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11 records – page 1 of 2.

Other Name
HANGING, CHINESE AND ENGLISH TEXT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, INK
Catalogue Number
P20110031014
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HANGING, CHINESE AND ENGLISH TEXT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Materials
NYLON, INK
No. Pieces
1
Height
105
Length
156
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF RED NYLON. VERTICAL EDGES ARE FACTORY FINISHED; HORIZONTAL EDGES ARE CUT AND FRAYING. FABRIC IS SIGNED WITH NAMES IN BLACK PERMANENT MARKER IN CHINESE CHARACTERS AND ENGLISH TEXT. FABRIC IS CREASED. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT COMES FROM INTERVIEWS HELD WITH MAY LEE AND JUDY CHAN, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND JANICE WONG. PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE FOUND BELOW THE ARTIFACT DETAILS AND BELOW THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING. RICHARD THINKS THAT THIS BANNER WAS IN THE PEKING RESTAURANT AND THAT MEMBERS PROBABLY SIGNED IT, “OR THE GUESTS. I THINK THIS HAPPENED AT THE PEKING, I THINK. PEKING RESTAURANT.” A SERIES OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD GIVE BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY AND ITS BUILDING: THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY WAS BUILT IN 1909-1910 IN THE 300 BLOCK OF 2 AVENUE SOUTH AND IT WAS ORIGINALLY A RESTAURANT. BY 1915 IT HAD BECOME THE HEADQUARTERS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE KAO MIN TANG (ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS INCLUDE KUOMINTANG, KUO MIN TANG, GUOMINDANG, AND GUO MIN DANG). THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNATED AS A PROVINCIAL HERITAGE RESOURCE IN 1995 BECAUSE OF ITS VALUE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CHINESE COMMUNITY. THE BUILDING WAS USED IN A VARIETY OF WAYS BY THE SOCIETY AND INCLUDED, AT VARIOUS TIMES, A RESTAURANT, A SCHOOL, AND LIVING ACCOMODATIONS. IN FEBRUARY 2011 A SECTION OF THE BRICK FAÇADE FELL OFF THE BUILDING AND CITY INSPECTORS DETERMINED THAT THE TIMBER AND RED BRICK STRUCTURE WAS POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE. THE BUILDING WAS TORN DOWN A SHORT TIME LATER. LETHBRIDGE'S CHINATOWN EMERGED IN 1901, A RESULT OF THE CHINESE POPULATION BEING RELEGATED TO A SECTION OF THE CITY BETWEEN GALT GARDENS AND THE COULEES. IN A JANUARY 7, 2002 ARTICLE ALBERT LEONG EXPLAINS THAT NO ONE REALLY WANTED CHINESE PEOPLE AROUND AND THAT “’ THEY WERE TOLD THAT THE ONLY PLACE THEY COULD START BUSINESSES WAS BETWEEN THE COULEES AT THE PARK, BECAUSE THE CITY DIDN’T WANT ANY COMPETITION FOR THE WHITE BUSINESSMEN … BUT ‘GHETTO-IZED’ OR NOT, THE CHINESE WHO CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FORMED AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BACKBONE OF THIS CITY, [AND MADE] NOTEWORTHY [CONTRIBUTIONS] TO THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE.’” BUSINESSES SUCH AS LAUNDRIES, MARKET GARDENS, AND RESTAURANTS WERE OPENED IN CHINATOWN, WITH THE RESIDENTS LIVING IN ROOMS ABOVE THE BUSINESSES. IN 1912 THERE WERE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE LIVING IN CHINATOWN AND BY THE 1930S, IT WAS A BUSTLING COMMUNITY. THE POPULATION OF CHINATOWN DWINDLED FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. JANICE WONG, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY IN 2015, GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIETY IN AN INTERVIEW: AS OF 2015, THE SOCIETY EXISTS MORE AS A SOCIAL CLUB AND THE SOCIETY HOLDS THREE CELEBRATORY DINNERS EACH YEAR, USUALLY HELD AT THE NEW DYNASTY RESTAURANT. THE SOCIETY ALSO VISITS THE CEMETERY ON A YEARLY BASIS “TO HONOUR THE ANCESTORS, CLEAN THE TOMBS, BRING FOOD, DO THE USUAL THINGS THAT WE USED TO DO – EAT ON GRAVES, BURN THE INCENSE. WE DO THAT EVERY YEAR STILL TO HONOUR OUR ANCESTORS. IT IS USUALLY IN THE SPRING … IN APRIL.” JANICE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF THE SOCIETY, INDICATING THAT THERE IS SOME TALK ABOUT RE-BUILDING “BUT THAT INVOLVES A LOT OF PLANNING, AND MONEY, AND FUNDRAISING” AND SHE QUESTIONS WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS ENOUGH OF A MEMBERSHIP BASE TO GO FORWARD WITH RE-BUILDING. SHE ALSO EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUS CHINESE IMMIGRANTS HAD TENDED TO COME FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC REGION, BUT THAT PRESENTLY IMMIGRANTS ARE COMING FROM ALL OVER CHINA: “THERE’S A LOT OF INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM CHINA THAT AREN’T FROM THE SAME AREA, BECAUSE TRADITIONALLY, THE PEOPLE WERE ALL FROM THE SAME AREA AND SPOKE THE SAME DIALECT AND HAD THAT SORT OF THING KEEPING THEM TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY OVERSEAS FROM CHINA.” PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE BELOW: MAY LEE: MAY WAS ACTUALLY BORN IN CANADA AND IS KNOWN AS A GOLD MOUNTAIN GIRL, BECAUSE SHE IS A CANADIAN-BORN CHINESE WOMAN. MAY EXPLAINS: “I WAS BORN IN CANADA. I WAS BORN IN NANOOSE BAY. WHEN I WAS 4 YEARS OLD, WE MOVED TO VICTORIA. WHEN I WAS 9 YEARS OLD AND THE WHOLE FAMILY, IN 1930, GO BACK TO CHINA.” DURING THE WAR, THE JAPANESE BOMBED THE GIRLS’ HIGH SCHOOL IN TOCSIN CITY AND MAY’S MOTHER DECIDED TO SEND MAY AND HER BROTHER TO HONG KONG TO START THE PROCESS OF COMING TO CANADA. MAY STARTED ENGLISH SCHOOL IN HONG KONG, BUT OFTEN MISSED CLASSES BECAUSE SHE WAS SICK FROM THE HEAT. SHE SAYS THAT SHE’S LEARNED MOST OF HER ENGLISH FROM HER HUSBAND, HER CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN, AND EVEN GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN. SHE WAS MARRIED TO HOM MEN LEE, AKA JIMMY LEE, ON NOVEMBER 16, 1938 IN VICTORIA, BC. JIMMY WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE GALT HOSPITAL, BUT WAS SENT BACK TO CHINA AS A CHILD FOR HIS EDUCATION. JIMMY’S FAMILY HAD COME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1914 AND OWNED LEE-DUC CLEANERS. THE LEE FAMILY LIVED ABOVE THE SHOP, WHICH WAS ON 13TH STREET NORTH, NEAR HIGA’S JEWELERS. MAY’S MAIN MEMORY OF CHINATOWN: “ALL I REMEMBER IN CHINATOWN, IN SUMMERTIME, LOTS OF OLD GUYS SITTING IN FRONT OF GUOMINDANG. AUNTIE HELEN GREW UP IN CHINATOWN. I THINK SHE KNOWS MORE ABOUT CHINATOWN. IN THE OLDEN DAYS, I HARDLY GO OUT, JUST TO BUY GROCERIES.” JUDY ADDED THAT MAY HAD 8 CHILDREN AND WAS KEPT BUSY AT HOME RAISING THEM. RICHARD LOO: RICHARD ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO RICHARD, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED RICHARD TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. RICHARD LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE FINALLY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT RICHARD WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, RICHARD RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY NOTHING. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL YOU COULD SAY, JUST ANYWAYS HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO’ – SO, ANYWAY, SO IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” RICHARD INITIALLY LIVED IN THE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. RICHARD RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. HONG WONG: HONG ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AND WAS INVITED TO THE CITY BY HIS UNCLE SHUEY WONG, WHO WAS ALREADY LIVING HERE. UNCLE SHUEY HAD COME TO CANADA SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE $500 HEAD TAX. HONG TRAVELED WITH HIS BROTHER FROM MAINLAND CHINA TO HONG KONG, IN ORDER TO GO TO THE CANADIAN EMBASSY. ON HIS FERRY RIDE TO HONG KONG, HE WAS SHOT BY BANDITS AND WAS REQUIRED TO STAY IN THE HOSPITAL FOR QUITE SOME TIME TO RECOVER. HIS BROTHER ELECTED TO REMAIN IN HONG KONG, AS HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW LIVED IN THE CITY AND GOT HONG’S BROTHER WORK IN A THEATRE. TO GET TO CANADA, HONG FLEW FROM JAPAN TO GUAM, TO VANCOUVER, AND THEN FINALLY TO LETHBRIDGE. HIS FIRST IMPRESSION OF LETHBRIDGE: COLD. HONG SAID: “’WELL, IN HONG KONG IT WAS AROUND MAYBE 20 SOME 30 ABOVE. AND HERE, AT THAT TIME, MAYBE 20 BELOW, OR 20 SOME BELOW. I DIDN’T HAVE THE EAR MUFFS. I SAID, ‘GEE, I’M NOT SO HAPPY HERE, IT SEEMS SO COLD.’” UNCLE SHUEY TOLD HONG THAT IT WAS ONE OF THE COLDEST WINTERS HE COULD REMEMBER. HONG WORKED FOR HIS UNCLE IN HIS SHOP ON 9TH AVENUE, DOING CHORES AROUND THE STORE, UNTIL HIS ENGLISH HAD IMPROVED ENOUGH SO THAT HE COULD SERVE CUSTOMERS. HE JOINED THE CHINESE NATIONALIST LEAGUE SOCIETY ALMOST AS SOON AS HE ARRIVED: “WHEN I CAME HERE, I JOINED IN THE SAME YEAR BECAUSE MY UNCLE WAS A MEMBER. SO THAT’S WHY HE GOT ME IN TO BE A MEMBER. OH, AT THAT TIME, I BET, 95% OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE THEY BELONG TO THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, I BELIEVE.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT YOU COULDN’T BE A MEMBER OF BOTH THE SOCIETY AND THE MASONS, AND HE BELIEVES ABOUT 5% OF THE CITY’S CHINESE POPULATION WOULD HAVE BELONGED TO THE MASONS. HE ADDED: “BUT WE ARE STILL FRIENDS, STILL FRIENDS. WE’RE NOT ENEMY OR ANYTHING BUT, IT’S JUST THAT THE ORGANIZATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. THAT’S ALL.” HONG ENJOYED THE CAMARADERIE OF THE SOCIETY. HE SAID: “I REMEMBER, I LIKE IT BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE PARTY AND SO MANY PEOPLE. AND THEN YOU MEET ALL THE CHINESE PEOPLE THERE IN THE ONE GROUP. WELL, ANYWAY, WHEN YOU SEE SO MANY PEOPLE IN ONE PARTY, AND THEN WHEN THEY COME OUT MOSTLY THE PEOPLE THAT PARTY AND IT FEELS LIKE A LOTS OF FRIENDS OR EVEN LIKE THE FAMILY. SO YOU FEEL GOOD, YOU FEEL BETTER, AND THEN, WELL, MY UNCLE BELONGS THERE TOO AND THEN THE OTHERS BELONG THERE TOO, YEAH, EVERYBODY LIKE IN THE BIG FAMILY. YES, NICE, OTHERWISE YOU DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS, YOU DON’T MEET ANYBODY, IF YOU NOT BELONG THERE, I THINK NOT SO FRIENDLY TO YOU.” HONG INDICATED THAT WHEN A SPECIAL MEAL WAS HELD AT THE SOCIETY, IT WAS THE MEN WHO DID THE COOKING: “AT THAT TIME JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY KNOWS HOW TO COOK BECAUSE MOSTLY WE WORK IN THE KITCHEN WHEN THEY CAME HERE.” HE SAID THAT DINERS WOULD PAY A SMALL FEE TO EAT AT THE LEAGUE WHEN SPECIAL MEALS WERE PUT ON. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20110031014
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PAIR
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, ROPE
Catalogue Number
P20110031015
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PAIR
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Materials
BRASS, ROPE
No. Pieces
2
Height
8
Diameter
60.5
Description
PAIR OF ROUND BRASS CYMBALS WITH ROPE HANDLES AT CENTRE. EACH CYMBAL HAS FOUR CHINESE CHARACTERS PAINTED ACROSS THE TOP IN BLACK INK, AND ONE LARGE CHINESE CHARACTER WITH THREE COLUMNS OF SMALLER CHARACTERS PAINTED ON THE BOTTOM IN BLACK INK. .A HAS TWO HOLES DRILLED THROUGH ONE SIDE, WITH A CRACK IN BETWEEN THE HOLES. .B HAS A RECTANGULAR PIECE MISSING ALONG ONE EDGE, WITH A CRACK EXTENDING FROM THE AREA OF LOSS. METAL IS DISCOLOURED AND WORN. OVERALL FAIR CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT COMES FROM INTERVIEWS HELD WITH MAY LEE AND JUDY CHAN, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND JANICE WONG. PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE FOUND BELOW THE ARTIFACT DETAILS AND BELOW THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING. NONE OF THE INTERVIEWEES COULD RECALL SEEING THESE CYMBALS IN USE AND HAD NOTHING TO ADD. A SERIES OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD GIVE BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY AND ITS BUILDING: THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY WAS BUILT IN 1909-1910 IN THE 300 BLOCK OF 2 AVENUE SOUTH AND IT WAS ORIGINALLY A RESTAURANT. BY 1915 IT HAD BECOME THE HEADQUARTERS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE KAO MIN TANG (ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS INCLUDE KUOMINTANG, KUO MIN TANG, GUOMINDANG, AND GUO MIN DANG). THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNATED AS A PROVINCIAL HERITAGE RESOURCE IN 1995 BECAUSE OF ITS VALUE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CHINESE COMMUNITY. THE BUILDING WAS USED IN A VARIETY OF WAYS BY THE SOCIETY AND INCLUDED, AT VARIOUS TIMES, A RESTAURANT, A SCHOOL, AND LIVING ACCOMODATIONS. IN FEBRUARY 2011 A SECTION OF THE BRICK FAÇADE FELL OFF THE BUILDING AND CITY INSPECTORS DETERMINED THAT THE TIMBER AND RED BRICK STRUCTURE WAS POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE. THE BUILDING WAS TORN DOWN A SHORT TIME LATER. LETHBRIDGE'S CHINATOWN EMERGED IN 1901, A RESULT OF THE CHINESE POPULATION BEING RELEGATED TO A SECTION OF THE CITY BETWEEN GALT GARDENS AND THE COULEES. IN A JANUARY 7, 2002 ARTICLE ALBERT LEONG EXPLAINS THAT NO ONE REALLY WANTED CHINESE PEOPLE AROUND AND THAT “’ THEY WERE TOLD THAT THE ONLY PLACE THEY COULD START BUSINESSES WAS BETWEEN THE COULEES AT THE PARK, BECAUSE THE CITY DIDN’T WANT ANY COMPETITION FOR THE WHITE BUSINESSMEN … BUT ‘GHETTO-IZED’ OR NOT, THE CHINESE WHO CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FORMED AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BACKBONE OF THIS CITY, [AND MADE] NOTEWORTHY [CONTRIBUTIONS] TO THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE.’” BUSINESSES SUCH AS LAUNDRIES, MARKET GARDENS, AND RESTAURANTS WERE OPENED IN CHINATOWN, WITH THE RESIDENTS LIVING IN ROOMS ABOVE THE BUSINESSES. IN 1912 THERE WERE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE LIVING IN CHINATOWN AND BY THE 1930S, IT WAS A BUSTLING COMMUNITY. THE POPULATION OF CHINATOWN DWINDLED FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. JANICE WONG, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY IN 2015, GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIETY IN AN INTERVIEW: AS OF 2015, THE SOCIETY EXISTS MORE AS A SOCIAL CLUB AND THE SOCIETY HOLDS THREE CELEBRATORY DINNERS EACH YEAR, USUALLY HELD AT THE NEW DYNASTY RESTAURANT. THE SOCIETY ALSO VISITS THE CEMETERY ON A YEARLY BASIS “TO HONOUR THE ANCESTORS, CLEAN THE TOMBS, BRING FOOD, DO THE USUAL THINGS THAT WE USED TO DO – EAT ON GRAVES, BURN THE INCENSE. WE DO THAT EVERY YEAR STILL TO HONOUR OUR ANCESTORS. IT IS USUALLY IN THE SPRING … IN APRIL.” JANICE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF THE SOCIETY, INDICATING THAT THERE IS SOME TALK ABOUT RE-BUILDING “BUT THAT INVOLVES A LOT OF PLANNING, AND MONEY, AND FUNDRAISING” AND SHE QUESTIONS WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS ENOUGH OF A MEMBERSHIP BASE TO GO FORWARD WITH RE-BUILDING. SHE ALSO EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUS CHINESE IMMIGRANTS HAD TENDED TO COME FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC REGION, BUT THAT PRESENTLY IMMIGRANTS ARE COMING FROM ALL OVER CHINA: “THERE’S A LOT OF INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM CHINA THAT AREN’T FROM THE SAME AREA, BECAUSE TRADITIONALLY, THE PEOPLE WERE ALL FROM THE SAME AREA AND SPOKE THE SAME DIALECT AND HAD THAT SORT OF THING KEEPING THEM TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY OVERSEAS FROM CHINA.” PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE BELOW: MAY LEE: MAY WAS ACTUALLY BORN IN CANADA AND IS KNOWN AS A GOLD MOUNTAIN GIRL, BECAUSE SHE IS A CANADIAN-BORN CHINESE WOMAN. MAY EXPLAINS: “I WAS BORN IN CANADA. I WAS BORN IN NANOOSE BAY. WHEN I WAS 4 YEARS OLD, WE MOVED TO VICTORIA. WHEN I WAS 9 YEARS OLD AND THE WHOLE FAMILY, IN 1930, GO BACK TO CHINA.” DURING THE WAR, THE JAPANESE BOMBED THE GIRLS’ HIGH SCHOOL IN TOCSIN CITY AND MAY’S MOTHER DECIDED TO SEND MAY AND HER BROTHER TO HONG KONG TO START THE PROCESS OF COMING TO CANADA. MAY STARTED ENGLISH SCHOOL IN HONG KONG, BUT OFTEN MISSED CLASSES BECAUSE SHE WAS SICK FROM THE HEAT. SHE SAYS THAT SHE’S LEARNED MOST OF HER ENGLISH FROM HER HUSBAND, HER CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN, AND EVEN GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN. SHE WAS MARRIED TO HOM MEN LEE, AKA JIMMY LEE, ON NOVEMBER 16, 1938 IN VICTORIA, BC. JIMMY WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE GALT HOSPITAL, BUT WAS SENT BACK TO CHINA AS A CHILD FOR HIS EDUCATION. JIMMY’S FAMILY HAD COME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1914 AND OWNED LEE-DUC CLEANERS. THE LEE FAMILY LIVED ABOVE THE SHOP, WHICH WAS ON 13TH STREET NORTH, NEAR HIGA’S JEWELERS. MAY’S MAIN MEMORY OF CHINATOWN: “ALL I REMEMBER IN CHINATOWN, IN SUMMERTIME, LOTS OF OLD GUYS SITTING IN FRONT OF GUOMINDANG. AUNTIE HELEN GREW UP IN CHINATOWN. I THINK SHE KNOWS MORE ABOUT CHINATOWN. IN THE OLDEN DAYS, I HARDLY GO OUT, JUST TO BUY GROCERIES.” JUDY ADDED THAT MAY HAD 8 CHILDREN AND WAS KEPT BUSY AT HOME RAISING THEM. RICHARD LOO: RICHARD ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO RICHARD, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED RICHARD TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. RICHARD LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE FINALLY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT RICHARD WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, RICHARD RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY NOTHING. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL YOU COULD SAY, JUST ANYWAYS HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO’ – SO, ANYWAY, SO IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” RICHARD INITIALLY LIVED IN THE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. RICHARD RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. HONG WONG: HONG ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AND WAS INVITED TO THE CITY BY HIS UNCLE SHUEY WONG, WHO WAS ALREADY LIVING HERE. UNCLE SHUEY HAD COME TO CANADA SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE $500 HEAD TAX. HONG TRAVELED WITH HIS BROTHER FROM MAINLAND CHINA TO HONG KONG, IN ORDER TO GO TO THE CANADIAN EMBASSY. ON HIS FERRY RIDE TO HONG KONG, HE WAS SHOT BY BANDITS AND WAS REQUIRED TO STAY IN THE HOSPITAL FOR QUITE SOME TIME TO RECOVER. HIS BROTHER ELECTED TO REMAIN IN HONG KONG, AS HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW LIVED IN THE CITY AND GOT HONG’S BROTHER WORK IN A THEATRE. TO GET TO CANADA, HONG FLEW FROM JAPAN TO GUAM, TO VANCOUVER, AND THEN FINALLY TO LETHBRIDGE. HIS FIRST IMPRESSION OF LETHBRIDGE: COLD. HONG SAID: “’WELL, IN HONG KONG IT WAS AROUND MAYBE 20 SOME 30 ABOVE. AND HERE, AT THAT TIME, MAYBE 20 BELOW, OR 20 SOME BELOW. I DIDN’T HAVE THE EAR MUFFS. I SAID, ‘GEE, I’M NOT SO HAPPY HERE, IT SEEMS SO COLD.’” UNCLE SHUEY TOLD HONG THAT IT WAS ONE OF THE COLDEST WINTERS HE COULD REMEMBER. HONG WORKED FOR HIS UNCLE IN HIS SHOP ON 9TH AVENUE, DOING CHORES AROUND THE STORE, UNTIL HIS ENGLISH HAD IMPROVED ENOUGH SO THAT HE COULD SERVE CUSTOMERS. HE JOINED THE CHINESE NATIONALIST LEAGUE SOCIETY ALMOST AS SOON AS HE ARRIVED: “WHEN I CAME HERE, I JOINED IN THE SAME YEAR BECAUSE MY UNCLE WAS A MEMBER. SO THAT’S WHY HE GOT ME IN TO BE A MEMBER. OH, AT THAT TIME, I BET, 95% OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE THEY BELONG TO THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, I BELIEVE.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT YOU COULDN’T BE A MEMBER OF BOTH THE SOCIETY AND THE MASONS, AND HE BELIEVES ABOUT 5% OF THE CITY’S CHINESE POPULATION WOULD HAVE BELONGED TO THE MASONS. HE ADDED: “BUT WE ARE STILL FRIENDS, STILL FRIENDS. WE’RE NOT ENEMY OR ANYTHING BUT, IT’S JUST THAT THE ORGANIZATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. THAT’S ALL.” HONG ENJOYED THE CAMARADERIE OF THE SOCIETY. HE SAID: “I REMEMBER, I LIKE IT BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE PARTY AND SO MANY PEOPLE. AND THEN YOU MEET ALL THE CHINESE PEOPLE THERE IN THE ONE GROUP. WELL, ANYWAY, WHEN YOU SEE SO MANY PEOPLE IN ONE PARTY, AND THEN WHEN THEY COME OUT MOSTLY THE PEOPLE THAT PARTY AND IT FEELS LIKE A LOTS OF FRIENDS OR EVEN LIKE THE FAMILY. SO YOU FEEL GOOD, YOU FEEL BETTER, AND THEN, WELL, MY UNCLE BELONGS THERE TOO AND THEN THE OTHERS BELONG THERE TOO, YEAH, EVERYBODY LIKE IN THE BIG FAMILY. YES, NICE, OTHERWISE YOU DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS, YOU DON’T MEET ANYBODY, IF YOU NOT BELONG THERE, I THINK NOT SO FRIENDLY TO YOU.” HONG INDICATED THAT WHEN A SPECIAL MEAL WAS HELD AT THE SOCIETY, IT WAS THE MEN WHO DID THE COOKING: “AT THAT TIME JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY KNOWS HOW TO COOK BECAUSE MOSTLY WE WORK IN THE KITCHEN WHEN THEY CAME HERE.” HE SAID THAT DINERS WOULD PAY A SMALL FEE TO EAT AT THE LEAGUE WHEN SPECIAL MEALS WERE PUT ON. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20110031015
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CZECHOSLOVAKIAN FLAG
Date Range From
1978
Date Range To
2008
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, THREAD
Catalogue Number
P20120024003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CZECHOSLOVAKIAN FLAG
Date Range From
1978
Date Range To
2008
Materials
LINEN, THREAD
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.25
Length
51
Width
95
Description
HANDMADE, MACHINE-STITCHED LINEN FLAG OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA. COMPRISED OF A BLUE TRIANGLE EMERGING FROM THE LEFT SIDE AND THE REMAINING SPACE SPLIT IN HALF, WITH WHITE FABRIC ON TOP AND RED ON BOTTOM. FABRIC IS CREASED FROM PREVIOUS FOLDING, WITH SOME MINOR FRAYING ALONG SEAMS VISIBLE AT BACK.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
COMMEMORATIVE
History
TRANSFER FROM GALT ARCHIVES. ACQUIRED AS PART OF THE CZECHOSLOVAK CANADIAN CULTURAL SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA FONDS. THIS FLAG BELONGED TO THE CZECHOSLOVAK CANADIAN CULTURAL SOCIETY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THE SOCIETY WAS FOUNDED ON OCTOBER 11, 1978 AND OPERATED UNTIL ITS DISSOLUTION ON APRIL 29, 2008. THE ORGANIZATION PROMOTED THE CONTINUATION OF CZECHOSLOVAK CULTURE THROUGH LANGUAGE CLASSES, PARADES, CHRISTMAS PARTIES, AND BANQUETS, IT ALSO PROVIDED SCHOLARSHIP MONEY TO CHILDREN OF CZECHOSLOVAK ANCESTRY WHO WERE ATTENDING COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20120024003
Acquisition Date
2012-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
REPUBLIC OF CHINA KUOMINTANG PARTY
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAYON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20110031013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
REPUBLIC OF CHINA KUOMINTANG PARTY
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Materials
RAYON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
111
Length
139.5
Description
