Skip header and navigation

31 records – page 1 of 2.

Other Name
HANDGUN CONVERSION BARREL W/ CASE, “SIMUNITION”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2009
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, CARDBOARD, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P20100050004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HANDGUN CONVERSION BARREL W/ CASE, “SIMUNITION”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2009
Materials
STEEL, CARDBOARD, FOAM
No. Pieces
5
Height
3.25
Length
19
Width
9.25
Description
.A – RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD LID, PRINTED IN BLACK, WHITE AND RED. TEXT ALONG THE TOP READS “SIMUNITION – DIVISION OF SNC INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES INC. – CONVERSION KIT S&W 594X SERIE – FOR USE IN MILITARY/LAW ENFORCEMENT – TRAINING UNDER DIRECTION OF QUALIFIED INSTRUCTOR – CQT FX”. “UBJ 9746” IS WRITTEN ON TOP IN BLACK PEN. EDGES OF LID HAVE MINOR WEAR. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.25 X 19 X 9.25 .B – RECTUANGULAR SHEET OF GREY FOAM, WITH SEMI-CIRCLE SHAPE CUT INTO ONE LONG EDGE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 1 X 18 X 8.5 .C – HOLLOW STEEL CYLINDER, TAPERED AT ONE END WITH A MOLDED TRIANGULAR SHAPE AT THE OPPOSITE END. STAMPED WITH TEXT READING “S&W 594X SNCSC 0392-06 – WARNING: FX AND CQT AMMO ONLY – NO STD AMMO”. MINOR OXIDATION ON STEEL; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 2 X 11.5 X 2.25 .D – RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD BOX BASE WITH FOAM-LINED INSIDE. FOAM HAS RECESSED CAVITY RESEMBLING THE IRREGULAR SHAPE OF .C. OUTSIDE OF BOX IS WORN ALONG BOTTOM AND HAS BROWN STAIN ON ONE SIDE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.5 X 18.5 X 9
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS SIMUNITION BARREL CONVERSION KIT WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT DURING TRAINING PROCEDURES. SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012, DESCRIBED THE USE OF THIS BARREL CONVERTER AS SUCH: “THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN BOUGHT FOR THE TEAM EARLIER ON WHEN THEY HAD SMITH AND WESSON [PISTOLS]… [SIMUNITION IS] A PAINT PELLET ROUND, BUT SMALLER, AND FITS INTO YOUR PISTOL AND OPERATES SIMILAR LIKE A BULLET WOULD. IT MAKES A SOUND, AND EJECTS THE ROUND, AND FIRES A PAINT PELLET PROJECTILE [THAT] LEAVES A RED OR BLUE MARKING ON THE INDIVIDUAL TO INDICATE WHERE YOU WERE HIT. THAT WAY IT MAKES IT MORE REALISTIC WHEN DEALING WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF SCENARIOS FOR THE OFFICERS AND FOR THE BAD GUYS [KNOWN AS QUARRY IN TRAINING PROCEDURES]. AS WE GOT MORE OF THESE [SIMUNITION CONVERTERS], WE WOULD THEN GIVE SIMUNITION TO THE BAD GUYS. AT THE BEGINNING, IT WAS US, THE TACTICAL TEAM OPERATORS, THAT WOULD HAVE THEM, AND THE QUARRIES WOULD NOT… IT WAS GOOD FOR [QUARRIES] TO HAVE IT, BECAUSE IT SHOWS THAT THE OFFICER MAY HAVE… TO GET OUT OF THE WAY AS WELL, SO IT IS REALLY GOOD ADVANCED TRAINING FOR TEACHING [OFFICERS] HIGHER LEVEL SKILL… A PERSON [WHO IS] RUNNING AROUND, OR MOVING, TO BE ABLE TO SHOOT THEM – THIS SHOWS THAT IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO DO THAT. IT’S A GREAT ADVANCEMENT IN TRAINING.” ON JULY 28, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED SGT. CARSCADDEN ABOUT HIS SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT. CARSCADDEN SAID: “FIRST OF ALL, I JUST WENT AS A QUARRY… ALL DIFFERENT SPECIALTY UNITS THAT HAVE SOME KIND OF TACTICAL SCENARIO LIKE TO HAVE QUARRIES TO [HELP TRAIN THEM] TO DO THEIR JOB BETTER, SO I THOUGHT ‘I’LL GO WORK AS A QUARRY TO SHOW THEM I’M INTERESTED’. A QUARRY IS GENERALLY A BAD GUY – YOU PRETEND YOU’RE HIDING, OR MOVING OR YELLING OR RUNNING AWAY AND TRYING TO EVADE THEM, AND THEY ARE TRYING TO CAPTURE YOU… IT TOOK A COUPLE OF YEARS, BUT I WAS FORTUNATE ENOUGH… IN THE MOVEMENT OF THE TEAM THAT THERE WERE [POSITIONS OPEN]… THERE IS A PHYSICAL, AND INTERVIEW, SOME TESTS… I WENT THROUGH AND STUDIED, AND DID THE BEST THAT I COULD… MAKING SURE YOU ARE IN GOOD PHYSICAL SHAPE BECAUSE YOU ARE CARRYING AN EXTRA 50 POUNDS OF GEAR… THAT’S JUST THE GEAR THAT YOU ARE CARRYING ON YOURSELF, NOT A RAM OR DIFFERENT TYPE OF EQUIPMENT THAT YOU MIGHT BE MOVING INTO PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS… I WAS AROUND 35 [YEARS OLD]. I WAS AN OLDER GUY APPLYING FOR THIS POSITION, BUT I WAS IN GOOD SHAPE AND HAD SOME GOOD EXPERIENCES THAT MADE ME COMPETITIVE, SO I DON’T THINK YOUR AGE TAKES YOU OUT OF THE EQUATION IF YOU ARE REALLY DETERMINED.” CARSCADDEN CONTINUED: “I’VE HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT POSITIONS WITHIN [THE TACTICAL] UNIT… I STARTED OFF AS AN ASSAULTER… THE PERSON WHO CARRIES ALL THE GEAR, SO YOU’RE IN THE BACK… THE LAST PERSON THAT COMES IN. IT’S A GOOD POSITION TO START OFF WITH. IT MAKES IT SAFER FOR WHEN YOU’RE GOING INTO THESE HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENTS… FROM THERE I WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE OBSERVER, THEN A SNIPER, THEN FROM THERE… A BREECHER. SO YOU ARE BREECHING DOORS AND WINDOWS. [THEN] I WENT TO THE FRONT OF THE TACTICAL LINE-UP, WHICH IS THE SCOUT… THEN THE LAST SIX YEARS THAT I WAS ON THE TACTICAL TEAM, I WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE, THE TEAM LEADER… AND I WAS RUNNING OPERATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR CANINE UNIT AND OUR EXPLOSIVES DISPOSAL UNIT… THE TRAINING IS REALLY GOOD. [THE TEAM] TRAINS EVERY TWO WEEKS, AND DO LOTS OF MOVEMENTS AND SHOOTING AND TACTICS. IT’S A PERISHABLE SKILL, THAT IF YOU DON’T REPEAT AND PRACTICE IT ALL THE TIME, IT DIMINISHES… PRACTICE IS IMPORTANT. IT ALLOWS YOU TO BE BETTER AT YOUR GAME... YOU NEED TO HAVE A MINDSET [OF] BEING NOT ONLY PHYSICALLY TOUGH, BUT MENTALLY TOUGH, WHEN YOU DEAL WITH THINGS IN A HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENT… YOU’VE GOT TO HAVE A LITTLE BIT OF DRIVE TO GET YOU THROUGH THINGS.” CARSCADDEN CONCLUDED: “ONE OF THE THINGS I’M PROUD OF ON THE TACTICAL SIDE IS THAT I WAS THE OFFICER WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING LESS LETHAL CAPABILITY TO THE TEAM… [WE] MAKE THE DIFFERENCE IN SAVING SOMEBODY’S LIFE. WE HELP THEM THROUGH THAT TIME OF NEED… WE HAVE ESTABLISHED WHERE, IN THE PAST IF THAT PERSON COULD HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN SHOT AND INJURED, IF NOT FATALLY SHOT, THAT PERSON NOW CAN BE DEALT WITH A LESS LETHAL MEANS… WE ARE ABLE TO RESTRAIN, ARREST, WITH THESE LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES. THAT MAKES THE DIFFERENCE FOR THEM… THE EXPERIENCES THAT I HAD IN PEEL [SHOWED ME LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES] IN OPERATION AND HOW IT WORKED… THEY WERE ONE OF THE FIRST SERVICES IN CANADA TO HAVE THE RUBBER BULLET… WHEN YOU’RE LOOKING AT DIFFERENT TACTICS AND HOW YOU CAN DO IT BETTER, THAT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I RECOGNIZED, THAT [LETHBRIDGE] COULD BRING THIS ON. IT WOULD BE BETTER FOR OUR TEAM AND OUR COMMUNITY: AS OPPOSED TO SHOOTING SOMEBODY AND STOPPING THEM THAT WAY, WE COULD USE THE [RUBBER BULLET] OR BEANBAG ROUND AND THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO HELP STOP THESE PEOPLE [BUT] SAVE THEIR LIVES… IT REALLY OPENS PEOPLE’S EYES WHEN THEY SEE THAT THERE’S A LOT OF OTHER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO PUT IN PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS. AND WHEN PEOPLE SEE THERE’S ANOTHER WAY OF DOING BUSINESS, IT’S HELPFUL FOR US TO PROGRESS AND PUSH FORWARD… THESE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT ARE HERE TO ALLOW US TO KEEP THINGS CONTROLLED AND TO MAKE US DO OUR JOB BETTER… I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE INVOLVED WITH A VERY SPECIALIZED UNIT AND I’M VERY PROUD OF IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100050004
Acquisition Date
2010-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS / AIR MASK AND HARNESS
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20150010017
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS / AIR MASK AND HARNESS
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2000
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, COTTON
No. Pieces
5
Height
29.2
Length
68.8
Width
50.7
Description
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS, INCLUDES CASE, HARNESS ASSEMBLY, MASK WITH STRAP, AND PAPER PASS CERTIFICATE. .A: CASE. BLACK MOULDED, TEXTURED PLASTIC CASE. ROUGHLY RECTANGULAR SHAPED. HINGED AT THE BACK, CASE HAS THREE HANDLES ON THE FRONT: ONE IS IN THE CENTRE OF THE CASE, WITH THE OTHER TWO ARE ON THE CORNERS OF THE BOX. THERE ARE TWO PLASTIC LATCHES BETWEEN THE THREE HANDLES. BLACK AND SILVER COLOURED STICKER ON THE TOP OF THE BOX READS: "MSA AIRMASK". A SECOND BLACK AND SILVER STICKER, ABOVE ONE OF THE LATCHES, READS: "ULTRALITE PRESSURE DEMAND" AND ALSO HAS "PASS IN BOX" HANDWRITTEN IN BLACKMARKER. A THIRD BLACK AND SILVER STICKER THAT READS "MSA AIRMASK" IS ON THE BOTTOM OF THE BOX. YELLOW PIECE OF DUCT TAPE ON RIGHT SIDE, HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK INK: "ULTRALITE BMR". INSIDE THE BOX IS SUBDIVIDED INTO COMPARTMENTS. AFFIXED TO THE INSIDE TOP OF THE LID IS A PAGE OF INSTRUCTIONS TITLED "MSA AIR MASK, PRESSURE DEMAND TYPE". A SMALL PIECE OF PAPER AFIXED TO THE INSIDE OF THE LID IS TITLED "PACKING ARRANGEMENT" AND HAS AN ILLUSTRATION OF HOW THE UNIT SHOULD BE PACKED AWAY. DIMENSIONS PROVIDED ABOVE CORRESPOND TO THIS CASE. OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE TWO "MSA AIRMASK" STICKERS HAVE PARTIALLY PEELED AWAY, WITH THE TOP STICKER MISSING THE BOTTOM OF "ASK" IN "MASK" AND WITH THE BOTTOM STICKER MISSING PARTS OF THE "MSA": THE "M" AND "A" ARE PARTIALLY MISSING, WHILE THE "S" IS ENTIRELY GONE; "MASK" OF THIS STICKER IS ALSO VERY DAMAGED. LATCH BELOW THE "ULTRALITE" STICKER IS IN GOOD CONDITION, WHILE THE OTHER IS PARTIALLY BROKEN. SEVERAL SCUFFS AND SCRATCHES IN THE PLASTIC, ESPECIALLY ALONG THE BOTTOM. .B: HARNESS ASSEMBLY. BLACK PLASTIC, METAL, AND FABRIC WITH SILVER COLOURED METAL. OUTER PORTION OF HARNESS DESIGNED TO HOLD BOTTLE OF COMPRESSED AIR. BLACK METAL BRACKET RUNS VERTICALLY UP AND DOWN THE HARNESS AND HAS A SILVER COLOURED CIRCULAR METAL BAND TO HOLD TANK IN PLACE. THE SILVER BAND IS 7.7CM WIDE AND HAS TWO BLACK STICKERS WITH “MSA” IN YELLOW STUCK ON. BOTTOM OF BLACK METAL BRACKET HAS A TRIANGULAR SHAPED PIECE, WITH A ROUND RUBBER TIP, TO HOLD THE BOTTOM OF THE AIR TANK IN PLACE. BELOW SILVER BAND IS A STICKER, WITH A DISCOLOURED WHITE BACKGROUND AND BLACK LETTERS GIVING INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE, ENTITLED: “CUSTOM 4500/ULTRALITE BELT MOUNTED SCBA. OPEN CIRCUIT, PRESSURE-DEMAND ENTRY AND ESCAPE SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS OR COMBINATION SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS AND TYPE C SUPPLIED AIR RESPIRATOR.” SILVER BAND FOR TANK HAS A HANDLE THAT EXPANDS AND CONTRACTS THE BAND, TO ALLOW FOR REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION OF AIR TANK. AT THE TOP OF THE BLACK METAL BRACKET, THERE IS A CIRCULAR SECTION WHICH ALLOWS FOR THE ATTACHMENT OF TWO BLACK PADDED FABRIC SHOULDER STRAPS. THESE STRAPS ARE BOLTED ON WITH BLACK AND SILVER COLOURED BOLTS. BLACK METAL BRACKET ATTACHES AT WAIST AREA TO BLACK MOULDED PIECE OF PLASTIC. BLACK MOULDED PLASTIC FITS AROUND THE HIP AREA OF THE WEARER. SHOULDER STRAPS COME DOWN FROM TOP OF METAL BRACKET AND ATTACH TO THIS BLACK PLASTIC JUST ABOVE THE HIP. SHOULDER STRAPS ARE PADDED AND HAVE A SECOND SMALLER STRAP, WHICH WOULD CROSS THE WEARER’S CHEST WITH A BLACK SIDE RELEASE PLASTIC BUCKLE, WITH THE FEMALE COMPONENT ON THE RIGHT STRAP. ON EACH STRAP BELOW THE PLASTIC BUCKLE IS A SILVER COLOURED “D” RING. ABOVE THE BUCKLE ON EACH STRAP IS A SILVER COLOURED SILK SCREEN SECTION WITH “MSA”. AT THE BOTTOM WAIST PORTION OF THE MOULDED PLASTIC IS ANOTHER BLACK FABRIC STRAP, TO GO AROUND THE WEARER’S WAIST. THE BELT ATTACHES WITH A SILVER COLOURED METAL LATCH PLATE ON THE RIGHT SIDE, WHICH FITS INTO A BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLE, WITH A BLACK PLASTIC BUTTON TO RELASE, ON THE WEARER’S LEFT SIDE. ATTACHED TO THE LEFT SIDE OF THE BELT IS A PRESSURE REGULATOR AND HIGH PRESSURE SUPPLY HOSE. THE PRESSURE REGULATOR CONSISTS OF BLACK METAL AND PLASTIC, AND GOLD AND RED COLOURED METAL. A CIRCULAR GOLD COLOURED METAL PIECE HAS REMNANTS OF TWO STICKERS ON ITS FACE: “MSA AIR MASK – MFD BY MINE SAFETY APPLIANCES COMPANY – PITTSBURGH, PENNSYLVANIA – PRESSURE DEMAND.” BELOW IT IS A HOSE COUPLING. THIS COUPLING HAS A BLACK RUBBER CAP, EMBOSSED WITH “FHR”. BESIDE THIS IS AN AIR PRESSURE GAUGE: BLACK METAL TEXTURED EDGE, GLASS FACE, AND RUBBER ENCASING. THE FACE OF THE GAUGE IS OFF-WHITE WITH A DIAL INCREASING IN INCREMENTS OF 5 (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30), WITH A RED SECTION FROM 0-5, A YELLOW SECTION BETWEEN 20 AND 25, AND A GREY SECTION AT 30. BELOW THE DIAL IS “PSI X 100 – USE NO OIL – MSA 18” BESIDE THE GAUGE IS A RED COLOURED METAL KNOB, WITH “ß OPEN – BY PASS” EMBOSSED ON FRONT FACE. BESIDE THIS RED KNOB IS A GOLD COLOURED KNOB WITH A SILVER COLOURED TAB “^PUSH^”. ON THE FACE OF THE GOLD KNOB, EMBOSSED, IS “MAIN LINE ^” WITH “MSA” IN CENTRE. OPPOSITIE THE PRESSURE GAUGE IS A HIGH PRESSURE SUPPLY HOSE. THE HOSE IS BLACK PLASTIC AND FABRIC. ON THE END OF THIS HOSE IS A SILVER COLOURED BELL, USED AS A LOW AIR ALARM. AT THE VERY END OF THE HOSE IS A BLACK TEXTURED METAL COUPLING. .C: MASK WITH HOSE. BLACK PLASTIC RESPIRATOR MASK WITH CLEAR PLASTIC VISOR. FITTED NOSE PIECE WITH TWO SMALL CIRCLES ON EITHER SIDE OF BRIDGE OF NOSE PIECE. EACH CIRCLE HAS BLACK PLASTIC SPOKES AND A TRANSPARENT FLAP, WHICH IS ON THE INSIDE OF THE NOSE PIECE. HANDWRITTEN IN GOLD COLOURED INK, ON THE INSIDE OF NOSE PIECE, “G29C” OR “929C”. FRONT OF NOSE PIECE, VISIBLE THROUGH THE VISOR, HAS “MEDIUM” EMBOSSED ONTO MASK. FIVE BLACK PLASTIC STRAPS WITH SILVER COLOURED BUCKLES ALLOW MASK TO BE SECURELY TIGHTENED ONTO THE HEAD. STRAPS MEET AT A ROUGHLY STAR-SHAPED PIECE THAT SITS AT THE BACK OF THE HEAD. THIS STAR-SHAPED PIECE HAS THE FOLLOWING EMBOSSED ONTO THE PLASTIC: “M2 C5 – MSA – PULL FRONT STRAP LAST – U”. ABOVE THE “M2 C5” IS AN EMBOSSED MULTI-SPOKED CIRCLE. EMBOSSED IN THE CENTRE OF THE CIRCLE: “93 – 94 – 95” EACH OF THE FIVE STRAPS ARE LABELLED; TWO AT THE BASE OF MASK, EACH LABELLED “NECK”, NEXT TWO UP ARE “SIDE”, AND THE FIFTH STRAP AT THE TOP OF THE MASK IS “FRONT”. ON FRONT OF MASK, AT THE MOUTH AREA, IS A LONG ACCORDION-STYLE HOSE. IT IS ATTACHED TO THE MASK WITH A SILVER COLOURED METAL CLAMP. ON THE NUT OF THIS CLAMP IS WRITTEN “ALL STAINLESS BREEZE”. BELOW IS A BLACK METAL BAND, WHICH IS STAMPED IN YELLOW WITH “-18 TINNERMAN”. BELOW THAT THERE IS A SILVER COLOURED METAL RING, WHICH HAS A BLACK FABRIC STRAP ATTACHED (SEE BELOW FOR DESCRIPTION OF THIS ITEM, P20150010017D). THE BOTTOM OF THE HOSE HAS A BLACK METAL BAND AND THEN A SILVER COLOURED, TEXTURED METAL PIECE TO CONNECT TO THE AIR SUPPLY CANISTER. BELOW THE HOSE CONNECTION, AT THE CHIN AREA OF THE MASK, IS A MEDIUM-LIGHT GREY CIRCLE, EMBOSSED WITH “MSA – U.S. PAT. 4,007,758”. TO THE RIGHT OF THE HOSE ATTACHEMENT HANDWRITTEN IN GREEN INK IS “#4”. ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE MASK, BETWEEN THE “NECK” AND “SIDE” STRAPS IS A FAINT STAMP IN YELLOW “7-212-“. EMBOSSED IN CENTRE OF MASK, ABOVE FACE VISOR, IS “MSA” IN A CIRCLE. INSIDE OF THE HOSE ATTACHMENT, BELOW THE MOULDED NOSE AREA, IS A BLACK DISK WITH HOLES IN IT. VISIBLE THROUGH THESE HOLES IS A PIECE OF GOLD-COLOURED METAL. DIMENSIONS OF MASK: HOSE IS 83.5CM LONG; VISOR IS 18CM WIDE. .D: STRAP ON MASK. BLACK FABRIC STRAP, WITH TWO BLACK SNAPS. SNAPS ONTO SILVER-COLOURED METAL RING AROUND THE HOSE. STRAP IS 92.5CM LONG AND 1.9CM WIDE. OVERALL CONDITION OF B, C, D: WELL WORN. ALL STICKERS SHOW SIGNS OF WEAR: DISCOLOURATION AND FINISH OF STICKERS SCRATCHED. STRUCTRUALLY IN GOOD CONDITION. MANY SCUFFS AND SCRATCHES ALL OVER. ALL FABRIC IN GOOD CONDITION. RUBBER RETAINS FLEXIBILITY AND PLASTICS ARE IN GOOD SHAPE WITH NO CRACKS. .E: PAPER PASS CERTIFICATE. GOLDENROD COLOURED PAPER. READS: "MSA - ULTRALITE DP - B.M.R. C/W FACEMASK. THIS UNIT TESTED AND HAD ACCEPTABLE PERFORMANCE ON SEPTEMBER 02, 2008. KEN HOBIAK" (WITH KEN'S SIGNATURE ABOVE HIS TYPED NAME). REVERSE OF PAPER: "THIS UNI PERFORM KEN H" (APPEARS TO HAVE MISPRINTED ON THIS SIDE). PAPER IS STANDARD LETTER SIZE. CONDITION IS GOOD: PAPER HAS BEEN CRUMBLED AND HAS A FEW SMALL TEARS AROUND THE OUTSIDE.
Subjects
MINING & MINERAL HARVESTING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS (SCBA) WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE MASK WAS “USED BY ALL FIREFIGHTERS TO CONNECT TO THE BELT MOUNTED REGULATOR SCBA TO ENTER HAZARDOUS ATMOSPHERES” AND THAT THE HARNESS WAS “USED BY ALL FIREFIGHTERS TO BREATH IN HAZARDOUS (SMOKY) ATMOSPHERES.” HE CONTINUED SAYING THAT THERE ARE “MORE MODERN MASK MOUNTED REGULATOR SCBAS [THAT HAVE BEEN] DEVELOPED AND PURCHASED.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED THAT THIS SCBA “WAS AN ON-DEMAND REGULATOR. THAT WAS NICE TO HAVE DEMAND, BECAUSE NO MATTER WHO IT WAS, THE HARDER YOU BREATHED, THE MORE AIR IT WOULD GIVE YOU. THE HARNESS IS PROBABLY MORE COMFORTABLE [THAN PREVIOUS ONES]. SOME GUYS WOULD USE THREE TANKS, SO THE HARNESS WAS A LITTLE BIT MORE COMFORTABLE FOR THEM. THEY’D COME OUT, THEY’D TURN AROUND, THEY WOULDN’T EVEN TAKE OFF THEIR GEAR. THEY’D TURN AROUND, THERE’D BE GUYS WHO WOULD TAKE THE TANK OFF, PUT ANOTHER TANK ON, HOOK IT ALL UP, A GOOD PAT ON THE BACK, AND BACK IN THEY’D GO WITH ANOTHER TANK. THEY’D DO THAT THREE TIMES BEFORE … THEY WERE JUST TOO TIRED … WE DIDN’T HAVE AN AIR COMPRESSOR TO FILL OUR OWN TANKS. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHERE THEY WENT. THEY MUST HAVE WENT TO THE SWIMMING POOL.” LAZENBY CONTINUED SAYING THAT THIS SCBA WAS “A VERY, VERY OLDER GENERATION SCBA BOTTLE. THESE WERE KIND OF RUDIMENTARY DESIGN. THE BOTTLE WAS STEEL ON THESE, WHICH MADE THEM VERY, VERY HEAVY. MODERN BOTTLES ARE FIBERGLASS WRAPPED WHICH MAKES THEM MUCH, MUCH LIGHTER; ADDED TO WHICH, IT HAD A BARELY PADDED HARNESS SYSTEM ON IT AND BASICALLY A GLORIFIED SEATBELT STRAP FOR A WAIST STRAP. SO WITH THESE KINDS OF THINGS, YOU DON’T WANT TO KEEP A TON OF WEIGHT ON YOUR SHOULDERS BECAUSE IT FATIGUES YOUR UPPER BODY VERY, VERY QUICKLY WHEN YOU’RE WORKING. BUT WITH THIS TYPE OF HARNESS ON THEM, IF YOU CINCHED THE WAIST UP REALLY TIGHT AND TOOK THE PRESSURE OFF YOUR SHOULDERS, THIS JUST SEEMED TO DIG INTO YOUR WAIST LIKE CRAZY, LIKE IT WAS VERY UNCOMFORTABLE TO WEAR … THAT BEING SAID, WHEN GUYS WENT TO THIS FROM LIKE THE CANISTERS THAT THEY USED TO WEAR, THIS MUST HAVE BEEN LIKE A NEW LEASE ON LIFE FOR THESE GUYS … I WORE THESE IN TRAINING – I DON’T THINK I EVER WORE ONE OF THESE BOTTLES ON AN ACTUAL FIRE CALL … WE HAD THE FIBERGLASS ONES IN FRONTLINE SERVICE WHEN I STARTED SO THIS WOULD BE PRE-1994, IF I’M NOT MISTAKEN. I DON’T THINK WE HAD THESE ON THE TRUCKS IN ’94. THEY WERE AROUND AND THEY WERE BACKUPS, BUT THEY WEREN’T FRONTLINE.” HE ELABORATED FURTHER, SAYING: “WE DIDN’T HAVE INDIVIDUAL MASKS; WE SHARED MASKS ON THE FIRE DEPARTMENT BACK THEN … THERE WASN’T ENOUGH MONEY FOR THEM TO BUY US OUR OWN INDIVIDUAL FACE PIECE … SO WHAT WE USED TO DO IS AFTER EVERY INCIDENT OR AFTER EVERY TIME YOU WORE ONE OF THESE THINGS, IT WOULD COME OFF THE TRUCK, WE WOULD HAVE A BOTTLE OF MSA MASK CLEANER THAT WE WOULD PUT INTO A TUB, WE WOULD MAKE A SOAPY WATER SOLUTION, WE WOULD WASH THE MASK, RINSE THE MASK, LET IT HANG TO DRY, AND THE NEXT PERSON WOULD USE IT AS THE NEXT SHIFT CAME ON.” HE ADDED THAT NOW EVERYONE IN THE DEPARTMENT HAS THEIR OWN MASK: “WE’VE HAD OUR OWN MASKS FOR 10-12 YEARS. WE STILL SHARE THE SCBAS AS FAR AS THE BOTTLE AND THE HARNESS GOES … THEY’RE IN THE RACKS ON THE TRUCK, IN THE BACKS OF THE SEATS AND DOWN IN BY THE HOSE OR THE PUMP COMPARTMENTS.” IN DISCUSSING WHY THIS MODEL IS NO LONGER USED, LAZENBY STATED: “THIS HOSE EASILY CRIMPED SO YOUR AIR SUPPLY COULD BE CUT OFF. THE AIR SUPPLY THAT NOW GOES FROM THE TANK TO YOUR MASK IS A MUCH MORE RIGID HOSE THAT, REALLY, YOU’D HAVE TO BASICALLY BEND IT IN HALF TO STOP THE FLOW OF AIR.” DZUREN ADDED FURTHER: “PRIOR TO [THIS] OUR BREATHING APPARATUS WAS WHAT THEY CALLED A CANISTER TYPE OF BREATHING APPARATUS … IT WAS JUST A CANISTER THAT YOU HAD IN FRONT OF YOU HERE AND IT WAS LAYERS OF … GEL, AND SAND, AND SILICA … THERE WAS A SHELF-LIFE WITH THOSE THINGS. IF YOU USED THEM, YOU PRETTY WELL HAD TO DISCARD THEM AFTER YOU USED THEM.” WHEN ASKED WHEN THIS TYPE OF SCBA CAME INTO SERVICE, DZUREN STATED: “I WOULD PROBABLY SAY MAYBE IN THE ‘70S SOMETIME? … I RECALL GUYS GOING IN WHEN WE JUST HAD THOSE CANISTERS. THEY WOULD GO WITHOUT ANYTHING. AND THEY WOULD COME OUT AFTER A WHILE AND THEY WOULD BE BARFING THEIR GUYS OUT … IT SEEMED TO BE, EVEN PRIOR TO MY TIME, WHEN THE STORIES I HEARD FROM GUYS THERE LONGER THAN MYSELF, THAT SEEMED TO BE THE MACHO THING. GET IN THERE AND THEY’D GET IN THERE WITHOUT A MASK. BUT EVENTUALLY, YOU KNOW, BETTER THINKING CAME ALONG AND SAID ‘DON’T BE SILLY, GET SOME STUFF ON THERE.’ BUT ONCE THEY GOT IT, AND THEY STARTED TO USE IT, YOU DID FEEL A LOT BETTER GOING IN, ‘CAUSE PRIOR TO USE GETTING THAT WE HEARD THE HORROR STORIES OF GUYS WHO DID SUCCUMB TO THE ELEMENTS BECAUSE OF ALL THOSE CANISTER TYPES, BUT ONCE THEY GOT [THIS SCBA] IT WAS BETTER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010017
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS TRAINING BACKPACK
Date Range From
1995
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150010018
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS TRAINING BACKPACK
Date Range From
1995
Date Range To
2005
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
58.2
Length
35.0
Width
133.2
Description
SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS TRAINING BACKPACK. STEEL AIR TANK, PAINTED MEDIUM GREY, WITH DARK YELLOW CANVAS SHOULDER STRAPS, AND GREEN NYLON WAIST STRAP. MEDIUM GREY STEEL AIR BOTTLE, HELD TO THE HARNESS ASSEMBLY BY A SILVER COLOURED METAL BRACKET. THIS BRACKET HAS A LARGE YELLOW WITH GREEN WRITING STICKER: "MSA AIRMASK MODEL 401". HARNESS ASSEMBLY IS ALSO MEDIUM GREY METAL AND IS ROUGHLY RECTANGULAR IN SHAPE. AT THE TOP OF THE RECTANGLE IS A CIRCLE, WHICH IS WHERE THE YELLOW SHOULDER STRAPS ARE AFFIXED WITH BLACK AND SILVER COLOURED RIVETS TO THE HARNESS ASSEMBLY. YELLOW STRAPS ARE PADDED AND EACH STRAP HAS A SQUARE OF THE LOOP SIDE OF VELCRO AT THE BOTTOMS. THE YELLOW STRAPS ATTACH TO THE RIGID WAIST SUPPORT WITH BLACK NYLON STRAPS. THE ENDS OF THE BLACK STRAPS HAVE A RECTANGULAR PIECE OF THE HOOK SIDE OF VELCRO AND THE VERY ENDS ARE FINISHED WITH A SEMI-CIRCULAR PIECE OF SILVER METAL. THE RIGID WAIST SUPPORT IS PADDED WITH BLACK FABRIC. THE GREEN WAIST STRAPS ARE AFFIXED TO THE RIGID METAL SUPPORT WITH TWO BLACK RIVETS EACH. THE WAIST STRAP CLOSES WITH A SEAT BELT STYLE BUCKLE. THE BUCKLE IS ON THE WEARER'S RIGHT SIDE AND IS STAMPED ON THE REVERSE WITH: "UIO BUCKLE WEAR BELT SNUG. REPLACE IF DAMAGED OR FRAYED." BOTTOM OF AIR BOTTLE IS STAMPED WITH "DOT-3A A2015. D136587 MSA". THE STAMP CONTINUES UNDER THE HARNESS, BUT IS NOT READABLE. PRESSURE GAUGE AND REGULATOR ALSO ON THIS END OF THE BOTTLE. OVERALL IN GOOD CONDITION. BOTTLE APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN YELLOW AND THEN PAINTED GREY. GREY PAINT HAS SCRATCHED OFF ALL OVER THE AIR BOTTLE, REVEALING THE YELLOW SURFACE BELOW. ALL FABRIC STRAPS ARE IN GOOD CONDITION, WITH NO VISIBLE TEARS OR RIPS. YELLOW STRAPS ARE DISCOLOURED.
Subjects
MINING & MINERAL HARVESTING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS TRAINING BACKPACK WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE “THIS IS JUST A HARNESS FOR TRAINING PURPOSES WITH A STEEL AIR CYLINDER. IT SIMULATES THE ACTUAL WEIGHT AND FEEL OF A REAL SETUP. [IT WAS] ‘HOME BUILT’ FOR TRAINING PURPOSES.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994). HE RECALLED: “I DON’T THINK I EVER WORN ONE OF THESE AT AN ACTUAL FIRE. I THINK I’VE ONLY EVER WORN THE NEXT GENERATION FIBERGLASS-WRAP … WE HAD THE FIBERGLASS ONES IN FRONTLINE SERVICE WHEN I STARTED, SO THIS WOULD BE PRE-1994, IF I’M NOT MISTAKEN. I DON’T THINK WE HAD THESE ON THE TRUCKS IN ’94. THEY WERE AROUND AND THEY WERE BACKUPS, BUT THEY WEREN’T FRONTLINE … WE KEPT ONE OR TWO AT THE NORTHSIDE FIRE HALL AND AT THE WESTSIDE FIRE HALL BECAUSE WHEN GUYS AT LUNCHTIME HAVE A WORKOUT, OR AFTER WORK, THEY’LL HAVE A WORKOUT AND THEY’LL ACTUALLY PUT THE OLD HEAVY STEEL BOTTLE ON AND THEY’LL CLIMB THE STAIRS – SO IT’S USED TO WORK OUT AND NOTHING ELSE. VERY, VERY UNCOMFORTABLE. VERY HEAVY DESIGN.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010018
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"ZOLL M" DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"ZOLL M" DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
15
Height
35
Length
36.5
Width
42
Description
A. BLUE, WHITE AND GREY HEART MONITOR AND DEFIBRILLATOR FIXED WITH THREE BLACK ZIPPER POUCHES. DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK HANDLE AT TOP, SQUARE BODY WITH BLUE TRIM AND GREY AND WHITE FRONT; DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD CONNECTED TO RIGHT SIDE POUCH WITH GREEN BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED; LEFT SIDE OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD INSIDE LEFT POUCH ATTACHED TO BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR. LEFT BLACK CORD IS CONNECTED TO A BLACK BOX WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “8000-1006-02, V1-V6, ZOLL, LL LA RA RL” WITH FOUR BLACK CORDS FIXED TO BOX. FOUR CORDS HAVE WHITE, RED, GREEN AND BLACK NODES ON ENDS LABELLED “RA”, “LL”, “RL”, “LA”. BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS GREY, BLUE, AND WHITE AND RED CORDS ATTACHED. WHITE AND RED CORD ATTACHES TO “CPR STAT-PADZ” INSIDE BACK POUCH; BLUE CORD ATTACHES TO PULSE OXIMETER INSIDE BACK POUCH. “CPR STAT-PADZ” CONTAINED IN GREY PLASTIC BAG, UNOPENED, WITH WHITE AND RED LABEL “CPR STAT-PADZ, ADULT ELECTRODES WITH REAL CPR HELP, MULTIFUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION CPR FEEDBACK NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL. +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1216, REF 8900-0402, 2018-03-19, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 7,074, 199 7,108,665 5,330,526 7,118,542 7,122,014 5,462,157”. RIGHT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT; BACK POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “SPARE BATTERY STORAGE” ON FRONT; LEFT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS WHITE TEXT ON TOP BLUE TRIM “ZOLL M SERIES, XL BATTERY” AND ON BLUE TRIM ON TOP OF FRONT FACE OF DEFIBRILLATOR “ZOLL M SERIES, RESCUENET READY, 12SL PROGRAM, BLUETOOTH, BIPHASIC 200 JOULES MAX”. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS SCREEN WITH FIVE WHITE ROUND BUTTONS BELOW AND VOLUME BUTTON, BRIGHTNESS/DARKNESS BUTTON, “SUMMARY” BUTTON, “CODE MARKER” BUTTON, AND “NIBP” BUTTON. FRONT HAS BLACK “PACER OUTPUT MA” AND “PACER RATE PPM” EMBEDDED IN GREEN CIRCLES. FRONT HAS RED “1 DEFIB” BUTTONS MARKED “CHARGE”, “ANALYZE”, “ENERGY SELECT”, AND “SHOCK”. FRONT HAS GREY BUTTONS WITH BLACK TEXT “LEAD”, “SIZE”, “ALARM SUSPEND”, AND “RECORDER” BESIDE GREY BUTTON WITH WHITE TEXT “MONITOR”. FRONT HAS A BLACK DIAL WITH WHITE MARKER TO TURN TO LABELS “OFF” BLACK WITH WHITE TEXT, “MONITOR” GREY WITH WHITE TEXT, “1 DEFIB” RED WITH WHITE TEXT” AND “PACER” GREEN WITH WHITE TEXT. TOP OF MONITOR BELOW HANDLE HAS WHITE LABEL WITH RED TEXT “RV 1 STN 1”. MONITOR HAS FADED TEXT ON FRONT LABEL AND SOILING AT TOP; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. PLASTIC BAG (20.2CM LONG X 18.2CM WIDE) WITH GREEN AND WHITE OPAQUE TUBE INSIDE TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE; END OF WHITE TUBE HAS ORANGE TIP WITH WINGS. BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE PLUS O2, ADULT/INTERMEDIATE CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET WITH O2 TUBING, REF 009822, REF 010210, LENGTH 2M/7FT, ORIDION, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING”. TOP OF PLASTIC BAG HAS BLACK STAMP “LOT 15F0235JZ”. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. C. GOLD PLASTIC BAG (21.4CM LONG X 19CM WIDE) WITH BLUE BANNER AT BOTTOM AND WHITE TEXT “CARDIOLOGY” ON FRONT. FRONT HAS FADED BLACK TEXT AND FADED WHITE AND BLACK BARCODE. TOP OF BAG IT SEALED WITH WHITE COTTON TAPE ALONG BACK AND SIDES; BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF BAG IS RIPPED TO SHOW CONTENTS OF 59 ECG ELECTRODES. ELECTRODES ARE WHITE WITH PLASTIC COVERING AND BLUE TAB WITH SILVER BUTTON ON TAB. ELECTRODES ARE 3.7CM WIDE AND 4.7CM LONG. BACK OF BAG HAS BLACK, RED AND GREY DIAGRAMS IN TOP LEFT CORNER, COVERED BY CLOTH TAPE; BOTTOM LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK AND WHITE TEXT “EN ECG ELECTRODES” IN 23 LANGUAGES. RIGHT SIDE HAS RED AND BLACK TEXT “AMBU A/S, BALTORPBAKKEN 13, DK-2750 BALLERUP, DENMARK, T +45 7225 2000, F +45 7225 2050, WWW.AMBU.COM”. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. D. CLEAR PLASTIC BAG (21CM LONG X 17.7CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH CLEAR TUBE COILED INSIDEAND TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE. TUBE ENDS HAVE OPAQUE BLUE AND SOLID ORANGE FITTINGS, AND IS FITTED WITH CLEAR PLASTIC NASAL INSERT. FRONT OF BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE, PEDIATRIC CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET, REF 007266, LENGTH 2M/7FT, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING. ORIDION”. LABEL SHOWS DIAGRAM FOR USING ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET. TOP OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT STAMPED “LOT: Q150583155”. BAG IS CREASED AND SLIGHTLY CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. GREY PAPER ENVELOPE (22CM LONG X 16.2CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLUE AND BLACK TEXT “PEDI-PADZ, PEDIATRIC ELECTRODES, MULTI-FUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 209 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, MADE IN USA, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1316, REF 8900-2061, 2017-03-26, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 5,330,526”. LABEL INCLUDES “INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE”, “WARNINGS” AND TWO BLACK AND WHITE IMAGES OF ELECTRODES ATTACHED TO BODY, FRONT AND BACK. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND BENT; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. F. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.6CM LONG X 5CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “RECORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE IS TORN ON FRONT AT TOP LEFT CORNER AND AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT EDGES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.5CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 30081200, QTY: 1”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. H. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.3CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, REF 8000-0261-01, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9061-02-C TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 11110900, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. I. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.2CM LONG X 5.1CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. TOP OF CARDBOARD PACKAGING HAS BLUE TEXT “MANUFACTURED FOR DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG NY 10962”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE AND TEXT IS FADED; PACKAGE IS TORN AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT CORNERS; TOP OF PACKAGE IS FRAYED AND WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. J. GREY PLASTIC-COATED BATTERY (18.3CM LONG X 7CM WIDE); BATTERY HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT ON TOP “ZOLL PD 4410, (BATTERY PACK NOT EQUIPPED WITH SMART BATTERY MODULE), ZOLL SMART BATTERY, SHORT OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS, PRESS FOR DISPLAY, FAULT: TEST BATTERY, TIME INDICATORS, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD MASSACHUSETTS, 01824 U.S.A., SERIAL NO. 23-1600637, MADE IN U.S.A” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE AND BARCODE. LABEL HAS HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK INK “LM 10/2/16” AND HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLUE INK “SC 10/6/16”. RIGHT SIDE OF BATTERY HAS TWO WHITE LABELS; FIRST LABEL HAS BLACK BARCODE, SECOND LABEL HAS BLACK TEXT “NEW, IN SVC, NOV 28/2016”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS LABEL AT TOP WITH BLACK TEXT “LIFT HERE TO REPLACE”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS TWO ROUND WHITE HOLES; ENDS OF BATTERY HAVE PLASTIC CLIPS. BATTERY TOP LABEL HAS GREY SMUDGE, AND LABELS ON SIDE ARE FADED AND DISCOLOURED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. K. GREY POWER CORD (300CM LONG) WITH OPAQUE GREY PLASTIC PLUG END AND GREY ADAPTER END. CORD IS SCUFFED AND DISCOLOURED WITH BLACK AND PINK; ADAPTER IS DESIGNED FOR THREE-PRONG INSERT. PLUG END HAS BLUE, BLACK, WHITE AND GREEN WIRES INSIDE; END OF PLUG END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “MADE IN U.S.A., ELECTRI-CORD, NESTFIELD, PA, 5-15P” WITH GREEN DOT BETWEEN PRONGS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. L. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.8CM LONG X 10.2CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, (RE-ORDER NO. 8000-0261), THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 4,859,858 4,859,859 4,914,720 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, MANUFACTURED BY NOVAMETRIX MEDICAL SYSTEMS INC., WALLINGFORD, CONN. 06492, MADE IN U.S.A., ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, SECOND AVENUE, BURLINGTON, MASSACHUSETTS 01803, U.S.A., 800-348-9011, LOT 20060300”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; BAG IS PUNCTURED AND FRAGILE; OVERALL FAIR CONDITION. M. BLUE BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF (49CM LONG X 12.3CM WIDE); CUFF IS POLYESTER AND COTTON; CUFF HAS VELCRO HOOK ON FRONT SIDE AND VELCRO LOOP ON BACK; CUFF HAS BLACK TUBE UNDER VELCRO HOOK WITH WHITE FITTING AT END OF TUBE. FRONT HAS WHITE LOGO WITH BLUE TEXT “ZOLL” AND WHITE TEXT “SMALL ADULT, LONG, 17-25 CM” WITH DIAGRAM OF OUTLINES OF FIVE FIGURES WITH SECOND-LAST FIGURE SOLID WHITE; UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE TEXT “INDEX”. BACK OF CUFF HAS WHITE TEXT ALONG TOP EDGE “RANGE” WITH ARROWS ON BOTH SIDES OF TEXT; WHITE SYMBOLS BESIDE VELCRO LOOP SHOWS NO LATEX AND NO PVC. CUFF IS FRAYED AT TOP AND RIGHT EDGES ON FRONT; VELCRO HOOK HAS COLLECTED DEBRIS; RIGHT EDGE OF CUFF HAS WHITE BORDER AROUND OPENING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. N. WHITE PULSE OXIMETER (95.8CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) ATTACHED TO BROWN CORD WITH GREY FITTING AT END. OXIMETER TOP HAS EMBOSSED FINGER WITH NAIL AND EIGHT-POINT STAR ON NAIL; OXIMETER END HAS FLAP ON RIGHT SIDE SHOWING TWO BLUE MALE FIGURES AND TWO GREEN FEMALE FIGURES; OXIMETER SIDES HAVE ROUND WHITE BUTTON WITH RED AND WHITE HEART MONITOR GRAPH SPIKE PRINTED. CORD HAS PAPER TAB ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “DO NOT DISCARD, INTENDED FOR MULTIPLE USE”; OPPOSITE SIDE OF TAB SHOWS BLACK MAIL FIGURE BESIDE GARBAGE CAN WITH RED PROHIBITION SIGN PRINTED OVER. GREY FITTING AT END NINE BRASS SPIKES INSIDE GREY BOX AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON TOP “LNCS”AND STAMPED TEXT ON BOTTOM “7H052”. CORD IS DISCOLOURED AND SCUFFED; TAB ON CORD IS FADED AND WORN; WHITE OXIMETER FITTING HAS SOILING. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. O. DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR WITH PACKAGING TORN INTO FOUR PIECES (RAZOR 6.2CM LONG X 4.8CM WIDE); RAZOR WHITE PLASTIC WITH BLUE PLASTIC SPIKES UNDER SILVER BLADE; FRONT OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “GALLANT”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING FRONT PIECE IS WHITE WITH BLUE BORDERS AND TEXT “REORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR, STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING BACK PIECE HAS BLUE DIAGRAM OF RAZOR IN USE AND BLUE TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. CARDBOARD PIECES ARE FRAYED AT EDGES FROM BEING TORN; TOP AND BOTTOM PIECES ARE SMUDGED WITH BLUE; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. P. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (16CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 09081000, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,618,923 5,693,944; OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. Q. BLACK CORD (119CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) THAT CONVERGES MIDWAY INTO SIX WIRES. END OF CORD HAS BLACK ADAPTER WITH EIGHT BRASS SPIKES INSIDE RECTANGLE. ENDS OF SIX WIRES HAVE MULTI-COLOURED NODES WITH WHITE TEXT ON BACK, LABELLED: “V1” RED, “V2” YELLOW, “V3” GREEN, “V4” BLUE, “V5” ORANGE, “V6” PURPLE. BLACK PLASTIC MIDDLE CONNECTOR WHERE WIRES CONVERGE HAS ENGRAVED CLOCK SYMBOL ON FRONT WITH MARKINGS FOR “12, 3, 6, 9” AND ARROW IN CENTER POINTED AT “3”. CORD IS CURLED INTO COIL; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON OCTOBER 23, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LYNN VILLIGER WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ABOUT THE DONATION OF A ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATOR AND CARDIAC MONITOR. ACCORDING TO CORRESPONDENCE WITH VILLIGER, THE ZOLL M-SERIES WERE USED WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMEMRGENCY SERVICES UPON THEIR ACQUISITION IN 2003, AND WERE REPLACED IN 2011. THE ZOLL M-SERIES CARDIAC MONITORS WERE THE FIRST TO OPERATE WITH BIPHASIC WAVEFORM ENERGY, ENABLING SAFER AND MORE EFFICIENT DEFIBRILLATION. VILLIGER ELABORATED ON THE ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATORS, NOTING, “IT’S A CARDIAC MONITOR, NOT ACTUALLY AN AED. IT DOES HAVE AN AED FUNCTION BUILT RIGHT INTO IT, WHICH WAS ONE OF THE AMAZING THINGS IN THIS NEW GENERATION OF CARDIAC MONITORS. IT ALLOWED US TO DO SO MUCH MORE THAN WE WERE ABLE TO DO IN THE PAST. NOT ONLY IS IT A CARDIAC MONITOR; IT’S A CARDIAC DEFIBRILLATOR; IT CAN ALSO CARDIOVERT AND IT CAN PACE AS WELL. THOSE ARE FUNCTIONS THAT WE NEVER HAD IN PREVIOUS GENERATIONS OF MONITORS. IT ALSO CAN MEASURE VITAL SIGNS. IT CAN MEASURE A PERSON’S BLOOD PRESSURE; IT CAN MEASURE THE CARBON DIOXIDE CONTENT OF A PERSON’S BLOOD THROUGH INFRA-RED TECHNOLOGY. IT CAN ALSO RECOGNIZE THE OXYGEN SATURATION OF THEIR BLOOD USING THE SAME TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, SO IT WAS QUITE A BIG JUMP FOR US. WE WENT FROM A DIFFERENT TYPE OF, IT WAS CALLED, MONOPHASIC ENERGY (WHICH IS THE TYPE OF ENERGY THAT WAS USED IN OLD CARDIAC MONITORS), AND THIS WAS, IN FACT, THE FIRST OF ITS TYPE ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD. ZOLL WAS A DOCTOR WHO INVENTED A TYPE OF CARDIAC ENERGY CALLED BIPHASIC ENERGY, AND IT WAS JUST A MORE EFFICIENT TYPE OF ENERGY FOR ALL OF THOSE PURPOSES. IT WAS JUST MORE EFFICIENT AT DOING [PACING, DEFIBRILLATION, AND CARDIOVERSION], AND, IN DOING SO, BIPHASIC ENERGY IS ACTUALLY SAFER, BECAUSE PRACTITIONERS (NURSES, DOCTORS, PARAMEDICS) ALL HAVE BEEN KILLED USING MONOPHASIC ENERGY IN THE PAST, BY TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHEN THEY GOT DEFIBRILLATED, AND THIS IS QUITE A BIT MORE FORGIVING, JUST IN THE NATURE OF THE WAY THE ELECTRICITY IS DELIVERED TO THE PATIENT. NOT ONLY IS IT MORE EFFICIENT AT CONVERTING THE HEART RHYTHM; IT’S ALSO MORE EFFICIENT, OR LESS EFFICIENT, AT KILLING PEOPLE BY ACCIDENT.” “[THE PEOPLE USING THESE MACHINES] WOULD BE PRACTITIONERS, OR…PARAMEDICS ARE TAUGHT TO MAKE SURE THE WHOLE SCENE IS SAFE BEFORE ANYBODY DISCHARGES THESE TYPE OF MONITORS, AND SO THEY…ARE LOOKING FOR NEGATIVE SPACE AROUND THE PATIENT; THAT NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE PATIENT; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE GROUND, WHICH COULD BE WET; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE COT THE PATIENT MAY BE LYING ON. THAT’S INGRAINED IN MOST PARAMEDICS. THERE’S A METHOD TO THAT WHOLE PROCESS…I’M SURE PEOPLE HAVE HEARD SIMILAR THINGS IN CPR COURSES. ONE OF THE OTHER WONDERFUL THINGS ABOUT THIS (AT THE TIME, I DIDN’T THINK IT WAS SO WONDERFUL) WAS, WE GOT HANDS-FREE DEFIBRILLATION FOR THE FIRST TIME. IN THE OLD DAYS, WE HAD PADDLES, AND EVERYBODY REMEMBERS PADDLES FROM THE REALLY-COOL MEDICAL SHOWS ON TV. WE PUT PADS ON THE PATIENT, AND THERE’S CABLES ATTACHED TO THE PADS, WHICH REQUIRES A SAFER PROCESS, BUT NOBODY IS TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHATSOEVER, EVEN WITH PADDLES, AT THAT TIME. THERE’S BENEFITS TO BOTH. IT WAS JUST QUITE A BIT SIMPLER.” “I STARTED [WORKING WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES] IN 1988…WE HAD CARDIAC MONITORS IN THOSE DAYS. THEY WERE PHYSIO CONTROL, OR MEDTRONIC CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY DID DEFIBRILLATION. LATER ON, THEY STARTED TO DO CARDIOVERSION, AND PACING AS WELL…THEY HAD COMPONENTS THAT COULD FIT INTO EACH OTHER. ONE OF THE COMPONENTS WAS A RECORDER DEVICE, JUST LIKE A FOUR-TRACK CASSETTE TAPE RECORDER, AND IT LITERALLY WAS THAT. IT SLIPPED RIGHT IN BETWEEN THE CARDIAC MONITOR, AND THE REST OF THE MECHANISM FOR DEFIBRILLATION, OR FOR CARDIOVERSION AND PACING. IT RECORDED EVERYBODY’S VOICE IN THE ROOM, SO YOU COULD CALL OUT DRUG CALCULATIONS AND TIMES…WHICH YOU HAD TO DO IN THOSE DAYS. YOU WOULD TYPICALLY SLIP A CLOCK ONTO THE MONITOR, AND WATCH THE TIME…IT WAS A VERY STRANGE FEELING TO GO BACK AND REVIEW, AND HAVE VOICE RECORDING…THIS MONITOR DOES RECORD EVERYTHING. IT HAS A BUILT-IN TIMER, AND IT SUMMARIZES THE INCIDENT INSTEAD, SO IT PRINTED OUT EXACTLY ALL THE TIMES FOR EVERYTHING THAT YOU DID – INTERVENTIONS - BUT IF YOU WANTED TO GIVE DRUGS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT, YOU STILL HAD TO MARK THEM DOWN AT THE TIME…” “[IN] 2003, WE DECIDED TO PURCHASE THESE MONITORS. IT WAS SOMEWHAT OF A PROTEST, BECAUSE EVERYBODY WAS USED TO USING THE OLD CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY LOVED HAVING PADDLES ON. I REMEMBER, JUST IN FUN, OF COURSE, I MADE A LITTLE PROTEST SIGN THAT SAID 'WE WANT PADDLES, WE WANT PADDLES' AT THE TIME. AFTER YOU USE HANDS-FREE FOR A WHILE, YOU FIND OUT IT’S ACTUALLY QUITE A BIT SAFER. THERE WAS ALWAYS SOME SAFETY INVOLVED IN WATCHING YOUR PARTNER DO THIS – WITH THE GEL ON THE PADDLES, AND, THEN, YOU COULD ACTUALLY PHYSICALLY SEE HIM LEANING OVER THE PATIENT…THERE’S WARNING BUZZERS...WITH HANDS-FREE, I COULD SEE A CHANGE ON THE MONITOR, AND IT WOULD SET OFF AN ALARM, AND THEN THEY COULD CHARGE IT UP, AND DEFIBRILLATE IT, AND YOU HAD TO MAKE SURE THAT EVERYONE’S AWARE.” “THEY TRIED TO INVOLVE EVERYBODY…IT WOULD HAVE BEEN THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER…IN THE TRANSITION BETWEEN THIS MONITOR AND THE OLD VERSION, I BECAME THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER MYSELF, SO WE HAD SOME INFLUENCE FROM THERE…AT THAT TIME, PROBABLY ONLY 20% OF OUR EMPLOYEES WERE PARAMEDICS. THE REST WERE EMT’S, WHO BECAME EMT’S AFTER THEY WERE FIREFIGHTERS. NOW, WE HIRE ONLY PARAMEDICS, AND WE TRAIN THEM TO BE FIREFIGHTERS. ONCE YOU HAD A LOT OF PARAMEDICS ON BOARD, WE COULD HAVE LONGER CONVERSATIONS ABOUT THOSE KINDS OF THINGS. THOSE TYPES OF CONVERSATIONS USUALLY ORIGINATED IN ACLS COURSES…WE TOOK THEM EVERY 3 YEARS, IN-HOUSE. ACLS WAS ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT. THEY ARE THE GUYS, REALLY, THAT SET THE STANDARDS FOR ALL OF THE CLINICAL THINGS INVOLVING PATIENTS THAT HAVE CONDITIONS THAT NEED INTERVENTIONS WITH CARDIAC MONITORS AND AED’S, BUT THEY DON’T DETERMINE WHICH UNITS YOU USE. THEY’RE NOT REALLY ALLOWED TO SAY WHICH TYPE OF ENERGY, OR MONITOR, IS MORE EFFICIENT THAN THE OTHER ONE. WE LEFT THAT UP TO DATA COLLECTION THAT HAPPENED AFTERWARDS.” “WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF [THE CHANGE TO BIPHASIC MONTIORS]. WE HAD A REALLY COOL POSITION IN THAT, BECAUSE, IN THOSE DAYS, ALBERTA HEALTH SERVICES DIDN’T GOVERN AMBULANCE SERVICES ANYWHERE IN ALBERTA. WE WERE THE LARGEST EMS SERVICE IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AND WE HAD DECIDED ON THE ZOLL CARDIAC MONITOR, SO SOME OF THE SMALLER SERVICES WERE CURIOUS. THEY CAME TO US, SAID, 'WHAT’S GOING ON? WHAT ARE YOU USING? HOW DOES IT WORK?' WE CONVINCED ALMOST EVERY OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AT LEAST WEST OF MEDICINE HAT, TO BUY INTO THE ZOLLS, AND AT ONE TIME, EVERY EMS OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH WAS USING THE ZOLL M SERIES, INCLUDING THE COLLEGE, WHO WAS TRAINING PARAMEDICS AND EMT’S. WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF THAT, AND WE INVITED ALL THESE OTHER PEOPLE, AND, BEFORE YOU KNOW IT, WE WERE ALL SPEAKING THE SAME LANGUAGE.” “WE HEARD ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY – BIPHASIC ELECTRICITY – THROUGH ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT COURSES, SO WE HAD TO LOOK INTO IT. WE WERE LEARNING, THROUGH THE DATA THAT WAS COLLECTED, THAT IT WAS SIMPLY SAFER, MORE EFFICIENT…IT JUST CAME DOWN TO IT THAT WE ENDED UP THERE FOR A LOT OF DIFFERENT REASONS. THESE GUYS WERE THE ONLY ONES USING BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY AT THE TIME. IT WASN’T UNTIL A FEW YEARS LATER THAT THEIR COMPETITORS STARTING USING IT, AND THEY STILL CAN’T USE EXACTLY THE SAME TYPE OF BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY. THIS PARTICULAR TYPE, IT’S CALLED ‘RECTO LINEAR BIPHASIC’; IS PATENTED BY THIS COMPANY; AND IT IS STILL CONSIDERED THE MOST EFFICIENT TYPE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY FOR DOING ALL THOSE THINGS – PACING, CARDIOVERSION, DEFIBRILLATION.” “ORIGINALLY, WE BOUGHT 6 OR 8 [ZOLL M-SERIES MACHINES]. WE HAD EVOLVED TO 4 UNITS ON THE STREET. WE WERE TALKING ABOUT IT IN 2004…ONE OF OUR DEPUTY CHIEFS STARTED THE PROCESS OF HAVING ALL OF OUR FRONT-LINE ENGINES, OR PUMPS, ON THE FIRE SIDE, BE ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT, BECAUSE ALL OF OUR FOLKS WERE PARAMEDICS, SO WE STARTED CARRYING THESE TYPES OF MONITORS NOT ONLY ON OUR AMBULANCES BUT ON EVERY SINGLE FIRE TRUCK AS WELL.” “THERE ARE STILL PEOPLE USING THIS, AND IT’S STILL A GREAT MONITOR. I’D TAKE IT OUT ON THE STREET, AND BE QUITE COMFORTABLE, AND HAVE FAITH THAT IT WOULD DO EVERYTHING NECESSARY.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MEMORIES OF USING THE ZOLL M-SERIES MONITOR, VILLIGER RECALLED, “WE DO SO MANY EVENTS…PROBABLY 50% OF THE EVENTS WE WOULD GO TO, WE WOULD CONNECT THE CARDIAC MONITOR TO PATIENTS, AT LEAST TO MONITOR THEIR HEART RHYTHM AS PART OF A COMPLETE CLINICAL ASSESSMENT. I CAN’T REMEMBER A PARTICULAR EVENT. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT STOOD OUT IS THEY MADE THE ‘M’ SERIES AS A STREET-WORTHY PARAMEDIC VERSION OF A HOSPITAL-TYPE CARDIAC MONITOR. THEY MADE THEM TOUGH AND THEY WOULD THROW THEM…OFF A MOVING AMBULANCE, OR OFF THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, JUST TO SHOW THEM HOW TOUGH THEY WERE. SOME OF THE OLD VIDEOS…SHOWS THEM EITHER THROWING THEM OFF A BALCONY, OR HAVING A TRUCK DRIVE OVER THEM, AND THEY STILL FUNCTION. OR, SOMEBODY BLASTING IT WITH WATER FROM A HOSE LINE…SO THEY MADE A MONITOR THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT TOUGHER, AND A LITTLE BIT MORE RUGGED THAN THEY HAD BEEN IN THE PAST.” “I REMEMBER US GOING OUT AND SOLICITING FOR DONATIONS TO PURCHASE THESE. ONE OF OUR GUYS WENT OUT…WE ACTUALLY PURCHASED 2 CARDIAC MONITORS, WITH THE HELP OF DIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS IN THE COMMUNITY, THAT DONATED FUNDS…THE KINSMEN WAS QUITE PREVALENT…IN HELPING US PURCHASE THE FIRST…[AND] A COUPLE OF ADDITIONAL MONITORS…” “I USED [THE MONITOR] FOR A LOT OF YEARS, AND I THOUGHT THEY WERE GREAT MONITORS. THERE IS AN EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I WAS INVOLVED IN THE NEXT TWO PURCHASES. I WAS ON THE FRONT LINES; I WROTE UP THE RFQ, FOR THE PURCHASE OF THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘M’S; THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘E’S; AND THE ‘X’ SERIES…SO I’VE BEEN INVOLVED. I’VE GOT SOME PERSONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I USED IT AS A STREET PARAMEDIC, AND THEN I GOT ON IN FRONT OF IT IN THE BUSINESS END…I WATCHED HOW THAT PROCUREMENT PROCESS WENT DOWN, WORKING IN COOPERATION WITH OUR PROCUREMENT THROUGH THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THESE ARRIVED, IT WAS A BIG DAY. IT WAS LIKE CHRISTMAS, WHEN THE NEW CARDIAC MONITORS ARRIVE. I WOULD SPEND 6 WEEKS OR SO JUST GETTING ALL OF THESE ATTACHMENTS [THAT] ARE NOT ON THEM WHEN THEY COME - YOU’RE SCREWING ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER; PUTTING OUT ALL THE INFORMATION TO THE STAFF; WRITING UP SOG’S AND POLICIES RELATING TO CARDIAC MONITORS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND MANUALS ON THE MONITOR, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170016000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20150010004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
2015
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
14.5
Length
76.0
Width
17.4
Description
STEEL HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR / CROWBAR. SILVER COLOURED METAL. ONE END HAS A CLAW WITH A RECESSED NAIL PULLER, WHILE THE OTHER END HAS A DUCKBILL BLADE (OR ADZE) AND A PICK. THE CLAW IS 17.4CM LONG AND IS EMBOSSED WITH: "PARATECH USA 017120 C I" (THE 'C' IS ACTUALLY A COPYRIGHT SYMBOL). THE HANDLE PORTION OF THE TOOL HAS TWO GRIPS, ONE NEAR THE CLAW AND THE SECOND NEAR THE BLADE AND PICK. THE UNDERSIDE OF THE BLADE IS EMBOSSED WITH: "PARATECH USA 017038 C K" (AGAIN, THE 'C' IS A COPYRIGHT SYMBOL). STAMPED INTO THE HANDLE, TO THE CLAW SIDE OF THE MIDDLE, IS "AMR 7" OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE BLADE AND PICK ARE VERY RUSTY. THE BLADE HAS A SMALL DENT. THE RUST ON THE BLADE AND PICK IS WORSE, BUT THE CLAW END IS ALSO VERY RUSTED. SURFACE RUST ALL OVER THE HANDLE.
Subjects
MULTIPLE USE ARTIFACTS
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS HALLIGAN RESCUE TOOL / HALLIGAN BAR / CROWBAR WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE HALLIGAN TOOL IS A “FORCIBLE ENTRY OR EXIT TOOL USED TO FORCE ENTRY INTO A BUILDING AND ALSO USED FOR FIREFIGHTERS TO FORCE ENTRY OUT OF A BUILDING WHEN STRAPPED. THIS ONE IS STEEL; [NOW] WE HAVE SOME THAT ARE MADE OF TITANIUM AND ARE MUCH LIGHTER.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994). BROWN CALLED IT “JUST ANOTHER FANCY PRY BAR … [THAT] WAS [ON THE TRUCK] WHEN I LEFT.” PETIT AGREED, CALLING IT “A BREAK IN TOOL. IF YOU WANT TO BREAK INTO A HOUSE … CRASH A DOOR, WINDOWS, PRY A DOOR OPEN, JUST A NICE TOOL … I CALL IT THE HOUSE BREAKING TOOLS.” LAZENBY EXPANDED: “THIS GETS USED ALL THE TIME … WHEN IT COMES TO … FORCIBLE ENTRY AND FINDING A MEANS OF EGRESS AND NEEDING A TOOL OF CHOICE, THIS IS PROBABLY THE GO-TO TOOL. YOU CAN PUNCTURE, YOU CAN PRY, YOU CAN BREAK … THERE’S JUST SO MANY USES FOR THIS.” HE CONTINUED: “THE ONLY DRAWBACK WITH THE … OLDER GENERATION HALLIGAN BARS WAS JUST THE FACT THAT THEY WERE JUST SO HEAVY, BUT THE NEWER GENERATION ARE TITANIUM, AND GROSSLY EXPENSIVE BECAUSE OF THAT, AND SO WE DO HAVE A COUPLE OF TITANIUM MODELS BUT OVERALL WE STILL HAVE STEEL ONES ON THE TRUCK FOR THE MOST PART, SO THIS IS ONE OF THE TOOLS THAT WE STILL USE ALL THE TIME. IT COMES OFF THE TRUCK CONSTANTLY.” LAZENBY CONTINUED FURTHER, RELAYING AN INSTANCE WHEN THE HALLIGAN WAS VERY USEFUL: “WE RESPONDED ON AN EMS CALL FOR SOMEONE WHO WAS UNABLE TO ANSWER THE DOOR BECAUSE OF THEIR CONDITION. SO WHEN WE ROLLED UP TO THE HOUSE, THEY HAD A MASSIVE BLACK WROUGHT IRON GATE. IT WAS A SECURITY GATE THAT WAS BOLTED TO THE FRONT OF THAT STRUCTURE OVER THE FRONT DOOR AND WE HAD NO ACCESS, THE WINDOWS WERE BARRED AND EVERYTHING ELSE, WE HAD NO ACCESS INTO THAT STRUCTURE … WE GRABBED WHAT WE NOW KNOW AS THE ‘SET OF IRONS’ AND I HAD THE FLAT HEAD AXE AND MY PARTNER TOOK THE HALLIGAN TOOL AND WE SLIPPED THE FORK IN OVER TOP OF THE BOLTS THAT WERE BEING USED AROUND BASICALLY THE BRICK MOLDING THE FRAME OF THE DOOR AND I STRUCK THE BLADE END UP HERE AND WE WERE ABLE TO ACTUALLY FORCE THE FORK DOWN UNDERNEATH THE BOLT, BETWEEN THE BOLT AND THE WOOD, AND ONE QUICK PRY AND … WE POPPED FOUR BOLTS OFF IN LESS THAN SIXTY SECONDS AND WE WERE INSIDE THE HOUSE. SO I KIND OF WONDERED UP UNTIL THAT POINT ABOUT THE EFFICIENCY OF IT, BECAUSE IT’S NOT SOMETHING THAT WE WANT TO GO AROUND BREAKING THINGS, AND IT UNDERSCORED THE IMPORTANCE OF THE USES AND HOW EFFICIENT THAT TOOL IS ON THE FIRE GROUND. AND NOT JUST FOR FIRE CALLS, BUT THAT WAS AN EMS RUN … VERY USEFUL.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010004
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2015
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.6
Length
105.5
Width
27.0
Diameter
4.5
Description
LARGE METAL AND RUBBER BOLT CUTTERS. HANDLE GRIPS ARE 11.2CM LONG PIECES OF BLACK RUBBER. HANDLES ARE A MEDIUM RED, WITH A GREEN STRIPE NEAR THE BLADE ADJUSTMENT BOLTS. WRITTEN IN BLACK MARKER JUST BELOW ONE OF THE STRIPES OF GREEN: "P 4". EMBOSSED JUST ABOVE THIS MARKING IS "U.S. PAT. NO. 2910900". ON THE OPPOSITE SIDE OF THE HANDLE FROM THE "P 4" MARKING IS WHAT REMAINS OF A RECTANGULAR SILVER STICKER. ABOVE THIS STICKER, EMBOSSED IN AN OVAL: "HKP". ON THE OTHER HANDLE, ON THE SAME SIDE OF THE CUTTERS AS THE "HKP" IS EMBOSSED: "TOOL NO. 0590M". THE JAWS OF THE BOLT CUTTERS ARE BLACK AND BOTH SIDES OF THE JAWS ARE EMBOSSED WITH: 2 "HKP" IN AN OVAL AND 2 "NO. 5". STAMPED ON EACH SIDE OF THE JAWS, ONCE PER SIDE, IS "HC - CUTS HARD CHAIN 1/2 CAP". JUST BETWEEN THE JAWS AND BLADES, STAMPED INTO THE METAL, ON THE SAME SIDE AS THE "P 4" MARKING: "MADE BY H.K. PORTER INC. BOSTON, MASS 02143". ONE OF THE BOLTS NEAR THE BLADE, ON THE SILVER STICKER SIDE, IS STAMPED WITH "535X". EMBOSSED ON BOTH SIDES OF THE BLADE, NEAR THE TIP, "U.S. PAT." AND "PEND". OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE RED FINISH ON THE HANDLES HAS FLAKED OFF AND THERE ARE SECTIONS WHERE THE FINISH IS LOOSE. THE RUBBER HAND GRIPS ARE SCUFFED AND SCRATCHED ALL OVER. SOME RUST ON THE JAWS AND BLADE AREA.
Subjects
METALWORKING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE BOLT CUTTERS WERE USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THEY WOULD BE “USED AT EMERGENCY SCENES TO CUT CHAINS OR PADLOCKS OFF DOORS OR FENCES TO GAIN ACCESS. SIMILAR, BUT LIGHTER [BOLT CUTTERS ARE] STILL USED TODAY.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN CALLED THEM “OUR FAVOURITE TOOL … THERE WERE A LOT OF PLACES THAT WE WENT, THE GATES WERE LOCKED, JUST HAD A CHAIN WITH A PADLOCK ON IT. YOU WOULDN’T EVEN THINK TWICE. THESE BOLT CUTTERS ARE FOUR FEET LONG AND HAD SUCH A FULCRUM ON IT – YOU’D JUST CUT THE CHAIN AND IN WE’D GO. WE WOULDN’T EVEN ASK PERMISSION IF IT WAS AN EMERGENCY; WE’D JUST CUT THEM AND IN WE’D GO. WE USED THE BOLT CUTTERS LOTS AND LOTS AND LOTS OF TIMES … WE TRIED NOT TO CUT THE PADLOCK IF WE DIDN’T HAVE TO, BECAUSE THE PADLOCK, THEY HAD A KEY FOR IT; BUT THE CHAIN, WE TRIED TO CUT IT BACK FAR ENOUGH THAT IF THEY HAD TO TAKE THE PADLOCK OFF, THEY COULD STILL USE THE CHAIN. WE TRIED NOT TO DO ANY MORE DAMAGE THAN NECESSARY, BECAUSE PEOPLE THAT WERE HAVING PROBLEMS, HAD ENOUGH DAMAGE WITHOUT US WRECKING MORE THAN NECESSARY.” LAZENBY ADDED: “WE ACTUALLY CARRY THREE SIZES OF THESE AND THIS LOOKS LIKE THE LONGEST … THESE ARE IN SERVICE TODAY AND I BELIEVE THESE WILL BE IN SERVICE FOR MANY, MANY YEARS TO COME.” PETIT AGREED, SAYING: “WE USED IT QUITE OFTEN … EVERY TRUCK HAD ONE … I PROBABLY USED IT 10-12 TIMES AT LEAST. AND IT WAS USUALLY IN THE INDUSTRIAL AREA WHERE THEY HAVE IT ALL FENCED.” DZUREN ALSO AGREED, EXPLAINING HOW USEFUL THE BOLT CUTTERS COULD BE: “EVEN INTO BUILDINGS, THAT SOME BUILDINGS HAD LOCKS ON THE OUTSIDE NATURALLY, SO TO GET IN THERE, RATHER THAN CAUSING TOO MUCH DAMAGE, IN THE OTHER WAY THEY WOULD CUT THE LOCK, OR THE CHAIN LINK, AND GET INTO THE ENCLOSURE OR BUILDING THAT WAY.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010002
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
No. Pieces
9
Height
13.5
Length
50.5
Width
36
Description
.A - CARRYING CASE, RED AND BLACK WITH WHITE LETTERING ON FRONT THAT READS “LIFEPAK 5 PHYSIO-CONTROL”. SIDE POCKET CONTAINS P20130014000.C - P20130014000.I. VISIBLE WEAR OVERALL. .B - DEFIBRILLATOR DEVICE WITH TWO PADDLES, OFFWHITE IN COLOUR, CONNECTED TO THE MAIN BODY WITH TAN COLOURED SPIRALED CORDS. BODY CONTAINS VARIOUS DIALS AND OUTPUT PRINTER WITH ROLL OF PAPER. .C - SECOND ROLL OF PAPER, LIGHT GREEN, TIGHTLY WRAPPED AROUND BROWN CARDBOARD TUBE, THAT FITS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR'S PRINTER. .D - .H - FIVE WHITE, CIRCULAR SELF-ADHESIVE ELECTRODE PADS, WITH YELLOW BUTTON AT CENTRE AND METAL SNAPS TO CONNECT TO CORD (P20130014000.I). REPEATING "3M RED SPOT" LOGO IN RED AROUND SNAPS. .I - BLACK, RED, AND WHITE CORD, COILED. BLACK END PLUGS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR, RED AND WHITE ENDS CONNECT TO ELECTRODE PADS.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS DEFIBRILLATOR WAS USED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES. THE LIFEPAK ™ 5 PORTABLE DC DEFIBRILLATOR/SCOPE WAS FIRST INTRODUCED BY THE PHYSIO CONTROL CORPORATION IN 1976. THIS DEVICE REPRESENTED A SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED WEIGHT REDUCTION AND FUNCTIONALITY COMPARED TO EARLIER MODELS. IT SOON BECAME THE STANDARD OF THE INDUSTRY UNTIL FURTHER IMPROVED MODELS WERE INTRODUCED IN 1991. ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, ABOUT THIS DEFIBRILLATOR. LAZENBY TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC, AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. LAZENBY SAID: “SO IN ITS DAY, THIS WAS THE CADILLAC. WE USED THIS. WE HAD ONE LIFEPAK 10 AND A NUMBER OF LIFEPAK 5S… [BY THE LATE 1990S] WE WERE MOVING TO THE 10S, AND THEN THE 10C, BUT WE STILL HAD THESE AROUND. WHEN WE RAN AN ACLS COURSE ON OUR DAYS OFF, TO GET RECERTIFIED THIS IS THE ONE THAT WE USED AND THESE DID FILL IN WHEN THE OTHER ONES WERE DOWN. THIS WAS A FAIRLY RUDIMENTARY DEVICE COMPARED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 IN THAT YOU COULD ONLY LOOK AT THREE DIFFERENT VIEWS OF THE HEART IN THIS ONE. THIS WAS A HEART MONITOR/DEFIBRILLATOR… IT HAS THIS LITTLE TINY SCREEN THAT YOU COULD SEE THIS LITTLE HEART RHYTHM ON, ALMOST LIKE THE RHYTHM WAS AN AFTERTHOUGHT… BUT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON HERE BEFORE YOU REALLY WANT TO USE THIS, THE DEFIBRILLATOR SIDE, RIGHT? [ON] THE NEW GENERATION ONES… THERE’S NO PADDLES ANYMORE, THEY’RE ALL THOSE STICKY PADS SO THE CONTACT IS BETTER. IT ENSURES BETTER ENERGY DELIVERED THROUGH THE HEART MUSCLE. BUT NOW THE SCREENS THAT YOU LOOK AT THE HEART RHYTHM ON ARE EIGHT INCHES BY EIGHT INCHES…THEY’RE A REAL GOOD SIZE COMPARED TO THIS ONE. THIS ONE ONLY GAVE YOU THREE LEADS TO THE HEART. IT USED TO BURN THE IMPRESSION [OF] THE HEART TRACING ONTO THE PAPER, TO SHOW UP ON THE GRID PAPER. AND THERE WAS NO DIAGNOSTIC MODE SO YOU COULDN’T TELL WITH THIS MACHINE IF SOMEONE WAS HAVING A HEART ATTACK OR NOT. WITH THE ECG CHANGES THAT SOMETIMES TAKE PLACE WITHIN THE MYOCARDIUM, YOU COULDN’T TELL THAT ON THIS MACHINE. SO YOU COULD LOOK AT IT AS SORT OF A DIAGNOSTIC AS FAR AS RHYTHM WENT, BUT YOU COULDN’T TELL THE ECG CHANGES AS FAR AS INFARCTION WENT… YOU’RE ONLY AS GOOD AS YOUR EQUIPMENT. SO THIS WAS GOOD AT THE TIME, BUT IT WAS FALLING BEHIND.” LAZENBY CONTINUED: “A LOT OF SAFETY ISSUES WENT WITH THAT. IF YOU SLIPPED AND CONTACTED THE PATIENT, YOU COULD DEFIBRILLATE YOURSELF. IT JUST WAS SO UNSAFE TO CONTINUE DOING IT THIS WAY. THAT’S WHY WE’VE SINCE EVOLVED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 AND THE LIFEPAK 12, AND NOW WE’RE USING ZONE MONITORS WHERE EVERYTHING’S STICKY PADS. YOU DON’T TOUCH THE PATIENT ANYMORE… I ALMOST DEFIBRILLATED MYSELF ON THE FLIGHT BETWEEN SLAVE LAKE AND EDMONTON. WE HAD A PATIENT THAT CODED ABOUT A THIRD OF THE WAY TO EDMONTON, AND IT WAS A ROUGH FLIGHT. AND JUST WHEN I THOUGHT I HAD THIS GUY READY TO ‘JUICE’, WE HIT THIS POCKET OF AIR AND THE WHOLE PLANE DROPPED JUST AS I DISCHARGED THE PADDLES. AND I WAS LUCKY THAT NO PART OF HIM WAS TOUCHING THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER BECAUSE MY KNEE, MY LEG ENDED UP RESTING AGAINST THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER… SO YOU CAN SEE I HAVE A FIRSTHAND KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAFETY ISSUE.” LAZENBY CONCLUDED: “THE THING THAT I MISSED TO THE VERY LAST DAY THAT I WAS ON THE AMBULANCE WAS [NO LONGER] BEING ABLE TO USE PADDLES WHEN I DEFIBRILLATED SOMEONE. I KNOW THAT SOUNDS STUPID, BUT PUTTING A DIME-SIZED DROP OF GEL ON THE PADDLES AND RUBBING THEM TOGETHER, AND PUTTING THEM ON THAT GUY’S CHEST, AND DISCHARGING THE ENERGY YOURSELF, WITH THE TRIGGERS ON THE ENDS, I DON’T KNOW, IT JUST SEEMED TO BE LIKE THE COOLEST THING EVER… WE MISSED IT WHEN IT WENT AWAY, BUT WE ALL KNEW, IT WAS FOR THE BETTER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF LAZENBY'S INTERVIEW ALONG WITH OTHER FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
Acquisition Date
2013-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BALLISTIC SUNGLASSES W/ CASE, “BOLLE”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20100050002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BALLISTIC SUNGLASSES W/ CASE, “BOLLE”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2010
Materials
PLASTIC, LEATHER
No. Pieces
4
Height
7
Length
17
Width
6.5
Description
.A –BLACK LEATHER SEMI-CIRCLE SHAPED CASE WITH SUEDE INTERIOR. VELCRO TAB CLOSURE. MULTI-COLOURED STITCHING ALONG EDGES. MULTICOLOURED TEXT ON CASE FRONT READING “EYEZONE – BOLLE – MICROEDGE”. SLEEVE FOR SPARE ARMS SEWN INSIDE TOP EDGE OF CASE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 7 X 17 X 6.5 .B – SUNGLASSES WITH BLACK PLASTIC ARMS, TOP FRAME AND NOSE PIECE, WITH YELLOW PLASTIC LENSES. TEXT READING “BOLLE” IS PRINTED IN WHITE AT CENTRE ABOVE LENSES AND ON EACH ARM. 14 SMALL HOLES ARE DRILLED INTO THE TOP EDGE OF THE LENSES. MINOR SCRATCHES ON LENSES. VERY GOOD CONDITION OVERALL. 5 X 16.5 X 15.5 .C & .D – PAIR OF SPARE GLASSES ARMS. BLACK PLASTIC LENGTHS WITH HOOK-SHAPED ENDS. HOOK ENDS ARE SLEEVED IN CLEAR PLASTIC. VERY GOOD CONDITION OVERALL. 0.5 X 8.5 X 5
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE BALLISTIC SUNGLASSES WERE USED BY SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012. CARSCADDEN JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE IN 1997, AFTER WORKING WITH THE PEEL REGIONAL POLICE SERVICES IN THE GREATER TORONTO AREA FROM 1988 TO 1997. DURING HIS CAREER IN PEEL, CARSCADDEN RECEIVED SPECIAL TRAINING, INCLUDING COMPLETING THE FBI’S OBSERVER/SNIPER COURSE, WHICH INFORMED HIS APPLICATION AND ACCEPTANCE TO THE TACTICAL UNIT IN LETHBRIDGE. CARSCADDEN DESCRIBED HIS USE OF THESE SUNGLASSES AS SUCH: “EYEWEAR IS PROTECTION FOR WHEN YOU ARE DOING ENTRIES, SO YOU DON’T GET ANY PARTICULATE STUFF IN YOUR EYES… IF YOU HAVE TO OUT THROUGH A WINDOW OR A DOOR… THESE ARE GLASSES THAT I’D HAVE, MADE TO NOT GET FOGGED UP. I DRILLED HOLES IN THESE ONES, SO [THEY ARE A] MAKESHIFT PIECE OF GEAR… NOW THEY HAVE DEDICATED TACTICAL GLASSES THAT ARE ANTI-FOG… BALLISTIC GOGGLES [HAVE] DRASTICALLY IMPROVED THE PROTECTION FOR THE OFFICER’S FACES…THAT’S THE CHANGE THAT I’VE SEEN WITH GEAR AND EQUIPMENT. IT’S GOT MORE SPECIALIZED AND PURPOSEFUL FOR THE OFFICER.” ON JULY 28, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED SGT. CARSCADDEN ABOUT HIS SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT. CARSCADDEN SAID: “FIRST OF ALL, I JUST WENT AS A QUARRY… ALL DIFFERENT SPECIALTY UNITS THAT HAVE SOME KIND OF TACTICAL SCENARIO LIKE TO HAVE QUARRIES TO [HELP TRAIN THEM] TO DO THEIR JOB BETTER, SO I THOUGHT ‘I’LL GO WORK AS A QUARRY TO SHOW THEM I’M INTERESTED’. A QUARRY IS GENERALLY A BAD GUY – YOU PRETEND YOU’RE HIDING, OR MOVING OR YELLING OR RUNNING AWAY AND TRYING TO EVADE THEM, AND THEY ARE TRYING TO CAPTURE YOU… IT TOOK A COUPLE OF YEARS, BUT I WAS FORTUNATE ENOUGH… IN THE MOVEMENT OF THE TEAM THAT THERE WERE [POSITIONS OPEN]… THERE IS A PHYSICAL, AND INTERVIEW, SOME TESTS… I WENT THROUGH AND STUDIED, AND DID THE BEST THAT I COULD… MAKING SURE YOU ARE IN GOOD PHYSICAL SHAPE BECAUSE YOU ARE CARRYING AN EXTRA 50 POUNDS OF GEAR… THAT’S JUST THE GEAR THAT YOU ARE CARRYING ON YOURSELF, NOT A RAM OR DIFFERENT TYPE OF EQUIPMENT THAT YOU MIGHT BE MOVING INTO PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS… I WAS AROUND 35 [YEARS OLD]. I WAS AN OLDER GUY APPLYING FOR THIS POSITION, BUT I WAS IN GOOD SHAPE AND HAD SOME GOOD EXPERIENCES THAT MADE ME COMPETITIVE, SO I DON’T THINK YOUR AGE TAKES YOU OUT OF THE EQUATION IF YOU ARE REALLY DETERMINED.” CARSCADDEN CONTINUED: “I’VE HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT POSITIONS WITHIN [THE TACTICAL] UNIT… I STARTED OFF AS AN ASSAULTER… THE PERSON WHO CARRIES ALL THE GEAR, SO YOU’RE IN THE BACK… THE LAST PERSON THAT COMES IN. IT’S A GOOD POSITION TO START OFF WITH. IT MAKES IT SAFER FOR WHEN YOU’RE GOING INTO THESE HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENTS… FROM THERE I WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE OBSERVER, THEN A SNIPER, THEN FROM THERE… A BREECHER. SO YOU ARE BREECHING DOORS AND WINDOWS. [THEN] I WENT TO THE FRONT OF THE TACTICAL LINE-UP, WHICH IS THE SCOUT… THEN THE LAST SIX YEARS THAT I WAS ON THE TACTICAL TEAM, I WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE, THE TEAM LEADER… AND I WAS RUNNING OPERATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR CANINE UNIT AND OUR EXPLOSIVES DISPOSAL UNIT… THE TRAINING IS REALLY GOOD. [THE TEAM] TRAINS EVERY TWO WEEKS, AND DO LOTS OF MOVEMENTS AND SHOOTING AND TACTICS. IT’S A PERISHABLE SKILL, THAT IF YOU DON’T REPEAT AND PRACTICE IT ALL THE TIME, IT DIMINISHES… PRACTICE IS IMPORTANT. IT ALLOWS YOU TO BE BETTER AT YOUR GAME... YOU NEED TO HAVE A MINDSET [OF] BEING NOT ONLY PHYSICALLY TOUGH, BUT MENTALLY TOUGH, WHEN YOU DEAL WITH THINGS IN A HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENT… YOU’VE GOT TO HAVE A LITTLE BIT OF DRIVE TO GET YOU THROUGH THINGS.” CARSCADDEN CONCLUDED: “ONE OF THE THINGS I’M PROUD OF ON THE TACTICAL SIDE IS THAT I WAS THE OFFICER WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING LESS LETHAL CAPABILITY TO THE TEAM… [WE] MAKE THE DIFFERENCE IN SAVING SOMEBODY’S LIFE. WE HELP THEM THROUGH THAT TIME OF NEED… WE HAVE ESTABLISHED WHERE, IN THE PAST IF THAT PERSON COULD HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN SHOT AND INJURED, IF NOT FATALLY SHOT, THAT PERSON NOW CAN BE DEALT WITH A LESS LETHAL MEANS… WE ARE ABLE TO RESTRAIN, ARREST, WITH THESE LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES. THAT MAKES THE DIFFERENCE FOR THEM… THE EXPERIENCES THAT I HAD IN PEEL [SHOWED ME LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES] IN OPERATION AND HOW IT WORKED… THEY WERE ONE OF THE FIRST SERVICES IN CANADA TO HAVE THE RUBBER BULLET… WHEN YOU’RE LOOKING AT DIFFERENT TACTICS AND HOW YOU CAN DO IT BETTER, THAT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I RECOGNIZED, THAT [LETHBRIDGE] COULD BRING THIS ON. IT WOULD BE BETTER FOR OUR TEAM AND OUR COMMUNITY: AS OPPOSED TO SHOOTING SOMEBODY AND STOPPING THEM THAT WAY, WE COULD USE THE [RUBBER BULLET] OR BEANBAG ROUND AND THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO HELP STOP THESE PEOPLE [BUT] SAVE THEIR LIVES… IT REALLY OPENS PEOPLE’S EYES WHEN THEY SEE THAT THERE’S A LOT OF OTHER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO PUT IN PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS. AND WHEN PEOPLE SEE THERE’S ANOTHER WAY OF DOING BUSINESS, IT’S HELPFUL FOR US TO PROGRESS AND PUSH FORWARD… THESE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT ARE HERE TO ALLOW US TO KEEP THINGS CONTROLLED AND TO MAKE US DO OUR JOB BETTER… I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE INVOLVED WITH A VERY SPECIALIZED UNIT AND I’M VERY PROUD OF IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100050002
Acquisition Date
2010-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PERSUADER OR COME-ALONG
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL PLATING
Catalogue Number
P19662209000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PERSUADER OR COME-ALONG
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL PLATING
No. Pieces
1
Height
29.5
Width
8.3
Description
CHAIN WITH "T" SHAPED SOLID PIECE AT EACH END. SHAPED WITH GROOVE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CHAIN IS WRAPPED AROUND WRIST, "T" PIECES FIT IN EACH OTHER & ARE TWISTED TO "PERSUADE" AN INDIVIDUAL TO FOLLOW A POLICE OFFICER. RETIRED POLICE CHIEF JIM CARPENTER SAYS THIS TYPE OF HANDCUFF WAS USED BY LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE BEFORE MORE FAMILIAR MODERN HANDCUFF ADOPTED. ***** UPDATE: COPY BELOW WAS RESEARCHED AND WRITTEN FOR SUBMISSION TO LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ON 15 APRIL 2013, RELATED TO THE MUSEUM’S WHAT’S IT FEATURE. REFERENCES TO THE ARTIFACT’S REPRESENTATIONAL USE BY THE LATE, RETIRED CHIEF OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE JIM CARPENTER CAN BE FOUND ON PAGES 83 AND 104 OF HIS BOOK THE BADGE AND THE BLOTTER. RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED BY MUSEUM VOLUNTEER KIRSTEN CHRISTOPHERSON. “COME-ALONGS” (ALSO KNOWN AS “CHAIN GRIPS” OR “CHAIN NIPPERS”) ARE AN EARLY FORM OF POLICE RESTRAINT USED FROM THE LATE 19TH TO MID 20TH CENTURY. THE LATE POLICE CHIEF JIM CARPENTER WROTE IN HIS BOOK THE BADGE AND THE BLOTTER THAT, WHEN HE BEGAN HIS CAREER WITH LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE IN 1940, HE WAS ISSUED “COME-ALONG CHAINS” AMONGST OTHER THINGS. COME-ALONGS HAVE TWO “T” SHAPED HANDLES, THE LARGER OF WHICH IS INSET, ALLOWING FOR ONE “T” HANDLE TO BE INSERTED INTO THE OTHER. TO USE A COME-ALONG, AN OFFICER WRAPPED THE CHAIN COMPONENT OF THE HANDCUFF AROUND ONE OF THE DETAINEE’S WRISTS, COMBINING AND TWISTING THE NOW INTERLOCKED HANDLE, THEREBY SHORTENING THE CHAIN. THIS SHORTENING ACTION CAUSED DISCOMFORT AND PAIN FOR THE DETAINEE, PERSUADING HIM OR HER TO “COME-ALONG” BY FORCE. ONE CAN IMAGINE THE ISSUES OFFICERS FACED USING COME-ALONGS, AS IT ONLY CONTROLLED ONE OF THE DETAINEE’S TWO HANDS. THE RESTRAINT “TOOL” WAS EVENTUALLY DISCARDED BY POLICE AS THE TRADITIONAL HANDCUFF ROSE IN PROMINENCE. THIS CHANGE PROVIDED INCREASED SAFETY AND PEACE OF MIND FOR BOTH OFFICERS AND THEIR DETAINEES.
Catalogue Number
P19662209000
Acquisition Date
1966-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DROP LEG HOLSTER W/ BATON HOLDER, “CAT”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC, VELCRO
Catalogue Number
P20100048002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DROP LEG HOLSTER W/ BATON HOLDER, “CAT”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC, VELCRO
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.5
Length
50
Width
67.5
Description
PIECE OF BLACK NYLON FOLDED INTO A TRIANGULAR SHAPED POCKET WITH A FLAP CLOSURE AND PLASTIC BUCKLE CLASP. TWO BLACK WOVEN NYLON STRAPS ARE SEWN HORIZONTALLY TO BACK OF POCKET WITH PLASTIC BUCKLES AT THEIR ENDS. TWO BLACK WOVEN NYLON STRAPS ARE SEWN VERTICALLY TO THE UPPER BACK OF POCKET AND CONNECTED TO A RECTANGULAR BLACK NYLON SLEEVE. LOOSE ENDS OF STRAPS ARE TAPED DOWN WITH BLACK DUCT TAPE. PIECE OF BLACK VELCRO GLUED TO BACK OF POCKET, WITH EXCESS GLUE RESIDUE VISIBLE AROUND EDGES. INSIDE OF FLAP IS MARKED WITH LETTER “ C A T” IN WHITE INK. MINOR WEAR ALONG OUTER SEAMS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS DROP LEG HOLSTER WAS USED BY MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT. SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012, DESCRIBED THE USE OF THIS HOLSTER AS SUCH: “THIS IS ONE OF THE HOLSTERS FROM THE TACTICAL TEAM… I CAN SEE BY THE STYLE OF IT THAT IT IS LIKE ONE THAT I HAD… LOOKS LIKE [THE OFFICER] HAD DONE SOME MODIFICATIONS TO THAT, WHICH MAKES TOTAL SENSE, WHERE THEY’VE GOT THE GLUE [AND VELCRO] ON THERE… TO MAKE IT MORE RETENTIVE, SO IT STICKS TO YOU [AND] DOESN’T MOVE AROUND… THE DEXTERITY THAT YOU [NEED], EVEN WITH GLOVES ON, THIS WOULD BE A PRETTY DIFFICULT THING TO TRY TO GET [A WEAPON] OUT OF. YOU [HAVE TO] UNDO THE FLAP, AND THEN YOU GRAB YOUR PISTOL. THE NEW HOLSTERS, YOU JUST [HIT THE SIDE]. THERE’S A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES TO GET THE PISTOL OUT A LITTLE BIT QUICKER, AND IF YOU HAVE GLOVES ON, IT’S WAY EASIER… BUT GENERALLY ALL PISTOLS ARE SECONDARY WEAPONS IN TACTICAL OPERATIONS.” FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT SGT. CARSCADDEN’S SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT, SEE RECORD P20100050001. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20100050001-GA FOR FULL CARSCADDEN INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100048002
Acquisition Date
2010-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE HOSE JACKET
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010013
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE HOSE JACKET
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2005
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
20.0
Length
32.9
Width
15.3
Description
RED METAL FIRE HOSE JACKET. EMBOSSED ON BOTH SIDES WITH “AKRON 77”. EACH END OF THE HOSE JACKET IS OPEN, TO ALLOW A HOSE TO GO THROUGH THE JACKET. HOSE JACKET IS HINGED ON THE TOP, HAS A HANDLE ON THE BOTTOM, AND ALSO OPENS FROM THE BOTTOM. A HINGED RECTANGULAR PIECE LIFTS UP TO ALLOW THE JACKET TO BE OPENED AND REVEALS THREE SQUARE OPENINGS. THERE ARE THREE SETS OF TWO RECTANGLES THAT FORM THREE SQUARES. WHEN CLOSED, THIS LARGE RECTANGLE WITH THREE SQUARE OPENINGS FITS OVER THE THREE RECTANGLE PAIRS. WHEN OPEN, THE JACKET REVEALS A BLACK RUBBER LINING. EMBOSSED ONTO THE RUBBER: “AKRON STYLE 77 HOSE JACKET LINER. - TO REPLACE LINER - 1. LIFT DOVETAILS FROM DOVETAIL SLOTS. 2. SQUEEZE SIDES OF LINER TOGETHER. 3. PULL LINER FROM HOUSING. 4. INSERT ONE END OF NEW LINER OVER PINS IN BOTTOM END OF HOUSING. 5. INSERT OTHER END OF LINER OVER PINS AT OPPOSITE END OF HOUSING. 6. INSERT DOVETAILS INTO DOVETAIL SLOTS. 7-29-011” ONE SIDE HAS A “Q1” STICKER ABOVE THE “N” IN “AKRON” STRUCTURALLY IN GOOD CONDITION, BUT THE FINISH IS VERY WORN AND HAS FLAKED OFF IN MANY PLACES. THE FINISH IS LOOSE AND CONTINUES TO FLAKE OFF.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS FIRE HOSE JACKET WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THIS JACKET IS A “HINGED TWO PART DEVICE TO BE PLACED OVER OR ON A 65MM HOSE LINE THAT HAS A LEAK IN IT. IT HAS RUBBER SEALS ON THE ENDS TO KEEP THE WATER IN. IT WAS KEPT ON EVERY FIRE ENGINE. WE STOPPED USING THEM WHEN WE REGULARLY STARTED TESTING HOSES AND FOUND LEAKY HOSES BEFORE A FIRE. SO [WE] NO LONGER HAD USE FOR THEM.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004) AND TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994). BROWN ADDED THAT HOSES GET “RAGGED AND TATTERED, DRAGGED ALONG THE PAVEMENT AND DRAGGED ALONG THE CURBS, [WHICH] WEARS IT OUT. IF THE HOSE EVER BURSTS, RATHER THAN CHANGING THE HOSE, BECAUSE SOMETIMES TO CHANGE A HOSE YOU’VE GOT TO PUT TWO HOSES ON AND SHUT THE WATER OFF, AND IF THE GUYS AREN’T THERE, OR THEY’RE IN THE BUILDING, YOU CAN’T SHUT THE WATER OFF, SO THAT JUST GOES OVER LIKE A SLEEVE AND CLAMPS DOWN.” LAZENBY ELABORATED, SAYING: “THE USE WAS THAT ANY TIME YOU’RE FLOWING WATER UNDER PRESSURE, THERE IS A POSSIBILITY THAT SOMETHING IS GOING TO BURST … SO YOU WOULD HAVE A BURST HOSE LENGTH. AND IF IT WASN’T IRREPARABLY DAMAGED OR IF THERE WAS A LEAK FROM A CERTAIN AREA OF THE HOSE, THIS HAD A RUBBER LINER THAT WAS BUILT IN EXACTLY LIKE A PERFECT CIRCLE THAT YOU WOULD BASICALLY ENCAPSULATE THE LEAK INSIDE OF THIS HOSE JACKET … NOWADAYS IF WE HAVE A BURST LENGTH, WE JUST REPLACE THE LENGTH. WE’LL SHUT THAT HOSE LINE DOWN; WE’LL TAKE TWO LENGTHS TO REPLACE ONE BECAUSE SOMETIMES AS HOSES ARE DAMAGED, THEY’LL CUT 8 FEET OFF … SO YOU HAVE A 42 FOOT HOSE INSTEAD OF 50 FEET … [WHICH LEAVES YOU] SHORT, SO THAT’S WHY YOU ALWAYS TAKE TWO LENGTHS TO REPLACE ONE … I THINK ONE OF THE REASONS WE WENT AWAY FROM THESE IS THAT WE HAVE A VERY STRINGENT HOSE TESTING PROCESS IN PLACE NOW. OUR HOSES GET TESTED EVERY YEAR TO THEIR MAXIMUM OPERATING PRESSURE AND BEYOND TO MAKE SURE THAT THEY CAN WITHSTAND PRESSURES THAT WE PUT THROUGH THEM … I WANT TO SAY THAT THOSE WERE ON THE TRUCKS ALMOST UP TO 10 YEARS AFTER I STARTED, SO UP TO A DOZEN YEARS AGO WE STILL SAW THESE [IN SERVICE].” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010013
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLICE WINTER JACKET
Date Range From
1995
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20080008016
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLICE WINTER JACKET
Date Range From
1995
Date Range To
2007
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, METAL
No. Pieces
2
Length
89.0
Width
88.5
Description
NAVY ZIP UP WINTER COAT WITH ZIP OUT INNER LAYER - 2 PIECES. 1. INNER COAT - NAVY BLUE POLYESTER ZIP-UP COAT. COAT IS FILLED WITH INSULATING LAYER. BOTH SHOULDERS HAVE MATCHING PATCHES THAT DEPICT A CROWN OVER A SHIELD SURROUNDED BY LEAVES. TWO BANNERS STATE "LETHBRIDGE" AND "REGIONAL POLICE". UNDERNEATH THE BOTTOM BANNER IS A BEAVER. BELOW THAT IN COLD STITCHING IS "POLICE, LETHBRIDGE". A CANADIAN FLAG IS EMBROIDERED ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PATCH. THE WAIST IS ELASTICIZED WITH A VENT ZIPPER ON EITHER SIDE. JUST ABOVE WAIST IN FRONT OF COAT ARE TWO FLAP POCKETS WITH VELCRO CLOSURE. INSIDE TAG MARKED "TRIUM". 80.0 CM LONG BY 88.5 CM WIDE. 2. OUTER COAT. NAVY, ZIP-UP NYLON COAT. FRONT ZIPPER HAS AN OVERLAPPING SNAP CLOSURE. INSIDE ZIPPER FOR ZIP-IN LAYERS. TO VELCRO FLAPS ON FRONT, ONE MARKED "T. MCKENZIE" IN GOLD EMBROIDERY. TWO FLAP POCKETS WITH VELCRO CLOSURES ON BOTTOM FRONT OF JACKET. BOTH SHOULDERS HAVE MATCHING PATCHES THAT DEPICT A CROWN OVER A SHIELD SURROUNDED BY LEAVES. TWO BANNERS STATE "LETHBRIDGE" AND "REGIONAL POLICE". UNDERNEATH THE BOTTOM BANNER IS A BEAVER. BELOW THAT IN COLD STITCHING IS "POLICE, LETHBRIDGE". A CANADIAN FLAG IS EMBROIDERED ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PATCH. ELASTICIZED WAIST AND SLEEVES. ZIPPER ON BACK OF COLLAR OPENS TO REVEAL A HOOD. INSIDE TAG MARKED "TRIUM". 89.0 CM LONG BY 82.5 CM WIDE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS JACKET WAS OWNED BY CHIEF OF POLICE (2006 TO PRESENT, 2011), TOM MCKENZIE OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE (LRPS). ACCORDING TO INSPECTOR BILL KAYE, THIS TYPE OF COAT CAME INTO USE AROUND THE MID TO LATE 1990S. PRIOR TO THAT THEY WERE USING A NYLON PEA COAT. THIS TYPE OF COAT WAS SUPPOSED TO BE MORE VERSATILE SO IT COULD BE USED THROUGHOUT THE YEAR. THE LIGHTER LAYERS COULD BE WORN DURING THE SPRING WHILE THE LAYERS COULD BE COMBINED TO MAKE A WARM COAT IN THE WINTER. THEY ARE STILL USING A SIMILAR TYPE OF COAT BUT IT IS MADE BY A DIFFERENT COMPANY WITH NEWER MATERIALS. TOM MCKENZIE BEGAN WORKING WITH THE LRPS IN 1976 AND WORKED HIS WAY UP THROUGH THE RANKS TO BECOME CHIEF OF POLICE IN 2006. HE SAID, "STARTING OUT AS A CONSTABLE YOU'RE FOCUSED ON GETTING OUT ON THE STREET AND WORKING AND MAKING A DIFFERENCE IN THE COMMUNITY. AS YOU PROGRESS IN THAT YOU TAKE ON NEW CHALLENGES. THIS IS A TREMENDOUS OPPORTUNITY FOR ME TO TAKE ON ANOTHER CHALLENGE... TO GIVE BACK AGAIN TO A COMMUNITY AND TO A SERVICE THAT HAS TREATED ME VERY WELL THROUGHOUT MY WHOLE CAREER. " FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20080008016
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ATTIC LADDER
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010022
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ATTIC LADDER
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2010
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
314.2
Length
4.9
Width
33.5
Description
ADJUSTABLE LADDER, SIDE RAILS COME TOGETHER TO MAKE THE LADDER MORE COMPACT (LADDER IS ONLY 8.0CM WIDE WHEN THE SIDE RAILS ARE TOGETHER). SILVER COLOURED METAL, WITH ORANGE PAINT, BLACK RUBBER, AND EIGHT RUNGS. ANTI-SLIP SAFETY SHOE ON THE BOTTOM OF BOTH SIDE RAILS. SAFETY SHOE IS BLACK RUBBER ON THE BOTTOM, WITH A PATTERN OF 10 CIRCLES PER SHOE BOTTOM. METAL TEETH ON THE FRONT OF THE SHOE. SHOES ARE ADJUSTABLE, BUT ARE VERY STIFF. BRACE COMES UP FROM THE BOTTOM AND LOCKS TO PREVENT LADDER RAILS FROM COLLAPSING BACK TOGETHER. BOTTOM OF LADDER HAS A 54.5CM SECTION OF BRIGHT ORANGE PAINT AND TOP HAS A 46.0CM SECTION OF BRIGHT ORANGE PAINT. TOP OF ONE RAIL HAS A BLACK RUBBER TOPPER. SMALL BLACK STICKER AT BOTTOM “P1” WITH SEVERAL STICKERS ON THE OPPOSITE RAIL: A ROUGHLY OVAL SHAPED, RED, BLACK, AND SILVER STICKER: “THIS IS A DUO-SAFETY LADDER. DUO-SAFETY LADDER CORP 519 W 9TH AVE. OSHKOSH, WIS.”; THEN A RECTANGULAR RED STICKER WITH WHITE WRITING: “THIS LADDER IS CERTIFIED TO COMPLY WITH N.F.P.A. SPEC 1931-1832; CURRENT EDITION, FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT GROUND LADDERS AND OSHA FIRE LADDER REQUIREMENTS. REFER TO DUO-SAFETY LADDER SAFETY BOOK FOR CARE – USE – MAINTENANCE ON THIS LADDER. DUO-SAFETY LADDER CORP. OSHKOSH, WI 54901”; THEN A WHITE STICKER WITH GOLD WRITING: “10”. THERE IS ALSO A SILVER COLOURED STICKER WITH HANDWRITING ON THIS SAME RAIL, LOCATED BETWEEN THE FIRST AND SECOND RUNGS: “TEST DATE: 25 NOV 2006. LADDER #: ATTIC #18. APPARATUS #: P1. APPARATUS #: P1.” BOTH RAILS HAVE THE FOLLOWING STICKERS, AT ROUGHLY THE MID-POINT OF THE LADDER: RECTANGULAR, WHITE BACKGROUND, BLUE BORDER, BLACK WRITING: “DANGER. FAILURE TO USE, UNDERSTAND, AND FOLLOW PROPER LADDER USAGE INSTRUCTIONS AS MADE AVAILABLE BY DUO-SAFETY LADDER, N.F.P.A., I.S.F.S.I., A.N.S.I., O.S.H.A., ETC. COULD CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY AND/OR DEATH.” RECTANGULAR, WHITE BACKGROUND, BLACK BORDER AND WRITING: “DANGER. WATCH FOR WIRES. THIS LADDER CONDUCTS ELECTRICITY.” RECTANGULAR, YELLOW, WITH BLACK WRITING: CAUTION. SET UP LADDER PROPERLY TO REDUCE SLIP AND OVERHEAD HAZARDS. FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS. 1. PLACE TOES AGAINST BOTTOM OF LADDER SIDE RAILS. 2. STAND ERECT. 3. EXTEND ARMS STRAIGHT OUT. 4. PALMS OF HANDS SHOULD TOUCH TOP OF RUNG AT SHOULDER LEVEL. OUT -->” STICKER ON THE INSIDE OF FOURTH RUNG FROM THE BOTTOM: WHITE BACKGROUND, BLACK WRITING: “REMOVE LADDER FROM SERVICE AND TEST IF ANY HEAT SENSOR TURNS DARK -->” LADDER IS IN GOOD OVERALL CONDITION. ADJUSTABLE FEET ARE VERY STIFF. LOTS OF SCUFF MARKS ALL OVER LADDER AND SOME STICKERS HAVE BEEN PARTIALLY REMOVED/SCRATCHED.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS ATTIC LADDER WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE LADDER WAS “USED TO ACCESS ATTIC SPACES THROUGH SMALL ACCESS HOLES IN CEILINGS. USED WHEN WE DID NOT WANT TO PULL A CEILING DOWN AFTER A FIRE TO ENSURE THAT THE FIRE IN THE ATTIC WAS OUT.” HE CONTINUED SAYING THAT THIS LADDER WAS DECOMMISSIONED BECAUSE IT IS “OLD AND WORN OUT. ALL LADDERS MUST MEET MINIMUM ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED THAT THIS IS “WHAT WE CALL A LITTLE ATTIC LADDER, TO GET BACK INTO A TIGHT PLACE WHERE YOU COULDN’T BRING A BIG LADDER IN … YOU COULD GET IT UP INTO THE ATTIC SO YOU COULD CHECK WHAT WAS IN THE ATTIC.” LAZENBY ELABORATED: “THIS IS A FOLDING ATTIC LADDER … THE RUNGS THAT SEPARATE THE TWO BEAM SECTIONS ARE ACTUALLY HINGED IN NATURE AND SO IT FOLDS UP AND FITS IN, TYPICALLY, A LITTLE COMPARTMENT ON THE BACK END OF THE TRUCK BECAUSE [THEY] HAVE SOME LONG, LATERAL STORAGE THERE. THESE SURPRISINGLY GET USED A FAIR AMOUNT, STILL.” HE CONTINUED SAYING “THEY’RE NARROW ENOUGH THAT THEY’RE ALMOST DIFFICULT TO CLIMB WITH YOUR BIG FIRE BOOTS ON.” LAZENBY EXPLAINED THAT THE LADDERS IN USE PRESENTLY ARE VERY SIMILAR TO THIS MODEL: “YOU CAN TELL BY LOOKING AT IT IT’S AN OLDER PIECE BUT THE CONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIALLY THE SAME. THEY MIGHT BE USING SLIGHTLY LIGHTER MATERIALS NOW, BUT FROM WHAT I CAN SEE, THEY’RE BASICALLY THE SAME.” HE ADDED THAT HE WAS OFTEN THE ONE USING THE LADDER: “BECAUSE I WAS NEVER ONE OF THE BIGGER GUYS ON THE JOB, AND ESPECIALLY WHEN I STARTED I WAS PROBABLY TWENTY POUNDS LIGHTER THAN I AM NOW, IF THEY NEEDED SOMEONE TO GET INTO A SMALLER SPACE, I WAS THAT GUY, TYPICALLY, BECAUSE WHEN YOU WEIGHT 250 [POUNDS] AND YOU THROW THE SCBA ON AND ALL THE EQUIPMENT, IT’S DEFINITELY TOUGH FOR SOME OF THOSE GUYS TO GET THROUGH THAT ACCESS. SO, YES, I’VE BEEN IN MY FAIR SHARE OF ATTICS AND THAT’S THE ONLY MEANS TO GET UP THERE.” LAZENBY EXPLAINED THE IMPORTANCE OF USING THE LADDER: “ANY TIME A FIRE VENTS OUT OF A WINDOW AND TOUCHES ANY PART OF THE SOFFIT, IT’S INCUMBENT THAT YOU HAVE TO ABSOLUTELY CHECK THAT BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T AND YOU’RE OPERATING UNDERNEATH AN ATTIC FIRE, THAT’S A VERY, VERY UNSAFE PLACE TO BE.” DZUREN ADDED: “THAT’S A COLLAPSIBLE LADDER. IT’S KIND OF LIKE A SCISSOR TYPE OF LADDER. IT WAS VERY COMPACT, YOU COULD STORE IT ON ONE OF YOUR VEHICLES WITHOUT IT TAKING UP TOO MUCH ROOM … YOU’D CARRY THAT INTO YOUR HOUSE IF AN OFFICER WANTED YOU TO GO UP INTO AN ATTIC … IT WAS EASY TO TRANSPORT AND ONCE YOU GOT IT INTO THE OPENING YOU COULD JUST GIVE IT A SWITCH AND IT WOULD OPEN UP AND YOU COULD JUST CLIMB RIGHT UP TO THE SPOT THERE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010022
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“VICTIM / WITNESS SERVICES”
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2008
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20100048004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“VICTIM / WITNESS SERVICES”
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2008
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.75
Length
49
Width
4.75
Description
LOOP OF NAVY WOVEN NYLON CORD WITH BLACK PLASTIC CLASP AT ONE END AND HINGED METAL CLIP AT OPPOSITE END. REPEATING TEXT PRINTED IN WHITE RUNS ALONG THE LENGTH OF THE CORD, READING “LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE” AND “VICTIM / WITNESS SERVICES”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS LANYARD WAS INITIALLY SOLICITED AS A LOAN FOR THE 2008 EXHIBIT ‘BADGE MEETS BIBLE’. AT THAT TIME, RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTO THE HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE’S CHAPLAINCY PROGRAM AND THE VICTIM/WITNESS SERVICES UNIT. VICTIM/WITNESS SERVICES WAS FOUNDED IN 1991, AND TOOK OVER SOME OF THE DUITES PREVIOUSLY PERFORMED BY POLICE CHAPLAINS WHEN THE CHAPLAINCY PROGRAM WAS DISBANDED IN 1997. DURING THE LATE 1990S VICTIMS’ SERVICES UNITS WERE BECOMING FAIRLY COMMON WITH POLICE SERVICES ACROSS THE COUNTRY. OVER A ONE-YEAR PERIOD IN 1994, THE LETHBRIDGE UNIT’S VOLUNTEERS HANDLED 747 FILES WHICH INCLUDED THE PROVISION OF SUPPORT SERVICES FOR THE VICTIMS AND FAMILIES OF ASSAULT, MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS, BREAK-INS, ROBBERIES AND SUICIDE. TODAY’S VICTIM/WITNESS SERVICES PROGRAM PROVIDES, AMONG OTHER THINGS, AN EMPATHETIC EAR, PERSONAL VISITS TO HOMES AND HOSPITALS, REFERRALS, AND COURT PREPARATION INFORMATION. THE UNIT IS FUNDED IN PART BY THE ALBERTA SOLICITOR-GENERAL AND THE CITY OF LETHRBIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR BROCHURES PRODUCED BY VICTIM/WITNESS SERVICES.
Catalogue Number
P20100048004
Acquisition Date
2010-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010015
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2005
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
19.0
Length
24.8
Width
16.6
Diameter
9.0
Description
ADJUSTABLE SILVER COLOURED METAL WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE. CENTRAL CYLINDRICAL PORTION HAS A COUPLING ON ONE END, THROUGH WHICH BLACK RUBBER IS VISIBLE. THE OPPOSITE END HAS A CAP ON THE END OF THE CYLINDER. THIS CAP HAS A SMALL KNOB, WHICH HAS A VERY SHORT PIECE OF THIN CHAIN ATTACHED. COMING OUT FROM THE TOP OF THE CLYINDER IS THE DUAL-ADJUSTABLE NOZZLE: A 90 DEGREE FITTING ALLOWS THE NOZZLE TO ROTATE HORIZONTALLY AND HAS A BOLT THAT CAN BE TIGHTENED TO PREVENT FURTHER ROTATION; THE SECOND COMPONENT ROTATES VERTICALLY AND IS ROUGHLY SHAPED LIKE A THUMBLESS MITTEN AND AN 11CM LONG SLIT THAT ALLOWS THE WATER TO SPRAY OUT. BELOW THE NOZZLE, COMING OUT FROM THE SIDES OF THE CYLINDER, IS A ROUGHLY TRIANGULAR SHAPED PORTION, WHICH GOES UNDER THE CYLINDER AND HAS TWO SMALL BOLTS ON THE VERY BOTTOM. EACH OF THE ARMS OF THIS TRIANGULAR SHAPE HAVE A RED STRIPE, WITH ONE HAVING A STICKER OF "Q1" IN THE RED STRIPE. OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE SILVER FINISH ON THE METAL HAS FLAKED OFF, ESPECIALLY ON THE EDGES/CORNERS, AROUND THE COVER WITH THE SMALL PIECE OF CHAIN AND AROUND THE COUPLING. THE RED STRIPES HAVE PARTIALLY SCRATCHED OFF. THE "Q1" STICKER IS LOOSE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED IN 1959, RETIRED 1992), AND RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998). BROWN RECALLED “THAT’S JUST A KIND OF SPRAY CURTAIN BETWEEN BUILDINGS. I DON’T EVER REMEMBER USING IT. THAT’S WHAT IT IS. IF ONE BUILDING IS ON FIRE, AND YOU WANT TO TRY AND SAVE THE OTHER BUILDING, YOU PUT IT ON THERE, JUST KIND OF A BIG WALL OF SPRAY, AND THAT WOULD KEEP THE OTHER BUILDING SAFE.” LAZENBY ADDED: “THIS IS CALLED A CURTAIN NOZZLE AND THE IDEA BEHIND THIS NOZZLE WAS … FOR EXPOSURE PROTECTION. AND, WHAT I MEAN BY THAT IS, IF YOU HAVE A HOUSE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE STREET THAT’S ON FIRE AND THE FIRE IS VENTING OUT THE WINDOWS ON ONE SIDE, THE HOUSE THAT IS IMMEDIATELY EXPOSED TO THAT HOUSE THAT’S ON FIRE, WE CONSIDER THAT AN EXPOSURE HAZARD … THE BEST WAY TO STOP HEAT FROM TRANSFERRING RADIANTLY FROM HOUSE A TO HOUSE B WAS TO PUT UP A STREAM OF WATER IN BETWEEN THE HOUSES … IT DIDN’T WORK VERY WELL WHEN IT WAS WINDY AND UNFORTUNATELY WITH THE WINDS THAT WE GET AROUND HERE IT BECAME INEFFECTIVE AT TIMES, AND IT ALSO WASN’T VERY STABLE. IF YOU PUMPED THIS THING TO MORE THAN ABOUT 60 POUNDS PER SQUARE INCH AT THIS NOZZLE, IT BECAME UNSTABLE AND IT WOULD FLIP OVER … THE IDEA AND THE CONCEPT WAS EXCELLENT … BUT I THINK [IN THE END] IT DIDN’T WORK AS WELL AS WHAT WAS HOPED.” LAZENBY CONTINUED, STATING THAT THE NOZZLES WERE “DEFINITELY ON THE TRUCKS WHEN I STARTED … [AND THAT] SOMEWHERE AROUND 2005” THEY WERE REMOVED FROM THE TRUCKS AND REPLACED WITH A “BLITZ FIRE NOZZLE”. HE RECALLED THAT THE WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE WAS USEFUL: “I SAW IT DEPLOYED. WE DID USE IT. AND AS FAR AS EFFICACY, IT’S HARD TO KNOW REALLY WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED IF IT HADN’T BEEN THERE, SO, DID IT DO ITS JOB? YES, IT DID. THEY WERE JUST A LITTLE BIT TOO FINICKY AND JUST MAYBE DIDN’T WORK QUITE AS WELL AS THE NEWER TECHNOLOGY THAT WAS COMING ON THE MARKET.” PETIT ADDED THAT THE WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE WAS “JUST LIKE A SPRINKLER SYSTEM … YOU COULD PUT THAT BETWEEN THE TWO [CLOSE TOGETHER] BUILDINGS SO YOU COULD PROTECT THE OTHER ONE … I’VE SEEN IT USED, NOT IN A FIRE, BUT IN DRILLS … IT PROBABLY CAME IN AFTER [I STARTED IN THE 1960S] BUT LIKE I SAY, THE ONLY TIME I’VE EVER USED IT WAS WHEN WE HAD SOME DRILLS.” DZUREN RECALLED AN EARLIER VERSION: "I DON’T RECALL EVER USING THAT. NOW, THERE’S ANOTHER ONE THAT’S … GOT THESE LEGS SITTING HERE LIKE THAT [AND] YOU WOULD SET THAT ON THE GROUND. NOW IF THAT WAS TO HOOK UP A HOSE, THIS COULD BE SOMETHING WHERE YOU COULD HAVE A CONSTANT SPRAY GOING OUT. SAY IF THERE’S A FIRE THERE, AND YOU WANT TO PROTECT AN EXPOSURE CLOSE BY, AND THE FACT THAT THIS TRIPOD THERE, TO HAVE IT SITTING STEADY ON THE GROUND, AND THE SPRAY WOULD COME OUT OF THERE, THAT’S ALL THAT COMES TO MIND." "WE HAD A FIRE DOWN TOWN HERE, IT WAS THE OLD SAAN STORES ON THIS STREET, AND THERE WAS A FIRE IN THE UPPER STORY, AND WE, THERE WERE POWER LINES AND TRANSFORMERS RIGHT IN THE ALLEY, AND WE SET UP WHAT WE CALL A CURTAIN NOZZLE, AND IT WAS BASICALLY, BUT IT DIDN’T LOOK LIKE THAT, IT WAS BASICALLY THAT, BUT IT WAS A FLAT PIECE OF BRASS ABOUT THAT LONG WITH HOLES IN IT, AND WE PUT THAT ON SO IT WOULD BE A SPRAY GOING UP FAIRLY HIGH, I THINK IT WENT PROBABLY TWENTY-FIVE, THIRTY FEET HIGH. ONCE YOU PUT THE TWO AND A HALF INCH NOZZLE ON THERE WITH THE HIGH PRESSURE TO PROTECT THE TRANSFORMERS FROM HEAT, FROM THE BUILDING THAT WAS BURNING. NOW, THAT’S THE ONLY THING I CAN THINK OF, OF WHAT THAT MIGHT BE, BUT I DON’T, I DON’T REMEMBER THAT…” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010015
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SET, “ROLLERBLADE”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P20100050001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SET, “ROLLERBLADE”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2010
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON, FOAM
No. Pieces
2
Height
8
Length
25.5
Width
97
Description
PAIR OF BLACK ROUND PLASTIC SHIELDS MOUNTED TO BLACK PADDED COTTON SLEEVES. BACKING OF SLEEVES IS ELASTICIZED. STRIPS OF VELCRO ARE SEWN TO THE FRONT OF SLEEVES ABOVE AND BELOW PLASTIC SHIELDS. EACH SLEEVE HAS TWO BLACK WOVEN ELASTICIZED STRAPS WITH GREY STRIPES, ATTACHED AT TOP AND BOTTOM. ENDS OF STRAPS HAVE WHITE LABELS READING “ROLLERBLADE”, AND VELCRO SEWN TO OPPOSITE SIDES. SCUFFS AND GENERAL WEAR ON THE PLASTIC SHIELDS, AND WEAR ALONG EDGES OF FABRIC AND VELCRO. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
SPORTS EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE KNEE PADS WERE USED BY SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012. CARSCADDEN JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE IN 1997, AFTER WORKING WITH THE PEEL REGIONAL POLICE SERVICES IN THE GREATER TORONTO AREA FROM 1988 TO 1997. DURING HIS CAREER IN PEEL, CARSCADDEN RECEIVED SPECIAL TRAINING, INCLUDING COMPLETING THE FBI’S OBSERVER/SNIPER COURSE, WHICH INFORMED HIS APPLICATION AND ACCEPTANCE TO THE TACTICAL UNIT IN LETHBRIDGE. CARSCADDEN DESCRIBED HIS USE OF THESE KNEE PADS AS SUCH: “I PUT THEM ON AND I WEAR THEM UNDERNEATH MY PANTS… THEY PROTECT YOUR KNEES. IF YOU’RE ON AN UNSTABLE PLATFORM, YOU NEED YOUR KNEES. AND THE MORE PROTECTION WE CAN MAKE FOR OURSELVES, THE LONGER YOU CAN LAST IN DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTS… THESE ONES I BOUGHT AT THE SKATEBOARD SHOP… NOW, THEY HAVE [PROPER] TACTICAL KNEEPADS. THAT’S THE CHANGE THAT I’VE SEEN WITH GEAR AND EQUIPMENT. IT’S GOT MORE SPECIALIZED AND PURPOSEFUL FOR THE OFFICER.” ON JULY 28, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED SGT. CARSCADDEN ABOUT HIS SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT. CARSCADDEN SAID: “FIRST OF ALL, I JUST WENT AS A QUARRY… ALL DIFFERENT SPECIALTY UNITS THAT HAVE SOME KIND OF TACTICAL SCENARIO LIKE TO HAVE QUARRIES TO [HELP TRAIN THEM] TO DO THEIR JOB BETTER, SO I THOUGHT ‘I’LL GO WORK AS A QUARRY TO SHOW THEM I’M INTERESTED’. A QUARRY IS GENERALLY A BAD GUY – YOU PRETEND YOU’RE HIDING, OR MOVING OR YELLING OR RUNNING AWAY AND TRYING TO EVADE THEM, AND THEY ARE TRYING TO CAPTURE YOU… IT TOOK A COUPLE OF YEARS, BUT I WAS FORTUNATE ENOUGH… IN THE MOVEMENT OF THE TEAM THAT THERE WERE [POSITIONS OPEN]… THERE IS A PHYSICAL, AND INTERVIEW, SOME TESTS… I WENT THROUGH AND STUDIED, AND DID THE BEST THAT I COULD… MAKING SURE YOU ARE IN GOOD PHYSICAL SHAPE BECAUSE YOU ARE CARRYING AN EXTRA 50 POUNDS OF GEAR… THAT’S JUST THE GEAR THAT YOU ARE CARRYING ON YOURSELF, NOT A RAM OR DIFFERENT TYPE OF EQUIPMENT THAT YOU MIGHT BE MOVING INTO PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS… I WAS AROUND 35 [YEARS OLD]. I WAS AN OLDER GUY APPLYING FOR THIS POSITION, BUT I WAS IN GOOD SHAPE AND HAD SOME GOOD EXPERIENCES THAT MADE ME COMPETITIVE, SO I DON’T THINK YOUR AGE TAKES YOU OUT OF THE EQUATION IF YOU ARE REALLY DETERMINED.” CARSCADDEN CONTINUED: “I’VE HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT POSITIONS WITHIN [THE TACTICAL] UNIT… I STARTED OFF AS AN ASSAULTER… THE PERSON WHO CARRIES ALL THE GEAR, SO YOU’RE IN THE BACK… THE LAST PERSON THAT COMES IN. IT’S A GOOD POSITION TO START OFF WITH. IT MAKES IT SAFER FOR WHEN YOU’RE GOING INTO THESE HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENTS… FROM THERE I WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE OBSERVER, THEN A SNIPER, THEN FROM THERE… A BREECHER. SO YOU ARE BREECHING DOORS AND WINDOWS. [THEN] I WENT TO THE FRONT OF THE TACTICAL LINE-UP, WHICH IS THE SCOUT… THEN THE LAST SIX YEARS THAT I WAS ON THE TACTICAL TEAM, I WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE, THE TEAM LEADER… AND I WAS RUNNING OPERATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR CANINE UNIT AND OUR EXPLOSIVES DISPOSAL UNIT… THE TRAINING IS REALLY GOOD. [THE TEAM] TRAINS EVERY TWO WEEKS, AND DO LOTS OF MOVEMENTS AND SHOOTING AND TACTICS. IT’S A PERISHABLE SKILL, THAT IF YOU DON’T REPEAT AND PRACTICE IT ALL THE TIME, IT DIMINISHES… PRACTICE IS IMPORTANT. IT ALLOWS YOU TO BE BETTER AT YOUR GAME... YOU NEED TO HAVE A MINDSET [OF] BEING NOT ONLY PHYSICALLY TOUGH, BUT MENTALLY TOUGH, WHEN YOU DEAL WITH THINGS IN A HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENT… YOU’VE GOT TO HAVE A LITTLE BIT OF DRIVE TO GET YOU THROUGH THINGS.” CARSCADDEN CONCLUDED: “ONE OF THE THINGS I’M PROUD OF ON THE TACTICAL SIDE IS THAT I WAS THE OFFICER WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING LESS LETHAL CAPABILITY TO THE TEAM… [WE] MAKE THE DIFFERENCE IN SAVING SOMEBODY’S LIFE. WE HELP THEM THROUGH THAT TIME OF NEED… WE HAVE ESTABLISHED WHERE, IN THE PAST IF THAT PERSON COULD HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN SHOT AND INJURED, IF NOT FATALLY SHOT, THAT PERSON NOW CAN BE DEALT WITH A LESS LETHAL MEANS… WE ARE ABLE TO RESTRAIN, ARREST, WITH THESE LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES. THAT MAKES THE DIFFERENCE FOR THEM… THE EXPERIENCES THAT I HAD IN PEEL [SHOWED ME LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES] IN OPERATION AND HOW IT WORKED… THEY WERE ONE OF THE FIRST SERVICES IN CANADA TO HAVE THE RUBBER BULLET… WHEN YOU’RE LOOKING AT DIFFERENT TACTICS AND HOW YOU CAN DO IT BETTER, THAT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I RECOGNIZED, THAT [LETHBRIDGE] COULD BRING THIS ON. IT WOULD BE BETTER FOR OUR TEAM AND OUR COMMUNITY: AS OPPOSED TO SHOOTING SOMEBODY AND STOPPING THEM THAT WAY, WE COULD USE THE [RUBBER BULLET] OR BEANBAG ROUND AND THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO HELP STOP THESE PEOPLE [BUT] SAVE THEIR LIVES… IT REALLY OPENS PEOPLE’S EYES WHEN THEY SEE THAT THERE’S A LOT OF OTHER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO PUT IN PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS. AND WHEN PEOPLE SEE THERE’S ANOTHER WAY OF DOING BUSINESS, IT’S HELPFUL FOR US TO PROGRESS AND PUSH FORWARD… THESE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT ARE HERE TO ALLOW US TO KEEP THINGS CONTROLLED AND TO MAKE US DO OUR JOB BETTER… I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE INVOLVED WITH A VERY SPECIALIZED UNIT AND I’M VERY PROUD OF IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100050001
Acquisition Date
2010-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TURNOUT PANTS / BUNKER PANTS
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, COTTON, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20150010020
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TURNOUT PANTS / BUNKER PANTS
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
2000
Materials
CANVAS, COTTON, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Length
170.5
Width
61.0
Description
FIREMAN'S TURNOUT PANTS OR BUNKER PANTS. OUTER SHELL, SUSPENDERS, INNER LINER. DIMENSIONS ARE FROM TIP OF SUSPENDERS TO HEM AND WIDTH IS AT WAISTBAND. .A: OUTER SHELL. TAN CANVAS. HEM IS A PLASTICIZED FABRIC. FLORSCENT YELLOW AND SILVER REFLECTIVE STRIPE AT ANKLE. LINER KEPT IN PLACE AT HEM WITH TWO SNAPS: POSTS ON LINER, WITH THE CAPS ON SHORT PIECES OF BLACK NYLON STRAPPING, SEWN TO THE INSIDE OF THE SHELL'S LEG. REINFORCED KNEES AND TWO LARGE POCKETS ON OUTER THIGH AREA, EACH WITH A FLAP THAT CLOSES WITH VELCRO. PANTS CLOSE WITH A VELCRO CLOSURE, A SINGLE SILVER COLOURED SNAP, AND LARGE HOOK AND EYE, WITH THE HOOK AT THE WEARER'S RIGHT HIP AND A D-SHAPED EYE ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE FLY. HOOK IS AFFIXED TO PANTS WITH THREE SILVER COLOURED METAL RIVETS GOING THROUGH A PIECE OF BLACK LEATHER THAT THE HOOK IS SEWN ONTO. BLACK NYLON STRAPS ON THE WEARER'S HIP ALLOW PANTS TO BE ADJUSTED ONCE ON. BACK OF PANTS CONTINUES UP WEARER'S BACK FOR 14.5CM HIGHER THAN THE FRONT. INSIDE OF WAISTBAND IS NAVY BLUE AND THERE ARE NINE CAPS FOR THE SNAPS THAT ATTACH THE INNER LINER. INSIDE OF FLY LINED WITH BLACK PLASTICIZED MATERIAL. WHITE RECTANGULAR LABEL, WITH NAVY BLUE WRITING: "FIRE SERVICE MANAGEMENT. TEL: (403) 279-5095." BELOW IN RED: "C 5519". ON THE OUTSIDE OF THE PANTS, SIX SILVER COLOURED BUTTONS, WITH STAMPED "GLOBE" IN THE CENTRE ALLOW SUSPENDERS TO BE ATTACHED - FOUR ARE IN THE FRONT, WITH TWO IN THE BACK. .B: SUSPENDERS. RED WOVEN STRAPPING. VERY ENDS OF SUSPENDERS ARE FINISHED IN BLACK LEATHER, WITH EACH OF THE SIX ENDS HAVING A BUTTON HOLE. THE LEATHER PORTION IS SEWN ONTO ELASTICIZED RED STRAPPING. ON THE FRONT, THIS ELASTICIZED PORTION GOES THROUGH A BLACK PLASTIC D-RING, WHICH HAS NON-ELASTICIZED WOVEN STRAPPING ON THE OTHER SIDE. EACH FRONT STRAP HAS A SECOND D-RING TO ALLOW ADJUSTMENT IN LENGTH. IN THE BACK, THE ELASTICIZED PORTION IS SEWN DIRECTLY ONTO THE WOVEN PORTION. STRAPS FORMA ROUGH 'H' SHAPE, WITH THE ELASTICIZED CROSS PIECE GOING ACROSS THE WEARER'S BACK AT THE SHOULDER AREA. SMALL LABEL NEAR THIS CROSS PIECE: "ASSEMBLED IN MEXICO". .C: INNER LINER. LIGHT BLUE/GREY COTTON FABRIC ON ONE SIDE, WITH A PLASTIC/COTTON OFF-WHITE FABRIC ON THE OTHER SIDE. THE STUDS OF NINE SNAPS GO AROUND THE WAISTBAND. LINER KEPT IN PLACE AT HEM WITH TWO SNAPS: POSTS ON LINER, WITH THE CAPS ON SHORT PIECES OF BLACK NYLON STRAPPING, SEWN TO THE INSIDE OF THE SHELL'S LEG. TWO LABELS, INSIDE WAIST AREA. INSIDE LEFT IS AN OFF-WHITE LABEL WITH RED WRITING, DETAILING PROPER USE OF GARMENT, TO ENSURE SAFETY. BEGINS: "DANGER. DO NOT USE THIS GARMENT IF YOU HAVE NOT READ AND UNDERSTOOD THE ENTIRE FEMSA OFFICIAL USER INFORMATION GUIDE AND ALL LABELS FOR STRUCTURAL FIRE FIGHTING PROTECTIVE GARMENT!" LABEL DETAILS PROPER USE AND ENDS: "COPYRIGHT 1996. FIRE AND EMERGENCY MANUFACTURES AND SERVICES ASSOCIATION, INC. DO NOT REMOVE LABEL." HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK INK, OVERTOP OF THE INITIAL WARNING: "2445617 LETHBRIDGE". ON THE INSIDE RIGHT SIDE IS A WHITE LABEL WITH RED WRITING, DETAILING THE TYPE OF PROTECTION THESE PANTS CAN PROVIDE, AS WELL AS WHAT THEY ARE MADE OUT OF. BEGINS: "GLOBE FIREFITERS SUITS. 37 LOUDON ROAD, PITTSFIELD, NEW HAMPSHIRE, U.S.A. 03263 TEL. 603-435-8323 * FAX: 603-435-6388. THIS GARMENT MEETS THE GARMENT REQUIREMENTS OF NFPA 1971, STANDARD ON PROTECTIVE ENSEMBLE FOR STRUCTURAL FIRE FIGHTING, 2000 EDITION. DO NOT REMOVE THIS LABEL." THIS LABEL ALSO HAS A BLANK SPACES TO FILL IN FOR THE SIZE, LENGTH, CUT, SERIAL #, DATE, AND MODEL NUMBER. THE LABEL ENDS WITH: "IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION ASSOCIATION STANDARD ON PROTECTIVE ENSEMBLE FOR STRUCTURAL FIRE FIGHTING. NFPA 1971-2000." OVERALL IN GOOD CONDITION. PANTS ARE VERY WELL USED, WITH MANY BLACK STAINS, WHICH ARE ESPECIALLY BAD AT HEM AND KNEES, PARTICULARLY ON THE FRONT OF THE PANTS. RED SUSPENDERS HAVE SOME TEARS, ESPECIALLY IN THE WOVEN STRAPPING. ELASTICIZED STRAPS HAVE LOST SOME OF THEIR ELASTICITY.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE TURNOUT PANTS OR BUNKER PANTS WERE USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THIS COAT WOULD BE “WORN BY ALL FIREFIGHTERS WHEN FIGHTING STRUCTURE FIRES. MADE OF FIRE RESISTANT MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURED ACCORDING TO NATIONAL FIRE PROTECTION AGENCY (NFPA) AND CSA STANDARDS. STANDARDS CHANGE EVERY FIVE YEARS.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN SAID: “THESE ARE HIGH CLASS. THESE ARE NICE TURNOUTS. WHAT I HAD IN ’66 WAS JUST AN OLD BLACK CANVAS PANTS AND COAT – LITTLE BIT OF RUBBER LINING INSIDE, ORDINARY HOOKS LIKE THIS. THIS HERE’S GOT VELCRO ON IT; IT’S GOT HOOKS, IT’S GOT ZIPPERS, SORT OF A LINER IN IT FOR HEAT PROTECTION. THIS IS VERY MODERN COMPARED TO WHAT I HAD WHEN I STARTED.” LAZENBY ADDED: “THIS WAS AT LEAST ONE GENERATION AHEAD OF THE JACKET AND PANTS THAT I WAS ISSUED WHEN I WAS NEW. WHEN I WAS NEW, I GOT SECOND HAND TURNOUTS. I GOT STUFF THAT HAD BEEN USED FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS BEFOREHAND … MONEY WAS TIGHT IN THE MID-‘90S WITH COUNCIL AND THE GOVERNMENT PROVINCIALLY, BEING WHAT IT WAS, THERE WAS NOT A LOT TO GO AROUND. … THE HEALTH AND SAFETY MOVEMENT WASN’T AS STRONG THEN AS IT IS NOW. NOW THE HEALTH AND SAFETY MOVEMENT IS VERY POWERFUL AND CAN AFFECT CHANGE IN A HURRY, TO A POINT WHERE WE NOW KNOW THAT SEVEN YEARS OR WHATEVER IT IS AFTER I GET THIS SET OF TURNOUTS, I’M GOING TO GET A NEW SET OF TURNOUTS NO MATTER WHAT. BECAUSE THEY HAVE A SHELF LIFE OF SO MANY YEARS AND ONCE THAT’S UP, YOU’RE NOT ADHERING TO THE STANDARD ANYMORE AND SO IT’S TIME TO CHANGE THEM OUT. WE DIDN’T REALLY GO BY THOSE STANDARDS WHEN I FIRST GOT ON THE JOB, SO I GOT ISSUED STUFF FROM A GUY THAT HAD JUST RECENTLY RETIRED AND I DON’T EVEN THINK THEY GOT SENT TO THE CLEANERS FIRST.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING “THE COMPANIES THAT MAKE THIS GEAR FOR THE FIRST SERVICE … ARE CONSTANTLY SPENDING MILLIONS OF DOLLARS ON RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FOR THE LATEST, GREATEST FIREPROOF FABRIC. THAT GOES DOWN TO WATER VAPOUR BARRIERS, HEAT LINERS, AND THE OUTER SHELL. … YOU KNOW, IT’S A DOUBLE-EDGED SWORD … BECAUSE THE MORE PROTECTED YOU ARE, THE MORE ENCAPSULATED YOU ARE, AND THE LESS YOU FEEL THE AMBIENT TEMPERATURE AROUND YOU, THE MORE TROUBLE YOU CAN REALLY GET YOURSELF IN, RIGHT? THE FURTHER YOU GET INTO A STRUCTURE, THE FURTHER IT IS YOU HAVE TO GET OUT. AND THAT’S ONE OF THE KNOCKS ABOUT, UP UNTIL RECENTLY, OF GETTING THAT MUCH MORE PROTECTION IN YOUR PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT IS THAT IT WAS LEADING TO PEOPLE MAYBE GOING TO PLACES WHERE 20 YEARS EARLIER THEY COULDN’T HAVE GONE BECAUSE IT WOULD HAVE BEEN TOO HOT.” HE ELABORATED FURTHER: “BUT THE SCIENCE OF FIRE IS BEING BETTER UNDERSTOOD NOW, AS IS OUR TRAINING AND OUR TACTICS. … I THINK I’VE BEEN ISSUED THREE SETS OF TURNOUTS NOW SINCE I GOT MY ORIGINALS … THIS WAS SIMILAR TO MY SECOND SET … I THINK THE ADVANCES IN TECHNOLOGY IN THIS FIELD HAVE BEEN LEAPS AND BOUNDS. THEY’RE JUST SO MUCH BETTER THAN THEY USED TO BE.” IN COMPARING THIS STYLE OF TURNOUT TO WHAT HE CURRENTLY WEARS, LAZENBY SAID: “IT HAS A SHORT BACK ON THE BACK OF THE TURNOUT COAT AND NOW WE HAVE FLAPS THAT COME DOWN. IF YOU WERE TO WEAR THIS JACKET AND YOU DIDN’T HAVE A HIGH BACK ON YOUR TURNOUT PANTS, IF YOU WERE TO BEND OVER, THERE WOULD BE A GAP BETWEEN WHAT YOUR JACKET COVERED AND WHAT YOUR PANTS COVERED. ANY TIME YOU HAVE A GAP, YOU’RE EXPOSING YOURSELF TO EXCESSIVE HEAT … THE FABRICS ARE DIFFERENT NOW, AS IS THE REFLECTIVE STRIPING. … THESE SET WERE NOT AS WELL MADE … THE MATERIAL WASN’T AS HEAT-RESISTANT AND THESE ACTUALLY AREN’T AS REFLECTIVE AS OUR NEW STUFF. THE CUFFS ARE A LITTLE BIT DIFFERENT. I LIKE THE CUFFS THAT THERE’S A THUMBHOLE THAT YOU CAN PUT YOUR THUMB THROUGH THE CUFF SO THAT IT DOESN’T END UP CREEPING UP THE INSIDE OF YOUR JACKET WHEN YOU’RE WORKING. THE CUFF IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF KEEPING DEBRIS AND THINGS OUT OF YOUR COAT AND IF YOU HAVE A COAT THAT TENDS TO RIDE UP YOUR ARM, IT’S NOT IDEAL, SO. JUST LITTLE THINGS THAT ADD UP TO MAKE A BIG DIFFERENCE AFTER/AT THE END OF THE DAY. SO, YEAH, THESE WOULD BE ’95 TO 2000, I THINK.” PETIT ADDED: “THE TURNOUT GEAR IS SO MUCH BETTER, IT’S GONE THROUGH ALL KINDS OF TESTS, DIFFERENT MATERIALS, LIGHTER … ACTUALLY, WE STARTED GETTING BETTER TURNOUTS, AND WHAT THEY WERE DOING WITH THE OLD TURNOUTS THAT WERE NOT GOOD TO US, THEY WERE GIVING THEM TO SMALLER DEPARTMENTS THAT DIDN’T HAVE ANY.” DZUREN DISCUSSED THE TYPE OF TURNOUT GEAR HE WORE WHEN HE FIRST STARTED IN 1959: “THEY WERE JUST STRICTLY KIND OF A CANVAS. THERE WAS NO FIRE-PROOFING TO THEM … I DON’T EVEN BELIEVE THERE WAS ANY FIRE RETARDANT TO THEM. BUT THEN EVENTUALL, WELL THE UNIONS, THEY WERE QUITE ADAMANT, AND THE DEPARTMENTS THEMSELVES WERE QUITE ADAMANT IN TRYING TO KIND OF IMPROVE THAT … WHERE THEY DEVELOPED KEVLAR TYPE STUFF THERE, LIGHTWEIGHT, VERY HEAT RESISTANT, SAVED MANY LIVES WITH THE FACT THAT THEY WERE THAT GOOD.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING: “ONCE THEY CAME IN EVERYBODY WAS QUITE ELATED, THAT THEY DID COME IN, CAUSE’ BEFORE IT WAS ALL JUST STRICTLY BLACK, AND WITH YOUR NAME ON THE BACK, I DON’T EVEN BELIEVE… WELL THEY HAD “L-F-D” ON THE BACK IF I RECALL, AND YOUR NAME, AND THEN THEY WERE HEAVY, AND CUMBERSOME, AND THEY HAD A LINER THERE FOR THE WINTER MONTHS AND A WOOL LINER WAS VERY HEAVY. SO WHEN YOU GOT IN THERE AND YOU START SWEATING, IT WAS NOT IDEAL WORKING GEAR THAT YOU HAD ON WHEN YOU WERE WORKING.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010020
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OFFICER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “FIRE RESCUE EMS”
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
2012
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140019003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “FIRE RESCUE EMS”
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
2012
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10
Length
10.75
Description
ROUNDED TRIANGULAR SHAPED PATCH OF WOVEN, BLACK NYLON. GOLD COTTON THREAD SEWN AROUND OUTER EDGE WITH EMBROIDERED CENTRAL CREST AND TEXT READING “FIRE RESCUE EMS – CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” IN GOLD, BLUE, RED, WHITE, AND BLACK. NO BACKING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS PATCH WAS SEWN TO THE SHOULDERS OF UNIFORMS ISSUED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015, TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, RECALLED THAT THIS DESIGN WAS INTRODUCED DURING HIS EARLY DAYS WITH THE DEPARTMENT IN 1994, REPLACING THE SEMI-CIRCLE DESIGN THAT ONLY READ “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” (P20140019002-GA). BECAUSE THE PREVIOUS DESIGN HAD PREDATED THE DEPARTMENT’S HIRING OF TRAINED PARAMEDICS, THIS REPLACEMENT DESIGN INCORPORATED TEXT READING “FIRE RESCUE EMS”. LAZENBY SAID: “THE HALF-MOON BLACK AND WHITE FLASH WAS ON THE UNIFORM AT THE TIME [WHEN I WAS HIRED]… I GOT ISSUED SHIRTS WITH THAT ON [THEM] BUT I HAD TO CHANGE THEM OUT [RIGHT AWAY] BECAUSE WE’D GONE ON TO THE NEW FLASHER… THAT SAYS FIRE RESCUE AND EMS ON THE BOTTOM, WITH THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE LOGO IN THE CENTRE… EVEN AT THAT POINT I HEARD GUYS SAY, ‘WHAT’S THAT ON THERE FOR?’, POINTING TO THE EMS PORTION OF THE SHOULDER FLASH. BUT THOSE WERE THE OLD SCHOOL, MOST SENIOR, MOST ELIGIBLE-TO-RETIRE MEMBERS, AND THEY WERE A PRODUCT OF THE ENVIRONMENT. THAT WAS THE WAY THAT THEY THOUGHT… I HAD GUYS SAY TO ME ‘I DON’T SEE WHY THEY KEEP HIRING YOU GUYS. I DON’T SEE WHY YOU GUYS MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE AT ALL IN THE FIELD.’… IT DIDN’T MATTER, AND YOU DIDN’T WASTE YOUR BREATH… SOME OF THEM WARMED UP TO THE EMS SIDE A LITTLE BIT; SOME OF THEM NEVER DID.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE ADDITION OF “EMS” TO THE SHOULDER FLASH, BROWN SAID: “WE GOT INTO EMS; WE HAD THOSE MEDICS THAT WERE SO SHARP. THE DEPARTMENT STARTED TO EXPAND, RATHER THAN BEING JUST THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IT EXPANDED TO DO ALL KINDS OF EXTRA STUFF, AND WE JUST WANTED TO INDICATE, WITH THE SHOULDER PATCHES [THAT] IT’S STILL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT WE DO ALL KINDS OF MEDICAL STUFF [AND] THESE PARAMEDICS ARE WELL-TRAINED.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY DEPUTY FIRE/EMS CHIEF DANA TERRY IN AN EMAIL FROM OCTOBER 7, 2015, THIS DESIGN WAS IN USE UNTIL 2012, WHEN FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES DESIGNED A NEW FLASH DESIGN (P20140019004-GA) TO COMMEMORATE THE CENTENNIAL OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019003
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
VARIOUS
Catalogue Number
P20070020001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
2007
Materials
VARIOUS
No. Pieces
106
Description
BUPPANKI: A. CUP, BRASS, HEIGHT 12.0, WIDTH 9.7. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUPPANKI,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “BUDDHA FOOD VESSEL.” KANJI CHARACTERS ON BOTTOM, READ, “DONOR, MR. DONJI OMATSU.” 1 PCE. B. CUP, BRASS, HEIGHT 12.5, WIDTH 10.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUPPANKI,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “BUDDHA FOOD VESSEL.” 1 PCE. BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO: C. WOODEN BOX, BLACK LACQUER WITH GOLD TRIM, HEIGHT 13.0, LENGTH 32.5, WIDTH 11.8. PAINT ON BOX SEVERELY BLISTERED. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO,” WHICH MEANS BOX FOR BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO. TWO SYMBOLS ON BOX LID, THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. 2 PCES. CANDLE SNUFFER: D. BRASS CANDLE SNUFFER, INNER DOME OF SNUFFER BLACK WITH WAX RESIDUE, HEIGHT 4.5, LENGTH 28.5, WIDTH 3.0. 1 PCE. FLAG POLE: E. WOODEN FLAG POLE, LOWER SECTION RIBBED AND PAINTED BLACK, UPPER SECTION STAINED DARK RED, SEVERAL METAL BANDS AFFIXED TO BOTTOM, TOP AND MID SECTION OF POLE, 2 RINGS PROTRUDE FROM TOP-MOST METAL BANDS, ALLOWING FOR ATTACHMENT OF FLAG. LENGTH 187.5, DIAMETER 4.5. 1 PCE. GOBUNSHO-BAKO: F. WOODEN BOX, BLACK LACQUER WITH GOLD TRIM, HEIGHT 5.8, LENGTH 30.8, WIDTH 26.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “GOBUNSHO-BAKO,” WHICH MEANS BOX FOR GOBUNSHO, A BOOK. TWO SYMBOLS ON BOX LID, THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. 2 PCES. GOKUDEN: G. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN HOUSE-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH JAPANESE ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS, COMPRISED OF 2 PCES, TTL HEIGHT 218, LENGTH 167, WIDTH 102. JAPANESE NAME IS, “GOKUDEN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE.” BOTTOM PIECE HAS ALCOVE IN WHICH GOHONZON IS PLACED, FLOOR OF ALCOVE PAINTED BLACK, 2 PILLARS ON EITHER SIDE OF ALCOVE, MARKED, “NAIJIN #4,” IN BLACK MARKER ON BACK. TOP PIECE IS ROOF-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH LIGHT-BULB FIXTURE AFFIXED TO UNDERSIDE OF ROOF WITH CORD. SURFACE OF BOTH PIECES DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES OF THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND CARVED WOODEN RELIEF OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS, A BIRD, AND DRAGON-LIKE ANIMALS. 2 PCES. CONSERVATION TREATMENT PERFORMED ON GOKUDEN IN 2009. FOR DETAILS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE. KAHIN: H. VASE, BRONZE, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 3 PCES, HEIGHT 26.3, DIAMETER, 22.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KAHIN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FLOWER-VASE.” KAHIN CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL BASE, THE TOP OF THE VASE WIDER THAN THE BASE, WITH TWO SMALL HOOKS PROJECTING FROM EITHER SIDE. TWO DECORATIVE HANDLES RESEMBLING DRAGON HEADS WITH TONGUES STICKING OUT ATTACH TO HOOKS. SURFACE OF KAHIN DECORATED THROUGHOUT. MARKINGS ON BOTTOM ARE CHINESE CHARACTERS, WHICH READ, “TIME, HEAVEN, TRANSMISSION, AND MANY.” 6 PCES TTL. I. VASE, BRONZE, HEIGHT 19.0, DIAMETER 15.6. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KAHIN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FLOWER-VASE.” CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL BASE, TOP OF VASE WIDER THAN THE BASE. TWO HOOKS PROJECT FROM EITHER SIDE OF VASE, PRESUMABLY DECORATIVE OBJECTS WOULD HOOK HERE. 1 PCE. KASHA: J. INCENSE BURNER WITH LID, BRONZE, HEIGHT 18.0, WIDTH 13.0, 3 PCES. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KASHA,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FIREHOUSE.” BASE PIECE IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH THREE SHORT LEGS MADE TO RESEMBLE DRAGON HEADS, SURFACE OF KASHA DECORATED THROUGHOUT. 2 CIRCULAR SHELVES PROJECT HORIZONTALLY FROM BASE, HENCE OBJECT ALSO KNOWN AS DOUBLE-TIERED INCENSE BURNER. MIDDLE PIECE IS DISH THAT SITS WITHIN BASE PIECE. TOP PIECE IS LID, DECORATIVE SURFACE AND OPENINGS IN LID. 3 PCES. KEBYO: K. VASE, BRONZE, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 18.7, DIAMETER 9.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KEBYO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO “FLOWER-VASE.” VASE NARROWEST JUST AFTER BASE, WIDEST AT 2/3 HEIGHT, SURFACE OF VASE DECORATED THROUGHOUT. ASIAN TEXT ON BOTTOM. FOUND WITHIN ONE KEBYO IS YELLOW PACKAGE OF PLANT FOOD WITH RED ELASTIC AROUND IT (HEIGHT 1.0, LENGTH 7.0, WIDTH 5.0), PACKAGE LABELED, “CRYSTAL CLEAR UNIVERSAL,” ON FRONT AND DIRECTIONS LISTED ON BACK. THIS KEBYO IS HEAVILY CORRODED INSIDE, AND FRAGMENTS ARE CONTAINED WITHIN PLASTIC BAGGIE. 4 PCES. KIKU-RINTO: L. HANGING LANTERN, BRASS, SET OF TWO, EACH SET CONTAINS 14 PIECES, TOTAL HEIGHT 102.5, WIDTH 41.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KIKU-RINTO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CHRYSANTHEMUM CIRCULAR-LAMP.” BOTTOM PIECE IS DISH WITH SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO INCREASINGLY SMALLER SIMILAR DISHES SIT INSIDE. LIGHT BULB AND FIXTURE SIT IN THIS SMALLEST DISH, WITH ELECTRICAL CORD RUNNING ALONG LENGTH OF LANTERN TOWARDS CEILING. SEMI-CIRCULAR BAND DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS ARCHES OVER DISHES, ATTACHES TO BOTTOM-MOST DISH WITH TWO PEGS. HOOK. ATTACHING TO TOP OF SEMI-CIRCULAR ARCH IS LONG HOOK WITH SHELF-LIKE PROJECTION. SITTING ON SHELF IS LARGE DISH, BOWL FACING FLOOR, WITH WIDE LIP AND SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO METAL DISCS SIT ON TOP OF DISH, BOTTOM-MOST DISH HAS DECORATIVE SPOKES RADIATING FROM CENTRE POINT, TOP-MOST DISC RESEMBLES A FLOWER. DOORKNOB-LIKE OBJECT WITH CLOVER-LEAF SHAPED HANDLE IS FINAL PIECE TO SIT ON SHELF, AND PEG SECURES ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER (PRESUMABLY PEGS FOR THESE KIKU-RINTOS ARE THOSE CATALOGUED UNDER P20070020002). VERTICAL BRASS PLATE DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUMS ATTACHES TO TOP OF DOORKNOB-LIKE OBJECT. SINGLE CHAIN LINK ATTACHED TO TOP HOOK OF VERTICAL BRASS PLATE. CHAIN WOULD THEN BE USED TO HANG ENTIRE STRUCTURE FROM CEILING. 28 PCES TTL. KORO: M. INCENSE BURNER, BRONZE WITH GOLD JODO SHINSHU CREST, SET OF 3, HEIGHT 9.3, DIAMETER 12.6. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KORO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “INCENSE BURNER.” KORO IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH THREE SHORT LEGS. 3 PCES TTL. N. INCENSE BURNER WITH LID, BRONZE, HEIGHT 18.3, WIDTH 21.0. JAPANESE NAME IS KORO, WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “INCENSE BURNER.” BASE PIECE IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH TWO WING-LIKE HANDLES AND THREE SHORT LEGS MADE TO RESEMBLE DRAGON HEADS. LID HAS SCULPTURE OF MYTHICAL CHINESE DRAGON ON TOP WITH DECORATIVE OPENINGS ALONG SIDE OF LID. 2 PCES. MAE-JOKU: O. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN TABLE, SCROLL LEGS REST ON A RECTANGULAR FRAME, DECORATED WITH CARVED PATTERNS AND ETCHED BRASS PLATES. SIDES AND FRONT OF TABLE DECORATED WITH CARVED WOODEN RELIEFS OF DRAGONS, AND VARIOUS BIRDS AND FLOWERS PAINTED BLUE, GREEN, WHITE, PINK AND GOLD. HEIGHT 85.0, LENGTH 167.0, WIDTH 56.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “MAE-JOKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FRONT TABLE.” TWO BLACK PAINTED WOODEN DOORS FIT INTO SLOTS IN BACK COMPARTMENT OF MAE-JOKU, DOORS SLIDE TO REVEAL STORAGE SPACE. 3 PCE. CONSERVATION TREATMENT PERFORMED ON MAE-JOKU IN 2009. FOR DETAILS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE. ROSOKU-TATE: P. CANDLE-STICK HOLDERS, BRONZE, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 4 PCES, HEIGHT 39.2, WIDTH 10.8. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ROSOKU-TATE,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CANDLE-STICK HOLDER.” SHAFT OF BASE PIECE HAS UNDULATING STRUCTURE. TWO HOOKS ON UPPER PART OF BASE SUPPORT TWO SMALL DECORATIVE DRAGONS. TOP PIECE DISH-SHAPED TO COLLECT WAX, SCREWS INTO SHAFT. 8 PCES TTL. Q. CANDLE-STICK HOLDER, BRONZE, HEIGHT 28.8, WIDTH 10.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ROSOKU-TATE,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CANDLE-STICK HOLDER.” BASE PIECE NARROWS BEFORE WIDENING OUT INTO A LOTUS FLOWER BUD. SECOND PIECE FITS WITHIN TOP OF BUD, TWO WING-LIKE DECORATIONS PROJECT VERTICALLY FROM EITHER SIDE. TOP PIECE DISH-SHAPED TO COLLECT WAX AND PLACE FOR CANDLESTICK TO AFFIX, SCREWS INTO SECOND PIECE. CHINESE MARKING ON BOTTOM TRANSLATE ROUGHLY TO, “COMING” AND “TRANSMISSION.” 4 PCES. SHUMIDAN: R. BLACK PAINTED WOODEN STRUCTURE WITH RED TRIM, DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES AND CARVED, GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN RELIEFS OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS AND DRAGONS. TTL HEIGHT 124, LENGTH 197, WIDTH 105. JAPANESE NAME IS, “SHIMUDAN.” BOTTOM PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #1,” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, WHITE-PAINTED WOODEN PIECE RUNS HORIZONTALLY ALONG BOTTOM LENGTH OF STRUCTURE. MIDDLE PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #2” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, CONTAINS MAJORITY OF CARVED GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN RELIEFS, THIS PIECE IS NARROWEST SECTION OF SHIMUDAN. TOP PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #3,” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, THE PIECE WIDENS OUT SUCH THAT OVERALL SHIMUDAN SHAPED LIKE FLATTENED SPOOL. ONTOP OF SHIMUDAN ARE 4 RED-PAINTED WOODEN FENCE-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH 4 GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN SPOOLS THAT SIT ON PEG ON EACH FENCE. LONG AND SHORT FENCE PCES AFFIX TO GIVE TWO L-SHAPED STRUCTURES, WHICH THEN SLOT INTO TO SURFACE OF SHIMUDAN ALONG SIDES AND PART OF FRONT. 11 PCES. TASSLE: S. PURPLE CORD, KNOTTED IN DECORATIVE WAY, TASSLES ON EITHER END, METAL SAFETY PIN AND WIRE AFFIXED TO TOP, LENGTH 33.8, WIDTH 18.5, HEIGHT 2.5. 1 PCE. TSURI TORO: T. HANGING LANTERN, GOLD-PAINTED COPPER, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 6 PCES, TOTAL HEIGHT 43.7, WIDTH 34.5. JAPANESE NAME IS TSURI TORO, WHICH TRANSLATES TO “HANGING LANTERN.” SURFACE OF BOTTOM AND TOP PIECE ORNATELY ETCHED WITH DECORATIVE CUT-OUTS, ALLOWING LIGHT FROM LANTERN TO SHINE THROUGH. BOTTOM PIECE IS HEXAGONAL BASE RESTING ON SIX LEGS WITH METAL RODS EXTENDING UPWARDS FROM BASE. HEXAGONAL CYLINDER SITS ON TOP OF BASE, SURROUNDING METAL RODS. TWO SIDES OF HEXAGONAL CYLINDER ARE HINGED DOORS, LATCH ON FRONT SECURES DOORS CLOSED. ATTACHED TO METAL RODS IS LIGHT BULB WITH FIXTURE. TOP PIECE CONSISTS OF UPSIDE-DOWN DISH-SHAPED STRUCTURE, WITH WIDE LIP AND HIGHLY DECORATED EDGE, WHICH SLIDES ON TOP OF A VERTICAL PLATE WHICH RISES FROM METAL RODS. DOORKNOB-SHAPED HANDLE SITS ON TOP OF VERTICAL PLATE AND TOP PIECE, AND PEG SECURES ALL PIECES TOGETHER. CHAIN WOULD THEN BE USED TO HANG ENTIRE STRUCTURE FROM CEILING. 12 PCES TTL. UWA-JOKU: U. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN TABLE, CONSISTS OF 4 PCES. BOTTOM-MOST PCE IS RECTANGULAR FRAME INTO WHICH TABLE STRUCTURE WITH SCROLL LEGS SLOTS INTO, FLAT TABLE SURFACE SLOTS INTO TBALE FRAME, TABLE RUNNER SITS ON TABLE SURFACE, DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES, CUT-OUTS AND DEPICTIONS OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS PAINTED PINK AND GREEN. ONE LEG HAS DETACHED FROM TABLE. LEGS ARE AFFIXED TO TABLE BY SMALL EXTENSION THAT SLOTS INTO HOLES. HEIGHT 34.9, LENGTH 75.7, WIDTH 29.4. JAPANESE NAME IS, “UWA-JOKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “UPPER TABLE.” 5 PCES. YORAKU: V. HANGING ORNAMENTS, GOLD-PAINTED WOOD, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 52.5, WIDTH 20.3. JAPANESE NAME IS, “YORAKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CORNER ORNAMENTS.” SIX STRINGS OF ORNAMENTS HANG FROM A CANOPY-LIKE STRUCTURE THAT IS SUSPENDED FROM THE 2 FRONT CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN. THE ORNAMENTS CONSIST OF SMALL BEADS AND GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN FILIGREE. 2 PCES. W. HANGING ORNAMENTS, GOLD-PAINTED WOOD, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 52.0, WIDTH 7.2. JAPANESE NAME IS, “YORAKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CORNER ORNAMENTS.” SINGLE STRING OF ORNAMENTS WHICH HANGS FROM THE TWO BACK CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN. THE ORNAMENTS CONSIST OF SMALL BEADS AND GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN FILIGREE. 2 PCES. WHITE CANDLE: X. PARTIALLY BURNED DOWN, LENGTH 27.7, DIAMETER 2.2.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
THESE OBJECTS REPRESENT THE BULK OF RELIGIOUS ITEMS OWNED BY THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. NEARLY ALL OF THESE OBJECTS ARE THOUGHT TO HAVE BEEN ACQUIRED FROM JAPAN IN 1962. FOR 60 YEARS, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS A SPIRITUAL AND SOCIAL GATHERING PLACE FOR THE MANY JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS RESIDING IN VAUXHALL, BOW ISLAND AND TABER. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, AS WELL AS SEVERAL OTHER BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN THE AREA, IS, HOWEVER, RELATED TO A DARK CHAPTER IN CANADIAN HISTORY, NAMELY THE FORCIBLE RELOCATION OF JAPANESE IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR DECEDENTS FROM THE WEST COAST OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. IN “JODO SHINSHU IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA: FROM RURAL RAYMOND TO AMALGAMATION” JOHN HARDING WRITES, “THE HISTORY OF JAPANESE IMMIGRANTS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA IS INSEPARABLE FROM THE RELOCATION, INTERNMENT AND LABOR FORCED ON JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS IN 1942.” MANY EVACUEES CHOSE, FROM A LIMITED NUMBER OF OPTIONS, TO MOVE TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AS THIS ALLOWED FOR FAMILIES TO STAY TOGETHER. AS A RESULT OF THIS RELOCATION, SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIAN POPULATION INCREASED IN SIZE DRAMATICALLY. PRIOR TO THE WAR, LESS THAN 600 JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS RESIDED IN ALBERTA. APPROXIMATELY 3,000 EVACUEES MOVED TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOLLOWING THE INTERNMENT, MANY OF WHICH SETTLED ON FARMS IN THE TABER AND RAYMOND AREA. MANY BUDDHIST CHURCHES WERE ESTABLISHED IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOLLOWING THIS INCREASE IN JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIAN POPULATIONS. THE TOWNS OF PICTURE BUTTE, ROSEMARY, COALDALE AND TABER ALL SAW THE ESTABLISHMENT OF BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN THE 1940S AND 1950S. THESE CHURCHES ENABLED MEMBERS TO MAINTAIN THEIR SPIRITUAL AND CULTURAL IDENTITY WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN ESPECIALLY DIFFICULT DURING THE INITIAL PREJUDICES AGAINST JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS DURING AND FOLLOWING WWII. THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH CLOSED IN SEPTEMBER OF 2007. THIS CLOSURE, ALONG WITH THE CLOSURE OF SEVERAL OTHER BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, IS PART OF AN ATTEMPT BY THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA TO AMALGAMATE CHURCHES AND CREATE A NEW TEMPLE, THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA (BTSA), BASED IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. THIS DECISION WAS BROUGHT ABOUT PRIMARILY BECAUSE MEMBERS WERE AGING AND MEMBERSHIP HAD BEEN DECLINING STEADILY FOR THE PAST SEVERAL DECADES. MANY OF THE SHRINES BELONGING TO THESE CHURCHES WERE DONATED TO MUSEUMS THROUGHOUT ALBERTA. THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA IS THE RECIPIENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH SHRINE. THIS REPORT IS A SUMMARY OF THE HISTORY OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, AND IS BASED ON PUBLISHED SOURCES AND INTERVIEWS OF PAST CHURCH MINISTERS AND MEMBERS. ESTABLISHMENT AND HISTORY OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH: KOJIRO SAKAMOTO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. SAKAMOTO MOVED TO TABER FROM PITT MEADOWS IN 1942, FOLLOWING THE INTERNMENT OF JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS DURING WORLD WAR II. ASAYE SAKAMOTO, KOJIRO SAKAMOTO’S DAUGHTER-IN-LAW, REMEMBERS KOJIRO, ALONG WITH HER HUSBAND MR. SAKAMOTO AND TSURUKICHI MISHIYAMA, TRAVELING THROUGHOUT THE TABER AREA TO MEET WITH VARIOUS FAMILIES TO DISCUSS THE IDEA OF ESTABLISHING A BUDDHIST CHURCH. IN 2008, IRENE SAKAMOTO, KOJIRO’S GRANDDAUGHTER, RECALLED HIS APTITUDE FOR GATHERING DONATIONS: “HE (KOJIRO) WOULD PUT UP SOME MONEY TO SAY, HERE’S HOW MUCH I’M GOING TO DONATE TO THE CHURCH. YOU SHOULD DONATE THIS MUCH, OR WHAT YOU CAN…HE WANTED THAT CHURCH BADLY.” IRENE SAKAMOTO REMEMBERED A LOCAL WOMAN, RUBY KRENSKE, PICKING HER UP AT HER HOME IN ORDER TO TAKE HER TO THE TABER GOSPEL HALL TO ATTEND A CHRISTIAN SERVICE. IN, “FROM TANK 77 TO TABER TODAY,” KRENSKE WROTE, “I FIRST MET WITH THE CHILDREN ON THE STREET WHO WENT NOWHERE TO SUNDAY SCHOOL…WE ARRANGED FOR BRINGING THEM IN TO SUNDAY SCHOOL AT THE GOSPEL HALL AND THEY ALL CAME.” MANY CHILDREN WOULD GO TO THE GOSPEL HALL WITH KRENSKE, SO LONG AS THEIR PARENTS APPROVED. IRENE SAKAMOTO WONDERS IF THIS DID NOT BOTHER HER GRANDFATHER, PERHAPS MOTIVATING HIM TO ESTABLISH THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. IN 1945, A COMMITTEE WAS ORGANIZED IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH A BUDDHIST CHURCH IN TABER. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO, MISHIYAMA AND OTHERS ARRANGED FOR BUDDHIST MINISTERS REVEREND IKUTA AND REVEREND YUTETSU KAWAMURA, WHO RESIDED RESPECTIVELY IN PICTURE BUTTE AND RAYMOND, TO VISIT TABER AND CONDUCT SERVICES WITHIN PRIVATE HOMES. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO HAD AN EXTRA ROOM BUILT ONTO HIS HOME IN ORDER TO ACCOMMODATE MORE PEOPLE FOR THESE SERVICES. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO WAS ALSO INSTRUMENTAL IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A ‘KODEN,’ A MONETARY GIFT MADE TO A RECENTLY DECEASED PERSON’S FAMILY DURING THE FUNERAL. IRENE SAKAMOTO REMEMBERS HER GRANDFATHER ASKING EVERYONE IN THE CHURCH TO DONATE A DOLLAR OR TWO TO THOSE WHO HAD SUFFERED A RECENT DEATH IN THEIR FAMILY. THE MONEY ENABLED FAMILIES TO PURCHASE A COFFIN FOR THEIR DECEASED LOVED ONES. BY 1947, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS ESTABLISHED, AND THE SOUTH HUNGARIAN HALL WAS BEING RENTED FOR WEEKLY SERVICES. IN 1949, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH PURCHASED THE HUNGARIAN HALL FROM DONATIONS RECEIVED BY CHURCH MEMBERS. CHURCH MEMBERSHIP CONSISTED OF MORE THAN 90 FAMILIES AND IT WAS QUICKLY REALIZED THAT THE HALL WOULD NOT ACCOMMODATE ALL OF THE CHURCH MEMBERS. IN THE SUMMER OF 1950, AN ANNEX WAS ADDED TO THE BUILDING FOLLOWING A VERY SUCCESSFUL FUND-RAISING CAMPAIGN. TO HELP COVER THE COSTS OF THE NEW EXTENSION, THE ESTABLISHED FARMER MEMBERS DONATED THE PROFITS FROM TWO ACRES OF SUGAR BEET CROPS TOWARDS THE CHURCH WHICH, WERE THINNED AND CARED FOR BY THE CHURCH MEMBERS. OTHER MEMBERS CONTINUED TO MAKE MONETARY DONATIONS. IN 1951, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS THE RECIPIENT OF A GOHONZON, A STATUE OF AMIDA BUDDHA, FROM THE NEW YORK BUDDHIST CHURCH. MR. AKISABURO SATO FROM TABER TRAVELED REGULARLY TO THE EAST COAST, AND ACCEPTED THE GOHONZON ON BEHALF OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH FROM THE NYBC. AN INSTALLATION CEREMONY WAS CONDUCTED IN APRIL 1951 FOLLOWING THE DONATION. IN 1952, THE LADY YOSHIKO OHTANI AND LORD KOSHO OHTANI, ALSO KNOWN AS THE ABBOT, VISITED THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THIS VISIT WAS PART OF THE LADY OHTANI’S DESIRE TO REVITALIZE THE BUDDHIST WOMAN’S ASSOCIATION BY VISITING SHIN BUDDHIST TEMPLES IN JAPAN AND OVERSEAS. AS A RESULT OF HER EFFORTS, THE WORLD WOMAN’S BUDDHIST CONVENTION, ONE OF WHICH TOOK PLACE IN VANCOUVER AND WAS ATTENDED BY MANY TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH MEMBERS, WAS HELD EVERY FOUR YEARS. THESE CONFERENCES ALLOWED FOR THE VARIOUS SHIN BUDDHIST CHAPTERS TO COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER AND SHARE DIFFERENT CULTURAL TRADITIONS. IRENE SAKAMOTO RECALLED ATTENDING THIS EVENT IN TABER AND BEING BAPTIZED BY THE ABBOT, ALONG WITH SEVERAL OTHER PEOPLE. THOSE WHO WERE BAPTIZED WERE GIVEN THEIR BUDDHIST NAME, WHICH WAS WRITTEN ON A PLACARD, AND IS TRADITIONALLY PLACE IN THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE DURING THEIR FUNERAL SERVICE. AS EARLY AS 1958, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH BEGAN TO MAKE INQUIRIES TO JAPANESE SHRINE DEALERS IN ORDER TO PURCHASE A SHRINE. FURTHER INQUIRIES WERE MADE IN JULY, 1961. AFTER RESEARCHING POTENTIAL SHRINE DEALERS IN JAPAN, A SHINE WAS DECIDED UPON IN FEBRUARY OF 1962. THE TOTAL COST WAS ABOUT $3500.00. THE SHRINE ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN APRIL, 1963 AND WAS ASSEMBLED BY MR. KAWADE OF RAYMOND. IN MARCH 1964, AN INSTALLATION CEREMONY WAS HELD. IT WAS ATTENDED BY APPROXIMATELY 400 MEMBERS AND GUESTS, DESPITE INCLEMENT WEATHER, AND ABOUT $3950.00 WAS RAISED VIA RAFFLES AND DONATIONS. IN APRIL 1964, AN INSTITUTIONAL SPLIT DIVIDED THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN ALBERTA. THE SPLIT WAS A SENSITIVE ISSUE AND IMPACTED RELATIONS BETWEEN MEMBERS OF VARIOUS BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOR DECADES. THE REASONS FOR THE SPLIT REMAIN UNCLEAR, ALTHOUGH IT APPEARS THAT DIFFERING OPINIONS ABOUT THE DIRECTION OF THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES AND PERSONALITY CONFLICTS WERE THE MAIN CAUSES. THE MAJORITY OF MEMBERS OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, ALONG WITH THE NORTHSIDE LETHBRIDGE, COALDALE, AND THE PICTURE BUTTE BUDDHIST CHURCHES, REMAINED WITH THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES OF CANADA, WHILE THE ROSEMARY, RAYMOND, AND HONPA BUDDHIST CHURCHES EXISTED INDEPENDENTLY OF THE BCC. THE INSTITUTIONAL SPLIT WAS RECONCILED, TO A DEGREE, FOLLOWING THE CREATION OF THE BTSA IN 2007. BITTER FEELINGS, HOWEVER, ARE STILL APPARENT. THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH CELEBRATED 25TH, 30TH, 35TH, 40TH, AND 50TH ANNIVERSARIES IN 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, AND 1997, RESPECTIVELY. AT THESE EVENTS, A SPECIAL SERVICE WAS HELD AND PHOTOGRAPHS WERE TAKEN TO COMMEMORATE THE EVENT. IN 1984, THE ABBOT AND LADY OHTANI VISITED THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THE VISITING ABBOT WAS THE SON OF LORD KOSHO OHTANI, THE ABBOT WHO CAME TO S. ALBERTA IN 1952. IN 1988, CHURCH MEMBER JACK NAGAI SPEARHEADED THE MOTION TO GET THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH INCORPORATED. THE GOAL WAS TO BE ABLE TO REGISTER THE CHURCH SO THAT TAX RECEIPTS COULD BE ISSUED TO THOSE WHO GAVE A DONATION. DURING THE SAME YEAR, THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT ISSUED REDRESS COMPENSATION TO THE JAPANESE CANADIANS WHO ENDURED INTERNMENT DURING WORLD WAR II. MANY RECIPIENTS OF REDRESS MADE DONATIONS TO THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, ALLOWING FOR REPAIRS AND CONTINUATION OF CHURCH ACTIVITIES. IN 2008, SEVERAL TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH MEMBERS TOLD GALT MUSEUM STAFF THAT THEY DONATED REDRESS COMPENSATION, AWARDED IN THE LATE 80S, TO THE BTSA FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NEW TEMPLE. IN 1989, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH HOSTED THE 11TH ALBERTA BUDDHIST CONFERENCE. THIS ANNUAL EVENT CONSISTED OF A WEEKEND OF ACTIVITIES, INCLUDING AN OPENING SERVICE, GUEST SPEAKERS, A BANQUET, A TOUR OF ROGER’S SUGAR FACTORY, A SPECIAL SESSION ON BUDDHISM FOR YOUTH ATTENDEES AND A CHURCH SERVICE. APPROXIMATELY 230 ATTENDED AND OVER 2500 RAFFLE TICKETS WERE SOLD. TICKETS WERE $20 AND WERE SOLD BY THE HOSTING CHURCH MEMBERS. THE EVENT WAS A HUGE SUCCESS, WITH MORE TICKETS BEING SOLD THAN ANY OTHER PREVIOUS ALBERTA BUDDHIST CONFERENCE. ON SEPTEMBER 9TH, 2007, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS CLOSED. THE BUILDING WAS SOLD ON OCTOBER 1, 2007. THE INFORMATION ON THE PLACEMENT, FUNCTION, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE OBJECTS LISTED BELOW WAS GATHERED FROM REVEREND IZUMI, A LOCAL BUDDHIST MINISTER. ALL TRANSLATIONS WERE MADE BY REVEREND IZUMI. BUPPANKI: THESE ARE OFFERING VESSELS, USUALLY FOR COOKED RICE. THEY ARE OFTEN PLACED IN FRONT OF THE STATUE OF AMIDA BUDDHA (GOHONZON) ON THE SHUMIDAN. IN SHIN BUDDHISM, OFFERINGS ARE EXPRESSIONS OF GRATITUDE, AND CAN COME IN A SPIRITUAL OR MATERIAL FORM. SPIRITUAL OFFERINGS INCLUDE THE READING OF PRAYERS AND CHANTING OF SUTRAS, WHEREAS MATERIAL OFFERINGS INCLUDE RICE, CAKES, PASTRIES, CANDIES, FLOWERS, AND INCENSE. THERE ARE SEVERAL OBJECTS THAT ARE USED TO HOLD OFFERINGS: THE DANMORI, BUPPANKI, AND KESOKU. BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO: THE BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO IS THE BOX USED TO CONTAIN THE THREE PRINCIPLE SUTRAS OF SHIN BUDDHISM. THEY ARE SUTRA OF IMMEASURABLE LIFE (MURYOJU-KYO), WHICH CONSISTS OF TWO VOLUMES, MEDITATION SUTRA (KAMMURYOJU-KYO), AND, AMIDA SUTRA. ADORNING THE BOX LID IS THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. JODO SHINSHU CREST IS ALSO KNOWN AS, “SAGARIFUJI,” WHICH IS A WISTERIA VINE. THE FLOWERS OF THE VINE HANG DOWN AND SIGNIFY HUMILITY. THE SAGARIFUJI WAS ORIGINALLY THE FAMILY CREST OF THE FUJIWARA CLAN, OF WHICH SHINRAN SHONIN, THE FOUNDER OF SHIN BUDDHISM, WAS A MEMBER. THE KIRI REPRESENTS THE PRINCESS TREE AND/OR PAULOWNIA FLOWER AND IS A SYMBOL OF THE OFFICE OF THE PRIME MINISTER OF JAPAN. CANDLE SNUFFER: THIS WOULD SIT IN THE DRAWER OF THE MAE-JOKU, AND WOULD HAVE BEEN USED TO EXTINGUISH CANDLES. ALL FLAMES WOULD HAVE BEEN EXTINGUISHED BY A CANDLE SNUFFER, AS HUMAN BREATH IS CONSIDERED IMPURE. CANDLE SNUFFER WAS KEPT IN THE DRAWER OF THE MAE-JOKU, AND WAS LIKELY PURCHASED LOCALLY. FLAG POLE: THIS WOULD SIT IN THE GEJIN (NON-STAGE AREA) OF THE CHURCH, IN THE RIGHT CORNER AGAINST THE NAIJIN (STAGE), FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE. A BUDDHIST FLAG WOULD HAVE BEEN ATTACHED TO THE FLAG POLE. GOBUNSHO-BAKO: THIS BOX WOULD SIT ON THE KYO-JOKU (SUTRA TABLE) IN FRONT OF RENNYO SHONIN’S SCROLL. CONTAINED WITHIN THE BOX WOULD HAVE BEEN A BOOK KNOWN AS, “GOBUNSHO.” THE BOOK CONTAINS A SELECTION OF ABOUT 80 LETTERS WRITTEN BY RENNYO SHONIN, WHO LIVED FROM 1415-1499. HE IS THE 8TH DESCENDANT OF SHINRAN, THE FOUNDER OF THE JODO SHINSHU SECT. RENNYO SHONIN WAS A REFORMER OF THE JODO SHINSHU DENOMINATION, AND IS SEEN AS RESPONSIBLE FOR A RE-EMERGENCE OF SHIN BUDDHISM. THE LETTERS WERE WRITTEN TO HELP CLARIFY THE TRUE MEANING OF THE NAMU AMIDA BUTSU AND SHINRAN SHONIN'S TEACHINGS. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. SEE ARCHIVES. GOKUDEN: IS USED TO HOUSE THE GOHONZON (AMIDA BUDDHA). THE GOKUDEN SITS ON THE SHUMIDAN . THE FOUR PILLARS SURROUNDING THE ALCOVE WHERE THE GOHONZON SITS ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS, A CENTRAL COMPONENT OF BUDDHIST TEACHINGS. THE ANIMALS DEPICTED IN RELIEF ON THE GOKUDEN ARE SEEN AS PROTECTING AMIDA BUDDHA. THE GOLD COLOUR SEEN THROUGHOUT THE GOKUDEN AND OTHER RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS IS SYMBOLIC: TRUTH, LIKE GOLD, DOES NOT TARNISH OVER TIME. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. KAHIN: THE KAHIN (FLOWER VASES) SIT ON THE MAE-JOKU OR SHOKO-DAI. THE BUTSUGU WHICH SITS ON THE MAE-JOKU ARE ARRANGED IN EITHER A THREE OR FIVE SET ARRANGEMENT. THE THREE SET ARRANGEMENT IS CALLED A, “SANGUSOKU,” WHICH HAS AN INCENSE BURNER, A VASE, AND A CANDLE-STICK HOLDER ARRANGED LEFT TO RIGHT FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE. THE FIVE SET ARRANGEMENT IS CALLED A, “GOGUSOKU,” AND THE BUTSUGU ARRANGEMENT IS A VASE, A CANDLE-STICK HOLDER, AN INCENSE BURNER, A CANDLE HOLDER AND A VASE. THE GOGUSOKU IS TRADITIONALLY RESERVED FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS, ALTHOUGH THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA USED THIS ARRANGEMENT FREQUENTLY, ACCORDING TO REVEREND IZUMI. FLOWERS ARE A COMMON SYMBOL IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SIGNIFYING THE IMPERMANENCE OF LIFE. MANY CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA COULD NOT AFFORD TO PURCHASE FRESH FLOWERS YEAR ROUND, THUS FAKE FLOWERS WERE OFTEN USED. THE DRAGONS WHICH APPEAR ON THE HANDLES OF SOME OF THE KAHIN ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. KASHA: THE KASHA (INCENSE-BURNER) SITS ON THE UWA-JOKU (UPPER TABLE). THE BUTSUGU THAT SIT ON THE UWA-JOKU ARE ARRANGED IN A FOUR ELEMENT ARRANGEMENT. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT, FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE, THE ARRANGEMENT IS AS FOLLOWS: KEBYO (FLOWER-VASE), ROSOKU-TATE (CANDLE HOLDER), KASHA, AND KEBYO. SOME PHOTOGRAPHS, HOWEVER, SUGGEST THAT THIS ARRANGEMENT WAS FLEXIBLE. THE THREE LEGS OF THE KASHA AND OTHER BUTSUGU ARE SYMBOLIC OF THE THREE TREASURES: (1) BUDDHA, THE SOURCE OF ENLIGHTENMENT AND TRUTH, (2) DHARMA, THE TEACHINGS AND EXPRESSIONS OF TRUTH, AND (3) SANGHA, A FRIENDLY, HARMONIOUS GATHERING. BUTSUGU WITH THREE LEGS SHOULD BE POSITIONED SUCH THAT ONE OF THE THREE LEGS FACES DIRECTLY OUTWARDS. INCENSE-BURNING WAS A COMMON RITUAL PRACTICED IN BUDDHIST CHURCHES, SIGNIFYING ONES RESPECT AND GRATITUDE TOWARDS AMIDA BUDDHA. KEBYO: THESE FLOWER VASES WOULD SIT ON THE UWA-JOKU (UPPER TABLE), PER PLACEMENT OF KEBYO, SEE SEE HISTORY OF KASHA ABOVE. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF FLOWERS IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KAHIN ABOVE. KIKU-RINTO: THIS CHRYSANTHEMUM HANGING LANTERN WOULD HANG FROM THE CEILING, GENERALLY ON EITHER SIDE OF THE MAE-JOKU (FRONT TABLE). IN SHIN BUDDHISM, LIGHT SYMBOLIZES AMIDA BUDDHA’S WISDOM AND TRUTH. THE FLOWERS FOUND THROUGHOUT THE KIKU-RINTO ARE SYMBOLIC OF THE TRANSIENCE OF LIFE. SPECIFICALLY, THE CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER IS FOUND ON THE CREST OF THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN, AND A SYMBOL OF THE EMPEROR AND THE IMPERIAL HOUSE. TRADITIONALLY, SUCH LANTERNS WERE OIL-BURNING, BUT THESE LANTERNS ARE ELECTRIC. KORO: THESE KORO (INCENSE-BURNERS) WERE TYPICALLY PLACED ON A SHOKO-DAI (INCENSE BURNING STAND). PER SIGNIFICANCE OF THREE LEGGED BUTSUGU AND INCENSE BURNING, SEE HISTORY OF KASHA ABOVE. THE DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE KORO ARE SYMBOLS OF GOOD OMENS. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. MAE-JOKU: THIS TABLE WOULD BE CENTERED IN FRONT OF THE GOKUDEN (AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE) ON THE NAJIN (STAGE). FOR KINDS OF BUTSUGU AND THEIR PLACEMENT ON MAE-JOKU , SEE HISTORY OF KAHIN ABOVE. THE CARVED WOODEN RELIEFS ON THE TABLE INCLUDE DRAGONS, CRANES (SYMBOLS OF GOOD OMENS AND LONGEVITY, RESPECTIVELY), PEACOCKS, AND LOTUS AND CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS. LOTUS FLOWERS ARE ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT SYMBOLS IN BUDDHISM. THE LOTUS PLANT BEGINS ITS LIFE AS A SEED, AT THE MUCKY BOTTOM OF A POND. AS IT GROWS, THE PLANT ASCENDS THROUGH THE MURKY WATER, EVENTUALLY COMING TO THE SURFACE AND BLOSSOMING INTO A BEAUTIFUL FLOWER. THE LOTUS FLOWER IS THUS AN EXAMPLE FOR FOLLOWERS OF THE BUDDHIST FAITH. THE MUCK AND MUDDY POND IS SYMBOLIC OF OUR WORLD, AND THE SINS AND TEMPTATIONS THAT EXIST WITHIN IT, YET FROM THIS, A BEAUTIFUL FLOWER IS BORNE. BY FOLLOWING AMIDA BUDDHA’S TEACHING AND STRIVING FOR PURITY AND ENLIGHTENMENT, ONE IS ABLE TO MOVE BEYOND SIN, AND ASCEND TOWARDS ENLIGHTENMENT. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS, SEE HISTORY OF AND KIKU-RINTO ABOVE. THE ANIMALS AND PLANTS REPRESENTED APPEAR AS THEY ARE DESCRIBED IN THE AMIDA SUTRA, ONE OF THE 3 PRINCIPLE SUTRAS OF SHIN BUDDHISM. RESTING ON TOP OF THE MAE-JOKU WAS THE UCHISHIKI AND MIZUHIKI AND TABLE RUNNER (SEE P20070020012). ROSOKU-TATE: THESE PARTICULAR ROSOKU-TATE WOULD SIT ON A SHOKO-DAI. THE DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE ROSOKU-TATE ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. THE FLAME WOULD HAVE BEEN EXTINGUISHED BY A CANDLE SNUFFER, AS HUMAN BREATH IS CONSIDERED IMPURE. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF LIGHT IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. SHUMIDAN: SAT ON THE CENTER OF THE STAGE (NAIJIN) IN THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THE GOKUDEN SITS ATOP THE SHIMUDAN, AS DOES THE UWA-JOKU AND OTHER VARIOUS BUTSUGU. DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE SHIMUDAN ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. TASSLE: THIS HUNG INSIDE THE GOKUDEN, ABOVE THE HEAD OF THE GOHONZON. TSURI TORO: THESE WOULD HANG FROM THE CEILING, ON EITHER SIDE OF THE GOKUDEN (AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE). THE TSURI TORO WERE ORIGINALLY USED TO LIGHT PATHS AT NIGHT TO AVOID THE ACCIDENTAL KILLING OF INSECTS AND SMALL CREATURES ON THE ROAD. TRADITIONALLY, SUCH LANTERNS WERE OIL-BURNING, BUT THESE LANTERNS WERE ELECTRIC. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF LIGHT IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. UWA-JOKU: SITS ON THE SHIMUDAN, IN FRONT OF THE GOKUDEN. SITTING ON TOP OF THE UWA-JOKU IS UCHISHIKI 1(TABLE CLOTH). SEE P20070020013 FOR DESCRIPTION AND PLACEMENT OF THIS UCHISHIKI. A FOUR ELEMENT ARRANGEMENT SAT ON THIS TABLE WHICH, FROM LEFT TO RIGHT, AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE, WERE: KEBYO, ROSOKU-TATE, KASHA, AND KEBYO. PER SIGNIFICANCE AND FUNCTION OF THESE OBJECTS, SEE RESPECTIVE HISTORIES LISTED ABOVE. YORAKU: THESE WOULD HANG FROM THE FOUR CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN; THE LARGER YORAKU HANG FROM THE FRONT CORNERS AND THE SMALLER YORAKU HANG FROM THE BACK CORNERS. THEY ARE DERIVED FROM ORNAMENTS WORN AROUND THE NECK OF BODY OF ARISTOCRATIC MEN IN ANCIENT INDIA. SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA, THE FOUNDER OF BUDDHISM, ADVOCATED THAT NOBILITY WAS NOT THE RESULT OF ONE’S BIRTH, BUT RATHER THE RESULT OF ONES DEEDS. THESE YORAKU REPRESENT THE ATTAINMENT OF NOBILITY THROUGH NOBLE DEEDS. WHITE CANDLE: WOULD HAVE BEEN USED WITH ROSOKU-TATE.
Catalogue Number
P20070020001
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
7
Height
14.7
Length
46.5
Width
35.6
Description
A. BLACK PLASTIC CASE, 46.5 CM LONG X 35.6 CM WIDE X 14.7 CM TALL. CASE FRONT HAS BLACK HANDLE WITH SILVER METAL BASE AND BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”; FRONT HAS BLACK PLASTIC CLASPS ON BOTH ENDS. INSIDE OF CASE HAS BASE LINED WITH STYROFOAM INSERT, WITH CUT-OUT SECTIONS FOR STORING MONITOR AND ACCESSORIES. INSIDE CASE AT HINGE HAS CLEAR PLASTIC LABEL ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “SPARE FUSE”. INSIDE OF LID HAS ATTACHED GREY INSTRUCTION SHEET WITH BLACK AND GREY LABEL “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT” ABOVE BLACK TEXT ON GREY SHEET “LAERDAL HEARTSIM 2000, TEACHES ECG INTERPRETATION, ARRHYTHMIA MANAGEMENT AND HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORM RECOGNITION” WITH LISTINGS OF “FUNCTIONS, ECG SIMULATION, ECG MENU” AND DIAGRAMS BELOW; LOWER RIGHT CORNER OF SHEET HAS LOGO SHOWING ONE FIGURE BANDAGING THE ARM OF ANOTHER AND TEXT “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504, FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND SERVICE INFORMATION CALL: 800-431-1055, IN NEW YORK CALL SERVICE DEPARTMENT COLLECT: 914-273-9404”. INSIDE LID UNDER INSTRUCTION SHEET IS BLACK STYROFOAM MOUNT. CASE EXTERIOR IS SCRATCHED, SCUFFED, AND WORN; INSIDE OF CASE IS STAINED AND SOILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. HEARTSIM 2000, 8 CM TALL X 30.1 CM LONG X 27 CM WIDE. CREAM-WHITE PLASTIC MONITOR WITH TRI-COLORED RED, GREY AND BROWN STRIPE RUNNING DOWN UPPER LEFT EDGE. MONITOR IS SQUARE AND TOP TAPERS TO LOWER EDGE; LEFT SIDE HAS BROWN, BLACK AND RED LABEL “HEARTSIM 2000, LAERDAL MEDICAL” WITH BLACK AND WHITE LABEL BELOW “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”. RIGHT SIDE HAS MONITOR CONTROL DISPLAY WITH WHITE TEXT ABOVE “QRS TYPE, BASIC RHYTHM, PREMATURE COMPLEXES, RATE” AND WHITE TEXT ON RIGHT SIDE “RUNNING, WAITING”. KEYPAD BELOW CONTROL DISPLAY WITH DARK GREY, LIGHT GREY, AND RED BUTTONS WITH BLACK LABELS; BELOW BUTTONS BLACK TEXT “HEARTSIM 2000—KEYBOARD” WITH OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. KEYBOARD DETACHES; BACK OF KEYBOARD HAS EMBOSSED STAMP “MADE IN GERMANY” ABOVE BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “SAIT”; BACK HAS REMOVABLE SECTION IN BACKING FOR BATTERIES. UNDER KEYBOARD ON MONITOR HAS CLEAR LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “CONDENSED INSTRUCTIONS” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING MONITOR. RIGHT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS SILVER LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “B 366536, SPECIAL INSPECTION SERVICE” WITH DETAILS ON SPECIAL INSPECTION. BACK OF MONITOR HAS BLACK “ON/OFF” SWITCH WITH RED CIRCLE ON LEFT SIDE OF SWITCH, AND DARK GREY LABELS ON SIDES; BACK HAS OUTPUT INSERTS FOR “HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORMS OUTPUT CH. 2/CH. 3, MANIKIN, LAERDAL MONITOR INTERFACE, PULSE OUTPUT”; BACK HAS THREE INPUT AND OUTPUT INSERTS ON LEFT SIDE WITH WHITE, GREEN AND RED INPUTS ABOVE OUTPUTS LABELLED “RA, RL, LL”. RIGHT SIDE HAS DARK GREY LABELS “HEARTSIM 2000, 1A/110V~60 HZ/110W, FUSES: 1A SLOW BLOW, SERIAL NO.” WITH ENGRAVED NUMBERS “011618” ON WHITE SQUARE, AND LABEL “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504”. LEFT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS BLACK DIAL WITH CLEAR LABEL ABOVE WITH BLACK AND WHITE YIN AND YANG SYMBOL. BOTTOM OF MONITOR HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “THIS EQUIPMENT COMPLIES WITH THE REQUIREMENTS IN PART 15 OF FCC RULES FOR A CLASS A COMPUTING DEVICE. OPERATION OF THIS EQUIPMENT IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA MAY CAUSE UNACCEPTABLE INTERFERENCE TO RADIO AND TV RECEPTION REQUIRING THE OPERATOR TO TAKE WHATEVER STEPS ARE NECESSARY TO CORRECT THE INTERFERENCE. 2407”. WHITE LABEL IN LOWER LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK TEXT “CAUTIONS,” AND THREE STATEMENTS FOR USING THE HEARTSIM 2000. TOP OF MONITOR HAS BLACK MARK ON LEFT SIDE; TOP IS SCUFFED AND WORN; SIDES ARE SCUFFED AND RUBBED; BOTTOM OF MONITOR IS SCUFFED AND RUBBED ON LABELS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 168 CM LONG. CORD HAS TRI-PRONG INSERT AT ONE END, AND TRI-PRONG SILVER PLUG AT OTHER END. INSERT END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “I-SHENG , IS-14, 10A 125V 1250W” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “[COPYRIGHT SYMBOL] E55943, LL41230, [CSA SYMBOL], 214”. CORD HAS BLACK TEXT DOWN SIDES; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. D. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 219 CM LONG. CORD HAS ROUND SILVER INSERT AT ONE END WITH SIX SILVER PLUG-RODS INSIDE; CORD SPLITS INTO THREE WIRES AT OTHER END WITH THREE NODES FORMING END. NODES ARE RED, BLACK, AND WHITE LABELLED “LL, LA, RA”. BASE WHERE CORD DIVERGES INTO THREE WIRES HAS SILVER CLIP ON BACK; FRONT OF BASE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “ZOLL, 9500-0229-02, LL, LA, RA”; BASE IS ATTACHED TO CORD WITH INSERTS FOR THREE WIRES TO EXTEND. INPUT END IS RUBBED AND SCUFFED; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. WHITE PLASTIC SQUARE WITH THREE ROWS OF FOUR CUT-OUT HOLES ON TOP, 7.1 CM WIDE X 5.3 CM LONG X 0.8 CM TALL. SQUARE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES AND LOWER EDGE ARE BENT DOWN; HOLES ON TOP ARE LABELLED INTO FOUR COLUMNS WITH GREY TEXT “YES, NO, NEXT, RESTART”. TOP HAS GREY TEXT ALONG LOWER EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000 V. FIB. RECOGNITION MODULE” WITH “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO BELOW. LOWER EDGE IS CRACKED; RIGHT AND LEFT CORNERS ARE CRACKED AND CHIPPED; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK MARK “L” AND BLACK SMEAR IN LOWER RIGHT CORNER; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. F. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 8 CM LONG X 6.7 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK. UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “262003”, TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “SEQ MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2484”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 7.4 CM LONG X 6.6 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WHITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK; TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “V. FIB MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2486”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; BOX FRONT CREASED ALONG UPPER EDGE; BOX CREASED ON BACK AND SIDES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ON APRIL 19, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LETHBRIDGE EMS RESOURCE OFFIER WARD EGGLI REGARDING HIS TIME USING A DONATED HEARTSIM 2000. THE HEARTSIM 2000 TRAINING SIMULATOR WAS DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, AND WAS USED FOR TRAINING NEW RECRUITS. ON THE SIMULATOR, EGGLI ELABORATED, “THIS IS A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT THAT TODAY TECHNOLOGY-WISE HAS JUST SURPASSED ITS USE. IT’S NO LONGER USED IN OUR TRAINING DIVISION. IT WAS USED ORIGINALLY WAS IN TRAINING CARDIAC RHYTHMS.” “THIS IS A VERY VALUABLE TOOL FOR STUDENTS IN RELATION TO CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION. THE ADVANTAGE THAT THIS TOOL GAVE US WAS THAT IT WOULD PRODUCE A RHYTHM, LIKE A HUMAN BEING ON THE OTHER END OF THE LEADS WOULD PRODUCE ON A CARDIAC MONITOR. SO IT WAS A REAL WORLD APPLICATION FOR US TO INTERPRET WHAT WE WERE SEEING [ON] A VERY SMALL SCREEN AND THE CONNECTION WOULD BE A CONFIRMATION TO WHAT THE GENERATOR WAS ACTUALLY PRODUCING. NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM FOR EXAMPLE SHOULD BE WHAT WE SEE ON THE MONITOR AND THE CONFIRMATION FROM THE EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE WOULD BE FOUND ON THE SIMULATOR.” “IT’S PROBABLY BEEN OUT OF SERVICE, PROBABLY AT LEAST TEN YEARS AGO [2005 TO 2008].” “WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE AND THEN WE HAD TWO HAND HELD VERSIONS THAT WERE MUCH SMALLER. THEY ONLY PRODUCED SORT OF THE MOST CRITICAL RHYTHMS, BUT WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE IN THE TRAINING DIVISION.” “TRAINING CONFIRMATION AND INTERPRETATION OF CARDIAC RHYTHMS [WAS] ITS SOLE PURPOSE.” “IN [THE] CONSTRUCTION OF THE CASE…[IS] STYROFOAM. IT WAS THE ONLY ONE IN ITS SERVICE AND THEN THE ONES THAT CAME AFTER IT WERE SMALLER AND LESS EXPENSIVE AND LESS CAPABLE THAN THAT ONE WAS FOR ITS TIME…I DON’T KNOW THE COST OF IT, I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THAT IT BEING VERY EXPENSIVE. MOST THINGS IN EMS AND FIRE SERVICES ARE.” “I THINK THE INTERNET, SOME OTHER SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS, DEFINITELY FROM AN EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE STARTED SURPASSING ITS ABILITIES. [FOR] EDUCATION THIS WOULD BE A SIMULATOR THAT PRODUCED A RHYTHM FOR ONE INDIVIDUAL. THE ADVANTAGE OF SOME OF THE TECHNOLOGY IN 2005 AND 2008 WAS YOU WOULD BE ABLE TO BRING IN A WHOLE CLASSROOM AND DO AN INTERPRETATION ON A BIG SCREEN, ON A LAPTOP, ON A COMPUTER…SO IT JUST GOT OLD. [IT] STILL [HAS] VALUE BUT IT JUST GOT OLD.” “IT’S BEEN IN THE DEPARTMENT AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER BUT I WASN’T ABLE TO FIND OUT A SERVICE DATE FOR THIS THROUGH THE INTERNET.” ON HIS EXPERIENCE USING THE HEARTSIM 2000, EGGLI RECALLED, “I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE AND EVEN BEFORE THAT AS A NEW RECRUIT, A NEW MEMBER TO THE SERVICE. IN 2000 I BECAME A PARAMEDIC AND IN MY PARAMEDIC TRAINING I WOULD USE THIS DEVICE. I WOULD TAKE IT HOME, MY WIFE ACTUALLY RAN THE REMOTE. SHE DIDN’T KNOW A LOT ABOUT RHYTHMS BUT SHE LEARNED ALONGSIDE ME WITH THIS. [SHE WOULD] BASICALLY PUSH A BUTTON, I WOULD ANALYZE RHYTHM, SHE WOULD TELL ME IF I WAS CORRECT OR NOT FROM THE MACHINE. IT PRODUCES TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED RHYTHMS SO WE HAD LOTS TO DO.” “AS A STUDENT ON THE OTHER END OF WHAT THE GENERATOR WOULD PRODUCE, IT HONED MY SKILLS. IT REALLY MADE ME QUITE GOOD AT THAT INTERPRETATION BECAUSE I [SAW] A CERTAIN WAVE. I COULD LOOK FROM ALMOST ACROSS THE ROOM AND GO “I KNOW WHAT THAT IS, IT’S THIRD DEGREE HEART BLOCK.” SOME OF THEM ARE TRICKY AND THIS PARTICULAR GENERATION IN ITS DAY GAVE SOME VARIATION TO EACH OF THOSE TYPES OF RHYTHMS, WHICH ALSO MAKES YOU A LITTLE BIT BETTER AT [READING THE RHYTHMS].” “I’M THE EMS RESOURCE OFFICER TODAY BUT I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE…IT’S POSSIBLE [THIS WAS IN USE FROM DAY ONE].” “WE ALSO USED IT IF WE HAD STUDENTS THAT WERE LOOKING FOR SOME EXTRA SUPPORT. WE WOULD THROW A MANNEQUIN ON THE FLOOR, WE WOULD PUT THE HEART 2000 BESIDE THEM, WE WOULD RUN A SCENARIO AND MAYBE END UP WITH A RHYTHM OR TWO THAT THEY WERE INTERPRETING. WE USED IT THAT WAY, BUT MY FONDEST MEMORIES OF USING IT WERE DEFINITELY MY WIFE SITTING IN THE CORNER PUSHING THE BUTTONS FOR HOURS. IT WAS VERY INVALUABLE AND CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION WAS ALWAYS SOMETHING I WAS REALLY INTERESTED IN BECAUSE IT’S A UNIQUE ART ALMOST, A SKILL THAT SOME PRACTITIONERS EITHER HAVE OR DON’T. SOME ARE INTERESTED IN IT, SOME AREN’T. I COULD DO IT UNTIL THE COWS CAME HOME.” “TODAY [WITH] A CARDIAC MONITOR YOU CAN SWITCH IT SO THAT IT’S AN AED, IT CAN ACT LIKE AN AED. IT WILL DO MANY THINGS. THE CARDIAC MONITOR THAT WE USE TODAY IN SERVICE DOES BLOOD PRESSURE, IT’LL MEASURE OXYGEN SATURATION, IT’LL MEASURE CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS AS WELL. IT CAN HELP US WITH TRACKING THE DRUGS WE USE AND IT HAS SOME MEMORY. WE HAVE THE ABILITY TO USE WI-FI AND BLUETOOTH AND SEND THE ECGS TO EMERGENCY DEVICES WHEN WE’RE IN HOSPITAL, AND WHEN WE GET BACK TO STATION FOR TRACKING AND AUDIT PURPOSES. WE DO SOME AMAZING STUFF AND THIS HEARTSIM 2000 IS A GREAT GRANDFATHER OF SOME OF WHAT WE’RE USING TODAY.” “DEFINITELY, LEADERS IN FIRE, LEADERS IN EMS, LEADERS IN COMBINED SERVICES, IS LETHBRIDGE. WE WERE THE FIRST ORGANIZATION OF ITS KIND TO BE ACCREDITED, [WITH] ACCREDITATION CANADA. ONE OF OUR MEDICAL DIRECTORS, YEARS AGO, CALLED US THE CROWN JEWEL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA BECAUSE OF THE TYPE OF SERVICE WE WERE, HOW WE TREAT OUR STAFF, HOW WE TRAIN OUR STAFF, THE OUTCOMES THAT WE HAVE IN BOTH FIRE AND EMS AND COMBINED SERVICE. THERE’S NOT MANY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE WORLD THAT HAVE A SERVICE LIKE OURS THAT WOULD RESPOND TO A PATIENT ANYWHERE IN THE CITY IN THE FASHION THAT WE DO, WITH A COUPLE OF UNITS IN HIGH EQUITY CALL WHERE A PUMP AND AN AMBULANCE ARE SUPPORTING GREAT CARE. IT DEFINITELY, APPROPRIATELY I BELIEVE, A CADILLAC SERVICE. OFTEN SOME PEOPLE WOULD SAY “WELL DO WE NEED THE CADILLAC ALL THE TIME?” AND I THINK IN LETHBRIDGE, IF YOU’VE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO BE A PART OF A RESPONSE, YOU’RE THANKFUL FOR WHAT YOU GET HERE.” “I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THE NUMBER OF HANDS THAT HAVE TOUCHED THIS HEART SIM 2000. SOME OF THE POTENTIAL PATIENT OUTCOMES THAT WERE REALLY LIFESAVING, IN MY OPINION, [CAME] FROM A DEVICE LIKE THIS. I THINK IT’S BRILLIANT THAT IT’S GOING TO BE KEPT, [THAT] IT’S NOT JUST SOMETHING WE THREW IN THE DUMPSTER. IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF HISTORY, IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF EMS HISTORY. IT’S A VERY IMPORTANT PART OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES’ HISTORY, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, AND OFTEN WE KIND OF FORGET ABOUT WHY WE’RE HERE. IT’S FOR THE PATIENTS AND PEOPLE THAT WE TOUCH IN THE COMMUNITY.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180009000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
Acquisition Date
2018-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

31 records – page 1 of 2.