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Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20080008015
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1995
Materials
LEATHER, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.6
Length
20.0
Width
14.5
Description
HOLSTER. BLACK LEATHER SHAPED TO HOLD A REVOLVER. TOP OF HOLSTER CLOSES WITH METAL SNAP. ON EITHER SIDE OF GUN HOLDER IS A VERTICAL SLOT. BACK OF HOLDER STAMPED WITH SMITH AND WESSON "SW" MONOGRAM. BELOW MONOGRAM, LEATHER IS STAMPED "B29L 34". HOLSTER IS CONSTRUCTED WITH HEAVY BLACK STITCHING. BOTTOM OF HOLSTER IS OPEN.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
ACCORDING TO INSPECTOR BILL KAYE OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE SERVICE (LRPS), THE HOLSTER WOULD HAVE BEEN USED BY "PLAINCLOTHES [UNDERCOVER OFFICERS OR DETECTIVES] MEMBERS FOR REVOLVERS... IT GOES ON YOUR BELT AND SITS UNDER YOUR SUIT JACKET AND WAS USED BY PLAINCLOTHES MEMBERS." ACCORDING TO KAYE, SIMILAR HOLSTERS ARE BEING USED TODAY BUT THEY ARE MADE OUT OF A CARBON PLASTIC. THE GUN CARRIED IN THE HOLSTER WOULD HAVE BEEN A .38 REVOLVER WITH A FOUR INCH BARREL. FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20080008015
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DROP LEG HOLSTER W/ BATON HOLDER, “CAT”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC, VELCRO
Catalogue Number
P20100048002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DROP LEG HOLSTER W/ BATON HOLDER, “CAT”
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Materials
NYLON, PLASTIC, VELCRO
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.5
Length
50
Width
67.5
Description
PIECE OF BLACK NYLON FOLDED INTO A TRIANGULAR SHAPED POCKET WITH A FLAP CLOSURE AND PLASTIC BUCKLE CLASP. TWO BLACK WOVEN NYLON STRAPS ARE SEWN HORIZONTALLY TO BACK OF POCKET WITH PLASTIC BUCKLES AT THEIR ENDS. TWO BLACK WOVEN NYLON STRAPS ARE SEWN VERTICALLY TO THE UPPER BACK OF POCKET AND CONNECTED TO A RECTANGULAR BLACK NYLON SLEEVE. LOOSE ENDS OF STRAPS ARE TAPED DOWN WITH BLACK DUCT TAPE. PIECE OF BLACK VELCRO GLUED TO BACK OF POCKET, WITH EXCESS GLUE RESIDUE VISIBLE AROUND EDGES. INSIDE OF FLAP IS MARKED WITH LETTER “ C A T” IN WHITE INK. MINOR WEAR ALONG OUTER SEAMS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS DROP LEG HOLSTER WAS USED BY MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT. SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012, DESCRIBED THE USE OF THIS HOLSTER AS SUCH: “THIS IS ONE OF THE HOLSTERS FROM THE TACTICAL TEAM… I CAN SEE BY THE STYLE OF IT THAT IT IS LIKE ONE THAT I HAD… LOOKS LIKE [THE OFFICER] HAD DONE SOME MODIFICATIONS TO THAT, WHICH MAKES TOTAL SENSE, WHERE THEY’VE GOT THE GLUE [AND VELCRO] ON THERE… TO MAKE IT MORE RETENTIVE, SO IT STICKS TO YOU [AND] DOESN’T MOVE AROUND… THE DEXTERITY THAT YOU [NEED], EVEN WITH GLOVES ON, THIS WOULD BE A PRETTY DIFFICULT THING TO TRY TO GET [A WEAPON] OUT OF. YOU [HAVE TO] UNDO THE FLAP, AND THEN YOU GRAB YOUR PISTOL. THE NEW HOLSTERS, YOU JUST [HIT THE SIDE]. THERE’S A COUPLE OF DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES TO GET THE PISTOL OUT A LITTLE BIT QUICKER, AND IF YOU HAVE GLOVES ON, IT’S WAY EASIER… BUT GENERALLY ALL PISTOLS ARE SECONDARY WEAPONS IN TACTICAL OPERATIONS.” FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT SGT. CARSCADDEN’S SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT, SEE RECORD P20100050001. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20100050001-GA FOR FULL CARSCADDEN INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100048002
Acquisition Date
2010-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, GOLD, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960109005
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
WOOD, GOLD, BRASS
No. Pieces
6
Height
7.4
Length
30.0
Width
19.9
Description
RECTANGULAR WOOD CASE HAS MEDIUM FINISH AND GOLD POLICE BADGE ON LID. CASE HAS FINGER LOCK CORNERS AND TOP EDGE IS BEVELED. HINGES ON BACK AND LOCKS ON FRONT ARE MADE OF BRASS. GOLD POLICE CREST IS OF CITY COAT OF ARMS WITH QUEEN'S CROWN ON TOP, BEAVER AT BASE AND MAPLE LEAVES AROUND SIDES. COAT OF ARMS HAS "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE 1890 - 1906" RAISED AROUND IT. CENTER FIELD IS SPLIT INTO THREE SECTIONS, ONE HAVING A GLUME OF WHEAT, ONE HAVING AN ARM HOLDING A PICK-AX AND THE LAST WITH COAL TRAIN. BANNER AT TOP READS "POLICE" AND BANNER AT BOTTOM READS "LETHBRIDGE". INSIDE LID AND BOTTOM OF CASE ARE GREY FOAM LINERS WITH NAVY BLUE COVERING. BOTTOM LINER HAS TWO HOLES CUT FOR LOADERS. CASE HAS SINGLE STEEL KEY FOR LOCKS ON FRONT.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996.
Catalogue Number
P19960109005
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1987
Date Range To
1995
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19960109007
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1987
Date Range To
1995
Materials
BRASS, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Height
3
Diameter
3.5
Description
TWO BLACK PLASTIC SPEED LOADERS FOR .357 MAGNUM. EACH LOADER IS CYLINDRICAL WITH 6 CARTRIDGE CHAMBERS AND CENTRAL LIFT. LIFT HAS STAR SHAPED LIFT AT ONE END AND CIRCULAR HANDLE AT OPPOSITE END. HANDLE RAISED LOGO OF DEER HEAD WITH "SAFARILAND". RAISED AROUND EDGE IS "PAT. PEND." AND "J.F.S. K2".
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SPEED LOADERS ARE DIRECTLY RELATED TO THE OPERATION OF ARTIFACT P19960109006, SMITH & WESSON REVOLVER .357. ON 8 OCTOBER 2009, TECH KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RETIRED LPS/CITY POLICE FORCE CONSTABLE AND ARMOURER ERNIE KREEFT (SERVICE DATES 1 JUNE 1977 TO 4 JAN 2004) ABOUT THE FORCE’S USE OF THE .357 SMITH & WESSON REVOLVER. WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE LOADERS, HE SAID, “THEY WOULD HOLD 6 ROUNDS IN THERE, AND WHEN THEY HAD TO RELOAD, YOU COULD DUMP THE EMPTY ROUNDS OUT OF THE REVOLVER, PUT THE SPEED LOADER IN, PUSH THE BUTTON ON THE BACK AND RELEASE THE 6 ROUNDS INTO THE CHAMBER.” FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996. FOR MORE INFORMATION AND THE ENTIRE INTERVIEW, REFERENCE THE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19960109007
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
HANDGUN CONVERSION BARREL W/ CASE, “SIMUNITION”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2009
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, CARDBOARD, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P20100050004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HANDGUN CONVERSION BARREL W/ CASE, “SIMUNITION”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2009
Materials
STEEL, CARDBOARD, FOAM
No. Pieces
5
Height
3.25
Length
19
Width
9.25
Description
.A – RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD LID, PRINTED IN BLACK, WHITE AND RED. TEXT ALONG THE TOP READS “SIMUNITION – DIVISION OF SNC INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGIES INC. – CONVERSION KIT S&W 594X SERIE – FOR USE IN MILITARY/LAW ENFORCEMENT – TRAINING UNDER DIRECTION OF QUALIFIED INSTRUCTOR – CQT FX”. “UBJ 9746” IS WRITTEN ON TOP IN BLACK PEN. EDGES OF LID HAVE MINOR WEAR. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.25 X 19 X 9.25 .B – RECTUANGULAR SHEET OF GREY FOAM, WITH SEMI-CIRCLE SHAPE CUT INTO ONE LONG EDGE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 1 X 18 X 8.5 .C – HOLLOW STEEL CYLINDER, TAPERED AT ONE END WITH A MOLDED TRIANGULAR SHAPE AT THE OPPOSITE END. STAMPED WITH TEXT READING “S&W 594X SNCSC 0392-06 – WARNING: FX AND CQT AMMO ONLY – NO STD AMMO”. MINOR OXIDATION ON STEEL; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 2 X 11.5 X 2.25 .D – RECTANGULAR CARDBOARD BOX BASE WITH FOAM-LINED INSIDE. FOAM HAS RECESSED CAVITY RESEMBLING THE IRREGULAR SHAPE OF .C. OUTSIDE OF BOX IS WORN ALONG BOTTOM AND HAS BROWN STAIN ON ONE SIDE. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 3.5 X 18.5 X 9
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS SIMUNITION BARREL CONVERSION KIT WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT DURING TRAINING PROCEDURES. SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN, WHO SERVED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012, DESCRIBED THE USE OF THIS BARREL CONVERTER AS SUCH: “THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN BOUGHT FOR THE TEAM EARLIER ON WHEN THEY HAD SMITH AND WESSON [PISTOLS]… [SIMUNITION IS] A PAINT PELLET ROUND, BUT SMALLER, AND FITS INTO YOUR PISTOL AND OPERATES SIMILAR LIKE A BULLET WOULD. IT MAKES A SOUND, AND EJECTS THE ROUND, AND FIRES A PAINT PELLET PROJECTILE [THAT] LEAVES A RED OR BLUE MARKING ON THE INDIVIDUAL TO INDICATE WHERE YOU WERE HIT. THAT WAY IT MAKES IT MORE REALISTIC WHEN DEALING WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF SCENARIOS FOR THE OFFICERS AND FOR THE BAD GUYS [KNOWN AS QUARRY IN TRAINING PROCEDURES]. AS WE GOT MORE OF THESE [SIMUNITION CONVERTERS], WE WOULD THEN GIVE SIMUNITION TO THE BAD GUYS. AT THE BEGINNING, IT WAS US, THE TACTICAL TEAM OPERATORS, THAT WOULD HAVE THEM, AND THE QUARRIES WOULD NOT… IT WAS GOOD FOR [QUARRIES] TO HAVE IT, BECAUSE IT SHOWS THAT THE OFFICER MAY HAVE… TO GET OUT OF THE WAY AS WELL, SO IT IS REALLY GOOD ADVANCED TRAINING FOR TEACHING [OFFICERS] HIGHER LEVEL SKILL… A PERSON [WHO IS] RUNNING AROUND, OR MOVING, TO BE ABLE TO SHOOT THEM – THIS SHOWS THAT IT IS VERY DIFFICULT TO DO THAT. IT’S A GREAT ADVANCEMENT IN TRAINING.” ON JULY 28, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED SGT. CARSCADDEN ABOUT HIS SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT. CARSCADDEN SAID: “FIRST OF ALL, I JUST WENT AS A QUARRY… ALL DIFFERENT SPECIALTY UNITS THAT HAVE SOME KIND OF TACTICAL SCENARIO LIKE TO HAVE QUARRIES TO [HELP TRAIN THEM] TO DO THEIR JOB BETTER, SO I THOUGHT ‘I’LL GO WORK AS A QUARRY TO SHOW THEM I’M INTERESTED’. A QUARRY IS GENERALLY A BAD GUY – YOU PRETEND YOU’RE HIDING, OR MOVING OR YELLING OR RUNNING AWAY AND TRYING TO EVADE THEM, AND THEY ARE TRYING TO CAPTURE YOU… IT TOOK A COUPLE OF YEARS, BUT I WAS FORTUNATE ENOUGH… IN THE MOVEMENT OF THE TEAM THAT THERE WERE [POSITIONS OPEN]… THERE IS A PHYSICAL, AND INTERVIEW, SOME TESTS… I WENT THROUGH AND STUDIED, AND DID THE BEST THAT I COULD… MAKING SURE YOU ARE IN GOOD PHYSICAL SHAPE BECAUSE YOU ARE CARRYING AN EXTRA 50 POUNDS OF GEAR… THAT’S JUST THE GEAR THAT YOU ARE CARRYING ON YOURSELF, NOT A RAM OR DIFFERENT TYPE OF EQUIPMENT THAT YOU MIGHT BE MOVING INTO PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS… I WAS AROUND 35 [YEARS OLD]. I WAS AN OLDER GUY APPLYING FOR THIS POSITION, BUT I WAS IN GOOD SHAPE AND HAD SOME GOOD EXPERIENCES THAT MADE ME COMPETITIVE, SO I DON’T THINK YOUR AGE TAKES YOU OUT OF THE EQUATION IF YOU ARE REALLY DETERMINED.” CARSCADDEN CONTINUED: “I’VE HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT POSITIONS WITHIN [THE TACTICAL] UNIT… I STARTED OFF AS AN ASSAULTER… THE PERSON WHO CARRIES ALL THE GEAR, SO YOU’RE IN THE BACK… THE LAST PERSON THAT COMES IN. IT’S A GOOD POSITION TO START OFF WITH. IT MAKES IT SAFER FOR WHEN YOU’RE GOING INTO THESE HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENTS… FROM THERE I WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE OBSERVER, THEN A SNIPER, THEN FROM THERE… A BREECHER. SO YOU ARE BREECHING DOORS AND WINDOWS. [THEN] I WENT TO THE FRONT OF THE TACTICAL LINE-UP, WHICH IS THE SCOUT… THEN THE LAST SIX YEARS THAT I WAS ON THE TACTICAL TEAM, I WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE, THE TEAM LEADER… AND I WAS RUNNING OPERATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR CANINE UNIT AND OUR EXPLOSIVES DISPOSAL UNIT… THE TRAINING IS REALLY GOOD. [THE TEAM] TRAINS EVERY TWO WEEKS, AND DO LOTS OF MOVEMENTS AND SHOOTING AND TACTICS. IT’S A PERISHABLE SKILL, THAT IF YOU DON’T REPEAT AND PRACTICE IT ALL THE TIME, IT DIMINISHES… PRACTICE IS IMPORTANT. IT ALLOWS YOU TO BE BETTER AT YOUR GAME... YOU NEED TO HAVE A MINDSET [OF] BEING NOT ONLY PHYSICALLY TOUGH, BUT MENTALLY TOUGH, WHEN YOU DEAL WITH THINGS IN A HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENT… YOU’VE GOT TO HAVE A LITTLE BIT OF DRIVE TO GET YOU THROUGH THINGS.” CARSCADDEN CONCLUDED: “ONE OF THE THINGS I’M PROUD OF ON THE TACTICAL SIDE IS THAT I WAS THE OFFICER WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING LESS LETHAL CAPABILITY TO THE TEAM… [WE] MAKE THE DIFFERENCE IN SAVING SOMEBODY’S LIFE. WE HELP THEM THROUGH THAT TIME OF NEED… WE HAVE ESTABLISHED WHERE, IN THE PAST IF THAT PERSON COULD HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN SHOT AND INJURED, IF NOT FATALLY SHOT, THAT PERSON NOW CAN BE DEALT WITH A LESS LETHAL MEANS… WE ARE ABLE TO RESTRAIN, ARREST, WITH THESE LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES. THAT MAKES THE DIFFERENCE FOR THEM… THE EXPERIENCES THAT I HAD IN PEEL [SHOWED ME LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES] IN OPERATION AND HOW IT WORKED… THEY WERE ONE OF THE FIRST SERVICES IN CANADA TO HAVE THE RUBBER BULLET… WHEN YOU’RE LOOKING AT DIFFERENT TACTICS AND HOW YOU CAN DO IT BETTER, THAT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I RECOGNIZED, THAT [LETHBRIDGE] COULD BRING THIS ON. IT WOULD BE BETTER FOR OUR TEAM AND OUR COMMUNITY: AS OPPOSED TO SHOOTING SOMEBODY AND STOPPING THEM THAT WAY, WE COULD USE THE [RUBBER BULLET] OR BEANBAG ROUND AND THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO HELP STOP THESE PEOPLE [BUT] SAVE THEIR LIVES… IT REALLY OPENS PEOPLE’S EYES WHEN THEY SEE THAT THERE’S A LOT OF OTHER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO PUT IN PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS. AND WHEN PEOPLE SEE THERE’S ANOTHER WAY OF DOING BUSINESS, IT’S HELPFUL FOR US TO PROGRESS AND PUSH FORWARD… THESE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT ARE HERE TO ALLOW US TO KEEP THINGS CONTROLLED AND TO MAKE US DO OUR JOB BETTER… I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE INVOLVED WITH A VERY SPECIALIZED UNIT AND I’M VERY PROUD OF IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100050004