RECTANGULAR BLUE RAYON FLAG WITH CENTRAL DESIGN DEPICTING A WHITE CIRCLE BORDERED WITH 12 WHITE TRIANGLES. DESIGN IS VISIBLE ON BOTH SIDES. ONE VERTICAL EDGE OF FLAG HAS A WHITE COTTON SLEEVE SEWN TO IT, WITH WHITE COTTON TIES AT TOP AND BOTTOM. FABRIC IS CREASED IN DISCOLOURED THROUGHOUT. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT COMES FROM INTERVIEWS HELD WITH MAY LEE AND JUDY CHAN, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND JANICE WONG. PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE FOUND BELOW THE ARTIFACT DETAILS AND BELOW THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING. RICHARD INDICATED THAT SOMETIMES A FLAG LIKE THIS WOULD BE FLOWN OUTSIDE OF THE SOCIETY BUILDING: “[THE FLAG’S WERE SOMETIMES FLOWN OUTSIDE] THEY HAD TWO POLES. ONE SIDE IS THE NATIONAL, ONE SIDE IS THE PARTY.” HE ADDED: “YES. ONE ON EACH SIDE – THE NATIONAL ONE SIDE; THE PARTY ONE SIDE, BECAUSE HE STARTED THE PARTY – DR. SUN YAT-SEN. THIS IS SUPPOSED TO BE THE SUN; THAT’S SUPPOSED TO BE THE SKY. THAT’S ALL I CAN TELL YOU." MAY ADDED THAT FLAG REMINDED HER OF THE GUOMINDANG AND THE PARTIES THAT WERE HELD THERE. A SERIES OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD GIVE BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY AND ITS BUILDING: THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY WAS BUILT IN 1909-1910 IN THE 300 BLOCK OF 2 AVENUE SOUTH AND IT WAS ORIGINALLY A RESTAURANT. BY 1915 IT HAD BECOME THE HEADQUARTERS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE KAO MIN TANG (ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS INCLUDE KUOMINTANG, KUO MIN TANG, GUOMINDANG, AND GUO MIN DANG). THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNATED AS A PROVINCIAL HERITAGE RESOURCE IN 1995 BECAUSE OF ITS VALUE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CHINESE COMMUNITY. THE BUILDING WAS USED IN A VARIETY OF WAYS BY THE SOCIETY AND INCLUDED, AT VARIOUS TIMES, A RESTAURANT, A SCHOOL, AND LIVING ACCOMODATIONS. IN FEBRUARY 2011 A SECTION OF THE BRICK FAÇADE FELL OFF THE BUILDING AND CITY INSPECTORS DETERMINED THAT THE TIMBER AND RED BRICK STRUCTURE WAS POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE. THE BUILDING WAS TORN DOWN A SHORT TIME LATER. LETHBRIDGE'S CHINATOWN EMERGED IN 1901, A RESULT OF THE CHINESE POPULATION BEING RELEGATED TO A SECTION OF THE CITY BETWEEN GALT GARDENS AND THE COULEES. IN A JANUARY 7, 2002 ARTICLE ALBERT LEONG EXPLAINS THAT NO ONE REALLY WANTED CHINESE PEOPLE AROUND AND THAT “’ THEY WERE TOLD THAT THE ONLY PLACE THEY COULD START BUSINESSES WAS BETWEEN THE COULEES AT THE PARK, BECAUSE THE CITY DIDN’T WANT ANY COMPETITION FOR THE WHITE BUSINESSMEN … BUT ‘GHETTO-IZED’ OR NOT, THE CHINESE WHO CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FORMED AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BACKBONE OF THIS CITY, [AND MADE] NOTEWORTHY [CONTRIBUTIONS] TO THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE.’” BUSINESSES SUCH AS LAUNDRIES, MARKET GARDENS, AND RESTAURANTS WERE OPENED IN CHINATOWN, WITH THE RESIDENTS LIVING IN ROOMS ABOVE THE BUSINESSES. IN 1912 THERE WERE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE LIVING IN CHINATOWN AND BY THE 1930S, IT WAS A BUSTLING COMMUNITY. THE POPULATION OF CHINATOWN DWINDLED FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. JANICE WONG, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY IN 2015, GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIETY IN AN INTERVIEW: AS OF 2015, THE SOCIETY EXISTS MORE AS A SOCIAL CLUB AND THE SOCIETY HOLDS THREE CELEBRATORY DINNERS EACH YEAR, USUALLY HELD AT THE NEW DYNASTY RESTAURANT. THE SOCIETY ALSO VISITS THE CEMETERY ON A YEARLY BASIS “TO HONOUR THE ANCESTORS, CLEAN THE TOMBS, BRING FOOD, DO THE USUAL THINGS THAT WE USED TO DO – EAT ON GRAVES, BURN THE INCENSE. WE DO THAT EVERY YEAR STILL TO HONOUR OUR ANCESTORS. IT IS USUALLY IN THE SPRING … IN APRIL.” JANICE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF THE SOCIETY, INDICATING THAT THERE IS SOME TALK ABOUT RE-BUILDING “BUT THAT INVOLVES A LOT OF PLANNING, AND MONEY, AND FUNDRAISING” AND SHE QUESTIONS WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS ENOUGH OF A MEMBERSHIP BASE TO GO FORWARD WITH RE-BUILDING. SHE ALSO EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUS CHINESE IMMIGRANTS HAD TENDED TO COME FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC REGION, BUT THAT PRESENTLY IMMIGRANTS ARE COMING FROM ALL OVER CHINA: “THERE’S A LOT OF INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM CHINA THAT AREN’T FROM THE SAME AREA, BECAUSE TRADITIONALLY, THE PEOPLE WERE ALL FROM THE SAME AREA AND SPOKE THE SAME DIALECT AND HAD THAT SORT OF THING KEEPING THEM TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY OVERSEAS FROM CHINA.” PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE BELOW: MAY LEE: MAY WAS ACTUALLY BORN IN CANADA AND IS KNOWN AS A GOLD MOUNTAIN GIRL, BECAUSE SHE IS A CANADIAN-BORN CHINESE WOMAN. MAY EXPLAINS: “I WAS BORN IN CANADA. I WAS BORN IN NANOOSE BAY. WHEN I WAS 4 YEARS OLD, WE MOVED TO VICTORIA. WHEN I WAS 9 YEARS OLD AND THE WHOLE FAMILY, IN 1930, GO BACK TO CHINA.” DURING THE WAR, THE JAPANESE BOMBED THE GIRLS’ HIGH SCHOOL IN TOCSIN CITY AND MAY’S MOTHER DECIDED TO SEND MAY AND HER BROTHER TO HONG KONG TO START THE PROCESS OF COMING TO CANADA. MAY STARTED ENGLISH SCHOOL IN HONG KONG, BUT OFTEN MISSED CLASSES BECAUSE SHE WAS SICK FROM THE HEAT. SHE SAYS THAT SHE’S LEARNED MOST OF HER ENGLISH FROM HER HUSBAND, HER CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN, AND EVEN GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN. SHE WAS MARRIED TO HOM MEN LEE, AKA JIMMY LEE, ON NOVEMBER 16, 1938 IN VICTORIA, BC. JIMMY WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE GALT HOSPITAL, BUT WAS SENT BACK TO CHINA AS A CHILD FOR HIS EDUCATION. JIMMY’S FAMILY HAD COME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1914 AND OWNED LEE-DUC CLEANERS. THE LEE FAMILY LIVED ABOVE THE SHOP, WHICH WAS ON 13TH STREET NORTH, NEAR HIGA’S JEWELERS. MAY’S MAIN MEMORY OF CHINATOWN: “ALL I REMEMBER IN CHINATOWN, IN SUMMERTIME, LOTS OF OLD GUYS SITTING IN FRONT OF GUOMINDANG. AUNTIE HELEN GREW UP IN CHINATOWN. I THINK SHE KNOWS MORE ABOUT CHINATOWN. IN THE OLDEN DAYS, I HARDLY GO OUT, JUST TO BUY GROCERIES.” JUDY ADDED THAT MAY HAD 8 CHILDREN AND WAS KEPT BUSY AT HOME RAISING THEM. RICHARD LOO: RICHARD ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO RICHARD, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED RICHARD TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. RICHARD LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE FINALLY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT RICHARD WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, RICHARD RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY NOTHING. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL YOU COULD SAY, JUST ANYWAYS HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO’ – SO, ANYWAY, SO IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” RICHARD INITIALLY LIVED IN THE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. RICHARD RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. HONG WONG: HONG ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AND WAS INVITED TO THE CITY BY HIS UNCLE SHUEY WONG, WHO WAS ALREADY LIVING HERE. UNCLE SHUEY HAD COME TO CANADA SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE $500 HEAD TAX. HONG TRAVELED WITH HIS BROTHER FROM MAINLAND CHINA TO HONG KONG, IN ORDER TO GO TO THE CANADIAN EMBASSY. ON HIS FERRY RIDE TO HONG KONG, HE WAS SHOT BY BANDITS AND WAS REQUIRED TO STAY IN THE HOSPITAL FOR QUITE SOME TIME TO RECOVER. HIS BROTHER ELECTED TO REMAIN IN HONG KONG, AS HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW LIVED IN THE CITY AND GOT HONG’S BROTHER WORK IN A THEATRE. TO GET TO CANADA, HONG FLEW FROM JAPAN TO GUAM, TO VANCOUVER, AND THEN FINALLY TO LETHBRIDGE. HIS FIRST IMPRESSION OF LETHBRIDGE: COLD. HONG SAID: “’WELL, IN HONG KONG IT WAS AROUND MAYBE 20 SOME 30 ABOVE. AND HERE, AT THAT TIME, MAYBE 20 BELOW, OR 20 SOME BELOW. I DIDN’T HAVE THE EAR MUFFS. I SAID, ‘GEE, I’M NOT SO HAPPY HERE, IT SEEMS SO COLD.’” UNCLE SHUEY TOLD HONG THAT IT WAS ONE OF THE COLDEST WINTERS HE COULD REMEMBER. HONG WORKED FOR HIS UNCLE IN HIS SHOP ON 9TH AVENUE, DOING CHORES AROUND THE STORE, UNTIL HIS ENGLISH HAD IMPROVED ENOUGH SO THAT HE COULD SERVE CUSTOMERS. HE JOINED THE CHINESE NATIONALIST LEAGUE SOCIETY ALMOST AS SOON AS HE ARRIVED: “WHEN I CAME HERE, I JOINED IN THE SAME YEAR BECAUSE MY UNCLE WAS A MEMBER. SO THAT’S WHY HE GOT ME IN TO BE A MEMBER. OH, AT THAT TIME, I BET, 95% OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE THEY BELONG TO THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, I BELIEVE.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT YOU COULDN’T BE A MEMBER OF BOTH THE SOCIETY AND THE MASONS, AND HE BELIEVES ABOUT 5% OF THE CITY’S CHINESE POPULATION WOULD HAVE BELONGED TO THE MASONS. HE ADDED: “BUT WE ARE STILL FRIENDS, STILL FRIENDS. WE’RE NOT ENEMY OR ANYTHING BUT, IT’S JUST THAT THE ORGANIZATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. THAT’S ALL.” HONG ENJOYED THE CAMARADERIE OF THE SOCIETY. HE SAID: “I REMEMBER, I LIKE IT BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE PARTY AND SO MANY PEOPLE. AND THEN YOU MEET ALL THE CHINESE PEOPLE THERE IN THE ONE GROUP. WELL, ANYWAY, WHEN YOU SEE SO MANY PEOPLE IN ONE PARTY, AND THEN WHEN THEY COME OUT MOSTLY THE PEOPLE THAT PARTY AND IT FEELS LIKE A LOTS OF FRIENDS OR EVEN LIKE THE FAMILY. SO YOU FEEL GOOD, YOU FEEL BETTER, AND THEN, WELL, MY UNCLE BELONGS THERE TOO AND THEN THE OTHERS BELONG THERE TOO, YEAH, EVERYBODY LIKE IN THE BIG FAMILY. YES, NICE, OTHERWISE YOU DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS, YOU DON’T MEET ANYBODY, IF YOU NOT BELONG THERE, I THINK NOT SO FRIENDLY TO YOU.” HONG INDICATED THAT WHEN A SPECIAL MEAL WAS HELD AT THE SOCIETY, IT WAS THE MEN WHO DID THE COOKING: “AT THAT TIME JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY KNOWS HOW TO COOK BECAUSE MOSTLY WE WORK IN THE KITCHEN WHEN THEY CAME HERE.” HE SAID THAT DINERS WOULD PAY A SMALL FEE TO EAT AT THE LEAGUE WHEN SPECIAL MEALS WERE PUT ON. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20110031013
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
2004
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20190026000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
2004
Date Range To
2015
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
184.1
Width
84
Description
DARK BLUE FLAG WITH WHITE HOIST SEWN ALONG LEFT SIDE; FLAG HAS WOODEN DOWEL AT TOP LEFT CORNER ABOVE HOIST, AND WHITE CORD EXTENDING FROM LOWER LEFT CORNER AT HOIST. FLAG HAS IMAGE PRINTED ON FRONT, WITH REVERSE OF IMAGE PRINTED ON BACK OF FLAG; FRONT IMAGE FEATURES A GOLD, GREEN, AND RED CROWN ATOP GREEN LEAVES AND A GOLD SHIELD; GOLD SHIELD HAS BLACK TEXT AT THE TOP “LETHBRIDGE” WITH A CIRCLE IN THE CENTER DEPICTING BLACK IMAGES OF A TRAIN, WHEAT BUNDLE, AND ARM HOLDING A HAMMER; BOTTOM OF SHIELD HAS A GOLD BANNER WITH BLACK TEXT “REGIONAL POLICE” WITH A GOLD BEAVER BELOW. BACK OF FLAG HAS WHITE TAG SEWN TO HOIST WITH RED PRINTED TEXT “FLAG OUTLET, 1-800-596-0999, VANCOUVER, CALGARY, REGINA, WINNIPEG, TORONTO, HALIFAX”. FLAG HAS MINOR THREAD FRAYING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 13, 2021, RETIRED LETHBRIDGE CHIEF OF POLICE JOHN MIDDLETON-HOPE SUBMITTED THE SUBSEQUENT NARRATIVE ON THE HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE FLAG. "IN AUGUST OF 2002, JOHN MIDDLETON-HOPE, AN INSPECTOR WITH THE CALGARY POLICE SERVICE WAS APPOINTED THE 25TH CHIEF OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE. DURING THAT FALL, DISCUSSIONS BEGAN WITH CHIEF DOUG HANCOCK OF THE COALDALE POLICE SERVICE TO EXAMINE AND DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF AMALGAMATING THE TWO POLICE SERVICES. CHIEF HANCOCK WAS CONCERNED THAT THE TOWN OF COALDALE WAS NO LONGER IN A POSITION TO PROVIDE ADEQUATE AND EFFECTIVE SERVICES TO ITS CITIZENS AND AS SUCH SOUGHT TO FORM A POLICING MODEL THAT HAD BEEN UNTESTED IN ALBERTA BUT WOULD PROVIDE POLICING TO BOTH COMMUNITIES FAIRLY AND EQUITABLY. "AS A RESULT, CHIEF MIDDLETON-HOPE AND CHIEF HANCOCK APPROACHED THEIR RESPECTIVE POLICE COMMISSIONS AND CITY COUNCILS TO INITIATE EXPLORATION OF THE AMALGAMATION OF THE TWO POLICE SERVICES TO WHICH ALL FOUR GOVERNING ENTITIES LATER AGREED. A BI-PARTISAN COMMITTEE WAS FORMED CONSISTING OF MEMBERS OF THE POLICE SERVICES, POLICE COMMISSIONS AND CITY COUNCILS AND THE FIRST REGIONAL POLICING MODEL IN CANADA WAS THE RESULT. SOLICITOR GENERAL, HEATHER FORSYTH EMPOWERED THE COMMUNITIES UNDER SECTION 24 OF THE POLICE ACT OF ALBERTA TO CREATE ONE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE THAT WOULD PROVIDE POLICE SERVICE TO THE REGION. "IN ESSENCE BOTH POLICE SERVICES CEASED TO EXIST ON FEBRUARY 1, 2004 AND A NEW REGIONAL MODEL EMERGED. AS PART OF THIS PROCESS, ALL FORMER BRANDING OF THE POLICE SERVICE WOULD HAVE TO BE AMENDED. THERE IS A PROCESS OF HERALDING THAT OCCURS WHEN THERE ARE ANY CHANGES TO THE CREST OR BADGE OF THE POLICE SERVICE THAT MUST BE APPROVED BY THE CANADIAN HERALDIC AUTHORITY, AUTHORIZED BY ‘LETTERS PATENT’ TO EXERCISE THE SOVEREIGN’S POWERS RELATED TO HERALDRY IN CANADA. THE GOVERNOR GENERAL IS THE HEAD OF THE CHA AND APPOINTS ITS OFFICERS (CALLED HERALDS). IT WAS FOR THIS REASON THAT FEW CHANGES WERE PROPOSED TO THE CREST AND BADGE, BUT IT WAS IMPORTANT BOTH COMMUNITIES WERE REFLECTED IN THE CHANGES MADE. "THE SEAL OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE THAT IDENTIFIED THE INCORPORATION OF LETHBRIDGE AS A TOWN AND CITY WAS REMOVED, BUT THE INDUSTRY THAT THE REGION WAS FOUNDED ON, COAL, AGRICULTURE, AND TRANSPORTATION (RAILROAD) WERE RETAINED. THIS REFLECTED THE HISTORY OF BOTH COALDALE AND LETHBRIDGE, A SHARED PAST WITH A BRIGHT AND INDUSTRIOUS FUTURE. "THE FLAG OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE REPRESENTED THE HOPES AND ASPIRATIONS OF THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO POLICED THE COMMUNITIES OF COALDALE AND LETHBRIDGE. THE REGIMENTAL FLAG OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE INCLUDED THE NEW CREST OF THE POLICE SERVICE ON A SKY BLUE BACKGROUND WITH GOLD TASSELS FRINGED ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE FLAG. THE KING’S CROWN IS AT THE HEAD OF THE CREST TO DEMONSTRATE ALLEGIANCE TO HIS MAJESTY KING EDWARD VII WHO WAS SOVEREIGN WHEN THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE WAS FORMED IN 1902. THE LEAVES AROUND THE CREST SIGNIFY THE JURISDICTIONAL BOUNDARIES OF THE POLICE SERVICE (ALBERTA) AND THE BEAVER AT THE BOTTOM IS A NATIONAL SYMBOL AND MAY BE FOUND ON MANY CANADIAN ITEMS WHICH REPRESENTS THE INDUSTRIOUS NATURE OF ITS PEOPLES. "TWO MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE, A/SERGEANT PAUL SMITH (DIED 1913 JUNE 10TH) AND CONSTABLE CALVIN BYAM (DIED 1964 JUNE 10TH) WERE KILLED IN THE LINE OF DUTY. BARS WITH THEIR NAMES WERE ATTACHED TO THE REGIMENTAL FLAG AND THEY ARE HONOURED FOR THE SACRIFICES THEY MADE PROTECTING THE CITIZENS OF LETHBRIDGE. THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE REGIMENTAL FLAG IS RETAINED BY THE CHIEF OF POLICE AND DEMONSTRATES A CONTINUITY OF LEADERSHIP FROM ONE CHIEF TO THE NEXT. THE FLAG OF THE POLICE SERVICE MAY BE SEEN FLYING FROM THE MAST IN FRONT OF THE POLICE HEADQUARTERS BUILDING AND IS A SYMBOL OF THE FEALTY ITS MEMBERS EMBODY TO THE CITIZENS OF LETHBRIDGE AND CANADA."
Catalogue Number
P20190026000
Acquisition Date
2019-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LADIES TRAINMEN
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
2002
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20060010001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LADIES TRAINMEN
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
2002
Materials
WOOD, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.5
Length
28.5
Width
7.5
Description
WOODEN GAVEL WITH GRN,RD AND WHT RIBBONS. DECORATIVE TURNED HANDLE.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
GAVEL WAS USED BY THE PRESIDENT TO BRING MEETINGS TO ORDER AND "TO STOP THE GOSSIPING". RIBBONS DECORATING THE GAVEL WERE THE LODGE'S COLOURS. DONOR CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE ARTIFACT(S) AS THE LAST PRESIDENT OF THE CPR LADIES LODGE. SINCE THERE WERE NO NEW MEMBERS AND FIVE MEMBERS WERE NEEDED TO HAVE A MEETING, THE LODGE AMALGAMATED WITH MEDICINE HAT. THE PAST SECRETARY MOVED TO A NURSING HOME AND THE DONOR BECAME BOTH PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY. THE AUXILIARY OF THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION, FORMERLY THE LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729 WAS A CHAPTER OF THE LADIES TRAINMEN. THE LADIES AUXILIARY WAS ORGANIZED INFORMALLY BY SOPHIA J. GRANGER SHORTLY AFTER THE FORMATION OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN (BRT) ON 16 SEPTEMBER 1886 IN FORT GRATIOT, MICHIGAN. THE LADIES AUXILIARY WAS FORMALLY RECOGNIZED AT THE BRT CONVENTION IN OCTOBER 1888, AND THE FIRST CHARTER WAS GRANTED TO THE GRAND LODGE LADIES AUXILIARY TO THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN AT FORT GRATIOT ON 23 JANUARY 1889. THE AIMS OF THE LADIES AUXILIARY TO THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN ARE HERE QUOTED FROM THE CONSTITUTION AND GENERAL RULES REVISED TO 1951. "TO UNITE THE FAMILIES OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN; TO PROMOTE THEIR WELFARE SOCIALLY, MORALLY AND INTELLECTUALLY, AND TO ENCOURAGE THEM IN ALL THINGS PERTAINING TO THE GOOD OF THE BROTHERHOOD, THE AUXILIARY HAS BEEN ORGANIZED. CONVINCED THAT IT IS FOR THE GOOD OF THE BROTHERHOOD IN GENERAL, AND FOR OUR OWN WELFARE, THAT A MUTUAL GOOD FEELING SHOULD, AT ALL TIMES, EXIST BETWEEN BOTH ORGANIZATIONS, IT SHALL BE OUR CONSTANT AIM AND ENDEAVOR TO CREATE AND MAINTAIN THE SAME. SUCH ARE THE AIMS AND INTENTIONS OF THE LADIES AUXILIARY TO THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN." ON 10 MARCH 1970 THE BRT MERGED WITH THREE OTHER UNIONS TO BECOME THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION, AND THE NAME OF THE AUXILIARY WAS CHANGED TO LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION. THE ORGANIZATION CONTINUES TO EXIST AT THE TIME OF THIS WRITING. FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729, LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION, WAS FORMED AT MEETING HELD IN THE MOOSE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE ON 3 FEBRUARY 1922 AS FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729, LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN, THE 14 CHARTER MEMBERS OF THE LODGE WERE: MARY E. CAMPBELL, AMANDA CHOINIERE, LORETTA DAVIDSON, MARAGET GOODALL, JESSIE GORDON, MARY V. HIGHTON (SECRETARY), MABEL KEIVER (PAST PRESIDENT), LILLIE MAHON (PRESIDENT), ETTA MACDONALD, LUCY MURPHY, ANNA ROY, CLARA R. SMITH, BLANCHE WANS (VICE PRESIDENT) AND LEORA V. WRAY (TREASURER).MRS. WRAY PROPOSED THE NAME "FRIENDSHIP" FOR THE LODGE, WHICH WAS APPROVED UNANIMOUSLY. A LIST OF PRINCIPAL OFFICERS OF FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729, AS WELL AS ALL MEMBERS WHO JOINED FROM 1922 TO 1989 THAT IS AVAILABLE IN THE LODGE HISTORY. THE AIMS OF FRIENDSHIP LODGE WERE THE SAME AS THOSE OF THE PARENT ORGANIZATION. IN ADDITION, THE LODGE REGULARLY CONTRIBUTED MONEY AS WELL AS VOLUNTEERED GOODS AND TIME TO ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS THE SALVATION ARMY, LETHBRIDGE HANDICAPPED RIDING ASSOCIATION, LETHBRIDGE SOUP KITCHEN AND LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL HOSPITAL. IN THE MID 1990S, THE MEMBERSHIP OF THE LODGE BEGAN TO DECLINE AS MEMBERS GREW OLDER, AND NO NEW MEMBERS WERE RECRUITED. THE CHARITABLE ACTIVITIES OF FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729 CEASED ABOUT THE TURN OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE LODGE SURRENDERED ITS CHARTER ON 31 DECEMBER 2004.
Catalogue Number
P20060010001
Acquisition Date
2006-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

ORNAMENT, CHRISTMAS TREE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact12007
Other Name
CHRISTMAS TREE
Date Range From
1959
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, CARDBOARD, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20060032018
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CHRISTMAS TREE
Date Range From
1959
Date Range To
2005
Materials
ALUMINUM, CARDBOARD, WOOD
No. Pieces
49
Height
17
Length
62
Width
17
Description
ALLUMINUM CHRISTMAS TREE IN BOX. TOP OF BOX MARKED " STAINLESS ALUMINUM 43 BRANCHES 6FT CHRISTMAS TREE WITH TRIPOD STAND FOR ADDED BEAUTY". STAND CONSISTS OF TRIPOD WITH TWO WOODEN RODS. BOX ALSO CONTAINS A PIECE OF TREE GARLAND AND A THIN METAL ROD. BRANCHES ARE INDIVIDUALLY WRAPPED IN BROWN PAPER.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR TREVOR BENNET AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECALLED THE TREE BEING PURCHASED IN CALGARY FROM THE DOWNTOWN HUDSON BAY STORE IN 1959-60. BENNET SAID, "I ALWAYS SET IT (THE TREE) UP IN THE AREA WHICH SERVED AS A MUSIC ROOM IN MY PARENTS' HOME. IT STOOD ON A LOW WOODEN TABLE. A STRING OF PARALLEL WIRED - C -7 LIGHTS WOULD BE TAPED TO THE EDGE OF THE TABLE SO THE LIGHTS WOULD REFLECT OFF THE TREE." THE DONOR WOULD DECORATE THE TREE WITH UNBREAKALBE BELLS AND SOME BREAKABLE GLASS BALLS. BENNET SAID, "I MADE A NEW TOP FROM A LENGTH OF COAT HANGER WRAPPED IN TREE GARLAND." THE NEW TOP ALLOWED THE DONOR TO USE A GLASS TREE TOPPER ON THE TREE. THE DONOR CLAIMS THAT ALL OF THE BRANCHES ARE IN THEIR ORIGINAL WRAPPING PLUS THE EXTRA BRANCHES THAT THE DONOR MADE HIMSELF. THE TREE WAS LAST USED IN 2005 WHEN IT WAS PLACED IN THE DONOR'S FRONT ENTRANCE TO GREET HIS VISITORS. THE DONOR STATED THAT HE FELT IT WAS TIME TO RETIRE THE TREE. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20060032018
Acquisition Date
2006-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CROSS
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2003
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20060021009
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CROSS
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2003
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
40.5
Length
21.5
Width
10
Description
WOOD CROSS ON THREE TIER WOOD BASE. BOTTOM OF BASE IS MARKED "A. C_AY 1929-1932".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
CROSS WAS PLACED ON A FLOWER TABLE AT THE ST. MARY'S CHURCH IN THE MAIN SECTION. IT WAS ALSO SOMETIMES USED FOR OTHER PURPOSES, INCLUDING THE PENITENTIAL SEASON OF LENT LEADING UP TO GOOD FRIDAY. IT WAS USED ON GOOD FRIDAY BECAUSE WOOD IS CONSIDERED TO BE LESS EXTRAVAGANT THEN ANY OTHER TYPE OF METAL. ST MARY’S ANGLICAN CHURCH BEGAN EARLY IN THE 1900S. THE EARLIEST ARCHIVAL RECORD IS A STATEMENT MADE IN JANUARY, 1906 THAT A GROUP OF PROMINENT MEMBERS OF ST. AUGUSTIN’S PARISHIONERS AGREED TO COVER A DEFICIT IN THE OPERATION OF ST. MARY’S MISSION UP TO $300. APPARENTLY, ST. MARY’S EXISTED BEFORE THIS DECISION, BUT IT IS UNKNOWN FOR HOW LONG. A FORMAL ORGANIZATION MEETING FOR ST. MARY’S MISSION WAS HELD ON APRIL 20. 1908. THE SEPARATE PARISH OF ST. MARY’S WAS ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 1, 1910. THE “NEW” CHURCH WAS BUILT IN 1912, AND USED BY THE PARISH UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 2003. THE NORTH SIDE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP THEN RENTED THE BUILDING UNTIL 2006, WHEN THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD TO A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL. THERE WERE AT LEAST EIGHT RECTORS (PRIESTS) AT ST MARY’S BETWEEN 1910 AND 1944, INCLUDING SOME PERIODS OF TIME WHEN NO PRIEST WAS AVAILABLE (OR AFFORDABLE). IN 1944, ROBERT COWAN ARRIVED AND SERVED ST. MARY’S FOR THE NEXT 37 YEARS UNTIL 1981, A TERM UNPARALLELED IN THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. IT WAS DURING THIS TIME THAT ST. MARY’S BECAME KNOWN HAS ST. MARY THE VIRGIN. CANON COWAN RETURNED TO ST MARY’S AS A PARISHIONER FOR A FEW YEARS LATER, AND REMAINED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1999. MICHAEL EBSWORTH SERVED AS RECTOR FROM 1981 UNTIL 1994, WHEN HE RESIGNED DUE TO HEALTH REASONS. FATHER EBSWORTH REMAINED A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE, OFTEN SERVING AS A “VISITING” PRIEST, AND HE TOOK PART IN THE FINAL SERVICE AT ST. MARY’S HELD ON AUGUST 14, 2003. IN THE FINAL DECADE OF ST MARY’S EXISTENCE, FIVE OTHER PRIESTS SERVED THE PARISH, INCLUDING TWO FEMALE PRIESTS WHICH SOME FOUND SURPRISING DUE TO ST. MARY’S TRADITIONAL LITURGICAL PRACTICES. THE CHURCH CLOSED AND AMALGAMATED WITH THE ANGLICAN PARISH OF ST. AUGUSTINE. OTHER OBJECTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH ST. MARY'S OPERATION WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE, ST MARY'S WAS THE LONGEST OPERATING OF ANY LETHBRIDGE CHURCH IN THE CURRENT PREMISES. FOR COMPLETE HISTORY SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060021001.
Catalogue Number
P20060021009
Acquisition Date
2006-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Catalogue Number
P20070020002
  5 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
2007
No. Pieces
46
Description
BELL STAND: A. BELL STAND, CIRCULAR WOODEN SHELF, PAINTED RED WITH GOLD TRIM, CONSISTS OF 2 PCES, HEIGHT 28.2, DIAMETER 30.2. BASE OF STAND HAS CIRCULAR DISC ON WHICH FOUR-LEGGED STRUCTURE AFFIXED. FOUR SMALL PEGS ON BASE INSERT INTO TOP PIECE. BELL STICK: B. WOODEN RED-PAINTED HANDLE, LEATHER STRIKING SURFACE, LENGTH 31.8, DIAMETER 3.1. PAINT ON HANDLE HEAVILY WORN. 1 PCE. BOX: C. BLACK-PAINTED WOODEN BOX WITH LID, 2 PCES, HEIGHT 44.7, LENGTH 37.0, WIDTH 36.5. INSIDE OF BOX AND LID UNFINISHED. CHUKIN: D. BELL, BRASS, BOWL-SHAPED, HEIGHT 18.1, DIAMETER 27.1. JAPANESE NAME IS, “CHUKIN,” WHICH MEANS A MIDDLE-SIZED BELL. FINISH OF BELL APPEARS TO RESEMBLE BRONZE, INSIDE OF BELL PAINTED BLACK. LARGE DENT ON UNDERSIDE OF BELL. ASIAN CHARACTERS ON SIDE OF BELL TRANSLATE TO, “GENRYU (THE MAKER OF THE BELL), KYOTO.” 1 PCE. DANMORI: E. WOODEN STAND WITH FOUR SHELVES, PARTIALLY PAINTED BLACK, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 53.5, DIAMETER 22.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “DANMORI,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “TIER-PILE.” SHELVES ATTACHED TO FOUR PILLARS, ONLY EDGES OF SHELVES, PILLARS AND BASE OF STAND PAINTED. 2 PCES TTL. KIKU-RINTO: F. HANGING LANTERN, BRASS, SET OF TWO, EACH SET CONTAINS 14 BRASS PCES, TTL HEIGHT 84.0, WIDTH 34.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KIKU-RINTO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CHRYSANTHEMUM CIRCULAR-LAMP.” BOTTOM PIECE IS DISH WITH SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO INCREASINGLY SMALLER SIMILAR DISHES SIT INSIDE. RING SITS IN TOP-MOST DISH, AND LIGHT FIXTURE WOULD SIT HERE. SEMI-CIRCULAR BAND DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS ARCHES OVER DISHES, ATTACHES TO BOTTOM-MOST DISH WITH TWO PEGS. (ONE PEG MISSING FROM ONE SET). VERTICAL BRASS PLATE DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUMS ATTACHES WITH HOOK TO SEMI-CIRCULAR ARCH. ATTACHING TO TOP OF VERTICAL PLATE IS LONG HOOK WITH SHELF. SITTING ON SHELF IS LARGE DISH, BOWL FACING FLOOR, WITH WIDE LIP AND SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO METAL DISCS SIT ON TOP OF DISH, BOTTOM MOST ON HAS SPOKES RADIATING FROM CENTRE POINT, TOP-MOST DISC RESEMBLES A FLOWER. DOORKNOB-LIKE OBJECT WITH SEMI-CIRCULAR HANDLE IS FINAL PIECE TO SIT ON SHELF, AND PEG SECURES ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER. CHAIN WOULD THEN BE USED TO HANG ENTIRE STRUCTURE FROM CEILING. 27 PCES TTL. KORO: G. INCENSE-BURNER AND LID, BRONZE, HEIGHT 27.0, DIAMETER 25.7, 3 PCES. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KORO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “INCENSE-BURNER.” BASE PIECE IS BOWL-SHAPED DISH WITH THREE LEGS AND TWO ‘L’ SHAPED HANDLES, SECOND PIECE IS DISH THAT SITS INSIDE BASE AND CONTAINS BURNT INCENSE REMAINS, THIRD PIECE IS ORNATE LID WITH SCULPTURE OF MYTHOLOGICAL CHINESE DRAGON ON TOP. ROSOKU-TATE: H. CANDLE-STICK HOLDERS, BRONZE, SET OF TWO, 55.1 X 19.5 X 19.5. EACH SET HAS 3 PCES. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ROSOKU-TATE,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CANDLE-STICK HOLDER.” BOTTOM PIECE HAS BASE WITH THREE LEGS, LEGS MADE UP OF DRAGON HEADS WITH TONGUES STICKING OUT. MIDDLE PIECE DEPICTS TWO CRANES WHOSE WINGS ARE SPREAD AND PROTRUDE HORIZONTALLY FROM CANDLESTICK SHAFT. TOP PIECE THAT COLLECTS WAX IS DISH-SHAPED WITH WIDE LIP, SCALLOPED EDGES. UNDERSIDE OF DISH HAS PLANT VEIN MOTIF. 6 PCES TTL. SCROLL: I. PAPER, HEIGHT 147.0, WIDTH 46.8. SCROLL DEPICTS FIGURE, SHINRAN SHONIN, WITH MEDITATION BEADS, RED AND DARK PURPLE DECORATIVE BORDER. BOTTOM OF SCROLL AFFIXED TO RED DOWEL, TOP OF SCROLL HAS STRING FOR HANGING. LOWER RIGHT CORNER OF SCROLL MARKED WITH KANJI CHARACTERS READING, “HUMBLY COPIED,” AND STAMP OF THE ARTIST. 1 PCE. ZABUTON: J. CIRCULAR CUSHION, HEIGHT 8.9, DIAMETER 26.5. WHITISH-YELLOW AND BLUE, RED TASSEL EMERGING FROM CENTER OF TOP SIDE OF CUSHION, CIRCULAR BAND OF ROPE ALONG BOTTOM OF CUSHION. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ZABUTON.” 1 PCE.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH ACQUIRED THESE SECONDARY RELIGIOUS OBJECTS, KNOWN AS BUTSUGU, BETWEEN 1947 AND 1955. ALL THESE OBJECTS, WHICH EXCEPTION OF THE DANMORI, MAY HAVE BEEN PURCHASED FROM JAPAN OR DONATED TO THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH FROM ANOTHER BUDDHIST CHURCH, EITHER A BUDDHIST CHURCH IN WESTERN BC UNDERGOING INTERNMENT OR THE RAYMOND BUDDHIST CHURCH. IN THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH MINUTES, THERE IS MENTION OF MONIES BEING NEEDED TO PURCHASE UNIDENTIFIED BUTSUGU IN 1949 AND 1955, AND IN 1952 THERE IS A RECORD OF AN INCENSE BURNER BEING PURCHASED FROM JAPAN. THE DANMORI WERE LIKELY HANDMADE BY A LOCAL CARPENTER IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND MAY HAVE BEEN MADE BY SPECIFIC REQUEST OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. ALL THESE OBJECTS, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF THE KIKU-RINTO AND THE SCROLL, WERE USED CONTINUOUSLY FROM 1947-2007. THE SCROLL AND THE KIKU-RINTO WERE LIKELY RETIRED FOLLOWING THE ACQUISITION OF THE SHRINE IN 1962. INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM REVEREND IZUMI, A LOCAL BUDDHIST MINISTER, IN 2008. ALL TRANSLATIONS MADE BY REVEREND IZUMI. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT FILE AND P20070020001. BELL STAND, BELL STICK, BOX, CHUKIN AND ZABUTON: THE CHUKIN WAS RESTED ON A CUSHION CALLED A ZABUTON WHICH SAT ATOP THE RED BELL STAND. THE STAND WAS LOCATED ON A BLACK-PAINTED WOODEN BOX NEXT TO THE MINISTER IN THE NAIJIN (STAGE). THE CHUKIN IS A LARGE INVERTED BELL WHICH IS STRUCK ON THE OUTSIDE LIP WITH A BELL STICK, OFTEN A LEATHER-COVERED CLAPPER MADE OF LACQUERED WOOD OF CHINESE ORIGIN, THE CHUKIN IS IN THE SHAPE OF THE BUDDHA SHAKYAMUNI'S BEGGING BOWL. THE DEEP, RESONANT TONE OF THE CHUKIN SYMBOLIZES THE IMPERMANENCE OF ALL THINGS. THE CHUKIN WOULD HAVE BEEN USED BY THE MINISTER TO RING THE BELL AT THE START, MIDDLE, AND END OF A SUTRA CHANT. DANMORI: THE DANMORI WOULD SIT ON THE SHUMIDAN (THE BASE ON WHICH THE GOKUDEN SITS). OFFERINGS OF FRUIT, VEGETABLES, OR SWEET PASTRIES WOULD BE PLACED ON THE DANMORI. THE DANMORI HAS A SIMILAR FUNCTION TO THE KESOKU, ANOTHER TYPE OF OFFERING VESSEL, EXPECT THE DANMORI IS USED WHEN MORE THAN ONE VARIETY OF FOOD IS BEING OFFERED. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF OFFERINGS, SEE HISTORY OF BUPPANKI UNDER P2007000001. KIKU-RINTO: PER SIGNIFICANCE, FUNCTION, AND PLACEMENT OF KIKU-RINTO, SEE HISTORY OF THE KIKU-RINTO UNDER P20070020001. KORO: THIS PARTICULAR KORO (INCENSE-BURNER) WOULD SIT ON THE MAE-JOKU. PER SIGNIFICANCE, FUNCTION AND PLACEMENT OF KORO, SEE HISTORY OF KAHIN AND KASHA UNDER P20070020001. THE CHINESE-MYTHOLOGICAL DRAGON ON THE LID OF THE KORO IS KNOWN AS, “KIRIN,” AND IS RECOGNIZED AS A GOOD OMEN. ROSOKU-TATE: THESE PARTICULAR CANDLESTICK HOLDERS SIT ON THE MAE-JOKU. CANDLE-STICK HOLDERS ARE ADORNED WITH MANY SYMBOLS: CRANES AND DRAGONS, SYMBOLS OF LONGEVITY AND GOOD OMENS, RESPECTIVELY, AND LOTUS FLOWERS. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF LOTUS FLOWERS, SEE HISTORY OF MAE-JOKU UNDER P20070020001. THESE ROSOKU-TATE ARE DECORATED WITH PEOPLE PLAYING MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, REFERENCING THE PROMISED LAND DESCRIBED IN THE AMIDA SUTRA. FOR SIGNIFICANCE, AND FUNCTION, AND PLACEMENT OF THESE ROSOKU-TATE, SEE HISTORY OF ROSOKU-TATE AND KAHIN UNDER P20070020001.PER SIGNIFICANCE OF OBJECTS WITH THREE LEGS, SEE HISTORY OF KASHA UNDER P20070020001. SCROLL: THIS SCROLL WOULD BE HUNG ON THE WALL TO THE RIGHT PROPER OF THE GOHONZON. OFTEN, A KYO-JOKU (SUTRA TABLE) WOULD BE PLACED IN FRONT OF THE SCROLL, WITH A SUTRA BY SHINRAN SHONIN ON THE TABLE. THE SCROLL DEPICTS VENERABLE MASTER SHINRAN SHONIN (1173-1263), FOUNDER OF JODO SHINSHU ALSO KNOWN AS SHIN BUDDHISM. ONE OF THE GREAT FIGURES OF JAPANESE BUDDHISM, SHINRAN WAS BORN IN KYOTO AS THE ELDEST SON OF THE FUJIWARA CLAN. HE TAUGHT ORDINARY PEOPLE AN EASY PATH IN THEIR QUEST TO ATTAIN THE PURE LAND OF ENLIGHTENMENT (NIRVANA) BY THE WORKING OF AMIDA BUDDHA. *** NOTE: THIS SCROLL CONTEXT WAS EDITTED ON 19 NOVEMBER 2009 AFTER THE ORIGINAL INFORMATION, ATTRIBUTING THE IMAGE TO RENNYO SHONIN, WAS DEEMED TO BE INACCURATE BY BTSA'S REV. IZUMI.
Catalogue Number
P20070020002
Acquisition Date
2007-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
REPLICA MATSU STATUE
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1899
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20010099015
  5 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
REPLICA MATSU STATUE
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1899
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Height
18.0
Diameter
6.4
Description
CARVED OUT OF A SINGLE PIECE OF WOOD. THE OUTSIDE OF THE STATUE IS ENGRAVED WITH AN INTRICATE SEASCAPE. ONE HALF OF THE STATUE OPENS UP (TWO QUARTERS) TO SHOW AN EXTREMELY INTRICATE THREE DIMENSIONAL RELIEF OF THE GODESS MATSU AS WELL AS HER TWO BODY GUARDS FLANKING HER ON EITHER SIDE. ONE HAS HIS HAND UP TO EYES AS IF LOOKING INTO DISTANCE, THE OTHER, USING HIS HAND TO AMPLIFY SOUND AT LEFT EAR. ENGRAVED AROUND THIS INTERIOR RELIEF, ARE CHINESE CHARACTERS. THE WOOD IS NOT VARNISHED, OR PAINTED. THE STATUE IS CONTAINED INSIDE A RED BOX THAT IS TIED SHUT WITH TWO RIBBONS. THE DIMENSIONS OF THE BOX, ARE HEIGHT- 8.4CM LENGTH- 21.0CM, WIDTH- 9.4 CM.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
POLITICS
History
THIS REPLICA OF THE STATUE OF MATSU LOCATED IN TAINAN CITY TAIWAN, WAS CARVED OUT OF A SINGLE BLOCK OF WOOD SOMETIME DURING THE 19TH CENTURY. THIS ARTIFACT WAS ORIGINALLY CREATED AS A REPLICA OF THE ORIGINAL MATSU STATUE. MAYOR CARPENTER (1986-2001) HELPED CARRY ON HIS SECOND TRIP TO TAIWAN DURING THE 377TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RETURN OF MATSU - THE GODDESS OF THE SEA. IT IS EXTREMELY RARE WITH ONLY 5 OR 6 IN THE WORLD. FOR BELIEVERS OF THE BUDDHIST OR TAOIST FAITH, THIS ARTIFACT IS PRICELESS. THIS PRICE WAS QUOTED TO MAYOR CARPENTER UPON IT BEING GIVEN TO HIM. THIS WAS THE FIRST TIME THIS ARTIFACT WAS GIVEN TO A CIVILIAN. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THIS TRIP TO TAIWAN, SEE P20010099001. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILE ARTIFACTS AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING AN ALTER CLOTH AND A SASH DONATED BY DAVID CARPENTER. ON 8 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED CARPENTER REGARDING HIS DONATION OF 22 ARITFACTS RELATED TO HIS TRIPS TO TAIWAN AS THE MAYOR OF LETHBRIDGE. THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE EMPLOYEE, WEI QUO, WHO ACTED AS TRANSLATOR DURING THESE TRIPS WAS ALSO A PART OF THE 8 MAY 2018 INTERVIEW. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR THE FULL INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P20010099015
Acquisition Date
2002-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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