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Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
No. Pieces
1
Height
76.4
Length
167.8
Width
86.4
Description
DESK, OAK WITH MOTHER-OF-PEARL CALL BUTTONS ON TOP FRONT RIGHT CORNER. TOP SURFACE HAS: WORN FINISH, AREA OF DARK BLACK STAINING NEAR FRONT CENTER, AND WATER DAMAGE CAUSING WOOD TO SPLIT AT THREE PLACES ON RIGHT SIDE. SEVEN DRAWERS, WITH THREE ON LEFT, THREE ON RIGHT AND ONE AT CENTER. DRAWER FACES HAVE BEVELED EDGES AND WOODEN HANDLES. BOTTOM TWO DRAWERS ON RIGHT, BOTTOM DRAWER ON LEFT AND CENTER DRAWER HANDLES HAVE CHUNKS OF WOOD MISSING. LEFT SIDE OF CENTER DRAWER HAS WHITE PAINT. LOCKING MECHANISMS AT TOP RIGHT, CENTER AND LEFT DRAWERS. ABOVE DRAWERS AT LEFT AND RIGHT ARE PULL OUT BOARDS. SIDES AND REVERSE OF DESK HAVE PANELED WOOD. RIGHT SIDE HAS FRAGMENT OF CORD EXTENDING FROM THE EDGE OF CALL BUTTONS. TOP DRAWER ON RIGHT HAS THREE LOOSE WOODEN SEPARATORS, ONE IN RIGHT MIDDLE AND ONE IN LEFT MIDDLE. SPILLED INK HAS STAINED THE BOTTOM OF TOP LEFT DRAWER INSIDE. FRAGMENT OF NEWSPAPER ON THE UNDERSIDE OF TOP CENTER DRAWER HAS, “FRIDAY, MAY 23, 1913.”
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
FURNISHINGS
PROFESSIONS
History
DESK BELONGED TO DONOR’S FATHER JERRY YAMAMOTO WHO PASSED AWAY ON OCTOBER 11, 1997. IN MAY 2012, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DONOR TERRY YAMAMOTO. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW’S TRANSCRIPTION. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS FIRST MEMORY OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO RESPONDED BY SAYING, “WELL… IT GOES BACK TO WHEN I WAS ABOUT ELEVEN YEARS OLD. MY DAD BUILT THE HOUSE, HE BUILT IT ON HIS OWN AND THE FIRST YEAR WE MOVED IN THERE I WAS ELEVEN LIKE WE LIVED IN THE BASEMENT WHILE HE BUILT THE UPSTAIRS. AS FAR AS I CAN REMEMBER THAT DESK HAS BEEN THERE SINCE THE TIME WE MOVED IN SO I WAS ELEVEN SO THAT WOULD BE 1963. IT WAS IN WHAT WE CALLED HIS RADIO ROOM. HE WAS A RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR THE RCMP AND HE JUST HAD IT SET IN THERE FOR HIS MUSIC AS A DESK. YEAH, HE DID YOU KNOW WELL HE FIXED RADIOS HE WAS A RADIO TECH FOR THE RCMP SO HE WOULD TINKER AROUND FIXING RADIOS AND THINGS LIKE THAT. HE WAS ALSO A HAM OPERATOR. [FOR] AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE WAS WITH THE RCMP. I WAS BORN IN ‘52, 1952 SO IT HAD TO BE AROUND THAT TIME OR AFTER THAT HE JOINED THE RCMP BECAUSE AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE ALWAYS WORKED WITH THEM. HE STARTED OUT AS OPERATING RADIOS THEN JUST WENT ON COURSES AND WHATEVER WITH THE RCMP AND THEN HE BECAME THE RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. [WHEN HE STARTED, HE WAS DOING] THE RADIO TRANSMISSION WITH EVERY COP IN THE CARS. AND BASICALLY THE RCMP SENT HIM BACK AND PUT HIM ON TRAINING FOR RADIO TECHNICIAN AND HE WAS WITH THEM UNTIL HE RETIRED. HE LIKED IT BECAUSE HE SERVICED NOT ONLY THE CAR RADIOS BUT ALL THE RADIO TOWERS FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THE ONE THING HE REALLY ENJOYED WAS HE HAD RETIRED AND THEN WHEN THE OLYMPICS CAME, THE SKIING, THE WORLD CUP IN 1980, SECURITY OR WHATEVER. THE RCMP SENT HIM OUT TO OTTAWA ON A SPECIAL, BROUGHT HIM OUT OF RETIREMENT, SENT HIM TO OTTAWA FOR A SPECIAL COURSE AND THEN HE HAD TO HE WAS UP AT LAKE LOUISE AND BANFF AND THEY WERE DOING ALL THE SECURITY ON THE TOWERS AND EVERYTHING.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED ANY OF THE HISTORY OF THE DESK BEFORE HIS FATHER’S USE, YAMAMOTO SAID, “ALL I REMEMBER IS HIM SAYING IS THAT IT CAME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS AND HIM AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN HAD COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS. BUT ANYWAYS IT HAD SOMETHING TO DO WITH JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN SO I DON’T IF HE ACTUALLY HAD IT IN THE BEGINNING AND GAVE IT MY DAD TOOK IT BUT IT DID ACTUALLY COME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS. [MY FATHER] AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN WERE FRIENDS OF A DIFFERENT KIND AND LIKE I SAY THEY COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE DAMAGE ON THE TOP SURFACE OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO EXPLAINED, “YEAH, THAT WAS PROBABLY MY FAULT, I WAS USING IT FOR MY BEDDING PLANTS AND IT GOT SPRAYED WITH WATER. YOU KNOW I HAD THEM SITTING THERE I HAD A BOARD OVER TOP FOR A WHILE THERE.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY KIM GUNN AND FORWARDED BY TOM EDGAR IN AN E-MAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION, “THE DESK IS AN OLD RCMP DESK THAT WAS STANDARD ISSUE TO RCMP OFFICES ACROSS CANADA. WHEN THE RCMP GOT NEW DESKS IT WAS GIVEN TO DR. GORE-HICKMAN’S DAD FOR USE IN HIS OFFICE AT THE OLD POLICE STATION ON 5TH STREET. GORDIE REMEMBERS JERRY Y. AND THE DESK BEING IN HIS DAD’S OFFICE. HE SAYS HIS DAD AND JERRY WERE GOOD FRIENDS. GORDIE SAYS THAT HIS DAD STARTED OUT AS A POLICE MAGISTRATE AND THAT IS WHY HIS OFFICE WAS AT THE POLICE STATION.” *UPDATE* AT THE TIME OF CATALOGUING IN AUGUST, 2013, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH DISCOVERED SOME ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS IN THE TOP CENTER DRAWER. UPON CONSULTATION WITH DONOR, THESE DOCUMENTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO GALT ARCHIVES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
Acquisition Date
2011-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIREFIGHTER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1994
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140019002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIREFIGHTER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1994
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
10
Description
HALF-CIRCLE SHAPED PATCH OF WOVEN, BLACK NYLON. WHITE COTTON THREAD SEWN AROUND OUTER EDGE AND EMBROIDERED TEXT READING “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” TRANSLUCENT FIBRE BACKING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS PATCH WAS SEWN TO THE SHOULDERS OF UNIFORMS ISSUED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY DEPUTY FIRE/EMS CHIEF DANA TERRY IN AN EMAIL FROM OCTOBER 7, 2015, THIS DESIGN WAS IN USE BY THE 1950S. ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THIS PATCH, BROWN SAID: “[FIREMEN] HAD BLACK AND WHITE, AND THE OFFICERS HAD GOLD… THEIRS WAS A LITTLE BIT FANCIER.” IN AN INTERVIEW WITH MACLEAN ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015, TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, RECALLED THAT THIS DESIGN WAS STILL IN USE DURING HIS SCHOOL PRACTICUM WITH THE DEPARTMENT IN 1993, BUT WAS SHORTLY THEREAFTER CHANGED OUT FOR A DESIGN THAT INCORPORATED THE “EMS” ACRONYM (SEE P20140019003). LAZENBY SAID: “THE HALF-MOON BLACK AND WHITE FLASH WAS ON THE UNIFORM AT THE TIME [WHEN I WAS HIRED AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994]. WE HAD THE PALE BLUE SHIRTS, THE NAVY BLUE WOOL PANTS, AND LONG AND SHORT-SLEEVED SHIRTS WITH THIS FLASHER ON THEM… I GOT ISSUED SHIRTS WITH THAT ON [THEM] BUT I HAD TO CHANGE THEM OUT [RIGHT AWAY] BECAUSE WE’D GONE ON TO THE NEW FLASHER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019002
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
OFFICER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “FIRE RESCUE EMS”
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
2012
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140019003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICER'S SHOULDER FLASH, “FIRE RESCUE EMS”
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
2012
Materials
NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10
Length
10.75
Description
ROUNDED TRIANGULAR SHAPED PATCH OF WOVEN, BLACK NYLON. GOLD COTTON THREAD SEWN AROUND OUTER EDGE WITH EMBROIDERED CENTRAL CREST AND TEXT READING “FIRE RESCUE EMS – CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” IN GOLD, BLUE, RED, WHITE, AND BLACK. NO BACKING. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS PATCH WAS SEWN TO THE SHOULDERS OF UNIFORMS ISSUED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN AN INTERVIEW WITH COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015, TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, RECALLED THAT THIS DESIGN WAS INTRODUCED DURING HIS EARLY DAYS WITH THE DEPARTMENT IN 1994, REPLACING THE SEMI-CIRCLE DESIGN THAT ONLY READ “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” (P20140019002-GA). BECAUSE THE PREVIOUS DESIGN HAD PREDATED THE DEPARTMENT’S HIRING OF TRAINED PARAMEDICS, THIS REPLACEMENT DESIGN INCORPORATED TEXT READING “FIRE RESCUE EMS”. LAZENBY SAID: “THE HALF-MOON BLACK AND WHITE FLASH WAS ON THE UNIFORM AT THE TIME [WHEN I WAS HIRED]… I GOT ISSUED SHIRTS WITH THAT ON [THEM] BUT I HAD TO CHANGE THEM OUT [RIGHT AWAY] BECAUSE WE’D GONE ON TO THE NEW FLASHER… THAT SAYS FIRE RESCUE AND EMS ON THE BOTTOM, WITH THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE LOGO IN THE CENTRE… EVEN AT THAT POINT I HEARD GUYS SAY, ‘WHAT’S THAT ON THERE FOR?’, POINTING TO THE EMS PORTION OF THE SHOULDER FLASH. BUT THOSE WERE THE OLD SCHOOL, MOST SENIOR, MOST ELIGIBLE-TO-RETIRE MEMBERS, AND THEY WERE A PRODUCT OF THE ENVIRONMENT. THAT WAS THE WAY THAT THEY THOUGHT… I HAD GUYS SAY TO ME ‘I DON’T SEE WHY THEY KEEP HIRING YOU GUYS. I DON’T SEE WHY YOU GUYS MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE AT ALL IN THE FIELD.’… IT DIDN’T MATTER, AND YOU DIDN’T WASTE YOUR BREATH… SOME OF THEM WARMED UP TO THE EMS SIDE A LITTLE BIT; SOME OF THEM NEVER DID.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE ADDITION OF “EMS” TO THE SHOULDER FLASH, BROWN SAID: “WE GOT INTO EMS; WE HAD THOSE MEDICS THAT WERE SO SHARP. THE DEPARTMENT STARTED TO EXPAND, RATHER THAN BEING JUST THE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IT EXPANDED TO DO ALL KINDS OF EXTRA STUFF, AND WE JUST WANTED TO INDICATE, WITH THE SHOULDER PATCHES [THAT] IT’S STILL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT WE DO ALL KINDS OF MEDICAL STUFF [AND] THESE PARAMEDICS ARE WELL-TRAINED.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY DEPUTY FIRE/EMS CHIEF DANA TERRY IN AN EMAIL FROM OCTOBER 7, 2015, THIS DESIGN WAS IN USE UNTIL 2012, WHEN FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES DESIGNED A NEW FLASH DESIGN (P20140019004-GA) TO COMMEMORATE THE CENTENNIAL OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019003
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, VINYL, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20150010023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2010
Materials
METAL, VINYL, NYLON
No. Pieces
4
Height
14.4
Length
221.5
Width
51.2
Description
EMERGENCY FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER. ADJUSTABLE, MEDIUM BURGUNDY COLOURED VINYL WITH SILVER COLOURED METAL, AND FOUR BLACK RUBBER WHEELS. OUTER RECTANGULAR FRAME WITH A SMALLER, ADJUSTABLE FRAME WITHIN. STRETCHER HAS THREE STRAPS: TWO WINE COLOURED NYLON SEATBELT STYLE STRAPS, WITH METAL AND BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLES, ON THE UPPER BODY. BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLE AT CHEST HEIGHT HAS "FERNO" IN GREY. THIRD BUCKLE IS A BLACK NYLON AND PLASTIC BUCKLE, ON THE LOWER BODY. BACK OF PLASTIC BUCKLE IS EMBOSSED WITH "ACCULOC CSR-10 A.C.W. ASIA, WOONSOCKET RI". RED STICKER WITH WHITE WRITING ON RIGTH SIDE OF STRETCHER, AT WAIST AREA, READS "FERNO". TWO RUBBER FEET AT THE FOOT END OF STRETCHER TO STABILIZE STRETCHER WHEN FULLY EXTENDED. VINYL IS IN TWO PIECES AND CAN BE REMOVED FROM INNER FRAME. GOLD COLOURED ZIPPERS AND SILVER COLOURED SNAPS HOLD VINYL IN PLACE. THERE ARE TWO GOLD ZIPPERS ON THE BACK OF THE FOOT PORTION, BOTH RUNNING VERTICALLY. THERE ARE ALSO TWO GOLD ZIPPERS ON THE BACK OF THE UPPER BODY PORTION, WITH ONE RUNNING HORIZONTALLY AND ONE VERTICALLY. METAL LABEL RIVETED ONTO FRAME AT FOOT OF STRETCHER READS "FERNO - WASHINGTON, INC. WILMINGTON, OHIO, U.S.A. SERIAL NUMBER 07-052255." FOUR FOLDABLE HANDLES, TWO AT HEAD AND TWO AT FEET. HANDLES HAVE TEXTURED BLACK PLASTIC GRIPS. GRIPS EMBOSSED WITH "HUNTWILDE CORPORATION". LOWER HANDLES (AT FOOT) HAVE METAL CYLINDERS THAT SLIDE OVER THE JOINT TO PREVENT HANDLES FROM FOLDING BACK IN. CROSSBAR AT KNEE AREA HAS A SMALL RECTANGULAR PIECE THAT SWINGS OUT AND ONTO A BOLT WHEN STRETCHER IS FOLDED INTO SITTING POSITION, WHICH PREVENTS STRETCHER FROM GOING BACK TO A LAYING DOWN POSITION. UPPER BODY PORTION CAN BE ADJUSTED TO FOUR DIFFERENT POSITIONS: LAYING TOTALLY FLAT TO SITTING AT AN APPROXIMATELY 45 DEGREE ANGLE. AT SHOULDER AREA ON RIGHT SIDE THERE IS A TRIANGULAR SHAPED CLIP, WHICH RELEASES THE UPPER BODY PORTION AND ALLOWS IT TO BE ADJUSTED TO A SITTING POSITION. VERY GOOD TO EXCELLENT CONDITION. VINYL IS STRUCTURALLY VERY GOOD, WITH NO RIPS OR TEARS. SCUFF MARKS AND BLACK STAINS ALL OVER, ESPECIALLY ALONG THE EDGES. METAL FRAME IN VERY GOOD CONDITION. WHEELS AT THE FOOT ARE WORN MORE THAN THOSE AT THE HEAD.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS EMERGENCY FOLDING STRETCHER WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE STRETCHER WAS “USED PRIMARILY IN AMBULANCES FOR MOVING PATIENTS DOWN STAIRS OR AROUND TIGHT CORNERS. WE USE A MORE STAIR FRIENDLY VERSION NOW.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED: “IT WAS MORE OR LESS TO TAKE PEOPLE DOWN STAIRS. SIT THEM UP, STRAP THEM IN, HAD WHEELS ON IT. IT WAS FOR A PERSON THAT DIDN’T HAVE ANY SERIOUS INJURIES MORE OR LESS … IT WAS LIKE A LITTLE CHAIR, FOLD UP, SIT THEM DOWN … GO DOWN THE STAIRS ONE AT A TIME – THUNK, THUNK, THUNK, THUNK.” LAZENBY EXPANDED SAYING: “I HATED THIS STRETCHER. THIS WAS A FOLDING STRETCHER … ACTUALLY THE OLD STAIR-CHAIR, BASICALLY. THEY HAVE MODERNIZED AND IMPROVED THIS DRAMATICALLY. BUT THIS PUZZLE OF A STRETCHER – YOU USED TO BE ABLE TO SET IT UP SO THAT IT CAME INTO A CHAIR … ANY TIME YOU WENT UP INTO AN APARTMENT BUILDING THAT WAS UNDER THREE STORIES, THERE’S NO ELEVATOR, SO YOU SOMETIMES HAD TO CARRY PEOPLE DOWN THREE FLIGHTS OF STAIRS. THIS WAS THE CHAIR OF CHOICE A LOT OF TIMES, IT WAS THE STRETCHER OF CHOICE, BECAUSE IT WAS LIGHTER THAN THE OTHER ONE AND IT WAS EASIER TO MANEUVER AROUND CORNERS … IT WAS A PUZZLE TO PUT TOGETHER AND TO TAKE APART AND I JUST NEVER EVER – I HATED THIS THING. TO THIS DAY, WHEN THE PARAMEDICS SAY ‘WE’RE GONNA NEED THE STAIR CHAIR’, I GRIT MY TEETH AND I CRINGE A LITTLE BIT, I THINK BECAUSE I THINK OF THIS THING, EVEN THOUGH THE NEW ONE IS WAY BETTER. THIS WAS IN SERVICE WHEN I GOT HERE AND I WOULD SAY THAT THIS WAS IN SERVICE ON THE AMBULANCES UNTIL ABOUT … 7 YEARS AGO, GIVE OR TAKE. SO THE BETTER PART OF 15 YEARS THAT THAT WAS IN SERVICE WHILE I WAS HERE.” HE CONTINUED: “THE WORST PART ABOUT THIS IS THAT WHEN YOU PUT A PATIENT ON IT AND YOU LIFTED THEM UP TO GO DOWN THE STAIRS, IT FELT UNSTABLE ENOUGH FOR THEM THAT THEY ALWAYS WANTED TO PUT THEIR ARMS OUT, AND THE SECOND THAT THEY GRABBED ON TO SOMETHING, WELL THEN YOUR CENTRE OF GRAVITY IS LOST AND THEN YOU WERE REALLY IN IT. LIKE YOU THOUGHT, ‘GEEZ, WE COULD ACTUALLY DROP THIS GUY.’ BUT THAT’S WHAT I DISLIKED PROBABLY THE MOST ABOUT THIS THING, OUTSIDE OF HAVING TO PUT IT TOGETHER.” PETIT ADDED: “IF YOU GO TO THE BUILDINGS UP HERE ON LONDON ROAD, SOME TWO STORY BUILDINGS AND THE STAIRS ARE VERY NARROW AND VERY TIGHT, WE USED TO USE THIS TYPE. SO IN OTHER WORDS, INSTEAD OF PUTTING HIM ON A STRETCHER, YOU’D PUT HIM ON THE SEAT. ONE GUY GETS AT THE BACK AND ONE GUY GETS AT THE FRONT AND TAKE THE PERSON DOWN … OVER THE YEARS I GOT A BAD BACK AND GUESS WHERE I GOT THE BAD BACK FROM? IT WAS LIFTING, DOING THINGS LIKE THIS, BECAUSE IT WAS VERY CUMBERSOME.” DZUREN AGREED: “THAT’S JUST A CONFINED SPACE STRETCHER … YOU CAN’T [ALWAYS] GET THE BIG STRETCHER IN, SO YOU CAN PUT THEM ON THAT PARTICULAR ONE. IN AN ELEVATOR, YOU CAN’T GET THAT BIG ONE IN THERE. SOME OF THE ELEVATORS, THE RESIDENTIAL ONES, THEY DON’T, AT LEAST IN THE DAYS GONE BY, THEY DIDN’T THINK ABOUT HAVING TO ACCOMMODATE STRETCHERS. I WOULD PROBABLY SAY IT’S A RARE OCCASION THAT WE HAD TO USE THAT. CAUSE A LOT OF TIMES … IF THE PERSON WAS FAIRLY PHYSICALLY OKAY, YOU COULD TAKE HIM OUT, JUST HOLD HIM. ONE GUY BY THE ARMS, ONE GUY BY THE LEGS, WE HAD A TECHNIQUE THERE WHERE YOU COULD QUITE EASILY TAKE HIM OUT THAT WAY WITHOUT DOING HIM ANY HARM, YOU KNOW. IF HE HAD A BROKEN ARM, WELL, WE COULDN’T DO THAT, SO YOU’D HAVE TO USE ONE OF THOSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010023
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LIFEPAK 5 DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
1976
Date Range To
2000
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, CANVAS
No. Pieces
9
Height
13.5
Length
50.5
Width
36
Description
.A - CARRYING CASE, RED AND BLACK WITH WHITE LETTERING ON FRONT THAT READS “LIFEPAK 5 PHYSIO-CONTROL”. SIDE POCKET CONTAINS P20130014000.C - P20130014000.I. VISIBLE WEAR OVERALL. .B - DEFIBRILLATOR DEVICE WITH TWO PADDLES, OFFWHITE IN COLOUR, CONNECTED TO THE MAIN BODY WITH TAN COLOURED SPIRALED CORDS. BODY CONTAINS VARIOUS DIALS AND OUTPUT PRINTER WITH ROLL OF PAPER. .C - SECOND ROLL OF PAPER, LIGHT GREEN, TIGHTLY WRAPPED AROUND BROWN CARDBOARD TUBE, THAT FITS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR'S PRINTER. .D - .H - FIVE WHITE, CIRCULAR SELF-ADHESIVE ELECTRODE PADS, WITH YELLOW BUTTON AT CENTRE AND METAL SNAPS TO CONNECT TO CORD (P20130014000.I). REPEATING "3M RED SPOT" LOGO IN RED AROUND SNAPS. .I - BLACK, RED, AND WHITE CORD, COILED. BLACK END PLUGS INTO DEFIBRILLATOR, RED AND WHITE ENDS CONNECT TO ELECTRODE PADS.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS DEFIBRILLATOR WAS USED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES. THE LIFEPAK ™ 5 PORTABLE DC DEFIBRILLATOR/SCOPE WAS FIRST INTRODUCED BY THE PHYSIO CONTROL CORPORATION IN 1976. THIS DEVICE REPRESENTED A SIGNIFICANTLY IMPROVED WEIGHT REDUCTION AND FUNCTIONALITY COMPARED TO EARLIER MODELS. IT SOON BECAME THE STANDARD OF THE INDUSTRY UNTIL FURTHER IMPROVED MODELS WERE INTRODUCED IN 1991. ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, ABOUT THIS DEFIBRILLATOR. LAZENBY TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC, AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. LAZENBY SAID: “SO IN ITS DAY, THIS WAS THE CADILLAC. WE USED THIS. WE HAD ONE LIFEPAK 10 AND A NUMBER OF LIFEPAK 5S… [BY THE LATE 1990S] WE WERE MOVING TO THE 10S, AND THEN THE 10C, BUT WE STILL HAD THESE AROUND. WHEN WE RAN AN ACLS COURSE ON OUR DAYS OFF, TO GET RECERTIFIED THIS IS THE ONE THAT WE USED AND THESE DID FILL IN WHEN THE OTHER ONES WERE DOWN. THIS WAS A FAIRLY RUDIMENTARY DEVICE COMPARED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 IN THAT YOU COULD ONLY LOOK AT THREE DIFFERENT VIEWS OF THE HEART IN THIS ONE. THIS WAS A HEART MONITOR/DEFIBRILLATOR… IT HAS THIS LITTLE TINY SCREEN THAT YOU COULD SEE THIS LITTLE HEART RHYTHM ON, ALMOST LIKE THE RHYTHM WAS AN AFTERTHOUGHT… BUT YOU NEED TO KNOW WHAT’S GOING ON HERE BEFORE YOU REALLY WANT TO USE THIS, THE DEFIBRILLATOR SIDE, RIGHT? [ON] THE NEW GENERATION ONES… THERE’S NO PADDLES ANYMORE, THEY’RE ALL THOSE STICKY PADS SO THE CONTACT IS BETTER. IT ENSURES BETTER ENERGY DELIVERED THROUGH THE HEART MUSCLE. BUT NOW THE SCREENS THAT YOU LOOK AT THE HEART RHYTHM ON ARE EIGHT INCHES BY EIGHT INCHES…THEY’RE A REAL GOOD SIZE COMPARED TO THIS ONE. THIS ONE ONLY GAVE YOU THREE LEADS TO THE HEART. IT USED TO BURN THE IMPRESSION [OF] THE HEART TRACING ONTO THE PAPER, TO SHOW UP ON THE GRID PAPER. AND THERE WAS NO DIAGNOSTIC MODE SO YOU COULDN’T TELL WITH THIS MACHINE IF SOMEONE WAS HAVING A HEART ATTACK OR NOT. WITH THE ECG CHANGES THAT SOMETIMES TAKE PLACE WITHIN THE MYOCARDIUM, YOU COULDN’T TELL THAT ON THIS MACHINE. SO YOU COULD LOOK AT IT AS SORT OF A DIAGNOSTIC AS FAR AS RHYTHM WENT, BUT YOU COULDN’T TELL THE ECG CHANGES AS FAR AS INFARCTION WENT… YOU’RE ONLY AS GOOD AS YOUR EQUIPMENT. SO THIS WAS GOOD AT THE TIME, BUT IT WAS FALLING BEHIND.” LAZENBY CONTINUED: “A LOT OF SAFETY ISSUES WENT WITH THAT. IF YOU SLIPPED AND CONTACTED THE PATIENT, YOU COULD DEFIBRILLATE YOURSELF. IT JUST WAS SO UNSAFE TO CONTINUE DOING IT THIS WAY. THAT’S WHY WE’VE SINCE EVOLVED TO THE LIFEPAK 10 AND THE LIFEPAK 12, AND NOW WE’RE USING ZONE MONITORS WHERE EVERYTHING’S STICKY PADS. YOU DON’T TOUCH THE PATIENT ANYMORE… I ALMOST DEFIBRILLATED MYSELF ON THE FLIGHT BETWEEN SLAVE LAKE AND EDMONTON. WE HAD A PATIENT THAT CODED ABOUT A THIRD OF THE WAY TO EDMONTON, AND IT WAS A ROUGH FLIGHT. AND JUST WHEN I THOUGHT I HAD THIS GUY READY TO ‘JUICE’, WE HIT THIS POCKET OF AIR AND THE WHOLE PLANE DROPPED JUST AS I DISCHARGED THE PADDLES. AND I WAS LUCKY THAT NO PART OF HIM WAS TOUCHING THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER BECAUSE MY KNEE, MY LEG ENDED UP RESTING AGAINST THE METAL OF THE STRETCHER… SO YOU CAN SEE I HAVE A FIRSTHAND KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAFETY ISSUE.” LAZENBY CONCLUDED: “THE THING THAT I MISSED TO THE VERY LAST DAY THAT I WAS ON THE AMBULANCE WAS [NO LONGER] BEING ABLE TO USE PADDLES WHEN I DEFIBRILLATED SOMEONE. I KNOW THAT SOUNDS STUPID, BUT PUTTING A DIME-SIZED DROP OF GEL ON THE PADDLES AND RUBBING THEM TOGETHER, AND PUTTING THEM ON THAT GUY’S CHEST, AND DISCHARGING THE ENERGY YOURSELF, WITH THE TRIGGERS ON THE ENDS, I DON’T KNOW, IT JUST SEEMED TO BE LIKE THE COOLEST THING EVER… WE MISSED IT WHEN IT WENT AWAY, BUT WE ALL KNEW, IT WAS FOR THE BETTER.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF LAZENBY'S INTERVIEW ALONG WITH OTHER FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20130014000
Acquisition Date
2013-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
212
Width
67
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF OFF-WHITE CANVAS, WITH TWO RED NYLON STRAPS SEWN AT EACH VERTICAL EDGE. CANVAS IS FOLDED OVER AND SEWN ALONG BOTH HORIZONTAL EDGES, CREATING TWO LENGTHWISE CHANNELS. ALL SEAMS ARE REINFORCED WITH DOUBLE-STITCHING. FRONT OF CANVAS HAS REPEATING CIRCULAR WATER STAINS ALONG THE CENTRE AND VARIOUS SPOTS OF DISCOLOURATION THROUGHOUT. TEXT AT THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER READS “L F D” IN BLACK MARKER. BACK OF CANVAS HAS SIMILAR WATER STAINING, AND TEXT ACROSS THE CENTRE READING “DISCARD” IN BLACK MARKER. A STAMP AT THE RIGHT SIDE DEPICTS A CIRCULAR CREST AND READS “CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT” IN BLUE INK. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS CANVAS STRETCHER, ALONG WITH TWO WOODEN POLES, WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT DURING MEDICAL EMERGENCIES, PRIOR TO THE INCORPORATION OF PARAMEDIC STAFF IN THE DEPARTMENT IN THE MID 1980S. AMONG DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL, IT IS REFERRED TO AS “POLES AND CANVAS”. ON SEPTEMBER 9, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LAWRENCE DZUREN, RETIRED FIRE CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT FROM 1959 TO 1992. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, DZUREN SAID: “[THIS] WOULD BE IN THE AMBULANCE AND THERE’S TWO BIG WOODEN POLES, NICELY SANDED DOWN. WHEN YOU GOT THE PATIENT YOU WOULD ROLL HIM TO THE SIDE, TUCK THAT UNDER, ROLL HIM BACK ONTO [THE CANVAS], PUT THE POLES IN, AND PICK HIM UP, ONE [FIREMAN] ON EACH END… THAT’S THE WAY WE CARRIED PATIENTS OUT OF WHEREVER WE HAD TO CARRY THEM… I RECALL GOING TO ONE, THERE WAS A BLIZZARD GOING ON, WE GOT THIS BIG FELLA… HE WAS ABOUT 6’5”, AND WE HAD TO GET HIM OUT OF THE BASEMENT … WITH POLES LIKE THIS… YOU THINK YOU CAN MANIPULATE, AND WE USUALLY DID SUCCEED IN GETTING THEM OUT OF THERE, BUT IT WAS WITH A LOT OF BACK BREAKING STUFF TO GET HIM UP THE STAIRS… BECAUSE ONE GUY IS UP THERE TO LIFT THIS WAY, AND THE OTHER GUY IS BENDING DOWN… [POLES AND CANVAS] CAME OUT OF SERVICE WHEN WE STARTED GETTING PARAMEDICS [IN THE MID TO LATE 1980S]. THEY DID AWAY WITH IT, WHICH I WAS KIND OF SURPRISED, BECAUSE WE FOUND IT SUCH AN EASY WAY OF DOING IT. BECAUSE NOW… THE PARAMEDICS AND NURSES PICK THEM UP AND MANUALLY SET THEM ONTO THE BED, WHERE WITH THIS… WE COULD JUST PICK THEM UP, PUT THEM ON [THE BED] AND AWAY WE WENT. BUT THEY FOUND [A METHOD] THAT’S MAYBE MORE EFFICIENT, OR EASIER ON THE PATIENT.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, BROWN SAID: “THAT’S WHAT I WAS TRAINED ON… THAT WAS OUR ‘SCOOP AND RUN’. WHEN WE WENT TO ANY KIND OF EMERGENCY, WE TOOK THE CANVAS WITH US… VERY LITTLE FIRST AID AT THE SCENE, LIKE NEXT TO NONE, UNLESS THERE WAS BLEEDING… IT WAS MOSTLY SCOOP AND RUN… GET THEM TO THE HOSPITAL AS QUICK AS WE COULD… RATHER THAN CARRY [A STRETCHER WITH A METAL FRAME] UP THE STAIRS, WE’D GO UPSTAIRS AND PUT THE PATIENT ON THE POLES… THE [FIREMAN] ON THE BOTTOM, IF [THE PATIENT] WAS STARTING TO SLIDE OFF, THEY’D END UP WITH THEIR LEGS AROUND THE [FIREMAN’S] NECK, AND THERE WAS NOTHING YOU COULD DO… YOU HAD TO GET DOWN, AND IT WASN’T THE PERSON’S FAULT BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T HAVE THE STRENGTH ON THE SLIPPERY CANVAS TO HANG ON.” ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, WHO TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, LAZENBY SAID: “I NEVER USED THESE, BUT I HAVE HEARD A THOUSAND STORIES ABOUT POLES AND CANVAS – SOME GOOD, WHERE THEY WORKED INCREDIBLY WELL, AND SOME NOT SO GOOD, WHERE IT WAS ALMOST COMICAL THE WAY THINGS UNFOLD. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU GO UP A TWO-STOREY OR THREE-STOREY WALKUP WITH NO ELEVATOR, AND IF YOU’VE GOT [FIREMEN] WHO ARE HEIGHT MISMATCHED… WHEN YOU STARTED GOING DOWN STAIRS, THERE WERE REALLY NO STRAPS ON THESE THINGS TO HOLD PEOPLE – THEY WERE LIKE A MILITARY LITTER. SO AS THE ONE [FIREMAN] IS GOING DOWN THE STAIRS, THE PATIENT STARTS TO SLIDE. THERE WERE STORIES WHERE GUYS WERE TRYING TO HOLD THE POLES UP AS HIGH AS THEY POSSIBLY COULD SO THE [PATIENT] WOULDN’T SLIDE DOWN… PRETTY SOON HIS LEGS ARE HANGING OVER YOUR SHOULDERS!... BUT WHEN I WAS NEW [IN THE MID-1990S], I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TIMES I GOT TOLD ‘OH THE POLES AND CANVAS ARE WAY BETTER THAN THOSE STRETCHERS YOU GUYS ARE USING TODAY BECAUSE OF THIS AND THIS’ [AND] I AM SURE THAT IN SOME WAYS THEY WERE; I NEVER DISCOUNTED IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"HEARTSIM 2000"
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2005
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
7
Height
14.7
Length
46.5
Width
35.6
Description
A. BLACK PLASTIC CASE, 46.5 CM LONG X 35.6 CM WIDE X 14.7 CM TALL. CASE FRONT HAS BLACK HANDLE WITH SILVER METAL BASE AND BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”; FRONT HAS BLACK PLASTIC CLASPS ON BOTH ENDS. INSIDE OF CASE HAS BASE LINED WITH STYROFOAM INSERT, WITH CUT-OUT SECTIONS FOR STORING MONITOR AND ACCESSORIES. INSIDE CASE AT HINGE HAS CLEAR PLASTIC LABEL ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “SPARE FUSE”. INSIDE OF LID HAS ATTACHED GREY INSTRUCTION SHEET WITH BLACK AND GREY LABEL “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT” ABOVE BLACK TEXT ON GREY SHEET “LAERDAL HEARTSIM 2000, TEACHES ECG INTERPRETATION, ARRHYTHMIA MANAGEMENT AND HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORM RECOGNITION” WITH LISTINGS OF “FUNCTIONS, ECG SIMULATION, ECG MENU” AND DIAGRAMS BELOW; LOWER RIGHT CORNER OF SHEET HAS LOGO SHOWING ONE FIGURE BANDAGING THE ARM OF ANOTHER AND TEXT “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504, FOR TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND SERVICE INFORMATION CALL: 800-431-1055, IN NEW YORK CALL SERVICE DEPARTMENT COLLECT: 914-273-9404”. INSIDE LID UNDER INSTRUCTION SHEET IS BLACK STYROFOAM MOUNT. CASE EXTERIOR IS SCRATCHED, SCUFFED, AND WORN; INSIDE OF CASE IS STAINED AND SOILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. HEARTSIM 2000, 8 CM TALL X 30.1 CM LONG X 27 CM WIDE. CREAM-WHITE PLASTIC MONITOR WITH TRI-COLORED RED, GREY AND BROWN STRIPE RUNNING DOWN UPPER LEFT EDGE. MONITOR IS SQUARE AND TOP TAPERS TO LOWER EDGE; LEFT SIDE HAS BROWN, BLACK AND RED LABEL “HEARTSIM 2000, LAERDAL MEDICAL” WITH BLACK AND WHITE LABEL BELOW “PROPERTY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT”. RIGHT SIDE HAS MONITOR CONTROL DISPLAY WITH WHITE TEXT ABOVE “QRS TYPE, BASIC RHYTHM, PREMATURE COMPLEXES, RATE” AND WHITE TEXT ON RIGHT SIDE “RUNNING, WAITING”. KEYPAD BELOW CONTROL DISPLAY WITH DARK GREY, LIGHT GREY, AND RED BUTTONS WITH BLACK LABELS; BELOW BUTTONS BLACK TEXT “HEARTSIM 2000—KEYBOARD” WITH OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS. KEYBOARD DETACHES; BACK OF KEYBOARD HAS EMBOSSED STAMP “MADE IN GERMANY” ABOVE BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “SAIT”; BACK HAS REMOVABLE SECTION IN BACKING FOR BATTERIES. UNDER KEYBOARD ON MONITOR HAS CLEAR LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “CONDENSED INSTRUCTIONS” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR OPERATING MONITOR. RIGHT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS SILVER LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “B 366536, SPECIAL INSPECTION SERVICE” WITH DETAILS ON SPECIAL INSPECTION. BACK OF MONITOR HAS BLACK “ON/OFF” SWITCH WITH RED CIRCLE ON LEFT SIDE OF SWITCH, AND DARK GREY LABELS ON SIDES; BACK HAS OUTPUT INSERTS FOR “HEMODYNAMIC WAVEFORMS OUTPUT CH. 2/CH. 3, MANIKIN, LAERDAL MONITOR INTERFACE, PULSE OUTPUT”; BACK HAS THREE INPUT AND OUTPUT INSERTS ON LEFT SIDE WITH WHITE, GREEN AND RED INPUTS ABOVE OUTPUTS LABELLED “RA, RL, LL”. RIGHT SIDE HAS DARK GREY LABELS “HEARTSIM 2000, 1A/110V~60 HZ/110W, FUSES: 1A SLOW BLOW, SERIAL NO.” WITH ENGRAVED NUMBERS “011618” ON WHITE SQUARE, AND LABEL “LAERDAL MEDICAL CORP., 1 LABRIOLA COURT, ARMONK, N.Y., 10504”. LEFT SIDE OF MONITOR HAS BLACK DIAL WITH CLEAR LABEL ABOVE WITH BLACK AND WHITE YIN AND YANG SYMBOL. BOTTOM OF MONITOR HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT.” WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “THIS EQUIPMENT COMPLIES WITH THE REQUIREMENTS IN PART 15 OF FCC RULES FOR A CLASS A COMPUTING DEVICE. OPERATION OF THIS EQUIPMENT IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA MAY CAUSE UNACCEPTABLE INTERFERENCE TO RADIO AND TV RECEPTION REQUIRING THE OPERATOR TO TAKE WHATEVER STEPS ARE NECESSARY TO CORRECT THE INTERFERENCE. 2407”. WHITE LABEL IN LOWER LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK TEXT “CAUTIONS,” AND THREE STATEMENTS FOR USING THE HEARTSIM 2000. TOP OF MONITOR HAS BLACK MARK ON LEFT SIDE; TOP IS SCUFFED AND WORN; SIDES ARE SCUFFED AND RUBBED; BOTTOM OF MONITOR IS SCUFFED AND RUBBED ON LABELS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 168 CM LONG. CORD HAS TRI-PRONG INSERT AT ONE END, AND TRI-PRONG SILVER PLUG AT OTHER END. INSERT END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “I-SHENG , IS-14, 10A 125V 1250W” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “[COPYRIGHT SYMBOL] E55943, LL41230, [CSA SYMBOL], 214”. CORD HAS BLACK TEXT DOWN SIDES; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. D. GREY PLASTIC CORD, 219 CM LONG. CORD HAS ROUND SILVER INSERT AT ONE END WITH SIX SILVER PLUG-RODS INSIDE; CORD SPLITS INTO THREE WIRES AT OTHER END WITH THREE NODES FORMING END. NODES ARE RED, BLACK, AND WHITE LABELLED “LL, LA, RA”. BASE WHERE CORD DIVERGES INTO THREE WIRES HAS SILVER CLIP ON BACK; FRONT OF BASE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “ZOLL, 9500-0229-02, LL, LA, RA”; BASE IS ATTACHED TO CORD WITH INSERTS FOR THREE WIRES TO EXTEND. INPUT END IS RUBBED AND SCUFFED; CORD IS HEAVILY BENT AND COILED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. WHITE PLASTIC SQUARE WITH THREE ROWS OF FOUR CUT-OUT HOLES ON TOP, 7.1 CM WIDE X 5.3 CM LONG X 0.8 CM TALL. SQUARE LEFT AND RIGHT SIDES AND LOWER EDGE ARE BENT DOWN; HOLES ON TOP ARE LABELLED INTO FOUR COLUMNS WITH GREY TEXT “YES, NO, NEXT, RESTART”. TOP HAS GREY TEXT ALONG LOWER EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000 V. FIB. RECOGNITION MODULE” WITH “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO BELOW. LOWER EDGE IS CRACKED; RIGHT AND LEFT CORNERS ARE CRACKED AND CHIPPED; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK MARK “L” AND BLACK SMEAR IN LOWER RIGHT CORNER; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. F. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 8 CM LONG X 6.7 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK. UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “262003”, TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “SEQ MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2484”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. PLASTIC ECG MODULE IN CARDBOARD BOX, 7.4 CM LONG X 6.6 CM WIDE X 2.1 CM TALL. WHITE CARDBOARD BOX WITH BLACK LABEL ON FRONT WITH WHITE TEXT “PROPERTY OF LFD” AND BLUE “LAERDAL MEDICAL” LOGO ON LOWER EDGE OF FRONT AND BACK; TOP HAS WHITE LABEL WITH GREY TEXT “V. FIB MODULE”. WHITE PLASTIC MODULE HAS GREY TEXT ON TOP EDGE “HEARTSIM 2000, ECG SEQUENCE MODULE, 2486”; MODULE HAS BLACK LABEL WITH WHITE TEXT ON FRONT “PROPERTY OF LFD”; BACK OF MODULE HAS BLACK HANDWRITTEN TEXT “L.F.D.” AND BLACK PRINTED TEXT ON LOWER EDGE “42/87 ELCO 20 8477 048 006 025”. CARDBOARD BOX WORN AT EDGES AND TORN AT TOP CORNERS; BOX FRONT CREASED ALONG UPPER EDGE; BOX CREASED ON BACK AND SIDES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ON APRIL 19, 2018, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LETHBRIDGE EMS RESOURCE OFFIER WARD EGGLI REGARDING HIS TIME USING A DONATED HEARTSIM 2000. THE HEARTSIM 2000 TRAINING SIMULATOR WAS DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, AND WAS USED FOR TRAINING NEW RECRUITS. ON THE SIMULATOR, EGGLI ELABORATED, “THIS IS A PIECE OF EQUIPMENT THAT TODAY TECHNOLOGY-WISE HAS JUST SURPASSED ITS USE. IT’S NO LONGER USED IN OUR TRAINING DIVISION. IT WAS USED ORIGINALLY WAS IN TRAINING CARDIAC RHYTHMS.” “THIS IS A VERY VALUABLE TOOL FOR STUDENTS IN RELATION TO CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION. THE ADVANTAGE THAT THIS TOOL GAVE US WAS THAT IT WOULD PRODUCE A RHYTHM, LIKE A HUMAN BEING ON THE OTHER END OF THE LEADS WOULD PRODUCE ON A CARDIAC MONITOR. SO IT WAS A REAL WORLD APPLICATION FOR US TO INTERPRET WHAT WE WERE SEEING [ON] A VERY SMALL SCREEN AND THE CONNECTION WOULD BE A CONFIRMATION TO WHAT THE GENERATOR WAS ACTUALLY PRODUCING. NORMAL SINUS RHYTHM FOR EXAMPLE SHOULD BE WHAT WE SEE ON THE MONITOR AND THE CONFIRMATION FROM THE EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE WOULD BE FOUND ON THE SIMULATOR.” “IT’S PROBABLY BEEN OUT OF SERVICE, PROBABLY AT LEAST TEN YEARS AGO [2005 TO 2008].” “WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE AND THEN WE HAD TWO HAND HELD VERSIONS THAT WERE MUCH SMALLER. THEY ONLY PRODUCED SORT OF THE MOST CRITICAL RHYTHMS, BUT WE ONLY HAD THIS ONE IN THE TRAINING DIVISION.” “TRAINING CONFIRMATION AND INTERPRETATION OF CARDIAC RHYTHMS [WAS] ITS SOLE PURPOSE.” “IN [THE] CONSTRUCTION OF THE CASE…[IS] STYROFOAM. IT WAS THE ONLY ONE IN ITS SERVICE AND THEN THE ONES THAT CAME AFTER IT WERE SMALLER AND LESS EXPENSIVE AND LESS CAPABLE THAN THAT ONE WAS FOR ITS TIME…I DON’T KNOW THE COST OF IT, I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THAT IT BEING VERY EXPENSIVE. MOST THINGS IN EMS AND FIRE SERVICES ARE.” “I THINK THE INTERNET, SOME OTHER SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS, DEFINITELY FROM AN EDUCATION PERSPECTIVE STARTED SURPASSING ITS ABILITIES. [FOR] EDUCATION THIS WOULD BE A SIMULATOR THAT PRODUCED A RHYTHM FOR ONE INDIVIDUAL. THE ADVANTAGE OF SOME OF THE TECHNOLOGY IN 2005 AND 2008 WAS YOU WOULD BE ABLE TO BRING IN A WHOLE CLASSROOM AND DO AN INTERPRETATION ON A BIG SCREEN, ON A LAPTOP, ON A COMPUTER…SO IT JUST GOT OLD. [IT] STILL [HAS] VALUE BUT IT JUST GOT OLD.” “IT’S BEEN IN THE DEPARTMENT AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER BUT I WASN’T ABLE TO FIND OUT A SERVICE DATE FOR THIS THROUGH THE INTERNET.” ON HIS EXPERIENCE USING THE HEARTSIM 2000, EGGLI RECALLED, “I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE AND EVEN BEFORE THAT AS A NEW RECRUIT, A NEW MEMBER TO THE SERVICE. IN 2000 I BECAME A PARAMEDIC AND IN MY PARAMEDIC TRAINING I WOULD USE THIS DEVICE. I WOULD TAKE IT HOME, MY WIFE ACTUALLY RAN THE REMOTE. SHE DIDN’T KNOW A LOT ABOUT RHYTHMS BUT SHE LEARNED ALONGSIDE ME WITH THIS. [SHE WOULD] BASICALLY PUSH A BUTTON, I WOULD ANALYZE RHYTHM, SHE WOULD TELL ME IF I WAS CORRECT OR NOT FROM THE MACHINE. IT PRODUCES TWENTY-FIVE HUNDRED RHYTHMS SO WE HAD LOTS TO DO.” “AS A STUDENT ON THE OTHER END OF WHAT THE GENERATOR WOULD PRODUCE, IT HONED MY SKILLS. IT REALLY MADE ME QUITE GOOD AT THAT INTERPRETATION BECAUSE I [SAW] A CERTAIN WAVE. I COULD LOOK FROM ALMOST ACROSS THE ROOM AND GO “I KNOW WHAT THAT IS, IT’S THIRD DEGREE HEART BLOCK.” SOME OF THEM ARE TRICKY AND THIS PARTICULAR GENERATION IN ITS DAY GAVE SOME VARIATION TO EACH OF THOSE TYPES OF RHYTHMS, WHICH ALSO MAKES YOU A LITTLE BIT BETTER AT [READING THE RHYTHMS].” “I’M THE EMS RESOURCE OFFICER TODAY BUT I WAS THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER WHEN THIS WAS IN USE…IT’S POSSIBLE [THIS WAS IN USE FROM DAY ONE].” “WE ALSO USED IT IF WE HAD STUDENTS THAT WERE LOOKING FOR SOME EXTRA SUPPORT. WE WOULD THROW A MANNEQUIN ON THE FLOOR, WE WOULD PUT THE HEART 2000 BESIDE THEM, WE WOULD RUN A SCENARIO AND MAYBE END UP WITH A RHYTHM OR TWO THAT THEY WERE INTERPRETING. WE USED IT THAT WAY, BUT MY FONDEST MEMORIES OF USING IT WERE DEFINITELY MY WIFE SITTING IN THE CORNER PUSHING THE BUTTONS FOR HOURS. IT WAS VERY INVALUABLE AND CARDIAC RHYTHM INTERPRETATION WAS ALWAYS SOMETHING I WAS REALLY INTERESTED IN BECAUSE IT’S A UNIQUE ART ALMOST, A SKILL THAT SOME PRACTITIONERS EITHER HAVE OR DON’T. SOME ARE INTERESTED IN IT, SOME AREN’T. I COULD DO IT UNTIL THE COWS CAME HOME.” “TODAY [WITH] A CARDIAC MONITOR YOU CAN SWITCH IT SO THAT IT’S AN AED, IT CAN ACT LIKE AN AED. IT WILL DO MANY THINGS. THE CARDIAC MONITOR THAT WE USE TODAY IN SERVICE DOES BLOOD PRESSURE, IT’LL MEASURE OXYGEN SATURATION, IT’LL MEASURE CARBON DIOXIDE MEASUREMENTS AS WELL. IT CAN HELP US WITH TRACKING THE DRUGS WE USE AND IT HAS SOME MEMORY. WE HAVE THE ABILITY TO USE WI-FI AND BLUETOOTH AND SEND THE ECGS TO EMERGENCY DEVICES WHEN WE’RE IN HOSPITAL, AND WHEN WE GET BACK TO STATION FOR TRACKING AND AUDIT PURPOSES. WE DO SOME AMAZING STUFF AND THIS HEARTSIM 2000 IS A GREAT GRANDFATHER OF SOME OF WHAT WE’RE USING TODAY.” “DEFINITELY, LEADERS IN FIRE, LEADERS IN EMS, LEADERS IN COMBINED SERVICES, IS LETHBRIDGE. WE WERE THE FIRST ORGANIZATION OF ITS KIND TO BE ACCREDITED, [WITH] ACCREDITATION CANADA. ONE OF OUR MEDICAL DIRECTORS, YEARS AGO, CALLED US THE CROWN JEWEL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA BECAUSE OF THE TYPE OF SERVICE WE WERE, HOW WE TREAT OUR STAFF, HOW WE TRAIN OUR STAFF, THE OUTCOMES THAT WE HAVE IN BOTH FIRE AND EMS AND COMBINED SERVICE. THERE’S NOT MANY ORGANIZATIONS IN THE WORLD THAT HAVE A SERVICE LIKE OURS THAT WOULD RESPOND TO A PATIENT ANYWHERE IN THE CITY IN THE FASHION THAT WE DO, WITH A COUPLE OF UNITS IN HIGH EQUITY CALL WHERE A PUMP AND AN AMBULANCE ARE SUPPORTING GREAT CARE. IT DEFINITELY, APPROPRIATELY I BELIEVE, A CADILLAC SERVICE. OFTEN SOME PEOPLE WOULD SAY “WELL DO WE NEED THE CADILLAC ALL THE TIME?” AND I THINK IN LETHBRIDGE, IF YOU’VE HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO BE A PART OF A RESPONSE, YOU’RE THANKFUL FOR WHAT YOU GET HERE.” “I CAN ONLY IMAGINE THE NUMBER OF HANDS THAT HAVE TOUCHED THIS HEART SIM 2000. SOME OF THE POTENTIAL PATIENT OUTCOMES THAT WERE REALLY LIFESAVING, IN MY OPINION, [CAME] FROM A DEVICE LIKE THIS. I THINK IT’S BRILLIANT THAT IT’S GOING TO BE KEPT, [THAT] IT’S NOT JUST SOMETHING WE THREW IN THE DUMPSTER. IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF HISTORY, IT’S AN IMPORTANT PART OF EMS HISTORY. IT’S A VERY IMPORTANT PART OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES’ HISTORY, EDUCATION AND TRAINING, AND OFTEN WE KIND OF FORGET ABOUT WHY WE’RE HERE. IT’S FOR THE PATIENTS AND PEOPLE THAT WE TOUCH IN THE COMMUNITY.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180009000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180009000
Acquisition Date
2018-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"ZOLL M" DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"ZOLL M" DEFIBRILLATOR
Date Range From
2000
Date Range To
2010
Materials
PLASTIC, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
15
Height
35
Length
36.5
Width
42
Description
A. BLUE, WHITE AND GREY HEART MONITOR AND DEFIBRILLATOR FIXED WITH THREE BLACK ZIPPER POUCHES. DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK HANDLE AT TOP, SQUARE BODY WITH BLUE TRIM AND GREY AND WHITE FRONT; DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD CONNECTED TO RIGHT SIDE POUCH WITH GREEN BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED; LEFT SIDE OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS BLACK CORD INSIDE LEFT POUCH ATTACHED TO BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR. LEFT BLACK CORD IS CONNECTED TO A BLACK BOX WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLACK TEXT “8000-1006-02, V1-V6, ZOLL, LL LA RA RL” WITH FOUR BLACK CORDS FIXED TO BOX. FOUR CORDS HAVE WHITE, RED, GREEN AND BLACK NODES ON ENDS LABELLED “RA”, “LL”, “RL”, “LA”. BACK OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS GREY, BLUE, AND WHITE AND RED CORDS ATTACHED. WHITE AND RED CORD ATTACHES TO “CPR STAT-PADZ” INSIDE BACK POUCH; BLUE CORD ATTACHES TO PULSE OXIMETER INSIDE BACK POUCH. “CPR STAT-PADZ” CONTAINED IN GREY PLASTIC BAG, UNOPENED, WITH WHITE AND RED LABEL “CPR STAT-PADZ, ADULT ELECTRODES WITH REAL CPR HELP, MULTIFUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION CPR FEEDBACK NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL. +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1216, REF 8900-0402, 2018-03-19, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 7,074, 199 7,108,665 5,330,526 7,118,542 7,122,014 5,462,157”. RIGHT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT; BACK POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “SPARE BATTERY STORAGE” ON FRONT; LEFT SIDE POUCH HAS WHITE TEXT “ZOLL” ON FRONT. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS WHITE TEXT ON TOP BLUE TRIM “ZOLL M SERIES, XL BATTERY” AND ON BLUE TRIM ON TOP OF FRONT FACE OF DEFIBRILLATOR “ZOLL M SERIES, RESCUENET READY, 12SL PROGRAM, BLUETOOTH, BIPHASIC 200 JOULES MAX”. FRONT OF DEFIBRILLATOR HAS SCREEN WITH FIVE WHITE ROUND BUTTONS BELOW AND VOLUME BUTTON, BRIGHTNESS/DARKNESS BUTTON, “SUMMARY” BUTTON, “CODE MARKER” BUTTON, AND “NIBP” BUTTON. FRONT HAS BLACK “PACER OUTPUT MA” AND “PACER RATE PPM” EMBEDDED IN GREEN CIRCLES. FRONT HAS RED “1 DEFIB” BUTTONS MARKED “CHARGE”, “ANALYZE”, “ENERGY SELECT”, AND “SHOCK”. FRONT HAS GREY BUTTONS WITH BLACK TEXT “LEAD”, “SIZE”, “ALARM SUSPEND”, AND “RECORDER” BESIDE GREY BUTTON WITH WHITE TEXT “MONITOR”. FRONT HAS A BLACK DIAL WITH WHITE MARKER TO TURN TO LABELS “OFF” BLACK WITH WHITE TEXT, “MONITOR” GREY WITH WHITE TEXT, “1 DEFIB” RED WITH WHITE TEXT” AND “PACER” GREEN WITH WHITE TEXT. TOP OF MONITOR BELOW HANDLE HAS WHITE LABEL WITH RED TEXT “RV 1 STN 1”. MONITOR HAS FADED TEXT ON FRONT LABEL AND SOILING AT TOP; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. PLASTIC BAG (20.2CM LONG X 18.2CM WIDE) WITH GREEN AND WHITE OPAQUE TUBE INSIDE TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE; END OF WHITE TUBE HAS ORANGE TIP WITH WINGS. BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE PLUS O2, ADULT/INTERMEDIATE CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET WITH O2 TUBING, REF 009822, REF 010210, LENGTH 2M/7FT, ORIDION, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING”. TOP OF PLASTIC BAG HAS BLACK STAMP “LOT 15F0235JZ”. OVERALL EXCELLENT CONDITION. C. GOLD PLASTIC BAG (21.4CM LONG X 19CM WIDE) WITH BLUE BANNER AT BOTTOM AND WHITE TEXT “CARDIOLOGY” ON FRONT. FRONT HAS FADED BLACK TEXT AND FADED WHITE AND BLACK BARCODE. TOP OF BAG IT SEALED WITH WHITE COTTON TAPE ALONG BACK AND SIDES; BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF BAG IS RIPPED TO SHOW CONTENTS OF 59 ECG ELECTRODES. ELECTRODES ARE WHITE WITH PLASTIC COVERING AND BLUE TAB WITH SILVER BUTTON ON TAB. ELECTRODES ARE 3.7CM WIDE AND 4.7CM LONG. BACK OF BAG HAS BLACK, RED AND GREY DIAGRAMS IN TOP LEFT CORNER, COVERED BY CLOTH TAPE; BOTTOM LEFT CORNER HAS BLACK AND WHITE TEXT “EN ECG ELECTRODES” IN 23 LANGUAGES. RIGHT SIDE HAS RED AND BLACK TEXT “AMBU A/S, BALTORPBAKKEN 13, DK-2750 BALLERUP, DENMARK, T +45 7225 2000, F +45 7225 2050, WWW.AMBU.COM”. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. D. CLEAR PLASTIC BAG (21CM LONG X 17.7CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH CLEAR TUBE COILED INSIDEAND TIED WITH WHITE CLOTH TAPE. TUBE ENDS HAVE OPAQUE BLUE AND SOLID ORANGE FITTINGS, AND IS FITTED WITH CLEAR PLASTIC NASAL INSERT. FRONT OF BAG HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT “MICROSTREAM, SMART CAPNOLINE, PEDIATRIC CO2 ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET, REF 007266, LENGTH 2M/7FT, THIS PRODUCT IS COVERED BY ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING US PATENTS: 6,422,240; 5,857,461; 6,437,316 6,926,005; 5,657,750; 7,383,839; 7,500,483; AND THEIR FOREIGN EQUIVALENTS. ADDITIONAL PATENT APPLICATIONS PENDING. ORIDION”. LABEL SHOWS DIAGRAM FOR USING ORAL/NASAL SAMPLING SET. TOP OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT STAMPED “LOT: Q150583155”. BAG IS CREASED AND SLIGHTLY CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. E. GREY PAPER ENVELOPE (22CM LONG X 16.2CM WIDE), UNOPENED, WITH WHITE LABEL AND BLUE AND BLACK TEXT “PEDI-PADZ, PEDIATRIC ELECTRODES, MULTI-FUNCTION DEFIBRILLATION CARDIOVERSION NON-INVASIVE PACING ECG MONITORING, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 209 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MA 01824-4105 USA, 800-348-9011, MADE IN USA, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS TEL +31 (0) 481 366410, LOT 1316, REF 8900-2061, 2017-03-26, U.S. PAT. NO’S. 5,330,526”. LABEL INCLUDES “INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE”, “WARNINGS” AND TWO BLACK AND WHITE IMAGES OF ELECTRODES ATTACHED TO BODY, FRONT AND BACK. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND BENT; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. F. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.6CM LONG X 5CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “RECORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE IS TORN ON FRONT AT TOP LEFT CORNER AND AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT EDGES; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. G. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.5CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 30081200, QTY: 1”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS CREASED AND CRINKLED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. H. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.3CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, REF 8000-0261-01, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9061-02-C TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 11110900, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. I. CARDBOARD PACKAGING WITH DISPOSABLE RAZOR INSIDE (6.2CM LONG X 5.1CM WIDE). CARDBOARD WHITE WITH BLUE TEXT AND BORDERS; RAZOR HANDLE WHITE PLASTIC AND GROOVED. FRONT LABEL TEXT READS “GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR”. BACK SHOWS IMAGE IN BLUE OF RAZOR IN USE WITH TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE, MADE IN SWEDEN”. BACK OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND”. TOP OF CARDBOARD PACKAGING HAS BLUE TEXT “MANUFACTURED FOR DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG NY 10962”. CARDBOARD PACKAGE AND TEXT IS FADED; PACKAGE IS TORN AT BOTTOM LEFT AND RIGHT CORNERS; TOP OF PACKAGE IS FRAYED AND WORN; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. J. GREY PLASTIC-COATED BATTERY (18.3CM LONG X 7CM WIDE); BATTERY HAS WHITE LABEL WITH BLACK TEXT ON TOP “ZOLL PD 4410, (BATTERY PACK NOT EQUIPPED WITH SMART BATTERY MODULE), ZOLL SMART BATTERY, SHORT OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS, PRESS FOR DISPLAY, FAULT: TEST BATTERY, TIME INDICATORS, ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD MASSACHUSETTS, 01824 U.S.A., SERIAL NO. 23-1600637, MADE IN U.S.A” WITH INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE AND BARCODE. LABEL HAS HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLACK INK “LM 10/2/16” AND HANDWRITTEN TEXT IN BLUE INK “SC 10/6/16”. RIGHT SIDE OF BATTERY HAS TWO WHITE LABELS; FIRST LABEL HAS BLACK BARCODE, SECOND LABEL HAS BLACK TEXT “NEW, IN SVC, NOV 28/2016”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS LABEL AT TOP WITH BLACK TEXT “LIFT HERE TO REPLACE”. BOTTOM OF BATTERY HAS TWO ROUND WHITE HOLES; ENDS OF BATTERY HAVE PLASTIC CLIPS. BATTERY TOP LABEL HAS GREY SMUDGE, AND LABELS ON SIDE ARE FADED AND DISCOLOURED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. K. GREY POWER CORD (300CM LONG) WITH OPAQUE GREY PLASTIC PLUG END AND GREY ADAPTER END. CORD IS SCUFFED AND DISCOLOURED WITH BLACK AND PINK; ADAPTER IS DESIGNED FOR THREE-PRONG INSERT. PLUG END HAS BLUE, BLACK, WHITE AND GREEN WIRES INSIDE; END OF PLUG END HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “MADE IN U.S.A., ELECTRI-CORD, NESTFIELD, PA, 5-15P” WITH GREEN DOT BETWEEN PRONGS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. L. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (15.8CM LONG X 10.2CM WIDE, UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS OPAQUE PURPLE PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, NEONATAL/PEDIATRIC AIRWAY ADAPTER, (RE-ORDER NO. 8000-0261), THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE OF 4.0MM OR SMALLER WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 4,859,858 4,859,859 4,914,720 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,616,923 5,693,944, OTHER PATENTS PENDING, MANUFACTURED BY NOVAMETRIX MEDICAL SYSTEMS INC., WALLINGFORD, CONN. 06492, MADE IN U.S.A., ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, SECOND AVENUE, BURLINGTON, MASSACHUSETTS 01803, U.S.A., 800-348-9011, LOT 20060300”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND FRONT TEXT IS FADED; BAG IS PUNCTURED AND FRAGILE; OVERALL FAIR CONDITION. M. BLUE BLOOD PRESSURE CUFF (49CM LONG X 12.3CM WIDE); CUFF IS POLYESTER AND COTTON; CUFF HAS VELCRO HOOK ON FRONT SIDE AND VELCRO LOOP ON BACK; CUFF HAS BLACK TUBE UNDER VELCRO HOOK WITH WHITE FITTING AT END OF TUBE. FRONT HAS WHITE LOGO WITH BLUE TEXT “ZOLL” AND WHITE TEXT “SMALL ADULT, LONG, 17-25 CM” WITH DIAGRAM OF OUTLINES OF FIVE FIGURES WITH SECOND-LAST FIGURE SOLID WHITE; UPPER RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT HAS WHITE TEXT “INDEX”. BACK OF CUFF HAS WHITE TEXT ALONG TOP EDGE “RANGE” WITH ARROWS ON BOTH SIDES OF TEXT; WHITE SYMBOLS BESIDE VELCRO LOOP SHOWS NO LATEX AND NO PVC. CUFF IS FRAYED AT TOP AND RIGHT EDGES ON FRONT; VELCRO HOOK HAS COLLECTED DEBRIS; RIGHT EDGE OF CUFF HAS WHITE BORDER AROUND OPENING; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. N. WHITE PULSE OXIMETER (95.8CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) ATTACHED TO BROWN CORD WITH GREY FITTING AT END. OXIMETER TOP HAS EMBOSSED FINGER WITH NAIL AND EIGHT-POINT STAR ON NAIL; OXIMETER END HAS FLAP ON RIGHT SIDE SHOWING TWO BLUE MALE FIGURES AND TWO GREEN FEMALE FIGURES; OXIMETER SIDES HAVE ROUND WHITE BUTTON WITH RED AND WHITE HEART MONITOR GRAPH SPIKE PRINTED. CORD HAS PAPER TAB ATTACHED WITH BLACK TEXT “DO NOT DISCARD, INTENDED FOR MULTIPLE USE”; OPPOSITE SIDE OF TAB SHOWS BLACK MAIL FIGURE BESIDE GARBAGE CAN WITH RED PROHIBITION SIGN PRINTED OVER. GREY FITTING AT END NINE BRASS SPIKES INSIDE GREY BOX AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON TOP “LNCS”AND STAMPED TEXT ON BOTTOM “7H052”. CORD IS DISCOLOURED AND SCUFFED; TAB ON CORD IS FADED AND WORN; WHITE OXIMETER FITTING HAS SOILING. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. O. DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR WITH PACKAGING TORN INTO FOUR PIECES (RAZOR 6.2CM LONG X 4.8CM WIDE); RAZOR WHITE PLASTIC WITH BLUE PLASTIC SPIKES UNDER SILVER BLADE; FRONT OF RAZOR HANDLE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “WORLDWIDE, MADE BY PC SWEDEN, PAT PEND” AND EMBOSSED TEXT ON BACK “GALLANT”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING FRONT PIECE IS WHITE WITH BLUE BORDERS AND TEXT “REORDER NO. 4251, GALLANT DISPOSABLE PREP RAZOR, STAINLESS STEEL BLADE, DYNAREX, MANUFACTURED FOR: DYNAREX CORPORATION, ORANGEBURG, NY 10962, WWW.DYNAREX.COM, MADE IN SWEDEN”. CARDBOARD PACKAGING BACK PIECE HAS BLUE DIAGRAM OF RAZOR IN USE AND BLUE TEXT “PULL GENTLY, DO NOT APPLY PRESSURE”. CARDBOARD PIECES ARE FRAYED AT EDGES FROM BEING TORN; TOP AND BOTTOM PIECES ARE SMUDGED WITH BLUE; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. P. WHITE PLASTIC BAG WITH CLEAR BACK (16CM LONG X 10.1CM WIDE), UNOPENED; INSIDE BAG IS CLEAR PLASTIC RESPIRATORY PIECE. FRONT OF BAG HAS BLACK TEXT, “TEAR TO OPEN, RX ONLY, SINGLE PATIENT USE, PEDIATRIC/ADULT AIRWAY ADAPTER, THIS ADAPTER IS FOR MONITORING PATIENTS WITH AN ET TUBE SIZE GREATER THAN 4.0MM WITH ZOLL CAPNOSTAT MAINSTREAM CO2 SENSORS, MANUFACTURED FOR ZOLL MEDICAL CORPORATION, 269 MILL ROAD, CHELMSFORD, MASSACHUSETTS 01824-4105, U.S.A., 978-421-9655 PHONE, 800 438-9011 PHONE, 978-421-0025 TELEFAX, ZOLL INTERNATIONAL HOLDING B.V., NEWTONWEG 18, 6662 PV ELST, THE NETHERLANDS, 9060-02-E TEL. +31 (0) 481 36 64 10, LOT 09081000, QTY: 1, U.S. PATENTS 5,146,092 5,153,436 5,793,044 5,618,923 5,693,944; OTHER PATENTS PENDING, CAPNOSTAT IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF RESPIRONICS INC. AND ITS AFFILIATES”. FRONT LABEL INCLUDES “DIRECTIONS” AND DIAGRAM FOR PLACING ADAPTER. BAG IS SEVERELY CREASED AND CRINKLED; TEXT IS FADED; OVERALL GOOD CONDITION. Q. BLACK CORD (119CM LONG X 2.5CM WIDE) THAT CONVERGES MIDWAY INTO SIX WIRES. END OF CORD HAS BLACK ADAPTER WITH EIGHT BRASS SPIKES INSIDE RECTANGLE. ENDS OF SIX WIRES HAVE MULTI-COLOURED NODES WITH WHITE TEXT ON BACK, LABELLED: “V1” RED, “V2” YELLOW, “V3” GREEN, “V4” BLUE, “V5” ORANGE, “V6” PURPLE. BLACK PLASTIC MIDDLE CONNECTOR WHERE WIRES CONVERGE HAS ENGRAVED CLOCK SYMBOL ON FRONT WITH MARKINGS FOR “12, 3, 6, 9” AND ARROW IN CENTER POINTED AT “3”. CORD IS CURLED INTO COIL; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ON OCTOBER 23, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LYNN VILLIGER WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ABOUT THE DONATION OF A ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATOR AND CARDIAC MONITOR. ACCORDING TO CORRESPONDENCE WITH VILLIGER, THE ZOLL M-SERIES WERE USED WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMEMRGENCY SERVICES UPON THEIR ACQUISITION IN 2003, AND WERE REPLACED IN 2011. THE ZOLL M-SERIES CARDIAC MONITORS WERE THE FIRST TO OPERATE WITH BIPHASIC WAVEFORM ENERGY, ENABLING SAFER AND MORE EFFICIENT DEFIBRILLATION. VILLIGER ELABORATED ON THE ZOLL M-SERIES DEFIBRILLATORS, NOTING, “IT’S A CARDIAC MONITOR, NOT ACTUALLY AN AED. IT DOES HAVE AN AED FUNCTION BUILT RIGHT INTO IT, WHICH WAS ONE OF THE AMAZING THINGS IN THIS NEW GENERATION OF CARDIAC MONITORS. IT ALLOWED US TO DO SO MUCH MORE THAN WE WERE ABLE TO DO IN THE PAST. NOT ONLY IS IT A CARDIAC MONITOR; IT’S A CARDIAC DEFIBRILLATOR; IT CAN ALSO CARDIOVERT AND IT CAN PACE AS WELL. THOSE ARE FUNCTIONS THAT WE NEVER HAD IN PREVIOUS GENERATIONS OF MONITORS. IT ALSO CAN MEASURE VITAL SIGNS. IT CAN MEASURE A PERSON’S BLOOD PRESSURE; IT CAN MEASURE THE CARBON DIOXIDE CONTENT OF A PERSON’S BLOOD THROUGH INFRA-RED TECHNOLOGY. IT CAN ALSO RECOGNIZE THE OXYGEN SATURATION OF THEIR BLOOD USING THE SAME TYPE OF TECHNOLOGY, SO IT WAS QUITE A BIG JUMP FOR US. WE WENT FROM A DIFFERENT TYPE OF, IT WAS CALLED, MONOPHASIC ENERGY (WHICH IS THE TYPE OF ENERGY THAT WAS USED IN OLD CARDIAC MONITORS), AND THIS WAS, IN FACT, THE FIRST OF ITS TYPE ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD. ZOLL WAS A DOCTOR WHO INVENTED A TYPE OF CARDIAC ENERGY CALLED BIPHASIC ENERGY, AND IT WAS JUST A MORE EFFICIENT TYPE OF ENERGY FOR ALL OF THOSE PURPOSES. IT WAS JUST MORE EFFICIENT AT DOING [PACING, DEFIBRILLATION, AND CARDIOVERSION], AND, IN DOING SO, BIPHASIC ENERGY IS ACTUALLY SAFER, BECAUSE PRACTITIONERS (NURSES, DOCTORS, PARAMEDICS) ALL HAVE BEEN KILLED USING MONOPHASIC ENERGY IN THE PAST, BY TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHEN THEY GOT DEFIBRILLATED, AND THIS IS QUITE A BIT MORE FORGIVING, JUST IN THE NATURE OF THE WAY THE ELECTRICITY IS DELIVERED TO THE PATIENT. NOT ONLY IS IT MORE EFFICIENT AT CONVERTING THE HEART RHYTHM; IT’S ALSO MORE EFFICIENT, OR LESS EFFICIENT, AT KILLING PEOPLE BY ACCIDENT.” “[THE PEOPLE USING THESE MACHINES] WOULD BE PRACTITIONERS, OR…PARAMEDICS ARE TAUGHT TO MAKE SURE THE WHOLE SCENE IS SAFE BEFORE ANYBODY DISCHARGES THESE TYPE OF MONITORS, AND SO THEY…ARE LOOKING FOR NEGATIVE SPACE AROUND THE PATIENT; THAT NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE PATIENT; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE GROUND, WHICH COULD BE WET; NOBODY’S TOUCHING THE COT THE PATIENT MAY BE LYING ON. THAT’S INGRAINED IN MOST PARAMEDICS. THERE’S A METHOD TO THAT WHOLE PROCESS…I’M SURE PEOPLE HAVE HEARD SIMILAR THINGS IN CPR COURSES. ONE OF THE OTHER WONDERFUL THINGS ABOUT THIS (AT THE TIME, I DIDN’T THINK IT WAS SO WONDERFUL) WAS, WE GOT HANDS-FREE DEFIBRILLATION FOR THE FIRST TIME. IN THE OLD DAYS, WE HAD PADDLES, AND EVERYBODY REMEMBERS PADDLES FROM THE REALLY-COOL MEDICAL SHOWS ON TV. WE PUT PADS ON THE PATIENT, AND THERE’S CABLES ATTACHED TO THE PADS, WHICH REQUIRES A SAFER PROCESS, BUT NOBODY IS TOUCHING THE PATIENT WHATSOEVER, EVEN WITH PADDLES, AT THAT TIME. THERE’S BENEFITS TO BOTH. IT WAS JUST QUITE A BIT SIMPLER.” “I STARTED [WORKING WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES] IN 1988…WE HAD CARDIAC MONITORS IN THOSE DAYS. THEY WERE PHYSIO CONTROL, OR MEDTRONIC CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY DID DEFIBRILLATION. LATER ON, THEY STARTED TO DO CARDIOVERSION, AND PACING AS WELL…THEY HAD COMPONENTS THAT COULD FIT INTO EACH OTHER. ONE OF THE COMPONENTS WAS A RECORDER DEVICE, JUST LIKE A FOUR-TRACK CASSETTE TAPE RECORDER, AND IT LITERALLY WAS THAT. IT SLIPPED RIGHT IN BETWEEN THE CARDIAC MONITOR, AND THE REST OF THE MECHANISM FOR DEFIBRILLATION, OR FOR CARDIOVERSION AND PACING. IT RECORDED EVERYBODY’S VOICE IN THE ROOM, SO YOU COULD CALL OUT DRUG CALCULATIONS AND TIMES…WHICH YOU HAD TO DO IN THOSE DAYS. YOU WOULD TYPICALLY SLIP A CLOCK ONTO THE MONITOR, AND WATCH THE TIME…IT WAS A VERY STRANGE FEELING TO GO BACK AND REVIEW, AND HAVE VOICE RECORDING…THIS MONITOR DOES RECORD EVERYTHING. IT HAS A BUILT-IN TIMER, AND IT SUMMARIZES THE INCIDENT INSTEAD, SO IT PRINTED OUT EXACTLY ALL THE TIMES FOR EVERYTHING THAT YOU DID – INTERVENTIONS - BUT IF YOU WANTED TO GIVE DRUGS OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT, YOU STILL HAD TO MARK THEM DOWN AT THE TIME…” “[IN] 2003, WE DECIDED TO PURCHASE THESE MONITORS. IT WAS SOMEWHAT OF A PROTEST, BECAUSE EVERYBODY WAS USED TO USING THE OLD CARDIAC MONITORS, AND THEY LOVED HAVING PADDLES ON. I REMEMBER, JUST IN FUN, OF COURSE, I MADE A LITTLE PROTEST SIGN THAT SAID 'WE WANT PADDLES, WE WANT PADDLES' AT THE TIME. AFTER YOU USE HANDS-FREE FOR A WHILE, YOU FIND OUT IT’S ACTUALLY QUITE A BIT SAFER. THERE WAS ALWAYS SOME SAFETY INVOLVED IN WATCHING YOUR PARTNER DO THIS – WITH THE GEL ON THE PADDLES, AND, THEN, YOU COULD ACTUALLY PHYSICALLY SEE HIM LEANING OVER THE PATIENT…THERE’S WARNING BUZZERS...WITH HANDS-FREE, I COULD SEE A CHANGE ON THE MONITOR, AND IT WOULD SET OFF AN ALARM, AND THEN THEY COULD CHARGE IT UP, AND DEFIBRILLATE IT, AND YOU HAD TO MAKE SURE THAT EVERYONE’S AWARE.” “THEY TRIED TO INVOLVE EVERYBODY…IT WOULD HAVE BEEN THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER…IN THE TRANSITION BETWEEN THIS MONITOR AND THE OLD VERSION, I BECAME THE MEDICAL TRAINING OFFICER MYSELF, SO WE HAD SOME INFLUENCE FROM THERE…AT THAT TIME, PROBABLY ONLY 20% OF OUR EMPLOYEES WERE PARAMEDICS. THE REST WERE EMT’S, WHO BECAME EMT’S AFTER THEY WERE FIREFIGHTERS. NOW, WE HIRE ONLY PARAMEDICS, AND WE TRAIN THEM TO BE FIREFIGHTERS. ONCE YOU HAD A LOT OF PARAMEDICS ON BOARD, WE COULD HAVE LONGER CONVERSATIONS ABOUT THOSE KINDS OF THINGS. THOSE TYPES OF CONVERSATIONS USUALLY ORIGINATED IN ACLS COURSES…WE TOOK THEM EVERY 3 YEARS, IN-HOUSE. ACLS WAS ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT. THEY ARE THE GUYS, REALLY, THAT SET THE STANDARDS FOR ALL OF THE CLINICAL THINGS INVOLVING PATIENTS THAT HAVE CONDITIONS THAT NEED INTERVENTIONS WITH CARDIAC MONITORS AND AED’S, BUT THEY DON’T DETERMINE WHICH UNITS YOU USE. THEY’RE NOT REALLY ALLOWED TO SAY WHICH TYPE OF ENERGY, OR MONITOR, IS MORE EFFICIENT THAN THE OTHER ONE. WE LEFT THAT UP TO DATA COLLECTION THAT HAPPENED AFTERWARDS.” “WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF [THE CHANGE TO BIPHASIC MONTIORS]. WE HAD A REALLY COOL POSITION IN THAT, BECAUSE, IN THOSE DAYS, ALBERTA HEALTH SERVICES DIDN’T GOVERN AMBULANCE SERVICES ANYWHERE IN ALBERTA. WE WERE THE LARGEST EMS SERVICE IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AND WE HAD DECIDED ON THE ZOLL CARDIAC MONITOR, SO SOME OF THE SMALLER SERVICES WERE CURIOUS. THEY CAME TO US, SAID, 'WHAT’S GOING ON? WHAT ARE YOU USING? HOW DOES IT WORK?' WE CONVINCED ALMOST EVERY OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH ZONE, AT LEAST WEST OF MEDICINE HAT, TO BUY INTO THE ZOLLS, AND AT ONE TIME, EVERY EMS OPERATOR IN THE SOUTH WAS USING THE ZOLL M SERIES, INCLUDING THE COLLEGE, WHO WAS TRAINING PARAMEDICS AND EMT’S. WE WERE AT THE FOREFRONT OF THAT, AND WE INVITED ALL THESE OTHER PEOPLE, AND, BEFORE YOU KNOW IT, WE WERE ALL SPEAKING THE SAME LANGUAGE.” “WE HEARD ABOUT THE TECHNOLOGY – BIPHASIC ELECTRICITY – THROUGH ADVANCED CARDIAC LIFE SUPPORT COURSES, SO WE HAD TO LOOK INTO IT. WE WERE LEARNING, THROUGH THE DATA THAT WAS COLLECTED, THAT IT WAS SIMPLY SAFER, MORE EFFICIENT…IT JUST CAME DOWN TO IT THAT WE ENDED UP THERE FOR A LOT OF DIFFERENT REASONS. THESE GUYS WERE THE ONLY ONES USING BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY AT THE TIME. IT WASN’T UNTIL A FEW YEARS LATER THAT THEIR COMPETITORS STARTING USING IT, AND THEY STILL CAN’T USE EXACTLY THE SAME TYPE OF BIPHASIC TECHNOLOGY. THIS PARTICULAR TYPE, IT’S CALLED ‘RECTO LINEAR BIPHASIC’; IS PATENTED BY THIS COMPANY; AND IT IS STILL CONSIDERED THE MOST EFFICIENT TYPE OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY FOR DOING ALL THOSE THINGS – PACING, CARDIOVERSION, DEFIBRILLATION.” “ORIGINALLY, WE BOUGHT 6 OR 8 [ZOLL M-SERIES MACHINES]. WE HAD EVOLVED TO 4 UNITS ON THE STREET. WE WERE TALKING ABOUT IT IN 2004…ONE OF OUR DEPUTY CHIEFS STARTED THE PROCESS OF HAVING ALL OF OUR FRONT-LINE ENGINES, OR PUMPS, ON THE FIRE SIDE, BE ADVANCED LIFE SUPPORT, BECAUSE ALL OF OUR FOLKS WERE PARAMEDICS, SO WE STARTED CARRYING THESE TYPES OF MONITORS NOT ONLY ON OUR AMBULANCES BUT ON EVERY SINGLE FIRE TRUCK AS WELL.” “THERE ARE STILL PEOPLE USING THIS, AND IT’S STILL A GREAT MONITOR. I’D TAKE IT OUT ON THE STREET, AND BE QUITE COMFORTABLE, AND HAVE FAITH THAT IT WOULD DO EVERYTHING NECESSARY.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MEMORIES OF USING THE ZOLL M-SERIES MONITOR, VILLIGER RECALLED, “WE DO SO MANY EVENTS…PROBABLY 50% OF THE EVENTS WE WOULD GO TO, WE WOULD CONNECT THE CARDIAC MONITOR TO PATIENTS, AT LEAST TO MONITOR THEIR HEART RHYTHM AS PART OF A COMPLETE CLINICAL ASSESSMENT. I CAN’T REMEMBER A PARTICULAR EVENT. ONE OF THE THINGS THAT STOOD OUT IS THEY MADE THE ‘M’ SERIES AS A STREET-WORTHY PARAMEDIC VERSION OF A HOSPITAL-TYPE CARDIAC MONITOR. THEY MADE THEM TOUGH AND THEY WOULD THROW THEM…OFF A MOVING AMBULANCE, OR OFF THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, JUST TO SHOW THEM HOW TOUGH THEY WERE. SOME OF THE OLD VIDEOS…SHOWS THEM EITHER THROWING THEM OFF A BALCONY, OR HAVING A TRUCK DRIVE OVER THEM, AND THEY STILL FUNCTION. OR, SOMEBODY BLASTING IT WITH WATER FROM A HOSE LINE…SO THEY MADE A MONITOR THAT WAS A LITTLE BIT TOUGHER, AND A LITTLE BIT MORE RUGGED THAN THEY HAD BEEN IN THE PAST.” “I REMEMBER US GOING OUT AND SOLICITING FOR DONATIONS TO PURCHASE THESE. ONE OF OUR GUYS WENT OUT…WE ACTUALLY PURCHASED 2 CARDIAC MONITORS, WITH THE HELP OF DIFFERENT ORGANIZATIONS IN THE COMMUNITY, THAT DONATED FUNDS…THE KINSMEN WAS QUITE PREVALENT…IN HELPING US PURCHASE THE FIRST…[AND] A COUPLE OF ADDITIONAL MONITORS…” “I USED [THE MONITOR] FOR A LOT OF YEARS, AND I THOUGHT THEY WERE GREAT MONITORS. THERE IS AN EMOTIONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I WAS INVOLVED IN THE NEXT TWO PURCHASES. I WAS ON THE FRONT LINES; I WROTE UP THE RFQ, FOR THE PURCHASE OF THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘M’S; THE NEXT SERIES OF ‘E’S; AND THE ‘X’ SERIES…SO I’VE BEEN INVOLVED. I’VE GOT SOME PERSONAL ATTACHMENT, BECAUSE I USED IT AS A STREET PARAMEDIC, AND THEN I GOT ON IN FRONT OF IT IN THE BUSINESS END…I WATCHED HOW THAT PROCUREMENT PROCESS WENT DOWN, WORKING IN COOPERATION WITH OUR PROCUREMENT THROUGH THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. WHEN THESE ARRIVED, IT WAS A BIG DAY. IT WAS LIKE CHRISTMAS, WHEN THE NEW CARDIAC MONITORS ARRIVE. I WOULD SPEND 6 WEEKS OR SO JUST GETTING ALL OF THESE ATTACHMENTS [THAT] ARE NOT ON THEM WHEN THEY COME - YOU’RE SCREWING ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER; PUTTING OUT ALL THE INFORMATION TO THE STAFF; WRITING UP SOG’S AND POLICIES RELATING TO CARDIAC MONITORS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, AND MANUALS ON THE MONITOR, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170016000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170016000
Acquisition Date
2017-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“CANADA CD HEALTH”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
7.75
Length
16
Width
9.5
Description
KHAKI-COLOURED CANVAS ARMBAND WITH BUCKLED STRAP. PRINTED DESIGN ON FRONT IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD HEALTH”. TEXT STAMPED ON BACK READS “FINNIGANS LTD. Y.A. 5.000”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS ARMBAND WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012003
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TABLETS, “WATER DECONTAMINATION”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1975
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
5
Length
16.25
Width
10
Description
CLEAR PLASTIC BOTTLE WITH WHITE CAP, FILLED WITH ROUND WHITE TABLETS AND SEALED IN CLEAR PLASTIC BAG. PRINTED LABEL ON BOTTLE HAS TEXT IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH, READING “WATER DECONTAMINANT – EACH TABLET CONTAINS HALAZONE, N.F. 160 MG. WITH SODIUM BORATE AND SODIUM CHLORIDE. ONE HALAZONE TABLET IS SUFFICIENT FOR 5 GALLONS OF ORDINARY WATER. IF WATER IS GREATLY POLLUTED, USE TWO TABLETS. ALLOW WATER TO STAND FOR 30 MINUTES BEFORE DRINKING.” MINOR SCUFFING ON BAG; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CONTAINER
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS BOTTLE OF WATER DECONTAMINATION TABLETS WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012010
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST AID HAVERSACK, “CANADA CD”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
CANVAS, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
37
Length
29
Width
11
Description
GREEN CANVAS BAG WITH TOP FLAP SECURED BY TWO BUCKLED CANVAS STRAPS. LONGER LOOPED CARRYING STRAP IS SEWN TO BACK OF BAG AND HAS TWO BUCKLES TO ADJUST LENGTH. MAIN BODY OF BAG IS DIVIDED INTO TWO CAVITIES, AND EACH SIDE HAS OUTER POCKET WITH SNAP CLOSURE. PRINTED DESIGN ON TOP FLAP IS YELLOW CIRCLE WITH BLUE LOGO READING “CANADA CD”. TEXT PRINTED IN BLUE ON LOWER BODY OF BAG READS “FIRST AID”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. *NOTE* BAG IS FULL WITH FIRST AID SUPPLIES BUT HAS NOT BEEN OPENED TO MAINTAIN INTEGRITY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR ORIGINAL CATALOGUE DOCUMENT LISTING 8-850 FIRST AID HAVERSACK CONTENTS, PRODUCED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF NATIONAL HEALTH AND WELFARE.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS FIRST AID BACKPACK WAS RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012005
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ST. JOHN'S AMBULANCE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAYON, ALUMINUM
Catalogue Number
P19950038023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ST. JOHN'S AMBULANCE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1970
Materials
RAYON, ALUMINUM
No. Pieces
3
Length
9
Diameter
3.8
Description
BLACK RAYON RIBBED RIBBON IS THREADED THROUGH A METAL LINK AND THE ENDS ARE HELD TOGETHER BY A SAFETY PIN. METAL LINK IS ROUND WITH A SMALL CUT, AND HAS ANOTHER LINK LOOPED THROUGH IT IN THE OPPOSITE DIRECTION. THIS LINK IS SOLDERED TO A ROUND BLACK LACQUERED METAL (ALUMINUM?) MEDAL. IS A HOLLOW CIRCLE WITH A MALTESE CROSS IN THE MIDDLE. FROM THE CENTRE OF THE CROSS IN BETWEEN EACH ARM ARE THE FIGURES OF TWO LIONS AND TWO UNICORNS. IT APPEARS THAT THIS IS THE ST. JOHN'S AMBULANCE SYMBOL. ENDS OF RIBBON ARE FRAYING. METAL IS PITTING. LACQUER AND PAINT ARE WEARING OFF IN PLACES, ESPECIALLY ON THE BACK. RIBBON HAS PIN HOLES IN IT.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
COMMEMORATIVE
History
DONATED IN MEMORY OF MRS. AGNES SHORT, WHO WAS A NURSE IN LETHBRIDGE UNTIL C. 1970. HELPED WITH FIRST POLIO VACCINATION HERE, AND WAS PART OF THE HEALTH CLINIC FOR ABOUT 20 YEARS. FATHER WAS WILLIAM H. SHORT, WHO WAS THE LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO.1 FIREHALL IN LETHBRIDGE. SAFETY PIN HAS BEEN REMOVED AND RIBBON IS NOW HELD IN PLACE BY A STITCH. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: DERRICK WAS ABLE TO RECALL THIS TIE CLIP. SHE SAID, “MY GRANDFATHER [W. H. SHORT] WAS AWARDED SOMETHING (I FORGET WHAT THE AWARD WAS) FROM THE ST. JOHN’S AMBULANCE. IN HIS EARLY YEARS, HE ALSO TAUGHT FOR THEM ON A VOLUNTEER BASIS.” FOR INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF W. H. SHORT, PLEASE SEE P19950037002. PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001 FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950038023
Acquisition Date
1995-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
16
Width
11
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED COTTON NURSES CAP. CAP WAS A FLAT PIECE OF FABRIC FOLDED INTO A STANDUP BRIM, AND A POINTED CROWN. THERE IS THE REMNANTS OF A TAG ON THE EDGE MARKED "DONNA MELLORM?". ALSO MARKED "M.H." IN ONE CORNER. ITEM HAS THREE PAPER CLIPS ATTACHED TO KEEP HAT IN PLACE, BUT WITHOUT HAT STILL MAINTAINS SHAPE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE NURSE’S CAP. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. ASKED ABOUT THE OTHER NAMES WRITTEN IN HER UNIFORM, MARION REPLIED: “OH, IT WAS PROBABLY REUSED … THEY WOULD NEVER WASTE A THING, AT ST. MIKES WE WERE TAUGHT TO CONSERVE … NOTHING WAS THROWN OUT THAT COULD BE REUSED, WHETHER IT WAS ON THE NURSING UNIT OR AS FAR AS OUR UNIFORMS WERE CONCERNED. I REMEMBER ONE INCIDENT: I WORKED IN THE OPERATING ROOM AT ST. MIKES AND I BRIEFLY WORKED THE “OR” AT THE FOOTHILLS HOSPITAL AND I COULDN’T GET OVER [IT], I KEPT RUNNING TO THE GARBAGE AND PULLING OUT WHAT THEY WERE THROWING AWAY BECAUSE IT WAS STILL GOOD. AND WE WOULD NEVER CONSIDER THROWING AWAY THINGS THAT COULD BE RE-STERILIZED AND REUSED.” MARY ANN ADDED: “OUR UNIFORMS WERE WASHED FOR US. … SO WHEN WE GOT OUR UNIFORMS, SOMETIMES WE GOT THE WRONG HAT AND STUFF.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

DEVICE, BLOOD PRESSURE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact13220
Other Name
OSCILLONTONOMETER
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, VINYL, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140049003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OSCILLONTONOMETER
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1988
Materials
CARDBOARD, VINYL, METAL
No. Pieces
11
Height
24
Length
31.8
Width
9
Description
1: AN ORANGE-BROWN CASE WITH BRONZE COLOURED HINGES, CLASPS, AND FEET. THERE IS A SINGLE HANDLE AT THE TOP MADE OF THE SAME FAUX LEATHER MATERIAL AS THE CASE ON TWO METAL HINGES. IT SITS ABOVE A GOLD PUSH CLASP. THERE ARE TWO BRONZE COLOURED HINGES THAT THE CASE SWINGS OPEN ON. THE CASE HAS EIGHT BRONZE-COLOURED DOMED FEET, FOUR OF WHICH SIT AT THE BOTTOM WITH THE HINGES AND FOUR OF WHICH ARE ON THE SIDE OF THE CASE. ON THE SAME SIDE SIX SILVER STUDS SIT IRREGULARLY IN THE BODY OF THE CASE. THE INSIDE OF THE CASE HAS A BUILT IN POUCH, ON WHICH A STICKER STATES “LETHBRIDGE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL 3402041” AND A PIECE OF PAPER READING “OSCOLLOTONOMETER USE FOR BLOOD PRESSURE” IS TAPED ON. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE CASE, BOLTED TO THE CASE WITH SILVER STUDS SITS THE MEASURING MECHANISM OF THE OSCILLONOMETER. THE SILVER CASED MECHANISM HAS A BLACK RUBBER HAND PUMP ATTACHED, ALONG WITH MULTIPLE ATTACHMENT POINTS FOR THE TUBES OF THE PRESSURE CUFFS. TWO DIALS SIT ON ITS FACE, ONE RANGING FROM 7-0-18 AND READING “COMPARATIF”, THE SECOND RANGING FROM 0-300MMHG AND READING “MANOMETER”. NEXT TO IT IS A SILVER COLOURED PLATE HOLDING FOUR SILVER SCREW-IN KNOBS. 2: A CIRCULAR PAPER TAG RIMMED IN A METAL FRAME AND HELD WITH A SAFETY PIN TO THE HANDLE OF THE CASE. ON ONE SIDE THE TAG READS “C.S.R OSCILLOTONOMETER “CAMPARAT”” . THE TAG IS CRUMPLED AND SOME OF THE TEXT IS WORN OFF. H: 0.1 CM, D: 4.7 CM 3: A PIECE OF THE INSIDE LINING OF THE CASE THAT HAS PEELED OFF FROM THE SIDE. ONE SIDE IF THE FAUX LEATHER, THE OTHER A CARDBOARD PAPER COATED IN HARDENED GLUE. H: 0.1 CM, L: 23 CM, W: 5 CM 4: A GREY PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED TO TWO TUBES, RED, AND BLACK. THE INFLATABLE PART OF THE CUFF MEASURES 46 CM BY 14 CM, WITH THE WRAP AROUND STRAP MEASURING 76 CM BY 4 CM. THE TWO RED AND BLACK TUBES MEASURE 63 CM LONG AND 0.5 CM AROUND. H: 76.5 CM, L: 122.5 CM, W: 14 CM 5: RED TUBING BROKEN OFF FROM ONE OF THE PRESSURE CUFFS. THE TUBING IS CRIMPED AND SNAPPED OFF INTERNALLY NEAR THE BROKEN EDGE OF THE TUBING. L: 47 CM, D: 0.5 CM 6: A GREY PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED TO TWO TUBES, RED, AND BLACK. THE INFLATABLE PART OF THE CUFF MEASURES 46 CM BY 14 CM, WITH THE WRAP AROUND STRAP MEASURING 76 CM BY 4 CM. THE BLACK TUBE MEASURES 63 CM LONG AND 0.5 CM AROUND. THE RED TUBE MEASURES 18 CM, BROKEN IN HALF. H: 76.5 CM, L: 122.5 CM, W: 14 CM 7: A TYPED NOTE READING “RE OSCILLOMETER. IF ANYONE WISHES TO USE THIS AND IS NOT FAMILIAR WITH THIS MODEL, DR. KING-BROWN HAS SAID THAT HE WOULD HELP. THANK YOU. MIB.” THERE IS ALSO AN “MIB” SIGNED IN BLUE PEN. L: 15.4 CM, W: 10.1 CM 8: A SINGLE PAGE BOOKLET TITLED “SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE OSCILLOMETER COMPARATIF”. THE PAPER IS SLIGHTLY WRINKLED WITH A TORN CORNER AND A SLIGHT TEAR IN THE MIDDLE EDGE OF THE PAGES. L: 30 CM, W: 11.7 CM 9: A SINGLE PAGE BOOKLET TITLED “OSCILLOTONOMETERS “COMPARAT” AND “COMPARATIF”” FRONT COVER ALSO HAS AN IMAGE OF A DOCTOR USING THE MACHINE TO MEASURE BLOOD PRESSURE FROM A PATIENT'S ANKLES. THE BACK COVER SHOWCASES AN IMAGE OF THE COMPARATIF AND A DIAGRAM OF BLOOD PRESSURE TUBE CONNECTORS. THE PAGES ARE SLIGHTLY DIMPLED AROUND THE EDGES. L: 30 CM, W: 12.2 CM 10: AN EXAMPLE OF THE FILL-IN FORMS PRINTED WITH FILL-IN EXAMPLES AND GRAPHS IN BLACK INK. WRITTEN IN GERMAN. L: 15 CM, W: 24.7 CM 11: A PAD OF ORANGE INKED FILL-IN FORMS COMPLETE WITH GRAPHING GRIDS. THE FORMS ARE WRITTEN IN GERMAN. THE PAD IS MISSING ONLY A FEW PAGES, WITH SLIGHTLY DIMPLED EDGES AND CURVING CORNERS. H: 0.7 CM, L: 15 CM, W: 24.7 CM
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS ARTIFACT IS CALLED AN OSCILLOTONOMETER AND IT WAS USED TO MEASURE THE BLOOD PRESSURE OF THE LEGS. THE OSCILLOTONOMETER WAS USED IN THE OPERATING ROOM (OR), WHERE IT WAS USED BY THE OR STAFF. IT CAME INTO THE POSSESSION OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNAE IN 1988 AFTER ITS USE IN THE OR. THE ALUMNI BELIEVE THAT THIS ARTIFACT IS OF IMPORTANCE BECAME IT IS “SOMETHING NOT SEEN OFTEN BY FLOOR STAFF.” THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED BY THE MUSEUM THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. ON 12 JULY 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK MET WITH THREE MEMBERS OF GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNI ASSOCIATION – SHARON DEJONG, DONNA KARL, AND SUE KYLLO – TO ESTABLISH FURTHER DETAILS ABOUT VARIOUS ARTIFACTS IN THIS WAVE OF GSN ACQUISITIONS. ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT, THE ALUMNI STATED THAT THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN USED FROM 1958 TO 1988 (BASED ON THEIR PERSONAL EXPERIENCES DURING THEIR CAREER AND THE CLOSING YEAR OF THE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL). THEY ALSO ADDED THAT THIS INSTRUMENT WAS NOT OFTEN SEEN BY THE FLOOR STAFF. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049003
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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