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Other Name
SMITH & WESSON "CHIEFS SPECIAL" .38
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19960109002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON "CHIEFS SPECIAL" .38
Date
1987
Materials
PLASTIC, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
13
Length
16
Width
3.8
Description
BLACK BURNISHED 38 CAL. REVOLVER WITH SHROUDED HAMMER AND SHORT BARREL. MOLDED PLASTIC GRIP HAS RAISED CRISS-CROSS PATERN AND BLACK MARBLING. TIP OF MUZZLE HAS TAPERED POST WITH FLUTED TOP EDGE. CYLINDER HAS FIVE CHAMBERS. TRIGGER IS WIDE CRESCENT SHAPED TAB WITH FLUTED GRIP AS WELL. STAMPED INTO SIDE OF BARREL IS "AIRWEIGHT 38 SPL. CTG.". STAMPED INTO RIGHT SIDE JUST BELOW CYLINDER IS "MADE IN U.S.A. MARCAS REGISTRADAS SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD, MASS." STAMPED INTO LEFT SIDE OF BARREL IS "SMITH & WESSON" AND STAMPED INTO LEFT SIDE JUST ABOVE GRIP IS SMITH AND WESSON LOGO WITH STYLIZED "S" AND "W" WITH "TRADE MARK" AROUND IT. STAMPED ON INSIDE OF CYLINDER FRAME IS "MOD-38". RAISED ON LEFT GRIP IS "FITZ" AND "TEN-O-GRIP" WITH TARGET. STAMPED ON CYLINDER ARM IS "24128".
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
SPORTS
LEISURE
History
THERE IS A CHANCE THAT THIS FIREARM WAS USED BY THE DONOR'S HUSBAND INSPECTOR FRANK BATHGATE IN A NON-ISSUE, LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE SERVICE CAPACITY. PLEASE REFERENCE P19960109006 FOR DETAILS. FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996. C-301 PERMIT TO TRANSPORT RESTRICTED WEAPONS AND APPLICATION FOR FIREARMS ACQUISITION CERTIFICATE (F.A.C.) CAN BE FOUND IN PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19960109002
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
38 200 MODEL BRITISH SERVICE (SMITH & WESSON)
Date Range From
1943
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19980037001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
38 200 MODEL BRITISH SERVICE (SMITH & WESSON)
Date Range From
1943
Date Range To
1955
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
13
Length
27.7
Width
3.7
Description
BLUE STEEL .38 CALIBRE REVOLVER WITH CHECKED WOOD GRIPS. "SMITH & WESSON" IS STAMPED INTO LEFT SIDE OF BARREL. "38 S. & W. CTG" IS STAMPED INTO RIGHT SIDE OF BARREL. SMITH & WESSON LOGO IS ETCHED INTO RIGHT SIDE OF FRAME AND ALSO RAISED ONTO MEDALLIONS AT TOPS OF GRIPS. SERIAL NUMBER "729050" IS STAMPED INTO BUTT FRAME AND END OF CYLINDER.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
REVOLVER WAS DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. IT WAS USED IN A ROBBERY AT A SAFEWAY ON 21 FEBRUARY 1981.
Catalogue Number
P19980037001
Acquisition Date
1998-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
22 CALIBRE STERLING
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD (WALNUT)
Catalogue Number
P19683312000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
22 CALIBRE STERLING
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STEEL, WOOD (WALNUT)
No. Pieces
2
Diameter
97.1
Description
55.8 (D) CM. S/N 946 SERIAL NUMBER ON SIDE OF RECEIVER AND BARREL. "SINGLE SHOT TAKE DOWN RIFLE CAL 22 LONG RIM FIRE SER. NO. STERLING" ON BARREL "STAR, ARROW F.L. 22 ELG" INSIDE A CIRCLE. FIRE STOCK CRACKED AND SPLIT ON LEFT SIDE PPEARS TO BE A REPLACEMENT FORESTOCK, HAND MANUFACTURED FROM OAK. MANUAL FROM OAK. MANUAL EXTRACTOR. ROLLING B CORK ACTION. RECEIVER EQUIPPED WITH LOCKING CAM. EQUIPPED WITH BUCKHORN AND BEAD SIGHT.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
STERLING 22 CAL. RIFLE BROUGHT TO CANADA BY FRANK CLIFTON (ROYAL NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, FIRST MEMBER STATIONED IN RIVER BOTTOM NORTH OF PRESENT SITE OF TABER
Catalogue Number
P19683312000
Acquisition Date
1968-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON MODEL 14 - .357 MAGNUM
Date Range From
1987
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19960109006
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON MODEL 14 - .357 MAGNUM
Date Range From
1987
Date Range To
1995
Materials
STEEL, PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
13.5
Length
23.5
Width
3.7
Description
1. 1 PIECE, STEEL, PLASTIC. BLACK BURNISHED STEEL REVOLVER. REVOLVER HAS BLACK PLASTIC GRIP WITH MOLDED FINGER GRIP AND CRISS-CROSS PATTERN. AT MIDDLE ON EACH SIDE IS BRASS LOGO WITH RAISED LION, TARGET AND "P". RAISED ON BOTTOM OF GRIP IS "THE PACHMAYR `GRIPPER' LOS ANGELES CALIF. MADE IN U.S.A." ON LEFT SIDE OF BARREL IS "SMITH & WESSON" AND ON LEFT SIDE OF FRAME JUST ABOVE GRIP IS SMITH & WESSON LOGO WITH STYLIZED "S" AND "W" WITH TRADE MARK AROUND IT AND "REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." BELOW. STAMPED ON RIGHT SIDE OF FRAME IN FRONT OF TRIGGER IS "MADE IN U.S.A. MARCAS REGISTRADAS SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD, MASS." STAMPED ON RIGHT SIDE OF BARREL IS "S. & W. 357 MAGNUM". STAMPED ON BUTT OF REVOLVER IS "20D6135". 2. INSTRUCTION PAMPHLET: WHITE PAPER PAMPHLET FOLDED TWICE HORIZONTALLY. HAS PHOTO OF REVOLVER AND TITLE WHICH READS ".357 MILITARY & POLICE REVOLVER MODEL NO.13". BELOW TITLE IS CONTENTS LIST "PARTS LIST", "INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE", "MAINTENANCE" AND "SPECIFICATIONS". AT BOTTOM OF PAGE IS "SMITH & WESSON" LOGO WITH ADRESS OF "BANGOR PUNTA COMPANY". CONTAINS A PARTS DIAGRAM, LIST OF PART NUMBERS AND SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS. 3. SAFETY PAMPHLET: WHITE PAPER PAMPHLET WITH CLOSEUP PHOTO OF REVOLVER HAMMER AND CYLINDER AND TRIGGER. TITLE IN WHITE READS "SAFETY & INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR YOUR SMITH & WESSON FIREARM". INSIDE IS PHOTO DIAGRAMS FOR FIRING AND MAINTENANCE. 4. SAFETY PAMPHLET: WHITE ACCORDIAN STYLE PAMPHLET WITH "SMITH & WESSON" LOGO AND TITLE WHICH READS "SAFETY & INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR YOUR SMITH & WESSON FIREARM". CONTAINS PROSE INSTRUCTIONS FOR FIRING, AMMUNITION, STORAGE AND SERVICE OF FIREARM.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON 24 SEPTEMBER 2010, LORELEI VANDEN BERG, FIREARMS OFFICER WITH THE RCMP IN LETHBRIDGE, CONFIRMED THAT THIS WEAPON WAS REGISTERED TO THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE (CERT. NO. K-095693) PRIOR TO HAVING BEEN REGISTERED BY THE DONOR’S HUSBAND INSPECTOR FRANK BATHGATE. THE WEAPON, IT IS PRESUMED, WAS BOUGHT BY BATHGATE AS A POLICE SERVICE MEMENTO AND WAS ADDED BY HIM TO HIS COLLECTION FOR POSTERITY. OTHER DONATED FIREARMS IN THIS COLLECTION MAY HAVE BEEN UTILIZED AS PART OF HIS SERVICE IN A NON-ISSUE CAPACITY AS CLAIMED WAS GENERALLY DONE BY RETIRED CONSTABLE ERNIE KREEFT BELOW. AMONGST THE COLLECTION, HOWEVER, THIS IS THE ONLY WEAPON WITH DOCUMENTED TIES TO THE POLICE FORCE. ________________________________________ ON 8 OCTOBER 2009, TECH KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RETIRED LPS/CITY POLICE FORCE CONSTABLE AND ARMOURER ERNIE KREEFT (SERVICE DATES 1 JUNE 1977 TO 4 JAN 2004) ABOUT THE FORCE’S USE OF THE .357 SMITH & WESSON REVOLVER. ACCORDING TO KREEFT, THE SMITH & WESSON 38 SPECIAL WAS ISSUED TO HIM AT THE BEGINNING OF HIS CAREER, BUT SOMETIME ABOUT THE MID 80S THE FORCE OFFICIALLY TRANSITIONED TO THE .357 SMITH & WESSON WHICH, WAS STILL FIRED USING .38 SPECIAL AMMUNITION. WHEN ASKED WHY THE TRANSITION TO THE .357 OCCURRED HE SAID, “IT’S JUST A PROGRESSION OF A BETTER GUN. THE OTHER ONES, I THINK, WERE OLD SMITH AND WESSON T-FRAMES AND THEY WERE STARTING TO GET LIKE, OVER THE YEARS, THEY GET OLD, AND I THINK THE ODD TIME WE HAD A COUPLE OF BACK STRAPS THAT BROKE, WHEN GUYS WERE DOWN AT THE RANGE, GOT INJURED, AND LIKE, THEY BLEW UP A LITTLE BIT, AND, THEN WE ENDED UP GOING TO REPLACE THEM AND WE JUST ENDED UP GETTING THESE GUNS.” IT’S POSSIBLE, HE SAID, THAT THE .38S DATED BACK TO THE 1960S. BEFORE THAT, HE THOUGHT THEY “USED THE WEBLEY WITH A FRONT BRAKE”. KREEFT TOLD MACLEAN, “THERE WAS A TIME WHEN GUYS WERE ALLOWED TO CARRY THEIR OWN FIREARM ON DUTY AND SOME OF THE GUYS BOUGHT 357S ALTHOUGH [THE FORCE] USED THE .38. AND THEN THEY DIDN’T WANT GUYS HAVING THEIR OWN GUNS SO THE DEPARTMENT SAID “BYE-BYE.” YOU COULDN’T HAVE YOUR OWN GUN. YOU WERE ISSUED ONE.” THE .357’S WOODEN GRIP, CLAIMED KREEFT, COULD BE REPLACED WITH A RUBBER ‘PACHMAYR’ GRIP. “BUT NOT EVERYBODY PUT PACHMAYRS ON”, HE SAID. “SOME PEOPLE LEFT THE OLD WOOD GRIPS ON THAT CAME WITH THE GUN [AND] SOME GUYS JUST LIKED [THE PACHMAYR] BETTER BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, THEY TOOK A LITTLE MORE PRIDE IN WHAT THEY SHOT AND THOUGHT THEY FELT BETTER.” AS FOR RANGE USE OF THE .357, KREEFT SAID, “OH, THEY SHOOT A LOT MORE NOW THAN THEY DID THEN. I THINK QUALIFYING WAS MAYBE ONLY ONCE A YEAR BACK THEN. AND FOR SOME GUYS THAT’S THE ONLY TIME THEY’D SHOOT THEIR WEAPONS WHEN THEY’D GO FOR QUALIFYING. SOME GUYS REALLY DON’T LIKE GUNS AT ALL, THEY JUST, THE NATURE OF THE BEAST I GUESS. YOU’D THINK A POLICEMAN, THAT’S ONE OF HIS TOOLS; THEY’D WANT TO BE PROFICIENT. BUT SOME GUYS REALLY AREN’T VERY GOOD AT IT AND NEVER REALLY LIKED IT.” IN ORDER TO QUALIFY, THE MEMBERS OBSERVED AN “OLD FBI COURSE” STANDARD, STARTING “AT THE 50 YARD LINE [AND] THEN YOU MOVE UP TO THE 25 YARD LINE AND THEN YOU MOVED UP TO MAYBE THE 15 AND THE 7 YARD LINE OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT. AND AT THE 7 YARD LINE THERE WASN’T AIMING. I REMEMBER WE HAD TO SHOOT KIND OF INSTINCTIVELY AND PULL THE GUN OUT AND JUST OFF THE HIP. ONLY 2 GUYS COULD GO AT ONCE, EH.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE .357S’ EFFECTIVENESS, KREEFT STATED, “YOU KNOW THE THING ABOUT A REVOLVER, IT’S A GOOD WORK HORSE. THEY’RE GOOD WEAPONS. THEY KIND OF, LIKE, JUST KEEP TICKING ALONG BUT THEN, YOU KNOW, IT COMES UP AND YOU’RE IN A GUNFIGHT AND THERE’S ONLY 6 ROUNDS IN AND YOU HAVE TO RELOAD WHEREAS A SEMI-AUTOMATIC YOU HAVE 15 ROUNDS AND THEY HAD ALL KINDS OF TRAINING WHERE FBI AGENTS WERE SHOT AND KILLED BECAUSE OF NOT ENOUGH ROUNDS. IT’S A PROGRESSION OF THE WAY THINGS GO, YOU KNOW, LIKE, OTHER WEAPONS.” ________________________________________ FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996. FOR MORE INFORMATION AND THE ENTIRE INTERVIEW, REFERENCE THE PERMANENT FILE AND P20090009001-2 TO LEARN ABOUT THE TRANSITION TO THE SMITH & WESSON AUTOMATIC HANDGUN IN 1995. SEE ALSO ARTIFACT P19960109007, SPEED LOADERS, WHICH ARE DIRECTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE OPERATION OF THIS WEAPON.
Catalogue Number
P19960109006
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
.38 SPECIAL, “CST. LEE BRUNEAU”
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20130005001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
.38 SPECIAL, “CST. LEE BRUNEAU”
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
12
Length
22.5
Width
5
Description
SN#C808798, SMITH & WESSON .38 SPECIAL, MODEL 10-5. CARBON STEEL FRAME WITH WOOD GRIP. EMBOSSED AND GOLD-PLATED WITH CREST IMAGE AND TEXT READING “1964 – 1990” ON FRAME, “LETHBRIDGE POLICE” ALONG BARREL, AND “CST LEE BRUNEAU” ON UPPER GRIP. WOOD GRIP CARVED WITH CROSSHATCH TEXTURE ON BOTH SIDES, WITH SMITH & WESSON SYMBOL INSET IN METAL. MAKER’S INFORMATION AND PATENT DATE STAMPED ON FRAME BENEATH BARREL. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS REVOLVER WAS USED BY THE DONOR, CONSTABLE LEON BRUNEAU, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BRUNEAU ABOUT HIS POLICE WORK AND THE WEAPON ON OCTOBER 8, 2009 AND APRIL 4, 2013. BRUNEAU SAID: “THERE WAS SOMETHING IN THE PAPER ABOUT [THE LETHBRIDGE AUXILIARY POLICE]. THIS INTERESTED ME BECAUSE… I HAD BEEN WORKING FOR A PRIVATE INVESTIGATION [BUREAU] AS A SECURITY GUARD UP IN CALGARY … [SO] I THOUGHT I’D TRY THIS AUXILIARY POLICE THING AND SEE WHAT COMES OUT OF IT… I DIDN’T KNOW [THE POLICE FORCE] WERE PLANNING TO TAKE RECRUITS OUT OF THE AUXILIARY… I WAS 29 YEARS OLD [WHEN I WAS] SWORN IN… THE FIRST GUN I WAS ISSUED… WAS AN OLD MILITARY 38 THAT HAD BEEN BORED OUT… TO ACCEPT .38 SPECIAL AMMUNITION, BUT THE .38 CALIBER HOLES ARE A LITTLE BIT BIGGER THAN THE .38 SPECIALS… SO IT RATTLED AROUND IN THERE AND IT WAS AN UNSAFE THING… AS SOON AS JIM TUTTLE QUIT [IN 1965/66] I WAS IN [SERGEANT] ALBERT HACKETT’S OFFICE LIKE A SHOT. [HIS] WAS A NEW GUN AND WAS THE ONLY .38 SPECIAL WITH A ROUND BUTT, AND I WANTED IT… [HACKETT] GOT IT FOR ME AND I CARRIED IT UNTIL I RETIRED… [IT’S] THE GUN I HAD IN ’82 WHEN WE HAD THE SHOOTOUT.” BRUNEAU CONTINUED: “THE REVOLVER ACTUALLY SAVED MY LIFE AT ONE TIME, BECAUSE IF I HADN’T FIRED IT, I MIGHT NOT BE HERE… IN JULY 1982… I WAS IN THE STATION [AT 5TH S AND 5TH AVE SOUTH] AND WE HEARD A COMMOTION, A SHOT, AND A SECOND SHOT… HOW [THE PRISONER] MIKE FRANK GOT A HOLD OF [OFFICER DARCY MURRAY’S] GUN, I DON’T KNOW. HAD WE HAD ANY WARNING ABOUT HOW VIOLENT THIS YOUNG MAN WAS, THERE PROBABLY WOULD HAVE BEEN MORE THAN ONE POLICEMAN DOWN THERE… [MURRAY WAS SHOT] THROUGH HIS ARM… WAYNE JOHNSON WAS ON THE DESK AND HE SAW THE COMMOTION ON THE CLOSED CIRCUIT TV AND WENT RUNNING DOWN THE STAIRS AND TOOK A BULLET RIGHT ABOVE HIS BODY ARMOUR [IN HIS NECK]… FRANK CAME RUNNING UP THE STAIRS… [SERGEANT] BUTCH LEE FIRED AT HIM [AND] HE RAN OUT THE FRONT DOOR… UP 5TH STREET TO 6TH AVENUE, AND WE CHASED HIM… AS HE WAS CROSSING [THE STREET] HE MADE A GRAB FOR A LITTLE OLD LADY… AND THEN HE FIRED A SHOT… BUTCH LEE AND I WERE THE FIRST ONES THERE… I THOUGHT ‘OK, WELL I’LL SHOOT HIS SHOULDER’ BUT I JUST GRAZED HIS SHOULDER, AND BUTCH FIRED FROM A DIFFERENT ANGLE AND MIKE FRANK WENT DOWN… [THEN] HE CAME UP SHOOTING… I FIGURED, ‘HE MISSED ME THIS TIME BUT HE MAY NOT MISS ME NEXT TIME, SO I BETTER SHOOT’. SO I DID. I WENT A COUPLE OF BUTTONS DOWN ON HIS SHIRT AND SQUEEZED OFF A SHOT AND HE WENT DOWN, AND THEN I HEARD A LOT OF GUNFIRE… AFTERWARDS WE FOUND OUT THERE WAS ELEVEN BULLET HOLES IN HIM… IN THAT NEWSPAPER PHOTOGRAPH [PUBLISHED IN THE JULY 10, 1982 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD] I WAS STANDING THERE TALKING ON THE RADIO AFTER IT, AND HE WAS STRETCHED OUT ON THE STREET.” BRUNEAU CONCLUDED: “IT WENT THROUGH MY HEAD, PRIOR TO THIS, ‘IF I WAS CONFRONTED WITH A SITUATION LIKE THIS, COULD I ACTUALLY SHOOT SOMEONE WITH THE INTENTION OF KILLING HIM?’ AND I FOUND OUT I COULD… THAT WAS ONLY THE SECOND TIME THAT I ACTUALLY HAD TO DRAW MY FIREARM… I DON’T THINK [THE INCIDENT] ACTUALLY CHANGED ANYTHING IN TERMS OF MY STATUS AS A POLICEMAN. I JUST KEPT ON DOING MY JOB… I BOUGHT THE GUN FOR $50 WHEN I RETIRED [IN 1990]. THE DEPARTMENT SENT IT AWAY TO VANCOUVER, HAD IT ALL REFURBISHED AND HAD MY ENLISTMENT DATE, MY NAME, EVERYTHING ENGRAVED AND FILLED IN WITH GOLD.” FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, AND COPIES OF RELATED NEWSPAPER ARTICLES AND BRUNEAU’S DEPARTMENTAL COMMENDATION FOR HIS ACTIONS DURING THE SHOOTOUT, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20130005001
Acquisition Date
2013-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WINCHESTER MODEL 1894 (R.C.M.P. CENTENNIAL)
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19970065001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WINCHESTER MODEL 1894 (R.C.M.P. CENTENNIAL)
Date
1973
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, BRASS
No. Pieces
8
Height
12.7
Length
102
Width
3.5
Description
1) 30-30 CALIBRE LEVER ACTION RIFLE WITH ETCHED BRASS RECEIVER. LEFT SIDE OF RECEIVER HAS SCROLL WORK WITH MOUNTIE ON A HORSE AND "1873-1973". RIGHT SIDE OF RECEIVER HAS SCROLL WORK WITH "MP". "MP" ALSO ETCHED INTO STOCK. ETCHED ON BARREL ON RIGHT SIDE OF REAR SIGHT IS "R.C.M.P. CENTENNIAL 1873-1973". ON BARREL ON LEFT SIDE OF REAR SIGHT IS "WINCHESTER MODEL 94" AND "30-30 WIN". ON RIGHT SIDE OF STOCK IS POLISHED BRASS MEDALLION WITH R.C.M.P COAT OF ARMS OVER "1873-1973" WITH "NWMP", "RNWMP" AND "RCMP" AROUND TOP EDGE. ON TANG BEHIND HAMMER IS "MAINTIENS LE DROIT". SERIAL NUMBER "RCMP4326" IS STAMPED ON UNDERSIDE OF RECEIVER IN FRONT OF TRIGGER GUARD. 2) ANNIVERSARY BOX. 118.5 CM (L) X 17.5 CM (W) X 6.5 CM (H) BOX MADE OF CARDBOARD AND STYROFOAM. CARDBOARD SHEATH HAS COLOUR IMAGES OF N.W.M.P AND R.C.M.P. OFFICERS AND MEN SERVING AROUND CANADA. "RCMP CENTENNIAL 1873-1973" ON SIDE. STYROFOAM BOX HAS CARVED FORM FOR RIFLE AND SEPARATE LID. 3) INSTRUCTION PAMPHLET ENTITLED "WINCHESTER MODEL 94 RCMP CENTENNIAL RIFLE INSTRUCTIONS", WITH MOUNTIES ON FRONT. IN BOTH FRENCH AND ENGLISH.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
RIFLE WAS PURCHASED BY DONOR IN 1973 DUE TO HIS INTEREST IN THE HISTORY OF CANADA AND THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. UPDATE: INTERVIEW CONDUCTED WITH DONOR BLAINE THACKER ON 23 JUNE 2014 WITH RESPECT TO HIS ACQUISITION AND OWNERSHIP OF HIS TWO DONATED, COMMEMORATIVE RIFLES. FOR TRANSCRIPT AND AUDIO OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19970065001
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON .32
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20030017000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON .32
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.5
Length
29.5
Width
3.5
Description
32 CAL. STEEL REVOLVER HAS 80% BLUED FINISH. FRONT AND REAR IRON SIGHTS. STAMPED SIDE BARREL "32 WINCHESTER CTG" AND ON TOP "SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD, MASS, U.S.A. PATENTED MAR. 27 94.... FEB.6.06." BASE OF PISTOL GRIP AND CYLINDER SN# STAMPED "42090". STAMPED ON ONE SIDE OF REVOLVER BODY CIRCULAR LOGO WITH "TRADE" AT TOP, "MARK" AT BOTTOM AND STYLIZED "W" OVER TOP "S". PISTOL GRIP IS MADE OF FINISHED WOOD. ONE SIDE BODY DISPLAYS MODERATE PITTING AND GOUGING. HOUSING SCREW MISSING SAME SIDE AS S&W LOGO.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
REVOLVER ORIGINALY OWNED BY DONOR'S GRANDFATHER LEODAS DESIRE BOURASSA. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION PROVIDED BY THE DONOR STATES: "LEODAS BOURASSA WAS BORN ON APRIL 18, 1897... IN BUCKINGHAM, QUEBEC. LEO CAME WEST IN 1917, HOMESTEADING IN THE LUNDBRECK DISTRICT NEAR CHAPEL ROCK. HE JOINED THE RNWMP IN FORT MACLEOD [AND] WAS MOBILIZED INTO THE RNWMP CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE AT REGINA AND SERVED IN ENGLAND. UPON DEMOBILIZATION OF THE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE IN MAY 1918, HE WENT BACK TO THE RNWMP UNTIL HIS DISCHARGE IN JANUARY 1919 IN MONTREAL. THE WEST MUST HAVE MADE AN IMPRESSION ON HIM, AS HE THEN RETURNED TO THE LUNDBRECK HOMESTEAD... LEO MARRIED JEANNETTE ALIDA LEMIRE ON JULY 31, 1922 IN FORT MACLEOD... [THEY] HAD NINE CHILDREN.... LEO WAS AN HONORARY MEMBER OF THE FORT MACLEOD GOLF AND CURLING CLUBS, LIFE MEMBER OF KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS, AND VERY ACTIVE IN ALL ASPECTS OF SPORT IN THIS AREA... LEO DIED AT THE AGE OF 80 ON DECEMBER 25, 1977, WHILE JEANNETTE HAD PASSED AWAY ON JANUARY 28, 1977." SEE HARD COPY FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON BOURASSA FAMILY. WEAPON DONATED IN MEMORY OF LEO DESIRE BOURASSA.
Catalogue Number
P20030017000
Acquisition Date
2003-09
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WINCHESTER MODEL 1894 (DIAMOND JUBILEE)
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, SILVER
Catalogue Number
P19970065002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WINCHESTER MODEL 1894 (DIAMOND JUBILEE)
Date
1980
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, SILVER
No. Pieces
8
Height
12.7
Length
96.5
Width
3.8
Description
1) 38-55 CALIBRE LEVER ACTION RIFLE WITH ETCHED SILVER RECEIVER. LEFT SIDE OF RECEIVER HAS FLORAL SCROLL WORK WITH SCENE OF CATTLE AND OIL WELLS. RIGHT SIDE OF RECEIVER HAS FLORAL SCROLL WORK WITH ALBERTA COAT OF ARMS. ETCHED INTO BARREL ON RIGHT SIDE OF REAR SIGHT IS "ALBERTA DIAMOND JUBILEE". ETCHED INTO BARREL ON LEFT SIDE OF REAR SIGHT IS "WINCHESTER MODEL 94" AND "38-55 WIN". ON RIGHT SIDE OF STOCK IS SILVER MEDALLION WITH ETCHED WILD ROSE AND "ALBERTA DIAMOND JUBILEE 1905 - 1980". ETCHED INTO TANG BEHIND HAMMER IS "WINCHESTER MODEL 1894". SERIAL NUMBER "ADJ2872" IS STAMPED ON UNDERSIDE OF RECEIVER IN FRONT OF TRIGGER GUARD. 2) ANNIVERSARY BOX. 103.5 CM (L) X 17.0 CM (W) X 6.5 CM (H) BOX MADE OF CARDBOARD AND STYROFOAM. CARDBOARD SHEATH HAS COLOUR IMAGES SUCH AS COWBOYS, N.W.M.P. OFFICERS, INDIANS AND OIL WORKERS WITH "ALBERTA DIAMOND JUBILEE" ON SIDE. STYROFOAM BOX HAS CARVED FORM FOR RIFLE AND SEPARATE LID. 3) WARRANTY CARD. 18.6CM X 8.2 CM GREEN CARD WITH SYMBOL NUMBER "9464". 4) BOOKLET. 8.5CM X 9.7CM RED COVERED BOOKLET ENTITLED "WINCHESTER-WESTERN HUNTER'S POCKET GUIDE." 5) INFORMATION CARD. 13.6CM X 10.6CM PAMPHLET ENTITLED "WINCHESTER AUTHORIZED SERVICE CENTRES". 6) RECORD CARD. 18.5CM X 9.6CM GREEN "WINCHESTER PURCHASE RECORD CARD" WITH VARIOUS QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO MERCHANDISING. 7) INSTRUCTION BOOKLET. 23.9CM X 10.5CM RED COVERED BOOKLET ENTITLED "ALBERTA DIAMOND JUBILEE: INSTRUCTIONS FOR YOUR WINCHESTER ALBERTA MODEL 94..."
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
RIFLE WAS PURCHASED BY DONOR IN 1980 TO PAIR WITH ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE CENTENNIAL RIFLE (P19970065001-GA) AS COLLECTION. UPDATE: INTERVIEW CONDUCTED WITH DONOR BLAINE THACKER ON 23 JUNE 2014 WITH RESPECT TO HIS ACQUISITION AND OWNERSHIP OF HIS TWO DONATED, COMMEMORATIVE RIFLES. FOR TRANSCRIPT AND AUDIO OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19970065002
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
"VICTORY" SMITH AND WESSON
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20180013000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"VICTORY" SMITH AND WESSON
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
20.5
Width
3.3
Diameter
1
Description
REVOLVER WITH BLACK STEEL SHORT BARREL, CYLINDER AND FRAME. BARREL HAS FRONT SIGHT PIN AT END; HANDLE IS BROWN WOOD WITH STEEL PLATE RUNNING DOWN THE SIDES AND ACROSS THE BASE. HANDLE HAS METAL PIN ON FRONT THAT RUNS THROUGH THE SIDES OF THE HANDLE. REVOLVER HAS INSCRIPTION STAMPED BESIDE CYLINDER ON RIGHT SIDE, “TRADEMARK S W, REG. U.S. PAT. OFF.”; INSCRIPTION STAMPED BELOW CYLINDER“MADE IN U.S.A.”; INSCRIPTION ON BASE OF HANDLE “611407”; INSCRIPTION ON RIGHT SIDE OF BARREL “.38 767 E.38 S&W CT6, 3.5 IONS”. REVOLVER HAS SILVER TRIGGER AND HAMMER; REVOLVER HAS STEEL CYLINDER RELEASE ON LEFT SIDE; REVOLVER HAS SIX CYLINDERS. STEEL BARREL AND CYLINDER HAVE MINOR WEAR TO FINISH; HANDLE HAS WEAR AROUND BASE; FRAME HAS MINOR SCRATCHES ON LEFT SIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
PROFESSIONS
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON MAY 29, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DUANE KING REGARDING HIS DONATION OF A REVOLVER. THE REVOLVER WAS USED BY POLICE OFFICERS IN PICTURE BUTTE, ALBERTA, AND WAS ACQUIRED BY KING FROM THE TOWN OF PICTURE BUTTE. ON THE REVOLVER, KING ELABORATED, “[THIS HANDGUN] BELONGED TO THE TOWN OF PICTURE BUTTE. I WAS HAVING COFFEE ONE DAY, IN FEBRUARY OF 1980, IN THE COFFEE SHOP IN PICTURE BUTTE, AND THE TOWN SECRETARY WAS THERE, AS USUAL, A WHOLE BUNCH OF US. HE SAID, “I HEAR YOU LIKE GUNS.” ONE THING LED TO ANOTHER, AND I PUT A BID IN [FOR THE HANDGUN], TO THE TOWN COUNCIL, AND THEY ACCEPTED IT. I ENDED UP WITH THE TWO GUNS. THE TOWN SECRETARY’S NAME WAS PIUS RIES. HE’S SINCE PASSED AWAY, BUT HE WAS A WELL-KNOWN MAN IN PICTURE BUTTE.” “THE [THE HANDGUN WAS ONE OF THE ONLY TWO GUNS] THAT THEY HAD. THEY ONLY HAD THE ONE POLICEMAN, AND I KNEW THE MAN WHEN I WAS A BOY GOING TO SCHOOL, GROWING UP. HIS NAME WAS BUCK GELDERT, AND, AS IT TURNS OUT, MY BROTHER-IN-LAW BOUGHT THE POLICE CAR, ONCE THEY GOT RID OF EVERYTHING. I BOUGHT THE GUNS MAINLY BECAUSE THEY WERE THE TOWN OF PICTURE BUTTE POLICE GUNS. NOT TOO MANY PEOPLE REALIZE THAT PICTURE BUTTE DID HAVE A POLICEMAN.” “[THE SMITH AND WESSON WAS A GUN] THAT POLICE FORCES WOULD HAVE USED. I WOULD IMAGINE THAT SMITH AND WESSON IS PROBABLY A VERY POPULAR POLICE GUN.” “THEY KNEW THAT I WAS INTERESTED IN GUNS. I HAD ALWAYS BEEN, SINCE A LITTLE BOY, HAD GUNS. [RIES] APPROACHED ME THAT DAY, AND I WENT TO LOOK AT THE GUNS. I MADE AN OFFER, TO TOWN COUNCIL, AND THEY ACCEPTED IT.” “I MADE A WRITTEN OFFER TO THE TOWN OF PICTURE BUTTE, AND THEY TOOK IT UP AT THEIR NEXT COUNCIL MEETING. THEN IT WAS ADVERTISED IN THE ‘SUNNY SOUTH NEWS’, THAT I HAD DONE THIS, THAT THEY HAD ACCEPTED MY OFFER, AND WHAT THE OFFER WAS. I WENT AND PICKED THE GUNS UP, GAVE THEM THEIR MONEY, AND I’VE HAD THEM EVER SINCE. I’VE NEVER SHOT THEM. THAT’S NOT WHY I BOUGHT THEM…I’VE JUST ALWAYS HAD THEM, AND LOVED THEM.” “[THE TOWN POLICE] MUST HAVE BEEN OUT OF THE TOWN HALL. I WENT TO SCHOOL WITH THE POLICEMAN’S SON, AND I KNEW HIS DAUGHTER. WE ALL WENT TO THE SAME SCHOOL, THE SAME CHURCH, THE SAME SUNDAY SCHOOL. I REMEMBER THE POLICEMAN, BUCK GELDERT. HE WAS A HUGE MAN, AND WHEN HE LEFT PICTURE BUTTE, HE WENT TO COALDALE, AND HE WORKED FOR THE COALDALE POLICE.” KING RECALLED GELDERT, NOTING, “HE HAD A UNIFORM, AND A POLICE CAR WITH A BIG RED SIREN, FLASHING LIGHT, ON THE ROOF…I DON’T REMEMBER HIM WALKING, BUT I REMEMBER HIM DRIVING AROUND TOWN, ESPECIALLY IN THE EVENINGS AND AT NIGHT. ONE NIGHT I WAS GOING HOME IN THE DARK, AND I HIT A HORSE, GRAVEL ROAD, AND I WRECKED THE TRUCK THAT I WAS DRIVING. [BUCK GELDERT] CAME AND HE GAVE ME A RIDE HOME. MY FOLKS WEREN’T ALL THAT HAPPY, BUT HE WAS THERE.” “I REMEMBER HIM PASSING OUT SPEEDING TICKETS. THEY HAD A COURTROOM, AND THEY HAD A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, OR A MAGISTRATE. YOU WENT THERE TO PAY YOUR TRAFFIC TICKETS, BUT, OTHER THAN THAT, I DON’T REMEMBER ANY BIG CRIME.” “I DON’T KNOW HOW LONG HE WAS THERE IN PICTURE BUTTE. I HAVE NO WAY OF KNOWING THAT. I ONLY REMEMBER HIM BEING IN CHURCH ON SUNDAYS…I REMEMBER HIM BEING IN COALDALE, AND I DON’T KNOW WHEN THAT WAS, BUT IT HAD TO BE AROUND 1960.” KING ELABORATED ON HIS MOTIVATION FOR DONATING THE REVOLVER, STATING, “BECAUSE I’M GETTING OLDER, I WANT [THE REVOLVER] TO BE PRESERVED, AND THERE’S NO BETTER PLACE THAN A MUSEUM. I LIKE THE GALT, SO THAT’S WHY I CHOSE TO DO THIS RIGHT NOW. I JUST WANT THEM PRESERVED. THEY’RE IMPORTANT TO ME, AND I THINK THEY ARE IMPORTANT TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA.” “I WAS BORN, AND GREW UP [IN PICTURE BUTTE]; LIVED AND FARMED. MY FAMILY CAME TO PICTURE BUTTE IN 1929, AND I STILL HAVE FAMILY IN PICTURE BUTTE. PICTURE BUTTE IS WHY THEY ARE SO IMPORTANT TO ME.” “I HAD A LOT OF HANDGUNS [WHEN I LIVED ON THE FARM] AND I’VE GOTTEN RID OF MOST OF THEM…ONCE I MOVED TO THE CITY, I DIDN’T FEEL SAFE WITH THEM IN THE HOUSE. YOU GET BROKE INTO, SOMEBODY STEALS YOUR GUNS AND COMMITS A CRIME, AND IT GOES FROM THERE. I’M GETTING RID OF THE THINGS THAT I WORRY ABOUT, AND [THE] HANDGUN [IS] PART OF THAT. FOR [THIS REVOLVER] TO GO WHERE [IT’S] GOING IS VERY IMPORTANT TO ME.” ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, WARREN “BUCK” GELDERT BEGAN HIS CAREER IN POLICING WITH THE R.C.M.P. AT THE AGE OF 19. GELDERT SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE BEFORE BEING NAMED CHIEF CONSTABLE FOR THE TOWN OF PICTURE BUTTE IN 1955. GELDERT REMAINED CHIEF CONSTABLE UNTIL 1967, WHEN HE ACCEPTED A POSITION AS RECREATION DIRECTOR IN COALDALE, ALBERTA. KING PURCHASED THE SMITH AND WESSON REVOLVER, AND A .38 COLT IN FEBRUARY, 1980 FROM THE TOWN OF PICTURE BUTTE FOR $175, AND HAD BOTH REVOLVERS REGISTERED IN 1980. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180013000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180013000
Acquisition Date
2018-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"SPEED GUN"
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, PLASTIC, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P20120014000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"SPEED GUN"
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1985
Materials
STEEL, PLASTIC, FOAM
No. Pieces
5
Height
13
Length
45
Width
32
Description
A. CASE, SPEED GUN, 45CM LONG X 32CM WIDE X 13CM TALL. BLACK SYNTHETIC LEATHER EXTERIOR WITH SILVER TRIM ALONG LID, TWO SILVER METAL CLASPS WITH LOCKS ON FRONT, FOUR ROUND, SILVER METAL FEET ON BACK, AND SILVER METAL HINGES ON BACK. FRONT OF CASE HAS BLACK PLASTIC HANDLE ATTACHED TO SILVER METAL MOUNT. CASE INTERIOR HAS GREEN FOAM INSERTS INSIDE LID AND BASE; BASE FOAM INSERT HAS CUT-OUTS FOR SPEED GUN TO REST. CASE EXTERIOR IS SCUFFED AND WORN; TOP AND FRONT OF CASE STAINED WHITE AND BROWN; HANDLE HAS LABEL RESIDE ON TOP AND INSIDE; FOAM INSIDE CASE IS HAS INDENTS FROM SPEED GUN. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. SPEED GUN, 75.4CM LONG WITH CORD, GUN 30.8CM LONG X 9.2CM WIDE. BLACK METAL GUN BODY WITH CONICAL FRONT END; SPEED GUN HAS BLACK HANDLE WITH ENGRAVED CROSS-HATCHED GRIP, AND BLACK TAPE WRAPPED AROUND THE BASE; BASE OF HANDLE HAS BLACK CORD ATTACHED. CORD HAS WHITE TAPE WOUND AROUND TOP, WHITE RUBBER CABLE GUARD; CORD IS SPIRALED WITH BLACK VEHICLE ADAPTER FITTED AT END; ADAPTER IS BLACK PLASTIC WITH ROUND SILVER METAL FITTING. SPEED GUN HAS BLACK PLASTIC TRIGGER AT FRONT OF HANDLE BELOW BODY; FRONT OF SPEED GUN HAS BLACK FOAM FITTED INSIDE CONICAL END. SPEED GUN BODY HAS WHITE TEXT ON SIDE “SPEEDGUN EIGHT” WITH ARROW RUNNING THROUGH WORDS; BODY HAS SILVER SWITCH, TWO WHITE DIALS LABELLED “ALARM”, SILVER DIAL, AND BLACK PLASTIC SWITCH LABELLED “MAN.” “AUTO” “(REL).” BESIDE TEXT. SPEED GUN HAS WHITE TEXT ON REVERSE SIDE “SPEEDGUN EIGHT” WITH ARROW RUNNING THROUGH TEXT. UNDERNEATH OF SPEED GUN BODY HAS SILVER AND BLACK METAL PLATE FIXED WITH SILVER TEXT “CMI INC, MINTURN, CO. USA, TRANSMITTER TYPE JF100, PAT. NO. 3,689,921 & RE 29, 401, S/N 38-001367”. BACK OF SPEED GUN HAS DARKENED GLASS DISPLAY WINDOW, WITH TWO GREEN AND TWO RED BULBS VISIBLE INSIDE. BACK OF SPEED GUN HAS SILVER SWITCH LABELLED “(CAL), MOV, STA.” BELOW DISPLAY WINDOW, AND BELOW A SECOND SILVER SWITCH LABELLED “OFF, ON”. BACK OF SPEED GUN HAS WHITE TEXT “CMI INCORPORATED” BELOW DISPLAY WINDOW. BODY OF SPEED GUN IS SCUFFED AND WORN, WITH CHIPS IN BLACK PAINT; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. LEATHER CASE, 14.4CM LONG X 6.7CM WIDE. BLACK LEATHER EXTERIOR WITH BLACK COTTON AND FOAM-LINED INTERIOR; FRONT OF CASE HAS GOLD TEXT STAMPED NEAR TOP EDGE “DECATUR ELECTRONICS, INC, 715 BRIGHT STREET, DECATUR, ILLINOIS 82522”. CASE MACHINE-STITCHED ALONG RIGHT AND BOTTOM EDGES; TOP EDGE HAS RIM ENGRAVED IN LEATHER. CASE INTERIOR IS FLAKING; TEXT ON FRONT OF CASE IS WORN AND FADED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. D. TUNING FORK, 12.5CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. SILVER WITH TWO SQUARE PRONGS AND HANDLE; FRONT HAS TEXT ENGRAVED BELOW HANDLE “65 KPH, X BAND”. BACK HAS TEXT ENGRAVED BELOW HANDLE “11443”. TOP OF HANDLE HAS CUT-OUT CIRCLE IN MIDDLE. TUNING FORK HAS BLACK FOAM RESIDUE ON PRONGS FROM LEATHER CASE INTERIOR; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. TUNING FORK, 12.5CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE. SILVER WITH TWO SQUARE PRONGS AND HANDLE; FRONT HAS TEXT ENGRAVED BELOW HANDLE “88 KPH”. BACK HAS TEXT ENGRAVED BELOW HANDLE “C22333”. TOP OF HANDLE HAS CUT-OUT CIRCLE IN MIDDLE. TUNING FORK HAS BLACK FOAM RESIDUE ON PRONGS FROM LEATHER CASE INTERIOR; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MECHANICAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON DECEMBER 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TIM STOBBS, FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES OFFICER, ON THE DONATION OF THE SPEED GUN. ON THE SPEED GUN, STOBBS ELABORATED, “[THE SPEED GUN 8] REALLY CHANGED THE WAY THE WORLD WORKED. [IT] ALLOWED US TO SET AN ALARM, IT COULD BE MOUNTED ON THE DASH OF THE CAR TO BE MOBILE, OR IT COULD BE HELD IN A STATIONARY POSITION.” “THIS IS THE LAST ITERATION OF THE SPEED GUN SERIES OF RADAR THAT THE POLICE SERVICES USED IN THE LATE ‘60S…PROBABLY A LOT OF PLACES USED THEM INTO THE EIGHTIES, AND LATER BECAUSE THEY WERE SUCH A GOOD UNIT. THE SPEED GUN 6 WAS A PRECURSOR TO THIS AND IT WOULD [BE] A PLAIN SPEED GUN WHICH LOOKED IDENTICAL TO [THIS] MODEL. BUT IT HAD NONE OF THE FANCY ITERATIONS LIKE ALARMS AND MANUAL AND AUTO SETTINGS ON IT. IT WAS THE FIRST ITERATION THAT ALLOWED THE POLICE, OR AN ENFORCEMENT AGENCY, TO ACTUALLY HAVE A PORTABLE UNIT THAT THEY COULD HOLD IN THEIR HAND [TO] GIVE THEM A READING ON A CAR…VERSUS EVERYTHING THAT THEY HAD WHICH WAS BUILT INTO THE CAR BEFORE AND ACTUALLY FIXED IN THE CAR. PRIOR TO THAT YOU WOULD BE OUTSIDE AND YOU WOULD HAVE A MOUNTED PIECE THAT WOULD BE A TIMING DEVICE, AND YOU WOULD HAVE PIECES OF TUBING ON THE GROUND AND IT WOULD GIVE YOU SPEED FROM TUBES. THIS WAS A STEP FORWARD INTO THE MODERN 2000 FUTURE. EVERYBODY THOUGHT THIS WAS FROM THE PLANET MARS, IT WAS AWESOME." “THE INITIAL ONES THAT STARTED OUT WERE 6’S…[BY 1979 WHEN I ARRIVED] WE WERE MOVING TO 8’S. 8’S HAD ALL THESE WONDERFUL FEATURES IN THEM, THEY HAD COME SO FAR [WITH] THE ALARM, THE AUTO AND MANUAL SETTINGS, THE STATIONARY MOVEMENT, VERY QUICKLY YOU COULD MOVE FROM STATIONARY TO MOVING. THE INTERNAL CALIBRATION WAS A BIG [FEATURE] BECAUSE YOU COULD VALIDATE YOUR SPEEDS WITH YOUR TUNING FORKS, BUT IT WAS ALWAYS NICE TO JUST PERIODICALLY RUN AN INTERNAL CALIBRATION TO MAKE SURE EVERYTHING WAS RUNNING GOOD.” “THEY ONLY LASTED PROBABLY ANOTHER 5 YEARS AFTER I GOT THERE, IF THAT, BECAUSE WE STARTED MOVING TO…A DOUBLE SYSTEM WHERE WE HAD HARD MOUNTED, MOVING RADAR. IT ALSO DID STATIONARY FRONT AND BACK. WE ALSO STARTED MOVING TO A HANDHELD STATIONARY RADAR, WHICH GAVE US MORE VERSATILITY AS WELL. NOW YOU HAD YOUR RADAR LIKE THIS [SPEED GUN] AND YOU COULD RUN TO THE SIDE, YOU COULD DO MULTIPLE FUNCTIONS AT ONCE.” “[WE RAN] 6’S AND 8’S AT THE SAME TIME.” “THIS PARTICULAR MODEL IS QUITE A HIGH END ONE, IT HAS A NUMBER OF DIFFERENT SETTINGS ON IT AND, YOU CAN LOOK ON THE SIDE AND IT SAYS “ALARM”. THIS WAS A UNIQUE THING BACK IN THE DAY—YOU COULD SET, WHEN YOU WERE TRAVELING DOWN THE HIGHWAY OR ON THE ROAD, A PRE-SET SPEED. LET’S SAY FOR AN EXAMPLE YOU GAVE A 15 KM/H DIFFERENTIAL. YOU WOULD SET THIS AT 65 KM/H AND YOU WOULD PUT THE TOP SWITCH TO THE “ON” POSITION, AND YOU LEAVE THIS BACK ROCKER SWITCH IN THE CENTER POSITION, AND WHEN YOU’RE TRAVELING DOWN THE ROAD, ANY VEHICLE THAT WAS IN VIOLATION OF THAT 65 IT WOULD AUTOMATICALLY BEEP AND IT WOULD LOCK THEIR SPEED ON THE RIGHT HAND SIDE. YOUR PATROL SPEED WOULD BE DEMONSTRATED IN THE GREEN ON THE LEFT HAND SIDE OF THE BACK DISPLAY AND ON THE RIGHT HAND SIDE WOULD BE THE RED DISPLAY WHICH WOULD BE YOUR TARGET SPEED. IT WOULD LOCK IT. WITH RADAR, THIS IS A DEVICE THAT CAN BE USED TO TEST A SPEED OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, BUT THE INITIAL OBSERVATION HAS TO BE MADE BY THE OFFICER TO SAY THAT, “I LOOKED AT A VEHICLE, I SAW THE VEHICLE WAS TRAVELLING AT WHAT I BELIEVE TO BE A SPEED OF FASTER THAN 65KM/H, I CHECKED AND VALIDATED IT WITH MY RADAR.” THIS [SPEED GUN], YOU COULD TOTALLY DEPEND UPON THE RADAR TO LOCK IT UP, EVEN IF YOU DIDN’T SEE THE VEHICLE. THIS ONE WAS A MILE STEP AHEAD OF ANYTHING AT THAT TIME THAT WE HAD.” “[THE SPEED GUNS] WORKED WELL IN COLD, THEY WORKED WELL IN HOT, THEY WERE VERY PORTABLE. WE COULD PUT A BATTERY PACK ON THESE, A 12 VOLT BATTERY PACK AND WE COULD STAND OUTSIDE THE VEHICLE WITH THE BATTERY PACK. THEY WERE A PRETTY GOOD UNIT FOR THE DAY. THE ONLY THING THAT YOU REQUIRED THE OFFICER FOR WAS TO ENSURE THAT YOU DIDN’T GET THE WRONG READING, BECAUSE IF YOU HAVE TWO CARS COMING AT YOU AND YOU HAVE TWO OF THEM IN THE BEAM, THE OFFICER HAS TO MAKE A DIFFERENTIAL WHETHER OR NOT IT WOULD WORK.” “WE HAD A NUMBER OF DASH MOUNTED UNITS WHICH HAD THE SAME CAPABILITIES, BUT NOTHING HAD THE ALLOWANCE FOR YOU TO BE ABLE TO PULL IT OUT IN A SECOND AND POINT IT OUT THE SIDE WINDOW TO CATCH SOMEBODY COMING AT YOU FROM THE SIDE OR THE REAR. IT WAS A VERY UNIQUE AND WELL THOUGHT OF BEAST. THE ONLY PROBLEMS WE HAD WITH THESE IS IF YOU CAN NOTICE THERE IS AT THE END [THERE’S A PIECE THAT LOOKS] LIKE A HORN. ONE OF THE BIGGEST ISSUES IS MOST POLICEMEN ARE RELATIVELY HARD ON EQUIPMENT IN THE CARS. THEY’VE GOT THE [SPEED GUN] AND THEY DROP IT ON THE GROUND AFTER THEY GET A SPEED. WE [USED] TO KNOCK THE HORNS OFF [SPEED GUNS] QUITE A BIT AND HAVE TO SEND THEM BACK, OR THE HORNS [BECAME] DEFORMED, AND THE REASON IT’S DEFORMED IS ITS BEEN DROPPED OR BANGED AGAINST SOMETHING. WHILE THAT WOULD BE A NORMAL FOR THIS TYPE OF INSTRUMENT, THAT WAS THE ONLY WEAK POINT IN THIS. IF YOU LOOK AT THE MORE MODERN HANDHELD UNITS THEY WENT AWAY FROM A HORN AND PUT A CONE ON THE OUTSIDE TO PROTECT THE INTAKE OF THE RADAR UNIT. THIS ONE HERE…HAS A STYROFOAM INSERT [IN] IT [TO PROTECT IT]. THOSE ALSO WERE VERY SUSCEPTIBLE TO BEING BANGED AND SMASHED OUT. WE WERE ALWAYS MAKING SOMETHING NEW TO PUT BACK IN THERE AND GLUE THEM BACK IN TO PROTECT THE INNARDS OF THE UNIT; THAT WAS PRETTY MUCH THE ONLY DOWNFALL OF THE UNIT.” “ANOTHER THING IT HAD, WHICH THE OLD ONES DIDN’T HAVE, IS IT HAS A STATIONARY MODE ON THE TOP SWITCH AND A MOVING MODE. THEN IT ALSO HAD A CALIBRATE MODE. IT HAD AN INTERNAL TESTING SYSTEM THAT WHEN YOU HIT CALIBRATE IT WOULD RUN AN INTERNAL CALIBRATION ON IT TO HELP YOU, WITH YOUR TUNING FORKS, TO ENSURE THAT THIS WAS WORKING RIGHT. YOU WOULD GENERALLY TEST THIS AT THE BEGINNING OF YOUR SHIFT AND IF YOU STOPPED FOR LUNCH YOU WOULD TEST IT AGAIN DURING THE MIDDLE OF YOUR SHIFT. THEN YOU’D TEST AT THE END OF YOUR SHIFT TO VALIDATE THAT THIS INSTRUMENT HAD BEEN OPERATING CORRECTLY DURING THE DURATION OF YOUR SHIFT.” “THIS CALIBRATION INTERNALLY WOULD RUN AN INTERNAL TEST TO MAKE SURE THAT THE CALCULATIONS INSIDE WERE WORKING CORRECTLY, THE ELECTRONICS. BECAUSE THIS IS A PIECE OF ELECTRONICS AND IT IS SUSCEPTIBLE TO HOT AND COLD. THE WHOLE IDEA OF THIS IS TO ENSURE THAT WHEN YOU WENT TO COURT, WITH THE TUNING FORK TEST AND WITH THE INTERNAL CALIBRATION TEST, YOU COULD STAND UP BEFORE THE COURT AND [SAY], “I TESTED THE UNIT, AND IN MY OPINION, AND MY TRAINING, THIS UNIT WORKED CORRECTLY AND AS IT SHOULD TO DETERMINE ACCURATELY THE SPEED OF A MOTOR VEHICLE, EITHER WITH ME MOVING IT OR ME STATIONARY”. YOU HAVE TO GIVE THAT EVIDENCE…AND THAT [CALIBRATION] ALLOWED THAT. [THE] TUNING FORK TEST AND THE INTERNAL [MODE] VALIDATED YOUR ABILITY TO SAY THAT.” “EVERY TIME YOU TOOK OVER A CAR, OR SAY YOU CHANGE CARS MID-SHIFT, [AND] YOU HAD ONE OF THESE UNITS OR ANY RADAR UNIT IN IT, THE FIRST THING YOU’D DO IS YOU WOULD TEST AND ENSURE THE ACCURACY OF THIS UNIT. [THAT WOULD] ENSURE THAT WHEN YOU LEFT, IF YOU GOT SOMEBODY ON RADAR, IT WOULD BE GIVING YOU AN ACCURATE READING. THEY’RE USUALLY ACCURATE, PLUS OR MINUS LESS THAN 1%. AT A 100KM/H IT WOULD BE LESS THAN 1KM/H OFF. THERE ARE VARIOUS THINGS WITH RADAR THAT ARE [BENEFICIAL]. IF YOU’RE SITTING AT THE SIDE OF THE ROAD AND YOU’RE SHOOTING AT AN ANGLE, THE HIGHER THE ANGLE THE LOWER THE SPEED BECAUSE IT’S LIKE A TONE. IF YOU THINK OF RADAR AS HEARING A TRAIN COMING TOWARDS YOU, YOU HEAR IT COMING, IT GETS LOUD, AND THEN IT GOES AWAY AND IT CHANGES TONE. [THE SPEED GUN] GIVES US THE SAME THING AND THAT’S WHAT THIS READS. SO THAT’S GOOD. THIS [SPEED GUN] WAS THE ULTIMATE IN THE SPEED GUNS, THIS WAS EXCELLENT.” “THE COOL THING ABOUT IT WAS FOR THE COURT SYSTEM, IT CAME WITH TWO SETS OF TUNING FORKS. THE TUNING FORKS WERE USUALLY CALIBRATED TO A SPEED. THESE ONES ARE X-BAND TYPE TUNING FORKS, AND THEY WERE SENT AWAY ANNUALLY TO BE CALIBRATED TO ENSURE THAT THEY MAINTAINED THEIR FREQUENCIES. WHAT WOULD HAPPEN IS THAT YOU WOULD TAKE AND PUT [THE SPEED GUN] IN STATIONARY MODE, AND YOU WOULD TEST THE DEVICE TO ENSURE THAT IT WAS ACTUALLY READING CORRECTLY, ON BOTH OF [TUNING FORKS]. YOU TESTED THE COMPUTATIONAL SPEED OF THE UNIT. YOU’D STRIKE TWO OF THE TUNING FORKS AND PUT THEM TOGETHER IN FRONT OF THE UNIT, AND IT WOULD MAKE A COMPUTATION ON THE TWO TONES TO GIVE YOU THE BASIC SPEED DIFFERENTIAL BETWEEN THE TWO TUNING FORKS. THIS WAS ANOTHER MEANS TO ENSURE THAT WHAT YOU’RE DOING IS GETTING THE PROPER SPEED OUT OF YOUR UNIT. IT WAS REALLY A STEP FORWARD IN INSURING THAT THE CREDIBILITY AND CAPABILITY OF THE UNIT WAS VALIDATED, AND THE COURTS ACTUALLY LOVE THAT.” “ANNUALLY YOU RECERTIFY YOUR TUNING FORKS, YOUR TUNING FORK CERTIFICATION FOR TWO TUNING FORKS IS PROBABLY ABOUT $120 A YEAR. IF ANYTHING STARTS HAPPENING TO THESE, BECAUSE THEY GET BOUNCED IN THE CAR, VIBRATION, HOT, COLD, THEY’RE IN THE CAR ALL THE TIME. THEY START TO WEAR OUT. IT STARTS BECOMING COST PROHIBITIVE TO SEND THEM BACK TO THE FACTORY FOR REFURBISHING. THERE’S A THING IN [THE SPEED GUNS] CALLED THE OSCILLATOR. UNDER THE NEWER UNITS THE OSCILLATOR IS IN THE HEAD, AWAY FROM THE MAIN UNIT. THE OSCILLATOR FOR THIS [MODEL] IS BUILT INSIDE, SO YOU HAVE TO TAKE [THE] WHOLE UNIT AND SHIP IT OFF. THEY HAVE TO PEAL IT ALL APART, PUT AN OSCILLATOR INTO IT. WHEREAS WITH THE NEW UNITS, WITH THE SEPARATE HEADS WITH THE OSCILLATOR, YOU CAN JUST GET ANOTHER HEAD, PUT ANOTHER HEAD ON, SEND THAT HEAD AWAY TO THE, AND FOR A $160 YOU GET THE OSCILLATOR FIXED. WHEN THESE START TO BREAK DOWN, IT’S USUALLY CATASTROPHIC. THIS IS USUALLY ALMOST COST PROHIBITIVE—LIKE MOST ELECTRONICS, THEY HAVE A VERY LIMITED SHELF LIFE. THEY DON’T GET TREATED EXACTLY THE NICEST. MOST POLICE CARS WILL HAVE POWER SEATS BECAUSE OF THE AMOUNT OF PEOPLE THAT [HAVE] TO BE IN THEM AND THE DIFFERENT POSITIONS THEY HAVE TO BE IN, AND A REGULAR SLIDING SEAT GENERALLY DOESN’T GIVE ENOUGH TO FIT ENOUGH PEOPLE. IF SOMEBODY HAD USED THIS, AND PUT IT DOWN, AND IT FELL BEHIND THE SEAT, AND THEY PUSHED THE SEAT BACK, THOSE POWER SEATS ARE FAIRLY STRONG, THEY CAN DO A SIGNIFICANT AMOUNT OF DAMAGE TO ONE OF THESE UNITS INADVERTENTLY. YOU HAVE TO ASSESS HOW THEY’VE BEEN TREATED, WHAT THE COST IS GOING TO BE TO MAINTAIN THEM, LONG-TERM INVESTMENT. AS SOON AS A SPEED GUN 8 OSCILLATOR’S DONE, IT’S DONE. BECAUSE IT’S NOT WORTH SENDING IT BACK TO HAVE RE-DONE.” “[THE] TRAFFIC SERGEANT WOULD HAVE BEEN IN CHARGE OF THE PROCUREMENT OF [RADAR EQUIPMENT]. AT THAT TIME I’M NOT SURE WHO WOULD HAVE BEEN SERGEANT, BUT IT WAS ONE OF MY SERGEANTS THERE. HE HAD BEEN ON TRAFFIC FOR QUITE A WHILE AT THE TIME…SHORTLY THEREAFTER, WHILE I WAS TENURED THERE, SERGEANT NORRIS VANHORN WAS ALSO ON TRAFFIC WHEN I WAS ON THERE. THESE [SPEED GUNS] WERE FANTASTIC…WHEN WE GOT THESE, THESE WERE EYE OPENERS…YOU THOUGHT YOU’D DIED AND GONE TO HEAVEN BECAUSE OF THE VERSATILITY IT GAVE YOU TO DO YOUR JOB.” “YOU CHANGE THE TECHNOLOGY TO TRY TO KEEP UP WITH THE NEEDS OF THE GUYS THAT ARE WORKING. IT MAKES YOU MORE EFFICIENT…I MANAGED THE PEACE OFFICERS IN OKOTOKS, AND I CAN TELL YOU, I CAN BUY EQUIPMENT EVERY DAY…THAT STUFF’S CHEAP. PEOPLE ARE EXPENSIVE…YOU WOULD TRY TO KEEP THEM IN EQUIPMENT THAT KEEPS THEM VERY EFFICIENT AND EFFECTIVE, AND YOU’D GET THE MOST BANG FOR YOUR BUCK OUT OF THE PEOPLE WORKING…THIS TYPE OF EQUIPMENT HAS USUALLY A SHORT SHELF LIFE. WE DID OTHER THINGS WITH THEM. WE USED TO LEND OUT THESE RADAR GUNS TO THE SOFT BALL KIDS…OR THE HARD BALL KIDS…AND THEY COULD SEE HOW FAST THEY COULD PITCH. OR WHEN THEY HAD SOAPBOX DERBIES…YOU’D GIVE THESE [SPEED GUNS] AND THEY COULD POST IT ON THE NEWS “AH LITTLE JOHNNY CAME DOWN THE HILL AND HE WAS DOING 37 KM/H IN HIS HOME MADE THING”. THERE [WERE] LOTS OF OTHER APPLICATIONS THAT THIS WAS SORT OF RE-CIRCULATED TO, FOR THE COMMUNITY. IT’S NOT LIKE YOU’D JUST DISCARD THE [EQUIPMENT], YOU’D TRY TO MAKE ANOTHER USE FOR IT. A LOT OF THIS [EQUIPMENT] FOR MANY YEARS, MADE ITS WAY AROUND THE COMMUNITY IN OTHER SOCIAL EVENTS TO ASSIST THE COMMUNITY IN WHAT THEY WANTED TO DO AND SEE.” STOBBS RECALLED HIS TIME WITH THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE, NOTING, “I WAS VERY FORTUNATE. I WORKED FOR LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE [STARTING IN 1979]. I ALSO WORKED FOR THE RED CLIFF POLICE SERVICE PRIOR TO THAT, AND WE RAN THESE UNITS WHEN I WAS A YOUNG CONSTABLE. I WORKED IN TRAFFIC FOR OVER 3 AND A HALF OR 4 YEARS.” “THESE [SPEED GUNS] WERE VERY COMMON IN OUR CARS WHEN I CAME HERE. I WAS VERY FORTUNATE—I DROVE A BLACK WIDOW…ONE OF OUR WIDOWS HAD THIS IN IT…WE HAD TWO CARS IN TOWN THAT WERE RENOWNED WITH THE KIDS. THEY WERE TWO BLACK FORDS WITH BIG 429’S IN THEM. THEY HAD SPEED GUNS IN THEM AND THEY ALSO HAD OTHER RADARS IN THEM. THAT [SPEED GUN] WAS ONE OF THE ITERATIONS WE HAD IN THEM, AND WE USED THESE A LOT FOR OUR ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM. THEY COULD GIVE US SUCH VERSATILITY FOR THE OFFICER TO SIT STATIONARY OR TO BE MOVING. WHEN YOU’RE IN A SCHOOL ZONE, SOMETIMES YOU WANT TO STAND OUTSIDE YOUR CAR, YOU WANT TO RUN BACKWARDS, OR YOU WANT TO RUN TO THE SIDE. IF YOU’RE IN A PLAYGROUND ZONE, IT’S MORE ADVANTAGEOUS TO BE SITTING ON A SIDE STREET THAN SITTING WITH THE CARS PASSING YOU. IT GAVE US SUCH VERSATILITY WHICH WE NEVER HAD BEFORE.” “BACK IN THE DAY, OUR FLEET WAS…WE CALLED IT THE ‘SMARTIE’ FLEET. IT WAS MULTIPLE COLOURS AND I DON’T KNOW THE PURPOSE BEHIND IT. WHEN I WAS IN [LETHBRIDGE], IF YOU WOUND UP WITH THE TRAFFIC FLEET WHEN I STARTED IN ‘79, THERE WERE TWO CARS. THERE WERE ALWAYS TWO BLACK CARS, AND THEY WERE CALLED THE BLACK WIDOWS. THERE WERE DIFFERENT ITERATIONS. THE FIRST TWO WERE FORD INTERCEPTORS WITH 429’S ALL DECKED OUT, AND THEY WERE PURSUIT TYPE CARS, THEY ALL WERE IN THOSE DAYS. THEN WE HAD A NUMBER OF OTHER VEHICLES. ONE OF THE CARS THAT, WHEN I FIRST WENT THERE, I DROVE [WAS] A SECONDARY MARKED ENFORCEMENT CAR AND IT WAS A PINKIE SALMON COLOUR. I DON’T EVEN KNOW, AND IT WAS GREAT, BUT IT WAS A GREAT BIG LTD AS WELL. THEN WE HAD A COUPLE OTHER CARS THAT WERE A COLLISION CAR AND A HIT-AND-RUN CAR. THEY WERE DIFFERENT COLOURS AGAIN. I DON’T KNOW WHY THEY BOUGHT THEM THAT WAY, I DON’T KNOW WHETHER THAT WAS THE THOUGHT OF THE CHIEF AT THE TIME, BUT THAT WAS THE WAY THINGS WENT UNTIL FINALLY WE DECIDED LATER ON THAT OUR FLEET WAS GOING TO GO BLACK AND WHITE LIKE IN THE OLD DAYS. BEFORE THE “SMARTIE” FLEET IT WAS BLACK AND WHITE, WE WERE GOING BACK TO BLACK AND WHITE. WE WERE THE FIRST POLICE SERVICE IN ALBERTA THAT WENT BACK TO BLACK AND WHITE AND EVERYBODY’S FOLLOWING LETHBRIDGE SUIT, ACTUALLY. THAT’S A CULTURAL THING THOUGH AND LETHBRIDGE IS VERY PROUD OF THEIR BLACK AND WHITE CARS.” “RADAR WAS A DAY-TO-DAY THING; IT WAS INVOLVED HEAVILY IN A DIRECTED TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM. WE USED TO HAVE A PIN-MAP, AND WE DIRECTED OUR ENFORCEMENT ACTIVITIES AROUND A NUMBER OF THINGS. FIRST AND FOREMOST WOULD BE OUR PIN-MAP AND OUR PIN-MAP WAS OUR COLLISION MAP. EVERY COLLISION WAS PINNED AND THEY WERE PINNED IN DIFFERENT COLOURS—THIS [IS] OLD TECHNOLOGY. A FATAL WOULD BE BLACK, AN INJURY WOULD BE RED, A NON-INJURY WOULD BE BLUE. WE COULD VISUALLY SEE FROM THE ENFORCEMENT ASPECT WHERE WE SHOULD BE INVESTING OUR TIME TO SLOW PEOPLE DOWN AT THESE COLLISION POINTS. SECONDLY IS, LETHBRIDGE HAD ALWAYS HAD OUR SCHOOLS CLOSE TOGETHER, SO WE INVESTED A LOT OF OUR TIME AND ENERGY AROUND THE SCHOOL SYSTEM. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I WAS PROUD OF IS, FOR THE SIZE OF THE CITY AND THE TRAFFIC FLOWS THAT WE HAD, OUR FATALITY WITH YOUTH WAS VERY LOW. WE HAD A FEW KIDS HIT IN MY TIME AND A FEW OBVIOUSLY PASSED AWAY, IN A CITY OF THIS SIZE, BUT OVER THE YEARS MOST OF US TOOK GREAT PRIDE IN THE FACT THAT WE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO REALLY MAKE A VISUAL AND A NOTED IMPACT ON BEHAVIORS IN SCHOOLS, WHETHER IT BE U-TURNS, SPEEDING, IN THIS. PEOPLE WERE WELL AWARE WE WERE THERE.” “WE HAD AN EXCELLENT RELATIONSHIP WITH THE KIDS…[IN THE 1970S-1980S WHEN] MUSCLE CARS WERE BIG. WE USED TO HAVE A COOL THING GOING WITH SOME OF THESE KIDS WHEN YOU’RE IN THE ENFORCEMENT GAME. WE USED TO HAVE A [SYSTEM OF] EVERY THIRD ONE’S FREE TYPE THING. THEY’D WORK ALL WINTER, A LOT OF THESE KIDS DIDN’T SMOKE, THEY DIDN’T DRINK, THEY DIDN’T DO ANYTHING. ALL THEY WORKED [ON] WAS THEIR CARS, BUT ONCE SPRING ROLLED OUT, OUT CAME THE MUSCLE CARS. OVER THE COURSE OF THE SUMMER THEY DROVE THEM. THEY WOULD END UP AFOUL OF US, WHETHER IT BE FOR STUNTING OR SPEEDING. WITH SOME OF THESE KIDS, WE WOULD HAVE THIS FREQUENT FLYER MILE PROGRAM BECAUSE THEY WOULD GET THEMSELVES INTO A BIND, BUT THEY WERE SUCH GOOD KIDS THEY WERE JUST STUPID WITH THEIR CARS. WE USED TO CATCH THEM FOR SPEEDING WITH THESE [SPEED GUNS], OR STUNTING. THE RELATIONSHIP WITH THE YOUTH, SOME OF THE YOUNGER PEOPLE, THAT ARE LATE-TEENS OR EARLY-TWENTIES WAS PRETTY GOOD, THESE GUYS THAT BUILT THESE CARS UP. WE HAD A PRETTY GOOD KNOWLEDGE OF THEM AND WE WORKED WELL WITH THEM.” “WE RAN WHAT THEY CALLED A “DIRECTED TRAFFIC ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM”. THERE [WERE] A LOT OF OPTIONS FOR THE GUYS TO GO WHERE THEY WANTED, BUT FIRST AND FOREMOST WE CONCENTRATED ON HIGH COLLISION AREAS AND SCHOOLS. OBVIOUSLY WE KNEW WE HAD THE STRIP…WE HAD 3RD AVENUE AND MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE AND KIDS DROVE THE STRIP IN THE SUMMER, THAT’S WHERE THEY DID THEIR DRAG RACING…BACK IN THE DAY, WHEN I FIRST STARTED, MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE WENT STRAIGHT THROUGH TO NORTH MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE. THAT INTERSECTION [OF] 3RD AVENUE, MAYOR MAGRATH DRIVE USED TO GO STRAIGHT THROUGH ON THE HIGHWAY. IT WAS A BUSY PLACE [WITH] LOTS OF COLLISIONS. WE SPENT A LOT OF TIME DOWN IN THERE ON MAYOR MAGRATH, AND THERE WERE OTHER PLACES IN TOWN WHICH WERE CONCERNS. YOU’D GET CITIZENS COMPLAINING ABOUT LOTS OF TRAFFIC AND SPEED, WE WOULD GO DOWN AND MONITOR IT, AND WE WOULD TRY TO RESPOND TO THE NEEDS OF THE COMMUNITY BY ATTENDING THAT AREA. USUALLY IT WAS ONE OR TWO PEOPLE IN THE AREA THAT WERE DOING IT AND YOU CAUGHT AND DEALT WITH THEM, AND THE PROBLEM PRETTY MUCH WENT AWAY. ONE OF THE THINGS I WAS TAUGHT AS A YOUNG CONSTABLE [WAS WHEN YOU] COME TO WORK AFTER YOUR DAYS OFF, THE FIRST THING YOU DO IS YOU GO LOOK AT YOUR PIN BOARD AND YOU SEE IF ANYTHING CHANGED, IF HAVE WE HAD A FATALITY. HAS THERE BEEN SOME SERIOUS COLLISIONS, HAS SOMETHING CHANGED? YOU ALWAYS KNEW IN YOUR MIND WHERE YOU HAD TO BE.” “WE SPENT LOTS OF TIME ON SCENIC DRIVE ANYWHERE. AN OUNCE OF PREVENTION IS WORTH A POUND OF CURE. IF YOU’RE RUNNING A MARKED VEHICLE, SOMETIMES WE WOULD JUST PARK ON A BOULEVARD SOMEWHERE IT WAS BUSY AND JUST SIT THERE. YOU’D MONITOR TRAFFIC AND OF COURSE SOMEBODY WOULD EVENTUALLY DO SOMETHING SILLY AND YOU’D HAVE STOP THEM, BUT THE WHOLE IDEA WOULD BE FOR THE VISIBILITY ASPECT.” “I REMEMBER WHEN WE GOT THE 8’S [SPEED GUNS] AND WE COULD PROGRAM THEM, WE THOUGHT WE’D DIED AND WENT TO HEAVEN. WE ARE ALL ABOUT EFFICIENCY. EVERY SHIFT YOU WOULD DEAL WITH TWENTY, THIRTY PEOPLE OR MORE. NOT INCLUDING COMPLAINTS, WE’RE TALKING ABOUT INTERACTIONS WITH PEOPLE THAT WERE VIOLATIONS SOMEHOW. [THE SPEED GUNS] GAVE YOU A TOOL TO INTERACT WITH SOMEBODY…AND A LOT OF OTHER THINGS COME FROM THIS. A LARGE AMOUNT OF CRIME IS SOLVED BY SOMEBODY STOPPING A CAR AND TALKING TO SOMEBODY, AND THE CAR’S STOLEN, THERE’S STOLEN PROPERTY IN THE CAR, THE GUY’S WANTED ON WARRANTS. THIS TOOL WAS A LEVERAGE AND AN ABILITY TO ENTER A WHOLE NEW REALM IN ASSISTING OUR COMMUNITY AND KEEPING OUR COMMUNITY SAFE. IT JUST WASN’T FROM THE TRAFFIC END OF IT, IT GAVE YOU AN OPPORTUNITY TO INTERACT WITH PEOPLE THAT NORMALLY YOU WOULD NOT HAVE THE CAPACITY TO INTERACT WITH. AND DO IT IN A LAWFUL MANNER.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20120014000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20120014000
Acquisition Date
2012-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SMITH AND WESSON
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P20190002001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMITH AND WESSON
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Materials
STEEL, WOOD, NICKEL
No. Pieces
2
Length
29
Width
3
Description
A. HOLSTER, 28.5CM L X 12CM W. DARK BROWN LEATHER HOLSTER WITH FLAP COVERING TOP OPENING; FLAP SECURES TO THE FRONT OF HOLSTER WITH BRASS STUD AND HOLE PUNCHED THROUGH THE FLAP. HOLSTER HAS LIGHTER BROWN LEATHER CASING AT BARREL END STITCHED WITH LIGHT THREAD. BACK HAS LOOP FASTENED WITH SILVER STUDS FOR CARRYING ON A BELT. LEATHER IS CRACKED AND WORN; FRONT FLAP HAS GREEN CORROSION STAINS AROUND FASTENING HOLE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. REVOLVER, SMITH AND WESSON, 29CM LONG X 3CM WIDE X 0.6 BARREL DIAMETER. REVOLVER HAS DARK WOOD HANDLE AND LONG BLACK STEEL BARREL, CYLINDER AND FRAME. BARREL HAS SIGHT PIN AT END OF BARREL. HANDLE HAS CROSS-HATCHED PATTERN ENGRAVED IN WOOD WITH SILVER TRIM ALONG INSIDE AND OUTSIDE OF HANDLE; HANDLE HAS ROUND SILVER PLATE WITH EMBOSSED “S&W” LOGO AT TOP OF HANDLE WOOD. REVOLVER HAS INSCRIPTION ON RIGHT SIDE BELOW CHAMBER “MADE IN U.S.A.”; REVOLVER TRIGGER HAS INSCRIPTION ON BOTTOM “REG. U.S. PAT. OFF.” LEFT SIDE BESIDE CHAMBER HAS “S&W”; BARREL HAS INSCRIPTION ON RIGHT SIDE “22 LONG RIFLE CTG” AND INSCRIPTION ON LEFT SIDE “SMITH & WESSON”. REVOLVER HAS STEEL CYLINDER RELEASE ON LEFT SIDE TO OPEN CHAMBER; REVOLVER HAS SIX CYLINDERS FOR CARTRIDGES. BASE OF HANDLE HAS METAL TRIM RUNNING ACROSS WITH INSCRIBED TEXT “638375” ON METAL. STEEL BARREL AND CYLINDER HAVE MINOR WEAR IN THE FINISH; HANDLE HAS MINOR WEAR AROUND BASE EDGES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 10, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JEAN BUCHANAN REGARDING HER DONATION OF A REVOLVER AND FIREARM ACCESSORIES. THE FIREARM WAS USED BY BUCHANAN’S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. ON THE REVOLVER, BUCHANAN RECALLED, “[MY DAD] USED [THE SMITH AND WESSON REVOLVER]…STARTING IN 1932, WITH THE RCMP, MAY BE WHEN HE GOT THAT GUN. HE HAD IT REGISTERED IN 1940, AND GETTING ANOTHER 5 YEARS REGISTRATION IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1935.” “THIS WAS HIS SIDEARM…HIS SERVICE WEAPON…HE HAD THAT ALL THE TIME…IT WOULD GO RIGHT ON HIS BELT THERE.” “[DAD KEPT THE GUN] IN [MY PARENTS’] BEDROOM. RIGHT ON THE BEDROOM CLOSET DOOR, RIGHT OPEN. I NEVER TOUCHED IT, BECAUSE HE HAD GIVEN ME MY TRAINING AND LET ME USE IT WHEN I WAS YOUNG. I HAD RESPECT FOR IT, AND I HAD NO SPECIAL CURIOSITY, WHICH IS A GOOD THING. [DAD KNEW I WAS] AN ADVENTUROUS PERSON, BUT I NEVER EVER TOUCHED IT, OUT OF COMPLETE RESPECT FOR DAD AND WHAT HE HAD THERE.” “ALL I CAN REMEMBER [IS HE HAD TWO HANDGUNS OR SIDEARMS]…HE DIDN’T GO OUT PRACTICING VERY MUCH; HE DIDN’T HAVE TO. HE COULD PASS HIS MARKSMANSHIP, AND THEN, EVERY TIME THERE WERE THINGS AT REGINA DEPOT TRAINING COURSES (UPGRADING, REFRESHER COURSES) THEY DID THEIR MARKSMANSHIP THERE, TOO. THEY WERE ALWAYS TESTED ON THEIR MARKSMANSHIP, AT REGINA DEPOT.” “I THINK [THE REVOLVER HAD] QUITE A BIT [OF MEANING TO MY DAD], BECAUSE HE HAD IT IN HIS HOUSE. IT WAS REALLY STRANGE BECAUSE I ASKED HIM WHERE IT WAS, WHEN HE SHOWED ME THE PAPERS, AND HE HAD IT IN A SHOE BOX IN HIS BEDROOM CLOSET. YOU DIDN’T HAVE TO HAVE GREAT [HIDING] PLACES FOR IT IN THOSE DAYS, BUT THAT’S WHERE HE KEPT IT. HE MADE SURE IT WAS THERE, AND HE KNEW WHERE IT WAS.” “[I HAVE NO] KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HIM HAVING TO FIRE THIS WEAPON…AT ANYONE. IF HE WOULD HAVE, HE WOULD HAVE FIRED TO MISS SOMEONE, JUST AS A WARNING SHOT. HE DEFINITELY WENT FOR WARNING SHOTS, BUT HE NEVER SHOT ANYBODY WITH IT." “[HE WOULD HAVE STOPPED CARRYING THE GUN] AT THE VERY END OF 1950, WHEN HE RETIRED FROM THE R.C.M.P.” “[I’VE HAD THE REVOLVER] SINCE 1998—THE PASSING OF MY FATHER, BECAUSE I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTRIX. IT WAS AUTOMATICALLY MY RESPONSIBILITY TO TAKE ALL OF HIS FIREARMS, IN MY POSSESSION.” “I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR [THE CARE OF] IT, AND IT WAS A REAL KEEPSAKE. [THE GUN] WAS VERY PERSONAL, BECAUSE I’M SURE [MY DAD] OWNED THAT EVEN BACK IN 1935, [WHEN] HE WAS IN WESTLOCK, IN CHARGE OF THE DETACHMENT THERE FOR 10 YEARS. IT WAS OF SENTIMENTAL VALUE BECAUSE HE TOOK ME OUT (I’M PRETTY SURE I WAS 8 YEARS OLD, WHEN HE HAD ME IN THE BACKYARD)—WE HAD FARMLAND AND FOREST—AND HE HAD A TARGET PRACTICE OUT THERE. HE HAD ME USE THAT FIREARM. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO USE IT, HOW TO AIM, AND HOW TO HANDLE IT SAFELY. I ALWAYS RESPECTED THAT, AND THAT WAS GOOD. THAT’S THE ORIGINAL HOLSTER FOR THAT GUN, WHICH YOU CAN SEE IS LOOPED, TO PUT ON HIS BELT. HE ALSO CARRIED A .32 COLT SEMI-AUTOMATIC.” “I’VE ALWAYS APPRECIATED REVOLVERS, AND RIFLES. IT’S NEVER BEEN ANYTHING THAT I THOUGHT ANY DANGER OF. YOU LEARN THE SAFETY, AND YOU TAKE YOUR COURSE. I HAVE MY COURSE DONE, AND I PASSED IT WITH FLYING COLORS. I HAD MY PERMIT TO HAVE IT. I HAVE TAKEN IT OUT, ON MY OWN ACREAGE, AND FIRED IT A BIT, BUT IT ISN’T SOMETHING I WANT TO DO. IT’S A SENTIMENTAL THING THAT I CAN NOW FEEL I’D LIKE TO HAVE IT IN YOUR MUSEUM. I KNOW IT’S NOW IN A SAFE PLACE, SO I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT EVER FALLING INTO THE WRONG HANDS. AND, IF I WANT TO COME AND VISIT IT, I CAN COME AND SEE IT.” ON JUNE 8, 2018, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BUCHANAN REGARDING HER FATHER’S CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S HISTORY, “[MY DAD WAS EDWARD BUCHANAN, WHO RETIRED AT THE RANK OF] SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT…HE RETIRED IN 1950 FROM THE [R.C.M.P].” “HE JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL. IN ’21, HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON…BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL AND THEN AFTER, HE GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE. HE WAS GOING TO GO TO GRANDE PRAIRIE BUT THEN IN ’22, THEY GOT MARRIED. A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED…THAT’S WHEN THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD.” “EVEN IN THE A.P.P., TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON…BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN AND THEN MAYBE, AT THE VERY FIRST WINTER AS A ROOKIE, HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. IT WASN’T LONG AND HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE OF THE REAL POLICING.” “WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P. [IN 1932] HE WAS THE TOP CLASS OF [THE] A.P.P. THAT AUTOMATICALLY WERE ACCEPTED INTO THE R.C.M.P. HE WAS PUT IN CHARGE, WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P.—FIRST HE STARTED OUT IN CHARGE OF BRAINARD—HORSE LAKE—A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION. THEY CLOSED THAT DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY, A LITTLE VILLAGE, AND HE WAS THE ONLY ONE IN CHARGE, THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. THAT’S WHEN THAT 1932 [CHANGE] CAME ALONG AND HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P. AND WENT FROM THERE.” “IN ’32, IT WAS R.C.M.P. AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. THEN HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. [THERE] WAS NO DETACHMENT IN BARRHEAD. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO COVER.” “[A.P.P. MEMBERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY HAD THREE CATEGORIES THERE, OF THE A.P.P. MEMBERS…[THERE WERE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE, THAT THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P.; THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEY WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE. THEN THERE [WERE THE ONES THAT] COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY. THEN THERE [WERE] ONES THAT COULD GET IN FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY. THEY’D BE ACCEPTED FOR A YEAR. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE AND [THEY] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE.” “A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING. THESE WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” “ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK KNEW DAD REALLY WELL...HE CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, “BUCK, [DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’, A LOT] I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT…YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE, I THINK, THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?” “[WE CAME DOWN HERE IN] ’44…I NEVER HAD ANY PROBLEM [WITH THE MOVE]. I WAS ALWAYS ADVENTUROUS. I HAD LOTS OF FRIENDS BUT I WAS ALWAYS HAPPY TO GO.” “WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US AND THEN HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE READY, SO WE CAME DOWN AND STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN, HERE. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE, LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS.” “[DAD] HAD TO OVERSEE THE POW CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POW’S IN THIS RESPECT, THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. [THEY] WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY…THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY, THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. HE RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT AND HELPED THEM, [GAVE] THEM ADVICE, “YOU KNOW, YOU GOTTA GO BACK TO GERMANY AND THEN APPLY TO COME BACK.” THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK…‘CAUSE THERE [WAS] A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS AND THEY NEEDED THAT HELP. SOME OF THOSE FARMERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET SOME OF THESE GERMANS, AND SOME OF THE FARMERS’ DAUGHTERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET THAT, TOO. THEN THERE’S SOME LATER MARRIAGES AFTER THAT. IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO CONDEMN ALL THOSE POW’S BECAUSE A LOT OF THEM WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD, MORAL FELLOWS THAT DIDN’T WANT TO BE INVOLVED WITH ANY KILLING.” “HE WAS A PLAIN STAFF SERGEANT, NCO, SECOND IN CHARGE OF THE SUBDIVISION.” “[THEN HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON [TO RETIRE IN 1950], HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS. HE JOINED THE R.C.M. P. VETS BUT WITH HIS RECORD, THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE. THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA WHICH, AT THAT TIME, THERE WERE ONLY TWO: LETHBRIDGE AND FORT SASKATCHEWAN. [THE] ONLY PLACE IN FORT SASKATCHEWAN WAS FOR WOMEN, SO [WOMEN] HAD TO GO ALL THE WAY TO FORT SASKATCHEWAN, EVEN IF [THEY] WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE. THAT WASN’T A VERY GOOD DEAL, SO DAD COULD SEE A REAL NEED [FOR WORK]. IT WAS A REAL MESS WHEN HE LOOKED AT THE PRISONS.” “HE REALIZED, BEING AN R.C.M.P., THAT MANY OF THE YOUNG CITY POLICE, TOWN SHERIFFS, SOME OF THESE MAGISTRATES, THEY MESSED THINGS UP. HE STARTED A TRAINING SCHOOL FOR THESE MUNICIPAL POLICE AND THAT JUST WENT TERRIFICALLY. THEY HAD [THE SCHOOLS] IN CALGARY AND IN EDMONTON TWICE A YEAR. THEY HAD A BIG GROUP FROM MEDICINE HAT COME UP AND [TAKE] THE SCHOOLING, LETHBRIDGE CAME UP, AND SOME OF THE PRISON GUARDS TOOK [THE TRAINING], TOO.” “[HE] WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN/SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, HE WAS SO BUSY THAT THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS BECAUSE…THE FIRST THING HE HAD TO DO WAS TO DEVELOP THE PRISONS FOR ALBERTA. TWO WAS NOT SUFFICIENT.” “[DAD’S] PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, HUMOROUS, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, AND VERY FIRMLY. THE STAFF…ALL LOVED HIM. I [HAVE] LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON…“YOU’RE THE BEST BOSS WE EVER HAD.” ALL HE HAD WAS A VISION OF WHAT NEEDED TO BE DONE…HE COULD GO AND EXPLAIN THE NEED FOR THE JAILS, WHAT IT WOULD COST AND WHAT IT NEEDED TO FIX THE PROBLEM. HE NEVER HAD PROBLEM GETTING EXACTLY WHAT HE NEEDED FROM THEM.” ON THE DONATION OF THE REVOLVER, BUCHANAN NOTED, “MY DAD KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER [HIS BELONGINGS] AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM. [DAD KNEW] THAT I WASN’T ONE TO PUT IT IN MY BASEMENT TO HAVE GOODNESS-KNOWS-WHAT-HAPPEN TO IT. HE HAD LEFT ALL OF THAT IN CHARGE OF ME. I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTOR OF THE ESTATE.” “I AM NOW AT THE YOUNG AGE OF 88; I’M NOT WORRIED ABOUT LIVING ANOTHER 10 YEARS. I DIDN’T WANT THE CHANCE OF ANYBODY STEALING IT, OR GETTING THEIR HANDS ON IT, SO I WANTED TO MAKE SURE YOU GOT IT. AND, I DON’T NEED IT, SO WHY KEEP IT? IF I GET LONESOME, AND WANT TO SEE IT, I’LL COME TO THE MUSEUM AND LOOK AT IT.” “I’LL FEEL HAPPY, TO KNOW IT’S GOT A GOOD HOME. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL TRANSCRIPTIONS FROM INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190002001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190002001
Acquisition Date
2019-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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