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Other Name
SET, 2 BRACE ATTACHMENTS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19970106009
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SET, 2 BRACE ATTACHMENTS
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.7
Length
23.9
Width
3.4
Description
SET OF TWO BRACES ATTACHMENTS. ATTACH TO BELT BY 6.5CM BRASS GATE SLIDES, THE BRACE CONNECTING TO A 2.5CM DOUBLE BRASS BUCKLE FIXED TO GATE BY 2.5CM WEB STRAP. METAL SURFACE OF ONE BUCKLE SCRATCHED, WITH SOME CORROSION. OLIVE GREEN WEBBING SOILED ON BOTH BRACES.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, HERBERT T. HACKER. BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1910; MARRIED LINDA (NIEMAN) IN 1940. LIVED IN NEW WESTMINSTER WHEN SECOND WORLD WAR BROKE OUT. ENLISTED IN WEST COAST WESTMINSTER MOBILE REGIMENT AS AIR RAID WARDEN, THEN IN SEAFORTH REGIMENT. SENT OVERSEAS AND SERVED IN THE NETHERLANDS. WAS INJURED AND TRANSFERRED TO CALGARY HIGHLANDERS REGIMENT, 2ND DIVISION. LATER RECLASSIFIED AS ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN GERMANY 3RD DIVISION (1945). RETURNED HOME IN 1945 AND DISCHARGED IN 1946 AFTER RECOVERING FROM JAUNDIS. WORKED AT LETHBRIDGE IRONWORKS UNTIL RETIRING IN 1978. PASSED AWAY IN 1992 AT AGE 82. HAD FOUR CHILDREN: DONNA, THOMAS, JANICE, AND HEATHER. BRACE ATTACHMENT USED BY TROOPS WHO WERE ARMED ONLY WITH PISTOLS, OR NOT AT ALL, AND THUS DID NOT REQUIRE LARGE AMMUNITION POUCHES OR CARTRIDGE CARRIERS. ATTACHED BRACES TO FRONT OF BELT; INTERCHANGEABLE. SHOULDER SACK COULD ALSO BE CONNECTED TO THIS ATTACHMENT TO ACCOMMODATE THE HAVERSACK OR LARGE PACK.
Catalogue Number
P19970106009
Acquisition Date
1998-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DENTURE BRUSH
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19970041500
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DENTURE BRUSH
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.4
Length
12.9
Width
3
Description
YELLOWED PLASTIC BRUSH WITH DOUBLE SIDED BLACK BRISTLE BRUSHES. RAISED ON HANDLE IS "FULLER".
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
PERSONAL CARE
History
THIS BRUSH WAS USED BY DONOR'S MOTHER, LOIS, WHO NOT ONLY USED IT TO CLEAN HER DENTURES BUT ALSO TO CLEAN MANY OTHER HOUSEHOLD OBJECTS. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041500
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAIL BRUSH
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BONE, BRISTLE
Catalogue Number
P19930009044
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAIL BRUSH
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
BONE, BRISTLE
No. Pieces
1
Length
20.9
Width
1.7
Description
BONE HANDLED BRUSH, NATURAL BRISTLES. HANDLE IS WARPED. SOME BRISTLES WORN & MISSING AT END. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
TRADES
History
PROBABLY USED TO CLEAN CLOCKS, WATCHES & SO-ON, ALTHOUGH DESIGNED AS A NAIL BRUSH. SEE P19930009001-GA FOR DONOR HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19930009044
Acquisition Date
1993-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CRUMB BRUSH
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, BRISTLE
Catalogue Number
P19930031010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CRUMB BRUSH
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, BRISTLE
No. Pieces
1
Length
33.7
Width
1.8
Description
WOOD & BRISTLE BRUSH. HANDLE APPEARS HANDMADE, WHITTLED DOWN FROM A STICK TO CONFORM TO ROUNDED BRISTLE MOUNT. REAR PORTION OF BRISTLE MOUNT HAS BEEN ALTERED TO MATCH HANDLE. POSSIBLY A REPLACEMENT HANDLE. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
DONOR IS DAUGHTER OF CHRIS GIBSON. MAKER UNKNOWN - POSSIBLY CHRIS GIBSON. PROBABLY USED AS A CRUMB BRUSH, TO SWEEP CRUMBS FROM A TABLECLOTH. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A STOLE DONATED BY DORIS BALCOVSKE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. DORIS BALCOVSKE (NEE GIBSON) IS THE DAUGHTER OF CHRISTIAN GIBSON AND LINDA VICTORIA GIBSON (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). LINDA VICTORIA GIBSON (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN) WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON SEPTEMBER 5, 1886 AND WAS MARRIED IN EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND ON JUNE 29, 1918 TO CHRISTIAN GIBSON. SHE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN SEPTEMBER 1919. ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY, LINDA WAS INVOLVED IN NUMEROUS ORGANIZATIONS THROUGHOUT LETHBRIDGE INCLUDING: “THE MAJOR JACK ROSS CHAPTER OF THE IODE, PAST REGENT OF THE MUNICIPAL CHAPTER OF THE IODE, A FORMER MEMBER OF THE EASTERN STAR, A FORMER MEMBER OF LOBA, AN HONOURARY MEMBER OF THE BETA SIGMA PHI SOCIETY, A MEMBER OF THE LOCAL COUNCIL OF GIRL GUIDES, CANADIAN RED CROSS, AND ST. AUGUSTINE’S WA.” LINDA PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 IN AUGUST 1965. CHRISTIAN “CHRIS” GIBSON WAS BORN IN BELFAST, IRELAND IN 1887, WAS RAISED AND EDUCATED IN THE LONDON, ENGLAND AREA, AND ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE, AB IN JUNE 1908. HE HELD A NUMBER OF POSITIONS AFTER HIS ARRIVAL IN THE CITY, INCLUDING: DISTRICT CLERK FOR ALBERTA RAILWAYS AND IRRIGATION COMPANY; MANAGER OF FAIR GROUNDS FOR THE WORLD DRY FARMING CONGRESS IN 1912; OPERATOR OF THE CITY ZOO; A POSITION WITH THE WEIGHTS AND MEASURES OFFICE, WHICH INVOLVED TESTING SCALES AND GASOLINE PUMPS THROUGHOUT THE SOUTH. UPON HIS ARRIVAL IN THE CITY, CHRIS ALSO JOINED THE MILITIA AND IN 1914 ENLISTED WITH THE 20TH BATTERY, CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY. HE SERVED FOR 5 YEARS AS PAYMASTER, EVENTUALLY REACHING THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. IN 1930, CHRIS RECEIVED THE VICTORIA DECORATION, FOR LONG SERVICE AS AN OFFICER. CHRIS AND LINDA WERE BOTH HEAVILY INVOLVED IN THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE RED CROSS. CHRIS PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 83 ON MARCH 26, 1971. HE WAS SURVIVED BY HIS SISTER, MAMIE GRACE ELLEN GIBSON. MAMIE GRACE ELLEN GIBSON WAS BORN IN THE COUNTY OF SURREY, ENGLAND ON JULY 29, 1892, THE ONLY DAUGHTER OF JOHN ANDREW AITKEN GIBSON AND LOUISA MARIA GIBSON (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). IN 1910, SHE MOVED WITH HER PARENTS AND HER BROTHER FRED TO JOIN HER OTHER BROTHER CHRISTIAN. HER FATHER PASSED AWAY IN 1912 AND HER MOTHER IN 1943. MAMIE PASSED AT THE AGE OF 102 ON NOVEMBER 11, 1994. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING A PURSE AND HAIR ORNAMENTS DONATED BY DORIS BALCOVSKE. CONNECTIONS MADE WITH THE NEXT-OF-KIN TO ACQUIRE FURTHER ARTIFACT-SPECIFIC INFORMATION WERE UNSUCCESSFUL. DORIS BALCOVSKE'S OBITUARY WAS FOUND ON THE CORNERSTONE FUNERAL HOME'S WEBPAGE. IT STATES THAT SHE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1923. SHE WORKED FOR THE BANK OF MONTREAL FOLLOWING HIGH SCHOOL. SHE THEN WENT ON TO BECOME THE PROPRIETOR OF MARGO LADIES WEAR THROUGH THE 1950'S. SHE MARRIED HERB BALCOVSKE AND TOGETHER THEY HAD SANDRA BALCOVSKE AND MARCIA TAYLOR. DORIS PASSED AWAY ON 14 SEPTEMBER 2016 AT THE AGE OF 92 YEARS. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980051003 FOR FULL OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19930031010
Acquisition Date
1993-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BRISTLE HAIR BRUSH
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970107021
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BRISTLE HAIR BRUSH
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
14
Height
3.3
Length
10
Width
5.2
Description
OVAL WOODEN BASED BRISTLE HAIR BRUSH. BASE IS SHELLACED AND HAS DARK SWIRLED MARK ON THE SURFACE. ITEM HAS BRISTLES BUT IT IS DIFFICULT TO DETERMINE IF THEY ARE NATURAL OR SYNTHETIC. SHELLAC IS CRACKING IN VARIOUS LOCATIONS ON THE SURFACE.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR ITEM WAS MADE BY A POW AT THE PRISONER OF WAR CAMP IN LETHBRIDGE DURING WORLD WAR II. ITEM WAS GIVEN TO DONOR'S BROTHER-IN-LAW WHILE DOING CONSTRUCTION WORK AT THE CAMP. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED A BIOGRAPHY OF AB CHERVINSKI, THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT, WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1982, 1989, AND 2011. ADAM ABRAHAM 'AB" CHERVINSKI WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 24, 1920 IN LETHBRIDGE. AS A TEENAGER HE WORKED AS A MESSENGER BOY FOR THE CPR TELEGRAPH OFFICE. CHERVINSKI BRIEFLY LIVED IN ONTARIO DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE AIR FORCE, BUT RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WORKED FOR ALBERTA GOVERNMENT TELEPHONES FOR 37 YEARS. HE WAS A LIFELONG COLLECTOR OF ANTIQUES, AVID LOCAL HISTORIAN, AND HEAVILY INVOLVED IN MUSICAL THEATRE. AB CHERVINSKI DIED ON JUNE 2, 2011. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19970107001-GA FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ABOUT CHERVINSKI. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY ADAM ABRAHAM CHERVINSKI. EXTENSIVE RESEARCH CONDUCTED TO LOCATE THE DONOR'S LIVING NEXT-OF-KIN WAS UNSUCCESSFUL.
Catalogue Number
P19970107021
Acquisition Date
1997-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19990035075
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
14.4
Width
.5
Description
BRASS LINK CHAIN. EVERY OTHER LINK HAS DECORATIVE NOTCHES IN IT. THE LAST LINK ON ONE END HAS AN EXTRA LOOP ON IT, THAT WOULD HAVE SERVED AS A CATCH.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
FOUND IN JEWELRY BOX P19990035021-GA. SEE P19990035001-GA FOR ADDITIONAL HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990035075
Acquisition Date
2000-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, GOLD
Catalogue Number
P19990035077
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Materials
BRASS, GOLD
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.4
Length
11.3
Width
0.4
Description
GOLD. CONSISTS OF EIGHT SECTIONS. EACH SECTION IS DOUBLY REINFORCED. ONE OF THE LINKS BETWEEN TWO OF THE SECTIONS HAS BEEN STRETCHED. SEVEN OF THE SECTIONS HAVE "H&A.S." STAMPED INTO THEM. THE LAST SECTION ON ONE END HAS A TINY BUTTON ON IT WHICH ALLOWS THE LINK ON THE END TO BE EXTENDED. THE OTHER END IS MISSING THE REST OF ITS SECTIONS.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
JEWELRY? RELATED CATALOGUE # P19990035078-GA. CAME IN JEWELRY BOX P19990035021-GA. SEE P19990035001-GA FOR ADDITIONAL HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990035077
Acquisition Date
2000-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, SILVER
Catalogue Number
P19990035078
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1970
Materials
BRASS, SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.4
Length
9.9
Width
0.4
Description
SILVER. CONSISTS OF SIX SECTIONS. EACH SECTION IS DOUBLY REINFORCED. THE TWO END SECTIONS EACH HAVE A BUTTON-LIKE DEVICE WHICH ALLOWS A LINK ON THE END TO BE EXTENDED.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
JEWELRY? RELATED CATALOGUE # P19990035077-GA. CAME IN JEWELRY BOX P19990035021-GA. SEE P19990035001-GA FOR ADDITIONAL HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19990035078
Acquisition Date
2000-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, IRON
Catalogue Number
P19920027001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1944
Materials
WOOD, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
40.0
Length
91.5
Width
55.2
Description
HANDMADE WOOD TRUNK WITH METAL HINGES, HANDLES & LOCK CLASP. BOX IS NAILED TOGETHER WITH BUTT CORNERS. LID IS SHIPLAP BOARDS & BUTT CORNERS. MITRED EXTERIOR BOARDS AT TOP & BOTTOM OF TRUNK PROVIDE ADDITIONAL STRENGTH. BOARD NAILED ACROSS LID FOR ADDITIONAL SUPPORT. PLAIN INTERIOR, AND WOOD EXTERIOR IS NOT PAINTED OR VARNISHED. JOINTS LOOSE, STAPLES ON SIDES.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACT
WOODWORKING T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
TRUNK & TOOLS WERE HAND MADE BY GERMAN PRISONER FROM SCRAP WOOD SCROUNGED AROUND THE CAMP. TOOL CHEST & TOOLS GIVEN TO DONOR BY PRISONER IN 1946, PRIOR TO LEAVING FOR GERMANY. DONOR ACTED AS AN INTERPRETER BETWEEN P.O.W.S & OTHERS SUCH AS FARMERS GERMANY. DONOR ACTED AS AN INTERPRETER BETWEEN P.O.W.S & OTHERS SUCH AS FARMERS WHO HAD PRISONERS TO HELP OUT WITH SUGAR BEET PRODUCTION. TRUNK & TOOLS WERE FROM INDIVIDUAL WHO APPRECIATED DONOR'S ASSISTANCE. CAMP CLOSED IN 1946 & DEMOLISHED SOON AFTER. ON 20 FEBRUARY, GALT COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN VISITED AUDREY SWEDISH, THE DONOR GEORGE SWEDISH’S WIFE OF EIGHTEEN YEARS, TO CLEAR UP THE RECORD RELATED TO THE DONOR’S ACQUISITION OF THE OBJECTS IN APPROXIMATELY 1946. GEORGE SWEDISH WAS BORN ON 10 MAY 1911 IN LETHBRIDGE. HE PASSED AWAY IN COALDALE ON 19 APRIL 1997. HE WAS EMPLOYED FOR THIRTY-SIX YEARS WITH THE ALBERTA SUGAR COMPANY, RETIRING IN 1976 AS OFFICE MANAGER. DURING THE WAR YEARS, HE WORKED AS AN ACCOUNTANT IN THE SUGAR COMPANY’S LETHBRIDGE OFFICE. THE COMPANY KNEW THAT SWEDISH WAS FLUENT IN MULTIPLE EUROPEAN LANGUAGES, INCLUDING GERMAN, AND, CONSEQUENTLY, HE WAS REQUESTED BY THE COMPANY TO PROVIDE TRANSLATION SERVICES FOR LOCAL BEET FARMERS WHO WERE UTILIZING GERMAN POWS FOR FIELD LABOUR. SWEDISH’S WIFE AUDREY, A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE AT THE TIME, COMMENTED THAT, “THAT THERE WERE NOT MANY LOCALS WHO COULD SPEAK GERMAN SO HE (GEORGE) WENT OUT TO THE FIELDS TO GET THROUGH TO THE POW WHAT THE FARMER WANTED DONE. HE DID HIS BEST TO MAKE THE POW FEEL COMFORTABLE, TO GET THE NECESSARY INFORMATION TO THEM AND FROM THEM.” AUDREY FELT THAT ONE OF THE POWS “THOUGHT ENOUGH” OF HER HUSBAND TO PROVIDE HIM WITH THE HANDCRAFTED TOOL BOX AND TOOLS. GEORGE SWEDISH WAS FLUENT IN VARIOUS EUROPEAN LANGUAGES ON ACCOUNT THAT HIS FATHER, HIS UNCLES AND HIS GRANDFATHER WERE EMIGRANTS FROM A SMALL EASTERN EUROPEAN REGION KNOWN AS RUTHENIA. AUDREY SWEDISH CLAIMED THAT IT WAS AT HER REQUEST THAT GEORGE DONATED THE TOOLBOX AND ITS CONTENTS. SHE STATED THAT HE WAS RESISTANT TO DO SO, HOWEVER, SHE MADE THE CASE THAT IT WOULD BE OF MUCH GREATER SERVICE IN A MUSEUM. AUDREY CLAIMS TO THE BEST OF HER KNOWLEDGE THAT HER HUSBAND NEVER UTILIZED THE TOOLS. HE STORED THE BOX AND ITS CONTENTS IN HIS GARAGE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P19920027001
Acquisition Date
1992-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20150010004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
2015
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Length
76.0
Width
17.4
Description
STEEL HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR / CROWBAR. SILVER COLOURED METAL. ONE END HAS A CLAW WITH A RECESSED NAIL PULLER, WHILE THE OTHER END HAS A DUCKBILL BLADE (OR ADZE) AND A PICK. THE CLAW IS 17.4CM LONG AND IS EMBOSSED WITH: "PARATECH USA 017120 C I" (THE 'C' IS ACTUALLY A COPYRIGHT SYMBOL). THE HANDLE PORTION OF THE TOOL HAS TWO GRIPS, ONE NEAR THE CLAW AND THE SECOND NEAR THE BLADE AND PICK. THE UNDERSIDE OF THE BLADE IS EMBOSSED WITH: "PARATECH USA 017038 C K" (AGAIN, THE 'C' IS A COPYRIGHT SYMBOL). STAMPED INTO THE HANDLE, TO THE CLAW SIDE OF THE MIDDLE, IS "AMR 7" OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE BLADE AND PICK ARE VERY RUSTY. THE BLADE HAS A SMALL DENT. THE RUST ON THE BLADE AND PICK IS WORSE, BUT THE CLAW END IS ALSO VERY RUSTED. SURFACE RUST ALL OVER THE HANDLE.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACTS
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR / CROWBAR WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE HALLIGAN TOOL IS A “FORCIBLE ENTRY OR EXIT TOOL USED TO FORCE ENTRY INTO A BUILDING AND ALSO USED FOR FIREFIGHTERS TO FORCE ENTRY OUT OF A BUILDING WHEN STRAPPED. THIS ONE IS STEEL; [NOW] WE HAVE SOME THAT ARE MADE OF TITANIUM AND ARE MUCH LIGHTER.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994). BROWN CALLED IT “JUST ANOTHER FANCY PRY BAR … [THAT] WAS [ON THE TRUCK] WHEN I LEFT.” PETIT AGREED, CALLING IT “A BREAK IN TOOL. IF YOU WANT TO BREAK INTO A HOUSE … CRASH A DOOR, WINDOWS, PRY A DOOR OPEN, JUST A NICE TOOL … I CALL IT THE HOUSE BREAKING TOOLS.” LAZENBY EXPANDED: “THIS GETS USED ALL THE TIME … WHEN IT COMES TO … FORCIBLE ENTRY AND FINDING A MEANS OF EGRESS AND NEEDING A TOOL OF CHOICE, THIS IS PROBABLY THE GO-TO TOOL. YOU CAN PUNCTURE, YOU CAN PRY, YOU CAN BREAK … THERE’S JUST SO MANY USES FOR THIS.” HE CONTINUED: “THE ONLY DRAWBACK WITH THE … OLDER GENERATION HALLIGAN BARS WAS JUST THE FACT THAT THEY WERE JUST SO HEAVY, BUT THE NEWER GENERATION ARE TITANIUM, AND GROSSLY EXPENSIVE BECAUSE OF THAT, AND SO WE DO HAVE A COUPLE OF TITANIUM MODELS BUT OVERALL WE STILL HAVE STEEL ONES ON THE TRUCK FOR THE MOST PART, SO THIS IS ONE OF THE TOOLS THAT WE STILL USE ALL THE TIME. IT COMES OFF THE TRUCK CONSTANTLY.” LAZENBY CONTINUED FURTHER, RELAYING AN INSTANCE WHEN THE HALLIGAN WAS VERY USEFUL: “WE RESPONDED ON AN EMS CALL FOR SOMEONE WHO WAS UNABLE TO ANSWER THE DOOR BECAUSE OF THEIR CONDITION. SO WHEN WE ROLLED UP TO THE HOUSE, THEY HAD A MASSIVE BLACK WROUGHT IRON GATE. IT WAS A SECURITY GATE THAT WAS BOLTED TO THE FRONT OF THAT STRUCTURE OVER THE FRONT DOOR AND WE HAD NO ACCESS, THE WINDOWS WERE BARRED AND EVERYTHING ELSE, WE HAD NO ACCESS INTO THAT STRUCTURE … WE GRABBED WHAT WE NOW KNOW AS THE ‘SET OF IRONS’ AND I HAD THE FLAT HEAD AXE AND MY PARTNER TOOK THE HALLIGAN TOOL AND WE SLIPPED THE FORK IN OVER TOP OF THE BOLTS THAT WERE BEING USED AROUND BASICALLY THE BRICK MOLDING THE FRAME OF THE DOOR AND I STRUCK THE BLADE END UP HERE AND WE WERE ABLE TO ACTUALLY FORCE THE FORK DOWN UNDERNEATH THE BOLT, BETWEEN THE BOLT AND THE WOOD, AND ONE QUICK PRY AND … WE POPPED FOUR BOLTS OFF IN LESS THAN SIXTY SECONDS AND WE WERE INSIDE THE HOUSE. SO I KIND OF WONDERED UP UNTIL THAT POINT ABOUT THE EFFICIENCY OF IT, BECAUSE IT’S NOT SOMETHING THAT WE WANT TO GO AROUND BREAKING THINGS, AND IT UNDERSCORED THE IMPORTANCE OF THE USES AND HOW EFFICIENT THAT TOOL IS ON THE FIRE GROUND. AND NOT JUST FOR FIRE CALLS, BUT THAT WAS AN EMS RUN … VERY USEFUL.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010004
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
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