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Other Name
MILITARY RIBBON BAR
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P19738775000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY RIBBON BAR
Date Range From
1939
Date Range To
1945
Materials
ALUMINUM, CLOTH
No. Pieces
1
Length
2.6
Width
2.0
Description
"TZ" IN A CIRCLE ON BACK. RED, WHITE, BLACK & BLUE RIBBON ON FRONT. CROSSED SWORDS AT ONE END.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
RIBBONS INDICATE INDIVIDUAL AWARDED WAR MERIT MEDAL, 2ND CLASS, HINDENBURG CROSS, CROSS OF HONOR COMBATANT (1914-1918), & BALTIC CROSS. (L. TO R.) RIBBONS INDICATE INDIVIDUAL WAS VETERAN OF W.W.I. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. SHE WAS UNABLE TO UNCOVER ANY NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT.
Catalogue Number
P19738775000
Acquisition Date
1973-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, IRON
Catalogue Number
P20170034001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
STEEL, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Length
5
Width
4
Description
SILVER HOMEMADE CROSS SOLDERED TOGETHER AT CENTER; CROSS HAS WIDENED, SQUARE NAIL ENDS WITH HEAD AND ARM POINTS ENGRAVED WITH “W” SHAPE. FRONT OF CROSS HAS ADDITIONAL NAIL BENT OUT IN SHAPE OF BODY ON CROSS; SOLDERED UNDER NAIL HEAD AT CROSS CENTER AND AT END OF NAIL AT BASE OF CROSS. BACK OF CROSS HAS LOOP BENT AND SOLDERED AT ENDS TO TOP AND CENTER OF CROSS. CROSS IS RUSTED AND TARNISHED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON NOVEMBER 20, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RITA BERLANDO REGARDING HER DONATION OF A GIFTED RING AND CRUCIFIX. BERLANDO WAS GIFTED THE OBJECTS FROM A PREVIOUS EMPLOYER, GLADSTONE VIRUTE, OF LETHBRIDGE. THE CRUCIFIX WAS HANDMADE, FASHIONED FROM MASS-PRODUCED HORSESHOE NAILS. ON THE CRUCIFIX, BERLANDO RECALLED, “I HAVE NO IDEA…HOW [IT] BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION…WHEN HE GAVE [IT] TO ME, I WAS INTRIGUED TO KNOW MORE ABOUT IT BUT HE DIDN’T HAVE TOO MUCH HISTORY ON THEM. NOT TO ME, ANYWAY.” ON GLADSTONE VIRTUE’S MILITARY SERVICE, BERLANDO NOTED, ““I DON’T THINK HE WANTED TO TALK ABOUT IT. I THINK HE HAD A PAST THAT HE WOULD RATHER NOT DISCUSS. IT WAS ALWAYS STRICTLY BUSINESS. IT WAS NEVER SITTING THERE AND DISCUSSING WHAT HIS LIFE WAS OR ANYTHING OF THAT NATURE.” “I DIDN’T KNOW TOO MUCH ABOUT HIM BUT I KNOW THAT HE WAS A MAN THAT PEOPLE RESPECTED, AND FOR HIM TO RESPECT ME, I THINK THAT WAS AN HONOUR.” “I WOULD LOVE TO KNOW HOW THESE TWO LITTLE ITEMS BECAME IN HIS POSSESSION AND WHERE WAS HE WHEN THEY WERE GIVEN TO HIM AND WAS HE PRESENT AT SOME TIME…I JUST FIND THAT HE MUST HAVE HAD THEM IN HIS POSSESSION FOR SOME TIME.” BERLANDO ELABORATED ON HOW THE CRUCIFIX CAME INTO HER POSSESSION, “[THIS ITEM] MEANS AN AWFUL LOT TO ME BECAUSE IT WAS GIVEN AT THE TIME THAT I WAS EMPLOYED WITH THE LAW FIRM OF VIRTUE AND COMPANY. IT WAS MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, SEMI-RETIRED WHEN I WAS EMPLOYED THERE, THAT HAD ASKED THAT I GO INTO HIS ROOM AND TAKE LETTERS [AND] NOTES FOR LETTERS THAT HE WISHED TO HAVE TYPED. I WAS HIRED AS A RECEPTIONIST, NOT FEELING THAT I WOULD HAVE THE RESPONSIBILITY AS A SECRETARY, SO I INFORMED HIM THAT I COULD NOT DO THIS DUTY. HE ASKED THAT I GET HIS SECRETARY TO TAKE HIS NOTES. AS THE MONTHS WENT BY, HE BECAME VERY – AND I USE THE WORD ‘ATTACHED’ – BECAUSE HE WOULD ALSO ASK ME TO DO SERVICES FOR HIM, WHICH I WOULD HAVE TO GO TO THE ROYAL BANK TO DO HIS BANKING [AND] HIS INVESTMENTS. WHEN HE WAS NO LONGER TO BE WITH THE FIRM, HE HANDED ME A LITTLE GIFT. THAT GIFT CONSIST[ED] OF A RING AND A CROSS THAT WAS MADE FROM A BELL OF A CHURCH THAT WAS BOMBED IN THE FIRST WAR. THAT MEANT AN AWFUL LOT TO ME SO I HAVE TREASURED IT CONTINUALLY AND [THE GIFTING] HAS TO DATE BACK TO [1965].” “[MR GLADSTONE VIRTURE] MUST HAVE KEPT IT AS A REMEMBRANCE FROM SOMEWHERE IN THE PAST THAT HE HAD THAT HE DID NOT [WANT TO] LEAVE IT TO HIS FAMILY, BUT [WITH] ME. THEREFORE, I DEFINITELY FELT THAT [IT] WAS A GIFT THAT I SHOULD TREASURE AND I HAVE TREASURED, AND I HAVE KEPT IT UNDER LOCK AND KEY. EVEN IN THE TRANSITION OF DOWNSIZING, I LIVED IN FEAR THAT FOR SOME REASON, THERE WERE ITEMS THAT I NO LONGER HAVE. I KEPT THINKING, ‘OH, DEAR LORD, I BETTER MAKE SURE I STILL HAVE THAT GIFT FROM MR. VIRTUE.’ WHEN I FOUND IT, THAT’S WHEN I REALLY SERIOUSLY THOUGHT I HAD TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT THEM.” “AT [THE TIME I WAS HIRED], FINANCES WERE DIFFICULT IN THE FAMILY HOME SO I APPLIED FOR THE POSITION OF RECEPTIONIST. THE POSITION REQUIRED NOT ONLY [WORKING] AS A RECEPTIONIST BUT AS A BOOKKEEPER AND AN OFFICE MANAGER. I HESITATED ONCE I WAS INFORMED OF THIS RESPONSIBILITY, BUT I UNDERTOOK THE POSITION AND DID ALL OF THE REQUIREMENTS THAT WAS EXPECTED OF ME. THE LAW FIRM AT THAT TIME CONSISTED OF CHARLES VIRTUE, WILLIAM RUSSELL, MR. GORDON AND THEN LATER ON, THERE WAS VAUGHN HEMBROFF THAT BECAME PARTNER AND GLENN MORRISON. IT’S ALWAYS MEANT A LOT OF THE PAST HISTORY OF MY LIFE. THINKING HOW I WAS HONOURED TO BE WITH THAT FIRM, THESE LITTLE ITEMS THAT WERE GIVEN TO ME JUST EVEN MEANT ALL THE MORE.” “BUT I REMEMBER DISTINCTLY THAT THEY SAID I COULDN’T LEAVE [IN 1964] UNTIL I HIRED SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME. THEY GAVE ME THE RESPONSIBILITY OF FINDING SOMEONE. MY INTENTION AT THAT TIME WAS TO LEAVE AND MOVE TO MONTREAL. I WAS LIMITED IN THE TIME THAT THIS RESPONSIBILITY WAS GIVEN, AND I DID SUGGEST A PARTICULAR PERSON BUT SHE ONLY WORKED THERE FOR A SHORT TIME AND THEY DIDN’T FEEL THAT SHE QUALIFIED AND COULD HANDLE THE WORK THAT I HAD TAKEN ON. THEN I HAD TO CONTINUE TO STAY UNTIL THEY FELT COMFORTABLE THAT THERE WAS SOMEONE THAT COULD REPLACE ME AND IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1965 [THAT I LEFT].” “EACH ONE OF THE LAWYERS HAD THEIR OWN PRIVATE SECRETARIES. ONE WOMAN IN PARTICULAR…MARY, WAS EXCELLENT IN TAKING LETTERS AND WAS AN EXCELLENT LAW SECRETARY, BUT COULD NOT DO THE BOOKKEEPING. I UNDERTOOK TO DO THE BOOKKEEPING FOR THE SECRETARIES AND THEREFORE, THERE HAD TO BE, AT LEAST FOUR EXTRA GIRLS AS SECRETARIES THERE. AS THEY INCREASED WITH STAFF, THEY WOULD ALSO HIRE MORE SECRETARIES.” ON MR. GLADSTONE VIRTUE, BERLANDO STATED, “I ADMIRED HIM BECAUSE HE DEMANDED RESPECT, HE DEMANDED PROFESSIONALISM. HE WAS VERY SERIOUS ABOUT HIS CLIENTS AND THEY HAD TO BE TREATED LIKE IT WAS AN HONOUR TO HAVE HIM AS THEIR LAWYER. HE WAS NOT A TALL MAN IN STATURE BUT HE STOOD OUT AS A SPECIAL PERSON…BUT HIS CLIENTS CAME FIRST. HE WOULD NEVER HESITATE TO MAKE SURE THAT IF HE HAD A CLIENT OR HAD AN APPOINTMENT THAT I HAD TO MAKE SURE THEY WERE TAKEN CARE OF. HE USED TO INVEST THROUGH THE ROYAL BANK AND HE WOULD HAVE ME GO DOWN AND MEET WITH THE MANAGER. [I WOULD] LET THEM KNOW THAT I WAS THERE ON BEHALF OF MR. VIRTUE AND PRESENT THEM WITH WHATEVER INFORMATION HE GAVE ME…THEY WERE TO TAKE CARE OF THAT. SO HE REALLY MADE ME HIS PERSONAL PERSON TO LOOK AFTER ALL OF HIS PRIVATE AFFAIRS, WHICH TO ME WAS AN HONOUR…EVEN THE LAWYERS HAD SO MUCH RESPECT FOR HIM. WHEN HE MADE A STATEMENT OR A COMMAND OR MADE INSTRUCTIONS FOR CHANGES, THEY WERE MADE AND THEY HAD TO BE ABIDED.” BERLANDO SPOKE ABOUT HER SENTIMENTS ON DONATING THE CRUCIFIX TO THE MUSEUM, NOTING, “AT THE AGE OF NINETY-ONE, WHICH I HAVE BEEN VERY FORTUNATE TO LIVE THIS LENGTH OF TIME, I HAVE TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION MANY ITEMS THAT I FEEL SHOULD BE INHERITED BY MY FAMILY…BUT NOT KNOWING THE IMPORTANCE OF THIS GIFT…[I WISH TO] LEAVE IT