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Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
104
Width
37.5
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED BIB-STYLE APRON, MARKED ON THE BOTTOM OF THE BODY "UNIFORMS THE EMERY CO. LTD. EDMONTON, ALBERTA", SMALL TAG MARKED "MARION FLETT", AND MARKED IN INK "29", AND "SMH-63". ITEM IS WORN WITH PANEL OF APRON ACROSS THE CHEST, WITH TWO FLAP COVERING SHOULDER AND ATTACHING TO THE BACK OF THE WAISTBAND OF THE SKIRT. ITEM IS WEARING BUT ITEM IN EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE APRON. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075006
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.75
Length
16
Width
9.5
Description
KHAKI-COLOURED CANVAS ARMBAND WITH BUCKLED STRAP. PRINTED DESIGN ON FRONT IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD HEALTH”. TEXT STAMPED ON BACK READS “FINNIGANS LTD. Y.A. 5.000”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS ARMBAND WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
37
Length
29
Width
11
Description
GREEN CANVAS BAG WITH TOP FLAP SECURED BY TWO BUCKLED CANVAS STRAPS. LONGER LOOPED CARRYING STRAP IS SEWN TO BACK OF BAG AND HAS TWO BUCKLES TO ADJUST LENGTH. MAIN BODY OF BAG IS DIVIDED INTO TWO CAVITIES, AND EACH SIDE HAS OUTER POCKET WITH SNAP CLOSURE. PRINTED DESIGN ON TOP FLAP IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD”. TEXT PRINTED IN BLUE ON LOWER BODY OF BAG READS “FIRST AID”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. *NOTE* BAG IS FULL WITH FIRST AID SUPPLIES BUT HAS NOT BEEN OPENED TO MAINTAIN INTEGRITY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR ORIGINAL CATALOGUE DOCUMENT LISTING 8-850 FIRST AID HAVERSACK CONTENTS, PRODUCED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS FIRST AID BACKPACK WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19960018002
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1921
Materials
LEATHER
No. Pieces
3
Height
24.0
Length
40.5
Width
17.5
Description
BLACK LEATHER BAG WITH TWO HANDLES, WITH EACH END ATTACHED BY A STEEL RING, AND A FLAP THAT IS SEWN TO ONE SIDE OF OPENING AND CLIPS INTO LOCK ON OTHER SIDE. HAS SOLID FRAME ACROSS TOP THAT IS ON A HINGE AND CAN BE PULLED OPEN FROM THE CENTRE, THEN RECLOSES ON ITS OWN. INSIDE HAS 2 STEEL KEYS AROUND SAFETY PIN ATTACHED TO STRAP. ONE KEY IS STAMPED "PRESTO" ON THE SURFACE. INSIDE ALSO HAS A LARGE POCKET ON ONE SIDE WALL. LEATHER ON OUTSIDE EDGES IS VERY WORN AND THE HANDLES ARE IN VERY POOR CONDITION, THE LEATHER HAS COMPLETELY WORN OFF IN MIDDLE, EXPOSING THE PAPER UNDERNEATH. FLAP ACROSS TOP IS TEARING. ALSO HAS THE NAME "DR. WOODCOCK" STAMPED INTO THE LEATHER ON FRONT UNDER STEEL.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO DONOR'S UNCLE, DR. WOODCOCK, WHO SPECIALIZED IN EYE, EAR, NOSE AND MOUTH CONDITIONS. HE REMOVED HER TONSILS AT VAN HAARLEM HOPITAL AROUND 1925. SEE P20020075001-GA FOR HISTORY OF DR. DICK WOODCOCK. SEE OTHER DONATIONS BY DONOR FOR FAMILY HISTORY (P19738569000-GA).
Catalogue Number
P19960018002
Acquisition Date
1996-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN
Catalogue Number
P19970075004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Materials
LINEN
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.3
Length
73.2
Width
0.1
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED LINEN BELT. ONE END CONSISTS OF TWO BUTTON HOLES ONE ABOVE THE OTHER. OTHER END OF BELT CONSISTS OF FOUR SMALLER BUTTON HOLES USED TO ADJUST LENGTH OF BELT. NEAR FOUR BUTTON HOLES, MARKED ON INSIDE IN BLACK INK "SMH 24 1/2". IN BLUE INK "94" "29" "FLEET"
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE BELT. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075004
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
54.0 (W/O SLEEVES)
Width
43.5
Description
BLUE BLOUSE. DOUBLE BREASTED FRONT WITH 6 BUTTONS AT EACH SIDE. BUTTONS ARE BRASS WITH MEDICAL CORP INSIGNIA ON THEM. SHOULDERS HAVE EPAULETTES WITH BRASS MILITARY INSIGNIA. EACH HAS A "CANADA" PIN, TWO PIPS INDICATING RANK OF 1ST LIEUTENANT, AND A BRASS BUTTON. ONE POCKET ON RIGHT BREAST. BOTTOM 4 BUTTONS ON RIGHT SIDE MISSING KEY CLASPS; REPLACED BY SAFETY PINS. COLLAR IS HELD WITH 2 LOOP HOOKS; ONE MISSING. RED LINING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. MRS. HALL SERVED OVERSEAS FOR MOST OF THE WAR YEARS ON ACTIVE SERVICE (W.W. I) AS A NURSE FOR THE CANADIAN MILITARY. SEE P19920008001-GA AND P20090010001 FOR MORE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
14.5
Width
10.3
Description
WHITE PAPER BOOKLET HAS BLUE PRINTING WITH "FIRST AID" PRINTED ACROSS TOP. MIDDLE OF COVER HAS BLUE BACKGROUND WITH THREE MEN KNEELING AND STANDING AROUND A FOURTH MAN WHO IS INJURED. BOOKLET CONTAINS PICTURES, DIAGRAMS AND INSTRUCTIONS ON FIRST-AID PROCEDURES. BOOKLET IS HELD TOGETHER WITH TWO STEEL STAPLES. ON BACK IS "PUBLISHED BY THE PRUDENTIAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF AMERICA" OVER A SKETCH OF A ROCK WITH "THE PRUDENTIAL HAS THE STRENGTH OF GIBRALTER" ON IT. BENEATH IS NAME OF COMPANY PRESIDENT "EDWARD D DUFFIELD, PRESIDENT " AND "HOME OFFICE, NEWARK, N.J." BENEATH IT. IN BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF BACK IS "COMB 8701 - REV 12-29" AND IN BOTTOM RIGHT IS "PRINTED IN CANADA". SPINE OF BOOKLET IS WORN AND CORNERS OF PAGES ARE SLIGHTLY DOG-EARED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ARTIFACTS ARE FROM THE #1 FIREHALL AND THE GALT HOSPITAL AND WERE DONATED IN MEMORY OF AGNES C. SHORT, HEAD SCHOOL NURSE, AND WILLIAM H. SHORT WHO WAS FIRE CHIEF. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. WHILE THIS SPECIFIC ARTIFACT WAS NOT RECOGNIZED BY THE DONOR, ITS RELATION TO FIRST-AID CAN BE CONNECTED TO THE FIRE-FIGHTING CAREERS OF BOTH THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT, AND THE DONOR’S FATHER, WILLIAM D. SHORT (FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT HISTORY, SEE P19950037007). THE FIRST-AID CONNECTION ALSO ALIGNS WITH THE NURSING CAREER OF THE DONOR’S AUNT, AGNES SHORT (FOR NURSING HISTORY, SEE P19950037003). AN ARTICLE COMMEMORATING THE CAREER OF WILLIAM H. SHORT WAS PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON JANUARY 16, 1962. IT STATES, “NOT ONLY WILL CHIEF SHORT’S CAREER SOON REACH ITS CLIMAX, THE ROLES PLAYED BY HIS WIFE BERTHA AND HIS DAUGHTER AGNES WILL ALSO COME TO AN END. BOTH WOMEN PLAYED THEIR PART IN THE CHIEF’S FIRE-FIGHTING CAREER… AGNES FOLLOWED THE ENGINES, PROVIDED FIRST AID TREATMENT ON THE SCENE OR LIGHTED THE CIGARETTES FOR THE BOYS WHILE THEY WERE BATTLING FLAMES AND SMOKE.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS IN THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
16.25
Width
10
Description
CLEAR PLASTIC BOTTLE WITH WHITE CAP, FILLED WITH ROUND WHITE TABLETS AND SEALED IN CLEAR PLASTIC BAG. PRINTED LABEL ON BOTTLE HAS TEXT IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH, READING “WATER DECONTAMINANT – EACH TABLET CONTAINS HALAZONE, N.F. 160 MG. WITH SODIUM BORATE AND SODIUM CHLORIDE. ONE HALAZONE TABLET IS SUFFICIENT FOR 5 GALLONS OF ORDINARY WATER. IF WATER IS GREATLY POLLUTED, USE TWO TABLETS. ALLOW WATER TO STAND FOR 30 MINUTES BEFORE DRINKING.” MINOR SCUFFING ON BAG; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS BOTTLE OF WATER DECONTAMINATION TABLETS WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
P19870056000-GA
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PAPER, CARDBOARD
Catalogue Number
P19880017010
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19870056000-GA
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
GLASS, PAPER, CARDBOARD
No. Pieces
2
Height
7.0
Width
3.5
Description
BOTTLE IN BOX "ONE FLUID OUNCE CODRENIN. A LOCAL ANESTHETIC AND HEMOSTATIC", " 2% SOLUTION OF COCAINE WITH ADRENALINE". WHITE BOX WITH RED TEXT ABOUT ALL SIDES AMBER COLOURED SQUARED GLASS BOTTLE CONTAINED IN BOX.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
PARKE, DAVIS & CO. LTD. WALKERVILLE, ONT. DONOR OWNED AND OPERATED STOKES DRUG STORE. DONOR'S FATHER ERNEST BALL STOKES BOUGHT KENNY & ALLIN DRUGSTORE (314 - 5 ST. S.) IN 1918. DONOR TOOK OVER BUSINESS IN 1939 AND OPERATED IT CONTINUOUSLY UNTIL 1980. DONOR ALSO OWNED A SECOND STORE, ROYAL DRUG FROM 1952 TO 1960 AT 617-4 AVE. SO. REF. "LETHBRIDGE DRUGGISTS AND DRUG STORES 1885-1988" OCCASIONAL PAPER NO., 1 LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. NARRATIVE BELOW SOLICITED FROM SOCIOLOGY PROFESSOR BILL RAMP IN EARLY 2010 WHEN THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXHIBITED AS PART OF THE GALT’S TREASURES & CURIOSITIES DISPLAY. THE NARRATIVE BECAME THE BASIS FOR THE ARTIFACT’S LABEL COPY IN THE EXHIBIT. *** THIS BOTTLE CAUGHT MY EYE BECAUSE OF THE “WAR ON DRUGS” – DRUGS OF THE ILLEGAL KIND. ONE OF THE SIDE-EFFECTS OF THIS WAR, AND ALSO OF CONSUMER MOVEMENTS FOR FOOD SAFETY AND DRUG SAFETY (ESPECIALLY AFTER THE THALOMIDE SCARE OF THE 1960’S), WAS A GENERAL TIGHTENING UP ON THE INGREDIENTS OF PATENT MEDICINE (WHAT WE NOW CALL OTC’S), AND A CORRESPONDING CHANGE IN THE WAYS IN WHICH WE SELF-MEDICATE. TODAY, WE DO STILL SELF-MEDICATE WITH A WIDE VARIETY OF LEGAL OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS, BUT THESE ARE GENERALLY FOR SPECIFIC CONDITIONS (E.G. “COUGH AND COLD”), AND TODAY, THOSE CONDITIONS DO NOT NORMALLY INCLUDE PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES. MOOD-ALTERING SELF-MEDICATION HAS MOVED TO PRESCRIPTION DRUGS, OR TO ALCOHOL PRODUCTS, OR TO “ILLEGAL DRUGS” IN WHICH, AS WE KNOW, THERE IS A THRIVING TRADE. AS WITH THE PATENT MEDICINES OF OLD, DOCTORS (OR MORE ACCURATELY, DOCTOR-IMAGES) ARE STILL USED TO SELL OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS. BUT THE STATUS OF THE MEDICINAL PRACTITIONER, AND THE SOCIAL AUTHORITY OF THE MEDICINAL PROFESSION, HAS BECOME HIGHER AND MORE TIGHTLY POLICED, WITH THE EFFECT THAT WE ARE NOW, I BELIEVE, MORE CONDITIONED TO SEEK MEDICAL HELP THAN TO TRUST WORD-OF-MOUTH OR ADVERTISING ABOUT A PARTICULAR REMEDY (UNLESS, THAT IS, WE ARE SKEPTICAL ABOUT “MODERN MEDICINE” AND INCLINED TO PREFER HERBAL REMEDIES!). UNTIL AS LATE AS THE 1950’S, THERE WAS A THRIVING TRADE IN VARIOUS PATENT REMEDIES, AND A THRIVING FOLK CULTURE OF QUACKS, SHILLS, THE GULLIBLE AND THE SKEPTICAL TO GO ALONG WITH IT. AND SO MANY OF THOSE OLD DRUGS HAD POWERFUL, EVEN DANGEROUS INGREDIENTS – OPIATES, ARSENIC – OFTEN MOOD-ALTERING AND ADDICTIVE, WHICH CUSTOMERS WERE URGED TO USE FOR “WHATEVER AILS YOU”. AND CUSTOMERS ENTHUSIASTICALLY COMPLIED. I REMEMBER MY GRANDFATHER CAREFULLY HOARDING HIS LAST FEW BOTTLES OF “GOMBAULT’S CAUSTIC BALSAM – GOOD FOR MAN OR BEAST” – AND ALSO GOOD, SO HE CLAIMED, FOR JUST ABOUT ANY ILL MAN OR BEAST SUFFERED. I ALSO REMEMBER MY MOTHER TELLING ABOUT HER CHILDHOOD NEIGHBORS – WHO SOOTHED THEIR TEETHING CHILDREN TO BED AT NIGHT WITH LAUDANUM, AN OPIATE-ALCOHOL SOLUTION. ***
Catalogue Number
P19880017010
Acquisition Date
1988-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
RCMP UNIFORM
Date Range From
1981
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, PLASTIC, ELASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20000076011
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RCMP UNIFORM
Date Range From
1981
Date Range To
1988
Materials
WOOL, PLASTIC, ELASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
120.5
Width
50.0
Description
RCMP WOOL BREECHES. NAVY BLUE WITH A YELLOW STRIPE DOWN EACH SIDE. THERE IS A BLACK ELASTIC STIRRUP AT THE BOTTOM OF EACH LEG (A SEAM ON ONE OF THE STIRRUPS HAS COME LOOSE). THERE ARE 6 BLACK, PLASTIC BUTTONS AROUND OUTER WAISTBAND. THERE ARE TWO HIP, WELT POCKETS, EACH WITH A BLACK PLASTIC BUTTON TO CLOSE. BREECHES HAVE A STEEL ZIPPER, AND RECTANGULAR HOOK AND EYE AS CLOSURES. A PIECE OF WHITE FABRIC SEWN TO INSIDE OF ZIPPER, WITH A ZIGZAG STITCH, READS "SCHOEN 10" IN BLUE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE UNIFORM (P20000076001-11-GA). SEE P20000076001-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING AN RCMP UNIFORM DONATED BY CELESTE MENT. THE UNIFORM BELONGED TO THE DONOR’S BROTHER. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR A COPY OF THE INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20000076011
Acquisition Date
2001-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, CHROME
Catalogue Number
P19970075007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Materials
PLASTIC, CHROME
No. Pieces
25
Description
18 SMALL WHITE PLASTIC BUTTONS (1.5 CM DIA.) SHAPED LIKE COLLAR TABS, WITH A ROUND BACKING THAT FASTENS THROUGH A BUTTON HOLE. 5 LARGER BUTTONS (2.0 CM DIA.) WITH METAL LOOPS IN THE CENTRE THAT ARE FASTENED WITH METAL PINS (2.0 CM LGTH), OF WHICH THERE ARE TWO. PINS ARE LIKE MINIATURE BOBBY PINS. ALL ITEMS SHOW LITTLE WEAR OR DAMAGE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE BUTTONS. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075007
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
16
Width
11
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED COTTON NURSES CAP. CAP WAS A FLAT PIECE OF FABRIC FOLDED INTO A STANDUP BRIM, AND A POINTED CROWN. THERE IS THE REMNANTS OF A TAG ON THE EDGE MARKED "DONNA MELLORM?". ALSO MARKED "M.H." IN ONE CORNER. ITEM HAS THREE PAPER CLIPS ATTACHED TO KEEP HAT IN PLACE, BUT WITHOUT HAT STILL MAINTAINS SHAPE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE NURSE’S CAP. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. ASKED ABOUT THE OTHER NAMES WRITTEN IN HER UNIFORM, MARION REPLIED: “OH, IT WAS PROBABLY REUSED … THEY WOULD NEVER WASTE A THING, AT ST. MIKES WE WERE TAUGHT TO CONSERVE … NOTHING WAS THROWN OUT THAT COULD BE REUSED, WHETHER IT WAS ON THE NURSING UNIT OR AS FAR AS OUR UNIFORMS WERE CONCERNED. I REMEMBER ONE INCIDENT: I WORKED IN THE OPERATING ROOM AT ST. MIKES AND I BRIEFLY WORKED THE “OR” AT THE FOOTHILLS HOSPITAL AND I COULDN’T GET OVER [IT], I KEPT RUNNING TO THE GARBAGE AND PULLING OUT WHAT THEY WERE THROWING AWAY BECAUSE IT WAS STILL GOOD. AND WE WOULD NEVER CONSIDER THROWING AWAY THINGS THAT COULD BE RE-STERILIZED AND REUSED.” MARY ANN ADDED: “OUR UNIFORMS WERE WASHED FOR US. … SO WHEN WE GOT OUR UNIFORMS, SOMETIMES WE GOT THE WRONG HAT AND STUFF.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
INFANT CAR SEAT
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC,
Catalogue Number
P20110033000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INFANT CAR SEAT
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Materials
PLASTIC,
No. Pieces
1
Height
46.8
Length
59.6
Width
38.5
Description
RIGID PLASTIC FORM IS CREAM COLOURED WITH PLASTIC COVERED PADDING ON SEAT. PADDING IS PATTERNED WITH RED HEARTS AND GREEN SLASHES. BOTTOM PORTION OF PADDING CAN BE FOLDED AWAY FROM FORM. BROWN NYLON SEATBELT WITH TWO BROWN PLASTIC FASTENERS, AND TWO METAL SLIDERS. SEATBELT IS ATTACHED TO FORM THROUGH TWO PARALLEL OPENINGS IN PLASTIC PADDING AND THREADED THROUGH LOOP ON THE FRONT LIP OF THE FORM. TOP EDGE IS STAMPED, “032186” AND BOTTOM IS STAMPED, “A86810.” TAG FOLDED UNDER PADDING READS, “MATÉRIAU NEUF SEULEMENT NEW MATERIAL ONLY, CONFORMÉMENT À LA LOI SUR LES MATÉRIAUX DE REMBOURRAGE ET LES ARTICLES REMBOURRÉS, QUEBEC 69, IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE STUFFING AND UPHOLSTERED AND STUFFED ARTICLES ART, PERMIS – PERMIT QUÉ NO: 0180-114, CONTENU – CONTENT, MOUSSE DE POLYURETHANE POLYURETHANE FOAM, LES INDUSTRIES DOREL INC.”
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
TRANSPORTATION
History
AT THE TIME OF DONATION PATRICIA SASSA (DONOR) WROTE TO THE COLLECTIONS STAFF AND SAID, “SINCE MY RETIREMENT FROM PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING IN JUNE, 1998; I ACQUIRED THIS INFANT SAFETY CAR SEAT WITH THE HOPE OF BECOMING A GRANNY SOMEDAY IN THE FUTURE AS MY SON HAD BEEN MARRIED AT LEAST 5 YEARS AT THE TIME. THE HEALTH UNIT RENTED THESE “CHRYSLER LOVE SEATS” TO MAKE IT AFFORDABLE TO FAMILIES THAT CHOSE NOT TO PURCHASE THEM AT HIGHER PRICES SINCE THEY WERE USED ONLY TO 20 LBS. HOWEVER THE LIFE OF THE SEAT WAS ONLY 10 YEAR AFTER USE; ESPECIALLY THOSE LEFT IN THE VEHICLES AND EXPOSED TO SUN AND VARYING TEMPERATURES. THEY WERE THEN DESTROYED UNDER THE RULES OF TRANSPORT CANADA OR THE MANUFACTURER. SOME MANUFACTURERS HAVE SINCE CHANGED THE EXPIRY DATES TO AS EARLY AS 5 YEARS. ALTHOUGH THE EXACT YEAR THE H.U. BEGAN RENTING IS UNKNOWN, THEY DISCONTINUED THEIR RENTAL SYSTEM IN 1994, THEREFORE THE NEWER ONES WERE BEING SOLD TO FAMILIES. THAT IS WHEN I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO PURCHASE ONE THAT INCLUDED NEW STRAPPING. MY INTEREST IN DONATING THIS MODEL IS THAT IT APPEARS TO ME AS ONE OF THE FIRST. MY RECOLLECTION OF TRANSPORTING OUR TWO BOYS, AS WITH ALL PARENTS OF OUR ERA, WAS THAT WE CARRIED THEM IN OUR LAPS, OR ON THE BACK SEAT THAT WERE PLANKED WITH A BOARD AND SUPPORTED WITH LEGS SO THE ENTIRE BACK SEAT WAS LIKE A BED, COVERED WITH A ‘FUTON’ OR IF WE OWNED A STATION WAGON, THEY WERE JUST PLACED IN THE VERY BACK. I ALSO REMEMBER ACQUIRING A LITTLE SEAT THAT HOOKED OVER THE FRONT BENCH SO THE CHILD COULD VIES THE SCENERY AROUND HIM. TODAY AS WE CONTINUE TO OBSERVE THE NEWEST OF RULES, VARIATIONS OF SAFETY SEATS AND PRICE TAGS; IT SEEMS A MIRACLE THAT OUR CHILDREN SURVIVED. MIND YOU, THE SPEED AND DESIGNS OF CARS WERE NOT AS SOPHISTICATED, HOWEVER THERE WAS ALWAYS THAT ELEMENT OF DANGER FOR ACCIDENTS TO OCCUR AND MANY LIVES WERE LOST DUE TO CARELESSNESS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110033000
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BUFFALO FUR COAT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUFFALO FUR, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P20080002002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BUFFALO FUR COAT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
BUFFALO FUR, CLOTH
No. Pieces
1
Length
139.7
Width
64.8
Description
BUFFALO FUR COAT, WOODEN BLACK PEG BUTTONS ALONG LENGTH OF COAT, TWO OUTER WAIST POCKETS AND INNER CHEST POCKET. LABEL ABOVE INNER CHEST POCKET READS, "H. D. MERRICK." FUR IS MATTED, LINING IS WORN AND EXPOSED LEATHER PARTS ARE CRACKING.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONOR'S FATHER, FRANCIS ALLAN KORTH, RECEIVED FUR COAT WHEN DONOR'S GRANDFATHER AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE OFFICER FRANCIS (FRANK) RAYMOND KORTH, PASSED AWAY NOVEMBER 27, 1998. BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, RET. LETHBRIDGE POLICE SUPERINTENDENT GLEN MICHELSON STATED THAT THE FUR COATS WERE “A MUST WALKING THE BEATS ON COLD WINTER NIGHTS” FOR BEAT CONSTABLES. HE BELIEVED THAT THEY WERE TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE SOMETIME “AROUND 1956” AND REPLACED WITH “GREAT COATS AND PEA JACKETS”. MANY FUNNY RET. OFFICER STORIES EXIST AND MICHELSON ADDED THAT “AROUND 1948, GRANT YOUNG CONSTABLE WAS STANDING STILL AT THE CORNER OF 4TH AVENUE AND 6TH STREET AND A DOG USED HIM AS A FIRE HYDRANT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE P20080002001 AND PERMANENT RECORD. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BUFFALO COAT DONATED BY KELLY KORTH. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. FRANCIS “FRANK” RAYMOND KORTH PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 27, 1988 AT THE AGE OF 74. HE WAS BORN ON MAY 30, 1924 IN WOODHOUSE, AB. HE WAS MARRIED TO EVYON DOROTHY ROBINSON ON JUNE 18, 1947 AND JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE ON AUGUST 12, 1950. HE RETIRED FROM THE POLICE ON AUGUST 27, 1981 AS A DETECTIVE SERGEANT. SEVERAL ARTICLES ABOUT BUFFALO COATS APPEARED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD OVER THE YEARS. ON JANUARY 22, 1954 AN ARTICLE DISCUSSED THE POSSIBILITY OF THE RCMP SWITCHING FROM BUFFALO COATS TO NYLON PARKAS: “BELIEVED TO BE MUCH MORE PRACTICAL AND COMFORTABLE THAN THE MORE COLORFUL BUFFALO HID, THE PARKA HAS ZIPPERS INSTEAD OF BUTTONS AND WEIGHTS ONLY ABOUT ONE-THIRD AS MUCH AS THE BUFFALO COAT.” ANOTHER ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON FEBRUARY 11, 1956 GIVES MORE DETAILS ABOUT THE COATS: “IN SPITE OF ITS AWE-INSPIRING APPEARANCE, THE BUFFALO COAT HAS ITS DISADVANTAGES. ITS 24 POUNDS HANG HEAVILY ON ITS WEARER’S SHOULDERS. ITS WEIGHT AND BULKINESS ARE A DISTINCT HANDICAP IN A FOOT-RACE DOWN A BACK LANE. AND IN ADDITION TO RESPECTFUL GLANCES THE COAT COLLECTIONS LARGE QUANTITIES OF DIRT AND GRIT. SO THE [WINNIPEG] POLICE DEPARTMENT IS EXPERIMENTING, AS IS ITS COUNTERPART IN EDMONTON, WITH NEW TYPES OF COATS EQUALLY WARM BUT LESS AWKWARD.” *UPDATE*: ON NOVEMBER 24TH, 2016, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE GRAD STUDENT JOSH READ, FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, INTERVIEWED RETIRED LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE (FORCE) MEMBER MARCEL ST. ONGE ON ACCOUNT OF HIS INTEREST IN THE FORCE’S PAST USE OF FUR CLOTHING IN POLICE PATROLS. ON DECEMBER 2ND, 2016, READ JOINTLY INTERVIEWED RETIREES BILL PLOMP AND GLEN MICHELSON ON THE SAME SUBJECT. TO READ COPIES OF THESE TWO INTERVIEWS, PLEASE SEE THIS DONATION'S PERMANENT FILE. SEE ALSO PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P20080002002
Acquisition Date
2008-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CITY POLICE COAT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUFFALO HIDE, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19770085004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CITY POLICE COAT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
BUFFALO HIDE, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
135
Width
57
Description
BROWN 3/4 LENGTH BUFFALO FUR COAT, COTTON QUILT LINING. WOOD BUTTONS & LEATHER LOOP. 2 OUTSIDE, 1 INSIDE POCKET. SMALL CHAIN SEWN IN FOR HANGING. BUTTONS NOT ORIGINAL. TORN ALONG BACK & AROUND SHOULDER. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BUFFALO COATS USED BY CITY POLICE UNTIL ABOUT THE 1960'S. REPLACED BY LIGHTER COATS & JACKETS. BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, RET. LETHBRIDGE POLICE SUPERINTENDENT GLEN MICHELSON STATED THAT THE FUR COATS WERE “A MUST WALKING THE BEATS ON COLD WINTER NIGHTS” FOR BEAT CONSTABLES. HE BELIEVED THAT THEY WERE TAKEN OUT OF SERVICE SOMETIME “AROUND 1956” AND REPLACED WITH “GREAT COATS AND PEA JACKETS”. MANY FUNNY RET. OFFICER STORIES EXIST AND MICHELSON ADDED THAT “AROUND 1948, GRANT YOUNG CONSTABLE WAS STANDING STILL AT THE CORNER OF 4TH AVENUE AND 6TH STREET AND A DOG USED HIM AS A FIRE HYDRANT.” *UPDATE*: ON NOVEMBER 24TH, 2016, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE GRAD STUDENT JOSH READ, FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, INTERVIEWED RETIRED LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE (FORCE) MEMBER MARCEL ST. ONGE ON ACCOUNT OF HIS INTEREST IN THE FORCE’S PAST USE OF FUR CLOTHING IN POLICE PATROLS. ON DECEMBER 2ND, 2016, READ JOINTLY INTERVIEWED RETIREES BILL PLOMP AND GLEN MICHELSON ON THE SAME SUBJECT. TO READ COPIES OF THESE TWO INTERVIEWS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR DONATION P20080002002.
Catalogue Number
P19770085004
Acquisition Date
1976-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960037001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Date
1942
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3
Length
10.5
Width
8.5
Description
TWO PACKAGES OF COTTON GAUZE INSIDE KHAKI BROWN CANVAS POUCH. EACH PACKAGE OF GAUZE IS WHITE NYLON COVERING STITCHED WITH WHITE COTTON THREAD. SIDE OF PACKAGE HAS "FIRST FIELD DRESSING" ACROSS TOP WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE UNDERNEATH. ACROSS BOTTOM READS "DO NOT HANDLE THE GAUZE OR WOUND" AND "JOHNSON & JOHNSON LIMITED, MONTREAL, QUE." WITH "OCTOBER , 1942". SEWN TO TOP SEAM OF PACKAGING IS WAX PAPER PACKAGE WITH STEEL SAFETY PIN INSIDE. TWO PACKAGES ARE INSIDE CANVAS POUCH. POUCH HAS TRIANGULAR FOLD IN FLAP AT END. ON FRONT SIDE IS BLACK PRINTING "FIRST FIELD DRESSINGS" WITH INSTRUCTIONS BELOW. PRINTED ACROSS BOTTOM IS "JOHNSON & JOHNSON LIMITED, MONTREAL" AND "MADE IN CANADA OCTOBER 1942". STAMPED ON FLAP IN BLACK IS "C" WITH AN ARROW INSIDE. POUCH IS STAINED AND DIRTY.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DRESSINGS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER. THEY ARE SECOND WORLD WAR ISSUE FOR CANADIAN FORCES.
Catalogue Number
P19960037001
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960037002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Date
1942
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.4
Length
10
Width
6
Description
PACKAGE OF COTTON GAUZE HAS WHITE NYLON COVERING STITCHED WITH COTTON THREAD. SIDE OF PACKAGE HAS "FIELD FIRST DRESSING" ACROSS TOP WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE UNDERNEATH. ACROSS BOTTOM READS "DO NOT HANDLE GAUZE OR WOUND" AND "BAUER & BLACK, LEASIDE, TORONTO, ONTARIO" WITH "DECEMBER, 1942". SEWN TO TOP OF PACKAGE IS WAX PAPER PACKAGE WITH STEEL SAFETY PIN INSIDE. PACKAGE IS DIRTY & STAINED.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DRESSINGS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER. THEY ARE SECOND WORLD WAR ISSUE FOR CANADIAN FORCES.
Catalogue Number
P19960037002
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“C.D.” “WALLY”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20150012007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“C.D.” “WALLY”
Date
1952
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
164
Width
52
Description
GREEN COTTON COVERALLS. FRONT CLOSURE WITH SIX BUTTONS. POCKETS AT CHEST, HIPS, AND REAR. TEXT STENCILLED IN GREY PAINT ON BACK READS “C.D.”. TAG AT INSIDE COLLAR PRINTED WITH TEXT READING “44 M YAMASKA SHIRT LTD. 1952” AND “WALLY” WRITTEN IN BLUE INK. LIGHT WEAR, OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
THESE COVERALLS WERE RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012007
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CIVIL DEFENCE” “8-850 HAVERSACK FIRST AID”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL, ROPE
Catalogue Number
P20150012001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CIVIL DEFENCE” “8-850 HAVERSACK FIRST AID”
Date
1959
Materials
WOOD, METAL, ROPE
No. Pieces
1
Height
38.5
Length
79
Width
36.25
Description
BOX MADE OF SLATS OF WOOD FASTENED TOGETHER WITH STAPLES AND METAL WIRE. LOOPED ROPE HANDLES KNOTTED THROUGH CROSS BRACES ON BOTH ENDS. OPPOSITE CORNERS OF LID ARE PAINTED BLUE. TEXT IS STAMPED OVER SIDES AND LID IN BLACK INK, READING “CIVIL DEFENCE”, “C.C.U. 8-850 HAVERSACK FIRST AID EA.6”, “PACKED FOR LONG TERM STORAGE”, “NOT TO BE OPENED EXCEPT FOR AUTHORIZED INSPECTION OR USE” AND “1959”. SOME SLATS ARE SLIGHTLY WARPED AND CRATE EDGES ARE WORN. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS CRATE WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012001
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
No. Pieces
9
Height
13.5
Length
50.5
Width
36
Description
.A - CARRYING CASE, RED AND BLACK WITH WHITE LETTERING ON FRONT THAT READS “LIFEPAK 5 PHYSIO-CONTROL”. SIDE POCKET CONTAINS P20130014000.C - P20130014000.I. VISIBLE WEAR OVERALL. .B - DEFIBRILLATOR DEVICE WITH TWO PADDLES, OFFWHITE IN COLOUR, CONNECTED TO THE MAIN BODY WITH TAN COLOURED SPIRALED CORDS. BODY CONTAINS VARIOUS DIALS AND OUTPUT PRINTER WITH ROLL OF PAPER. .C - SECOND ROLL OF PAPER, LIGHT GREEN, TIGHTLY WRAPPED AROUND BROWN CARDBOARD TUBE, THAT FITS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR'S PRINTER. .D - .H - FIVE WHITE, CIRCULAR SELF-ADHESIVE ELECTRODE PADS, WITH YELLOW BUTTON AT CENTRE AND METAL SNAPS TO CONNECT TO CORD (P20130014000.I). REPEATING "3M RED SPOT" LOGO IN RED AROUND SNAPS. .I - BLACK, RED, AND WHITE CORD, COILED. BLACK END PLUGS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR, RED AND WHITE ENDS CONNECT TO ELECTRODE PADS.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS DEFIBRILLATOR WAS USED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES. THE LIFEPAK ™ 5 PORTABLE DC DEFIBRILLATOR/SCOPE WAS FIRST INTRODUCED BY THE PHYSIO CONTROL CORPORATION IN 1976. THIS DEVICE REPRESENTED A SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED WEIGHT REDUCTION AND FUNCTIONALITY COMPARED TO EARLIER MODELS. IT SOON BECAME THE STANDARD OF THE INDUSTRY UNTIL FURTHER IMPROVED MODELS WERE INTRODUCED IN 1991. ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, ABOUT THIS DEFIBRILLATOR. LAZENBY TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC, AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. LAZENBY SAID: “SO IN ITS DAY, THIS WAS THE CADILLAC. WE USED THIS. WE HAD ONE LIFEPAK 10 AND A NUMBER OF LIFEPAK 5S… [BY THE LATE 1990S] WE WERE MOVING TO THE 10S, AND THEN THE 10C, BUT WE STILL HAD THESE AROUND. WHEN WE RAN AN ACLS COURSE ON OUR DAYS OFF, TO GET RECERTIFIED THIS IS THE ONE THAT WE USED AND THESE DID FILL IN WHEN THE OTHER ONES WERE DOWN. THIS WAS A FAIRLY RUDIMENTARY DEVICE COMPARED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 IN THAT YOU COULD ONLY LOOK AT THREE DIFFERENT VIEWS OF THE HEART IN THIS ONE. THIS WAS A HEART MONITOR/DEFIBRILLATOR… IT HAS THIS LITTLE TINY SCREEN THAT YOU COULD SEE THIS LITTLE HEART RHYTHM ON, ALMOST LIKE THE RHYTHM WAS AN AFTERTHOUGHT… BUT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON HERE BEFORE YOU REALLY WANT TO USE THIS, THE DEFIBRILLATOR SIDE, RIGHT? [ON] THE NEW GENERATION ONES… THERE’S NO PADDLES ANYMORE, THEY’RE ALL THOSE STICKY PADS SO THE CONTACT IS BETTER. IT ENSURES BETTER ENERGY DELIVERED THROUGH THE HEART MUSCLE. BUT NOW THE SCREENS THAT YOU LOOK AT THE HEART RHYTHM ON ARE EIGHT INCHES BY EIGHT INCHES…THEY’RE A REAL GOOD SIZE COMPARED TO THIS ONE. THIS ONE ONLY GAVE YOU THREE LEADS TO THE HEART. IT USED TO BURN THE IMPRESSION [OF] THE HEART TRACING ONTO THE PAPER, TO SHOW UP ON THE GRID PAPER. AND THERE WAS NO DIAGNOSTIC MODE SO YOU COULDN’T TELL WITH THIS MACHINE IF SOMEONE WAS HAVING A HEART ATTACK OR NOT. WITH THE ECG CHANGES THAT SOMETIMES TAKE PLACE WITHIN THE MYOCARDIUM, YOU COULDN’T TELL THAT ON THIS MACHINE. SO YOU COULD LOOK AT IT AS SORT OF A DIAGNOSTIC AS FAR AS RHYTHM WENT, BUT YOU COULDN’T TELL THE ECG CHANGES AS FAR AS INFARCTION WENT… YOU’RE ONLY AS GOOD AS YOUR EQUIPMENT. SO THIS WAS GOOD AT THE TIME, BUT IT WAS FALLING BEHIND.” LAZENBY CONTINUED: “A LOT OF SAFETY ISSUES WENT WITH THAT. IF YOU SLIPPED AND CONTACTED THE PATIENT, YOU COULD DEFIBRILLATE YOURSELF. IT JUST WAS SO UNSAFE TO CONTINUE DOING IT THIS WAY. THAT’S WHY WE’VE SINCE EVOLVED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 AND THE LIFEPAK 12, AND NOW WE’RE USING ZONE MONITORS WHERE EVERYTHING’S STICKY PADS. YOU DON’T TOUCH THE PATIENT ANYMORE… I ALMOST DEFIBRILLATED MYSELF ON THE FLIGHT BETWEEN SLAVE LAKE AND EDMONTON. WE HAD A PATIENT THAT CODED ABOUT A THIRD OF THE WAY TO EDMONTON, AND IT WAS A ROUGH FLIGHT. AND JUST WHEN I THOUGHT I HAD THIS GUY READY TO ‘JUICE’, WE HIT THIS POCKET OF AIR AND THE WHOLE PLANE DROPPED JUST AS I DISCHARGED THE PADDLES. AND I WAS LUCKY THAT NO PART OF HIM WAS TOUCHING THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER BECAUSE MY KNEE, MY LEG ENDED UP RESTING AGAINST THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER… SO YOU CAN SEE I HAVE A FIRSTHAND KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAFETY ISSUE.” LAZENBY CONCLUDED: “THE THING THAT I MISSED TO THE VERY LAST DAY THAT I WAS ON THE AMBULANCE WAS [NO LONGER] BEING ABLE TO USE PADDLES WHEN I DEFIBRILLATED SOMEONE. I KNOW THAT SOUNDS STUPID, BUT PUTTING A DIME-SIZED DROP OF GEL ON THE PADDLES AND RUBBING THEM TOGETHER, AND PUTTING THEM ON THAT GUY’S CHEST, AND DISCHARGING THE ENERGY YOURSELF, WITH THE TRIGGERS ON THE ENDS, I DON’T KNOW, IT JUST SEEMED TO BE LIKE THE COOLEST THING EVER… WE MISSED IT WHEN IT WENT AWAY, BUT WE ALL KNEW, IT WAS FOR THE BETTER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF LAZENBY'S INTERVIEW ALONG WITH OTHER FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
Acquisition Date
2013-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

127 records – page 1 of 7.