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Other Name
VEHICLE SEARCH LIGHT
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHROME, GLASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19960112051
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
VEHICLE SEARCH LIGHT
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1985
Materials
CHROME, GLASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Height
21.5
Length
42.5
Diameter
17.4
Description
.1 CHROME SHALLOW CONICAL-SHAPED LAMP HEAD WITH SMALL BULB INSIDE. GLASS COVER MARKED "GE"; PLATE AT SIDE OF HOUSING READS "UNITY MFG. CO. CHGO. U.S.A UNITY MODEL S6". CHROME SHAFT EXTENDS FROM ONE SIDE OF LAMP HEAD, WITH STEEL END. 39.5CM (L). .2 HANDLE. BLACK PLASTIC KNOB HANDLE WITH BRASS FERRULE JOINING CHROME FITTING FOR SHAFT. FITTING HAS HOLLOW CYLINDRICAL HOLE FOR INSERTING SHAFT; TIGHTENS BY MEANS OF PERPENDICULAR SCREW ON EXTERIOR. BACK OF INTERIOR CHROME DEVICE HAS GEARS WHICH ENABLE SEARCHLIGHT TO BE TURNED BY MEANS OF BLACK HANDLE. BLACK PLASTIC-COATED WIRE EXTENDS FROM SIDE OF HANDLE, 82.4CM(L). NO MARKINGS.
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
HAND POINTED, VEHICLE-BASED SPOT LIGHT. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112051
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON MODEL 14 - .357 MAGNUM
Date Range From
1987
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19960109006
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SMITH & WESSON MODEL 14 - .357 MAGNUM
Date Range From
1987
Date Range To
1995
Materials
STEEL, PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
13.5
Length
23.5
Width
3.7
Description
1. 1 PIECE, STEEL, PLASTIC. BLACK BURNISHED STEEL REVOLVER. REVOLVER HAS BLACK PLASTIC GRIP WITH MOLDED FINGER GRIP AND CRISS-CROSS PATTERN. AT MIDDLE ON EACH SIDE IS BRASS LOGO WITH RAISED LION, TARGET AND "P". RAISED ON BOTTOM OF GRIP IS "THE PACHMAYR `GRIPPER' LOS ANGELES CALIF. MADE IN U.S.A." ON LEFT SIDE OF BARREL IS "SMITH & WESSON" AND ON LEFT SIDE OF FRAME JUST ABOVE GRIP IS SMITH & WESSON LOGO WITH STYLIZED "S" AND "W" WITH TRADE MARK AROUND IT AND "REG. U.S. PAT. OFF." BELOW. STAMPED ON RIGHT SIDE OF FRAME IN FRONT OF TRIGGER IS "MADE IN U.S.A. MARCAS REGISTRADAS SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD, MASS." STAMPED ON RIGHT SIDE OF BARREL IS "S. & W. 357 MAGNUM". STAMPED ON BUTT OF REVOLVER IS "20D6135". 2. INSTRUCTION PAMPHLET: WHITE PAPER PAMPHLET FOLDED TWICE HORIZONTALLY. HAS PHOTO OF REVOLVER AND TITLE WHICH READS ".357 MILITARY & POLICE REVOLVER MODEL NO.13". BELOW TITLE IS CONTENTS LIST "PARTS LIST", "INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE", "MAINTENANCE" AND "SPECIFICATIONS". AT BOTTOM OF PAGE IS "SMITH & WESSON" LOGO WITH ADRESS OF "BANGOR PUNTA COMPANY". CONTAINS A PARTS DIAGRAM, LIST OF PART NUMBERS AND SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS. 3. SAFETY PAMPHLET: WHITE PAPER PAMPHLET WITH CLOSEUP PHOTO OF REVOLVER HAMMER AND CYLINDER AND TRIGGER. TITLE IN WHITE READS "SAFETY & INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR YOUR SMITH & WESSON FIREARM". INSIDE IS PHOTO DIAGRAMS FOR FIRING AND MAINTENANCE. 4. SAFETY PAMPHLET: WHITE ACCORDIAN STYLE PAMPHLET WITH "SMITH & WESSON" LOGO AND TITLE WHICH READS "SAFETY & INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR YOUR SMITH & WESSON FIREARM". CONTAINS PROSE INSTRUCTIONS FOR FIRING, AMMUNITION, STORAGE AND SERVICE OF FIREARM.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON 24 SEPTEMBER 2010, LORELEI VANDEN BERG, FIREARMS OFFICER WITH THE RCMP IN LETHBRIDGE, CONFIRMED THAT THIS WEAPON WAS REGISTERED TO THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE (CERT. NO. K-095693) PRIOR TO HAVING BEEN REGISTERED BY THE DONOR’S HUSBAND INSPECTOR FRANK BATHGATE. THE WEAPON, IT IS PRESUMED, WAS BOUGHT BY BATHGATE AS A POLICE SERVICE MEMENTO AND WAS ADDED BY HIM TO HIS COLLECTION FOR POSTERITY. OTHER DONATED FIREARMS IN THIS COLLECTION MAY HAVE BEEN UTILIZED AS PART OF HIS SERVICE IN A NON-ISSUE CAPACITY AS CLAIMED WAS GENERALLY DONE BY RETIRED CONSTABLE ERNIE KREEFT BELOW. AMONGST THE COLLECTION, HOWEVER, THIS IS THE ONLY WEAPON WITH DOCUMENTED TIES TO THE POLICE FORCE. ________________________________________ ON 8 OCTOBER 2009, TECH KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RETIRED LPS/CITY POLICE FORCE CONSTABLE AND ARMOURER ERNIE KREEFT (SERVICE DATES 1 JUNE 1977 TO 4 JAN 2004) ABOUT THE FORCE’S USE OF THE .357 SMITH & WESSON REVOLVER. ACCORDING TO KREEFT, THE SMITH & WESSON 38 SPECIAL WAS ISSUED TO HIM AT THE BEGINNING OF HIS CAREER, BUT SOMETIME ABOUT THE MID 80S THE FORCE OFFICIALLY TRANSITIONED TO THE .357 SMITH & WESSON WHICH, WAS STILL FIRED USING .38 SPECIAL AMMUNITION. WHEN ASKED WHY THE TRANSITION TO THE .357 OCCURRED HE SAID, “IT’S JUST A PROGRESSION OF A BETTER GUN. THE OTHER ONES, I THINK, WERE OLD SMITH AND WESSON T-FRAMES AND THEY WERE STARTING TO GET LIKE, OVER THE YEARS, THEY GET OLD, AND I THINK THE ODD TIME WE HAD A COUPLE OF BACK STRAPS THAT BROKE, WHEN GUYS WERE DOWN AT THE RANGE, GOT INJURED, AND LIKE, THEY BLEW UP A LITTLE BIT, AND, THEN WE ENDED UP GOING TO REPLACE THEM AND WE JUST ENDED UP GETTING THESE GUNS.” IT’S POSSIBLE, HE SAID, THAT THE .38S DATED BACK TO THE 1960S. BEFORE THAT, HE THOUGHT THEY “USED THE WEBLEY WITH A FRONT BRAKE”. KREEFT TOLD MACLEAN, “THERE WAS A TIME WHEN GUYS WERE ALLOWED TO CARRY THEIR OWN FIREARM ON DUTY AND SOME OF THE GUYS BOUGHT 357S ALTHOUGH [THE FORCE] USED THE .38. AND THEN THEY DIDN’T WANT GUYS HAVING THEIR OWN GUNS SO THE DEPARTMENT SAID “BYE-BYE.” YOU COULDN’T HAVE YOUR OWN GUN. YOU WERE ISSUED ONE.” THE .357’S WOODEN GRIP, CLAIMED KREEFT, COULD BE REPLACED WITH A RUBBER ‘PACHMAYR’ GRIP. “BUT NOT EVERYBODY PUT PACHMAYRS ON”, HE SAID. “SOME PEOPLE LEFT THE OLD WOOD GRIPS ON THAT CAME WITH THE GUN [AND] SOME GUYS JUST LIKED [THE PACHMAYR] BETTER BECAUSE, YOU KNOW, THEY TOOK A LITTLE MORE PRIDE IN WHAT THEY SHOT AND THOUGHT THEY FELT BETTER.” AS FOR RANGE USE OF THE .357, KREEFT SAID, “OH, THEY SHOOT A LOT MORE NOW THAN THEY DID THEN. I THINK QUALIFYING WAS MAYBE ONLY ONCE A YEAR BACK THEN. AND FOR SOME GUYS THAT’S THE ONLY TIME THEY’D SHOOT THEIR WEAPONS WHEN THEY’D GO FOR QUALIFYING. SOME GUYS REALLY DON’T LIKE GUNS AT ALL, THEY JUST, THE NATURE OF THE BEAST I GUESS. YOU’D THINK A POLICEMAN, THAT’S ONE OF HIS TOOLS; THEY’D WANT TO BE PROFICIENT. BUT SOME GUYS REALLY AREN’T VERY GOOD AT IT AND NEVER REALLY LIKED IT.” IN ORDER TO QUALIFY, THE MEMBERS OBSERVED AN “OLD FBI COURSE” STANDARD, STARTING “AT THE 50 YARD LINE [AND] THEN YOU MOVE UP TO THE 25 YARD LINE AND THEN YOU MOVED UP TO MAYBE THE 15 AND THE 7 YARD LINE OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT. AND AT THE 7 YARD LINE THERE WASN’T AIMING. I REMEMBER WE HAD TO SHOOT KIND OF INSTINCTIVELY AND PULL THE GUN OUT AND JUST OFF THE HIP. ONLY 2 GUYS COULD GO AT ONCE, EH.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE .357S’ EFFECTIVENESS, KREEFT STATED, “YOU KNOW THE THING ABOUT A REVOLVER, IT’S A GOOD WORK HORSE. THEY’RE GOOD WEAPONS. THEY KIND OF, LIKE, JUST KEEP TICKING ALONG BUT THEN, YOU KNOW, IT COMES UP AND YOU’RE IN A GUNFIGHT AND THERE’S ONLY 6 ROUNDS IN AND YOU HAVE TO RELOAD WHEREAS A SEMI-AUTOMATIC YOU HAVE 15 ROUNDS AND THEY HAD ALL KINDS OF TRAINING WHERE FBI AGENTS WERE SHOT AND KILLED BECAUSE OF NOT ENOUGH ROUNDS. IT’S A PROGRESSION OF THE WAY THINGS GO, YOU KNOW, LIKE, OTHER WEAPONS.” ________________________________________ FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996. FOR MORE INFORMATION AND THE ENTIRE INTERVIEW, REFERENCE THE PERMANENT FILE AND P20090009001-2 TO LEARN ABOUT THE TRANSITION TO THE SMITH & WESSON AUTOMATIC HANDGUN IN 1995. SEE ALSO ARTIFACT P19960109007, SPEED LOADERS, WHICH ARE DIRECTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE OPERATION OF THIS WEAPON.
Catalogue Number
P19960109006
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
.38 SPECIAL, “CST. LEE BRUNEAU”
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20130005001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
.38 SPECIAL, “CST. LEE BRUNEAU”
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
12
Length
22.5
Width
5
Description
SN#C808798, SMITH & WESSON .38 SPECIAL, MODEL 10-5. CARBON STEEL FRAME WITH WOOD GRIP. EMBOSSED AND GOLD-PLATED WITH CREST IMAGE AND TEXT READING “1964 – 1990” ON FRAME, “LETHBRIDGE POLICE” ALONG BARREL, AND “CST LEE BRUNEAU” ON UPPER GRIP. WOOD GRIP CARVED WITH CROSSHATCH TEXTURE ON BOTH SIDES, WITH SMITH & WESSON SYMBOL INSET IN METAL. MAKER’S INFORMATION AND PATENT DATE STAMPED ON FRAME BENEATH BARREL. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-FIREARM
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS REVOLVER WAS USED BY THE DONOR, CONSTABLE LEON BRUNEAU, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BRUNEAU ABOUT HIS POLICE WORK AND THE WEAPON ON OCTOBER 8, 2009 AND APRIL 4, 2013. BRUNEAU SAID: “THERE WAS SOMETHING IN THE PAPER ABOUT [THE LETHBRIDGE AUXILIARY POLICE]. THIS INTERESTED ME BECAUSE… I HAD BEEN WORKING FOR A PRIVATE INVESTIGATION [BUREAU] AS A SECURITY GUARD UP IN CALGARY … [SO] I THOUGHT I’D TRY THIS AUXILIARY POLICE THING AND SEE WHAT COMES OUT OF IT… I DIDN’T KNOW [THE POLICE FORCE] WERE PLANNING TO TAKE RECRUITS OUT OF THE AUXILIARY… I WAS 29 YEARS OLD [WHEN I WAS] SWORN IN… THE FIRST GUN I WAS ISSUED… WAS AN OLD MILITARY 38 THAT HAD BEEN BORED OUT… TO ACCEPT .38 SPECIAL AMMUNITION, BUT THE .38 CALIBER HOLES ARE A LITTLE BIT BIGGER THAN THE .38 SPECIALS… SO IT RATTLED AROUND IN THERE AND IT WAS AN UNSAFE THING… AS SOON AS JIM TUTTLE QUIT [IN 1965/66] I WAS IN [SERGEANT] ALBERT HACKETT’S OFFICE LIKE A SHOT. [HIS] WAS A NEW GUN AND WAS THE ONLY .38 SPECIAL WITH A ROUND BUTT, AND I WANTED IT… [HACKETT] GOT IT FOR ME AND I CARRIED IT UNTIL I RETIRED… [IT’S] THE GUN I HAD IN ’82 WHEN WE HAD THE SHOOTOUT.” BRUNEAU CONTINUED: “THE REVOLVER ACTUALLY SAVED MY LIFE AT ONE TIME, BECAUSE IF I HADN’T FIRED IT, I MIGHT NOT BE HERE… IN JULY 1982… I WAS IN THE STATION [AT 5TH S AND 5TH AVE SOUTH] AND WE HEARD A COMMOTION, A SHOT, AND A SECOND SHOT… HOW [THE PRISONER] MIKE FRANK GOT A HOLD OF [OFFICER DARCY MURRAY’S] GUN, I DON’T KNOW. HAD WE HAD ANY WARNING ABOUT HOW VIOLENT THIS YOUNG MAN WAS, THERE PROBABLY WOULD HAVE BEEN MORE THAN ONE POLICEMAN DOWN THERE… [MURRAY WAS SHOT] THROUGH HIS ARM… WAYNE JOHNSON WAS ON THE DESK AND HE SAW THE COMMOTION ON THE CLOSED CIRCUIT TV AND WENT RUNNING DOWN THE STAIRS AND TOOK A BULLET RIGHT ABOVE HIS BODY ARMOUR [IN HIS NECK]… FRANK CAME RUNNING UP THE STAIRS… [SERGEANT] BUTCH LEE FIRED AT HIM [AND] HE RAN OUT THE FRONT DOOR… UP 5TH STREET TO 6TH AVENUE, AND WE CHASED HIM… AS HE WAS CROSSING [THE STREET] HE MADE A GRAB FOR A LITTLE OLD LADY… AND THEN HE FIRED A SHOT… BUTCH LEE AND I WERE THE FIRST ONES THERE… I THOUGHT ‘OK, WELL I’LL SHOOT HIS SHOULDER’ BUT I JUST GRAZED HIS SHOULDER, AND BUTCH FIRED FROM A DIFFERENT ANGLE AND MIKE FRANK WENT DOWN… [THEN] HE CAME UP SHOOTING… I FIGURED, ‘HE MISSED ME THIS TIME BUT HE MAY NOT MISS ME NEXT TIME, SO I BETTER SHOOT’. SO I DID. I WENT A COUPLE OF BUTTONS DOWN ON HIS SHIRT AND SQUEEZED OFF A SHOT AND HE WENT DOWN, AND THEN I HEARD A LOT OF GUNFIRE… AFTERWARDS WE FOUND OUT THERE WAS ELEVEN BULLET HOLES IN HIM… IN THAT NEWSPAPER PHOTOGRAPH [PUBLISHED IN THE JULY 10, 1982 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD] I WAS STANDING THERE TALKING ON THE RADIO AFTER IT, AND HE WAS STRETCHED OUT ON THE STREET.” BRUNEAU CONCLUDED: “IT WENT THROUGH MY HEAD, PRIOR TO THIS, ‘IF I WAS CONFRONTED WITH A SITUATION LIKE THIS, COULD I ACTUALLY SHOOT SOMEONE WITH THE INTENTION OF KILLING HIM?’ AND I FOUND OUT I COULD… THAT WAS ONLY THE SECOND TIME THAT I ACTUALLY HAD TO DRAW MY FIREARM… I DON’T THINK [THE INCIDENT] ACTUALLY CHANGED ANYTHING IN TERMS OF MY STATUS AS A POLICEMAN. I JUST KEPT ON DOING MY JOB… I BOUGHT THE GUN FOR $50 WHEN I RETIRED [IN 1990]. THE DEPARTMENT SENT IT AWAY TO VANCOUVER, HAD IT ALL REFURBISHED AND HAD MY ENLISTMENT DATE, MY NAME, EVERYTHING ENGRAVED AND FILLED IN WITH GOLD.” FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, AND COPIES OF RELATED NEWSPAPER ARTICLES AND BRUNEAU’S DEPARTMENTAL COMMENDATION FOR HIS ACTIONS DURING THE SHOOTOUT, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20130005001
Acquisition Date
2013-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS / AIR MASK AND HARNESS
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20150010017
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS / AIR MASK AND HARNESS
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2000
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, COTTON
No. Pieces
5
Height
29.2
Length
68.8
Width
50.7
Description
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS, INCLUDES CASE, HARNESS ASSEMBLY, MASK WITH STRAP, AND PAPER PASS CERTIFICATE. .A: CASE. BLACK MOULDED, TEXTURED PLASTIC CASE. ROUGHLY RECTANGULAR SHAPED. HINGED AT THE BACK, CASE HAS THREE HANDLES ON THE FRONT: ONE IS IN THE CENTRE OF THE CASE, WITH THE OTHER TWO ARE ON THE CORNERS OF THE BOX. THERE ARE TWO PLASTIC LATCHES BETWEEN THE THREE HANDLES. BLACK AND SILVER COLOURED STICKER ON THE TOP OF THE BOX READS: "MSA AIRMASK". A SECOND BLACK AND SILVER STICKER, ABOVE ONE OF THE LATCHES, READS: "ULTRALITE PRESSURE DEMAND" AND ALSO HAS "PASS IN BOX" HANDWRITTEN IN BLACKMARKER. A THIRD BLACK AND SILVER STICKER THAT READS "MSA AIRMASK" IS ON THE BOTTOM OF THE BOX. YELLOW PIECE OF DUCT TAPE ON RIGHT SIDE, HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK INK: "ULTRALITE BMR". INSIDE THE BOX IS SUBDIVIDED INTO COMPARTMENTS. AFFIXED TO THE INSIDE TOP OF THE LID IS A PAGE OF INSTRUCTIONS TITLED "MSA AIR MASK, PRESSURE DEMAND TYPE". A SMALL PIECE OF PAPER AFIXED TO THE INSIDE OF THE LID IS TITLED "PACKING ARRANGEMENT" AND HAS AN ILLUSTRATION OF HOW THE UNIT SHOULD BE PACKED AWAY. DIMENSIONS PROVIDED ABOVE CORRESPOND TO THIS CASE. OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE TWO "MSA AIRMASK" STICKERS HAVE PARTIALLY PEELED AWAY, WITH THE TOP STICKER MISSING THE BOTTOM OF "ASK" IN "MASK" AND WITH THE BOTTOM STICKER MISSING PARTS OF THE "MSA": THE "M" AND "A" ARE PARTIALLY MISSING, WHILE THE "S" IS ENTIRELY GONE; "MASK" OF THIS STICKER IS ALSO VERY DAMAGED. LATCH BELOW THE "ULTRALITE" STICKER IS IN GOOD CONDITION, WHILE THE OTHER IS PARTIALLY BROKEN. SEVERAL SCUFFS AND SCRATCHES IN THE PLASTIC, ESPECIALLY ALONG THE BOTTOM. .B: HARNESS ASSEMBLY. BLACK PLASTIC, METAL, AND FABRIC WITH SILVER COLOURED METAL. OUTER PORTION OF HARNESS DESIGNED TO HOLD BOTTLE OF COMPRESSED AIR. BLACK METAL BRACKET RUNS VERTICALLY UP AND DOWN THE HARNESS AND HAS A SILVER COLOURED CIRCULAR METAL BAND TO HOLD TANK IN PLACE. THE SILVER BAND IS 7.7CM WIDE AND HAS TWO BLACK STICKERS WITH “MSA” IN YELLOW STUCK ON. BOTTOM OF BLACK METAL BRACKET HAS A TRIANGULAR SHAPED PIECE, WITH A ROUND RUBBER TIP, TO HOLD THE BOTTOM OF THE AIR TANK IN PLACE. BELOW SILVER BAND IS A STICKER, WITH A DISCOLOURED WHITE BACKGROUND AND BLACK LETTERS GIVING INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE, ENTITLED: “CUSTOM 4500/ULTRALITE BELT MOUNTED SCBA. OPEN CIRCUIT, PRESSURE-DEMAND ENTRY AND ESCAPE SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS OR COMBINATION SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS AND TYPE C SUPPLIED AIR RESPIRATOR.” SILVER BAND FOR TANK HAS A HANDLE THAT EXPANDS AND CONTRACTS THE BAND, TO ALLOW FOR REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION OF AIR TANK. AT THE TOP OF THE BLACK METAL BRACKET, THERE IS A CIRCULAR SECTION WHICH ALLOWS FOR THE ATTACHMENT OF TWO BLACK PADDED FABRIC SHOULDER STRAPS. THESE STRAPS ARE BOLTED ON WITH BLACK AND SILVER COLOURED BOLTS. BLACK METAL BRACKET ATTACHES AT WAIST AREA TO BLACK MOULDED PIECE OF PLASTIC. BLACK MOULDED PLASTIC FITS AROUND THE HIP AREA OF THE WEARER. SHOULDER STRAPS COME DOWN FROM TOP OF METAL BRACKET AND ATTACH TO THIS BLACK PLASTIC JUST ABOVE THE HIP. SHOULDER STRAPS ARE PADDED AND HAVE A SECOND SMALLER STRAP, WHICH WOULD CROSS THE WEARER’S CHEST WITH A BLACK SIDE RELEASE PLASTIC BUCKLE, WITH THE FEMALE COMPONENT ON THE RIGHT STRAP. ON EACH STRAP BELOW THE PLASTIC BUCKLE IS A SILVER COLOURED “D” RING. ABOVE THE BUCKLE ON EACH STRAP IS A SILVER COLOURED SILK SCREEN SECTION WITH “MSA”. AT THE BOTTOM WAIST PORTION OF THE MOULDED PLASTIC IS ANOTHER BLACK FABRIC STRAP, TO GO AROUND THE WEARER’S WAIST. THE BELT ATTACHES WITH A SILVER COLOURED METAL LATCH PLATE ON THE RIGHT SIDE, WHICH FITS INTO A BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLE, WITH A BLACK PLASTIC BUTTON TO RELASE, ON THE WEARER’S LEFT SIDE. ATTACHED TO THE LEFT SIDE OF THE BELT IS A PRESSURE REGULATOR AND HIGH PRESSURE SUPPLY HOSE. THE PRESSURE REGULATOR CONSISTS OF BLACK METAL AND PLASTIC, AND GOLD AND RED COLOURED METAL. A CIRCULAR GOLD COLOURED METAL PIECE HAS REMNANTS OF TWO STICKERS ON ITS FACE: “MSA AIR MASK – MFD BY MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY – PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA – PRESSURE DEMAND.” BELOW IT IS A HOSE COUPLING. THIS COUPLING HAS A BLACK RUBBER CAP, EMBOSSED WITH “FHR”. BESIDE THIS IS AN AIR PRESSURE GAUGE: BLACK METAL TEXTURED EDGE, GLASS FACE, AND RUBBER ENCASING. THE FACE OF THE GAUGE IS OFF-WHITE WITH A DIAL INCREASING IN INCREMENTS OF 5 (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30), WITH A RED SECTION FROM 0-5, A YELLOW SECTION BETWEEN 20 AND 25, AND A GREY SECTION AT 30. BELOW THE DIAL IS “PSI X 100 – USE NO OIL – MSA 18” BESIDE THE GAUGE IS A RED COLOURED METAL KNOB, WITH “ß OPEN – BY PASS” EMBOSSED ON FRONT FACE. BESIDE THIS RED KNOB IS A GOLD COLOURED KNOB WITH A SILVER COLOURED TAB “^PUSH^”. ON THE FACE OF THE GOLD KNOB, EMBOSSED, IS “MAIN LINE ^” WITH “MSA” IN CENTRE. OPPOSITIE THE PRESSURE GAUGE IS A HIGH PRESSURE SUPPLY HOSE. THE HOSE IS BLACK PLASTIC AND FABRIC. ON THE END OF THIS HOSE IS A SILVER COLOURED BELL, USED AS A LOW AIR ALARM. AT THE VERY END OF THE HOSE IS A BLACK TEXTURED METAL COUPLING. .C: MASK WITH HOSE. BLACK PLASTIC RESPIRATOR MASK WITH CLEAR PLASTIC VISOR. FITTED NOSE PIECE WITH TWO SMALL CIRCLES ON EITHER SIDE OF BRIDGE OF NOSE PIECE. EACH CIRCLE HAS BLACK PLASTIC SPOKES AND A TRANSPARENT FLAP, WHICH IS ON THE INSIDE OF THE NOSE PIECE. HANDWRITTEN IN GOLD COLOURED INK, ON THE INSIDE OF NOSE PIECE, “G29C” OR “929C”. FRONT OF NOSE PIECE, VISIBLE THROUGH THE VISOR, HAS “MEDIUM” EMBOSSED ONTO MASK. FIVE BLACK PLASTIC STRAPS WITH SILVER COLOURED BUCKLES ALLOW MASK TO BE SECURELY TIGHTENED ONTO THE HEAD. STRAPS MEET AT A ROUGHLY STAR-SHAPED PIECE THAT SITS AT THE BACK OF THE HEAD. THIS STAR-SHAPED PIECE HAS THE FOLLOWING EMBOSSED ONTO THE PLASTIC: “M2 C5 – MSA – PULL FRONT STRAP LAST – U”. ABOVE THE “M2 C5” IS AN EMBOSSED MULTI-SPOKED CIRCLE. EMBOSSED IN THE CENTRE OF THE CIRCLE: “93 – 94 – 95” EACH OF THE FIVE STRAPS ARE LABELLED; TWO AT THE BASE OF MASK, EACH LABELLED “NECK”, NEXT TWO UP ARE “SIDE”, AND THE FIFTH STRAP AT THE TOP OF THE MASK IS “FRONT”. ON FRONT OF MASK, AT THE MOUTH AREA, IS A LONG ACCORDION-STYLE HOSE. IT IS ATTACHED TO THE MASK WITH A SILVER COLOURED METAL CLAMP. ON THE NUT OF THIS CLAMP IS WRITTEN “ALL STAINLESS BREEZE”. BELOW IS A BLACK METAL BAND, WHICH IS STAMPED IN YELLOW WITH “-18 TINNERMAN”. BELOW THAT THERE IS A SILVER COLOURED METAL RING, WHICH HAS A BLACK FABRIC STRAP ATTACHED (SEE BELOW FOR DESCRIPTION OF THIS ITEM, P20150010017D). THE BOTTOM OF THE HOSE HAS A BLACK METAL BAND AND THEN A SILVER COLOURED, TEXTURED METAL PIECE TO CONNECT TO THE AIR SUPPLY CANISTER. BELOW THE HOSE CONNECTION, AT THE CHIN AREA OF THE MASK, IS A MEDIUM-LIGHT GREY CIRCLE, EMBOSSED WITH “MSA – U.S. PAT. 4,007,758”. TO THE RIGHT OF THE HOSE ATTACHEMENT HANDWRITTEN IN GREEN INK IS “#4”. ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE MASK, BETWEEN THE “NECK” AND “SIDE” STRAPS IS A FAINT STAMP IN YELLOW “7-212-“. EMBOSSED IN CENTRE OF MASK, ABOVE FACE VISOR, IS “MSA” IN A CIRCLE. INSIDE OF THE HOSE ATTACHMENT, BELOW THE MOULDED NOSE AREA, IS A BLACK DISK WITH HOLES IN IT. VISIBLE THROUGH THESE HOLES IS A PIECE OF GOLD-COLOURED METAL. DIMENSIONS OF MASK: HOSE IS 83.5CM LONG; VISOR IS 18CM WIDE. .D: STRAP ON MASK. BLACK FABRIC STRAP, WITH TWO BLACK SNAPS. SNAPS ONTO SILVER-COLOURED METAL RING AROUND THE HOSE. STRAP IS 92.5CM LONG AND 1.9CM WIDE. OVERALL CONDITION OF B, C, D: WELL WORN. ALL STICKERS SHOW SIGNS OF WEAR: DISCOLOURATION AND FINISH OF STICKERS SCRATCHED. STRUCTRUALLY IN GOOD CONDITION. MANY SCUFFS AND SCRATCHES ALL OVER. ALL FABRIC IN GOOD CONDITION. RUBBER RETAINS FLEXIBILITY AND PLASTICS ARE IN GOOD SHAPE WITH NO CRACKS. .E: PAPER PASS CERTIFICATE. GOLDENROD COLOURED PAPER. READS: "MSA - ULTRALITE DP - B.M.R. C/W FACEMASK. THIS UNIT TESTED AND HAD ACCEPTABLE PERFORMANCE ON SEPTEMBER 02, 2008. KEN HOBIAK" (WITH KEN'S SIGNATURE ABOVE HIS TYPED NAME). REVERSE OF PAPER: "THIS UNI PERFORM KEN H" (APPEARS TO HAVE MISPRINTED ON THIS SIDE). PAPER IS STANDARD LETTER SIZE. CONDITION IS GOOD: PAPER HAS BEEN CRUMBLED AND HAS A FEW SMALL TEARS AROUND THE OUTSIDE.
Subjects
MINING & MINERAL HARVESTING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS (SCBA) WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE MASK WAS “USED BY ALL FIREFIGHTERS TO CONNECT TO THE BELT MOUNTED REGULATOR SCBA TO ENTER HAZARDOUS ATMOSPHERES” AND THAT THE HARNESS WAS “USED BY ALL FIREFIGHTERS TO BREATH IN HAZARDOUS (SMOKY) ATMOSPHERES.” HE CONTINUED SAYING THAT THERE ARE “MORE MODERN MASK MOUNTED REGULATOR SCBAS [THAT HAVE BEEN] DEVELOPED AND PURCHASED.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED THAT THIS SCBA “WAS AN ON-DEMAND REGULATOR. THAT WAS NICE TO HAVE DEMAND, BECAUSE NO MATTER WHO IT WAS, THE HARDER YOU BREATHED, THE MORE AIR IT WOULD GIVE YOU. THE HARNESS IS PROBABLY MORE COMFORTABLE [THAN PREVIOUS ONES]. SOME GUYS WOULD USE THREE TANKS, SO THE HARNESS WAS A LITTLE BIT MORE COMFORTABLE FOR THEM. THEY’D COME OUT, THEY’D TURN AROUND, THEY WOULDN’T EVEN TAKE OFF THEIR GEAR. THEY’D TURN AROUND, THERE’D BE GUYS WHO WOULD TAKE THE TANK OFF, PUT ANOTHER TANK ON, HOOK IT ALL UP, A GOOD PAT ON THE BACK, AND BACK IN THEY’D GO WITH ANOTHER TANK. THEY’D DO THAT THREE TIMES BEFORE … THEY WERE JUST TOO TIRED … WE DIDN’T HAVE AN AIR COMPRESSOR TO FILL OUR OWN TANKS. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHERE THEY WENT. THEY MUST HAVE WENT TO THE SWIMMING POOL.” LAZENBY CONTINUED SAYING THAT THIS SCBA WAS “A VERY, VERY OLDER GENERATION SCBA BOTTLE. THESE WERE KIND OF RUDIMENTARY DESIGN. THE BOTTLE WAS STEEL ON THESE, WHICH MADE THEM VERY, VERY HEAVY. MODERN BOTTLES ARE FIBERGLASS WRAPPED WHICH MAKES THEM MUCH, MUCH LIGHTER; ADDED TO WHICH, IT HAD A BARELY PADDED HARNESS SYSTEM ON IT AND BASICALLY A GLORIFIED SEATBELT STRAP FOR A WAIST STRAP. SO WITH THESE KINDS OF THINGS, YOU DON’T WANT TO KEEP A TON OF WEIGHT ON YOUR SHOULDERS BECAUSE IT FATIGUES YOUR UPPER BODY VERY, VERY QUICKLY WHEN YOU’RE WORKING. BUT WITH THIS TYPE OF HARNESS ON THEM, IF YOU CINCHED THE WAIST UP REALLY TIGHT AND TOOK THE PRESSURE OFF YOUR SHOULDERS, THIS JUST SEEMED TO DIG INTO YOUR WAIST LIKE CRAZY, LIKE IT WAS VERY UNCOMFORTABLE TO WEAR … THAT BEING SAID, WHEN GUYS WENT TO THIS FROM LIKE THE CANISTERS THAT THEY USED TO WEAR, THIS MUST HAVE BEEN LIKE A NEW LEASE ON LIFE FOR THESE GUYS … I WORE THESE IN TRAINING – I DON’T THINK I EVER WORE ONE OF THESE BOTTLES ON AN ACTUAL FIRE CALL … WE HAD THE FIBERGLASS ONES IN FRONTLINE SERVICE WHEN I STARTED SO THIS WOULD BE PRE-1994, IF I’M NOT MISTAKEN. I DON’T THINK WE HAD THESE ON THE TRUCKS IN ’94. THEY WERE AROUND AND THEY WERE BACKUPS, BUT THEY WEREN’T FRONTLINE.” HE ELABORATED FURTHER, SAYING: “WE DIDN’T HAVE INDIVIDUAL MASKS; WE SHARED MASKS ON THE FIRE DEPARTMENT BACK THEN … THERE WASN’T ENOUGH MONEY FOR THEM TO BUY US OUR OWN INDIVIDUAL FACE PIECE … SO WHAT WE USED TO DO IS AFTER EVERY INCIDENT OR AFTER EVERY TIME YOU WORE ONE OF THESE THINGS, IT WOULD COME OFF THE TRUCK, WE WOULD HAVE A BOTTLE OF MSA MASK CLEANER THAT WE WOULD PUT INTO A TUB, WE WOULD MAKE A SOAPY WATER SOLUTION, WE WOULD WASH THE MASK, RINSE THE MASK, LET IT HANG TO DRY, AND THE NEXT PERSON WOULD USE IT AS THE NEXT SHIFT CAME ON.” HE ADDED THAT NOW EVERYONE IN THE DEPARTMENT HAS THEIR OWN MASK: “WE’VE HAD OUR OWN MASKS FOR 10-12 YEARS. WE STILL SHARE THE SCBAS AS FAR AS THE BOTTLE AND THE HARNESS GOES … THEY’RE IN THE RACKS ON THE TRUCK, IN THE BACKS OF THE SEATS AND DOWN IN BY THE HOSE OR THE PUMP COMPARTMENTS.” IN DISCUSSING WHY THIS MODEL IS NO LONGER USED, LAZENBY STATED: “THIS HOSE EASILY CRIMPED SO YOUR AIR SUPPLY COULD BE CUT OFF. THE AIR SUPPLY THAT NOW GOES FROM THE TANK TO YOUR MASK IS A MUCH MORE RIGID HOSE THAT, REALLY, YOU’D HAVE TO BASICALLY BEND IT IN HALF TO STOP THE FLOW OF AIR.” DZUREN ADDED FURTHER: “PRIOR TO [THIS] OUR BREATHING APPARATUS WAS WHAT THEY CALLED A CANISTER TYPE OF BREATHING APPARATUS … IT WAS JUST A CANISTER THAT YOU HAD IN FRONT OF YOU HERE AND IT WAS LAYERS OF … GEL, AND SAND, AND SILICA … THERE WAS A SHELF-LIFE WITH THOSE THINGS. IF YOU USED THEM, YOU PRETTY WELL HAD TO DISCARD THEM AFTER YOU USED THEM.” WHEN ASKED WHEN THIS TYPE OF SCBA CAME INTO SERVICE, DZUREN STATED: “I WOULD PROBABLY SAY MAYBE IN THE ‘70S SOMETIME? … I RECALL GUYS GOING IN WHEN WE JUST HAD THOSE CANISTERS. THEY WOULD GO WITHOUT ANYTHING. AND THEY WOULD COME OUT AFTER A WHILE AND THEY WOULD BE BARFING THEIR GUYS OUT … IT SEEMED TO BE, EVEN PRIOR TO MY TIME, WHEN THE STORIES I HEARD FROM GUYS THERE LONGER THAN MYSELF, THAT SEEMED TO BE THE MACHO THING. GET IN THERE AND THEY’D GET IN THERE WITHOUT A MASK. BUT EVENTUALLY, YOU KNOW, BETTER THINKING CAME ALONG AND SAID ‘DON’T BE SILLY, GET SOME STUFF ON THERE.’ BUT ONCE THEY GOT IT, AND THEY STARTED TO USE IT, YOU DID FEEL A LOT BETTER GOING IN, ‘CAUSE PRIOR TO USE GETTING THAT WE HEARD THE HORROR STORIES OF GUYS WHO DID SUCCUMB TO THE ELEMENTS BECAUSE OF ALL THOSE CANISTER TYPES, BUT ONCE THEY GOT [THIS SCBA] IT WAS BETTER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010017
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
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