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Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
HARDWOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19738497000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
HARDWOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Length
35.0
Width
4.8
Diameter
3.3
Description
HARDWOOD HANDLE, STEEL HEAD. SOME SURFACE CORROSION.
Subjects
MASONRY & STONEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
TRADES
History
USED IN HOLLAND TO SHAPE BRICKS AND LAY THEM WHEN PAVING THE STREETS WITH BRICK.
Catalogue Number
P19738497000
Acquisition Date
1966-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OBSIDIAN
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OBSIDIAN CORE
Date Range From
4000BP
Date Range To
1700
Materials
OBSIDIAN
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.5
Length
32.7
Width
24.7
Description
SHINY, BLACK OBSIDIAN ROCK. VARIOUS GROOVES AND FLAKE SCARS ON THE OVERALL SURFACE OF THE ROCK.
Subjects
MASONRY & STONEWORKING T&E
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
ARCHAEOLOGY
History
THIS OBSIDIAN ROCK WAS DONATED ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2015 BY NANCY BIGGERS IN MEMORY OF HER LATE PARENTS, BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS. IT WAS LOCATED ON THE FAMILY FARM BY BOYD BIGGERS. ACCORDING TO A STATEMENT GIVEN BY NANCY AT THE TIME OF DONATION, "... FARMERS NEED TO CLEAR THEIR LAND OF ... ROCKS IN ORDER TO PLANT AND HARVEST THEIR FIELDS. BOYD WAS DOING THIS ONE DAY (IN THE EARLY 1980S) AND CAME ACROSS A BEAUTIFUL SHINY BLACK ROCK. HE WAS IMPRESSED BY [ITS] COLOURING AND THE VARIOUS GROOVES, SO RATHER THAN THROWING IT ON TO THE PILE WITH THE OTHER ROCKS, HE DECIDED TO TAKE IT HOME. ... MARY, BEING A SCHOOL TEACHER, TOLD HIM THAT IT APPEARED TO BE OBSIDIAN, WHICH THE ABORIGINALS USED TO MAKE ARROWHEADS AND TOOLS. MARY RETIRED FROM TEACHING IN 1986 AND THUS BOYD DECIDED TO SELL THE FARM. THEY MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE ... [AND] THE OBSIDIAN CAME WITH THEM ... AS IT WAS A REMINDER OF THEIR FARM LIFE. IT WAS USED AS A DECORATIVE PIECE IN BOTH OF THE HOMES IN WHICH THEY LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE." ON SEPTEMBER 8, 2015, ARCHEOLOGIST, NEIL MIRAU, OF ARROW ARCHAEOLOGY LIMITED STATED VIA EMAIL THAT THE ROCK HAD BEEN BROUGHT TO THE AREA BY HUMANS AND THAT IT WAS RELATIVELY EASY TO DETERMINE THE SOURCE OF THE OBSIDIAN FROM ITS GENERAL APPEARANCE. HE WAS ALMOST CERTAIN THAT THIS PIECE OF OBSIDIAN CAME FROM THE OBSIDIAN CLIFFS IN WHAT IS NOW YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK, WYOMING. HE WROTE, “OBSIDIAN DOES NOT OCCUR NATURALLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND REALLY THE ONLY WAY FOR IT TO GET HERE, ESPECIALLY THIS TYPE OF ROCK IS TO BE CARRIED BY HUMANS. OBSIDIAN ... WAS PRIZED BY PAST CULTURES AND IT MAKES VERY ATTRACTIVE AND VERY SHARP TOOLS AND PROJECTILE POINTS. THIS PARTICULAR PIECE HAS FLAKE SCARS SHOWING THAT IT WAS WORKED BY HUMANS. IT WAS LIKELY, GIVEN ITS ‘VALUE,’ CARRIED BY ITS OWNER TO FLAKE PIECES OFF EVERY ONCE IN AWHILE TO MAKE A NEW TOOL. OBSIDIAN IS ONE OF THE RARE TYPES OF STONE THAT IS CURATED BY PAST HUMANS, THAT IS, ALTHOUGH HEAVY, THEY WOULD HAVE CARRIED IT WITH THEM TO MAKE TOOLS WITH.” HE ALSO WROTE THAT OBSIDIAN FROM WYOMING THAT HAS BEEN FOUND IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA HAS ARRIVED “EITHER THROUGH TRADE OR BY LONG DISTANCE TRAVEL OF PEOPLE FROM HERE TO THERE AND RETURN," AND THAT THERE IS EVIDENCE OF BOTH METHODS. MIRAU INFERS THAT IT COULD HAVE BEEN DROPPED THERE THREE OR FOUR CENTURIES AGO, OR MANY THOUSANDS OF YEARS AGO. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPY OF THE NANCY BIGGER’S INFORMATION, EMAIL TRANSCRIPTS, MAPS OF THE LOCATION OF THE BIGGERS’ FARM WHERE ARTIFACT WAS FOUND, AND A PHOTOGRAPH OF BOYD AND MARY BIGGERS.
Catalogue Number
P20150027000
Acquisition Date
2015-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19738825000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
9.5
Length
30.2
Width
12.4
Description
FLAT RECTANGULAR TROWEL. WOODEN HANDLE. PLASTER'S TROWEL. RESIDUE AND TRACE OF RUST EVIDENT ON TOP. REVERSE CLEAN BUT PITTED.
Subjects
MASONRY & STONEWORKING T&E
Historical Association
TRADES
History
REFER TO P19738806000-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED AN ASHTRAY DONATED TO THE MUSEUM BY ELINOR GLOVER. AS PART OF THE SURVEY PROCESS, PUNDYK CONTACTED GLOVER’S DAUGHTER DIANE GLOVER. NO ITEM SPECIFIC INFORMATION COULD BE ADDED TO THE ARTIFACT FILES. FURTHER ARCHIVAL RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED REGARDING THE DONOR’S FAMILY, INCLUDING HER FATHER WILLIAM PALFREY, WHOSE NAME IS MENTIONED IN RELATION TO THE ARTIFACTS IN THE INITIAL RECORDS. PALFREY’S OBITUARY WAS PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON JULY 3, 1973. IT REITERATED MOST OF THE INFORMATION LISTED IN THE INITIAL HISTORY AS RECORDED IN P19738806000, ADDING THAT HE WAS MARRIED TO ANNIE PALFREY. TOGETHER THEY HAD ONE DAUGHTER, ELINOR GLOVER (THE DONOR). HE PASSED AWAY IN EDMONTON AT THE AGE OF 81 YEARS. HIS HEADSTONE IN LETHBRIDGE’S MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY LISTS HIS YEAR OF BIRTH AS 1891. THE DONOR’S OBITUARY WAS FOUND PUBLISHED ONLINE IN THE EDMONTON JOURNAL. IT RECORDS THAT ELINOR KAY GLOVER (NEE PALFREY) WAS BORN ON OCTOBER 7, 1934. SHE MARRIED KENNETH GLOVER IN LETHBRIDGE IN AUGUST 1959, ACCORDING TO A LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AUGUST 18, 1959. THE COUPLE HAD THREE CHILDREN: BRIAN, DIANE, AND KAREN. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19738813000 FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING LETHBRIDGE HERALD CLIPPINGS.
Catalogue Number
P19738825000
Acquisition Date
1973-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STERLING SILVER
Catalogue Number
P19780232000
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1910
Materials
WOOD, STERLING SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Length
28.6
Width
9.2
Description
TROWEL HAS ORNATE ENGRAVED PATTERN ALL ALONG EDGES. INSCRIPTION "PRESENTED TO JOHN H. FLEETWOOD ESQ. ON THE OCCASION OF HIS LAYING THE CORNERSTONE OF THE FLEETWOOD SCHOOL AT LETHBRIDGE ALTA. 24TH OCTOBER, A.D. 1910" ON FRONT. "ANDREW STERLING" ENGRAVED ON BACK. BLACK WOODEN HANDLE.
Subjects
MASONRY & STONEWORKING T&E
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
DONOR WAS GIVEN TROWEL BY A FRIEND WHO HAD THE TROWEL IN A BOX OF JUNK IN HIS GARAGE. DONOR HAD IT FOR 4-5 YEARS. JOHN "HARRY" FLEETWOOD WAS A MEMBER OF THE SCHOOL BOARD FOR 11 YEARS PRIOR TO THE FLEETWOOD SCHOOL BEING NAMED AFTER HIM. HE ALSO HAD BEEN CHAIRMAN OF THE BOARD FOR 6 YEARS PRIOR TO 1911. HE HAD A GREAT DEAL TO DO WITH OBTAINING NEW SCHOOL BUILDINGS. "HIS HOBBY IS GOOD SCHOOLS", FROM "LETHBRIDGE SCHOOLS: A SOUVENIR ISSUE...". HE WAS SECRETARY TREASURER OF SCHOOL BOARD FROM 1911-1932. STERLING SILVER PRESENTATION TROWEL
Catalogue Number
P19780232000
Acquisition Date
1978-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail