARS OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE. HOWEVER, HE DID NOT REMAIN INACTIVE. THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA APPOINTED HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF GAOLS WHICH TOOK HIM TO ALL THE INSTITUTIONS THROUGHOUT THE PROVINCE RANGING FROM PEACE RIVER TO LETHBRIDGE. HE MOVED HIS FAMILY TO EDMONTON AS HIS OFFICE WAS IN THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. HE WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN DEVELOPING NUMEROUS, PROGRESSIVE CHANGES BY HAVING INMATES GROW THEIR OWN FOOD SUPPLIES, SPECIAL WORK CAMPS IN FORESTRY AREAS, ETCETERA. CONCERNED ABOUT THE WELFARE OF RELEASED INMATES AND ESPECIALLY JUVENILE AND FIRST OFFENDERS, MR. BUCHANAN LOOKED AT THE OLD R.C.A.F. TRAINING DEPOT NEAR BOWDEN AND COULD SEE THE BENEFIT OF CONVERTING THE DORMITORY AND OTHER BUILDINGS INTO A SEPARTE PRISON FOR THE YOUNG AND FIRST-OFFENDERS AND IMPLEMENTING SCHOOLING AND TRAINING COVERING MANY PROFESSIONS THAT COULD EARN THEM DIPLOMAS FOR A BARBER, CARPENTER, WELDER, BAKER, HIGH SCHOOL, ETCETERA. UPON THEIR RELEASE, MANY WERE ABLE TO OBTAIN A GOOD JOB OR EVEN START THEIR OWN BUSINESS. ED ALSO RAISED UP THE BELMONT INSTITUTION WHICH HOUSED INMATES WHO HAD GOTTEN INTO TROUBLE DUE TO ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PENAL INSTITUTION CHANGES WERE RECOGNIZED BOTH NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY. FOLLOWING A 2ND RETIREMENT IN 1965, HE CONTINUED AN ACTIVE ROLE THROUGHOUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT IN CREATING A SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN EDMONTON FOR SMALL MUNICIPAL AND RURAL POLICE FORCES THAT LACKED PROPER FACILITIES. AT THE SAME TIME HE BEGAN DONATING HIS TIME TO SCHOOL CHILDREN BY SHARING SOME OF HIS EXPERIENCES, SOUVENIRS AND HISTORY OF THE R.C.M.P. THE STUDENTS WERE SO THRILLED WITH HIS PRESENTATION THAT HIS APPOINTMENT BOOK BECAME JAMMED. BY THE TIME HE TURNED 95, THEIR REQUESTS WERE RARELY ACCEPTED. ED WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER AND PAST PRESIDENT OF THE R.C.M.P. VET'S ASSOCIATION; ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICE ASSOCIATION; RECEIVED SPECIAL RECOGNITION AND HIS PHOTO DISPLAYED BY THE EDMONTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY; ACTIVE CHURCH MEMBER, IN WHICH HE SERVED TERMS AS ELDER AND STEWARD; LOVER OF THE BIBLE, HE ALWAYS HAD WITH HIM FROM THE TIME HE POLICED ON HORSEBACK AT THE AGE OF 20. ED PASSED AWAY ON DECEMBER 15, 1998. SEE HARD COPY FOR BIOGRAPHY. THE HISTORY OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BEGINS IN NOVEMBER 1916 WHEN A.B. PERRY, COMMISSIONER OF THE R.N.W.M.P., ANNOUNCED THE MOUNTIES COULD NO LONGER POLICE THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES. CONTRACTS WOULD BE CANCELLED AND SERVICES WITHDRAWN AT THE END OF THE YEAR. THE FIRST WORLD WAR (WHICH TOOK MANY MOUNTIES OVERSEAS TO SERVE IN THE MILITARY; AS WELL AS ADDING ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE MOUNTIES) AND THE MOUNTIE'S UNWILLINGNESS TO ENFORCE ALBERTA'S LIQUOR LAWS (PROHIBITION BEGAN IN 1915) WERE TO BLAME FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE MOUNTIES FROM THE PRAIRIES. ON MARCH 1, 1917 THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WERE OFFICIALLY IN CHARGE. THE NEW POLICE FORCE WAS UNDERSTAFFED, UNDERPAID, UNDERTRAINED AND OVERWORKED; AS WELL, ALBERTANS OBJECTED TO THE FORMATION OF THE A.P.P. HOWEVER, AFTER A ROCKY START AND SOME REORGANIZATION OF ITS ADMINISTRATION, THE A.P.P. SETTLED IN TO THE TASK OF POLICING ALBERTA. IT STARTED WITH FEWER THAN 100 OFFICERS, 50 HORSES, A FEW CARS, AND THE OBSOLETE 45-75 WINCHESTER CARBINES THE R.N.W.M.P. HAD BOUGHT IN 1873. THE FIRST A.P.P. UNIFORMS WERE SURPLUS METROPOLITAN POLICE UNIFORMS USED BY CLAGARY AND EDMONTON FORCES, TOTALLY UNSUITED TO THE RIGOURS OF RURAL POLICING. THE A.P.P. LATER ADOPTED A UNIFORM CLOSER TO WHAT THE MOUNTIES WORE, WITH BLUE FOR DRESS UNIFORMS AND KHAKI FOR THE WORKING UNIFORMS. AFTER ALBERTA REPEALED PROHIBITION IN 1924, THE R.C.M.P. REOPENED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ALBERTA; BUT BY THEN THE A.P.P. HAD GROWN AND HAD ACQUIRED A GOOD REPUTATION FOR ITS EFFECTIVENESS. SO, ALBERTA RESISTED THE R.C.M.P.'S ADVANCES, BUT AS THE GREAT DEPRESSION DEEPENED, ALBERTA COULD NO LONGER AFFORD ITS OWN POLICE FORCE. PREMIER JOHN BROWNLEE RELUCTANTLY APPROACHED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT LATE IN 1931, AND ON MARCH 1, 1932 THE MOUNTIES WERE BACK AND THE A.P.P. WAS NO MORE. (TAKEN FROM CALGARY HERALD ARTICLE, JUNE 15, 2003). AN INTERVIEW ABOUT SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S POLICING CAREER WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH HIS DAUGHTER JEAN I. BUCHANAN REGARDING A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE MADE TO THE MUSEUM IN 2018. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR THE ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20020090001
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail