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Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, COPPER, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P19651634000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BRASS, COPPER, RUBBER
No. Pieces
11
Length
75.5
Diameter
9.2
Description
2.8 CM (NOZZLE). "W.D. ALLEN MFG. CO. CHICAGO" ON LIP OF MOUTH. DETACHABLE BRASS NOZZLE. DENTED BADLY. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
Catalogue Number
P19651634000
Acquisition Date
1965-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P19739477000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BRASS, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Length
25.4
Diameter
2.2
Description
BRASS FIREHOSE NOZZLE, WIDER AT BOTTOM END THAT ATTACHES TO HOSE, TAPERING TO A POINT AT THE OPPOSITE END. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
Catalogue Number
P19739477000
Acquisition Date
1973-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HYDRANT THAWING KIT
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CHROMED METAL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19739464000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HYDRANT THAWING KIT
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
CHROMED METAL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Height
47.7
Diameter
15.3
Description
CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL CASE FILLED WITH OILED COTTON WASTE. LEATHER LOCKING STRAPS ATTACHED, & A TIGHT FITTING CAP OR LID WITH A RING HANDLE. THE LEATHER STRAPS LOCK THE CAP TO THE CASE. 3 BOLT FLANGES PROTRUDE FROM THE BASE. KIT IS CURRENTLY FILLED WITH COTTON WASTE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ORIGINALLY CARRIED ON LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT STEAM PUMP TRUCK NO. 1 (AMERICAN LA FRANCE TYPE 12) KIT IS USED FOR THAWING FROZEN FIRE HYDRANTS. REFER GIFT CERTIFICATE P19739463000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19739464000
Acquisition Date
1973-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ATTIC LADDER
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010022
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ATTIC LADDER
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2010
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
314.2
Length
4.9
Width
33.5
Description
ADJUSTABLE LADDER, SIDE RAILS COME TOGETHER TO MAKE THE LADDER MORE COMPACT (LADDER IS ONLY 8.0CM WIDE WHEN THE SIDE RAILS ARE TOGETHER). SILVER COLOURED METAL, WITH ORANGE PAINT, BLACK RUBBER, AND EIGHT RUNGS. ANTI-SLIP SAFETY SHOE ON THE BOTTOM OF BOTH SIDE RAILS. SAFETY SHOE IS BLACK RUBBER ON THE BOTTOM, WITH A PATTERN OF 10 CIRCLES PER SHOE BOTTOM. METAL TEETH ON THE FRONT OF THE SHOE. SHOES ARE ADJUSTABLE, BUT ARE VERY STIFF. BRACE COMES UP FROM THE BOTTOM AND LOCKS TO PREVENT LADDER RAILS FROM COLLAPSING BACK TOGETHER. BOTTOM OF LADDER HAS A 54.5CM SECTION OF BRIGHT ORANGE PAINT AND TOP HAS A 46.0CM SECTION OF BRIGHT ORANGE PAINT. TOP OF ONE RAIL HAS A BLACK RUBBER TOPPER. SMALL BLACK STICKER AT BOTTOM “P1” WITH SEVERAL STICKERS ON THE OPPOSITE RAIL: A ROUGHLY OVAL SHAPED, RED, BLACK, AND SILVER STICKER: “THIS IS A DUO-SAFETY LADDER. DUO-SAFETY LADDER CORP 519 W 9TH AVE. OSHKOSH, WIS.”; THEN A RECTANGULAR RED STICKER WITH WHITE WRITING: “THIS LADDER IS CERTIFIED TO COMPLY WITH N.F.P.A. SPEC 1931-1832; CURRENT EDITION, FOR FIRE DEPARTMENT GROUND LADDERS AND OSHA FIRE LADDER REQUIREMENTS. REFER TO DUO-SAFETY LADDER SAFETY BOOK FOR CARE – USE – MAINTENANCE ON THIS LADDER. DUO-SAFETY LADDER CORP. OSHKOSH, WI 54901”; THEN A WHITE STICKER WITH GOLD WRITING: “10”. THERE IS ALSO A SILVER COLOURED STICKER WITH HANDWRITING ON THIS SAME RAIL, LOCATED BETWEEN THE FIRST AND SECOND RUNGS: “TEST DATE: 25 NOV 2006. LADDER #: ATTIC #18. APPARATUS #: P1. APPARATUS #: P1.” BOTH RAILS HAVE THE FOLLOWING STICKERS, AT ROUGHLY THE MID-POINT OF THE LADDER: RECTANGULAR, WHITE BACKGROUND, BLUE BORDER, BLACK WRITING: “DANGER. FAILURE TO USE, UNDERSTAND, AND FOLLOW PROPER LADDER USAGE INSTRUCTIONS AS MADE AVAILABLE BY DUO-SAFETY LADDER, N.F.P.A., I.S.F.S.I., A.N.S.I., O.S.H.A., ETC. COULD CAUSE SERIOUS INJURY AND/OR DEATH.” RECTANGULAR, WHITE BACKGROUND, BLACK BORDER AND WRITING: “DANGER. WATCH FOR WIRES. THIS LADDER CONDUCTS ELECTRICITY.” RECTANGULAR, YELLOW, WITH BLACK WRITING: CAUTION. SET UP LADDER PROPERLY TO REDUCE SLIP AND OVERHEAD HAZARDS. FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS. 1. PLACE TOES AGAINST BOTTOM OF LADDER SIDE RAILS. 2. STAND ERECT. 3. EXTEND ARMS STRAIGHT OUT. 4. PALMS OF HANDS SHOULD TOUCH TOP OF RUNG AT SHOULDER LEVEL. OUT -->” STICKER ON THE INSIDE OF FOURTH RUNG FROM THE BOTTOM: WHITE BACKGROUND, BLACK WRITING: “REMOVE LADDER FROM SERVICE AND TEST IF ANY HEAT SENSOR TURNS DARK -->” LADDER IS IN GOOD OVERALL CONDITION. ADJUSTABLE FEET ARE VERY STIFF. LOTS OF SCUFF MARKS ALL OVER LADDER AND SOME STICKERS HAVE BEEN PARTIALLY REMOVED/SCRATCHED.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS ATTIC LADDER WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE LADDER WAS “USED TO ACCESS ATTIC SPACES THROUGH SMALL ACCESS HOLES IN CEILINGS. USED WHEN WE DID NOT WANT TO PULL A CEILING DOWN AFTER A FIRE TO ENSURE THAT THE FIRE IN THE ATTIC WAS OUT.” HE CONTINUED SAYING THAT THIS LADDER WAS DECOMMISSIONED BECAUSE IT IS “OLD AND WORN OUT. ALL LADDERS MUST MEET MINIMUM ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED THAT THIS IS “WHAT WE CALL A LITTLE ATTIC LADDER, TO GET BACK INTO A TIGHT PLACE WHERE YOU COULDN’T BRING A BIG LADDER IN … YOU COULD GET IT UP INTO THE ATTIC SO YOU COULD CHECK WHAT WAS IN THE ATTIC.” LAZENBY ELABORATED: “THIS IS A FOLDING ATTIC LADDER … THE RUNGS THAT SEPARATE THE TWO BEAM SECTIONS ARE ACTUALLY HINGED IN NATURE AND SO IT FOLDS UP AND FITS IN, TYPICALLY, A LITTLE COMPARTMENT ON THE BACK END OF THE TRUCK BECAUSE HAVE SOME LONG, LATERAL STORAGE THERE. THESE SURPRISINGLY GET USED A FAIR AMOUNT, STILL.” HE CONTINUED SAYING “THEY’RE NARROW ENOUGH THAT THEY’RE ALMOST DIFFICULT TO CLIMB WITH YOUR BIG FIRE BOOTS ON.” LAZENBY EXPLAINED THAT THE LADDERS IN USE PRESENTLY ARE VERY SIMILAR TO THIS MODEL: “YOU CAN TELL BY LOOKING AT IT IT’S AN OLDER PIECE BUT THE CONSTRUCTION IS ESSENTIALLY THE SAME. THEY MIGHT BE USING SLIGHTLY LIGHTER MATERIALS NOW, BUT FROM WHAT I CAN SEE, THEY’RE BASICALLY THE SAME.” HE ADDED THAT HE WAS OFTEN THE ONE USING THE LADDER: “BECAUSE I WAS NEVER ONE OF THE BIGGER GUYS ON THE JOB, AND ESPECIALLY WHEN I STARTED I WAS PROBABLY TWENTY POUNDS LIGHTER THAN I AM NOW, IF THEY NEEDED SOMEONE TO GET INTO A SMALLER SPACE, I WAS THAT GUY, TYPICALLY, BECAUSE WHEN YOU WEIGHT 250 [POUNDS] AND YOU THROW THE SCBA ON AND ALL THE EQUIPMENT, IT’S DEFINITELY TOUGH FOR SOME OF THOSE GUYS TO GET THROUGH THAT ACCESS. SO, YES, I’VE BEEN IN MY FAIR SHARE OF ATTICS AND THAT’S THE ONLY MEANS TO GET UP THERE.” LAZENBY EXPLAINED THE IMPORTANCE OF USING THE LADDER: “ANY TIME A FIRE VENTS OUT OF A WINDOW AND TOUCHES ANY PART OF THE SOFFIT, IT’S INCUMBENT THAT YOU HAVE TO ABSOLUTELY CHECK THAT BECAUSE IF YOU DON’T AND YOU’RE OPERATING UNDERNEATH AN ATTIC FIRE, THAT’S A VERY, VERY UNSAFE PLACE TO BE.” DZUREN ADDED: “THAT’S A COLLAPSIBLE LADDER. IT’S KIND OF LIKE A SCISSOR TYPE OF LADDER. IT WAS VERY COMPACT, YOU COULD STORE IT ON ONE OF YOUR VEHICLES WITHOUT IT TAKING UP TOO MUCH ROOM … YOU’D CARRY THAT INTO YOUR HOUSE IF AN OFFICER WANTED YOU TO GO UP INTO AN ATTIC … IT WAS EASY TO TRANSPORT AND ONCE YOU GOT IT INTO THE OPENING YOU COULD JUST GIVE IT A SWITCH AND IT WOULD OPEN UP AND YOU COULD JUST CLIMB RIGHT UP TO THE SPOT THERE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010022
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
GATE VALVE / SLUICE VALVE
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, CAST IRON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20150010014
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GATE VALVE / SLUICE VALVE
Date Range From
1975
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, CAST IRON, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
30.0
Length
22.5
Width
11.7
Diameter
9.0
Description
CAST IRON, BRASS, AND SILVER COLOURED METAL GATE VALVE. SILVER COLOURED METAL HAND WHEEL IN THE SHAPE OF A SIDEWAYS 'L' ON TOP OF THE GATE VALVE ALLOWS THE INNER GATE TO BE OPENED OR CLOSED. BELOW THIS IS A BRASS NUT, WHICH IS ON TOP OF THE MAIN CAST IRON PORTION OF THE VALVE. MAIN PORTION OF THE VALVE IS RECTANGULAR, WITH A ROUNDED TOP NEAR THE BRASS NUT. EMBOSSED ON THE RECTANGULAR FRONT PORTION OF THE VALVE IS "HASBRA", WITH "HQ" BELOW THAT IN YELLOW PAINT. SIDE OF THE VALVE HAS "FD" ALSO IN YELLOW PAINT. ON THE BACK OF THE VALVE IS A COUPLING, WHICH ALLOWS THE VALVE TO BE AFFIXED TO A FIRE HYDRANT. OPPOSITE THIS COUPLING IS A SLIGHTLY CURVED SPOUT, WHICH IS THREADED ON THE END. ON THE BOTTOM OF THE GATE VALVE IS A 1.9CM KNOB.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS GATE VALVE WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), EXPLAINED THAT THE VALVE WAS “USED TO [CONTROL THE] FLOW OF WATER FROM THE SMALL OUTLET ON A HYDRANT AND BE ABLE TO SHUT THE WATER OFF WITHOUT TURNING THE HYDRANT OFF. WE USED THESE MOSTLY WHEN TESTING THE HYDRANTS FOR PRESSURE AND FLOW. THE FIRE DEPARTMENT STOPPED TESTING HYDRANTS WHEN WATER WORKS TOOK IT OVER.” IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004) AND TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994). BROWN EXPLAINED THAT THE GATE VALVE “WAS JUST A VALVE TO SHUT OFF … [AND THAT] YOU’D FILL YOUR TRUCKS OFF A HYDRANT.” LAZENBY EXPANDED SAYING: “YOU CAN HOOK THESE ONTO THE SIDE OF A TRUCK BECAUSE THE THREAD OF THE ADAPTER HERE HOOKS ON TO THE TWO AND HALF INCH COUPLE THAT COMES OFF THE MALE END THAT COMES OFF THE BACK OF THE TRUCK. YOU CAN ALSO ATTACH THIS TO THE HYDRANT AND LEAVE THE GATE TURNED OFF, OPEN THE HYDRANT SO THAT YOU GET FLOW AS FAR AS WHERE THE GATE IS AND THEN YOU CAN – SO YOU COULD ISOLATE THIS LINE FROM THE REST OF THE HYDRANT IF YOU WANTED TO … SO IT’S JUST A WAY OF HAVING ACCESS TO WATER WHEN YOU WANT IT BUT NOT HAVING TO OPEN AND CLOSE THE FULL HYDRANT SYSTEM EVERY SINGLE TIME … WE HAVE USED THESE AN AWFUL LOT; WE’VE USED THESE IN A RURAL SETTING, WE’VE USED THEM FOR FILLING TRUCKS UP … I’VE USED THESE AN AWFUL LOT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010014
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HYDRANT WRENCH
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2015
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150010012
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HYDRANT WRENCH
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2015
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.9
Length
64.2
Width
11.4
Description
ADJUSTABLE FIRE PLUG WRENCH, ALSO KNOWN AS A HYDRANT WRENCH. SILVER COLOURED METAL HANDLE WITH BLACK PAINTED METAL HEAD. HANDLE HAS A 10.2CM SECTION OF ENGRAVED CROSSHATCHING AT THE BOTTOM, KNOWN AS A KNURLED GRIP. ON THE LOWER PORTION OF THE BLACK HEAD, WHERE THE HEAD AND HANDLE MEET, THE FOLLOWING IS EMBOSSED: “RED HEAD – S W 3”. THE OTHER SIDE IS EMBOSSED WITH SIMPLY “RED HEAD”. JUST ABOVE THE EMBOSSED “RED HEAD” IS AN ADJUSTABLE WEDGE NUT, TO ALLOW THE USER TO REMOVE THE TOP BOLT (OPERATING NUT) OF A HYDRANT. WRENCH HEAD HAS THREE HOOKS: THE FIRST, CLOSEST TO THE ADJUSTABLE WEDGE NUT IS FOR USE ON HYDRANT ADAPTERS (THE SMALLER ARMS OF A HYDRANT); THE OTHER TWO ARE FOR USE ON THE NOZZLE CAP (THE LARGE, REMOVABLE COVER ON THE FRONT OF A HYDRANT). OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE FINISH ON THE BLACK HEAD HAS FLAKED OFF IN SEVERAL AREAS, ESPECIALLY ON THE THREE HOOKS AND ON THE INSIDE OF THE ADJUSTABLE WEDGE NUT HOUSING. SURFACE RUST HAS DEVELOPED WHERE THE METAL IS EXPOSED. SILVER METAL HANDLE IN VERY GOOD CONDITION, WITH ONLY A FEW SURFACE STAINS.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS ADJUSTABLE FIRE PLUG WRENCH (HYDRANT WRENCH) WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN A WRITTEN STATEMENT, PROVIDED AT THE TIME OF DONATION, JESSE KURTZ, DEPUTY CHIEF – SUPPORT SERVICES (RETIRED), SAID IT “WAS NOT ISSUED TO ALL FIRE FIGHTERS, NOR [WAS IT] CARRIED ON THEIR PERSON … [IT] IS A COMBINATION TOOL THAT IS ADJUSTABLE. IT [WAS] ALSO USED ON HIGH VOLUME (I.E. 5” OR 125MM HOSE COUPLINGS). IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), AND RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998). BROWN ELABORATED, SAYING: “I DON’T EVER REMEMBER USING IT, EVER. IT WAS THAT WE USED THE HYDRANT KEY [INSTEAD]. BASICALLY, IT WAS THE SAME THING; IT WAS FOR A HYDRANT THAT WAS STUCK MORE. I KNOW THAT SOMETIMES I COULDN’T OPEN A HYDRANT. [BUT] ALL I HAD TO [DO WAS] LOOK AROUND FOR ONE OF THE BIG GORILLAS AT WORK AND SAY ‘I CAN’T OPEN THIS HYDRANT.’ HE’D COME AND HE’D TWIST IT AND THE HYDRANT WAS COMING OFF ITS STAND. THERE WERE SO MANY GUYS SO MUCH MORE POWERFUL THAN I WAS.” LAZENBY ADDED: “THAT WAS SORT OF THE FIRST GENERATION OF HYDRANT OPENING TOOLS [REFERENCING P20150010011]. THIS [P20150010012] I WOULD SAY, IS MAYBE GENERATION NUMBER TWO. YOU CAN SEE BY THE LONG STEM THAT’S THREADED HERE, THAT THIS IS ADJUSTABLE IN NATURE AND THIS WAS CONSIDERED LIKE A MORE OF A MULTI-TOOL … NOW WE’VE MOVED ONTO RATCHETING [WRENCHES] SO THAT YOU DON’T EVEN HAVE TO GO ALL THE WAY AROUND … I BELIEVE WE STILL HAVE SOME OF THESE ON THE DEPARTMENT AND I THINK WE DON’T MOUNT THESE TO THE BACK OF THE TRUCKS ANYMORE, BUT YOU STILL MIGHT FIND A COUPLE OF THESE UP ON THE HIGHBALL HOSES ON THE HOSE BEDS.” PETIT AGREED WITH KURTZ, SAYING: “I’M SURE IT WAS CARRIED ON THE PUMP, IT WASN’T CARRIED BY THE FIRE FIGHTERS.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010012
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HYDRANT WRENCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL
Catalogue Number
P20150010011
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HYDRANT WRENCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
42.5
Width
14.7
Description
METAL HYDRANT WRENCH, NOT ADJUSTABLE. WRENCH IS ROUGHLY AN 'L' SHAPE. ONE END OF THE WRENCH HAS A SINGLE CLAW, USED FOR PRYING. THE OPPOSITE END (THE SHORT END OF THE 'L') HAS A REULEAUX TRIANGLE, A SLIGHT HOOK, AND A SMALL (2.5CM) CIRCLE. IN THE MIDDLE OF THE HANDLE, ON ONE SIDE ONLY, IS A RECTANGULAR PATCH OF LIGHT GREY PAINT. THERE ARE REMNANTS OF LIGHT GREY FINISH ON THE REST OF THE WRENCH. OVERALL IN FAIR CONDITION. VERY RUSTED. GREY FINISH HAS ALMOST ENTIRELY FLAKED OFF. THE RECTANGULAR AREA OF GREY FINISH IS LOOSE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS FIRE PLUG WRENCH, OR HYDRANT WRENCH, WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). ACCORDING TO BROWN THIS IS A “GOOD OLD HYDRANT KEY. WE ALL CARRIED ONE ON OUR BELT … IT WAS MADE OF PRETTY DURABLE STEEL. YOU COULD PRY ON THAT THING ALL YOU WANTED. I DON’T EVER REMEMBER ONE BREAKING. YOU COULD USE IT AS A HAMMER, AS A CLUB. WE ALWAYS JOKED – WE’D USE IT AS A WEAPON IF WE EVER GOT INTO TROUBLE WITH OTHER PEOPLE. IT NEVER HAPPENED – JUST A JOKE. IT WAS PROBABLY YOUR MAIN LINE TOOL, BREAK WINDOWS, BREAK DOORS IN. YOU KNOW, WE DIDN’T HAVE A WHOLE LOT OF REAL FANCY TOOLS IN THOSE DAYS BUT THAT HYDRANT KEY WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO US. WE CARRIED THEM ON OUR HYDRANT BELTS.” LAZENBY EXPANDED: “WHEN I WAS HIRED EVERY MEMBER OF THE DEPARTMENT WAS ISSUED ONE OF THESE WHEN YOU GOT YOUR BUNKER GEAR OR YOUR TURNOUTS AND YOUR HELMET. YOU WERE ISSUED A HYDRANT KEY WITH A LEATHER HOLSTER BELT THAT YOU WORE OVER TOP OF YOUR JACKET … NOW THERE WAS A FEW ROLES OR A FEW USES FOR THIS TOOL. NUMBER ONE, FIRST AND FOREMOST, IT IS A HYDRANT KEY WHICH MEANS THAT THIS WAS THE KEY THAT YOU USED TO ESSENTIALLY OPEN THE HYDRANT. THE OPENING AT THE END AWAY FROM THE BEVELED EDGE IS CUT IN THE SAME SIZE AND SHAPE AS THE STEM ON TOP OF THE HYDRANT AND IT WAS SIMPLY LEFTY-LOOSE, RIGHTY-TIGHTY. BUT THIS COULD ALSO BE USED AS A FORCIBLE ENTRY TOOL, PERHAPS AS A TOOL TO FIND A MEANS OF EGRESS IF YOU HAPPEN TO BE TRAPPED, YOU COULD BREAK WINDOWS WITH THIS. YOU COULD USE THE PRYING END TO PRY IF YOU HAD TO. I DON’T RECALL WHAT THE PURPOSE OF THE ROUND OPENING ON THAT KIND OF FLANGE END WAS - I DON’T REMEMBER THAT. BUT I DO REMEMBER THAT THERE WAS A SORT OF A MINDSET AMONG SOME OF THE SENIOR MEMBERS THAT IF YOU LET YOUR HYDRANT KEY BECOME ALL RUSTED AND LOOK A LITTLE BIT DISHEVELED THAT THAT WAS SORT OF LIKE THE MARK OF A POOR FIREFIGHTER, SOMEONE THAT DIDN’T LOOK AFTER THEIR GEAR PROPERLY, AND SO WE USED TO – AT TIMES WE WOULD BREAK OUT SOME STEEL WOOL OR THE PNEUMATIC POLISHER AND ACTUALLY POLISH THESE TO A NICE BRIGHT, SILVERY - LIKE A CHROME SHEEN, ALMOST. SO WHEN THEY ISSUED THEM THEY LOOKED TERRIBLE - THEY WERE UNFINISHED AND IT WAS YOUR JOB TO SORT OF GET IT POLISHED UP AND GET IT INTO SERVICE, SO TO SPEAK.” LAZENBY CONTINUED, SAYING THAT BY 2000 “THESE ARE NO LONGER ISSUED TO INDIVIDUAL MEMBERS … WE’VE EVOLVED IN SOME WAYS IN THAT THE HYDRANT KEY NOW TYPICALLY IS … MOUNTED ON THE BACK OF THE TRUCK … THE WHOLE INDUSTRY IS STARTING TO CHANGE IN THAT WE’RE BECOMING MUCH MORE SAFETY-ORIENTED WHEN IT COMES TO THESE TYPES OF THINGS … THIS BECAME REDUNDANT, AND YOU KNOW, IT WAS A LITTLE BIT SMALL FOR THE JOB THAT IT WAS ASKED TO DO AS WELL. OBVIOUSLY, THE BIGGER YOUR TOOL, THE BETTER PRYING AND STRENGTH AND WEIGHT YOU GET. THIS, YOU RELIED A LOT ON THE PERSONAL STRENGTH OF THE PERSON TO BE ABLE TO USE THIS EFFECTIVELY … WHEREAS WITH THE BIGGER ONES NOW, THEY’RE HEAVIER, THEY’RE A LITTLE BIT LONGER, YOU CAN JUST GET BETTER LEVERAGE NATURALLY.” PETIT AGREED, ADDING THAT HE BELIEVED THE WRENCH “WAS MADE IN LETHBRIDGE. MAYBE LETHBRIDGE IRON WORKS.” DZUREN EXPLAINED THAT THE WRENCH “WAS CARRIED IN A LEATHER HOLSTER TYPE OF THING THAT HUNG AT YOUR SIDE AND IT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS YOU PUT ON RIGHT AWAY, AS SOON AS YOU PUT ON YOUR TURN OUT GEAR … THAT WOULD BE THERE BECAUSE YOU WOULD NEED THAT TO TURN ON YOUR FIRE HYDRANT IF YOU NEEDED THE HYDRANT FOR WATER … AND IT ALSO HAD, THERE WAS A LITTLE, TINY, THE TOP OF THE KEY THERE WAS A LITTLE ROUND THING THAT WAS THERE TO TIGHTEN THE CUP LINKS ON HOSES, IF YOU HAD TO TIGHTEN A HOSE THAT WAS LEAKING.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010011
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970115001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Length
113 (CHAIN)
Diameter
14 (BALL)
Description
ROUND STEEL BALL ATTACHED TO A STEEL CHAIN WITH A LEG SHACKLE AT THE END. ALSO ATTACHED TO THE TOP OF THE BALL IS AN ADJUSTABLE LEATHER STRAP, USED BY PRISONER TO LIFT THE BALL OFF THE GROUND. MARKED ON THE SURFACE OF THE ANKLE CUFF IS "TOWER (?) PATENT MAY 26, '74, SEPT. 4, '77, MAR. 5, '78, DEC. ?. '79 DEC. 5, '82". HINGE STAMPED "4" ON ONE SIDE AND "D" ON THE OTHER. SURFACE OF BALL IS STAMPED WITH A LARGE "A". LEATHER IS STILL REASONABLY SOFT.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
DONATION MADE ON BEHALF OF DONORS FATHER, EDWARD E. BUCHANAN, FORMER SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT, ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE FROM MAY 1944 TO NOV. 1950. ACCORDING TO DONOR, ITEM BELONGED TO THE NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE AT LETHBRIDGE, BUT WAS GIVEN TO THE LETHBRIDGE JAIL WHEN IT OPENED IN APPROX. 1909. USED TO KEEP A PRISONER IMMOBILE IN THE UNFENCED PRISON YARD. MR. BUCHANAN WAS A MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FROM 1919 UNTIL 1932 WHEN HE TRANSFERED TO ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE. RETIRED IN 1950, THEN BECAME DIRECTOR OF CORRECTIONS FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. FATHER WAS GIVEN THE ITEMS BY WARDEN OF LETHBRIDGE'S JAIL, HERB HOLT IN THE LATE 1950'S. FOR DONOR'S PERSONAL MEMORIES AND HISTORY OF DONATIONS SEE PERMANENT FILE. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. **** ON 18 JANUARY 2013, BALL AND CHAIN (P19970115001) AND OREGON BOOT (P19970115002) DONOR TED BUCHANAN (TB) VISITED THE GALT TO PARTICIPATE IN A COLLECTIONS-REQUESTED INTERVIEW. THE INTENT OF THE INTERVIEW WAS TO CLARIFY DETAILS SURROUNDING BUCHANAN’S 1998 ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF A HANGMAN’S NOOSE (P19990088001). ADDITIONAL DETAILS REGARDING BUCHANAN’S OWNERSHIP OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WERE DISCUSSED, QUESTIONS POSED BY KEVIN MACLEAN (KM). RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM THE INTERVIEW ARE BELOW. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE INTERVIEW IN ITS ENTIRETY, PLEASE SEE P19990088001’S PERMANENT FILE. TB: “WELL HE HAD A TRUNK IN THE BASEMENT WHERE HE KEPT A LOT OF THIS, THE OLD MEMORABILIA THAT HE HAD. AND AS MUCH OF IT AS I CAN REMEMBER WAS ALL, PRETTY MUCH EVERYTHING WAS KEPT IN THAT BIG ROOM, TRUNK.” TB: “HE HAD TAKEN POSSESSION OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WHILE HE WAS STILL WITH THE RCMP HERE (LETHBRIDGE). IT CAME OUT OF THE OLD RCMP DETACHMENT BUILDING THAT WAS THERE BEFORE THEY BUILT THEIR NEW FACILITY, THEY HAD FOUR OR FIVE JUST LIKE HOUSES THAT WERE ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY, APPROXIMATELY WHERE THE PRESENT POLICE STATION IS. AND THEN ON THE WEST SIDE OF THAT PROPERTY, BECAUSE THEY OWNED THE WHOLE FOUR CITY BLOCKS THERE, WHERE CITY HALL IS, THE YATES MEMORIAL CENTER, AND THE SENIORS’ CENTER AND THE CURLING RINK AND ALL THAT. THAT WAS ALL RCMP PROPERTY; WELL IT WAS NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE PROPERTY ORIGINALLY. AND WAY OFF ON THE EAST SIDE WAS WHERE THE STABLES WERE, BECAUSE THE ORIGINAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ONLY WAY TO TRAVEL WAS BY HORSEBACK UNTIL THEY STARTED BRINGING IN AUTOMOBILES AND SO THEY HAD QUITE A STABLE THERE. WELL THEN THEY HAD TO BUILD A JAIL OUT HERE, SO THEY BUILT A JAIL ADJACENT TO THE STABLES ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY AND THAT’S WHERE THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT CAME INTO PLAY, BECAUSE THE LAND DOWN THERE WAS GOOD GARDENING LAND AND THEY HAD BIG GARDEN CROPS OUT THERE AND THEY WOULD HAVE SOME OF THE INMATES GO OUT THERE AND HOE THE GARDEN AND LOOK AFTER THE VEGETABLES AND DO THE WATERING AND WHATEVER AND THIS IS WHY THEY HAD TO RESTRAIN THEM.” KM: “DO YOU REMEMBER ANY SPECIFIC STORIES WITH THAT BOOT, WHO WORE IT OR ANYTHING, LIKE THAT?” TB: “NO.” KM: “SO ALL YOU KNOW IS THAT THOSE ITEMS CAME DIRECTLY FROM THE BARRACKS?” TB: “THAT’S RIGHT, IN FACT THE REASON THAT DAD SAID HE TOOK POSSESSION OF THEM BECAUSE WHEN THEY TORE DOWN THE OLD STABLES AND THE OLD JAIL THEY WERE JUST DESTROYING IT, EVERYTHING WAS JUST GOING TO THE CITY DUMP AND HE HAPPENED TO SEE SOME OF THESE THINGS AND HE THOUGHT THEY WERE THINGS THAT PEOPLE WOULD BE INTERESTED IN VIEWING IN THE FUTURE.
Catalogue Number
P19970115001
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
OREGON BOOT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970115002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
OREGON BOOT
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1910
Materials
STEEL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
3
Description
DARK BROWN LEATHER BOOT WITH A STEEL PLATE FASTENED TO THE BOTTOM OF THE HEEL THAT HAS A STEEL ROD ON EACH SIDE ATTACHED TO A STEEL RING AROUND THE OPENING OF THE BOOT. OTHER TWO PIECES ARE WEIGHTS THAT ARE EACH HALF OF A WEIGHTED RING THAT IS CLAMPED AROUND PRISONERS LEG, BUT RESTS ON THE STEEL FRAME. BOOT HAS A HOLE IN THE TOE, AND IS MISSING LACES.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BOOT DESIGNED AND PRODUCED IN THE 1860S TO PREVENT INMATES FROM ESCAPING A FACILITY IN SALEM OREGON. IT WAS NOTED THAT PRISONERS ON OUTSIDE EXERCISE WERE ESCAPING WHEN SHAKLED TO THE TRADITIONAL BALL AND CHAIN. PRISONERS LEARNED THEY COULD PICK UP THE BALL AND, IF DESIRED, RUN AND CLIMB, ALLOWING THEIR ESCAPE. J.C. GARNER INVENTEDTHE BOOT DEVICE. IT IS CLAIMED THAT HE BASED THE DESIGN ON ANKLE BRACES USED TO RESTRAIN SLAVES IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH. HE HAD IT WAS MANUFACTURED IN PRISON SHOPS AND USED ON CONVICTS WHEN OUTSIDE THEIR CELLS. HE LATER PATENTED HIS DEVICE, BUT AS ITS POPULARITY SPREAD AMONGST LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES IT WAS MADE BY DIFFERENT MANUFACTURERS, WHO MADE IT IN SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT CONFIGURATIONS TO AVOID PATENT INFRINGEMENT. THE BOOT DECLINED IN USE AFTER THE 1920S. ACCORDING TO DONOR’S FATHER, EDWARD BUCHANAN, BOOT WAS WORN BY A PRISONER AT NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE BARRACKS IN LETHBRIDGE. PRISONER WAS CONVICTED OF MURDER AND SENTENCED TO DEATH BY THE COURT. HANGING ARRANGEMENTS WERE MADE FOR A SCAFFOLD TO BE MADE AT BARRACKS, AS THERE WAS NONE PRESENT. A SLIGHT CHANGE WAS MADE TO THE TRAP DOOR IN THE HAY LOFT OF THE STABLE BY PLACING A STEEL RING IN THE WOOD WORK ABOVE TO FASTEN THE ROPE ON AND THIS WAS WHAT WOULD SERVE THE SENTENCE OF THE COURT. THE EXECUTION WAS CARRIED OUT AT THE BREAK OF DAY, AFTER WHICH THE PRISONER WAS BURIED IN AN UNMARKED GRAVE. EVENT (JAN. 1911) BECAME ONLY EXECUTION EVER CARRIED OUT WITHIN BOUNDARIES OF CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. PRISONER WAS IMMOBOLIZED WHEN HE PUT THE BOOT ON, HAD WEIGHTS APPLIED OVER BRACKET, ENSURING HE COULD WALK, BUT NOT RUN WHILE OUTSIDE. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE MAGAZINE ARTICLES IN PERMANENT FILE ON MURDER CASE AND CONVICTION AS WELL AS BOOT'S GENERIC ORIGINS, AND P19970115001-GA. SEE P20020090001-GA FOR COMPLETE BIOGRAPHY OF EDWARD BUCHANAN. **** ON 18 JANUARY 2013, BALL AND CHAIN (P19970115001) AND OREGON BOOT (P19970115002) DONOR TED BUCHANAN (TB) VISITED THE GALT TO PARTICIPATE IN A COLLECTIONS-REQUESTED INTERVIEW. THE INTENT OF THE INTERVIEW WAS TO CLARIFY DETAILS SURROUNDING BUCHANAN’S 1998 ACQUISITION AND POSSESSION OF A HANGMAN’S NOOSE (P19990088001). ADDITIONAL DETAILS REGARDING BUCHANAN’S OWNERSHIP OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WERE DISCUSSED, QUESTIONS POSED BY KEVIN MACLEAN (KM). RELEVANT EXCERPTS FROM THE INTERVIEW ARE BELOW. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING THE INTERVIEW IN ITS ENTIRETY, PLEASE SEE P19990088001’S PERMANENT FILE. TB: “WELL HE HAD A TRUNK IN THE BASEMENT WHERE HE KEPT A LOT OF THIS, THE OLD MEMORABILIA THAT HE HAD. AND AS MUCH OF IT AS I CAN REMEMBER WAS ALL, PRETTY MUCH EVERYTHING WAS KEPT IN THAT BIG ROOM, TRUNK.” TB: “HE HAD TAKEN POSSESSION OF THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT WHILE HE WAS STILL WITH THE RCMP HERE (LETHBRIDGE). IT CAME OUT OF THE OLD RCMP DETACHMENT BUILDING THAT WAS THERE BEFORE THEY BUILT THEIR NEW FACILITY, THEY HAD FOUR OR FIVE JUST LIKE HOUSES THAT WERE ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY, APPROXIMATELY WHERE THE PRESENT POLICE STATION IS. AND THEN ON THE WEST SIDE OF THAT PROPERTY, BECAUSE THEY OWNED THE WHOLE FOUR CITY BLOCKS THERE, WHERE CITY HALL IS, THE YATES MEMORIAL CENTER, AND THE SENIORS’ CENTER AND THE CURLING RINK AND ALL THAT. THAT WAS ALL RCMP PROPERTY; WELL IT WAS NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE PROPERTY ORIGINALLY. AND WAY OFF ON THE EAST SIDE WAS WHERE THE STABLES WERE, BECAUSE THE ORIGINAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ONLY WAY TO TRAVEL WAS BY HORSEBACK UNTIL THEY STARTED BRINGING IN AUTOMOBILES AND SO THEY HAD QUITE A STABLE THERE. WELL THEN THEY HAD TO BUILD A JAIL OUT HERE, SO THEY BUILT A JAIL ADJACENT TO THE STABLES ON THE EAST SIDE OF THE PROPERTY AND THAT’S WHERE THE BALL AND CHAIN AND THE OREGON BOOT CAME INTO PLAY, BECAUSE THE LAND DOWN THERE WAS GOOD GARDENING LAND AND THEY HAD BIG GARDEN CROPS OUT THERE AND THEY WOULD HAVE SOME OF THE INMATES GO OUT THERE AND HOE THE GARDEN AND LOOK AFTER THE VEGETABLES AND DO THE WATERING AND WHATEVER AND THIS IS WHY THEY HAD TO RESTRAIN THEM.” KM: “DO YOU REMEMBER ANY SPECIFIC STORIES WITH THAT BOOT, WHO WORE IT OR ANYTHING, LIKE THAT?” TB: “NO.” KM: “SO ALL YOU KNOW IS THAT THOSE ITEMS CAME DIRECTLY FROM THE BARRACKS?” TB: “THAT’S RIGHT, IN FACT THE REASON THAT DAD SAID HE TOOK POSSESSION OF THEM BECAUSE WHEN THEY TORE DOWN THE OLD STABLES AND THE OLD JAIL THEY WERE JUST DESTROYING IT, EVERYTHING WAS JUST GOING TO THE CITY DUMP AND HE HAPPENED TO SEE SOME OF THESE THINGS AND HE THOUGHT THEY WERE THINGS THAT PEOPLE WOULD BE INTERESTED IN VIEWING IN THE FUTURE.
Catalogue Number
P19970115002
Acquisition Date
1997-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2005
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010015
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
2005
Materials
METAL, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
19.0
Length
24.8
Width
16.6
Diameter
9.0
Description
ADJUSTABLE SILVER COLOURED METAL WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE. CENTRAL CYLINDRICAL PORTION HAS A COUPLING ON ONE END, THROUGH WHICH BLACK RUBBER IS VISIBLE. THE OPPOSITE END HAS A CAP ON THE END OF THE CYLINDER. THIS CAP HAS A SMALL KNOB, WHICH HAS A VERY SHORT PIECE OF THIN CHAIN ATTACHED. COMING OUT FROM THE TOP OF THE CLYINDER IS THE DUAL-ADJUSTABLE NOZZLE: A 90 DEGREE FITTING ALLOWS THE NOZZLE TO ROTATE HORIZONTALLY AND HAS A BOLT THAT CAN BE TIGHTENED TO PREVENT FURTHER ROTATION; THE SECOND COMPONENT ROTATES VERTICALLY AND IS ROUGHLY SHAPED LIKE A THUMBLESS MITTEN AND AN 11CM LONG SLIT THAT ALLOWS THE WATER TO SPRAY OUT. BELOW THE NOZZLE, COMING OUT FROM THE SIDES OF THE CYLINDER, IS A ROUGHLY TRIANGULAR SHAPED PORTION, WHICH GOES UNDER THE CYLINDER AND HAS TWO SMALL BOLTS ON THE VERY BOTTOM. EACH OF THE ARMS OF THIS TRIANGULAR SHAPE HAVE A RED STRIPE, WITH ONE HAVING A STICKER OF "Q1" IN THE RED STRIPE. OVERALL IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. THE SILVER FINISH ON THE METAL HAS FLAKED OFF, ESPECIALLY ON THE EDGES/CORNERS, AROUND THE COVER WITH THE SMALL PIECE OF CHAIN AND AROUND THE COUPLING. THE RED STRIPES HAVE PARTIALLY SCRATCHED OFF. THE "Q1" STICKER IS LOOSE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED IN 1959, RETIRED 1992), AND RAYMOND “RAY” PETIT (HIRED 1965, RETIRED 1998). BROWN RECALLED “THAT’S JUST A KIND OF SPRAY CURTAIN BETWEEN BUILDINGS. I DON’T EVER REMEMBER USING IT. THAT’S WHAT IT IS. IF ONE BUILDING IS ON FIRE, AND YOU WANT TO TRY AND SAVE THE OTHER BUILDING, YOU PUT IT ON THERE, JUST KIND OF A BIG WALL OF SPRAY, AND THAT WOULD KEEP THE OTHER BUILDING SAFE.” LAZENBY ADDED: “THIS IS CALLED A CURTAIN NOZZLE AND THE IDEA BEHIND THIS NOZZLE WAS … FOR EXPOSURE PROTECTION. AND, WHAT I MEAN BY THAT IS, IF YOU HAVE A HOUSE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE STREET THAT’S ON FIRE AND THE FIRE IS VENTING OUT THE WINDOWS ON ONE SIDE, THE HOUSE THAT IS IMMEDIATELY EXPOSED TO THAT HOUSE THAT’S ON FIRE, WE CONSIDER THAT AN EXPOSURE HAZARD … THE BEST WAY TO STOP HEAT FROM TRANSFERRING RADIANTLY FROM HOUSE A TO HOUSE B WAS TO PUT UP A STREAM OF WATER IN BETWEEN THE HOUSES … IT DIDN’T WORK VERY WELL WHEN IT WAS WINDY AND UNFORTUNATELY WITH THE WINDS THAT WE GET AROUND HERE IT BECAME INEFFECTIVE AT TIMES, AND IT ALSO WASN’T VERY STABLE. IF YOU PUMPED THIS THING TO MORE THAN ABOUT 60 POUNDS PER SQUARE INCH AT THIS NOZZLE, IT BECAME UNSTABLE AND IT WOULD FLIP OVER … THE IDEA AND THE CONCEPT WAS EXCELLENT … BUT I THINK [IN THE END] IT DIDN’T WORK AS WELL AS WHAT WAS HOPED.” LAZENBY CONTINUED, STATING THAT THE NOZZLES WERE “DEFINITELY ON THE TRUCKS WHEN I STARTED … [AND THAT] SOMEWHERE AROUND 2005” THEY WERE REMOVED FROM THE TRUCKS AND REPLACED WITH A “BLITZ FIRE NOZZLE”. HE RECALLED THAT THE WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE WAS USEFUL: “I SAW IT DEPLOYED. WE DID USE IT. AND AS FAR AS EFFICACY, IT’S HARD TO KNOW REALLY WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED IF IT HADN’T BEEN THERE, SO, DID IT DO ITS JOB? YES, IT DID. THEY WERE JUST A LITTLE BIT TOO FINICKY AND JUST MAYBE DIDN’T WORK QUITE AS WELL AS THE NEWER TECHNOLOGY THAT WAS COMING ON THE MARKET.” PETIT ADDED THAT THE WATER CURTAIN NOZZLE WAS “JUST LIKE A SPRINKLER SYSTEM … YOU COULD PUT THAT BETWEEN THE TWO [CLOSE TOGETHER] BUILDINGS SO YOU COULD PROTECT THE OTHER ONE … I’VE SEEN IT USED, NOT IN A FIRE, BUT IN DRILLS … IT PROBABLY CAME IN AFTER [I STARTED IN THE 1960S] BUT LIKE I SAY, THE ONLY TIME I’VE EVER USED IT WAS WHEN WE HAD SOME DRILLS.” DZUREN RECALLED AN EARLIER VERSION: "I DON’T RECALL EVER USING THAT. NOW, THERE’S ANOTHER ONE THAT’S … GOT THESE LEGS SITTING HERE LIKE THAT [AND] YOU WOULD SET THAT ON THE GROUND. NOW IF THAT WAS TO HOOK UP A HOSE, THIS COULD BE SOMETHING WHERE YOU COULD HAVE A CONSTANT SPRAY GOING OUT. SAY IF THERE’S A FIRE THERE, AND YOU WANT TO PROTECT AN EXPOSURE CLOSE BY, AND THE FACT THAT THIS TRIPOD THERE, TO HAVE IT SITTING STEADY ON THE GROUND, AND THE SPRAY WOULD COME OUT OF THERE, THAT’S ALL THAT COMES TO MIND. WE HAD A FIRE DOWN TOWN HERE, IT WAS THE OLD SAAN STORES ON THIS STREET, AND THERE WAS A FIRE IN THE UPPER STORY, AND WE, THERE WERE POWER LINES AND TRANSFORMERS RIGHT IN THE ALLEY, AND WE SET UP WHAT WE CALL A CURTAIN NOZZLE, AND IT WAS BASICALLY, BUT IT DIDN’T LOOK LIKE THAT, IT WAS BASICALLY THAT, BUT IT WAS A FLAT PIECE OF BRASS ABOUT THAT LONG WITH HOLES IN IT, AND WE PUT THAT ON SO IT WOULD BE A SPRAY GOING UP FAIRLY HIGH, I THINK IT WENT PROBABLY TWENTY-FIVE, THIRTY FEET HIGH. ONCE YOU PUT THE TWO AND A HALF INCH NOZZLE ON THERE WITH THE HIGH PRESSURE TO PROTECT THE TRANSFORMERS FROM HEAT, FROM THE BUILDING THAT WAS BURNING. NOW, THAT’S THE ONLY THING I CAN THINK OF, OF WHAT THAT MIGHT BE, BUT I DON’T, I DON’T REMEMBER THAT…” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010015
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010010
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, RUBBER
No. Pieces
1
Height
16.0
Length
50.3
Width
27.6
Description
FIRE-HOSE NOZZLE. SILVER COLOURED METAL, BLACK RUBBER AND PLASTIC. TWO LARGE BLACK RUBBER HANDLES COME OUT FROM THE CYLINDRICAL PORTION OF THE NOZZLE, MAKING A ROUNDED-CORNER SQUARE, WITH THE BODY OF THE NOZZLE GOING DOWN THE MIDDLE. "L" SHAPED METAL HANDLE WHERE BLACK RUBBER HANDLE MEETS BODY OF NOZZLE. DARK GREY COUPLING IN THE MIDDLE OF THE NOZZLE ALLOWS THE LOWER HANDLE PORTION TO BE REMOVED. STAMPED INTO THE DARK GREY METAL: "AKRON NPSH". SILVER METAL ADJUSTABLE HANDLE ALLOWS THE NOZZLE TO BE OPENED OR CLOSED AND IS EMBOSSED WITH "CLOSED" AND "OPEN" ON OPPOSITE SIDES OF THE HANDLE. STAMPED INTO THE METAL NEAR THIS OPEN/CLOSE LEVER IS "AKRON" AND THERE IS ALSO A BLACK STICKER OF "A1". ON THE UNDERSIDE OF THIS LEVER IS A SQUARE PATCH OF MEDIUM BLUE PAINT AND SCRATCHED INTO THE METAL IS "16 B". ABOVE THIS IS AN ADJUSTABLE RING, STAMPED WITH THE FOLLOWING MEASUREMENTS: "120 3/4; 150 7/8; 200 1; 250 1 1/8" (THESE MEASUREMENTS INDICATE HOW MANY GALLONS OF WATER PER MINUTE THE NOZZLE WILL EXPEL). IT IS ALSO STAMPED WITH: "FLUSH" AND "AKRON TURBOJET". THIS RING HAS 24 RAISED SQUARES FOR GRIPPING. BEYOND THIS IS ANOTHER ADJUSTABLE RING, STAMPED WITH "I V V", WHERE THE FIRST 'V' IS EXAGERATED AND EXTRA WIDE. (ADJUSTING THIS RING ADJUST THE FLOW OF WATER FROM A STRAIGHT STREAM TO A MIST OR FOG). THE BACKGROUND OF THESE STAMPS IS RED. BLACK RUBBER ABUTS THE ADJUSTABLE RING. THE RUBBER SECTION IS 7.7CM LONG AND IS TEXTURED, FIRST WITH A WIDE SET OF LINES, THEN ON THE VERY EDGE OF THE NOZZLE WITH A VERY CLOSE SET SECTION OF LINES. EMBOSSED ON THIS RUBBER SECTION IS: "US PAT. 3,387,791 - CAN PATENTED 1969". THE VERY END OF THE NOZZLE, WHERE THE WATER COMES OUT, HAS 24 BLACK PLASTIC TEETH. OVERALL IN VERY GOOD CONDITION. SIGNS OF WEAR ON THE SILVER FINISH, ESPECIALLY ON ADJUSTABLE OPEN/CLOSED HANDLE AND THE "L" SHAPED HANDLE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS FIRE-HOSE NOZZLE WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004), TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994), AND LAWRENCE DZUREN (HIRED 1959, RETIRED 1992). BROWN EXPLAINED THAT THIS NOZZLE WAS “PROBABLY ONE OF THE MOST DANGEROUS WEAPONS WE’VE GOT ON THAT DEPARTMENT. YOU HAD TO HAVE TWO GUYS HOLDING THAT THING … IT WAS FOR LARGER FIRES. YOU DIDN’T TAKE THAT INTO FIRES, BECAUSE YOU COULDN’T CONTROL IT. YOU’D TAKE IT MAYBE TO A DOOR OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT. THIS HERE NOZZLE – YOU’D TURN – IT WOULD BE A SPRAY OR A STRAIGHT STREAM. IF YOU PUT IT ON NON-STRAIGHT STREAM, IT WOULD DRAG YOU ALL OVER THE GROUND. I CAN REMEMBER SEEING GUYS ON THIS NOZZLE, SNAKING BACK AND FORTH LIKE THAT, AND THEM HANGING ONTO THE NOZZLE BEFORE THEY COULD GET THEIR BALANCE TO SHUT IT OFF … YOU HAD TO HAVE TWO GUYS ON IT, AND IF BY CHANCE, THEY FELL OFF IT, AND THEY LET IT LOOSE, WELL, YOU CAN IMAGINE. THAT THING PROBABLY WEIGHED … I’M GUESSING 40 POUNDS; IT WAS A VERY HEAVY NOZZLE. IF IT HIT ANYBODY … IT WOULD BE PRETTY HARD. SO, IF YOU DIDN’T HAVE TWO GUYS ON THAT NOZZLE, YOU’D TAKE IT AND YOU’D MAKE A CIRCLE ON IT, AND YOU’D SIT ON THE CIRCLE WITH THE NOZZLE LIKE THAT, AND JUST THAT LITTLE CIRCLE WOULD SORT OF KNOCK THE PRESSURE, SO IT DIDN’T ALL COME OUT OF THE NOZZLE. IT WOULD BE BACK IN THAT LITTLE CIRCLE SO ONE GUY COULD HOLD IT. BUT YOU’D PRETTY WELL HAVE TO SIT ON THAT NOZZLE. AND, AFTER YOU WERE ON THAT NOZZLE FOR ABOUT 15 MINUTES, YOU WERE JUST WIPED. IT WAS LIKE FIGHTING A TOUGH LITTLE CALF. BUT THAT WAS JUST MORE OR LESS FOR THE BIG FIRES, AND FOR THE FIRES YOU COULDN’T GET INTO.” LAZENBY EXPANDED SAYING: “IT’S A TWO AND A HALF INCH NOZZLE AND THIS WAS NEARING THE END OF ITS LIFE SPAN WHEN I WAS HIRED. THIS IS A FOG NOZZLE, WHICH MEANS THAT YOU CAN CHANGE THE PATTERN OF THE WATER FROM A RELATIVELY SMOOTH OR STRAIGHT STREAM INTO A 75 DEGREE FOG FOR YOUR PROTECTION. BEING A TWO AND HALF INCH NOZZLE, THIS CAN FLOW AN AWFUL LOT OF WATER … I BELIEVE THE ERGONOMIC PLASTIC HANDLES WERE JUST FOR ERGONOMICS AND EASE OF HOLDING ON TO THAT. THIS HOSE WAS BIG ENOUGH THAT TYPICALLY ONE PERSON WOULDN’T WANT TO OPERATE THAT BY THEMSELVES, UNLESS YOU’RE A REALLY BIG, STRONG GUY. EVEN EMPLOYING WHAT WAS CALLED THE KEENAN HOSE LOOP AND ACTUALLY ROTATE THE NOZZLE UNDERNEATH, AROUND AND UNDERNEATH ITSELF, UNDER THE HOSE AND YOU WOULD SIT ON THE CROSS OF THE HOSE SO THAT WOULD BEAR ALL THE NOZZLE REACTION AND ALL YOU WOULD HAVE TO DO IS DIRECT THE STREAM … GOOD NOZZLE, BUT QUITE HEAVY AND WE WERE GOING AWAY FROM THESE IN FAVOUR OF A NEWER, PISTOL-GRIP STYLE OF NOZZLE WHERE IT WAS ACTUALLY LIKE A PISTOL HANDLE WITH THE BALE FIXED ON TOP THAT IT JUST GAVE YOU A LITTLE BIT EASIER USE, LESS CUMBERSOME … I NEVER ACTUALLY USED ONE OF THESE EXCEPT FOR IN TRAINING, BUT THEY WERE ON OUR BACKUP ENGINES – THEY WEREN’T FRONT LINE, BUT THEY WERE ON THE BACKUP ENGINES WHEN I STARTED.” DZUREN ADDED: “THERE’S USUALLY EITHER TWO OR THREE GUYS, DEPENDING ON WHERE YOU WERE USING IT. BECAUSE THE PRESSURE ON THAT, YOU HAD TO HAVE FAIRLY HIGH PRESSURE TO HAVE THAT EVEN FUNCTION PROPERLY. SO YOU WOULD NEED TO HAVE ONE GUY THAT WOULD OPERATE THIS TRIGGER VALVE HERE, OR THE SPRAY VALVE, AND SOMEBODY WOULD BE BEHIND YOU MAKING SURE THAT IT DIDN’T GET AWAY ON YOU, BECAUSE IF A HOSE GOT AWAY ON YOU WITH IT RUNNING, IT WOULD … IT COULD BREAK A PERSON’S LEG OR KILL A PERSON … IF IT GOT AWAY FROM THEM.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010010
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HOUSE ALARM SYSTEM
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1973
Materials
STEEL, GLASS, BRASS
No. Pieces
32
Height
31.1
Length
8.3
Width
18.4
Description
.1 HOUSE ALARM BOX. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. STEEL, GLASS, BRASS. PAINTED RED. BOX IN PENTAGONAL SHAPED WITH ROUND CASEMENT IN FRONT FACE. A COG-WHEEL BRASS MECHANISM IS IN THE CASEMENT. CASEMENT FACE IS GLASS EDGED WITH COILED GOLD WIRE MOTIF. A KNOBBED BRASS LEVER IS ON MIDDLE RIGHT SIDE OF BOX. BOX FEATURES A VARIETY OF CIRCUIT WIRE CONNECTORS. BACK SIDE FEATURES 3 HOLES. BOX IS EMBOSSED AT TOP CENTRE WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND "GAMEWELL CO." .2 HOUSE ALARM GONG AND KEY WINDER. 84.4 CM HT. X 12.1 CM TH. X 33.0 CM WTH. X 35.6 CM DIA. BRASS, OAK WOOD. 2 PIECES. NATURAL COLOURS. CIRCULAR BRASS GONG IS MOUNTED ON OAK FRAME AND CASE. TOP OF CASE IS CONVEX WITH 6 CARVED BALLS ALONG TOP EDGE. A BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM IS INSIDE CASE (ABOVE GONG) BEHIND CRACKED GLASS DOOR. KEY WINDER FITS IN KEYHOLE AT BOTTOM LEFT OF GLASS DOOR. BRASS KEY WINDER IS FLANGED. 4 WIRES AND A RING FOR HANGING PROTRUDE FROM TOP OF GONG CASE. A LABEL SCREWED ONTO DOOR STATES: "THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY LIMITED. .3 PUNCH REGISTER. 17.3 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 22.9 CM LTH. BRASS, WOOD, GLASS. 7 PIECES. BASE PAINTED BLACK. REGISTER IS A KEY-WOUND BRASS COG-WHEEL MECHANISM CONTAINED IN A BRASS AND GLASS CASE. KEY WINDER IS MISSING. REGISTER IS MOUNTED ON A HOLLOW PAINTED WOOD BASE. MECHANISM OPERATES A ROLL OF PAPER TAPE MOUNTED IN A BRASS SPOKED REEL AND FEED THROUGH A PUNCH AND ALONG A GUIDE PLATE. A SMALL (3.6 CM HT. X 3.8 CM DIA.) BRASS CUT SITS BELOW PUNCH HEAD TO CATCH PIECES OF PUNCHED OUT PAPER, AS TAPE IS FED THROUGH AND PUNCHED TO RECORD FIRE CALLS. TAPE REEL DIA 12.7 CM LABEL ENGRAVED ON CASE ABOVE PUNCH HEAD READS: "HARRINGTON-SEABERG MOLINE, ILLINOIS". THE PUNCH REGISTER IS WIRED TO AN ELECTRONIC SYSTEM AND OUTSIDE FIRE ALARM BOXES AT VARIOUS STREET LOCATIONS. .4 TAPE TAKE-UPS. 22.0 CM HT. X 7.2 CM WTH. X 15.0 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. 2 UNITS (6 PIECES). BLACK FINISH ON STEEL. SERIAL NO'S. 105662, 105793. 2 IDENTICAL UNITS, EACH CONSISTING OF A KEY-WOUND MECHANISM IN A BLACK STEEL CASE. A TAKE-UP TRIP LEVER IS MOUNTED ON THE KEY WIND POST OF EACH UNIT. A BRASS SPOKED REEL IS GEARED TO THE MECHANISM AND TRIP LEVER ON EACH UNIT, TO TAKE UP THE USED, PUNCHED TAPE COMING FROM THE PUNCH REGISTER. SPOKED REEL DIA. 12.7 CM. ENGRAVED LABELS ON CASES FEATURE CLENCHED FIST AND READ: "GAMEWELL THE GAMEWELL CO., NEWTON, MASS." AND SERIAL NUMBERS. THESE ARE COMPANION UNITS TO THE PUNCH REGISTER. .5 KEY WINDER. 0.5 CM TH. X 1.8 CM WTH. X 8.6 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL. NATURAL COLOUR. RATCHET-STYLE SQUARE KEY FOR WINDING SPRINGS ON TAPE TAKE-UP UNITS. KEY RATCHET TENSION HAS BEEN REINFORCED WITH STEEL LEAF SPRING MOUNTED WITH BRASS WIRE AND SOLDER. .6 PACKAGE OF PAPER TAPES. 15.5 CM HT. X 11.5 CM DIA.PAPER, WOOD. 6 PIECES. 6 PAPER TAPE ROLLS TO REFILL PUNCH REGISTER ARE WOUND ON WOOD CORES AND WRAPPED IN BROWN PAPER. PACKAGE HAS BEEN OPENED. EACH ROLL IS 2.5 CM WIDE. .7 RELAY. 7.0 CM HT. X 9.4 CM WTH. X 17.7 CM LTH. SOAPSTONE, CORDAGE, BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WAX. NATURAL COLOURS. RELAY IS MOUNTED ON A RECTANGULAR SOAPSTONE BASE. MOUNT HOLES ON UNDERSIDE OF BASE ARE PLUGGED WITH WAX. RELAY FEATURES BAKELITE INSULATED COILS, BRASS WIRE CONNECTORS AND FITTINGS, AND A SPARK GAP ADJUSTABLE FOR WIDTH AND TENSION (BY COIL SPRING & CORD). .8 TEST SWITCH. 4.9 CM TH. X 9.6 CM WTH. X 13.5 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, MASONITE, BAKELITE. BLACK FINISH ON STEEL AND MASONITE. TELEGRAPH KEY-STYLE CIRCUIT TEST SWITCH, WIRED IN-LINE AND USED TO TEST HOUSE LARM BOX CIRCUIT. KEY IS BRASS WITH BAKELITE KNOB, MOUNTED ON STEEL BASE, MASONITE BASE PLATE, BRASS MOUNTING BOLTS. .9 VOLTAGE REGULATOR SWITCH. 12.0 CM HT. X 20.5 CM DIA. BRASS, CAST IRON, STEEL, CERAMIC. 3 PIECES. BLACK PAINTED BASE. "SERIAL #172836" UNDERSIDE OF BASE. SWITCH CONSISTS OF BRASS WHEEL-STYLE HANDLE ATTACHED WITH SET SCREW, BRASS FACE PLATE, AND CERAMIC/BRASS/STEEL/IRON BASE. BASE FEATURES 3 SCREW LUGS, 2 WIRE CONNECTORS AT SIDE, TURNING STEEL CENTRE SHAFT, CERAMIC INSULATED BRASS CONTACTS ON UNDERSIDE, SERIAL NO. PLATE ON UNDERSIDE, AND ROTATING CONTACT BETWEEN BRASS CONTACTS & CENTRE SHAFT. BOTH FACE PLATE AND BASE ARE EMBOSSED WITH DIRECTIONAL ARROWS AND: "TO LOWER (AND) RAISE VOLTAGE, WARD LEONARD ELECTRIC CO., BRONXVILLE, N.Y., U.S.A.", AND: "TO RAISE RESISTANCE". .10 D.C. VOLTMETER. 10 CM HT. X 20.2 CM DIA. BRASS, GLASS. BLACK PAINTED CASE/FACE. METER FEATURES BRASS/GLASS FACE, BLACK PAINT TIM ON FACE, AND INCREMENTS FROM 0-150 INSIDE GLASS FACE. METER IS NUMBERED "15522" (INSIDE GLASS FACE). EMBOSSED ON FACE: "WAGNER ELECTRIC MFG. CO., TYPE-D., ST. LOUIS, U.S.A." THIS IS A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. .11 D.C. AMMETERMETER IS SIMILAR IS ALMOST ALL RESPECTS TO D.C. VOLTMETER DESCRIBED PREVIOUSLY AND IS ALSO A COMPANION UNIT TO THE VOLTAGE REGULATOR. INCREMENTS ARE 0-500 MILLI-AMPS, AND METER IS NUMBERED "15571" INSIDE GLASS FACE. .12 RECTIFIER. 13.5 CM HT. X 12.7 CM WTH. X 27.9 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, WIRE. BLACK COLOUR. "STYLE NO. 947766-A" ON PLATE. ITEM CONSISTS OF TWIN COILS, ANOTHER COIL AND A CIRCUIT PANEL ALL MOUNTED ON STEEL CHANNEL. BASE AND INTERCONNECTED WITH INSULATED WIRES. WIRE CONNECTORS AND OTHER ELECTRICAL FURNISHINGS ARE BRASS. A STEEL SPECIFICATION PLATE IS MOUNTED ON TOP OF THE TWIN COILS AND FEATURES A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL, AND READS: "RECTOX RECTIFIER". OTHER INFORMATION INCLUDES: "A.C. VOLTS 105-115-125, D.C. VOLTS 30-45-60, .60 CYC., STYLE NO., .115 AMPS, LICENSED UNDER PATENT 1.640.335, ETC., WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC & MFG. CO.", ETC. .13. 15 CM TH. X 31 CM WTH. X 56 CM LTH. BRASS, STEEL, BAKELITE, RUBBER, WOOD, GLASS, WIRE WITH BRAID COVER. BLACK.UNIT CONSISTS OF SMALL VOLTAGE REGULATOR WITH WHEEL CONTROL AND 0-500 MILLI-AMP D.C. AMMETER MARKED: "TRIPLETT, MODEL 521" MOUNTED ON BOARD WITH EMBOSSED BRASS PLATE "GONGS". 4 MOUNTING BOLTS, 1 AT EACH CORNER. GONG AND ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT ON REVERSE SIDE.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SYSTEM WAS LOCATED IN OPERATOR'S OFFICE IN FIRE HALL NO. 1, BUILT 1908-09 BY SMITH BROS. & WILSON, ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD. WHEN A PASSERBY PULLED THE STREET ALARM, THE BOX NO. WOULD REGISTER AS PUNCHED HOLES ON PAPER TAPE. FIRE OPERATOR CHECKED NUMBER AGAINST A BOX REGISTER & WROTE OUT NUMBER FOR FIREMEN. OPERATOR THEN PRESSED HOUSE ALARM BOX LEVER TO TRIGGER HOUSE ALARM GONG AND ALERT DUTY SHIFT FIREFIGHTER CREW TO RESPOND TO FIRE. SYSTEM OPERATED ON 100 M.A. AT 48 VOLTS. *** UPDATE JUNE 2012 *** IN JUNE 2012, THE GALT DEVELOPED A SMALL EXHIBIT TO COMMEMORATE AN ANNIVERSARY CELEBRATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPT. MUCH OF THE EXHIBIT’S CONTENT CENTRED ON THE GALT’S COLLECTION OF FIRE ALARM BOX/SYSTEM OBJECTS. TECHNICAL DATA WAS SOURCED DIRECTLY FROM PERSONS INVOLVED WITH THE PENNSYLVANIA FIRE MUSEUM. NEW INFORMATION ON THE USE OF THE HOUSE FIRE ALARM BOX WAS PROVIDED IN JUNE 2012 BY RETIRED FIRE CHIEF LAWRENCE DZUREN. DZUREN STATED IN 2012 THAT THE BOX’S LEVER WAS PULLED EVERY TIME A FIRE CALL CAME INTO THE HALL BY PHONE. THE LEVER’S FREQUENT/DAILY USE MAY EXPLAIN WHY OPERATORS CHOSE TO REMOVE THE BOX’S HINGED DOOR - DOCUMENTED HISTORICALLY IN GALT ARCHIVAL IMAGE P19760218007. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ON BOX AND SYSTEM’S RECEIVER/REGISTER, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19760096000
Acquisition Date
1976-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DEMONSTRATION ALARM BOX
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Height
183.5
Width
32.0
Description
"SERIAL #20114C" AND "17" ON BACK OF ALARM BOX. DEMONSTRATION UNIT CONSISTS OF A WOODEN STAND WITH A TRIANGULAR BRACED BASE. AN ALARM BOX IS AT TOP OF THE STAND, A GONG IS MOUNTED BELOW THIS, AND A GONG MOUNTED ON A CONTROL BOX IS AT THE BOTTOM. AT THE BACK OF THE STAND IS AN AUTO BATTERY MOUNTED AT THE TOP, A RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY, AND A CIRCUIT BOARD BELOW THE SWITCH. BOX IS RED, PENTAGONAL SHAPE, WITH FRONT OPENING. TOP FEATURES A FIST DESIGN AND EMBOSSED WORD: "GAMEWELL". DOOR OF BOX FEATURES WHITE LETTERING: "FOR FIRE". INSIDE DOOR IS PLASTIC COVERED OPENING, A HANDLE MARKED: OPEN, AND A WHITE HOOK WITH RED LETTERING BELOW: "PULL DOWN HOOK". LETTERING FLANKED BY DOWN POINTED ARROWS. BACKSIDE OF DOOR AND OPENING AREA FEATURE SILVER/BLACK LABELS SHOWING: PATENT NUMBERS, SERIAL NUMBER, UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES OF CANADA, FIRE ALARM, NORTHERN ELECTRIC COMPANY LIMITED, MADE IN CANADA, ETC. TWO KEYS AVAILABLE TO LOCK BOX VIA KEYHOLE INSIDE DOOR. THE MIDDLE GONG IS MOUNTED ON A MAHOGANY BLOCK AND FEATURES A SPRING LOADED HANDLE AND TWO COILS. THE GONG IS STAMPED IN GOLD; THE NORTHERN ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING CO. LTD. THE BOTTOM GONG IS MOUNTED ON A BLACK/SILVER METAL CONTROL BOX FEATURING A SILVER SWITCH AND A RED INDICATOR LIGHT. THIS BOTTOM UNIT IS MARKED WITH A CLENCHED FIST SYMBOL AND: THE GAMEWELL COMPANY, NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS. KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY AT TOP REAR OF STAND IS BLACK METAL & HAS A PRODUCT LABEL: KINGSTON AUTO BATTERY...KINGSTON PRODUCT CORP. KOKOMA, INDIANA, U.S.A. BATTERY IS WIRED FOR A WALL PLUG, 115 V. A.C., 65 WATTS. THE RESET SWITCH BELOW THE BATTERY FEATURES THE WORDS: TRIP AND RESET. THE CIRCUIT BOARD AT THE BOTTOM REAR OF THE STAND IS WIRED TO THE VARIOUS ITEMS ON THE DEMONSTRATION UNIT, AND IS LABELLED: MOTOROLA, MADE IN CANADA.
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
UNIT CONSTRUCTED BY LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT PERSONNEL TO DEMONSTRATE ALARM SYSTEM USE TO SCHOOL CHILDREN. UNIT WAS COLLECTED FROM NO. 1 FIRE HALL WHEN ABANDONED BY FIRE DEPARTMENT. NO. 1 FIRE HALL WAS CONSTRUCTED IN 1908-1909. ARCHITECT: J.A. MCDONALD, CONTRACTOR: SMITH BROS. & WILSON.
Catalogue Number
P19760095000
Acquisition Date
1975-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19683204000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
NICKEL PLATE
No. Pieces
1
Height
24.1
Diameter
5.7
Description
STEAM WHISTLE WITH THREADED ATTACHMENT AT BOTTOM, CHAIN ATTACHED TO LEVER ON SIDE OF WHISTLE, ORNAMENTAL CAP ON TOP. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE
Subjects
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
LAND TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
WHISTLE IS FROM NO. 1 FIRE ENGINE & USED TO SOUND A WARNING WHEN FIRE ENGINE IN USE. ACQUIRED ABOUT TURN OF THE CENTURY.
Catalogue Number
P19683204000
Acquisition Date
1968-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FIRE BELL
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, STEEL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19950037009
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FIRE BELL
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BRASS, STEEL, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
28
Diameter
19.1
Description
LARGE AND HEAVY BRASS BELL WITH WHITE COTTON ROPE. BELL IS MADE ENTIRELY OF BRASS AND HAS CYLINDRICAL SHAFT AT TOP. ROUNDED BRASS COLLAR SLIDES OVER BELL SHAFT. AT TOP OF SHAFT IS LARGE HEXAGONAL BRASS BUT WITH WIDE CIRCULAR BASE. COLLAR ON SHAFT HAS TWO KNOBS EXTENDING FROM SIDES. A LENGTH OF WHITE COTTON ROPE HAS BEEN WOVEN AROUND KNOBS CREATING LOOP. HINGED ON INSIDE OF BELL IS 16.5CM STEEL STRIKER WITH BALL END. AT END OF STRIKER IS STEEL PLUG WITH LOOPED STEEL RODS IN IT. FASTENED TO LOOP IS 46CM LENGTH OF WHITE COTTON ROPE. ROPE HAS KNOT IN ITS END. BRASS HAS MILD AMOUNTS OF GREEN CORROSION. STEEL STRIKER IS HEAVILY OXIDIZED AND INSIDE OF BELL IS HEAVILY TARNISHED AS WELL.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
REGULATIVE & PROTECTIVE T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE P19950037001-GA. BELONGED TO WILLIAM H. SHORT, LAST FIRE CHIEF OF THE OLD NO.1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A BELT DONATED BY SHARON DEREK. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK, IS THE NIECE OF AGNES SHORT. AGNES CHRISTINA SHORT WAS BORN ON APRIL 20, 1916 TO WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA SHORT (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). SHE GRADUATED FROM LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE AND THEN ATTDNED THE CALGARY GENERAL HOSPITAL FOR NURSING TRAINING, WHICH SHE GRADUATED FROM IN 1939. AGNES WAS THE SUPERVISOR AT THE GALT HOSPITAL FROM 1939-1945. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF THE NURSING STAFF OF LETHBRIDGE SCHOOL DISTRICT #51 FROM 1947 UNTIL 1958. SHE WAS ALSO THE DIRECTOR OF NURSING AT THE LETHBRIDGE HEALTH UNIT FROM 1964 UNTIL HER RETIREMENT. SHE RETIRED IN 1980 AFTER 42 YEARS OF NURSING. AGNES PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 78 ON OCTOBER 20, 1994. WILLIAM HENRY SHORT WAS AGNES’S FATHER. HE WAS BORN IN LONDON, ENGLAND IN 1889 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. HE INITIALLY WORKED FOR THE CITY WATERWORKS DEPARTMENT IN LETHBRIDGE FOR TWO YEARS, BEFORE SPENDING 51 YEARS IN SERVICE OF THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. HE OVERSAW THE INTRODUCTION OF MOTORIZED FIRE ENGINES, SWITCHING FROM HORSE POWERED WAGONS, IN 1913. HE ALSO SAW THE DEPARTMENT GROW IN SIZE FROM ONLY 13 TO 49 MEN. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 84 ON NOVEMBER 18, 1974. WILLIAM’S WIFE BERTHA L. SHORT PASSED AWAY ON JULY 28, 1989. ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE ABOUT AGNES’S LIFE, THE SHORT FAMILY LIVED IN NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL, WHERE WILLIAM WAS FIRE CHIEF. WILLIAM H. AND BERTHA ALSO HAD ANOTHER CHILD, WILLIAM D. SHORT. HE WAS BORN ON AUGUST 16, 1916 AND PASSED AWAY ON AUGUST 5, 1990. HE WAS MARRIED TO MYRTLE (NEE NELSON) SHORT AND THEIR CHILDREN INCLUDE THE DONOR, SHARON DERRICK. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY SHARON DERRICK. ON 1 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED DERRICK REGARDING HER DONATION. THE INFORMATION BELOW HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED WERE CONNECTED TO THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM H. SHORT AND HIS CAREER AS FIRE CHIEF IN THE NUMBER 1 FIRE HALL IN LETHBRIDGE. “YOU SEE, DURING THE YEARS THAT HE WAS THE FIRE CHIEF,” DERRICK BEGAN, “THEIR QUARTERS ACTUALLY WERE IN THE BACK OF THE FIRE HALL. SO STUFF KIND OF GOT ACCUMULATED THERE. THE WHOLE FAMILY [LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL]. WHEN I WAS LITTLE, I WAS THERE ALL THE TIME. MY FATHER [WILLIAM D. SHORT] WAS A CAPTAIN IN THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, BUT MY GRANDFATHER WAS THE FIRE CHIEF.” WHEN ASKED IF SHE HAD ANY MEMORY OF SEEING HER GRANDFATHER WEARING ANY OF THE ARTIFACTS, SUCH AS THE HELMET (P19950037014) OR THE FIRE PANTS (P19950037008), DERRICK RECALLED, “YES, BECAUSE LETHBRIDGE WAS SMALL AT THE TIME AND WHEN WE LIVED IN THE FIRE HALL AND THE BELLS WENT OFF, WE WOULD OFTEN WALK OVER TO HAVE A LOOK AT THE FIRE. I WOULD SEE MY GRANDFATHER OUT THERE, AND I’D SEE MY FATHER WHEN HE WAS ON SHIFT. THERE WERE SOME HUGE FIRES RIGHT DOWNTOWN. I CAN’T REMEMBER WHAT DATES – PROBABLY BACK IN THE LATE ‘40’S, EARLY ‘50’S. [IN ONE INSTANCE], MY DAD WAS ALSO ON THE BACK OF A FIRE TRUCK, SPEEDING TO A FIRE, AND ANOTHER TRUCK CAME ALONG AND HIT HIM IN THE BACK. HE SUFFERED VERY SEVERE INJURIES FROM THAT. AND I SAW THAT TOO. I WAS JUST ON MY WAY BACK TO SCHOOL.” “WHEN I WAS YOUNG, I WAS ALWAYS IN AND OUT [OF THE FIRE HALL],” DERRICK WENT ON, “THERE WAS A BELL TOWER THERE, WHERE THEY HUNG THE WET HOSES UP TO DRY. THERE WERE RICKETY OLD WOODEN STAIRS GOING ROUND AND ROUND ALL THE WAY UP TO THE TOP OF THE FIRE HALL TO WHERE THE BELL USED TO BE. I USED TO GO UP AND DOWN THOSE STAIRS, AND HOP AND PLAY. AND IN THE BASEMENT THERE WAS PRISON CELLS, BECAUSE IT USED [TO BE] THE POLICE STATION MANY, MANY YEARS BEFORE. IT WAS A COMBINATION OF FIRE AND POLICE. AND, THERE WAS A BIG FURNACE DOWN THERE. I USED TO GO DOWN AND WATCH THE FIREMEN PUSH COAL INTO THE FURNACE TO KEEP IT GOING. IT WAS AN INTERESTING PLACE TO BE AROUND.” “MY GRANDFATHER WAS ON THE INTERNATIONAL BOARD OF FIRE CHIEFS,” DERRICK CONTINUED, “HE WAS VICE-PRESIDENT IN NEW YORK. THEY HAD ASKED HIM TO COME UP AND TAKE THE PRESIDENCY, BUT AFTER MUCH CONSIDERATION, HE DECIDED HE DIDN’T WANT TO LEAVE THE FAMILY FOR THE TWO YEAR TERM IN NEW YORK, SO HE TURNED THAT ONE DOWN. THOUGH HE DID REMAIN ON THE BOARD FOR MANY YEARS.” AN ARTICLE IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PUBLISHED ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2000 READS, “WILLIAM SHORT RETIRED AS LETHBRIDGE FIRE CHIEF IN 1962, ENDING A CAREER AS CHIEF WHICH BEGAN IN JANUARY 1945.” A HERALD ARTICLE FROM 1974 ADDITIONALLY STATES THAT SHORT “JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT IN 1911. HE WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT IN 1919 AND CAPTAIN IN 1922.” AN ADDITIONAL ARTICLE TITLED, “LETHBRIDGE WELL PROTECTED BY MODERN FIRE DEPARTMENT,” PUBLISHED IN 1967 IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD READS, “[IN 1910] THE FIRST FIREHALL THAT [WAS] LOCATED AT 4TH STREET AND 2ND AVENUE SOUTH WAS TORN DOWN. IT WAS A TWO-STOREY BUILDING. A THREE-STOREY FIREHALL WAS BUILT IN ITS PLACE ON THE SAME SITE. THAT EARLY BUILDING HOUSED THE FIRE DEPARTMENT EQUIPMENT, SERVED AS CITY HALL AND THE POLICE STATION…” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE REASON FOR THE DONATION OF HER FAMILY’S ARTIFACTS DURING THE 2018 INTERVIEW, DERRICK EXPLAINED, “I WAS THE EXECUTOR FOR MY AUNT’S WILL AND WHEN SHE PASSED AWAY SHE [WAS LIVING IN] MY GRANDMOTHER AND GRANDFATHER’S HOME. ALL THIS STUFF HAD BEEN LEFT IN THE HOUSE, SO WHEN WE WERE CLEANING IT OUT FOLLOWING HER DEATH, WE CAME ACROSS ALL THESE THINGS. WHILE I KEPT SOME AS MEMENTOS, MY SISTER AND I [DECIDED TO DONATE OTHER ITEMS TO THE MUSEUM].” PLEASE PERMANENT FILE P19950037001, FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND COPIES OF ARTICLES REGARDING THE FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19950037009
Acquisition Date
1995-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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