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Other Name
NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970115001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Length
113 (CHAIN)
Diameter
14 (BALL)
Description
ROUND STEEL BALL ATTACHED TO A STEEL CHAIN WITH A LEG SHACKLE AT THE END. ALSO ATTACHED TO THE TOP OF THE BALL IS AN ADJUSTABLE LEATHER STRAP, USED BY PRISONER TO LIFT THE BALL OFF THE GROUND. MARKED ON THE SURFACE OF THE ANKLE CUFF IS "TOWER (?) PATENT MAY 26, '74, SEPT. 4, '77, MAR. 5, '78, DEC. ?. '79 DEC. 5, '82". HINGE STAMPED "4" ON ONE SIDE AND "D" ON THE OTHER. SURFACE OF BALL IS STAMPED WITH A LARGE "A". LEATHER IS STILL REASONABLY SOFT.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONATION MADE ON BEHALF OF DONORS FATHER, EDWARD E. BUCHANAN, FORMER SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE FROM MAY 1944 TO NOV. 1950. ACCORDING TO DONOR, ITEM BELONGED TO THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE, BUT WAS GIVEN TO THE LETHBRIDGE JAIL WHEN IT OPENED IN APPROX. 1909. USED TO KEEP A PRISONER IMMOBILE IN THE UNFENCED PRISON YARD. MR. BUCHANAN WAS A MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FROM 1919 UNTIL 1932 WHEN HE TRANSFERED TO ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. RETIRED IN 1950, THEN BECAME DIRECTOR OF CORRECTIONS FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. FATHER WAS GIVEN THE ITEMS BY WARDEN OF LETHBRIDGE'S JAIL, HERB HOLT IN THE LATE 1950'S. FOR DONOR'S PERSONAL MEMORIES AND HISTORY OF DONATIONS SEE PERMANENT FILE. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. **** ON 18 JANUARY 2013, BALL AND CHAIN (P19970115001) AND OREGON BOOT (P19970115002) DONOR TED BUCHANAN (TB) VISITED THE GALT TO PARTICIPATE IN A COLLECTIONS-REQUESTED INTERVIEW. THE INTENT OF THE INTERVIEW WAS TO CLARIFY DETAILS SURROUNDING BUCHANAN’S 1998 ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF A HANGMAN’S NOOSE (P19990088001). ADDITIONAL DETAILS REGARDING BUCHANAN’S OWNERSHIP OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WERE DISCUSSED, QUESTIONS POSED BY KEVIN MACLEAN (KM). RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM THE INTERVIEW ARE BELOW. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE INTERVIEW IN ITS ENTIRETY, PLEASE SEE P19990088001’S PERMANENT FILE. TB: “WELL HE HAD A TRUNK IN THE BASEMENT WHERE HE KEPT A LOT OF THIS, THE OLD MEMORABILIA THAT HE HAD. AND AS MUCH OF IT AS I CAN REMEMBER WAS ALL, PRETTY MUCH EVERYTHING WAS KEPT IN THAT BIG ROOM, TRUNK.” TB: “HE HAD TAKEN POSSESSION OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WHILE HE WAS STILL WITH THE RCMP HERE (LETHBRIDGE). IT CAME OUT OF THE OLD RCMP DETACHMENT BUILDING THAT WAS THERE BEFORE THEY BUILT THEIR NEW FACILITY, THEY HAD FOUR OR FIVE JUST LIKE HOUSES THAT WERE ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY, APPROXIMATELY WHERE THE PRESENT POLICE STATION IS. AND THEN ON THE WEST SIDE OF THAT PROPERTY, BECAUSE THEY OWNED THE WHOLE FOUR CITY BLOCKS THERE, WHERE CITY HALL IS, THE YATES MEMORIAL CENTER, AND THE SENIORS’ CENTER AND THE CURLING RINK AND ALL THAT. THAT WAS ALL RCMP PROPERTY; WELL IT WAS NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE PROPERTY ORIGINALLY. AND WAY OFF ON THE EAST SIDE WAS WHERE THE STABLES WERE, BECAUSE THE ORIGINAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ONLY WAY TO TRAVEL WAS BY HORSEBACK UNTIL THEY STARTED BRINGING IN AUTOMOBILES AND SO THEY HAD QUITE A STABLE THERE. WELL THEN THEY HAD TO BUILD A JAIL OUT HERE, SO THEY BUILT A JAIL ADJACENT TO THE STABLES ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY AND THAT’S WHERE THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT CAME INTO PLAY, BECAUSE THE LAND DOWN THERE WAS GOOD GARDENING LAND AND THEY HAD BIG GARDEN CROPS OUT THERE AND THEY WOULD HAVE SOME OF THE INMATES GO OUT THERE AND HOE THE GARDEN AND LOOK AFTER THE VEGETABLES AND DO THE WATERING AND WHATEVER AND THIS IS WHY THEY HAD TO RESTRAIN THEM.” KM: “DO YOU REMEMBER ANY SPECIFIC STORIES WITH THAT BOOT, WHO WORE IT OR ANYTHING, LIKE THAT?” TB: “NO.” KM: “SO ALL YOU KNOW IS THAT THOSE ITEMS CAME DIRECTLY FROM THE BARRACKS?” TB: “THAT’S RIGHT, IN FACT THE REASON THAT DAD SAID HE TOOK POSSESSION OF THEM BECAUSE WHEN THEY TORE DOWN THE OLD STABLES AND THE OLD JAIL THEY WERE JUST DESTROYING IT, EVERYTHING WAS JUST GOING TO THE CITY DUMP AND HE HAPPENED TO SEE SOME OF THESE THINGS AND HE THOUGHT THEY WERE THINGS THAT PEOPLE WOULD BE INTERESTED IN VIEWING IN THE FUTURE.
Catalogue Number
P19970115001
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PERSUADER OR COME-ALONG
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL PLATING
Catalogue Number
P19662209000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PERSUADER OR COME-ALONG
Date Range From
1800
Date Range To
1900
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL PLATING
No. Pieces
1
Height
29.5
Width
8.3
Description
CHAIN WITH "T" SHAPED SOLID PIECE AT EACH END. SHAPED WITH GROOVE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CHAIN IS WRAPPED AROUND WRIST, "T" PIECES FIT IN EACH OTHER & ARE TWISTED TO "PERSUADE" AN INDIVIDUAL TO FOLLOW A POLICE OFFICER. RETIRED POLICE CHIEF JIM CARPENTER SAYS THIS TYPE OF HANDCUFF WAS USED BY LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE BEFORE MORE FAMILIAR MODERN HANDCUFF ADOPTED. ***** UPDATE: COPY BELOW WAS RESEARCHED AND WRITTEN FOR SUBMISSION TO LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ON 15 APRIL 2013, RELATED TO THE MUSEUM’S WHAT’S IT FEATURE. REFERENCES TO THE ARTIFACT’S REPRESENTATIONAL USE BY THE LATE, RETIRED CHIEF OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE JIM CARPENTER CAN BE FOUND ON PAGES 83 AND 104 OF HIS BOOK THE BADGE AND THE BLOTTER. RESEARCH WAS CONDUCTED BY MUSEUM VOLUNTEER KIRSTEN CHRISTOPHERSON. “COME-ALONGS” (ALSO KNOWN AS “CHAIN GRIPS” OR “CHAIN NIPPERS”) ARE AN EARLY FORM OF POLICE RESTRAINT USED FROM THE LATE 19TH TO MID 20TH CENTURY. THE LATE POLICE CHIEF JIM CARPENTER WROTE IN HIS BOOK THE BADGE AND THE BLOTTER THAT, WHEN HE BEGAN HIS CAREER WITH LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE IN 1940, HE WAS ISSUED “COME-ALONG CHAINS” AMONGST OTHER THINGS. COME-ALONGS HAVE TWO “T” SHAPED HANDLES, THE LARGER OF WHICH IS INSET, ALLOWING FOR ONE “T” HANDLE TO BE INSERTED INTO THE OTHER. TO USE A COME-ALONG, AN OFFICER WRAPPED THE CHAIN COMPONENT OF THE HANDCUFF AROUND ONE OF THE DETAINEE’S WRISTS, COMBINING AND TWISTING THE NOW INTERLOCKED HANDLE, THEREBY SHORTENING THE CHAIN. THIS SHORTENING ACTION CAUSED DISCOMFORT AND PAIN FOR THE DETAINEE, PERSUADING HIM OR HER TO “COME-ALONG” BY FORCE. ONE CAN IMAGINE THE ISSUES OFFICERS FACED USING COME-ALONGS, AS IT ONLY CONTROLLED ONE OF THE DETAINEE’S TWO HANDS. THE RESTRAINT “TOOL” WAS EVENTUALLY DISCARDED BY POLICE AS THE TRADITIONAL HANDCUFF ROSE IN PROMINENCE. THIS CHANGE PROVIDED INCREASED SAFETY AND PEACE OF MIND FOR BOTH OFFICERS AND THEIR DETAINEES.
Catalogue Number
P19662209000
Acquisition Date
1966-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
NOZZLE TIPS (4)
Date Range From
1898
Date Range To
1908
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19760097000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOZZLE TIPS (4)
Date Range From
1898
Date Range To
1908
Materials
BRASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
5
Height
8.3
Length
38.7
Width
3.8
Description
SET OF 4 NOZZLE TIPS, MADE OF BRASS, ARE SCREWED ONTO A 2 X 4 PIECE OF BLACKWOOD (ABOVE DIMESIONS). PAINTED BLACK. NOZZLE TIPS, 10.2 CM LTH. 2 NOZZLE ON THE LEFT OR RIGHT SIDE ARE BOTH 2.8 CM HOLE SIZE; THE ONE NEXT IS OF 1.9 HOLE SIZE AND THE LAST IS A CONVERSION NOZZLE OF 2.2 CM HOLE SIZE. THE CONVERSION NOZZLE MAY CONVERT FOR USE OF OTHER SIZES OF NOZZLES. EACH NOZZLE HAS ENGRAVED ON THE BOTTOM: "J. MORRIS & SONS LTD. FIRE ENGINEERS MANCHESTER". EACH NOZZLE HAS A 6.3 CM HOLE TO SCREW ONTO THE SCREW RECEPTACLE WHICH IS BOLTED ONTO THE BOARD. 6.3 CM THREAD. THERE ARE TWO SCREWS ON EACH SIDE OF THE MIDDLE TWO NOZZLES, WHICH ARE SCREWED ONTO SOMETHING FOR THE PURPOSE OF HOLDING THE BOARD IN PLACE. N.B. ONE 2.8 CM NOZZLE TIP, ON MOBILE DISPLAY.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
NOZZLES WERE ONCE MOUNTED ONTO SIDE OF OLD AJAX LADDER FIRE TRUCK, WHICH OPERATED FROM #1 FIRE HALL BUILT IN 1908-09 BY ARCHITECT J.A. MCDONALD & CONTRACTOR SMITH BROS. & WILSON.
Catalogue Number
P19760097000
Acquisition Date
1975-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
OREGON BOOT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970115002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OREGON BOOT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
3
Description
DARK BROWN LEATHER BOOT WITH A STEEL PLATE FASTENED TO THE BOTTOM OF THE HEEL THAT HAS A STEEL ROD ON EACH SIDE ATTACHED TO A STEEL RING AROUND THE OPENING OF THE BOOT. OTHER TWO PIECES ARE WEIGHTS THAT ARE EACH HALF OF A WEIGHTED RING THAT IS CLAMPED AROUND PRISONERS LEG, BUT RESTS ON THE STEEL FRAME. BOOT HAS A HOLE IN THE TOE, AND IS MISSING LACES.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BOOT DESIGNED AND PRODUCED IN THE 1860S TO PREVENT INMATES FROM ESCAPING A FACILITY IN SALEM OREGON. IT WAS NOTED THAT PRISONERS ON OUTSIDE EXERCISE WERE ESCAPING WHEN SHAKLED TO THE TRADITIONAL BALL AND CHAIN. PRISONERS LEARNED THEY COULD PICK UP THE BALL AND, IF DESIRED, RUN AND CLIMB, ALLOWING THEIR ESCAPE. J.C. GARNER INVENTEDTHE BOOT DEVICE. IT IS CLAIMED THAT HE BASED THE DESIGN ON ANKLE BRACES USED TO RESTRAIN SLAVES IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH. HE HAD IT WAS MANUFACTURED IN PRISON SHOPS AND USED ON CONVICTS WHEN OUTSIDE THEIR CELLS. HE LATER PATENTED HIS DEVICE, BUT AS ITS POPULARITY SPREAD AMONGST LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IT WAS MADE BY DIFFERENT MANUFACTURERS, WHO MADE IT IN SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT CONFIGURATIONS TO AVOID PATENT INFRINGEMENT. THE BOOT DECLINED IN USE AFTER THE 1920S. ACCORDING TO DONOR’S FATHER, EDWARD BUCHANAN, BOOT WAS WORN BY A PRISONER AT NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE BARRACKS IN LETHBRIDGE. PRISONER WAS CONVICTED OF MURDER AND SENTENCED TO DEATH BY THE COURT. HANGING ARRANGEMENTS WERE MADE FOR A SCAFFOLD TO BE MADE AT BARRACKS, AS THERE WAS NONE PRESENT. A SLIGHT CHANGE WAS MADE TO THE TRAP DOOR IN THE HAY LOFT OF THE STABLE BY PLACING A STEEL RING IN THE WOOD WORK ABOVE TO FASTEN THE ROPE ON AND THIS WAS WHAT WOULD SERVE THE SENTENCE OF THE COURT. THE EXECUTION WAS CARRIED OUT AT THE BREAK OF DAY, AFTER WHICH THE PRISONER WAS BURIED IN AN UNMARKED GRAVE. EVENT (JAN. 1911) BECAME ONLY EXECUTION EVER CARRIED OUT WITHIN BOUNDARIES OF CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. PRISONER WAS IMMOBOLIZED WHEN HE PUT THE BOOT ON, HAD WEIGHTS APPLIED OVER BRACKET, ENSURING HE COULD WALK, BUT NOT RUN WHILE OUTSIDE. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE MAGAZINE ARTICLES IN PERMANENT FILE ON MURDER CASE AND CONVICTION AS WELL AS BOOT'S GENERIC ORIGINS, AND P19970115001-GA. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. **** ON 18 JANUARY 2013, BALL AND CHAIN (P19970115001) AND OREGON BOOT (P19970115002) DONOR TED BUCHANAN (TB) VISITED THE GALT TO PARTICIPATE IN A COLLECTIONS-REQUESTED INTERVIEW. THE INTENT OF THE INTERVIEW WAS TO CLARIFY DETAILS SURROUNDING BUCHANAN’S 1998 ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF A HANGMAN’S NOOSE (P19990088001). ADDITIONAL DETAILS REGARDING BUCHANAN’S OWNERSHIP OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WERE DISCUSSED, QUESTIONS POSED BY KEVIN MACLEAN (KM). RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM THE INTERVIEW ARE BELOW. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE INTERVIEW IN ITS ENTIRETY, PLEASE SEE P19990088001’S PERMANENT FILE. TB: “WELL HE HAD A TRUNK IN THE BASEMENT WHERE HE KEPT A LOT OF THIS, THE OLD MEMORABILIA THAT HE HAD. AND AS MUCH OF IT AS I CAN REMEMBER WAS ALL, PRETTY MUCH EVERYTHING WAS KEPT IN THAT BIG ROOM, TRUNK.” TB: “HE HAD TAKEN POSSESSION OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WHILE HE WAS STILL WITH THE RCMP HERE (LETHBRIDGE). IT CAME OUT OF THE OLD RCMP DETACHMENT BUILDING THAT WAS THERE BEFORE THEY BUILT THEIR NEW FACILITY, THEY HAD FOUR OR FIVE JUST LIKE HOUSES THAT WERE ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY, APPROXIMATELY WHERE THE PRESENT POLICE STATION IS. AND THEN ON THE WEST SIDE OF THAT PROPERTY, BECAUSE THEY OWNED THE WHOLE FOUR CITY BLOCKS THERE, WHERE CITY HALL IS, THE YATES MEMORIAL CENTER, AND THE SENIORS’ CENTER AND THE CURLING RINK AND ALL THAT. THAT WAS ALL RCMP PROPERTY; WELL IT WAS NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE PROPERTY ORIGINALLY. AND WAY OFF ON THE EAST SIDE WAS WHERE THE STABLES WERE, BECAUSE THE ORIGINAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ONLY WAY TO TRAVEL WAS BY HORSEBACK UNTIL THEY STARTED BRINGING IN AUTOMOBILES AND SO THEY HAD QUITE A STABLE THERE. WELL THEN THEY HAD TO BUILD A JAIL OUT HERE, SO THEY BUILT A JAIL ADJACENT TO THE STABLES ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY AND THAT’S WHERE THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT CAME INTO PLAY, BECAUSE THE LAND DOWN THERE WAS GOOD GARDENING LAND AND THEY HAD BIG GARDEN CROPS OUT THERE AND THEY WOULD HAVE SOME OF THE INMATES GO OUT THERE AND HOE THE GARDEN AND LOOK AFTER THE VEGETABLES AND DO THE WATERING AND WHATEVER AND THIS IS WHY THEY HAD TO RESTRAIN THEM.” KM: “DO YOU REMEMBER ANY SPECIFIC STORIES WITH THAT BOOT, WHO WORE IT OR ANYTHING, LIKE THAT?” TB: “NO.” KM: “SO ALL YOU KNOW IS THAT THOSE ITEMS CAME DIRECTLY FROM THE BARRACKS?” TB: “THAT’S RIGHT, IN FACT THE REASON THAT DAD SAID HE TOOK POSSESSION OF THEM BECAUSE WHEN THEY TORE DOWN THE OLD STABLES AND THE OLD JAIL THEY WERE JUST DESTROYING IT, EVERYTHING WAS JUST GOING TO THE CITY DUMP AND HE HAPPENED TO SEE SOME OF THESE THINGS AND HE THOUGHT THEY WERE THINGS THAT PEOPLE WOULD BE INTERESTED IN VIEWING IN THE FUTURE.
Catalogue Number
P19970115002
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail