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Other Name
POLICE CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA CASE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PRESSED PAPER, STEEL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19960112062
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLICE CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA CASE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
PRESSED PAPER, STEEL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
22
Height
25
Length
44.5
Width
22.7
Description
GREY PRESSED PAPER CASE WITH BLACK STEEL REINFORCED CORNERS. HINGED LID WITH THREE CLASPS AT FRONT; LOCK AT CENTRE. LEATHER CARRYING HANDLE AT TOP OF CASE MARKED "LETH POLICE" ACROSS TOP; "CITY POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH" STAMPED ON ADHESIVE LABEL BELOW. SCRATCHED INTO TOP RIGHT CORNER "OP2-007-073-004". INTERIOR OF CASE DIVIDED INTO FIVE COMPARTMENTS, WHICH CONTAIN THE FOLLOWING: .1 NINE 4 X 5 FILM HOLDERS. INCLUDE FOUR BLACK "RITEWAY" GRAPHIC FILM HOLDER WITH PLASTIC FRAME AND TWO PULL-OUT PANELS IN EACH. ALSO FOUR "FIDELITY DELUXE FIDELITY CUT FILM HOLDER OF SAME STYLE, AND ONE "LISCO REGAL" "LISCO CUT FILM HOLDER" ALSO OF SAME STYLE. ALL ARE SCRATCHED SLIGHTLY THROUGHOUT. .2 CAMERA. BROWN LEATHER CASE WITH "ANSCO" IN GOLD LETTERS ON LENS CAP SECTION. BLUE ADHESIVE LABEL ON TOP OF CASE WITH "CITY POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH". CASE OPENS BY SNAP ON FLAP; SMALL LEATHER CARRYING STRAP AFFIXED BY SIDE RINGS. CONTAINS 35MM CAMERA, FIXED TO CASE BY MEANS OF THREADED BOLT AT BOTTOM. BACK OF CAMERA OPENS; "AV 4286" STAMPED ON LOWER RIGHT INSIDE CORNER. BASE READS "MADE FOR ANSCO BY AGFA CAMERA WERK AG MUNCHEN GERMANY BY ANSCO-GAF". LENS MARKED "AGFA APOTAR..". INCLUDES FOLDED FILM INSTRUCTIONS. .3 PRINT COATER. WHITE CARDBOARD RECTANGULAR BOX WITH HOLE THROUGH CENTRE OF TWO SIDES. CONTAINS TWO BLACK PLASTIC VIALS WITH WHITE PLASTIC LIDS. MARKED ON SIDES IS "FOR BLACK AND WHITE PICTURES ONLY" AND "POLAROID PRINT COATER". EACH CONTAINS LONG SPONGE DAMP WITH DEVELOPING SOLUTION. .4 SET OF TWO IDENTICAL ALUMINUM BRACKETS. CONSIST OF LOOPED BAND CONNECTED TO RECTANGULAR-SHAPED BASE WITH THREADED BOLT FIXED ACROSS INTERIOR. .5 SET OF TWO IDENTICAL COILED BLACK CORDS (RUBBER COATED). TWO-PRONG PLUG AT ONE END, WITH HEAD FOR ROUND OUTLET AT OTHER END. "H" MARKED ON PLUG. .6 UNKNOWN DEVICE. GREY PLASTIC DISC WITH LARGE FLATHEAD BOLT AT TOP. BELOW IS STEEL SHANK, WITH POINTED END. .7 UNKNOWN DEVICE. STEEL CYLINDRICAL VIAL WITH FOUR HOLES PERFORATED AROUND LOWER END; ENGRAVED "GRAFLEX #2" WITH U.S. PATENT NUMBERS LISTED. THREADED LID WITH TINY HOOK FOR HANGING; INSIDE LID FIXED WITH STEEL SHANK WITH WIRE SPRING AROUND. EXTERIOR OF LID IS SERRATED VERTICALLY. .8 CLEAR PLASTIC PILL CONTAINER; WHITE LID. CONTAINS THREE PIECES WHITE CHALK. .9 KEY. CIRCULAR LOOP AT HEAD; HOLLOW SHANK. STEEL.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FROM LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION. CASE IS FOR CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA, ISSUED TO DETECTIVE GLEN B. MICHELSON IN 1961 BY ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH. MICHELSON JOINED LETH. CITY POLICE IN 1950, AND WAS PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN 1957. IN 1961 HE ATTENDED A SEVEN-WEEK TRAINING COURSE AT THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH SCHOOL IN OTTAWA, WHERE CAMERA WAS ISSUED. CAMERA WAS STANDARD EQUIPMENT OF ALL ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENT BRANCHES IN CANADA. WHEN MICHELSON RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE HE SET UP THE CITY POLICE'S FIRST IDENT BRANCH, AND WORKED AS A QUALIFIED FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. THE ANSCO CAMERA WAS ALSO AMONG HIS EARLY EQUIPMENT, AND WAS USED AT CRIME SCENES ETC., THOUGH THE CROWN GRAFLEX WAS THE MORE COMMONLY USED CAMERA. ALTHOUGH THE CASE WAS DONATED TO MUSEUM BY POLICE, THE CAMERA ITSELF REMAINS (03/00) AT THE POLICE STATION. WAS IN USE FOR OVER 20 YEARS. THE CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA WAS THE FIRST PIECE OF EQUIPMENT ACQUIRED FOR THE NEW INVESTIGATIVE BRANCH IN 1961. STANDARD TO EVERY ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE TIME, THE CAMERA TOOK HIGH QUALITY PHOTOS OF FINGERPRINTS AND CRIME SCENES. THE SMALLER ANSCO CAMERA WAS ALSO USEFUL FOR ACCIDENT AND CRIME SCENES. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112062
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
"GRAFLEX - CROWN GRAPHIC"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20080008013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"GRAFLEX - CROWN GRAPHIC"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1985
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
21.2
Length
26.0
Width
18.2
Description
CAMERA, FOLDING. HARD, BLACK PLASTIC CASE WITH VIIEWFINDER WINDOW. FRONT PANEL FOLDS DOWN TO REVEAL AN EXPANDABLE, ACCORDION FOLD, CAMERA LENSE. LENSE MOVES BACK AND FORTH ON METAL TRACKS. VARIOUS HOOKS AND KNOBS ON SIDE AND BACK OF CASE. FRONT OF CASE MARKED "GRAFLEX" ON SILVER COLORED PLAQUE. FRONT OF CAMERA MARKED, "CROWN GRAPHIC... SYNCHRO COMPUR." FRONT OF CASE DOES NOT CLOSE.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA WAS THE FIRST PIECE OF EQUIPMENT ACQUIRED FOR THE NEW INVESTIGATIVE BRANCH IN 1961. IT WAS STANDARD TO EVERY RCMP IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE TIME, THE CAMERA TOOK HIGH QUALITY PHOTOS OF FINGERPRINTS AND CRIPME SCENES, AND WAS USED LOCALLY FOR OVER TWENTY YEARS. RETIRED SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE, GLEN MICHELSON, WROTE A LETTER TO EXPLAIN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE IDENTIFICATION DEPARTMENT WHICH RELIED HEAVILY ON THE USE OF THE CAMERA. SEE BELOW: "IDENTIFICATION RECORDS (FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY) OF PRISONERS WAS STARTED BY THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE IN 1931 BY DETECTIVE SYD WALLIS. COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND FINGERPRINTS WERE DISTRIBUTED TO OTHER POLICE FORCES BY MUTUAL AGREEMENT IN THESE EARLY YEARS. THEN LATER A COPY OF THE FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS WERE FORWARDED TO THE R.C.M. POLICE, A NATIONAL POLICE SERVICE, IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THEIR OTTAWA HEADQUARTERS FOR THE BENEFIT OF ALL POLICE FORCES IN CANADA AND IN OTHER COUNTRIES AS WELL. LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE HAVE MAINTAINED AN EXCELLENT COLLECTION OF IDENTIFICATION RECORDS (FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS) SINCE THAT TIME. I STARTED MY CAREER IN LAW ENFORCEMENT APRIL 14TH, 1947 BY JOINING THE R.C.M. POLICE FORCE IN LETHBRIDGE. I TRAINED IN REGINA AND ROCKCLIFFE ā€œNā€ DIVISION HEADQUARTERS NEAR OTTAWA. I PURCHASED MY DISCHARGE FROM THAT FORCE JULY 31ST, 1950. I JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE AUGUST 29TH, 1950 UNDER THEN CHIEF GEORGE HARVEY. I RETIRED FROM THE CITY POLICE FORCE JULY 31ST, 1984. WHILE ON DUTY IN THE COMPLAINT OFFICE I BECOME INTERESTED IN FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY. I CONSIDERED THE IDENTIFICATION OF CRIMINALS ACT IN THE CRIMINAL CODE TO PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS. AS I MENTIONED, THIS HAD BEEN STARTED BY SYD WALLIS, DETECTIVE) IN 1931. I STARTED FINGERPRINTING AND PHOTOGRAPHING PRISONERS, ALSO DEVELOPING PICTURES IN A SMALL CLOSET LIKE DARK ROOM HARDLY SUITABLE FOR THAT PURPOSE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD POLICE STATION, 5TH ST. & 5TH AVE. SOUTH, LETHBRIDGE. I STARTED PLAIN CLOTHES (DETECTIVE) WORK IN 1957 AND TAKING A FEW PICTURES AT CRIME SCENES. I OBTAINED GOOD INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS FROM TWO WELL KNOWN PHOTOGRAPHERS IN LETHBRIDGE, DR. VICTOR SPACKMAN, AND NEILS KLOPENBERG. THEY WAS MORE THAN WILLING TO GIVE ME HELP. FOR ANY MAJOR CRIME SCENES WE CALLED THE R.C.M. POLICE IDENTIFICATION OFFICER TO TAKE FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS. THEY HAD A IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE R.C.M. POLICE SUB-DIVISION OFFICE IN LETHBRIDGE. THIS OFFICER WAS ALWAYS WILLING TO GIVE US ASSISTANCE. ON FEBRUARY 27TH, 1961 UNTIL APRIL 14TH, 1961, I ATTENDED THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH SCHOOL IN OTTAWA AT THEIR HEADQUARTERS, (CLASS NUMBER 22). THIS COURSE OF INSTRUCTION INCLUDED FINGERPRINTS, PHOTOGRAPHY AND OTHER METHODS OF IDENTIFICATION, FOR ANY CRIME SCENE OR ACCIDENT REQUIRING POLICE INVESTIGATION. I WAS THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE MEMBER TO ATTEND SUCH A CLASS. I RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE AND SET UP THE FIRST CITY POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH, AN OFFICE, WORK ROOM AND DARK ROOM, COMPLETE WITH FINGERPRINT FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT, CAMERAS AND CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA TO TAKE PICTURES ANYWHERE, THEN TO DEVELOP THEM AND BE JUDGED ON OUR WORK, THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF THE NEW POLICE STATION ADDITION WAS IN SEPT. 1963. I ENJOYED CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS AND DOING THE IDENTIFICATION WORK AT CRIME SCENES AND PHOTOGRAPHING THE SCENES AND OTHERS THAT REQUIRED INVESTIGATION. IN MY VIEW IT WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT POLICE WORK AND IT WOULD GIVE ME GREAT SATISFACTION IF I COULD LOCATE A FINGERPRINT LEFT AT A CRIME SCENE THAT WOULD IDENTIFY THE PERSON BEING THERE, OR FIND ANY OTHER PHYSICAL EVIDENCE AT THE CRIME SCENE THAT WAS CONNECTED TO THE OFFENDER. I DID HAVE GREAT SUCCESS IN FINGERPRINTING AND WAS ABLE TO PHOTOGRAPH THE FINGERPRINTS AT CRIME SCENES, AND PROCESS THEM READY FOR COURT. I WAS ABLE TO QUALIFY MYSELF AS A FINGERPRINT EXPERT IN JUVENILE COURT, MAGISTRATES COURT AND ALBERTA SUPREME COURT (NOW CALLED COURT OF QUEENS BENCH.) I ALSO GAVE EVIDENCE AT CORONERS INQUESTS IN FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS. THE FINDING OF A FINGERPRINT, HOWEVER AT THE CRIME SCENE IS NOT PROOF OF GUILT BY ITSELF, NOR ANY INDICATION OF GUILT UNTIL ALL THE ELEMENTS AND FACTS OF THE CASE ARE CONSIDERED, BUT IT PROVES THE PRESENCE AT THE SCENE OF THE OFFENCE OF THE PERSON WHO MADE THE FINGERPRINT IMPRESSION. THE PRESENCE OF THAT PERSON AT THE SCENE OF THE OFFENCE CANNOT BE REFUTED OR DENIED. IT MAY BE ALIBIED BUT IT IS POSITIVE AS TO HIS OR HER PRESENCE WHETHER OR NOT THAT PRESENCE WAS LEGITIMATE. FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION IS BASED ON THE ACCEPTED FACT THAT NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. ONLY ONE PERSON AND ONLY ONE FINGER OF THAT PERSON CAN MAKE A GIVEN IMPRESSION, THE IMPRESSION CANNOT BE DUPLICATED BY ANY OTHER FINGER IN THE WORLD. IT WAS GRATIFYING AND AN HONOUR TO BE NAMED AS A FINGERPRINT EXAMINER BY THE SOLICITOR GENERAL OF CANADA IN THE CANADA GAZETTE APRIL 11TH, 1970. THIS WAS ANOTHER FIRST FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THIS WAS PURSUANT TO SECTION 594 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE OF CANADA. I ALSO ATTENDED AN ADVANCED IDENTIFICATION SERVICES FIELD SEMINAR HELD AT MYNARSKI PARK, PENHOLD ALBERTA ON OCT. 15TH, 1971. ALSO AN INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IDENTIFICATION CONFERENCE AND SEMINAR AT BOISE IDAHO, USA IN MAY 1982 ON IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUES. AFTER I WAS PROMOTED TO THE OFFICER IN CHARGE OF THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, OTHER MEMBERS OF THE FORCE WERE SELECTED TO ATTEND THE R.C.M. POLICE IDENTIFICATION COURSE IN OTTAWA. THE IDENTIFICATION SECTION HAS BECOME AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE. D.N.A. EVIDENCE IS NOW CONSIDERED TO BE IMPORTANT AND CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE IN IDENTIFICATION WORK." FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE. CAMERA CASE WAS PREVIOUSLY ACCESSIONED. SEE P19960112062.
Catalogue Number
P20080008013
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail