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Other Name
"GRAFLEX - CROWN GRAPHIC"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20080008013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"GRAFLEX - CROWN GRAPHIC"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1985
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
21.2
Length
26.0
Width
18.2
Description
CAMERA, FOLDING. HARD, BLACK PLASTIC CASE WITH VIIEWFINDER WINDOW. FRONT PANEL FOLDS DOWN TO REVEAL AN EXPANDABLE, ACCORDION FOLD, CAMERA LENSE. LENSE MOVES BACK AND FORTH ON METAL TRACKS. VARIOUS HOOKS AND KNOBS ON SIDE AND BACK OF CASE. FRONT OF CASE MARKED "GRAFLEX" ON SILVER COLORED PLAQUE. FRONT OF CAMERA MARKED, "CROWN GRAPHIC... SYNCHRO COMPUR." FRONT OF CASE DOES NOT CLOSE.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA WAS THE FIRST PIECE OF EQUIPMENT ACQUIRED FOR THE NEW INVESTIGATIVE BRANCH IN 1961. IT WAS STANDARD TO EVERY RCMP IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE TIME, THE CAMERA TOOK HIGH QUALITY PHOTOS OF FINGERPRINTS AND CRIPME SCENES, AND WAS USED LOCALLY FOR OVER TWENTY YEARS. RETIRED SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE, GLEN MICHELSON, WROTE A LETTER TO EXPLAIN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE IDENTIFICATION DEPARTMENT WHICH RELIED HEAVILY ON THE USE OF THE CAMERA. SEE BELOW: "IDENTIFICATION RECORDS (FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY) OF PRISONERS WAS STARTED BY THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE IN 1931 BY DETECTIVE SYD WALLIS. COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND FINGERPRINTS WERE DISTRIBUTED TO OTHER POLICE FORCES BY MUTUAL AGREEMENT IN THESE EARLY YEARS. THEN LATER A COPY OF THE FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS WERE FORWARDED TO THE R.C.M. POLICE, A NATIONAL POLICE SERVICE, IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THEIR OTTAWA HEADQUARTERS FOR THE BENEFIT OF ALL POLICE FORCES IN CANADA AND IN OTHER COUNTRIES AS WELL. LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE HAVE MAINTAINED AN EXCELLENT COLLECTION OF IDENTIFICATION RECORDS (FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS) SINCE THAT TIME. I STARTED MY CAREER IN LAW ENFORCEMENT APRIL 14TH, 1947 BY JOINING THE R.C.M. POLICE FORCE IN LETHBRIDGE. I TRAINED IN REGINA AND ROCKCLIFFE “N” DIVISION HEADQUARTERS NEAR OTTAWA. I PURCHASED MY DISCHARGE FROM THAT FORCE JULY 31ST, 1950. I JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE AUGUST 29TH, 1950 UNDER THEN CHIEF GEORGE HARVEY. I RETIRED FROM THE CITY POLICE FORCE JULY 31ST, 1984. WHILE ON DUTY IN THE COMPLAINT OFFICE I BECOME INTERESTED IN FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY. I CONSIDERED THE IDENTIFICATION OF CRIMINALS ACT IN THE CRIMINAL CODE TO PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS. AS I MENTIONED, THIS HAD BEEN STARTED BY SYD WALLIS, DETECTIVE) IN 1931. I STARTED FINGERPRINTING AND PHOTOGRAPHING PRISONERS, ALSO DEVELOPING PICTURES IN A SMALL CLOSET LIKE DARK ROOM HARDLY SUITABLE FOR THAT PURPOSE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD POLICE STATION, 5TH ST. & 5TH AVE. SOUTH, LETHBRIDGE. I STARTED PLAIN CLOTHES (DETECTIVE) WORK IN 1957 AND TAKING A FEW PICTURES AT CRIME SCENES. I OBTAINED GOOD INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS FROM TWO WELL KNOWN PHOTOGRAPHERS IN LETHBRIDGE, DR. VICTOR SPACKMAN, AND NEILS KLOPENBERG. THEY WAS MORE THAN WILLING TO GIVE ME HELP. FOR ANY MAJOR CRIME SCENES WE CALLED THE R.C.M. POLICE IDENTIFICATION OFFICER TO TAKE FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS. THEY HAD A IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE R.C.M. POLICE SUB-DIVISION OFFICE IN LETHBRIDGE. THIS OFFICER WAS ALWAYS WILLING TO GIVE US ASSISTANCE. ON FEBRUARY 27TH, 1961 UNTIL APRIL 14TH, 1961, I ATTENDED THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH SCHOOL IN OTTAWA AT THEIR HEADQUARTERS, (CLASS NUMBER 22). THIS COURSE OF INSTRUCTION INCLUDED FINGERPRINTS, PHOTOGRAPHY AND OTHER METHODS OF IDENTIFICATION, FOR ANY CRIME SCENE OR ACCIDENT REQUIRING POLICE INVESTIGATION. I WAS THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE MEMBER TO ATTEND SUCH A CLASS. I RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE AND SET UP THE FIRST CITY POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH, AN OFFICE, WORK ROOM AND DARK ROOM, COMPLETE WITH FINGERPRINT FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT, CAMERAS AND CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA TO TAKE PICTURES ANYWHERE, THEN TO DEVELOP THEM AND BE JUDGED ON OUR WORK, THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF THE NEW POLICE STATION ADDITION WAS IN SEPT. 1963. I ENJOYED CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS AND DOING THE IDENTIFICATION WORK AT CRIME SCENES AND PHOTOGRAPHING THE SCENES AND OTHERS THAT REQUIRED INVESTIGATION. IN MY VIEW IT WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT POLICE WORK AND IT WOULD GIVE ME GREAT SATISFACTION IF I COULD LOCATE A FINGERPRINT LEFT AT A CRIME SCENE THAT WOULD IDENTIFY THE PERSON BEING THERE, OR FIND ANY OTHER PHYSICAL EVIDENCE AT THE CRIME SCENE THAT WAS CONNECTED TO THE OFFENDER. I DID HAVE GREAT SUCCESS IN FINGERPRINTING AND WAS ABLE TO PHOTOGRAPH THE FINGERPRINTS AT CRIME SCENES, AND PROCESS THEM READY FOR COURT. I WAS ABLE TO QUALIFY MYSELF AS A FINGERPRINT EXPERT IN JUVENILE COURT, MAGISTRATES COURT AND ALBERTA SUPREME COURT (NOW CALLED COURT OF QUEENS BENCH.) I ALSO GAVE EVIDENCE AT CORONERS INQUESTS IN FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS. THE FINDING OF A FINGERPRINT, HOWEVER AT THE CRIME SCENE IS NOT PROOF OF GUILT BY ITSELF, NOR ANY INDICATION OF GUILT UNTIL ALL THE ELEMENTS AND FACTS OF THE CASE ARE CONSIDERED, BUT IT PROVES THE PRESENCE AT THE SCENE OF THE OFFENCE OF THE PERSON WHO MADE THE FINGERPRINT IMPRESSION. THE PRESENCE OF THAT PERSON AT THE SCENE OF THE OFFENCE CANNOT BE REFUTED OR DENIED. IT MAY BE ALIBIED BUT IT IS POSITIVE AS TO HIS OR HER PRESENCE WHETHER OR NOT THAT PRESENCE WAS LEGITIMATE. FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION IS BASED ON THE ACCEPTED FACT THAT NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. ONLY ONE PERSON AND ONLY ONE FINGER OF THAT PERSON CAN MAKE A GIVEN IMPRESSION, THE IMPRESSION CANNOT BE DUPLICATED BY ANY OTHER FINGER IN THE WORLD. IT WAS GRATIFYING AND AN HONOUR TO BE NAMED AS A FINGERPRINT EXAMINER BY THE SOLICITOR GENERAL OF CANADA IN THE CANADA GAZETTE APRIL 11TH, 1970. THIS WAS ANOTHER FIRST FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THIS WAS PURSUANT TO SECTION 594 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE OF CANADA. I ALSO ATTENDED AN ADVANCED IDENTIFICATION SERVICES FIELD SEMINAR HELD AT MYNARSKI PARK, PENHOLD ALBERTA ON OCT. 15TH, 1971. ALSO AN INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IDENTIFICATION CONFERENCE AND SEMINAR AT BOISE IDAHO, USA IN MAY 1982 ON IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUES. AFTER I WAS PROMOTED TO THE OFFICER IN CHARGE OF THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, OTHER MEMBERS OF THE FORCE WERE SELECTED TO ATTEND THE R.C.M. POLICE IDENTIFICATION COURSE IN OTTAWA. THE IDENTIFICATION SECTION HAS BECOME AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE. D.N.A. EVIDENCE IS NOW CONSIDERED TO BE IMPORTANT AND CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE IN IDENTIFICATION WORK." FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE. CAMERA CASE WAS PREVIOUSLY ACCESSIONED. SEE P19960112062.
Catalogue Number
P20080008013
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.C.M.P COMMEMORATIVE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ROSEWOOD, STEEL, GOLD PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19900007021
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.C.M.P COMMEMORATIVE
Date
1973
Materials
ROSEWOOD, STEEL, GOLD PLATE
No. Pieces
1
Length
109.8
Width
21.5
Description
WOOD & GOLD PLATE HANDLE , STAINLESS STEEL BLADE. HANDLE HAS R.C.M.P. CREST. BLADE IS INSCRIBED WITH SCENES & SYMBOLS OF N.W.M.P., R.C.M.P. HISTORY & ALSO WILKINSON (MAKER) CREST. NUMBERED ON REVERSE OF BLADE NR. HILT, "CO 388".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ARMAMENT-EDGED
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
SAFETY SERVICES
History
MADE BY WILKINSON FOR CENTENNIAL OF ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN 1973. ONLY 1000 MADE, EACH IS NUMBERED ON BLADE. ENGRAVED SCENES WERE PRODUCED FOR WILKINSON BY ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE ARTIST, STAFF SGT. PAUL SEDERBURG. BASED ON TRADITIONAL CLAYMORE SWORD IT BEARS NO RELATION TO SWORDS HISTORICALLY WORN BY THE FORCE, MADE AS OFFICIAL SOUVENIR ONLY. ACQUIRED BY DONOR WHEN OWNER COLIN CAMPBELL, A LETHBRIDGE COLLECTOR DIED. WILLIAM HERBERT SCORESBY SKELTON WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE ON 6 APRIL 1920. HIS PARENTS WERE MARION SCORESBY SKELTON AND HERBERT SCORESBY SKELTON. EDUCATED LOCALLY, MR. SKELTON WORKED AT THE DOMINION EXPERIMENTAL FARM (NOW THE LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH CENTRE) FOR SEVERAL YEARS. HE BEGAN HIS CAREER AS A REPORTER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1943. AFTER FIVE YEARS AT THE NEWSPAPER, HE BECAME NEWS DIRECTOR AT RADIO STATION CJOC ON 15 FEBRUARY 1948. DURING HIS FIRST TWO YEARS AT THE RADIO STATION, MR. SKELTON WAS THE ONLY EMPLOYEE IN THE NEWS DEPARTMENT. MR. SKELTON ORGANIZED THE FIRST FULL-TIME NEWS DEPARTMENT AT THE RADIO STATION AND WAS NEWS DIRECTOR FOR THE JOINT RADIO – TELEVISION OPERATIONS OF SELKIRK COMMUNICATIONS IN LETHBRIDGE AND SOUTHERN ALBERTA. BY THE TIME OF HIS RETIREMENT IN APRIL 1978, CJOC HAD EIGHT EMPLOYEES IN THE NEWS DEPARTMENT. WILLIAM SKELTON MARRIED MARY THERESA FRANCIS IN SOUTHMINSTER UNITED CHURCH, LETHBRIDGE ON 3 AUGUST 1957. THE COUPLE DID NOT HAVE CHILDREN. DURING HIS LIFE MR. SKELTON WAS VERY ACTIVE AS A VOLUNTEER WITH MANY COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS: THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA BOY SCOUT COUNCIL, WINSTON CHURCHILL HIGH SCHOOL ADVISORY COUNCIL, THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE’S ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC INFORMATION, LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM, YWCA BUILDING FUND DRIVE, 1975 CANADA WINTER GAMES PROTOCOL COMMITTEE, LETHBRIDGE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, 1981 ALBERTA SUMMER GAMES, PUBLIC RELATIONS ADVISOR FOR THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT MUSEUM, A CHARTER MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES, SOUTHERN ALBERTA COUNCIL ON PUBLIC AFFAIRS AND THE LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT UNITED WAY, AMONG OTHERS. HE ALSO VOLUNTEERED HIS SERVICES WITH LETHBRIDGE OVERTURE CONCERTS, THE ALBERTA MOTOR ASSOCIATION, LETHBRIDGE AND DISTRICT JAPANESE GARDEN SOCIETY AND THE LOCAL BRANCH OF THE COMMITTEE FOR AN INDEPENDENT CANADA. WILLIAM SKELTON DIED ON 13 JULY 1998, AGE 78, AND IS BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. MARY THERESA SKELTON (NEE FRANCIS) WAS THE DAUGHTER OF DR. AND MRS. JAMES R. FRANCIS AND THE GRANDDAUGHTER OF REVEREND JAMES ROBERTSON D.D., A FORMER MODERATOR OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN CANADA. A TEACHER AT LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE FROM 1945 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT, MARY SKELTON WAS ALSO ACTIVE IN THE COMMUNITY. MRS. SKELTON WAS A MEMBER OF THE CANADIAN FEDERATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN; THE SENIOR HIGH NOVELS, NON-FICTION AND DRAMA AD HOC CURRICULUM COMMITTEE OF ALBERTA EDUCATION; THE LETHBRIDGE SENIOR CITIZENS ORGANIZATION; AND A DRIVER FOR LETHBRIDGE MEALS ON WHEELS. MRS. SKELTON WAS ALSO A MEMBER OF THE ADVISORY COMMITTEE OF THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT MUSEUM DURING THE TIME OF THE MUSEUM’S FIRST RENOVATION AND EXPANSION IN 1983-1985. MARY SKELTON DIED ON 23 AUGUST 2000, AGE 80, AND IS BURIED BESIDE HER HUSBAND IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY. [SOURCES: THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, VARIOUS ISSUES; WHO’S WHO IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA 1988-1989 (HISTORICAL RESEARCH CENTRE, 1989) PAGES 739-740] *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF THIS ARTIFACT'S ORIGINAL COLLECTOR, COLIN CAMPBELL, FROM INFORMATION IN THE GALT ARCHIVES AND HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY. COLIN CAMPBELL WAS BORN ON DECEMBER 20, 1903 IN SCOTLAND, AND CAME TO CANADA IN 1911, SETLLING IN EDMONTON. HE WAS COMMISSIONED A 2ND LIEUTENANT IN THE EDMONTON FUSILIERS IN 1936, AND SERVED OVERSEAS DURING WORLD WAR II WITH THE SASKATOON LIGHT INFANTRY. IN THE EARLY 1950S CAMPBELL MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE, WHERE HE WORKED AS AN ACCOUNTANT FOR STERN'S FURNITURE. CAMPBELL WAS A MEMBER OF THE ELKS AND THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION NO. 4, WHICH HE MANAGED. HE WAS THE NEIGHBOUR OF THE DONORS, BILL AND MARY SKELTON. COLIN CAMPBELL DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 2, 1979. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19910064001 FOR HARDCOPY OF CAMPBELL'S OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19900007021
Acquisition Date
1991-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail