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Other Name
ALBERTA R.C.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19740092000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA R.C.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Date
1974
Materials
NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
91.4
Width
180.3
Description
COLORS: WHITE, RED, BLACK, ROYAL BLUE, YELLOW. STAMPED AT 1 END "KENNEDY R.C.M.P." FORKED END. MOUNTED POLICEMAN IN BLACK ON CENTRE OF FLAG. COTTON BUNTING WITH LOOPED END AT TOP. SLIGHT STAINING; WORN EDGES.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PURCHASED FROM ALBERTA ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE CENTENNIAL COMMITTEE BY DONOR.
Catalogue Number
P19740092000
Acquisition Date
1974-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SAMPLE MATERIAL
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960112086
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SAMPLE MATERIAL
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
NYLON
No. Pieces
2
Height
1
Length
24.4
Width
16.5
Description
WHITE PAPER ENVELOPE WITH RED PRINT READING "SECOND CHANCE TESTING INSTRUCTIONS" WITH DESCRIPTION OF PRODUCT AND USE. CONTAINS STITCHED BUNCH OF YELLOW NYLON FABRIC OF DIFFERENT THICKNESSES OF WEAVE. EDGES FRAYED.
Subjects
ARTIFACT REMNANT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112086
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
AWARD PLAQUE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, BRONZE
Catalogue Number
P19960112067
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AWARD PLAQUE
Date
1960
Materials
WOOD, BRONZE
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.5
Length
36
Width
26.8
Description
WOODEN PLAQUE WITH BRONZE EMBOSSED PLATE ON FRONT. READS "AAA/CAA PEDESTRIAN PROGRAM APPRAISAL COOPERATION FOR PEDESTRIAN PROTECTION AND CONVENIENCE SECOND PLACE - 1960 AWARDED TO LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA AMONG CITIES 25,000 TO 50,000 POPULATION BY THE CANADIAN AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION". IMAGE OF MAN WITH CAPE AND SHIELD PROTECTING FAMILY OF THREE PEDESTRIANS. RING AT BACK FOR HANGING, WITH "MEDALLIC ART COMPANY NEW YORK" PRINTED ON PLATE BELOW.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112067
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CENTENNIAL FLAG
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19760101000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CENTENNIAL FLAG
Date
1967
Materials
NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
190.5
Width
124.5
Description
THE FLAG DISPLAYS A WHITE MAPLE LEAF DIVIDED INTO 11 (PROVINCES) SECTIONS. "1867-1967" IS PRINTED UNDER THE LEAF (ALSO IN WHITE). RED BACKGROUND. THE WHITE CORD ON THE LEFT SIDE IS ENCASED IN A WHITE PIECE, 5.1 CM WTH. "L.F.D. 69" IS PRINTED ON THIS WHITE PIECE IN BLACK FELT PEN. BACK SIDE OF TOP LEFT CORNER HAS STAMPED IN BLACK "48X72 CENT". SEWN LABEL IN SAME AREA READS "NYL-GLO 100% NYLON BUNTING" AND "THE NAME ANNIN GUARANTEES QUALITY".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
100 BIRTHDAY CELEBRATION OF CANADA'S GOVERNMENT 1867-1967 CENTENNIAL
Catalogue Number
P19760101000
Acquisition Date
1975-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BELT LOOP
Date Range From
1981
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20000076004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BELT LOOP
Date Range From
1981
Date Range To
1988
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Length
6.0
Width
1.6
Description
A BROWN LEATHER LOOP. IT HAS A BRASS SNAP THAT IS PAINTED BROWN ON OUTSIDE. STAMPED INTO SNAP IS "RA 11 E. CO. PROV. R.I.". WRITTEN ON INSIDE OF LOOP IN BLACK FELT PEN IS " 27342".
Subjects
ARTIFACT REMNANT
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE UNIFORM (P20000076001-11-GA). SEE P20000076001-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING AN RCMP UNIFORM DONATED BY CELESTE MENT. THE UNIFORM BELONGED TO THE DONOR’S BROTHER. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR A COPY OF THE INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20000076004
Acquisition Date
2001-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BELT LOOP
Date Range From
1981
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20000076003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BELT LOOP
Date Range From
1981
Date Range To
1988
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.5
Length
9.5
Width
3.1
Description
A LOOP OF BROWN LEATHER. ON ONE END IS A "D" SHAPED BRASS RING. ATTACHED TO INSIDE OF LOOP IS A BRASS BALL ON A SHORT SHAFT. ON OUTSIDE OF LOOP THERE IS A CIRCLE OF STITCHING ON ONE SIDE (WHERE BRASS BALL IS ATTACHED ON INSIDE).
Subjects
ARTIFACT REMNANT
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE UNIFORM (P20000076001-11-GA). SEE P20000076001-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING AN RCMP UNIFORM DONATED BY CELESTE MENT. THE UNIFORM BELONGED TO THE DONOR’S BROTHER. FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR A COPY OF THE INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20000076003
Acquisition Date
2001-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, VINYL, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20150010023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2010
Materials
METAL, VINYL, NYLON
No. Pieces
4
Height
14.4
Length
221.5
Width
51.2
Description
EMERGENCY FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER. ADJUSTABLE, MEDIUM BURGUNDY COLOURED VINYL WITH SILVER COLOURED METAL, AND FOUR BLACK RUBBER WHEELS. OUTER RECTANGULAR FRAME WITH A SMALLER, ADJUSTABLE FRAME WITHIN. STRETCHER HAS THREE STRAPS: TWO WINE COLOURED NYLON SEATBELT STYLE STRAPS, WITH METAL AND BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLES, ON THE UPPER BODY. BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLE AT CHEST HEIGHT HAS "FERNO" IN GREY. THIRD BUCKLE IS A BLACK NYLON AND PLASTIC BUCKLE, ON THE LOWER BODY. BACK OF PLASTIC BUCKLE IS EMBOSSED WITH "ACCULOC CSR-10 A.C.W. ASIA, WOONSOCKET RI". RED STICKER WITH WHITE WRITING ON RIGTH SIDE OF STRETCHER, AT WAIST AREA, READS "FERNO". TWO RUBBER FEET AT THE FOOT END OF STRETCHER TO STABILIZE STRETCHER WHEN FULLY EXTENDED. VINYL IS IN TWO PIECES AND CAN BE REMOVED FROM INNER FRAME. GOLD COLOURED ZIPPERS AND SILVER COLOURED SNAPS HOLD VINYL IN PLACE. THERE ARE TWO GOLD ZIPPERS ON THE BACK OF THE FOOT PORTION, BOTH RUNNING VERTICALLY. THERE ARE ALSO TWO GOLD ZIPPERS ON THE BACK OF THE UPPER BODY PORTION, WITH ONE RUNNING HORIZONTALLY AND ONE VERTICALLY. METAL LABEL RIVETED ONTO FRAME AT FOOT OF STRETCHER READS "FERNO - WASHINGTON, INC. WILMINGTON, OHIO, U.S.A. SERIAL NUMBER 07-052255." FOUR FOLDABLE HANDLES, TWO AT HEAD AND TWO AT FEET. HANDLES HAVE TEXTURED BLACK PLASTIC GRIPS. GRIPS EMBOSSED WITH "HUNTWILDE CORPORATION". LOWER HANDLES (AT FOOT) HAVE METAL CYLINDERS THAT SLIDE OVER THE JOINT TO PREVENT HANDLES FROM FOLDING BACK IN. CROSSBAR AT KNEE AREA HAS A SMALL RECTANGULAR PIECE THAT SWINGS OUT AND ONTO A BOLT WHEN STRETCHER IS FOLDED INTO SITTING POSITION, WHICH PREVENTS STRETCHER FROM GOING BACK TO A LAYING DOWN POSITION. UPPER BODY PORTION CAN BE ADJUSTED TO FOUR DIFFERENT POSITIONS: LAYING TOTALLY FLAT TO SITTING AT AN APPROXIMATELY 45 DEGREE ANGLE. AT SHOULDER AREA ON RIGHT SIDE THERE IS A TRIANGULAR SHAPED CLIP, WHICH RELEASES THE UPPER BODY PORTION AND ALLOWS IT TO BE ADJUSTED TO A SITTING POSITION. VERY GOOD TO EXCELLENT CONDITION. VINYL IS STRUCTURALLY VERY GOOD, WITH NO RIPS OR TEARS. SCUFF MARKS AND BLACK STAINS ALL OVER, ESPECIALLY ALONG THE EDGES. METAL FRAME IN VERY GOOD CONDITION. WHEELS AT THE FOOT ARE WORN MORE THAN THOSE AT THE HEAD.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS EMERGENCY FOLDING STRETCHER WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE STRETCHER WAS “USED PRIMARILY IN AMBULANCES FOR MOVING PATIENTS DOWN STAIRS OR AROUND TIGHT CORNERS. WE USE A MORE STAIR FRIENDLY VERSION NOW.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED: “IT WAS MORE OR LESS TO TAKE PEOPLE DOWN STAIRS. SIT THEM UP, STRAP THEM IN, HAD WHEELS ON IT. IT WAS FOR A PERSON THAT DIDN’T HAVE ANY SERIOUS INJURIES MORE OR LESS … IT WAS LIKE A LITTLE CHAIR, FOLD UP, SIT THEM DOWN … GO DOWN THE STAIRS ONE AT A TIME – THUNK, THUNK, THUNK, THUNK.” LAZENBY EXPANDED SAYING: “I HATED THIS STRETCHER. THIS WAS A FOLDING STRETCHER … ACTUALLY THE OLD STAIR-CHAIR, BASICALLY. THEY HAVE MODERNIZED AND IMPROVED THIS DRAMATICALLY. BUT THIS PUZZLE OF A STRETCHER – YOU USED TO BE ABLE TO SET IT UP SO THAT IT CAME INTO A CHAIR … ANY TIME YOU WENT UP INTO AN APARTMENT BUILDING THAT WAS UNDER THREE STORIES, THERE’S NO ELEVATOR, SO YOU SOMETIMES HAD TO CARRY PEOPLE DOWN THREE FLIGHTS OF STAIRS. THIS WAS THE CHAIR OF CHOICE A LOT OF TIMES, IT WAS THE STRETCHER OF CHOICE, BECAUSE IT WAS LIGHTER THAN THE OTHER ONE AND IT WAS EASIER TO MANEUVER AROUND CORNERS … IT WAS A PUZZLE TO PUT TOGETHER AND TO TAKE APART AND I JUST NEVER EVER – I HATED THIS THING. TO THIS DAY, WHEN THE PARAMEDICS SAY ‘WE’RE GONNA NEED THE STAIR CHAIR’, I GRIT MY TEETH AND I CRINGE A LITTLE BIT, I THINK BECAUSE I THINK OF THIS THING, EVEN THOUGH THE NEW ONE IS WAY BETTER. THIS WAS IN SERVICE WHEN I GOT HERE AND I WOULD SAY THAT THIS WAS IN SERVICE ON THE AMBULANCES UNTIL ABOUT … 7 YEARS AGO, GIVE OR TAKE. SO THE BETTER PART OF 15 YEARS THAT THAT WAS IN SERVICE WHILE I WAS HERE.” HE CONTINUED: “THE WORST PART ABOUT THIS IS THAT WHEN YOU PUT A PATIENT ON IT AND YOU LIFTED THEM UP TO GO DOWN THE STAIRS, IT FELT UNSTABLE ENOUGH FOR THEM THAT THEY ALWAYS WANTED TO PUT THEIR ARMS OUT, AND THE SECOND THAT THEY GRABBED ON TO SOMETHING, WELL THEN YOUR CENTRE OF GRAVITY IS LOST AND THEN YOU WERE REALLY IN IT. LIKE YOU THOUGHT, ‘GEEZ, WE COULD ACTUALLY DROP THIS GUY.’ BUT THAT’S WHAT I DISLIKED PROBABLY THE MOST ABOUT THIS THING, OUTSIDE OF HAVING TO PUT IT TOGETHER.” PETIT ADDED: “IF YOU GO TO THE BUILDINGS UP HERE ON LONDON ROAD, SOME TWO STORY BUILDINGS AND THE STAIRS ARE VERY NARROW AND VERY TIGHT, WE USED TO USE THIS TYPE. SO IN OTHER WORDS, INSTEAD OF PUTTING HIM ON A STRETCHER, YOU’D PUT HIM ON THE SEAT. ONE GUY GETS AT THE BACK AND ONE GUY GETS AT THE FRONT AND TAKE THE PERSON DOWN … OVER THE YEARS I GOT A BAD BACK AND GUESS WHERE I GOT THE BAD BACK FROM? IT WAS LIFTING, DOING THINGS LIKE THIS, BECAUSE IT WAS VERY CUMBERSOME.” DZUREN AGREED: “THAT’S JUST A CONFINED SPACE STRETCHER … YOU CAN’T [ALWAYS] GET THE BIG STRETCHER IN, SO YOU CAN PUT THEM ON THAT PARTICULAR ONE. IN AN ELEVATOR, YOU CAN’T GET THAT BIG ONE IN THERE. SOME OF THE ELEVATORS, THE RESIDENTIAL ONES, THEY DON’T, AT LEAST IN THE DAYS GONE BY, THEY DIDN’T THINK ABOUT HAVING TO ACCOMMODATE STRETCHERS. I WOULD PROBABLY SAY IT’S A RARE OCCASION THAT WE HAD TO USE THAT. CAUSE A LOT OF TIMES … IF THE PERSON WAS FAIRLY PHYSICALLY OKAY, YOU COULD TAKE HIM OUT, JUST HOLD HIM. ONE GUY BY THE ARMS, ONE GUY BY THE LEGS, WE HAD A TECHNIQUE THERE WHERE YOU COULD QUITE EASILY TAKE HIM OUT THAT WAY WITHOUT DOING HIM ANY HARM, YOU KNOW. IF HE HAD A BROKEN ARM, WELL, WE COULDN’T DO THAT, SO YOU’D HAVE TO USE ONE OF THOSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010023
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
N.W.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Date Range From
1973
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19890020015
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
N.W.M.P. CENTENNIAL
Date Range From
1973
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON
No. Pieces
2
Height
40.4
Diameter
6.3
Description
PLASTIC & NYLON SOUVENIR FLAG DEPICTING A MAN ON HORSEBACK WITHIN A TRIANGLE DESIGN. COLORS RED, WHITE, BLUE, YELLOW & BLACK. FLAGPOLE HAS SMALL STAND, AND POINTED TOP, PAINTED GOLD.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
COMMEMORATES THE CENTENNIAL OF THE FORMATION OF THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE (ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE) & THE TREK WEST IN 1873-74. FROM THE JOHNSTON ESTATE. SEE P19890020001-GA FOR JOHNSTON HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19890020015
Acquisition Date
1989-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
TROPHY
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STERLING SILVER
Catalogue Number
P19990039000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TROPHY
Date
1912
Materials
STERLING SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Height
26.4
Width
11.5
Description
CUP -- STERLING SILVER; THE SLIGHTLY FLAYED BASE IS CIRCULAR (25.0 - 36.5 CM). THERE ARE THREE GROUPS OF EIGHT RECTANGLES AROUND THE BASE. AT THE BOTTOM OF EACH RECTANGLE IS A SMALL CIRCLE. EACH GROUP IS BETWEEN THE BASE OF THE HANDLES OF THE CUP. THE BOWL IS ON A PEDESTAL (1.5 CM IN HEIGHT). ATTACHED 5.0 CM FROM THE BOTTOM OF THE BOWL ARE THE HANDLES. THE THREE HANDLES ARE SQUARE ON THE TOP. THE BOWL VARIES IN CIRCUMFERENCE (44.0 CM AT THE RIM TO 47. CM JUST BELOW THE RIM TO 24.0 CM TO 8.0 CM AT THE TOP OF THE PEDESTAL). THE INSCRIPTION ON THE BOWL READS "PRESENTED TO JOSEPH GILLESPIE UPON HIS RETIRING FROM LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE BY MEMBERS OF THE FORCE SEPT. 10, 1912". THE INTERIOR OF THE BOWL IS GOLD COLORED FINISH.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
THE SILVER CUP WAS FROM THE ESTATE OF THE LATE DOROTHY MORROW. MRS. MORROW LIVED IN THE HOUSE THAT WAS OCCUPIED EARLIER IN THE CENTURY BY JOSEPH GILLESPIE AND HIS FAMILY. THE HOUSE WAS LOCATED AT 627 - 11 STREET SOUTH, LETHBRIDGE.
Catalogue Number
P19990039000
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
212
Width
67
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF OFF-WHITE CANVAS, WITH TWO RED NYLON STRAPS SEWN AT EACH VERTICAL EDGE. CANVAS IS FOLDED OVER AND SEWN ALONG BOTH HORIZONTAL EDGES, CREATING TWO LENGTHWISE CHANNELS. ALL SEAMS ARE REINFORCED WITH DOUBLE-STITCHING. FRONT OF CANVAS HAS REPEATING CIRCULAR WATER STAINS ALONG THE CENTRE AND VARIOUS SPOTS OF DISCOLOURATION THROUGHOUT. TEXT AT THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER READS “L F D” IN BLACK MARKER. BACK OF CANVAS HAS SIMILAR WATER STAINING, AND TEXT ACROSS THE CENTRE READING “DISCARD” IN BLACK MARKER. A STAMP AT THE RIGHT SIDE DEPICTS A CIRCULAR CREST AND READS “CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT” IN BLUE INK. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS CANVAS STRETCHER, ALONG WITH TWO WOODEN POLES, WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT DURING MEDICAL EMERGENCIES, PRIOR TO THE INCORPORATION OF PARAMEDIC STAFF IN THE DEPARTMENT IN THE MID 1980S. AMONG DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL, IT IS REFERRED TO AS “POLES AND CANVAS”. ON SEPTEMBER 9, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LAWRENCE DZUREN, RETIRED FIRE CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT FROM 1959 TO 1992. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, DZUREN SAID: “[THIS] WOULD BE IN THE AMBULANCE AND THERE’S TWO BIG WOODEN POLES, NICELY SANDED DOWN. WHEN YOU GOT THE PATIENT YOU WOULD ROLL HIM TO THE SIDE, TUCK THAT UNDER, ROLL HIM BACK ONTO [THE CANVAS], PUT THE POLES IN, AND PICK HIM UP, ONE [FIREMAN] ON EACH END… THAT’S THE WAY WE CARRIED PATIENTS OUT OF WHEREVER WE HAD TO CARRY THEM… I RECALL GOING TO ONE, THERE WAS A BLIZZARD GOING ON, WE GOT THIS BIG FELLA… HE WAS ABOUT 6’5”, AND WE HAD TO GET HIM OUT OF THE BASEMENT … WITH POLES LIKE THIS… YOU THINK YOU CAN MANIPULATE, AND WE USUALLY DID SUCCEED IN GETTING THEM OUT OF THERE, BUT IT WAS WITH A LOT OF BACK BREAKING STUFF TO GET HIM UP THE STAIRS… BECAUSE ONE GUY IS UP THERE TO LIFT THIS WAY, AND THE OTHER GUY IS BENDING DOWN… [POLES AND CANVAS] CAME OUT OF SERVICE WHEN WE STARTED GETTING PARAMEDICS [IN THE MID TO LATE 1980S]. THEY DID AWAY WITH IT, WHICH I WAS KIND OF SURPRISED, BECAUSE WE FOUND IT SUCH AN EASY WAY OF DOING IT. BECAUSE NOW… THE PARAMEDICS AND NURSES PICK THEM UP AND MANUALLY SET THEM ONTO THE BED, WHERE WITH THIS… WE COULD JUST PICK THEM UP, PUT THEM ON [THE BED] AND AWAY WE WENT. BUT THEY FOUND [A METHOD] THAT’S MAYBE MORE EFFICIENT, OR EASIER ON THE PATIENT.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, BROWN SAID: “THAT’S WHAT I WAS TRAINED ON… THAT WAS OUR ‘SCOOP AND RUN’. WHEN WE WENT TO ANY KIND OF EMERGENCY, WE TOOK THE CANVAS WITH US… VERY LITTLE FIRST AID AT THE SCENE, LIKE NEXT TO NONE, UNLESS THERE WAS BLEEDING… IT WAS MOSTLY SCOOP AND RUN… GET THEM TO THE HOSPITAL AS QUICK AS WE COULD… RATHER THAN CARRY [A STRETCHER WITH A METAL FRAME] UP THE STAIRS, WE’D GO UPSTAIRS AND PUT THE PATIENT ON THE POLES… THE [FIREMAN] ON THE BOTTOM, IF [THE PATIENT] WAS STARTING TO SLIDE OFF, THEY’D END UP WITH THEIR LEGS AROUND THE [FIREMAN’S] NECK, AND THERE WAS NOTHING YOU COULD DO… YOU HAD TO GET DOWN, AND IT WASN’T THE PERSON’S FAULT BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T HAVE THE STRENGTH ON THE SLIPPERY CANVAS TO HANG ON.” ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, WHO TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, LAZENBY SAID: “I NEVER USED THESE, BUT I HAVE HEARD A THOUSAND STORIES ABOUT POLES AND CANVAS – SOME GOOD, WHERE THEY WORKED INCREDIBLY WELL, AND SOME NOT SO GOOD, WHERE IT WAS ALMOST COMICAL THE WAY THINGS UNFOLD. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU GO UP A TWO-STOREY OR THREE-STOREY WALKUP WITH NO ELEVATOR, AND IF YOU’VE GOT [FIREMEN] WHO ARE HEIGHT MISMATCHED… WHEN YOU STARTED GOING DOWN STAIRS, THERE WERE REALLY NO STRAPS ON THESE THINGS TO HOLD PEOPLE – THEY WERE LIKE A MILITARY LITTER. SO AS THE ONE [FIREMAN] IS GOING DOWN THE STAIRS, THE PATIENT STARTS TO SLIDE. THERE WERE STORIES WHERE GUYS WERE TRYING TO HOLD THE POLES UP AS HIGH AS THEY POSSIBLY COULD SO THE [PATIENT] WOULDN’T SLIDE DOWN… PRETTY SOON HIS LEGS ARE HANGING OVER YOUR SHOULDERS!... BUT WHEN I WAS NEW [IN THE MID-1990S], I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TIMES I GOT TOLD ‘OH THE POLES AND CANVAS ARE WAY BETTER THAN THOSE STRETCHERS YOU GUYS ARE USING TODAY BECAUSE OF THIS AND THIS’ [AND] I AM SURE THAT IN SOME WAYS THEY WERE; I NEVER DISCOUNTED IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, COTTON, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950037018
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
STEEL, COTTON, PAPER
No. Pieces
55
Description
1. CASE: 20CM X 12.5CM X 6.4CM RECTANGULAR STEEL CASE WITH ROUGH ETCHED PATTERN ON SURFACE WHICH IS PAINTED BLACK. CASE HAS HINGED LID WITH TWO STEEL LOCK LOOP LATCHES RIVETED TO FRONT. FRONT OF BOTTOM HAS HINGED STEEL HANDLE. EMBOSSED ON LID IN GOLD IS "FIRST AID KIT" AND GOLD SEAL WITH CROSS AT CENTER AROUND OUTSIDE READS "MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO. OF CANADA LTD.". TWO STEEL BRACKETS WITH KEY-HOLE OPENINGS ARE MOUNTED AT BACK CORNERS OF CASE FOR HANGING KIT ON WALL. OUTSIDE OF CASE HAS A FEW WHITE PAINT SPLATTERS. EACH CLASP HAS "USA EXCELSIOR STANFORD CONN." STAMPED ON IT. GLUED ON INSIDE OF LID IS WHITE PAPER SHEET WITH LIST OF CONTENTS AND DIRECTIONS FOR USE. ACROSS TOP IS "M-S-A FIRST AID KIT (REG. U.S. AND CAN. PAT. OFFICES)" AND "10 UNIT TYPED". 2. ADHESIVE PLASTER: 10.2CM X 5.8CM X 1.8CM BROWN CARDBOARD BOX WITH FLAP OPENING ALONG TOP EDGE. AT LEFT OF FLAP IS MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES LOGO WHICH IS SAME AS ON LID OF CASE. FLAP READS "ADHESIVE PLASTER (1/2 INCH X 2 1/2 YARDS) 2 PER PACKAGE" AND IN BOTTOM RIGHT IS "CAT. NO. FA-2755". HAS IDENTICAL ON BOTTOM. INSIDE BOX ARE TWO ROLES OF WHITE ADHESIVE TAPE WITH ALUMINUM TUBING. TAPE IS YELLOWED AND DRY AND BOTH HAVE BEEN USED PREVIOUSLY. ON END OF BOX IS BLACK BORDERED AREA WHICH READS "DISTRIBUTED BY MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO. BRADDOCK, THOMAS AND MEADE STS, PITTSBURGH, PA." AND "MADE IN U.S.A". STAMPED AT OPPOSITE END IN BLACK INK IS "4D06". 3. IODINE: CARDBOARD BOX OF IDENTICAL SIZE AND MAKE TO (2.). HAS SAME LOGO ON FLAP AND ADDRESS ON END AS (2.). PRINTED ON FLAP IS "MILD TINCTURE OF IODINE, U.S.P. (ALCOHOL 46% - IODINE 2% W/V) 3 APPLICATOR VIALS (10CC EACH) PER PKG." AND IN BOTTOM RIGHT IS "CAT. NO FA-2904". ON BROAD SIDE OF BOX IS DIAGRAM OF USE AND DIRECTIONS. STAMPED IN BLACK INK ON ONE END IS "6C06". ONE CORNER OF BOX HAS IODINE STAINS. BOX CONTAINS THREE GLASS VIALS 9.7CM X 1.7CM (D) WITH PAPER TUBING COVER. EACH VIAL HAS BLACK PLASTIC CAP WHICH SCREWS ON AND HAS "MSA" RAISED ON TOP. EACH PAPER TUBE HAS FOUR HOLES IN IT AS WELL AS BLACK PRINTED LABEL. LABEL CONTAINS SAME INFORMATION AS BOX FLAP AS WELL AS MANUFACTURE INFORMATION ALSO THE SAME AS ON BOX. AT MIDDLE OF LABEL IS RED AREA WITH WHITE SKULL AND CROSS-BONES WITH "POISON" OVER TOP IT. ONE VIAL HAS IODINE STAINS AT TOP. 4. GAUZE BANDAGES: CARDBOARD BOX IDENTICAL IN SIZE AND SHAPE TO (2.). BOX FLAP HAS MSA LOGO AT LEFT END AND READS "1 IN. X 6 YDS. GAUZE BANDAGES (STERILIZED AFTER PACKAGING) 4 PER PACKAGE" WITH "CAT. NO. FA-2868" IN BOTTOM RIGHT. BOTTOM FLAP IS IDENTICAL TO TOP. ON SIDE OF BOX IS "COMPRESSED GAUZE ROLLER BANDAGES 1 IN. X 6 YDS. 4 PER PACKAGE (STERILIZED AFTER PACKAGING) FOR DRESSING WOUNDS, BURNS AND SPRAINS." ALONG WITH MSA ADRESS. INSIDE ARE FOUR 3.7CM X 2.5CM X 1.6CM BUNDLES OF GAUZE WRAPPED IN WHITE PAPER. EACH HAS PAPER LABEL WITH GREEN TOP AND BOTTOM BORDER. EACH READS "T.M. M-S-A REG." AND GAUZE BANDAGE 1 INCH BY 6 YARDS (STERILIZED AFTER PACKING). AT BOTTOM IS "MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES CO. PITTSBURGH, PA. MADE IN U.S.A.". STAMPED IN BLUE INK ON TOP FLAP OF BOX IS "G077B". 5. TRIANGULAR BANDAGE: 9.8CM X 5.5CM X 2CM BROWN CARDBOARD BOX WITH TOP OPEN FLAP. LEFT END OF FLAP HAS MSA LOGO AND BOTTOM RIGHT HAS "CAT. NO. FA-2144". FLAP READS "40 IN. TRIANGULAR BANDAGE (STERILIZED AFTER PACKAGING) 1 PER PACKAGE". SIDE OF BOX HAS TWO DIAGRAMS DEMONSTRATING BANDAGE USE. END OF BOX HAS MSA ADRESS LIKE THE OTHER BOXES. STAMPED ON TOP FLAP IN BLACK INK IS "O664C". INSIDE BOX IS BANDAGE WRAPPED IN WHITE PAPER. HAS WHITE PAPER LABEL WHICH READS "TRIANGULAR BANDAGE 40 INCH CRAVAT (STERILIZED AFTER PACKAGING)" AND "DIRECTIONS: FOR USE AS A SLING, TO COVER DRESSING OR FOR TYING SPLINTS." AND HAS MSA LOGO, TITLE AND ADDRESS ACROSS BOTTOM. 6. ADHESIVE COMPRESSES (BANDAIDS): CARDBOARD BOX IDENTICAL IN SHAPE AND SIZE TO (2.). LEFT END OF FLAP HAS MSA LOGO AND AT BOTTOM RIGHT IS "CAT. NO. FA-12415". FLAP READS "1 INCH ADHESIVE COMPRESSES 16 PER PACKAGE". STAMPED IN BLACK INK ON FLAP IS "O013C". BOTTOM FLAP IS IDENTICAL BUT WITHOUT INK STAMP. ON SIDE OF BOX ARE FOUR DIAGRAMS WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE. ON BACK OF BOX IS BORDERED AREA WITH "ADHESIVE COMPRESSES 16 PER PACKAGE " AND "EACH PAD MEDICATED WITH 1/730 GRAIN MERTHIOLATE (SODIUM ETHYL MERCURI THIOSALICYLATE, LILLY)". BENEATH THIS IS MSA TITLE AND ADDRESS. INSIDE BOX ARE16 BANDAIDS WITH PAPER WRAPPING. FRONT HAS MSA LOGO AT LEFT END AND "M-S-A ADHESIVE COMPRESS MEDICATED WITH 1/730 GRAIN MERTHIOLATE (SODIUM ETHYL MERCURI THIOSALICYLATE, LILLY)." AND "REMOVE COVERING FROM ADHESIVE. PLACE PAD OVER WOUND." WITH MSA TITLE AND ADDRESS ACROSS BOTTOM. ON BACK IS "IF THIS WRAPPER IS OPENED OR TORN STERILITY CANNOT BE ASSURED.". 7. ADHESIVE COMPRESSES: IDENTICAL TO (6.) EXCEPT FOR CONTENTS. BOX CONTAINS ONLY 12 BANDAIDS AND TWO ARE DIRTY AND WARPED BADLY. 8. BURN OINTMENT: BOX IS IDENTICAL IN SIZE AND SHAPE TO (2.). TOP FLAP HAS MSA LOGO AT LEFT AND AT RIGHT IS "CAT. NO. FA-12505". PRINTED ON FLAP IS "FOILLE FOR BURNS 6 TUBES (1/8 OZ. AVOIR.) PER PKG.". BOTTOM FLAP IS IDENTICAL AND STAMPED ON END OF BOX IN BLACK INK IS "4F06". ON SIDE OF BOX ARE TWO DIAGRAMS DEMONSTRATING USE WITH DIRECTIONS. ON BACK OF BOX IS SAME INFORMATION WITH INGREDIENTS AND WRITTEN DIRECTIONS ALONG WITH MSA TITLE AND ADDRESS. INSIDE BOX IS SMALL STEEL PAIR OF SCISSORS WITH BLUNT ENDS. AS WELL THERE IS CARDBOARD FRAME WHICH FOLDS TO MAKE SLOTS FOR OINTMENT TUBES. THERE ARE THREE GREEN PLASTIC TUBES WITH CONTAINING OINTMENT. EACH TUBE HAS EMBOSSED YELLOW LABEL LISTING CONTENTS AND MSA MANUFACTURING INFORMATION. ONE TUBE IS CRACKED. 9. TOURNIQUET & FORCEPS: 10.1CM X 5.5CM X 3.4CM BROWN CARDBOARD BOX WITH TOP FLAP OPENING. TOP FLAP HAS MSA LOGO AT LEFT END AND AT RIGHT END IS "CAT. NO.FA-2146". PRINTED ON FLAP IS "TOURNIQUET & FORCEPS 1 EACH PER PACKAGE". ONEEND HAS "7F06" STAMPED IN BLACK INK. OPPOSITE END HAS MSA TITEL AND ADRESS.ON FRONT SIDE OF BOX ARE THREE DIAGRAMS OF USE OF TOURNIQUET WITH INSTRUCTIONON BACK SIDE OF BOX IS SKELETAL DIAGRAM WITH MAJOR ARTERIES LABELLED WITH PRESSURE POINTS FOR CONTROLLING ARTERIAL BLEEDING PRINTED AT BOTTOM. INSIDE BOX IS 96CM WHITE COTTON BELT TOURNIQUET WITH GALVANIZED STEEL BUCKLE. WHITE COTTON LABEL IS SEWN TO BELT NEAR BUCKLE WHICH READS "M-S-A TOURNIQUET" ALONG WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE AND MSA TITLE AND ADDRESS. BOX ALSO CONTAINS ONE PAIR OF TWEEZERS WITH POINTED ENDS. SIDES OF EACH ARM HAS RAISED FLUTED GRIP. STAMPED INTO END IS "M.S.A. CO.".
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
COAL MINING
History
SEE P19950037001-GA. FIRST AID KIT IS FOR USE IN MINES. POSSIBLY USED IN ONE OF THE LETHBRIDGE MINES. USED BY WILLIAM H. SHORT, THE LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO.1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED WERE CONNECTED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT AND HIS CAREER AS FIRE CHIEF IN THE NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. “YOU SEE, DURING THE YEARS THAT HE WAS THE FIRE CHIEF,” DERRICK BEGAN, “THEIR QUARTERS ACTUALLY WERE IN THE BACK OF THE FIRE HALL. SO STUFF KIND OF GOT ACCUMULATED THERE. THE WHOLE FAMILY [LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL]. WHEN I WAS LITTLE, I WAS THERE ALL THE TIME. MY FATHER [WILLIAM D. SHORT] WAS A CAPTAIN IN THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT MY GRANDFATHER WAS THE FIRE CHIEF.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD ANY MEMORY OF SEEING HER GRANDFATHER WEARING ANY OF THE ARTIFACTS, SUCH AS THE HELMET (P19950037014) OR THE FIRE PANTS (P19950037008), DERRICK RECALLED, “YES, BECAUSE LETHBRIDGE WAS SMALL AT THE TIME AND WHEN WE LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL AND THE BELLS WENT OFF, WE WOULD OFTEN WALK OVER TO HAVE A LOOK AT THE FIRE. I WOULD SEE MY GRANDFATHER OUT THERE, AND I’D SEE MY FATHER WHEN HE WAS ON SHIFT. THERE WERE SOME HUGE FIRES RIGHT DOWNTOWN. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT DATES – PROBABLY BACK IN THE LATE ‘40’S, EARLY ‘50’S. [IN ONE INSTANCE], MY DAD WAS ALSO ON THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, SPEEDING TO A FIRE, AND ANOTHER TRUCK CAME ALONG AND HIT HIM IN THE BACK. HE SUFFERED VERY SEVERE INJURIES FROM THAT. AND I SAW THAT TOO. I WAS JUST ON MY WAY BACK TO SCHOOL.” “WHEN I WAS YOUNG, I WAS ALWAYS IN AND OUT [OF THE FIRE HALL],” DERRICK WENT ON, “THERE WAS A BELL TOWER THERE, WHERE THEY HUNG THE WET HOSES UP TO DRY. THERE WERE RICKETY OLD WOODEN STAIRS GOING ROUND AND ROUND ALL THE WAY UP TO THE TOP OF THE FIRE HALL TO WHERE THE BELL USED TO BE. I USED TO GO UP AND DOWN THOSE STAIRS, AND HOP AND PLAY. AND IN THE BASEMENT THERE WAS PRISON CELLS, BECAUSE IT USED [TO BE] THE POLICE STATION MANY, MANY YEARS BEFORE. IT WAS A COMBINATION OF FIRE AND POLICE. AND, THERE WAS A BIG FURNACE DOWN THERE. I USED TO GO DOWN AND WATCH THE FIREMEN PUSH COAL INTO THE FURNACE TO KEEP IT GOING. IT WAS AN INTERESTING PLACE TO BE AROUND.” “MY GRANDFATHER WAS ON THE INTERNATIONAL BOARD OF FIRE CHIEFS,” DERRICK CONTINUED, “HE WAS VICE-PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK. THEY HAD ASKED HIM TO COME UP AND TAKE THE PRESIDENCY, BUT AFTER MUCH CONSIDERATION, HE DECIDED HE DIDN’T WANT TO LEAVE THE FAMILY FOR THE TWO YEAR TERM IN NEW YORK, SO HE TURNED THAT ONE DOWN. THOUGH HE DID REMAIN ON THE BOARD FOR MANY YEARS.” AN ARTICLE IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2000 READS, “WILLIAM SHORT RETIRED AS LETHBRIDGE FIRE CHIEF IN 1962, ENDING A CAREER AS CHIEF WHICH BEGAN IN JANUARY 1945.” A HERALD ARTICLE FROM 1974 ADDITIONALLY STATES THAT SHORT “JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT IN 1911. HE WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT IN 1919 AND CAPTAIN IN 1922.” AN ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TITLED, “LETHBRIDGE WELL PROTECTED BY MODERN FIRE DEPARTMENT,” PUBLISHED IN 1967 IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “[IN 1910] THE FIRST FIREHALL THAT [WAS] LOCATED AT 4TH STREET AND 2ND AVENUE SOUTH WAS TORN DOWN. IT WAS A TWO-STOREY BUILDING. A THREE-STOREY FIREHALL WAS BUILT IN ITS PLACE ON THE SAME SITE. THAT EARLY BUILDING HOUSED THE FIRE DEPARTMENT EQUIPMENT, SERVED AS CITY HALL AND THE POLICE STATION…” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS DURING THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037018
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
“HARBER-LITE 1956”
Date Range From
1956
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“HARBER-LITE 1956”
Date Range From
1956
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
10
Length
138
Width
22
Description
GREEN CANVAS STRETCHED BETWEEN TWO GREEN METAL POLES. WHEN COLLAPSED, CANVAS IS CINCHED TOGETHER WITH TWO GREEN CANVAS STRAPS WITH BUCKLE CLOSURES. WHEN EXPANDED, TWO METAL CROSS SUPPORT BRACES SPAN THE WIDTH OF THE STRETCHER. LOOPED METAL HANDLES ARE ATTACHED TO SUPPORT BRACES. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS STRETCHER WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012002
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PORTABLE COMMUNION SET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, SILVER, BRASS, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970041639
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PORTABLE COMMUNION SET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, SILVER, BRASS, COTTON
No. Pieces
8
Height
6.7
Length
16.4
Width
13.6
Description
.1) CASE. BLACK LEATHERETTE COVERED CASE WITH STEEL CLOSURE ON FRONT. INSIDE IS LINED WITH CUT FORMS FOR ITEMS IN KIT. BOTTOM IS COVERED IN PURPLE VELVET WHICH IS WORN AND STAINED. INSIDE OF LID IS COVERED WITH PURPLE RAYON. CLASP TO HOLD PATEN HAS BEEN REPLACED WITH A SAFETY PIN. .2) COMMUNION CUP. 5.3CM X 3.6CM SILVER PLATED CUP WITH FLARED BASE. NECK OF CUP HAS SEVERAL POCK MARKS. .3) CIBORIUM. 4.7CM X 2.8CM X 2.1CM RECTANGULAR SILVER PLATED BOX WITH HINGED LID. STAMPED INTO BOTTOM IS LOGO WHICH READS "STANDARD S CO.", "INTERNATIONAL S CO." AND "E.P. W.M 051". .4) PATEN. 0.5CM X 6.5CM (D) CIRCULAR SILVER PLATED PLATE. LOGO STAMPED INTO BOTTOM IDENTICAL TO CIBORIUM (.3). .5) FILM CONTAINER. 5.3CM X 3.3CM CYLINDRICAL CLEAR PLASTIC CONTAINER WITH RIBBED EDGING ALONG LID. STAINED WITH WINE. .6) PALL. 7.9CM X 7.9CM PIECE OF WHITE CARDBOARD. .7) CHALICE VEIL. 28.0CM X 28.5CM WHITE LINEN CLOTH WITH PERFORATED BORDER AND EMBROIDERED CROSS IN CENTER. HAS FOUR SMALL HOLES, ONE OF WHICH HAS BEEN MENDED. SLIGHTLY YELLOWED. .8) CHALICE VEIL. 28.0CM X 28.5CM WHITE LINEN CLOTH WITH PERFORATED BORDER AND EMBROIDERED CROSS IN CENTER.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
COMMUNION SET BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, REV. G.G. NAKAYAMA, WHO WAS AN ANGLICAN PRIEST AND WOULD USE THE KIT TO ADMINISTER COMMUNION TO SHUT-INS OR WHEN HE TRAVELLED. KIT IS MENTIONED IN DONOR'S NOVEL "OBASAN". THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. FROM AUGUST 29 TO 31, 2011 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONOR, JOY KOGAWA, ABOUT HER MEMORIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPECIFIC OBJECTS THAT SHE DONATED IN 1997. OF THIS ARTIFACT, KOGAWA SAID: “ALL THROUGHOUT SLOCAN, AND ALL THROUGHOUT [MY FATHER’S] TRAVELS, ANYTIME HE WOULD GO TO THE HOSPITALS TO HAVE COMMUNION SERVICES… FOR COTTAGE MEETINGS… THIS WOULD GO WITH HIM… ONE [CONTAINER] WOULD HAVE WINE, ONE WOULD HAVE WATER [AND] A SILVER THING TO HOLD… THOSE WAFERS IN… SOMEBODY MUST HAVE STOLEN [THE] SILVER THING, SO THIS IS WHAT REMAINS OF IT… THIS WOULD BE VERY PRECIOUS TO HIM… I DON’T KNOW WHERE IT WAS KEPT. HE HAD PLACES WHERE HE KEPT HIS SPECIAL THINGS.” SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041639
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
VARIOUS
Catalogue Number
P20070020001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
2007
Materials
VARIOUS
No. Pieces
106
Description
BUPPANKI: A. CUP, BRASS, HEIGHT 12.0, WIDTH 9.7. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUPPANKI,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “BUDDHA FOOD VESSEL.” KANJI CHARACTERS ON BOTTOM, READ, “DONOR, MR. DONJI OMATSU.” 1 PCE. B. CUP, BRASS, HEIGHT 12.5, WIDTH 10.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUPPANKI,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “BUDDHA FOOD VESSEL.” 1 PCE. BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO: C. WOODEN BOX, BLACK LACQUER WITH GOLD TRIM, HEIGHT 13.0, LENGTH 32.5, WIDTH 11.8. PAINT ON BOX SEVERELY BLISTERED. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO,” WHICH MEANS BOX FOR BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO. TWO SYMBOLS ON BOX LID, THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. 2 PCES. CANDLE SNUFFER: D. BRASS CANDLE SNUFFER, INNER DOME OF SNUFFER BLACK WITH WAX RESIDUE, HEIGHT 4.5, LENGTH 28.5, WIDTH 3.0. 1 PCE. FLAG POLE: E. WOODEN FLAG POLE, LOWER SECTION RIBBED AND PAINTED BLACK, UPPER SECTION STAINED DARK RED, SEVERAL METAL BANDS AFFIXED TO BOTTOM, TOP AND MID SECTION OF POLE, 2 RINGS PROTRUDE FROM TOP-MOST METAL BANDS, ALLOWING FOR ATTACHMENT OF FLAG. LENGTH 187.5, DIAMETER 4.5. 1 PCE. GOBUNSHO-BAKO: F. WOODEN BOX, BLACK LACQUER WITH GOLD TRIM, HEIGHT 5.8, LENGTH 30.8, WIDTH 26.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “GOBUNSHO-BAKO,” WHICH MEANS BOX FOR GOBUNSHO, A BOOK. TWO SYMBOLS ON BOX LID, THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. 2 PCES. GOKUDEN: G. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN HOUSE-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH JAPANESE ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS, COMPRISED OF 2 PCES, TTL HEIGHT 218, LENGTH 167, WIDTH 102. JAPANESE NAME IS, “GOKUDEN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE.” BOTTOM PIECE HAS ALCOVE IN WHICH GOHONZON IS PLACED, FLOOR OF ALCOVE PAINTED BLACK, 2 PILLARS ON EITHER SIDE OF ALCOVE, MARKED, “NAIJIN #4,” IN BLACK MARKER ON BACK. TOP PIECE IS ROOF-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH LIGHT-BULB FIXTURE AFFIXED TO UNDERSIDE OF ROOF WITH CORD. SURFACE OF BOTH PIECES DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES OF THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND CARVED WOODEN RELIEF OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS, A BIRD, AND DRAGON-LIKE ANIMALS. 2 PCES. CONSERVATION TREATMENT PERFORMED ON GOKUDEN IN 2009. FOR DETAILS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE. KAHIN: H. VASE, BRONZE, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 3 PCES, HEIGHT 26.3, DIAMETER, 22.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KAHIN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FLOWER-VASE.” KAHIN CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL BASE, THE TOP OF THE VASE WIDER THAN THE BASE, WITH TWO SMALL HOOKS PROJECTING FROM EITHER SIDE. TWO DECORATIVE HANDLES RESEMBLING DRAGON HEADS WITH TONGUES STICKING OUT ATTACH TO HOOKS. SURFACE OF KAHIN DECORATED THROUGHOUT. MARKINGS ON BOTTOM ARE CHINESE CHARACTERS, WHICH READ, “TIME, HEAVEN, TRANSMISSION, AND MANY.” 6 PCES TTL. I. VASE, BRONZE, HEIGHT 19.0, DIAMETER 15.6. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KAHIN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FLOWER-VASE.” CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL BASE, TOP OF VASE WIDER THAN THE BASE. TWO HOOKS PROJECT FROM EITHER SIDE OF VASE, PRESUMABLY DECORATIVE OBJECTS WOULD HOOK HERE. 1 PCE. KASHA: J. INCENSE BURNER WITH LID, BRONZE, HEIGHT 18.0, WIDTH 13.0, 3 PCES. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KASHA,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FIREHOUSE.” BASE PIECE IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH THREE SHORT LEGS MADE TO RESEMBLE DRAGON HEADS, SURFACE OF KASHA DECORATED THROUGHOUT. 2 CIRCULAR SHELVES PROJECT HORIZONTALLY FROM BASE, HENCE OBJECT ALSO KNOWN AS DOUBLE-TIERED INCENSE BURNER. MIDDLE PIECE IS DISH THAT SITS WITHIN BASE PIECE. TOP PIECE IS LID, DECORATIVE SURFACE AND OPENINGS IN LID. 3 PCES. KEBYO: K. VASE, BRONZE, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 18.7, DIAMETER 9.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KEBYO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO “FLOWER-VASE.” VASE NARROWEST JUST AFTER BASE, WIDEST AT 2/3 HEIGHT, SURFACE OF VASE DECORATED THROUGHOUT. ASIAN TEXT ON BOTTOM. FOUND WITHIN ONE KEBYO IS YELLOW PACKAGE OF PLANT FOOD WITH RED ELASTIC AROUND IT (HEIGHT 1.0, LENGTH 7.0, WIDTH 5.0), PACKAGE LABELED, “CRYSTAL CLEAR UNIVERSAL,” ON FRONT AND DIRECTIONS LISTED ON BACK. THIS KEBYO IS HEAVILY CORRODED INSIDE, AND FRAGMENTS ARE CONTAINED WITHIN PLASTIC BAGGIE. 4 PCES. KIKU-RINTO: L. HANGING LANTERN, BRASS, SET OF TWO, EACH SET CONTAINS 14 PIECES, TOTAL HEIGHT 102.5, WIDTH 41.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KIKU-RINTO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CHRYSANTHEMUM CIRCULAR-LAMP.” BOTTOM PIECE IS DISH WITH SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO INCREASINGLY SMALLER SIMILAR DISHES SIT INSIDE. LIGHT BULB AND FIXTURE SIT IN THIS SMALLEST DISH, WITH ELECTRICAL CORD RUNNING ALONG LENGTH OF LANTERN TOWARDS CEILING. SEMI-CIRCULAR BAND DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS ARCHES OVER DISHES, ATTACHES TO BOTTOM-MOST DISH WITH TWO PEGS. HOOK. ATTACHING TO TOP OF SEMI-CIRCULAR ARCH IS LONG HOOK WITH SHELF-LIKE PROJECTION. SITTING ON SHELF IS LARGE DISH, BOWL FACING FLOOR, WITH WIDE LIP AND SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO METAL DISCS SIT ON TOP OF DISH, BOTTOM-MOST DISH HAS DECORATIVE SPOKES RADIATING FROM CENTRE POINT, TOP-MOST DISC RESEMBLES A FLOWER. DOORKNOB-LIKE OBJECT WITH CLOVER-LEAF SHAPED HANDLE IS FINAL PIECE TO SIT ON SHELF, AND PEG SECURES ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER (PRESUMABLY PEGS FOR THESE KIKU-RINTOS ARE THOSE CATALOGUED UNDER P20070020002). VERTICAL BRASS PLATE DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUMS ATTACHES TO TOP OF DOORKNOB-LIKE OBJECT. SINGLE CHAIN LINK ATTACHED TO TOP HOOK OF VERTICAL BRASS PLATE. CHAIN WOULD THEN BE USED TO HANG ENTIRE STRUCTURE FROM CEILING. 28 PCES TTL. KORO: M. INCENSE BURNER, BRONZE WITH GOLD JODO SHINSHU CREST, SET OF 3, HEIGHT 9.3, DIAMETER 12.6. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KORO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “INCENSE BURNER.” KORO IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH THREE SHORT LEGS. 3 PCES TTL. N. INCENSE BURNER WITH LID, BRONZE, HEIGHT 18.3, WIDTH 21.0. JAPANESE NAME IS KORO, WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “INCENSE BURNER.” BASE PIECE IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH TWO WING-LIKE HANDLES AND THREE SHORT LEGS MADE TO RESEMBLE DRAGON HEADS. LID HAS SCULPTURE OF MYTHICAL CHINESE DRAGON ON TOP WITH DECORATIVE OPENINGS ALONG SIDE OF LID. 2 PCES. MAE-JOKU: O. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN TABLE, SCROLL LEGS REST ON A RECTANGULAR FRAME, DECORATED WITH CARVED PATTERNS AND ETCHED BRASS PLATES. SIDES AND FRONT OF TABLE DECORATED WITH CARVED WOODEN RELIEFS OF DRAGONS, AND VARIOUS BIRDS AND FLOWERS PAINTED BLUE, GREEN, WHITE, PINK AND GOLD. HEIGHT 85.0, LENGTH 167.0, WIDTH 56.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “MAE-JOKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FRONT TABLE.” TWO BLACK PAINTED WOODEN DOORS FIT INTO SLOTS IN BACK COMPARTMENT OF MAE-JOKU, DOORS SLIDE TO REVEAL STORAGE SPACE. 3 PCE. CONSERVATION TREATMENT PERFORMED ON MAE-JOKU IN 2009. FOR DETAILS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE. ROSOKU-TATE: P. CANDLE-STICK HOLDERS, BRONZE, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 4 PCES, HEIGHT 39.2, WIDTH 10.8. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ROSOKU-TATE,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CANDLE-STICK HOLDER.” SHAFT OF BASE PIECE HAS UNDULATING STRUCTURE. TWO HOOKS ON UPPER PART OF BASE SUPPORT TWO SMALL DECORATIVE DRAGONS. TOP PIECE DISH-SHAPED TO COLLECT WAX, SCREWS INTO SHAFT. 8 PCES TTL. Q. CANDLE-STICK HOLDER, BRONZE, HEIGHT 28.8, WIDTH 10.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ROSOKU-TATE,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CANDLE-STICK HOLDER.” BASE PIECE NARROWS BEFORE WIDENING OUT INTO A LOTUS FLOWER BUD. SECOND PIECE FITS WITHIN TOP OF BUD, TWO WING-LIKE DECORATIONS PROJECT VERTICALLY FROM EITHER SIDE. TOP PIECE DISH-SHAPED TO COLLECT WAX AND PLACE FOR CANDLESTICK TO AFFIX, SCREWS INTO SECOND PIECE. CHINESE MARKING ON BOTTOM TRANSLATE ROUGHLY TO, “COMING” AND “TRANSMISSION.” 4 PCES. SHUMIDAN: R. BLACK PAINTED WOODEN STRUCTURE WITH RED TRIM, DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES AND CARVED, GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN RELIEFS OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS AND DRAGONS. TTL HEIGHT 124, LENGTH 197, WIDTH 105. JAPANESE NAME IS, “SHIMUDAN.” BOTTOM PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #1,” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, WHITE-PAINTED WOODEN PIECE RUNS HORIZONTALLY ALONG BOTTOM LENGTH OF STRUCTURE. MIDDLE PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #2” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, CONTAINS MAJORITY OF CARVED GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN RELIEFS, THIS PIECE IS NARROWEST SECTION OF SHIMUDAN. TOP PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #3,” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, THE PIECE WIDENS OUT SUCH THAT OVERALL SHIMUDAN SHAPED LIKE FLATTENED SPOOL. ONTOP OF SHIMUDAN ARE 4 RED-PAINTED WOODEN FENCE-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH 4 GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN SPOOLS THAT SIT ON PEG ON EACH FENCE. LONG AND SHORT FENCE PCES AFFIX TO GIVE TWO L-SHAPED STRUCTURES, WHICH THEN SLOT INTO TO SURFACE OF SHIMUDAN ALONG SIDES AND PART OF FRONT. 11 PCES. TASSLE: S. PURPLE CORD, KNOTTED IN DECORATIVE WAY, TASSLES ON EITHER END, METAL SAFETY PIN AND WIRE AFFIXED TO TOP, LENGTH 33.8, WIDTH 18.5, HEIGHT 2.5. 1 PCE. TSURI TORO: T. HANGING LANTERN, GOLD-PAINTED COPPER, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 6 PCES, TOTAL HEIGHT 43.7, WIDTH 34.5. JAPANESE NAME IS TSURI TORO, WHICH TRANSLATES TO “HANGING LANTERN.” SURFACE OF BOTTOM AND TOP PIECE ORNATELY ETCHED WITH DECORATIVE CUT-OUTS, ALLOWING LIGHT FROM LANTERN TO SHINE THROUGH. BOTTOM PIECE IS HEXAGONAL BASE RESTING ON SIX LEGS WITH METAL RODS EXTENDING UPWARDS FROM BASE. HEXAGONAL CYLINDER SITS ON TOP OF BASE, SURROUNDING METAL RODS. TWO SIDES OF HEXAGONAL CYLINDER ARE HINGED DOORS, LATCH ON FRONT SECURES DOORS CLOSED. ATTACHED TO METAL RODS IS LIGHT BULB WITH FIXTURE. TOP PIECE CONSISTS OF UPSIDE-DOWN DISH-SHAPED STRUCTURE, WITH WIDE LIP AND HIGHLY DECORATED EDGE, WHICH SLIDES ON TOP OF A VERTICAL PLATE WHICH RISES FROM METAL RODS. DOORKNOB-SHAPED HANDLE SITS ON TOP OF VERTICAL PLATE AND TOP PIECE, AND PEG SECURES ALL PIECES TOGETHER. CHAIN WOULD THEN BE USED TO HANG ENTIRE STRUCTURE FROM CEILING. 12 PCES TTL. UWA-JOKU: U. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN TABLE, CONSISTS OF 4 PCES. BOTTOM-MOST PCE IS RECTANGULAR FRAME INTO WHICH TABLE STRUCTURE WITH SCROLL LEGS SLOTS INTO, FLAT TABLE SURFACE SLOTS INTO TBALE FRAME, TABLE RUNNER SITS ON TABLE SURFACE, DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES, CUT-OUTS AND DEPICTIONS OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS PAINTED PINK AND GREEN. ONE LEG HAS DETACHED FROM TABLE. LEGS ARE AFFIXED TO TABLE BY SMALL EXTENSION THAT SLOTS INTO HOLES. HEIGHT 34.9, LENGTH 75.7, WIDTH 29.4. JAPANESE NAME IS, “UWA-JOKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “UPPER TABLE.” 5 PCES. YORAKU: V. HANGING ORNAMENTS, GOLD-PAINTED WOOD, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 52.5, WIDTH 20.3. JAPANESE NAME IS, “YORAKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CORNER ORNAMENTS.” SIX STRINGS OF ORNAMENTS HANG FROM A CANOPY-LIKE STRUCTURE THAT IS SUSPENDED FROM THE 2 FRONT CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN. THE ORNAMENTS CONSIST OF SMALL BEADS AND GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN FILIGREE. 2 PCES. W. HANGING ORNAMENTS, GOLD-PAINTED WOOD, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 52.0, WIDTH 7.2. JAPANESE NAME IS, “YORAKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CORNER ORNAMENTS.” SINGLE STRING OF ORNAMENTS WHICH HANGS FROM THE TWO BACK CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN. THE ORNAMENTS CONSIST OF SMALL BEADS AND GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN FILIGREE. 2 PCES. WHITE CANDLE: X. PARTIALLY BURNED DOWN, LENGTH 27.7, DIAMETER 2.2.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
THESE OBJECTS REPRESENT THE BULK OF RELIGIOUS ITEMS OWNED BY THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. NEARLY ALL OF THESE OBJECTS ARE THOUGHT TO HAVE BEEN ACQUIRED FROM JAPAN IN 1962. FOR 60 YEARS, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS A SPIRITUAL AND SOCIAL GATHERING PLACE FOR THE MANY JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS RESIDING IN VAUXHALL, BOW ISLAND AND TABER. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, AS WELL AS SEVERAL OTHER BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN THE AREA, IS, HOWEVER, RELATED TO A DARK CHAPTER IN CANADIAN HISTORY, NAMELY THE FORCIBLE RELOCATION OF JAPANESE IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR DECEDENTS FROM THE WEST COAST OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. IN “JODO SHINSHU IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA: FROM RURAL RAYMOND TO AMALGAMATION” JOHN HARDING WRITES, “THE HISTORY OF JAPANESE IMMIGRANTS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA IS INSEPARABLE FROM THE RELOCATION, INTERNMENT AND LABOR FORCED ON JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS IN 1942.” MANY EVACUEES CHOSE, FROM A LIMITED NUMBER OF OPTIONS, TO MOVE TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AS THIS ALLOWED FOR FAMILIES TO STAY TOGETHER. AS A RESULT OF THIS RELOCATION, SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIAN POPULATION INCREASED IN SIZE DRAMATICALLY. PRIOR TO THE WAR, LESS THAN 600 JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS RESIDED IN ALBERTA. APPROXIMATELY 3,000 EVACUEES MOVED TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOLLOWING THE INTERNMENT, MANY OF WHICH SETTLED ON FARMS IN THE TABER AND RAYMOND AREA. MANY BUDDHIST CHURCHES WERE ESTABLISHED IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOLLOWING THIS INCREASE IN JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIAN POPULATIONS. THE TOWNS OF PICTURE BUTTE, ROSEMARY, COALDALE AND TABER ALL SAW THE ESTABLISHMENT OF BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN THE 1940S AND 1950S. THESE CHURCHES ENABLED MEMBERS TO MAINTAIN THEIR SPIRITUAL AND CULTURAL IDENTITY WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN ESPECIALLY DIFFICULT DURING THE INITIAL PREJUDICES AGAINST JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS DURING AND FOLLOWING WWII. THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH CLOSED IN SEPTEMBER OF 2007. THIS CLOSURE, ALONG WITH THE CLOSURE OF SEVERAL OTHER BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, IS PART OF AN ATTEMPT BY THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA TO AMALGAMATE CHURCHES AND CREATE A NEW TEMPLE, THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA (BTSA), BASED IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. THIS DECISION WAS BROUGHT ABOUT PRIMARILY BECAUSE MEMBERS WERE AGING AND MEMBERSHIP HAD BEEN DECLINING STEADILY FOR THE PAST SEVERAL DECADES. MANY OF THE SHRINES BELONGING TO THESE CHURCHES WERE DONATED TO MUSEUMS THROUGHOUT ALBERTA. THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA IS THE RECIPIENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH SHRINE. THIS REPORT IS A SUMMARY OF THE HISTORY OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, AND IS BASED ON PUBLISHED SOURCES AND INTERVIEWS OF PAST CHURCH MINISTERS AND MEMBERS. ESTABLISHMENT AND HISTORY OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH: KOJIRO SAKAMOTO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. SAKAMOTO MOVED TO TABER FROM PITT MEADOWS IN 1942, FOLLOWING THE INTERNMENT OF JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS DURING WORLD WAR II. ASAYE SAKAMOTO, KOJIRO SAKAMOTO’S DAUGHTER-IN-LAW, REMEMBERS KOJIRO, ALONG WITH HER HUSBAND MR. SAKAMOTO AND TSURUKICHI MISHIYAMA, TRAVELING THROUGHOUT THE TABER AREA TO MEET WITH VARIOUS FAMILIES TO DISCUSS THE IDEA OF ESTABLISHING A BUDDHIST CHURCH. IN 2008, IRENE SAKAMOTO, KOJIRO’S GRANDDAUGHTER, RECALLED HIS APTITUDE FOR GATHERING DONATIONS: “HE (KOJIRO) WOULD PUT UP SOME MONEY TO SAY, HERE’S HOW MUCH I’M GOING TO DONATE TO THE CHURCH. YOU SHOULD DONATE THIS MUCH, OR WHAT YOU CAN…HE WANTED THAT CHURCH BADLY.” IRENE SAKAMOTO REMEMBERED A LOCAL WOMAN, RUBY KRENSKE, PICKING HER UP AT HER HOME IN ORDER TO TAKE HER TO THE TABER GOSPEL HALL TO ATTEND A CHRISTIAN SERVICE. IN, “FROM TANK 77 TO TABER TODAY,” KRENSKE WROTE, “I FIRST MET WITH THE CHILDREN ON THE STREET WHO WENT NOWHERE TO SUNDAY SCHOOL…WE ARRANGED FOR BRINGING THEM IN TO SUNDAY SCHOOL AT THE GOSPEL HALL AND THEY ALL CAME.” MANY CHILDREN WOULD GO TO THE GOSPEL HALL WITH KRENSKE, SO LONG AS THEIR PARENTS APPROVED. IRENE SAKAMOTO WONDERS IF THIS DID NOT BOTHER HER GRANDFATHER, PERHAPS MOTIVATING HIM TO ESTABLISH THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. IN 1945, A COMMITTEE WAS ORGANIZED IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH A BUDDHIST CHURCH IN TABER. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO, MISHIYAMA AND OTHERS ARRANGED FOR BUDDHIST MINISTERS REVEREND IKUTA AND REVEREND YUTETSU KAWAMURA, WHO RESIDED RESPECTIVELY IN PICTURE BUTTE AND RAYMOND, TO VISIT TABER AND CONDUCT SERVICES WITHIN PRIVATE HOMES. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO HAD AN EXTRA ROOM BUILT ONTO HIS HOME IN ORDER TO ACCOMMODATE MORE PEOPLE FOR THESE SERVICES. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO WAS ALSO INSTRUMENTAL IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A ‘KODEN,’ A MONETARY GIFT MADE TO A RECENTLY DECEASED PERSON’S FAMILY DURING THE FUNERAL. IRENE SAKAMOTO REMEMBERS HER GRANDFATHER ASKING EVERYONE IN THE CHURCH TO DONATE A DOLLAR OR TWO TO THOSE WHO HAD SUFFERED A RECENT DEATH IN THEIR FAMILY. THE MONEY ENABLED FAMILIES TO PURCHASE A COFFIN FOR THEIR DECEASED LOVED ONES. BY 1947, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS ESTABLISHED, AND THE SOUTH HUNGARIAN HALL WAS BEING RENTED FOR WEEKLY SERVICES. IN 1949, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH PURCHASED THE HUNGARIAN HALL FROM DONATIONS RECEIVED BY CHURCH MEMBERS. CHURCH MEMBERSHIP CONSISTED OF MORE THAN 90 FAMILIES AND IT WAS QUICKLY REALIZED THAT THE HALL WOULD NOT ACCOMMODATE ALL OF THE CHURCH MEMBERS. IN THE SUMMER OF 1950, AN ANNEX WAS ADDED TO THE BUILDING FOLLOWING A VERY SUCCESSFUL FUND-RAISING CAMPAIGN. TO HELP COVER THE COSTS OF THE NEW EXTENSION, THE ESTABLISHED FARMER MEMBERS DONATED THE PROFITS FROM TWO ACRES OF SUGAR BEET CROPS TOWARDS THE CHURCH WHICH, WERE THINNED AND CARED FOR BY THE CHURCH MEMBERS. OTHER MEMBERS CONTINUED TO MAKE MONETARY DONATIONS. IN 1951, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS THE RECIPIENT OF A GOHONZON, A STATUE OF AMIDA BUDDHA, FROM THE NEW YORK BUDDHIST CHURCH. MR. AKISABURO SATO FROM TABER TRAVELED REGULARLY TO THE EAST COAST, AND ACCEPTED THE GOHONZON ON BEHALF OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH FROM THE NYBC. AN INSTALLATION CEREMONY WAS CONDUCTED IN APRIL 1951 FOLLOWING THE DONATION. IN 1952, THE LADY YOSHIKO OHTANI AND LORD KOSHO OHTANI, ALSO KNOWN AS THE ABBOT, VISITED THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THIS VISIT WAS PART OF THE LADY OHTANI’S DESIRE TO REVITALIZE THE BUDDHIST WOMAN’S ASSOCIATION BY VISITING SHIN BUDDHIST TEMPLES IN JAPAN AND OVERSEAS. AS A RESULT OF HER EFFORTS, THE WORLD WOMAN’S BUDDHIST CONVENTION, ONE OF WHICH TOOK PLACE IN VANCOUVER AND WAS ATTENDED BY MANY TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH MEMBERS, WAS HELD EVERY FOUR YEARS. THESE CONFERENCES ALLOWED FOR THE VARIOUS SHIN BUDDHIST CHAPTERS TO COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER AND SHARE DIFFERENT CULTURAL TRADITIONS. IRENE SAKAMOTO RECALLED ATTENDING THIS EVENT IN TABER AND BEING BAPTIZED BY THE ABBOT, ALONG WITH SEVERAL OTHER PEOPLE. THOSE WHO WERE BAPTIZED WERE GIVEN THEIR BUDDHIST NAME, WHICH WAS WRITTEN ON A PLACARD, AND IS TRADITIONALLY PLACE IN THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE DURING THEIR FUNERAL SERVICE. AS EARLY AS 1958, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH BEGAN TO MAKE INQUIRIES TO JAPANESE SHRINE DEALERS IN ORDER TO PURCHASE A SHRINE. FURTHER INQUIRIES WERE MADE IN JULY, 1961. AFTER RESEARCHING POTENTIAL SHRINE DEALERS IN JAPAN, A SHINE WAS DECIDED UPON IN FEBRUARY OF 1962. THE TOTAL COST WAS ABOUT $3500.00. THE SHRINE ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN APRIL, 1963 AND WAS ASSEMBLED BY MR. KAWADE OF RAYMOND. IN MARCH 1964, AN INSTALLATION CEREMONY WAS HELD. IT WAS ATTENDED BY APPROXIMATELY 400 MEMBERS AND GUESTS, DESPITE INCLEMENT WEATHER, AND ABOUT $3950.00 WAS RAISED VIA RAFFLES AND DONATIONS. IN APRIL 1964, AN INSTITUTIONAL SPLIT DIVIDED THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN ALBERTA. THE SPLIT WAS A SENSITIVE ISSUE AND IMPACTED RELATIONS BETWEEN MEMBERS OF VARIOUS BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOR DECADES. THE REASONS FOR THE SPLIT REMAIN UNCLEAR, ALTHOUGH IT APPEARS THAT DIFFERING OPINIONS ABOUT THE DIRECTION OF THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES AND PERSONALITY CONFLICTS WERE THE MAIN CAUSES. THE MAJORITY OF MEMBERS OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, ALONG WITH THE NORTHSIDE LETHBRIDGE, COALDALE, AND THE PICTURE BUTTE BUDDHIST CHURCHES, REMAINED WITH THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES OF CANADA, WHILE THE ROSEMARY, RAYMOND, AND HONPA BUDDHIST CHURCHES EXISTED INDEPENDENTLY OF THE BCC. THE INSTITUTIONAL SPLIT WAS RECONCILED, TO A DEGREE, FOLLOWING THE CREATION OF THE BTSA IN 2007. BITTER FEELINGS, HOWEVER, ARE STILL APPARENT. THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH CELEBRATED 25TH, 30TH, 35TH, 40TH, AND 50TH ANNIVERSARIES IN 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, AND 1997, RESPECTIVELY. AT THESE EVENTS, A SPECIAL SERVICE WAS HELD AND PHOTOGRAPHS WERE TAKEN TO COMMEMORATE THE EVENT. IN 1984, THE ABBOT AND LADY OHTANI VISITED THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THE VISITING ABBOT WAS THE SON OF LORD KOSHO OHTANI, THE ABBOT WHO CAME TO S. ALBERTA IN 1952. IN 1988, CHURCH MEMBER JACK NAGAI SPEARHEADED THE MOTION TO GET THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH INCORPORATED. THE GOAL WAS TO BE ABLE TO REGISTER THE CHURCH SO THAT TAX RECEIPTS COULD BE ISSUED TO THOSE WHO GAVE A DONATION. DURING THE SAME YEAR, THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT ISSUED REDRESS COMPENSATION TO THE JAPANESE CANADIANS WHO ENDURED INTERNMENT DURING WORLD WAR II. MANY RECIPIENTS OF REDRESS MADE DONATIONS TO THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, ALLOWING FOR REPAIRS AND CONTINUATION OF CHURCH ACTIVITIES. IN 2008, SEVERAL TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH MEMBERS TOLD GALT MUSEUM STAFF THAT THEY DONATED REDRESS COMPENSATION, AWARDED IN THE LATE 80S, TO THE BTSA FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NEW TEMPLE. IN 1989, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH HOSTED THE 11TH ALBERTA BUDDHIST CONFERENCE. THIS ANNUAL EVENT CONSISTED OF A WEEKEND OF ACTIVITIES, INCLUDING AN OPENING SERVICE, GUEST SPEAKERS, A BANQUET, A TOUR OF ROGER’S SUGAR FACTORY, A SPECIAL SESSION ON BUDDHISM FOR YOUTH ATTENDEES AND A CHURCH SERVICE. APPROXIMATELY 230 ATTENDED AND OVER 2500 RAFFLE TICKETS WERE SOLD. TICKETS WERE $20 AND WERE SOLD BY THE HOSTING CHURCH MEMBERS. THE EVENT WAS A HUGE SUCCESS, WITH MORE TICKETS BEING SOLD THAN ANY OTHER PREVIOUS ALBERTA BUDDHIST CONFERENCE. ON SEPTEMBER 9TH, 2007, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS CLOSED. THE BUILDING WAS SOLD ON OCTOBER 1, 2007. THE INFORMATION ON THE PLACEMENT, FUNCTION, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE OBJECTS LISTED BELOW WAS GATHERED FROM REVEREND IZUMI, A LOCAL BUDDHIST MINISTER. ALL TRANSLATIONS WERE MADE BY REVEREND IZUMI. BUPPANKI: THESE ARE OFFERING VESSELS, USUALLY FOR COOKED RICE. THEY ARE OFTEN PLACED IN FRONT OF THE STATUE OF AMIDA BUDDHA (GOHONZON) ON THE SHUMIDAN. IN SHIN BUDDHISM, OFFERINGS ARE EXPRESSIONS OF GRATITUDE, AND CAN COME IN A SPIRITUAL OR MATERIAL FORM. SPIRITUAL OFFERINGS INCLUDE THE READING OF PRAYERS AND CHANTING OF SUTRAS, WHEREAS MATERIAL OFFERINGS INCLUDE RICE, CAKES, PASTRIES, CANDIES, FLOWERS, AND INCENSE. THERE ARE SEVERAL OBJECTS THAT ARE USED TO HOLD OFFERINGS: THE DANMORI, BUPPANKI, AND KESOKU. BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO: THE BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO IS THE BOX USED TO CONTAIN THE THREE PRINCIPLE SUTRAS OF SHIN BUDDHISM. THEY ARE SUTRA OF IMMEASURABLE LIFE (MURYOJU-KYO), WHICH CONSISTS OF TWO VOLUMES, MEDITATION SUTRA (KAMMURYOJU-KYO), AND, AMIDA SUTRA. ADORNING THE BOX LID IS THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. JODO SHINSHU CREST IS ALSO KNOWN AS, “SAGARIFUJI,” WHICH IS A WISTERIA VINE. THE FLOWERS OF THE VINE HANG DOWN AND SIGNIFY HUMILITY. THE SAGARIFUJI WAS ORIGINALLY THE FAMILY CREST OF THE FUJIWARA CLAN, OF WHICH SHINRAN SHONIN, THE FOUNDER OF SHIN BUDDHISM, WAS A MEMBER. THE KIRI REPRESENTS THE PRINCESS TREE AND/OR PAULOWNIA FLOWER AND IS A SYMBOL OF THE OFFICE OF THE PRIME MINISTER OF JAPAN. CANDLE SNUFFER: THIS WOULD SIT IN THE DRAWER OF THE MAE-JOKU, AND WOULD HAVE BEEN USED TO EXTINGUISH CANDLES. ALL FLAMES WOULD HAVE BEEN EXTINGUISHED BY A CANDLE SNUFFER, AS HUMAN BREATH IS CONSIDERED IMPURE. CANDLE SNUFFER WAS KEPT IN THE DRAWER OF THE MAE-JOKU, AND WAS LIKELY PURCHASED LOCALLY. FLAG POLE: THIS WOULD SIT IN THE GEJIN (NON-STAGE AREA) OF THE CHURCH, IN THE RIGHT CORNER AGAINST THE NAIJIN (STAGE), FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE. A BUDDHIST FLAG WOULD HAVE BEEN ATTACHED TO THE FLAG POLE. GOBUNSHO-BAKO: THIS BOX WOULD SIT ON THE KYO-JOKU (SUTRA TABLE) IN FRONT OF RENNYO SHONIN’S SCROLL. CONTAINED WITHIN THE BOX WOULD HAVE BEEN A BOOK KNOWN AS, “GOBUNSHO.” THE BOOK CONTAINS A SELECTION OF ABOUT 80 LETTERS WRITTEN BY RENNYO SHONIN, WHO LIVED FROM 1415-1499. HE IS THE 8TH DESCENDANT OF SHINRAN, THE FOUNDER OF THE JODO SHINSHU SECT. RENNYO SHONIN WAS A REFORMER OF THE JODO SHINSHU DENOMINATION, AND IS SEEN AS RESPONSIBLE FOR A RE-EMERGENCE OF SHIN BUDDHISM. THE LETTERS WERE WRITTEN TO HELP CLARIFY THE TRUE MEANING OF THE NAMU AMIDA BUTSU AND SHINRAN SHONIN'S TEACHINGS. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. SEE ARCHIVES. GOKUDEN: IS USED TO HOUSE THE GOHONZON (AMIDA BUDDHA). THE GOKUDEN SITS ON THE SHUMIDAN . THE FOUR PILLARS SURROUNDING THE ALCOVE WHERE THE GOHONZON SITS ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS, A CENTRAL COMPONENT OF BUDDHIST TEACHINGS. THE ANIMALS DEPICTED IN RELIEF ON THE GOKUDEN ARE SEEN AS PROTECTING AMIDA BUDDHA. THE GOLD COLOUR SEEN THROUGHOUT THE GOKUDEN AND OTHER RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS IS SYMBOLIC: TRUTH, LIKE GOLD, DOES NOT TARNISH OVER TIME. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. KAHIN: THE KAHIN (FLOWER VASES) SIT ON THE MAE-JOKU OR SHOKO-DAI. THE BUTSUGU WHICH SITS ON THE MAE-JOKU ARE ARRANGED IN EITHER A THREE OR FIVE SET ARRANGEMENT. THE THREE SET ARRANGEMENT IS CALLED A, “SANGUSOKU,” WHICH HAS AN INCENSE BURNER, A VASE, AND A CANDLE-STICK HOLDER ARRANGED LEFT TO RIGHT FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE. THE FIVE SET ARRANGEMENT IS CALLED A, “GOGUSOKU,” AND THE BUTSUGU ARRANGEMENT IS A VASE, A CANDLE-STICK HOLDER, AN INCENSE BURNER, A CANDLE HOLDER AND A VASE. THE GOGUSOKU IS TRADITIONALLY RESERVED FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS, ALTHOUGH THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA USED THIS ARRANGEMENT FREQUENTLY, ACCORDING TO REVEREND IZUMI. FLOWERS ARE A COMMON SYMBOL IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SIGNIFYING THE IMPERMANENCE OF LIFE. MANY CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA COULD NOT AFFORD TO PURCHASE FRESH FLOWERS YEAR ROUND, THUS FAKE FLOWERS WERE OFTEN USED. THE DRAGONS WHICH APPEAR ON THE HANDLES OF SOME OF THE KAHIN ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. KASHA: THE KASHA (INCENSE-BURNER) SITS ON THE UWA-JOKU (UPPER TABLE). THE BUTSUGU THAT SIT ON THE UWA-JOKU ARE ARRANGED IN A FOUR ELEMENT ARRANGEMENT. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT, FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE, THE ARRANGEMENT IS AS FOLLOWS: KEBYO (FLOWER-VASE), ROSOKU-TATE (CANDLE HOLDER), KASHA, AND KEBYO. SOME PHOTOGRAPHS, HOWEVER, SUGGEST THAT THIS ARRANGEMENT WAS FLEXIBLE. THE THREE LEGS OF THE KASHA AND OTHER BUTSUGU ARE SYMBOLIC OF THE THREE TREASURES: (1) BUDDHA, THE SOURCE OF ENLIGHTENMENT AND TRUTH, (2) DHARMA, THE TEACHINGS AND EXPRESSIONS OF TRUTH, AND (3) SANGHA, A FRIENDLY, HARMONIOUS GATHERING. BUTSUGU WITH THREE LEGS SHOULD BE POSITIONED SUCH THAT ONE OF THE THREE LEGS FACES DIRECTLY OUTWARDS. INCENSE-BURNING WAS A COMMON RITUAL PRACTICED IN BUDDHIST CHURCHES, SIGNIFYING ONES RESPECT AND GRATITUDE TOWARDS AMIDA BUDDHA. KEBYO: THESE FLOWER VASES WOULD SIT ON THE UWA-JOKU (UPPER TABLE), PER PLACEMENT OF KEBYO, SEE SEE HISTORY OF KASHA ABOVE. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF FLOWERS IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KAHIN ABOVE. KIKU-RINTO: THIS CHRYSANTHEMUM HANGING LANTERN WOULD HANG FROM THE CEILING, GENERALLY ON EITHER SIDE OF THE MAE-JOKU (FRONT TABLE). IN SHIN BUDDHISM, LIGHT SYMBOLIZES AMIDA BUDDHA’S WISDOM AND TRUTH. THE FLOWERS FOUND THROUGHOUT THE KIKU-RINTO ARE SYMBOLIC OF THE TRANSIENCE OF LIFE. SPECIFICALLY, THE CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER IS FOUND ON THE CREST OF THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN, AND A SYMBOL OF THE EMPEROR AND THE IMPERIAL HOUSE. TRADITIONALLY, SUCH LANTERNS WERE OIL-BURNING, BUT THESE LANTERNS ARE ELECTRIC. KORO: THESE KORO (INCENSE-BURNERS) WERE TYPICALLY PLACED ON A SHOKO-DAI (INCENSE BURNING STAND). PER SIGNIFICANCE OF THREE LEGGED BUTSUGU AND INCENSE BURNING, SEE HISTORY OF KASHA ABOVE. THE DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE KORO ARE SYMBOLS OF GOOD OMENS. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. MAE-JOKU: THIS TABLE WOULD BE CENTERED IN FRONT OF THE GOKUDEN (AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE) ON THE NAJIN (STAGE). FOR KINDS OF BUTSUGU AND THEIR PLACEMENT ON MAE-JOKU , SEE HISTORY OF KAHIN ABOVE. THE CARVED WOODEN RELIEFS ON THE TABLE INCLUDE DRAGONS, CRANES (SYMBOLS OF GOOD OMENS AND LONGEVITY, RESPECTIVELY), PEACOCKS, AND LOTUS AND CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS. LOTUS FLOWERS ARE ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT SYMBOLS IN BUDDHISM. THE LOTUS PLANT BEGINS ITS LIFE AS A SEED, AT THE MUCKY BOTTOM OF A POND. AS IT GROWS, THE PLANT ASCENDS THROUGH THE MURKY WATER, EVENTUALLY COMING TO THE SURFACE AND BLOSSOMING INTO A BEAUTIFUL FLOWER. THE LOTUS FLOWER IS THUS AN EXAMPLE FOR FOLLOWERS OF THE BUDDHIST FAITH. THE MUCK AND MUDDY POND IS SYMBOLIC OF OUR WORLD, AND THE SINS AND TEMPTATIONS THAT EXIST WITHIN IT, YET FROM THIS, A BEAUTIFUL FLOWER IS BORNE. BY FOLLOWING AMIDA BUDDHA’S TEACHING AND STRIVING FOR PURITY AND ENLIGHTENMENT, ONE IS ABLE TO MOVE BEYOND SIN, AND ASCEND TOWARDS ENLIGHTENMENT. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS, SEE HISTORY OF AND KIKU-RINTO ABOVE. THE ANIMALS AND PLANTS REPRESENTED APPEAR AS THEY ARE DESCRIBED IN THE AMIDA SUTRA, ONE OF THE 3 PRINCIPLE SUTRAS OF SHIN BUDDHISM. RESTING ON TOP OF THE MAE-JOKU WAS THE UCHISHIKI AND MIZUHIKI AND TABLE RUNNER (SEE P20070020012). ROSOKU-TATE: THESE PARTICULAR ROSOKU-TATE WOULD SIT ON A SHOKO-DAI. THE DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE ROSOKU-TATE ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. THE FLAME WOULD HAVE BEEN EXTINGUISHED BY A CANDLE SNUFFER, AS HUMAN BREATH IS CONSIDERED IMPURE. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF LIGHT IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. SHUMIDAN: SAT ON THE CENTER OF THE STAGE (NAIJIN) IN THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THE GOKUDEN SITS ATOP THE SHIMUDAN, AS DOES THE UWA-JOKU AND OTHER VARIOUS BUTSUGU. DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE SHIMUDAN ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. TASSLE: THIS HUNG INSIDE THE GOKUDEN, ABOVE THE HEAD OF THE GOHONZON. TSURI TORO: THESE WOULD HANG FROM THE CEILING, ON EITHER SIDE OF THE GOKUDEN (AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE). THE TSURI TORO WERE ORIGINALLY USED TO LIGHT PATHS AT NIGHT TO AVOID THE ACCIDENTAL KILLING OF INSECTS AND SMALL CREATURES ON THE ROAD. TRADITIONALLY, SUCH LANTERNS WERE OIL-BURNING, BUT THESE LANTERNS WERE ELECTRIC. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF LIGHT IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. UWA-JOKU: SITS ON THE SHIMUDAN, IN FRONT OF THE GOKUDEN. SITTING ON TOP OF THE UWA-JOKU IS UCHISHIKI 1(TABLE CLOTH). SEE P20070020013 FOR DESCRIPTION AND PLACEMENT OF THIS UCHISHIKI. A FOUR ELEMENT ARRANGEMENT SAT ON THIS TABLE WHICH, FROM LEFT TO RIGHT, AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE, WERE: KEBYO, ROSOKU-TATE, KASHA, AND KEBYO. PER SIGNIFICANCE AND FUNCTION OF THESE OBJECTS, SEE RESPECTIVE HISTORIES LISTED ABOVE. YORAKU: THESE WOULD HANG FROM THE FOUR CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN; THE LARGER YORAKU HANG FROM THE FRONT CORNERS AND THE SMALLER YORAKU HANG FROM THE BACK CORNERS. THEY ARE DERIVED FROM ORNAMENTS WORN AROUND THE NECK OF BODY OF ARISTOCRATIC MEN IN ANCIENT INDIA. SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA, THE FOUNDER OF BUDDHISM, ADVOCATED THAT NOBILITY WAS NOT THE RESULT OF ONE’S BIRTH, BUT RATHER THE RESULT OF ONES DEEDS. THESE YORAKU REPRESENT THE ATTAINMENT OF NOBILITY THROUGH NOBLE DEEDS. WHITE CANDLE: WOULD HAVE BEEN USED WITH ROSOKU-TATE.
Catalogue Number
P20070020001
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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