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Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
No. Pieces
32
Height
31.1
Length
8.3
Width
18.4
Description
.1 HOUSE ALARM BOX. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. STEEL, GLASS, BRASS. PAINTED RED. BOX IN PENTAGONAL SHAPED WITH ROUND CASEMENT IN FRONT FACE. A COG-WHEEL BRASS MECHANISM IS IN THE CASEMENT. CASEMENT FACE IS GLASS EDGED WITH COILED GOLD WIRE MOTIF. A KNOBBED BRASS LEVER IS ON MIDDLE RIGHT SIDE OF BOX. BOX FEATURES A VARIETY OF CIRCUIT WIRE CONNECTORS. BACK SIDE FEATURES 3 HOLES. BOX IS EMBOSSED AT TOP CENTRE WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND "GAMEWELL CO." .2 HOUSE ALARM GONG AND KEY WINDER. 84.4 CM HT. X 12.1 CM TH. X 33.0 CM WTH. X 35.6 CM DIA. BRASS, OAK WOOD. 2 PIECES. NATURAL COLOURS. CIRCULAR BRASS GONG IS MOUNTED ON OAK FRAME AND CASE. TOP OF CASE IS CONVEX WITH 6 CARVED BALLS ALONG TOP EDGE. A BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM IS INSIDE CASE (ABOVE GONG) BEHIND CRACKED GLASS DOOR. KEY WINDER FITS IN KEYHOLE AT BOTTOM LEFT OF GLASS DOOR. BRASS KEY WINDER IS FLANGED. 4 WIRES AND A RING FOR HANGING PROTRUDE FROM TOP OF GONG CASE. A LABEL SCREWED ONTO DOOR STATES: "THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY LIMITED. .3 PUNCH REGISTER. 17.3 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 22.9 CM LTH. BRASS, WOOD, GLASS. 7 PIECES. BASE PAINTED BLACK. REGISTER IS A KEY-WOUND BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM CONTAINED IN A BRASS AND GLASS CASE. KEY WINDER IS MISSING. REGISTER IS MOUNTED ON A HOLLOW PAINTED WOOD BASE. MECHANISM OPERATES A ROLL OF PAPER TAPE MOUNTED IN A BRASS SPOKED REEL AND FEED THROUGH A PUNCH AND ALONG A GUIDE PLATE. A SMALL (3.6 CM HT. X 3.8 CM DIA.) BRASS CUT SITS BELOW PUNCH HEAD TO CATCH PIECES OF PUNCHED OUT PAPER, AS TAPE IS FED THROUGH AND PUNCHED TO RECORD FIRE CALLS. TAPE REEL DIA 12.7 CM LABEL ENGRAVED ON CASE ABOVE PUNCH HEAD READS: "HARRINGTON-SEABERG MOLINE, ILLINOIS". THE PUNCH REGISTER IS WIRED TO AN ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND OUTSIDE FIRE ALARM BOXES AT VARIOUS STREET LOCATIONS. .4 TAPE TAKE-UPS. 22.0 CM HT. X 7.2 CM WTH. X 15.0 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. 2 UNITS (6 PIECES). BLACK FINISH ON STEEL. SERIAL NO'S. 105662, 105793. 2 IDENTICAL UNITS, EACH CONSISTING OF A KEY-WOUND MECHANISM IN A BLACK STEEL CASE. A TAKE-UP TRIP LEVER IS MOUNTED ON THE KEY WIND POST OF EACH UNIT. A BRASS SPOKED REEL IS GEARED TO THE MECHANISM AND TRIP LEVER ON EACH UNIT, TO TAKE UP THE USED, PUNCHED TAPE COMING FROM THE PUNCH REGISTER. SPOKED REEL DIA. 12.7 CM. ENGRAVED LABELS ON CASES FEATURE CLENCHED FIST AND READ: "GAMEWELL THE GAMEWELL CO., NEWTON, MASS." AND SERIAL NUMBERS. THESE ARE COMPANION UNITS TO THE PUNCH REGISTER. .5 KEY WINDER. 0.5 CM TH. X 1.8 CM WTH. X 8.6 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. NATURAL COLOUR. RATCHET-STYLE SQUARE KEY FOR WINDING SPRINGS ON TAPE TAKE-UP UNITS. KEY RATCHET TENSION HAS BEEN REINFORCED WITH STEEL LEAF SPRING MOUNTED WITH BRASS WIRE AND SOLDER. .6 PACKAGE OF PAPER TAPES. 15.5 CM HT. X 11.5 CM DIA.PAPER, WOOD. 6 PIECES. 6 PAPER TAPE ROLLS TO REFILL PUNCH REGISTER ARE WOUND ON WOOD CORES AND WRAPPED IN BROWN PAPER. PACKAGE HAS BEEN OPENED. EACH ROLL IS 2.5 CM WIDE. .7 RELAY. 7.0 CM HT. X 9.4 CM WTH. X 17.7 CM LTH. SOAPSTONE, CORDAGE, BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WAX. NATURAL COLOURS. RELAY IS MOUNTED ON A RECTANGULAR SOAPSTONE BASE. MOUNT HOLES ON UNDERSIDE OF BASE ARE PLUGGED WITH WAX. RELAY FEATURES BAKELITE INSULATED COILS, BRASS WIRE CONNECTORS AND FITTINGS, AND A SPARK GAP ADJUSTABLE FOR WIDTH AND TENSION (BY COIL SPRING & CORD). .8 TEST SWITCH. 4.9 CM TH. X 9.6 CM WTH. X 13.5 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, MASONITE, BAKELITE. BLACK FINISH ON STEEL AND MASONITE. TELEGRAPH KEY-STYLE CIRCUIT TEST SWITCH, WIRED IN-LINE AND USED TO TEST HOUSE LARM BOX CIRCUIT. KEY IS BRASS WITH BAKELITE KNOB, MOUNTED ON STEEL BASE, MASONITE BASE PLATE, BRASS MOUNTING BOLTS. .9 VOLTAGE REGULATOR SWITCH. 12.0 CM HT. X 20.5 CM DIA. BRASS, CAST IRON, STEEL, CERAMIC. 3 PIECES. BLACK PAINTED BASE. "SERIAL #172836" UNDERSIDE OF BASE. SWITCH CONSISTS OF BRASS WHEEL-STYLE HANDLE ATTACHED WITH SET SCREW, BRASS FACE PLATE, AND CERAMIC/BRASS/STEEL/IRON BASE. BASE FEATURES 3 SCREW LUGS, 2 WIRE CONNECTORS AT SIDE, TURNING STEEL CENTRE SHAFT, CERAMIC INSULATED BRASS CONTACTS ON UNDERSIDE, SERIAL NO. PLATE ON UNDERSIDE, AND ROTATING CONTACT BETWEEN BRASS CONTACTS & CENTRE SHAFT. BOTH FACE PLATE AND BASE ARE EMBOSSED WITH DIRECTIONAL ARROWS AND: "TO LOWER (AND) RAISE VOLTAGE, WARD LEONARD ELECTRIC CO., BRONXVILLE, N.Y., U.S.A.", AND: "TO RAISE RESISTANCE". .10 D.C. VOLTMETER. 10 CM HT. X 20.2 CM DIA. BRASS, GLASS. BLACK PAINTED CASE/FACE. METER FEATURES BRASS/GLASS FACE, BLACK PAINT TIM ON FACE, AND INCREMENTS FROM 0-150 INSIDE GLASS FACE. METER IS NUMBERED "15522" (INSIDE GLASS FACE). EMBOSSED ON FACE: "WAGNER ELECTRIC MFG. CO., TYPE-D., ST. LOUIS, U.S.A." THIS IS A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. .11 D.C. AMMETERMETER IS SIMILAR IS ALMOST ALL RESPECTS TO D.C. VOLTMETER DESCRIBED PREVIOUSLY AND IS ALSO A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. INCREMENTS ARE 0-500 MILLI-AMPS, AND METER IS NUMBERED "15571" INSIDE GLASS FACE. .12 RECTIFIER. 13.5 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 27.9 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WIRE. BLACK COLOUR. "STYLE NO. 947766-A" ON PLATE. ITEM CONSISTS OF TWIN COILS, ANOTHER COIL AND A CIRCUIT PANEL ALL MOUNTED ON STEEL CHANNEL. BASE AND INTERCONNECTED WITH INSULATED WIRES. WIRE CONNECTORS AND OTHER ELECTRICAL FURNISHINGS ARE BRASS. A STEEL SPECIFICATION PLATE IS MOUNTED ON TOP OF THE TWIN COILS AND FEATURES A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL, AND READS: "RECTOX RECTIFIER". OTHER INFORMATION INCLUDES: "A.C. VOLTS 105-115-125, D.C. VOLTS 30-45-60, .60 CYC., STYLE NO., .115 AMPS, LICENSED UNDER PATENT 1.640.335, ETC., WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC & MFG. CO.", ETC. .13. 15 CM TH. X 31 CM WTH. X 56 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, RUBBER, WOOD, GLASS, WIRE WITH BRAID COVER. BLACK.UNIT CONSISTS OF SMALL VOLTAGE REGULATOR WITH WHEEL CONTROL AND 0-500 MILLI-AMP D.C. AMMETER MARKED: "TRIPLETT, MODEL 521" MOUNTED ON BOARD WITH EMBOSSED BRASS PLATE "GONGS". 4 MOUNTING BOLTS, 1 AT EACH CORNER. GONG AND ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT ON REVERSE SIDE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SYSTEM WAS LOCATED IN OPERATOR'S OFFICE IN FIRE HALL NO. 1, BUILT 1908-09 BY SMITH BROS. & WILSON, ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD. WHEN A PASSERBY PULLED THE STREET ALARM, THE BOX NO. WOULD REGISTER AS PUNCHED HOLES ON PAPER TAPE. FIRE OPERATOR CHECKED NUMBER AGAINST A BOX REGISTER & WROTE OUT NUMBER FOR FIREMEN. OPERATOR THEN PRESSED HOUSE ALARM BOX LEVER TO TRIGGER HOUSE ALARM GONG AND ALERT DUTY SHIFT FIREFIGHTER CREW TO RESPOND TO FIRE. SYSTEM OPERATED ON 100 M.A. AT 48 VOLTS. *** UPDATE JUNE 2012 *** IN JUNE 2012, THE GALT DEVELOPED A SMALL EXHIBIT TO COMMEMORATE AN ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT. MUCH OF THE EXHIBIT’S CONTENT CENTRED ON THE GALT’S COLLECTION OF FIRE ALARM BOX/SYSTEM OBJECTS. TECHNICAL DATA WAS SOURCED DIRECTLY FROM PERSONS INVOLVED WITH THE PENNSYLVANIA FIRE MUSEUM. NEW INFORMATION ON THE USE OF THE HOUSE FIRE ALARM BOX WAS PROVIDED IN JUNE 2012 BY RETIRED FIRE CHIEF LAWRENCE DZUREN. DZUREN STATED IN 2012 THAT THE BOX’S LEVER WAS PULLED EVERY TIME A FIRE CALL CAME INTO THE HALL BY PHONE. THE LEVER’S FREQUENT/DAILY USE MAY EXPLAIN WHY OPERATORS CHOSE TO REMOVE THE BOX’S HINGED DOOR - DOCUMENTED HISTORICALLY IN GALT ARCHIVAL IMAGE P19760218007. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON BOX AND SYSTEM’S RECEIVER/REGISTER, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Acquisition Date
1976-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, COPPER
Catalogue Number
P20020090001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
ALUMINUM, COPPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
1.2
Length
5.2
Width
4.1
Description
SILVER BADGE. IN CENTER IS A CREST FEATURING A PRAIRIE LANDSCAPE IN THE FOREGROUND, WITH FOOTHILLS AND MOUNTAINS IN THE BACKGROUND. FLANKING CREST ARE 2 STEMS OF MAPLE LEAVES. ABOVE CREST IS A BANNER THAT READS "FIAT JUSTITIA", AND IS TOPPED BY A KING'S CROWN. BELOW CREST ARE THREE BANNERS THAT READ "ALBERTA" "PROVINCIAL" "POLICE" AND THERE IS A BOW BELOW THESE. ON BACK ARE 2 COPPER LOOPS THAT HOLD A COPPER SPLIT PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES P20020090001 & P20020090002 CAME TO MUSEUM MOUNTED ON A PIECE OF GREEN FELT (REMOVED BY CATALOGUER). ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE HE BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY, 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920. IN 1922 HE MET AND MARRIED HIS WIFE, CHRISTENE - THE DAUGHTER OF A SWEDISH FARMER. THEY BEGAN THEIR MARRIED LIFE IN THE LOG CABIN DETACHMENT NEAR BEAVERLODGE, ALBERTA, AND HAD 2 SONS, 2 DAUGHTERS, THEN ANOTHER SON DURING AN 18 YEAR PERIOD. WHEN THE A.P.P. WAS DISSOLVED IN 1932 ED BUCHANAN CONTINUED HIS CAREER WITH THE R.C.M.P. AND WAS THE FIRST R.C.M.P. OFFICER TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WEMBLEY DETACHMENT NEAR GRANDE PRAIRIE; ON CALL 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK. MUCH OF HIS WORK WAS DONE ON HORSEBACK WHEN A VEHICLE COULD NOT BE USED. IN 1935 HE WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL (AND THEN SARGEANT) IN CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH COVERED A HUGE AREA INCLUDING BARRHEAD THROUGH TO FORT ASSINIBOINE AND NORTH OF WESTLOCK TO SMITH. THEIR HOME INCLUDED THE COURT ROOM, OFFICE AND A JAIL CELL. THE PRISONERS ATE THE SAME FOOD AS ED AND HIS FAMILY (WHICH EARNED CHRISTENE 25 CENTS PER DAY WHENEVER OCCUPIED). HE USUALLY HAD 2 CONSTABLES TRAINING UNDER HIM. ED WAS INVOLVED WITH SEVERAL TRAGIC MURDER CASES AND ALWAYS ASSISTED THE CORONER WITH AUTOPSIES PLUS SENDING BODY PARTS INTO EDMONTON FOR EXAMINATION. IN 1944 ED WAS PROMOTED TO STAFF SARGEANT WITH A WARTIME MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE COVERING ALL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH SPECIAL DUTIES APPOINTED TO HIM; ONE BEING THE INSPECTOR OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE & CONTROL BOARD; ALSO INSPECTOR OF P.O.W. CAMPS. WITH REGARD TO SECURITY, HE ALSO REPRESENTED THE DEPARTMENT OF SECURITY CONTROL AND WAS OBLIGED TO INSPECT THE R.C.A.F. UNITS IN THAT AREA. HE SERVED AS THE SUB-DIVISION SENIOR NCO UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1950 WHICH COMPLETED 30 YEARS OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE. HOWEVER, HE DID NOT REMAIN INACTIVE. THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA APPOINTED HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF GAOLS WHICH TOOK HIM TO ALL THE INSTITUTIONS THROUGHOUT THE PROVINCE RANGING FROM PEACE RIVER TO LETHBRIDGE. HE MOVED HIS FAMILY TO EDMONTON AS HIS OFFICE WAS IN THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. HE WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN DEVELOPING NUMEROUS, PROGRESSIVE CHANGES BY HAVING INMATES GROW THEIR OWN FOOD SUPPLIES, SPECIAL WORK CAMPS IN FORESTRY AREAS, ETCETERA. CONCERNED ABOUT THE WELFARE OF RELEASED INMATES AND ESPECIALLY JUVENILE AND FIRST OFFENDERS, MR. BUCHANAN LOOKED AT THE OLD R.C.A.F. TRAINING DEPOT NEAR BOWDEN AND COULD SEE THE BENEFIT OF CONVERTING THE DORMITORY AND OTHER BUILDINGS INTO A SEPARTE PRISON FOR THE YOUNG AND FIRST-OFFENDERS AND IMPLEMENTING SCHOOLING AND TRAINING COVERING MANY PROFESSIONS THAT COULD EARN THEM DIPLOMAS FOR A BARBER, CARPENTER, WELDER, BAKER, HIGH SCHOOL, ETCETERA. UPON THEIR RELEASE, MANY WERE ABLE TO OBTAIN A GOOD JOB OR EVEN START THEIR OWN BUSINESS. ED ALSO RAISED UP THE BELMONT INSTITUTION WHICH HOUSED INMATES WHO HAD GOTTEN INTO TROUBLE DUE TO ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PENAL INSTITUTION CHANGES WERE RECOGNIZED BOTH NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY. FOLLOWING A 2ND RETIREMENT IN 1965, HE CONTINUED AN ACTIVE ROLE THROUGHOUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT IN CREATING A SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN EDMONTON FOR SMALL MUNICIPAL AND RURAL POLICE FORCES THAT LACKED PROPER FACILITIES. AT THE SAME TIME HE BEGAN DONATING HIS TIME TO SCHOOL CHILDREN BY SHARING SOME OF HIS EXPERIENCES, SOUVENIRS AND HISTORY OF THE R.C.M.P. THE STUDENTS WERE SO THRILLED WITH HIS PRESENTATION THAT HIS APPOINTMENT BOOK BECAME JAMMED. BY THE TIME HE TURNED 95, THEIR REQUESTS WERE RARELY ACCEPTED. ED WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER AND PAST PRESIDENT OF THE R.C.M.P. VET'S ASSOCIATION; ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICE ASSOCIATION; RECEIVED SPECIAL RECOGNITION AND HIS PHOTO DISPLAYED BY THE EDMONTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY; ACTIVE CHURCH MEMBER, IN WHICH HE SERVED TERMS AS ELDER AND STEWARD; LOVER OF THE BIBLE, HE ALWAYS HAD WITH HIM FROM THE TIME HE POLICED ON HORSEBACK AT THE AGE OF 20. ED PASSED AWAY ON DECEMBER 15, 1998. SEE HARD COPY FOR BIOGRAPHY. THE HISTORY OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BEGINS IN NOVEMBER 1916 WHEN A.B. PERRY, COMMISSIONER OF THE R.N.W.M.P., ANNOUNCED THE MOUNTIES COULD NO LONGER POLICE THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES. CONTRACTS WOULD BE CANCELLED AND SERVICES WITHDRAWN AT THE END OF THE YEAR. THE FIRST WORLD WAR (WHICH TOOK MANY MOUNTIES OVERSEAS TO SERVE IN THE MILITARY; AS WELL AS ADDING ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE MOUNTIES) AND THE MOUNTIE'S UNWILLINGNESS TO ENFORCE ALBERTA'S LIQUOR LAWS (PROHIBITION BEGAN IN 1915) WERE TO BLAME FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE MOUNTIES FROM THE PRAIRIES. ON MARCH 1, 1917 THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WERE OFFICIALLY IN CHARGE. THE NEW POLICE FORCE WAS UNDERSTAFFED, UNDERPAID, UNDERTRAINED AND OVERWORKED; AS WELL, ALBERTANS OBJECTED TO THE FORMATION OF THE A.P.P. HOWEVER, AFTER A ROCKY START AND SOME REORGANIZATION OF ITS ADMINISTRATION, THE A.P.P. SETTLED IN TO THE TASK OF POLICING ALBERTA. IT STARTED WITH FEWER THAN 100 OFFICERS, 50 HORSES, A FEW CARS, AND THE OBSOLETE 45-75 WINCHESTER CARBINES THE R.N.W.M.P. HAD BOUGHT IN 1873. THE FIRST A.P.P. UNIFORMS WERE SURPLUS METROPOLITAN POLICE UNIFORMS USED BY CLAGARY AND EDMONTON FORCES, TOTALLY UNSUITED TO THE RIGOURS OF RURAL POLICING. THE A.P.P. LATER ADOPTED A UNIFORM CLOSER TO WHAT THE MOUNTIES WORE, WITH BLUE FOR DRESS UNIFORMS AND KHAKI FOR THE WORKING UNIFORMS. AFTER ALBERTA REPEALED PROHIBITION IN 1924, THE R.C.M.P. REOPENED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ALBERTA; BUT BY THEN THE A.P.P. HAD GROWN AND HAD ACQUIRED A GOOD REPUTATION FOR ITS EFFECTIVENESS. SO, ALBERTA RESISTED THE R.C.M.P.'S ADVANCES, BUT AS THE GREAT DEPRESSION DEEPENED, ALBERTA COULD NO LONGER AFFORD ITS OWN POLICE FORCE. PREMIER JOHN BROWNLEE RELUCTANTLY APPROACHED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT LATE IN 1931, AND ON MARCH 1, 1932 THE MOUNTIES WERE BACK AND THE A.P.P. WAS NO MORE. (TAKEN FROM CALGARY HERALD ARTICLE, JUNE 15, 2003). AN INTERVIEW ABOUT SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S POLICING CAREER WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH HIS DAUGHTER JEAN I. BUCHANAN REGARDING A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE MADE TO THE MUSEUM IN 2018. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR THE ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20020090001
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. ABOVE DIMENSIONS DO NOT INCLUDE SPLIT PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES P20020090001 & P20020090002 CAME TO MUSEUM MOUNTED ON A PIECE OF GREEN FELT (REMOVED BY CATALOGUER). ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE HE BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY, 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920. IN 1922 HE MET AND MARRIED HIS WIFE, CHRISTENE - THE DAUGHTER OF A SWEDISH FARMER. THEY BEGAN THEIR MARRIED LIFE IN THE LOG CABIN DETACHMENT NEAR BEAVERLODGE, ALBERTA, AND HAD 2 SONS, 2 DAUGHTERS, THEN ANOTHER SON DURING AN 18 YEAR PERIOD. WITH THE EXPANSION OF THE R.C.M.P. THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT ENTERED INTO A CONTRACT WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE MOST SUITABLE MEMBERS WERE ACCEPTED AND CONTINUED THEIR SERVICE WITH THE R.C.M.P. ON APRIL 1, 1932, WHEN THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS DISSOLVED. FURTHER POLICE TRAINING WAS THEN TAKEN. ED BUCHANAN WAS THE FIRST R.C.M.P. OFFICER TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WEMBLEY DETACHMENT NEAR GRANDE PRAIRIE; ON CALL 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK. MUCH OF HIS WORK WAS DONE ON HORSEBACK WHEN A VEHICLE COULD NOT BE USED. IN 1935 HE WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL (AND THEN SARGEANT) IN CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH COVERED A HUGE AREA INCLUDING BARRHEAD THROUGH TO FORT ASSINIBOINE AND NORTH OF WESTLOCK TO SMITH. THEIR HOME INCLUDED THE COURT ROOM, OFFICE AND A JAIL CELL. THE PRISONERS ATE THE SAME FOOD AS ED AND HIS FAMILY (WHICH EARNED CHRISTENE 25 CENTS PER DAY WHENEVER OCCUPIED). HE USUALLY HAD 2 CONSTABLES TRAINING UNDER HIM. ED WAS INVOLVED WITH SEVERAL TRAGIC MURDER CASES AND ALWAYS ASSISTED THE CORONER WITH AUTOPSIES PLUS SENDING BODY PARTS INTO EDMONTON FOR EXAMINATION. IN 1944 ED WAS PROMOTED TO STAFF SARGEANT WITH A WARTIME MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE COVERING ALL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH SPECIAL DUTIES APPOINTED TO HIM; ONE BEING THE INSPECTOR OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE & CONTROL BOARD; ALSO INSPECTOR OF P.O.W. CAMPS. WITH REGARD TO SECURITY, HE ALSO REPRESENTED THE DEPARTMENT OF SECURITY CONTROL AND WAS OBLIGED TO INSPECT THE R.C.A.F. UNITS IN THAT AREA. HE SERVED AS THE SUB-DIVISION SENIOR NCO UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1950 WHICH COMPLETED 30 YEARS OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE. HOWEVER, HE DID NOT REMAIN INACTIVE. THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA APPOINTED HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF GAOLS WHICH TOOK HIM TO ALL THE INSTITUTIONS THROUGHOUT THE PROVINCE RANGING FROM PEACE RIVER TO LETHBRIDGE. HE MOVED HIS FAMILY TO EDMONTON AS HIS OFFICE WAS IN THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. HE WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN DEVELOPING NUMEROUS, PROGRESSIVE CHANGES BY HAVING INMATES GROW THEIR OWN FOOD SUPPLIES, SPECIAL WORK CAMPS IN FORESTRY AREAS, ETCETERA. CONCERNED ABOUT THE WELFARE OF RELEASED INMATES AND ESPECIALLY JUVENILE AND FIRST OFFENDERS, MR. BUCHANAN LOOKED AT THE OLD R.C.A.F. TRAINING DEPOT NEAR BOWDEN AND COULD SEE THE BENEFIT OF CONVERTING THE DORMITORY AND OTHER BUILDINGS INTO A SEPARTE PRISON FOR THE YOUNG AND FIRST-OFFENDERS AND IMPLEMENTING SCHOOLING AND TRAINING COVERING MANY PROFESSIONS THAT COULD EARN THEM DIPLOMAS FOR A BARBER, CARPENTER, WELDER, BAKER, HIGH SCHOOL, ETCETERA. UPON THEIR RELEASE, MANY WERE ABLE TO OBTAIN A GOOD JOB OR EVEN START THEIR OWN BUSINESS. ED ALSO RAISED UP THE BELMONT INSTITUTION WHICH HOUSED INMATES WHO HAD GOTTEN INTO TROUBLE DUE TO ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PENAL INSTITUTION CHANGES WERE RECOGNIZED BOTH NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY. FOLLOWING A 2ND RETIREMENT IN 1965, HE CONTINUED AN ACTIVE ROLE THROUGHOUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT IN CREATING A SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN EDMONTON FOR SMALL MUNICIPAL AND RURAL POLICE FORCES THAT LACKED PROPER FACILITIES. AT THE SAME TIME HE BEGAN DONATING HIS TIME TO SCHOOL CHILDREN BY SHARING SOME OF HIS EXPERIENCES, SOUVENIRS AND HISTORY OF THE R.C.M.P. THE STUDENTS WERE SO THRILLED WITH HIS PRESENTATION THAT HIS APPOINTMENT BOOK BECAME JAMMED. BY THE TIME HE TURNED 95, THEIR REQUESTS WERE RARELY ACCEPTED. ED WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER AND PAST PRESIDENT OF THE R.C.M.P. VET'S ASSOCIATION; ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICE ASSOCIATION; RECEIVED SPECIAL RECOGNITION AND HIS PHOTO DISPLAYED BY THE EDMONTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY; ACTIVE CHURCH MEMBER, IN WHICH HE SERVED TERMS AS ELDER AND STEWARD; LOVER OF THE BIBLE, HE ALWAYS HAD WITH HIM FROM THE TIME HE POLICED ON HORSEBACK AT THE AGE OF 20. ED PASSED AWAY ON DECEMBER 15, 1998. SEE HARD COPY FOR BIOGRAPHY. THE HISTORY OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BEGINS IN NOVEMBER 1916 WHEN A.B. PERRY, COMMISSIONER OF THE R.N.W.M.P., ANNOUNCED THE MOUNTIES COULD NO LONGER POLICE THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES. CONTRACTS WOULD BE CANCELLED AND SERVICES WITHDRAWN AT THE END OF THE YEAR. THE FIRST WORLD WAR (WHICH TOOK MANY MOUNTIES OVERSEAS TO SERVE IN THE MILITARY; AS WELL AS ADDING ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE MOUNTIES) AND THE MOUNTIE'S UNWILLINGNESS TO ENFORCE ALBERTA'S LIQUOR LAWS (PROHIBITION BEGAN IN 1915) WERE TO BLAME FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE MOUNTIES FROM THE PRAIRIES. ON MARCH 1, 1917 THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WERE OFFICIALLY IN CHARGE. THE NEW POLICE FORCE WAS UNDERSTAFFED, UNDERPAID, UNDERTRAINED AND OVERWORKED; AS WELL, ALBERTANS OBJECTED TO THE FORMATION OF THE A.P.P. HOWEVER, AFTER A ROCKY START AND SOME REORGANIZATION OF ITS ADMINISTRATION, THE A.P.P. SETTLED IN TO THE TASK OF POLICING ALBERTA. IT STARTED WITH FEWER THAN 100 OFFICERS, 50 HORSES, A FEW CARS, AND THE OBSOLETE 45-75 WINCHESTER CARBINES THE R.N.W.M.P. HAD BOUGHT IN 1873. THE FIRST A.P.P. UNIFORMS WERE SURPLUS METROPOLITAN POLICE UNIFORMS USED BY CLAGARY AND EDMONTON FORCES, TOTALLY UNSUITED TO THE RIGOURS OF RURAL POLICING. THE A.P.P. LATER ADOPTED A UNIFORM CLOSER TO WHAT THE MOUNTIES WORE, WITH BLUE FOR DRESS UNIFORMS AND KHAKI FOR THE WORKING UNIFORMS. AFTER ALBERTA REPEALED PROHIBITION IN 1924, THE R.C.M.P. REOPENED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ALBERTA; BUT BY THEN THE A.P.P. HAD GROWN AND HAD ACQUIRED A GOOD REPUTATION FOR ITS EFFECTIVENESS. SO, ALBERTA RESISTED THE R.C.M.P.'S ADVANCES, BUT AS THE GREAT DEPRESSION DEEPENED, ALBERTA COULD NO LONGER AFFORD ITS OWN POLICE FORCE. PREMIER JOHN BROWNLEE RELUCTANTLY APPROACHED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT LATE IN 1931, AND ON MARCH 1, 1932 THE MOUNTIES WERE BACK AND THE A.P.P. WAS NO MORE. (TAKEN FROM CALGARY HERALD ARTICLE, JUNE 15, 2003). AN INTERVIEW ABOUT SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S POLICING CAREER WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH HIS DAUGHTER JEAN I. BUCHANAN REGARDING A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE MADE TO THE MUSEUM IN 2018. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR THE ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. THERE IS NO PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS BADGE BELONGED TO THE DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. ACCORDING TO THE BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY PROVIDED WITH A BUCHANAN A. P. P.-RELATED DONATION MADE BY JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN 2002 (P20020090). IT STATES, "BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE BUCHANAN BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920." THESE BADGES WERE A PART OF HIS UNIFORM IN THIS ROLE. AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. DESCRIBING HER FATHER’S CAREER, BUCHANAN BEGAN, “[MY DAD] JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL…AS A ROOKIE – RIGHT AT THE START – HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. AND IT WASN’T LONG UNTIL HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE REAL POLICING. WHEN THE CRAZY PROHIBITION WAS BROUGHT IN, THAT WAS A REAL PAIN FOR THE POLICE. IT WAS [A MOVEMENT] PUSHED BY THESE DO-GOODERS, WHO DIDN’T REALIZE WHAT THEY WERE DOING. DAD WAS VERY UPSET TALKING ABOUT THAT. EVEN WHEN HE WAS JUST A YOUNG FELLOW, [HE WAS] FINDING YOUNG, GOOD FARM BOYS BLIND OR DEAD OVER A FENCE, BECAUSE THEY HAD A PROBLEM WITH THE PROHIBITION AND GETTING MOONSHINE THAT WASN’T MATURE OR SOMETHING, [WHICH] WAS POISONOUS.” “IN 1921 HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON,” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL. HE THEN GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE AND HE WAS GOING TO GO THERE, BUT THEN IN 1922 THEY GOT MARRIED [SO HE DID NOT GO TO GRAND PRAIRIE] FORTUNATELY, THE A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. DID, SO HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED. [AFTER MY PARENTS’ MARRIAGE] THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD, WHERE HE WAS ON HIS OWN [AT THE POSTING]. FROM THERE, HE DID A LOT OF WORK GOING BACK AND FORTH.” “BRAINARD [WAS] A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION… THEY BUILT DAD A LOG CABIN DOWN THERE FOR THE HOUSE WITH HIS NEW WIFE AND [SOON AFTER THEY WERE] EXPECTING THEIR FIRST CHILD. [THE CABIN HAD] ONE BIG ROOM WITH CURTAINS HERE AND THERE, AND HE DIDN’T HAVE A PRISON THERE. WHEN HE TOOK IN A PRISONER, THAT’S WHEN HE NEEDED THE OREGON BOOT AND THE BALL AND CHAIN BECAUSE HE HAD A BIG BOLT ON THE FLOOR NEAR HIS OFFICE. THAT’S WHERE THE GUY HAD TO SIT, CHAINED, UNTIL [MY FATHER] COULD TAKE HIM ON INTO EDMONTON…EVEN IN THE A.P.P. TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON. [HE WOULD BE] BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE],” BUCHANAN EXPLAINED EXPANDING ON HOW HER FATHER’S WORK TOOK HIM “BACK AND FORTH.” “THEN THEY CLOSED THAT [BRAINAR POST] DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY – A LITTLE VILLAGE – AND HE WAS THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. [HE WAS THERE] WHEN 1932 CAME ALONG AND THEN HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P… AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. [FROM THERE] HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT, WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO [COVER]. AND THERE AGAIN, WE HAD A NICE, BIG WHITE HOUSE AND A JAIL THIS TIME… THE JAIL OFFICE AND THE COURTROOM AND EVERYTHING WAS CONNECTED [TO THE HOUSE]. YOU JUST GO DOWN THE HALL AND OPEN THE DOOR AND THERE YOU GO, AND THERE’S TWO JAILS IN THERE. [THERE] HE WAS GETTING ROOKIES COMING OUT FROM EDMONTON TO TRAIN UNDER HIM… [I WAS BORN IN] ’30 [AND] NOW IN ’34, I REMEMBER GOING THERE [TO WESTLOCK].” SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P. IN 1932 AND THE ABSORPTION OF SOME OF ITS MEMBERS INTO THE R. C. M P., BUCHANAN EXPLAINED, “[A. P. P. OFFICERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY [WERE RANKED] INTO THREE CATEGORIES. [FIRST, THERE WERE THE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE; THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P. THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEN THERE WERE THE ONES THAT COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY [INTO THE FORCE FOR THE TRIAL PERIOD]. THEY COULD [BE ACCEPTED] FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY AGAIN [FOR FULL-TIME]. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE, [WHO] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE…IT IS IMPORTANT [TO REMEMBER], THOSE A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. THEY WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” WHEN ANSWERING HOW HER FATHER ENDED UP WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE, BUCHANAN SAID, “[AFTER THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P.], ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER [OF THE R. C. M. P.] HANCOCK (WILLIAM FREDERICK WATKINS “BILL” HANCOCK) KNEW DAD REALLY WELL. [PREVIOUSLY, HANCOCK] WAS THE [ACTING COMMISSIONER] FOR THE ALBERTA [PROVINCIAL POLICE]. [HANCOCK] CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, ‘BUCK – DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’A LOT – I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT, BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT. YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?’” AS A RESULT, EDWARD BUCHANAN WAS RELOCATED TO THE R. C. M. P.’S LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT IN 1944. JEAN BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “DAD’S PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, VERY FIRMLY. AND THE STAFF [IN LETHBRIDGE] ENDED UP LOVING HIM. THE SECRETARIES AND EVERYTHING, THEY WERE CRYING WHEN HE LEFT. AND I GOT LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON… BUT [IN TERMS OF] THE SITUATION [WHICH ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK WAS REFERRING TO], NO, HE WAS FINE. HE NEVER HAD ANY TROUBLE. HE JUST FIRMLY, QUIETLY DEALT WITH EVERYTHING AND EVERYTHING WAS FINE. I NEVER SAW HIM STRESSED OUT. ALWAYS COOL, LAID BACK.” “[WHEN WE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE], WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET SOUTH. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. BUT WE HAD [SOME] TROUBLE BECAUSE DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US. HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE [THAT WAS] READY, SO WHEN WE CAME DOWN [WE] STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. AND THEN I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE – LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS. ANYWAY, I GOT THROUGH GRADE TWELVE AND THAT’S ALRIGHT.” “[ANOTHER THING HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR HERE IN LETHBRIDGE] WAS TO OVERSEE THE PRISONER OF WAR (POW) CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POWS IN THE RESPECT THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. THEY WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY, BUT THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. [MY DAD] RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT… AND THEN THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK ON THE [FARMS], BECAUSE THERE WAS A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS… BUT, OF COURSE, I KNEW ABOUT THE CRUELTY OF SOME OF THE HARD-CORE NAZIS THAT WERE IN THERE. THE TROUBLE WAS THERE WASN’T ENOUGH FORCE POLICE TO GO IN THERE SAFELY. THEY COULDN’T EVEN GET IN THE POW CAMP AND THE CIVIL GUARDS WERE THE ONLY ONES THAT WERE AVAILABLE, BUT THEY DIDN’T EVEN DARE GO IN HALF THE TIME. IT WAS REALLY SOMETHING. THERE WERE SOME GUYS IN THERE THAT WERE REALLY, REALLY MEAN…” “AND OH YES, A FEW [MEN DID TRY TO ESCAPE THE CAMP],” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT THEY DIDN’T GET VERY FAR. THEY NEVER GOT AWAY. I’VE GOT RECORDS OF ONES THAT WERE CAUGHT. THEY STOLE SOMEBODY’S CAR. SOME OF THEM GOT A REGULAR SENTENCE FOR BREAKING ONE OF OUR LAWS.” BUCHANAN CONFIRMS THAT HER FATHER RETIRED FROM THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN 1950 WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE. AFTER RETIREMENT, SHE EXPLAINED, “[HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON, HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS… BUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE WITH HIS RECORD, SO THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA…HE THEN WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN OR SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS…” EDWARD BUCHANAN “SORT OF” RETIRED FROM THAT ROLE IN THE 1970S, HIS DAUGHTER EXPLAINED. HE CONTINUED WORKING IN SOME CAPACITIES UNTIL HIS PASSING IN 1998. “[I RECEIVED MY DAD’S R. C. M. P. POSSESSIONS, BECAUSE HE] KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER IT AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM… HE LIVED TO BE NINETY-EIGHT AND I DON’T THINK HE EVER THREW ANYTHING OUT SINCE HE WAS IN HIS TWENTIES.” ACCORDING TO EDWARD E. “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S OBITUARY, HE PASSED AWAY IN IN EDMONTON IN 1998. HIS WIFE’S NAME WAS CHRISTENE BUCHANAN AND TOGETHER THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN – EDWARD, ROBERT, JEAN, WILLIAM, AND ROSE-MARIE. THE OBITUARY STATES HE SERVED 31 YEARS IN THE R.C.M.P, AND 15 YEARS AS THE SUPERINTENDENT OF CORRECTIONS FOR ALBERTA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
Acquisition Date
2018-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Materials
NICKEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
1
Length
4.5
Width
4.7
Description
NICKEL CAP BADGE WITH PIN. BADGE IS SHAPED AS MAPLE LEAF; CROWN EMBOSSED AT CENTRE OF FACE, WITH "CANADA" IN BANNER BELOW. BRASS COTTER PIN THROUGH TABS AT BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO FRANK BATHGATE, A MEMBER OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE FROM 1953 UNTIL HE RETIRED IN 1988. DECEASED 1996. FOR HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19960107001-GA. DONOR IS FRANK'S WIFE.
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
No. Pieces
6
Length
5.1
Width
5.1
Description
.1 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "F.D." IN ENGRAVED LETTERS. "1" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, WITH A BRASS "NUT". SMALL POINT ON BACK. .2 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPT." ENGRAVED IN BLACK LETTERS. "64" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, SMALL POINT ON BACK. HAS A SILVER NUT. .3 "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPARTMENT" LETTERING ON RED BACKGROUND. A SCREW WELDED ON BACK. PIN AND A BRASS NUT ON BACK. ALL BADGES ARE HIGHLY POLISHED.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
.1 CAP BADGE USED IN EARLY 1900'S (ORIGINAL FIRE DEPARTMENT BADGE)..2 A LATER MODEL OF ABOVE BADGE. USED UNTIL 1976..3 BADGE FIRST ISSUED IN 1977.
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
Acquisition Date
1978-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE R.N.W.M. POLICE
Date Range From
1904
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19738911000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE R.N.W.M. POLICE
Date Range From
1904
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
3.0
Width
2.5
Description
CROWN AT TOP WITH "CANADA" BENEATH "MAINTEN LE DROIT" AROUND A BUFFALO HEAD IN CENTRE. "ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE" BENEATH ON FRONT. "J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD. MONTREAL" ON BACK. COMPLETE WITH PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19672511000 FOR INFORMATION ON THE BARROW FAMILY. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING THIS INFANT'S DRESS DONATED BY BRUCE G. BARROW. ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE IS A NOTE THAT STATES, “FROM THE ESTATE OF THE LATE MAJOR REV. GORE. M. BARROW. SOUVENIRS FROM THE BOER WAR, GREAT WAR I & II FROM BRUCE G BARROW.” FOR MORE INFORMATION OF MAJOR REV. GORE M. BARROW, INCLUDING A SUMMARY OF HIS ATTESTATION PAPERS, PLEASE SEE P19672511000. IT IS LIKELY THAT THE COLLECTION OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY BRUCE G. BARROW ENDED UP IN LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE THEY WERE GIVEN TO BARROW BY HIS FATHER, WHO SPENT THE MAJORITY OF HIS LIFE IN ONTARIO. ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH, BRUCE G. BARROW WAS BORN IN TORONTO. ON 26 JUNE 1937, HE MARRIED MURIEL ELIZABETH BOEHM AND TOGETHER THEY HAD A DAUGHTER, JUDITH (TONY) PAYNE. BARROW SERVED AS A CHOIRMASTER AND AN ORGANIST IN MANY CHURCHES, BEFORE COMING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 WHERE HE SPENT TIME AT ST. AUGUSTINE’S ANGLICAN CHURCH. HE RETIRED FROM THE CHURCH IN 1972 AND WORKED EXAMINING FOR TORONTO CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC. HE PASSED AWAY IN THE CITY ON 22 JUNE 1977 AT THE AGE OF 66 YEARS. IN 2018, PUNDYK CONNECTED WITH THE DONOR'S DAUGHTER, JUDITH PAYNE, IN AN ATTEMPT TO OBTAIN FURTHER ARTIFACT-SPECIFIC INFORMATION. NO FURTHER INFORMATION WAS ACQUIRED. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19672526000 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING COPIES OF THE ARCHIVAL RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P19738911000
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19672564007
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Length
5.7
Description
BRASS TITLE "R N W M P" LETTERS JOINED BY BAR TOP & BOTTOM. 2 PIN LOOPS FOR FASTENER, MISSING PIN FASTENER.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
MADE BY "J.R. GAUNT LTD MONTREAL" PREVIOUSLY CATALOGED AS AN ANONYMOUS DONATION P19738905000-GA, ATTRIBUTED TO CRAIG DONATION. TITLE IS CONSISTENT WITH OTHER UNIFORM PIECES. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564007
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRST-AID BOOKLET
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
14.5
Width
10.3
Description
WHITE PAPER BOOKLET HAS BLUE PRINTING WITH "FIRST AID" PRINTED ACROSS TOP. MIDDLE OF COVER HAS BLUE BACKGROUND WITH THREE MEN KNEELING AND STANDING AROUND A FOURTH MAN WHO IS INJURED. BOOKLET CONTAINS PICTURES, DIAGRAMS AND INSTRUCTIONS ON FIRST-AID PROCEDURES. BOOKLET IS HELD TOGETHER WITH TWO STEEL STAPLES. ON BACK IS "PUBLISHED BY THE PRUDENTIAL INSURANCE COMPANY OF AMERICA" OVER A SKETCH OF A ROCK WITH "THE PRUDENTIAL HAS THE STRENGTH OF GIBRALTER" ON IT. BENEATH IS NAME OF COMPANY PRESIDENT "EDWARD D DUFFIELD, PRESIDENT " AND "HOME OFFICE, NEWARK, N.J." BENEATH IT. IN BOTTOM LEFT CORNER OF BACK IS "COMB 8701 - REV 12-29" AND IN BOTTOM RIGHT IS "PRINTED IN CANADA". SPINE OF BOOKLET IS WORN AND CORNERS OF PAGES ARE SLIGHTLY DOG-EARED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
HEALTH SERVICES
History
ARTIFACTS ARE FROM THE #1 FIREHALL AND THE GALT HOSPITAL AND WERE DONATED IN MEMORY OF AGNES C. SHORT, HEAD SCHOOL NURSE, AND WILLIAM H. SHORT WHO WAS FIRE CHIEF. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. WHILE THIS SPECIFIC ARTIFACT WAS NOT RECOGNIZED BY THE DONOR, ITS RELATION TO FIRST-AID CAN BE CONNECTED TO THE FIRE-FIGHTING CAREERS OF BOTH THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT, AND THE DONOR’S FATHER, WILLIAM D. SHORT (FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT HISTORY, SEE P19950037007). THE FIRST-AID CONNECTION ALSO ALIGNS WITH THE NURSING CAREER OF THE DONOR’S AUNT, AGNES SHORT (FOR NURSING HISTORY, SEE P19950037003). AN ARTICLE COMMEMORATING THE CAREER OF WILLIAM H. SHORT WAS PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ON JANUARY 16, 1962. IT STATES, “NOT ONLY WILL CHIEF SHORT’S CAREER SOON REACH ITS CLIMAX, THE ROLES PLAYED BY HIS WIFE BERTHA AND HIS DAUGHTER AGNES WILL ALSO COME TO AN END. BOTH WOMEN PLAYED THEIR PART IN THE CHIEF’S FIRE-FIGHTING CAREER… AGNES FOLLOWED THE ENGINES, PROVIDED FIRST AID TREATMENT ON THE SCENE OR LIGHTED THE CIGARETTES FOR THE BOYS WHILE THEY WERE BATTLING FLAMES AND SMOKE.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS IN THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037001
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Height
183.5
Width
32.0
Description
"SERIAL #20114C" AND "17" ON BACK OF ALARM BOX. DEMONSTRATION UNIT CONSISTS OF A WOODEN STAND WITH A TRIANGULAR BRACED BASE. AN ALARM BOX IS AT TOP OF THE STAND, A GONG IS MOUNTED BELOW THIS, AND A GONG MOUNTED ON A CONTROL BOX IS AT THE BOTTOM. AT THE BACK OF THE STAND IS AN AUTO BATTERY MOUNTED AT THE TOP, A RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY, AND A CIRCUIT BOARD BELOW THE SWITCH. BOX IS RED, PENTAGONAL SHAPE, WITH FRONT OPENING. TOP FEATURES A FIST DESIGN AND EMBOSSED WORD: "GAMEWELL". DOOR OF BOX FEATURES WHITE LETTERING: "FOR FIRE". INSIDE DOOR IS PLASTIC COVERED OPENING, A HANDLE MARKED: OPEN, AND A WHITE HOOK WITH RED LETTERING BELOW: "PULL DOWN HOOK". LETTERING FLANKED BY DOWN POINTED ARROWS. BACKSIDE OF DOOR AND OPENING AREA FEATURE SILVER/BLACK LABELS SHOWING: PATENT NUMBERS, SERIAL NUMBER, UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES OF CANADA, FIRE ALARM, NORTHERN ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED, MADE IN CANADA, ETC. TWO KEYS AVAILABLE TO LOCK BOX VIA KEYHOLE INSIDE DOOR. THE MIDDLE GONG IS MOUNTED ON A MAHOGANY BLOCK AND FEATURES A SPRING LOADED HANDLE AND TWO COILS. THE GONG IS STAMPED IN GOLD; THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING CO. LTD. THE BOTTOM GONG IS MOUNTED ON A BLACK/SILVER METAL CONTROL BOX FEATURING A SILVER SWITCH AND A RED INDICATOR LIGHT. THIS BOTTOM UNIT IS MARKED WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND: THE GAMEWELL COMPANY, NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS. KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY AT TOP REAR OF STAND IS BLACK METAL & HAS A PRODUCT LABEL: KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY...KINGSTON PRODUCT CORP. KOKOMA, INDIANA, U.S.A. BATTERY IS WIRED FOR A WALL PLUG, 115 V. A.C., 65 WATTS. THE RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY FEATURES THE WORDS: TRIP AND RESET. THE CIRCUIT BOARD AT THE BOTTOM REAR OF THE STAND IS WIRED TO THE VARIOUS ITEMS ON THE DEMONSTRATION UNIT, AND IS LABELLED: MOTOROLA, MADE IN CANADA.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
UNIT CONSTRUCTED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL TO DEMONSTRATE ALARM SYSTEM USE TO SCHOOL CHILDREN. UNIT WAS COLLECTED FROM NO. 1 FIRE HALL WHEN ABANDONED BY FIRE DEPARTMENT. NO. 1 FIRE HALL WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1908-1909. ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD, CONTRACTOR: SMITH BROS. & WILSON.
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Acquisition Date
1975-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BUTTON
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20180014002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BUTTON
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
2.7
Description
A: SILVER-COLOURED METAL BUTTON. SHIELD OF ALBERTA EMBOSSED ON THE CENTER OF THE BUTTON. “ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE” EMBOSSED AROUND THE CREST. SHINY FINISH. THE BACK OF THE BUTTON IS BRASS IN COLOUR. AROUND THE CENTRE OF THE BACK “W. SCULLY MONTREAL” IS MACHINE ENGRAVED. THERE IS A LOOP FOR A PIN FASTENER LOOSELY ATTACHED TO THE BACK B: TWO-PRONGED BRASS PIN WITH A CIRCULAR LOOP ON ONE END AND THE TWO ENDS ON THE PIN EXTENDING OUT INTO A V-SHAPE ON THE OTHER. PIN IS 3.2 CM IN LENGTH AND AT THE WIDEST POINT THE PRONGS ARE 1.1 CM APART. CONDITION: SLIGHT SCRATCHING ON THE FRONT AND BACK SURFACES OF THE BUTTON. BRASS BACK IS SLIGHTLY TARNISHED. METAL OF PIN IN SLIGHTLY DISCOLOURED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS BUTTON BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. ACCORDING TO THE BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY PROVIDED WITH A BUCHANAN A. P. P.-RELATED DONATION MADE BY JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN 2002 (P20020090). IT STATES, "BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE BUCHANAN BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920." AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. DESCRIBING HER FATHER’S CAREER, BUCHANAN BEGAN, “[MY DAD] JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL…AS A ROOKIE – RIGHT AT THE START – HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. AND IT WASN’T LONG UNTIL HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE REAL POLICING. WHEN THE CRAZY PROHIBITION WAS BROUGHT IN, THAT WAS A REAL PAIN FOR THE POLICE. IT WAS [A MOVEMENT] PUSHED BY THESE DO-GOODERS, WHO DIDN’T REALIZE WHAT THEY WERE DOING. DAD WAS VERY UPSET TALKING ABOUT THAT. EVEN WHEN HE WAS JUST A YOUNG FELLOW, [HE WAS] FINDING YOUNG, GOOD FARM BOYS BLIND OR DEAD OVER A FENCE, BECAUSE THEY HAD A PROBLEM WITH THE PROHIBITION AND GETTING MOONSHINE THAT WASN’T MATURE OR SOMETHING, [WHICH] WAS POISONOUS.” “IN 1921 HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON,” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL. HE THEN GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE AND HE WAS GOING TO GO THERE, BUT THEN IN 1922 THEY GOT MARRIED [SO HE DID NOT GO TO GRAND PRAIRIE] FORTUNATELY, THE A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. DID, SO HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED. [AFTER MY PARENTS’ MARRIAGE] THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD, WHERE HE WAS ON HIS OWN [AT THE POSTING]. FROM THERE, HE DID A LOT OF WORK GOING BACK AND FORTH.” “BRAINARD [WAS] A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION… THEY BUILT DAD A LOG CABIN DOWN THERE FOR THE HOUSE WITH HIS NEW WIFE AND [SOON AFTER THEY WERE] EXPECTING THEIR FIRST CHILD. [THE CABIN HAD] ONE BIG ROOM WITH CURTAINS HERE AND THERE, AND HE DIDN’T HAVE A PRISON THERE. WHEN HE TOOK IN A PRISONER, THAT’S WHEN HE NEEDED THE OREGON BOOT AND THE BALL AND CHAIN BECAUSE HE HAD A BIG BOLT ON THE FLOOR NEAR HIS OFFICE. THAT’S WHERE THE GUY HAD TO SIT, CHAINED, UNTIL [MY FATHER] COULD TAKE HIM ON INTO EDMONTON…EVEN IN THE A.P.P. TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON. [HE WOULD BE] BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE],” BUCHANAN EXPLAINED EXPANDING ON HOW HER FATHER’S WORK TOOK HIM “BACK AND FORTH.” “THEN THEY CLOSED THAT [BRAINAR POST] DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY – A LITTLE VILLAGE – AND HE WAS THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. [HE WAS THERE] WHEN 1932 CAME ALONG AND THEN HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P… AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. [FROM THERE] HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT, WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO [COVER]. AND THERE AGAIN, WE HAD A NICE, BIG WHITE HOUSE AND A JAIL THIS TIME… THE JAIL OFFICE AND THE COURTROOM AND EVERYTHING WAS CONNECTED [TO THE HOUSE]. YOU JUST GO DOWN THE HALL AND OPEN THE DOOR AND THERE YOU GO, AND THERE’S TWO JAILS IN THERE. [THERE] HE WAS GETTING ROOKIES COMING OUT FROM EDMONTON TO TRAIN UNDER HIM… [I WAS BORN IN] ’30 [AND] NOW IN ’34, I REMEMBER GOING THERE [TO WESTLOCK].” SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P. IN 1932 AND THE ABSORPTION OF SOME OF ITS MEMBERS INTO THE R. C. M P., BUCHANAN EXPLAINED, “[A. P. P. OFFICERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY [WERE RANKED] INTO THREE CATEGORIES. [FIRST, THERE WERE THE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE; THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P. THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEN THERE WERE THE ONES THAT COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY [INTO THE FORCE FOR THE TRIAL PERIOD]. THEY COULD [BE ACCEPTED] FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY AGAIN [FOR FULL-TIME]. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE, [WHO] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE…IT IS IMPORTANT [TO REMEMBER], THOSE A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. THEY WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” WHEN ANSWERING HOW HER FATHER ENDED UP WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE, BUCHANAN SAID, “[AFTER THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P.], ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER [OF THE R. C. M. P.] HANCOCK (WILLIAM FREDERICK WATKINS “BILL” HANCOCK) KNEW DAD REALLY WELL. [PREVIOUSLY, HANCOCK] WAS THE [ACTING COMMISSIONER] FOR THE ALBERTA [PROVINCIAL POLICE]. [HANCOCK] CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, ‘BUCK – DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’A LOT – I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT, BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT. YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?’” AS A RESULT, EDWARD BUCHANAN WAS RELOCATED TO THE R. C. M. P.’S LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT IN 1944. JEAN BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “DAD’S PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, VERY FIRMLY. AND THE STAFF [IN LETHBRIDGE] ENDED UP LOVING HIM. THE SECRETARIES AND EVERYTHING, THEY WERE CRYING WHEN HE LEFT. AND I GOT LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON… BUT [IN TERMS OF] THE SITUATION [WHICH ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK WAS REFERRING TO], NO, HE WAS FINE. HE NEVER HAD ANY TROUBLE. HE JUST FIRMLY, QUIETLY DEALT WITH EVERYTHING AND EVERYTHING WAS FINE. I NEVER SAW HIM STRESSED OUT. ALWAYS COOL, LAID BACK.” “[WHEN WE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE], WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET SOUTH. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. BUT WE HAD [SOME] TROUBLE BECAUSE DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US. HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE [THAT WAS] READY, SO WHEN WE CAME DOWN [WE] STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. AND THEN I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE – LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS. ANYWAY, I GOT THROUGH GRADE TWELVE AND THAT’S ALRIGHT.” “[ANOTHER THING HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR HERE IN LETHBRIDGE] WAS TO OVERSEE THE PRISONER OF WAR (POW) CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POWS IN THE RESPECT THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. THEY WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY, BUT THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. [MY DAD] RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT… AND THEN THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK ON THE [FARMS], BECAUSE THERE WAS A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS… BUT, OF COURSE, I KNEW ABOUT THE CRUELTY OF SOME OF THE HARD-CORE NAZIS THAT WERE IN THERE. THE TROUBLE WAS THERE WASN’T ENOUGH FORCE POLICE TO GO IN THERE SAFELY. THEY COULDN’T EVEN GET IN THE POW CAMP AND THE CIVIL GUARDS WERE THE ONLY ONES THAT WERE AVAILABLE, BUT THEY DIDN’T EVEN DARE GO IN HALF THE TIME. IT WAS REALLY SOMETHING. THERE WERE SOME GUYS IN THERE THAT WERE REALLY, REALLY MEAN…” “AND OH YES, A FEW [MEN DID TRY TO ESCAPE THE CAMP],” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT THEY DIDN’T GET VERY FAR. THEY NEVER GOT AWAY. I’VE GOT RECORDS OF ONES THAT WERE CAUGHT. THEY STOLE SOMEBODY’S CAR. SOME OF THEM GOT A REGULAR SENTENCE FOR BREAKING ONE OF OUR LAWS.” BUCHANAN CONFIRMS THAT HER FATHER RETIRED FROM THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN 1950 WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE. AFTER RETIREMENT, SHE EXPLAINED, “[HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON, HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS… BUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE WITH HIS RECORD, SO THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA…HE THEN WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN OR SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS…” EDWARD BUCHANAN “SORT OF” RETIRED FROM THAT ROLE IN THE 1970S, HIS DAUGHTER EXPLAINED. HE CONTINUED WORKING IN SOME CAPACITIES UNTIL HIS PASSING IN 1998. “[I RECEIVED MY DAD’S R. C. M. P. POSSESSIONS, BECAUSE HE] KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER IT AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM… HE LIVED TO BE NINETY-EIGHT AND I DON’T THINK HE EVER THREW ANYTHING OUT SINCE HE WAS IN HIS TWENTIES.” ACCORDING TO EDWARD E. “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S OBITUARY, HE PASSED AWAY IN IN EDMONTON IN 1998. HIS WIFE’S NAME WAS CHRISTENE BUCHANAN AND TOGETHER THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN – EDWARD, ROBERT, JEAN, WILLIAM, AND ROSE-MARIE. THE OBITUARY STATES HE SERVED 31 YEARS IN THE R.C.M.P, AND 15 YEARS AS THE SUPERINTENDENT OF CORRECTIONS FOR ALBERTA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20180014002
Acquisition Date
2018-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19960112134
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
OAK, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
81.8
Length
57.7
Width
57.7
Description
OAK ROUND-BACK CHAIR WITH SOLID BACK PANEL. ARM RESTS; LEFT ONE HAS WHITE SPOT OF PAINT. BACKING OF CHAIR HAS BLACK LEATHER PANEL (BOTH FRONT AND REVERSE) TACKED TO IT; TRAPEZOID IN SHAPE. THREE SLATS CONNECTING LEGS: TWO RUN FRONT TO BACK; THIRD CONNECTS THESE TWO ACROSS CENTRE. LEFT PROPER SLAT IS BROKEN AT BACK JOINT. CHAIR IS SCRATCHED THROUGHOUT. LABELLED AT LOWER BACK OF SEAT.
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, RET. LETHBRIDGE POLICE CHIEF TERRY WAUTERS STATED THAT THE CHAIR WAS “FROM THE COURTROOM (LOCATED AT THE 5TH AVENUE POLICE STATION) AND THAT IT WAS USED BY DEFENCE LAWYERS, PROSECUTORS AND POLICE OFFICERS”. CONCURRENTLY, POLICE INSPECTOR BILL KAYE ADDED THAT AFTER ITS USE IN THE COURTROOM, IT WAS “USED IN THE LOBBY OF THE OLD POLICE STATION”. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112134
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, FABRIC
Catalogue Number
P19960112135
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, FABRIC
No. Pieces
1
Height
96.2
Length
66.2
Width
51.5
Description
OAK ARMCHAIR. DARK BROWN SIMULATED LEATHER (CLOTH) UPHOLSTERY ON CHAIR BACK; SLIGHTLY CUSHIONED SEAT UPHOLSTERED WITH SAME. STRAIGHT LEGS WITH SPINDLES BETWEEN THEM. STEEL BRACKET FIXING BOTH ARMS TO SUPPORTS AT FRONT. STEEL RODS ALONG WIDTHS OF CHAIR, JUST BELOW SEAT. FINISH ON CHAIR IS QUITE WORN AND SCRATCHED, ESPECIALLY ON ARMS. FINISH ON UPHOLSTERY ALSO WORN.
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112135
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OFFICE DESK
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1997
Materials
OAK, NEWSPAPER, MOTHER-OF-PEARL
No. Pieces
1
Height
76.4
Length
167.8
Width
86.4
Description
DESK, OAK WITH MOTHER-OF-PEARL CALL BUTTONS ON TOP FRONT RIGHT CORNER. TOP SURFACE HAS: WORN FINISH, AREA OF DARK BLACK STAINING NEAR FRONT CENTER, AND WATER DAMAGE CAUSING WOOD TO SPLIT AT THREE PLACES ON RIGHT SIDE. SEVEN DRAWERS, WITH THREE ON LEFT, THREE ON RIGHT AND ONE AT CENTER. DRAWER FACES HAVE BEVELED EDGES AND WOODEN HANDLES. BOTTOM TWO DRAWERS ON RIGHT, BOTTOM DRAWER ON LEFT AND CENTER DRAWER HANDLES HAVE CHUNKS OF WOOD MISSING. LEFT SIDE OF CENTER DRAWER HAS WHITE PAINT. LOCKING MECHANISMS AT TOP RIGHT, CENTER AND LEFT DRAWERS. ABOVE DRAWERS AT LEFT AND RIGHT ARE PULL OUT BOARDS. SIDES AND REVERSE OF DESK HAVE PANELED WOOD. RIGHT SIDE HAS FRAGMENT OF CORD EXTENDING FROM THE EDGE OF CALL BUTTONS. TOP DRAWER ON RIGHT HAS THREE LOOSE WOODEN SEPARATORS, ONE IN RIGHT MIDDLE AND ONE IN LEFT MIDDLE. SPILLED INK HAS STAINED THE BOTTOM OF TOP LEFT DRAWER INSIDE. FRAGMENT OF NEWSPAPER ON THE UNDERSIDE OF TOP CENTER DRAWER HAS, “FRIDAY, MAY 23, 1913.”
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
FURNISHINGS
PROFESSIONS
History
DESK BELONGED TO DONOR’S FATHER JERRY YAMAMOTO WHO PASSED AWAY ON OCTOBER 11, 1997. IN MAY 2012, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED DONOR TERRY YAMAMOTO. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS EXTRACTED FROM THE INTERVIEW’S TRANSCRIPTION. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS FIRST MEMORY OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO RESPONDED BY SAYING, “WELL… IT GOES BACK TO WHEN I WAS ABOUT ELEVEN YEARS OLD. MY DAD BUILT THE HOUSE, HE BUILT IT ON HIS OWN AND THE FIRST YEAR WE MOVED IN THERE I WAS ELEVEN LIKE WE LIVED IN THE BASEMENT WHILE HE BUILT THE UPSTAIRS. AS FAR AS I CAN REMEMBER THAT DESK HAS BEEN THERE SINCE THE TIME WE MOVED IN SO I WAS ELEVEN SO THAT WOULD BE 1963. IT WAS IN WHAT WE CALLED HIS RADIO ROOM. HE WAS A RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR THE RCMP AND HE JUST HAD IT SET IN THERE FOR HIS MUSIC AS A DESK. YEAH, HE DID YOU KNOW WELL HE FIXED RADIOS HE WAS A RADIO TECH FOR THE RCMP SO HE WOULD TINKER AROUND FIXING RADIOS AND THINGS LIKE THAT. HE WAS ALSO A HAM OPERATOR. [FOR] AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE WAS WITH THE RCMP. I WAS BORN IN ‘52, 1952 SO IT HAD TO BE AROUND THAT TIME OR AFTER THAT HE JOINED THE RCMP BECAUSE AS LONG AS I CAN REMEMBER HE ALWAYS WORKED WITH THEM. HE STARTED OUT AS OPERATING RADIOS THEN JUST WENT ON COURSES AND WHATEVER WITH THE RCMP AND THEN HE BECAME THE RADIO TECHNICIAN FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. [WHEN HE STARTED, HE WAS DOING] THE RADIO TRANSMISSION WITH EVERY COP IN THE CARS. AND BASICALLY THE RCMP SENT HIM BACK AND PUT HIM ON TRAINING FOR RADIO TECHNICIAN AND HE WAS WITH THEM UNTIL HE RETIRED. HE LIKED IT BECAUSE HE SERVICED NOT ONLY THE CAR RADIOS BUT ALL THE RADIO TOWERS FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THE ONE THING HE REALLY ENJOYED WAS HE HAD RETIRED AND THEN WHEN THE OLYMPICS CAME, THE SKIING, THE WORLD CUP IN 1980, SECURITY OR WHATEVER. THE RCMP SENT HIM OUT TO OTTAWA ON A SPECIAL, BROUGHT HIM OUT OF RETIREMENT, SENT HIM TO OTTAWA FOR A SPECIAL COURSE AND THEN HE HAD TO HE WAS UP AT LAKE LOUISE AND BANFF AND THEY WERE DOING ALL THE SECURITY ON THE TOWERS AND EVERYTHING.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE REMEMBERED ANY OF THE HISTORY OF THE DESK BEFORE HIS FATHER’S USE, YAMAMOTO SAID, “ALL I REMEMBER IS HIM SAYING IS THAT IT CAME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS AND HIM AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN HAD COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS. BUT ANYWAYS IT HAD SOMETHING TO DO WITH JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN SO I DON’T IF HE ACTUALLY HAD IT IN THE BEGINNING AND GAVE IT MY DAD TOOK IT BUT IT DID ACTUALLY COME FROM THE FORT MACLEOD RCMP BARRACKS. [MY FATHER] AND JUDGE GORE-HICKMAN WERE FRIENDS OF A DIFFERENT KIND AND LIKE I SAY THEY COLLECTED WEIRD THINGS.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE DAMAGE ON THE TOP SURFACE OF THE DESK, YAMAMOTO EXPLAINED, “YEAH, THAT WAS PROBABLY MY FAULT, I WAS USING IT FOR MY BEDDING PLANTS AND IT GOT SPRAYED WITH WATER. YOU KNOW I HAD THEM SITTING THERE I HAD A BOARD OVER TOP FOR A WHILE THERE.” ACCORDING TO INFORMATION PROVIDED BY KIM GUNN AND FORWARDED BY TOM EDGAR IN AN E-MAIL AT THE TIME OF DONATION, “THE DESK IS AN OLD RCMP DESK THAT WAS STANDARD ISSUE TO RCMP OFFICES ACROSS CANADA. WHEN THE RCMP GOT NEW DESKS IT WAS GIVEN TO DR. GORE-HICKMAN’S DAD FOR USE IN HIS OFFICE AT THE OLD POLICE STATION ON 5TH STREET. GORDIE REMEMBERS JERRY Y. AND THE DESK BEING IN HIS DAD’S OFFICE. HE SAYS HIS DAD AND JERRY WERE GOOD FRIENDS. GORDIE SAYS THAT HIS DAD STARTED OUT AS A POLICE MAGISTRATE AND THAT IS WHY HIS OFFICE WAS AT THE POLICE STATION.” *UPDATE* AT THE TIME OF CATALOGUING IN AUGUST, 2013, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH DISCOVERED SOME ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS IN THE TOP CENTER DRAWER. UPON CONSULTATION WITH DONOR, THESE DOCUMENTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO GALT ARCHIVES. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110027000
Acquisition Date
2011-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FOLDING DESK
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OAK
Catalogue Number
P19960112133
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FOLDING DESK
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1970
Materials
OAK
No. Pieces
3
Height
68.8
Length
81.2
Width
45.3
Description
SMALL OAK DESK CONSISTING OF DESKTOP, AND TWO HINGED LEG PANELS. TWO SLATS ACROSS BACK HOLD LEGS IN PLACE; ONE AT BOTTOM IS REPLACEMENT. DRAWER IN FRONT RIGHT PROPER, WITH BRASS LOCK MECHANISM AT CENTRE; NO PULL. WRITTEN IN PENCIL INSIDE DRAWER IS "DEX 90S-C". BOTTOM OF DRAWER HAS WRITTEN IN BLACK INK "WIN M1200 S. NO. 255888 PUR"; "BRNG 12ETTE. S. NO. 3A4452 PUR. DEC '66 $194.95."; "WIN M100 S. NO. 128002 PUR. 11 FEB '67". PULL-OUT WRITING BOARD AT LEFT SIDE OF DESK FRONT. TWO BENT NAILS JUST BELOW DESKTOP AT RIGHT SIDE. DESK IS SCRATCHED THROUGHOUT, WITH SEVERAL INSECT BORE HOLES AT TOP. COLLAPSES BY REMOVING BACK SLATS AND FOLDING LEGS UNDER DESKTOP.
Subjects
FURNITURE
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BETWEEN 2008 AND 2009, RET. LETHBRIDGE POLICE CHIEF TERRY WAUTERS STATED THAT THE “SMALL DESK WAS USED FOR COMPLAINT BOOK ENTRIES” IN THE POLICE STATION. ADDITIONALLY, HE RECALLED USING THE DESK PERSONALLY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112133
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
LIQUID FILLED BULB
Date Range From
1927
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, METAL
Catalogue Number
P19790030000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LIQUID FILLED BULB
Date Range From
1927
Date Range To
1945
Materials
GLASS, METAL
No. Pieces
2
Height
24.1
Width
10.2
Diameter
8.8
Description
REMNANT OF ORANGE PAPER LABEL ON GLASS BULB DISPLAYS PART OF NAME "LYON". CLEAR LIQUID CONTENTS IN BULB. SHEET METAL MOUNT DISPLAYS PARTIAL LIGHT GREEN PAINT STAINS ALONG SIDES. CREAM COLOURED PAINT ON MOUNT IS SCRATCHED IN A FEW PLACES. PAINT IS CRACKING OFF THE BENT BACK PIECE OF METAL. A FEW DENTS IN HANGER. INTACT PARPER LABEL ON REVERSE OF MOUNT, "LYON", "GENERAL WINDOW PRODUCTS ...".
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THE LIQUID IN THE BULB WAS ORIGINALLY RED. THE METAL AT THE BOTTOM WHEN HEATED WILL SPRING UP AND CRACK THE BULB, OR THE BULB COULD BE THROWN AT THE BASE OF THE FIRE. THE FIRE EXTINGUISHER CAME FROM A HOUSE ON 9TH STREET. IT WAS THE SECOND HOUSE FROM THE ALLEY BY THE BOWMAN ARTS CENTRE. IN 1960 THE OWNER OF THE HOUSE RECEIVED A 10% REDUCTION ON HIS FIRE INSURANCE BECAUSE HIS HOUSE WAS EQUIPPED WITH THESE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS. **** EXTINGUISHER PROFILED AS PART OF "WHAT'S IT" FEATURE IN MAY/JUNE 2010 ISSUE OF LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE. COPY SUBMITTED AS FOLLOWS: "GLASS, GRENADE-STYLE FIRE EXTINGUISHERS FIRST EMERGED IN THE LATE 19TH CENTURY. EARLY VERSIONS OF THE EXTINGUISHER CONTAINED SOLUTIONS OF SALT WATER, BICARBONATE OF SODA OR MURIATE OF AMMONIA. IN 1912, THE COMPANY PYRENE PATENTED A HAND-PUMP EXTINGUISHER WHICH UTILIZED THE CHEMICAL CARBON TETRACHLORIDE (CTC). SOON AFTER, CTC BECAME THE LIQUID CONTENT OF CHOICE IN THE MASS PRODUCTION OF GRENADE EXTINGUISHERS. CTC, WHEN IN CONTACT WITH FIRE, VAPORIZES IMMEDIATELY. THEREAFTER, THE CHEMICAL’S DENSER-THAN-AIR VAPORS SMOTHER THE FLAMES. THE GALT’S CTC GRENADE EXTINGUISHER WAS PRODUCED BY LYON AND DISTRIBUTED BY GENERAL WINDOW PRODUCTS OF WINNIPEG. HOME OWNERS WERE ENCOURAGED TO INSTALL THE EXTINGUISHERS THROUGHOUT THEIR HOUSES, INCLUDING IN ATTICS. IF INSTALLED IN AN ATTIC, IT WAS CLAIMED THAT THE GRENADE MOUNT’S COILED METAL WOULD, IN THE EVENT OF A FIRE, MELT AND SPRING UPWARD, SHATTERING THE GRENADE. THE ‘GRENADE’ COULD ALSO BE HAND THROWN AGAINST A FIRE. GRENADE EXTINGUISHERS DECLINED IN SALES AND USE AFTER 1940 WHEN IT WAS LEARNED THAT CTC EXPOSURE POSED SEVERE ADVERSE HEALTH EFFECTS. CTC IS TOXIC WHEN ABSORBED THROUGH THE SKIN OR WHEN INHALED. ADDITIONALLY, ITS CONTACT WITH HIGH TEMPERATURES (FIRE) CAUSES IT TO REACT TO PRODUCE PHOSGENE POISONOUS GAS. PERSONS IN POSSESSION OF GRENADE EXTINGUISHERS ARE ENCOURAGED TO UTILIZE EXTREME CAUTION IN THEIR HANDLING AND DISPOSAL. CTC IS CLASSED AS A HAZARDOUS WASTE. LOCALLY, THE GRENADES CAN BE DISPOSED OF AT DBS ENVIRONMENTAL - WWW.DBSENVIRONMENTAL.COM." FOR RELEVANT ADVERTISEMENT IN 1947 LETHBRIDGE HERALD, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE. PER THEIR WEBSITE IN 2010, GENERAL WINDOW PRODUCTS LTD. OF WINNIPEG WAS FOUNDED IN 1927.
Catalogue Number
P19790030000
Acquisition Date
1979-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL (POSSIBLY TINNED)
Catalogue Number
P19890032002
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
STEEL (POSSIBLY TINNED)
No. Pieces
1
Length
55.4
Diameter
5.6
Description
RED CYLINDER WITH CAP & EYE FOR HANGING BY HOOK. "LIBERTY FIRE EXTINGUISHER" ON FACE WHICH ALSO HAS DIRECTIONS FOR USE, CONTENT, & USE INFORMATION. "DEVICE MADE FOR WAWANESA MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY". CONTAINS DRY POWDER. (UNUSED)
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
MADE IN TORONTO FOR INSURANCE COMPANY, COMPANY NAME ILLEGIBLE. FOR DONOR HISTORY SEE P19890032001-GA
Catalogue Number
P19890032002
Acquisition Date
1989-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, CARDBOARD
Catalogue Number
P19950073030
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1945
Materials
GLASS, CARDBOARD
No. Pieces
2
Length
14.5
Diameter
9
Description
CLEAR GLASS PEAR-SHAPED EXTINGUISHER, FILLED WITH CLEAR LIQUID SUBSTANCE (WATER?). HAS REMNANTS OF RED PAINT ON GLASS, ESPECIALLY AROUND BOTTOM POINT. BLADE OF GRASS OR STRAW FLOATING IN WATER. C/W CARDBOARD BOX(19.6CM(H) X 11.4CM(L) X 10.5CM(W)) WITH CLOTH TAPE ALONG ONE CORNER AND PAPER ADHESIVE DOWN TWO SIDES AND BOTTOM. TOP FLAPS MISSING. ONE SIDE PRINTED IN BLACK AND RED "SHUR-STOP THE AUTOMATIC FIREMAN ON THE WALL WORKS WHILE YOU'RE ASLEEP OR AWAY INTERNATIONAL FIRE EQUIPMENT CORPORATION NEW YORK". FILLED WITH SHREDDED NEWSPAPER. BOX STAINED AND WORN THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE RESEARCH CONDUCTED ON SIMILAR ARTIFACT P19790030000 AND ITS RESPECTIVE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073030
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, WOOL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19739468000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS, WOOL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
22.9
Length
28.9
Description
STAMP MARK ON UNDERSIDE OF BACK BRIM: "WENDRY LTD. MAKER GLASGOW". FRONT BRIM REINFORCED WITH BRASS FACING. BLACK LACQUERED LEATHER; WOOL LINED. LEATHER SHOWS SURFACE CRACKS. "E.H." PAINTED INSIDE OF HELMET. REGULATION PATTERN (LEATHER) #200. BRASS BINDING ON FRONT VISOR. LEATHER & NYLON STRAPS ATTACHED TO HELMET AND LINER. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS TYPE OF HELMET WAS IN SERVICE UNTIL THE 1940'S. SEE ALSO P19739463000GA. REFERENCE: J. MORRIS & SONS LTD. CATALOGUE.
Catalogue Number
P19739468000
Acquisition Date
1973-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, LEATHER, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19641362000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE BRIGADE
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS, LEATHER, WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Height
22.9
Length
28.9
Description
(SIZE 6) STAMPMARK ON UNDERSIDE OF BACK BRIM "WENDRY LTD. MAKER GLASGOW". FRONT BRIM EDGE IS REINFORCED WITH BRASS FACING. LEATHER-LACQUERED. WOOL LINED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
IN USE BETWEEN 1910 & THE 40'S. REFERENCE: REGULATION PATTERN (LEATHER) #200 IN J. MORRIS AND SONS LIMITED CATALOGUE.
Catalogue Number
P19641362000
Acquisition Date
1964-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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