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Other Name
FIREFIGHTER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1994
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140019002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIREFIGHTER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1994
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
10
Description
HALF-CIRCLE SHAPED PATCH OF WOVEN, BLACK NYLON. WHITE COTTON THREAD SEWN AROUND OUTER EDGE AND EMBROIDERED TEXT READING “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” TRANSLUCENT FIBRE BACKING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS PATCH WAS SEWN TO THE SHOULDERS OF UNIFORMS ISSUED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY DEPUTY FIRE/EMS CHIEF DANA TERRY IN AN EMAIL FROM OCTOBER 7, 2015, THIS DESIGN WAS IN USE BY THE 1950S. ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THIS PATCH, BROWN SAID: “[FIREMEN] HAD BLACK AND WHITE, AND THE OFFICERS HAD GOLD… THEIRS WAS A LITTLE BIT FANCIER.” IN AN INTERVIEW WITH MACLEAN ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015, TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, RECALLED THAT THIS DESIGN WAS STILL IN USE DURING HIS SCHOOL PRACTICUM WITH THE DEPARTMENT IN 1993, BUT WAS SHORTLY THEREAFTER CHANGED OUT FOR A DESIGN THAT INCORPORATED THE “EMS” ACRONYM (SEE P20140019003). LAZENBY SAID: “THE HALF-MOON BLACK AND WHITE FLASH WAS ON THE UNIFORM AT THE TIME [WHEN I WAS HIRED AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994]. WE HAD THE PALE BLUE SHIRTS, THE NAVY BLUE WOOL PANTS, AND LONG AND SHORT-SLEEVED SHIRTS WITH THIS FLASHER ON THEM… I GOT ISSUED SHIRTS WITH THAT ON [THEM] BUT I HAD TO CHANGE THEM OUT [RIGHT AWAY] BECAUSE WE’D GONE ON TO THE NEW FLASHER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019002
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
212
Width
67
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF OFF-WHITE CANVAS, WITH TWO RED NYLON STRAPS SEWN AT EACH VERTICAL EDGE. CANVAS IS FOLDED OVER AND SEWN ALONG BOTH HORIZONTAL EDGES, CREATING TWO LENGTHWISE CHANNELS. ALL SEAMS ARE REINFORCED WITH DOUBLE-STITCHING. FRONT OF CANVAS HAS REPEATING CIRCULAR WATER STAINS ALONG THE CENTRE AND VARIOUS SPOTS OF DISCOLOURATION THROUGHOUT. TEXT AT THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER READS “L F D” IN BLACK MARKER. BACK OF CANVAS HAS SIMILAR WATER STAINING, AND TEXT ACROSS THE CENTRE READING “DISCARD” IN BLACK MARKER. A STAMP AT THE RIGHT SIDE DEPICTS A CIRCULAR CREST AND READS “CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT” IN BLUE INK. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS CANVAS STRETCHER, ALONG WITH TWO WOODEN POLES, WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT DURING MEDICAL EMERGENCIES, PRIOR TO THE INCORPORATION OF PARAMEDIC STAFF IN THE DEPARTMENT IN THE MID 1980S. AMONG DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL, IT IS REFERRED TO AS “POLES AND CANVAS”. ON SEPTEMBER 9, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LAWRENCE DZUREN, RETIRED FIRE CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT FROM 1959 TO 1992. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, DZUREN SAID: “[THIS] WOULD BE IN THE AMBULANCE AND THERE’S TWO BIG WOODEN POLES, NICELY SANDED DOWN. WHEN YOU GOT THE PATIENT YOU WOULD ROLL HIM TO THE SIDE, TUCK THAT UNDER, ROLL HIM BACK ONTO [THE CANVAS], PUT THE POLES IN, AND PICK HIM UP, ONE [FIREMAN] ON EACH END… THAT’S THE WAY WE CARRIED PATIENTS OUT OF WHEREVER WE HAD TO CARRY THEM… I RECALL GOING TO ONE, THERE WAS A BLIZZARD GOING ON, WE GOT THIS BIG FELLA… HE WAS ABOUT 6’5”, AND WE HAD TO GET HIM OUT OF THE BASEMENT … WITH POLES LIKE THIS… YOU THINK YOU CAN MANIPULATE, AND WE USUALLY DID SUCCEED IN GETTING THEM OUT OF THERE, BUT IT WAS WITH A LOT OF BACK BREAKING STUFF TO GET HIM UP THE STAIRS… BECAUSE ONE GUY IS UP THERE TO LIFT THIS WAY, AND THE OTHER GUY IS BENDING DOWN… [POLES AND CANVAS] CAME OUT OF SERVICE WHEN WE STARTED GETTING PARAMEDICS [IN THE MID TO LATE 1980S]. THEY DID AWAY WITH IT, WHICH I WAS KIND OF SURPRISED, BECAUSE WE FOUND IT SUCH AN EASY WAY OF DOING IT. BECAUSE NOW… THE PARAMEDICS AND NURSES PICK THEM UP AND MANUALLY SET THEM ONTO THE BED, WHERE WITH THIS… WE COULD JUST PICK THEM UP, PUT THEM ON [THE BED] AND AWAY WE WENT. BUT THEY FOUND [A METHOD] THAT’S MAYBE MORE EFFICIENT, OR EASIER ON THE PATIENT.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, BROWN SAID: “THAT’S WHAT I WAS TRAINED ON… THAT WAS OUR ‘SCOOP AND RUN’. WHEN WE WENT TO ANY KIND OF EMERGENCY, WE TOOK THE CANVAS WITH US… VERY LITTLE FIRST AID AT THE SCENE, LIKE NEXT TO NONE, UNLESS THERE WAS BLEEDING… IT WAS MOSTLY SCOOP AND RUN… GET THEM TO THE HOSPITAL AS QUICK AS WE COULD… RATHER THAN CARRY [A STRETCHER WITH A METAL FRAME] UP THE STAIRS, WE’D GO UPSTAIRS AND PUT THE PATIENT ON THE POLES… THE [FIREMAN] ON THE BOTTOM, IF [THE PATIENT] WAS STARTING TO SLIDE OFF, THEY’D END UP WITH THEIR LEGS AROUND THE [FIREMAN’S] NECK, AND THERE WAS NOTHING YOU COULD DO… YOU HAD TO GET DOWN, AND IT WASN’T THE PERSON’S FAULT BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T HAVE THE STRENGTH ON THE SLIPPERY CANVAS TO HANG ON.” ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, WHO TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, LAZENBY SAID: “I NEVER USED THESE, BUT I HAVE HEARD A THOUSAND STORIES ABOUT POLES AND CANVAS – SOME GOOD, WHERE THEY WORKED INCREDIBLY WELL, AND SOME NOT SO GOOD, WHERE IT WAS ALMOST COMICAL THE WAY THINGS UNFOLD. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU GO UP A TWO-STOREY OR THREE-STOREY WALKUP WITH NO ELEVATOR, AND IF YOU’VE GOT [FIREMEN] WHO ARE HEIGHT MISMATCHED… WHEN YOU STARTED GOING DOWN STAIRS, THERE WERE REALLY NO STRAPS ON THESE THINGS TO HOLD PEOPLE – THEY WERE LIKE A MILITARY LITTER. SO AS THE ONE [FIREMAN] IS GOING DOWN THE STAIRS, THE PATIENT STARTS TO SLIDE. THERE WERE STORIES WHERE GUYS WERE TRYING TO HOLD THE POLES UP AS HIGH AS THEY POSSIBLY COULD SO THE [PATIENT] WOULDN’T SLIDE DOWN… PRETTY SOON HIS LEGS ARE HANGING OVER YOUR SHOULDERS!... BUT WHEN I WAS NEW [IN THE MID-1990S], I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TIMES I GOT TOLD ‘OH THE POLES AND CANVAS ARE WAY BETTER THAN THOSE STRETCHERS YOU GUYS ARE USING TODAY BECAUSE OF THIS AND THIS’ [AND] I AM SURE THAT IN SOME WAYS THEY WERE; I NEVER DISCOUNTED IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.75
Length
16
Width
9.5
Description
KHAKI-COLOURED CANVAS ARMBAND WITH BUCKLED STRAP. PRINTED DESIGN ON FRONT IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD HEALTH”. TEXT STAMPED ON BACK READS “FINNIGANS LTD. Y.A. 5.000”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS ARMBAND WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
16.25
Width
10
Description
CLEAR PLASTIC BOTTLE WITH WHITE CAP, FILLED WITH ROUND WHITE TABLETS AND SEALED IN CLEAR PLASTIC BAG. PRINTED LABEL ON BOTTLE HAS TEXT IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH, READING “WATER DECONTAMINANT – EACH TABLET CONTAINS HALAZONE, N.F. 160 MG. WITH SODIUM BORATE AND SODIUM CHLORIDE. ONE HALAZONE TABLET IS SUFFICIENT FOR 5 GALLONS OF ORDINARY WATER. IF WATER IS GREATLY POLLUTED, USE TWO TABLETS. ALLOW WATER TO STAND FOR 30 MINUTES BEFORE DRINKING.” MINOR SCUFFING ON BAG; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS BOTTLE OF WATER DECONTAMINATION TABLETS WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
37
Length
29
Width
11
Description
GREEN CANVAS BAG WITH TOP FLAP SECURED BY TWO BUCKLED CANVAS STRAPS. LONGER LOOPED CARRYING STRAP IS SEWN TO BACK OF BAG AND HAS TWO BUCKLES TO ADJUST LENGTH. MAIN BODY OF BAG IS DIVIDED INTO TWO CAVITIES, AND EACH SIDE HAS OUTER POCKET WITH SNAP CLOSURE. PRINTED DESIGN ON TOP FLAP IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD”. TEXT PRINTED IN BLUE ON LOWER BODY OF BAG READS “FIRST AID”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. *NOTE* BAG IS FULL WITH FIRST AID SUPPLIES BUT HAS NOT BEEN OPENED TO MAINTAIN INTEGRITY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR ORIGINAL CATALOGUE DOCUMENT LISTING 8-850 FIRST AID HAVERSACK CONTENTS, PRODUCED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS FIRST AID BACKPACK WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ST. JOHN'S AMBULANCE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAYON, ALUMINUM
Catalogue Number
P19950038023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ST. JOHN'S AMBULANCE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Materials
RAYON, ALUMINUM
No. Pieces
3
Length
9
Diameter
3.8
Description
BLACK RAYON RIBBED RIBBON IS THREADED THROUGH A METAL LINK AND THE ENDS ARE HELD TOGETHER BY A SAFETY PIN. METAL LINK IS ROUND WITH A SMALL CUT, AND HAS ANOTHER LINK LOOPED THROUGH IT IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION. THIS LINK IS SOLDERED TO A ROUND BLACK LACQUERED METAL (ALUMINUM?) MEDAL. IS A HOLLOW CIRCLE WITH A MALTESE CROSS IN THE MIDDLE. FROM THE CENTRE OF THE CROSS IN BETWEEN EACH ARM ARE THE FIGURES OF TWO LIONS AND TWO UNICORNS. IT APPEARS THAT THIS IS THE ST. JOHN'S AMBULANCE SYMBOL. ENDS OF RIBBON ARE FRAYING. METAL IS PITTING. LACQUER AND PAINT ARE WEARING OFF IN PLACES, ESPECIALLY ON THE BACK. RIBBON HAS PIN HOLES IN IT.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
DONATED IN MEMORY OF MRS. AGNES SHORT, WHO WAS A NURSE IN LETHBRIDGE UNTIL C. 1970. HELPED WITH FIRST POLIO VACCINATION HERE, AND WAS PART OF THE HEALTH CLINIC FOR ABOUT 20 YEARS. FATHER WAS WILLIAM H. SHORT, WHO WAS THE LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO.1 FIREHALL IN LETHBRIDGE. SAFETY PIN HAS BEEN REMOVED AND RIBBON IS NOW HELD IN PLACE BY A STITCH. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: DERRICK WAS ABLE TO RECALL THIS TIE CLIP. SHE SAID, “MY GRANDFATHER [W. H. SHORT] WAS AWARDED SOMETHING (I FORGET WHAT THE AWARD WAS) FROM THE ST. JOHN’S AMBULANCE. IN HIS EARLY YEARS, HE ALSO TAUGHT FOR THEM ON A VOLUNTEER BASIS.” FOR INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF W. H. SHORT, PLEASE SEE P19950037002. PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001 FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950038023
Acquisition Date
1995-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
16
Width
11
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED COTTON NURSES CAP. CAP WAS A FLAT PIECE OF FABRIC FOLDED INTO A STANDUP BRIM, AND A POINTED CROWN. THERE IS THE REMNANTS OF A TAG ON THE EDGE MARKED "DONNA MELLORM?". ALSO MARKED "M.H." IN ONE CORNER. ITEM HAS THREE PAPER CLIPS ATTACHED TO KEEP HAT IN PLACE, BUT WITHOUT HAT STILL MAINTAINS SHAPE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE NURSE’S CAP. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. ASKED ABOUT THE OTHER NAMES WRITTEN IN HER UNIFORM, MARION REPLIED: “OH, IT WAS PROBABLY REUSED … THEY WOULD NEVER WASTE A THING, AT ST. MIKES WE WERE TAUGHT TO CONSERVE … NOTHING WAS THROWN OUT THAT COULD BE REUSED, WHETHER IT WAS ON THE NURSING UNIT OR AS FAR AS OUR UNIFORMS WERE CONCERNED. I REMEMBER ONE INCIDENT: I WORKED IN THE OPERATING ROOM AT ST. MIKES AND I BRIEFLY WORKED THE “OR” AT THE FOOTHILLS HOSPITAL AND I COULDN’T GET OVER [IT], I KEPT RUNNING TO THE GARBAGE AND PULLING OUT WHAT THEY WERE THROWING AWAY BECAUSE IT WAS STILL GOOD. AND WE WOULD NEVER CONSIDER THROWING AWAY THINGS THAT COULD BE RE-STERILIZED AND REUSED.” MARY ANN ADDED: “OUR UNIFORMS WERE WASHED FOR US. … SO WHEN WE GOT OUR UNIFORMS, SOMETIMES WE GOT THE WRONG HAT AND STUFF.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

DEVICE, BLOOD PRESSURE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact13220
Other Name
OSCILLONTONOMETER
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, VINYL, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140049003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OSCILLONTONOMETER
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1988
Materials
CARDBOARD, VINYL, METAL
No. Pieces
11
Height
24
Length
31.8
Width
9
Description
1: AN ORANGE-BROWN CASE WITH BRONZE COLOURED HINGES, CLASPS, AND FEET. THERE IS A SINGLE HANDLE AT THE TOP MADE OF THE SAME FAUX LEATHER MATERIAL AS THE CASE ON TWO METAL HINGES. IT SITS ABOVE A GOLD PUSH CLASP. THERE ARE TWO BRONZE COLOURED HINGES THAT THE CASE SWINGS OPEN ON. THE CASE HAS EIGHT BRONZE-COLOURED DOMED FEET, FOUR OF WHICH SIT AT THE BOTTOM WITH THE HINGES AND FOUR OF WHICH ARE ON THE SIDE OF THE CASE. ON THE SAME SIDE SIX SILVER STUDS SIT IRREGULARLY IN THE BODY OF THE CASE. THE INSIDE OF THE CASE HAS A BUILT IN POUCH, ON WHICH A STICKER STATES “LETHBRIDGE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL 3402041” AND A PIECE OF PAPER READING “OSCOLLOTONOMETER USE FOR BLOOD PRESSURE” IS TAPED ON. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE CASE, BOLTED TO THE CASE WITH SILVER STUDS SITS THE MEASURING MECHANISM OF THE OSCILLONOMETER. THE SILVER CASED MECHANISM HAS A BLACK RUBBER HAND PUMP ATTACHED, ALONG WITH MULTIPLE ATTACHMENT POINTS FOR THE TUBES OF THE PRESSURE CUFFS. TWO DIALS SIT ON ITS FACE, ONE RANGING FROM 7-0-18 AND READING “COMPARATIF”, THE SECOND RANGING FROM 0-300MMHG AND READING “MANOMETER”. NEXT TO IT IS A SILVER COLOURED PLATE HOLDING FOUR SILVER SCREW-IN KNOBS. 2: A CIRCULAR PAPER TAG RIMMED IN A METAL FRAME AND HELD WITH A SAFETY PIN TO THE HANDLE OF THE CASE. ON ONE SIDE THE TAG READS “C.S.R OSCILLOTONOMETER “CAMPARAT”” . THE TAG IS CRUMPLED AND SOME OF THE TEXT IS WORN OFF. H: 0.1 CM, D: 4.7 CM 3: A PIECE OF THE INSIDE LINING OF THE CASE THAT HAS PEELED OFF FROM THE SIDE. ONE SIDE IF THE FAUX LEATHER, THE OTHER A CARDBOARD PAPER COATED IN HARDENED GLUE. H: 0.1 CM, L: 23 CM, W: 5 CM 4: A GREY PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED TO TWO TUBES, RED, AND BLACK. THE INFLATABLE PART OF THE CUFF MEASURES 46 CM BY 14 CM, WITH THE WRAP AROUND STRAP MEASURING 76 CM BY 4 CM. THE TWO RED AND BLACK TUBES MEASURE 63 CM LONG AND 0.5 CM AROUND. H: 76.5 CM, L: 122.5 CM, W: 14 CM 5: RED TUBING BROKEN OFF FROM ONE OF THE PRESSURE CUFFS. THE TUBING IS CRIMPED AND SNAPPED OFF INTERNALLY NEAR THE BROKEN EDGE OF THE TUBING. L: 47 CM, D: 0.5 CM 6: A GREY PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED TO TWO TUBES, RED, AND BLACK. THE INFLATABLE PART OF THE CUFF MEASURES 46 CM BY 14 CM, WITH THE WRAP AROUND STRAP MEASURING 76 CM BY 4 CM. THE BLACK TUBE MEASURES 63 CM LONG AND 0.5 CM AROUND. THE RED TUBE MEASURES 18 CM, BROKEN IN HALF. H: 76.5 CM, L: 122.5 CM, W: 14 CM 7: A TYPED NOTE READING “RE OSCILLOMETER. IF ANYONE WISHES TO USE THIS AND IS NOT FAMILIAR WITH THIS MODEL, DR. KING-BROWN HAS SAID THAT HE WOULD HELP. THANK YOU. MIB.” THERE IS ALSO AN “MIB” SIGNED IN BLUE PEN. L: 15.4 CM, W: 10.1 CM 8: A SINGLE PAGE BOOKLET TITLED “SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE OSCILLOMETER COMPARATIF”. THE PAPER IS SLIGHTLY WRINKLED WITH A TORN CORNER AND A SLIGHT TEAR IN THE MIDDLE EDGE OF THE PAGES. L: 30 CM, W: 11.7 CM 9: A SINGLE PAGE BOOKLET TITLED “OSCILLOTONOMETERS “COMPARAT” AND “COMPARATIF”” FRONT COVER ALSO HAS AN IMAGE OF A DOCTOR USING THE MACHINE TO MEASURE BLOOD PRESSURE FROM A PATIENT'S ANKLES. THE BACK COVER SHOWCASES AN IMAGE OF THE COMPARATIF AND A DIAGRAM OF BLOOD PRESSURE TUBE CONNECTORS. THE PAGES ARE SLIGHTLY DIMPLED AROUND THE EDGES. L: 30 CM, W: 12.2 CM 10: AN EXAMPLE OF THE FILL-IN FORMS PRINTED WITH FILL-IN EXAMPLES AND GRAPHS IN BLACK INK. WRITTEN IN GERMAN. L: 15 CM, W: 24.7 CM 11: A PAD OF ORANGE INKED FILL-IN FORMS COMPLETE WITH GRAPHING GRIDS. THE FORMS ARE WRITTEN IN GERMAN. THE PAD IS MISSING ONLY A FEW PAGES, WITH SLIGHTLY DIMPLED EDGES AND CURVING CORNERS. H: 0.7 CM, L: 15 CM, W: 24.7 CM
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS ARTIFACT IS CALLED AN OSCILLOTONOMETER AND IT WAS USED TO MEASURE THE BLOOD PRESSURE OF THE LEGS. THE OSCILLOTONOMETER WAS USED IN THE OPERATING ROOM (OR), WHERE IT WAS USED BY THE OR STAFF. IT CAME INTO THE POSSESSION OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNAE IN 1988 AFTER ITS USE IN THE OR. THE ALUMNI BELIEVE THAT THIS ARTIFACT IS OF IMPORTANCE BECAME IT IS “SOMETHING NOT SEEN OFTEN BY FLOOR STAFF.” THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED BY THE MUSEUM THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. ON 12 JULY 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK MET WITH THREE MEMBERS OF GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNI ASSOCIATION – SHARON DEJONG, DONNA KARL, AND SUE KYLLO – TO ESTABLISH FURTHER DETAILS ABOUT VARIOUS ARTIFACTS IN THIS WAVE OF GSN ACQUISITIONS. ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT, THE ALUMNI STATED THAT THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN USED FROM 1958 TO 1988 (BASED ON THEIR PERSONAL EXPERIENCES DURING THEIR CAREER AND THE CLOSING YEAR OF THE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL). THEY ALSO ADDED THAT THIS INSTRUMENT WAS NOT OFTEN SEEN BY THE FLOOR STAFF. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049003
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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