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Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
No. Pieces
32
Height
31.1
Length
8.3
Width
18.4
Description
.1 HOUSE ALARM BOX. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. STEEL, GLASS, BRASS. PAINTED RED. BOX IN PENTAGONAL SHAPED WITH ROUND CASEMENT IN FRONT FACE. A COG-WHEEL BRASS MECHANISM IS IN THE CASEMENT. CASEMENT FACE IS GLASS EDGED WITH COILED GOLD WIRE MOTIF. A KNOBBED BRASS LEVER IS ON MIDDLE RIGHT SIDE OF BOX. BOX FEATURES A VARIETY OF CIRCUIT WIRE CONNECTORS. BACK SIDE FEATURES 3 HOLES. BOX IS EMBOSSED AT TOP CENTRE WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND "GAMEWELL CO." .2 HOUSE ALARM GONG AND KEY WINDER. 84.4 CM HT. X 12.1 CM TH. X 33.0 CM WTH. X 35.6 CM DIA. BRASS, OAK WOOD. 2 PIECES. NATURAL COLOURS. CIRCULAR BRASS GONG IS MOUNTED ON OAK FRAME AND CASE. TOP OF CASE IS CONVEX WITH 6 CARVED BALLS ALONG TOP EDGE. A BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM IS INSIDE CASE (ABOVE GONG) BEHIND CRACKED GLASS DOOR. KEY WINDER FITS IN KEYHOLE AT BOTTOM LEFT OF GLASS DOOR. BRASS KEY WINDER IS FLANGED. 4 WIRES AND A RING FOR HANGING PROTRUDE FROM TOP OF GONG CASE. A LABEL SCREWED ONTO DOOR STATES: "THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY LIMITED. .3 PUNCH REGISTER. 17.3 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 22.9 CM LTH. BRASS, WOOD, GLASS. 7 PIECES. BASE PAINTED BLACK. REGISTER IS A KEY-WOUND BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM CONTAINED IN A BRASS AND GLASS CASE. KEY WINDER IS MISSING. REGISTER IS MOUNTED ON A HOLLOW PAINTED WOOD BASE. MECHANISM OPERATES A ROLL OF PAPER TAPE MOUNTED IN A BRASS SPOKED REEL AND FEED THROUGH A PUNCH AND ALONG A GUIDE PLATE. A SMALL (3.6 CM HT. X 3.8 CM DIA.) BRASS CUT SITS BELOW PUNCH HEAD TO CATCH PIECES OF PUNCHED OUT PAPER, AS TAPE IS FED THROUGH AND PUNCHED TO RECORD FIRE CALLS. TAPE REEL DIA 12.7 CM LABEL ENGRAVED ON CASE ABOVE PUNCH HEAD READS: "HARRINGTON-SEABERG MOLINE, ILLINOIS". THE PUNCH REGISTER IS WIRED TO AN ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND OUTSIDE FIRE ALARM BOXES AT VARIOUS STREET LOCATIONS. .4 TAPE TAKE-UPS. 22.0 CM HT. X 7.2 CM WTH. X 15.0 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. 2 UNITS (6 PIECES). BLACK FINISH ON STEEL. SERIAL NO'S. 105662, 105793. 2 IDENTICAL UNITS, EACH CONSISTING OF A KEY-WOUND MECHANISM IN A BLACK STEEL CASE. A TAKE-UP TRIP LEVER IS MOUNTED ON THE KEY WIND POST OF EACH UNIT. A BRASS SPOKED REEL IS GEARED TO THE MECHANISM AND TRIP LEVER ON EACH UNIT, TO TAKE UP THE USED, PUNCHED TAPE COMING FROM THE PUNCH REGISTER. SPOKED REEL DIA. 12.7 CM. ENGRAVED LABELS ON CASES FEATURE CLENCHED FIST AND READ: "GAMEWELL THE GAMEWELL CO., NEWTON, MASS." AND SERIAL NUMBERS. THESE ARE COMPANION UNITS TO THE PUNCH REGISTER. .5 KEY WINDER. 0.5 CM TH. X 1.8 CM WTH. X 8.6 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. NATURAL COLOUR. RATCHET-STYLE SQUARE KEY FOR WINDING SPRINGS ON TAPE TAKE-UP UNITS. KEY RATCHET TENSION HAS BEEN REINFORCED WITH STEEL LEAF SPRING MOUNTED WITH BRASS WIRE AND SOLDER. .6 PACKAGE OF PAPER TAPES. 15.5 CM HT. X 11.5 CM DIA.PAPER, WOOD. 6 PIECES. 6 PAPER TAPE ROLLS TO REFILL PUNCH REGISTER ARE WOUND ON WOOD CORES AND WRAPPED IN BROWN PAPER. PACKAGE HAS BEEN OPENED. EACH ROLL IS 2.5 CM WIDE. .7 RELAY. 7.0 CM HT. X 9.4 CM WTH. X 17.7 CM LTH. SOAPSTONE, CORDAGE, BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WAX. NATURAL COLOURS. RELAY IS MOUNTED ON A RECTANGULAR SOAPSTONE BASE. MOUNT HOLES ON UNDERSIDE OF BASE ARE PLUGGED WITH WAX. RELAY FEATURES BAKELITE INSULATED COILS, BRASS WIRE CONNECTORS AND FITTINGS, AND A SPARK GAP ADJUSTABLE FOR WIDTH AND TENSION (BY COIL SPRING & CORD). .8 TEST SWITCH. 4.9 CM TH. X 9.6 CM WTH. X 13.5 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, MASONITE, BAKELITE. BLACK FINISH ON STEEL AND MASONITE. TELEGRAPH KEY-STYLE CIRCUIT TEST SWITCH, WIRED IN-LINE AND USED TO TEST HOUSE LARM BOX CIRCUIT. KEY IS BRASS WITH BAKELITE KNOB, MOUNTED ON STEEL BASE, MASONITE BASE PLATE, BRASS MOUNTING BOLTS. .9 VOLTAGE REGULATOR SWITCH. 12.0 CM HT. X 20.5 CM DIA. BRASS, CAST IRON, STEEL, CERAMIC. 3 PIECES. BLACK PAINTED BASE. "SERIAL #172836" UNDERSIDE OF BASE. SWITCH CONSISTS OF BRASS WHEEL-STYLE HANDLE ATTACHED WITH SET SCREW, BRASS FACE PLATE, AND CERAMIC/BRASS/STEEL/IRON BASE. BASE FEATURES 3 SCREW LUGS, 2 WIRE CONNECTORS AT SIDE, TURNING STEEL CENTRE SHAFT, CERAMIC INSULATED BRASS CONTACTS ON UNDERSIDE, SERIAL NO. PLATE ON UNDERSIDE, AND ROTATING CONTACT BETWEEN BRASS CONTACTS & CENTRE SHAFT. BOTH FACE PLATE AND BASE ARE EMBOSSED WITH DIRECTIONAL ARROWS AND: "TO LOWER (AND) RAISE VOLTAGE, WARD LEONARD ELECTRIC CO., BRONXVILLE, N.Y., U.S.A.", AND: "TO RAISE RESISTANCE". .10 D.C. VOLTMETER. 10 CM HT. X 20.2 CM DIA. BRASS, GLASS. BLACK PAINTED CASE/FACE. METER FEATURES BRASS/GLASS FACE, BLACK PAINT TIM ON FACE, AND INCREMENTS FROM 0-150 INSIDE GLASS FACE. METER IS NUMBERED "15522" (INSIDE GLASS FACE). EMBOSSED ON FACE: "WAGNER ELECTRIC MFG. CO., TYPE-D., ST. LOUIS, U.S.A." THIS IS A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. .11 D.C. AMMETERMETER IS SIMILAR IS ALMOST ALL RESPECTS TO D.C. VOLTMETER DESCRIBED PREVIOUSLY AND IS ALSO A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. INCREMENTS ARE 0-500 MILLI-AMPS, AND METER IS NUMBERED "15571" INSIDE GLASS FACE. .12 RECTIFIER. 13.5 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 27.9 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WIRE. BLACK COLOUR. "STYLE NO. 947766-A" ON PLATE. ITEM CONSISTS OF TWIN COILS, ANOTHER COIL AND A CIRCUIT PANEL ALL MOUNTED ON STEEL CHANNEL. BASE AND INTERCONNECTED WITH INSULATED WIRES. WIRE CONNECTORS AND OTHER ELECTRICAL FURNISHINGS ARE BRASS. A STEEL SPECIFICATION PLATE IS MOUNTED ON TOP OF THE TWIN COILS AND FEATURES A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL, AND READS: "RECTOX RECTIFIER". OTHER INFORMATION INCLUDES: "A.C. VOLTS 105-115-125, D.C. VOLTS 30-45-60, .60 CYC., STYLE NO., .115 AMPS, LICENSED UNDER PATENT 1.640.335, ETC., WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC & MFG. CO.", ETC. .13. 15 CM TH. X 31 CM WTH. X 56 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, RUBBER, WOOD, GLASS, WIRE WITH BRAID COVER. BLACK.UNIT CONSISTS OF SMALL VOLTAGE REGULATOR WITH WHEEL CONTROL AND 0-500 MILLI-AMP D.C. AMMETER MARKED: "TRIPLETT, MODEL 521" MOUNTED ON BOARD WITH EMBOSSED BRASS PLATE "GONGS". 4 MOUNTING BOLTS, 1 AT EACH CORNER. GONG AND ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT ON REVERSE SIDE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SYSTEM WAS LOCATED IN OPERATOR'S OFFICE IN FIRE HALL NO. 1, BUILT 1908-09 BY SMITH BROS. & WILSON, ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD. WHEN A PASSERBY PULLED THE STREET ALARM, THE BOX NO. WOULD REGISTER AS PUNCHED HOLES ON PAPER TAPE. FIRE OPERATOR CHECKED NUMBER AGAINST A BOX REGISTER & WROTE OUT NUMBER FOR FIREMEN. OPERATOR THEN PRESSED HOUSE ALARM BOX LEVER TO TRIGGER HOUSE ALARM GONG AND ALERT DUTY SHIFT FIREFIGHTER CREW TO RESPOND TO FIRE. SYSTEM OPERATED ON 100 M.A. AT 48 VOLTS. *** UPDATE JUNE 2012 *** IN JUNE 2012, THE GALT DEVELOPED A SMALL EXHIBIT TO COMMEMORATE AN ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT. MUCH OF THE EXHIBIT’S CONTENT CENTRED ON THE GALT’S COLLECTION OF FIRE ALARM BOX/SYSTEM OBJECTS. TECHNICAL DATA WAS SOURCED DIRECTLY FROM PERSONS INVOLVED WITH THE PENNSYLVANIA FIRE MUSEUM. NEW INFORMATION ON THE USE OF THE HOUSE FIRE ALARM BOX WAS PROVIDED IN JUNE 2012 BY RETIRED FIRE CHIEF LAWRENCE DZUREN. DZUREN STATED IN 2012 THAT THE BOX’S LEVER WAS PULLED EVERY TIME A FIRE CALL CAME INTO THE HALL BY PHONE. THE LEVER’S FREQUENT/DAILY USE MAY EXPLAIN WHY OPERATORS CHOSE TO REMOVE THE BOX’S HINGED DOOR - DOCUMENTED HISTORICALLY IN GALT ARCHIVAL IMAGE P19760218007. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON BOX AND SYSTEM’S RECEIVER/REGISTER, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Acquisition Date
1976-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19950037016
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.6
Length
39.3
Width
15.5
Description
STEEL PICK-AX WITH RED WOODEN HANDLE. AX HEAD HAS TRIANGULAR HATCHET BLADE WITH CURVED 6.5CM PICK SPIKE AT OPPOSITE END. PERPENDICULAR FROM BLADE AND PICK ARE TWO STEEL TANGS WHICH WOOD HANDLE FITS INTO. WOOD HANDLE HAS WIDE MIDDLE PORTION AND NARROWER HAND GRIP. WOOD IS CRACKED AND SPLITTING SLIGHTLY INSIDE AX HEAD TANGS. HANDLE IS PAINTED RED AND PAINT IS WEARING OFF. HANDLE ALSO HAS WHITE PAINT SPLATTERS. STEEL ON AX HEAD ALSO HAS WHITE PAINT SPLATTER AND HAS SLIGHT AMOUNT OF CORROSION.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE P19950037001-GA. BELONGED TO WILLIAM H. SHORT, LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO. 1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED WERE CONNECTED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT AND HIS CAREER AS FIRE CHIEF IN THE NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. “YOU SEE, DURING THE YEARS THAT HE WAS THE FIRE CHIEF,” DERRICK BEGAN, “THEIR QUARTERS ACTUALLY WERE IN THE BACK OF THE FIRE HALL. SO STUFF KIND OF GOT ACCUMULATED THERE. THE WHOLE FAMILY [LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL]. WHEN I WAS LITTLE, I WAS THERE ALL THE TIME. MY FATHER [WILLIAM D. SHORT] WAS A CAPTAIN IN THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT MY GRANDFATHER WAS THE FIRE CHIEF.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD ANY MEMORY OF SEEING HER GRANDFATHER WEARING ANY OF THE ARTIFACTS, SUCH AS THE HELMET (P19950037014) OR THE FIRE PANTS (P19950037008), DERRICK RECALLED, “YES, BECAUSE LETHBRIDGE WAS SMALL AT THE TIME AND WHEN WE LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL AND THE BELLS WENT OFF, WE WOULD OFTEN WALK OVER TO HAVE A LOOK AT THE FIRE. I WOULD SEE MY GRANDFATHER OUT THERE, AND I’D SEE MY FATHER WHEN HE WAS ON SHIFT. THERE WERE SOME HUGE FIRES RIGHT DOWNTOWN. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT DATES – PROBABLY BACK IN THE LATE ‘40’S, EARLY ‘50’S. [IN ONE INSTANCE], MY DAD WAS ALSO ON THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, SPEEDING TO A FIRE, AND ANOTHER TRUCK CAME ALONG AND HIT HIM IN THE BACK. HE SUFFERED VERY SEVERE INJURIES FROM THAT. AND I SAW THAT TOO. I WAS JUST ON MY WAY BACK TO SCHOOL.” “WHEN I WAS YOUNG, I WAS ALWAYS IN AND OUT [OF THE FIRE HALL],” DERRICK WENT ON, “THERE WAS A BELL TOWER THERE, WHERE THEY HUNG THE WET HOSES UP TO DRY. THERE WERE RICKETY OLD WOODEN STAIRS GOING ROUND AND ROUND ALL THE WAY UP TO THE TOP OF THE FIRE HALL TO WHERE THE BELL USED TO BE. I USED TO GO UP AND DOWN THOSE STAIRS, AND HOP AND PLAY. AND IN THE BASEMENT THERE WAS PRISON CELLS, BECAUSE IT USED [TO BE] THE POLICE STATION MANY, MANY YEARS BEFORE. IT WAS A COMBINATION OF FIRE AND POLICE. AND, THERE WAS A BIG FURNACE DOWN THERE. I USED TO GO DOWN AND WATCH THE FIREMEN PUSH COAL INTO THE FURNACE TO KEEP IT GOING. IT WAS AN INTERESTING PLACE TO BE AROUND.” “MY GRANDFATHER WAS ON THE INTERNATIONAL BOARD OF FIRE CHIEFS,” DERRICK CONTINUED, “HE WAS VICE-PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK. THEY HAD ASKED HIM TO COME UP AND TAKE THE PRESIDENCY, BUT AFTER MUCH CONSIDERATION, HE DECIDED HE DIDN’T WANT TO LEAVE THE FAMILY FOR THE TWO YEAR TERM IN NEW YORK, SO HE TURNED THAT ONE DOWN. THOUGH HE DID REMAIN ON THE BOARD FOR MANY YEARS.” AN ARTICLE IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2000 READS, “WILLIAM SHORT RETIRED AS LETHBRIDGE FIRE CHIEF IN 1962, ENDING A CAREER AS CHIEF WHICH BEGAN IN JANUARY 1945.” A HERALD ARTICLE FROM 1974 ADDITIONALLY STATES THAT SHORT “JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT IN 1911. HE WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT IN 1919 AND CAPTAIN IN 1922.” AN ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TITLED, “LETHBRIDGE WELL PROTECTED BY MODERN FIRE DEPARTMENT,” PUBLISHED IN 1967 IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “[IN 1910] THE FIRST FIREHALL THAT [WAS] LOCATED AT 4TH STREET AND 2ND AVENUE SOUTH WAS TORN DOWN. IT WAS A TWO-STOREY BUILDING. A THREE-STOREY FIREHALL WAS BUILT IN ITS PLACE ON THE SAME SITE. THAT EARLY BUILDING HOUSED THE FIRE DEPARTMENT EQUIPMENT, SERVED AS CITY HALL AND THE POLICE STATION…” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS DURING THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037016
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL, GOLD, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19950038014
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Materials
NICKEL, GOLD, LEATHER
No. Pieces
4
Description
1. "EX" BADGE: 4.1CM (D). ROUND BADGE HAS COPPER BODY AND GOLD PLATING. HAS RIDGED SURFACE AND DIAGONALLY GROOVED LIP. STAMPED ABOVE SURFACE ARE FIVE HORNS ALL INTERSECTING IN THE MIDDLE. IN THE CENTRE IS A BLUE PAINTED CIRCLE WHICH READS "EX" IN GOLD. REVERSE IS HOLLOW AND SHOWS THE REVERSE VERSION OF THE FRONT. HAS A THREADED SCREW IN THE MIDDLE WITH A WASHER ON IT. AT TOP IS A SHORT SOLDERED OFF PIN THAT REACHES TOWARDS THE MIDDLE AT ABOUT 60 DEGREES. STAMPED ON BACK OVER ONE HORN IS "SHREESE NEW YORK" WITH A PICTURE OF CRESCENT MOON AND STAR IN THE MIDDLE. ON ANOTHER HORN IS STAMPED "...-10K GOLD FILLED". HAS PATINA ON FRONT, PLATING IS WEARING OFF. HAS SOME CORROSION ON BACK AROUND TOP PIN AND SCREW. 2. BADGE: 3.8CM (L) X 3.1CM (W). NICKEL BODY BADGE HAS GOLD FINISH. IS A ROUNDED RECTANGLE WITH A RIDGE SURFACE AND DIAGONAL GROOVE PERIMETER. RIDGES MEET IN THE CENTRE. ON EITHER SIDE OF CENTRE ARE TWO UPRIGHT HORNS. BACK IS HOLLOW AND SHOWS THE STAMPED DESIGNS OF THE FRONT. HAS A THREADED SCREW IN MIDDLE ON BACK WITH A ROUNDED WASHER, AND RED LEATHER SPACER UNDERNEATH. HAS BLACK STAIN ON BACK, AND SOME CORROSION. ON FRONT PLATING IS WEARING OFF AND WHITE RESIDUE OF CORROSION IS PRESENT. SPACER IS DRY.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONATED IN MEMORY OF MRS. AGNES SHORT, WHO WAS A NURSE IN LETHBRIDGE UNTIL C. 1970. HELPED WITH FIRST POLIO VACCINATION HERE, AND WAS PART OF THE HEALTH CLINIC FOR ABOUT 20 YEARS. FATHER WAS WILLIAM H. SHORT, WHO WAS THE LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO.1 FIREHALL IN LETHBRIDGE. APPEARS THESE ARE SYMBOLS OF THE INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FIRE CHIEFS. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED WERE CONNECTED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT AND HIS CAREER AS FIRE CHIEF IN THE NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. “YOU SEE, DURING THE YEARS THAT HE WAS THE FIRE CHIEF,” DERRICK BEGAN, “THEIR QUARTERS ACTUALLY WERE IN THE BACK OF THE FIRE HALL. SO STUFF KIND OF GOT ACCUMULATED THERE. THE WHOLE FAMILY [LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL]. WHEN I WAS LITTLE, I WAS THERE ALL THE TIME. MY FATHER [WILLIAM D. SHORT] WAS A CAPTAIN IN THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT MY GRANDFATHER WAS THE FIRE CHIEF.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD ANY MEMORY OF SEEING HER GRANDFATHER WEARING ANY OF THE ARTIFACTS, SUCH AS THE HELMET (P19950037014) OR THE FIRE PANTS (P19950037008), DERRICK RECALLED, “YES, BECAUSE LETHBRIDGE WAS SMALL AT THE TIME AND WHEN WE LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL AND THE BELLS WENT OFF, WE WOULD OFTEN WALK OVER TO HAVE A LOOK AT THE FIRE. I WOULD SEE MY GRANDFATHER OUT THERE, AND I’D SEE MY FATHER WHEN HE WAS ON SHIFT. THERE WERE SOME HUGE FIRES RIGHT DOWNTOWN. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT DATES – PROBABLY BACK IN THE LATE ‘40’S, EARLY ‘50’S. [IN ONE INSTANCE], MY DAD WAS ALSO ON THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, SPEEDING TO A FIRE, AND ANOTHER TRUCK CAME ALONG AND HIT HIM IN THE BACK. HE SUFFERED VERY SEVERE INJURIES FROM THAT. AND I SAW THAT TOO. I WAS JUST ON MY WAY BACK TO SCHOOL.” “WHEN I WAS YOUNG, I WAS ALWAYS IN AND OUT [OF THE FIRE HALL],” DERRICK WENT ON, “THERE WAS A BELL TOWER THERE, WHERE THEY HUNG THE WET HOSES UP TO DRY. THERE WERE RICKETY OLD WOODEN STAIRS GOING ROUND AND ROUND ALL THE WAY UP TO THE TOP OF THE FIRE HALL TO WHERE THE BELL USED TO BE. I USED TO GO UP AND DOWN THOSE STAIRS, AND HOP AND PLAY. AND IN THE BASEMENT THERE WAS PRISON CELLS, BECAUSE IT USED [TO BE] THE POLICE STATION MANY, MANY YEARS BEFORE. IT WAS A COMBINATION OF FIRE AND POLICE. AND, THERE WAS A BIG FURNACE DOWN THERE. I USED TO GO DOWN AND WATCH THE FIREMEN PUSH COAL INTO THE FURNACE TO KEEP IT GOING. IT WAS AN INTERESTING PLACE TO BE AROUND.” “MY GRANDFATHER WAS ON THE INTERNATIONAL BOARD OF FIRE CHIEFS,” DERRICK CONTINUED, “HE WAS VICE-PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK. THEY HAD ASKED HIM TO COME UP AND TAKE THE PRESIDENCY, BUT AFTER MUCH CONSIDERATION, HE DECIDED HE DIDN’T WANT TO LEAVE THE FAMILY FOR THE TWO YEAR TERM IN NEW YORK, SO HE TURNED THAT ONE DOWN. THOUGH HE DID REMAIN ON THE BOARD FOR MANY YEARS.” AN ARTICLE IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2000 READS, “WILLIAM SHORT RETIRED AS LETHBRIDGE FIRE CHIEF IN 1962, ENDING A CAREER AS CHIEF WHICH BEGAN IN JANUARY 1945.” A HERALD ARTICLE FROM 1974 ADDITIONALLY STATES THAT SHORT “JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT IN 1911. HE WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT IN 1919 AND CAPTAIN IN 1922.” AN ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TITLED, “LETHBRIDGE WELL PROTECTED BY MODERN FIRE DEPARTMENT,” PUBLISHED IN 1967 IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “[IN 1910] THE FIRST FIREHALL THAT [WAS] LOCATED AT 4TH STREET AND 2ND AVENUE SOUTH WAS TORN DOWN. IT WAS A TWO-STOREY BUILDING. A THREE-STOREY FIREHALL WAS BUILT IN ITS PLACE ON THE SAME SITE. THAT EARLY BUILDING HOUSED THE FIRE DEPARTMENT EQUIPMENT, SERVED AS CITY HALL AND THE POLICE STATION…” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS DURING THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950038014
Acquisition Date
1995-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Materials
NICKEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
1
Length
4.5
Width
4.7
Description
NICKEL CAP BADGE WITH PIN. BADGE IS SHAPED AS MAPLE LEAF; CROWN EMBOSSED AT CENTRE OF FACE, WITH "CANADA" IN BANNER BELOW. BRASS COTTER PIN THROUGH TABS AT BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO FRANK BATHGATE, A MEMBER OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE FROM 1953 UNTIL HE RETIRED IN 1988. DECEASED 1996. FOR HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19960107001-GA. DONOR IS FRANK'S WIFE.
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT VOLUNTEER (CAP UNIFORM)
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1944
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GILT METAL
Catalogue Number
P19760020000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT VOLUNTEER (CAP UNIFORM)
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1944
Materials
GILT METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
4.4
Width
4.4
Description
"LETHBRIDGE VOLUNTEER F.D." ON FACE OF BADGE. EMBOSSED ON LEFT SIDE IS A FIRE HYDRANT. EMBOSSED ON RIGHT SIDE IS A LADDER AND HOSE.CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONOR'S 1 HUSBAND, JOHN H. STAFFORD, WAS A VOLUNTEER FIREMAN BETWEEN 1940-44. THE BADGE BELONGED TO HIM. DURING THIS TIME, WHEN SHORT STAFFED,THERE WERE PERMANENT FIRE FIGHTERS PLUS VOLUNTEERS WHO STAYED AT THE FIREHALL AT NIGHT AND RECEIVED 75 CENTS FOR A FIRE CALL TURNED OUT TO. J.H. STAFFORD WORKED DURING THE DAY AT BUY-RITE MEN'S WEAR. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A COLLECTIONS AUDIT, WHICH INCLUDED ITEMS DONATED BY FLORENCE FLAVELL. FURTHER RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED INTO THE DONOR’S FAMILY, INCLUDING HER FIRST HUSBAND, JOHN “JACK” HARRISON STAFFORD. ATTEMPTS TO LOCATE THE COUPLE’S NEXT-OF-KIN WAS UNSUCCESSFUL. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS DEVELOPED THROUGH ARCHIVAL RESEARCH. ACCORDING TO HIS WWI ATTESTATION PAPER, STAFFORD WAS BORN IN BOSTON, MASS. ACCORDING TO HIS OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, HE CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1910. HIS SERVICE RECORDS INDICATE HE ENLISTED IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR FROM EDMONTON AND WENT OVERSEAS WITH THE 49TH BATTERY. UPON HIS RETURN, HE HOMESTEADED IN PEACE RIVER COUNTRY UNTIL 1935 WHEN HE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE. HE MARRIED THE DONOR, FLORENCE LORETTA TAYLOR, IN 1941. HE WAS A MEMBER OF THE SALVATION ARMY, LIKE TAYLOR’S PARENTS. HE PASSED AWAY IN CALGARY ON SEPTEMBER 5, 1957 AND WAS LAID TO REST IN LETHBRIDGE. ACCORDING TO THE DONOR’S OBITUARY PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON 24 JUNE 1989, FLORENCE LAURETTE FLAVELL (NEE TAYLOR) WAS BORN IN PORTAGE LA PRAIRIE, MANITOBA ON MAY 17, 1902. SHE CAME TO LETHBRIDGE AS A CHILD WITH HER PARENTS. SHE WAS A GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING GRADUATE, STUDYING AT THE SCHOOL FROM 1919 TO 1923. SHE PRACTICED NURSING UPON GRADUATION UNTIL HER RETIREMENT IN 1967. FLAVELL PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON 21 JUNE 1989 AT THE AGE OF 87 YEARS. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19760020000 FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING HARD COPIES OF ARCHIVAL RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P19760020000
Acquisition Date
1976-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
No. Pieces
6
Length
5.1
Width
5.1
Description
.1 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "F.D." IN ENGRAVED LETTERS. "1" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, WITH A BRASS "NUT". SMALL POINT ON BACK. .2 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPT." ENGRAVED IN BLACK LETTERS. "64" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, SMALL POINT ON BACK. HAS A SILVER NUT. .3 "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPARTMENT" LETTERING ON RED BACKGROUND. A SCREW WELDED ON BACK. PIN AND A BRASS NUT ON BACK. ALL BADGES ARE HIGHLY POLISHED.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
.1 CAP BADGE USED IN EARLY 1900'S (ORIGINAL FIRE DEPARTMENT BADGE)..2 A LATER MODEL OF ABOVE BADGE. USED UNTIL 1976..3 BADGE FIRST ISSUED IN 1977.
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
Acquisition Date
1978-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P19770085005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
6.4
Width
2.5
Description
NICKEL PLATED SHOULDER TITLE "CITY POLICE". METAL BASE METAL. UNKNOWN IF NICKEL PLATE FINISHED. 2 COPPER LOOPS REVERSE FOR FASTENING, PIN FASTENER MISSING. APPEARS HAND MADE.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE, HISTORY OF BADGE UNKNOWN.
Catalogue Number
P19770085005
Acquisition Date
1976-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
1962
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHROME
Catalogue Number
P19970094013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
1962
Materials
CHROME
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.1
Length
6.1
Width
5.7
Description
CHROME CAP BADGE. POLICE CREST, WITH CITY LOGO IN CENTRE; BEAVER AT BOTTOM; MAPLE LEAVES AT SIDES; AND KING'S CROWN AT TOP. "INSPECTOR LETHBRIDGE POLICE" IN BANNERS ACROSS CREST; TEXT ENAMELED BLUE. MISSING PIN AT BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO FRANK BATHGATE, A MEMBER OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE FROM 1953 UNTIL HE RETIRED IN 1988. DECEASED 1996. FOR HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19960107001-GA. DONOR IS FRANK'S WIFE.
Catalogue Number
P19970094013
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
1962
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHROME
Catalogue Number
P19970094015
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1947
Date Range To
1962
Materials
CHROME
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.8
Length
6
Width
5.6
Description
CHROME CAP BADGE. POLICE CREST, WITH CITY LOGO IN CENTRE; BEAVER AT BOTTOM; MAPLE LEAVES AT SIDES; AND KING'S CROWN AT TOP. "12 LETHBRIDGE POLICE" IN BANNERS ACROSS CREST; TEXT ENAMELED BLUE. PIN AT BACK. BLACKINTON" BESIDE PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO FRANK BATHGATE, A MEMBER OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE FROM 1953 UNTIL HE RETIRED IN 1988. DECEASED 1996. FOR HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19960107001-GA. DONOR IS FRANK'S WIFE.
Catalogue Number
P19970094015
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20190002006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Materials
COTTON, LEATHER, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
71.5
Width
34
Description
TAN CANVAS SHOULDER BAG WITH BROWN LEATHER TRIM. FRONT OF BAG HAS COVER FLAP WITH BROWN LEATHER TRIM ALONG EDGE OF FLAP, WITH BROWN LEATHER BUCKLE STRAP ATTACHED TO FRONT OF FLAP. FRONT OF BAG HAS TWO POUCHES WITH COVER FLAPS, WITH BROWN LEATHER TRIM ALONG EDGES OF COVER FLAPS, AND BROWN LEATHER BUCKLE STRAPS AND SILVER BUCKLES. FRONT OF BAG HAS SILVER AND BROWN LEATHER BUCKLE BETWEEN POUCHES. SHOULDER STRAP HAS SILVER BUCKLE ON RIGHT-WEARING STRAP; STRAP IS SEWN TO BAG ON LEFT-WEARING SIDE AND IS FIXED TO BAG WITH SILVER BUCKLE ON RIGHT-WEARING SIDE. BAG HAS BLACK MACHINE-STITCHING ON BASE AND AROUND BASES OF POUCHES. INSIDE BAG HAS WHITE TAG WITH RED TEXT SEWN ONTO INSIDE FRONT, “MADE BY WOODS, MFG CO LTD, OTTAWA, CANADA”. INSIDE BACK OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT HANDWRITTEN IN INK, “E. BUCHANAN. R.C.M. POLICE” WITH “R.C.M.POLICE” UNDERLINED. BASE OF BAG IS STAINED BLACK AND BROWN; BAG IS STAINED ON OUTSIDE AND INSIDE, AND STAINED ON SHOULDER STRAP. BAG HAS RIP IN RIGHT-WEARING CORNER WHERE COVER FLAP IS SEWN TO BAG. BAG HAS FRAYING THREADS ON FRONT AND BACK. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 10, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JEAN BUCHANAN REGARDING HER DONATION OF A REVOLVER AND FIREARM ACCESSORIES. THE FIREARM WAS USED BY BUCHANAN’S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON THE USE OF THE BAG, NOTING, “THIS OLD BAG IS REALLY INTERESTING TO ME BECAUSE, IN HIS YOUNGER DAYS, HE OFTEN HAD TO GO OUT ON HORSEBACK. HE’D BE GONE, HUNTING DOWN A MURDERER, AND HE MIGHT HAVE HAD A GUIDE WITH HIM. HE TOOK SOME OF HIS CLEANING EQUIPMENT FOR THE REVOLVER, AND HIS RIFLE, TOO…HE COULD PACK HIS LUNCH…KNIVES, SURVIVAL, AND HIS DIRTY OLD CLEANING CLOTH THAT HE USED, AND AN OLD BOTTLE OF GUN OIL, SO HE COULD CLEAN THE GUN IN CASE HE HAPPENED TO DROP IT IN SOME MUD. YOU NEVER KNOW [WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN] WHEN YOU’RE OUT…YOU HAVE TO KEEP YOUR GUN VERY CLEAN. HE KEPT EVERYTHING VERY CLEAN…YOU HAVE TO KEEP THE GUN CLEAN IF YOU’RE GOING TO USE IT, BECAUSE YOU COULD DAMAGE IT IF YOU HAVE ANY DIRT IN THE BARREL.” “[THE GUNS] WERE A TOOL OF HIS JOB, BUT HE CERTAINLY WASN’T ONE THAT WANTED TO EVER USE IT, BUT IF HE HAD IT, HE HAD TO, OR TO JUST MAINTAIN THE PEACE.” ON HER FATHER’S REVOLVER, BUCHANAN RECALLED, “[MY DAD] USED [THE SMITH AND WESSON REVOLVER]…STARTING IN 1932, WITH THE RCMP, MAY BE WHEN HE GOT THAT GUN. HE HAD IT REGISTERED IN 1940, AND GETTING ANOTHER 5 YEARS REGISTRATION IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1935. [THE GUN] WAS HIS SIDEARM…HIS SERVICE WEAPON…HE HAD THAT ALL THE TIME…IT WOULD GO RIGHT ON HIS BELT THERE.” “[DAD KEPT THE GUN] IN [MY PARENTS’] BEDROOM. RIGHT ON THE BEDROOM CLOSET DOOR, RIGHT OPEN. I NEVER TOUCHED IT, BECAUSE HE HAD GIVEN ME MY TRAINING AND LET ME USE IT WHEN I WAS YOUNG. I HAD RESPECT FOR IT, AND I HAD NO SPECIAL CURIOSITY, WHICH IS A GOOD THING. [DAD KNEW I WAS] AN ADVENTUROUS PERSON, BUT I NEVER EVER TOUCHED IT, OUT OF COMPLETE RESPECT FOR DAD AND WHAT HE HAD THERE.” “ALL I CAN REMEMBER [IS HE HAD TWO HANDGUNS OR SIDEARMS]…HE DIDN’T GO OUT PRACTICING VERY MUCH; HE DIDN’T HAVE TO. HE COULD PASS HIS MARKSMANSHIP, AND THEN, EVERY TIME THERE WERE THINGS AT REGINA DEPOT TRAINING COURSES (UPGRADING, REFRESHER COURSES) THEY DID THEIR MARKSMANSHIP THERE, TOO. THEY WERE ALWAYS TESTED ON THEIR MARKSMANSHIP, AT REGINA DEPOT.” “I THINK [THE REVOLVER HAD] QUITE A BIT [OF MEANING TO MY DAD], BECAUSE HE HAD IT IN HIS HOUSE. IT WAS REALLY STRANGE BECAUSE I ASKED HIM WHERE IT WAS, WHEN HE SHOWED ME THE PAPERS, AND HE HAD IT IN A SHOE BOX IN HIS BEDROOM CLOSET. YOU DIDN’T HAVE TO HAVE GREAT [HIDING] PLACES FOR IT IN THOSE DAYS, BUT THAT’S WHERE HE KEPT IT. HE MADE SURE IT WAS THERE, AND HE KNEW WHERE IT WAS.” “[I HAVE NO] KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HIM HAVING TO FIRE THIS WEAPON…AT ANYONE. IF HE WOULD HAVE, HE WOULD HAVE FIRED TO MISS SOMEONE, JUST AS A WARNING SHOT. HE DEFINITELY WENT FOR WARNING SHOTS, BUT HE NEVER SHOT ANYBODY WITH IT." “[HE WOULD HAVE STOPPED CARRYING THE GUN] AT THE VERY END OF 1950, WHEN HE RETIRED FROM THE R.C.M.P.” “[I’VE HAD THE REVOLVER] SINCE 1998—THE PASSING OF MY FATHER, BECAUSE I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTRIX. IT WAS AUTOMATICALLY MY RESPONSIBILITY TO TAKE ALL OF HIS FIREARMS, IN MY POSSESSION.” “I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR [THE CARE OF] IT, AND IT WAS A REAL KEEPSAKE. [THE GUN WAS] WAS VERY PERSONAL, BECAUSE I’M SURE [MY DAD] OWNED THAT EVEN BY BACK IN 1935, [WHEN] HE WAS IN WESTLOCK, IN CHARGE OF THE DETACHMENT THERE FOR 10 YEARS. IT WAS OF SENTIMENTAL VALUE BECAUSE HE TOOK ME OUT (I’M PRETTY SURE I WAS 8 YEARS OLD, WHEN HE HAD ME IN THE BACKYARD)—WE HAD FARMLAND AND FOREST—AND HE HAD A TARGET PRACTICE OUT THERE. HE HAD ME USE THAT FIREARM. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO USE IT, HOW TO AIM, AND HOW TO HANDLE IT SAFELY. I ALWAYS RESPECTED THAT, AND THAT WAS GOOD. THAT’S THE ORIGINAL HOLSTER FOR THAT GUN, WHICH YOU CAN SEE IS LOOPED, TO PUT ON HIS BELT. HE ALSO CARRIED A .32 COLT SEMI-AUTOMATIC.” “I’VE ALWAYS APPRECIATED REVOLVERS, AND RIFLES. IT’S NEVER BEEN ANYTHING THAT I THOUGHT ANY DANGER OF. YOU LEARN THE SAFETY, AND YOU TAKE YOUR COURSE. I HAVE MY COURSE DONE, AND I PASSED IT WITH FLYING COLORS. I HAD MY PERMIT TO HAVE IT. I HAVE TAKEN IT OUT, ON MY OWN ACREAGE, AND FIRED IT A BIT, BUT IT ISN’T SOMETHING I WANT TO DO. IT’S A SENTIMENTAL THING THAT I CAN NOW FEEL I’D LIKE TO HAVE IT IN YOUR MUSEUM. I KNOW IT’S NOW IN A SAFE PLACE, SO I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT EVER FALLING INTO THE WRONG HANDS. AND, IF I WANT TO COME AND VISIT IT, I CAN COME AND SEE IT.” ON JUNE 8, 2018, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BUCHANAN REGARDING HER FATHER’S CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S HISTORY, “[MY DAD WAS EDWARD BUCHANAN, WHO RETIRED AT THE RANK OF] SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT…HE RETIRED IN 1950 FROM THE [R.C.M.P].” “HE JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL. IN ’21, HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON…BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL AND THEN AFTER, HE GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE. HE WAS GOING TO GO TO GRANDE PRAIRIE BUT THEN IN ’22, THEY GOT MARRIED. A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED…THAT’S WHEN THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD.” “EVEN IN THE A.P.P., TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON…BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN AND THEN MAYBE, AT THE VERY FIRST WINTER AS A ROOKIE, HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. IT WASN’T LONG AND HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE OF THE REAL POLICING.” “WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P. [IN 1932] HE WAS THE TOP CLASS OF [THE] A.P.P. THAT AUTOMATICALLY WERE ACCEPTED INTO THE R.C.M.P. HE WAS PUT IN CHARGE, WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P.—FIRST HE STARTED OUT IN CHARGE OF BRAINARD—HORSE LAKE—A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION. THEY CLOSED THAT DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY, A LITTLE VILLAGE, AND HE WAS THE ONLY ONE IN CHARGE, THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. THAT’S WHEN THAT 1932 [CHANGE] CAME ALONG AND HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P. AND WENT FROM THERE.” “IN ’32, IT WAS R.C.M.P. AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. THEN HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. [THERE] WAS NO DETACHMENT IN BARRHEAD. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO COVER.” “[A.P.P. MEMBERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY HAD THREE CATEGORIES THERE, OF THE A.P.P. MEMBERS…[THERE WERE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE, THAT THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P.; THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEY WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE. THEN THERE [WERE THE ONES THAT] COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY. THEN THERE [WERE] ONES THAT COULD GET IN FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY. THEY’D BE ACCEPTED FOR A YEAR. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE AND [THEY] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE.” “A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING. THESE WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” “ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK KNEW DAD REALLY WELL, HE’D EVEN BEEN IN THE A.P.P. HE CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, “BUCK, [DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’, A LOT] I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT…YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE, I THINK, THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?” “[WE CAME DOWN HERE IN] ’44…I NEVER HAD ANY PROBLEM [WITH THE MOVE]. I WAS ALWAYS ADVENTUROUS. I HAD LOTS OF FRIENDS BUT I WAS ALWAYS HAPPY TO GO.” “WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US AND THEN HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE READY, SO WE CAME DOWN AND STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN, HERE. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE, LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS.” “[DAD] HAD TO OVERSEE THE POW CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POW’S IN THIS RESPECT, THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. [THEY] WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY…THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY, THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. HE RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT AND HELPED THEM, [GAVE] THEM ADVICE, “YOU KNOW, YOU GOTTA GO BACK TO GERMANY AND THEN APPLY TO COME BACK.” THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK…‘CAUSE THERE [WAS] A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS AND THEY NEEDED THAT HELP. SOME OF THOSE FARMERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET SOME OF THESE GERMANS, AND SOME OF THE FARMERS’ DAUGHTERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET THAT, TOO. THEN THERE’S SOME LATER MARRIAGES AFTER THAT. IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO CONDEMN ALL THOSE POW’S BECAUSE A LOT OF THEM WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD, MORAL FELLOWS THAT DIDN’T WANT TO BE INVOLVED WITH ANY KILLING.” “HE WAS A PLAIN STAFF SERGEANT, NCO, SECOND IN CHARGE OF THE SUBDIVISION.” “[THEN HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON [TO RETIRE IN 1950], HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS. HE JOINED THE R.C.M. P. VETS BUT WITH HIS RECORD, THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE. THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA WHICH, AT THAT TIME, THERE WERE ONLY TWO: LETHBRIDGE AND FORT SASKATCHEWAN. [THE] ONLY PLACE IN FORT SASKATCHEWAN WAS FOR WOMEN, SO [WOMEN] HAD TO GO ALL THE WAY TO FORT SASKATCHEWAN, EVEN IF [THEY] WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE. THAT WASN’T A VERY GOOD DEAL, SO DAD COULD SEE A REAL NEED [FOR WORK]. IT WAS A REAL MESS WHEN HE LOOKED AT THE PRISONS.” “HE REALIZED, BEING AN R.C.M.P., THAT MANY OF THE YOUNG CITY POLICE, TOWN SHERIFFS, SOME OF THESE MAGISTRATES, THEY MESSED THINGS UP. HE STARTED A TRAINING SCHOOL FOR THESE MUNICIPAL POLICE AND THAT JUST WENT TERRIFICALLY. THEY HAD [THE SCHOOLS] IN CALGARY AND IN EDMONTON TWICE A YEAR. THEY HAD A BIG GROUP FROM MEDICINE HAT COME UP AND [TAKE] THE SCHOOLING, LETHBRIDGE CAME UP, AND SOME OF THE PRISON GUARDS TOOK [THE TRAINING], TOO.” “[HE] WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN/SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, HE WAS SO BUSY THAT THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS BECAUSE…THE FIRST THING HE HAD TO DO WAS TO DEVELOP THE PRISONS FOR ALBERTA. TWO WAS NOT SUFFICIENT.” “[DAD’S] PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, HUMOROUS, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, AND VERY FIRMLY. THE STAFF…ALL LOVED HIM. I [HAVE] LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON…“YOU’RE THE BEST BOSS WE EVER HAD.” ALL HE HAD WAS A VISION OF WHAT NEEDED TO BE DONE…HE COULD GO AND EXPLAIN THE NEED FOR THE JAILS, WHAT IT WOULD COST AND WHAT IT NEEDED TO FIX THE PROBLEM. HE NEVER HAD PROBLEM GETTING EXACTLY WHAT HE NEEDED FROM THEM.” ON THE DONATION OF THE REVOLVER AND AMMUNITION, BUCHANAN NOTED, “MY DAD KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER [HIS BELONGINGS] AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM. [DAD KNEW] THAT I WASN’T ONE TO PUT IT IN MY BASEMENT TO HAVE GOODNESS-KNOWS-WHAT-HAPPEN TO IT. HE HAD LEFT ALL OF THAT IN CHARGE OF ME. I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTOR OF THE ESTATE.” “I AM NOW AT THE YOUNG AGE OF 88; I’M NOT WORRIED ABOUT LIVING ANOTHER 10 YEARS. I DIDN’T WANT THE CHANCE OF ANYBODY STEALING IT, OR GETTING THEIR HANDS ON IT, SO I WANTED TO MAKE SURE YOU GOT IT. AND, I DON’T NEED IT, SO WHY KEEP IT? IF I GET LONESOME, AND WANT TO SEE IT, I’LL COME TO THE MUSEUM AND LOOK AT IT.” “I’LL FEEL HAPPY, TO KNOW IT’S GOT A GOOD HOME. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL TRANSCRIPTIONS FROM INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190002001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190002006
Acquisition Date
2019-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
FELT, WOOD, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20170023002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
FELT, WOOD, PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Length
37
Width
30
Description
RED FELT BANNER WITH TOP FORMING A STITCHED LOOP FIXED TO WOODEN ROD. BANNER IS FRINGED AT THE BOTTOM AND FRONT HAS RED AND BLACK PAINTED SCENE DEPICTING FORT MACLEOD, TEEPEES, AND MOUNTAINS WITH TEXT “ORIGINAL HOME OF THE MOUNTIES, FORT MACLEOD”. BACK HAS WHITE PAPER LABEL ATTACHED WITH BLACK FADED TEXT “JUNIOR FOREST WARDENS & [ILLEGIBLE], FORT MACLEOD, ALBERTA, CANADA”. FRONT AND BACK ARE CREASED, AND FRONT HAS STAIN AT TOP BELOW ROD; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JULY 21, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED GLENN AND JOANNE ALLEN REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF RCMP AND LETHBRIDGE MEMORABILIA. GLENN ALLEN WAS RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE, AND COLLECTED THE OBJECTS AS A CHILD IN LETHBRIDGE. ON THE RCMP FIGURINE, ALLEN RECALLED, “THESE TWO MOUNTED POLICE ITEMS, THE BANNER AND THE LITTLE STATUETTE…I WAS YOUNG, IN THE [HOMEFRONT] PERIOD FROM 1940-1945. LETHBRIDGE WAS A MAJOR BASE FOR THE COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING THING. WE HAD YOUNG BRITISH AIRMEN COME, AND THEY LIVED EVERYWHERE. THEY BOARDED WITH PEOPLE; THEY STAYED ON BASE, BUT WHEN THEY HAD A DAY OFF, IT WAS ONE OF THE RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE PEOPLE OF LETHBRIDGE TO TAKE THEM ON LITTLE JOURNEYS TO PLACES. I CAN REMEMBER GOING WITH THEM…TO FORT MACLEOD, AND THEN TO PINCHER CREEK, AND WE HAD PLUMS AND CHERRIES. I CAN REMEMBER MY MOTHER BRINGING THIS BAG OF FRUIT OUT, AND SAYING TO THE ONE YOUNG FELLOW, “WOULD YOU LIKE A PIECE OF FRUIT?” HE WAS SITTING IN THE FRONT SEAT, TURNED TO MY MOTHER [WHO] WAS DRIVING THE CAR, [THEN] HE TURNED TO HIS BUDDIES IN THE BACKSEAT, AND HE [SAID], “WOULD YOU LIKE A PLUM OR A CHERRY?” WE VISITED THERE, AND THOSE WERE GIFTS FROM THOSE AIRMEN TO ME, AT THAT TIME. I HAD A LITTLE MANTLE IN MY ROOM, DOWNSTAIRS IN CALGARY, AND HAD THEM THERE. WHEN WE WERE IN LETHBRIDGE, WE HAD NO SPACE AT ALL FOR ANYTHING. OUR FURNITURE HAD TO BE ALL STORED. THE ONLY POSSESSIONS OF OURS THAT WERE IN THAT HOUSE WERE OUR BEDS AND OUR DRESSERS, MAYBE A COUPLE OF CHAIRS…” “[I DISPLAYED THEM] MORE IN CALGARY, THAN LETHBRIDGE.” ALLEN ELABORATED ON HIS FAMILY’S HISTORY IN LETHBRIDGE, NOTING, “MY MOTHER’S FAMILY CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1923, AND SHE WAS ABOUT 12 AT THE TIME. SHE DIDN’T GO TO SCHOOL ANY FURTHER AT THAT POINT IN TIME, AND SHE WAS HIRED ON AS A HOUSE GIRL FOR THE STOLZ FAMILY.” “MY DAD’S NAME WAS TOM, THOMAS SPENCE ALLEN, AND MY MOTHER WAS DOROTHY EMMA SCHIELS. MY DAD’S FAMILY - HIS FATHER AND, A FEW YEARS LATER MY DAD AND HIS MOTHER - CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1910, AND THEY SETTLED IN NORTH LETHBRIDGE, AT 707 12A ST. NORTH. THERE WERE THREE BOYS AND ONE GIRL. THEY ALL WENT THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL AT GALBRAITH HIGH SCHOOL, AND MY DAD WORKED FOR THE RAILWAYS. HE STARTED AS A MESSENGER…HE WAS 15 YEARS OF AGE. HE PROGRESSED IN THE FREIGHT CPR BUSINESS, AND BECAME A FREIGHT INSPECTOR IN LETHBRIDGE, AND THEN, IN 1948, WAS TRANSFERRED TO CALGARY. MY MOTHER WAS ALWAYS A HOUSEWIFE. THEY LIVED ON 3RD AVENUE NORTH, BY THE LEALTA THEATRE. THEY HAD JUST ONE CHILD. I GREW UP [IN THAT HOUSE] UNTIL I WAS ABOUT AGE FIVE. AT THAT TIME, THE END OF THE WAR WAS COMING, AND SOLDIERS WERE RETURNING. RENTAL HOUSING BECAME ALMOST NOT AVAILABLE. ANYBODY WHO WAS RENTING AT THAT TIME, IF YOU HADN’T BEEN IN THE FORCES, YOU WERE REQUIRED BY ORDINANCE TO FIND ANOTHER PLACE. IT WAS A HOUSE WHICH WE HAD TO GIVE UP. WE’D BEEN THERE SINCE I WAS BORN. THEN WE MOVED OVER TO 12TH STREET C, THE 500 BLOCK. WE LIVED TEMPORARILY THERE, AND THEN THAT HOUSE WAS SECONDED. WE WERE ONLY THERE MAYBE 6 MONTHS, AND THEN WE MOVED INTO AN ATTIC SPACE AT 507 12TH STREET A NORTH, AND LIVED IN THE 2 ROOMS IN THE ATTIC - NO INSULATION, AND VERY COLD IN THE WINTER, AND HOT IN THE SUMMER.” “[MY FATHER] GOT A PROMOTION [IN 1948]. HE GOT A PROMOTION TO CALGARY…A BETTER JOB.” “MY MOTHER AND DAD LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE, GREW UP IN LETHBRIDGE. MY MOTHER WAS THE COLLECTOR IN THE FAMILY. WHEN I WAS MARRIED [IN 1962], ALL OF THESE THINGS SHE GAVE ME TO JUST TAKE ALONG, BECAUSE THEY HAD BEEN GIVEN TO ME. THEY ARE JUST LITTLE ITEMS THAT WE JUST DON’T KNOW WHETHER THEY HAVE ANY VALUE, AND RATHER THAN HAVE THEM JUST GO TO LAND FILL, WE’D LIKE YOU TO HAVE A LOOK AT THEM.” “TODAY IS OUR FIFTY-FIFTH WEDDING ANNIVERSARY, AND WE’RE RETURNING TO LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE WE’VE HAD THESE THINGS IN OUR POSSESSION FOREVER, AND WE WANT TO SEE IF THEY HAVE ANY VALUE TO THE MUSEUM. THEY ARE RELICS THAT WE’VE [GATHERED] FROM PAST YEARS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170023001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170023002
Acquisition Date
2017-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WITH CROSS-STRAP
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19970073007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WITH CROSS-STRAP
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.7
Length
123
Width
7.8
Description
BROWN LEATHER SAM BROWNE BELT WITH DETACHABLE CROSS-STRAP. BRASS BUCKLE AT ONE END, WITH DOUBLE PINS. BRASS KNOB AT SAME END, WHICH FASTENS INTO HOLES PERFORATED INTO OPPOSITE END. TWO LEATHER BANDS FOR SECURING END OF BELT; ALSO TWO KEEPERS WITH SEMI-CIRCULAR BRASS RINGS TO WHICH CROSS-STRAP IS CONNECTED. STRAP HAS CLASP AT ONE END; FOLDED LEATHER TAB AND BRASS KNOB AT OTHER. RCMP ISSUE; NO MARKINGS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO E.D. WHITE, REG. #21698; FEB. 21, 1941. ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE ISSUE; USE UNKNOWN. SEE P19970073001-8-GA FOR RELATED PIECES, AND P19970073001-GA FOR INFORMATION. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING ITEMS, INCLUDING SEVERAL ITEMS DONATED BY THE LEGION. EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE RCMP HISTORY SECTION GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: THE SERIAL NUMBER 21698 DOES NOT BELONG TO E.D. WHITE. IT BELONGED TO AN RCMP OFFICER WHO SERVED BETWEEN 1961-1997. NO RCMP MEMBER WITH THE LAST NAME "WHITE" AND INITIALS "E.D." WERE FOUND WITHIN THE RCMP RECORDS. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE.
Catalogue Number
P19970073007
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.C.M.P. ANKLE BOOTS
Date Range From
1944
Date Range To
1952
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, CANVAS, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20020021003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.C.M.P. ANKLE BOOTS
Date Range From
1944
Date Range To
1952
Materials
LEATHER, CANVAS, RUBBER
No. Pieces
2
Height
17.5
Length
30.3
Width
10.8
Description
PAIR OF BLACK LEATHER ANKLE BOOTS. BLACK SHOELACES. AT TOP OF EACH BOOT ON INSIDE OF ANKLE THE LETTERS "MP" ARE PERFORATED INTO LEATHER. STAMPED INSIDE EACH BOOT IS "E 80 1450 A I". BOOTS HAVE BROWN LEATHER SOLES. EMBOSSED ON HEEL OF BOOTS IS "WINGFOOT GOOD YEAR".
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD BUCHANAN. EDWARD WAS A MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FROM 1919 UNTIL 1932, WHEN HE TRANSFERRED TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. HE WAS A SENIOR STAFF SARGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE FROM MAY 1944 TO NOV. 1950. HE RETIRED IN 1950, THEN BECAME DIRECTOR OF CORRECTIONS FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. FOLLOWING RETIREMENT, EDWARD BECAME A MEMBER OF THE RCMP VETERAN'S ASSOCATION IN EDMONTON IN 1950/51, AND REMAINED A MEMBER UNTIL HIS PASSING; HE ALSO SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF THIS ASSOCIATION. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. *UPDATE* AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR MORE INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND THE OBITUARY COPY.
Catalogue Number
P20020021003
Acquisition Date
2002-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PAIR RCMP BOOTS
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19970073008
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PAIR RCMP BOOTS
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
42.2
Length
29.9
Width
10.3
Description
PAIR LIGHT BROWN LEATHER CALF-HIGH RIDING BOOTS. LACES UP FRONT TO MID-CALF, AND AT TOP PORTION OF OUTER SIDES. LACE IS MISSING FROM RIGHT BOOT; VERY BRITTLE AND BROKEN NEAR LOWER EYELETS OF LEFT BOOT. PRESSED PAPER SOLES WITH RUBBER HEELS MARKED "GOOD YEAR". BOOTS ARE CREASED FROM WEAR. PIECE OF LACE IS DETACHED AND STORED SEPARATELY.
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO E.D. WHITE, REG. #21698; FEB. 21, 1941. ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE ISSUE. SEE P19970073001-8-GA FOR RELATED PIECES AND P19970073001-GA FOR MORE INFO. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING ITEMS, INCLUDING SEVERAL ITEMS DONATED BY THE LEGION. EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE RCMP HISTORY SECTION GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: THE SERIAL NUMBER 21698 DOES NOT BELONG TO E.D. WHITE. IT BELONGED TO AN RCMP OFFICER WHO SERVED BETWEEN 1961-1997. NO RCMP MEMBER WITH THE LAST NAME "WHITE" AND INITIALS "E.D." WERE FOUND WITHIN THE RCMP RECORDS. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE.
Catalogue Number
P19970073008
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
GUN OIL
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, CORK, OIL
Catalogue Number
P20190002003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GUN OIL
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Materials
GLASS, CORK, OIL
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.4
Length
3.5
Width
4.6
Description
GLASS BOTTLE CONTAINING AMBER OIL, WITH CRACKED AND TORN CORK IN TOP OPENING. BOTTLE HAS ROUND NECK, DOMED TOP AND SQUARE BODY; BOTTLE HAS BLUE AND WHITE LABEL ON FRONT. FRONT LABEL BLUE BACKGROUND WITH WHITE CROWN ABOVE WHITE SHIELD WITH RED AND BLUE TEXT; LABEL IS TORN ACROSS SHIELD MAKING RED TEXT INDECIPHERABLE, BLUE TEXT BELOW READS “PURE VANILLA”; SHIELD HAS WHITE DOTS AROUND BASE AND WHITE TEXT BELOW “FLAVORING EXTRACTS, CAMPBELL BROS & WILSON LIMITED, WINNIPEG – CANADA, EST. 1882”. BACK OF BOTTLE HAS EMBOSSED IN GLASS “2 FL. OZ”. BASE OF BOTTLE HAS EMBOSSED IN GLASS “1, 4818, FDJ” WITH “D” IN A DIAMOND. CORK IS TORN OFF AT THE TOP OF THE BOTTLE NECK; LABEL IS WORN AND DISCOLORED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 10, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JEAN BUCHANAN REGARDING HER DONATION OF A REVOLVER AND FIREARM ACCESSORIES. THE FIREARM WAS USED BY BUCHANAN’S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON THE USE OF THE GUN OIL, NOTING, “[DAD HAD A BAG] BECAUSE, IN HIS YOUNGER DAYS, HE OFTEN HAD TO GO OUT ON HORSEBACK. HE’D BE GONE, HUNTING DOWN A MURDERER, AND HE MIGHT HAVE HAD A GUIDE WITH HIM. HE TOOK SOME OF HIS CLEANING EQUIPMENT FOR THE REVOLVER, AND HIS RIFLE, TOO…HE COULD PACK HIS LUNCH…KNIVES, SURVIVAL, AND HIS DIRTY OLD CLEANING CLOTH THAT HE USED, AND AN OLD BOTTLE OF GUN OIL, SO HE COULD CLEAN THE GUN IN CASE HE HAPPENED TO DROP IT IN SOME MUD. YOU NEVER KNOW [WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN] WHEN YOU’RE OUT…YOU HAVE TO KEEP YOUR GUN VERY CLEAN. HE KEPT EVERYTHING VERY CLEAN…YOU HAVE TO KEEP THE GUN CLEAN IF YOU’RE GOING TO USE IT, BECAUSE YOU COULD DAMAGE IT IF YOU HAVE ANY DIRT IN THE BARREL.” ON HER FATHER’S REVOLVER, BUCHANAN RECALLED, “[MY DAD] USED [THE SMITH AND WESSON REVOLVER]…STARTING IN 1932, WITH THE RCMP, MAY BE WHEN HE GOT THAT GUN. HE HAD IT REGISTERED IN 1940, AND GETTING ANOTHER 5 YEARS REGISTRATION IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1935. [THE GUN] WAS HIS SIDEARM…HIS SERVICE WEAPON…HE HAD THAT ALL THE TIME…IT WOULD GO RIGHT ON HIS BELT THERE.” “[DAD KEPT THE GUN] IN [MY PARENTS’] BEDROOM. RIGHT ON THE BEDROOM CLOSET DOOR, RIGHT OPEN. I NEVER TOUCHED IT, BECAUSE HE HAD GIVEN ME MY TRAINING AND LET ME USE IT WHEN I WAS YOUNG. I HAD RESPECT FOR IT, AND I HAD NO SPECIAL CURIOSITY, WHICH IS A GOOD THING. [DAD KNEW I WAS] AN ADVENTUROUS PERSON, BUT I NEVER EVER TOUCHED IT, OUT OF COMPLETE RESPECT FOR DAD AND WHAT HE HAD THERE.” “ALL I CAN REMEMBER [IS HE HAD TWO HANDGUNS OR SIDEARMS]…HE DIDN’T GO OUT PRACTICING VERY MUCH; HE DIDN’T HAVE TO. HE COULD PASS HIS MARKSMANSHIP, AND THEN, EVERY TIME THERE WERE THINGS AT REGINA DEPOT TRAINING COURSES (UPGRADING, REFRESHER COURSES) THEY DID THEIR MARKSMANSHIP THERE, TOO. THEY WERE ALWAYS TESTED ON THEIR MARKSMANSHIP, AT REGINA DEPOT.” “I THINK [THE REVOLVER HAD] QUITE A BIT [OF MEANING TO MY DAD], BECAUSE HE HAD IT IN HIS HOUSE. IT WAS REALLY STRANGE BECAUSE I ASKED HIM WHERE IT WAS, WHEN HE SHOWED ME THE PAPERS, AND HE HAD IT IN A SHOE BOX IN HIS BEDROOM CLOSET. YOU DIDN’T HAVE TO HAVE GREAT [HIDING] PLACES FOR IT IN THOSE DAYS, BUT THAT’S WHERE HE KEPT IT. HE MADE SURE IT WAS THERE, AND HE KNEW WHERE IT WAS.” “[I HAVE NO] KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HIM HAVING TO FIRE THIS WEAPON…AT ANYONE. IF HE WOULD HAVE, HE WOULD HAVE FIRED TO MISS SOMEONE, JUST AS A WARNING SHOT. HE DEFINITELY WENT FOR WARNING SHOTS, BUT HE NEVER SHOT ANYBODY WITH IT." “[HE WOULD HAVE STOPPED CARRYING THE GUN] AT THE VERY END OF 1950, WHEN HE RETIRED FROM THE R.C.M.P.” “[I’VE HAD THE REVOLVER] SINCE 1998—THE PASSING OF MY FATHER, BECAUSE I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTRIX. IT WAS AUTOMATICALLY MY RESPONSIBILITY TO TAKE ALL OF HIS FIREARMS, IN MY POSSESSION.” “I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR [THE CARE OF] IT, AND IT WAS A REAL KEEPSAKE. [THE GUN WAS] WAS VERY PERSONAL, BECAUSE I’M SURE [MY DAD] OWNED THAT EVEN BY BACK IN 1935, [WHEN] HE WAS IN WESTLOCK, IN CHARGE OF THE DETACHMENT THERE FOR 10 YEARS. IT WAS OF SENTIMENTAL VALUE BECAUSE HE TOOK ME OUT (I’M PRETTY SURE I WAS 8 YEARS OLD, WHEN HE HAD ME IN THE BACKYARD)—WE HAD FARMLAND AND FOREST—AND HE HAD A TARGET PRACTICE OUT THERE. HE HAD ME USE THAT FIREARM. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO USE IT, HOW TO AIM, AND HOW TO HANDLE IT SAFELY. I ALWAYS RESPECTED THAT, AND THAT WAS GOOD. THAT’S THE ORIGINAL HOLSTER FOR THAT GUN, WHICH YOU CAN SEE IS LOOPED, TO PUT ON HIS BELT. HE ALSO CARRIED A .32 COLT SEMI-AUTOMATIC.” “I’VE ALWAYS APPRECIATED REVOLVERS, AND RIFLES. IT’S NEVER BEEN ANYTHING THAT I THOUGHT ANY DANGER OF. YOU LEARN THE SAFETY, AND YOU TAKE YOUR COURSE. I HAVE MY COURSE DONE, AND I PASSED IT WITH FLYING COLORS. I HAD MY PERMIT TO HAVE IT. I HAVE TAKEN IT OUT, ON MY OWN ACREAGE, AND FIRED IT A BIT, BUT IT ISN’T SOMETHING I WANT TO DO. IT’S A SENTIMENTAL THING THAT I CAN NOW FEEL I’D LIKE TO HAVE IT IN YOUR MUSEUM. I KNOW IT’S NOW IN A SAFE PLACE, SO I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT EVER FALLING INTO THE WRONG HANDS. AND, IF I WANT TO COME AND VISIT IT, I CAN COME AND SEE IT.” ON JUNE 8, 2018, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BUCHANAN REGARDING HER FATHER’S CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S HISTORY, “[MY DAD WAS EDWARD BUCHANAN, WHO RETIRED AT THE RANK OF] SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT…HE RETIRED IN 1950 FROM THE [R.C.M.P].” “HE JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL. IN ’21, HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON…BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL AND THEN AFTER, HE GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE. HE WAS GOING TO GO TO GRANDE PRAIRIE BUT THEN IN ’22, THEY GOT MARRIED. A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED…THAT’S WHEN THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD.” “EVEN IN THE A.P.P., TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON…BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN AND THEN MAYBE, AT THE VERY FIRST WINTER AS A ROOKIE, HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. IT WASN’T LONG AND HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE OF THE REAL POLICING.” “WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P. [IN 1932] HE WAS THE TOP CLASS OF [THE] A.P.P. THAT AUTOMATICALLY WERE ACCEPTED INTO THE R.C.M.P. HE WAS PUT IN CHARGE, WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P.—FIRST HE STARTED OUT IN CHARGE OF BRAINARD—HORSE LAKE—A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION. THEY CLOSED THAT DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY, A LITTLE VILLAGE, AND HE WAS THE ONLY ONE IN CHARGE, THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. THAT’S WHEN THAT 1932 [CHANGE] CAME ALONG AND HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P. AND WENT FROM THERE.” “IN ’32, IT WAS R.C.M.P. AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. THEN HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. [THERE] WAS NO DETACHMENT IN BARRHEAD. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO COVER.” “[A.P.P. MEMBERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY HAD THREE CATEGORIES THERE, OF THE A.P.P. MEMBERS…[THERE WERE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE, THAT THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P.; THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEY WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE. THEN THERE [WERE THE ONES THAT] COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY. THEN THERE [WERE] ONES THAT COULD GET IN FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY. THEY’D BE ACCEPTED FOR A YEAR. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE AND [THEY] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE.” “A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING. THESE WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” “ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK KNEW DAD REALLY WELL, HE’D EVEN BEEN IN THE A.P.P. HE CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, “BUCK, [DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’, A LOT] I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT…YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE, I THINK, THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?” “[WE CAME DOWN HERE IN] ’44…I NEVER HAD ANY PROBLEM [WITH THE MOVE]. I WAS ALWAYS ADVENTUROUS. I HAD LOTS OF FRIENDS BUT I WAS ALWAYS HAPPY TO GO.” “WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US AND THEN HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE READY, SO WE CAME DOWN AND STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN, HERE. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE, LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS.” “[DAD] HAD TO OVERSEE THE POW CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POW’S IN THIS RESPECT, THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. [THEY] WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY…THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY, THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. HE RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT AND HELPED THEM, [GAVE] THEM ADVICE, “YOU KNOW, YOU GOTTA GO BACK TO GERMANY AND THEN APPLY TO COME BACK.” THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK…‘CAUSE THERE [WAS] A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS AND THEY NEEDED THAT HELP. SOME OF THOSE FARMERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET SOME OF THESE GERMANS, AND SOME OF THE FARMERS’ DAUGHTERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET THAT, TOO. THEN THERE’S SOME LATER MARRIAGES AFTER THAT. IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO CONDEMN ALL THOSE POW’S BECAUSE A LOT OF THEM WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD, MORAL FELLOWS THAT DIDN’T WANT TO BE INVOLVED WITH ANY KILLING.” “HE WAS A PLAIN STAFF SERGEANT, NCO, SECOND IN CHARGE OF THE SUBDIVISION.” “[THEN HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON [TO RETIRE IN 1950], HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS. HE JOINED THE R.C.M. P. VETS BUT WITH HIS RECORD, THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE. THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA WHICH, AT THAT TIME, THERE WERE ONLY TWO: LETHBRIDGE AND FORT SASKATCHEWAN. [THE] ONLY PLACE IN FORT SASKATCHEWAN WAS FOR WOMEN, SO [WOMEN] HAD TO GO ALL THE WAY TO FORT SASKATCHEWAN, EVEN IF [THEY] WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE. THAT WASN’T A VERY GOOD DEAL, SO DAD COULD SEE A REAL NEED [FOR WORK]. IT WAS A REAL MESS WHEN HE LOOKED AT THE PRISONS.” “HE REALIZED, BEING AN R.C.M.P., THAT MANY OF THE YOUNG CITY POLICE, TOWN SHERIFFS, SOME OF THESE MAGISTRATES, THEY MESSED THINGS UP. HE STARTED A TRAINING SCHOOL FOR THESE MUNICIPAL POLICE AND THAT JUST WENT TERRIFICALLY. THEY HAD [THE SCHOOLS] IN CALGARY AND IN EDMONTON TWICE A YEAR. THEY HAD A BIG GROUP FROM MEDICINE HAT COME UP AND [TAKE] THE SCHOOLING, LETHBRIDGE CAME UP, AND SOME OF THE PRISON GUARDS TOOK [THE TRAINING], TOO.” “[HE] WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN/SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, HE WAS SO BUSY THAT THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS BECAUSE…THE FIRST THING HE HAD TO DO WAS TO DEVELOP THE PRISONS FOR ALBERTA. TWO WAS NOT SUFFICIENT.” “[DAD’S] PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, HUMOROUS, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, AND VERY FIRMLY. THE STAFF…ALL LOVED HIM. I [HAVE] LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON…“YOU’RE THE BEST BOSS WE EVER HAD.” ALL HE HAD WAS A VISION OF WHAT NEEDED TO BE DONE…HE COULD GO AND EXPLAIN THE NEED FOR THE JAILS, WHAT IT WOULD COST AND WHAT IT NEEDED TO FIX THE PROBLEM. HE NEVER HAD PROBLEM GETTING EXACTLY WHAT HE NEEDED FROM THEM.” ON THE DONATION OF THE REVOLVER AND AMMUNITION, BUCHANAN NOTED, “MY DAD KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER [HIS BELONGINGS] AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM. [DAD KNEW] THAT I WASN’T ONE TO PUT IT IN MY BASEMENT TO HAVE GOODNESS-KNOWS-WHAT-HAPPEN TO IT. HE HAD LEFT ALL OF THAT IN CHARGE OF ME. I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTOR OF THE ESTATE.” “I AM NOW AT THE YOUNG AGE OF 88; I’M NOT WORRIED ABOUT LIVING ANOTHER 10 YEARS. I DIDN’T WANT THE CHANCE OF ANYBODY STEALING IT, OR GETTING THEIR HANDS ON IT, SO I WANTED TO MAKE SURE YOU GOT IT. AND, I DON’T NEED IT, SO WHY KEEP IT? IF I GET LONESOME, AND WANT TO SEE IT, I’LL COME TO THE MUSEUM AND LOOK AT IT.” “I’LL FEEL HAPPY, TO KNOW IT’S GOT A GOOD HOME. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL TRANSCRIPTIONS FROM INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190002001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190002003
Acquisition Date
2019-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
P19870056000-GA
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, PAPER, CARDBOARD
Catalogue Number
P19880017010
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19870056000-GA
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
GLASS, PAPER, CARDBOARD
No. Pieces
2
Height
7.0
Width
3.5
Description
BOTTLE IN BOX "ONE FLUID OUNCE CODRENIN. A LOCAL ANESTHETIC AND HEMOSTATIC", " 2% SOLUTION OF COCAINE WITH ADRENALINE". WHITE BOX WITH RED TEXT ABOUT ALL SIDES AMBER COLOURED SQUARED GLASS BOTTLE CONTAINED IN BOX.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
PARKE, DAVIS & CO. LTD. WALKERVILLE, ONT. DONOR OWNED AND OPERATED STOKES DRUG STORE. DONOR'S FATHER ERNEST BALL STOKES BOUGHT KENNY & ALLIN DRUGSTORE (314 - 5 ST. S.) IN 1918. DONOR TOOK OVER BUSINESS IN 1939 AND OPERATED IT CONTINUOUSLY UNTIL 1980. DONOR ALSO OWNED A SECOND STORE, ROYAL DRUG FROM 1952 TO 1960 AT 617-4 AVE. SO. REF. "LETHBRIDGE DRUGGISTS AND DRUG STORES 1885-1988" OCCASIONAL PAPER NO., 1 LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. NARRATIVE BELOW SOLICITED FROM SOCIOLOGY PROFESSOR BILL RAMP IN EARLY 2010 WHEN THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXHIBITED AS PART OF THE GALT’S TREASURES & CURIOSITIES DISPLAY. THE NARRATIVE BECAME THE BASIS FOR THE ARTIFACT’S LABEL COPY IN THE EXHIBIT. *** THIS BOTTLE CAUGHT MY EYE BECAUSE OF THE “WAR ON DRUGS” – DRUGS OF THE ILLEGAL KIND. ONE OF THE SIDE-EFFECTS OF THIS WAR, AND ALSO OF CONSUMER MOVEMENTS FOR FOOD SAFETY AND DRUG SAFETY (ESPECIALLY AFTER THE THALOMIDE SCARE OF THE 1960’S), WAS A GENERAL TIGHTENING UP ON THE INGREDIENTS OF PATENT MEDICINE (WHAT WE NOW CALL OTC’S), AND A CORRESPONDING CHANGE IN THE WAYS IN WHICH WE SELF-MEDICATE. TODAY, WE DO STILL SELF-MEDICATE WITH A WIDE VARIETY OF LEGAL OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS, BUT THESE ARE GENERALLY FOR SPECIFIC CONDITIONS (E.G. “COUGH AND COLD”), AND TODAY, THOSE CONDITIONS DO NOT NORMALLY INCLUDE PSYCHOLOGICAL ISSUES. MOOD-ALTERING SELF-MEDICATION HAS MOVED TO PRESCRIPTION DRUGS, OR TO ALCOHOL PRODUCTS, OR TO “ILLEGAL DRUGS” IN WHICH, AS WE KNOW, THERE IS A THRIVING TRADE. AS WITH THE PATENT MEDICINES OF OLD, DOCTORS (OR MORE ACCURATELY, DOCTOR-IMAGES) ARE STILL USED TO SELL OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS. BUT THE STATUS OF THE MEDICINAL PRACTITIONER, AND THE SOCIAL AUTHORITY OF THE MEDICINAL PROFESSION, HAS BECOME HIGHER AND MORE TIGHTLY POLICED, WITH THE EFFECT THAT WE ARE NOW, I BELIEVE, MORE CONDITIONED TO SEEK MEDICAL HELP THAN TO TRUST WORD-OF-MOUTH OR ADVERTISING ABOUT A PARTICULAR REMEDY (UNLESS, THAT IS, WE ARE SKEPTICAL ABOUT “MODERN MEDICINE” AND INCLINED TO PREFER HERBAL REMEDIES!). UNTIL AS LATE AS THE 1950’S, THERE WAS A THRIVING TRADE IN VARIOUS PATENT REMEDIES, AND A THRIVING FOLK CULTURE OF QUACKS, SHILLS, THE GULLIBLE AND THE SKEPTICAL TO GO ALONG WITH IT. AND SO MANY OF THOSE OLD DRUGS HAD POWERFUL, EVEN DANGEROUS INGREDIENTS – OPIATES, ARSENIC – OFTEN MOOD-ALTERING AND ADDICTIVE, WHICH CUSTOMERS WERE URGED TO USE FOR “WHATEVER AILS YOU”. AND CUSTOMERS ENTHUSIASTICALLY COMPLIED. I REMEMBER MY GRANDFATHER CAREFULLY HOARDING HIS LAST FEW BOTTLES OF “GOMBAULT’S CAUSTIC BALSAM – GOOD FOR MAN OR BEAST” – AND ALSO GOOD, SO HE CLAIMED, FOR JUST ABOUT ANY ILL MAN OR BEAST SUFFERED. I ALSO REMEMBER MY MOTHER TELLING ABOUT HER CHILDHOOD NEIGHBORS – WHO SOOTHED THEIR TEETHING CHILDREN TO BED AT NIGHT WITH LAUDANUM, AN OPIATE-ALCOHOL SOLUTION. ***
Catalogue Number
P19880017010
Acquisition Date
1988-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, INK
Catalogue Number
P20190002002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1935
Date Range To
1950
Materials
CARDBOARD, INK
No. Pieces
2
Height
3
Length
6.8
Width
3.3
Description
A.CARDBOARD AMMUNITION BOX TOP, 6.8CM LONG X 3.3CM WIDE X 3CM TALL. BROWN CARDBOARD WITH PRINTED YELLOW AND BLUE LABELS ON TOP, BOTTOM, AND SIDES. TOP OF BOX HAS PRINTED TEXT “22 LONG RIFLE, SMOKELESS GREASED, CIL SUPER-CLEAN, MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN INDUSTRIES LIMITED, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA” WITH “CIL” LOGO AND IMAGE OF A BULLET ALONG TOP EDGE. FRONT OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, “THESE CARTRIDGES ARE PRIMED WITH “SUPER-CLEAN” NON-RUSTING PRIMING. IF THE RIFLE HAS FIRST BEEN THOROUGHLY CLEANED AND “DOMINION” “SUPER-CLEAN” .22’S ARE USED EXCLUSIVELY, THEY WILL NOT RUST OR CORRODE THE BORE.” BACK OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, “THESE .22” LONG-RIFLE “SUPER-CLEAN” GREASED CARTRIDGES HAVE BEEN SPECIALLY DEVELOPED FOR GAME AS WELL AS TARGET SHOOTING, AND WILL BE FOUND TO BE POWERFUL AND ACCURATE AND ALWAYS DEPENDABLE”. BOTTOM OF BOX HAS BLUE TEXT ON YELLOW BACKGROUND “MADE IN CANADA BY, CANADIAN LIMITED INDUSTRIES, “DOMINION” AMMUNITION DIVISION, MONTREAL, CANADA.” SIDE OPENING FLAP HAS BLUE TEXT AND “CIL” LOGO ON YELLOW BACKGROUND, “”SUPER-CLEAN”, .22 LONG RIFLE, 50 R.F., SMOKELESS, GREASED”. BOX HAS TORN AND MISSING OPENING FLAP ON LEFT SIDE; BOX HAS TEAR ON TOP IN UPPER-RIGHT CORNER; BOX EDGES ARE WORN AND BOX TOP IS CREASED AND DENTED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. B.CARDBOARD BASE OF BOX, 6.3CM LONG X 3CM WIDE X 2.8CM TALL. BROWN CARDBOARD BOX WITHOUT TOP; SIDES FOLDED INTO BOX CREATING BASE. BOX IS STAINED DOWN INSIDE FLAPS AND ON INSIDE BASE; TOP EDGES AND CORNERS ARE WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON JANUARY 10, 2019, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED JEAN BUCHANAN REGARDING HER DONATION OF A REVOLVER AND FIREARM ACCESSORIES. THE FIREARM WAS USED BY BUCHANAN’S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, DURING HIS CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. ON HER FATHER’S REVOLVER AND USE OF AMMUNITION, BUCHANAN RECALLED, “[MY DAD] USED [THE SMITH AND WESSON REVOLVER]…STARTING IN 1932, WITH THE RCMP, MAY BE WHEN HE GOT THAT GUN. HE HAD IT REGISTERED IN 1940, AND GETTING ANOTHER 5 YEARS REGISTRATION IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1935. [THE GUN] WAS HIS SIDEARM…HIS SERVICE WEAPON…HE HAD THAT ALL THE TIME…IT WOULD GO RIGHT ON HIS BELT THERE.” “[DAD KEPT THE GUN] IN [MY PARENTS’] BEDROOM. RIGHT ON THE BEDROOM CLOSET DOOR, RIGHT OPEN. I NEVER TOUCHED IT, BECAUSE HE HAD GIVEN ME MY TRAINING AND LET ME USE IT WHEN I WAS YOUNG. I HAD RESPECT FOR IT, AND I HAD NO SPECIAL CURIOSITY, WHICH IS A GOOD THING. [DAD KNEW I WAS] AN ADVENTUROUS PERSON, BUT I NEVER EVER TOUCHED IT, OUT OF COMPLETE RESPECT FOR DAD AND WHAT HE HAD THERE.” “ALL I CAN REMEMBER [IS HE HAD TWO HANDGUNS OR SIDEARMS]…HE DIDN’T GO OUT PRACTICING VERY MUCH; HE DIDN’T HAVE TO. HE COULD PASS HIS MARKSMANSHIP, AND THEN, EVERY TIME THERE WERE THINGS AT REGINA DEPOT TRAINING COURSES (UPGRADING, REFRESHER COURSES) THEY DID THEIR MARKSMANSHIP THERE, TOO. THEY WERE ALWAYS TESTED ON THEIR MARKSMANSHIP, AT REGINA DEPOT.” “I THINK [THE REVOLVER HAD] QUITE A BIT [OF MEANING TO MY DAD], BECAUSE HE HAD IT IN HIS HOUSE. IT WAS REALLY STRANGE BECAUSE I ASKED HIM WHERE IT WAS, WHEN HE SHOWED ME THE PAPERS, AND HE HAD IT IN A SHOE BOX IN HIS BEDROOM CLOSET. YOU DIDN’T HAVE TO HAVE GREAT [HIDING] PLACES FOR IT IN THOSE DAYS, BUT THAT’S WHERE HE KEPT IT. HE MADE SURE IT WAS THERE, AND HE KNEW WHERE IT WAS.” “[I HAVE NO] KNOWLEDGE ABOUT HIM HAVING TO FIRE THIS WEAPON…AT ANYONE. IF HE WOULD HAVE, HE WOULD HAVE FIRED TO MISS SOMEONE, JUST AS A WARNING SHOT. HE DEFINITELY WENT FOR WARNING SHOTS, BUT HE NEVER SHOT ANYBODY WITH IT." “[HE WOULD HAVE STOPPED CARRYING THE GUN] AT THE VERY END OF 1950, WHEN HE RETIRED FROM THE R.C.M.P.” “[I’VE HAD THE REVOLVER] SINCE 1998—THE PASSING OF MY FATHER, BECAUSE I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTRIX. IT WAS AUTOMATICALLY MY RESPONSIBILITY TO TAKE ALL OF HIS FIREARMS, IN MY POSSESSION.” “I WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR [THE CARE OF] IT, AND IT WAS A REAL KEEPSAKE. [THE GUN WAS] WAS VERY PERSONAL, BECAUSE I’M SURE [MY DAD] OWNED THAT EVEN BY BACK IN 1935, [WHEN] HE WAS IN WESTLOCK, IN CHARGE OF THE DETACHMENT THERE FOR 10 YEARS. IT WAS OF SENTIMENTAL VALUE BECAUSE HE TOOK ME OUT (I’M PRETTY SURE I WAS 8 YEARS OLD, WHEN HE HAD ME IN THE BACKYARD)—WE HAD FARMLAND AND FOREST—AND HE HAD A TARGET PRACTICE OUT THERE. HE HAD ME USE THAT FIREARM. HE SHOWED ME HOW TO USE IT, HOW TO AIM, AND HOW TO HANDLE IT SAFELY. I ALWAYS RESPECTED THAT, AND THAT WAS GOOD. THAT’S THE ORIGINAL HOLSTER FOR THAT GUN, WHICH YOU CAN SEE IS LOOPED, TO PUT ON HIS BELT. HE ALSO CARRIED A .32 COLT SEMI-AUTOMATIC.” “I’VE ALWAYS APPRECIATED REVOLVERS, AND RIFLES. IT’S NEVER BEEN ANYTHING THAT I THOUGHT ANY DANGER OF. YOU LEARN THE SAFETY, AND YOU TAKE YOUR COURSE. I HAVE MY COURSE DONE, AND I PASSED IT WITH FLYING COLORS. I HAD MY PERMIT TO HAVE IT. I HAVE TAKEN IT OUT, ON MY OWN ACREAGE, AND FIRED IT A BIT, BUT IT ISN’T SOMETHING I WANT TO DO. IT’S A SENTIMENTAL THING THAT I CAN NOW FEEL I’D LIKE TO HAVE IT IN YOUR MUSEUM. I KNOW IT’S NOW IN A SAFE PLACE, SO I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT EVER FALLING INTO THE WRONG HANDS. AND, IF I WANT TO COME AND VISIT IT, I CAN COME AND SEE IT.” ON JUNE 8, 2018, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED BUCHANAN REGARDING HER FATHER’S CAREER WITH THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE AND ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. BUCHANAN ELABORATED ON HER FATHER’S HISTORY, “[MY DAD WAS EDWARD BUCHANAN, WHO RETIRED AT THE RANK OF] SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT…HE RETIRED IN 1950 FROM THE [R.C.M.P].” “HE JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL. IN ’21, HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON…BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL AND THEN AFTER, HE GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE. HE WAS GOING TO GO TO GRANDE PRAIRIE BUT THEN IN ’22, THEY GOT MARRIED. A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED…THAT’S WHEN THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD.” “EVEN IN THE A.P.P., TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON…BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN AND THEN MAYBE, AT THE VERY FIRST WINTER AS A ROOKIE, HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. IT WASN’T LONG AND HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE OF THE REAL POLICING.” “WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P. [IN 1932] HE WAS THE TOP CLASS OF [THE] A.P.P. THAT AUTOMATICALLY WERE ACCEPTED INTO THE R.C.M.P. HE WAS PUT IN CHARGE, WHEN HE WAS IN THE A.P.P.—FIRST HE STARTED OUT IN CHARGE OF BRAINARD—HORSE LAKE—A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION. THEY CLOSED THAT DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY, A LITTLE VILLAGE, AND HE WAS THE ONLY ONE IN CHARGE, THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. THAT’S WHEN THAT 1932 [CHANGE] CAME ALONG AND HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P. AND WENT FROM THERE.” “IN ’32, IT WAS R.C.M.P. AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. THEN HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. [THERE] WAS NO DETACHMENT IN BARRHEAD. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO COVER.” “[A.P.P. MEMBERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY HAD THREE CATEGORIES THERE, OF THE A.P.P. MEMBERS…[THERE WERE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE, THAT THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P.; THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEY WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE. THEN THERE [WERE THE ONES THAT] COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY. THEN THERE [WERE] ONES THAT COULD GET IN FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY. THEY’D BE ACCEPTED FOR A YEAR. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE AND [THEY] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE.” “A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING. THESE WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” “ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK KNEW DAD REALLY WELL, HE’D EVEN BEEN IN THE A.P.P. HE CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, “BUCK, [DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’, A LOT] I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT…YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE, I THINK, THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?” “[WE CAME DOWN HERE IN] ’44…I NEVER HAD ANY PROBLEM [WITH THE MOVE]. I WAS ALWAYS ADVENTUROUS. I HAD LOTS OF FRIENDS BUT I WAS ALWAYS HAPPY TO GO.” “WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US AND THEN HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE READY, SO WE CAME DOWN AND STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN, HERE. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE, LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS.” “[DAD] HAD TO OVERSEE THE POW CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POW’S IN THIS RESPECT, THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. [THEY] WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY…THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY, THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. HE RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT AND HELPED THEM, [GAVE] THEM ADVICE, “YOU KNOW, YOU GOTTA GO BACK TO GERMANY AND THEN APPLY TO COME BACK.” THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK…‘CAUSE THERE [WAS] A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS AND THEY NEEDED THAT HELP. SOME OF THOSE FARMERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET SOME OF THESE GERMANS, AND SOME OF THE FARMERS’ DAUGHTERS WERE VERY PLEASED TO GET THAT, TOO. THEN THERE’S SOME LATER MARRIAGES AFTER THAT. IT WOULD BE A SHAME TO CONDEMN ALL THOSE POW’S BECAUSE A LOT OF THEM WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD, MORAL FELLOWS THAT DIDN’T WANT TO BE INVOLVED WITH ANY KILLING.” “HE WAS A PLAIN STAFF SERGEANT, NCO, SECOND IN CHARGE OF THE SUBDIVISION.” “[THEN HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON [TO RETIRE IN 1950], HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS. HE JOINED THE R.C.M. P. VETS BUT WITH HIS RECORD, THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE. THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA WHICH, AT THAT TIME, THERE WERE ONLY TWO: LETHBRIDGE AND FORT SASKATCHEWAN. [THE] ONLY PLACE IN FORT SASKATCHEWAN WAS FOR WOMEN, SO [WOMEN] HAD TO GO ALL THE WAY TO FORT SASKATCHEWAN, EVEN IF [THEY] WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE. THAT WASN’T A VERY GOOD DEAL, SO DAD COULD SEE A REAL NEED [FOR WORK]. IT WAS A REAL MESS WHEN HE LOOKED AT THE PRISONS.” “HE REALIZED, BEING AN R.C.M.P., THAT MANY OF THE YOUNG CITY POLICE, TOWN SHERIFFS, SOME OF THESE MAGISTRATES, THEY MESSED THINGS UP. HE STARTED A TRAINING SCHOOL FOR THESE MUNICIPAL POLICE AND THAT JUST WENT TERRIFICALLY. THEY HAD [THE SCHOOLS] IN CALGARY AND IN EDMONTON TWICE A YEAR. THEY HAD A BIG GROUP FROM MEDICINE HAT COME UP AND [TAKE] THE SCHOOLING, LETHBRIDGE CAME UP, AND SOME OF THE PRISON GUARDS TOOK [THE TRAINING], TOO.” “[HE] WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN/SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, HE WAS SO BUSY THAT THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS BECAUSE…THE FIRST THING HE HAD TO DO WAS TO DEVELOP THE PRISONS FOR ALBERTA. TWO WAS NOT SUFFICIENT.” “[DAD’S] PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, HUMOROUS, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, AND VERY FIRMLY. THE STAFF…ALL LOVED HIM. I [HAVE] LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON…“YOU’RE THE BEST BOSS WE EVER HAD.” ALL HE HAD WAS A VISION OF WHAT NEEDED TO BE DONE…HE COULD GO AND EXPLAIN THE NEED FOR THE JAILS, WHAT IT WOULD COST AND WHAT IT NEEDED TO FIX THE PROBLEM. HE NEVER HAD PROBLEM GETTING EXACTLY WHAT HE NEEDED FROM THEM.” ON THE DONATION OF THE REVOLVER AND AMMUNITION, BUCHANAN NOTED, “MY DAD KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER [HIS BELONGINGS] AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM. [DAD KNEW] THAT I WASN’T ONE TO PUT IT IN MY BASEMENT TO HAVE GOODNESS-KNOWS-WHAT-HAPPEN TO IT. HE HAD LEFT ALL OF THAT IN CHARGE OF ME. I WAS THE SOLE EXECUTOR OF THE ESTATE.” “I AM NOW AT THE YOUNG AGE OF 88; I’M NOT WORRIED ABOUT LIVING ANOTHER 10 YEARS. I DIDN’T WANT THE CHANCE OF ANYBODY STEALING IT, OR GETTING THEIR HANDS ON IT, SO I WANTED TO MAKE SURE YOU GOT IT. AND, I DON’T NEED IT, SO WHY KEEP IT? IF I GET LONESOME, AND WANT TO SEE IT, I’LL COME TO THE MUSEUM AND LOOK AT IT.” “I’LL FEEL HAPPY, TO KNOW IT’S GOT A GOOD HOME. I DON’T HAVE TO WORRY ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL TRANSCRIPTIONS FROM INTERVIEWS AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190002001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190002002
Acquisition Date
2019-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Height
183.5
Width
32.0
Description
"SERIAL #20114C" AND "17" ON BACK OF ALARM BOX. DEMONSTRATION UNIT CONSISTS OF A WOODEN STAND WITH A TRIANGULAR BRACED BASE. AN ALARM BOX IS AT TOP OF THE STAND, A GONG IS MOUNTED BELOW THIS, AND A GONG MOUNTED ON A CONTROL BOX IS AT THE BOTTOM. AT THE BACK OF THE STAND IS AN AUTO BATTERY MOUNTED AT THE TOP, A RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY, AND A CIRCUIT BOARD BELOW THE SWITCH. BOX IS RED, PENTAGONAL SHAPE, WITH FRONT OPENING. TOP FEATURES A FIST DESIGN AND EMBOSSED WORD: "GAMEWELL". DOOR OF BOX FEATURES WHITE LETTERING: "FOR FIRE". INSIDE DOOR IS PLASTIC COVERED OPENING, A HANDLE MARKED: OPEN, AND A WHITE HOOK WITH RED LETTERING BELOW: "PULL DOWN HOOK". LETTERING FLANKED BY DOWN POINTED ARROWS. BACKSIDE OF DOOR AND OPENING AREA FEATURE SILVER/BLACK LABELS SHOWING: PATENT NUMBERS, SERIAL NUMBER, UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES OF CANADA, FIRE ALARM, NORTHERN ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED, MADE IN CANADA, ETC. TWO KEYS AVAILABLE TO LOCK BOX VIA KEYHOLE INSIDE DOOR. THE MIDDLE GONG IS MOUNTED ON A MAHOGANY BLOCK AND FEATURES A SPRING LOADED HANDLE AND TWO COILS. THE GONG IS STAMPED IN GOLD; THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING CO. LTD. THE BOTTOM GONG IS MOUNTED ON A BLACK/SILVER METAL CONTROL BOX FEATURING A SILVER SWITCH AND A RED INDICATOR LIGHT. THIS BOTTOM UNIT IS MARKED WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND: THE GAMEWELL COMPANY, NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS. KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY AT TOP REAR OF STAND IS BLACK METAL & HAS A PRODUCT LABEL: KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY...KINGSTON PRODUCT CORP. KOKOMA, INDIANA, U.S.A. BATTERY IS WIRED FOR A WALL PLUG, 115 V. A.C., 65 WATTS. THE RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY FEATURES THE WORDS: TRIP AND RESET. THE CIRCUIT BOARD AT THE BOTTOM REAR OF THE STAND IS WIRED TO THE VARIOUS ITEMS ON THE DEMONSTRATION UNIT, AND IS LABELLED: MOTOROLA, MADE IN CANADA.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
UNIT CONSTRUCTED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL TO DEMONSTRATE ALARM SYSTEM USE TO SCHOOL CHILDREN. UNIT WAS COLLECTED FROM NO. 1 FIRE HALL WHEN ABANDONED BY FIRE DEPARTMENT. NO. 1 FIRE HALL WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1908-1909. ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD, CONTRACTOR: SMITH BROS. & WILSON.
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Acquisition Date
1975-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, IRON
Catalogue Number
P19930077001
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1940
Materials
WOOD, IRON
No. Pieces
1
Height
98
Length
55
Width
52
Description
DARK STAINED WOODEN SWIVEL CHAIR ON ROLLERS. CHAIR HAS WOODEN SEAT, BACK AND ARMS ALONG WITH CAST IRON SWIVEL MECHANISM AND WOODEN LEGS WITH STEEL COASTERS PAINTED GOLD. TOP OF CHAIR BACK IS SINGLE PIECE WITH TOP EDGE CARVED IN ROLL STYLE. TWO WIDER WOODEN SLATS SLOT INTO BACK OF TOP PIECE TO FORM SIDES OF BACK. AT CENTER THERE ARE FIVE PLAIN SUPPORT SLATS. ARMS OF CHAIR ARE MADE UP OF TWO FINISHED PIECES JOINED AT A RIGHT ANGLE. THE BACK END IS SLOTTED INTO SIDE PIECES OF CHAIR BACK. SUPPORT STRUT FOR ARM IS FASTENED TO SIDES OF SEAT. RIGHT ARM HAS ROUNDED BOTTOM PIECE MISSING FROM END. SEAT IS 51CM SQUARE WITH ROUNDED CORNERS. FRONT EDGE AND TOP OF SEAT HAVE BEEN HEWN FOR USER COMFORT. BOTTOM EDGES OF SEAT ARE REINFORCED WITH WOODEN FRAMES WHICH SKIRT THE CIRCUMFRENCE OF SEAT. AT CENTER OF UNDERSIDE OF SEAT ARE TWO IRON CROSS PIECES SCREWED TO SEAT. CROSS PIECES FORM SUPPORT FOR SWIVEL MECHANISM. SWIVEL IS CAST IRON WITH SOME SCROLL WORK, PAINTED BLACK. HAS TWO LARGE SPRINGS AND KNOB TO ADJUST TENSION. LARGE THREADED SHAFT SCREWS INTO IRON FRAME WITH WOODEN LEGS ATTACHED TO IT. FOUR SLOPED WOOD LEGS ARE BOLTED TO IRON FRAME TO FORM "X" SHAPE. AT END OF EACH LEG IS BRASS COLORED STEEL COASTER. EACH COASTER IS ENGRAVED WITH "PATENTED" AND "STARLET BY SHEPHERD". CHAIR HAS VERY DARK FINISH WHICH IS WEARING ON EDGES OF CHAIR BACK AND SEAT, AS WELL AS ON ENDS OF ARMS AND LEGS. BLACK PAINT ON IRON SWIVEL IS CHIPPING.
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
FURNISHINGS
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CHAIR WAS USED IN WARDEN'S OFFICE OF LETHBRIDGE PROVINCIAL GAOL DURING THE 1930'S TO 1950'S. POSSIBLY PASSED ON TO L.C.C. BEFORE BEING DONATED TO MUSEUM.
Catalogue Number
P19930077001
Acquisition Date
1993-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19970073006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
14.8
Width
5
Description
NAVY BLUE WOOL BACKING, V-SHAPED, WITH TWO YELLOW WOOL TWILL STRIPES STICHED ON. NO MARKINGS.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO E.D. WHITE, REG. #21698; FEB. 21, 1941. USE UNKNOWN; ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE ISSUE. SEE P19970073001-8-GA FOR RELATED PIECES AND P19970073001-GA FOR INFORMATION. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING ITEMS, INCLUDING SEVERAL ITEMS DONATED BY THE LEGION. EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE RCMP HISTORY SECTION GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION: THE SERIAL NUMBER 21698 DOES NOT BELONG TO E.D. WHITE. IT BELONGED TO AN RCMP OFFICER WHO SERVED BETWEEN 1961-1997. NO RCMP MEMBER WITH THE LAST NAME "WHITE" AND INITIALS "E.D." WERE FOUND WITHIN THE RCMP RECORDS. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR EMAIL CORRESPONDENCE.
Catalogue Number
P19970073006
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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