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Other Name
CARDOX SHELL
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, STEEL, TIN
Catalogue Number
P20030051020
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CARDOX SHELL
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
CARDBOARD, STEEL, TIN
No. Pieces
7
Length
32.0
Diameter
3.4
Description
1. OUTER CASING. 3 PIECES. CENTER PIECE IS A PLAIN CARDBOARD TUBE. OTHER 2 PIECES ARE EACH HALF OF A TUBE AND FIT OVER TOP OF CENTER TUBE. 2 OUTER PIECES EACH ARE OPEN AT ONE END AND HAVE A TIN CAP AT THE OTHER END. PRINTED ON ONE OUTER TUBE, IN BLACK INK, IS "DONATED TO JIM BROWN MINERS LIBRARY FROM ED FORD". PRINTED ON OTHER OUTER TUBE, IN BLACK INK, IS "SAMPLE CARDOX SHELL #8 MINE + SHAUNESSY MINE ED. FORD". 2. CARDOX SHELL. 4 PIECES. CYLINDRICAL, STEEL. EACH END OF SHELL SCREWS OFF. ONE END IS FLAT, OTHER END IS ROUNDED. INSIDE ONE END OF SHELL IS A CARDBOARD TUBE WITH GRANULES INSIDE. PRINTED ON SHELL, IN BLACK INK, IS "CARDOX SHELL #8 MINE - SHAUNESSY E.C. FORD".
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
COAL MINING
ASSOCIATIONS
History
RETRIEVED FROM THE MINERS' LIBRARY BUILDING ON 13TH STREET NORTH AFTER ITS CLOSURE. LIBRARY MATERIALS AND MINING MEMORABILIA WERE KEPT IN A DISPLAY CASE LOCATED IN THE SOUTH WEST CORNER OF THE MAIN FLOOR CLUB ROOM. THE ORIGIN OF THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY BEGINS WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY AND READING ROOM BY THE EMPLOYEES OF THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND COAL CO., IN 1890. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LIBRARY WAS FOLLOWING IN THE TRADITION OF THE MECHANICS' LIBRARIES, ALSO CALLED MECAHNICS' INSTITUTES, THAT SPRANG UP ACROSS EASTERN NORTH AMERICA IN THE MID 1800S. THEY WERE SELF-HELP INSTITUTES SET UP BY WORKING MEN TO PROVIDE EDUCATION FOR WORKING MEN SO THEY COULD BETTER THEMSELVES IN LIFE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO THOSE WHO WANTED TO MOVE UP THE ECHELON IN THE COAL MINE. IT WAS ORIGINALLY HOUSED IN A SMALL BUILDING NEXT DOOR TO 108 5TH STREET SOUTH, AND MEMBERSHIP WAS NOT RESTRICTED TO MINERS. A YEAR LATER THE EMPLOYEES RENOVATED THE FORMER #1 BOARDING HOUSE, LOCATED ON THE NORTH SIDE OF MACLEOD ROAD, FOR RELOCATION OF THE LIBRARY AND WHEN THIS LARGER BUILDING OPENED IT IS SAID TO HAVE HAD 300 BOOKS. WITH THE REORGANIZATION OF THE GALT COMPANIES IN 1904, THE AR&C COMPANY'S EMPLOYEES' READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY BECAME THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND IRRIGATION COMPANY'S EMPLOYEE'S READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY. THE LIBRARY CONTAINED 1500 BOOKS, PLUS MANY MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS. IN 1908 THE SOCIETY WAS REFERRED TO AS THE GALT MINER'S LIBRARY, AND STILL IN THE #1 BOARDING HOUSE BUILDING, IT CONTAINED A BILLIARD ROOM AND GYMNASIUM. THE NEXT KNOWN MOVE OF THE LIBRARY WAS IN 1917 WHEN THE GALT MINES LIBRARY PURCHASED THE BAILEY ST. SCHOOL AND MOVED IT TO 733 13TH ST. NORTH - WHERE IT IS STILL PART OF THE MODERN BUILDING THAT USED TO BE THE MINER'S LIBRARY. AFTER THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY IN THE YMCA IN 1919 AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CARNEGIE FUNDED LIBRARY IN GALT GARDENS, THE 'LIBRARY AND READING ROOM' ACTIVITIES BECAME OF LESSER IMPORTANCE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY BECAME MORE OF A SOCIAL CLUB WHICH HAS GIVEN GREAT FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO MANY ASPECTS OF THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY. A BAR AREA IN THE CLUB'S BASEMENT PROVIDED A SPACE FOR PRIVATE FUNCTIONS SUCH AS WEDDINGS, OFFICE PARTIES, FUNERALS AND VARIOUS CLUB ACTIVITIES. THE UPSTAIRS BLACK NUGGET LOUNGE OFFERED MEALS, DRINKS, LIVE MUSIC, DARTS, POOL, CRIB AND VLTS. LONG TIME MEMBERS COULD BUY THEIR CHAIR AND HAVE THEIR NAME ON IT. A REGISTERED NON-PROFIT SOCIETY, THE CLUB MADE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FORMER ADAMS PARK BALL FIELD AND SPECTATOR STANDS, AND SUPPORTED MANY SPORTS AND SPORTS TEAMS THROUGH THE YEARS. THERE ARE ALSO SEVERAL PARKS THAT HAVE THEIR ROOTS IN FUNDS FROM THE LIBRARY. THE CLUB WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BUILDING PAVAN PARK, AND VARIOUS SPORTS VENUES. AS MEMBERSHIP IN THE CLUB DWINDLED THE CLUB'S SALES COULD NOT COVER THE DAILY COSTS OF RUNNING THE OPERATION. IN 2000 FUNDRAISING EFFORTS WERE UNDERTAKEN, AND ALONG WITH AN AUCTION AND CRAFT AND BAKE SALES, THE CLUB SOLICITED DONATIONS FOR THE FIRST TIME IN ITS HISTORY. HOWEVER, BY 2003 THE CLUB HAD ONLY 300 MEMBERS (LESS THAN 1/3 OF THAT 3 YEARS PRIOR) AND AFTER 113 YEARS IT WAS FORCED TO CLOSE IT'S DOORS. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY CLUB WAS THE LONGEST STANDING MEN-ONLY CLUB, AND THE OLDEST CONTINUALLY RUNNING CLUB IN ALBERTA.
Catalogue Number
P20030051020
Acquisition Date
2004-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail