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Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.9
Length
9.4
Width
8.5
Description
ALTIMETER, GAUGE, METAL AND GLASS. BLACK FACE WITH BROWNISH RED NUMBERS AND BROWNISH RED AND BLACK NEEDLE, NUMBERS MARKED “0…18” AROUND EDGES, FACE MARKED “ALTITUDE… PIONEER…A743B-1137.” CASE SURROUNDING FACE IS BLACK PAINTED METAL, PAINT LOSS ON FRONT, FOUR HOLES IN FOUR CORNERS AND METAL ROD ON BOTTOM FRONT OF FACE. PAPER LABEL COMING OFF OF BACK OF GAUGE MARKED “UNDER, PATEN(?),” REDDISH BROWN AND PUCE SPLATTERS ON SIDE OF GAUGE.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE ALTIMETER FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON. CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN LARSON AND "STEPHENS" (NICKNAMED STEVIE) FROM FEBRUARY 23 - MARCH 3, 1937 SHOWS THAT THEY WERE TRYING TO FIND AN ALTIMETER TO SUIT THEIR NEEDS. IT IS POSSIBLE THIS ARTIFACT IS THE "PIONEER ALTIMETER IN A SECOND HAND STORE FOR WHICH THE YID WANTED BUCKS TWO AND A HALF," STEPHENS WAS REFERRING TO. "LARSON SPENT HIS EARLY DAYS IN LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE COMPLETED HIGH SCHOOL. HIS FATHER WAS A CARPENTER AND MASTER CRAFTSMEN. LARSON BECAME INTERESTED IN AVIATION AFTER LINDBERG FLEW THE ATLANTIC. HE AND HIS FRIENDS, IVAN THOMSON AND JIM FINDLAY, BEGAN BUILDING GLIDERS IN 1929. FOR THE NEXT 10 YEARS LARSON WAS THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THE LETHBRIDGE GLIDING CLUB. DURING THIS TIME HE MADE WELL OVER 300 GLIDER FLIGHTS. IN 1939 HE SET ONE OF THE FIRST UNOFFICIAL GLIDING RECORDS IN CANADA. LARSON SPENT THE WAR YEARS IN CALGARY AS AN AIRFRAME INSTRUCTOR FOR THE WAR EMERGENCY TRAINING PROGRAM. IN 1947 HE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WAS EMPLOYED AS AN ASSESSOR FOR THE CITY UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1978." UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
AIRCRAFT SAFETY BELT, LAP TYPE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20110016003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AIRCRAFT SAFETY BELT, LAP TYPE
Date
1938
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.3
Length
75.2
Width
10.5
Description
MILITARY ISSUE SAFETY BELT. TWO PIECE CANVAS STRAP WITH QUICK RELEASE PULL IN CENTER. TWO CANVAS RELEASE TABS ATTACHED TO HANDLE ARE COATED WITH STIFFENING AGENT AND SHOW MINOR CRACKING. CANVAS IS KHAKI COLOURED WITH VARIOUS STAINS AND DISCOLOURATIONS. TRACES OF GREEN PAINT ON SOME METAL PIECES. BACK HAS BLACK INK STAMPED, “M.E.C2.1938,” AND “G33053,” AND FADED SMALL CIRCULAR MONOGRAMS ON EACH SIDE. SMALLER CANVAS STRAP ATTACHED AT ENDS BY METAL RINGS, JOINED IN CENTER BY TWO D-RINGS AND METAL HINGE.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SAFETY BELT WAS OWNED BY DONOR’S LATE HUSBAND MATTIS “MATT” SLAVICH. AS STATED IN SLAVICH’S OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “MATT WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ON AUGUST 10, 1920 AND PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON AUGUST 17, 2010 AT THE AGE OF 89 YEARS.” ACCORDING TO THE LEGION MAGAZINE ONLINE LAST POST, “CORPORAL MATT C. SLAVICH SERVED WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN ORDNANCE CORPS IN WWII. HIS WAS ASSIGNED THE SERVICE NUMBER M28060.” IT IS UNCLEAR WHY A MAN SERVING IN THE ARMY WOULD POSSESS AN AIRCRAFT SEATBELT. HOWEVER, BASED ON THE BELT’S PRESENCE IN A TRUNK WITH THE REST OF SLAVICH’S ARMY SUPPLIES AT THE TIME OF DONATION, IT WAS LIKELY USED BY HIM DURING WWII. ROG DENNIS WITH KARKEE WEB RESEARCH TEAM HAS SAID, “THE MILLS EQUIPMENT COMPANY WAS INVOLVED WITH PRODUCING WEBBING SINCE THE LATE 1920S. THIS PARTICULAR HARNESS CAN BE SEEN IN THE MILLS EQUIPMENT COMPANY’S GOLDEN JUBILEE BOOK, PUBLISHED IN 1956. SETTING ASIDE A SOLDIER’S SKILL IN ‘ACQUIRING’ ITEMS, AN ARMY MAN MIGHT HAVE AN AIR FORCE ITEM BECAUSE THIS ALL CENTERED ON AIRBORNE EQUIPMENT. PERHAPS THE HARNESS WAS A FITMENT IN GLIDERS AND WAS SOUVENIRED AFTER THE LANDING? FROM THE START R.A.F. PARACHUTE INSTRUCTORS WHO TRAINED ARMY PARACHUTISTS AND I BELIEVE IT STILL IS, ALBEIT THE LAST ‘IN EARNEST’ PARA DROP HAVING BEEN DURING THE SUEZ CRISIS, IN 1956. THERE IS THEREFORE A CROSS-OVER ON THE EQUIPMENT FRONT, WITH ITEMS HAVING STORES CODES BOTH IN THE ARMY’S V.A.O.S., AS WELL AS A SEPARATE CODE IN THE R.A.F.’S AP 1086. LAP STRAPS ARE TYPICALLY WHAT AIRCRAFT PASSENGERS USE, EVEN TODAY. CREW MEMBERS ‘UP FRONT’ USE 4-POINT VERSIONS, THOSE SUCH AS AIR GUNNERS WORE LAP STRAPS.” ACCORDING TO SLAVICH’S DISCHARGE CERTIFICATE, CORPORAL MATTHEW CLARENCE SLAVICH ENROLLED IN THE 15TH L.A.D. R. - R.C.O.C. - C.A. (A) ON APRIL 10, 1941. SLAVICH SERVED IN THE UNITED KINGDOM BEFORE HE WAS DISCHARGED ON APRIL 17, 1946. HIS ATTESTATION FORM LISTS PREVIOUS MILITIA EXPERIENCE WITH THE 112TH FIELD BATTERY R.C.A. BETWEEN 1937-1941. SLAVICH WAS GRANTED LEAVE DECEMBER 12 TO 17, 1945 IN ORDER TO RETURN TO EDMONTON TO MARRY MISS JOAN LILLIAN FORD. ACCORDING TO SLAVICH’S PERSONNEL SELECTION RECORD, “SLAVICH IS A JOVIAL, EASY-GOING INDIVIDUAL WHO HAS NO DIFFICULTY MAKING FRIENDS OF BOTH SEXES. HE APPEARS TO BE VERY WELL ADJUSTED IN HIS PARTICULAR JOB AND EXPRESSES NO DESIRE FOR CHANGE. HIS APPEARANCE IS VERY FAVOURABLE AND HIS PERSONALITY ATTRACTIVE AND SOMEWHAT ENCLINED TO BE EXTROVERTED. STABILITY APPEARS TO BE QUITE ADEQUATE AND HIS MORALE IS DEFINITELY HIGH.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110016003
Acquisition Date
2011-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LOG BOOK OPERATION MANUAL
Date Range From
1965
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19860140003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LOG BOOK OPERATION MANUAL
Date Range From
1965
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PAPER, STEEL
No. Pieces
3
Height
2
Length
24.1
Width
30
Description
.1 - SOFT COVER LOOSE LEAF MANUAL TITLED: "LINK LOG BOOK/OPERATIONS MANUAL" & CF CFS CHINOOK FLYING SERVICE" CONTAINS SERVICE & TRAINING RECORDS (LOG) OF LINK TRAINER SINCE ITS DONATION TO LOCAL CADET SQUADRON. 2 X 24.1 X 30 .2 - HARD COVER BOOK, BOUND IN BLUE LINEN WITH THE TEXT "CANADIAN PILOT LOG BOOK" STAMPED ON THE COVER IN GOLD. INNER PAGES ARE YELLOW, DIVIDED INTO GRIDS FOR LOGGING DATE, AIRCRAFT TYPE, PILOT AND PASSENGER NAMES, REMARKS, AND DETAILS OF THE FLIGHT. ONLY THE SECOND AND THIRD PAGES HAVE WRITTEN NOTES. TEXT READING "R. GRAHAM LETHBRIDGE" IS WRITTEN IN BLUE PEN ON THE OUTER BOTTOM OF THE BOOK'S PAGES. 1.5 X 12.25 X 19.75 .3 - HARD COVER BOOK, BOUND IN BLUE LINEN WITH THE TEXT "CANADIAN PILOT LOG BOOK" STAMPED ON THE COVER IN GOLD. FIRST PAGE HAS PRINTED SPACES FOR LOG BOOK NUMBER, PREIOD, NAME, ADDRESS, PHONE NUMBER, AND LICENSE INFORMATION. NAME, ADDRESS AND PHONE NUMBER SPACES ARE FILLED IN WITH BLUE PEN, READING "GREG SOBULIAK - 1114 14 ST N - LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA - 327-8946". INNER PAGES ARE YELLOW, DIVIDED INTO GRIDS FOR LOGGING DATE, AIRCRAFT TYPE, PILOT AND PASSENGER NAMES, REMARKS, AND DETAILS OF THE FLIGHT. ONLY THE SECOND AND THIRD PAGES HAVE WRITTEN NOTES. TEXT READING "GREG SOBULIAK" IS WRITTEN IN BLUE PEN ON THE OUTER TOP OF THE BOOK'S PAGES. 1.5 X 12.25 X 19.75
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THREE LOG BOOKS RELATED TO THE USE OF LINK TRAINER FLIGHT SIMULATOR (P19860140001), MANUFACTURED DURING WWII. THESE BOOKS SHOW THAT THE TRAINER WAS STILL BEING USED THROUGH 1975. SEE RECORD P19860140001 FOR FULL HISTORY OF LINK TRAINER.
Catalogue Number
P19860140003
Acquisition Date
1989-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WING CROSS SECTION SUPPORT
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20060019003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WING CROSS SECTION SUPPORT
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.7
Length
99.8
Width
16.0
Description
WING SUPPORT CROSS-SECTION, WOOD, LEADING EDGE IS ROUNDED OFF AND TAPERS TO A POINT AT THE TRAILING EDGE, THE STRUCTURE IS REINFORCED BY SEVERAL TRIANGLE SHAPES, WING IS HELD TOGETHER BY ADHESIVE, PENCIL LINES THROUGHOUT, SMALL REMNANTS OF NEWS PAPER ON ONE SIDE OF LEADING EDGE AND ONE SIDE OF TRAILING EDGE. THIN PIECES OF WOOD WARPED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE WING CROSS SECTION FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON (1913-2000). THE WING COMPONENT WAS BUILT IN THE 1930S. LARSON BUILT GLIDERS IN A BACKYARD SHOP ON HIS PROPERTY AT 1411 3 AVE. N. APPARENTLY LARSON ONCE EXPLAINED TO HODGE THAT THIS PART PERIODICALLY BROKE AND HAD TO BE REPAIRED OR REPLACED. THIS SUPPORT MAY BE A SPARE PART MADE BY MEMBERS OF THE CLUB. IT WAS LIKELY A SPARE PART FOR THE HUTTER GLIDER (H-17) A SINGLE MAN AIRCRAFT USED BY THE "LETHBRIDGE GLIDING CLUB." ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SAMPLES OF CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN LARSON AND NORMAN BRUCE, JIM FRETWELL, AND A COMPANY IN WURTTEMBERG, LARSON WAS TRYING TO GET BLUEPRINTS FOR THE H-17 IN 1936. BY 1937 HE HAD STARTED BUILDING THE AIRCRAFT AND SUBSEQUENTLY FLEW IT (SEE ARCHIVES FOR LOG BOOK OF H-17). BY JUNE OF 1938 THE H-17 WAS THE ONLY GLIDER BEING USED BY THE CLUB. LARSON FLEW THE H-17 AS LATE AS 1947 BEFORE LEAVING IT IN THE CARE OF EVELYN SMITH, A FORMER MEMBER OF THE GLIDING CLUB. THE WING COMPONENT COULD HAVE ALSO COME FROM ONE OF TWO PRIMARY GLIDERS. UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE AND P20060019001.
Catalogue Number
P20060019003
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
AIRPORT LANDING LIGHT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, STEEL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P19890046000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AIRPORT LANDING LIGHT
Date
1931
Materials
IRON, STEEL, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
223
Length
283
Width
110
Description
AIRPORT LANDING LIGHT, YELLOW & BLACK UNIT RESTING ON 6 LEGS, 2 ADJUSTABLE. LIGHT IS GENERATED FROM 6 ARC FIXTURES, DC POWERED, BACKED BY SMALL CONCAVE REFLECTORS SENDING LIGHT TO 6 LARGER CONCAVE MIRRORS. LIGHT APPARATUS HOUSED IN STEEL STRUCTURE WITH 18 HEAVY GLASS PANES. 6 PANES BROKEN, 1 CRACKED. 1 HAS BEEN REPLACED WITH PLEXIGLASS, ALSO BROKEN. 1 SMALL ARC REFLECTOR MISSING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT. TAG ON UNIT "GE NOVALUX AIRPORT UNIT TYPE ACH 3C1 AMP 75 VOLT 32 GENERAL ELECTRIC CO CON SPEC 3126906 SCHENECTADY, N.Y. U.S.A."
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
TRANSPORTATION
History
PURCHASED FOR USE AT LETHBRIDGE AIRPORT IN 1931. COST $5000.00. LIGHT WAS RESTORED BY I.B.E.W & SOUTHERN CHAPTER OF THE TELEPHONE PIONEERS & INSTALLED AT FORMER LABOUR CLUB BUILDING OCCUPYING SITE OF FORMER AIRPORT.
Catalogue Number
P19890046000
Acquisition Date
1989-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
"ELGIN" AIRCRAFT CLOCK
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, WOOD, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20060019002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"ELGIN" AIRCRAFT CLOCK
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, WOOD, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.4
Length
6.5
Width
11.5
Description
CLOCK, AIRCRAFT. MOUNTED ON WOOD BY FOUR SILVER SCREWS, BLACK METAL CASING, GLASS OVER FACE, BLACK PLASTIC DIAL AT BOTTOM OF CLOCK. FACE MARKED “ELGIN, PIONEER, REG. U.S. PAT. OFF.,” NUMBERS “3, 6, 9 AND 12 AROUND FACE OF CLOCK. BACK OF CLOCK MARKED, “TYPE, 3310-2A-A, 19057, SERIAL…” SOME WRITING SCRATCHED IN BACK “W670T…???”
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE CLOCK FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON (1913-2000). UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE AND RECORD P20060019001.
Catalogue Number
P20060019002
Acquisition Date
2009-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DROQUE CHUTE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, CANVAS, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19920057003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DROQUE CHUTE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
NYLON, CANVAS, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Length
74.0
Diameter
30.8
Description
NYLON BAG, ATTACHED TO A STEEL HOOP FRAME WITH CANVAS STRAPS. STAMPED: "RCAF MESSENGER TARGET REF 9A243" CYLINDER SHAPED, TIED AT BOTTOM. SOILED, STAINED & TORN. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ROSS-SMITH-CO-LTD MONTREAL TOWED BY AN AIRCRAFT & USED WITH TARGET FOR AIR GUNNERY TARGET PRACTICE. USED AT LETHBRIDGE BASE. USED AT LETHBRIDGE NO. 8 BOMBING AND GUNNERY SCHOOL. PARACHUTE WAS TOWED BY A LYSANDER AIRCRAFT AND USED FOR AIR GUNNERY TARGET PRACTICE. DROGUE WAS TWENTY FEET LONG AND WOULD BE ROLLED UP AND ATTACHED TO THE END OF A CABLE. THE PARACHUTE WOULD THEN BE REELED OUT WITH THE CABLE, TRIPPED OPEN, AND PULLED FURLING BEHIND THE PLANE. IT HAD LOUVRES AND SLEEVES TO PREVENT IT FROM FLAPPING WHILE THE STUDENTS FLYING BEHIND IN BOLINGBROKE OR FAIREY BATTLE AIRCRAFT FIRED BETWEEN EIGHT AND TEN ROUNDS AT A TIME. AFTER TARGET PRACTICE THE DROGUE WAS RELEASED OVER THE BASE. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR 1989 HERALD ARTICLE ON USE OF DROGUE TARGET AND RELATED USE OF BOLINGBROKE AIRCRAFT. 4 OCTOBER 2009 AT THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT’S REQUEST, THE DONOR LLOYD TRONE PROVIDED A LETTER TO THE GALT IN 2009, EXPANDING ON HOW HE CAME TO ACQUIRE THE BCTAP DRONE TARGET, P19920057003 AND THE FLIGHT BOOTS P19920057001 DURING WWII. ADDITIONALLY, HE VISITED THE GALT IN SEPTEMBER 2009, MEETING WITH COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN, IN ORDER TO ANSWER QUESTIONS STILL NOT ANSWERED IN THE LETTER. THE NARRATIVE BELOW IS A COMBINATION OF THE LETTER, ON FILE, AND INFORMATION SOLICITED DURING THE 2009 VISIT. ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, HIS FATHER, LAWRENCE WYOMING TRONE, WAS DISCHARGED FROM THE VETERANS GUARD OF CANADA, HAVING GUARDED GERMAN PRISONERS-OF-WAR AT CAMP SEEBEE IN WHAT IS TODAY KANANASKIS, AB. THEREAFTER, HIS LAWRENCE WAS EMPLOYED AT THE NO. 8 B&G SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE AS A SENTRY AS WELL AS PERFORMING KITCHEN AND BOILER ROOM WORK. WHILE AT THE SCHOOL, “HE [THE SENIOR TRONE] BEFRIENDED A COUPLE OF AIRMEN IN TRAINING (AN AUSTRALIAN AND A NEW ZEALANDER) THROUGH MUSIC”. LAWRENCE, A LETHBRIDGE RESIDENT AFTER 1930, ONCE PLAYED IN AN ORCHESTRA AND WAS KNOWN TO PLAY VIOLIN FOR SCHOOL DANCES AT LOCAL SCHOOLS. THE FOREIGN AIRMEN VISITED THE TRONE HOME (910 7TH AVE. SOUTH) ON THEIR DAYS OFF AND ENJOYED LISTENING TO LAWRENCE PLAY HIS VIOLIN. IN EARLY 1943, THE AUSTRALIAN (DONOR COULD NOT RECALL NAME) GIFTED THE BOOTS AND THE DROGUE CHUTE ON TWO SEPARATE OCCASIONS TO THE DONOR THEN 15 Y/O. THE AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALANDER ADDITIONALLY GAVE THE DONOR’S MOTHER EXTRA FOOD STUFFS AND SHE, IN RETURN, PROVIDED THE AIRMEN WITH A HOME-COOKED MEAL. THE DONOR BELIEVED THE BOOTS WERE GIFTED TO HIM IN ORDER TO IMPROVE HIS COMFORT (OVERSHOES) ON HIS TRAVELS TO AND FROM SCHOOL. THEY WERE NOT, HOWEVER, PRACTICAL FOR THAT PURPOSE, BUT WERE FOUND TO BE OF BENEFIT MANY YEARS LATER WHEN THE DONOR USED THEM FOR ICE FISHING. THEY WERE WORN WITH TWO PAIRS OF SOCKS UNDERNEATH. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY LLOYD TRONE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR WAS FOUND IN HIS OBITUARY, PUBLISHED IN THE JUNE 1, 2010 ISSUE OF THE CROWSNEST PASS HERALD. LLOYD TRONE WAS BORN IN 1928 IN MEDICINE HAT, AND MOVED WITH HIS FAMILY TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1930. HE WORKED FOR CANADA PACKERS FOR 25 YEARS AND RETIRED TO THE CROWSNEST PASS, WHERE HE PASSED AWAY IN MAY 2010. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19990049001-GA FOR HARDCOPY OF DONOR'S OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19920057003
Acquisition Date
1992-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
LINK TRAINER FLIGHT SIMULATOR
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, IRON
Catalogue Number
P19860140001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LINK TRAINER FLIGHT SIMULATOR
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1975
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, IRON
No. Pieces
4
Height
245
Length
266.5
Width
93.5
Description
WOOD VENEER OVER WOOD FRAME SHAPED LIKE SMALL SNUB NOSE AIRCRAFT C/W TAILPLANE & CANVAS WINGS. COCKPIT CONTAINS NUMEROUS FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS, THROTTLE, JOY STICK, SEAT, RUDDER & ELEVATOR PEDALS. LABEL ON INSTRUMENT PANEL: "LINK MANUFACTURING CO. LTD. GANANAQUE CANADA" TRAINER MOUNTED ON WOOD, STEEL REINFORCED PLATFORM WHICH HOUSES THE MACHINERY THAT OPERATES SIMULATOR INCLUDING COMPRESSOR, ELECTRIC MOTOR, TRANSFORMER, TURBINE, BELLOWS, HOWLER & ELECTRICAL RELAYS. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
MANUFACTURED DURING WW II. USED FOR BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN IN ALBERTA DURING THE WAR YEARS. LATER TRAINER WENT TO CALGARY AIR CADET SQUADRON & THEN DONATED BY MRS. GARY SAVA ABOUT 1970 TO LETHBRIDGE AIR CADET SQUADRON. RETIRED FROM USE ABOUT 1980. DONATED BY #11 R C AIR CADETS & J.R. DONALDSON C/O. ORIGINALLY TRAINER DESIGNED TO SIMULATE A SINGLE ENGINE AIRCRAFT, LATER MODIFIED FOR TRAINING OF MULTIPLE ENGINE AIRCRAFT PILOTS. TRAINER INCLUDES A HOOD FOR COVERING THE COCKPIT, ENABLING PILOT TRAINEES TO EXPERIENCE & LEARN INSTRUMENT FLYING. SIMULATOR WAS OPERATED ELECTRICALLY BY A SYSTEM OF BELLOWS WHICH WERE CONNECTED TO A COMPRESSOR. DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR, CANADA BECAME THE CENTER OF A LARGE-SCALE SCHEME TO TRAIN MILITARY AIRCREW. A COOPERATION BETWEEN CANADA, BRITAIN, AUSTRALIA, AND NEW ZEALAND, THE AGREEMENT WAS CALLED THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN (BCATP). BY THE END OF THE WAR, BCATP SCHOOLS ACROSS CANADA HAD GRADUATED OVER 130,000 PILOTS, NAVIGATORS, BOMB AIMERS, RADIO OPERATORS, AIR GUNNERS AND FLIGHT ENGINEERS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD. BCATP RECRUITS WENT THROUGH THREE STAGES OF AIR TRAINING, BEGINNING WITH THE INITIAL TRAINING SCHOOL. AFTER COMPLETING AN EXAM AND BASIC FLIGHT TRAINING, THEY WERE SEPARATED INTO DIFFERENT AIRCREW CATEGORIES. THOSE SELECTED AS PILOTS WENT ON TO AN EIGHT-WEEK COURSE AT AN ELEMENTARY FLYING TRAINING SCHOOL, WHERE THEY LEARNED TO FLY A SINGLE-ENGINE LIGHT AIRCRAFT. FINALLY, STUDENTS PROGRESSED TO THE SERVICE FLYING TRAINING SCHOOL TO SPECIALIZE BEFORE GOING OVERSEAS. LETHBRIDGE HOSTED TWO BCATP SCHOOLS, BASED AT THE KENYON AIRFIELD. THE FIRST OF THESE WAS THE NO.5 ELEMENTARY FLYING TRAINING SCHOOL, OPENED JULY 22, 1940. LESS THAN A YEAR LATER, HIGH WINDS FORCED THE RELOCATION OF THE FACILITY AND ITS LIGHT TRAINING AIRCRAFT TO HIGH RIVER. THE SCHOOL WAS REPLACED IN OCTOBER BY THE NO.8 BOMBING AND GUNNERY SCHOOL, THE BIGGEST TYPE INCLUDED IN THE BCATP. IT REMAINED OPEN UNTIL 1944. ALMOST HALF OF THE AIRCREW USED ON BRITISH COMMONWEALTH OPERATIONS WERE GRADUATES OF THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN. CANADA’S ROLE IN THE PROGRAM CONTRIBUTED IMMENSELY TO THE ALLIED CAUSE DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR, AND EARNED THE COUNTRY THE TITLE “AERODROME OF DEMOCRACY”. -PLANES USED AT THE NO.8 B&G SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE INCLUDED LYSANDERS, FAIREY BATTLES, ANSONS, BOLINGBROKES, AND HARVARDS; TIGER MOTHS WERE USED AT THE NO.5 EFTS IN LETHBRIDGE, WITH CORNELLS ADDED IN HIGH RIVER -THE NO.8 B&G’S USUAL STRENGTH WAS BETWEEN 1200 AND 1500 AIRMEN -THE ORIGINAL CIVILIAN FLYING INSTRUCTORS AT THE NO.5 EFTS WERE JOE PATTON, HORNER THOMPSON, JOCK PALMER, BILL SMITH, KEN PIPER, FRANK HAWTHORNE, AND FRED LASBY. -THE CONTRACTS FOR BUILDINGS AND ROADS, RUNWAYS, WATER AND SEWER CONNECTIONS FOR THE BCATP SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE PUT EVERY UNEMPLOYED PERSON IN THE CITY TO WORK -TOTAL # OF AIRCRAFT USED IN THE BCATP: 10,906 -TOTAL # PEOPLE EMPLOYED BY THE BCATP: 104,113 -TOTAL # OF GRADUATES: 131,553 -TOTAL COST OF BCATP: $1.6 MILLION PAID BY CANADA ($2.25 MILLION TOTAL) NARRATIVE BELOW SOLICITED FROM BARRY SNOWDEN IN EARLY 2010 WHEN THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXHIBITED AS PART OF THE GALT’S TREASURES & CURIOSITIES DISPLAY. THE NARRATIVE BECAME THE BASIS FOR THE ARTIFACT’S LABEL COPY IN THE EXHIBIT. *** WHEN I VISITED THE COLLECTION TO SELECT AN ARTIFACT, MY MIND WAS SWIMMING WITH POSSIBILITIES. I HOPED THAT MY CHOICES WOULD JUMP OUT AT ME, AND AFTER SEEING SOME POSSIBILITIES AND CHATTING ABOUT MY FATHER’S INVOLVEMENT WITH THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN AS A STUDENT AND THEN A FLYING INSTRUCTOR DURING THE WWII YEARS, AND MOSTLY IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA – THERE IT WAS, AT THE END OF A CORRIDOR – TOO LARGE FOR A SHELF OR ANY OTHER STORAGE PLACE IN THE COLLECTION. IT MIGHT WELL HAVE BEEN THE “LINK TRAINER” THAT HE HAD DESCRIBED IN RECOUNTING EXPERIENCES AS A STUDENT AND THEN A FLYING INSTRUCTOR. SO IT BECAME AN OBVIOUS CHOICE. MY FATHER, ERNEST MACINDOE SNOWDEN, JOINED THE RCAF IN 1941, TRAINED AS A PILOT AT ELEMENTARY FLIGHT TRAINING SCHOOL #5, WHICH HAD MOVED FROM LETHBRIDGE TO HIGH RIVER, AND THEN AFTER ADVANCED TRAINING AT ARNPRIOR, ONTARIO, WAS SENT BACK TO HIGH RIVER AS AN INSTRUCTOR. HE ALSO SERVED AT PEARCE, ALBERTA, WHERE PILOTS WERE TRAINED IN TWIN ENGINE AIRCRAFT AND RECEIVED HIS DISCHARGE FROM CALGARY’S #3 TRAINING SCHOOL IN 1945. ONE OF HIS BEST RECOLLECTIONS OF THE LINK TRAINER WAS A BOUT PRACTICING “BRACKETING THE BEAM”, AN EXERCISE ON LANDING THE AIRCRAFT, USING RADAR AS GUIDANCE: “I THOUGHT I HAD MADE A NEAR-PERFECT LANDING. BUT WHEN THE HOOD OPENED AND I CLIMBED OUT OF THE TRAINER, THE LINK INSTRUCTOR PHILIP KING, WHO BECAME A LIFE-LONG FRIEND, TOLD ME THAT I HADN’T DONE TOO BAD – UNTIL I LANDED – 250 FEET BELOW THE SURFACE OF THE RUNWAY! I WAS PAYING ATTENTION TO SO MANY THINGS I FORGOT TO CHECK MY ALTIMETER.” IT WAS A MISTAKE THAT HE NEVER REPEATED IN A REAL AIRCRAFT! ***
Catalogue Number
P19860140001
Acquisition Date
1986-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
P19770107000.1-.2-GA
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, PLASTIC, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19770107000
  4 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19770107000.1-.2-GA
Date
1938
Materials
PAPER, PLASTIC, STEEL
No. Pieces
20
Description
.1 CONTROL UNIT 182.9 CM HT., 38.1 CM WTH., 55.9 CM LTH. PAPER, HARD PLASTIC, STEEL. SERIAL # 202 TYPE: 78225 SPEC: 78310. THE UNIT IS FINISHED IN BLACK. #1 IS AN ENGRAVED PLATE. "CANADIAN MARCONI COMPANY LOCAL CONTROL UNIT". #2 ENGRAVED ON FRONT OF CONTROL UNIT "MARCONI" "CANADA TYPE 71800". #3 IS A PIECE OF PAPER COVERED BY A PIECE OF PLASTIC. #4 ENGRAVED ON FRONT OF CONTROL UNIT "MARCONI CANADA TYPE 2L20". "KEY-WIND CHELSEA 8-DAY CLOCK AND UPRIGHT MICROPHONE, AND NORTHERN ELECTRIC MICROPHONE". HANDSET, "CODE #L-945-DO". .2 MARCONI TRANSMITTER NDB SER #127 182.9 CM HT., 38.1 CM WTH., 76.2 CM LTH. METAL, HARD PLASTIC, PAPER. WITH SPARE PARTS. AN ENGRAVED PLATE: "CANADIAN MARCONI COMPANY" "400 WATT AIRWAYS TRANSMITTER TYPE 75170 SERIAL NO. 127 SPEC. 71215 110/100/120 VOLTS 26.7 AMPS. 50/60 FREG 86% P.F. PATENTED". TUBES AND CYLINDERS TEMPORARILY IN 008. INCLUDES 18 TUBES AND CYLINDERS; 1 BLACK WIRE WITH CONNECTORS AT EACH END; AND 1 BLACK BASE MARKED "GENERAL ELECTRIC RADIOTRON, LICENCED BY THERMIONICS LTD." TUBES HAVE ALTERNATELY EITHER 4, 5, OR 7 PRONGS. INDIVIDUALLY MARKED.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
TRANSPORTATION
History
LOCAL CONTROL UNIT #202 PUT INTO SERVICE 1938-39. LETHBRIDGE WAS A MAIN RADIO TERMINAL FOR AIR RADIO TRAFFIC CONTROL FROM ALL MAJOR EASTERN CITIES & EDMONTON AND WAS A JUMP OFF FOR CALGARY. LETHBRIDGE WAS A MAJOR AIR CONTROL CENTER FOR CANADIAN TRANS CONTINENTAL AIR SERVICE. EQUIPMENT WAS IN SERVICE AT KENYON FIELD WHEN AIR CREW WERE TRAINED AS PART OF BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN. NARRATIVE BELOW SOLICITED FROM BARRY SNOWDEN IN EARLY 2010 WHEN THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXHIBITED AS PART OF THE GALT’S TREASURES & CURIOSITIES DISPLAY. THE NARRATIVE BECAME THE BASIS FOR THE ARTIFACT’S LABEL COPY IN THE EXHIBIT. *** WHEN I WAS A YOUNGSTER, ONE OF MY AREAS OF INTEREST WAS “CRYSTAL SET” RADIO AND I SPENT MANY THE HOUR WEARING HEADPHONES AND “TICKLING” THE GALENA CRYSTAL WITH A “CAT’S WHISKER” TO DETECT A RADIO BROADCAST SIGNAL. MY SEARCH FOR AN EXAMPLE OF THIS RUDIMENTARY RADIO TECHNOLOGY – SOMETHING SMALL AND RELATIVELY SIMPLE – ENDED AT THE OTHER END OF THE CONTINUUM WITH ME CHOOSING WHAT MAY BE THE LARGEST ARTIFACT IN THE GALT COLLECTION. SO LARGE I’M TOLD THAT IT CANNOT BE MOVED UP TO THE DISPLAY GALLERY IN THE FREIGHT ELEVATOR, BUT REQUIRES A SMALL CRANE OR OTHER MOVING EQUIPMENT. THIS ARTIFACT CROSSED OVER WITH ANOTHER AREA OF INTEREST BECAUSE IT CELEBRATES SOME OF THE REGION’S IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO AVIATION DEVELOPMENT AND HISTORY IN CANADA (MY FATHER ERNIE SNOWDEN WAS AN RCAF PILOT AND FLYING INSTRUCTOR AT A NUMBER OF THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING SCHOOLS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA). FOR AT LEAST THE DECADE BETWEEN 1938 AND 1948, LETHBRIDGE WAS A MAIN RADIO TERMINAL FOR AIR RADIO TRAFFIC CONTROL FROM ALL MAJOR EASTERN CITIES AND EDMONTON WAS A JUMP OFF FOR CALGARY. IT WAS PART OF THE INFRASTRUCTURE OF THE TRANS-CANADA AIRWAY, A NETWORK OF AIRPORTS WITH PAVED RUNWAYS, LIGHTS, BEACONS AND RADIO TRANSMITTERS. BECAUSE THE DISTANCES AND THE ALTITUDES TO WHICH AIRCRAFT OF THE TIME WERE LIMITED, THE CROWSNEST PASS WAS USED FOR CROSSING THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS, WITH LETHBRIDGE SERVING AS THE JUNCTION POINT FOR TRANS-CANADA AIRLINES (TCA) FLIGHTS EAST AND WEST, AIR SERVICE NORTH WITHIN ALBERTA AND THE PORT OF ENTRY FOR FLIGHTS FROM THE USA. LETHBRIDGE WAS THE AIRLINE HUB OF THE PRAIRIES UNTIL AIRCRAFT THAT COULD FLY HIGHER AND FARTHER ENABLED THE TRANSCONTINENTAL ROUTES TO SHIFT NORTH TO EDMONTON AND CALGARY. THE AIR RADIO CONTROL FACILITIES ALSO SUPPORTED CANADA’S INVOLVEMENT WITH THE BRITISH COMMONWEATH FLIGHT TRAINING PLAN DURING WWII. KENYON FIELD HOSTED THE #5 ELEMENTARY FLIGHT TRAINING SCHOOL PRIOR TO ITS RELOCATION IN 1941 ON ACCOUNT OF PERSISTENT ADVERSE WEATHER (HIGH WIND CONDITIONS. IT THEN BECAME THE HOME BASE FOR THE #8 BOMBING AND GUNNERY SCHOOL UNTIL THE WAR’S END. BCAPT FACILITIES WERE ALSO LOCATED AT CLARESHOLM, FORT MACLEOD, PEARCE AND VULCAN. THE TRANSMITTER REMAINED IN SERVICE UNTIL THE 1950’S. IT IS A FITTING REMINDER OF LETHBRIDGE’S KEY ROLE IN AVIATION PROGRESS. ***
Catalogue Number
P19770107000
Acquisition Date
1977-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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