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Other Name
POLICE CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA CASE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PRESSED PAPER, STEEL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19960112062
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLICE CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA CASE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
PRESSED PAPER, STEEL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
22
Height
25
Length
44.5
Width
22.7
Description
GREY PRESSED PAPER CASE WITH BLACK STEEL REINFORCED CORNERS. HINGED LID WITH THREE CLASPS AT FRONT; LOCK AT CENTRE. LEATHER CARRYING HANDLE AT TOP OF CASE MARKED "LETH POLICE" ACROSS TOP; "CITY POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH" STAMPED ON ADHESIVE LABEL BELOW. SCRATCHED INTO TOP RIGHT CORNER "OP2-007-073-004". INTERIOR OF CASE DIVIDED INTO FIVE COMPARTMENTS, WHICH CONTAIN THE FOLLOWING: .1 NINE 4 X 5 FILM HOLDERS. INCLUDE FOUR BLACK "RITEWAY" GRAPHIC FILM HOLDER WITH PLASTIC FRAME AND TWO PULL-OUT PANELS IN EACH. ALSO FOUR "FIDELITY DELUXE FIDELITY CUT FILM HOLDER OF SAME STYLE, AND ONE "LISCO REGAL" "LISCO CUT FILM HOLDER" ALSO OF SAME STYLE. ALL ARE SCRATCHED SLIGHTLY THROUGHOUT. .2 CAMERA. BROWN LEATHER CASE WITH "ANSCO" IN GOLD LETTERS ON LENS CAP SECTION. BLUE ADHESIVE LABEL ON TOP OF CASE WITH "CITY POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH". CASE OPENS BY SNAP ON FLAP; SMALL LEATHER CARRYING STRAP AFFIXED BY SIDE RINGS. CONTAINS 35MM CAMERA, FIXED TO CASE BY MEANS OF THREADED BOLT AT BOTTOM. BACK OF CAMERA OPENS; "AV 4286" STAMPED ON LOWER RIGHT INSIDE CORNER. BASE READS "MADE FOR ANSCO BY AGFA CAMERA WERK AG MUNCHEN GERMANY BY ANSCO-GAF". LENS MARKED "AGFA APOTAR..". INCLUDES FOLDED FILM INSTRUCTIONS. .3 PRINT COATER. WHITE CARDBOARD RECTANGULAR BOX WITH HOLE THROUGH CENTRE OF TWO SIDES. CONTAINS TWO BLACK PLASTIC VIALS WITH WHITE PLASTIC LIDS. MARKED ON SIDES IS "FOR BLACK AND WHITE PICTURES ONLY" AND "POLAROID PRINT COATER". EACH CONTAINS LONG SPONGE DAMP WITH DEVELOPING SOLUTION. .4 SET OF TWO IDENTICAL ALUMINUM BRACKETS. CONSIST OF LOOPED BAND CONNECTED TO RECTANGULAR-SHAPED BASE WITH THREADED BOLT FIXED ACROSS INTERIOR. .5 SET OF TWO IDENTICAL COILED BLACK CORDS (RUBBER COATED). TWO-PRONG PLUG AT ONE END, WITH HEAD FOR ROUND OUTLET AT OTHER END. "H" MARKED ON PLUG. .6 UNKNOWN DEVICE. GREY PLASTIC DISC WITH LARGE FLATHEAD BOLT AT TOP. BELOW IS STEEL SHANK, WITH POINTED END. .7 UNKNOWN DEVICE. STEEL CYLINDRICAL VIAL WITH FOUR HOLES PERFORATED AROUND LOWER END; ENGRAVED "GRAFLEX #2" WITH U.S. PATENT NUMBERS LISTED. THREADED LID WITH TINY HOOK FOR HANGING; INSIDE LID FIXED WITH STEEL SHANK WITH WIRE SPRING AROUND. EXTERIOR OF LID IS SERRATED VERTICALLY. .8 CLEAR PLASTIC PILL CONTAINER; WHITE LID. CONTAINS THREE PIECES WHITE CHALK. .9 KEY. CIRCULAR LOOP AT HEAD; HOLLOW SHANK. STEEL.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FROM LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION. CASE IS FOR CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA, ISSUED TO DETECTIVE GLEN B. MICHELSON IN 1961 BY ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH. MICHELSON JOINED LETH. CITY POLICE IN 1950, AND WAS PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN 1957. IN 1961 HE ATTENDED A SEVEN-WEEK TRAINING COURSE AT THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH SCHOOL IN OTTAWA, WHERE CAMERA WAS ISSUED. CAMERA WAS STANDARD EQUIPMENT OF ALL ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENT BRANCHES IN CANADA. WHEN MICHELSON RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE HE SET UP THE CITY POLICE'S FIRST IDENT BRANCH, AND WORKED AS A QUALIFIED FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. THE ANSCO CAMERA WAS ALSO AMONG HIS EARLY EQUIPMENT, AND WAS USED AT CRIME SCENES ETC., THOUGH THE CROWN GRAFLEX WAS THE MORE COMMONLY USED CAMERA. ALTHOUGH THE CASE WAS DONATED TO MUSEUM BY POLICE, THE CAMERA ITSELF REMAINS (03/00) AT THE POLICE STATION. WAS IN USE FOR OVER 20 YEARS. THE CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA WAS THE FIRST PIECE OF EQUIPMENT ACQUIRED FOR THE NEW INVESTIGATIVE BRANCH IN 1961. STANDARD TO EVERY ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE TIME, THE CAMERA TOOK HIGH QUALITY PHOTOS OF FINGERPRINTS AND CRIME SCENES. THE SMALLER ANSCO CAMERA WAS ALSO USEFUL FOR ACCIDENT AND CRIME SCENES. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112062
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
No. Pieces
1
Height
76.4
Length
167.8
Width
86.4
Description
DESK, OAK WITH MOTHER-OF-PEARL CALL BUTTONS ON TOP FRONT RIGHT CORNER. TOP SURFACE HAS: WORN FINISH, AREA OF DARK BLACK STAINING NEAR FRONT CENTER, AND WATER DAMAGE CAUSING WOOD TO SPLIT AT THREE PLACES ON RIGHT SIDE. SEVEN DRAWERS, WITH THREE ON LEFT, THREE ON RIGHT AND ONE AT CENTER. DRAWER FACES HAVE BEVELED EDGES AND WOODEN HANDLES. BOTTOM TWO DRAWERS ON RIGHT, BOTTOM DRAWER ON LEFT AND CENTER DRAWER HANDLES HAVE CHUNKS OF WOOD MISSING. LEFT SIDE OF CENTER DRAWER HAS WHITE PAINT. LOCKING MECHANISMS AT TOP RIGHT, CENTER AND LEFT DRAWERS. ABOVE DRAWERS AT LEFT AND RIGHT ARE PULL OUT BOARDS. SIDES AND REVERSE OF DESK HAVE PANELED WOOD. RIGHT SIDE HAS FRAGMENT OF CORD EXTENDING FROM THE EDGE OF CALL BUTTONS. TOP DRAWER ON RIGHT HAS THREE LOOSE WOODEN SEPARATORS, ONE IN RIGHT MIDDLE AND ONE IN LEFT MIDDLE. SPILLED INK HAS STAINED THE BOTTOM OF TOP LEFT DRAWER INSIDE. FRAGMENT OF NEWSPAPER ON THE UNDERSIDE OF TOP CENTER DRAWER HAS, “FRIDAY, MAY 23, 1913.”
