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Other Name
HANDGUN CONVERSION BARREL W/ CASE, “SIMUNITION”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2009
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, CARDBOARD, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P20100050004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HANDGUN CONVERSION BARREL W/ CASE, “SIMUNITION”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2009
Materials
STEEL, CARDBOARD, FOAM
No. Pieces
5
Height
3.25
Length
19
Width
9.25
Description
.A – RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD LID, PRINTED IN BLACK, WHITE AND RED. TEXT ALONG THE TOP READS “SIMUNITION – DIVISION OF SNC INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES INC. – CONVERSION KIT S&W 594X SERIE – FOR USE IN MILITARY/LAW ENFORCEMENT – TRAINING UNDER DIRECTION OF QUALIFIED INSTRUCTOR – CQT FX”. “UBJ 9746” IS WRITTEN ON TOP IN BLACK PEN. EDGES OF LID HAVE MINOR WEAR. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.25 X 19 X 9.25 .B – RECTUANGULAR SHEET OF GREY FOAM, WITH SEMI-CIRCLE SHAPE CUT INTO ONE LONG EDGE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 1 X 18 X 8.5 .C – HOLLOW STEEL CYLINDER, TAPERED AT ONE END WITH A MOLDED TRIANGULAR SHAPE AT THE OPPOSITE END. STAMPED WITH TEXT READING “S&W 594X SNCSC 0392-06 – WARNING: FX AND CQT AMMO ONLY – NO STD AMMO”. MINOR OXIDATION ON STEEL; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 2 X 11.5 X 2.25 .D – RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD BOX BASE WITH FOAM-LINED INSIDE. FOAM HAS RECESSED CAVITY RESEMBLING THE IRREGULAR SHAPE OF .C. OUTSIDE OF BOX IS WORN ALONG BOTTOM AND HAS BROWN STAIN ON ONE SIDE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.5 X 18.5 X 9
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS SIMUNITION BARREL CONVERSION KIT WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT DURING TRAINING PROCEDURES. SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012, DESCRIBED THE USE OF THIS BARREL CONVERTER AS SUCH: “THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN BOUGHT FOR THE TEAM EARLIER ON WHEN THEY HAD SMITH AND WESSON [PISTOLS]… [SIMUNITION IS] A PAINT PELLET ROUND, BUT SMALLER, AND FITS INTO YOUR PISTOL AND OPERATES SIMILAR LIKE A BULLET WOULD. IT MAKES A SOUND, AND EJECTS THE ROUND, AND FIRES A PAINT PELLET PROJECTILE [THAT] LEAVES A RED OR BLUE MARKING ON THE INDIVIDUAL TO INDICATE WHERE YOU WERE HIT. THAT WAY IT MAKES IT MORE REALISTIC WHEN DEALING WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF SCENARIOS FOR THE OFFICERS AND FOR THE BAD GUYS [KNOWN AS QUARRY IN TRAINING PROCEDURES]. AS WE GOT MORE OF THESE [SIMUNITION CONVERTERS], WE WOULD THEN GIVE SIMUNITION TO THE BAD GUYS. AT THE BEGINNING, IT WAS US, THE TACTICAL TEAM OPERATORS, THAT WOULD HAVE THEM, AND THE QUARRIES WOULD NOT… IT WAS GOOD FOR [QUARRIES] TO HAVE IT, BECAUSE IT SHOWS THAT THE OFFICER MAY HAVE… TO GET OUT OF THE WAY AS WELL, SO IT IS REALLY GOOD ADVANCED TRAINING FOR TEACHING [OFFICERS] HIGHER LEVEL SKILL… A PERSON [WHO IS] RUNNING AROUND, OR MOVING, TO BE ABLE TO SHOOT THEM – THIS SHOWS THAT IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO DO THAT. IT’S A GREAT ADVANCEMENT IN TRAINING.” ON JULY 28, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED SGT. CARSCADDEN ABOUT HIS SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT. CARSCADDEN SAID: “FIRST OF ALL, I JUST WENT AS A QUARRY… ALL DIFFERENT SPECIALTY UNITS THAT HAVE SOME KIND OF TACTICAL SCENARIO LIKE TO HAVE QUARRIES TO [HELP TRAIN THEM] TO DO THEIR JOB BETTER, SO I THOUGHT ‘I’LL GO WORK AS A QUARRY TO SHOW THEM I’M INTERESTED’. A QUARRY IS GENERALLY A BAD GUY – YOU PRETEND YOU’RE HIDING, OR MOVING OR YELLING OR RUNNING AWAY AND TRYING TO EVADE THEM, AND THEY ARE TRYING TO CAPTURE YOU… IT TOOK A COUPLE OF YEARS, BUT I WAS FORTUNATE ENOUGH… IN THE MOVEMENT OF THE TEAM THAT THERE WERE [POSITIONS OPEN]… THERE IS A PHYSICAL, AND INTERVIEW, SOME TESTS… I WENT THROUGH AND STUDIED, AND DID THE BEST THAT I COULD… MAKING SURE YOU ARE IN GOOD PHYSICAL SHAPE BECAUSE YOU ARE CARRYING AN EXTRA 50 POUNDS OF GEAR… THAT’S JUST THE GEAR THAT YOU ARE CARRYING ON YOURSELF, NOT A RAM OR DIFFERENT TYPE OF EQUIPMENT THAT YOU MIGHT BE MOVING INTO PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS… I WAS AROUND 35 [YEARS OLD]. I WAS AN OLDER GUY APPLYING FOR THIS POSITION, BUT I WAS IN GOOD SHAPE AND HAD SOME GOOD EXPERIENCES THAT MADE ME COMPETITIVE, SO I DON’T THINK YOUR AGE TAKES YOU OUT OF THE EQUATION IF YOU ARE REALLY DETERMINED.” CARSCADDEN CONTINUED: “I’VE HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT POSITIONS WITHIN [THE TACTICAL] UNIT… I STARTED OFF AS AN ASSAULTER… THE PERSON WHO CARRIES ALL THE GEAR, SO YOU’RE IN THE BACK… THE LAST PERSON THAT COMES IN. IT’S A GOOD POSITION TO START OFF WITH. IT MAKES IT SAFER FOR WHEN YOU’RE GOING INTO THESE HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENTS… FROM THERE I WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE OBSERVER, THEN A SNIPER, THEN FROM THERE… A BREECHER. SO YOU ARE BREECHING DOORS AND WINDOWS. [THEN] I WENT TO THE FRONT OF THE TACTICAL LINE-UP, WHICH IS THE SCOUT… THEN THE LAST SIX YEARS THAT I WAS ON THE TACTICAL TEAM, I WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE, THE TEAM LEADER… AND I WAS RUNNING OPERATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR CANINE UNIT AND OUR EXPLOSIVES DISPOSAL UNIT… THE TRAINING IS REALLY GOOD. [THE TEAM] TRAINS EVERY TWO WEEKS, AND DO LOTS OF MOVEMENTS AND SHOOTING AND TACTICS. IT’S A PERISHABLE SKILL, THAT IF YOU DON’T REPEAT AND PRACTICE IT ALL THE TIME, IT DIMINISHES… PRACTICE IS IMPORTANT. IT ALLOWS YOU TO BE BETTER AT YOUR GAME... YOU NEED TO HAVE A MINDSET [OF] BEING NOT ONLY PHYSICALLY TOUGH, BUT MENTALLY TOUGH, WHEN YOU DEAL WITH THINGS IN A HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENT… YOU’VE GOT TO HAVE A LITTLE BIT OF DRIVE TO GET YOU THROUGH THINGS.” CARSCADDEN CONCLUDED: “ONE OF THE THINGS I’M PROUD OF ON THE TACTICAL SIDE IS THAT I WAS THE OFFICER WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING LESS LETHAL CAPABILITY TO THE TEAM… [WE] MAKE THE DIFFERENCE IN SAVING SOMEBODY’S LIFE. WE HELP THEM THROUGH THAT TIME OF NEED… WE HAVE ESTABLISHED WHERE, IN THE PAST IF THAT PERSON COULD HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN SHOT AND INJURED, IF NOT FATALLY SHOT, THAT PERSON NOW CAN BE DEALT WITH A LESS LETHAL MEANS… WE ARE ABLE TO RESTRAIN, ARREST, WITH THESE LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES. THAT MAKES THE DIFFERENCE FOR THEM… THE EXPERIENCES THAT I HAD IN PEEL [SHOWED ME LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES] IN OPERATION AND HOW IT WORKED… THEY WERE ONE OF THE FIRST SERVICES IN CANADA TO HAVE THE RUBBER BULLET… WHEN YOU’RE LOOKING AT DIFFERENT TACTICS AND HOW YOU CAN DO IT BETTER, THAT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I RECOGNIZED, THAT [LETHBRIDGE] COULD BRING THIS ON. IT WOULD BE BETTER FOR OUR TEAM AND OUR COMMUNITY: AS OPPOSED TO SHOOTING SOMEBODY AND STOPPING THEM THAT WAY, WE COULD USE THE [RUBBER BULLET] OR BEANBAG ROUND AND THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO HELP STOP THESE PEOPLE [BUT] SAVE THEIR LIVES… IT REALLY OPENS PEOPLE’S EYES WHEN THEY SEE THAT THERE’S A LOT OF OTHER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO PUT IN PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS. AND WHEN PEOPLE SEE THERE’S ANOTHER WAY OF DOING BUSINESS, IT’S HELPFUL FOR US TO PROGRESS AND PUSH FORWARD… THESE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT ARE HERE TO ALLOW US TO KEEP THINGS CONTROLLED AND TO MAKE US DO OUR JOB BETTER… I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE INVOLVED WITH A VERY SPECIALIZED UNIT AND I’M VERY PROUD OF IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100050004
Acquisition Date
2010-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, INK
Catalogue Number
P20190002002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Materials
CARDBOARD, INK
No. Pieces
2
Height
3
Length
6.8
Width
3.3
Description
A.CARDBOARD AMMUNITION BOX TOP, 6.8CM LONG X 3.3CM WIDE X 3CM TALL. BROWN CARDBOARD WITH PRINTED YELLOW AND BLUE LABELS ON TOP, BOTTOM, AND SIDES. TOP OF BOX HAS PRINTED TEXT “22 LONG RIFLE, SMOKELESS GREASED, CIL SUPER-CLEAN, MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN INDUSTRIES LIMITED, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA” WITH “CIL” LOGO AND IMAGE OF A BULLET ALONG TOP EDGE. FRONT OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, “THESE CARTRIDGES ARE PRIMED WITH “SUPER-CLEAN” NON-RUSTING PRIMING. IF THE RIFLE HAS FIRST BEEN THOROUGHLY CLEANED AND “DOMINION” “SUPER-CLEAN” .22’S ARE USED EXCLUSIVELY, THEY WILL NOT RUST OR CORRODE THE BORE.” BACK OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, “THESE .22” LONG-RIFLE “SUPER-CLEAN” GREASED CARTRIDGES HAVE BEEN SPECIALLY DEVELOPED FOR GAME AS WELL AS TARGET SHOOTING, AND WILL BE FOUND TO BE POWERFUL AND ACCURATE AND ALWAYS DEPENDABLE”. BOTTOM OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND “MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN LIMITED INDUSTRIES, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA.” SIDE OPENING FLAP HAS BLUE TEXT AND “CIL” LOGO ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, “”SUPER-CLEAN”, .22 LONG RIFLE, 50 R.F., SMOKELESS, GREASED”. BOX HAS TORN AND MISSING OPENING FLAP ON LEFT SIDE; BOX HAS TEAR ON TOP IN UPPER-RIGHT CORNER; BOX EDGES ARE WORN AND BOX TOP IS CREASED AND DENTED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. B.CARDBOARD BASE OF BOX, 6.3CM LONG X 3CM WIDE X 2.8CM TALL. BROWN CARDBOARD BOX WITHOUT TOP; SIDES FOLDED INTO BOX CREATING BASE. BOX IS STAINED DOWN INSIDE FLAPS AND ON INSIDE BASE; TOP EDGES AND CORNERS ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 10, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JEAN BUCHANAN REGARDING HER DONATION OF A REVOLVER AND FIREARM ACCESSORIES. THE FIREARM WAS USED BY BUCHANAN’S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. ON HER FATHER’S REVOLVER AND USE OF AMMUNITION, BUCHANAN RECALLED, “[MY DAD] USED [THE SMITH AND WESSON REVOLVER]…STARTING IN 1932, WITH THE RCMP, MAY BE WHEN HE GOT THAT GUN. HE HAD IT REGISTERED IN 1940, AND GETTING ANOTHER 5 YEARS REGISTRATION IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1935. [THE GUN] WAS HIS SIDEARM…HIS SERVICE WEAPON…HE HAD THAT ALL THE TIME…IT WOULD GO RIGHT ON HIS BELT THERE.” “[DAD KEPT THE GUN] IN [MY PARENTS’] BEDROOM. RIGHT ON THE BEDROOM CLOSET DOOR, RIGHT OPEN. I NEVER TOUCHED IT, BECAUSE HE HAD GIVEN ME MY TRAINING AND LET ME USE IT WHEN I WAS YOUNG. I HAD RESPECT FOR IT, AND I HAD NO SPECIAL CURIOSITY, WHICH IS A GOOD THING. [DAD KNEW I WAS] AN ADVENTUROUS PERSON, BUT I NEVER EVER TOUCHED IT, OUT OF COMPLETE RESPECT FOR DAD AND WHAT HE HAD THERE.” “ALL I CAN REMEMBER [IS HE HAD TWO HANDGUNS OR SIDEARMS]…HE DIDN’T GO OUT PRACTICING VERY MUCH; HE DIDN’T HAVE TO. HE COULD PASS HIS MARKSMANSHIP, AND THEN, EVERY TIME THERE WERE THINGS AT REGINA DEPOT TRAINING COURSES (UPGRADING, REFRESHER COURSES) THEY DID THEIR MARKSMANSHIP THERE, TOO. THEY WERE ALWAYS TESTED ON THEIR MARKSMANSHIP, AT REGINA DEPOT.” “I THINK [THE REVOLVER HAD] QUITE A BIT [OF MEANING TO MY DAD], BECAUSE HE HAD IT IN HIS HOUSE. IT WAS REALLY STRANGE BECAUSE I ASKED HIM WHERE IT WAS, WHEN HE SHOWED ME THE PAPERS, AND HE HAD IT IN A SHOE BOX IN HIS BEDROOM CLOSET. YOU DIDN’T HAVE TO HAVE GREAT [HIDING] PLACES FOR IT IN THOSE DAYS, BUT THAT’S WHERE HE KEPT IT. HE MADE SURE IT WAS THERE, AND HE KNEW WHERE IT WAS.” “[I HAVE NO] KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HIM HAVING TO FIRE THIS WEAPON…AT ANYONE. IF HE WOULD HAVE, HE WOULD HAVE FIRED TO MISS SOMEONE, JUST AS A WARNING SHOT. HE DEFINITELY WENT FOR WARNING SHOTS, BUT HE NEVER SHOT ANYBODY WITH IT." “[HE WOULD HAVE STOPPED CARRYING THE GUN] AT THE VERY END OF 1950, WHEN HE RETIRED FROM THE R.C.M.P.” “[I’VE HAD THE REVOLVER] SINCE 1998—THE PASSING OF MY FATHER, BECAUSE I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTRIX. IT WAS AUTOMATICALLY MY RESPONSIBILITY TO TAKE ALL OF HIS FIREARMS, IN MY POSSESSION.” “I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR [THE CARE OF] IT, AND IT WAS A REAL KEEPSAKE. [THE GUN WAS] WAS VERY PERSONAL, BECAUSE I’M SURE [MY DAD] OWNED THAT EVEN BY BACK IN 1935, [WHEN] HE WAS IN WESTLOCK, IN CHARGE OF THE DETACHMENT THERE FOR 10 YEARS. IT WAS OF SENTIMENTAL VALUE BECAUSE HE TOOK ME OUT (I’M PRETTY SURE I WAS 8 YEARS OLD, WHEN HE HAD ME IN THE BACKYARD)—WE HAD FARMLAND AND FOREST—AND HE HAD A TARGET PRACTICE OUT THERE. HE HAD ME USE THAT FIREARM. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO USE IT, HOW TO AIM, AND HOW TO HANDLE IT SAFELY. I ALWAYS RESPECTED THAT, AND THAT WAS GOOD. THAT’S THE ORIGINAL HOLSTER FOR THAT GUN, WHICH YOU CAN SEE IS LOOPED, TO PUT ON HIS BELT. HE ALSO CARRIED A .32 COLT SEMI-AUTOMATIC.” “I’VE ALWAYS APPRECIATED REVOLVERS, AND RIFLES. IT’S NEVER BEEN ANYTHING THAT I THOUGHT ANY DANGER OF. YOU LEARN THE SAFETY, AND YOU TAKE YOUR COURSE. I HAVE MY COURSE DONE, AND I PASSED IT WITH FLYING COLORS. I HAD MY PERMIT TO HAVE IT. I HAVE TAKEN IT OUT, ON MY OWN ACREAGE, AND FIRED IT A BIT, BUT IT ISN’T SOMETHING I WANT TO DO. IT’S A SENTIMENTAL THING THAT I CAN NOW FEEL I’D LIKE TO HAVE IT IN YOUR MUSEUM. I KNOW IT’S NOW IN A SAFE PLACE, SO I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT EVER FALLING INTO THE WRONG HANDS. AND, IF I WANT TO COME AND VISIT IT, I CAN COME AND SEE IT.” ON JUNE 8, 2018, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BUCHANAN REGARDING HER FATHER’S CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S HISTORY, “[MY DAD WAS EDWARD BUCHANAN, WHO RETIRED AT THE RANK OF] SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT…HE RETIRED IN 1950 FROM THE [R.C.M.P].” “HE JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL. IN ’21, HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON…BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL AND THEN AFTER, HE GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE. HE WAS GOING TO GO TO GRANDE PRAIRIE BUT THEN IN ’22, THEY GOT MARRIED. A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED…THAT’S WHEN THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD.” “EVEN IN THE A.P.P., TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON…BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN AND THEN MAYBE, AT THE VERY FIRST WINTER AS A ROOKIE, HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. IT WASN’T LONG AND HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE OF THE REAL POLICING.” “WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P. [IN 1932] HE WAS THE TOP CLASS OF [THE] A.P.P. THAT AUTOMATICALLY WERE ACCEPTED INTO THE R.C.M.P. HE WAS PUT IN CHARGE, WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P.—FIRST HE STARTED OUT IN CHARGE OF BRAINARD—HORSE LAKE—A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION. THEY CLOSED THAT DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY, A LITTLE VILLAGE, AND HE WAS THE ONLY ONE IN CHARGE, THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. THAT’S WHEN THAT 1932 [CHANGE] CAME ALONG AND HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P. AND WENT FROM THERE.” “IN ’32, IT WAS R.C.M.P. AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. THEN HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. [THERE] WAS NO DETACHMENT IN BARRHEAD. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO COVER.” “[A.P.P. MEMBERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY HAD THREE CATEGORIES THERE, OF THE A.P.P. MEMBERS…[THERE WERE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE, THAT THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P.; THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEY WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE. THEN THERE [WERE THE ONES THAT] COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY. THEN THERE [WERE] ONES THAT COULD GET IN FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY. THEY’D BE ACCEPTED FOR A YEAR. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE AND [THEY] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE.” “A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING. THESE WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” “ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK KNEW DAD REALLY WELL, HE’D EVEN BEEN IN THE A.P.P. HE CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, “BUCK, [DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’, A LOT] I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT…YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE, I THINK, THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?” “[WE CAME DOWN HERE IN] ’44…I NEVER HAD ANY PROBLEM [WITH THE MOVE]. I WAS ALWAYS ADVENTUROUS. I HAD LOTS OF FRIENDS BUT I WAS ALWAYS HAPPY TO GO.” “WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US AND THEN HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE READY, SO WE CAME DOWN AND STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN, HERE. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE, LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS.” “[DAD] HAD TO OVERSEE THE POW CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POW’S IN THIS RESPECT, THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. [THEY] WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY…THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY, THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. HE RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT AND HELPED THEM, [GAVE] THEM ADVICE, “YOU KNOW, YOU GOTTA GO BACK TO GERMANY AND THEN APPLY TO COME BACK.” THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK…‘CAUSE THERE [WAS] A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS AND THEY NEEDED THAT HELP. SOME OF THOSE FARMERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET SOME OF THESE GERMANS, AND SOME OF THE FARMERS’ DAUGHTERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET THAT, TOO. THEN THERE’S SOME LATER MARRIAGES AFTER THAT. IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO CONDEMN ALL THOSE POW’S BECAUSE A LOT OF THEM WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD, MORAL FELLOWS THAT DIDN’T WANT TO BE INVOLVED WITH ANY KILLING.” “HE WAS A PLAIN STAFF SERGEANT, NCO, SECOND IN CHARGE OF THE SUBDIVISION.” “[THEN HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON [TO RETIRE IN 1950], HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS. HE JOINED THE R.C.M. P. VETS BUT WITH HIS RECORD, THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE. THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA WHICH, AT THAT TIME, THERE WERE ONLY TWO: LETHBRIDGE AND FORT SASKATCHEWAN. [THE] ONLY PLACE IN FORT SASKATCHEWAN WAS FOR WOMEN, SO [WOMEN] HAD TO GO ALL THE WAY TO FORT SASKATCHEWAN, EVEN IF [THEY] WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE. THAT WASN’T A VERY GOOD DEAL, SO DAD COULD SEE A REAL NEED [FOR WORK]. IT WAS A REAL MESS WHEN HE LOOKED AT THE PRISONS.” “HE REALIZED, BEING AN R.C.M.P., THAT MANY OF THE YOUNG CITY POLICE, TOWN SHERIFFS, SOME OF THESE MAGISTRATES, THEY MESSED THINGS UP. HE STARTED A TRAINING SCHOOL FOR THESE MUNICIPAL POLICE AND THAT JUST WENT TERRIFICALLY. THEY HAD [THE SCHOOLS] IN CALGARY AND IN EDMONTON TWICE A YEAR. THEY HAD A BIG GROUP FROM MEDICINE HAT COME UP AND [TAKE] THE SCHOOLING, LETHBRIDGE CAME UP, AND SOME OF THE PRISON GUARDS TOOK [THE TRAINING], TOO.” “[HE] WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN/SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, HE WAS SO BUSY THAT THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS BECAUSE…THE FIRST THING HE HAD TO DO WAS TO DEVELOP THE PRISONS FOR ALBERTA. TWO WAS NOT SUFFICIENT.” “[DAD’S] PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, HUMOROUS, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, AND VERY FIRMLY. THE STAFF…ALL LOVED HIM. I [HAVE] LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON…“YOU’RE THE BEST BOSS WE EVER HAD.” ALL HE HAD WAS A VISION OF WHAT NEEDED TO BE DONE…HE COULD GO AND EXPLAIN THE NEED FOR THE JAILS, WHAT IT WOULD COST AND WHAT IT NEEDED TO FIX THE PROBLEM. HE NEVER HAD PROBLEM GETTING EXACTLY WHAT HE NEEDED FROM THEM.” ON THE DONATION OF THE REVOLVER AND AMMUNITION, BUCHANAN NOTED, “MY DAD KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER [HIS BELONGINGS] AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM. [DAD KNEW] THAT I WASN’T ONE TO PUT IT IN MY BASEMENT TO HAVE GOODNESS-KNOWS-WHAT-HAPPEN TO IT. HE HAD LEFT ALL OF THAT IN CHARGE OF ME. I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTOR OF THE ESTATE.” “I AM NOW AT THE YOUNG AGE OF 88; I’M NOT WORRIED ABOUT LIVING ANOTHER 10 YEARS. I DIDN’T WANT THE CHANCE OF ANYBODY STEALING IT, OR GETTING THEIR HANDS ON IT, SO I WANTED TO MAKE SURE YOU GOT IT. AND, I DON’T NEED IT, SO WHY KEEP IT? IF I GET LONESOME, AND WANT TO SEE IT, I’LL COME TO THE MUSEUM AND LOOK AT IT.” “I’LL FEEL HAPPY, TO KNOW IT’S GOT A GOOD HOME. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL TRANSCRIPTIONS FROM INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190002001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190002002
Acquisition Date
2019-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1981
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FUR, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P20080002001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1981
Materials
FUR, CLOTH
No. Pieces
1
Height
15.2
Length
24.9
Width
19.6
Description
MUSKRAT FUR CAP, STRING AT TOP OF CAP UNTIES TO ALLOW EAR FLAPS TO HANG DOWN, OUTER SURFACE OF CAP WITH BLACK FABRIC, IN SIDE OF CAP WITH BLACK LINING AND LABEL READING, "RELIABLE FUR CO. LTD....MONTREAL, F. R. KORTH."
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONOR'S FATHER, FRANCIS ALLAN KORTH, RECEIVED FUR CAP AND BUFFALO COAT (P20080002002) WHEN DONOR'S GRANDFATHER, FRANCIS (FRANK) RAYMOND KORTH, PASSED AWAY NOVEMBER 27, 1998. CAP AND COAT WERE ISSUED BY LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE, AND WORN BY OFFICERS WHO WALKED THE BEAT. ALLAN HAD A FAMILY "KORTH" ROOM IN BASEMENT WHICH FEATURED PHOTOS, OLD IRON, AND OTHER MISC. ITEMS FROM, "BACK IN THE DAY." DONOR'S GRANDFATHER FELT HIS ONLY SON WOULD VALUE THE CAP AND COAT. FRANCIS ALLAN PASSED AWAY MAY 9, 2007. DONOR MAINTAINED CAP AND COAT AT FATHER'S FORMER HOME UNTIL DONATION. THE DONATION WAS MADE ON BEHALF OF THE FATHER AND GRANDFATHER DUE TO THEIR PASSION FOR FAMILY HISTORY. BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, LETHBRIDGE POLICE SUPERINTENDENT GLEN MICHELSON CLAIMED THAT THIS STYLE OF CAP WAS IN USE WHEN HE JOINED IN 1950. INSPECTOR BILL KAYE STATED THAT ITS USE WAS DISCONTINUED BY THE LATE 90S, HOWEVER, IT WAS RE-INTRODUCED A DECADE LATER DUE TO ITS WARMTH. *UPDATE*: ON NOVEMBER 24TH, 2016, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE GRAD STUDENT JOSH READ, FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, INTERVIEWED RETIRED LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE (FORCE) MEMBER MARCEL ST. ONGE ON ACCOUNT OF HIS INTEREST IN THE FORCE’S PAST USE OF FUR CLOTHING IN POLICE PATROLS. ON DECEMBER 2ND, 2016, READ JOINTLY INTERVIEWED RETIREES BILL PLOMP AND GLEN MICHELSON ON THE SAME SUBJECT. TO READ COPIES OF THESE TWO INTERVIEWS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR DONATION P20080002002. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE PERMANENT RECORD.
Catalogue Number
P20080002001
Acquisition Date
2008-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE DEPARTMENT
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC, VINYL
Catalogue Number
P19970057003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE DEPARTMENT
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
SYNTHETIC FABRIC, VINYL
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.4
Length
27.5
Width
26.7
Description
NAVY BLUE SYNTHETIC PEAKED CAP WITH BLACK VINYL VISOR. VINYL BAND AROUND FRONT OF CAP; BUTTON AT EITHER END EMBOSSED "FD". FABRIC TAG SEWN INTO INSIDE OF CAP, READS "UNIFORM STYLED BY TIP TOP". SMALLER TAG BESIDE, WITH "UNION MADE"; ALSO STICKER HANDWRITTEN WITH "7 3/8". NO CAP BADGE. LEATHER BAND ALONG INTERIOR OF CAP.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO DONOR'S UNCLE, ROBERT MOODIE, WHO WORKED FOR THE FIRE DEPARTMENT FOR ABOUT 38 YEARS, BEGINNING IN THE 1950S.
Catalogue Number
P19970057003
Acquisition Date
1997-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
16
Width
11
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED COTTON NURSES CAP. CAP WAS A FLAT PIECE OF FABRIC FOLDED INTO A STANDUP BRIM, AND A POINTED CROWN. THERE IS THE REMNANTS OF A TAG ON THE EDGE MARKED "DONNA MELLORM?". ALSO MARKED "M.H." IN ONE CORNER. ITEM HAS THREE PAPER CLIPS ATTACHED TO KEEP HAT IN PLACE, BUT WITHOUT HAT STILL MAINTAINS SHAPE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE NURSE’S CAP. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. ASKED ABOUT THE OTHER NAMES WRITTEN IN HER UNIFORM, MARION REPLIED: “OH, IT WAS PROBABLY REUSED … THEY WOULD NEVER WASTE A THING, AT ST. MIKES WE WERE TAUGHT TO CONSERVE … NOTHING WAS THROWN OUT THAT COULD BE REUSED, WHETHER IT WAS ON THE NURSING UNIT OR AS FAR AS OUR UNIFORMS WERE CONCERNED. I REMEMBER ONE INCIDENT: I WORKED IN THE OPERATING ROOM AT ST. MIKES AND I BRIEFLY WORKED THE “OR” AT THE FOOTHILLS HOSPITAL AND I COULDN’T GET OVER [IT], I KEPT RUNNING TO THE GARBAGE AND PULLING OUT WHAT THEY WERE THROWING AWAY BECAUSE IT WAS STILL GOOD. AND WE WOULD NEVER CONSIDER THROWING AWAY THINGS THAT COULD BE RE-STERILIZED AND REUSED.” MARY ANN ADDED: “OUR UNIFORMS WERE WASHED FOR US. … SO WHEN WE GOT OUR UNIFORMS, SOMETIMES WE GOT THE WRONG HAT AND STUFF.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIREMEN'S PEAK CAP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19950037019
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIREMEN'S PEAK CAP
Date
1933
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
11.5
Diameter
26.9
Description
NAVY BLUE PEAK CAP WITH RED BAND AROUND CREST OF HAT. CAP HAS ROUND TOP WITH STRAIGHT CREST BASE SEWN TO TOP. STITCHED TO FRONT OF CREST IS STIFF LEATHER BRIM PAINTED BLACK. RED SILK BAND 4.2CM WIDE IS SEWN AROUND CREST OF HAT. ON EITHER SIDE OF CAP ARE TWO BRASS BUTTONS WITH "FD" RAISED FROM THEM WITH RAISED LEAF LAUREL AROUND LETTERS. FASTENED BETWEEN BUTTONS IS LEATHER STRAP WITH TWO BRASS BUCKLES PAINTED BLACK. ON BACK OF BUTTONS "SUPERIOR QUALITY" IS STAMPED. BOTH ENDS OF LEATHER STRAP ARE TORN AND HELD IN PLACE BY FRICTION. INSIDE OF CAP HAS YELLOW-GOLD LINING WITH "CAPT SHORT APRIL 15TH 33" HAND PRINTED IN BLACK INK. INSIDE LINING OF CREST IS LEATHER BAND STITCHED TO HAT. MOST STITCHING HAS COME LOOSE OR IS GONE. STAMPED ON LEATHER BAND IN GOLD IS "HAMILTON UNIFORM CAP CO. 214 KING WILLIAM ST. HAMILTON, ONT.". MOST GOLD PAINT HAS WORN OFF. STRAP HAS FALLEN OFF.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE P19950037001-GA. BELONGED TO WILLIAM H. SHORT, THE LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO.1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED WERE CONNECTED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT AND HIS CAREER AS FIRE CHIEF IN THE NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. “YOU SEE, DURING THE YEARS THAT HE WAS THE FIRE CHIEF,” DERRICK BEGAN, “THEIR QUARTERS ACTUALLY WERE IN THE BACK OF THE FIRE HALL. SO STUFF KIND OF GOT ACCUMULATED THERE. THE WHOLE FAMILY [LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL]. WHEN I WAS LITTLE, I WAS THERE ALL THE TIME. MY FATHER [WILLIAM D. SHORT] WAS A CAPTAIN IN THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT MY GRANDFATHER WAS THE FIRE CHIEF.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD ANY MEMORY OF SEEING HER GRANDFATHER WEARING ANY OF THE ARTIFACTS, SUCH AS THE HELMET (P19950037014) OR THE FIRE PANTS (P19950037008), DERRICK RECALLED, “YES, BECAUSE LETHBRIDGE WAS SMALL AT THE TIME AND WHEN WE LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL AND THE BELLS WENT OFF, WE WOULD OFTEN WALK OVER TO HAVE A LOOK AT THE FIRE. I WOULD SEE MY GRANDFATHER OUT THERE, AND I’D SEE MY FATHER WHEN HE WAS ON SHIFT. THERE WERE SOME HUGE FIRES RIGHT DOWNTOWN. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT DATES – PROBABLY BACK IN THE LATE ‘40’S, EARLY ‘50’S. [IN ONE INSTANCE], MY DAD WAS ALSO ON THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, SPEEDING TO A FIRE, AND ANOTHER TRUCK CAME ALONG AND HIT HIM IN THE BACK. HE SUFFERED VERY SEVERE INJURIES FROM THAT. AND I SAW THAT TOO. I WAS JUST ON MY WAY BACK TO SCHOOL.” “WHEN I WAS YOUNG, I WAS ALWAYS IN AND OUT [OF THE FIRE HALL],” DERRICK WENT ON, “THERE WAS A BELL TOWER THERE, WHERE THEY HUNG THE WET HOSES UP TO DRY. THERE WERE RICKETY OLD WOODEN STAIRS GOING ROUND AND ROUND ALL THE WAY UP TO THE TOP OF THE FIRE HALL TO WHERE THE BELL USED TO BE. I USED TO GO UP AND DOWN THOSE STAIRS, AND HOP AND PLAY. AND IN THE BASEMENT THERE WAS PRISON CELLS, BECAUSE IT USED [TO BE] THE POLICE STATION MANY, MANY YEARS BEFORE. IT WAS A COMBINATION OF FIRE AND POLICE. AND, THERE WAS A BIG FURNACE DOWN THERE. I USED TO GO DOWN AND WATCH THE FIREMEN PUSH COAL INTO THE FURNACE TO KEEP IT GOING. IT WAS AN INTERESTING PLACE TO BE AROUND.” “MY GRANDFATHER WAS ON THE INTERNATIONAL BOARD OF FIRE CHIEFS,” DERRICK CONTINUED, “HE WAS VICE-PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK. THEY HAD ASKED HIM TO COME UP AND TAKE THE PRESIDENCY, BUT AFTER MUCH CONSIDERATION, HE DECIDED HE DIDN’T WANT TO LEAVE THE FAMILY FOR THE TWO YEAR TERM IN NEW YORK, SO HE TURNED THAT ONE DOWN. THOUGH HE DID REMAIN ON THE BOARD FOR MANY YEARS.” AN ARTICLE IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2000 READS, “WILLIAM SHORT RETIRED AS LETHBRIDGE FIRE CHIEF IN 1962, ENDING A CAREER AS CHIEF WHICH BEGAN IN JANUARY 1945.” A HERALD ARTICLE FROM 1974 ADDITIONALLY STATES THAT SHORT “JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT IN 1911. HE WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT IN 1919 AND CAPTAIN IN 1922.” AN ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TITLED, “LETHBRIDGE WELL PROTECTED BY MODERN FIRE DEPARTMENT,” PUBLISHED IN 1967 IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “[IN 1910] THE FIRST FIREHALL THAT [WAS] LOCATED AT 4TH STREET AND 2ND AVENUE SOUTH WAS TORN DOWN. IT WAS A TWO-STOREY BUILDING. A THREE-STOREY FIREHALL WAS BUILT IN ITS PLACE ON THE SAME SITE. THAT EARLY BUILDING HOUSED THE FIRE DEPARTMENT EQUIPMENT, SERVED AS CITY HALL AND THE POLICE STATION…” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS DURING THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037019
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19960107007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1985
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.9
Diameter
27
Description
BLACK WOOL PEAK CAP WITH GOLD EMBROIDERED LAURELS ON THE PATENT LEATHER PEAK BRIM. CAP IS A BERET STYLE WITH RED NYLON HAT BAND SEWN VERTICALLY TO BOTTOM. ACROSS BASE OF HAT, ABOVE THE BRIM IS A BLACK CHIN STRAP THAT IS ATTACHED AT EACH EAR WITH A BRASS BUTTON MARKED "POLICE FORCE", WITH A CROWN IN THE CENTRE. ON FRONT CENTRE OF HAT IS A BRASS BADGE WITH A CROWN ON THE TOP, MARKED "POLICE LETHBRIDGE". INSIDE OF CAP HAS RED NYLON LINING, WITH A BROWN PLASTIC INNER HEADBAND. TOP OF THE INSIDE OF THE CAP HAS A PIECE OF CLEAR PLASTIC SEWN IN, WHICH CONTAINS 2 ROUND BLUE DOTS, A BLACK LABEL MARKED "R. NICHOLLS 460 STE-CATHERINE W. MTL. TEL: 861-3391 DRY CLEAN ONLY- NETTOYER A SEC NOM/NAME", A WHITE LABEL MARKED "AFL-C10-CLC UNION LABEL MADE IN CANADA FABRIQUE AU CANADA". ALSO HAS A ROUND WHITE LABEL MARKED "7 5/8 61".
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996.
Catalogue Number
P19960107007
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
RCMP PEAKED CAP
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970111006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RCMP PEAKED CAP
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
14
Diameter
26.5
Description
BLACK WOOL PEAKED CAP WITH A BRASS RCMP BADGE ON THE FRONT, WITH THE KING'S CROWN. YELLOW HAT BAND, AND A BLACK PATENT LEATHER CHIN STRAP AND BRIM. ITEM IS IN VERY GOOD CONDITION, WITH LITTLE WEAR OR DAMAGE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONOR JOINED THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN AUGUST 1951, AT WINNIPEG, MANITOBA. HE WAS IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE FOR 25 YEARS, AND WAS STATIONED ALL OVER NORTHERN ALBERTA AND CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1974. WORKED IN THE OFFICE MOSTLY IN LETHBRIDGE, AND RETIRED OCTOBER 1976. FOR HISTORY OF KEN VEALS PLEASE SEE P19970084001-GA, OR P19970111001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19970111006
Acquisition Date
1997-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLICE PEAK CAP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19960112019
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLICE PEAK CAP
Date
1966
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.2
Diameter
27
Description
BLACK WOOL PEAK CAP WITH A BURGUNDY WOOL HAT BAND, A PATENT LEATHER BRIM, AND A GOLD BADGE ON THE FRONT. BADGE HAS A QUEEN'S CROWN ON THE TOP, WITH "POLICE" BELOW, WITH A "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE 1890-1906" CREST IN THE CENTRE, WITH "LETHBRIDGE" ON THE BOTTOM, AND THE PROFILE OF A BEAVER ACROSS THE BOTTOM. ABOVE THE BRIM IS A BLACK CHIN STRAP THAT IS ATTACHED AT EACH EAR WITH A BRASS BUTTON MARKED "POLICE FORCE", WITH A CROWN IN THE CENTRE. INSIDE OF CAP HAS A WHITE TAG MARKED "TAILORED ESPECIALLY FOR MR. CAP 6 7/8 DATE SEPT 66", AND ON A RED STICKER LABEL IS MARKED "CST. M.W.J. ST. ONGE".
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ST. ONGE JOINED CITY POLICE 18 JUNE, 1965 AT AGE 27, HAVING PREVIOUSLY WORKED FOR TRUCKING COMPANY OPERATED BY FODER FAMILY. NEIGHBOR ENCOURAGED ST, ONGE TO JOIN AND WAS ONE OF TWO SELECTED OUT OF INTAKE SCRUTINIZING 100 POSSIBLE CANDIDATES. HIS FIRST FOUR YEARS WERE ASSIGNED TO THE POLICE’S CITY WIDE FOOT BEAT. ST. ONGE’S 1ST BEAT WAS THE CITY’S EAST, WALKING THE BEAT TWICE NIGHTLY, CHECKING FOR OPEN DOORS (NIGHT) AND BROKEN WINDOWS. HE WAS ALONE AND CARRIED NO RADIO (NO PORTABLE RADIOS ISSUED AT TIME EXCEPT IN PATROL CARS). IT WOULD ONLY BE A COUPLE YEARS AFTER HIS SERVICE BEGAN THAT HAND-HELD RADIOS WERE CARRIED – OTHERWISE ST. ONGE MADE CALLS FROM OPEN BUSINESSES. AFTER FOUR YEARS FOOT PATROL HE TRANSFERRED TO TRAFFIC, COORDINATED BY BILL WEST, FOR SIX YEARS. ST. ONGE WAS ADAMANT THAT HE BE THE “ACCIDENT CAR” AND TO ALWAYS, THEREFORE, BE “FIRST IN THE CHUTE”. WEST SOUGHT OUT GOOD QUALITY CARS, RECALLS ST. ONGE. HE COULD NOT REMEMBER WHEN RADAR WAS IMPLEMENTED AND ALSO CONDUCTED TRAFFIC SAFETY WITH KIDS. LETHBRIDGE WAS THE 2ND CRIME STOPPERS (1982) INITIATIVE IN CANADA AND WAS LAUNCHED HERE BY ST. ONGE. HE WAS THE DEPARTMENT’S MEDIA SPOKESPERSON AND PUBLIC LIASON FOR TEN YEARS, CONDUCTING LECTURES AT THE COLLEGE, WITH SCHOOLS AND CITIZENS. CRIME PREVENTION BECAME A SERIOUS ENDEAVOR DURING HIS YEARS AND HE WAS PROACTIVE IN COMMUNITY POLICING. HE WAS EVEN ON TALK SHOWS (TERRY BLAND) WITH OTHER POLICE AGENCY REPS. AFTER TEN YEARS, HOWEVER, HE WAS ENCOURAGED TO MOVE INTO A NEW ROLE AND WAS PROMOTED TO PATROL SGT. HE WAS A COURT LIASON FOR 2 YEARS (APPROX 1985) BEFORE BECOMING ONE OF FIVE STREET SUPERVISORS, (AKA PATROL SGT) ASSIGNED THE COORDINATION OF 12-13 OFFICERS AND ATTENDING MAJOR SCENES AS REQUIRED FOR ANOTHER TWO YEARS. BEFORE RETIRING IN 1992, HE WAS A STATION SGT STREET SUPERVISOR, REPORTING TO THE STATION SERGEANT. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112019
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19960112020
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
13
Diameter
27
Description
BLACK WOOL PEAK CAP WITH A BRIGHT RED WOOL HAT BAND, A PATENT LEATHER BRIM, AND A SILVER BADGE ON THE FRONT. BADGE HAS A QUEEN'S CROWN ON THE TOP, WITH "POLICE" BELOW, AND A "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE 1890-1906" CREST IN THE CENTRE, WITH "LETHBRIDGE" ON THE BOTTOM, AND THE PROFILE OF A BEAVER ACROSS THE BOTTOM. ABOVE THE BRIM IS A BLACK CHIN STRAP THAT IS ATTACHED AT EACH EAR WITH A BRASS BUTTON MARKED "POLICE FORCE", WITH A CROWN IN THE CENTRE. INSIDE IS A LABEL MARKED "MUIR CAP & REGALIA LTD. SCARSBOROUGH (TORONTO) CANADA". A PIECE OF VELCRO IS ATTACHED TO THE UNDERSIDE OF THE BRIM. POSSIBLY NEVER WORN.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112020
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WOMEN'S POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19960112022
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WOMEN'S POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
COTTON, NICKEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.1
Length
22
Width
19
Description
DARK NAVY BLUE COTTON WOMEN'S SERVICE CAP, WITH RED TWILL BAND. SIDES AND BACK OF RIM FOLDED UP. SLIGHTLY QUILTED LINING. SILVER CAP BADGE WITH "POLICE LETHBRIDGE" ON FRONT OF CAP. ADHESIVE NYLON LABEL INSIDE RED SYNTHETIC LINING OF CAP, READS "EST 1875 THE MUIR BRAND MUIR CAP & REGALIA LTD. SCARBOROUGH (TORONTO) CANADA". SIZE STICKER BELOW "6 7/8 55".
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, RET. LETHBRIDGE POLICE CHIEF TERRY WAUTERS CLAIMED THAT THE CAP WAS THE FIRST STYLE WORN BY MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE. FIRST FEMALE MEMBERS INCLUDED DARCIE JAMES AND PAULETTE DECOSTE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000. *2015 UPDATE* FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT AND INTERVIEWS WITH THE FIRST TWO POLICEWOMEN IN LETHBRIDGE, PAULETTE DECOSTE AND DARCIE JAMES, SEE RECORD P20140008001.
Catalogue Number
P19960112022
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PEAKED CAP
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19960112033
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PEAKED CAP
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
13.5
Length
29
Width
26.9
Description
GREEN KHAKI WOOL PEAKED CAP WITH BROWN VINYL VISOR AND LEATHER BAND ACROSS WIDTH OF FOREFRONT. TWO BRASS BUTTONS AT EITHER END OF BAND, WITH "EDMONTON POLICE FORCE" EMBOSSED. NO CAP BADGE. INTERIOR LINED WITH BLACK COTTON; LEATHER BAND AROUND PERIMETER. DIAMOND-SHAPED VINYL PIECE SEWN TO TOP; BENEATH IS TAG WITH "STOKES CAP & REGALIA LTD. TORONTO ONTARIO". WHITE DRAWSTRING INSIDE BAND TIED IN BOW AT BACK OF INSIDE CAP.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
KHAKI UNIFORM COLLECTED IN 1961 WHEN THE TRAFFIC DIVISION WAS BEGUN AND SGT. WEST WANTED DIFFERENT COLORED UNIFORM WITH BOOTS AND BREECHES. IN 1959 THEY WERE SCROUNGED FROM EDMONTON, AND TAILOR MADE BY 1961 BY LEO SINGER. CAP COLLECTED AS A REPRESENTATION OF THE STYLE WORN BY LETHBRIDGE POLICE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112033
Acquisition Date
1996-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WOMEN'S POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19960112021
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WOMEN'S POLICE PEAK CAP
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
COTTON, NICKEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
15
Diameter
23.5
Description
DARK NAVY BLUE COTTON WOMEN'S SERVICE CAP, WITH RED TWILL BAND AND A BLACK PATENT LEATHER BRIM & NECKSTRAP. ON EITHER END OF NECKSTRAP ARE SILVER PLASTIC POLICE FORCE BUTTONS EMBOSSED WITH THE QUEENS CROWN. GOLD SATIN LINING & BROWN PLASTIC BAND LINING INSIDE BAND. WHITE LABEL SEWN TO INSIDE MARKED "STOKES CAP & REGALIA LTD. SCARBOROUGH, ONTARIO".
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
IT IS CLAIMED THAT THIS IS "THE SECOND STYLE OF FEMALE HAT ISSUED". SEE P19960012022-GA FOR MORE INFORMATION. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112021
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
RCMP PEAKED CAP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, PLASTIC, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970105001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
RCMP PEAKED CAP
Date
1981
Materials
WOOL, PLASTIC, LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Height
14.1
Length
25.8
Width
25
Description
NAVY BLUE SERVICE CAP WITH YELLOW PLASTIC MESH BAND. BLACK VINYL VISOR WITH BROWN LEATHER HEADBAND LINING INTERIOR. BRASS CAP BADGE PINNED TO FRONT, WITH RCMP BUFFALO EMBLEM AND "MAINTIENS LE DROIT ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE" EMBOSSED. INTERIOR OF CAP QUILTED AND LINED WITH RED SATIN; DIAMOND-SHAPED PLASTIC POCKET SEWN INSIDE TOP. WHITE TAG READS "STOKES CAP & REGALIA LTD. R.C.M.P. 2/81 SIZE 7 -56CM STOCK #2925-303". TAG HAS COME UNGLUED FROM CAP.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
JOHN DOREE RETIRED FROM THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AFTER 33 YEARS OF SERVICE AT THE RANK OF STAFF SERGEANT. HE WAS THE SECRETARY OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE VETERANS' ASSOCIATION FOR LETHBRIDGE DIVISION. DOREE WAS BORN MARCH 29, 1938 IN CRANBROOK BC. HIS ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE TRAINING BEGAN APRIL 15, 1957 WHICH HE FINISHED IN JANUARY 1958. DOREE'S FIRST POSTING WAS IN BONNYVILLE WHERE HE SERVED FOR EIGHT MONTHS AFTER WHICH HE TRANSFERRED TO FORT CHIPEWYAN FOR A YEAR AND A HALF. BETWEEN 1961-1964 DOREE WAS POSTED WITH EDMONTON DETACHMENT. HE WAS THEN TRANSFERRED TO LAMANT FOR AN EIGHT MONTH POSTING. IN JUNE OF 1965 DOREE WAS STATIONED IN WAINRIGHT WHERE HE SERVED FOR TWO YEARS AND WHERE HE WAS MARRIED TO HIS WIFE JUDY ON AUGUST 21, 1965. THE DOREE'S FIRST SON, KEVIN, WAS BORN MAY 29, 1967. IN OCTOBER 1968 DOREE WAS TRANSFERRED TO VIKING WHERE ONE YEAR LATER HE WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL. THE DOREE'S SECOND SON, JIM, WAS BORN WHILE THEY WERE IN VIKING ON APRIL 6, 1970. IN JULY 1978 DOREE WAS TRANSFERRED TO PONOKA WHERE IN 1981 HE WAS PROMOTED TO STAFF SERGEANT. IN SEPTEMBER 1984 DOREE WAS TRANSFERRED TO LETHBRIDGE SUBDIVISION WITH TEMPORARY DUTY TO CALGARY FOR THE WINTER OLYMPICS IN 1988, UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT APRIL 20, 1990. THROUGHOUT DOREE'S 33 YEAR SERVICE WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE HE ATTENDED VARIOUS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT COURSES INCLUDING AMONG THEM SMALL BOAT TRAINING , RADAR SPEEDOMETER OPERATIONS, BASIC POLICE SUPERVISORS, ADVANCED DRIVER TRAINING, MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES AND RESULTS, SENIOR POLICE ADMINISTRATION, CHEMICAL WEAPONS AND CROSS CULTURAL EDUCATION.
Catalogue Number
P19970105001
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WINTER POLICE CAP
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, FUR
Catalogue Number
P19960112029
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WINTER POLICE CAP
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1995
Materials
WOOL, FUR
No. Pieces
1
Height
19
Length
28
Width
25.5
Description
NAVY BLUE WOOL CAP WITH FUR-LINED EAR AND NECK FLAP. MUSKRAT FUR PIECE SEWN TO EXTERIOR FRONT AS WELL. FLAP IS SLIGHTLY LONGER AT EARS; HAS TWO NAVY BLUE COTTON TIES TO SECURE FLAPS AT SIDES OF CAP WHEN NOT IN USE. CROWN OF CAP PEAKED SLIGHLTY. INTERIOR QUILTED; LINED IN BLACK SYNTHETIC FABRIC. TAG READS "STOKES CAP & REG...SCARBOROUGH-ONTARIO". ALSO "58CM 7 1/4" STICKER.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, LETHBRIDGE POLICE SUPERINTENDENT GLEN MICHELSON CLAIMED THAT THIS STYLE OF CAP WAS IN USE WHEN HE JOINED IN 1950. INSPECTOR BILL KAYE STATED THAT ITS USE WAS DISCONTINUED BY THE LATE 90S, HOWEVER, IT WAS RE-INTRODUCED A DECADE LATER DUE TO ITS WARMTH. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000. *UPDATE*: ON NOVEMBER 24TH, 2016, UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE GRAD STUDENT JOSH READ, FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, INTERVIEWED RETIRED LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE (FORCE) MEMBER MARCEL ST. ONGE ON ACCOUNT OF HIS INTEREST IN THE FORCE’S PAST USE OF FUR CLOTHING IN POLICE PATROLS. ON DECEMBER 2ND, 2016, READ JOINTLY INTERVIEWED RETIREES BILL PLOMP AND GLEN MICHELSON ON THE SAME SUBJECT. TO READ COPIES OF THESE TWO INTERVIEWS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR DONATION P20080002002.
Catalogue Number
P19960112029
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HAT
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1984
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P20080010001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HAT
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1984
Materials
CLOTH
No. Pieces
1
Height
9.5
Length
26.5
Width
21.0
Description
NAVY BASEBALL CAP, PATCH ON FRONT OF CAP WITH YELLOW EMBROIDERED TEXT READING, "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE." LABEL ON INSIDE PROPER LEFT OF CAP READS, "CALI FAME OF LOS ANGELES, M."
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GLEN MICHELSON AT TIME OF DONATION, THIS CAP WAS PART OF A SWAT UNIFORM. THE UNIFORM ALSO INCLUDED A COAT, PANTS AND MISCELLANEOUS PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT. THE SWAT TEAM WAS FORMED BY CHIEF RALPH MICHELSON. ACCORDING TO THE DONOR IT WAS FORMED "IN CASE OF AN EMERGENCY; IT WAS A GOOD CHOICE TO HAVE A TEAM, LIKE OTHER CITIES, IT WAS NEEDED." MICHELSON WAS UNABLE TO PROVIDE NAMES OF OTHER TEAM MEMBERS, HOWEVER, HE DID SAY TEAMS WERE FORMED THROUGH BOTH VOLUNTEERS AND SELECTED MEMBERS. DESIREABLE TRAITS FOR SWAT TEAM MEMBERS INCLUDED EXPERTISE IN USE AND TRAINING WITH REGARD TO FIREARMS, GOOD COMMON SENSE AND GOOD PHYSICAL CONDITION. MICHELSON SAID, "SOME (OF OUR) TRAINING (TOOK PLACE) IN LETHBRIDGE. OUR TEAM TRAINED WITH FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (FBI) TEAMS IN BUTTE, MONTANA, AND BOZEMAN, MONTANA, A WEEK IN EACH PLACE." THE TEAM OFTEN TRAINED AT THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE RANGE. THEY LEARNED TO USE M16 FULLY AUTOMATIC RIFLES (308 CALIBRE), REMINGTON MODEL 870 SHOTGUNS, SNIPER RIFLES 223 CALIBRE, GAS EQUIPMENT, REVOLVERS AND AUTOMATIC WEAPONS. MICHELSON SERVED AS A LEADER OF THE SWAT TEAM. HE WAS IN CHARGE OF GOOD TRAINING. HE WAS A MEMBER FOR APPROXIMATELY TEN YEARS. THE EARLIEST REFERENCE TO A LETHBRIDGE SWAT TEAM DATES TO 1975. ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, ON APRIL 29, 1975, CHIEF RALPH MICHELSON WAS PURCHASING SHOTGUNS, BULLET-PROOF VESTS, FACIAL HOODS AND BOMB DISPOSAL EQUIMENT FOR THE SWAT TEAM. GLEN MICHELSON RETIRED FROM THE POLICE FORCE IN 1984. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20080010001
Acquisition Date
2008-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PEAKED POLICE CAP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, METAL.
Catalogue Number
P20080008014
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PEAKED POLICE CAP
Date
1966
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, METAL.
No. Pieces
2
Height
13.5
Diameter
27.0
Description
PEAKED POLICE CAP AND MAKERS TAG - 2 PIECES. 1. POLICE CAP, PEAKED. NAVY WOOL HEAD PIECE WITH SILVER COLORED BADGE MARKED "POLICE, LETHBRIDGE" DEPICTING SHEILD, CROWN, BEAVER AND LEAVES IN FRONT. BRIM OF HAT IS BLACK VINYL. JUST ABOVE BRIM IS MATCHING VINYL HATBAND ATTACHED TO HAT BY SILVER COLORED BUTTONS DEPICTING A CROWN MARKED "POLICE FORCE". HAT BAND LINED WITH LEATHER. INSIDE OF HAT LINED WITH BLUE CLOTH. 13.5 CM HIGH BY 27.0 CM IN DIAMETER. 2. TAG, COATED CLOTH TAG MARKED, "TAILORED ESPECIALLY FOR HOULT... SEPT 66..." 4.2 CM WIDE BY 6.2 CM WIDE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ACCORDING TO THE LABEL ON THE INSIDE OF THE HAT, THE OBJECT BELONGED TO A PERSON NAMED HOULT. ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, CONSTABLE CY HOULT RECIEVED AN AWARD FOR GOOD SCORES IN THE "INTERNATIONAL CITY MANAGER'S ASSOCIATION COURSE IN POLICE ADMINISTRATION" IN 1968. HE WAS TRAINED IN BREATHALIZER TESTING AND CONDUCTED DEMONSTRATIONS ON THE SUBJECT IN THE LATE 1970S. FINALLY, IN 2004 HE WAS ELECTED AS HEALTH COMMUNICATION OFFICER FOR "MEMBERS OF REGION 14 OF THE CANADIAN SECTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICE ASSOCIATION... EXECUTIVE." FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20080008014
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, MEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20150012004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, MEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Materials
WOOL, VINYL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
13
Length
22
Width
26
Description
PEAKED CAP WITH NAVY BLUE WOOL CROWN AND BLACK VINYL BRIM. WOVEN BLACK BAND WITH MAPLE LEAF DESIGN. BLACK VINYL STRAP WITH A GOLD-COLOURED BUTTON AT EACH END, WITH RAISED DESIGN AND LETTER “P” AT CENTRES. INNER BRIM IS LINED WITH BROWN LEATHER. INSIDE LABEL READS “MUIR CAP & REGALIA LTD. – TORONTO, CANADA”. STICKER ON BACK OF INNER BRIM READS “7 1/8”. SLIGHT WEAR ON PEAK’S TOP SEAM, PROPER LEFT SIDE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
THIS CAP WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. GALT ARCHIVES PHOTOGRAPH 19752908232 TITLED “NEW CIVIL DEFENSE UNIFORMS”, DATED MARCH 7, 1960, AND DEPICTS UNIFORMED MEN AND ONE WOMAN, LINED UP IN TWO ROWS. THE HATS IN THE PHOTOGRAPH ARE A VISUAL MATCH FOR THIS CAP AND THE WOMEN’S CAP P20150012006. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012004
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, WOMEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20150012006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE CAP, WOMEN’S
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1963
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
12
Length
14.5
Width
29
Description
PEAKED CAP WITH NAVY BLUE WOOL CROWN AND SOFT BLUE BRIM. BLACK VINYL STRAP WITH A GOLD-COLOURED BUTTON AT EACH END, WITH RAISED DESIGN AND LETTER “P” AT CENTRES. THREE METAL GROMMETS ON EACH SIDE OF HAT NEAR PEAK’S TOP SEAM. INNER BRIM IS LINED WITH BROWN LEATHER. INSIDE LABEL DEPICTS A RED BUFFALO AND TEXT THAT READS “BUFFALO CAP – WINNIPEG, CANADA – 7 1/8”. HAT IS STRETCHED OUT OF SHAPE, ELONGATED FROM FRONT TO BACK. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
THIS CAP WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. GALT ARCHIVES PHOTOGRAPH 19752908232 TITLED “NEW CIVIL DEFENSE UNIFORMS”, DATED MARCH 7, 1960, AND DEPICTS UNIFORMED MEN AND ONE WOMAN, LINED UP IN TWO ROWS. THE HATS IN THE PHOTOGRAPH ARE A VISUAL MATCH FOR THIS CAP AND THE MEN’S CAP P20150012004. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012006
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, BRASS, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P19960109001
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1987
Materials
PLASTIC, BRASS, FOAM
No. Pieces
3
Height
6.5
Length
30.5
Width
22
Description
BLACK PLASTIC CASE IS RECTANGULAR WITH SLIDING CLOSURE ON EITHER SIDE OF HANDLE. OUTSIDE OF CASE HAS ROUGH SNAKESKIN PATTERN. FRONT HAS RAISED "DOSKOCIL" LOGO IN CORNER BY HANDLE. IN CENTER OF FRONT IS RAISED CRISS-CROSS AND DIAMOND PATTERN WITH BRASS BADGE AT CENTER. BADGE IS OF SHIELD SURROUNDED BY MAPLE LEAVES. HAS COAT OF ARMS IN MIDDLE WITH QUEEN'S CROWN ON TOP AND BEAVER AT BASE. COAT OF ARMS IS CIRCULAR FIELD IN THREE PARTS WITH RAISED MOTTO CIRCUMVENTING FIELD. IN FIELD ARE GLUME OF WHEAT, ARM HOLDING HAMMER AND COAL TRAIN. ABOVE COAT OF ARMS IS BANNER WITH "POLICE" IN BLUE. BANNER BELOW COAT OF ARMS AND OVER BEAVER HAS "LETHBRIDGE" IN BLUE. INSIDE CASE ARE TWO GREY FOAM LINERS IN EGG CARTON FASHION. RAISED ON INSIDE CORNER OF TOP AND BOTTOM IS OUTLINE OF THE STATE OF TEXAS WITH "SME" INSIDE. RAISED ON BOTTOM IS "DOSKOCIL MFG. CO. INC. P.O. BOX 1246 ARLINGTON, TEXAS 76004-1246".
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996.
Catalogue Number
P19960109001
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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