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Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, IRON
Catalogue Number
P19880012026
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
STEEL, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Length
35.6
Width
7.7
Description
"INSTANTANEOUS RECORDER TYPE 72-A SER. NO. 1116" PLATED ON BASE. RCA DISC CUTTING LATHE. MOUNTED TO CUT DISC VERTICALLY. CUTTING PIECE MOUNTED ON THREADED ROD.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
THIS DISC CUTTING LATHE WAS DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM BY LETHBRIDGE BROADCASTING LTD., THE ASSOCIATION THAT AT ONE TIME OWNED LETHBRIDGE'S FIRST RADIO STATION, CJOC. IT WAS USED BY CJOC DURING THE 1930S, AND WAS THE FIRST CUTTING LATHE OWNED BY THE STATION. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF CJOC RADIO WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES RECORD 20081033000. CJOC WAS THE FIRST RADIO STATION TO BROADCAST FROM LETHBRIDGE, AND ONE OF THE EARLIEST IN CANADA. THE STATION BEGAN OFFICIAL BROADCASTS ON JANUARY 9, 1924. A RADIO BROADCASTING LICENSE WAS GRANTED IN APRIL 1926 & ISSUED WITH THE CALL LETTERS CJOC. THE LICENSE OFFICE ASSIGNED "CJ", WHILE THE STATION CO-FOUNDER, JOHN ENDER "JOCK" PALMER, CHOSE THE "OC" IN REFERENCE TO HIS NICKNAME. THE STATION BEGAN BROADCASTING SPORADICALLY FROM PALMER'S MOTHER'S HOUSE. PALMER TOOK TWO PARTNERS, HAROLD ROBERSTON CARSON AND WILLIAM WALTER GRANT, INTO HIS BROADCASTING VENTURE, AND GRANT BUILT A 50 WATT RADIO TRANSMITTER. SOON THE STATION EXPANDED, MOVING TO THE BASEMENT OF THE HULL BLOCK, AND IN 1928 TO THE PENTHOUSE OF THE NEWLY CONSTRUCTED MARQUIS HOTEL. ON AUGUST 13, 1928 JOCK PALMER AND WILLIAM GRANT SOLD THEIR INTERESTS IN CJOC TO CARSON FOR $100 AND $150 RESPECTIVELY. GRANT AND PALMER MOVED TO CALGARY, WHERE GRANT FOUNDED THE CFCN STATION AND BUILT RADIO EQUIPMENT, AND PALMER CONTINUED TO PURSUE HIS AVIATION INTERESTS. ON NOVEMBER 26, 1928 HAROLD R. CARSON, W.J. MILLICAN AND G.H. MILLICAN SIGNED A MEMORANDUM OF ASSOCIATION CREATING LETHBRIDGE BROADCASTING LIMITED. IN 1933, CJOC ANNOUNCER HENRY VINEY AND TECHNICIAN BOB BUSS DID ONE OF THE FIRST REMOTE HOCKEY BROADCASTS IN CANADA. MR. VINEY DESCRIBED THE PLAY-BY-PLAY OVER A ONE-WAY TELEPHONE LINE FROM VEGREVILLE WHILE MR. BUSS REMAINED IN THE STUDIO AT LETHBRIDGE. IN THE FALL OF 1936 CJOC BEGAN “THE RADIO SCHOOL OF THE AIR”, THE FIRST SUCH PROGRAM OF ITS KIND IN CANADA. CREATED AS AN AID FOR TEACHERS IN CLASSROOMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA, THE PROGRAM FEATURED ‘PORTS OF CALL’ ON MONDAYS, “HEALTH HINTS AND HISTORY OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE HELPED MANKIND’ ON TUESDAYS, ‘MOTHER GOOSE’ STORIES ON WEDNESDAYS, ‘DRAMA’ PRODUCED BY AGNES DAVIDSON ON THURSDAYS, AND SING-SONG SESSIONS ON FRIDAYS. IN 1948 CJOC MOVED OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL TO 1015 3 AVE. SOUTH. THE STATION WON THE CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF BROADCASTERS ‘AM STATION OF THE YEAR’ AWARD TWICE: FIRST IN 1952 AS CJOC LED A CAMPAIGN TO RAISE MONEY FOR A BOY SCOUT HALL IN LETHBRIDGE, AND AGAIN IN 1967 FOR THE STATIONS’ EXTRAORDINARY PUBLIC SERVICE DURING AN INTENSE WINTER BLIZZARD. CJOC BECAME THE COMMUNICATION HUB OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA DURING THE CRISIS, RELAYING MESSAGES BY RADIO AND KEEPING THE PUBLIC INFORMED OF DEVELOPMENTS. ON JANUARY 19, 2000 THE CANADIAN RADIO-TELEVISION TELECOMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CRTC) APPROVED AN APPLICATION BY ROGERS BROADCASTING LIMITED TO REPLACE CJOC WITH A NEW ENGLISH-LANGUAGE FM STATION. THE NEW STATION WOULD REPLACE CJOC'S COUNTRY MUSIC FORMAT WITH AN ADULT CONTEMPORARY MUSIC FORMAT. CONDITIONS OF CRTC APPROVAL WERE THAT CJOC AND THE NEW STATION COULD BROADCAST SIMULTANEOUSLY FOR UP TO THREE MONTHS, AT WHICH TIME ROGERS WOULD SURRENDER THE BROADCAST LICENSE OF CJOC. CFRV 107.7 FM (THE RIVER) WAS LAUNCHED, AND LATER IN 2000 CJOC WENT OFF THE AIR. IN 2007 THE CALL LETTERS CJOC WERE ASSIGNED TO A NEW RADIO STATION IN LETHBRIDGE, 102.1 FM.
Catalogue Number
P19880012026
Acquisition Date
1989-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, BRASS, VELOUR
Catalogue Number
P19694116000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, BRASS, VELOUR
No. Pieces
1
Height
128.0
Length
65.8
Width
42.5
Description
OAK CABINET, CARVED TOP. VELOUR AND WOOD SPEAKER PANEL. BRASS FITTINGS AND SWITCHES. PAPER LABEL ON BACK. "CAUTION DISCONNECT ELECTRICALPLUG BEFORE REMOVING CABINET BACK". STILL FUNCTIONAL. "WESTINGHOUSE 99".
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
EDUCATION
History
HISTORY UNKNOWN-DONATED TO SCHOOL FOR TEACHING PURPOSES. *UPDATE* IN 2010 NICOLE HEMBROFF, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT, CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF PALLET RACKING. SHE WAS UNABLE TO FIND CONTACT INFORMATION FOR DONOR OR NEXT OF KIN.
Catalogue Number
P19694116000
Acquisition Date
1969-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HOMEMADE SHORTWAVE RADIO, TUBES AND SPEAKER
Date Range From
1937
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, GLASS, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P20090031014
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HOMEMADE SHORTWAVE RADIO, TUBES AND SPEAKER
Date Range From
1937
Date Range To
1950
Materials
METAL, GLASS, CLOTH
No. Pieces
7
Height
18.0
Length
25.7
Width
45.7
Description
HANDMADE METAL RADIO WITH BROADCAST DIAL. ALSO INCLUDES SPEAKER, OSCILATOR COIL, BOXED WESTINGHOUSE TUBE AND BOXED ROGERS TUBE - 7 PIECES. 1. RADIO, HANDMADE. RECTANGULAR METAL BASE. TOP HAS FOUR PERFORATED METAL COLUMNS, FIVE UNPERFORATED METAL COLUMNS, ONE HOLLOW BROWN COLUMN WRAPPED IN COPPER WIRE, THREE MEDIUM SIZED GLASS TUBES AND A SQUARE BOX MARKED "HADLEY TRANSFORMERS, LOS ANGELES". THE FRONT OF THE BASE HAS ONE ROD STICKING OUT AND ONE LARGE DIAL WITH MARKED WITH NUMBERS "BROADCAST KILOCYCLES" AND DEPICTING A WORLD. THE DIAL IS ATTACHED TO A METAL BOX WITH AN OPEN TOP WHICH EXPOSES MULTIPLE SLATS. ALSO ATTACHED IS A ROWN CLOTH ELECTRICAL CORD WITH TWO-PRONG PLUG. 18.0 CM HIGH BY 25.7 CM LONG BY 45.7 CM HIGH. 2. OSCILATOR TUBE, WIRE, PAPER AND UNKNOWN MATERIALS. ONE END OF TUBE HAS A HOLE IN IT. TUB IS WRAPPED IN WIRE. SOME PAPER IS EXPOSED. TUBE IS LARGELY BLACK/BROWN IN COLOR EXCEPT FOR ONE END WHICH SHOWS AN UNKNOWN WHITE SUBSTANCE. 8.6 CM HIGH BY 4.8 CM IN DIAMETER. 3. SPEAKER, UNMOUNTED. FRONT OF SPEAKER IS CONCAVE, LINED WITH HEAVY, GREY PAPER. OUTSIDE IS SILVER COLORED METAL WITH A COLUMNAR SILVER COLORED BACKING PIECE HELD ON BY A SINGLE SCREW. ATTACHED TO THE BACK OF THE SPEAKER IS A SQUARE BOX FILLED WITH PAPER AND WIRES WHICH CONNECTS TO A BROWN CLOTH ELECTRICAL CORD WITH A FOUR-PRONGED PLUG. BLUE LABEL MARKED, "OXFORD... OXFORD TARTAK, RADIO CORP., MADE IN USA". 10.9 CM HIGH BY 21.0 CM IN DIAMETER. 4. BOXED TUBE. BLACK, GOLD AND WHITE, RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD BOX MARKED, "WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRONIC TUBE..." TUBE TYPE "6CA7/EL34". GLASS TUBE INSIDE MARKED "6CA7/EL34" AND "XF5, L2E" BOTTOM OF TUBE IS BROWN PLASTIC WITH SINGLE PLASTIC PRONG SURROUNDED BY EIGHT METAL PRONGS. 2 PIECES. 5.0 CM HIGH BY 13.0 CM LONG BY 5.0 CM WIDE. 5. BOXED TUBE. GREEN, YELLOW AND WHITE CARDBOARD BOX MARKED, "GUARANTEED, ROGERS, ELECTRONIC TUBE". TUBE TYPEE "12AF6". SMALL GLASS TUBE INSIDE HAS A POINTED TOP. GLASS MARKED, "12AF6, AUTOMATIC". BOTTOM OF TUBE HAS 7 METAL PRONGS. 2 PIECES. 2.5 CM HIGH BY 7.9 CM LONG BY 2.3 CM WIDE.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
EDUCATION
TRADES
History
ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, WENDY AITKENS IN AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY NICOLE HEMBROFF, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT, IN JULY OF 2011, THE RADIO AND ITS COMPONENTS WERE LIKELY MADE BY HER FATHER, WALLY JAMIESON. SHE SAID, "WALLY STUDIED RADIO TECHNOLOGY AT THE NATIONAL SCHOOL IN LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA FROM 1937-1939. HE WAS FASCINATED BY RADIOS AND ALL THINGS ELECTRICAL. THIS RADIO MAY HAVE BEEN A SCHOOL PROJECT OR IT MAY HAVE BEEN SOMETHING HE MADE FOR THE PURE CHALLENGE OF BUILDING HIS OWN RADIO. I REMEMBER HIM MENTIONING HIS HOMEMADE RADIO WHEN HE WAS NEAR THE END OF HIS LIFE. IT IS WRAPPED IN LETHBRIDGE HERALDS AND EDMONTON JOURNALS FROM THE LATE 1940S." AITKENS SAID HER DAD'S INTEREST IN RADIOS STARTED WHEN HE WAS A BOY. WHEN HER FATHER WAS GROWING UP IN SYLVAN LAKE, AB HIS "UNCLE GOT HIM A CRYSTAL RADIO SET WHEN HE WAS ABOUT 12 YEARS OLD. HE'D BEGGED FOR IT. ONCE HE PUT IT TOGETHER HE WAS HOOKED. I HAVE DAD'S RADIO OPERATOR'S LICENSE [FOR THE PROVINCE OF] ALBERTA. IT'S NUMBER 7. IT DIRECTED THE REST OF HIS LIFE. HE HAD THE KNOWLEDGE OF AN ELECTRICAL ENGINEER. " ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, HER FATHER GAINED HIS KNOWLEDGE THROUGH EXPERIENCE - LIKE MANY MEMBERS OF THE FAMILY. WHILE SOME OF HER FAMILY HAD GONE TO NORMAL SCHOOL, HER GENERATION WAS THE FIRST TO ATTEND UNIVERSITY. FOR FAMILY HISTORY SEE P20090030001.
Catalogue Number
P20090031014
Acquisition Date
2009-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DIAL-LESS, “NORTHERN ELECTRIC”
Date Range From
1936
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BAKELITE, PLASTIC, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20140046001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DIAL-LESS, “NORTHERN ELECTRIC”
Date Range From
1936
Date Range To
1995
Materials
BAKELITE, PLASTIC, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Length
22
Width
15.5
Description
BLACK BAKELITE TELEPHONE WITH HANDSET RECEIVER AND SPIRALED RUBBER CORD. BASE IS RECTANGULAR WITH HANDSET CRADLE AT TOP. A ROUND PLATE OF PAINTED BLACK METAL WITH A HOLLOW MIDDLE IS AT CENTRE FRONT IN PLACE OF A NUMBER DIAL. HOLLOW MIDDLE HOLDS CIRCULAR WHITE PIECE OF PAPER BEHIND TRANSPARENT FILM. BLACK POWER CABLE HAS WHITE PLASTIC END WITH FOUR METAL PRONGS. MAKER’S STAMP ON THE UNDERSIDE OF HANDSET READS “NORTHERN ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED – PATENTED 1922 1923 RD 1936 – FI – MADE IN CANADA”. BOTTOM OF BASE IS METAL PLATE WITH STAMP READING “NO. 1” AND FOUR BROWN FELT FEET. AREAS OF MINOR WEAR AND LOSS OF FINISH THROUGHOUT, WHITE RESIDUE ON POWER CORD. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
FURNISHINGS
History
THIS TELEPHONE WAS TAKEN BY THE DONOR, PHIL EDMUNDSON, OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL UPON ITS CLOSURE IN NOVEMBER 1985. EDMUNDSON WAS THE OWNER/OPERATOR OF MARQUIS FLOWER SHOP, ONE OF THE RETAIL BUSINESSES HOUSED ON THE HOTEL’S MAIN FLOOR. THE HOTEL OPENED IN 1928 ON THE CORNER OF 4TH AVENUE AND 7TH STREET SOUTH, AND WAS DEMOLISHED IN 1988. ON NOVEMBER 18, 2014, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON INTERVIEWED THE DONOR ABOUT THE TELEPHONE AND HIS FAMILY’S HISTORY IN RELATION TO THE MARQUIS HOTEL. PHIL EDMUNDSON SAID: “MY DAD [FRED EDMUNDSON] CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1938 TO TAKE OVER THE MARQUIS FLOWER SHOP… HE PAID $50 FOR THE INVENTORY AND THE STORE FIXTURES, AND AGREED TO TAKE ON THE DEBT… THE FLOWER SHOP HAD [ALREADY] BEEN THERE FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS… THE FLOWER SHOP HAD A MAIN FLOOR ENTRANCE AND DISPLAY AREA AND COOLER… DOWN IN THE BASEMENT IT HAD AN AREA FOR AN OFFICE AND A WORK ROOM… [ALSO] IN THE BASEMENT, THEY HAD SOME ROOMS CALLED ‘SAMPLE ROOMS’… WHERE TRAVELLING SALESMEN COMING TO LETHBRIDGE TO SELL THEIR WARES [COULD] SET UP A SAMPLE ROOM SHOWING ALL THEIR WARES AND THEN THEY WOULD INVITE MERCHANTS TO COME IN TO MAKE SELECTIONS OF WHAT THEY THOUGHT THEY WOULD LIKE TO HAVE… THIS TELEPHONE WAS FROM ONE OF THE SAMPLE ROOMS IN THE BASEMENT. THESE WERE VERY SPARSE ROOMS WITH JUST TABLES AROUND THE WALLS… BECAUSE EACH ROOM HAD A TELEPHONE IN IT, THEY WERE ABLE TO CONNECT WITH DIFFERENT BUSINESSES TO MAKE APPOINTMENTS… AS YOU CAN SEE [THIS TELEPHONE] HAS NO DIAL… IT CONNECTED TO THE SWITCHBOARD WHICH WAS AT THE MAIN DESK OF THE HOTEL. AND EVERY TIME YOU WANTED TO TALK TO SOMEONE, YOU WOULD HAVE TO CALL THE FRONT DESK BY LIFTING THE RECEIVER AND THEN THEY WOULD HAVE TO CONNECT YOU EITHER TO ONE OF THE ROOMS IN THE HOTEL OR BY CALLING OUT TO ANOTHER PHONE WITHIN THE CITY.” EDMUNDSON CONTINUED: “OVER THE YEARS, THE FLOWER SHOP KEPT TAKING OVER MORE AND MORE OF THE BASEMENT AREA… BECAUSE WE NEEDED MORE WORK SPACE, STORAGE SPACE, AND COOLER SPACE… TO KEEP THE FLOWERS FRESH IN… AT HOLIDAY TIMES WE WOULD TAKE OVER ONE OF THE SAMPLE ROOMS AND USE IT AS AN EXTRA STORAGE SPACE… THEN EVENTUALLY WE JUST TOOK OVER THE SAMPLE ROOM AND WE HAD IT ALL THE TIME… WE [USED THIS PHONE] TO HAVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN THE SAMPLE ROOM THAT WE USED AND THE REST OF THE FLOWER SHOP… [EVENTUALLY] WE GOT A REGULAR DIAL PHONE THAT WE COULD CALL BACK AND FORTH ON AND PUT IT IN PLACE OF THIS PHONE… [SO THEN] WE ACTUALLY USED IT AT OUR HOME. WE HAD AN OUTSIDE TELEPHONE PLUG SO WE COULD PLUG IT IN AND LEAVE IT OUT THERE… IT WAS GREAT FOR GARDENING.” OF THE HOTEL IN GENERAL, EDMUNDSON SAID: “IT WAS A COMMUNITY CONGLOMERATE OF PEOPLE THAT HAD GOTTEN TOGETHER TO HAVE IT ESTABLISHED AND BUILT… THEY WANTED TO BE ABLE TO BRING CONVENTIONS AND MEETINGS TO TOWN, SO IT WAS THE PREMIER HOTEL IN THE CITY… IT WAS QUITE A FANCY BUILDING… IT HAD A BANQUET ROOM THAT WOULD HOLD UP TO 250 PEOPLE… A MEZZANINE WHICH WAS UP BETWEEN THE FIRST FLOOR OF ROOMS ABOVE THE STREET LEVEL BUSINESSES… THEY WOULD SERVE TEA UP THERE IN THE AFTERNOON… SVEN ERICKSEN [RAN] THE MARQUIS COFFEE SHOP AND THE DINING ROOM AND BAKE SHOP… IT WAS THE PLACE TO GO FOR FINE DINING IN THE CITY… THE DRUG STORE WAS RIGHT ON THE CORNER OPPOSITE THE POST OFFICE… IT WAS A VERY BUSY LOCATION… THERE WERE A LOT OF DIGNITARIES [WHO STAYED] AT THE HOTEL, LIKE BING CROSBY WHEN HE CAME TO TOWN… AND JOHN DIEFENBAKER… THE MARQUIS WAS THE PLACE TO MEET.” OF THE HOTEL’S DEMISE, EDMUNDSON SAID: “THEY WERE IN RECEIVERSHIP FOR A WHILE IN 1985, AND ROYAL BANK WERE THE RECEIVERS AND THEY WERE RUNNING THE OPERATION. BUT THERE WAS A PROBLEM WITH THE BOILER, AND IN NOVEMBER IT GOT VERY COLD, VERY FAST. THE BOILER WAS UNABLE TO KEEP UP AND FINALLY GAVE IT UP. AND RATHER THAN TRY TO GET IT FIXED… THE ROYAL BANK SAID ‘THAT’S IT, WE’RE DONE, YOU’RE OUT OF HERE’… WE WERE QUITE SHOCKED… AND THE GUESTS OF THE HOTEL – THERE WERE LOTS OF FULL-TIME GUESTS STAYING IN THE ROOMS – THEY WERE GIVEN PRACTICALLY NO TIME TO VACATE. THEY WERE OUT IN THE COLD… [THE BANK] CONCEDED TO LET US STAY FOR AN EXTRA TWO WEEKS WHILE WE MOVED OVER TO A NEW LOCATION [AT 312 6TH STREET SOUTH]. IT WAS QUITE SOMETHING BECAUSE WE HAD ALL OUR CHRISTMAS MERCHANDISE [SO] RATHER THAN MOVE IT, WE DECIDED WE’D PUT IT ALL ON SALE. SO WE HAD A HUGE SALE [AND] WE SOLD PRACTICALLY EVERYTHING… WE TOOK [ALL THE FIXTURES] WITH US; THE PHONES, PHONE BOOKS, EQUIPMENT, DESKS… THE LIGHTS THAT WERE HANGING FROM THE CEILING, [THE] KINDS OF THINGS WE COULD USE IN THE NEW LOCATION… THEY WERE THINGS THAT WE HAD INSTALLED OVER THE YEARS… WE FELT THAT WE HAD TO PUT THEM IN, SO WE WERE GOING TO TAKE THEM OUT… IN THE MEANTIME WE HAD TO HOOK UP A TEMPORARY WATER SUPPLY BECAUSE THEY SHUT OFF ALL THE UTILITIES TO THE BUILDING EXCEPT THE ELECTRICITY. SO WE HAD NO HEAT DURING THAT EXTREMELY COLD WEATHER… IT WAS [THREE YEARS] LATER BEFORE [THE HOTEL] WAS KNOCKED DOWN. IT STOOD DERELICT FOR QUITE A WHILE… IT WAS KIND OF HARD TO SEE THAT… [PEOPLE] WERE REALLY UPSET THAT THIS BEAUTIFUL STRUCTURE … WOULD BE DESTROYED AND BE GONE FROM THE LANDSCAPE AND CHANGING THE LOOK OF THE DOWNTOWN… IT WAS A GREAT LOCATION [AND] WE REALLY ENJOYED OUR TIME THERE. IT’S TOO BAD THINGS HAVE TO CHANGE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT AND RECORD P20140046002 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140046001
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail