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Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, PLASTIC, TIN
Catalogue Number
P19990061028
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PAPER, PLASTIC, TIN
No. Pieces
54
Height
3.0
Length
16.2
Width
12.1
Description
1. COVER - RECTANGULAR, CARDBOARD; LIKE A BOX, BUT HAS NO ENDS. PICTURED ON COVER IS A WOMAN'S HAND HOLDING A BUTTON ATTACHER OVER A BLUE PIECE OF FABRIC. TOP OF COVER READS "BUTTONEER THE 5-SECOND BUTTON ATT[ACHER]". SIDES OF COVER HAVE A WHITE RECTANGLE, WITHIN WHICH READS "AS SEEN ON T.V.!". BACK OF COVER HAS INSTRUCTIONS AND USES FOR BUTTON ATTACHER. 2. INSTRUCTIONS - A THREE-FOLD BROCHURE. CONTAINING INSTRUCTIONS FOR USING BUTTON ATTACHER, TIPS, AND OTHER USES. FRONT PAGE READS "ENJOY YOUR BUTTONEER" "DISTRIBUTED EXCLUSIVELY BY RONCO.". 3. ENVELOPE - WHITE, PAPER ENVELOPE. HAS INSTRUCTIONS FOR ORDERING, AND AB UTTONEER REFILL ORDER FORM ON BACK. FRONT OF ENVELOPE HAS PREPAID POSTAGE AND ADDRESSED TO "RONCO TELEPRODUCTS, INC. 919 NORTH MICHIGAN AVENUE CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 60611". 4. RECEIPT - PLAIN, WHITE, WITH PURPLE PRINT. READS "08-24-99" HAS FIVE PRICES, PRECEDED BY STARS. AT BOTTOM IT READS "1 CL - 585.4 12-46". 5. CASE - RECTANGULAR, PLASTIC. LID OF CASE IS CLEAR, AND HAS A FROSTED RECTANGLE ON IT. EMBOSSED WITHIN RECTANGLE IS "BUTTONEER BY DENNISON". BOTTOM OF CASE IS BLUE. LID SNAPS INTO BOTTOM OF CASE. INSIDE CASE IS A LIGHT BLUE, PLASTIC PIECE. THIS HAS FIVE DIFFERENT INDENTS, THAT ACT AS COMPARTMENTS. 6. BUTTONEER - BLUE AND SILVER PLASTIC. CONSISTS OF A SIMPLE HANDLE, WITH A NEEDLE-LIKE DEVICE ON ONE END. HALF OF HANDLE IS SILVER; THIS PIECE IS ON A SPRING AND CAN BE PUSHED DOWN. THERE IS A WHITE PLASTIC WHEEL NEAR NEEDLE END. THERE IS A LIGHT BLUE, PLASTIC CAP OVER NEEDLE. A LABEL ON SILVER PART OF HANDLE READS "BUTTONEER BY DENNISON U.S. PAT. 3470834 PAT. CANADA, 1970 AND OTHER FOREIGN PATENTS". 7. VARIOUS FASTENERS AND BUTTONS - COMPARTMENTS INSIDE CASE CONTAIN VARIOUS SHAPES, SIZES, AND COLOURS OF PLASTIC FASTENERS. THERE ARE ALSO THREE, ROUND WHITE BUTTONS. THERE IS ALSO A SILVER, SORT OF KEY SHAPED PIECE. IT IS ETCHED WITH "BUTTONEER HOLE SIZER".
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
MUSEUM OBTAINED ITEMS FROM LETHBRIDGE EATON'S STORE IN 1999. DUE TO COMPANY BANKRUPTCY, EATON'S STORES ACROSS CANADA WERE CLOSED, INCLUDING THE LETHBRIDGE LOCATION IN PARK PLACE MALL. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH THE T. EATON COMPANY STORES IN LETHBRIDGE. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE'S EATON'S STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM THE FALL OF 1988. THE T. EATON COMPANY WAS FOUNDED IN TORONTO IN 1869 BY TIMOTHY EATON. THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE EATON'S 'TECO' STORE WAS OPENED IN 1927 IN THE BASEMENT OF THE DOMINION BLOCK ON THE CORNER OF 4 AVENUE AND SIXTH STREET SOUTH. AFTER A FIRE, THE BUILDING WAS RENOVATED AND COMPLETELY TAKEN OVER BY THE EATON'S STORE, WHICH OPERATED IN THAT LOCATION UNDER PERIODIC RENOVATIONS FROM 1929 UNTIL THE OPENING OF THE PARK PLACE MALL IN 1988, IN WHICH EATON'S WAS AN ANCHOR RETAILER. IN 1989 A PORTION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE ART COLLECTION WAS TEMPORARILY PUT ON DISPLAY IN THE VACANT EATON'S BUILDING, AND PROPOSALS WERE MADE TO MAKE THE INSTALLATION PERMANENT, BUT EVENTUALLY THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD AND DEMOLISHED TO MAKE WAY FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A BANK OF MONTREAL BRANCH. IN 1999 THE EATON'S STORE IN PARK PLACE MALL CLOSED JUST PRIOR TO THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BANKRUPTCY OF THE LARGER T. EATON COMPANY LIMITED. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19930072001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19990061028
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ANTLER - PLAINS INDIAN
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
DEER ANTLER
Catalogue Number
P19641181000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ANTLER - PLAINS INDIAN
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
DEER ANTLER
No. Pieces
1
Length
13.5
Width
2.6
Description
INCISED GEOMETRIC DESIGN BELOW HANDLE. PAINTED BLACK. BROKEN TIP.
Subjects
LEATHER, HORN, SHELLWORKING T&E
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PLAINS INDIAN. PROBABLE USE AS LEATHER TOOL. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641181000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SEWING KIT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, PAPER, STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041434
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SEWING KIT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Materials
COTTON, PAPER, STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
47
Height
6.1
Length
26.2
Width
17.6
Description
.1) WICKER BOX. RECTANGULAR WOVEN WICKER BOX WITH DARK STAIN FINISH. ONE CORNER OF BASE IS TORN OPEN. .2) TOFFEY TIN. 12.8CM (D) X 3.5CM (H) CIRCULAR STEEL TIN WITH ROMANTIC STYLE PAINTING ON FRONT OF YOUNG BOY WEARING A RED SUIT. SMALL BANNER ON EDGE READS "MASTER LAMBTON ('THE RED BOY') AFTER SIR THOMAS LAWRENCE P.R.A.". .3) BUCKLE. 4.0CM X 2.6CM PLASTIC IVORY COLORED BUCKLE, OVAL SHAP WITH STEEL HINGED TONGUE. .4) BUCKLE. 4.5CM X 3.9CM RECTANGULAR PLASTIC IVORY COLORED BUCKLE. BUCKLE HAS SLIGHTLY CURVED SHAPE, TWO VERTICAL SLOTS AT CENTER AND PINCHED CORNERS. .5) BUCKLE. 4.4CM (D) CIRCULAR PLASTIC IVORY COLORED BUCKLE. LEFT SIDE OF FRONT HAS RAISED RIB DECORATIONS. PLASTIC IS DIRTY. .6) BUCKLE. 5.5CM X 4.1CM BLACK OVAL PLASTIC BUCKLE WITH GOLD AND MARBLED RED DECAL ON FRONT. .7) BUCKLE. 3.8CM X 3.6CM BRASS SQUARE BUCKLE WITH SHIELD MOTIF ON FRONT. BACK HAS HINGED BELT LOOP AND RAISED JAPANESE CHARACTERS. MODERATELY CORRODED. .8) THREAD WINDER. 5.8CM X 5.8CM SQUARE WOOD TILE WITH SLIGHTLY CONCAVE SIDES AND HAND CARVED SCENE OF WATERFALL ON FRONT. TWO CORNERS ARE CHIPPED. .9) LEATHER STRAP THIMBLE. 2.0CM (D) X 1.2CM (H) LEATHER STRAP LOOPED AND STITCHED. .10) SAFETY PINS. FIVE SAFETY PINS. TWO 5.0CM IN LENGTH, STEEL. ONE 4.3CM IN LENGTH WITH RED PLASTIC HEAD. ONE 3.8CM IN LENGTH, STEEL. ONE 2.8CM IN LENGTH STEEL. .11) STEEL SNAPS. 8.7CM X 6.9CM YELLOW AND BLACK CARDBOARD WHICH IS TORN AND HAS STEEL SNAPS FASTENED TO IT. "SIZE 000" IS IN BOTTOM LEFT HAND CORNER. .12) PIN CUSHION. 5.5CM X 5.2CM X 2.6CM RECTANGULAR BLACK FELT COVERED HANDMADE PIN CUSHION. CUSHION HAS A NUMBER OF PINS AND NEEDLES IN IT. .13) NEEDLE BOOK. 15.5CM X 8.6CM FOLDED CARDBOARD PACKAGE WITH "HAPPY HOME RUST PROOF NEEDLE BOOK" ON COVER AND SHOWS THREE WOMEN SEWING AT A TABLE. INSIDE ARE 7 COLORFUL FOIL SECTIONS, SOME OF THEM STILL CONTAINING SEWING NEEDLES. PACKAGE IS TORN IN PLACES ALONG EDGE. .14) NEEDLE BOOK. 12.7CM X 8.5CM BLUE CARDBOARD FOLDED PACKAGE WITH LADY SEWING AND "SWEETHEART NEEDLE BOOK" AT TOP LEFT CORNER. INSIDE ARE FOUR COLORFUL FOIL SECTIONS WHICH CONTAIN A NUMBER OF NEEDLES AND PINS. BACK FOLD OF PACKAGE IS TORN. .15) NEEDLE BOOK. 11.8CM X 7.0CM FOLDED CARDBOARD PACKAGE WITH BLUE BORDER AND TWO TORCHES SURROUNDING "THE FAMILY NEEDLE CASE GUARANTEED". INSIDE ARE TWO BLACK PAPER POCKETS, ONE OF WHICH STILL CONTAINS NEEDLES. .16) SEWING KIT. 14.3CM X 8.6CM X 2.0CM BLUE CANVAS FOLDED BAG WHICH CONTAINS TWO CARDBOARD THREAD BOARDS AND A PAIR OF SCISSORS. CANVAS BAG HAS TWO COTTON TIES. .17) THREAD BOARD. 11.8CM X 6.7CM CARDBOARD BACKING WITH SLOTS FOR THREAD. BOARD IS WOUND WITH VARIOUS COLORS OF A HEAVY THREAD. "REPUBLIC" IS ACROSS TOP. .18) THREAD BOARD. 5.1CM X 3.1CM WHITE CARDBOARD BACKING WITH SLOTS FOR THREAD. BOARD HAS RED, BLACK, BLUE, BROWN AND PINK THREAD. .19) NEEDLE POUCH. 23.3CM X 7.6CM X 1.0CM TRIANGULAR LEATHER POUCH WITH GREEN LEATHER TIES AT CORNERS AND FRILLED LEATHER TIP. LEATHER IS WORN. .20) CROCHET NEEDLE. 7.7CM X 0.6CM STEEL NEEDLE WITH HOOKED TIP AND WOOD HANDLE. .21) CROCHET NEEDLE.13.1CM X 0.5CM IVORY NEEDLE HAS HOOKED TIP AND TAPERED BODY WITH PINCHED SECTION TOWARDS OPPOSITE END. .22) SPATULA. 14.7CM X 0.4CM WOOD SHAFT WITH FLAT SPATULA END AND TIED FEATHER ON OPPOSITE END. .22) THIMBLE. 2.2CM X 1.7CM BRASS THIMBLE WITH DIMPLED SURFACE. .23) THIMBLE. 2.1CM X 1.7CM ALUMINUM THIMBLE WITH DIMPLED SURFACE AND "SINGER SEWING MACHINES" RAISED AROUND BOTTOM EDGE AND PAINTED WITH RED. THIMBLE IS DENTED AND PINCHED. .24) SPOOL. 4.5CM X 3.3CM (D), WOOD, "J.P. COATS" PAPER LABEL, PURPLE THREAD. .25) SPOOL. 4.5CM X 3.5CM (D), WOOD, NO LABELS, RED THREAD. .26) SPOOL. 4.8CM X 3.6CM (D), WHITE PLASTIC, "J.& P. COATS" AND "CHAIN" LABELS, BLACK THREAD. .27) SPOOL. 4.5CM X 3.4CM (D), WOOD, "J. & P. COATS" AND "CHAIN" LABELS, WHITE THREAD. .28) SPOOL. 4.2CM X 3.8CM (D), WOOD, LABEL REMNANTS, BLACK THREAD. .29) SPOOL. 3.4CM X 3.3CM (D), WOOD, "CLARK & CO.'S MACHINE COTTON" AND "THE CANADIAN SPOOL COTTON CO." LABELS, BLACK THREAD. .30) SPOOL. 3.1CM2.5CM (D), WOOD, "SUPER SHEEN" AND "J.&P. COATS" LABEL, PURPLE/BROWN THREAD. .31) SPOOL. 3.2CM X 2.6CM (D), WOOD, "J. & P. COATS" AND "SUPER SHEEN" LABELS, GREY THREAD. .32) SPOOL. 3.2CM X 2.6CM (D), WOOD, "J. & P. COATS" AND "SUPER SHEEN" LABELS, OFF WHITE THREAD. .33) SPOOL. 3.2CM X 2.6CM (D), WOOD, "J. & P. COATS" AND "SUPER SHEEN" LABELS, BRONZE COLORED THREAD. .34) SPOOL. 3.2CM X 2.6CM (D), WOOD, "SUPER SHEEN" LABEL, BEIGE THREAD. .35) SPOOL. 2.9CM X 2.5CM (D), WOOD, "J. & P. COATS" AND "CHAIN" LABELS, WHITE THREAD. .36) SPOOL. 3.1CM X 2.4CM (D), WOOD, NO LABELS, LIGHT PURPLE THREAD. .37) SPOOL. 3.2CM X 2.7CM (D), WOOD, NO LABELS, YELLOW THREAD. .38) SPOOL. 3.1CM X 2.5CM (D), WOOD, NO LABELS, LIGHT PINK THREAD. .39) SPOOL. 3.1CM X 2.5CM (D), WOOD, NO LABELS, GREEN THREAD. .40) SPOOL. 3.2CM X 2.6CM (D), WOOD, NO LABELS, BLACK THREAD. .41) SPOOL. 3.2CM X 2.6CM (D), WOOD, NO LABELS, ORANGE THREAD.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
SEWING BASKET BELONGED TO DONOR'S MOTHER, LOIS, WHO REGULARLY MADE AND REPAIRED THE FAMILY'S GARMENTS. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041434
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SEWING BASKET
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WICKER, GLASS, METAL, SILK
Catalogue Number
P19683168000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SEWING BASKET
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
WICKER, GLASS, METAL, SILK
No. Pieces
14
Height
14.6
Diameter
21.0
Description
LID DECORATED WITH BRASS CHINESE COINS (8), CLEAR RED, BLUE, PINK AND TURQUOISE GLASS BEADS AND BLUE/GREEN SILK TASSELS WRAPPED WITH BRASS WIRES. BRASS WIRES ON TASSELS ALMOST UNRAVELLED. 14.3 CM (O.D.) CLEAR RED GLASS RING HANDLES ATTACHED TO LID BASKET LINED WITH HAND-SEWN PINK COTTON LINING. FOUR COINS AND TEN BEADS HAVE FALLEN OFF. BASKET SLIGHTLY GREENED WHERE COINS WERE ATTACHED.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
Catalogue Number
P19683168000
Acquisition Date
1968-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WICKER, GLASS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P19738512000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
WICKER, GLASS, METAL
No. Pieces
2
Height
15.3
Diameter
24.8
Description
LID DECORATED WITH 3 BRASS CHINESE COINS, OPAQUE BEADS IN YELLOW, PINK, TURQUOISE, BLACK AND BLUE. CLEAR BEADS IN PURPLE AND GREEN, BLUE GLASS RING, PINK TASSELS WRAPPED WITH BROWN THREAD. BASE OF TASSEL IS OF ROLLED PAPER.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
TASSEL AND COINS STOLEN. JUNE 4, 1975 AND AUGUST 4, 1977.
Catalogue Number
P19738512000
Acquisition Date
1973-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1953
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20090016023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1953
Materials
PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.4
Length
1.2
Width
0.7
Description
BEAD, PLASTIC, MARBLED FUSCIA COLOR, MOON SHAPED.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P20090016001 AND PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20090016023
Acquisition Date
2009-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HAT MOUNT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19960040001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAT MOUNT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Description
1. 6CM (H) X 30CM (D). LIGHT IN COLOUR AND WEIGHT, NATURAL POROUS WOOD MOUNT IS DISC SHAPED. IS ROUND, TOP AND BOTTOM ARE FLAT, WITH TOP BEING SMALLER AND SLOPING TOWARDS BOTTOM ON THE SIDES. HAS TWO HOLES DRILLED THROUGH THE MIDDLE, ONE GOES ALL THE WAY THROUGH, THE OTHER HAS A WOOD PLUG IN IT. ARE TWO SEAMS PARALLEL TO EACH OTHER IN THE WOOD. SOME MARKING OF WOOD WITH TEXTILEMAKING TOOLS. WOOD IS SPLINTERED AROUND HOLES ON TOP. 2. 8.8CM (H) X 27.2CM (D). LIGHT COLOURED NATURAL WOOD IS NOT AS POROUS AS #1. SAME SHAPE EXCEPT DIFFERENCE IN DIAMETER BETWEEN TOP AND BOTTOM IS NOT AS GREAT. HAS TWO HOLES DRILLED IN TOP, AND HAS A SMALL SHALLOW HOLE IN BETWEEN. TOP HAS A GRID DRAWN ON IT. BASE HAS TWO 2.8CM (W) X 1.9CM (H) X 13.2CM (L) BOARDS NAILED ON PARALLEL TO EACH OTHER. HAS "9700" WRITTEN IN PENCIL ON BASE. WOOD IS SPLITTING UNDERNEATH, HAS NUMEROUS PIN HOLES.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
INDUSTRY
History
PURCHASED FROM BUSINESS IN EDMONTON WHICH WAS CLOSING OUT. USED IN THE HAT-MAKING INDUSTRY.
Catalogue Number
P19960040001
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HAT MOUNT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P19960040002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAT MOUNT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PAINT
No. Pieces
5
Height
24
Length
20
Width
20
Description
HAT MOUNT IS GREENISH PAINTED WOOD IN GENERAL SHAPE OF A HEAD. TOP IS SLIGHTLY WIDER THAN BELOW. HAS NUMEROUS STEPS AND GROOVES IN WOOD WHICH ARE DIFFERENT FROM THE FRONT TO BACK. IS DIVIDED INTO 5 PIECES. HAS TWO SIDES THE SAME WHICH ARE THE ENTIRE SIDE OF THE "HEAD". ON FRONT AND BACK ARE MUCH NARROWER THAN SIDES. MIDDLE IS SQUARE ON TOP, AND ATTACHED TO THE BASE. INNER VERTICAL PIECE HAS ELONGATED PIECES OF WOOD ON EACH SIDE NAILED TO IT. THE FOUR OUTSIDE SECTIONS HAS MATCHING ELONGATED NOTCHES WHICH FIT TOGETHER WITH MIDDLE SECTION. ON THE INSIDE SIDES OF THE PIECES EACH HAS "5159B" WRITTEN ON IT WITH A BLACK MARKER, THEY ALSO HAVE THE IMPRINTS OF TYPEWRITTEN LETTERS ON IT (LOOKS LIKE NEWSPAPER PRINT). ALONG BASE AT BACK IS THE SAME NUMBER WRITTEN OUT. AT FRONT IS CARVED IN "6804 FRONT EMPIRE HAT... N.Y. 22". ALONG BASE ON EACH SIDE IS A STEEL EYE, ON ONE SIDE THIS HAS A HOOK FRONT THE BOTTOM OF THE SIDE PIECE SCREWED ON AND LOOPED THROUGH THE EYE. UNDERNEATH IS LARGE HOLLOW CIRCLE IN MIDDLE WITH FOUR SMALLER CIRCLES AROUND THEM THAT HAVE SCREWS THROUGH THEM. PAINT IS CHIPPING AND FADING. WOOD IS WORN AND CHIPPED ALONG EDGES. APPEARS HOOK ON OTHER SIDE IS BROKEN OFF. LOGO STAMPED IN BACKSIDE IS WORN AND ILLEGIBLE.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
INDUSTRY
History
PURCHASED FROM BUSINESS IN EDMONTON WHICH WAS CLOSING OUT. USED IN THE HAT-MAKING INDUSTRY.
Catalogue Number
P19960040002
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HAT MOUNT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19960040003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAT MOUNT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
5
Height
19.5
Length
19
Width
23
Description
IDENTICAL TO P19960040002-GA EXCEPT IS SHORTER AND WIDER. NUMBER WRITTEN ON EVERY PIECE IN BLACK IS "4507B". ON FRONT HAS "3142 FRONT 22 EMPIRE HAT ... N.Y.". DOES NOT HAVE ANY HOOK AND EYES ON SIDES, BUT HAS STEEL PINS ON TOP OF BASE INSIDE. COLOUR IS MORE BROWN THAN GREEN. HAS NO LOGO STAMPED INTO BASE.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
INDUSTRY
History
PURCHASED FROM BUSINESS IN EDMONTON WHICH WAS CLOSING OUT. USED IN THE HAT-MAKING INDUSTRY.
Catalogue Number
P19960040003
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DONSA/CARDING BOARD
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19950033000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DONSA/CARDING BOARD
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1920
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.2
Length
82.9
Width
18.1
Description
WOOD CARDING BOARD HAS FLAT PIECE CUT IN SHAPE OF A PADDLE. RECTANGULAR END WITH SLIGHTLY CURVED NARROWING OF OPPOSITE END. HAS HANDLE NAILED IN PLACE AT NARROWER END. HANDLE IS BLOCK OF WOOD THAT HAS SAME WIDTH AS NARROWER END OF PLANK. THIS HAS A SQUARE OPENING CUT IN MIDDLE, AND ON ONE SIDE HAS HANDLE PIECE OF THE SAME WIDTH AS HOLE EXTEND UP THE BOARD. HANDLE IS OPEN UNDERNEATH, AND EXTENDS DOWN TO BOARD AT END, IS HERE THE SAME WIDTH AS THE HANDLE AND SQUARE OPENING ON OPPOSITE SIDE. BOTTOM OF PLANK HAS NOTCH CUT IN IT AT NARROWER END WITH A WIDER SQUARE OPENING. WOOD IS CRACKING AND SPLITTING IN MANY SPOTS. NAILS ARE CORRODING.
Subjects
TEXTILEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DOUKHOBOR ARTIFACT MADE BY SIMEON I. VERIGIN. ***UPDATE: ON 8 JUNE 2010, GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT NICOLE HEMBROFF VISITED DONOR MICHAEL VERIGIN AT HIS HOME IN COWLEY ALBERTA (CORNER OF NANTON STREET AND RAILWAY AVENUE) IN AN EFFORT TO IMPROVE UPON THIS ARTIFACT’S LIMITED DOCUMENTATION. VERIGIN’S ANSWERS TO HEMBROFF’S WERE RECORDED AS NOTES AND ARE SUMMARIZED BELOW. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE THIS DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE AND OTHER ARTIFACTS DONATED BY THE VERIGINS. THIS BOARD IS USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH A CARDING COMB (SEE P19950032001) FOR CARDING WOOL AND FLAX. A LARGE WOODEN COMB WOULD BE INSERTED INTO THE HOLE. A PERSON WOULD PLACE THE BOARD ON A BENCH AND SIT ON THE BOARD TO STABILIZE THE APPARATUS. WOOL WOULD BE PLACED IN THE TINES OF THE COMB. THE WORKER WOULD USE A SECOND COMB TO SEPARATE AND LENGTHEN THE TANGLED FIBERS OF THE WOOL. THE OUTCOME OF THIS PROCESS CREATES FIBERS THAT ARE READY TO BE SPUN. SIMEON I. VERIGIN MADE THE DONSA. HE WAS MICHAEL VERIGIN’S GRANDFATHER. THE DONOR GOT THE DONSA THROUGH HIS FAMILY. HE SAID, “WE HAD ALL OF THE PIECES FROM THE FAMILY. WE INHERITED THEM.” VERIGIN HAS PASSED SOME OF THE FAMILY HEIRLOOMS TO HIS DAUGHTER – INCLUDING THE CARDING COMBS. MICHAEL AND DORIS VERIGIN DID NOT USE THE DONSA. “IT WAS JUST NEGLECTED. I STILL HAVE ONE IN THE BASEMENT,” SAID VERIGIN. THE VERIGINS DONATED THE ARTIFACT TO THE GALT BECAUSE HE VALUES HIS HERITAGE AND WANTS TO SEE IT PRESERVED. HE HAS ALSO MADE DONATIONS TO THE PROVINCIAL ARCHIVES OF ALBERTA. VERIGIN GREW UP IN A COMMUNE THREE MILES EAST OF COWLEY, AB. DORIS GREW UP IN A COMMUNE IN CASTLEGAR, BC. HE SAID, “WE (MICHAEL AND DORIS) MET IN BC AT THE COMMEMORATION OF THE 50TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE ARRIVAL OF THE DOUKHOBORS IN CANADA. IT WAS A THREE DAY CELEBRATION IN GRAND FORKS IN 1949.” OVER THE NEXT FEW YEARS HE MADE SEVERAL TRIPS TO BC AND HE WOULD OFTEN MEET HER THERE. HE SAID, “IN 1955 I WAS WORKING IN THE OKANOGAN. SHE WORKED THERE TOO. I HAD TO APPROACH HER PARENTS. I HAD TO PROVE THAT I COULD PROVIDE FOR HER AND THAT I LOVED HER. WE HAD A SMALL GATHERING AT HER HOUSE – A BETROTHAL.” DURING THE BETROTHAL A DATE WAS SET FOR THE WEDDING. A MONTH LATER, ON DEC. 1, 1955, VERIGIN RETURNED TO BC. THEY WERE MARRIED AT A SMALL GATHERING AT HER PLACE. ON DECEMBER 3, THEY CAME TO AB AND HAD ANOTHER WEDDING AT HIS PARENT’S HOUSE. THIS WAS A LARGE GATHERING, MADE UP ALMOST ENTIRELY OF DOUKHOBORS. HE HAD ONE CANADIAN FRIEND THERE. HE HAD THE PLACE OF HONOR NEXT TO THE BRIDE AND GROOM AT THE DINNER TABLE. IT IS CUSTOMARY FOR A DOUKHOBOR BRIDE AND GROOM TO SHARE ONE PLATE OF FOOD ON THEIR WEDDING DAY. VERIGIN’S FRIEND WAS UNAWARE OF THIS PRACTICE AND ASKED IF THEY HAD FORGOTTEN A TABLE SETTING. AFTER DINNER, GIFTS WERE GIVEN. THE COUPLE STOOD IN FRONT OF EVERYONE. THEY HAD TO KNEEL TO THE GIFT GIVERS AND KISS THEM. TYPICAL GIFTS INCLUDED MONEY, DISHES AND OTHER HOUSEHOLD ITEMS. THE DOUKHOBORS GREW THEIR OWN FOOD ON THE COMMUNE. EACH FAMILY HAD A LITTLE GARDEN PLOT NEXT TO THEIR HOUSE. IN ADDITION, THERE WAS A LARGE, CENTRALIZED COMMUNITY GARDEN. THEY WERE ABLE TO GROW THE VAST MAJORITY OF THEIR FOOD BUT HAD TO BUY THINGS LIKE SUGAR AND FLOUR. ALSO, DOUKHOBORS ARE PACIFISTS. ONE PART OF THE WAY THEY PRACTICED PACIFISM WAS THROUGH VEGETARIANISM. THEIR DIET CONSISTED OF SOUP, POTATOES, CARROTS, BEANS, AND ON SOME DAYS THEY HAD BORSCHT AND PIROHI. THE DONOR IS STILL A VEGETARIAN ALTHOUGH MANY DOUKHOBORS HAVE ADDED MEAT INTO THEIR DIETS. DOUKHOBOR MEETINGS WERE HELD EVERY SUNDAY. THE COMMUNE HAD 13 SMALL VILLAGES. ALL OF THE PEOPLE GATHERED AT THE COMMUNITY HOME. VERIGIN’S CURRENT HOUSE IS LOCATED IN THE SPOT WHERE THE COMMUNITY HOME SAT. THE MEETING BEGAN WITH PRAYERS. PRAYERS AND HYMNS WERE SUNG. AT MEETINGS, MEMBERS OF THE COMMUNITY COULD ALSO BRING UP IMPORTANT MATTERS OF BUSINESS. BOTH WOMEN AND MEN HAD A SAY IN THE DISCUSSION AND DECISIONS. MEETINGS DID NOT HAVE A LEADER OR PASTOR. NO ONE CLAPPED AT THE MEETINGS. THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, SIMEON I. VERIGIN, WAS THE FIRST DOUKHOBOR TO SETTLE IN AB IN 1915. THE MAJORITY OF DOUKHOBORS LIVED IN BC IN KOOTENAY AND GRAND FORKS AREA. WHILE SOME OF THIS LAND WAS SUITED TO FARMING, IT COULD NOT PRODUCE THE QUANTITIES OF FEED OR RAISE THE AMOUNT OF HORSES NECESSARY TO SUSTAIN THE DOUKHOBOR COMMUNITY. THEY HAD BEEN GETTING MOST OF THESE SUPPLIES FROM SASKATCHEWAN, WHICH WAS QUITE A WAYS AWAY. THUS, THE COWLEY DOUKHOBOR COMMUNE WAS DEVELOPED IN ORDER TO PROVIDE A CLOSER SUPPLY OF FEED AND HORSES TO THE BC COMMUNITIES. IN THREE YEARS THE ALBERTA DOUKHOBORS OWNED 12000 ACRES OF LAND WORKED BY 306 SETTLERS IN 13 VILLAGES. WHEN THE DOUKHOBORS ORIGINALLY CAME TO CANADA THE GOVERNMENT PROMISED THEM FREE LAND. THEY SETTLED NEAR EDMONTON, AB. ACCORDING TO HTTP://WWW.CANADIANHISTORY.CA/IV/1867-1917/LAURIER_BOOM/OLIVER1.HTML FRANK OLIVER CHANGED THE FOCUS OF CANADIAN IMMIGRATION POLICY. HE WORRIED THAT NON-BRITISH IMMIGRANTS WOULD LOWER THE QUALITY OF CANADIAN SOCIETY. THUS, HE DID NOT WANT GROUPS LIKE THE DOUKHOBORS IN ALBERTA. WITH BOATLOADS OF PEOPLE COMING FROM RUSSIA, ANOTHER PLAN HAD TO BE MADE. THE FIRST BOATLOAD WENT TO CYPRUS IN SASKATCHEWAN. IN THE MEANTIME LAND WAS FOUND IN THE YORKTON AND PRINCE ALBERT AREA IN SASKATCHEWAN. THEY LIVED AND FARMED COMMUNALLY. THE GOVERNMENT DID NOT LIKE THE COMMUNAL LIFESTYLE PRACTICED BY THE DOUKHOBORS. ACCORDING TO VERIGIN, “SINCE THIS WAS HOMESTEAD LAND, TO VALIDATE IT AND OWN IT, YOU HAD TO LIVE ON YOUR 160 ACRES, WORK SO MANY ACRES FOR THREE YEARS AND LIVE ON IT. IF YOU MET THESE REQUIREMENTS, TO HAVE OWNERSHIP YOU MUST ALSO SWEAR ALLEGIANCE TO THE ENGLISH CROWN. THE DOUKHOBORS LIVED COMMUNALLY, AND SAID WE SWEAR ALLEGIANCE TO ONLY ONE KING IN HEAVEN. FOR THIS REASON, IN 1907, THE LAND WAS LOST.” IN BC, THE DOUKHOBORS WERE ABLE TO PURCHASE LAND FROM PRIVATE OWNERS. OWNING THEIR OWN LAND ALLOWED THEM TO LIVE THE WAY THEY WANTED. IN 1925, MONEY WAS BORROWED FROM THE BANKS AND BY 1938 THEY OWNED LAND IN THREE PROVINCES. THEY OWED $319,000 AND EVENTUALLY THE BANKS FORECLOSED. THE COLONIES SHUT DOWN. IN 1939 THEY WERE TOLD THEY COULD MAKE GRAIN PAYMENTS FOR TEN YEARS OR LEAVE THE LAND THEY WERE ON. MICHAEL’S FATHER, MIKE SIMEONOVITCH, STAYED WITH A FEW OTHERS WHILE THE REST OF THE COMMUNITY MOVED AWAY. WHEN THE GALT PUT ON THE DOUKHOBOR EXHIBIT IN THE MID 1990S THEY CONTACTED MICHAEL VERIGIN. DURING THE EXHIBIT, THEY HAD A DOUKHOBOR CHOIR PERFORM AND SING AT THE MUSEUM. THE CHOUR CONSISTED OF 100 PEOPLE FROM BC, AB AND SASK WHICH WENT ON A WORLD TOUR. THEY WERE WELL RECEIVED IN LETHBRIDGE. IT WAS ENTITLED THE “VOICES OF PEACE TOUR.” THE TOUR AND EXHIBIT COMMEMORATED THE DISARMAMENT OF THE DOUKHOBORS IN TRANSCAUCASIA. THEIR AIM WAS TO ENCOURAGE PEOPLE TO STRIVE FOR 100 YEARS OF PEACE (AND PRESUMABLY MORE) IN THE GLOBAL COMMUNITY. A VIDEO EXISTS OF THIS PERFORMANCE PUT TOGETHER BY 2&7 NEWS. JUNE 23, 1995. ACCORDING TO VERIGIN, DOUKHOBOR CHOIRS HAVE ALWAYS SUNG A CAPPELLA. IT IS TRADITION. HE SAID, “OTHER CULTURES HAVE TO HAVE NOTES AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS TO MAKE MUSIC. WE CAN SING AND HARMONIZE WITH OTHER DOUKHOBORS NO MATTER FROM WHAT AREA THEY COME FROM.”
Catalogue Number
P19950033000
Acquisition Date
1995-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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