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Other Name
KNEELING BOARD
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041592
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNEELING BOARD
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
COTTON, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.5
Length
35.5
Width
19.1
Description
SLIGHTLY CURVED RECTANGULAR WOOD BOARD WITH LINEN COVERED CUSHION. COVERING IS BROWN AND RED WITH CRANES. ONE CORNER IS WORN THROUGH AND TORN. BACK OF BOARD HAS PAPER COVERING WITH MULTIPLE COLUMNS OF JAPANESE CHARACTERS.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
DONOR RELATES THAT THIS CUSHION IS A KNEELING BOARD USED TO PRAY AND MEDITATE. DONOR IS UNSURE OF ITS ORIGINS BUT BELIEVES THAT IT WAS BROUGHT TO CANADA BY ONE OF HER PARENTS, BOTH OF WHOM WERE DEVOUT PEOPLE. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041592
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LADIES TRAINMEN
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
2002
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20060010001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LADIES TRAINMEN
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
2002
Materials
WOOD, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.5
Length
28.5
Width
7.5
Description
WOODEN GAVEL WITH GRN,RD AND WHT RIBBONS. DECORATIVE TURNED HANDLE.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
GAVEL WAS USED BY THE PRESIDENT TO BRING MEETINGS TO ORDER AND "TO STOP THE GOSSIPING". RIBBONS DECORATING THE GAVEL WERE THE LODGE'S COLOURS. DONOR CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE ARTIFACT(S) AS THE LAST PRESIDENT OF THE CPR LADIES LODGE. SINCE THERE WERE NO NEW MEMBERS AND FIVE MEMBERS WERE NEEDED TO HAVE A MEETING, THE LODGE AMALGAMATED WITH MEDICINE HAT. THE PAST SECRETARY MOVED TO A NURSING HOME AND THE DONOR BECAME BOTH PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY. THE AUXILIARY OF THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION, FORMERLY THE LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729 WAS A CHAPTER OF THE LADIES TRAINMEN. THE LADIES AUXILIARY WAS ORGANIZED INFORMALLY BY SOPHIA J. GRANGER SHORTLY AFTER THE FORMATION OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN (BRT) ON 16 SEPTEMBER 1886 IN FORT GRATIOT, MICHIGAN. THE LADIES AUXILIARY WAS FORMALLY RECOGNIZED AT THE BRT CONVENTION IN OCTOBER 1888, AND THE FIRST CHARTER WAS GRANTED TO THE GRAND LODGE LADIES AUXILIARY TO THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN AT FORT GRATIOT ON 23 JANUARY 1889. THE AIMS OF THE LADIES AUXILIARY TO THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN ARE HERE QUOTED FROM THE CONSTITUTION AND GENERAL RULES REVISED TO 1951. "TO UNITE THE FAMILIES OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN; TO PROMOTE THEIR WELFARE SOCIALLY, MORALLY AND INTELLECTUALLY, AND TO ENCOURAGE THEM IN ALL THINGS PERTAINING TO THE GOOD OF THE BROTHERHOOD, THE AUXILIARY HAS BEEN ORGANIZED. CONVINCED THAT IT IS FOR THE GOOD OF THE BROTHERHOOD IN GENERAL, AND FOR OUR OWN WELFARE, THAT A MUTUAL GOOD FEELING SHOULD, AT ALL TIMES, EXIST BETWEEN BOTH ORGANIZATIONS, IT SHALL BE OUR CONSTANT AIM AND ENDEAVOR TO CREATE AND MAINTAIN THE SAME. SUCH ARE THE AIMS AND INTENTIONS OF THE LADIES AUXILIARY TO THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN." ON 10 MARCH 1970 THE BRT MERGED WITH THREE OTHER UNIONS TO BECOME THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION, AND THE NAME OF THE AUXILIARY WAS CHANGED TO LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION UNION. THE ORGANIZATION CONTINUES TO EXIST AT THE TIME OF THIS WRITING. FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729, LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE UNITED TRANSPORTATION, WAS FORMED AT MEETING HELD IN THE MOOSE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE ON 3 FEBRUARY 1922 AS FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729, LADIES AUXILIARY OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN, THE 14 CHARTER MEMBERS OF THE LODGE WERE: MARY E. CAMPBELL, AMANDA CHOINIERE, LORETTA DAVIDSON, MARAGET GOODALL, JESSIE GORDON, MARY V. HIGHTON (SECRETARY), MABEL KEIVER (PAST PRESIDENT), LILLIE MAHON (PRESIDENT), ETTA MACDONALD, LUCY MURPHY, ANNA ROY, CLARA R. SMITH, BLANCHE WANS (VICE PRESIDENT) AND LEORA V. WRAY (TREASURER).MRS. WRAY PROPOSED THE NAME "FRIENDSHIP" FOR THE LODGE, WHICH WAS APPROVED UNANIMOUSLY. A LIST OF PRINCIPAL OFFICERS OF FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729, AS WELL AS ALL MEMBERS WHO JOINED FROM 1922 TO 1989 THAT IS AVAILABLE IN THE LODGE HISTORY. THE AIMS OF FRIENDSHIP LODGE WERE THE SAME AS THOSE OF THE PARENT ORGANIZATION. IN ADDITION, THE LODGE REGULARLY CONTRIBUTED MONEY AS WELL AS VOLUNTEERED GOODS AND TIME TO ORGANIZATIONS SUCH AS THE SALVATION ARMY, LETHBRIDGE HANDICAPPED RIDING ASSOCIATION, LETHBRIDGE SOUP KITCHEN AND LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL HOSPITAL. IN THE MID 1990S, THE MEMBERSHIP OF THE LODGE BEGAN TO DECLINE AS MEMBERS GREW OLDER, AND NO NEW MEMBERS WERE RECRUITED. THE CHARITABLE ACTIVITIES OF FRIENDSHIP LODGE NO. 729 CEASED ABOUT THE TURN OF THE 21ST CENTURY AND THE LODGE SURRENDERED ITS CHARTER ON 31 DECEMBER 2004.
Catalogue Number
P20060010001
Acquisition Date
2006-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SYNTHETIC MATERIAL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20060010002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1922
Date Range To
1970
Materials
SYNTHETIC MATERIAL, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Length
112
Width
14
Description
BLK SHEER VEIL. FIVE HOLES ON END OF VEIL. VEIL EDGE GATHERED BY CLOTH RIBBON WITH PIN ATTACHED TO ONE RIBBON. SMALL PERMA-PLEATS ARE FOLDED INTO THE MATERIAL. BLK SQUARE COTTON CLOTH WITH LOOSE WEAVE.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
DONOR CAME INTO POSSESSION OF THE ARTIFACT(S) AS THE LAST PRESIDENT OF THE CPR LADIES LODGE. SINCE THERE WERE NO NEW MEMBERS AND FIVE MEMBERS WERE NEEDED TO HAVE A MEETING, THE LODGE AMALGAMATED WITH MEDICINE HAT. THE PAST SECRETARY MOVED TO A NURSING HOME AND THE DONOR BECAME BOTH PRESIDENT AND SECRETARY. BLK VEIL WAS USED TO DRAPE THE CHARTER WHEN MEMBERS DIED AND LIKELY KEPT IN THE "ELITE SUPREME" BOX. (DONOR COULD NOT QUITE RECALL THE BOX, BUT ASSUMED THAT IS WHAT IT WAS FOR). BLK CLOTH WAS DRAPED OVER THE ALTER AND A BIBLE WAS PLACED ON TOP OF BOTH. THE PASSING (FUNERARY) CEREMONY WAS HELD IN MAY, THE LAST BEING HELD IN THE 70S. ONCE THE MEETINGS BEGAN TO BE HELD IN HOMES THE CEREMONY DID NOT CONTINUE. SEE P20060010001 FOR COMPLETE HISTORY ON THE CPR LADIES LODGE.
Catalogue Number
P20060010002
Acquisition Date
2006-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CROSS
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2003
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20060021009
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CROSS
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2003
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
40.5
Length
21.5
Width
10
Description
WOOD CROSS ON THREE TIER WOOD BASE. BOTTOM OF BASE IS MARKED "A. C_AY 1929-1932".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
CROSS WAS PLACED ON A FLOWER TABLE AT THE ST. MARY'S CHURCH IN THE MAIN SECTION. IT WAS ALSO SOMETIMES USED FOR OTHER PURPOSES, INCLUDING THE PENITENTIAL SEASON OF LENT LEADING UP TO GOOD FRIDAY. IT WAS USED ON GOOD FRIDAY BECAUSE WOOD IS CONSIDERED TO BE LESS EXTRAVAGANT THEN ANY OTHER TYPE OF METAL. ST MARY’S ANGLICAN CHURCH BEGAN EARLY IN THE 1900S. THE EARLIEST ARCHIVAL RECORD IS A STATEMENT MADE IN JANUARY, 1906 THAT A GROUP OF PROMINENT MEMBERS OF ST. AUGUSTIN’S PARISHIONERS AGREED TO COVER A DEFICIT IN THE OPERATION OF ST. MARY’S MISSION UP TO $300. APPARENTLY, ST. MARY’S EXISTED BEFORE THIS DECISION, BUT IT IS UNKNOWN FOR HOW LONG. A FORMAL ORGANIZATION MEETING FOR ST. MARY’S MISSION WAS HELD ON APRIL 20. 1908. THE SEPARATE PARISH OF ST. MARY’S WAS ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 1, 1910. THE “NEW” CHURCH WAS BUILT IN 1912, AND USED BY THE PARISH UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 2003. THE NORTH SIDE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP THEN RENTED THE BUILDING UNTIL 2006, WHEN THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD TO A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL. THERE WERE AT LEAST EIGHT RECTORS (PRIESTS) AT ST MARY’S BETWEEN 1910 AND 1944, INCLUDING SOME PERIODS OF TIME WHEN NO PRIEST WAS AVAILABLE (OR AFFORDABLE). IN 1944, ROBERT COWAN ARRIVED AND SERVED ST. MARY’S FOR THE NEXT 37 YEARS UNTIL 1981, A TERM UNPARALLELED IN THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. IT WAS DURING THIS TIME THAT ST. MARY’S BECAME KNOWN HAS ST. MARY THE VIRGIN. CANON COWAN RETURNED TO ST MARY’S AS A PARISHIONER FOR A FEW YEARS LATER, AND REMAINED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1999. MICHAEL EBSWORTH SERVED AS RECTOR FROM 1981 UNTIL 1994, WHEN HE RESIGNED DUE TO HEALTH REASONS. FATHER EBSWORTH REMAINED A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE, OFTEN SERVING AS A “VISITING” PRIEST, AND HE TOOK PART IN THE FINAL SERVICE AT ST. MARY’S HELD ON AUGUST 14, 2003. IN THE FINAL DECADE OF ST MARY’S EXISTENCE, FIVE OTHER PRIESTS SERVED THE PARISH, INCLUDING TWO FEMALE PRIESTS WHICH SOME FOUND SURPRISING DUE TO ST. MARY’S TRADITIONAL LITURGICAL PRACTICES. THE CHURCH CLOSED AND AMALGAMATED WITH THE ANGLICAN PARISH OF ST. AUGUSTINE. OTHER OBJECTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH ST. MARY'S OPERATION WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE, ST MARY'S WAS THE LONGEST OPERATING OF ANY LETHBRIDGE CHURCH IN THE CURRENT PREMISES. FOR COMPLETE HISTORY SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060021001.
Catalogue Number
P20060021009
Acquisition Date
2006-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PULPIT HANGING
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
VELVET, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20060021014
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PULPIT HANGING
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Materials
VELVET, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
44
Width
42
Description
MAROON VELVET PULPIT HANGING WITH MAROON AND GOLD FRINGE AT BOTTOM EDGE. BACK IS LINED WITH A PNK COTTON.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
PULPIT HANGING AND OTHER TEXTILES(P20060021011 TO P20060021018 AND P20060021020) WERE FOUND IN A TRUNK (SEE P20060021021) WHEN PARISHONERS CLEANED OUT ST. MARY'S CHURCH IN PREPERATION FOR ITS FUTURE SALE. NO ONE FROM THE CHURCH AT THE TIME OF THE DONATION COULD RECALL ANY INFORMATION ABOUT THE TRUNK OR ITS CONTENTS. THE ALTER FRONTALS DID NOT FIT THE ALTER WHICH BEGAN ITS USED IN 1955. IT IS ASSUMED THAT THE TEXTILES WERE USED IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE PARISH'S EXISTENCE. ST MARY’S ANGLICAN CHURCH BEGAN EARLY IN THE 1900S. THE EARLIEST ARCHIVAL RECORD IS A STATEMENT MADE IN JANUARY, 1906 THAT A GROUP OF PROMINENT MEMBERS OF ST. AUGUSTIN’S PARISHIONERS AGREED TO COVER A DEFICIT IN THE OPERATION OF ST. MARY’S MISSION UP TO $300. APPARENTLY, ST. MARY’S EXISTED BEFORE THIS DECISION, BUT IT IS UNKNOWN FOR HOW LONG. A FORMAL ORGANIZATION MEETING FOR ST. MARY’S MISSION WAS HELD ON APRIL 20. 1908. THE SEPARATE PARISH OF ST. MARY’S WAS ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 1, 1910. THE “NEW” CHURCH WAS BUILT IN 1912, AND USED BY THE PARISH UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 2003. THE NORTH SIDE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP THEN RENTED THE BUILDING UNTIL 2006, WHEN THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD TO A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL. THERE WERE AT LEAST EIGHT RECTORS (PRIESTS) AT ST MARY’S BETWEEN 1910 AND 1944, INCLUDING SOME PERIODS OF TIME WHEN NO PRIEST WAS AVAILABLE (OR AFFORDABLE). IN 1944, ROBERT COWAN ARRIVED AND SERVED ST. MARY’S FOR THE NEXT 37 YEARS UNTIL 1981, A TERM UNPARALLELED IN THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. IT WAS DURING THIS TIME THAT ST. MARY’S BECAME KNOWN HAS ST. MARY THE VIRGIN. CANON COWAN RETURNED TO ST MARY’S AS A PARISHIONER FOR A FEW YEARS LATER, AND REMAINED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1999. MICHAEL EBSWORTH SERVED AS RECTOR FROM 1981 UNTIL 1994, WHEN HE RESIGNED DUE TO HEALTH REASONS. FATHER EBSWORTH REMAINED A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE, OFTEN SERVING AS A “VISITING” PRIEST, AND HE TOOK PART IN THE FINAL SERVICE AT ST. MARY’S HELD ON AUGUST 14, 2003. IN THE FINAL DECADE OF ST MARY’S EXISTENCE, FIVE OTHER PRIESTS SERVED THE PARISH, INCLUDING TWO FEMALE PRIESTS WHICH SOME FOUND SURPRISING DUE TO ST. MARY’S TRADITIONAL LITURGICAL PRACTICES. THE CHURCH CLOSED AND AMALGAMATED WITH THE ANGLICAN PARISH OF ST. AUGUSTINE. OTHER OBJECTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH ST. MARY'S OPERATION WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE, ST MARY'S WAS THE LONGEST OPERATING OF ANY LETHBRIDGE CHURCH IN THE CURRENT PREMISES. FOR COMPLETE HISTORY SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060021001.
Catalogue Number
P20060021014
Acquisition Date
2006-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PULPIT HANGING
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
VELVET, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20060021015
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PULPIT HANGING
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Materials
VELVET, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
58
Width
59.5
Description
MAROON VELVET PULPIT HANGING WITH MAROON AND GOLD FRINGE AT BOTTOM EDGE. BACK IS LINED WITH A PNK COTTON.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
PULPIT HANGING AND OTHER TEXTILES(P20060021011 TO P20060021018 AND P20060021020) WERE FOUND IN A TRUNK (SEE P20060021021) WHEN PARISHONERS CLEANED OUT ST. MARY'S CHURCH IN PREPERATION FOR ITS FUTURE SALE. NO ONE FROM THE CHURCH AT THE TIME OF THE DONATION COULD RECALL ANY INFORMATION ABOUT THE TRUNK OR ITS CONTENTS. THE ALTER FRONTALS DID NOT FIT THE ALTER WHICH BEGAN ITS USED IN 1955. IT IS ASSUMED THAT THE TEXTILES WERE USED IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE PARISH'S EXISTENCE. ST MARY’S ANGLICAN CHURCH BEGAN EARLY IN THE 1900S. THE EARLIEST ARCHIVAL RECORD IS A STATEMENT MADE IN JANUARY, 1906 THAT A GROUP OF PROMINENT MEMBERS OF ST. AUGUSTIN’S PARISHIONERS AGREED TO COVER A DEFICIT IN THE OPERATION OF ST. MARY’S MISSION UP TO $300. APPARENTLY, ST. MARY’S EXISTED BEFORE THIS DECISION, BUT IT IS UNKNOWN FOR HOW LONG. A FORMAL ORGANIZATION MEETING FOR ST. MARY’S MISSION WAS HELD ON APRIL 20. 1908. THE SEPARATE PARISH OF ST. MARY’S WAS ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 1, 1910. THE “NEW” CHURCH WAS BUILT IN 1912, AND USED BY THE PARISH UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 2003. THE NORTH SIDE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP THEN RENTED THE BUILDING UNTIL 2006, WHEN THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD TO A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL. THERE WERE AT LEAST EIGHT RECTORS (PRIESTS) AT ST MARY’S BETWEEN 1910 AND 1944, INCLUDING SOME PERIODS OF TIME WHEN NO PRIEST WAS AVAILABLE (OR AFFORDABLE). IN 1944, ROBERT COWAN ARRIVED AND SERVED ST. MARY’S FOR THE NEXT 37 YEARS UNTIL 1981, A TERM UNPARALLELED IN THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. IT WAS DURING THIS TIME THAT ST. MARY’S BECAME KNOWN HAS ST. MARY THE VIRGIN. CANON COWAN RETURNED TO ST MARY’S AS A PARISHIONER FOR A FEW YEARS LATER, AND REMAINED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1999. MICHAEL EBSWORTH SERVED AS RECTOR FROM 1981 UNTIL 1994, WHEN HE RESIGNED DUE TO HEALTH REASONS. FATHER EBSWORTH REMAINED A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE, OFTEN SERVING AS A “VISITING” PRIEST, AND HE TOOK PART IN THE FINAL SERVICE AT ST. MARY’S HELD ON AUGUST 14, 2003. IN THE FINAL DECADE OF ST MARY’S EXISTENCE, FIVE OTHER PRIESTS SERVED THE PARISH, INCLUDING TWO FEMALE PRIESTS WHICH SOME FOUND SURPRISING DUE TO ST. MARY’S TRADITIONAL LITURGICAL PRACTICES. THE CHURCH CLOSED AND AMALGAMATED WITH THE ANGLICAN PARISH OF ST. AUGUSTINE. OTHER OBJECTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH ST. MARY'S OPERATION WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE, ST MARY'S WAS THE LONGEST OPERATING OF ANY LETHBRIDGE CHURCH IN THE CURRENT PREMISES. FOR COMPLETE HISTORY SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060021001.
Catalogue Number
P20060021015
Acquisition Date
2006-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LENT PULPIT HANGING
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20060021016
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LENT PULPIT HANGING
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
41
Width
58
Description
DARK PRPL EMBOSSED TAPESTRY. WHT EMBROIDERED CROSS IN CENTER SURROUNDED BY CROWN OF THORNS. BOTTOM FRINGE OF WHT AND PRPL STRING. BACK OF HANGING IS LINED WITH PRPL COTTON WITH FIVE LOOPS ATTACHED FOR HANGING, ONE IS BROKEN.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
PULPIT HANGING AND OTHER TEXTILES(P20060021011 TO P20060021018 AND P20060021020) WERE FOUND IN A TRUNK (SEE P20060021021) WHEN PARISHONERS CLEANED OUT ST. MARY'S CHURCH IN PREPERATION FOR ITS FUTURE SALE. NO ONE FROM THE CHURCH AT THE TIME OF THE DONATION COULD RECALL ANY INFORMATION ABOUT THE TRUNK OR ITS CONTENTS. THE ALTER FRONTALS DID NOT FIT THE ALTER WHICH BEGAN ITS USED IN 1955. IT IS ASSUMED THAT THE TEXTILES WERE USED IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE PARISH'S EXISTENCE. ST MARY’S ANGLICAN CHURCH BEGAN EARLY IN THE 1900S. THE EARLIEST ARCHIVAL RECORD IS A STATEMENT MADE IN JANUARY, 1906 THAT A GROUP OF PROMINENT MEMBERS OF ST. AUGUSTIN’S PARISHIONERS AGREED TO COVER A DEFICIT IN THE OPERATION OF ST. MARY’S MISSION UP TO $300. APPARENTLY, ST. MARY’S EXISTED BEFORE THIS DECISION, BUT IT IS UNKNOWN FOR HOW LONG. A FORMAL ORGANIZATION MEETING FOR ST. MARY’S MISSION WAS HELD ON APRIL 20. 1908. THE SEPARATE PARISH OF ST. MARY’S WAS ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 1, 1910. THE “NEW” CHURCH WAS BUILT IN 1912, AND USED BY THE PARISH UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 2003. THE NORTH SIDE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP THEN RENTED THE BUILDING UNTIL 2006, WHEN THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD TO A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL. THERE WERE AT LEAST EIGHT RECTORS (PRIESTS) AT ST MARY’S BETWEEN 1910 AND 1944, INCLUDING SOME PERIODS OF TIME WHEN NO PRIEST WAS AVAILABLE (OR AFFORDABLE). IN 1944, ROBERT COWAN ARRIVED AND SERVED ST. MARY’S FOR THE NEXT 37 YEARS UNTIL 1981, A TERM UNPARALLELED IN THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. IT WAS DURING THIS TIME THAT ST. MARY’S BECAME KNOWN HAS ST. MARY THE VIRGIN. CANON COWAN RETURNED TO ST MARY’S AS A PARISHIONER FOR A FEW YEARS LATER, AND REMAINED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1999. MICHAEL EBSWORTH SERVED AS RECTOR FROM 1981 UNTIL 1994, WHEN HE RESIGNED DUE TO HEALTH REASONS. FATHER EBSWORTH REMAINED A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE, OFTEN SERVING AS A “VISITING” PRIEST, AND HE TOOK PART IN THE FINAL SERVICE AT ST. MARY’S HELD ON AUGUST 14, 2003. IN THE FINAL DECADE OF ST MARY’S EXISTENCE, FIVE OTHER PRIESTS SERVED THE PARISH, INCLUDING TWO FEMALE PRIESTS WHICH SOME FOUND SURPRISING DUE TO ST. MARY’S TRADITIONAL LITURGICAL PRACTICES. THE CHURCH CLOSED AND AMALGAMATED WITH THE ANGLICAN PARISH OF ST. AUGUSTINE. OTHER OBJECTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH ST. MARY'S OPERATION WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE, ST MARY'S WAS THE LONGEST OPERATING OF ANY LETHBRIDGE CHURCH IN THE CURRENT PREMISES. FOR COMPLETE HISTORY SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060021001.
Catalogue Number
P20060021016
Acquisition Date
2006-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ST MARY'S CHURCH
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20060021017
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ST MARY'S CHURCH
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1955
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
120
Width
5
Description
WHT STOLE WITH GROS-GRAINED RIBBON FRINGE. BOTTOM OF ENDS OF STOLE DISPLAYS A EMBROIDERED GLD CROSS. BELOW CROSS FEATURES ORANGE, YLLW AND WHT FRINGE. FEW STAINS AND MARKS ON STOLE.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
STOLE AND OTHER TEXTILES(P20060021011 TO P20060021018 AND P20060021020) WERE FOUND IN A TRUNK (SEE P20060021021) WHEN PARISHONERS CLEANED OUT ST. MARY'S CHURCH IN PREPERATION FOR ITS FUTURE SALE. NO ONE FROM THE CHURCH AT THE TIME OF THE DONATION COULD RECALL ANY INFORMATION ABOUT THE TRUNK OR ITS CONTENTS. THE ALTER FRONTALS DID NOT FIT THE ALTER WHICH BEGAN ITS USED IN 1955. IT IS ASSUMED THAT THE TEXTILES WERE USED IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE PARISH'S EXISTENCE. ST MARY’S ANGLICAN CHURCH BEGAN EARLY IN THE 1900S. THE EARLIEST ARCHIVAL RECORD IS A STATEMENT MADE IN JANUARY, 1906 THAT A GROUP OF PROMINENT MEMBERS OF ST. AUGUSTIN’S PARISHIONERS AGREED TO COVER A DEFICIT IN THE OPERATION OF ST. MARY’S MISSION UP TO $300. APPARENTLY, ST. MARY’S EXISTED BEFORE THIS DECISION, BUT IT IS UNKNOWN FOR HOW LONG. A FORMAL ORGANIZATION MEETING FOR ST. MARY’S MISSION WAS HELD ON APRIL 20. 1908. THE SEPARATE PARISH OF ST. MARY’S WAS ESTABLISHED ON FEBRUARY 1, 1910. THE “NEW” CHURCH WAS BUILT IN 1912, AND USED BY THE PARISH UNTIL IT CLOSED IN 2003. THE NORTH SIDE CHRISTIAN FELLOWSHIP THEN RENTED THE BUILDING UNTIL 2006, WHEN THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD TO A PRIVATE INDIVIDUAL. THERE WERE AT LEAST EIGHT RECTORS (PRIESTS) AT ST MARY’S BETWEEN 1910 AND 1944, INCLUDING SOME PERIODS OF TIME WHEN NO PRIEST WAS AVAILABLE (OR AFFORDABLE). IN 1944, ROBERT COWAN ARRIVED AND SERVED ST. MARY’S FOR THE NEXT 37 YEARS UNTIL 1981, A TERM UNPARALLELED IN THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. IT WAS DURING THIS TIME THAT ST. MARY’S BECAME KNOWN HAS ST. MARY THE VIRGIN. CANON COWAN RETURNED TO ST MARY’S AS A PARISHIONER FOR A FEW YEARS LATER, AND REMAINED UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1999. MICHAEL EBSWORTH SERVED AS RECTOR FROM 1981 UNTIL 1994, WHEN HE RESIGNED DUE TO HEALTH REASONS. FATHER EBSWORTH REMAINED A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE, OFTEN SERVING AS A “VISITING” PRIEST, AND HE TOOK PART IN THE FINAL SERVICE AT ST. MARY’S HELD ON AUGUST 14, 2003. IN THE FINAL DECADE OF ST MARY’S EXISTENCE, FIVE OTHER PRIESTS SERVED THE PARISH, INCLUDING TWO FEMALE PRIESTS WHICH SOME FOUND SURPRISING DUE TO ST. MARY’S TRADITIONAL LITURGICAL PRACTICES. THE CHURCH CLOSED AND AMALGAMATED WITH THE ANGLICAN PARISH OF ST. AUGUSTINE. OTHER OBJECTS AND ARCHIVAL MATERIALS ASSOCIATED WITH ST. MARY'S OPERATION WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE ANGLICAN DIOCESE OF CALGARY. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE, ST MARY'S WAS THE LONGEST OPERATING OF ANY LETHBRIDGE CHURCH IN THE CURRENT PREMISES. FOR COMPLETE HISTORY SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060021001.
Catalogue Number
P20060021017
Acquisition Date
2006-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
REPUBLIC OF CHINA KUOMINTANG PARTY
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAYON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20110031013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
REPUBLIC OF CHINA KUOMINTANG PARTY
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
2000
Materials
RAYON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
111
Length
139.5
Description
RECTANGULAR BLUE RAYON FLAG WITH CENTRAL DESIGN DEPICTING A WHITE CIRCLE BORDERED WITH 12 WHITE TRIANGLES. DESIGN IS VISIBLE ON BOTH SIDES. ONE VERTICAL EDGE OF FLAG HAS A WHITE COTTON SLEEVE SEWN TO IT, WITH WHITE COTTON TIES AT TOP AND BOTTOM. FABRIC IS CREASED IN DISCOLOURED THROUGHOUT. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT COMES FROM INTERVIEWS HELD WITH MAY LEE AND JUDY CHAN, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND JANICE WONG. PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE FOUND BELOW THE ARTIFACT DETAILS AND BELOW THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING. RICHARD INDICATED THAT SOMETIMES A FLAG LIKE THIS WOULD BE FLOWN OUTSIDE OF THE SOCIETY BUILDING: “[THE FLAG’S WERE SOMETIMES FLOWN OUTSIDE] THEY HAD TWO POLES. ONE SIDE IS THE NATIONAL, ONE SIDE IS THE PARTY.” HE ADDED: “YES. ONE ON EACH SIDE – THE NATIONAL ONE SIDE; THE PARTY ONE SIDE, BECAUSE HE STARTED THE PARTY – DR. SUN YAT-SEN. THIS IS SUPPOSED TO BE THE SUN; THAT’S SUPPOSED TO BE THE SKY. THAT’S ALL I CAN TELL YOU." MAY ADDED THAT FLAG REMINDED HER OF THE GUOMINDANG AND THE PARTIES THAT WERE HELD THERE. A SERIES OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD GIVE BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY AND ITS BUILDING: THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY WAS BUILT IN 1909-1910 IN THE 300 BLOCK OF 2 AVENUE SOUTH AND IT WAS ORIGINALLY A RESTAURANT. BY 1915 IT HAD BECOME THE HEADQUARTERS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE KAO MIN TANG (ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS INCLUDE KUOMINTANG, KUO MIN TANG, GUOMINDANG, AND GUO MIN DANG). THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNATED AS A PROVINCIAL HERITAGE RESOURCE IN 1995 BECAUSE OF ITS VALUE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CHINESE COMMUNITY. THE BUILDING WAS USED IN A VARIETY OF WAYS BY THE SOCIETY AND INCLUDED, AT VARIOUS TIMES, A RESTAURANT, A SCHOOL, AND LIVING ACCOMODATIONS. IN FEBRUARY 2011 A SECTION OF THE BRICK FAÇADE FELL OFF THE BUILDING AND CITY INSPECTORS DETERMINED THAT THE TIMBER AND RED BRICK STRUCTURE WAS POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE. THE BUILDING WAS TORN DOWN A SHORT TIME LATER. LETHBRIDGE'S CHINATOWN EMERGED IN 1901, A RESULT OF THE CHINESE POPULATION BEING RELEGATED TO A SECTION OF THE CITY BETWEEN GALT GARDENS AND THE COULEES. IN A JANUARY 7, 2002 ARTICLE ALBERT LEONG EXPLAINS THAT NO ONE REALLY WANTED CHINESE PEOPLE AROUND AND THAT “’ THEY WERE TOLD THAT THE ONLY PLACE THEY COULD START BUSINESSES WAS BETWEEN THE COULEES AT THE PARK, BECAUSE THE CITY DIDN’T WANT ANY COMPETITION FOR THE WHITE BUSINESSMEN … BUT ‘GHETTO-IZED’ OR NOT, THE CHINESE WHO CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FORMED AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BACKBONE OF THIS CITY, [AND MADE] NOTEWORTHY [CONTRIBUTIONS] TO THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE.’” BUSINESSES SUCH AS LAUNDRIES, MARKET GARDENS, AND RESTAURANTS WERE OPENED IN CHINATOWN, WITH THE RESIDENTS LIVING IN ROOMS ABOVE THE BUSINESSES. IN 1912 THERE WERE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE LIVING IN CHINATOWN AND BY THE 1930S, IT WAS A BUSTLING COMMUNITY. THE POPULATION OF CHINATOWN DWINDLED FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. JANICE WONG, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY IN 2015, GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIETY IN AN INTERVIEW: AS OF 2015, THE SOCIETY EXISTS MORE AS A SOCIAL CLUB AND THE SOCIETY HOLDS THREE CELEBRATORY DINNERS EACH YEAR, USUALLY HELD AT THE NEW DYNASTY RESTAURANT. THE SOCIETY ALSO VISITS THE CEMETERY ON A YEARLY BASIS “TO HONOUR THE ANCESTORS, CLEAN THE TOMBS, BRING FOOD, DO THE USUAL THINGS THAT WE USED TO DO – EAT ON GRAVES, BURN THE INCENSE. WE DO THAT EVERY YEAR STILL TO HONOUR OUR ANCESTORS. IT IS USUALLY IN THE SPRING … IN APRIL.” JANICE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF THE SOCIETY, INDICATING THAT THERE IS SOME TALK ABOUT RE-BUILDING “BUT THAT INVOLVES A LOT OF PLANNING, AND MONEY, AND FUNDRAISING” AND SHE QUESTIONS WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS ENOUGH OF A MEMBERSHIP BASE TO GO FORWARD WITH RE-BUILDING. SHE ALSO EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUS CHINESE IMMIGRANTS HAD TENDED TO COME FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC REGION, BUT THAT PRESENTLY IMMIGRANTS ARE COMING FROM ALL OVER CHINA: “THERE’S A LOT OF INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM CHINA THAT AREN’T FROM THE SAME AREA, BECAUSE TRADITIONALLY, THE PEOPLE WERE ALL FROM THE SAME AREA AND SPOKE THE SAME DIALECT AND HAD THAT SORT OF THING KEEPING THEM TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY OVERSEAS FROM CHINA.” PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE BELOW: MAY LEE: MAY WAS ACTUALLY BORN IN CANADA AND IS KNOWN AS A GOLD MOUNTAIN GIRL, BECAUSE SHE IS A CANADIAN-BORN CHINESE WOMAN. MAY EXPLAINS: “I WAS BORN IN CANADA. I WAS BORN IN NANOOSE BAY. WHEN I WAS 4 YEARS OLD, WE MOVED TO VICTORIA. WHEN I WAS 9 YEARS OLD AND THE WHOLE FAMILY, IN 1930, GO BACK TO CHINA.” DURING THE WAR, THE JAPANESE BOMBED THE GIRLS’ HIGH SCHOOL IN TOCSIN CITY AND MAY’S MOTHER DECIDED TO SEND MAY AND HER BROTHER TO HONG KONG TO START THE PROCESS OF COMING TO CANADA. MAY STARTED ENGLISH SCHOOL IN HONG KONG, BUT OFTEN MISSED CLASSES BECAUSE SHE WAS SICK FROM THE HEAT. SHE SAYS THAT SHE’S LEARNED MOST OF HER ENGLISH FROM HER HUSBAND, HER CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN, AND EVEN GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN. SHE WAS MARRIED TO HOM MEN LEE, AKA JIMMY LEE, ON NOVEMBER 16, 1938 IN VICTORIA, BC. JIMMY WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE GALT HOSPITAL, BUT WAS SENT BACK TO CHINA AS A CHILD FOR HIS EDUCATION. JIMMY’S FAMILY HAD COME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1914 AND OWNED LEE-DUC CLEANERS. THE LEE FAMILY LIVED ABOVE THE SHOP, WHICH WAS ON 13TH STREET NORTH, NEAR HIGA’S JEWELERS. MAY’S MAIN MEMORY OF CHINATOWN: “ALL I REMEMBER IN CHINATOWN, IN SUMMERTIME, LOTS OF OLD GUYS SITTING IN FRONT OF GUOMINDANG. AUNTIE HELEN GREW UP IN CHINATOWN. I THINK SHE KNOWS MORE ABOUT CHINATOWN. IN THE OLDEN DAYS, I HARDLY GO OUT, JUST TO BUY GROCERIES.” JUDY ADDED THAT MAY HAD 8 CHILDREN AND WAS KEPT BUSY AT HOME RAISING THEM. RICHARD LOO: RICHARD ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO RICHARD, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED RICHARD TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. RICHARD LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE FINALLY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT RICHARD WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, RICHARD RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY NOTHING. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL YOU COULD SAY, JUST ANYWAYS HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO’ – SO, ANYWAY, SO IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” RICHARD INITIALLY LIVED IN THE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. RICHARD RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. HONG WONG: HONG ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AND WAS INVITED TO THE CITY BY HIS UNCLE SHUEY WONG, WHO WAS ALREADY LIVING HERE. UNCLE SHUEY HAD COME TO CANADA SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE $500 HEAD TAX. HONG TRAVELED WITH HIS BROTHER FROM MAINLAND CHINA TO HONG KONG, IN ORDER TO GO TO THE CANADIAN EMBASSY. ON HIS FERRY RIDE TO HONG KONG, HE WAS SHOT BY BANDITS AND WAS REQUIRED TO STAY IN THE HOSPITAL FOR QUITE SOME TIME TO RECOVER. HIS BROTHER ELECTED TO REMAIN IN HONG KONG, AS HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW LIVED IN THE CITY AND GOT HONG’S BROTHER WORK IN A THEATRE. TO GET TO CANADA, HONG FLEW FROM JAPAN TO GUAM, TO VANCOUVER, AND THEN FINALLY TO LETHBRIDGE. HIS FIRST IMPRESSION OF LETHBRIDGE: COLD. HONG SAID: “’WELL, IN HONG KONG IT WAS AROUND MAYBE 20 SOME 30 ABOVE. AND HERE, AT THAT TIME, MAYBE 20 BELOW, OR 20 SOME BELOW. I DIDN’T HAVE THE EAR MUFFS. I SAID, ‘GEE, I’M NOT SO HAPPY HERE, IT SEEMS SO COLD.’” UNCLE SHUEY TOLD HONG THAT IT WAS ONE OF THE COLDEST WINTERS HE COULD REMEMBER. HONG WORKED FOR HIS UNCLE IN HIS SHOP ON 9TH AVENUE, DOING CHORES AROUND THE STORE, UNTIL HIS ENGLISH HAD IMPROVED ENOUGH SO THAT HE COULD SERVE CUSTOMERS. HE JOINED THE CHINESE NATIONALIST LEAGUE SOCIETY ALMOST AS SOON AS HE ARRIVED: “WHEN I CAME HERE, I JOINED IN THE SAME YEAR BECAUSE MY UNCLE WAS A MEMBER. SO THAT’S WHY HE GOT ME IN TO BE A MEMBER. OH, AT THAT TIME, I BET, 95% OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE THEY BELONG TO THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, I BELIEVE.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT YOU COULDN’T BE A MEMBER OF BOTH THE SOCIETY AND THE MASONS, AND HE BELIEVES ABOUT 5% OF THE CITY’S CHINESE POPULATION WOULD HAVE BELONGED TO THE MASONS. HE ADDED: “BUT WE ARE STILL FRIENDS, STILL FRIENDS. WE’RE NOT ENEMY OR ANYTHING BUT, IT’S JUST THAT THE ORGANIZATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. THAT’S ALL.” HONG ENJOYED THE CAMARADERIE OF THE SOCIETY. HE SAID: “I REMEMBER, I LIKE IT BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE PARTY AND SO MANY PEOPLE. AND THEN YOU MEET ALL THE CHINESE PEOPLE THERE IN THE ONE GROUP. WELL, ANYWAY, WHEN YOU SEE SO MANY PEOPLE IN ONE PARTY, AND THEN WHEN THEY COME OUT MOSTLY THE PEOPLE THAT PARTY AND IT FEELS LIKE A LOTS OF FRIENDS OR EVEN LIKE THE FAMILY. SO YOU FEEL GOOD, YOU FEEL BETTER, AND THEN, WELL, MY UNCLE BELONGS THERE TOO AND THEN THE OTHERS BELONG THERE TOO, YEAH, EVERYBODY LIKE IN THE BIG FAMILY. YES, NICE, OTHERWISE YOU DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS, YOU DON’T MEET ANYBODY, IF YOU NOT BELONG THERE, I THINK NOT SO FRIENDLY TO YOU.” HONG INDICATED THAT WHEN A SPECIAL MEAL WAS HELD AT THE SOCIETY, IT WAS THE MEN WHO DID THE COOKING: “AT THAT TIME JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY KNOWS HOW TO COOK BECAUSE MOSTLY WE WORK IN THE KITCHEN WHEN THEY CAME HERE.” HE SAID THAT DINERS WOULD PAY A SMALL FEE TO EAT AT THE LEAGUE WHEN SPECIAL MEALS WERE PUT ON. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20110031013
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19900013006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
80
Width
42
Description
LINEN SQUARE NECK YOKE WITH COTTON LACE EDGING AROUND SLEEVES & NECK. LABEL SEWN INSIDE NECK: "J.MCN." PRINTED IN INK. STITCHING ALONG THE SEAMS OF BOTH ARMPITS ARE COMING APART. LACE IS YELLOWING SLIGHTLY.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
USED OVER BLACK CASSOCK FOR REGULAR SERVICES UNTIL 1975. OBLATES ACTIVE IN LETHBRIDGE AREA SINCE 1ST BAPTISM AT FORT HAMILTON BY FATHER SCOLLEN IN 1873. FATHER VAN TIGHEM CELEBRATED THE 1ST MASS IN 1884 IN COALBANKS. THEREAFTER ESTABLISHING A PARISH IN 1886 & BUILDING 1ST ST. PATRICKS CHURCH IN 1887 IN SEPTEMBER VAN TIGHEM MOVED TO NEW PARISH AS ITS PRIEST. THE OBLATE OF MARY IMMACULATE (OMI) HISTORICALLY SOMETIMES CALLED THE BLACKROBES BECAUSE OF THEIR CHARACTERISTIC BLACK ROBES. THE OBLATES ARE RETIRING FROM LETHBRIDGE IN JULY .1990. THIS ROBE WAS NORMALLY WORN WITH A CINCTURE OR BELT SNAP FASTENED AT THE WAIST WITH A LARGE CROSS (12.7 X 20.4) & HUNG BY A CORD FROM THE NECK.
Catalogue Number
P19900013006
Acquisition Date
1990-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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