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Other Name
P19840025000.1-.10-GA
Date Range From
1875
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEAD
Catalogue Number
P19840025000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19840025000.1-.10-GA
Date Range From
1875
Date Range To
1900
Materials
LEAD
No. Pieces
10
Length
2.5
Diameter
2.0
Description
.45 CALIBRE. EACH BULLET HAS THREE CANELLURES AROUND IT'S CIRCUMFERENCE. ALL BULLETS SHOW SIGNS OF BEING FIRED AND IMPACT.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FOUND BY DONOR IN 1981 AT THE FORT MACLEOD RODEO GROUNDS. POSSIBLY A NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE TARGET SHOOTING RANGE AREA.
Catalogue Number
P19840025000
Acquisition Date
1984-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail

CARTRIDGE, CENTER-FIRE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact1441
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, LEAD
Catalogue Number
P19640174000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
BRASS, LEAD
No. Pieces
1
Length
6.4
Diameter
1.9
Description
UNFIRED. CALIBRE .577 SNYDER ENFIELD BRASS CASE, REPLACES ORIGINAL PAPER CARTRIDGE. TAPERED CASE. "D.C. CO. 57 SNIDER" ON BASE.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CANADA. FOR USE IN .577 CAL. SNYDER ENFIELD CARBINE. POSSIBLY ASSOCIATED WTH EARLY NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE, IN WHICH CASE DATED FROM EARLY 1870'S.
Catalogue Number
P19640174000
Acquisition Date
1964-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail

CARTRIDGE, CENTER-FIRE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact1093
Other Name
P19840026000.1-.4-GA
Date Range From
1876
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19840026000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19840026000.1-.4-GA
Date Range From
1876
Date Range To
1900
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
4
Length
4.7
Diameter
1.5
Description
.45 - .75 CALIBRE SIZE. EACH CARTRIDGE HAS BEEN FIRED. DENTS IN VARIOUS SPOTS.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE .45/75 CARTRIDGES AND BULLETS FOR THE MODEL 1876 WINCHESTER WERE FOUND IN 1981 BY THE DONOR ON THE FORT MACLEOD RODEO GROUNDS, NEAR THE FORMER SITE OF A NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE TARGET RANGE.
Catalogue Number
P19840026000
Acquisition Date
1984-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail

CARTRIDGE, CENTER-FIRE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact1440
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, PAPER, LEAD
Catalogue Number
P19640173000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
BRASS, PAPER, LEAD
No. Pieces
1
Length
6.3
Diameter
1.9
Description
UNFIRED, PAPER & TAPERED BRASS CASE, LEAD BULLET. BASE UNMARKED. .577 CALIBRE
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BRITAIN. FOR USE WITH A .577 CALIBRE SNYDER ENFIELD CARBINE, POSSIBLE ASSOCIATION WITH NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE & A POST 1873 DATE. ISSUED TO MEMBERS OF THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE FROM 1873 TO 1878. USED WITH A .577 CALIBRE SNIDER ENFIELD CARBINE, ISSUED TO MEMBERS OF THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE FROM 1873 TO 1878. THE SINGLE-SHOT SNIDER ENFIELD WAS REPLACED IN 1878 WITH THE MODEL 1876 WINCHESTER CARBINE.
Catalogue Number
P19640173000
Acquisition Date
1964-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
TEAR GAS SHELL CASING
Date Range From
1944
Date Range To
1952
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, TAPE
Catalogue Number
P20020021005
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TEAR GAS SHELL CASING
Date Range From
1944
Date Range To
1952
Materials
ALUMINUM, TAPE
No. Pieces
1
Height
16.6
Diameter
4.1
Description
ALUMINUM CYLINDER; ONE END IS OPEN, OTHER HAS A SLIGHTLY WIDER BASE. ENGRAVED INTO BASE IS "MANVILLE 37MM". A LABEL ON SIDE OF SHELL READS "TEAR GAS EQUIPMENT MANVILLE MANUFACTURING CORPORATION PONTIAC, MICH.". THERE IS ALSO A PIECE OF MASKING TAPE ON SIDE OF SHELL THAT HAS "FOR LETHBRIDGE" WRITTEN ON IT IN PEN.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD BUCHANAN. EDWARD WAS A MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FROM 1919 UNTIL 1932, WHEN HE TRANSFERRED TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. HE WAS A SENIOR STAFF SARGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE FROM MAY 1944 TO NOV. 1950. HE RETIRED IN 1950, THEN BECAME DIRECTOR OF CORRECTIONS FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. FOLLOWING RETIREMENT, EDWARD BECAME A MEMBER OF THE RCMP VETERAN'S ASSOCATION IN EDMONTON IN 1950/51, AND REMAINED A MEMBER UNTIL HIS PASSING; HE ALSO SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF THIS ASSOCIATION. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. *UPDATE* AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR MORE INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND THE OBITUARY COPY.
Catalogue Number
P20020021005
Acquisition Date
2002-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CONTAINER WITH .38 SPECIAL ROUNDS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, NICKEL, LEAD
Catalogue Number
P20130005002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CONTAINER WITH .38 SPECIAL ROUNDS
Date
1982
Materials
PLASTIC, NICKEL, LEAD
No. Pieces
8
Height
8.5
Diameter
4
Description
.A – CLEAR PLASTIC, CYLINDRICAL CONTAINER. HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK MARKER ON OUTSIDE OF CONTAINER READS “REMOVED FROM WEAPON FIRED BY CST BRUNEAU SER.#C-808798 82-07-09 4PM” AND A SIGNATURE. CONTAINER IS SCUFFED AND WRITING IS WORN AND FADED IN SOME AREAS. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. 8.5 X 4 X 4 .B – ROUND WHITE PLASTIC LID WITH TAB ON BOTTOM EDGE. VERY GOOD CONDITION. 1 X 4.1 X 4.1 .C - .F – AMMUNITION ROUNDS, CYLINDRICAL NICKEL CASINGS CAPPED WITH LEAD TIPS. EMBOSSED TEXT ON BOTTOMS READS “W-W SUPER 38 SPL + P”. VERY GOOD CONDITION. 4 X 1.25 X 1.25 .G - .H – CYLINDRICAL METAL CASINGS, HOLLOW. EMBOSSED TEXT ON BOTTOMS READS “W-W SUPER 38 SPL + P”. VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.25 X 1.25 X 1.25
Subjects
ARMAMENT-AMMUNITION
CONTAINER
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE BULLETS ARE FROM THE REVOLVER THAT WAS USED BY THE DONOR, CONSTABLE LEON BRUNEAU, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE (P20130005001). COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BRUNEAU ABOUT HIS POLICE WORK AND THE WEAPON ON OCTOBER 8, 2009 AND APRIL 4, 2013. BRUNEAU SAID: “THERE WAS SOMETHING IN THE PAPER ABOUT [THE LETHBRIDGE AUXILIARY POLICE]. THIS INTERESTED ME BECAUSE… I HAD BEEN WORKING FOR A PRIVATE INVESTIGATION [BUREAU] AS A SECURITY GUARD UP IN CALGARY … [SO] I THOUGHT I’D TRY THIS AUXILIARY POLICE THING AND SEE WHAT COMES OUT OF IT… I DIDN’T KNOW [THE POLICE FORCE] WERE PLANNING TO TAKE RECRUITS OUT OF THE AUXILIARY… I WAS 29 YEARS OLD [WHEN I WAS] SWORN IN… THE FIRST GUN I WAS ISSUED… WAS AN OLD MILITARY 38 THAT HAD BEEN BORED OUT… TO ACCEPT .38 SPECIAL AMMUNITION, BUT THE .38 CALIBER HOLES ARE A LITTLE BIT BIGGER THAN THE .38 SPECIALS… SO IT RATTLED AROUND IN THERE AND IT WAS AN UNSAFE THING… AS SOON AS JIM TUTTLE QUIT [IN 1965/66] I WAS IN [SERGEANT] ALBERT HACKETT’S OFFICE LIKE A SHOT. [HIS] WAS A NEW GUN AND WAS THE ONLY .38 SPECIAL WITH A ROUND BUTT, AND I WANTED IT… [HACKETT] GOT IT FOR ME AND I CARRIED IT UNTIL I RETIRED… [IT’S] THE GUN I HAD IN ’82 WHEN WE HAD THE SHOOTOUT… [THESE ARE] THE CARTRIDGE CASES AND THE FOUR UNFIRED ONES THAT CAME OUT OF MY GUN THAT DAY.” BRUNEAU CONTINUED: “THE REVOLVER ACTUALLY SAVED MY LIFE AT ONE TIME, BECAUSE IF I HADN’T FIRED IT, I MIGHT NOT BE HERE… IN JULY 1982… I WAS IN THE STATION [AT 5TH S AND 5TH AVE SOUTH] AND WE HEARD A COMMOTION, A SHOT, AND A SECOND SHOT… HOW [THE PRISONER] MIKE FRANK GOT A HOLD OF [OFFICER DARCY MURRAY’S] GUN, I DON’T KNOW. HAD WE HAD ANY WARNING ABOUT HOW VIOLENT THIS YOUNG MAN WAS, THERE PROBABLY WOULD HAVE BEEN MORE THAN ONE POLICEMAN DOWN THERE… [MURRAY WAS SHOT] THROUGH HIS ARM… WAYNE JOHNSON WAS ON THE DESK AND HE SAW THE COMMOTION ON THE CLOSED CIRCUIT TV AND WENT RUNNING DOWN THE STAIRS AND TOOK A BULLET RIGHT ABOVE HIS BODY ARMOUR [IN HIS NECK]… FRANK CAME RUNNING UP THE STAIRS… [SERGEANT] BUTCH LEE FIRED AT HIM [AND] HE RAN OUT THE FRONT DOOR… UP 5TH STREET TO 6TH AVENUE, AND WE CHASED HIM… AS HE WAS CROSSING [THE STREET] HE MADE A GRAB FOR A LITTLE OLD LADY… AND THEN HE FIRED A SHOT… BUTCH LEE AND I WERE THE FIRST ONES THERE… I THOUGHT ‘OK, WELL I’LL SHOOT HIS SHOULDER’ BUT I JUST GRAZED HIS SHOULDER, AND BUTCH FIRED FROM A DIFFERENT ANGLE AND MIKE FRANK WENT DOWN… [THEN] HE CAME UP SHOOTING… I FIGURED, ‘HE MISSED ME THIS TIME BUT HE MAY NOT MISS ME NEXT TIME, SO I BETTER SHOOT’. SO I DID. I WENT A COUPLE OF BUTTONS DOWN ON HIS SHIRT AND SQUEEZED OFF A SHOT AND HE WENT DOWN, AND THEN I HEARD A LOT OF GUNFIRE… AFTERWARDS WE FOUND OUT THERE WAS ELEVEN BULLET HOLES IN HIM… IN THAT NEWSPAPER PHOTOGRAPH [PUBLISHED IN THE JULY 10, 1982 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD] I WAS STANDING THERE TALKING ON THE RADIO AFTER IT, AND HE WAS STRETCHED OUT ON THE STREET.” BRUNEAU CONCLUDED: “IT WENT THROUGH MY HEAD, PRIOR TO THIS, ‘IF I WAS CONFRONTED WITH A SITUATION LIKE THIS, COULD I ACTUALLY SHOOT SOMEONE WITH THE INTENTION OF KILLING HIM?’ AND I FOUND OUT I COULD… THAT WAS ONLY THE SECOND TIME THAT I ACTUALLY HAD TO DRAW MY FIREARM… I DON’T THINK [THE INCIDENT] ACTUALLY CHANGED ANYTHING IN TERMS OF MY STATUS AS A POLICEMAN. I JUST KEPT ON DOING MY JOB… I BOUGHT THE GUN FOR $50 WHEN I RETIRED [IN 1990]. THE DEPARTMENT SENT IT AWAY TO VANCOUVER, HAD IT ALL REFURBISHED AND HAD MY ENLISTMENT DATE, MY NAME, EVERYTHING ENGRAVED AND FILLED IN WITH GOLD.” FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, AND COPIES OF RELATED NEWSPAPER ARTICLES AND BRUNEAU’S DEPARTMENTAL COMMENDATION FOR HIS ACTIONS DURING THE SHOOTOUT, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20130005002
Acquisition Date
2013-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIREFIGHTER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1994
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140019002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIREFIGHTER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1994
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
10
Description
HALF-CIRCLE SHAPED PATCH OF WOVEN, BLACK NYLON. WHITE COTTON THREAD SEWN AROUND OUTER EDGE AND EMBROIDERED TEXT READING “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” TRANSLUCENT FIBRE BACKING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS PATCH WAS SEWN TO THE SHOULDERS OF UNIFORMS ISSUED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY DEPUTY FIRE/EMS CHIEF DANA TERRY IN AN EMAIL FROM OCTOBER 7, 2015, THIS DESIGN WAS IN USE BY THE 1950S. ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THIS PATCH, BROWN SAID: “[FIREMEN] HAD BLACK AND WHITE, AND THE OFFICERS HAD GOLD… THEIRS WAS A LITTLE BIT FANCIER.” IN AN INTERVIEW WITH MACLEAN ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015, TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, RECALLED THAT THIS DESIGN WAS STILL IN USE DURING HIS SCHOOL PRACTICUM WITH THE DEPARTMENT IN 1993, BUT WAS SHORTLY THEREAFTER CHANGED OUT FOR A DESIGN THAT INCORPORATED THE “EMS” ACRONYM (SEE P20140019003). LAZENBY SAID: “THE HALF-MOON BLACK AND WHITE FLASH WAS ON THE UNIFORM AT THE TIME [WHEN I WAS HIRED AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994]. WE HAD THE PALE BLUE SHIRTS, THE NAVY BLUE WOOL PANTS, AND LONG AND SHORT-SLEEVED SHIRTS WITH THIS FLASHER ON THEM… I GOT ISSUED SHIRTS WITH THAT ON [THEM] BUT I HAD TO CHANGE THEM OUT [RIGHT AWAY] BECAUSE WE’D GONE ON TO THE NEW FLASHER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019002
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OFFICER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “FIRE RESCUE EMS”
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
2012
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140019003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “FIRE RESCUE EMS”
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
2012
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10
Length
10.75
Description
ROUNDED TRIANGULAR SHAPED PATCH OF WOVEN, BLACK NYLON. GOLD COTTON THREAD SEWN AROUND OUTER EDGE WITH EMBROIDERED CENTRAL CREST AND TEXT READING “FIRE RESCUE EMS – CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” IN GOLD, BLUE, RED, WHITE, AND BLACK. NO BACKING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS PATCH WAS SEWN TO THE SHOULDERS OF UNIFORMS ISSUED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015, TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, RECALLED THAT THIS DESIGN WAS INTRODUCED DURING HIS EARLY DAYS WITH THE DEPARTMENT IN 1994, REPLACING THE SEMI-CIRCLE DESIGN THAT ONLY READ “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” (P20140019002-GA). BECAUSE THE PREVIOUS DESIGN HAD PREDATED THE DEPARTMENT’S HIRING OF TRAINED PARAMEDICS, THIS REPLACEMENT DESIGN INCORPORATED TEXT READING “FIRE RESCUE EMS”. LAZENBY SAID: “THE HALF-MOON BLACK AND WHITE FLASH WAS ON THE UNIFORM AT THE TIME [WHEN I WAS HIRED]… I GOT ISSUED SHIRTS WITH THAT ON [THEM] BUT I HAD TO CHANGE THEM OUT [RIGHT AWAY] BECAUSE WE’D GONE ON TO THE NEW FLASHER… THAT SAYS FIRE RESCUE AND EMS ON THE BOTTOM, WITH THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE LOGO IN THE CENTRE… EVEN AT THAT POINT I HEARD GUYS SAY, ‘WHAT’S THAT ON THERE FOR?’, POINTING TO THE EMS PORTION OF THE SHOULDER FLASH. BUT THOSE WERE THE OLD SCHOOL, MOST SENIOR, MOST ELIGIBLE-TO-RETIRE MEMBERS, AND THEY WERE A PRODUCT OF THE ENVIRONMENT. THAT WAS THE WAY THAT THEY THOUGHT… I HAD GUYS SAY TO ME ‘I DON’T SEE WHY THEY KEEP HIRING YOU GUYS. I DON’T SEE WHY YOU GUYS MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE AT ALL IN THE FIELD.’… IT DIDN’T MATTER, AND YOU DIDN’T WASTE YOUR BREATH… SOME OF THEM WARMED UP TO THE EMS SIDE A LITTLE BIT; SOME OF THEM NEVER DID.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE ADDITION OF “EMS” TO THE SHOULDER FLASH, BROWN SAID: “WE GOT INTO EMS; WE HAD THOSE MEDICS THAT WERE SO SHARP. THE DEPARTMENT STARTED TO EXPAND, RATHER THAN BEING JUST THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IT EXPANDED TO DO ALL KINDS OF EXTRA STUFF, AND WE JUST WANTED TO INDICATE, WITH THE SHOULDER PATCHES [THAT] IT’S STILL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT WE DO ALL KINDS OF MEDICAL STUFF [AND] THESE PARAMEDICS ARE WELL-TRAINED.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY DEPUTY FIRE/EMS CHIEF DANA TERRY IN AN EMAIL FROM OCTOBER 7, 2015, THIS DESIGN WAS IN USE UNTIL 2012, WHEN FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES DESIGNED A NEW FLASH DESIGN (P20140019004-GA) TO COMMEMORATE THE CENTENNIAL OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019003
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE EMS”
Date Range From
2012
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140019004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE EMS”
Date Range From
2012
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
11.5
Length
11
Description
ROUNDED SHIELD-SHAPED PATCH OF WOVEN, BLACK NYLON. GOLD COTTON THREAD SEWN AROUND OUTER EDGE WITH EMBROIDERED CENTRAL CREST, CANADA FLAG, AND TEXT READING “LETHBRIDGE FIRE EMS – FIRE DEPT.” IN GOLD, RED, WHITE, BLUE, AND BLACK. NO BACKING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS PATCH WAS SEWN TO THE SHOULDERS OF UNIFORMS ISSUED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY DEPUTY FIRE/EMS CHIEF DANA TERRY IN AN EMAIL FROM OCTOBER 7, 2015, THIS DESIGN REPLACED THE PREVIOUS DESIGN (P20140019003-GA) IN 2012, COMMEMORATING THE CENTENNIAL OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. TERRY WROTE: “[THE NEW DESIGN] WAS AN INITIATIVE I TOOK ON, WITH THE CHIEF [BRIAN CORNFORTH]’S APPROVAL, DURING THE [CENTENNIAL] CELEBRATION PROCESS. WE WANTED A DIFFERENT BRANDING THAT MODERNIZED OUR LOOK AND MAINTAINED SOME HISTORY. EMS OPERATIONS OFFICER LYNN VILLIGER, THE CHIEF AND I NARROWED DOWN SEVERAL DESIGNS AND THEN GAVE IT TO OUR STAFF TO CHOOSE THEIR FAVOURITES. THE SURVEY CAME BACK UNANIMOUSLY IN FAVOUR OF THE DESIGN THAT WE NOW WEAR. THE INSIDE OF THE CREST IS THE SAME LOGO THAT WAS IN OUR PREVIOUS CREST WHICH INCORPORATES THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE LOGO AS WELL.” AT THE TIME OF DONATION, THIS PATCH DESIGN WAS STILL IN USE BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES. ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, WHO TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. OF THE PROMINENCE OF THE TEXT READING “LETHBRIDGE” ON THIS PATCH DESIGN, LAZENBY SAID: “IN 2002 WHEN I WENT TO NEW YORK CITY FOR THE 9/11 MEMORIAL, WE WORE OUR DRESS UNIFORMS WITH THE FLASHERS ON THE SIDE [THE PREVIOUS DESIGN, P20140019003-GA]… YOU IDENTIFY A MEMBER OF A PARTICULAR SERVICE BY LOOKING AT HIS SHOULDER FLASHER, AND IT ALWAYS SAYS WHAT CITY THEY ARE FROM. AND WITH [THOSE ONES], YOU HAVE TO GET REALLY UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL TO SEE… PEOPLE WOULD COME IN AND THEY’D GO, ‘WHERE ARE YOU GUYS FROM? WHAT DOES THAT SAY?’ AND THEN THEY COULDN’T READ THE WRITING HALF THE TIME. SO I THINK THE CONSCIOUS DECISION WAS MADE TO SAY, “[LETHBRIDGE] IS WHO WE ARE, THIS IS WHERE WE [ARE FROM], AND THIS IS GOING TO BE THE BIGGEST WRITING ON THE PIECE.”… WHEN YOU ROLL UP, PEOPLE KNOW THAT YOU’RE FIRE AND EMS [AND] WE HAD TO FOCUS ON SAYING ‘THIS IS WHERE WE’RE FROM’ SO YOU COULD BE IDENTIFIED.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019004
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
No. Pieces
9
Height
13.5
Length
50.5
Width
36
Description
.A - CARRYING CASE, RED AND BLACK WITH WHITE LETTERING ON FRONT THAT READS “LIFEPAK 5 PHYSIO-CONTROL”. SIDE POCKET CONTAINS P20130014000.C - P20130014000.I. VISIBLE WEAR OVERALL. .B - DEFIBRILLATOR DEVICE WITH TWO PADDLES, OFFWHITE IN COLOUR, CONNECTED TO THE MAIN BODY WITH TAN COLOURED SPIRALED CORDS. BODY CONTAINS VARIOUS DIALS AND OUTPUT PRINTER WITH ROLL OF PAPER. .C - SECOND ROLL OF PAPER, LIGHT GREEN, TIGHTLY WRAPPED AROUND BROWN CARDBOARD TUBE, THAT FITS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR'S PRINTER. .D - .H - FIVE WHITE, CIRCULAR SELF-ADHESIVE ELECTRODE PADS, WITH YELLOW BUTTON AT CENTRE AND METAL SNAPS TO CONNECT TO CORD (P20130014000.I). REPEATING "3M RED SPOT" LOGO IN RED AROUND SNAPS. .I - BLACK, RED, AND WHITE CORD, COILED. BLACK END PLUGS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR, RED AND WHITE ENDS CONNECT TO ELECTRODE PADS.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS DEFIBRILLATOR WAS USED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES. THE LIFEPAK ™ 5 PORTABLE DC DEFIBRILLATOR/SCOPE WAS FIRST INTRODUCED BY THE PHYSIO CONTROL CORPORATION IN 1976. THIS DEVICE REPRESENTED A SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED WEIGHT REDUCTION AND FUNCTIONALITY COMPARED TO EARLIER MODELS. IT SOON BECAME THE STANDARD OF THE INDUSTRY UNTIL FURTHER IMPROVED MODELS WERE INTRODUCED IN 1991. ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, ABOUT THIS DEFIBRILLATOR. LAZENBY TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC, AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. LAZENBY SAID: “SO IN ITS DAY, THIS WAS THE CADILLAC. WE USED THIS. WE HAD ONE LIFEPAK 10 AND A NUMBER OF LIFEPAK 5S… [BY THE LATE 1990S] WE WERE MOVING TO THE 10S, AND THEN THE 10C, BUT WE STILL HAD THESE AROUND. WHEN WE RAN AN ACLS COURSE ON OUR DAYS OFF, TO GET RECERTIFIED THIS IS THE ONE THAT WE USED AND THESE DID FILL IN WHEN THE OTHER ONES WERE DOWN. THIS WAS A FAIRLY RUDIMENTARY DEVICE COMPARED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 IN THAT YOU COULD ONLY LOOK AT THREE DIFFERENT VIEWS OF THE HEART IN THIS ONE. THIS WAS A HEART MONITOR/DEFIBRILLATOR… IT HAS THIS LITTLE TINY SCREEN THAT YOU COULD SEE THIS LITTLE HEART RHYTHM ON, ALMOST LIKE THE RHYTHM WAS AN AFTERTHOUGHT… BUT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON HERE BEFORE YOU REALLY WANT TO USE THIS, THE DEFIBRILLATOR SIDE, RIGHT? [ON] THE NEW GENERATION ONES… THERE’S NO PADDLES ANYMORE, THEY’RE ALL THOSE STICKY PADS SO THE CONTACT IS BETTER. IT ENSURES BETTER ENERGY DELIVERED THROUGH THE HEART MUSCLE. BUT NOW THE SCREENS THAT YOU LOOK AT THE HEART RHYTHM ON ARE EIGHT INCHES BY EIGHT INCHES…THEY’RE A REAL GOOD SIZE COMPARED TO THIS ONE. THIS ONE ONLY GAVE YOU THREE LEADS TO THE HEART. IT USED TO BURN THE IMPRESSION [OF] THE HEART TRACING ONTO THE PAPER, TO SHOW UP ON THE GRID PAPER. AND THERE WAS NO DIAGNOSTIC MODE SO YOU COULDN’T TELL WITH THIS MACHINE IF SOMEONE WAS HAVING A HEART ATTACK OR NOT. WITH THE ECG CHANGES THAT SOMETIMES TAKE PLACE WITHIN THE MYOCARDIUM, YOU COULDN’T TELL THAT ON THIS MACHINE. SO YOU COULD LOOK AT IT AS SORT OF A DIAGNOSTIC AS FAR AS RHYTHM WENT, BUT YOU COULDN’T TELL THE ECG CHANGES AS FAR AS INFARCTION WENT… YOU’RE ONLY AS GOOD AS YOUR EQUIPMENT. SO THIS WAS GOOD AT THE TIME, BUT IT WAS FALLING BEHIND.” LAZENBY CONTINUED: “A LOT OF SAFETY ISSUES WENT WITH THAT. IF YOU SLIPPED AND CONTACTED THE PATIENT, YOU COULD DEFIBRILLATE YOURSELF. IT JUST WAS SO UNSAFE TO CONTINUE DOING IT THIS WAY. THAT’S WHY WE’VE SINCE EVOLVED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 AND THE LIFEPAK 12, AND NOW WE’RE USING ZONE MONITORS WHERE EVERYTHING’S STICKY PADS. YOU DON’T TOUCH THE PATIENT ANYMORE… I ALMOST DEFIBRILLATED MYSELF ON THE FLIGHT BETWEEN SLAVE LAKE AND EDMONTON. WE HAD A PATIENT THAT CODED ABOUT A THIRD OF THE WAY TO EDMONTON, AND IT WAS A ROUGH FLIGHT. AND JUST WHEN I THOUGHT I HAD THIS GUY READY TO ‘JUICE’, WE HIT THIS POCKET OF AIR AND THE WHOLE PLANE DROPPED JUST AS I DISCHARGED THE PADDLES. AND I WAS LUCKY THAT NO PART OF HIM WAS TOUCHING THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER BECAUSE MY KNEE, MY LEG ENDED UP RESTING AGAINST THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER… SO YOU CAN SEE I HAVE A FIRSTHAND KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAFETY ISSUE.” LAZENBY CONCLUDED: “THE THING THAT I MISSED TO THE VERY LAST DAY THAT I WAS ON THE AMBULANCE WAS [NO LONGER] BEING ABLE TO USE PADDLES WHEN I DEFIBRILLATED SOMEONE. I KNOW THAT SOUNDS STUPID, BUT PUTTING A DIME-SIZED DROP OF GEL ON THE PADDLES AND RUBBING THEM TOGETHER, AND PUTTING THEM ON THAT GUY’S CHEST, AND DISCHARGING THE ENERGY YOURSELF, WITH THE TRIGGERS ON THE ENDS, I DON’T KNOW, IT JUST SEEMED TO BE LIKE THE COOLEST THING EVER… WE MISSED IT WHEN IT WENT AWAY, BUT WE ALL KNEW, IT WAS FOR THE BETTER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF LAZENBY'S INTERVIEW ALONG WITH OTHER FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
Acquisition Date
2013-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
212
Width
67
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF OFF-WHITE CANVAS, WITH TWO RED NYLON STRAPS SEWN AT EACH VERTICAL EDGE. CANVAS IS FOLDED OVER AND SEWN ALONG BOTH HORIZONTAL EDGES, CREATING TWO LENGTHWISE CHANNELS. ALL SEAMS ARE REINFORCED WITH DOUBLE-STITCHING. FRONT OF CANVAS HAS REPEATING CIRCULAR WATER STAINS ALONG THE CENTRE AND VARIOUS SPOTS OF DISCOLOURATION THROUGHOUT. TEXT AT THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER READS “L F D” IN BLACK MARKER. BACK OF CANVAS HAS SIMILAR WATER STAINING, AND TEXT ACROSS THE CENTRE READING “DISCARD” IN BLACK MARKER. A STAMP AT THE RIGHT SIDE DEPICTS A CIRCULAR CREST AND READS “CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT” IN BLUE INK. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS CANVAS STRETCHER, ALONG WITH TWO WOODEN POLES, WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT DURING MEDICAL EMERGENCIES, PRIOR TO THE INCORPORATION OF PARAMEDIC STAFF IN THE DEPARTMENT IN THE MID 1980S. AMONG DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL, IT IS REFERRED TO AS “POLES AND CANVAS”. ON SEPTEMBER 9, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LAWRENCE DZUREN, RETIRED FIRE CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT FROM 1959 TO 1992. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, DZUREN SAID: “[THIS] WOULD BE IN THE AMBULANCE AND THERE’S TWO BIG WOODEN POLES, NICELY SANDED DOWN. WHEN YOU GOT THE PATIENT YOU WOULD ROLL HIM TO THE SIDE, TUCK THAT UNDER, ROLL HIM BACK ONTO [THE CANVAS], PUT THE POLES IN, AND PICK HIM UP, ONE [FIREMAN] ON EACH END… THAT’S THE WAY WE CARRIED PATIENTS OUT OF WHEREVER WE HAD TO CARRY THEM… I RECALL GOING TO ONE, THERE WAS A BLIZZARD GOING ON, WE GOT THIS BIG FELLA… HE WAS ABOUT 6’5”, AND WE HAD TO GET HIM OUT OF THE BASEMENT … WITH POLES LIKE THIS… YOU THINK YOU CAN MANIPULATE, AND WE USUALLY DID SUCCEED IN GETTING THEM OUT OF THERE, BUT IT WAS WITH A LOT OF BACK BREAKING STUFF TO GET HIM UP THE STAIRS… BECAUSE ONE GUY IS UP THERE TO LIFT THIS WAY, AND THE OTHER GUY IS BENDING DOWN… [POLES AND CANVAS] CAME OUT OF SERVICE WHEN WE STARTED GETTING PARAMEDICS [IN THE MID TO LATE 1980S]. THEY DID AWAY WITH IT, WHICH I WAS KIND OF SURPRISED, BECAUSE WE FOUND IT SUCH AN EASY WAY OF DOING IT. BECAUSE NOW… THE PARAMEDICS AND NURSES PICK THEM UP AND MANUALLY SET THEM ONTO THE BED, WHERE WITH THIS… WE COULD JUST PICK THEM UP, PUT THEM ON [THE BED] AND AWAY WE WENT. BUT THEY FOUND [A METHOD] THAT’S MAYBE MORE EFFICIENT, OR EASIER ON THE PATIENT.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, BROWN SAID: “THAT’S WHAT I WAS TRAINED ON… THAT WAS OUR ‘SCOOP AND RUN’. WHEN WE WENT TO ANY KIND OF EMERGENCY, WE TOOK THE CANVAS WITH US… VERY LITTLE FIRST AID AT THE SCENE, LIKE NEXT TO NONE, UNLESS THERE WAS BLEEDING… IT WAS MOSTLY SCOOP AND RUN… GET THEM TO THE HOSPITAL AS QUICK AS WE COULD… RATHER THAN CARRY [A STRETCHER WITH A METAL FRAME] UP THE STAIRS, WE’D GO UPSTAIRS AND PUT THE PATIENT ON THE POLES… THE [FIREMAN] ON THE BOTTOM, IF [THE PATIENT] WAS STARTING TO SLIDE OFF, THEY’D END UP WITH THEIR LEGS AROUND THE [FIREMAN’S] NECK, AND THERE WAS NOTHING YOU COULD DO… YOU HAD TO GET DOWN, AND IT WASN’T THE PERSON’S FAULT BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T HAVE THE STRENGTH ON THE SLIPPERY CANVAS TO HANG ON.” ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, WHO TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, LAZENBY SAID: “I NEVER USED THESE, BUT I HAVE HEARD A THOUSAND STORIES ABOUT POLES AND CANVAS – SOME GOOD, WHERE THEY WORKED INCREDIBLY WELL, AND SOME NOT SO GOOD, WHERE IT WAS ALMOST COMICAL THE WAY THINGS UNFOLD. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU GO UP A TWO-STOREY OR THREE-STOREY WALKUP WITH NO ELEVATOR, AND IF YOU’VE GOT [FIREMEN] WHO ARE HEIGHT MISMATCHED… WHEN YOU STARTED GOING DOWN STAIRS, THERE WERE REALLY NO STRAPS ON THESE THINGS TO HOLD PEOPLE – THEY WERE LIKE A MILITARY LITTER. SO AS THE ONE [FIREMAN] IS GOING DOWN THE STAIRS, THE PATIENT STARTS TO SLIDE. THERE WERE STORIES WHERE GUYS WERE TRYING TO HOLD THE POLES UP AS HIGH AS THEY POSSIBLY COULD SO THE [PATIENT] WOULDN’T SLIDE DOWN… PRETTY SOON HIS LEGS ARE HANGING OVER YOUR SHOULDERS!... BUT WHEN I WAS NEW [IN THE MID-1990S], I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TIMES I GOT TOLD ‘OH THE POLES AND CANVAS ARE WAY BETTER THAN THOSE STRETCHERS YOU GUYS ARE USING TODAY BECAUSE OF THIS AND THIS’ [AND] I AM SURE THAT IN SOME WAYS THEY WERE; I NEVER DISCOUNTED IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
15
Description
A. BLUE, WHITE AND GREY HEART MONITOR AND DEFIBRILLATOR FIXED WITH THREE BLACK ZIPPER POUCHES. DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK HANDLE AT TOP, SQUARE BODY WITH BLUE TRIM AND GREY AND WHITE FRONT; DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD CONNECTED TO RIGHT SIDE POUCH WITH GREEN BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED; LEFT SIDE OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD INSIDE LEFT POUCH ATTACHED TO BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR. LEFT BLACK CORD IS CONNECTED TO A BLACK BOX WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “8000-1006-02, V1-V6, ZOLL, LL LA RA RL” WITH FOUR BLACK CORDS FIXED TO BOX. FOUR CORDS HAVE WHITE, RED, GREEN AND BLACK NODES ON ENDS LABELLED “RA”, “LL”, “RL”, “LA”. BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS GREY, BLUE, AND WHITE AND RED CORDS ATTACHED. WHITE AND RED CORD ATTACHES TO “CPR STAT-PADZ” INSIDE BACK POUCH; BLUE CORD ATTACHES TO PULSE OXIMETER INSIDE BACK POUCH. “CPR STAT-PADZ” CONTAINED IN GREY PLASTIC BAG, UNOPENED, WITH WHITE AND RED LABEL “CPR STAT-PADZ, ADULT ELECTRODES WITH REAL CPR HELP, MULTIFUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION CPR FEEDBACK NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL. +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1216, REF 8900-0402, 2018-03-19, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 7,074, 199 7,108,665 5,330,526 7,118,542 7,122,014 5,462,157”. RIGHT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT; BACK POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “SPARE BATTERY STORAGE” ON FRONT; LEFT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS WHITE TEXT ON TOP BLUE TRIM “ZOLL M SERIES, XL BATTERY” AND ON BLUE TRIM ON TOP OF FRONT FACE OF DEFIBRILLATOR “ZOLL M SERIES, RESCUENET READY, 12SL PROGRAM, BLUETOOTH, BIPHASIC 200 JOULES MAX”. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS SCREEN WITH FIVE WHITE ROUND BUTTONS BELOW AND VOLUME BUTTON, BRIGHTNESS/DARKNESS BUTTON, “SUMMARY” BUTTON, “CODE MARKER” BUTTON, AND “NIBP” BUTTON. FRONT HAS BLACK “PACER OUTPUT MA” AND “PACER RATE PPM” EMBEDDED IN GREEN CIRCLES. FRONT HAS RED “1 DEFIB” BUTTONS MARKED “CHARGE”, “ANALYZE”, “ENERGY SELECT”, AND “SHOCK”. FRONT HAS GREY BUTTONS WITH BLACK TEXT “LEAD”, “SIZE”, “ALARM SUSPEND”, AND “RECORDER” BESIDE GREY BUTTON WITH WHITE TEXT “MONITOR”. FRONT HAS A BLACK DIAL WITH WHITE MARKER TO TURN TO LABELS “OFF” BLACK WITH WHITE TEXT, “MONITOR” GREY WITH WHITE TEXT, “1 DEFIB” RED WITH WHITE TEXT” AND “PACER” GREEN WITH WHITE TEXT. TOP OF MONITOR BELOW HANDLE HAS WHITE LABEL WITH RED TEXT “RV 1 STN 1”. MONITOR HAS FADED TEXT ON FRONT LABEL AND SOILING AT TOP; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. PLASTIC BAG (20.2CM LONG X 18.2CM WIDE) WITH GREEN AND WHITE OPAQUE TUBE INSIDE TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE; END OF WHITE TUBE HAS ORANGE TIP WITH WINGS. BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE PLUS O2, ADULT/INTERMEDIATE CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET WITH O2 TUBING, REF 009822, REF 010210, LENGTH 2M/7FT, ORIDION, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING”. TOP OF PLASTIC BAG HAS BLACK STAMP “LOT 15F0235JZ”. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. C. GOLD PLASTIC BAG (21.4CM LONG X 19CM WIDE) WITH BLUE BANNER AT BOTTOM AND WHITE TEXT “CARDIOLOGY” ON FRONT. FRONT HAS FADED BLACK TEXT AND FADED WHITE AND BLACK BARCODE. TOP OF BAG IT SEALED WITH WHITE COTTON TAPE ALONG BACK AND SIDES; BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF BAG IS RIPPED TO SHOW CONTENTS OF 59 ECG ELECTRODES. ELECTRODES ARE WHITE WITH PLASTIC COVERING AND BLUE TAB WITH SILVER BUTTON ON TAB. ELECTRODES ARE 3.7CM WIDE AND 4.7CM LONG. BACK OF BAG HAS BLACK, RED AND GREY DIAGRAMS IN TOP LEFT CORNER, COVERED BY CLOTH TAPE; BOTTOM LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK AND WHITE TEXT “EN ECG ELECTRODES” IN 23 LANGUAGES. RIGHT SIDE HAS RED AND BLACK TEXT “AMBU A/S, BALTORPBAKKEN 13, DK-2750 BALLERUP, DENMARK, T +45 7225 2000, F +45 7225 2050, WWW.AMBU.COM”. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. D. CLEAR PLASTIC BAG (21CM LONG X 17.7CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH CLEAR TUBE COILED INSIDEAND TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE. TUBE ENDS HAVE OPAQUE BLUE AND SOLID ORANGE FITTINGS, AND IS FITTED WITH CLEAR PLASTIC NASAL INSERT. FRONT OF BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE, PEDIATRIC CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET, REF 007266, LENGTH 2M/7FT, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING. ORIDION”. LABEL SHOWS DIAGRAM FOR USING ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET. TOP OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT STAMPED “LOT: Q150583155”. BAG IS CREASED AND SLIGHTLY CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. GREY PAPER ENVELOPE (22CM LONG X 16.2CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLUE AND BLACK TEXT “PEDI-PADZ, PEDIATRIC ELECTRODES, MULTI-FUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 209 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, MADE IN USA, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1316, REF 8900-2061, 2017-03-26, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 5,330,526”. LABEL INCLUDES “INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE”, “WARNINGS” AND TWO BLACK AND WHITE IMAGES OF ELECTRODES ATTACHED TO BODY, FRONT AND BACK. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND BENT; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. F. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.6CM LONG X 5CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “RECORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE IS TORN ON FRONT AT TOP LEFT CORNER AND AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT EDGES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.5CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 30081200, QTY: 1”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. H. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.3CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, REF 8000-0261-01, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9061-02-C TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 11110900, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. I. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.2CM LONG X 5.1CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. TOP OF CARDBOARD PACKAGING HAS BLUE TEXT “MANUFACTURED FOR DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG NY 10962”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE AND TEXT IS FADED; PACKAGE IS TORN AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT CORNERS; TOP OF PACKAGE IS FRAYED AND WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. J. GREY PLASTIC-COATED BATTERY (18.3CM LONG X 7CM WIDE); BATTERY HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT ON TOP “ZOLL PD 4410, (BATTERY PACK NOT EQUIPPED WITH SMART BATTERY MODULE), ZOLL SMART BATTERY, SHORT OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS, PRESS FOR DISPLAY, FAULT: TEST BATTERY, TIME INDICATORS, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD MASSACHUSETTS, 01824 U.S.A., SERIAL NO. 23-1600637, MADE IN U.S.A” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE AND BARCODE. LABEL HAS HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK INK “LM 10/2/16” AND HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLUE INK “SC 10/6/16”. RIGHT SIDE OF BATTERY HAS TWO WHITE LABELS; FIRST LABEL HAS BLACK BARCODE, SECOND LABEL HAS BLACK TEXT “NEW, IN SVC, NOV 28/2016”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS LABEL AT TOP WITH BLACK TEXT “LIFT HERE TO REPLACE”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS TWO ROUND WHITE HOLES; ENDS OF BATTERY HAVE PLASTIC CLIPS. BATTERY TOP LABEL HAS GREY SMUDGE, AND LABELS ON SIDE ARE FADED AND DISCOLOURED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. K. GREY POWER CORD (300CM LONG) WITH OPAQUE GREY PLASTIC PLUG END AND GREY ADAPTER END. CORD IS SCUFFED AND DISCOLOURED WITH BLACK AND PINK; ADAPTER IS DESIGNED FOR THREE-PRONG INSERT. PLUG END HAS BLUE, BLACK, WHITE AND GREEN WIRES INSIDE; END OF PLUG END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “MADE IN U.S.A., ELECTRI-CORD, NESTFIELD, PA, 5-15P” WITH GREEN DOT BETWEEN PRONGS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. L. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.8CM LONG X 10.2CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, (RE-ORDER NO. 8000-0261), THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 4,859,858 4,859,859 4,914,720 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, MANUFACTURED BY NOVAMETRIX MEDICAL SYSTEMS INC., WALLINGFORD, CONN. 06492, MADE IN U.S.A., ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, SECOND AVENUE, BURLINGTON, MASSACHUSETTS 01803, U.S.A., 800-348-9011, LOT 20060300”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; BAG IS PUNCTURED AND FRAGILE; OVERALL FAIR CONDITION. M. BLUE BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF (49CM LONG X 12.3CM WIDE); CUFF IS POLYESTER AND COTTON; CUFF HAS VELCRO HOOK ON FRONT SIDE AND VELCRO LOOP ON BACK; CUFF HAS BLACK TUBE UNDER VELCRO HOOK WITH WHITE FITTING AT END OF TUBE. FRONT HAS WHITE LOGO WITH BLUE TEXT “ZOLL” AND WHITE TEXT “SMALL ADULT, LONG, 17-25 CM” WITH DIAGRAM OF OUTLINES OF FIVE FIGURES WITH SECOND-LAST FIGURE SOLID WHITE; UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE TEXT “INDEX”. BACK OF CUFF HAS WHITE TEXT ALONG TOP EDGE “RANGE” WITH ARROWS ON BOTH SIDES OF TEXT; WHITE SYMBOLS BESIDE VELCRO LOOP SHOWS NO LATEX AND NO PVC. CUFF IS FRAYED AT TOP AND RIGHT EDGES ON FRONT; VELCRO HOOK HAS COLLECTED DEBRIS; RIGHT EDGE OF CUFF HAS WHITE BORDER AROUND OPENING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. N. WHITE PULSE OXIMETER (95.8CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) ATTACHED TO BROWN CORD WITH GREY FITTING AT END. OXIMETER TOP HAS EMBOSSED FINGER WITH NAIL AND EIGHT-POINT STAR ON NAIL; OXIMETER END HAS FLAP ON RIGHT SIDE SHOWING TWO BLUE MALE FIGURES AND TWO GREEN FEMALE FIGURES; OXIMETER SIDES HAVE ROUND WHITE BUTTON WITH RED AND WHITE HEART MONITOR GRAPH SPIKE PRINTED. CORD HAS PAPER TAB ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “DO NOT DISCARD, INTENDED FOR MULTIPLE USE”; OPPOSITE SIDE OF TAB SHOWS BLACK MAIL FIGURE BESIDE GARBAGE CAN WITH RED PROHIBITION SIGN PRINTED OVER. GREY FITTING AT END NINE BRASS SPIKES INSIDE GREY BOX AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON TOP “LNCS”AND STAMPED TEXT ON BOTTOM “7H052”. CORD IS DISCOLOURED AND SCUFFED; TAB ON CORD IS FADED AND WORN; WHITE OXIMETER FITTING HAS SOILING. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. O. DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR WITH PACKAGING TORN INTO FOUR PIECES (RAZOR 6.2CM LONG X 4.8CM WIDE); RAZOR WHITE PLASTIC WITH BLUE PLASTIC SPIKES UNDER SILVER BLADE; FRONT OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “GALLANT”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING FRONT PIECE IS WHITE WITH BLUE BORDERS AND TEXT “REORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR, STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING BACK PIECE HAS BLUE DIAGRAM OF RAZOR IN USE AND BLUE TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. CARDBOARD PIECES ARE FRAYED AT EDGES FROM BEING TORN; TOP AND BOTTOM PIECES ARE SMUDGED WITH BLUE; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. P. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (16CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 09081000, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,618,923 5,693,944; OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. Q. BLACK CORD (119CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) THAT CONVERGES MIDWAY INTO SIX WIRES. END OF CORD HAS BLACK ADAPTER WITH EIGHT BRASS SPIKES INSIDE RECTANGLE. ENDS OF SIX WIRES HAVE MULTI-COLOURED NODES WITH WHITE TEXT ON BACK, LABELLED: “V1” RED, “V2” YELLOW, “V3” GREEN, “V4” BLUE, “V5” ORANGE, “V6” PURPLE. BLACK PLASTIC MIDDLE CONNECTOR WHERE WIRES CONVERGE HAS ENGRAVED CLOCK SYMBOL ON FRONT WITH MARKINGS FOR “12, 3, 6, 9” AND ARROW IN CENTER POINTED AT “3”. CORD IS CURLED INTO COIL; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON OCTOBER 23, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LYNN VILLIGER WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ABOUT THE DONATION OF A ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATOR AND CARDIAC MONITOR. ACCORDING TO CORRESPONDENCE WITH VILLIGER, THE ZOLL M-SERIES WERE USED WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMEMRGENCY SERVICES UPON THEIR ACQUISITION IN 2003, AND WERE REPLACED IN 2011. THE ZOLL M-SERIES CARDIAC MONITORS WERE THE FIRST TO OPERATE WITH BIPHASIC WAVEFORM ENERGY, ENABLING SAFER AND MORE EFFICIENT DEFIBRILLATION. VILLIGER ELABORATED ON THE ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATORS, NOTING, “IT’S A CARDIAC MONITOR, NOT ACTUALLY AN AED. IT DOES HAVE AN AED FUNCTION BUILT RIGHT INTO IT, WHICH WAS ONE OF THE AMAZING THINGS IN THIS NEW GENERATION OF CARDIAC MONITORS. IT ALLOWED US TO DO SO MUCH MORE THAN WE WERE ABLE TO DO IN THE PAST. NOT ONLY IS IT A CARDIAC MONITOR; IT’S A CARDIAC MONITOR; IT’S A CARDIAC DEFIBRILLATOR; IT CAN ALSO CARDIOVERT AND IT CAN PACE AS WELL. THOSE ARE FUNCTIONS THAT WE NEVER HAD IN PREVIOUS GENERATIONS OF MONITORS. IT ALSO CAN MEASURE VITAL SIGNS. IT CAN MEASURE A PERSON’S BLOOD PRESSURE; IT CAN MEASURE THE CARBON DIOXIDE CONTENT OF A PERSON’S BLOOD THROUGH INFRA-RED TECHNOLOGY. IT CAN ALSO RECOGNIZE THE OXYGEN SATURATION OF THEIR BLOOD USING THE SAME TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, SO IT WAS QUITE A BIG JUMP FOR US. WE WENT FROM A DIFFERENT TYPE OF, IT WAS CALLED, MONOPHASIC ENERGY (WHICH IS THE TYPE OF ENERGY THAT WAS USED IN OLD CARDIAC MONITORS), AND THIS WAS, IN FACT, THE FIRST OF ITS TYPE ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD. ZOLL WAS A DOCTOR WHO INVENTED A TYPE OF CARDIAC ENERGY CALLED BIPHASIC ENERGY, AND IT WAS JUST A MORE EFFICIENT TYPE OF ENERGY FOR ALL OF THOSE PURPOSES. IT WAS JUST MORE EFFICIENT AT DOING [PACING, DEFIBRILLATION, AND CARDIOVERSION], AND, IN DOING SO, BIPHASIC ENERGY IS ACTUALLY SAFER, BECAUSE PRACTITIONERS (NURSES, DOCTORS, PARAMEDICS) ALL HAVE BEEN KILLED USING MONOPHASIC ENERGY IN THE PAST, BY TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHEN THEY GOT DEFIBRILLATED, AND THIS IS QUITE A BIT MORE FORGIVING, JUST IN THE NATURE OF THE WAY THE ELECTRICITY IS DELIVERED TO THE PATIENT. NOT ONLY IS IT MORE EFFICIENT AT CONVERTING THE HEART RHYTHM; IT’S ALSO MORE EFFICIENT, OR LESS EFFICIENT, AT KILLING PEOPLE BY ACCIDENT.” “[THE PEOPLE USING THESE MACHINES] WOULD BE PRACTITIONERS, OR…PARAMEDICS ARE TAUGHT TO MAKE SURE THE WHOLE SCENE IS SAFE BEFORE ANYBODY DISCHARGES THESE TYPE OF MONITORS, AND SO THEY…ARE LOOKING FOR NEGATIVE SPACE AROUND THE PATIENT; THAT NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE PATIENT; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE GROUND, WHICH COULD BE WET; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE COT THE PATIENT MAY BE LYING ON. THAT’S INGRAINED IN MOST PARAMEDICS. THERE’S A METHOD TO THAT WHOLE PROCESS…I’M SURE PEOPLE HAVE HEARD SIMILAR THINGS IN CPR COURSES. ONE OF THE OTHER WONDERFUL THINGS ABOUT THIS (AT THE TIME, I DIDN’T THINK IT WAS SO WONDERFUL) WAS, WE GOT HANDS-FREE DEFIBRILLATION FOR THE FIRST TIME. IN THE OLD DAYS, WE HAD PADDLES, AND EVERYBODY REMEMBERS PADDLES FROM THE REALLY-COOL MEDICAL SHOWS ON TV. WE PUT PADS ON THE PATIENT, AND THERE’S CABLES ATTACHED TO THE PADS, WHICH REQUIRES A SAFER PROCESS, BUT NOBODY IS TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHATSOEVER, EVEN WITH PADDLES, AT THAT TIME. THERE’S BENEFITS TO BOTH. IT WAS JUST QUITE A BIT SIMPLER.” “I STARTED [WORKING WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES] IN 1988…WE HAD CARDIAC MONITORS IN THOSE DAYS. THEY WERE PHYSIO CONTROL, OR MEDTRONIC CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY DID DEFIBRILLATION. LATER ON, THEY STARTED TO DO CARDIOVERSION, AND PACING AS WELL…THEY HAD COMPONENTS THAT COULD FIT INTO EACH OTHER. ONE OF THE COMPONENTS WAS A RECORDER DEVICE, JUST LIKE A FOUR-TRACK CASSETTE TAPE RECORDER, AND IT LITERALLY WAS THAT. IT SLIPPED RIGHT IN BETWEEN THE CARDIAC MONITOR, AND THE REST OF THE MECHANISM FOR DEFIBRILLATION, OR FOR CARDIOVERSION AND PACING. IT RECORDED EVERYBODY’S VOICE IN THE ROOM, SO YOU COULD CALL OUT DRUG CALCULATIONS AND TIMES…WHICH YOU HAD TO DO IN THOSE DAYS. YOU WOULD TYPICALLY SLIP A CLOCK ONTO THE MONITOR, AND WATCH THE TIME…IT WAS A VERY STRANGE FEELING TO GO BACK AND REVIEW, AND HAVE VOICE RECORDING…THIS MONITOR DOES RECORD EVERYTHING. IT HAS A BUILT-IN TIMER, AND IT SUMMARIZES THE INCIDENT INSTEAD, SO IT PRINTED OUT EXACTLY ALL THE TIMES FOR EVERYTHING THAT YOU DID – INTERVENTIONS - BUT IF YOU WANTED TO GIVE DRUGS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT, YOU STILL HAD TO MARK THEM DOWN AT THE TIME…” “[IN] 2003, WE DECIDED TO PURCHASE THESE MONITORS. IT WAS SOMEWHAT OF A PROTEST, BECAUSE EVERYBODY WAS USED TO USING THE OLD CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY LOVED HAVING PADDLES ON. I REMEMBER, JUST IN FUN, OF COURSE, I MADE A LITTLE PROTEST SIGN THAT SAID “WE WANT PADDLES, WE WANT PADDLES”, AT THE TIME. AFTER YOU USE HANDS-FREE FOR A WHILE, YOU FIND OUT IT’S ACTUALLY QUITE A BIT SAFER. THERE WAS ALWAYS SOME SAFETY INVOLVED IN WATCHING YOUR PARTNER DO THIS – WITH THE GEL ON THE PADDLES, AND, THEN, YOU COULD ACTUALLY PHYSICALLY SEE HIM LEANING OVER THE PATIENT…THERE’S WARNING BUZZERS...WITH HANDS-FREE, I COULD SEE A CHANGE ON THE MONITOR, AND IT WOULD SET OFF AN ALARM, AND THEN THEY COULD CHARGE IT UP, AND DEFIBRILLATE IT, AND YOU HAD TO MAKE SURE THAT EVERYONE’S AWARE.” “THEY TRIED TO INVOLVE EVERYBODY…IT WOULD HAVE BEEN THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER…IN THE TRANSITION BETWEEN THIS MONITOR AND THE OLD VERSION, I BECAME THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER MYSELF, SO WE HAD SOME INFLUENCE FROM THERE…AT THAT TIME, PROBABLY ONLY 20% OF OUR EMPLOYEES WERE PARAMEDICS. THE REST WERE EMT’S, WHO BECAME EMT’S AFTER THEY WERE FIREFIGHTERS. NOW, WE HIRE ONLY PARAMEDICS, AND WE TRAIN THEM TO BE FIREFIGHTERS. ONCE YOU HAD A LOT OF PARAMEDICS ON BOARD, WE COULD HAVE LONGER CONVERSATIONS ABOUT THOSE KINDS OF THINGS. THOSE TYPES OF CONVERSATIONS USUALLY ORIGINATED IN ACLS COURSES…WE TOOK THEM EVERY 3 YEARS, IN-HOUSE. ACLS WAS ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT. THEY ARE THE GUYS, REALLY, THAT SET THE STANDARDS FOR ALL OF THE CLINICAL THINGS INVOLVING PATIENTS THAT HAVE CONDITIONS THAT NEED INTERVENTIONS WITH CARDIAC MONITORS AND AED’S, BUT THEY DON’T DETERMINE WHICH UNITS YOU USE. THEY’RE NOT REALLY ALLOWED TO SAY WHICH TYPE OF ENERGY, OR MONITOR, IS MORE EFFICIENT THAN THE OTHER ONE. WE LEFT THAT UP TO DATA COLLECTION THAT HAPPENED AFTERWARDS.” “WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF [THE CHANGE TO BIPHASIC MONTIORS]. WE HAD A REALLY COOL POSITION IN THAT, BECAUSE, IN THOSE DAYS, ALBERTA HEALTH SERVICES DIDN’T GOVERN AMBULANCE SERVICES ANYWHERE IN ALBERTA. WE WERE THE LARGEST EMS SERVICE IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AND WE HAD DECIDED ON THE ZOLL CARDIAC MONITOR, SO SOME OF THE SMALLER SERVICES WERE CURIOUS. THEY CAME TO US, SAID, “WHAT’S GOING ON? WHAT ARE YOU USING? HOW DOES IT WORK?”. WE CONVINCED ALMOST EVERY OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AT LEAST WEST OF MEDICINE HAT, TO BUY INTO THE ZOLL’S, AND AT ONE TIME, EVERY EMS OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH WAS USING THE ZOLL M SERIES, INCLUDING THE COLLEGE, WHO WAS TRAINING PARAMEDICS AND EMT’S. WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF THAT, AND WE INVITED ALL THESE OTHER PEOPLE, AND, BEFORE YOU KNOW IT, WE WERE ALL SPEAKING THE SAME LANGUAGE.” “WE HEARD ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY – BIPHASIC ELECTRICITY – THROUGH ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT COURSES, SO WE HAD TO LOOK INTO IT. WE WERE LEARNING, THROUGH THE DATA THAT WAS COLLECTED, THAT IT WAS SIMPLY SAFER, MORE EFFICIENT…IT JUST CAME DOWN TO IT THAT WE ENDED UP THERE FOR A LOT OF DIFFERENT REASONS. THESE GUYS WERE THE ONLY ONES USING BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY AT THE TIME. IT WASN’T UNTIL A FEW YEARS LATER THAT THEIR COMPETITORS STARTING USING IT, AND THEY STILL CAN’T USE EXACTLY THE SAME TYPE OF BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY. THIS PARTICULAR TYPE, IT’S CALLED ‘RECTO LINEAR BIPHASIC’; IS PATENTED BY THIS COMPANY; AND IT IS STILL CONSIDERED THE MOST EFFICIENT TYPE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY FOR DOING ALL THOSE THINGS – PACING, CARDIOVERSION, DEFIBRILLATION.” “ORIGINALLY, WE BOUGHT 6 OR 8 [ZOLL M-SERIES MACHINES]. WE HAD EVOLVED TO 4 UNITS ON THE STREET. WE WERE TALKING ABOUT IT IN 2004…ONE OF OUR DEPUTY CHIEFS STARTED THE PROCESS OF HAVING ALL OF OUR FRONT-LINE ENGINES, OR PUMPS, ON THE FIRE SIDE, BE ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT, BECAUSE ALL OF OUR FOLKS WERE PARAMEDICS, SO WE STARTED CARRYING THESE TYPES OF MONITORS NOT ONLY ON OUR AMBULANCES BUT ON EVERY SINGLE FIRE TRUCK AS WELL.” “THERE ARE STILL PEOPLE USING THIS, AND IT’S STILL A GREAT MONITOR. I’D TAKE IT OUT ON THE STREET, AND BE QUITE COMFORTABLE, AND HAVE FAITH THAT IT WOULD DO EVERYTHING NECESSARY.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MEMORIES OF USING THE ZOLL M-SERIES MONITOR, VILLIGER RECALLED, “WE DO SO MANY EVENTS…PROBABLY 50% OF THE EVENTS WE WOULD GO TO, WE WOULD CONNECT THE CARDIAC MONITOR TO PATIENTS, AT LEAST TO MONITOR THEIR HEART RHYTHM AS PART OF A COMPLETE CLINICAL ASSESSMENT. I CAN’T REMEMBER A PARTICULAR EVENT. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT STOOD OUT IS THEY MADE THE ‘M’ SERIES AS A STREET-WORTHY PARAMEDIC VERSION OF A HOSPITAL-TYPE CARDIAC MONITOR. THEY MADE THEM TOUGH AND THEY WOULD THROW THEM…OFF A MOVING AMBULANCE, OR OFF THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, JUST TO SHOW THEM HOW TOUGH THEY WERE. SOME OF THE OLD VIDEOS…SHOWS THEM EITHER THROWING THEM OFF A BALCONY, OR HAVING A TRUCK DRIVE OVER THEM, AND THEY STILL FUNCTION. OR, SOMEBODY BLASTING IT WITH WATER FROM A HOSE LINE…SO THEY MADE A MONITOR THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT TOUGHER, AND A LITTLE BIT MORE RUGGED THAN THEY HAD BEEN IN THE PAST.” “I REMEMBER US GOING OUT AND SOLICITING FOR DONATIONS TO PURCHASE THESE. ONE OF OUR GUYS WENT OUT…WE ACTUALLY PURCHASED 2 CARDIAC MONITORS, WITH THE HELP OF DIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS IN THE COMMUNITY, THAT DONATED FUNDS…THE KINSMEN WAS QUITE PREVALENT…IN HELPING US PURCHASE THE FIRST…[AND] A COUPLE OF ADDITIONAL MONITORS…” “I USED [THE MONITOR] FOR A LOT OF YEARS, AND I THOUGHT THEY WERE GREAT MONITORS. THERE IS AN EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I WAS INVOLVED IN THE NEXT TWO PURCHASES. I WAS ON THE FRONT LINES; I WROTE UP THE RFQ, FOR THE PURCHASE OF THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘M’S; THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘E’S; AND THE ‘X’ SERIES…SO I’VE BEEN INVOLVED. I’VE GOT SOME PERSONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I USED IT AS A STREET PARAMEDIC, AND THEN I GOT ON IN FRONT OF IT IN THE BUSINESS END…I WATCHED HOW THAT PROCUREMENT PROCESS WENT DOWN, WORKING IN COOPERATION WITH OUR PROCUREMENT THROUGH THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THESE ARRIVED, IT WAS A BIG DAY. IT WAS LIKE CHRISTMAS, WHEN THE NEW CARDIAC MONITORS ARRIVE. I WOULD SPEND 6 WEEKS OR SO JUST GETTING ALL OF THESE ATTACHMENTS [THAT] ARE NOT ON THEM WHEN THEY COME - YOU’RE SCREWING ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER; PUTTING OUT ALL THE INFORMATION TO THE STAFF; WRITING UP SOG’S AND POLICIES RELATING TO CARDIAC MONITORS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND MANUALS ON THE MONITOR, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170016000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.75
Length
16
Width
9.5
Description
KHAKI-COLOURED CANVAS ARMBAND WITH BUCKLED STRAP. PRINTED DESIGN ON FRONT IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD HEALTH”. TEXT STAMPED ON BACK READS “FINNIGANS LTD. Y.A. 5.000”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS ARMBAND WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“HARBER-LITE 1956”
Date Range From
1956
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“HARBER-LITE 1956”
Date Range From
1956
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
10
Length
138
Width
22
Description
GREEN CANVAS STRETCHED BETWEEN TWO GREEN METAL POLES. WHEN COLLAPSED, CANVAS IS CINCHED TOGETHER WITH TWO GREEN CANVAS STRAPS WITH BUCKLE CLOSURES. WHEN EXPANDED, TWO METAL CROSS SUPPORT BRACES SPAN THE WIDTH OF THE STRETCHER. LOOPED METAL HANDLES ARE ATTACHED TO SUPPORT BRACES. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS STRETCHER WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012002
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
16.25
Width
10
Description
CLEAR PLASTIC BOTTLE WITH WHITE CAP, FILLED WITH ROUND WHITE TABLETS AND SEALED IN CLEAR PLASTIC BAG. PRINTED LABEL ON BOTTLE HAS TEXT IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH, READING “WATER DECONTAMINANT – EACH TABLET CONTAINS HALAZONE, N.F. 160 MG. WITH SODIUM BORATE AND SODIUM CHLORIDE. ONE HALAZONE TABLET IS SUFFICIENT FOR 5 GALLONS OF ORDINARY WATER. IF WATER IS GREATLY POLLUTED, USE TWO TABLETS. ALLOW WATER TO STAND FOR 30 MINUTES BEFORE DRINKING.” MINOR SCUFFING ON BAG; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS BOTTLE OF WATER DECONTAMINATION TABLETS WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CIVIL DEFENCE” “8-850 HAVERSACK FIRST AID”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL, ROPE
Catalogue Number
P20150012001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CIVIL DEFENCE” “8-850 HAVERSACK FIRST AID”
Date
1959
Materials
WOOD, METAL, ROPE
No. Pieces
1
Height
38.5
Length
79
Width
36.25
Description
BOX MADE OF SLATS OF WOOD FASTENED TOGETHER WITH STAPLES AND METAL WIRE. LOOPED ROPE HANDLES KNOTTED THROUGH CROSS BRACES ON BOTH ENDS. OPPOSITE CORNERS OF LID ARE PAINTED BLUE. TEXT IS STAMPED OVER SIDES AND LID IN BLACK INK, READING “CIVIL DEFENCE”, “C.C.U. 8-850 HAVERSACK FIRST AID EA.6”, “PACKED FOR LONG TERM STORAGE”, “NOT TO BE OPENED EXCEPT FOR AUTHORIZED INSPECTION OR USE” AND “1959”. SOME SLATS ARE SLIGHTLY WARPED AND CRATE EDGES ARE WORN. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS CRATE WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012001
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
14.5
Width
10.3
Description
WHITE PAPER BOOKLET HAS BLUE PRINTING WITH "FIRST AID" PRINTED ACROSS TOP. MIDDLE OF COVER HAS BLUE BACKGROUND WITH THREE MEN KNEELING AND STANDING AROUND A FOURTH MAN WHO IS INJURED. BOOKLET CONTAINS PICTURES, DIAGRAMS AND INSTRUCTIONS ON FIRST-AID PROCEDURES. BOOKLET IS HELD TOGETHER WITH TWO STEEL STAPLES. ON BACK IS "PUBLISHED BY THE PRUDENTIAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF AMERICA" OVER A SKETCH OF A ROCK WITH "THE PRUDENTIAL HAS THE STRENGTH OF GIBRALTER" ON IT. BENEATH IS NAME OF COMPANY PRESIDENT "EDWARD D DUFFIELD, PRESIDENT " AND "HOME OFFICE, NEWARK, N.J." BENEATH IT. IN BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF BACK IS "COMB 8701 - REV 12-29" AND IN BOTTOM RIGHT IS "PRINTED IN CANADA". SPINE OF BOOKLET IS WORN AND CORNERS OF PAGES ARE SLIGHTLY DOG-EARED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ARTIFACTS ARE FROM THE #1 FIREHALL AND THE GALT HOSPITAL AND WERE DONATED IN MEMORY OF AGNES C. SHORT, HEAD SCHOOL NURSE, AND WILLIAM H. SHORT WHO WAS FIRE CHIEF. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. WHILE THIS SPECIFIC ARTIFACT WAS NOT RECOGNIZED BY THE DONOR, ITS RELATION TO FIRST-AID CAN BE CONNECTED TO THE FIRE-FIGHTING CAREERS OF BOTH THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT, AND THE DONOR’S FATHER, WILLIAM D. SHORT (FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT HISTORY, SEE P19950037007). THE FIRST-AID CONNECTION ALSO ALIGNS WITH THE NURSING CAREER OF THE DONOR’S AUNT, AGNES SHORT (FOR NURSING HISTORY, SEE P19950037003). AN ARTICLE COMMEMORATING THE CAREER OF WILLIAM H. SHORT WAS PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON JANUARY 16, 1962. IT STATES, “NOT ONLY WILL CHIEF SHORT’S CAREER SOON REACH ITS CLIMAX, THE ROLES PLAYED BY HIS WIFE BERTHA AND HIS DAUGHTER AGNES WILL ALSO COME TO AN END. BOTH WOMEN PLAYED THEIR PART IN THE CHIEF’S FIRE-FIGHTING CAREER… AGNES FOLLOWED THE ENGINES, PROVIDED FIRST AID TREATMENT ON THE SCENE OR LIGHTED THE CIGARETTES FOR THE BOYS WHILE THEY WERE BATTLING FLAMES AND SMOKE.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS IN THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
37
Length
29
Width
11
Description
GREEN CANVAS BAG WITH TOP FLAP SECURED BY TWO BUCKLED CANVAS STRAPS. LONGER LOOPED CARRYING STRAP IS SEWN TO BACK OF BAG AND HAS TWO BUCKLES TO ADJUST LENGTH. MAIN BODY OF BAG IS DIVIDED INTO TWO CAVITIES, AND EACH SIDE HAS OUTER POCKET WITH SNAP CLOSURE. PRINTED DESIGN ON TOP FLAP IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD”. TEXT PRINTED IN BLUE ON LOWER BODY OF BAG READS “FIRST AID”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. *NOTE* BAG IS FULL WITH FIRST AID SUPPLIES BUT HAS NOT BEEN OPENED TO MAINTAIN INTEGRITY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR ORIGINAL CATALOGUE DOCUMENT LISTING 8-850 FIRST AID HAVERSACK CONTENTS, PRODUCED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS FIRST AID BACKPACK WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960037002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIELD DRESSING
Date
1942
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.4
Length
10
Width
6
Description
PACKAGE OF COTTON GAUZE HAS WHITE NYLON COVERING STITCHED WITH COTTON THREAD. SIDE OF PACKAGE HAS "FIELD FIRST DRESSING" ACROSS TOP WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE UNDERNEATH. ACROSS BOTTOM READS "DO NOT HANDLE GAUZE OR WOUND" AND "BAUER & BLACK, LEASIDE, TORONTO, ONTARIO" WITH "DECEMBER, 1942". SEWN TO TOP OF PACKAGE IS WAX PAPER PACKAGE WITH STEEL SAFETY PIN INSIDE. PACKAGE IS DIRTY & STAINED.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DRESSINGS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER. THEY ARE SECOND WORLD WAR ISSUE FOR CANADIAN FORCES.
Catalogue Number
P19960037002
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BABY SCALE
Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, IRON, WICKER
Catalogue Number
P19900038000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BABY SCALE
Date Range From
1945
Date Range To
1950
Materials
STEEL, IRON, WICKER
No. Pieces
3
Height
37.3
Length
62.3
Width
28.8
Description
LEVER TYPE SCALE WITH WICKER BASKET BABY TRAY. IRON FRAME WORK, ENAMELLED. CHROME PLATED STEEL ARM & WEIGHTS. BASKET FASTENED TO WIRE FRAME. SEVERAL BROKEN WICKER PIECES. STRING USED TO REPAIR BASKET. DECAL ON BASE: "SAFETY BASE" & "STORK SCALE" WITH ILLUSTRATION OF STORK & BABY. ARM STAMPED "NO. 20486.27"; WEIGHT FOR ARM PAINTED WITH ALUMINUM PAINT. 2. NICKEL PLATED CAST IRON "10 LBS" WEIGHT. 7.5CM (D). GROOVED ACROSS RADIUS. 3. SAME AS .2 BUT HAS STEEL SHANK & HOOK ATTACHES.
Subjects
WEIGHTS & MEASURES T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
MADE IN U.S.A. CONTINENTAL SCALE WORKS CHICAGO ILL. DONOR'S PARENTS, BILL & BETTY DAVIDSON ACQUIRED IN LATE '40'S OR EARLY '50'S.
Catalogue Number
P19900038000
Acquisition Date
1990-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail

39 records – page 1 of 2.