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Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
104
Width
37.5
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED BIB-STYLE APRON, MARKED ON THE BOTTOM OF THE BODY "UNIFORMS THE EMERY CO. LTD. EDMONTON, ALBERTA", SMALL TAG MARKED "MARION FLETT", AND MARKED IN INK "29", AND "SMH-63". ITEM IS WORN WITH PANEL OF APRON ACROSS THE CHEST, WITH TWO FLAP COVERING SHOULDER AND ATTACHING TO THE BACK OF THE WAISTBAND OF THE SKIRT. ITEM IS WEARING BUT ITEM IN EXCELLENT CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE APRON. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075006
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.75
Length
16
Width
9.5
Description
KHAKI-COLOURED CANVAS ARMBAND WITH BUCKLED STRAP. PRINTED DESIGN ON FRONT IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD HEALTH”. TEXT STAMPED ON BACK READS “FINNIGANS LTD. Y.A. 5.000”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS ARMBAND WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19970094011
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Materials
NICKEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.8
Length
6.3
Width
4.4
Description
NICKEL CAP BADGE. CREST-SHAPED, SURMOUNTED BY KING'S CROWN. MAPLE LEAVES EMBOSSED ON FRONT, WITH "C.D." ENAMELED IN BLUE AT CENTRE, AND "LETHBRIDGE POLICE" IN BANNERS ACROSS WIDTH. REVERSE STAMPED "W. SCULLY" AND "SCULLY LTD. MONTREAL".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
BELONGED TO FRANK BATHGATE, A MEMBER OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE FROM 1953 UNTIL HE RETIRED IN 1988. DECEASED 1996. FOR HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19960107001-GA. DONOR IS FRANK'S WIFE. THE FOLLOWING NARRATIVE WAS PRODUCED BY GALT TECH KEVIN MACLEAN AS THE RESULT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN EXHIBIT ON THE POLICE AUXILIARY IN 2009. SOURCES CONSULTED INCLUDED SEVERAL INTERVIEWS WITH SERVING AND RETIRED MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE, A RETIRED MEMBER OF THE CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE, THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND THE CITY MANAGER’S RECORDS IN THE GALT ARCHIVES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE REFERENCE THE ARTIFACT’S PERMANENT FILE AND ARTIFACTS P19960112110 AND P19870044001. THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE SOME TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER. THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. IN LESS THEN A YEAR, THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE ANNOUNCED ITS INTENT TO FORM ITS OWN AUXILIARY AS PART OF THE CITY POLICE. ON 10 NOVEMBER 2009, FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENT ROBERT (BOB) GARDNER OF SALMON ARM, BC, RESPONDED, BY PHONE, TO FAXED QUESTIONS SUBMITTED BY GALT COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN. MACLEAN CONTACTED GARDNER WITH REGARDS TO EXHIBIT RESEARCH HE WAS CONDUCTING ON THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE’S AUXILIARY IN ORDER TO ASCERTAIN WHAT, IF ANY, CONNECTION EXISTED BETWEEN THE TWO ORGANIZATIONS. GARDNER, BORN IN EDMONTON AND RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE, WAS 33 YEARS OLD WHEN HE JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE (C.D.) POLICE IN 1960. HIS AWARENESS OF THE C.D. POLICE AND HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ITS “CALL FOR VOLUNTEERS” LIKELY CAME, HE SAID, FROM AN ADVERTISEMENT IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS WHICH, INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. ADDITIONALLY, HIS FAMILY PARTICIPATED IN WWI AND FRIENDS IN WWII, SAYING, THE “THREAT OF WAR WAS ALWAYS IN [HIS] MIND”. HE DID NOT ENLIST IN WWII ON ACCOUNT THAT HE WAS TOO YOUNG. NO TIME COMMITMENT OR TERM CONTRACT EXISTED WITH REGARDS TO GARDNER’S C.D. VOLUNTEER EXPERIENCE. GARDNER’S RECOLLECTION OF THE C.D. POLICE’S ADMINISTRATION, GOVERNANCE AND RECRUITMENT WAS DOMINATED BY THE ORGANIZATION’S DIRECTOR C.W. CHICHESTER. THE C.D. POLICE OFFICE WAS, HE BELIEVED, IN CITY HALL WITH “LECTURES IN THE COURT ROOM AT THE POLICE STATION”. TRAINING WAS “BASICALLY UNDER POLICE CHIEF CARPENTER” WITH “LECTURES BY CARPENTER, INSPECTOR COPELAND AND DETECTIVE R. MICHELSON. THERE WERE NO COMMUNICATIONS OR WORKING RELATIONSHIPS WITH ANY OTHER MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE”. ADDITIONAL TRAINING WAS PROVIDED BY RETIRED MOUNTED POLICE MEMBERS BARRY ALLEN AND C.D. INSPECTOR A. DICKSON. GARDNER RECALLED RECEIVING TARGET SHOOTING TRAINING IN THE “BASEMENT OF THE R.C.M.P. GARAGE” WHERE THE MOUNTED POLICE OPERATED A PISTOL SHOOTING RANGE. RELATIONS WITH THE CITY POLICE FORCE DID NOT EXTEND BEYOND THE AFOREMENTIONED WITH GARDNER GOING SO FAR AS TO SAY THAT, “THE FORCE’S COMMISSION HAD NOTHING TO DO WITH IT (C.D. POLICE) NOR [DID THEY HAVE] AN ACTIVE ROLE IN IT. ADDITIONALLY, NO C.D. EXERCISES WERE, TO HIS KNOWLEDGE, DIRECTED BY THE POLICE FORCE. GARDNER COULD NOT IN 2009 RECALL ANY DETAILS PER THE END OF THE C.D. POLICE IN 1963 EXCEPT TO SAY, “[THE] POLICE WAS QUIETLY DISBANDED AND WE TURNED IN OUR UNIFORMS”. AFTER HIS C.D. POLICE INVOLVEMENT, HE SUPPORTED CIVIL DEFENSE ENGINEERING WORK WHICH INCLUDED CALCULATING THE AMOUNT OF SHIELDING REQUIRED FOR PROTECTION AGAINST FALLOUT IN CASE OF NUCLEAR ATTACK. HE RECALLED BEING SENT WITH CITY OF LETHBRIDGE BUILDING INSPECTOR BILL LOULA TO THE C.D. COLLEGE NEAR OTTAWA TO LEARN MORE ABOUT SUCH ENGINEERING MATTERS. IN 1962 HE INCORPORATED SHIELDING CODE STANDARDS (CONCRETE THICKNESS, ETC.) INTO HIS OWN PERSONAL HOME AT 1314 29TH STREET SOUTH. HE, ALONG WITH BUILDING INSPECTOR BILL LANGMEADE, UNDERTOOK TO DETERMINE THE LEVEL OF FALLOUT PROTECTION RELATED TO THE CITY’S VARIOUS PUBLIC FACILITIES, DETERMINING THAT THE 4TH AVE POST OFFICE WAS THE BEST SITES AVAILABLE. AS BEST AS GARDNER KNOWS, ALL MEMBERS OF THE C.D. POLICE WERE ALTRUISTIC IN THEIR MOTIVATIONS TO JOIN. THEY WERE, HE SAID, “ALL MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. HIS FONDEST MEMORIES INCLUDED THE LECTURES BY THE POLICE FORCE, “HEARING THE POLICE TALK ABOUT WHAT THEY WERE UP AGAINST DAY TO DAY.” HE STILL REMEMBERS RALPH MICHELSON SAYING, “IF THERE ARE ANY DEAD BODIES, YOU GUYS HAVE TO LOOK AFTER THEM.” HE WAS DISAPPOINTED FOLLOWING THE C.D. POLICE’S DISBANDMENT ON ACCOUNT THAT HE ENJOYED “THE LECTURES, THE OCCASIONAL EXERCISE, THE CAMARADERIE AND THE TARGET PRACTICE – YOU MISS IT”. HE COULD ONLY SPECULATE ON THE JUSTIFICATION BEHIND THE DISBANDMENT OF THE C.D. POLICE, WONDERING IF IT WAS DUE TO UNREST WITH THE POLICE FORCE’S ASSOCIATION. BUT, HE SAID, HE NEVER HEARD ANYTHING OFFICIAL, SAYING HE “NEVER RUBBED SHOULDERS WITH THE RANK AND FILE EXCEPT FOR DET. MICHELSON”. FOR ADDITIONAL, VALUABLE LETHBRIDGE C.D. INFORMATION, INCLUDING HERALD ARTICLES AND DOCUMENTS FROM THE CITY MANAGER'S FILES (ARCHIVES) AND PERSONAL INSIGHTS ON THE POLICE, OFFERED IN 2013 BY FORMER MEMBER GERRY DEHEER, PLEASE SEE THIS PERMANENT FILE AND PERMANENT FILE P19870044001.
Catalogue Number
P19970094011
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
37
Length
29
Width
11
Description
GREEN CANVAS BAG WITH TOP FLAP SECURED BY TWO BUCKLED CANVAS STRAPS. LONGER LOOPED CARRYING STRAP IS SEWN TO BACK OF BAG AND HAS TWO BUCKLES TO ADJUST LENGTH. MAIN BODY OF BAG IS DIVIDED INTO TWO CAVITIES, AND EACH SIDE HAS OUTER POCKET WITH SNAP CLOSURE. PRINTED DESIGN ON TOP FLAP IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD”. TEXT PRINTED IN BLUE ON LOWER BODY OF BAG READS “FIRST AID”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. *NOTE* BAG IS FULL WITH FIRST AID SUPPLIES BUT HAS NOT BEEN OPENED TO MAINTAIN INTEGRITY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR ORIGINAL CATALOGUE DOCUMENT LISTING 8-850 FIRST AID HAVERSACK CONTENTS, PRODUCED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS FIRST AID BACKPACK WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19960018002
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1921
Materials
LEATHER
No. Pieces
3
Height
24.0
Length
40.5
Width
17.5
Description
BLACK LEATHER BAG WITH TWO HANDLES, WITH EACH END ATTACHED BY A STEEL RING, AND A FLAP THAT IS SEWN TO ONE SIDE OF OPENING AND CLIPS INTO LOCK ON OTHER SIDE. HAS SOLID FRAME ACROSS TOP THAT IS ON A HINGE AND CAN BE PULLED OPEN FROM THE CENTRE, THEN RECLOSES ON ITS OWN. INSIDE HAS 2 STEEL KEYS AROUND SAFETY PIN ATTACHED TO STRAP. ONE KEY IS STAMPED "PRESTO" ON THE SURFACE. INSIDE ALSO HAS A LARGE POCKET ON ONE SIDE WALL. LEATHER ON OUTSIDE EDGES IS VERY WORN AND THE HANDLES ARE IN VERY POOR CONDITION, THE LEATHER HAS COMPLETELY WORN OFF IN MIDDLE, EXPOSING THE PAPER UNDERNEATH. FLAP ACROSS TOP IS TEARING. ALSO HAS THE NAME "DR. WOODCOCK" STAMPED INTO THE LEATHER ON FRONT UNDER STEEL.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO DONOR'S UNCLE, DR. WOODCOCK, WHO SPECIALIZED IN EYE, EAR, NOSE AND MOUTH CONDITIONS. HE REMOVED HER TONSILS AT VAN HAARLEM HOPITAL AROUND 1925. SEE P20020075001-GA FOR HISTORY OF DR. DICK WOODCOCK. SEE OTHER DONATIONS BY DONOR FOR FAMILY HISTORY (P19738569000-GA).
Catalogue Number
P19960018002
Acquisition Date
1996-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN
Catalogue Number
P19970075004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Materials
LINEN
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.3
Length
73.2
Width
0.1
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED LINEN BELT. ONE END CONSISTS OF TWO BUTTON HOLES ONE ABOVE THE OTHER. OTHER END OF BELT CONSISTS OF FOUR SMALLER BUTTON HOLES USED TO ADJUST LENGTH OF BELT. NEAR FOUR BUTTON HOLES, MARKED ON INSIDE IN BLACK INK "SMH 24 1/2". IN BLUE INK "94" "29" "FLEET"
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE BELT. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075004
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLICE BELT, HOLSTER & CROSS STRAP
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20000017001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLICE BELT, HOLSTER & CROSS STRAP
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Materials
LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Height
25
Length
122.5
Description
BLACK LEATHER BELT, CROSS STRAP, HOLSTER AND POUCH. FITTINGS ARE NICKEL PLATE AND ALL LEATHER IS SMOOTH. BELT STAMPED "38" NEAR BUCKLE AND "WM SCULLY LTD. .. FAINT "38" INK MARKING ON CROSS STRAP. HOLSTER APPEARS UNUSED. NO MARKS ON POUCH.
Subjects
CLOTHING ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO GLEN B. MICHELSON. MICHELSON JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE IN 1950, FINGERPRINTING AND PHOTOGRAPHING PRISONERS. REFER TO P20000017002 FOR SIGNIFICANT INFORMATION ON MICHELSON'S ACTIVITIES.
Catalogue Number
P20000017001
Acquisition Date
2000-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
54.0 (W/O SLEEVES)
Width
43.5
Description
BLUE BLOUSE. DOUBLE BREASTED FRONT WITH 6 BUTTONS AT EACH SIDE. BUTTONS ARE BRASS WITH MEDICAL CORP INSIGNIA ON THEM. SHOULDERS HAVE EPAULETTES WITH BRASS MILITARY INSIGNIA. EACH HAS A "CANADA" PIN, TWO PIPS INDICATING RANK OF 1ST LIEUTENANT, AND A BRASS BUTTON. ONE POCKET ON RIGHT BREAST. BOTTOM 4 BUTTONS ON RIGHT SIDE MISSING KEY CLASPS; REPLACED BY SAFETY PINS. COLLAR IS HELD WITH 2 LOOP HOOKS; ONE MISSING. RED LINING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. MRS. HALL SERVED OVERSEAS FOR MOST OF THE WAR YEARS ON ACTIVE SERVICE (W.W. I) AS A NURSE FOR THE CANADIAN MILITARY. SEE P19920008001-GA AND P20090010001 FOR MORE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
14.5
Width
10.3
Description
WHITE PAPER BOOKLET HAS BLUE PRINTING WITH "FIRST AID" PRINTED ACROSS TOP. MIDDLE OF COVER HAS BLUE BACKGROUND WITH THREE MEN KNEELING AND STANDING AROUND A FOURTH MAN WHO IS INJURED. BOOKLET CONTAINS PICTURES, DIAGRAMS AND INSTRUCTIONS ON FIRST-AID PROCEDURES. BOOKLET IS HELD TOGETHER WITH TWO STEEL STAPLES. ON BACK IS "PUBLISHED BY THE PRUDENTIAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF AMERICA" OVER A SKETCH OF A ROCK WITH "THE PRUDENTIAL HAS THE STRENGTH OF GIBRALTER" ON IT. BENEATH IS NAME OF COMPANY PRESIDENT "EDWARD D DUFFIELD, PRESIDENT " AND "HOME OFFICE, NEWARK, N.J." BENEATH IT. IN BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF BACK IS "COMB 8701 - REV 12-29" AND IN BOTTOM RIGHT IS "PRINTED IN CANADA". SPINE OF BOOKLET IS WORN AND CORNERS OF PAGES ARE SLIGHTLY DOG-EARED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ARTIFACTS ARE FROM THE #1 FIREHALL AND THE GALT HOSPITAL AND WERE DONATED IN MEMORY OF AGNES C. SHORT, HEAD SCHOOL NURSE, AND WILLIAM H. SHORT WHO WAS FIRE CHIEF. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. WHILE THIS SPECIFIC ARTIFACT WAS NOT RECOGNIZED BY THE DONOR, ITS RELATION TO FIRST-AID CAN BE CONNECTED TO THE FIRE-FIGHTING CAREERS OF BOTH THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT, AND THE DONOR’S FATHER, WILLIAM D. SHORT (FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT HISTORY, SEE P19950037007). THE FIRST-AID CONNECTION ALSO ALIGNS WITH THE NURSING CAREER OF THE DONOR’S AUNT, AGNES SHORT (FOR NURSING HISTORY, SEE P19950037003). AN ARTICLE COMMEMORATING THE CAREER OF WILLIAM H. SHORT WAS PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON JANUARY 16, 1962. IT STATES, “NOT ONLY WILL CHIEF SHORT’S CAREER SOON REACH ITS CLIMAX, THE ROLES PLAYED BY HIS WIFE BERTHA AND HIS DAUGHTER AGNES WILL ALSO COME TO AN END. BOTH WOMEN PLAYED THEIR PART IN THE CHIEF’S FIRE-FIGHTING CAREER… AGNES FOLLOWED THE ENGINES, PROVIDED FIRST AID TREATMENT ON THE SCENE OR LIGHTED THE CIGARETTES FOR THE BOYS WHILE THEY WERE BATTLING FLAMES AND SMOKE.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS IN THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
RUBBERIZED “NBC” OVERBOOTS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RUBBER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20150012008
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RUBBERIZED “NBC” OVERBOOTS
Date
1942
Materials
RUBBER, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Height
56
Length
39.5
Width
15.2
Description
PAIR OF GREEN RUBBERIZED, KNEE-HIGH OVERBOOTS, WITH BLACK RUBBER SOLES, GREEN CANVAS UPPERS, AND WHITE COTTON CORD DRAWSTRINGS AT KNEES. GREEN COTTON STRAPS AT HEELS AND ON EITHER SIDE OF UPPERS. STAMPS INSIDE TOP SEAM READ “KAUFMAN RUBBER CO. LTD. – 1942”. RUBBER IS HARDENED AND IS DISCOLOURED WITH A GREY FILM OVERALL. CANVAS UPPERS ARE STAINED. GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
THESE “NBC” (NUCLEAR, BIOLOGICAL, CHEMICAL) OVERBOOTS WERE RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. “NBC” SUITS ARE DESIGNED TO PROTECT AGAINST DIRECT CONTACT WITH AND CONTAMINATION BY RADIOACTIVE, BIOLOGICAL OR CHEMICAL SUBSTANCES. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012008
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
16.25
Width
10
Description
CLEAR PLASTIC BOTTLE WITH WHITE CAP, FILLED WITH ROUND WHITE TABLETS AND SEALED IN CLEAR PLASTIC BAG. PRINTED LABEL ON BOTTLE HAS TEXT IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH, READING “WATER DECONTAMINANT – EACH TABLET CONTAINS HALAZONE, N.F. 160 MG. WITH SODIUM BORATE AND SODIUM CHLORIDE. ONE HALAZONE TABLET IS SUFFICIENT FOR 5 GALLONS OF ORDINARY WATER. IF WATER IS GREATLY POLLUTED, USE TWO TABLETS. ALLOW WATER TO STAND FOR 30 MINUTES BEFORE DRINKING.” MINOR SCUFFING ON BAG; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS BOTTLE OF WATER DECONTAMINATION TABLETS WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
P19870056000-GA
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PAPER, CARDBOARD
Catalogue Number
P19880017010
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19870056000-GA
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
GLASS, PAPER, CARDBOARD
No. Pieces
2
Height
7.0
Width
3.5
Description
BOTTLE IN BOX "ONE FLUID OUNCE CODRENIN. A LOCAL ANESTHETIC AND HEMOSTATIC", " 2% SOLUTION OF COCAINE WITH ADRENALINE". WHITE BOX WITH RED TEXT ABOUT ALL SIDES AMBER COLOURED SQUARED GLASS BOTTLE CONTAINED IN BOX.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
PARKE, DAVIS & CO. LTD. WALKERVILLE, ONT. DONOR OWNED AND OPERATED STOKES DRUG STORE. DONOR'S FATHER ERNEST BALL STOKES BOUGHT KENNY & ALLIN DRUGSTORE (314 - 5 ST. S.) IN 1918. DONOR TOOK OVER BUSINESS IN 1939 AND OPERATED IT CONTINUOUSLY UNTIL 1980. DONOR ALSO OWNED A SECOND STORE, ROYAL DRUG FROM 1952 TO 1960 AT 617-4 AVE. SO. REF. "LETHBRIDGE DRUGGISTS AND DRUG STORES 1885-1988" OCCASIONAL PAPER NO., 1 LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. NARRATIVE BELOW SOLICITED FROM SOCIOLOGY PROFESSOR BILL RAMP IN EARLY 2010 WHEN THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXHIBITED AS PART OF THE GALT’S TREASURES & CURIOSITIES DISPLAY. THE NARRATIVE BECAME THE BASIS FOR THE ARTIFACT’S LABEL COPY IN THE EXHIBIT. *** THIS BOTTLE CAUGHT MY EYE BECAUSE OF THE “WAR ON DRUGS” – DRUGS OF THE ILLEGAL KIND. ONE OF THE SIDE-EFFECTS OF THIS WAR, AND ALSO OF CONSUMER MOVEMENTS FOR FOOD SAFETY AND DRUG SAFETY (ESPECIALLY AFTER THE THALOMIDE SCARE OF THE 1960’S), WAS A GENERAL TIGHTENING UP ON THE INGREDIENTS OF PATENT MEDICINE (WHAT WE NOW CALL OTC’S), AND A CORRESPONDING CHANGE IN THE WAYS IN WHICH WE SELF-MEDICATE. TODAY, WE DO STILL SELF-MEDICATE WITH A WIDE VARIETY OF LEGAL OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS, BUT THESE ARE GENERALLY FOR SPECIFIC CONDITIONS (E.G. “COUGH AND COLD”), AND TODAY, THOSE CONDITIONS DO NOT NORMALLY INCLUDE PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES. MOOD-ALTERING SELF-MEDICATION HAS MOVED TO PRESCRIPTION DRUGS, OR TO ALCOHOL PRODUCTS, OR TO “ILLEGAL DRUGS” IN WHICH, AS WE KNOW, THERE IS A THRIVING TRADE. AS WITH THE PATENT MEDICINES OF OLD, DOCTORS (OR MORE ACCURATELY, DOCTOR-IMAGES) ARE STILL USED TO SELL OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS. BUT THE STATUS OF THE MEDICINAL PRACTITIONER, AND THE SOCIAL AUTHORITY OF THE MEDICINAL PROFESSION, HAS BECOME HIGHER AND MORE TIGHTLY POLICED, WITH THE EFFECT THAT WE ARE NOW, I BELIEVE, MORE CONDITIONED TO SEEK MEDICAL HELP THAN TO TRUST WORD-OF-MOUTH OR ADVERTISING ABOUT A PARTICULAR REMEDY (UNLESS, THAT IS, WE ARE SKEPTICAL ABOUT “MODERN MEDICINE” AND INCLINED TO PREFER HERBAL REMEDIES!). UNTIL AS LATE AS THE 1950’S, THERE WAS A THRIVING TRADE IN VARIOUS PATENT REMEDIES, AND A THRIVING FOLK CULTURE OF QUACKS, SHILLS, THE GULLIBLE AND THE SKEPTICAL TO GO ALONG WITH IT. AND SO MANY OF THOSE OLD DRUGS HAD POWERFUL, EVEN DANGEROUS INGREDIENTS – OPIATES, ARSENIC – OFTEN MOOD-ALTERING AND ADDICTIVE, WHICH CUSTOMERS WERE URGED TO USE FOR “WHATEVER AILS YOU”. AND CUSTOMERS ENTHUSIASTICALLY COMPLIED. I REMEMBER MY GRANDFATHER CAREFULLY HOARDING HIS LAST FEW BOTTLES OF “GOMBAULT’S CAUSTIC BALSAM – GOOD FOR MAN OR BEAST” – AND ALSO GOOD, SO HE CLAIMED, FOR JUST ABOUT ANY ILL MAN OR BEAST SUFFERED. I ALSO REMEMBER MY MOTHER TELLING ABOUT HER CHILDHOOD NEIGHBORS – WHO SOOTHED THEIR TEETHING CHILDREN TO BED AT NIGHT WITH LAUDANUM, AN OPIATE-ALCOHOL SOLUTION. ***
Catalogue Number
P19880017010
Acquisition Date
1988-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, CHROME
Catalogue Number
P19970075007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NURSES UNIFORM
Materials
PLASTIC, CHROME
No. Pieces
25
Description
18 SMALL WHITE PLASTIC BUTTONS (1.5 CM DIA.) SHAPED LIKE COLLAR TABS, WITH A ROUND BACKING THAT FASTENS THROUGH A BUTTON HOLE. 5 LARGER BUTTONS (2.0 CM DIA.) WITH METAL LOOPS IN THE CENTRE THAT ARE FASTENED WITH METAL PINS (2.0 CM LGTH), OF WHICH THERE ARE TWO. PINS ARE LIKE MINIATURE BOBBY PINS. ALL ITEMS SHOW LITTLE WEAR OR DAMAGE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE BUTTONS. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075007
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
16
Width
11
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED COTTON NURSES CAP. CAP WAS A FLAT PIECE OF FABRIC FOLDED INTO A STANDUP BRIM, AND A POINTED CROWN. THERE IS THE REMNANTS OF A TAG ON THE EDGE MARKED "DONNA MELLORM?". ALSO MARKED "M.H." IN ONE CORNER. ITEM HAS THREE PAPER CLIPS ATTACHED TO KEEP HAT IN PLACE, BUT WITHOUT HAT STILL MAINTAINS SHAPE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE NURSE’S CAP. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. ASKED ABOUT THE OTHER NAMES WRITTEN IN HER UNIFORM, MARION REPLIED: “OH, IT WAS PROBABLY REUSED … THEY WOULD NEVER WASTE A THING, AT ST. MIKES WE WERE TAUGHT TO CONSERVE … NOTHING WAS THROWN OUT THAT COULD BE REUSED, WHETHER IT WAS ON THE NURSING UNIT OR AS FAR AS OUR UNIFORMS WERE CONCERNED. I REMEMBER ONE INCIDENT: I WORKED IN THE OPERATING ROOM AT ST. MIKES AND I BRIEFLY WORKED THE “OR” AT THE FOOTHILLS HOSPITAL AND I COULDN’T GET OVER [IT], I KEPT RUNNING TO THE GARBAGE AND PULLING OUT WHAT THEY WERE THROWING AWAY BECAUSE IT WAS STILL GOOD. AND WE WOULD NEVER CONSIDER THROWING AWAY THINGS THAT COULD BE RE-STERILIZED AND REUSED.” MARY ANN ADDED: “OUR UNIFORMS WERE WASHED FOR US. … SO WHEN WE GOT OUR UNIFORMS, SOMETIMES WE GOT THE WRONG HAT AND STUFF.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, MEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20150012004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, MEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
13
Length
22
Width
26
Description
PEAKED CAP WITH NAVY BLUE WOOL CROWN AND BLACK VINYL BRIM. WOVEN BLACK BAND WITH MAPLE LEAF DESIGN. BLACK VINYL STRAP WITH A GOLD-COLOURED BUTTON AT EACH END, WITH RAISED DESIGN AND LETTER “P” AT CENTRES. INNER BRIM IS LINED WITH BROWN LEATHER. INSIDE LABEL READS “MUIR CAP & REGALIA LTD. – TORONTO, CANADA”. STICKER ON BACK OF INNER BRIM READS “7 1/8”. SLIGHT WEAR ON PEAK’S TOP SEAM, PROPER LEFT SIDE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
THIS CAP WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. GALT ARCHIVES PHOTOGRAPH 19752908232 TITLED “NEW CIVIL DEFENSE UNIFORMS”, DATED MARCH 7, 1960, AND DEPICTS UNIFORMED MEN AND ONE WOMAN, LINED UP IN TWO ROWS. THE HATS IN THE PHOTOGRAPH ARE A VISUAL MATCH FOR THIS CAP AND THE WOMEN’S CAP P20150012006. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012004
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, WOMEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20150012006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, WOMEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
12
Length
14.5
Width
29
Description
PEAKED CAP WITH NAVY BLUE WOOL CROWN AND SOFT BLUE BRIM. BLACK VINYL STRAP WITH A GOLD-COLOURED BUTTON AT EACH END, WITH RAISED DESIGN AND LETTER “P” AT CENTRES. THREE METAL GROMMETS ON EACH SIDE OF HAT NEAR PEAK’S TOP SEAM. INNER BRIM IS LINED WITH BROWN LEATHER. INSIDE LABEL DEPICTS A RED BUFFALO AND TEXT THAT READS “BUFFALO CAP – WINNIPEG, CANADA – 7 1/8”. HAT IS STRETCHED OUT OF SHAPE, ELONGATED FROM FRONT TO BACK. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
THIS CAP WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. GALT ARCHIVES PHOTOGRAPH 19752908232 TITLED “NEW CIVIL DEFENSE UNIFORMS”, DATED MARCH 7, 1960, AND DEPICTS UNIFORMED MEN AND ONE WOMAN, LINED UP IN TWO ROWS. THE HATS IN THE PHOTOGRAPH ARE A VISUAL MATCH FOR THIS CAP AND THE MEN’S CAP P20150012004. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012006
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"ZOLL M" DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"ZOLL M" DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
15
Height
35
Length
36.5
Width
42
Description
A. BLUE, WHITE AND GREY HEART MONITOR AND DEFIBRILLATOR FIXED WITH THREE BLACK ZIPPER POUCHES. DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK HANDLE AT TOP, SQUARE BODY WITH BLUE TRIM AND GREY AND WHITE FRONT; DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD CONNECTED TO RIGHT SIDE POUCH WITH GREEN BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED; LEFT SIDE OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD INSIDE LEFT POUCH ATTACHED TO BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR. LEFT BLACK CORD IS CONNECTED TO A BLACK BOX WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “8000-1006-02, V1-V6, ZOLL, LL LA RA RL” WITH FOUR BLACK CORDS FIXED TO BOX. FOUR CORDS HAVE WHITE, RED, GREEN AND BLACK NODES ON ENDS LABELLED “RA”, “LL”, “RL”, “LA”. BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS GREY, BLUE, AND WHITE AND RED CORDS ATTACHED. WHITE AND RED CORD ATTACHES TO “CPR STAT-PADZ” INSIDE BACK POUCH; BLUE CORD ATTACHES TO PULSE OXIMETER INSIDE BACK POUCH. “CPR STAT-PADZ” CONTAINED IN GREY PLASTIC BAG, UNOPENED, WITH WHITE AND RED LABEL “CPR STAT-PADZ, ADULT ELECTRODES WITH REAL CPR HELP, MULTIFUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION CPR FEEDBACK NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL. +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1216, REF 8900-0402, 2018-03-19, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 7,074, 199 7,108,665 5,330,526 7,118,542 7,122,014 5,462,157”. RIGHT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT; BACK POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “SPARE BATTERY STORAGE” ON FRONT; LEFT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS WHITE TEXT ON TOP BLUE TRIM “ZOLL M SERIES, XL BATTERY” AND ON BLUE TRIM ON TOP OF FRONT FACE OF DEFIBRILLATOR “ZOLL M SERIES, RESCUENET READY, 12SL PROGRAM, BLUETOOTH, BIPHASIC 200 JOULES MAX”. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS SCREEN WITH FIVE WHITE ROUND BUTTONS BELOW AND VOLUME BUTTON, BRIGHTNESS/DARKNESS BUTTON, “SUMMARY” BUTTON, “CODE MARKER” BUTTON, AND “NIBP” BUTTON. FRONT HAS BLACK “PACER OUTPUT MA” AND “PACER RATE PPM” EMBEDDED IN GREEN CIRCLES. FRONT HAS RED “1 DEFIB” BUTTONS MARKED “CHARGE”, “ANALYZE”, “ENERGY SELECT”, AND “SHOCK”. FRONT HAS GREY BUTTONS WITH BLACK TEXT “LEAD”, “SIZE”, “ALARM SUSPEND”, AND “RECORDER” BESIDE GREY BUTTON WITH WHITE TEXT “MONITOR”. FRONT HAS A BLACK DIAL WITH WHITE MARKER TO TURN TO LABELS “OFF” BLACK WITH WHITE TEXT, “MONITOR” GREY WITH WHITE TEXT, “1 DEFIB” RED WITH WHITE TEXT” AND “PACER” GREEN WITH WHITE TEXT. TOP OF MONITOR BELOW HANDLE HAS WHITE LABEL WITH RED TEXT “RV 1 STN 1”. MONITOR HAS FADED TEXT ON FRONT LABEL AND SOILING AT TOP; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. PLASTIC BAG (20.2CM LONG X 18.2CM WIDE) WITH GREEN AND WHITE OPAQUE TUBE INSIDE TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE; END OF WHITE TUBE HAS ORANGE TIP WITH WINGS. BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE PLUS O2, ADULT/INTERMEDIATE CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET WITH O2 TUBING, REF 009822, REF 010210, LENGTH 2M/7FT, ORIDION, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING”. TOP OF PLASTIC BAG HAS BLACK STAMP “LOT 15F0235JZ”. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. C. GOLD PLASTIC BAG (21.4CM LONG X 19CM WIDE) WITH BLUE BANNER AT BOTTOM AND WHITE TEXT “CARDIOLOGY” ON FRONT. FRONT HAS FADED BLACK TEXT AND FADED WHITE AND BLACK BARCODE. TOP OF BAG IT SEALED WITH WHITE COTTON TAPE ALONG BACK AND SIDES; BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF BAG IS RIPPED TO SHOW CONTENTS OF 59 ECG ELECTRODES. ELECTRODES ARE WHITE WITH PLASTIC COVERING AND BLUE TAB WITH SILVER BUTTON ON TAB. ELECTRODES ARE 3.7CM WIDE AND 4.7CM LONG. BACK OF BAG HAS BLACK, RED AND GREY DIAGRAMS IN TOP LEFT CORNER, COVERED BY CLOTH TAPE; BOTTOM LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK AND WHITE TEXT “EN ECG ELECTRODES” IN 23 LANGUAGES. RIGHT SIDE HAS RED AND BLACK TEXT “AMBU A/S, BALTORPBAKKEN 13, DK-2750 BALLERUP, DENMARK, T +45 7225 2000, F +45 7225 2050, WWW.AMBU.COM”. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. D. CLEAR PLASTIC BAG (21CM LONG X 17.7CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH CLEAR TUBE COILED INSIDEAND TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE. TUBE ENDS HAVE OPAQUE BLUE AND SOLID ORANGE FITTINGS, AND IS FITTED WITH CLEAR PLASTIC NASAL INSERT. FRONT OF BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE, PEDIATRIC CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET, REF 007266, LENGTH 2M/7FT, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING. ORIDION”. LABEL SHOWS DIAGRAM FOR USING ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET. TOP OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT STAMPED “LOT: Q150583155”. BAG IS CREASED AND SLIGHTLY CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. GREY PAPER ENVELOPE (22CM LONG X 16.2CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLUE AND BLACK TEXT “PEDI-PADZ, PEDIATRIC ELECTRODES, MULTI-FUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 209 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, MADE IN USA, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1316, REF 8900-2061, 2017-03-26, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 5,330,526”. LABEL INCLUDES “INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE”, “WARNINGS” AND TWO BLACK AND WHITE IMAGES OF ELECTRODES ATTACHED TO BODY, FRONT AND BACK. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND BENT; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. F. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.6CM LONG X 5CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “RECORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE IS TORN ON FRONT AT TOP LEFT CORNER AND AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT EDGES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.5CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 30081200, QTY: 1”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. H. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.3CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, REF 8000-0261-01, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9061-02-C TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 11110900, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. I. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.2CM LONG X 5.1CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. TOP OF CARDBOARD PACKAGING HAS BLUE TEXT “MANUFACTURED FOR DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG NY 10962”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE AND TEXT IS FADED; PACKAGE IS TORN AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT CORNERS; TOP OF PACKAGE IS FRAYED AND WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. J. GREY PLASTIC-COATED BATTERY (18.3CM LONG X 7CM WIDE); BATTERY HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT ON TOP “ZOLL PD 4410, (BATTERY PACK NOT EQUIPPED WITH SMART BATTERY MODULE), ZOLL SMART BATTERY, SHORT OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS, PRESS FOR DISPLAY, FAULT: TEST BATTERY, TIME INDICATORS, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD MASSACHUSETTS, 01824 U.S.A., SERIAL NO. 23-1600637, MADE IN U.S.A” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE AND BARCODE. LABEL HAS HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK INK “LM 10/2/16” AND HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLUE INK “SC 10/6/16”. RIGHT SIDE OF BATTERY HAS TWO WHITE LABELS; FIRST LABEL HAS BLACK BARCODE, SECOND LABEL HAS BLACK TEXT “NEW, IN SVC, NOV 28/2016”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS LABEL AT TOP WITH BLACK TEXT “LIFT HERE TO REPLACE”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS TWO ROUND WHITE HOLES; ENDS OF BATTERY HAVE PLASTIC CLIPS. BATTERY TOP LABEL HAS GREY SMUDGE, AND LABELS ON SIDE ARE FADED AND DISCOLOURED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. K. GREY POWER CORD (300CM LONG) WITH OPAQUE GREY PLASTIC PLUG END AND GREY ADAPTER END. CORD IS SCUFFED AND DISCOLOURED WITH BLACK AND PINK; ADAPTER IS DESIGNED FOR THREE-PRONG INSERT. PLUG END HAS BLUE, BLACK, WHITE AND GREEN WIRES INSIDE; END OF PLUG END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “MADE IN U.S.A., ELECTRI-CORD, NESTFIELD, PA, 5-15P” WITH GREEN DOT BETWEEN PRONGS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. L. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.8CM LONG X 10.2CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, (RE-ORDER NO. 8000-0261), THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 4,859,858 4,859,859 4,914,720 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, MANUFACTURED BY NOVAMETRIX MEDICAL SYSTEMS INC., WALLINGFORD, CONN. 06492, MADE IN U.S.A., ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, SECOND AVENUE, BURLINGTON, MASSACHUSETTS 01803, U.S.A., 800-348-9011, LOT 20060300”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; BAG IS PUNCTURED AND FRAGILE; OVERALL FAIR CONDITION. M. BLUE BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF (49CM LONG X 12.3CM WIDE); CUFF IS POLYESTER AND COTTON; CUFF HAS VELCRO HOOK ON FRONT SIDE AND VELCRO LOOP ON BACK; CUFF HAS BLACK TUBE UNDER VELCRO HOOK WITH WHITE FITTING AT END OF TUBE. FRONT HAS WHITE LOGO WITH BLUE TEXT “ZOLL” AND WHITE TEXT “SMALL ADULT, LONG, 17-25 CM” WITH DIAGRAM OF OUTLINES OF FIVE FIGURES WITH SECOND-LAST FIGURE SOLID WHITE; UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE TEXT “INDEX”. BACK OF CUFF HAS WHITE TEXT ALONG TOP EDGE “RANGE” WITH ARROWS ON BOTH SIDES OF TEXT; WHITE SYMBOLS BESIDE VELCRO LOOP SHOWS NO LATEX AND NO PVC. CUFF IS FRAYED AT TOP AND RIGHT EDGES ON FRONT; VELCRO HOOK HAS COLLECTED DEBRIS; RIGHT EDGE OF CUFF HAS WHITE BORDER AROUND OPENING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. N. WHITE PULSE OXIMETER (95.8CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) ATTACHED TO BROWN CORD WITH GREY FITTING AT END. OXIMETER TOP HAS EMBOSSED FINGER WITH NAIL AND EIGHT-POINT STAR ON NAIL; OXIMETER END HAS FLAP ON RIGHT SIDE SHOWING TWO BLUE MALE FIGURES AND TWO GREEN FEMALE FIGURES; OXIMETER SIDES HAVE ROUND WHITE BUTTON WITH RED AND WHITE HEART MONITOR GRAPH SPIKE PRINTED. CORD HAS PAPER TAB ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “DO NOT DISCARD, INTENDED FOR MULTIPLE USE”; OPPOSITE SIDE OF TAB SHOWS BLACK MAIL FIGURE BESIDE GARBAGE CAN WITH RED PROHIBITION SIGN PRINTED OVER. GREY FITTING AT END NINE BRASS SPIKES INSIDE GREY BOX AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON TOP “LNCS”AND STAMPED TEXT ON BOTTOM “7H052”. CORD IS DISCOLOURED AND SCUFFED; TAB ON CORD IS FADED AND WORN; WHITE OXIMETER FITTING HAS SOILING. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. O. DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR WITH PACKAGING TORN INTO FOUR PIECES (RAZOR 6.2CM LONG X 4.8CM WIDE); RAZOR WHITE PLASTIC WITH BLUE PLASTIC SPIKES UNDER SILVER BLADE; FRONT OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “GALLANT”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING FRONT PIECE IS WHITE WITH BLUE BORDERS AND TEXT “REORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR, STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING BACK PIECE HAS BLUE DIAGRAM OF RAZOR IN USE AND BLUE TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. CARDBOARD PIECES ARE FRAYED AT EDGES FROM BEING TORN; TOP AND BOTTOM PIECES ARE SMUDGED WITH BLUE; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. P. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (16CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 09081000, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,618,923 5,693,944; OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. Q. BLACK CORD (119CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) THAT CONVERGES MIDWAY INTO SIX WIRES. END OF CORD HAS BLACK ADAPTER WITH EIGHT BRASS SPIKES INSIDE RECTANGLE. ENDS OF SIX WIRES HAVE MULTI-COLOURED NODES WITH WHITE TEXT ON BACK, LABELLED: “V1” RED, “V2” YELLOW, “V3” GREEN, “V4” BLUE, “V5” ORANGE, “V6” PURPLE. BLACK PLASTIC MIDDLE CONNECTOR WHERE WIRES CONVERGE HAS ENGRAVED CLOCK SYMBOL ON FRONT WITH MARKINGS FOR “12, 3, 6, 9” AND ARROW IN CENTER POINTED AT “3”. CORD IS CURLED INTO COIL; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON OCTOBER 23, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LYNN VILLIGER WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ABOUT THE DONATION OF A ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATOR AND CARDIAC MONITOR. ACCORDING TO CORRESPONDENCE WITH VILLIGER, THE ZOLL M-SERIES WERE USED WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMEMRGENCY SERVICES UPON THEIR ACQUISITION IN 2003, AND WERE REPLACED IN 2011. THE ZOLL M-SERIES CARDIAC MONITORS WERE THE FIRST TO OPERATE WITH BIPHASIC WAVEFORM ENERGY, ENABLING SAFER AND MORE EFFICIENT DEFIBRILLATION. VILLIGER ELABORATED ON THE ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATORS, NOTING, “IT’S A CARDIAC MONITOR, NOT ACTUALLY AN AED. IT DOES HAVE AN AED FUNCTION BUILT RIGHT INTO IT, WHICH WAS ONE OF THE AMAZING THINGS IN THIS NEW GENERATION OF CARDIAC MONITORS. IT ALLOWED US TO DO SO MUCH MORE THAN WE WERE ABLE TO DO IN THE PAST. NOT ONLY IS IT A CARDIAC MONITOR; IT’S A CARDIAC DEFIBRILLATOR; IT CAN ALSO CARDIOVERT AND IT CAN PACE AS WELL. THOSE ARE FUNCTIONS THAT WE NEVER HAD IN PREVIOUS GENERATIONS OF MONITORS. IT ALSO CAN MEASURE VITAL SIGNS. IT CAN MEASURE A PERSON’S BLOOD PRESSURE; IT CAN MEASURE THE CARBON DIOXIDE CONTENT OF A PERSON’S BLOOD THROUGH INFRA-RED TECHNOLOGY. IT CAN ALSO RECOGNIZE THE OXYGEN SATURATION OF THEIR BLOOD USING THE SAME TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, SO IT WAS QUITE A BIG JUMP FOR US. WE WENT FROM A DIFFERENT TYPE OF, IT WAS CALLED, MONOPHASIC ENERGY (WHICH IS THE TYPE OF ENERGY THAT WAS USED IN OLD CARDIAC MONITORS), AND THIS WAS, IN FACT, THE FIRST OF ITS TYPE ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD. ZOLL WAS A DOCTOR WHO INVENTED A TYPE OF CARDIAC ENERGY CALLED BIPHASIC ENERGY, AND IT WAS JUST A MORE EFFICIENT TYPE OF ENERGY FOR ALL OF THOSE PURPOSES. IT WAS JUST MORE EFFICIENT AT DOING [PACING, DEFIBRILLATION, AND CARDIOVERSION], AND, IN DOING SO, BIPHASIC ENERGY IS ACTUALLY SAFER, BECAUSE PRACTITIONERS (NURSES, DOCTORS, PARAMEDICS) ALL HAVE BEEN KILLED USING MONOPHASIC ENERGY IN THE PAST, BY TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHEN THEY GOT DEFIBRILLATED, AND THIS IS QUITE A BIT MORE FORGIVING, JUST IN THE NATURE OF THE WAY THE ELECTRICITY IS DELIVERED TO THE PATIENT. NOT ONLY IS IT MORE EFFICIENT AT CONVERTING THE HEART RHYTHM; IT’S ALSO MORE EFFICIENT, OR LESS EFFICIENT, AT KILLING PEOPLE BY ACCIDENT.” “[THE PEOPLE USING THESE MACHINES] WOULD BE PRACTITIONERS, OR…PARAMEDICS ARE TAUGHT TO MAKE SURE THE WHOLE SCENE IS SAFE BEFORE ANYBODY DISCHARGES THESE TYPE OF MONITORS, AND SO THEY…ARE LOOKING FOR NEGATIVE SPACE AROUND THE PATIENT; THAT NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE PATIENT; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE GROUND, WHICH COULD BE WET; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE COT THE PATIENT MAY BE LYING ON. THAT’S INGRAINED IN MOST PARAMEDICS. THERE’S A METHOD TO THAT WHOLE PROCESS…I’M SURE PEOPLE HAVE HEARD SIMILAR THINGS IN CPR COURSES. ONE OF THE OTHER WONDERFUL THINGS ABOUT THIS (AT THE TIME, I DIDN’T THINK IT WAS SO WONDERFUL) WAS, WE GOT HANDS-FREE DEFIBRILLATION FOR THE FIRST TIME. IN THE OLD DAYS, WE HAD PADDLES, AND EVERYBODY REMEMBERS PADDLES FROM THE REALLY-COOL MEDICAL SHOWS ON TV. WE PUT PADS ON THE PATIENT, AND THERE’S CABLES ATTACHED TO THE PADS, WHICH REQUIRES A SAFER PROCESS, BUT NOBODY IS TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHATSOEVER, EVEN WITH PADDLES, AT THAT TIME. THERE’S BENEFITS TO BOTH. IT WAS JUST QUITE A BIT SIMPLER.” “I STARTED [WORKING WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES] IN 1988…WE HAD CARDIAC MONITORS IN THOSE DAYS. THEY WERE PHYSIO CONTROL, OR MEDTRONIC CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY DID DEFIBRILLATION. LATER ON, THEY STARTED TO DO CARDIOVERSION, AND PACING AS WELL…THEY HAD COMPONENTS THAT COULD FIT INTO EACH OTHER. ONE OF THE COMPONENTS WAS A RECORDER DEVICE, JUST LIKE A FOUR-TRACK CASSETTE TAPE RECORDER, AND IT LITERALLY WAS THAT. IT SLIPPED RIGHT IN BETWEEN THE CARDIAC MONITOR, AND THE REST OF THE MECHANISM FOR DEFIBRILLATION, OR FOR CARDIOVERSION AND PACING. IT RECORDED EVERYBODY’S VOICE IN THE ROOM, SO YOU COULD CALL OUT DRUG CALCULATIONS AND TIMES…WHICH YOU HAD TO DO IN THOSE DAYS. YOU WOULD TYPICALLY SLIP A CLOCK ONTO THE MONITOR, AND WATCH THE TIME…IT WAS A VERY STRANGE FEELING TO GO BACK AND REVIEW, AND HAVE VOICE RECORDING…THIS MONITOR DOES RECORD EVERYTHING. IT HAS A BUILT-IN TIMER, AND IT SUMMARIZES THE INCIDENT INSTEAD, SO IT PRINTED OUT EXACTLY ALL THE TIMES FOR EVERYTHING THAT YOU DID – INTERVENTIONS - BUT IF YOU WANTED TO GIVE DRUGS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT, YOU STILL HAD TO MARK THEM DOWN AT THE TIME…” “[IN] 2003, WE DECIDED TO PURCHASE THESE MONITORS. IT WAS SOMEWHAT OF A PROTEST, BECAUSE EVERYBODY WAS USED TO USING THE OLD CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY LOVED HAVING PADDLES ON. I REMEMBER, JUST IN FUN, OF COURSE, I MADE A LITTLE PROTEST SIGN THAT SAID 'WE WANT PADDLES, WE WANT PADDLES' AT THE TIME. AFTER YOU USE HANDS-FREE FOR A WHILE, YOU FIND OUT IT’S ACTUALLY QUITE A BIT SAFER. THERE WAS ALWAYS SOME SAFETY INVOLVED IN WATCHING YOUR PARTNER DO THIS – WITH THE GEL ON THE PADDLES, AND, THEN, YOU COULD ACTUALLY PHYSICALLY SEE HIM LEANING OVER THE PATIENT…THERE’S WARNING BUZZERS...WITH HANDS-FREE, I COULD SEE A CHANGE ON THE MONITOR, AND IT WOULD SET OFF AN ALARM, AND THEN THEY COULD CHARGE IT UP, AND DEFIBRILLATE IT, AND YOU HAD TO MAKE SURE THAT EVERYONE’S AWARE.” “THEY TRIED TO INVOLVE EVERYBODY…IT WOULD HAVE BEEN THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER…IN THE TRANSITION BETWEEN THIS MONITOR AND THE OLD VERSION, I BECAME THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER MYSELF, SO WE HAD SOME INFLUENCE FROM THERE…AT THAT TIME, PROBABLY ONLY 20% OF OUR EMPLOYEES WERE PARAMEDICS. THE REST WERE EMT’S, WHO BECAME EMT’S AFTER THEY WERE FIREFIGHTERS. NOW, WE HIRE ONLY PARAMEDICS, AND WE TRAIN THEM TO BE FIREFIGHTERS. ONCE YOU HAD A LOT OF PARAMEDICS ON BOARD, WE COULD HAVE LONGER CONVERSATIONS ABOUT THOSE KINDS OF THINGS. THOSE TYPES OF CONVERSATIONS USUALLY ORIGINATED IN ACLS COURSES…WE TOOK THEM EVERY 3 YEARS, IN-HOUSE. ACLS WAS ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT. THEY ARE THE GUYS, REALLY, THAT SET THE STANDARDS FOR ALL OF THE CLINICAL THINGS INVOLVING PATIENTS THAT HAVE CONDITIONS THAT NEED INTERVENTIONS WITH CARDIAC MONITORS AND AED’S, BUT THEY DON’T DETERMINE WHICH UNITS YOU USE. THEY’RE NOT REALLY ALLOWED TO SAY WHICH TYPE OF ENERGY, OR MONITOR, IS MORE EFFICIENT THAN THE OTHER ONE. WE LEFT THAT UP TO DATA COLLECTION THAT HAPPENED AFTERWARDS.” “WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF [THE CHANGE TO BIPHASIC MONTIORS]. WE HAD A REALLY COOL POSITION IN THAT, BECAUSE, IN THOSE DAYS, ALBERTA HEALTH SERVICES DIDN’T GOVERN AMBULANCE SERVICES ANYWHERE IN ALBERTA. WE WERE THE LARGEST EMS SERVICE IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AND WE HAD DECIDED ON THE ZOLL CARDIAC MONITOR, SO SOME OF THE SMALLER SERVICES WERE CURIOUS. THEY CAME TO US, SAID, 'WHAT’S GOING ON? WHAT ARE YOU USING? HOW DOES IT WORK?' WE CONVINCED ALMOST EVERY OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AT LEAST WEST OF MEDICINE HAT, TO BUY INTO THE ZOLLS, AND AT ONE TIME, EVERY EMS OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH WAS USING THE ZOLL M SERIES, INCLUDING THE COLLEGE, WHO WAS TRAINING PARAMEDICS AND EMT’S. WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF THAT, AND WE INVITED ALL THESE OTHER PEOPLE, AND, BEFORE YOU KNOW IT, WE WERE ALL SPEAKING THE SAME LANGUAGE.” “WE HEARD ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY – BIPHASIC ELECTRICITY – THROUGH ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT COURSES, SO WE HAD TO LOOK INTO IT. WE WERE LEARNING, THROUGH THE DATA THAT WAS COLLECTED, THAT IT WAS SIMPLY SAFER, MORE EFFICIENT…IT JUST CAME DOWN TO IT THAT WE ENDED UP THERE FOR A LOT OF DIFFERENT REASONS. THESE GUYS WERE THE ONLY ONES USING BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY AT THE TIME. IT WASN’T UNTIL A FEW YEARS LATER THAT THEIR COMPETITORS STARTING USING IT, AND THEY STILL CAN’T USE EXACTLY THE SAME TYPE OF BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY. THIS PARTICULAR TYPE, IT’S CALLED ‘RECTO LINEAR BIPHASIC’; IS PATENTED BY THIS COMPANY; AND IT IS STILL CONSIDERED THE MOST EFFICIENT TYPE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY FOR DOING ALL THOSE THINGS – PACING, CARDIOVERSION, DEFIBRILLATION.” “ORIGINALLY, WE BOUGHT 6 OR 8 [ZOLL M-SERIES MACHINES]. WE HAD EVOLVED TO 4 UNITS ON THE STREET. WE WERE TALKING ABOUT IT IN 2004…ONE OF OUR DEPUTY CHIEFS STARTED THE PROCESS OF HAVING ALL OF OUR FRONT-LINE ENGINES, OR PUMPS, ON THE FIRE SIDE, BE ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT, BECAUSE ALL OF OUR FOLKS WERE PARAMEDICS, SO WE STARTED CARRYING THESE TYPES OF MONITORS NOT ONLY ON OUR AMBULANCES BUT ON EVERY SINGLE FIRE TRUCK AS WELL.” “THERE ARE STILL PEOPLE USING THIS, AND IT’S STILL A GREAT MONITOR. I’D TAKE IT OUT ON THE STREET, AND BE QUITE COMFORTABLE, AND HAVE FAITH THAT IT WOULD DO EVERYTHING NECESSARY.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MEMORIES OF USING THE ZOLL M-SERIES MONITOR, VILLIGER RECALLED, “WE DO SO MANY EVENTS…PROBABLY 50% OF THE EVENTS WE WOULD GO TO, WE WOULD CONNECT THE CARDIAC MONITOR TO PATIENTS, AT LEAST TO MONITOR THEIR HEART RHYTHM AS PART OF A COMPLETE CLINICAL ASSESSMENT. I CAN’T REMEMBER A PARTICULAR EVENT. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT STOOD OUT IS THEY MADE THE ‘M’ SERIES AS A STREET-WORTHY PARAMEDIC VERSION OF A HOSPITAL-TYPE CARDIAC MONITOR. THEY MADE THEM TOUGH AND THEY WOULD THROW THEM…OFF A MOVING AMBULANCE, OR OFF THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, JUST TO SHOW THEM HOW TOUGH THEY WERE. SOME OF THE OLD VIDEOS…SHOWS THEM EITHER THROWING THEM OFF A BALCONY, OR HAVING A TRUCK DRIVE OVER THEM, AND THEY STILL FUNCTION. OR, SOMEBODY BLASTING IT WITH WATER FROM A HOSE LINE…SO THEY MADE A MONITOR THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT TOUGHER, AND A LITTLE BIT MORE RUGGED THAN THEY HAD BEEN IN THE PAST.” “I REMEMBER US GOING OUT AND SOLICITING FOR DONATIONS TO PURCHASE THESE. ONE OF OUR GUYS WENT OUT…WE ACTUALLY PURCHASED 2 CARDIAC MONITORS, WITH THE HELP OF DIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS IN THE COMMUNITY, THAT DONATED FUNDS…THE KINSMEN WAS QUITE PREVALENT…IN HELPING US PURCHASE THE FIRST…[AND] A COUPLE OF ADDITIONAL MONITORS…” “I USED [THE MONITOR] FOR A LOT OF YEARS, AND I THOUGHT THEY WERE GREAT MONITORS. THERE IS AN EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I WAS INVOLVED IN THE NEXT TWO PURCHASES. I WAS ON THE FRONT LINES; I WROTE UP THE RFQ, FOR THE PURCHASE OF THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘M’S; THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘E’S; AND THE ‘X’ SERIES…SO I’VE BEEN INVOLVED. I’VE GOT SOME PERSONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I USED IT AS A STREET PARAMEDIC, AND THEN I GOT ON IN FRONT OF IT IN THE BUSINESS END…I WATCHED HOW THAT PROCUREMENT PROCESS WENT DOWN, WORKING IN COOPERATION WITH OUR PROCUREMENT THROUGH THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THESE ARRIVED, IT WAS A BIG DAY. IT WAS LIKE CHRISTMAS, WHEN THE NEW CARDIAC MONITORS ARRIVE. I WOULD SPEND 6 WEEKS OR SO JUST GETTING ALL OF THESE ATTACHMENTS [THAT] ARE NOT ON THEM WHEN THEY COME - YOU’RE SCREWING ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER; PUTTING OUT ALL THE INFORMATION TO THE STAFF; WRITING UP SOG’S AND POLICIES RELATING TO CARDIAC MONITORS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND MANUALS ON THE MONITOR, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170016000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
INFANT CAR SEAT
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC,
Catalogue Number
P20110033000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INFANT CAR SEAT
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Materials
PLASTIC,
No. Pieces
1
Height
46.8
Length
59.6
Width
38.5
Description
RIGID PLASTIC FORM IS CREAM COLOURED WITH PLASTIC COVERED PADDING ON SEAT. PADDING IS PATTERNED WITH RED HEARTS AND GREEN SLASHES. BOTTOM PORTION OF PADDING CAN BE FOLDED AWAY FROM FORM. BROWN NYLON SEATBELT WITH TWO BROWN PLASTIC FASTENERS, AND TWO METAL SLIDERS. SEATBELT IS ATTACHED TO FORM THROUGH TWO PARALLEL OPENINGS IN PLASTIC PADDING AND THREADED THROUGH LOOP ON THE FRONT LIP OF THE FORM. TOP EDGE IS STAMPED, “032186” AND BOTTOM IS STAMPED, “A86810.” TAG FOLDED UNDER PADDING READS, “MATÉRIAU NEUF SEULEMENT NEW MATERIAL ONLY, CONFORMÉMENT À LA LOI SUR LES MATÉRIAUX DE REMBOURRAGE ET LES ARTICLES REMBOURRÉS, QUEBEC 69, IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE STUFFING AND UPHOLSTERED AND STUFFED ARTICLES ART, PERMIS – PERMIT QUÉ NO: 0180-114, CONTENU – CONTENT, MOUSSE DE POLYURETHANE POLYURETHANE FOAM, LES INDUSTRIES DOREL INC.”
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
TRANSPORTATION
History
AT THE TIME OF DONATION PATRICIA SASSA (DONOR) WROTE TO THE COLLECTIONS STAFF AND SAID, “SINCE MY RETIREMENT FROM PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING IN JUNE, 1998; I ACQUIRED THIS INFANT SAFETY CAR SEAT WITH THE HOPE OF BECOMING A GRANNY SOMEDAY IN THE FUTURE AS MY SON HAD BEEN MARRIED AT LEAST 5 YEARS AT THE TIME. THE HEALTH UNIT RENTED THESE “CHRYSLER LOVE SEATS” TO MAKE IT AFFORDABLE TO FAMILIES THAT CHOSE NOT TO PURCHASE THEM AT HIGHER PRICES SINCE THEY WERE USED ONLY TO 20 LBS. HOWEVER THE LIFE OF THE SEAT WAS ONLY 10 YEAR AFTER USE; ESPECIALLY THOSE LEFT IN THE VEHICLES AND EXPOSED TO SUN AND VARYING TEMPERATURES. THEY WERE THEN DESTROYED UNDER THE RULES OF TRANSPORT CANADA OR THE MANUFACTURER. SOME MANUFACTURERS HAVE SINCE CHANGED THE EXPIRY DATES TO AS EARLY AS 5 YEARS. ALTHOUGH THE EXACT YEAR THE H.U. BEGAN RENTING IS UNKNOWN, THEY DISCONTINUED THEIR RENTAL SYSTEM IN 1994, THEREFORE THE NEWER ONES WERE BEING SOLD TO FAMILIES. THAT IS WHEN I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO PURCHASE ONE THAT INCLUDED NEW STRAPPING. MY INTEREST IN DONATING THIS MODEL IS THAT IT APPEARS TO ME AS ONE OF THE FIRST. MY RECOLLECTION OF TRANSPORTING OUR TWO BOYS, AS WITH ALL PARENTS OF OUR ERA, WAS THAT WE CARRIED THEM IN OUR LAPS, OR ON THE BACK SEAT THAT WERE PLANKED WITH A BOARD AND SUPPORTED WITH LEGS SO THE ENTIRE BACK SEAT WAS LIKE A BED, COVERED WITH A ‘FUTON’ OR IF WE OWNED A STATION WAGON, THEY WERE JUST PLACED IN THE VERY BACK. I ALSO REMEMBER ACQUIRING A LITTLE SEAT THAT HOOKED OVER THE FRONT BENCH SO THE CHILD COULD VIES THE SCENERY AROUND HIM. TODAY AS WE CONTINUE TO OBSERVE THE NEWEST OF RULES, VARIATIONS OF SAFETY SEATS AND PRICE TAGS; IT SEEMS A MIRACLE THAT OUR CHILDREN SURVIVED. MIND YOU, THE SPEED AND DESIGNS OF CARS WERE NOT AS SOPHISTICATED, HOWEVER THERE WAS ALWAYS THAT ELEMENT OF DANGER FOR ACCIDENTS TO OCCUR AND MANY LIVES WERE LOST DUE TO CARELESSNESS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110033000
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960037001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Date
1942
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3
Length
10.5
Width
8.5
Description
TWO PACKAGES OF COTTON GAUZE INSIDE KHAKI BROWN CANVAS POUCH. EACH PACKAGE OF GAUZE IS WHITE NYLON COVERING STITCHED WITH WHITE COTTON THREAD. SIDE OF PACKAGE HAS "FIRST FIELD DRESSING" ACROSS TOP WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE UNDERNEATH. ACROSS BOTTOM READS "DO NOT HANDLE THE GAUZE OR WOUND" AND "JOHNSON & JOHNSON LIMITED, MONTREAL, QUE." WITH "OCTOBER , 1942". SEWN TO TOP SEAM OF PACKAGING IS WAX PAPER PACKAGE WITH STEEL SAFETY PIN INSIDE. TWO PACKAGES ARE INSIDE CANVAS POUCH. POUCH HAS TRIANGULAR FOLD IN FLAP AT END. ON FRONT SIDE IS BLACK PRINTING "FIRST FIELD DRESSINGS" WITH INSTRUCTIONS BELOW. PRINTED ACROSS BOTTOM IS "JOHNSON & JOHNSON LIMITED, MONTREAL" AND "MADE IN CANADA OCTOBER 1942". STAMPED ON FLAP IN BLACK IS "C" WITH AN ARROW INSIDE. POUCH IS STAINED AND DIRTY.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DRESSINGS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER. THEY ARE SECOND WORLD WAR ISSUE FOR CANADIAN FORCES.
Catalogue Number
P19960037001
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960037002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Date
1942
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.4
Length
10
Width
6
Description
PACKAGE OF COTTON GAUZE HAS WHITE NYLON COVERING STITCHED WITH COTTON THREAD. SIDE OF PACKAGE HAS "FIELD FIRST DRESSING" ACROSS TOP WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE UNDERNEATH. ACROSS BOTTOM READS "DO NOT HANDLE GAUZE OR WOUND" AND "BAUER & BLACK, LEASIDE, TORONTO, ONTARIO" WITH "DECEMBER, 1942". SEWN TO TOP OF PACKAGE IS WAX PAPER PACKAGE WITH STEEL SAFETY PIN INSIDE. PACKAGE IS DIRTY & STAINED.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DRESSINGS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER. THEY ARE SECOND WORLD WAR ISSUE FOR CANADIAN FORCES.
Catalogue Number
P19960037002
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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