TO NO ONE OTHER THAN I FEEL THAT DESERVES TO HAVE IT, [WHICH] WOULD BE THE GALT MUSEUM. I DO WISH TO LEAVE IT TO SOMEONE THAT I THINK MAYBE COULD CARRY ON A LITTLE IMPORTANCE OF THE GIFT THAT WAS HANDED TO ME.” “I THINK THAT IT PUTS SUCH A TRUST IN ME, THAT I FEEL NOW, EVEN IN THE YEARS GONE BY, HOW I’VE ALWAYS WANTED SOMEONE, OR ANYONE THAT HAD ANY CONNECTIONS WITH ME, THAT THEY COULD TRUST ME. THAT I WOULD NEVER WANT TO HURT ANYONE AND I WOULD WANT TO CONTINUE TO HELP PEOPLE. WHEN I HEAR PEOPLE IN DISCUSSION OR IN COMMENTS THAT THEY CAN RECALL THINGS THAT I HAVE DONE FOR THEM THAT I CAN’T REMEMBER…I GUESS IT’S JUST MY NATURE TO BE THAT TYPE OF PERSON. [BUT] IF SOMEONE LIKE MR. VIRTUE COULD TRUST ME, AND THEN CLIENTS CAN TRUST ME, I THINK IT INSTILLED [A] TRUST THAT I’LL CARRY TO MY GRAVE.” ABNER GLADSTONE VIRTUE GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA IN 1913 AND BEGAN HIS CAREER IN LAW SHORTLY BEFORE THE START OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IN 1915, VIRTUE ENLISTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE MILITIA UNIT, THE 25TH FIELD ARTILLERY. UPON ITS FORMATION, VIRTUE ENLISTED AS A LIEUTENANT WITH THE LETHBRIDGE 61ST BATTERY THAT JOINED FRONT LINES IN FRANCE IN 1917. VIRTUE RESUMED HIS LAW PRACTICE IN LETHBRIDGE FOLLOWING HIS RETUN FROM THE WAR, AND BECAME A SENIOR PARTNER IN THE FIRM OF VIRTUE, RUSSELL, MORGAN AND VIRTUE. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES ON THE BELL AND VIRTUE’S INVOLVEMENT FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170034001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170034001
Acquisition Date
2017-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TROPHY
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STERLING SILVER
Catalogue Number
P19990039000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TROPHY
Date
1912
Materials
STERLING SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Height
26.4
Width
11.5
Description
CUP -- STERLING SILVER; THE SLIGHTLY FLAYED BASE IS CIRCULAR (25.0 - 36.5 CM). THERE ARE THREE GROUPS OF EIGHT RECTANGLES AROUND THE BASE. AT THE BOTTOM OF EACH RECTANGLE IS A SMALL CIRCLE. EACH GROUP IS BETWEEN THE BASE OF THE HANDLES OF THE CUP. THE BOWL IS ON A PEDESTAL (1.5 CM IN HEIGHT). ATTACHED 5.0 CM FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE BOWL ARE THE HANDLES. THE THREE HANDLES ARE SQUARE ON THE TOP. THE BOWL VARIES IN CIRCUMFERENCE (44.0 CM AT THE RIM TO 47. CM JUST BELOW THE RIM TO 24.0 CM TO 8.0 CM AT THE TOP OF THE PEDESTAL). THE INSCRIPTION ON THE BOWL READS "PRESENTED TO JOSEPH GILLESPIE UPON HIS RETIRING FROM LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE BY MEMBERS OF THE FORCE SEPT. 10, 1912". THE INTERIOR OF THE BOWL IS GOLD COLORED FINISH.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
THE SILVER CUP WAS FROM THE ESTATE OF THE LATE DOROTHY MORROW. MRS. MORROW LIVED IN THE HOUSE THAT WAS OCCUPIED EARLIER IN THE CENTURY BY JOSEPH GILLESPIE AND HIS FAMILY. THE HOUSE WAS LOCATED AT 627 - 11 STREET SOUTH, LETHBRIDGE.
Catalogue Number
P19990039000
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA R.C.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19740092000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA R.C.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Date
1974
Materials
NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
91.4
Width
180.3
Description
COLORS: WHITE, RED, BLACK, ROYAL BLUE, YELLOW. STAMPED AT 1 END "KENNEDY R.C.M.P." FORKED END. MOUNTED POLICEMAN IN BLACK ON CENTRE OF FLAG. COTTON BUNTING WITH LOOPED END AT TOP. SLIGHT STAINING; WORN EDGES.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PURCHASED FROM ALBERTA ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE CENTENNIAL COMMITTEE BY DONOR.
Catalogue Number
P19740092000
Acquisition Date
1974-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CENTENNIAL FLAG
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19760101000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CENTENNIAL FLAG
Date
1967
Materials
NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
190.5
Width
124.5
Description
THE FLAG DISPLAYS A WHITE MAPLE LEAF DIVIDED INTO 11 (PROVINCES) SECTIONS. "1867-1967" IS PRINTED UNDER THE LEAF (ALSO IN WHITE). RED BACKGROUND. THE WHITE CORD ON THE LEFT SIDE IS ENCASED IN A WHITE PIECE, 5.1 CM WTH. "L.F.D. 69" IS PRINTED ON THIS WHITE PIECE IN BLACK FELT PEN. BACK SIDE OF TOP LEFT CORNER HAS STAMPED IN BLACK "48X72 CENT". SEWN LABEL IN SAME AREA READS "NYL-GLO 100% NYLON BUNTING" AND "THE NAME ANNIN GUARANTEES QUALITY".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
100 BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION OF CANADA'S GOVERNMENT 1867-1967 CENTENNIAL
Catalogue Number
P19760101000
Acquisition Date
1975-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
REMEMBRANCE DAY FLAG
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19980048056
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
REMEMBRANCE DAY FLAG
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
28.8
Length
6.1
Width
18.2
Description
THE FLAG IS ATTACHED TO A BLACK PLASTIC MAST, AND STAND. THE FLAG ITSELF IS PREDOMINANTLY WHITE, WITH TWO RED POPPIES WITH A GOLD MAPLE LEAF IN THE BACKGROUND. THE WORDS WRITTEN ON THE FLAG ARE, "CANADA REMEMBERS LE CANADA SE SOUVIENT 1939 - 1945". THE TOP OF THE FLAG HAS A GOLD SPEAR HEAD.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
FROM REMEMBRANCE DAY CEREMONIES.
Catalogue Number
P19980048056
Acquisition Date
2002-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
N.W.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Date Range From
1973
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19890020015
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
N.W.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Date Range From
1973
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON
No. Pieces
2
Height
40.4
Diameter
6.3
Description
PLASTIC & NYLON SOUVENIR FLAG DEPICTING A MAN ON HORSEBACK WITHIN A TRIANGLE DESIGN. COLORS RED, WHITE, BLUE, YELLOW & BLACK. FLAGPOLE HAS SMALL STAND, AND POINTED TOP, PAINTED GOLD.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
COMMEMORATES THE CENTENNIAL OF THE FORMATION OF THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE (ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE) & THE TREK WEST IN 1873-74. FROM THE JOHNSTON ESTATE. SEE P19890020001-GA FOR JOHNSTON HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19890020015
Acquisition Date
1989-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
NAZI SWASTIKA, BATTLE FLAG
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, ROPE
Catalogue Number
P19910064006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAZI SWASTIKA, BATTLE FLAG
Date Range From
1933
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, ROPE
No. Pieces
1
Length
251.5
Width
141.0
Description
HEAVY COTTON FLAG. RED FLAG HAS WHITE DISC IN CENTRE OUTLINED IN WHITE AND BLACK. CANTED SWASTIKA OUTLINED IN WHITE AND BLACK ON DISC. UPPER CORNER OF FLAG HAS BLACK IRON CROSS; ARMS OF A BLACK CROSS EXTEND TO EACH SIDE OF FLAG. RED COTTON PATCHES ON BODY NEAR CORNERS OF BUNTING. SINGLE SIDED, CLEAN. CLEAN BUNTING WITH ROPE LOOPED AT TOP END; ROPE EXTENDS FROM FLAG AT OTHER. 6 ROWS OF STITCHING, OPPOSITE END RUNNING ACROSS WIDTH AND PARALLEL TO END SEAM. SOME SOILING, STAINS, AND SMALL HOLES. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
FLAG WAS OFFICIAL NATIONAL FLAG DURING THE NAZI ERA OF GERMAN HISTORY FROM 1933 TO 1945. THIS FLAG WAS ACQUIRED AS A WAR SOUVENIR BY COLIN CAMPBELL & PASSED ON TO DONOR AFTER CAMPBELL'S DEATH. CAMPBELL WAS A MILITARY COLLECTOR. THIS SINGLE PIECE FLAG IS THE NATIONAL WAR FLAG OR "REICHSKREIGSFLAGGE". THE SWASTIKA SYMBOL IS VERY ANCIENT & WAS HISTORICALLY REPRESENTED OPPOSITE, OR FLIPPED OVER FROM THE NOW RECOGNIZED NAZI SWASTIKA. THE SWASTIKA HAS FOR HUNDREDS OF YEARS REPRESENTED GOOD LUCK, THE TERM SWASTIKA IS DERIVED FROM SANDSCRIT & MEANS "WELL BEING" OR "GOOD BEING". APPRAISAL IS BASED ON A SIMILAR BUT SMALLER FLAG WHICH SOLD IN BIRMININGHAM ALABAMA, IN 1992 FOR $180 IN U.S. FUNDS. CANADIAN APPRAISAL TAKES INTO ACCOUNT SIZE, CONDITION & CURRENCY DIFFERENCES. INFORMATION PROVIDED BY LOCAL COLLECTOR 5/5/93. WILLIAM HERBERT SCORESBY SKELTON WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ON 6 APRIL 1920. HIS PARENTS WERE MARION SCORESBY SKELTON AND HERBERT SCORESBY SKELTON. EDUCATED LOCALLY, MR. SKELTON WORKED AT THE DOMINION EXPERIMENTAL FARM (NOW THE LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH CENTRE) FOR SEVERAL YEARS. HE BEGAN HIS CAREER AS A REPORTER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1943. AFTER FIVE YEARS AT THE NEWSPAPER, HE BECAME NEWS DIRECTOR AT RADIO STATION CJOC ON 15 FEBRUARY 1948. DURING HIS FIRST TWO YEARS AT THE RADIO STATION, MR. SKELTON WAS THE ONLY EMPLOYEE IN THE NEWS DEPARTMENT. MR. SKELTON ORGANIZED THE FIRST FULL-TIME NEWS DEPARTMENT AT THE RADIO STATION AND WAS NEWS DIRECTOR FOR THE JOINT RADIO – TELEVISION OPERATIONS OF SELKIRK COMMUNICATIONS IN LETHBRIDGE AND SOUTHERN ALBERTA. BY THE TIME OF HIS RETIREMENT IN APRIL 1978, CJOC HAD EIGHT EMPLOYEES IN THE NEWS DEPARTMENT. WILLIAM SKELTON MARRIED MARY THERESA FRANCIS IN SOUTHMINSTER UNITED CHURCH, LETHBRIDGE ON 3 AUGUST 1957. THE COUPLE DID NOT HAVE CHILDREN. DURING HIS LIFE MR. SKELTON WAS VERY ACTIVE AS A VOLUNTEER WITH MANY COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS: THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA BOY SCOUT COUNCIL, WINSTON CHURCHILL HIGH SCHOOL ADVISORY COUNCIL, THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE’S ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC INFORMATION, LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM, YWCA BUILDING FUND DRIVE, 1975 CANADA WINTER GAMES PROTOCOL COMMITTEE, LETHBRIDGE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, 1981 ALBERTA SUMMER GAMES, PUBLIC RELATIONS ADVISOR FOR THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT MUSEUM, A CHARTER MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES, SOUTHERN ALBERTA COUNCIL ON PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND THE LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT UNITED WAY, AMONG OTHERS. HE ALSO VOLUNTEERED HIS SERVICES WITH LETHBRIDGE OVERTURE CONCERTS, THE ALBERTA MOTOR ASSOCIATION, LETHBRIDGE AND DISTRICT JAPANESE GARDEN SOCIETY AND THE LOCAL BRANCH OF THE COMMITTEE FOR AN INDEPENDENT CANADA. WILLIAM SKELTON DIED ON 13 JULY 1998, AGE 78, AND IS BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. MARY THERESA SKELTON (NEE FRANCIS) WAS THE DAUGHTER OF DR. AND MRS. JAMES R. FRANCIS AND THE GRANDDAUGHTER OF REVEREND JAMES ROBERTSON D.D., A FORMER MODERATOR OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN CANADA. A TEACHER AT LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE FROM 1945 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT, MARY SKELTON WAS ALSO ACTIVE IN THE COMMUNITY. MRS. SKELTON WAS A MEMBER OF THE CANADIAN FEDERATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN; THE SENIOR HIGH NOVELS, NON-FICTION AND DRAMA AD HOC CURRICULUM COMMITTEE OF ALBERTA EDUCATION; THE LETHBRIDGE SENIOR CITIZENS ORGANIZATION; AND A DRIVER FOR LETHBRIDGE MEALS ON WHEELS. MRS. SKELTON WAS ALSO A MEMBER OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE OF THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT MUSEUM DURING THE TIME OF THE MUSEUM’S FIRST RENOVATION AND EXPANSION IN 1983-1985. MARY SKELTON DIED ON 23 AUGUST 2000, AGE 80, AND IS BURIED BESIDE HER HUSBAND IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY. [SOURCES: THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, VARIOUS ISSUES; WHO’S WHO IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA 1988-1989 (HISTORICAL RESEARCH CENTRE, 1989) PAGES 739-740] *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF THIS ARTIFACT'S ORIGINAL COLLECTOR, COLIN CAMPBELL, FROM INFORMATION IN THE GALT ARCHIVES AND HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY. COLIN CAMPBELL WAS BORN ON DECEMBER 20, 1903 IN SCOTLAND, AND CAME TO CANADA IN 1911, SETLLING IN EDMONTON. HE WAS COMMISSIONED A 2ND LIEUTENANT IN THE EDMONTON FUSILIERS IN 1936, AND SERVED OVERSEAS DURING WORLD WAR II WITH THE SASKATOON LIGHT INFANTRY. IN THE EARLY 1950S CAMPBELL MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE, WHERE HE WORKED AS AN ACCOUNTANT FOR STERN'S FURNITURE. CAMPBELL WAS A MEMBER OF THE ELKS AND THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION NO. 4, WHICH HE MANAGED. HE WAS THE NEIGHBOUR OF THE DONORS, BILL AND MARY SKELTON. COLIN CAMPBELL DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 2, 1979. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19910064001 FOR HARDCOPY OF CAMPBELL'S OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19910064006
Acquisition Date
1991-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19780036000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
54.6
Width
20.3
Description
MAPLE LEAF DESIGN. EMBOSSED IN RED LETTERS IS "HE SERVED HIS COUNTRY".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
USED TO MARK SERVICE GRAVE (UNKNOWN WHICH ONE) BY ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION (GENERAL STEWART BRANCH). FOUND IN LEGION BUILDING BEFORE DEMOLITION. BUILDING WAS ORIGINALLY BUILT BY FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. USED FOR IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT. IT WAS CALLED THE DOMINION PUBLIC BLDG.
Catalogue Number
P19780036000
Acquisition Date
1978-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20190007006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION"
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1920
Materials
FELT, COTTON, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Length
91
Width
28
Description
BLUE PENNANT WITH TWO PAIRS OF BURGUNDY TIE STRAPS AT HOIST END; PENNANT HAS BURGUNDY BAND SEWN ONTO HOIST END. PENNANT HAS WHITE, GREEN, AND RED CREST PAINTED ON WITH WHITE SHIELD AND BANNER, RED AND WHITE CROWN AT TOP, GREEN MAPLE LEAF AND THISTLES IN CENTER, AND TEXT AROUND SHIELD, “113 OVERSEAS BATTALION, CANADA, LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS”. PENNANT HAS WHITE TEXT PAINTED ON FRONT, “113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS”. PENNANT HAS DISCOLORATION ON TEXT FROM LIGHT DAMAGE, AND IS FADED ON FRONT; BACK HAS MINOR SOILING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
MILITARY
COMMEMORATIVE
History
ON MARCH 28, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CAROL AND BRETT CLIFTON REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF VARIOUS LETHBRIDGE AND MILITARY MEMORABILIA. THE OBJECTS WERE COLLECTED BY CAROL’S LATE HUSBAND, CHRIS CLIFTON, AND DONATED IN HIS MEMORY. ON THE PENNANT, BRETT CLIFTON NOTED, “THE ONES [I FIND IMPORTANT], AFTER MY BREAK- IN, THERE WERE SOME OTHER THINGS THAT WERE TOTALLY IRREPLACEABLE TO ME…SOME OF THE THINGS TOO THAT I CHOSE, THE PENNANTS AND THE TRAY IN PARTICULAR AND THE SPORRAN, ARE JUST THINGS LIKE, THEY’RE REALLY COOL FOR ME TO HAVE AND THEY’RE AWESOME TO SIT IN MY BASEMENT AND I CAN GO LOOK AT THEM ANY TIME I WANT, BUT NO ONE ELSE GETS TO SEE THEM. THERE’S A BROADER STORY TO BE TOLD IN A MORE, COMMUNITY APPRECIATION, I THINK, THAN JUST SITTING IN MY BASEMENT, IN MY MAN CAVE, LOOKING AT IT.” “THE PENNANTS [WERE FRUSTRATING] BECAUSE THERE WERE MORE TO THE SET AND WE’D JUST GOT ROBBED BY SOMEONE WHO HAD CONVINCED THE GUY TO END THE AUCTION EARLY, SO WE COULDN’T COMPLETE IT. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT MY DAD AND I WERE BOTH EXTREMELY FRUSTRATED OVER.” “[IT] WAS SORT OF A RIDICULOUS THING BECAUSE MY DAD HAD TO STAY UP PROBABLY UNTIL LIKE 2 IN THE MORNING BIDDING ON EACH BATCH THAT WENT IN THE LOT.” CAROL CLIFTON ADDED, “AND WE WERE ALL POOLING OUR MONEY. CHRIS WOULD SAY, “WELL, I CAN PUT THIS MUCH IN”. BRETT WOULD SAY, “I’LL PUT THIS MUCH IN”. I’M LIKE, “WELL I HAVE THIS, SO I’LL SELL THIS ARTIFACT AND THAT WAY YOU CAN HAVE THE MONEY.” BECAUSE WE EXPECTED…YOU’D HAVE TO PROBABLY PAY WAY TOO MUCH, BUT YOU NEEDED TO BRING IT ALL HOME TOGETHER AND THEN SUDDENLY THE GUY JUST ENDED IT. “THE GUY TOOK [THE LOT] APART AND WE PAID WAY TOO MUCH FOR EACH PIECE, BECAUSE WE WANTED THEM BECAUSE THEY BELONGED TO THEM, AND IT WOULD BE DISHONEST TO USE A DIFFERENT PIECE THAT WASN’T HIS. SO, FOR AN ARTIFACT THAT YOU MAYBE COULD BUY FOR ABOUT $10.00, WE PAID $40.00 BECAUSE WE KNEW IT BELONGED TO THAT INDIVIDUAL FROM HERE AND, WE NEVER WOULD HAVE THOUGHT, “WELL, WE COULD JUST SNEAK IN ONE AND NO ONE WILL KNOW”. WE NEVER WOULD HAVE FAKED AN ARTIFACT. WE SAT AND BID FOR HOURS AND OF COURSE OVERPAID FOR EVERY SINGLE PIECE. THEN WHEN YOU BUY ONE, YOU FEEL YOU HAVE TO BUY THEM ALL.” ON CHRIS CLIFTON’S ACQUISITIONS OF THE OBJECTS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “[CHRIS SEARCHED ON] AUCTION WEB…HE WAS A VERY EARLY USER. THESE THINGS COST MONEY. CHRIS AND I WERE ALWAYS LIKE, ‘OH WELL, ONE DAY WE’LL DONATE THEM AND IT’LL BE OUR GIFT TO CHARITY SO IT’S NO BIG DEAL, WE’LL DO ANYTHING WE CAN AFFORD TO GET THE STUFF.’” “MUCH OF THE REST [OF THE COLLECTION] WAS FOUND BY CHRIS ON EBAY…IT COULD BE THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT [AND CHRIS WOULD SAY], ‘HEY, BRETT, GUESS WHAT’S ON EBAY?’” “HE DIDN’T THINK TWICE. IF [AN ITEM] WAS THERE AND HE COULD AFFORD IT, HE GOT IT. HE WORRIED ABOUT [IT] LATER, “WELL, GEE, SHOULD I HAVE BOUGHT IT OR NOT? YEAH, OF COURSE I SHOULD HAVE BOUGHT IT.” IT WAS LIKE HE FELT LIKE HE WAS SAVING IT. I SUPPOSE, AS A MUSEUM, YOU CAN’T NECESSARILY JUST BUY WITH THAT ABANDON BECAUSE YOU HAVE PEOPLE YOU HAVE TO ANSWER TO. WELL, HE DIDN’T HAVE TO ANSWER TO ANYONE BUT HIS CREDIT CARD COMPANY AND HIM. IF HE FELT IT BELONGED IN LETHBRIDGE HE BOUGHT IT AND ASKED QUESTIONS LATER. [HE WAS] BRINGING IT HOME.” ON HER HUSBAND’S INTEREST IN SOUTERN ALBERTA HISTORY, CAROL CLIFTON ELABORATED, “CHRIS PASSED AWAY…[HE] REALLY MADE US INTERESTED IN HISTORY. FOR HIM IT WAS ALL ABOUT LOCAL HISTORY, SO ANYTHING THAT HE COLLECTED HAD A LETHBRIDGE OR SOUTHERN ALBERTA CONNECTION OR HE DIDN’T COLLECT IT. HE LIKED TO RESEARCH THEM.” “[CHRIS] WAS VERY PROUD TO HAVE BEEN RAISED MORMON FROM A MORMON FAMILY THAT HAD DEEP PIONEER ROOTS INTO UTAH, AND WERE ORIGINALS TO UTAH AND ORIGINALS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. ALONG WITH THAT MORMONS…REALLY ENCOURAGE HISTORY IN TERMS OF COLLECTING THEIR ARTIFACTS OR RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS, AND GENEALOGY. [CHRIS DID] ALL OF HIS OWN GENEALOGY AND HE WOULD DO GENEALOGY FOR ANYONE HE KNEW. WE JUST LITERALLY HAVE REAMS OF PERSONAL HISTORY AND GENEALOGY IN THAT FORM. IT GREW FROM THERE. [CHRIS] WAS A COLLECTOR AT HEART, HE BEGAN COIN COLLECTING AND DID A LOT OF WORK FOUNDING A NUMISMATICS SOCIETY IN TOWN AND BELONGED TO SEVERAL, AND DISPLAYED ON A NATIONAL LEVEL.” “IN TERMS OF THE MILITARY ITEMS, I WOULD SAY [HIS INTEREST BEGAN] WITH HIS DAD BEING FROM THE CALGARY TANK REGIMENT IN DIEPPE AND A PRISONER OF WAR. HIS DAD’S MOTHER HAD SAVED A BUNCH OF ITEMS AND BEFORE CHRIS’S DAD PASSED AWAY, HE GAVE EVERYTHING TO CHRIS…THAT KIND OF FOSTERED [HIS INTEREST IN MILITARY COLLECTIONS] AND THEN IT JUST GREW INTO INTERESTING LOCAL THINGS.” “CHRIS LOVED SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND NO MATTER WHAT, HE NEVER WOULD HAVE LEFT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE LOVED TO TRAVEL BUT HE NEVER WOULD HAVE MOVED. HE LIVED IN MAGRATH AND LETHBRIDGE HIS WHOLE LIFE AND HAD NO INTEREST IN ANY OTHER PLACE BUT HERE.” ON CHRIS’S RESEARCH EFFORTS, CAROL CLIFTON RECALLED, “CHRIS WAS METICULOUS. ANYTHING CHRIS DID, HE DID IT TEN TIMES MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE WOULD. HE WOULD NOT GIVE UP…WHEN BRETT [CLIFTON] DID THE CENOTAPH WORK, CHRIS WOULD HELP HIM IDENTIFY [THE NAMES] AND IT WOULD BE A DEAD END AFTER ANOTHER DEAD END, AND THE NEXT THING YOU KNEW WAS CHRIS HAD FOUND A RELATIVE IN ENGLAND WHO WAS A GREAT GRANDDAUGHTER’S NEIGHBOR. HE WOULD LITERALLY SPEND YEARS RESEARCHING ONE THING. IT WAS JUST HIS PERSONALITY AND HIS LEVEL OF INTEREST AND HE DIDN’T STOP THERE, HE WOULD DO IT FOR ANYONE…HE WAS A VERY GIVING PERSON AND HE WAS SO FANTASTICALLY GOOD AT THAT TYPE OF RESEARCH.” “[CHRIS] AND BRETT TOGETHER WOULD DO [THE RESEARCH] AND I WOULD DO IT OUT OF INTEREST…I DON’T KNOW OF ANYONE WHO DID IT TO THE LEVEL HE DID. HE WOULD BE UP IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NIGHT FOLLOWING A LEAD IN EUROPE ON SOMEONE HE DIDN’T KNOW FOR SOMEONE HE BARELY KNEW…[CHRIS WAS] TOTALLY SELF-TAUGHT…OF COURSE WITH THE INTERNET IT BECAME MUCH EASIER FOR EVERYONE TO [SEARCH]. THE GENEALOGY HE DID BEFORE WAS PRE-INTERNET SO THAT INVOLVED A LOT OF ARCHIVAL THINGS…HE BEGAN RESEARCH WORK VERY EARLY IN THE INTERNET AND WE GOT OUR FIRST COMPUTER IN 1995, AND HE PRETTY MUCH DID RESEARCH FROM THEN ON. HE WAS INTERESTING IN THAT NO MATTER WHAT RESEARCH HE DID HE DIDN’T WANT CREDIT FOR IT. HE DIDN’T WANT TO BELONG TO THINGS…IN ADDITION, HE DIDN’T LIKE TO DO THE WRITING, ALTHOUGH HE COULD WRITE, BUT HE WAS THE BEST PROOF READER BECAUSE HE WAS SO METICULOUS, AND HE WOULD PROOF READ FOR ANYONE. [IF] SOMEBODY WROTE AN ARTICLE HE WOULD BE A PROOF READER OR A FACT CHECKER. IT WAS JUST HIS NATURE…[HE WAS] STUBBORN, AND COMPETITIVE, AND INTERESTED, AND METICULOUS, AND IF HE DID IT IT’S CORRECT. IF THERE’S A MISTAKE IN IT HE SURE DIDN’T KNOW IT. HE WOULD HAVE NEVER PUT ANYTHING DOWN HE WASN’T PRETTY DARN SURE OF.” ON THEIR MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTIONS, CAROL CLIFTON NOTED, “THE FIRST REASON THAT WE DECIDED TO DONATE AT THIS TIME…IS THAT WE THOUGHT IT WOULD BE A NICE WAY TO HONOUR [CHRIS] TO MAKE SURE THAT THE COLLECTION ALWAYS STAYED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND THAT IT’S AVAILABLE TO PEOPLE WITH SIMILAR INTERESTS. [THE DONATION] WOULD BE SOMETHING IN HIS MEMORY THAT WOULD KEEP HIS MEMORY ALIVE. THE SECOND REASON IS THAT BRETT HAD AN UNFORTUNATE BREAK-IN AT HIS HOUSE LAST FATHER’S DAY, AND MANY THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS OF THINGS WERE TAKEN, BUT VERY LUCKILY, NONE OF THE LOCAL HISTORY ITEMS OR THE MILITARY ITEMS WERE TOUCHED. THEY WERE FAR MORE VALUABLE THAN THE THINGS THAT WERE TAKEN, BUT WERE NOT TOUCHED, AND WE BEGAN TO REALIZE THAT WE’RE ONE BREAK-IN AWAY FROM LOSING A LOT OF HISTORY.” IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996) AND COMPILED BY EDMUNDSON. "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMISE OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SEPTEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." IN EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN MACLEAN AND BRETT CLIFTON, CLIFTON ELABORATED THAT “THE PENNANTS [WERE] A LOT TOGETHER SEPARATE FROM THE HATE BELT AND SPORRAN…[A] DEATH PENNY, [THE] MEDALS, AND [A] SCROLL BELONGED WITH THE PENNANTS BUT THE AUCTION WAS PULLED.” THE SALE REFERENCED WAS FOR A LOT CONNECTED WITH PTE. JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG OF THE 43RD BATTALION. ACCORDING TO HIS CANADIAN MILITARY SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG WAS A PAINTER AND WIDOWER UPON ENLISTMENT. YOUNG ENLISTED WITH THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) ON JUNE 17, 1916 IN CALGARY, ALBERTA. YOUNG’S UNIT SAILED FOR EUROPE IN SEPTEMBER 1916, AND IN OCTOBER 1916 YOUNG WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH OVERSEAS BATTALION. YOUNG SERVED IN FRANCE WITH THE 43RD BATTALION WHERE HE WAS GASSED; YOUNG RETURNED TO CANADA IN JUNE 1918 DUE TO THE GASSING AND WAS HOSPITALIZED IN CALGARY. ACCORDING TO HIS SERVICE FILE, JOHN DONALDSON YOUNG PASSED AWAY ON APRIL 13, 1929. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190007001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190007006
Acquisition Date
2019-03
Collection
Museum
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