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43 records – page 2 of 3.

Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. TUNIC
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19672564001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. TUNIC
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
69.0
Width
42.0
Description
RED WOOL SERGE, NAVY BLUE EPAULET (OR SHOULDER STRAPS) WITH BRASS BUTTON. COLLAR PATCHES IN NAVY BLUE, BRASS COLLAR FASTENERS. BELLOWS TYPE BREAST POCKET C/W FLAP & BRASS BUTTON. 1 PR. HIP POCKETS, SQUARE CUT WITH FLAPS, NO BUTTON. 2 BRASS BELT LOOPS, (1 EA SIDE). BADGES: 2 STARS MID UPPER LFT ARM. KINGS CROWN, 3 STRIPE CHEVRON, SPUR BADGE BETWEEN. ALL BADGES EMBROIDERED GOLD ON BLACK BACKGROUND. 5 BRASS BUTTONS DOWN FRONT. 2 BRASS, BUTTONS LOWER RT SLEEVE CUFF. BUTTONS MISSING ON LFT CUFF. ALL BRASS BUTTONS, KINGS CROWN & MARKED "R.N.W.M.P.." INSIDE TUNIC "SGT CRAIG J. 4812" IN INK. SHOULDER TITLES & COLLAR BADGES MISSING (STOLEN JNE 1975), AND CROSSED PISTOL BADGE LFT CUFF, WAR SERVICE STRIPE, RT. CUFF & SERVICE MEDAL BAR UPPER LFT BREAST ABOVE POCKET.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES INDICATE THAT CRAIG WAS A NON COMMISSIONED OFFICER WITH RANK OF SARGEANT, SERVING FOR AT LEAST 10 YRS (2 SERVICE STARS). HE WAS A ROUGHRIDER (RIDING INSTRUCTOR-SPUR BADGE), SERVED IN W.W. I & WAS LIKELY A MARKSMAN WITH REVOLVERS. CRAIG DIED AT AGE 62, OCT. 15 1952 IN LETHBRIDGE. HE JOINED THE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE FORCE DEC. 22 1908, DISCHARGED JULY 24 1911. REJOINED FEB. 15, 1915 WITH CALVARY DRAFT FOR W.W.I RETURNED FROM OVERSEAS & AGAIN DISCHARGED ON AUG 29 1922 TO JOIN ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FORCE. ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE QUARTERLY OBITUARY IDENTIFIES CRAIG HAS HAVING ACHIEVED RANK OF CONSTABLE, ALTHOUGH JACKET INDICATES RANK OF SARGENT. ALSO NOTED ON ORIGINAL CATALOG SHEET IS APPOINTMENT AS RIDING MASTER, THIS IS NOT MENTIONED IN THE OBITUARY. REF: "ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE QUARTERLY" VOL #4, & "UNIFORMS OFCANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE" J.J. BOULTON. WIDOW DONATED UNIFORM IN 1967. BORN IN ARMAUGH, IRELAND IN 1890, JOSEPH CRAIG EMIGRATED TO CANADA AT THE AGE OF SEVENTEEN. IN 1908 HE JOINED THE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE AT CALGARY AND FOLLOWING A THREE YEAR TERM, HE WAS DISCHARGED IN 1911. HE REJOINED IN 1915 AND WAS RECRUITED OVERSEAS WITH THE SIBERIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE "B" SQUADRON DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. AFTER HIS RETURN IN 1919, CRAIG BECAME CHIEF RIDING INSTRUCTOR AT THE LETHBRIDGE BARRACKS. IN 1922, CRAIG TRANSFERRED TO THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BECAUSE HE BELIEVED IT WAS "POLICE WORK", BUT RETURNED TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE WHEN THE PROVINCIAL FORCE WAS ABSORBED IN 1932. HAVING ACHEIVED THE RANK OF SERGEANT, CRAIG RETIRED FROM THE MOUNTED POLICE THAT SAME YEAR AND SETTLED IN BOW ISLAND AND LETHBRIDGE TO TRAIN AND RAISE POLICE DOGS AND HORSES. IN LETHBRIDGE HE OPERATED CRAIGAVON KENNELS AND RIDING SCHOOL. JOSEPH CRAIG PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1952 AT THE AGE OF 52 YEARS.
Catalogue Number
P19672564001
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. ABOVE DIMENSIONS DO NOT INCLUDE SPLIT PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES P20020090001 & P20020090002 CAME TO MUSEUM MOUNTED ON A PIECE OF GREEN FELT (REMOVED BY CATALOGUER). ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE HE BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY, 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920. IN 1922 HE MET AND MARRIED HIS WIFE, CHRISTENE - THE DAUGHTER OF A SWEDISH FARMER. THEY BEGAN THEIR MARRIED LIFE IN THE LOG CABIN DETACHMENT NEAR BEAVERLODGE, ALBERTA, AND HAD 2 SONS, 2 DAUGHTERS, THEN ANOTHER SON DURING AN 18 YEAR PERIOD. WITH THE EXPANSION OF THE R.C.M.P. THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT ENTERED INTO A CONTRACT WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE MOST SUITABLE MEMBERS WERE ACCEPTED AND CONTINUED THEIR SERVICE WITH THE R.C.M.P. ON APRIL 1, 1932, WHEN THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS DISSOLVED. FURTHER POLICE TRAINING WAS THEN TAKEN. ED BUCHANAN WAS THE FIRST R.C.M.P. OFFICER TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WEMBLEY DETACHMENT NEAR GRANDE PRAIRIE; ON CALL 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK. MUCH OF HIS WORK WAS DONE ON HORSEBACK WHEN A VEHICLE COULD NOT BE USED. IN 1935 HE WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL (AND THEN SARGEANT) IN CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH COVERED A HUGE AREA INCLUDING BARRHEAD THROUGH TO FORT ASSINIBOINE AND NORTH OF WESTLOCK TO SMITH. THEIR HOME INCLUDED THE COURT ROOM, OFFICE AND A JAIL CELL. THE PRISONERS ATE THE SAME FOOD AS ED AND HIS FAMILY (WHICH EARNED CHRISTENE 25 CENTS PER DAY WHENEVER OCCUPIED). HE USUALLY HAD 2 CONSTABLES TRAINING UNDER HIM. ED WAS INVOLVED WITH SEVERAL TRAGIC MURDER CASES AND ALWAYS ASSISTED THE CORONER WITH AUTOPSIES PLUS SENDING BODY PARTS INTO EDMONTON FOR EXAMINATION. IN 1944 ED WAS PROMOTED TO STAFF SARGEANT WITH A WARTIME MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE COVERING ALL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH SPECIAL DUTIES APPOINTED TO HIM; ONE BEING THE INSPECTOR OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE & CONTROL BOARD; ALSO INSPECTOR OF P.O.W. CAMPS. WITH REGARD TO SECURITY, HE ALSO REPRESENTED THE DEPARTMENT OF SECURITY CONTROL AND WAS OBLIGED TO INSPECT THE R.C.A.F. UNITS IN THAT AREA. HE SERVED AS THE SUB-DIVISION SENIOR NCO UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1950 WHICH COMPLETED 30 YEARS OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE. HOWEVER, HE DID NOT REMAIN INACTIVE. THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA APPOINTED HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF GAOLS WHICH TOOK HIM TO ALL THE INSTITUTIONS THROUGHOUT THE PROVINCE RANGING FROM PEACE RIVER TO LETHBRIDGE. HE MOVED HIS FAMILY TO EDMONTON AS HIS OFFICE WAS IN THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. HE WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN DEVELOPING NUMEROUS, PROGRESSIVE CHANGES BY HAVING INMATES GROW THEIR OWN FOOD SUPPLIES, SPECIAL WORK CAMPS IN FORESTRY AREAS, ETCETERA. CONCERNED ABOUT THE WELFARE OF RELEASED INMATES AND ESPECIALLY JUVENILE AND FIRST OFFENDERS, MR. BUCHANAN LOOKED AT THE OLD R.C.A.F. TRAINING DEPOT NEAR BOWDEN AND COULD SEE THE BENEFIT OF CONVERTING THE DORMITORY AND OTHER BUILDINGS INTO A SEPARTE PRISON FOR THE YOUNG AND FIRST-OFFENDERS AND IMPLEMENTING SCHOOLING AND TRAINING COVERING MANY PROFESSIONS THAT COULD EARN THEM DIPLOMAS FOR A BARBER, CARPENTER, WELDER, BAKER, HIGH SCHOOL, ETCETERA. UPON THEIR RELEASE, MANY WERE ABLE TO OBTAIN A GOOD JOB OR EVEN START THEIR OWN BUSINESS. ED ALSO RAISED UP THE BELMONT INSTITUTION WHICH HOUSED INMATES WHO HAD GOTTEN INTO TROUBLE DUE TO ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PENAL INSTITUTION CHANGES WERE RECOGNIZED BOTH NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY. FOLLOWING A 2ND RETIREMENT IN 1965, HE CONTINUED AN ACTIVE ROLE THROUGHOUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT IN CREATING A SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN EDMONTON FOR SMALL MUNICIPAL AND RURAL POLICE FORCES THAT LACKED PROPER FACILITIES. AT THE SAME TIME HE BEGAN DONATING HIS TIME TO SCHOOL CHILDREN BY SHARING SOME OF HIS EXPERIENCES, SOUVENIRS AND HISTORY OF THE R.C.M.P. THE STUDENTS WERE SO THRILLED WITH HIS PRESENTATION THAT HIS APPOINTMENT BOOK BECAME JAMMED. BY THE TIME HE TURNED 95, THEIR REQUESTS WERE RARELY ACCEPTED. ED WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER AND PAST PRESIDENT OF THE R.C.M.P. VET'S ASSOCIATION; ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICE ASSOCIATION; RECEIVED SPECIAL RECOGNITION AND HIS PHOTO DISPLAYED BY THE EDMONTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY; ACTIVE CHURCH MEMBER, IN WHICH HE SERVED TERMS AS ELDER AND STEWARD; LOVER OF THE BIBLE, HE ALWAYS HAD WITH HIM FROM THE TIME HE POLICED ON HORSEBACK AT THE AGE OF 20. ED PASSED AWAY ON DECEMBER 15, 1998. SEE HARD COPY FOR BIOGRAPHY. THE HISTORY OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BEGINS IN NOVEMBER 1916 WHEN A.B. PERRY, COMMISSIONER OF THE R.N.W.M.P., ANNOUNCED THE MOUNTIES COULD NO LONGER POLICE THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES. CONTRACTS WOULD BE CANCELLED AND SERVICES WITHDRAWN AT THE END OF THE YEAR. THE FIRST WORLD WAR (WHICH TOOK MANY MOUNTIES OVERSEAS TO SERVE IN THE MILITARY; AS WELL AS ADDING ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE MOUNTIES) AND THE MOUNTIE'S UNWILLINGNESS TO ENFORCE ALBERTA'S LIQUOR LAWS (PROHIBITION BEGAN IN 1915) WERE TO BLAME FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE MOUNTIES FROM THE PRAIRIES. ON MARCH 1, 1917 THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WERE OFFICIALLY IN CHARGE. THE NEW POLICE FORCE WAS UNDERSTAFFED, UNDERPAID, UNDERTRAINED AND OVERWORKED; AS WELL, ALBERTANS OBJECTED TO THE FORMATION OF THE A.P.P. HOWEVER, AFTER A ROCKY START AND SOME REORGANIZATION OF ITS ADMINISTRATION, THE A.P.P. SETTLED IN TO THE TASK OF POLICING ALBERTA. IT STARTED WITH FEWER THAN 100 OFFICERS, 50 HORSES, A FEW CARS, AND THE OBSOLETE 45-75 WINCHESTER CARBINES THE R.N.W.M.P. HAD BOUGHT IN 1873. THE FIRST A.P.P. UNIFORMS WERE SURPLUS METROPOLITAN POLICE UNIFORMS USED BY CLAGARY AND EDMONTON FORCES, TOTALLY UNSUITED TO THE RIGOURS OF RURAL POLICING. THE A.P.P. LATER ADOPTED A UNIFORM CLOSER TO WHAT THE MOUNTIES WORE, WITH BLUE FOR DRESS UNIFORMS AND KHAKI FOR THE WORKING UNIFORMS. AFTER ALBERTA REPEALED PROHIBITION IN 1924, THE R.C.M.P. REOPENED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ALBERTA; BUT BY THEN THE A.P.P. HAD GROWN AND HAD ACQUIRED A GOOD REPUTATION FOR ITS EFFECTIVENESS. SO, ALBERTA RESISTED THE R.C.M.P.'S ADVANCES, BUT AS THE GREAT DEPRESSION DEEPENED, ALBERTA COULD NO LONGER AFFORD ITS OWN POLICE FORCE. PREMIER JOHN BROWNLEE RELUCTANTLY APPROACHED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT LATE IN 1931, AND ON MARCH 1, 1932 THE MOUNTIES WERE BACK AND THE A.P.P. WAS NO MORE. (TAKEN FROM CALGARY HERALD ARTICLE, JUNE 15, 2003). AN INTERVIEW ABOUT SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S POLICING CAREER WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH HIS DAUGHTER JEAN I. BUCHANAN REGARDING A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE MADE TO THE MUSEUM IN 2018. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR THE ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. THERE IS NO PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS BADGE BELONGED TO THE DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. ACCORDING TO THE BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY PROVIDED WITH A BUCHANAN A. P. P.-RELATED DONATION MADE BY JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN 2002 (P20020090). IT STATES, "BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE BUCHANAN BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920." THESE BADGES WERE A PART OF HIS UNIFORM IN THIS ROLE. AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. DESCRIBING HER FATHER’S CAREER, BUCHANAN BEGAN, “[MY DAD] JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL…AS A ROOKIE – RIGHT AT THE START – HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. AND IT WASN’T LONG UNTIL HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE REAL POLICING. WHEN THE CRAZY PROHIBITION WAS BROUGHT IN, THAT WAS A REAL PAIN FOR THE POLICE. IT WAS [A MOVEMENT] PUSHED BY THESE DO-GOODERS, WHO DIDN’T REALIZE WHAT THEY WERE DOING. DAD WAS VERY UPSET TALKING ABOUT THAT. EVEN WHEN HE WAS JUST A YOUNG FELLOW, [HE WAS] FINDING YOUNG, GOOD FARM BOYS BLIND OR DEAD OVER A FENCE, BECAUSE THEY HAD A PROBLEM WITH THE PROHIBITION AND GETTING MOONSHINE THAT WASN’T MATURE OR SOMETHING, [WHICH] WAS POISONOUS.” “IN 1921 HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON,” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL. HE THEN GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE AND HE WAS GOING TO GO THERE, BUT THEN IN 1922 THEY GOT MARRIED [SO HE DID NOT GO TO GRAND PRAIRIE] FORTUNATELY, THE A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. DID, SO HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED. [AFTER MY PARENTS’ MARRIAGE] THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD, WHERE HE WAS ON HIS OWN [AT THE POSTING]. FROM THERE, HE DID A LOT OF WORK GOING BACK AND FORTH.” “BRAINARD [WAS] A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION… THEY BUILT DAD A LOG CABIN DOWN THERE FOR THE HOUSE WITH HIS NEW WIFE AND [SOON AFTER THEY WERE] EXPECTING THEIR FIRST CHILD. [THE CABIN HAD] ONE BIG ROOM WITH CURTAINS HERE AND THERE, AND HE DIDN’T HAVE A PRISON THERE. WHEN HE TOOK IN A PRISONER, THAT’S WHEN HE NEEDED THE OREGON BOOT AND THE BALL AND CHAIN BECAUSE HE HAD A BIG BOLT ON THE FLOOR NEAR HIS OFFICE. THAT’S WHERE THE GUY HAD TO SIT, CHAINED, UNTIL [MY FATHER] COULD TAKE HIM ON INTO EDMONTON…EVEN IN THE A.P.P. TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON. [HE WOULD BE] BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE],” BUCHANAN EXPLAINED EXPANDING ON HOW HER FATHER’S WORK TOOK HIM “BACK AND FORTH.” “THEN THEY CLOSED THAT [BRAINAR POST] DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY – A LITTLE VILLAGE – AND HE WAS THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. [HE WAS THERE] WHEN 1932 CAME ALONG AND THEN HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P… AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. [FROM THERE] HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT, WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO [COVER]. AND THERE AGAIN, WE HAD A NICE, BIG WHITE HOUSE AND A JAIL THIS TIME… THE JAIL OFFICE AND THE COURTROOM AND EVERYTHING WAS CONNECTED [TO THE HOUSE]. YOU JUST GO DOWN THE HALL AND OPEN THE DOOR AND THERE YOU GO, AND THERE’S TWO JAILS IN THERE. [THERE] HE WAS GETTING ROOKIES COMING OUT FROM EDMONTON TO TRAIN UNDER HIM… [I WAS BORN IN] ’30 [AND] NOW IN ’34, I REMEMBER GOING THERE [TO WESTLOCK].” SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P. IN 1932 AND THE ABSORPTION OF SOME OF ITS MEMBERS INTO THE R. C. M P., BUCHANAN EXPLAINED, “[A. P. P. OFFICERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY [WERE RANKED] INTO THREE CATEGORIES. [FIRST, THERE WERE THE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE; THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P. THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEN THERE WERE THE ONES THAT COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY [INTO THE FORCE FOR THE TRIAL PERIOD]. THEY COULD [BE ACCEPTED] FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY AGAIN [FOR FULL-TIME]. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE, [WHO] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE…IT IS IMPORTANT [TO REMEMBER], THOSE A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. THEY WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” WHEN ANSWERING HOW HER FATHER ENDED UP WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE, BUCHANAN SAID, “[AFTER THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P.], ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER [OF THE R. C. M. P.] HANCOCK (WILLIAM FREDERICK WATKINS “BILL” HANCOCK) KNEW DAD REALLY WELL. [PREVIOUSLY, HANCOCK] WAS THE [ACTING COMMISSIONER] FOR THE ALBERTA [PROVINCIAL POLICE]. [HANCOCK] CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, ‘BUCK – DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’A LOT – I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT, BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT. YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?’” AS A RESULT, EDWARD BUCHANAN WAS RELOCATED TO THE R. C. M. P.’S LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT IN 1944. JEAN BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “DAD’S PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, VERY FIRMLY. AND THE STAFF [IN LETHBRIDGE] ENDED UP LOVING HIM. THE SECRETARIES AND EVERYTHING, THEY WERE CRYING WHEN HE LEFT. AND I GOT LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON… BUT [IN TERMS OF] THE SITUATION [WHICH ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK WAS REFERRING TO], NO, HE WAS FINE. HE NEVER HAD ANY TROUBLE. HE JUST FIRMLY, QUIETLY DEALT WITH EVERYTHING AND EVERYTHING WAS FINE. I NEVER SAW HIM STRESSED OUT. ALWAYS COOL, LAID BACK.” “[WHEN WE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE], WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET SOUTH. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. BUT WE HAD [SOME] TROUBLE BECAUSE DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US. HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE [THAT WAS] READY, SO WHEN WE CAME DOWN [WE] STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. AND THEN I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE – LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS. ANYWAY, I GOT THROUGH GRADE TWELVE AND THAT’S ALRIGHT.” “[ANOTHER THING HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR HERE IN LETHBRIDGE] WAS TO OVERSEE THE PRISONER OF WAR (POW) CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POWS IN THE RESPECT THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. THEY WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY, BUT THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. [MY DAD] RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT… AND THEN THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK ON THE [FARMS], BECAUSE THERE WAS A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS… BUT, OF COURSE, I KNEW ABOUT THE CRUELTY OF SOME OF THE HARD-CORE NAZIS THAT WERE IN THERE. THE TROUBLE WAS THERE WASN’T ENOUGH FORCE POLICE TO GO IN THERE SAFELY. THEY COULDN’T EVEN GET IN THE POW CAMP AND THE CIVIL GUARDS WERE THE ONLY ONES THAT WERE AVAILABLE, BUT THEY DIDN’T EVEN DARE GO IN HALF THE TIME. IT WAS REALLY SOMETHING. THERE WERE SOME GUYS IN THERE THAT WERE REALLY, REALLY MEAN…” “AND OH YES, A FEW [MEN DID TRY TO ESCAPE THE CAMP],” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT THEY DIDN’T GET VERY FAR. THEY NEVER GOT AWAY. I’VE GOT RECORDS OF ONES THAT WERE CAUGHT. THEY STOLE SOMEBODY’S CAR. SOME OF THEM GOT A REGULAR SENTENCE FOR BREAKING ONE OF OUR LAWS.” BUCHANAN CONFIRMS THAT HER FATHER RETIRED FROM THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN 1950 WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE. AFTER RETIREMENT, SHE EXPLAINED, “[HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON, HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS… BUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE WITH HIS RECORD, SO THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA…HE THEN WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN OR SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS…” EDWARD BUCHANAN “SORT OF” RETIRED FROM THAT ROLE IN THE 1970S, HIS DAUGHTER EXPLAINED. HE CONTINUED WORKING IN SOME CAPACITIES UNTIL HIS PASSING IN 1998. “[I RECEIVED MY DAD’S R. C. M. P. POSSESSIONS, BECAUSE HE] KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER IT AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM… HE LIVED TO BE NINETY-EIGHT AND I DON’T THINK HE EVER THREW ANYTHING OUT SINCE HE WAS IN HIS TWENTIES.” ACCORDING TO EDWARD E. “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S OBITUARY, HE PASSED AWAY IN IN EDMONTON IN 1998. HIS WIFE’S NAME WAS CHRISTENE BUCHANAN AND TOGETHER THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN – EDWARD, ROBERT, JEAN, WILLIAM, AND ROSE-MARIE. THE OBITUARY STATES HE SERVED 31 YEARS IN THE R.C.M.P, AND 15 YEARS AS THE SUPERINTENDENT OF CORRECTIONS FOR ALBERTA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
Acquisition Date
2018-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BUTTON
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20180014002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BUTTON
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
2.7
Description
A: SILVER-COLOURED METAL BUTTON. SHIELD OF ALBERTA EMBOSSED ON THE CENTER OF THE BUTTON. “ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE” EMBOSSED AROUND THE CREST. SHINY FINISH. THE BACK OF THE BUTTON IS BRASS IN COLOUR. AROUND THE CENTRE OF THE BACK “W. SCULLY MONTREAL” IS MACHINE ENGRAVED. THERE IS A LOOP FOR A PIN FASTENER LOOSELY ATTACHED TO THE BACK B: TWO-PRONGED BRASS PIN WITH A CIRCULAR LOOP ON ONE END AND THE TWO ENDS ON THE PIN EXTENDING OUT INTO A V-SHAPE ON THE OTHER. PIN IS 3.2 CM IN LENGTH AND AT THE WIDEST POINT THE PRONGS ARE 1.1 CM APART. CONDITION: SLIGHT SCRATCHING ON THE FRONT AND BACK SURFACES OF THE BUTTON. BRASS BACK IS SLIGHTLY TARNISHED. METAL OF PIN IN SLIGHTLY DISCOLOURED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS BUTTON BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. ACCORDING TO THE BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY PROVIDED WITH A BUCHANAN A. P. P.-RELATED DONATION MADE BY JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN 2002 (P20020090). IT STATES, "BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE BUCHANAN BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920." AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. DESCRIBING HER FATHER’S CAREER, BUCHANAN BEGAN, “[MY DAD] JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL…AS A ROOKIE – RIGHT AT THE START – HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. AND IT WASN’T LONG UNTIL HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE REAL POLICING. WHEN THE CRAZY PROHIBITION WAS BROUGHT IN, THAT WAS A REAL PAIN FOR THE POLICE. IT WAS [A MOVEMENT] PUSHED BY THESE DO-GOODERS, WHO DIDN’T REALIZE WHAT THEY WERE DOING. DAD WAS VERY UPSET TALKING ABOUT THAT. EVEN WHEN HE WAS JUST A YOUNG FELLOW, [HE WAS] FINDING YOUNG, GOOD FARM BOYS BLIND OR DEAD OVER A FENCE, BECAUSE THEY HAD A PROBLEM WITH THE PROHIBITION AND GETTING MOONSHINE THAT WASN’T MATURE OR SOMETHING, [WHICH] WAS POISONOUS.” “IN 1921 HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON,” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL. HE THEN GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE AND HE WAS GOING TO GO THERE, BUT THEN IN 1922 THEY GOT MARRIED [SO HE DID NOT GO TO GRAND PRAIRIE] FORTUNATELY, THE A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. DID, SO HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED. [AFTER MY PARENTS’ MARRIAGE] THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD, WHERE HE WAS ON HIS OWN [AT THE POSTING]. FROM THERE, HE DID A LOT OF WORK GOING BACK AND FORTH.” “BRAINARD [WAS] A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION… THEY BUILT DAD A LOG CABIN DOWN THERE FOR THE HOUSE WITH HIS NEW WIFE AND [SOON AFTER THEY WERE] EXPECTING THEIR FIRST CHILD. [THE CABIN HAD] ONE BIG ROOM WITH CURTAINS HERE AND THERE, AND HE DIDN’T HAVE A PRISON THERE. WHEN HE TOOK IN A PRISONER, THAT’S WHEN HE NEEDED THE OREGON BOOT AND THE BALL AND CHAIN BECAUSE HE HAD A BIG BOLT ON THE FLOOR NEAR HIS OFFICE. THAT’S WHERE THE GUY HAD TO SIT, CHAINED, UNTIL [MY FATHER] COULD TAKE HIM ON INTO EDMONTON…EVEN IN THE A.P.P. TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON. [HE WOULD BE] BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE],” BUCHANAN EXPLAINED EXPANDING ON HOW HER FATHER’S WORK TOOK HIM “BACK AND FORTH.” “THEN THEY CLOSED THAT [BRAINAR POST] DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY – A LITTLE VILLAGE – AND HE WAS THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. [HE WAS THERE] WHEN 1932 CAME ALONG AND THEN HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P… AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. [FROM THERE] HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT, WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO [COVER]. AND THERE AGAIN, WE HAD A NICE, BIG WHITE HOUSE AND A JAIL THIS TIME… THE JAIL OFFICE AND THE COURTROOM AND EVERYTHING WAS CONNECTED [TO THE HOUSE]. YOU JUST GO DOWN THE HALL AND OPEN THE DOOR AND THERE YOU GO, AND THERE’S TWO JAILS IN THERE. [THERE] HE WAS GETTING ROOKIES COMING OUT FROM EDMONTON TO TRAIN UNDER HIM… [I WAS BORN IN] ’30 [AND] NOW IN ’34, I REMEMBER GOING THERE [TO WESTLOCK].” SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P. IN 1932 AND THE ABSORPTION OF SOME OF ITS MEMBERS INTO THE R. C. M P., BUCHANAN EXPLAINED, “[A. P. P. OFFICERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY [WERE RANKED] INTO THREE CATEGORIES. [FIRST, THERE WERE THE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE; THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P. THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEN THERE WERE THE ONES THAT COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY [INTO THE FORCE FOR THE TRIAL PERIOD]. THEY COULD [BE ACCEPTED] FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY AGAIN [FOR FULL-TIME]. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE, [WHO] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE…IT IS IMPORTANT [TO REMEMBER], THOSE A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. THEY WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” WHEN ANSWERING HOW HER FATHER ENDED UP WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE, BUCHANAN SAID, “[AFTER THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P.], ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER [OF THE R. C. M. P.] HANCOCK (WILLIAM FREDERICK WATKINS “BILL” HANCOCK) KNEW DAD REALLY WELL. [PREVIOUSLY, HANCOCK] WAS THE [ACTING COMMISSIONER] FOR THE ALBERTA [PROVINCIAL POLICE]. [HANCOCK] CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, ‘BUCK – DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’A LOT – I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT, BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT. YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?’” AS A RESULT, EDWARD BUCHANAN WAS RELOCATED TO THE R. C. M. P.’S LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT IN 1944. JEAN BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “DAD’S PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, VERY FIRMLY. AND THE STAFF [IN LETHBRIDGE] ENDED UP LOVING HIM. THE SECRETARIES AND EVERYTHING, THEY WERE CRYING WHEN HE LEFT. AND I GOT LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON… BUT [IN TERMS OF] THE SITUATION [WHICH ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK WAS REFERRING TO], NO, HE WAS FINE. HE NEVER HAD ANY TROUBLE. HE JUST FIRMLY, QUIETLY DEALT WITH EVERYTHING AND EVERYTHING WAS FINE. I NEVER SAW HIM STRESSED OUT. ALWAYS COOL, LAID BACK.” “[WHEN WE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE], WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET SOUTH. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. BUT WE HAD [SOME] TROUBLE BECAUSE DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US. HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE [THAT WAS] READY, SO WHEN WE CAME DOWN [WE] STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. AND THEN I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE – LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS. ANYWAY, I GOT THROUGH GRADE TWELVE AND THAT’S ALRIGHT.” “[ANOTHER THING HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR HERE IN LETHBRIDGE] WAS TO OVERSEE THE PRISONER OF WAR (POW) CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POWS IN THE RESPECT THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. THEY WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY, BUT THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. [MY DAD] RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT… AND THEN THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK ON THE [FARMS], BECAUSE THERE WAS A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS… BUT, OF COURSE, I KNEW ABOUT THE CRUELTY OF SOME OF THE HARD-CORE NAZIS THAT WERE IN THERE. THE TROUBLE WAS THERE WASN’T ENOUGH FORCE POLICE TO GO IN THERE SAFELY. THEY COULDN’T EVEN GET IN THE POW CAMP AND THE CIVIL GUARDS WERE THE ONLY ONES THAT WERE AVAILABLE, BUT THEY DIDN’T EVEN DARE GO IN HALF THE TIME. IT WAS REALLY SOMETHING. THERE WERE SOME GUYS IN THERE THAT WERE REALLY, REALLY MEAN…” “AND OH YES, A FEW [MEN DID TRY TO ESCAPE THE CAMP],” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT THEY DIDN’T GET VERY FAR. THEY NEVER GOT AWAY. I’VE GOT RECORDS OF ONES THAT WERE CAUGHT. THEY STOLE SOMEBODY’S CAR. SOME OF THEM GOT A REGULAR SENTENCE FOR BREAKING ONE OF OUR LAWS.” BUCHANAN CONFIRMS THAT HER FATHER RETIRED FROM THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN 1950 WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE. AFTER RETIREMENT, SHE EXPLAINED, “[HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON, HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS… BUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE WITH HIS RECORD, SO THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA…HE THEN WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN OR SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS…” EDWARD BUCHANAN “SORT OF” RETIRED FROM THAT ROLE IN THE 1970S, HIS DAUGHTER EXPLAINED. HE CONTINUED WORKING IN SOME CAPACITIES UNTIL HIS PASSING IN 1998. “[I RECEIVED MY DAD’S R. C. M. P. POSSESSIONS, BECAUSE HE] KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER IT AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM… HE LIVED TO BE NINETY-EIGHT AND I DON’T THINK HE EVER THREW ANYTHING OUT SINCE HE WAS IN HIS TWENTIES.” ACCORDING TO EDWARD E. “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S OBITUARY, HE PASSED AWAY IN IN EDMONTON IN 1998. HIS WIFE’S NAME WAS CHRISTENE BUCHANAN AND TOGETHER THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN – EDWARD, ROBERT, JEAN, WILLIAM, AND ROSE-MARIE. THE OBITUARY STATES HE SERVED 31 YEARS IN THE R.C.M.P, AND 15 YEARS AS THE SUPERINTENDENT OF CORRECTIONS FOR ALBERTA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20180014002
Acquisition Date
2018-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
RIDING CROP
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, CANE
Catalogue Number
P19694042000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RIDING CROP
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
LEATHER, CANE
No. Pieces
1
Length
75.0
Diameter
2.5
Description
"MP" STAMPED ON POPPER. BRAIDED LEATHER QUIRT HEAD. STRIGHT SHANK CORE FROM HANDLE TO POPPER COVERED WITH LEATHER. COTTON THREAD BAND SECURES POPPER TO SHANK. QUIRT SHOWS WEAR. LEATHER STITCHED LENGTHWISE.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE RIDING CROP.
Catalogue Number
P19694042000
Acquisition Date
1969-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHROMED METAL, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19739467000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
CHROMED METAL, STEEL
No. Pieces
3
Height
33.0
Diameter
16.2
Description
CAPACITY APPROXIMATELY ONE GALLON. SWINGING HANDLE, DETACHABLE SPOUT (SCREW BASE), AND A SLIP ON SPOUT CAP ATTACHED TO HANDLE WITH A CHAIN. "1" PAINTED ON CAN SIDE, IN TWO DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. CAN EXHIBITS WORN CHROME PLATING SEVERAL SHALLOW DENTS, AND A LEAKING BASE SEAM. A SPOT WELD REPAIR IS ON THE BASE SEAM. CAN USED TO OIL THE SEALS ON A STEAM PUMPER.
Subjects
METALWORKING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CARRIED ON LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT STEAM PUMP TRUCK #1, AN AMERICAN-LA FRANCE TYPE 12. REF TO P19739463000-GA. PUMP TRUCK NO. 1.
Catalogue Number
P19739467000
Acquisition Date
1973-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
UPRIGHT, DESK TYPE
Date Range From
1905
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, BAKELITE, CORD, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19860065000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UPRIGHT, DESK TYPE
Date Range From
1905
Date Range To
1915
Materials
METAL, BAKELITE, CORD, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
27.0
Diameter
13.5
Description
BLACK, SILVER, LIME GREEN. MOUTHPIECE, SILVER METAL WITH BLACK BAKELITE SPEAKER. BLACK METAL LABEL SCREWED ONTO FRONT MOUTHPIECE READS "SPEAK DIRECTLY INTO MOUTHPIECE." NO. "1352100C" ENGRAVED ON FRONT. ENGRAVED ON BACK "MFD. BY STROMBERG-CARLSON TEL. MFG. CO. ROCHESTER, N.Y. U.S.A." METAL ARM HOLDER, BAKELITE EAR RECEIVER RESTS IN THIS ARM. GREEN COVERED TELEPHONE CORD ATTACHED AT BASE AND TO EAR RECEIVER. METAL PIECE AT TOP OF THE BASE HAS "PAT'D. SEPT. 12-1905" ENGRAVED INTO IT.
Subjects
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
UPRIGHT TELEPHONE CO. CA 1910-15 USED IN #1 FIREHALL AS PART OF CITY HALL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM.
Catalogue Number
P19860065000
Acquisition Date
1985-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON .32
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20030017000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON .32
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.5
Length
29.5
Width
3.5
Description
32 CAL. STEEL REVOLVER HAS 80% BLUED FINISH. FRONT AND REAR IRON SIGHTS. STAMPED SIDE BARREL "32 WINCHESTER CTG" AND ON TOP "SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD, MASS, U.S.A. PATENTED MAR. 27 94.... FEB.6.06." BASE OF PISTOL GRIP AND CYLINDER SN# STAMPED "42090". STAMPED ON ONE SIDE OF REVOLVER BODY CIRCULAR LOGO WITH "TRADE" AT TOP, "MARK" AT BOTTOM AND STYLIZED "W" OVER TOP "S". PISTOL GRIP IS MADE OF FINISHED WOOD. ONE SIDE BODY DISPLAYS MODERATE PITTING AND GOUGING. HOUSING SCREW MISSING SAME SIDE AS S&W LOGO.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
REVOLVER ORIGINALY OWNED BY DONOR'S GRANDFATHER LEODAS DESIRE BOURASSA. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE DONOR STATES: "LEODAS BOURASSA WAS BORN ON APRIL 18, 1897... IN BUCKINGHAM, QUEBEC. LEO CAME WEST IN 1917, HOMESTEADING IN THE LUNDBRECK DISTRICT NEAR CHAPEL ROCK. HE JOINED THE RNWMP IN FORT MACLEOD [AND] WAS MOBILIZED INTO THE RNWMP CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE AT REGINA AND SERVED IN ENGLAND. UPON DEMOBILIZATION OF THE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN MAY 1918, HE WENT BACK TO THE RNWMP UNTIL HIS DISCHARGE IN JANUARY 1919 IN MONTREAL. THE WEST MUST HAVE MADE AN IMPRESSION ON HIM, AS HE THEN RETURNED TO THE LUNDBRECK HOMESTEAD... LEO MARRIED JEANNETTE ALIDA LEMIRE ON JULY 31, 1922 IN FORT MACLEOD... [THEY] HAD NINE CHILDREN.... LEO WAS AN HONORARY MEMBER OF THE FORT MACLEOD GOLF AND CURLING CLUBS, LIFE MEMBER OF KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS, AND VERY ACTIVE IN ALL ASPECTS OF SPORT IN THIS AREA... LEO DIED AT THE AGE OF 80 ON DECEMBER 25, 1977, WHILE JEANNETTE HAD PASSED AWAY ON JANUARY 28, 1977." SEE HARD COPY FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON BOURASSA FAMILY. WEAPON DONATED IN MEMORY OF LEO DESIRE BOURASSA.
Catalogue Number
P20030017000
Acquisition Date
2003-09
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
No. Pieces
1
Height
76.4
Length
167.8
Width
86.4
Description
DESK, OAK WITH MOTHER-OF-PEARL CALL BUTTONS ON TOP FRONT RIGHT CORNER. TOP SURFACE HAS: WORN FINISH, AREA OF DARK BLACK STAINING NEAR FRONT CENTER, AND WATER DAMAGE CAUSING WOOD TO SPLIT AT THREE PLACES ON RIGHT SIDE. SEVEN DRAWERS, WITH THREE ON LEFT, THREE ON RIGHT AND ONE AT CENTER. DRAWER FACES HAVE BEVELED EDGES AND WOODEN HANDLES. BOTTOM TWO DRAWERS ON RIGHT, BOTTOM DRAWER ON LEFT AND CENTER DRAWER HANDLES HAVE CHUNKS OF WOOD MISSING. LEFT SIDE OF CENTER DRAWER HAS WHITE PAINT. LOCKING MECHANISMS AT TOP RIGHT, CENTER AND LEFT DRAWERS. ABOVE DRAWERS AT LEFT AND RIGHT ARE PULL OUT BOARDS. SIDES AND REVERSE OF DESK HAVE PANELED WOOD. RIGHT SIDE HAS FRAGMENT OF CORD EXTENDING FROM THE EDGE OF CALL BUTTONS. TOP DRAWER ON RIGHT HAS THREE LOOSE WOODEN SEPARATORS, ONE IN RIGHT MIDDLE AND ONE IN LEFT MIDDLE. SPILLED INK HAS STAINED THE BOTTOM OF TOP LEFT DRAWER INSIDE. FRAGMENT OF NEWSPAPER ON THE UNDERSIDE OF TOP CENTER DRAWER HAS, “FRIDAY, MAY 23, 1913.”
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
FURNISHINGS
PROFESSIONS
History
DESK BELONGED TO DONOR’S FATHER JERRY YAMAMOTO WHO PASSED AWAY ON OCTOBER 11, 1997. IN MAY 2012, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DONOR TERRY YAMAMOTO. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW’S TRANSCRIPTION. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS FIRST MEMORY OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO RESPONDED BY SAYING, “WELL… IT GOES BACK TO WHEN I WAS ABOUT ELEVEN YEARS OLD. MY DAD BUILT THE HOUSE, HE BUILT IT ON HIS OWN AND THE FIRST YEAR WE MOVED IN THERE I WAS ELEVEN LIKE WE LIVED IN THE BASEMENT WHILE HE BUILT THE UPSTAIRS. AS FAR AS I CAN REMEMBER THAT DESK HAS BEEN THERE SINCE THE TIME WE MOVED IN SO I WAS ELEVEN SO THAT WOULD BE 1963. IT WAS IN WHAT WE CALLED HIS RADIO ROOM. HE WAS A RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR THE RCMP AND HE JUST HAD IT SET IN THERE FOR HIS MUSIC AS A DESK. YEAH, HE DID YOU KNOW WELL HE FIXED RADIOS HE WAS A RADIO TECH FOR THE RCMP SO HE WOULD TINKER AROUND FIXING RADIOS AND THINGS LIKE THAT. HE WAS ALSO A HAM OPERATOR. [FOR] AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE WAS WITH THE RCMP. I WAS BORN IN ‘52, 1952 SO IT HAD TO BE AROUND THAT TIME OR AFTER THAT HE JOINED THE RCMP BECAUSE AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE ALWAYS WORKED WITH THEM. HE STARTED OUT AS OPERATING RADIOS THEN JUST WENT ON COURSES AND WHATEVER WITH THE RCMP AND THEN HE BECAME THE RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. [WHEN HE STARTED, HE WAS DOING] THE RADIO TRANSMISSION WITH EVERY COP IN THE CARS. AND BASICALLY THE RCMP SENT HIM BACK AND PUT HIM ON TRAINING FOR RADIO TECHNICIAN AND HE WAS WITH THEM UNTIL HE RETIRED. HE LIKED IT BECAUSE HE SERVICED NOT ONLY THE CAR RADIOS BUT ALL THE RADIO TOWERS FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THE ONE THING HE REALLY ENJOYED WAS HE HAD RETIRED AND THEN WHEN THE OLYMPICS CAME, THE SKIING, THE WORLD CUP IN 1980, SECURITY OR WHATEVER. THE RCMP SENT HIM OUT TO OTTAWA ON A SPECIAL, BROUGHT HIM OUT OF RETIREMENT, SENT HIM TO OTTAWA FOR A SPECIAL COURSE AND THEN HE HAD TO HE WAS UP AT LAKE LOUISE AND BANFF AND THEY WERE DOING ALL THE SECURITY ON THE TOWERS AND EVERYTHING.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED ANY OF THE HISTORY OF THE DESK BEFORE HIS FATHER’S USE, YAMAMOTO SAID, “ALL I REMEMBER IS HIM SAYING IS THAT IT CAME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS AND HIM AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN HAD COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS. BUT ANYWAYS IT HAD SOMETHING TO DO WITH JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN SO I DON’T IF HE ACTUALLY HAD IT IN THE BEGINNING AND GAVE IT MY DAD TOOK IT BUT IT DID ACTUALLY COME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS. [MY FATHER] AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN WERE FRIENDS OF A DIFFERENT KIND AND LIKE I SAY THEY COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE DAMAGE ON THE TOP SURFACE OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO EXPLAINED, “YEAH, THAT WAS PROBABLY MY FAULT, I WAS USING IT FOR MY BEDDING PLANTS AND IT GOT SPRAYED WITH WATER. YOU KNOW I HAD THEM SITTING THERE I HAD A BOARD OVER TOP FOR A WHILE THERE.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY KIM GUNN AND FORWARDED BY TOM EDGAR IN AN E-MAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION, “THE DESK IS AN OLD RCMP DESK THAT WAS STANDARD ISSUE TO RCMP OFFICES ACROSS CANADA. WHEN THE RCMP GOT NEW DESKS IT WAS GIVEN TO DR. GORE-HICKMAN’S DAD FOR USE IN HIS OFFICE AT THE OLD POLICE STATION ON 5TH STREET. GORDIE REMEMBERS JERRY Y. AND THE DESK BEING IN HIS DAD’S OFFICE. HE SAYS HIS DAD AND JERRY WERE GOOD FRIENDS. GORDIE SAYS THAT HIS DAD STARTED OUT AS A POLICE MAGISTRATE AND THAT IS WHY HIS OFFICE WAS AT THE POLICE STATION.” *UPDATE* AT THE TIME OF CATALOGUING IN AUGUST, 2013, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH DISCOVERED SOME ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS IN THE TOP CENTER DRAWER. UPON CONSULTATION WITH DONOR, THESE DOCUMENTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO GALT ARCHIVES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
Acquisition Date
2011-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, COPPER, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P19651634000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BRASS, COPPER, RUBBER
No. Pieces
11
Length
75.5
Diameter
9.2
Description
2.8 CM (NOZZLE). "W.D. ALLEN MFG. CO. CHICAGO" ON LIP OF MOUTH. DETACHABLE BRASS NOZZLE. DENTED BADLY. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
Catalogue Number
P19651634000
Acquisition Date
1965-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P19739477000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BRASS, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Length
25.4
Diameter
2.2
Description
BRASS FIREHOSE NOZZLE, WIDER AT BOTTOM END THAT ATTACHES TO HOSE, TAPERING TO A POINT AT THE OPPOSITE END. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
Catalogue Number
P19739477000
Acquisition Date
1973-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HYDRANT THAWING KIT
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHROMED METAL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19739464000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HYDRANT THAWING KIT
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
CHROMED METAL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Height
47.7
Diameter
15.3
Description
CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL CASE FILLED WITH OILED COTTON WASTE. LEATHER LOCKING STRAPS ATTACHED, & A TIGHT FITTING CAP OR LID WITH A RING HANDLE. THE LEATHER STRAPS LOCK THE CAP TO THE CASE. 3 BOLT FLANGES PROTRUDE FROM THE BASE. KIT IS CURRENTLY FILLED WITH COTTON WASTE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ORIGINALLY CARRIED ON LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT STEAM PUMP TRUCK NO. 1 (AMERICAN LA FRANCE TYPE 12) KIT IS USED FOR THAWING FROZEN FIRE HYDRANTS. REFER GIFT CERTIFICATE P19739463000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19739464000
Acquisition Date
1973-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
NOZZLE TIPS (4)
Date Range From
1898
Date Range To
1908
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19760097000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOZZLE TIPS (4)
Date Range From
1898
Date Range To
1908
Materials
BRASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
5
Height
8.3
Length
38.7
Width
3.8
Description
SET OF 4 NOZZLE TIPS, MADE OF BRASS, ARE SCREWED ONTO A 2 X 4 PIECE OF BLACKWOOD (ABOVE DIMESIONS). PAINTED BLACK. NOZZLE TIPS, 10.2 CM LTH. 2 NOZZLE ON THE LEFT OR RIGHT SIDE ARE BOTH 2.8 CM HOLE SIZE; THE ONE NEXT IS OF 1.9 HOLE SIZE AND THE LAST IS A CONVERSION NOZZLE OF 2.2 CM HOLE SIZE. THE CONVERSION NOZZLE MAY CONVERT FOR USE OF OTHER SIZES OF NOZZLES. EACH NOZZLE HAS ENGRAVED ON THE BOTTOM: "J. MORRIS & SONS LTD. FIRE ENGINEERS MANCHESTER". EACH NOZZLE HAS A 6.3 CM HOLE TO SCREW ONTO THE SCREW RECEPTACLE WHICH IS BOLTED ONTO THE BOARD. 6.3 CM THREAD. THERE ARE TWO SCREWS ON EACH SIDE OF THE MIDDLE TWO NOZZLES, WHICH ARE SCREWED ONTO SOMETHING FOR THE PURPOSE OF HOLDING THE BOARD IN PLACE. N.B. ONE 2.8 CM NOZZLE TIP, ON MOBILE DISPLAY.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
NOZZLES WERE ONCE MOUNTED ONTO SIDE OF OLD AJAX LADDER FIRE TRUCK, WHICH OPERATED FROM #1 FIRE HALL BUILT IN 1908-09 BY ARCHITECT J.A. MCDONALD & CONTRACTOR SMITH BROS. & WILSON.
Catalogue Number
P19760097000
Acquisition Date
1975-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PERSUADER OR COME-ALONG
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL PLATING
Catalogue Number
P19662209000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PERSUADER OR COME-ALONG
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL PLATING
No. Pieces
1
Height
29.5
Width
8.3
Description
CHAIN WITH "T" SHAPED SOLID PIECE AT EACH END. SHAPED WITH GROOVE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CHAIN IS WRAPPED AROUND WRIST, "T" PIECES FIT IN EACH OTHER & ARE TWISTED TO "PERSUADE" AN INDIVIDUAL TO FOLLOW A POLICE OFFICER. RETIRED POLICE CHIEF JIM CARPENTER SAYS THIS TYPE OF HANDCUFF WAS USED BY LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE BEFORE MORE FAMILIAR MODERN HANDCUFF ADOPTED. ***** UPDATE: COPY BELOW WAS RESEARCHED AND WRITTEN FOR SUBMISSION TO LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ON 15 APRIL 2013, RELATED TO THE MUSEUM’S WHAT’S IT FEATURE. REFERENCES TO THE ARTIFACT’S REPRESENTATIONAL USE BY THE LATE, RETIRED CHIEF OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE JIM CARPENTER CAN BE FOUND ON PAGES 83 AND 104 OF HIS BOOK THE BADGE AND THE BLOTTER. RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED BY MUSEUM VOLUNTEER KIRSTEN CHRISTOPHERSON. “COME-ALONGS” (ALSO KNOWN AS “CHAIN GRIPS” OR “CHAIN NIPPERS”) ARE AN EARLY FORM OF POLICE RESTRAINT USED FROM THE LATE 19TH TO MID 20TH CENTURY. THE LATE POLICE CHIEF JIM CARPENTER WROTE IN HIS BOOK THE BADGE AND THE BLOTTER THAT, WHEN HE BEGAN HIS CAREER WITH LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE IN 1940, HE WAS ISSUED “COME-ALONG CHAINS” AMONGST OTHER THINGS. COME-ALONGS HAVE TWO “T” SHAPED HANDLES, THE LARGER OF WHICH IS INSET, ALLOWING FOR ONE “T” HANDLE TO BE INSERTED INTO THE OTHER. TO USE A COME-ALONG, AN OFFICER WRAPPED THE CHAIN COMPONENT OF THE HANDCUFF AROUND ONE OF THE DETAINEE’S WRISTS, COMBINING AND TWISTING THE NOW INTERLOCKED HANDLE, THEREBY SHORTENING THE CHAIN. THIS SHORTENING ACTION CAUSED DISCOMFORT AND PAIN FOR THE DETAINEE, PERSUADING HIM OR HER TO “COME-ALONG” BY FORCE. ONE CAN IMAGINE THE ISSUES OFFICERS FACED USING COME-ALONGS, AS IT ONLY CONTROLLED ONE OF THE DETAINEE’S TWO HANDS. THE RESTRAINT “TOOL” WAS EVENTUALLY DISCARDED BY POLICE AS THE TRADITIONAL HANDCUFF ROSE IN PROMINENCE. THIS CHANGE PROVIDED INCREASED SAFETY AND PEACE OF MIND FOR BOTH OFFICERS AND THEIR DETAINEES.
Catalogue Number
P19662209000
Acquisition Date
1966-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970115001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Length
113 (CHAIN)
Diameter
14 (BALL)
Description
ROUND STEEL BALL ATTACHED TO A STEEL CHAIN WITH A LEG SHACKLE AT THE END. ALSO ATTACHED TO THE TOP OF THE BALL IS AN ADJUSTABLE LEATHER STRAP, USED BY PRISONER TO LIFT THE BALL OFF THE GROUND. MARKED ON THE SURFACE OF THE ANKLE CUFF IS "TOWER (?) PATENT MAY 26, '74, SEPT. 4, '77, MAR. 5, '78, DEC. ?. '79 DEC. 5, '82". HINGE STAMPED "4" ON ONE SIDE AND "D" ON THE OTHER. SURFACE OF BALL IS STAMPED WITH A LARGE "A". LEATHER IS STILL REASONABLY SOFT.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONATION MADE ON BEHALF OF DONORS FATHER, EDWARD E. BUCHANAN, FORMER SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE FROM MAY 1944 TO NOV. 1950. ACCORDING TO DONOR, ITEM BELONGED TO THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE, BUT WAS GIVEN TO THE LETHBRIDGE JAIL WHEN IT OPENED IN APPROX. 1909. USED TO KEEP A PRISONER IMMOBILE IN THE UNFENCED PRISON YARD. MR. BUCHANAN WAS A MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FROM 1919 UNTIL 1932 WHEN HE TRANSFERED TO ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. RETIRED IN 1950, THEN BECAME DIRECTOR OF CORRECTIONS FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. FATHER WAS GIVEN THE ITEMS BY WARDEN OF LETHBRIDGE'S JAIL, HERB HOLT IN THE LATE 1950'S. FOR DONOR'S PERSONAL MEMORIES AND HISTORY OF DONATIONS SEE PERMANENT FILE. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. **** ON 18 JANUARY 2013, BALL AND CHAIN (P19970115001) AND OREGON BOOT (P19970115002) DONOR TED BUCHANAN (TB) VISITED THE GALT TO PARTICIPATE IN A COLLECTIONS-REQUESTED INTERVIEW. THE INTENT OF THE INTERVIEW WAS TO CLARIFY DETAILS SURROUNDING BUCHANAN’S 1998 ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF A HANGMAN’S NOOSE (P19990088001). ADDITIONAL DETAILS REGARDING BUCHANAN’S OWNERSHIP OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WERE DISCUSSED, QUESTIONS POSED BY KEVIN MACLEAN (KM). RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM THE INTERVIEW ARE BELOW. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE INTERVIEW IN ITS ENTIRETY, PLEASE SEE P19990088001’S PERMANENT FILE. TB: “WELL HE HAD A TRUNK IN THE BASEMENT WHERE HE KEPT A LOT OF THIS, THE OLD MEMORABILIA THAT HE HAD. AND AS MUCH OF IT AS I CAN REMEMBER WAS ALL, PRETTY MUCH EVERYTHING WAS KEPT IN THAT BIG ROOM, TRUNK.” TB: “HE HAD TAKEN POSSESSION OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WHILE HE WAS STILL WITH THE RCMP HERE (LETHBRIDGE). IT CAME OUT OF THE OLD RCMP DETACHMENT BUILDING THAT WAS THERE BEFORE THEY BUILT THEIR NEW FACILITY, THEY HAD FOUR OR FIVE JUST LIKE HOUSES THAT WERE ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY, APPROXIMATELY WHERE THE PRESENT POLICE STATION IS. AND THEN ON THE WEST SIDE OF THAT PROPERTY, BECAUSE THEY OWNED THE WHOLE FOUR CITY BLOCKS THERE, WHERE CITY HALL IS, THE YATES MEMORIAL CENTER, AND THE SENIORS’ CENTER AND THE CURLING RINK AND ALL THAT. THAT WAS ALL RCMP PROPERTY; WELL IT WAS NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE PROPERTY ORIGINALLY. AND WAY OFF ON THE EAST SIDE WAS WHERE THE STABLES WERE, BECAUSE THE ORIGINAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ONLY WAY TO TRAVEL WAS BY HORSEBACK UNTIL THEY STARTED BRINGING IN AUTOMOBILES AND SO THEY HAD QUITE A STABLE THERE. WELL THEN THEY HAD TO BUILD A JAIL OUT HERE, SO THEY BUILT A JAIL ADJACENT TO THE STABLES ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY AND THAT’S WHERE THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT CAME INTO PLAY, BECAUSE THE LAND DOWN THERE WAS GOOD GARDENING LAND AND THEY HAD BIG GARDEN CROPS OUT THERE AND THEY WOULD HAVE SOME OF THE INMATES GO OUT THERE AND HOE THE GARDEN AND LOOK AFTER THE VEGETABLES AND DO THE WATERING AND WHATEVER AND THIS IS WHY THEY HAD TO RESTRAIN THEM.” KM: “DO YOU REMEMBER ANY SPECIFIC STORIES WITH THAT BOOT, WHO WORE IT OR ANYTHING, LIKE THAT?” TB: “NO.” KM: “SO ALL YOU KNOW IS THAT THOSE ITEMS CAME DIRECTLY FROM THE BARRACKS?” TB: “THAT’S RIGHT, IN FACT THE REASON THAT DAD SAID HE TOOK POSSESSION OF THEM BECAUSE WHEN THEY TORE DOWN THE OLD STABLES AND THE OLD JAIL THEY WERE JUST DESTROYING IT, EVERYTHING WAS JUST GOING TO THE CITY DUMP AND HE HAPPENED TO SEE SOME OF THESE THINGS AND HE THOUGHT THEY WERE THINGS THAT PEOPLE WOULD BE INTERESTED IN VIEWING IN THE FUTURE.
Catalogue Number
P19970115001
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
OREGON BOOT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970115002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OREGON BOOT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
3
Description
DARK BROWN LEATHER BOOT WITH A STEEL PLATE FASTENED TO THE BOTTOM OF THE HEEL THAT HAS A STEEL ROD ON EACH SIDE ATTACHED TO A STEEL RING AROUND THE OPENING OF THE BOOT. OTHER TWO PIECES ARE WEIGHTS THAT ARE EACH HALF OF A WEIGHTED RING THAT IS CLAMPED AROUND PRISONERS LEG, BUT RESTS ON THE STEEL FRAME. BOOT HAS A HOLE IN THE TOE, AND IS MISSING LACES.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BOOT DESIGNED AND PRODUCED IN THE 1860S TO PREVENT INMATES FROM ESCAPING A FACILITY IN SALEM OREGON. IT WAS NOTED THAT PRISONERS ON OUTSIDE EXERCISE WERE ESCAPING WHEN SHAKLED TO THE TRADITIONAL BALL AND CHAIN. PRISONERS LEARNED THEY COULD PICK UP THE BALL AND, IF DESIRED, RUN AND CLIMB, ALLOWING THEIR ESCAPE. J.C. GARNER INVENTEDTHE BOOT DEVICE. IT IS CLAIMED THAT HE BASED THE DESIGN ON ANKLE BRACES USED TO RESTRAIN SLAVES IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH. HE HAD IT WAS MANUFACTURED IN PRISON SHOPS AND USED ON CONVICTS WHEN OUTSIDE THEIR CELLS. HE LATER PATENTED HIS DEVICE, BUT AS ITS POPULARITY SPREAD AMONGST LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IT WAS MADE BY DIFFERENT MANUFACTURERS, WHO MADE IT IN SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT CONFIGURATIONS TO AVOID PATENT INFRINGEMENT. THE BOOT DECLINED IN USE AFTER THE 1920S. ACCORDING TO DONOR’S FATHER, EDWARD BUCHANAN, BOOT WAS WORN BY A PRISONER AT NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE BARRACKS IN LETHBRIDGE. PRISONER WAS CONVICTED OF MURDER AND SENTENCED TO DEATH BY THE COURT. HANGING ARRANGEMENTS WERE MADE FOR A SCAFFOLD TO BE MADE AT BARRACKS, AS THERE WAS NONE PRESENT. A SLIGHT CHANGE WAS MADE TO THE TRAP DOOR IN THE HAY LOFT OF THE STABLE BY PLACING A STEEL RING IN THE WOOD WORK ABOVE TO FASTEN THE ROPE ON AND THIS WAS WHAT WOULD SERVE THE SENTENCE OF THE COURT. THE EXECUTION WAS CARRIED OUT AT THE BREAK OF DAY, AFTER WHICH THE PRISONER WAS BURIED IN AN UNMARKED GRAVE. EVENT (JAN. 1911) BECAME ONLY EXECUTION EVER CARRIED OUT WITHIN BOUNDARIES OF CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. PRISONER WAS IMMOBOLIZED WHEN HE PUT THE BOOT ON, HAD WEIGHTS APPLIED OVER BRACKET, ENSURING HE COULD WALK, BUT NOT RUN WHILE OUTSIDE. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE MAGAZINE ARTICLES IN PERMANENT FILE ON MURDER CASE AND CONVICTION AS WELL AS BOOT'S GENERIC ORIGINS, AND P19970115001-GA. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. **** ON 18 JANUARY 2013, BALL AND CHAIN (P19970115001) AND OREGON BOOT (P19970115002) DONOR TED BUCHANAN (TB) VISITED THE GALT TO PARTICIPATE IN A COLLECTIONS-REQUESTED INTERVIEW. THE INTENT OF THE INTERVIEW WAS TO CLARIFY DETAILS SURROUNDING BUCHANAN’S 1998 ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF A HANGMAN’S NOOSE (P19990088001). ADDITIONAL DETAILS REGARDING BUCHANAN’S OWNERSHIP OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WERE DISCUSSED, QUESTIONS POSED BY KEVIN MACLEAN (KM). RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM THE INTERVIEW ARE BELOW. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE INTERVIEW IN ITS ENTIRETY, PLEASE SEE P19990088001’S PERMANENT FILE. TB: “WELL HE HAD A TRUNK IN THE BASEMENT WHERE HE KEPT A LOT OF THIS, THE OLD MEMORABILIA THAT HE HAD. AND AS MUCH OF IT AS I CAN REMEMBER WAS ALL, PRETTY MUCH EVERYTHING WAS KEPT IN THAT BIG ROOM, TRUNK.” TB: “HE HAD TAKEN POSSESSION OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WHILE HE WAS STILL WITH THE RCMP HERE (LETHBRIDGE). IT CAME OUT OF THE OLD RCMP DETACHMENT BUILDING THAT WAS THERE BEFORE THEY BUILT THEIR NEW FACILITY, THEY HAD FOUR OR FIVE JUST LIKE HOUSES THAT WERE ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY, APPROXIMATELY WHERE THE PRESENT POLICE STATION IS. AND THEN ON THE WEST SIDE OF THAT PROPERTY, BECAUSE THEY OWNED THE WHOLE FOUR CITY BLOCKS THERE, WHERE CITY HALL IS, THE YATES MEMORIAL CENTER, AND THE SENIORS’ CENTER AND THE CURLING RINK AND ALL THAT. THAT WAS ALL RCMP PROPERTY; WELL IT WAS NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE PROPERTY ORIGINALLY. AND WAY OFF ON THE EAST SIDE WAS WHERE THE STABLES WERE, BECAUSE THE ORIGINAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ONLY WAY TO TRAVEL WAS BY HORSEBACK UNTIL THEY STARTED BRINGING IN AUTOMOBILES AND SO THEY HAD QUITE A STABLE THERE. WELL THEN THEY HAD TO BUILD A JAIL OUT HERE, SO THEY BUILT A JAIL ADJACENT TO THE STABLES ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY AND THAT’S WHERE THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT CAME INTO PLAY, BECAUSE THE LAND DOWN THERE WAS GOOD GARDENING LAND AND THEY HAD BIG GARDEN CROPS OUT THERE AND THEY WOULD HAVE SOME OF THE INMATES GO OUT THERE AND HOE THE GARDEN AND LOOK AFTER THE VEGETABLES AND DO THE WATERING AND WHATEVER AND THIS IS WHY THEY HAD TO RESTRAIN THEM.” KM: “DO YOU REMEMBER ANY SPECIFIC STORIES WITH THAT BOOT, WHO WORE IT OR ANYTHING, LIKE THAT?” TB: “NO.” KM: “SO ALL YOU KNOW IS THAT THOSE ITEMS CAME DIRECTLY FROM THE BARRACKS?” TB: “THAT’S RIGHT, IN FACT THE REASON THAT DAD SAID HE TOOK POSSESSION OF THEM BECAUSE WHEN THEY TORE DOWN THE OLD STABLES AND THE OLD JAIL THEY WERE JUST DESTROYING IT, EVERYTHING WAS JUST GOING TO THE CITY DUMP AND HE HAPPENED TO SEE SOME OF THESE THINGS AND HE THOUGHT THEY WERE THINGS THAT PEOPLE WOULD BE INTERESTED IN VIEWING IN THE FUTURE.
Catalogue Number
P19970115002
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
No. Pieces
32
Height
31.1
Length
8.3
Width
18.4
Description
.1 HOUSE ALARM BOX. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. STEEL, GLASS, BRASS. PAINTED RED. BOX IN PENTAGONAL SHAPED WITH ROUND CASEMENT IN FRONT FACE. A COG-WHEEL BRASS MECHANISM IS IN THE CASEMENT. CASEMENT FACE IS GLASS EDGED WITH COILED GOLD WIRE MOTIF. A KNOBBED BRASS LEVER IS ON MIDDLE RIGHT SIDE OF BOX. BOX FEATURES A VARIETY OF CIRCUIT WIRE CONNECTORS. BACK SIDE FEATURES 3 HOLES. BOX IS EMBOSSED AT TOP CENTRE WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND "GAMEWELL CO." .2 HOUSE ALARM GONG AND KEY WINDER. 84.4 CM HT. X 12.1 CM TH. X 33.0 CM WTH. X 35.6 CM DIA. BRASS, OAK WOOD. 2 PIECES. NATURAL COLOURS. CIRCULAR BRASS GONG IS MOUNTED ON OAK FRAME AND CASE. TOP OF CASE IS CONVEX WITH 6 CARVED BALLS ALONG TOP EDGE. A BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM IS INSIDE CASE (ABOVE GONG) BEHIND CRACKED GLASS DOOR. KEY WINDER FITS IN KEYHOLE AT BOTTOM LEFT OF GLASS DOOR. BRASS KEY WINDER IS FLANGED. 4 WIRES AND A RING FOR HANGING PROTRUDE FROM TOP OF GONG CASE. A LABEL SCREWED ONTO DOOR STATES: "THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY LIMITED. .3 PUNCH REGISTER. 17.3 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 22.9 CM LTH. BRASS, WOOD, GLASS. 7 PIECES. BASE PAINTED BLACK. REGISTER IS A KEY-WOUND BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM CONTAINED IN A BRASS AND GLASS CASE. KEY WINDER IS MISSING. REGISTER IS MOUNTED ON A HOLLOW PAINTED WOOD BASE. MECHANISM OPERATES A ROLL OF PAPER TAPE MOUNTED IN A BRASS SPOKED REEL AND FEED THROUGH A PUNCH AND ALONG A GUIDE PLATE. A SMALL (3.6 CM HT. X 3.8 CM DIA.) BRASS CUT SITS BELOW PUNCH HEAD TO CATCH PIECES OF PUNCHED OUT PAPER, AS TAPE IS FED THROUGH AND PUNCHED TO RECORD FIRE CALLS. TAPE REEL DIA 12.7 CM LABEL ENGRAVED ON CASE ABOVE PUNCH HEAD READS: "HARRINGTON-SEABERG MOLINE, ILLINOIS". THE PUNCH REGISTER IS WIRED TO AN ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND OUTSIDE FIRE ALARM BOXES AT VARIOUS STREET LOCATIONS. .4 TAPE TAKE-UPS. 22.0 CM HT. X 7.2 CM WTH. X 15.0 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. 2 UNITS (6 PIECES). BLACK FINISH ON STEEL. SERIAL NO'S. 105662, 105793. 2 IDENTICAL UNITS, EACH CONSISTING OF A KEY-WOUND MECHANISM IN A BLACK STEEL CASE. A TAKE-UP TRIP LEVER IS MOUNTED ON THE KEY WIND POST OF EACH UNIT. A BRASS SPOKED REEL IS GEARED TO THE MECHANISM AND TRIP LEVER ON EACH UNIT, TO TAKE UP THE USED, PUNCHED TAPE COMING FROM THE PUNCH REGISTER. SPOKED REEL DIA. 12.7 CM. ENGRAVED LABELS ON CASES FEATURE CLENCHED FIST AND READ: "GAMEWELL THE GAMEWELL CO., NEWTON, MASS." AND SERIAL NUMBERS. THESE ARE COMPANION UNITS TO THE PUNCH REGISTER. .5 KEY WINDER. 0.5 CM TH. X 1.8 CM WTH. X 8.6 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. NATURAL COLOUR. RATCHET-STYLE SQUARE KEY FOR WINDING SPRINGS ON TAPE TAKE-UP UNITS. KEY RATCHET TENSION HAS BEEN REINFORCED WITH STEEL LEAF SPRING MOUNTED WITH BRASS WIRE AND SOLDER. .6 PACKAGE OF PAPER TAPES. 15.5 CM HT. X 11.5 CM DIA.PAPER, WOOD. 6 PIECES. 6 PAPER TAPE ROLLS TO REFILL PUNCH REGISTER ARE WOUND ON WOOD CORES AND WRAPPED IN BROWN PAPER. PACKAGE HAS BEEN OPENED. EACH ROLL IS 2.5 CM WIDE. .7 RELAY. 7.0 CM HT. X 9.4 CM WTH. X 17.7 CM LTH. SOAPSTONE, CORDAGE, BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WAX. NATURAL COLOURS. RELAY IS MOUNTED ON A RECTANGULAR SOAPSTONE BASE. MOUNT HOLES ON UNDERSIDE OF BASE ARE PLUGGED WITH WAX. RELAY FEATURES BAKELITE INSULATED COILS, BRASS WIRE CONNECTORS AND FITTINGS, AND A SPARK GAP ADJUSTABLE FOR WIDTH AND TENSION (BY COIL SPRING & CORD). .8 TEST SWITCH. 4.9 CM TH. X 9.6 CM WTH. X 13.5 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, MASONITE, BAKELITE. BLACK FINISH ON STEEL AND MASONITE. TELEGRAPH KEY-STYLE CIRCUIT TEST SWITCH, WIRED IN-LINE AND USED TO TEST HOUSE LARM BOX CIRCUIT. KEY IS BRASS WITH BAKELITE KNOB, MOUNTED ON STEEL BASE, MASONITE BASE PLATE, BRASS MOUNTING BOLTS. .9 VOLTAGE REGULATOR SWITCH. 12.0 CM HT. X 20.5 CM DIA. BRASS, CAST IRON, STEEL, CERAMIC. 3 PIECES. BLACK PAINTED BASE. "SERIAL #172836" UNDERSIDE OF BASE. SWITCH CONSISTS OF BRASS WHEEL-STYLE HANDLE ATTACHED WITH SET SCREW, BRASS FACE PLATE, AND CERAMIC/BRASS/STEEL/IRON BASE. BASE FEATURES 3 SCREW LUGS, 2 WIRE CONNECTORS AT SIDE, TURNING STEEL CENTRE SHAFT, CERAMIC INSULATED BRASS CONTACTS ON UNDERSIDE, SERIAL NO. PLATE ON UNDERSIDE, AND ROTATING CONTACT BETWEEN BRASS CONTACTS & CENTRE SHAFT. BOTH FACE PLATE AND BASE ARE EMBOSSED WITH DIRECTIONAL ARROWS AND: "TO LOWER (AND) RAISE VOLTAGE, WARD LEONARD ELECTRIC CO., BRONXVILLE, N.Y., U.S.A.", AND: "TO RAISE RESISTANCE". .10 D.C. VOLTMETER. 10 CM HT. X 20.2 CM DIA. BRASS, GLASS. BLACK PAINTED CASE/FACE. METER FEATURES BRASS/GLASS FACE, BLACK PAINT TIM ON FACE, AND INCREMENTS FROM 0-150 INSIDE GLASS FACE. METER IS NUMBERED "15522" (INSIDE GLASS FACE). EMBOSSED ON FACE: "WAGNER ELECTRIC MFG. CO., TYPE-D., ST. LOUIS, U.S.A." THIS IS A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. .11 D.C. AMMETERMETER IS SIMILAR IS ALMOST ALL RESPECTS TO D.C. VOLTMETER DESCRIBED PREVIOUSLY AND IS ALSO A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. INCREMENTS ARE 0-500 MILLI-AMPS, AND METER IS NUMBERED "15571" INSIDE GLASS FACE. .12 RECTIFIER. 13.5 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 27.9 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WIRE. BLACK COLOUR. "STYLE NO. 947766-A" ON PLATE. ITEM CONSISTS OF TWIN COILS, ANOTHER COIL AND A CIRCUIT PANEL ALL MOUNTED ON STEEL CHANNEL. BASE AND INTERCONNECTED WITH INSULATED WIRES. WIRE CONNECTORS AND OTHER ELECTRICAL FURNISHINGS ARE BRASS. A STEEL SPECIFICATION PLATE IS MOUNTED ON TOP OF THE TWIN COILS AND FEATURES A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL, AND READS: "RECTOX RECTIFIER". OTHER INFORMATION INCLUDES: "A.C. VOLTS 105-115-125, D.C. VOLTS 30-45-60, .60 CYC., STYLE NO., .115 AMPS, LICENSED UNDER PATENT 1.640.335, ETC., WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC & MFG. CO.", ETC. .13. 15 CM TH. X 31 CM WTH. X 56 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, RUBBER, WOOD, GLASS, WIRE WITH BRAID COVER. BLACK.UNIT CONSISTS OF SMALL VOLTAGE REGULATOR WITH WHEEL CONTROL AND 0-500 MILLI-AMP D.C. AMMETER MARKED: "TRIPLETT, MODEL 521" MOUNTED ON BOARD WITH EMBOSSED BRASS PLATE "GONGS". 4 MOUNTING BOLTS, 1 AT EACH CORNER. GONG AND ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT ON REVERSE SIDE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SYSTEM WAS LOCATED IN OPERATOR'S OFFICE IN FIRE HALL NO. 1, BUILT 1908-09 BY SMITH BROS. & WILSON, ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD. WHEN A PASSERBY PULLED THE STREET ALARM, THE BOX NO. WOULD REGISTER AS PUNCHED HOLES ON PAPER TAPE. FIRE OPERATOR CHECKED NUMBER AGAINST A BOX REGISTER & WROTE OUT NUMBER FOR FIREMEN. OPERATOR THEN PRESSED HOUSE ALARM BOX LEVER TO TRIGGER HOUSE ALARM GONG AND ALERT DUTY SHIFT FIREFIGHTER CREW TO RESPOND TO FIRE. SYSTEM OPERATED ON 100 M.A. AT 48 VOLTS. *** UPDATE JUNE 2012 *** IN JUNE 2012, THE GALT DEVELOPED A SMALL EXHIBIT TO COMMEMORATE AN ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT. MUCH OF THE EXHIBIT’S CONTENT CENTRED ON THE GALT’S COLLECTION OF FIRE ALARM BOX/SYSTEM OBJECTS. TECHNICAL DATA WAS SOURCED DIRECTLY FROM PERSONS INVOLVED WITH THE PENNSYLVANIA FIRE MUSEUM. NEW INFORMATION ON THE USE OF THE HOUSE FIRE ALARM BOX WAS PROVIDED IN JUNE 2012 BY RETIRED FIRE CHIEF LAWRENCE DZUREN. DZUREN STATED IN 2012 THAT THE BOX’S LEVER WAS PULLED EVERY TIME A FIRE CALL CAME INTO THE HALL BY PHONE. THE LEVER’S FREQUENT/DAILY USE MAY EXPLAIN WHY OPERATORS CHOSE TO REMOVE THE BOX’S HINGED DOOR - DOCUMENTED HISTORICALLY IN GALT ARCHIVAL IMAGE P19760218007. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON BOX AND SYSTEM’S RECEIVER/REGISTER, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Acquisition Date
1976-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Height
183.5
Width
32.0
Description
"SERIAL #20114C" AND "17" ON BACK OF ALARM BOX. DEMONSTRATION UNIT CONSISTS OF A WOODEN STAND WITH A TRIANGULAR BRACED BASE. AN ALARM BOX IS AT TOP OF THE STAND, A GONG IS MOUNTED BELOW THIS, AND A GONG MOUNTED ON A CONTROL BOX IS AT THE BOTTOM. AT THE BACK OF THE STAND IS AN AUTO BATTERY MOUNTED AT THE TOP, A RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY, AND A CIRCUIT BOARD BELOW THE SWITCH. BOX IS RED, PENTAGONAL SHAPE, WITH FRONT OPENING. TOP FEATURES A FIST DESIGN AND EMBOSSED WORD: "GAMEWELL". DOOR OF BOX FEATURES WHITE LETTERING: "FOR FIRE". INSIDE DOOR IS PLASTIC COVERED OPENING, A HANDLE MARKED: OPEN, AND A WHITE HOOK WITH RED LETTERING BELOW: "PULL DOWN HOOK". LETTERING FLANKED BY DOWN POINTED ARROWS. BACKSIDE OF DOOR AND OPENING AREA FEATURE SILVER/BLACK LABELS SHOWING: PATENT NUMBERS, SERIAL NUMBER, UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES OF CANADA, FIRE ALARM, NORTHERN ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED, MADE IN CANADA, ETC. TWO KEYS AVAILABLE TO LOCK BOX VIA KEYHOLE INSIDE DOOR. THE MIDDLE GONG IS MOUNTED ON A MAHOGANY BLOCK AND FEATURES A SPRING LOADED HANDLE AND TWO COILS. THE GONG IS STAMPED IN GOLD; THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING CO. LTD. THE BOTTOM GONG IS MOUNTED ON A BLACK/SILVER METAL CONTROL BOX FEATURING A SILVER SWITCH AND A RED INDICATOR LIGHT. THIS BOTTOM UNIT IS MARKED WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND: THE GAMEWELL COMPANY, NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS. KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY AT TOP REAR OF STAND IS BLACK METAL & HAS A PRODUCT LABEL: KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY...KINGSTON PRODUCT CORP. KOKOMA, INDIANA, U.S.A. BATTERY IS WIRED FOR A WALL PLUG, 115 V. A.C., 65 WATTS. THE RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY FEATURES THE WORDS: TRIP AND RESET. THE CIRCUIT BOARD AT THE BOTTOM REAR OF THE STAND IS WIRED TO THE VARIOUS ITEMS ON THE DEMONSTRATION UNIT, AND IS LABELLED: MOTOROLA, MADE IN CANADA.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
UNIT CONSTRUCTED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL TO DEMONSTRATE ALARM SYSTEM USE TO SCHOOL CHILDREN. UNIT WAS COLLECTED FROM NO. 1 FIRE HALL WHEN ABANDONED BY FIRE DEPARTMENT. NO. 1 FIRE HALL WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1908-1909. ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD, CONTRACTOR: SMITH BROS. & WILSON.
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Acquisition Date
1975-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19683204000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
NICKEL PLATE
No. Pieces
1
Height
24.1
Diameter
5.7
Description
STEAM WHISTLE WITH THREADED ATTACHMENT AT BOTTOM, CHAIN ATTACHED TO LEVER ON SIDE OF WHISTLE, ORNAMENTAL CAP ON TOP. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
WHISTLE IS FROM NO. 1 FIRE ENGINE & USED TO SOUND A WARNING WHEN FIRE ENGINE IN USE. ACQUIRED ABOUT TURN OF THE CENTURY.
Catalogue Number
P19683204000
Acquisition Date
1968-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE BELL
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, STEEL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19950037009
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE BELL
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BRASS, STEEL, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
28
Diameter
19.1
Description
LARGE AND HEAVY BRASS BELL WITH WHITE COTTON ROPE. BELL IS MADE ENTIRELY OF BRASS AND HAS CYLINDRICAL SHAFT AT TOP. ROUNDED BRASS COLLAR SLIDES OVER BELL SHAFT. AT TOP OF SHAFT IS LARGE HEXAGONAL BRASS BUT WITH WIDE CIRCULAR BASE. COLLAR ON SHAFT HAS TWO KNOBS EXTENDING FROM SIDES. A LENGTH OF WHITE COTTON ROPE HAS BEEN WOVEN AROUND KNOBS CREATING LOOP. HINGED ON INSIDE OF BELL IS 16.5CM STEEL STRIKER WITH BALL END. AT END OF STRIKER IS STEEL PLUG WITH LOOPED STEEL RODS IN IT. FASTENED TO LOOP IS 46CM LENGTH OF WHITE COTTON ROPE. ROPE HAS KNOT IN ITS END. BRASS HAS MILD AMOUNTS OF GREEN CORROSION. STEEL STRIKER IS HEAVILY OXIDIZED AND INSIDE OF BELL IS HEAVILY TARNISHED AS WELL.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE P19950037001-GA. BELONGED TO WILLIAM H. SHORT, LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO.1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED WERE CONNECTED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT AND HIS CAREER AS FIRE CHIEF IN THE NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. “YOU SEE, DURING THE YEARS THAT HE WAS THE FIRE CHIEF,” DERRICK BEGAN, “THEIR QUARTERS ACTUALLY WERE IN THE BACK OF THE FIRE HALL. SO STUFF KIND OF GOT ACCUMULATED THERE. THE WHOLE FAMILY [LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL]. WHEN I WAS LITTLE, I WAS THERE ALL THE TIME. MY FATHER [WILLIAM D. SHORT] WAS A CAPTAIN IN THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT MY GRANDFATHER WAS THE FIRE CHIEF.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD ANY MEMORY OF SEEING HER GRANDFATHER WEARING ANY OF THE ARTIFACTS, SUCH AS THE HELMET (P19950037014) OR THE FIRE PANTS (P19950037008), DERRICK RECALLED, “YES, BECAUSE LETHBRIDGE WAS SMALL AT THE TIME AND WHEN WE LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL AND THE BELLS WENT OFF, WE WOULD OFTEN WALK OVER TO HAVE A LOOK AT THE FIRE. I WOULD SEE MY GRANDFATHER OUT THERE, AND I’D SEE MY FATHER WHEN HE WAS ON SHIFT. THERE WERE SOME HUGE FIRES RIGHT DOWNTOWN. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT DATES – PROBABLY BACK IN THE LATE ‘40’S, EARLY ‘50’S. [IN ONE INSTANCE], MY DAD WAS ALSO ON THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, SPEEDING TO A FIRE, AND ANOTHER TRUCK CAME ALONG AND HIT HIM IN THE BACK. HE SUFFERED VERY SEVERE INJURIES FROM THAT. AND I SAW THAT TOO. I WAS JUST ON MY WAY BACK TO SCHOOL.” “WHEN I WAS YOUNG, I WAS ALWAYS IN AND OUT [OF THE FIRE HALL],” DERRICK WENT ON, “THERE WAS A BELL TOWER THERE, WHERE THEY HUNG THE WET HOSES UP TO DRY. THERE WERE RICKETY OLD WOODEN STAIRS GOING ROUND AND ROUND ALL THE WAY UP TO THE TOP OF THE FIRE HALL TO WHERE THE BELL USED TO BE. I USED TO GO UP AND DOWN THOSE STAIRS, AND HOP AND PLAY. AND IN THE BASEMENT THERE WAS PRISON CELLS, BECAUSE IT USED [TO BE] THE POLICE STATION MANY, MANY YEARS BEFORE. IT WAS A COMBINATION OF FIRE AND POLICE. AND, THERE WAS A BIG FURNACE DOWN THERE. I USED TO GO DOWN AND WATCH THE FIREMEN PUSH COAL INTO THE FURNACE TO KEEP IT GOING. IT WAS AN INTERESTING PLACE TO BE AROUND.” “MY GRANDFATHER WAS ON THE INTERNATIONAL BOARD OF FIRE CHIEFS,” DERRICK CONTINUED, “HE WAS VICE-PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK. THEY HAD ASKED HIM TO COME UP AND TAKE THE PRESIDENCY, BUT AFTER MUCH CONSIDERATION, HE DECIDED HE DIDN’T WANT TO LEAVE THE FAMILY FOR THE TWO YEAR TERM IN NEW YORK, SO HE TURNED THAT ONE DOWN. THOUGH HE DID REMAIN ON THE BOARD FOR MANY YEARS.” AN ARTICLE IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2000 READS, “WILLIAM SHORT RETIRED AS LETHBRIDGE FIRE CHIEF IN 1962, ENDING A CAREER AS CHIEF WHICH BEGAN IN JANUARY 1945.” A HERALD ARTICLE FROM 1974 ADDITIONALLY STATES THAT SHORT “JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT IN 1911. HE WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT IN 1919 AND CAPTAIN IN 1922.” AN ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TITLED, “LETHBRIDGE WELL PROTECTED BY MODERN FIRE DEPARTMENT,” PUBLISHED IN 1967 IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “[IN 1910] THE FIRST FIREHALL THAT [WAS] LOCATED AT 4TH STREET AND 2ND AVENUE SOUTH WAS TORN DOWN. IT WAS A TWO-STOREY BUILDING. A THREE-STOREY FIREHALL WAS BUILT IN ITS PLACE ON THE SAME SITE. THAT EARLY BUILDING HOUSED THE FIRE DEPARTMENT EQUIPMENT, SERVED AS CITY HALL AND THE POLICE STATION…” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS DURING THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037009
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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