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
FURNISHINGS
PROFESSIONS
History
DESK BELONGED TO DONOR’S FATHER JERRY YAMAMOTO WHO PASSED AWAY ON OCTOBER 11, 1997. IN MAY 2012, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DONOR TERRY YAMAMOTO. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW’S TRANSCRIPTION. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS FIRST MEMORY OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO RESPONDED BY SAYING, “WELL… IT GOES BACK TO WHEN I WAS ABOUT ELEVEN YEARS OLD. MY DAD BUILT THE HOUSE, HE BUILT IT ON HIS OWN AND THE FIRST YEAR WE MOVED IN THERE I WAS ELEVEN LIKE WE LIVED IN THE BASEMENT WHILE HE BUILT THE UPSTAIRS. AS FAR AS I CAN REMEMBER THAT DESK HAS BEEN THERE SINCE THE TIME WE MOVED IN SO I WAS ELEVEN SO THAT WOULD BE 1963. IT WAS IN WHAT WE CALLED HIS RADIO ROOM. HE WAS A RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR THE RCMP AND HE JUST HAD IT SET IN THERE FOR HIS MUSIC AS A DESK. YEAH, HE DID YOU KNOW WELL HE FIXED RADIOS HE WAS A RADIO TECH FOR THE RCMP SO HE WOULD TINKER AROUND FIXING RADIOS AND THINGS LIKE THAT. HE WAS ALSO A HAM OPERATOR. [FOR] AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE WAS WITH THE RCMP. I WAS BORN IN ‘52, 1952 SO IT HAD TO BE AROUND THAT TIME OR AFTER THAT HE JOINED THE RCMP BECAUSE AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE ALWAYS WORKED WITH THEM. HE STARTED OUT AS OPERATING RADIOS THEN JUST WENT ON COURSES AND WHATEVER WITH THE RCMP AND THEN HE BECAME THE RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. [WHEN HE STARTED, HE WAS DOING] THE RADIO TRANSMISSION WITH EVERY COP IN THE CARS. AND BASICALLY THE RCMP SENT HIM BACK AND PUT HIM ON TRAINING FOR RADIO TECHNICIAN AND HE WAS WITH THEM UNTIL HE RETIRED. HE LIKED IT BECAUSE HE SERVICED NOT ONLY THE CAR RADIOS BUT ALL THE RADIO TOWERS FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THE ONE THING HE REALLY ENJOYED WAS HE HAD RETIRED AND THEN WHEN THE OLYMPICS CAME, THE SKIING, THE WORLD CUP IN 1980, SECURITY OR WHATEVER. THE RCMP SENT HIM OUT TO OTTAWA ON A SPECIAL, BROUGHT HIM OUT OF RETIREMENT, SENT HIM TO OTTAWA FOR A SPECIAL COURSE AND THEN HE HAD TO HE WAS UP AT LAKE LOUISE AND BANFF AND THEY WERE DOING ALL THE SECURITY ON THE TOWERS AND EVERYTHING.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED ANY OF THE HISTORY OF THE DESK BEFORE HIS FATHER’S USE, YAMAMOTO SAID, “ALL I REMEMBER IS HIM SAYING IS THAT IT CAME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS AND HIM AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN HAD COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS. BUT ANYWAYS IT HAD SOMETHING TO DO WITH JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN SO I DON’T IF HE ACTUALLY HAD IT IN THE BEGINNING AND GAVE IT MY DAD TOOK IT BUT IT DID ACTUALLY COME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS. [MY FATHER] AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN WERE FRIENDS OF A DIFFERENT KIND AND LIKE I SAY THEY COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE DAMAGE ON THE TOP SURFACE OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO EXPLAINED, “YEAH, THAT WAS PROBABLY MY FAULT, I WAS USING IT FOR MY BEDDING PLANTS AND IT GOT SPRAYED WITH WATER. YOU KNOW I HAD THEM SITTING THERE I HAD A BOARD OVER TOP FOR A WHILE THERE.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY KIM GUNN AND FORWARDED BY TOM EDGAR IN AN E-MAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION, “THE DESK IS AN OLD RCMP DESK THAT WAS STANDARD ISSUE TO RCMP OFFICES ACROSS CANADA. WHEN THE RCMP GOT NEW DESKS IT WAS GIVEN TO DR. GORE-HICKMAN’S DAD FOR USE IN HIS OFFICE AT THE OLD POLICE STATION ON 5TH STREET. GORDIE REMEMBERS JERRY Y. AND THE DESK BEING IN HIS DAD’S OFFICE. HE SAYS HIS DAD AND JERRY WERE GOOD FRIENDS. GORDIE SAYS THAT HIS DAD STARTED OUT AS A POLICE MAGISTRATE AND THAT IS WHY HIS OFFICE WAS AT THE POLICE STATION.” *UPDATE* AT THE TIME OF CATALOGUING IN AUGUST, 2013, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH DISCOVERED SOME ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS IN THE TOP CENTER DRAWER. UPON CONSULTATION WITH DONOR, THESE DOCUMENTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO GALT ARCHIVES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
Acquisition Date
2011-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"GRAFLEX - CROWN GRAPHIC"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20080008013
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"GRAFLEX - CROWN GRAPHIC"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1985
Materials
PLASTIC, METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
21.2
Length
26.0
Width
18.2
Description
CAMERA, FOLDING. HARD, BLACK PLASTIC CASE WITH VIIEWFINDER WINDOW. FRONT PANEL FOLDS DOWN TO REVEAL AN EXPANDABLE, ACCORDION FOLD, CAMERA LENSE. LENSE MOVES BACK AND FORTH ON METAL TRACKS. VARIOUS HOOKS AND KNOBS ON SIDE AND BACK OF CASE. FRONT OF CASE MARKED "GRAFLEX" ON SILVER COLORED PLAQUE. FRONT OF CAMERA MARKED, "CROWN GRAPHIC... SYNCHRO COMPUR." FRONT OF CASE DOES NOT CLOSE.
Subjects
PHOTOGRAPHIC T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA WAS THE FIRST PIECE OF EQUIPMENT ACQUIRED FOR THE NEW INVESTIGATIVE BRANCH IN 1961. IT WAS STANDARD TO EVERY RCMP IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE TIME, THE CAMERA TOOK HIGH QUALITY PHOTOS OF FINGERPRINTS AND CRIPME SCENES, AND WAS USED LOCALLY FOR OVER TWENTY YEARS. RETIRED SUPERINTENDENT IN CHARGE OF CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE, GLEN MICHELSON, WROTE A LETTER TO EXPLAIN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE IDENTIFICATION DEPARTMENT WHICH RELIED HEAVILY ON THE USE OF THE CAMERA. SEE BELOW: "IDENTIFICATION RECORDS (FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY) OF PRISONERS WAS STARTED BY THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE IN 1931 BY DETECTIVE SYD WALLIS. COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND FINGERPRINTS WERE DISTRIBUTED TO OTHER POLICE FORCES BY MUTUAL AGREEMENT IN THESE EARLY YEARS. THEN LATER A COPY OF THE FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS WERE FORWARDED TO THE R.C.M. POLICE, A NATIONAL POLICE SERVICE, IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THEIR OTTAWA HEADQUARTERS FOR THE BENEFIT OF ALL POLICE FORCES IN CANADA AND IN OTHER COUNTRIES AS WELL. LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE HAVE MAINTAINED AN EXCELLENT COLLECTION OF IDENTIFICATION RECORDS (FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS) SINCE THAT TIME. I STARTED MY CAREER IN LAW ENFORCEMENT APRIL 14TH, 1947 BY JOINING THE R.C.M. POLICE FORCE IN LETHBRIDGE. I TRAINED IN REGINA AND ROCKCLIFFE “N” DIVISION HEADQUARTERS NEAR OTTAWA. I PURCHASED MY DISCHARGE FROM THAT FORCE JULY 31ST, 1950. I JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE AUGUST 29TH, 1950 UNDER THEN CHIEF GEORGE HARVEY. I RETIRED FROM THE CITY POLICE FORCE JULY 31ST, 1984. WHILE ON DUTY IN THE COMPLAINT OFFICE I BECOME INTERESTED IN FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY. I CONSIDERED THE IDENTIFICATION OF CRIMINALS ACT IN THE CRIMINAL CODE TO PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS. AS I MENTIONED, THIS HAD BEEN STARTED BY SYD WALLIS, DETECTIVE) IN 1931. I STARTED FINGERPRINTING AND PHOTOGRAPHING PRISONERS, ALSO DEVELOPING PICTURES IN A SMALL CLOSET LIKE DARK ROOM HARDLY SUITABLE FOR THAT PURPOSE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD POLICE STATION, 5TH ST. & 5TH AVE. SOUTH, LETHBRIDGE. I STARTED PLAIN CLOTHES (DETECTIVE) WORK IN 1957 AND TAKING A FEW PICTURES AT CRIME SCENES. I OBTAINED GOOD INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS FROM TWO WELL KNOWN PHOTOGRAPHERS IN LETHBRIDGE, DR. VICTOR SPACKMAN, AND NEILS KLOPENBERG. THEY WAS MORE THAN WILLING TO GIVE ME HELP. FOR ANY MAJOR CRIME SCENES WE CALLED THE R.C.M. POLICE IDENTIFICATION OFFICER TO TAKE FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHS. THEY HAD A IDENTIFICATION BRANCH AT THE R.C.M. POLICE SUB-DIVISION OFFICE IN LETHBRIDGE. THIS OFFICER WAS ALWAYS WILLING TO GIVE US ASSISTANCE. ON FEBRUARY 27TH, 1961 UNTIL APRIL 14TH, 1961, I ATTENDED THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH SCHOOL IN OTTAWA AT THEIR HEADQUARTERS, (CLASS NUMBER 22). THIS COURSE OF INSTRUCTION INCLUDED FINGERPRINTS, PHOTOGRAPHY AND OTHER METHODS OF IDENTIFICATION, FOR ANY CRIME SCENE OR ACCIDENT REQUIRING POLICE INVESTIGATION. I WAS THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE MEMBER TO ATTEND SUCH A CLASS. I RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE AND SET UP THE FIRST CITY POLICE IDENTIFICATION BRANCH, AN OFFICE, WORK ROOM AND DARK ROOM, COMPLETE WITH FINGERPRINT FACILITIES AND EQUIPMENT, CAMERAS AND CROWN GRAFLEX CAMERA TO TAKE PICTURES ANYWHERE, THEN TO DEVELOP THEM AND BE JUDGED ON OUR WORK, THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF THE NEW POLICE STATION ADDITION WAS IN SEPT. 1963. I ENJOYED CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS AND DOING THE IDENTIFICATION WORK AT CRIME SCENES AND PHOTOGRAPHING THE SCENES AND OTHERS THAT REQUIRED INVESTIGATION. IN MY VIEW IT WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT POLICE WORK AND IT WOULD GIVE ME GREAT SATISFACTION IF I COULD LOCATE A FINGERPRINT LEFT AT A CRIME SCENE THAT WOULD IDENTIFY THE PERSON BEING THERE, OR FIND ANY OTHER PHYSICAL EVIDENCE AT THE CRIME SCENE THAT WAS CONNECTED TO THE OFFENDER. I DID HAVE GREAT SUCCESS IN FINGERPRINTING AND WAS ABLE TO PHOTOGRAPH THE FINGERPRINTS AT CRIME SCENES, AND PROCESS THEM READY FOR COURT. I WAS ABLE TO QUALIFY MYSELF AS A FINGERPRINT EXPERT IN JUVENILE COURT, MAGISTRATES COURT AND ALBERTA SUPREME COURT (NOW CALLED COURT OF QUEENS BENCH.) I ALSO GAVE EVIDENCE AT CORONERS INQUESTS IN FINGERPRINTS AND PHOTOGRAPHY. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS. THE FINDING OF A FINGERPRINT, HOWEVER AT THE CRIME SCENE IS NOT PROOF OF GUILT BY ITSELF, NOR ANY INDICATION OF GUILT UNTIL ALL THE ELEMENTS AND FACTS OF THE CASE ARE CONSIDERED, BUT IT PROVES THE PRESENCE AT THE SCENE OF THE OFFENCE OF THE PERSON WHO MADE THE FINGERPRINT IMPRESSION. THE PRESENCE OF THAT PERSON AT THE SCENE OF THE OFFENCE CANNOT BE REFUTED OR DENIED. IT MAY BE ALIBIED BUT IT IS POSITIVE AS TO HIS OR HER PRESENCE WHETHER OR NOT THAT PRESENCE WAS LEGITIMATE. FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION IS BASED ON THE ACCEPTED FACT THAT NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. ONLY ONE PERSON AND ONLY ONE FINGER OF THAT PERSON CAN MAKE A GIVEN IMPRESSION, THE IMPRESSION CANNOT BE DUPLICATED BY ANY OTHER FINGER IN THE WORLD. IT WAS GRATIFYING AND AN HONOUR TO BE NAMED AS A FINGERPRINT EXAMINER BY THE SOLICITOR GENERAL OF CANADA IN THE CANADA GAZETTE APRIL 11TH, 1970. THIS WAS ANOTHER FIRST FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THIS WAS PURSUANT TO SECTION 594 OF THE CRIMINAL CODE OF CANADA. I ALSO ATTENDED AN ADVANCED IDENTIFICATION SERVICES FIELD SEMINAR HELD AT MYNARSKI PARK, PENHOLD ALBERTA ON OCT. 15TH, 1971. ALSO AN INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR IDENTIFICATION CONFERENCE AND SEMINAR AT BOISE IDAHO, USA IN MAY 1982 ON IDENTIFICATION TECHNIQUES. AFTER I WAS PROMOTED TO THE OFFICER IN CHARGE OF THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, OTHER MEMBERS OF THE FORCE WERE SELECTED TO ATTEND THE R.C.M. POLICE IDENTIFICATION COURSE IN OTTAWA. THE IDENTIFICATION SECTION HAS BECOME AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE. D.N.A. EVIDENCE IS NOW CONSIDERED TO BE IMPORTANT AND CONCLUSIVE EVIDENCE IN IDENTIFICATION WORK." FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE. CAMERA CASE WAS PREVIOUSLY ACCESSIONED. SEE P19960112062.
Catalogue Number
P20080008013
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, VINYL, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20150010023
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
2010
Materials
METAL, VINYL, NYLON
No. Pieces
4
Height
14.4
Length
221.5
Width
51.2
Description
EMERGENCY FOLDING CHAIR STRETCHER. ADJUSTABLE, MEDIUM BURGUNDY COLOURED VINYL WITH SILVER COLOURED METAL, AND FOUR BLACK RUBBER WHEELS. OUTER RECTANGULAR FRAME WITH A SMALLER, ADJUSTABLE FRAME WITHIN. STRETCHER HAS THREE STRAPS: TWO WINE COLOURED NYLON SEATBELT STYLE STRAPS, WITH METAL AND BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLES, ON THE UPPER BODY. BLACK PLASTIC BUCKLE AT CHEST HEIGHT HAS "FERNO" IN GREY. THIRD BUCKLE IS A BLACK NYLON AND PLASTIC BUCKLE, ON THE LOWER BODY. BACK OF PLASTIC BUCKLE IS EMBOSSED WITH "ACCULOC CSR-10 A.C.W. ASIA, WOONSOCKET RI". RED STICKER WITH WHITE WRITING ON RIGTH SIDE OF STRETCHER, AT WAIST AREA, READS "FERNO". TWO RUBBER FEET AT THE FOOT END OF STRETCHER TO STABILIZE STRETCHER WHEN FULLY EXTENDED. VINYL IS IN TWO PIECES AND CAN BE REMOVED FROM INNER FRAME. GOLD COLOURED ZIPPERS AND SILVER COLOURED SNAPS HOLD VINYL IN PLACE. THERE ARE TWO GOLD ZIPPERS ON THE BACK OF THE FOOT PORTION, BOTH RUNNING VERTICALLY. THERE ARE ALSO TWO GOLD ZIPPERS ON THE BACK OF THE UPPER BODY PORTION, WITH ONE RUNNING HORIZONTALLY AND ONE VERTICALLY. METAL LABEL RIVETED ONTO FRAME AT FOOT OF STRETCHER READS "FERNO - WASHINGTON, INC. WILMINGTON, OHIO, U.S.A. SERIAL NUMBER 07-052255." FOUR FOLDABLE HANDLES, TWO AT HEAD AND TWO AT FEET. HANDLES HAVE TEXTURED BLACK PLASTIC GRIPS. GRIPS EMBOSSED WITH "HUNTWILDE CORPORATION". LOWER HANDLES (AT FOOT) HAVE METAL CYLINDERS THAT SLIDE OVER THE JOINT TO PREVENT HANDLES FROM FOLDING BACK IN. CROSSBAR AT KNEE AREA HAS A SMALL RECTANGULAR PIECE THAT SWINGS OUT AND ONTO A BOLT WHEN STRETCHER IS FOLDED INTO SITTING POSITION, WHICH PREVENTS STRETCHER FROM GOING BACK TO A LAYING DOWN POSITION. UPPER BODY PORTION CAN BE ADJUSTED TO FOUR DIFFERENT POSITIONS: LAYING TOTALLY FLAT TO SITTING AT AN APPROXIMATELY 45 DEGREE ANGLE. AT SHOULDER AREA ON RIGHT SIDE THERE IS A TRIANGULAR SHAPED CLIP, WHICH RELEASES THE UPPER BODY PORTION AND ALLOWS IT TO BE ADJUSTED TO A SITTING POSITION. VERY GOOD TO EXCELLENT CONDITION. VINYL IS STRUCTURALLY VERY GOOD, WITH NO RIPS OR TEARS. SCUFF MARKS AND BLACK STAINS ALL OVER, ESPECIALLY ALONG THE EDGES. METAL FRAME IN VERY GOOD CONDITION. WHEELS AT THE FOOT ARE WORN MORE THAN THOSE AT THE HEAD.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS EMERGENCY FOLDING STRETCHER WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE STRETCHER WAS “USED PRIMARILY IN AMBULANCES FOR MOVING PATIENTS DOWN STAIRS OR AROUND TIGHT CORNERS. WE USE A MORE STAIR FRIENDLY VERSION NOW.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED: “IT WAS MORE OR LESS TO TAKE PEOPLE DOWN STAIRS. SIT THEM UP, STRAP THEM IN, HAD WHEELS ON IT. IT WAS FOR A PERSON THAT DIDN’T HAVE ANY SERIOUS INJURIES MORE OR LESS … IT WAS LIKE A LITTLE CHAIR, FOLD UP, SIT THEM DOWN … GO DOWN THE STAIRS ONE AT A TIME – THUNK, THUNK, THUNK, THUNK.” LAZENBY EXPANDED SAYING: “I HATED THIS STRETCHER. THIS WAS A FOLDING STRETCHER … ACTUALLY THE OLD STAIR-CHAIR, BASICALLY. THEY HAVE MODERNIZED AND IMPROVED THIS DRAMATICALLY. BUT THIS PUZZLE OF A STRETCHER – YOU USED TO BE ABLE TO SET IT UP SO THAT IT CAME INTO A CHAIR … ANY TIME YOU WENT UP INTO AN APARTMENT BUILDING THAT WAS UNDER THREE STORIES, THERE’S NO ELEVATOR, SO YOU SOMETIMES HAD TO CARRY PEOPLE DOWN THREE FLIGHTS OF STAIRS. THIS WAS THE CHAIR OF CHOICE A LOT OF TIMES, IT WAS THE STRETCHER OF CHOICE, BECAUSE IT WAS LIGHTER THAN THE OTHER ONE AND IT WAS EASIER TO MANEUVER AROUND CORNERS … IT WAS A PUZZLE TO PUT TOGETHER AND TO TAKE APART AND I JUST NEVER EVER – I HATED THIS THING. TO THIS DAY, WHEN THE PARAMEDICS SAY ‘WE’RE GONNA NEED THE STAIR CHAIR’, I GRIT MY TEETH AND I CRINGE A LITTLE BIT, I THINK BECAUSE I THINK OF THIS THING, EVEN THOUGH THE NEW ONE IS WAY BETTER. THIS WAS IN SERVICE WHEN I GOT HERE AND I WOULD SAY THAT THIS WAS IN SERVICE ON THE AMBULANCES UNTIL ABOUT … 7 YEARS AGO, GIVE OR TAKE. SO THE BETTER PART OF 15 YEARS THAT THAT WAS IN SERVICE WHILE I WAS HERE.” HE CONTINUED: “THE WORST PART ABOUT THIS IS THAT WHEN YOU PUT A PATIENT ON IT AND YOU LIFTED THEM UP TO GO DOWN THE STAIRS, IT FELT UNSTABLE ENOUGH FOR THEM THAT THEY ALWAYS WANTED TO PUT THEIR ARMS OUT, AND THE SECOND THAT THEY GRABBED ON TO SOMETHING, WELL THEN YOUR CENTRE OF GRAVITY IS LOST AND THEN YOU WERE REALLY IN IT. LIKE YOU THOUGHT, ‘GEEZ, WE COULD ACTUALLY DROP THIS GUY.’ BUT THAT’S WHAT I DISLIKED PROBABLY THE MOST ABOUT THIS THING, OUTSIDE OF HAVING TO PUT IT TOGETHER.” PETIT ADDED: “IF YOU GO TO THE BUILDINGS UP HERE ON LONDON ROAD, SOME TWO STORY BUILDINGS AND THE STAIRS ARE VERY NARROW AND VERY TIGHT, WE USED TO USE THIS TYPE. SO IN OTHER WORDS, INSTEAD OF PUTTING HIM ON A STRETCHER, YOU’D PUT HIM ON THE SEAT. ONE GUY GETS AT THE BACK AND ONE GUY GETS AT THE FRONT AND TAKE THE PERSON DOWN … OVER THE YEARS I GOT A BAD BACK AND GUESS WHERE I GOT THE BAD BACK FROM? IT WAS LIFTING, DOING THINGS LIKE THIS, BECAUSE IT WAS VERY CUMBERSOME.” DZUREN AGREED: “THAT’S JUST A CONFINED SPACE STRETCHER … YOU CAN’T [ALWAYS] GET THE BIG STRETCHER IN, SO YOU CAN PUT THEM ON THAT PARTICULAR ONE. IN AN ELEVATOR, YOU CAN’T GET THAT BIG ONE IN THERE. SOME OF THE ELEVATORS, THE RESIDENTIAL ONES, THEY DON’T, AT LEAST IN THE DAYS GONE BY, THEY DIDN’T THINK ABOUT HAVING TO ACCOMMODATE STRETCHERS. I WOULD PROBABLY SAY IT’S A RARE OCCASION THAT WE HAD TO USE THAT. CAUSE A LOT OF TIMES … IF THE PERSON WAS FAIRLY PHYSICALLY OKAY, YOU COULD TAKE HIM OUT, JUST HOLD HIM. ONE GUY BY THE ARMS, ONE GUY BY THE LEGS, WE HAD A TECHNIQUE THERE WHERE YOU COULD QUITE EASILY TAKE HIM OUT THAT WAY WITHOUT DOING HIM ANY HARM, YOU KNOW. IF HE HAD A BROKEN ARM, WELL, WE COULDN’T DO THAT, SO YOU’D HAVE TO USE ONE OF THOSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010023
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
POLES AND CANVAS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1985
Materials
CANVAS, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
212
Width
67
Description
RECTANGULAR PIECE OF OFF-WHITE CANVAS, WITH TWO RED NYLON STRAPS SEWN AT EACH VERTICAL EDGE. CANVAS IS FOLDED OVER AND SEWN ALONG BOTH HORIZONTAL EDGES, CREATING TWO LENGTHWISE CHANNELS. ALL SEAMS ARE REINFORCED WITH DOUBLE-STITCHING. FRONT OF CANVAS HAS REPEATING CIRCULAR WATER STAINS ALONG THE CENTRE AND VARIOUS SPOTS OF DISCOLOURATION THROUGHOUT. TEXT AT THE LOWER RIGHT CORNER READS “L F D” IN BLACK MARKER. BACK OF CANVAS HAS SIMILAR WATER STAINING, AND TEXT ACROSS THE CENTRE READING “DISCARD” IN BLACK MARKER. A STAMP AT THE RIGHT SIDE DEPICTS A CIRCULAR CREST AND READS “CITY OF LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT” IN BLUE INK. OVERALL GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
LAND TRANSPORTATION-HUMAN-POWERED
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
THIS CANVAS STRETCHER, ALONG WITH TWO WOODEN POLES, WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT DURING MEDICAL EMERGENCIES, PRIOR TO THE INCORPORATION OF PARAMEDIC STAFF IN THE DEPARTMENT IN THE MID 1980S. AMONG DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL, IT IS REFERRED TO AS “POLES AND CANVAS”. ON SEPTEMBER 9, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED LAWRENCE DZUREN, RETIRED FIRE CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT FROM 1959 TO 1992. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, DZUREN SAID: “[THIS] WOULD BE IN THE AMBULANCE AND THERE’S TWO BIG WOODEN POLES, NICELY SANDED DOWN. WHEN YOU GOT THE PATIENT YOU WOULD ROLL HIM TO THE SIDE, TUCK THAT UNDER, ROLL HIM BACK ONTO [THE CANVAS], PUT THE POLES IN, AND PICK HIM UP, ONE [FIREMAN] ON EACH END… THAT’S THE WAY WE CARRIED PATIENTS OUT OF WHEREVER WE HAD TO CARRY THEM… I RECALL GOING TO ONE, THERE WAS A BLIZZARD GOING ON, WE GOT THIS BIG FELLA… HE WAS ABOUT 6’5”, AND WE HAD TO GET HIM OUT OF THE BASEMENT … WITH POLES LIKE THIS… YOU THINK YOU CAN MANIPULATE, AND WE USUALLY DID SUCCEED IN GETTING THEM OUT OF THERE, BUT IT WAS WITH A LOT OF BACK BREAKING STUFF TO GET HIM UP THE STAIRS… BECAUSE ONE GUY IS UP THERE TO LIFT THIS WAY, AND THE OTHER GUY IS BENDING DOWN… [POLES AND CANVAS] CAME OUT OF SERVICE WHEN WE STARTED GETTING PARAMEDICS [IN THE MID TO LATE 1980S]. THEY DID AWAY WITH IT, WHICH I WAS KIND OF SURPRISED, BECAUSE WE FOUND IT SUCH AN EASY WAY OF DOING IT. BECAUSE NOW… THE PARAMEDICS AND NURSES PICK THEM UP AND MANUALLY SET THEM ONTO THE BED, WHERE WITH THIS… WE COULD JUST PICK THEM UP, PUT THEM ON [THE BED] AND AWAY WE WENT. BUT THEY FOUND [A METHOD] THAT’S MAYBE MORE EFFICIENT, OR EASIER ON THE PATIENT.” ON SEPTEMBER 15, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLIFF ‘CHARLIE’ BROWN, RETIRED PLATOON CHIEF, WHO SERVED WITH FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES FROM 1966 TO 2004. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, BROWN SAID: “THAT’S WHAT I WAS TRAINED ON… THAT WAS OUR ‘SCOOP AND RUN’. WHEN WE WENT TO ANY KIND OF EMERGENCY, WE TOOK THE CANVAS WITH US… VERY LITTLE FIRST AID AT THE SCENE, LIKE NEXT TO NONE, UNLESS THERE WAS BLEEDING… IT WAS MOSTLY SCOOP AND RUN… GET THEM TO THE HOSPITAL AS QUICK AS WE COULD… RATHER THAN CARRY [A STRETCHER WITH A METAL FRAME] UP THE STAIRS, WE’D GO UPSTAIRS AND PUT THE PATIENT ON THE POLES… THE [FIREMAN] ON THE BOTTOM, IF [THE PATIENT] WAS STARTING TO SLIDE OFF, THEY’D END UP WITH THEIR LEGS AROUND THE [FIREMAN’S] NECK, AND THERE WAS NOTHING YOU COULD DO… YOU HAD TO GET DOWN, AND IT WASN’T THE PERSON’S FAULT BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T HAVE THE STRENGTH ON THE SLIPPERY CANVAS TO HANG ON.” ON SEPTEMBER 10, 2015 MACLEAN INTERVIEWED TREVOR LAZENBY, LIEUTENANT WITH LETHBRIDGE FIRE AND EMERGENCY SERVICES, WHO TRAINED AS A PARAMEDIC AND STARTED HIS CAREER IN LETHBRIDGE WORKING AS A DISPATCHER IN 1994. OF THE POLES AND CANVAS, LAZENBY SAID: “I NEVER USED THESE, BUT I HAVE HEARD A THOUSAND STORIES ABOUT POLES AND CANVAS – SOME GOOD, WHERE THEY WORKED INCREDIBLY WELL, AND SOME NOT SO GOOD, WHERE IT WAS ALMOST COMICAL THE WAY THINGS UNFOLD. FOR EXAMPLE, YOU GO UP A TWO-STOREY OR THREE-STOREY WALKUP WITH NO ELEVATOR, AND IF YOU’VE GOT [FIREMEN] WHO ARE HEIGHT MISMATCHED… WHEN YOU STARTED GOING DOWN STAIRS, THERE WERE REALLY NO STRAPS ON THESE THINGS TO HOLD PEOPLE – THEY WERE LIKE A MILITARY LITTER. SO AS THE ONE [FIREMAN] IS GOING DOWN THE STAIRS, THE PATIENT STARTS TO SLIDE. THERE WERE STORIES WHERE GUYS WERE TRYING TO HOLD THE POLES UP AS HIGH AS THEY POSSIBLY COULD SO THE [PATIENT] WOULDN’T SLIDE DOWN… PRETTY SOON HIS LEGS ARE HANGING OVER YOUR SHOULDERS!... BUT WHEN I WAS NEW [IN THE MID-1990S], I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TIMES I GOT TOLD ‘OH THE POLES AND CANVAS ARE WAY BETTER THAN THOSE STRETCHERS YOU GUYS ARE USING TODAY BECAUSE OF THIS AND THIS’ [AND] I AM SURE THAT IN SOME WAYS THEY WERE; I NEVER DISCOUNTED IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P20150010001-GA FOR FULL TRANSCRIPTS OF REFERENCED INTERVIEWS ALONG WITH OTHERS WITH FIRE/EMS MEMBERS AND ADDITIONAL RELATED RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P20140019001
Acquisition Date
2014-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1985
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20140049024
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
1985
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
80
Length
60
Width
10.3
Description
A BLACK, METAL FRAMED WALKER WITH AN ORANGE WOODEN SEAT. THE BLACK FRAME SITS ON FOUR STEEL LEGS ENDING IN BLACK PLASTIC AND RUBBER WHEELS. THE HANDLES ARE WRAPPED IN LEATHER, ATTACHED WITH BLACK ELECTRICAL TAPE. TWO BLACK STRAPS UNDERNEATH EACH HANDLE EXTEND DOWN TO THE WHEELS, PULLED TO ACTIVATE A SPRING BRAKE SYSTEM. FOUR WHITE STICKERS WRAPPED AROUND THE BLACK FRAME LEGS READ “ETAC ORIGINAL”. VERY GOOD CONDITION: THE WALKER IS DIRTY AND THE ORANGE WOOD SEAT HAS SLIGHT WHITE AND BLACK STAINING.
Subjects
PERSONAL GEAR
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS IS AN EARLY WALKER THAT WAS USED “TO HELP GET PATIENT[S] TO STAND STRAIGHT. [THE PATIENTS] HAD TO WALK INTO THE WALKER AND THAT MA[DE] THEM WALK STRAIGHT.” IT WAS USED WITH ORTHOPEDICS. IT’S PRIMARY PURPOSE WAS TO AID PATIENTS WHO NEEDED ASSISTANCE WITH MOBILIZATION. THE ALUMNI STATE, “WALKERS NOW HAVE BEEN IMPROVED TREMENDOUSLY FOR PATIENT COMFORT AND SAFETY.” THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049024
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1965
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.5
Length
16
Width
11
Description
WHITE HEAVILY STARCHED COTTON NURSES CAP. CAP WAS A FLAT PIECE OF FABRIC FOLDED INTO A STANDUP BRIM, AND A POINTED CROWN. THERE IS THE REMNANTS OF A TAG ON THE EDGE MARKED "DONNA MELLORM?". ALSO MARKED "M.H." IN ONE CORNER. ITEM HAS THREE PAPER CLIPS ATTACHED TO KEEP HAT IN PLACE, BUT WITHOUT HAT STILL MAINTAINS SHAPE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
FROM DONORS UNIFORM FROM THE ST. MICHAEL'S SCHOOL OF NURSING. DONORS MAIDEN NAME WAS FLETT. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P19970075001-GA. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A NURSE’S UNIFORM DONATED BY MARION WRIGHT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED BY RUTHANN LABLANCE WITH THE DONOR, MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT), AND HER CLASSMATES MARLENE SIMPSON (NEE BACHMEIER) AND MARY ANN PRASKACH (NEE SERA). THE THREE WOMEN STUDIED TOGETHER AT ST. MICHAEL’S NURSING SCHOOL AND GRADUATED IN 1966. NONE OF THE THREE WOMEN HAD ANYTHING SPECIFICALLY TO SAY ABOUT THE NURSE’S CAP. THEY DID RECALL THAT THEY RELIED ON SAFETY PINS TO HOLD THEIR UNIFORMS TOGETHER. ASKED ABOUT THE OTHER NAMES WRITTEN IN HER UNIFORM, MARION REPLIED: “OH, IT WAS PROBABLY REUSED … THEY WOULD NEVER WASTE A THING, AT ST. MIKES WE WERE TAUGHT TO CONSERVE … NOTHING WAS THROWN OUT THAT COULD BE REUSED, WHETHER IT WAS ON THE NURSING UNIT OR AS FAR AS OUR UNIFORMS WERE CONCERNED. I REMEMBER ONE INCIDENT: I WORKED IN THE OPERATING ROOM AT ST. MIKES AND I BRIEFLY WORKED THE “OR” AT THE FOOTHILLS HOSPITAL AND I COULDN’T GET OVER [IT], I KEPT RUNNING TO THE GARBAGE AND PULLING OUT WHAT THEY WERE THROWING AWAY BECAUSE IT WAS STILL GOOD. AND WE WOULD NEVER CONSIDER THROWING AWAY THINGS THAT COULD BE RE-STERILIZED AND REUSED.” MARY ANN ADDED: “OUR UNIFORMS WERE WASHED FOR US. … SO WHEN WE GOT OUR UNIFORMS, SOMETIMES WE GOT THE WRONG HAT AND STUFF.” THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE: SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”. MARION WRIGHT (NEE FLETT) GRADUATED FROM THE ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING IN 1966. SHE MARRIED DR. GERALD A. WRIGHT AND AT THE TIME OF HIS PASSING IN 2007, THEY HAD BEEN MARRIED FOR 25 YEARS. GERALD WAS BORN ON MAY 7, 1917 IN SOUTH WALES. HE IMMIGRATED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951. HE WAS PREDECEASED BY HIS FIRST WIFE, ISOBEL WRIGHT. GERALD PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 31, 2007. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW AND FOR HARD COPIES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND “OUT OF THE BLUE:SCIENCE, SERVICE, SANCTITY: ST. MICHAEL’S SCHOOL OF NURSING YEARBOOK 1966”.
Catalogue Number
P19970075002
Acquisition Date
1997-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

DEVICE, BLOOD PRESSURE

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact13220
Other Name
OSCILLONTONOMETER
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, VINYL, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20140049003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OSCILLONTONOMETER
Date Range From
1958
Date Range To
1988
Materials
CARDBOARD, VINYL, METAL
No. Pieces
11
Height
24
Length
31.8
Width
9
Description
1: AN ORANGE-BROWN CASE WITH BRONZE COLOURED HINGES, CLASPS, AND FEET. THERE IS A SINGLE HANDLE AT THE TOP MADE OF THE SAME FAUX LEATHER MATERIAL AS THE CASE ON TWO METAL HINGES. IT SITS ABOVE A GOLD PUSH CLASP. THERE ARE TWO BRONZE COLOURED HINGES THAT THE CASE SWINGS OPEN ON. THE CASE HAS EIGHT BRONZE-COLOURED DOMED FEET, FOUR OF WHICH SIT AT THE BOTTOM WITH THE HINGES AND FOUR OF WHICH ARE ON THE SIDE OF THE CASE. ON THE SAME SIDE SIX SILVER STUDS SIT IRREGULARLY IN THE BODY OF THE CASE. THE INSIDE OF THE CASE HAS A BUILT IN POUCH, ON WHICH A STICKER STATES “LETHBRIDGE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL 3402041” AND A PIECE OF PAPER READING “OSCOLLOTONOMETER USE FOR BLOOD PRESSURE” IS TAPED ON. AT THE BOTTOM OF THE CASE, BOLTED TO THE CASE WITH SILVER STUDS SITS THE MEASURING MECHANISM OF THE OSCILLONOMETER. THE SILVER CASED MECHANISM HAS A BLACK RUBBER HAND PUMP ATTACHED, ALONG WITH MULTIPLE ATTACHMENT POINTS FOR THE TUBES OF THE PRESSURE CUFFS. TWO DIALS SIT ON ITS FACE, ONE RANGING FROM 7-0-18 AND READING “COMPARATIF”, THE SECOND RANGING FROM 0-300MMHG AND READING “MANOMETER”. NEXT TO IT IS A SILVER COLOURED PLATE HOLDING FOUR SILVER SCREW-IN KNOBS. 2: A CIRCULAR PAPER TAG RIMMED IN A METAL FRAME AND HELD WITH A SAFETY PIN TO THE HANDLE OF THE CASE. ON ONE SIDE THE TAG READS “C.S.R OSCILLOTONOMETER “CAMPARAT”” . THE TAG IS CRUMPLED AND SOME OF THE TEXT IS WORN OFF. H: 0.1 CM, D: 4.7 CM 3: A PIECE OF THE INSIDE LINING OF THE CASE THAT HAS PEELED OFF FROM THE SIDE. ONE SIDE IF THE FAUX LEATHER, THE OTHER A CARDBOARD PAPER COATED IN HARDENED GLUE. H: 0.1 CM, L: 23 CM, W: 5 CM 4: A GREY PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED TO TWO TUBES, RED, AND BLACK. THE INFLATABLE PART OF THE CUFF MEASURES 46 CM BY 14 CM, WITH THE WRAP AROUND STRAP MEASURING 76 CM BY 4 CM. THE TWO RED AND BLACK TUBES MEASURE 63 CM LONG AND 0.5 CM AROUND. H: 76.5 CM, L: 122.5 CM, W: 14 CM 5: RED TUBING BROKEN OFF FROM ONE OF THE PRESSURE CUFFS. THE TUBING IS CRIMPED AND SNAPPED OFF INTERNALLY NEAR THE BROKEN EDGE OF THE TUBING. L: 47 CM, D: 0.5 CM 6: A GREY PRESSURE CUFF ATTACHED TO TWO TUBES, RED, AND BLACK. THE INFLATABLE PART OF THE CUFF MEASURES 46 CM BY 14 CM, WITH THE WRAP AROUND STRAP MEASURING 76 CM BY 4 CM. THE BLACK TUBE MEASURES 63 CM LONG AND 0.5 CM AROUND. THE RED TUBE MEASURES 18 CM, BROKEN IN HALF. H: 76.5 CM, L: 122.5 CM, W: 14 CM 7: A TYPED NOTE READING “RE OSCILLOMETER. IF ANYONE WISHES TO USE THIS AND IS NOT FAMILIAR WITH THIS MODEL, DR. KING-BROWN HAS SAID THAT HE WOULD HELP. THANK YOU. MIB.” THERE IS ALSO AN “MIB” SIGNED IN BLUE PEN. L: 15.4 CM, W: 10.1 CM 8: A SINGLE PAGE BOOKLET TITLED “SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE OSCILLOMETER COMPARATIF”. THE PAPER IS SLIGHTLY WRINKLED WITH A TORN CORNER AND A SLIGHT TEAR IN THE MIDDLE EDGE OF THE PAGES. L: 30 CM, W: 11.7 CM 9: A SINGLE PAGE BOOKLET TITLED “OSCILLOTONOMETERS “COMPARAT” AND “COMPARATIF”” FRONT COVER ALSO HAS AN IMAGE OF A DOCTOR USING THE MACHINE TO MEASURE BLOOD PRESSURE FROM A PATIENT'S ANKLES. THE BACK COVER SHOWCASES AN IMAGE OF THE COMPARATIF AND A DIAGRAM OF BLOOD PRESSURE TUBE CONNECTORS. THE PAGES ARE SLIGHTLY DIMPLED AROUND THE EDGES. L: 30 CM, W: 12.2 CM 10: AN EXAMPLE OF THE FILL-IN FORMS PRINTED WITH FILL-IN EXAMPLES AND GRAPHS IN BLACK INK. WRITTEN IN GERMAN. L: 15 CM, W: 24.7 CM 11: A PAD OF ORANGE INKED FILL-IN FORMS COMPLETE WITH GRAPHING GRIDS. THE FORMS ARE WRITTEN IN GERMAN. THE PAD IS MISSING ONLY A FEW PAGES, WITH SLIGHTLY DIMPLED EDGES AND CURVING CORNERS. H: 0.7 CM, L: 15 CM, W: 24.7 CM
Subjects
MEDICAL & DENTAL T&E
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
ASSOCIATIONS
History
UPON DONATION TO THE MUSEUM, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ASKED MEMBERS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING (GSN) ALUMNAE TO PROVIDE WRITTEN ANSWERS ON QUESTIONS PERTAINING TO EACH ARTIFACT DONATED IN THE COLLECTION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS COME FROM THOSE RESPONSES CORRESPONDING TO EACH INDIVIDUAL ARTIFACT. THIS ARTIFACT IS CALLED AN OSCILLOTONOMETER AND IT WAS USED TO MEASURE THE BLOOD PRESSURE OF THE LEGS. THE OSCILLOTONOMETER WAS USED IN THE OPERATING ROOM (OR), WHERE IT WAS USED BY THE OR STAFF. IT CAME INTO THE POSSESSION OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNAE IN 1988 AFTER ITS USE IN THE OR. THE ALUMNI BELIEVE THAT THIS ARTIFACT IS OF IMPORTANCE BECAME IT IS “SOMETHING NOT SEEN OFTEN BY FLOOR STAFF.” THIS ARTIFACT IS AMONG A COLLECTION DONATED NEAR THE END OF 2014, BEING THE SECOND WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS ACQUIRED BY THE MUSEUM THAT YEAR. WITH THE FIRST WAVE OF GSN ARTIFACTS COLLECTED IN SUMMER 2014, MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF ARTIFACTS DONATED. FOR THAT INFORMATION, PLEASE REFER TO P20140006001. ON 12 JULY 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK MET WITH THREE MEMBERS OF GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNI ASSOCIATION – SHARON DEJONG, DONNA KARL, AND SUE KYLLO – TO ESTABLISH FURTHER DETAILS ABOUT VARIOUS ARTIFACTS IN THIS WAVE OF GSN ACQUISITIONS. ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT, THE ALUMNI STATED THAT THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN USED FROM 1958 TO 1988 (BASED ON THEIR PERSONAL EXPERIENCES DURING THEIR CAREER AND THE CLOSING YEAR OF THE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL). THEY ALSO ADDED THAT THIS INSTRUMENT WAS NOT OFTEN SEEN BY THE FLOOR STAFF. PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140049003
Acquisition Date
2014-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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