Acquisition Date
2010-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P19960109012
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PLASTIC, FOAM
No. Pieces
3
Height
7
Length
37.5
Width
24.5
Description
OLIVE DRAB GUN CASE IS RECTANGULAR MOLDED CASE WITH TAB CLOSURES ON FRONT AND MOLDED HANDLE. SURFACE OF CASE IS ROUGH LIKE SNAKESKIN. LID HAS RAISED RECTANGULAR LOGO WHICH READS "MTM CASE-GARD 808" AND "MOLDED PRODUCTS CO. DAYTON OHIO 45414 MADE IN U.S.A.". INSIDE CASE ARE TWO GREY FOAM LINERS WITH EGG-CARTON SURFACE.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SPORTS
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FRANK JAMES BATHGATE WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AND GREW UP IN THE PARK LAKE AREA. HE APPLIED TO THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE IN 1951 AND WAS APPOINTED CONSTABLE ON JANUARY 14, 1953. HE WAS THEN PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF ACTING SERGEANT IN 1960, AND IN 1967 PROMOTED TO DETECTIVE IN THE CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION BRANCH, WHERE HE WAS APPOINTED HEAD OF NARCOTICS AND DANGEROUS DRUG SECTION OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE FORCE. IN 1971 FRANK WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF DETECTIVE SERGEANT AND WAS THE HEAD OF THE NEWLY CREATED CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE UNIT, IN ADDITION TO HIS DUTIES IN THE DRUG UNIT. ACCORDING TO ONE DOCUMENT (PERM RECORD), HE WAS AN INTEGRAL PART IN THE FORMATION OF THE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SERVICE OF CANADA, WHICH DEALS WITH ORGANIZED CRIME AND OTHER AREAS OF NATIONAL INTEREST. IN JUNE OF 1978 HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF INSPECTOR, AND TOOK OVER COMMAND OF THE UNIFORMED PATROL DIVISION. IN AUGUST OF 1979 BATHGATE WAS PROMOTED TO SUPERINTENDENT AND FOURTEEN MONTHS LATER PROMOTED TO DEPUTY CHIEF OF POLICE. HE HELD THIS APPOINTMENT UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1988. FRANK BATHGATE PASSED AWAY IN 1996.
Catalogue Number
P19960109012
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, RUBBER
Catalogue Number
P20150010016
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, PLASTIC, RUBBER
No. Pieces
7
Height
32.2
Length
44.5
Width
29.5
Description
THERMOGRAPH / THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA IN METAL CASE, WITH COAXIAL CABLE, EXTRA VISOR AND SCREWS, EXTRA HANDLE, AND EXTRA FUSES. .A: SILVER COLOURED TEXTURED METAL BOX. BLACK LEATHER HANDLE ON TOP OF BOX. HINGED AT BACK OF BOX. LID CLOSES WITH TWO DRAW LATCHES. STENCILED ON TOP OF THE BOX, WITH BLACK PAINT: "P4428 SER. NO.4534" A BLACK STICKER ON THE FRONT OF THE BOX, READS "P6" BETWEEN THE TWO DRAW LATCHES. INSIDE OF THE BOX IS MOSTLY LINED WITH BLACK FOAM. BOTTOM INSIDE OF BOX HAS EIGHT MOLDED COMPARTMENTS FOR THE VARIOUS COMPONENTS. SMALL PARTITION ON THE LEFT FOR THE COAXIAL CABLE. DIMENSIONS ABOVE REFERENCE THIS BOX. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. PIECE OF FOAM ON THE INSIDE LEFT HAS COME UN-UNGLUED. .B: EXTRA HANDLE. WHITE PLASTIC PISTOL-STYLE HANDLE. THREE SILVER COLOURED SCREWS IN HANDLE. DIMENSIONS: 16.0CM LONG, 7.6CM WIDE IN GOOD CONDITION. SOME WEAR MARKS/SCUFFS ALL OVER THE HANDLE. .C: EXTRA VISOR. BLACK RUBBER VISOR. HAS A TOTAL OF FOUR PRE-MADE SCREW HOLES: ON THE TOP, THEY ARE VERY CLOSE TOGETHER; ON THE BOTTOM THEY ARE SPACED FAIRLY WIDE APART. DIMENSIONS: 14.5CM LONG, 9.5CM WIDE IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. RUBBER HAS BECOME MIS-SHAPENED, BUT RETAINS FLEXIBILITY. .D: COAXIAL CABLE. TAN COLOURED COAXIAL CABLE, WITH SILVER FITTINGS. IN GOOD CONDITION. SOME DISCOLOURATION ON PLASTIC CABLE CASING. DIMENSIONS: 560.5CM LONG, 2.5CM CIRCUMFERENCE. .E: BAG OF SCREWS. PLASTIC BAG WITH EXTRA VISOR SCREWS. STICKER ON BAG READS: "P4428G VISOR RETAINING SCREWS. 1 SET". CONTAINS FOUR SETS OF BOLTS, WASHERS, AND NUTS. DIMENSIONS: 13.0CM LONG, 9.0CM WIDE IN FAIR CONDITION. BAG IS VERY DISCOLOURED (BLACK SMUDGES) AND THE STICKER HAS LIFTED ON THE CORNERS. .F: BOX OF FUSES. SMALL WHITE CARDBOARD BOX, WITH BLUE WRITING IN GERMAN. CONTAINS NINE SMALL FUSES. FUSES ARE WHITE CARDBOARD IN THE MIDDLE, WITH TWO SILVER COLOURED METAL CAPS. FRONT OF BOX READS: "WICKMANN-WERKE GMBH 10 G-SICHERUNGSEINSATZE 250 VAC MINIATURE-FUSES 5X20MM". BOTTOM SIDE: "AUSSCHALTVERMOGEN H". BACK: "NACH IEC PUBL. 127-2/5". TOP SIDE: "19181". LEFT SIDE: "TRAGE". AND RIGHT SIDE: "M. I. W.-GERMANY". DIMENSIONS: 2.2CM HIGH, 5.3CM LONG, 0.6CM WIDE IN FAIR TO GOOD CONDITION. BOX IS WELL WORN, SOME WRITING HAS FADED. .G: THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA. WHITE PLASTIC, YELLOW PADDED NYLON FABRIC, BLACK RUBBER, SILVER COLOURED METAL, AND BLUE NYLON STRAPPING. THERMAL CAMERA IS CYLINDRICAL, WITH A PISTOL-STYLE HANDLE AT THE BOTTOM. CYLINDER BODY OF CAMERA IS WRAPPED IN YELLOW PADDED NYLON FABRIC. LIGHT-MEDIUM BLUE NYLON STRAPPING KEEPS THE YELLOW FABRIC ON THE CAMERA BODY. IN TWO PLACES ON THE STRAPPING IS A WHITE LABEL: "EEV CHELMSFORD ENGLAD." BLACK RUBBER VISOR / EYEPIECE / VIEW FINDER. GLASS OF CAMERA IS VISIBLE INSIDE THIS VISOR. RECTANGULAR, WHITE PLASTIC BOX HANGS FROM THE CAMERA WITH LIGHT-MEDIUM BLUE NYLON STRAPPING. TWO SILVER COLOURED CARABINERS HANG FROM THIS NYLON STRAPPING, ONE ON EACH OF THE STRAPS. ON THE FRONT OF THE RECTANGULAR BOX, IS HALF OF A CYLINDER, RUNNING HORIZONTALLY ACROSS. ON THIS CYLINDER IS A SMALL RED "OFF ON" BUTTON. ABOVE THE CYLINDER, ON THE BOX IS A GREY LABEL: "VOLTAGE STABILIZER UNIT P4428K NO. 4534" OPPOSITE THE BLACK RUBBER VISOR IS THE FRONT OF THE CAMERA: REFLECTIVE CIRCLE ALLOWS THE CAMERA TO "SEE". ABOVE THIS REFLECTIVE CIRCLE IS A SMALL BUTTON PLASTIC COVERED WITH "PAN CHOP" IN THE CENTRE. SILVER COLOURED KNOB JUST BELOW THIS "PAN CHOP" BUTTON AND TO THE RIGHT THERE IS A BLACK CORD THAT COMES OUT AND GOES UNDER THE YELLOW NYLON HOUSING. LABEL ON THE FRONT OF CAMERA READS: "THERMAL CAMERA P4428 NO. 4534. MADE IN ENGLAND." DIMENSIONS: 34.2 HIGH, 13.6 DIAMETER (ON FRONT) OVERALL IN GOOD CONDITION. YELLOW NYLON MATERIAL IS VERY DISCOLOURED, WITH GREY AND BLACK SPOTS. PLASTIC HOUSING OF CAMERA IS SCUFFED, ESPECIALLY AROUND THE FRONT AND ON THE END OF THE HANDLE. STRAPPING IS ALL IN VERY GOOD CONDITION, WITH NO VISIBLE TEARS.
Subjects
THERMAL T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA OR THERMOGRAPH WAS USED BY THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT. IN THE SUMMER OF 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN, CONDUCTED A SERIES OF INTERVIEWS WITH CURRENT AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE FIRE DEPARTMENT, INCLUDING: CLIFF “CHARLIE” BROWN (HIRED IN 1966, RETIRED 2004) AND TREVOR LAZENBY (HIRED IN 1994). BROWN EXPLAINED THAT THIS WAS A “THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA … THE IDEA OF THAT WAS, IN A FIRE, IT COULD SEE THROUGH SMOKE, BUT BACK THEN WE DIDN’T HAVE THE MAN-POWER TO USE IT, BECAUSE WHEN YOU WENT TO A FIRE, THERE WAS MAYBE SOMETIMES THREE GUYS. THERE WAS THE OFFICER, THE PUMP DRIVER … AND THE FIREFIGHTER. WHEN YOU GOT TO A FIRE, THERE WAS ONE GUY, EVEN THOUGH THE RULE WAS THAT YOU DIDN’T GO INTO A FIRE UNTIL THERE WAS SOMEBODY ELSE. IF THE TRUCK WAS ANOTHER 2-3 MINUTES AWAY, THERE WASN’T A FIREFIGHTER ON THE JOB WHO WOULD STAND AROUND AND SAY, ‘I’M NOT GOING TO GO INTO THE FIRE BECAUSE THE RULE SAYS TWO GUYS.’ YOU’VE GOT THE PUBLIC STANDING AROUND, YOU’VE GOT THE PEOPLE STANDING AROUND WHO OWN THE HOUSE OR BUILDING, SO THE GUY ALWAYS WENT IN. THERE WAS VERY SELDOM ANYBODY TO TAKE THAT THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA IN THERE AND I DON’T KNOW IF I’VE EVER USED IT.” LAZENBY FURTHER EXPLAINED: “THIS IS A THERMAL IMAGING CAMERA AND A LOT OF PEOPLE NOW CALL IT FLIR OR FORWARD LOOKING INFRARED, BUT IT’S A THERMAL IMAGER … SO THIS WAS YOUR BATTERY PACK. THIS SECTION DOWN HERE WITH THE ON/OFF BUTTON, THAT’S WHERE THE BATTERY WAS HOUSED. AND YOU CAN SEE IT HAS A PISTOL GRIP FOR EASE OF USE AND ERGONOMICS AND SO THIS BLACK, SORT OF SHROUD HERE WAS ALMOST LIKE A SET OF GOGGLES … YOU HAD TO PUT THAT RIGHT UP TO YOUR MASK OR IF YOU WEREN’T WEARING A MASK, AFTER THE FACT, AND YOU WERE CHECKING FOR HOTSPOTS, YOU WOULD HAVE TO BRING IT RIGHT UP SO IT COVERED YOUR EYES AND BLOCKED OUT ALL THE AMBIENT LIGHT. THIS WAS REVOLUTIONARY. THIS WAS CUTTING EDGE FOR ITS TIME, BUT LOOKING BACK AND LOOKING AT THE THERMAL IMAGING SYSTEMS THAT WE HAVE NOW COMPARED TO WHAT WAS IN SERVICE THEN, THE CHANGE IN CAMERA SENSITIVITY AND IN RESOLUTION – IT’S MIND-BOGGLING. THIS WAS A VERY WASHED-OUT, UNCLEAR – I’M STRUGGLING FOR WORDS TO DESCRIBE IT AND NOT MAKE IT SOUND LIKE IT WAS THE BIGGEST PIECE OF JUNK IN THE WORLD, BECAUSE IT WASN’T AND THE REASON I’M HAVING TROUBLE IS BECAUSE I’M COMPARING IT TO WHAT WE HAVE NOW. IT WAS CRUDE. IT WAS A LITTLE BIT RAW, TECHNOLOGY-WISE. IT WAS NEW, EXPENSIVE, LIKE THIS WAS THE LATEST AND GREATEST AT THE TIME … YOU COULD USE IT FOR RESCUE … SO YOU COULD SEE KIND OF THROUGH THE SMOKE TO SEE IF THERE WAS A PERSON LYING ON THE FLOOR OR ON THE BED OR ON THE COUCH. AND WHERE YOU WOULD HAVE TO GO BLINDLY AND JUST USE YOUR HANDS, NOW THIS CUT THROUGH AND IT GAVE YOU FASTER CAPABILITY TO FIND THE VICTIM. THIS WAS ALSO USED A LOT IN THE OVERHAUL AND SALVAGE OF BUILDINGS WHEN WE TALK ABOUT WHERE ARE THE HOTSPOTS, WHAT DO WE HAVE TO OPEN UP, WHERE HAS THE FIRE EXTENDED … SO THIS HAS BEEN A SOLID, SOLID EVERYDAY TOOL FOR US SINCE THIS CAME IN SERVICE … I BELIEVE THIS WAS ON THE JOB WHEN I SHOWED UP IN 1994 … WE ONLY HAD ONE FOR THE WHOLE DEPARTMENT … I THINK IT WAS KEPT IN A BOX ON THE RESCUE VEHICLE BECAUSE THE RESCUE VEHICLE WENT TO ALL STRUCTURE FIRES AND ALL RESCUES … WHEN WE SECURED THE FUNDING TO HAVE ONE OF THE NEWER GENERATION PUT ON EVERY ENGINE, THAT WOULD HAVE BEEN ABOUT THE TIME THAT THIS WAS MOVED TO A BACKUP ROLE AND … TAKEN OFF THE TRUCKS BY ABOUT … 2000 AT THE VERY LATEST. I WANT TO SAY 1998-2000 … AND THEN IT WAS USED IN A BACKUP ROLE AND NOW IF WE NEED A BACKUP WE CAN GET A BACKUP FROM THE COMPANY, LIKE A SPARE, SO THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN DECOMMISSIONED PROBABLY BY 2000 … THIS WOULD HELP US CLEAR A STRUCTURE FASTER AND CONFIRM THAT THERE WASN’T SOMEBODY INSIDE, IN MY EXPERIENCE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT.
Catalogue Number
P20150010016
Acquisition Date
2015-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
VARIOUS
Catalogue Number
P20070020001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BUTSUGU
Date Range From
1963
Date Range To
2007
Materials
VARIOUS
No. Pieces
106
Description
BUPPANKI: A. CUP, BRASS, HEIGHT 12.0, WIDTH 9.7. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUPPANKI,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “BUDDHA FOOD VESSEL.” KANJI CHARACTERS ON BOTTOM, READ, “DONOR, MR. DONJI OMATSU.” 1 PCE. B. CUP, BRASS, HEIGHT 12.5, WIDTH 10.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUPPANKI,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “BUDDHA FOOD VESSEL.” 1 PCE. BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO: C. WOODEN BOX, BLACK LACQUER WITH GOLD TRIM, HEIGHT 13.0, LENGTH 32.5, WIDTH 11.8. PAINT ON BOX SEVERELY BLISTERED. JAPANESE NAME IS, “BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO,” WHICH MEANS BOX FOR BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO. TWO SYMBOLS ON BOX LID, THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. 2 PCES. CANDLE SNUFFER: D. BRASS CANDLE SNUFFER, INNER DOME OF SNUFFER BLACK WITH WAX RESIDUE, HEIGHT 4.5, LENGTH 28.5, WIDTH 3.0. 1 PCE. FLAG POLE: E. WOODEN FLAG POLE, LOWER SECTION RIBBED AND PAINTED BLACK, UPPER SECTION STAINED DARK RED, SEVERAL METAL BANDS AFFIXED TO BOTTOM, TOP AND MID SECTION OF POLE, 2 RINGS PROTRUDE FROM TOP-MOST METAL BANDS, ALLOWING FOR ATTACHMENT OF FLAG. LENGTH 187.5, DIAMETER 4.5. 1 PCE. GOBUNSHO-BAKO: F. WOODEN BOX, BLACK LACQUER WITH GOLD TRIM, HEIGHT 5.8, LENGTH 30.8, WIDTH 26.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “GOBUNSHO-BAKO,” WHICH MEANS BOX FOR GOBUNSHO, A BOOK. TWO SYMBOLS ON BOX LID, THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. 2 PCES. GOKUDEN: G. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN HOUSE-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH JAPANESE ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS, COMPRISED OF 2 PCES, TTL HEIGHT 218, LENGTH 167, WIDTH 102. JAPANESE NAME IS, “GOKUDEN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE.” BOTTOM PIECE HAS ALCOVE IN WHICH GOHONZON IS PLACED, FLOOR OF ALCOVE PAINTED BLACK, 2 PILLARS ON EITHER SIDE OF ALCOVE, MARKED, “NAIJIN #4,” IN BLACK MARKER ON BACK. TOP PIECE IS ROOF-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH LIGHT-BULB FIXTURE AFFIXED TO UNDERSIDE OF ROOF WITH CORD. SURFACE OF BOTH PIECES DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES OF THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND CARVED WOODEN RELIEF OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS, A BIRD, AND DRAGON-LIKE ANIMALS. 2 PCES. CONSERVATION TREATMENT PERFORMED ON GOKUDEN IN 2009. FOR DETAILS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE. KAHIN: H. VASE, BRONZE, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 3 PCES, HEIGHT 26.3, DIAMETER, 22.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KAHIN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FLOWER-VASE.” KAHIN CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL BASE, THE TOP OF THE VASE WIDER THAN THE BASE, WITH TWO SMALL HOOKS PROJECTING FROM EITHER SIDE. TWO DECORATIVE HANDLES RESEMBLING DRAGON HEADS WITH TONGUES STICKING OUT ATTACH TO HOOKS. SURFACE OF KAHIN DECORATED THROUGHOUT. MARKINGS ON BOTTOM ARE CHINESE CHARACTERS, WHICH READ, “TIME, HEAVEN, TRANSMISSION, AND MANY.” 6 PCES TTL. I. VASE, BRONZE, HEIGHT 19.0, DIAMETER 15.6. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KAHIN,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FLOWER-VASE.” CONSISTS OF CYLINDRICAL BASE, TOP OF VASE WIDER THAN THE BASE. TWO HOOKS PROJECT FROM EITHER SIDE OF VASE, PRESUMABLY DECORATIVE OBJECTS WOULD HOOK HERE. 1 PCE. KASHA: J. INCENSE BURNER WITH LID, BRONZE, HEIGHT 18.0, WIDTH 13.0, 3 PCES. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KASHA,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FIREHOUSE.” BASE PIECE IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH THREE SHORT LEGS MADE TO RESEMBLE DRAGON HEADS, SURFACE OF KASHA DECORATED THROUGHOUT. 2 CIRCULAR SHELVES PROJECT HORIZONTALLY FROM BASE, HENCE OBJECT ALSO KNOWN AS DOUBLE-TIERED INCENSE BURNER. MIDDLE PIECE IS DISH THAT SITS WITHIN BASE PIECE. TOP PIECE IS LID, DECORATIVE SURFACE AND OPENINGS IN LID. 3 PCES. KEBYO: K. VASE, BRONZE, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 18.7, DIAMETER 9.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KEBYO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO “FLOWER-VASE.” VASE NARROWEST JUST AFTER BASE, WIDEST AT 2/3 HEIGHT, SURFACE OF VASE DECORATED THROUGHOUT. ASIAN TEXT ON BOTTOM. FOUND WITHIN ONE KEBYO IS YELLOW PACKAGE OF PLANT FOOD WITH RED ELASTIC AROUND IT (HEIGHT 1.0, LENGTH 7.0, WIDTH 5.0), PACKAGE LABELED, “CRYSTAL CLEAR UNIVERSAL,” ON FRONT AND DIRECTIONS LISTED ON BACK. THIS KEBYO IS HEAVILY CORRODED INSIDE, AND FRAGMENTS ARE CONTAINED WITHIN PLASTIC BAGGIE. 4 PCES. KIKU-RINTO: L. HANGING LANTERN, BRASS, SET OF TWO, EACH SET CONTAINS 14 PIECES, TOTAL HEIGHT 102.5, WIDTH 41.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KIKU-RINTO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CHRYSANTHEMUM CIRCULAR-LAMP.” BOTTOM PIECE IS DISH WITH SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO INCREASINGLY SMALLER SIMILAR DISHES SIT INSIDE. LIGHT BULB AND FIXTURE SIT IN THIS SMALLEST DISH, WITH ELECTRICAL CORD RUNNING ALONG LENGTH OF LANTERN TOWARDS CEILING. SEMI-CIRCULAR BAND DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS ARCHES OVER DISHES, ATTACHES TO BOTTOM-MOST DISH WITH TWO PEGS. HOOK. ATTACHING TO TOP OF SEMI-CIRCULAR ARCH IS LONG HOOK WITH SHELF-LIKE PROJECTION. SITTING ON SHELF IS LARGE DISH, BOWL FACING FLOOR, WITH WIDE LIP AND SCALLOPED EDGES. TWO METAL DISCS SIT ON TOP OF DISH, BOTTOM-MOST DISH HAS DECORATIVE SPOKES RADIATING FROM CENTRE POINT, TOP-MOST DISC RESEMBLES A FLOWER. DOORKNOB-LIKE OBJECT WITH CLOVER-LEAF SHAPED HANDLE IS FINAL PIECE TO SIT ON SHELF, AND PEG SECURES ALL THESE PIECES TOGETHER (PRESUMABLY PEGS FOR THESE KIKU-RINTOS ARE THOSE CATALOGUED UNDER P20070020002). VERTICAL BRASS PLATE DECORATED WITH CHRYSANTHEMUMS ATTACHES TO TOP OF DOORKNOB-LIKE OBJECT. SINGLE CHAIN LINK ATTACHED TO TOP HOOK OF VERTICAL BRASS PLATE. CHAIN WOULD THEN BE USED TO HANG ENTIRE STRUCTURE FROM CEILING. 28 PCES TTL. KORO: M. INCENSE BURNER, BRONZE WITH GOLD JODO SHINSHU CREST, SET OF 3, HEIGHT 9.3, DIAMETER 12.6. JAPANESE NAME IS, “KORO,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “INCENSE BURNER.” KORO IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH THREE SHORT LEGS. 3 PCES TTL. N. INCENSE BURNER WITH LID, BRONZE, HEIGHT 18.3, WIDTH 21.0. JAPANESE NAME IS KORO, WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “INCENSE BURNER.” BASE PIECE IS BOWL-SHAPED WITH TWO WING-LIKE HANDLES AND THREE SHORT LEGS MADE TO RESEMBLE DRAGON HEADS. LID HAS SCULPTURE OF MYTHICAL CHINESE DRAGON ON TOP WITH DECORATIVE OPENINGS ALONG SIDE OF LID. 2 PCES. MAE-JOKU: O. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN TABLE, SCROLL LEGS REST ON A RECTANGULAR FRAME, DECORATED WITH CARVED PATTERNS AND ETCHED BRASS PLATES. SIDES AND FRONT OF TABLE DECORATED WITH CARVED WOODEN RELIEFS OF DRAGONS, AND VARIOUS BIRDS AND FLOWERS PAINTED BLUE, GREEN, WHITE, PINK AND GOLD. HEIGHT 85.0, LENGTH 167.0, WIDTH 56.0. JAPANESE NAME IS, “MAE-JOKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “FRONT TABLE.” TWO BLACK PAINTED WOODEN DOORS FIT INTO SLOTS IN BACK COMPARTMENT OF MAE-JOKU, DOORS SLIDE TO REVEAL STORAGE SPACE. 3 PCE. CONSERVATION TREATMENT PERFORMED ON MAE-JOKU IN 2009. FOR DETAILS, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE. ROSOKU-TATE: P. CANDLE-STICK HOLDERS, BRONZE, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 4 PCES, HEIGHT 39.2, WIDTH 10.8. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ROSOKU-TATE,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CANDLE-STICK HOLDER.” SHAFT OF BASE PIECE HAS UNDULATING STRUCTURE. TWO HOOKS ON UPPER PART OF BASE SUPPORT TWO SMALL DECORATIVE DRAGONS. TOP PIECE DISH-SHAPED TO COLLECT WAX, SCREWS INTO SHAFT. 8 PCES TTL. Q. CANDLE-STICK HOLDER, BRONZE, HEIGHT 28.8, WIDTH 10.5. JAPANESE NAME IS, “ROSOKU-TATE,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CANDLE-STICK HOLDER.” BASE PIECE NARROWS BEFORE WIDENING OUT INTO A LOTUS FLOWER BUD. SECOND PIECE FITS WITHIN TOP OF BUD, TWO WING-LIKE DECORATIONS PROJECT VERTICALLY FROM EITHER SIDE. TOP PIECE DISH-SHAPED TO COLLECT WAX AND PLACE FOR CANDLESTICK TO AFFIX, SCREWS INTO SECOND PIECE. CHINESE MARKING ON BOTTOM TRANSLATE ROUGHLY TO, “COMING” AND “TRANSMISSION.” 4 PCES. SHUMIDAN: R. BLACK PAINTED WOODEN STRUCTURE WITH RED TRIM, DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES AND CARVED, GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN RELIEFS OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS AND DRAGONS. TTL HEIGHT 124, LENGTH 197, WIDTH 105. JAPANESE NAME IS, “SHIMUDAN.” BOTTOM PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #1,” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, WHITE-PAINTED WOODEN PIECE RUNS HORIZONTALLY ALONG BOTTOM LENGTH OF STRUCTURE. MIDDLE PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #2” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, CONTAINS MAJORITY OF CARVED GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN RELIEFS, THIS PIECE IS NARROWEST SECTION OF SHIMUDAN. TOP PIECE MARKED, “NAIJIN BASE #3,” IN BLACK MARKER ON UNDERSIDE, THE PIECE WIDENS OUT SUCH THAT OVERALL SHIMUDAN SHAPED LIKE FLATTENED SPOOL. ONTOP OF SHIMUDAN ARE 4 RED-PAINTED WOODEN FENCE-LIKE STRUCTURE WITH 4 GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN SPOOLS THAT SIT ON PEG ON EACH FENCE. LONG AND SHORT FENCE PCES AFFIX TO GIVE TWO L-SHAPED STRUCTURES, WHICH THEN SLOT INTO TO SURFACE OF SHIMUDAN ALONG SIDES AND PART OF FRONT. 11 PCES. TASSLE: S. PURPLE CORD, KNOTTED IN DECORATIVE WAY, TASSLES ON EITHER END, METAL SAFETY PIN AND WIRE AFFIXED TO TOP, LENGTH 33.8, WIDTH 18.5, HEIGHT 2.5. 1 PCE. TSURI TORO: T. HANGING LANTERN, GOLD-PAINTED COPPER, SET OF 2, EACH SET CONTAINS 6 PCES, TOTAL HEIGHT 43.7, WIDTH 34.5. JAPANESE NAME IS TSURI TORO, WHICH TRANSLATES TO “HANGING LANTERN.” SURFACE OF BOTTOM AND TOP PIECE ORNATELY ETCHED WITH DECORATIVE CUT-OUTS, ALLOWING LIGHT FROM LANTERN TO SHINE THROUGH. BOTTOM PIECE IS HEXAGONAL BASE RESTING ON SIX LEGS WITH METAL RODS EXTENDING UPWARDS FROM BASE. HEXAGONAL CYLINDER SITS ON TOP OF BASE, SURROUNDING METAL RODS. TWO SIDES OF HEXAGONAL CYLINDER ARE HINGED DOORS, LATCH ON FRONT SECURES DOORS CLOSED. ATTACHED TO METAL RODS IS LIGHT BULB WITH FIXTURE. TOP PIECE CONSISTS OF UPSIDE-DOWN DISH-SHAPED STRUCTURE, WITH WIDE LIP AND HIGHLY DECORATED EDGE, WHICH SLIDES ON TOP OF A VERTICAL PLATE WHICH RISES FROM METAL RODS. DOORKNOB-SHAPED HANDLE SITS ON TOP OF VERTICAL PLATE AND TOP PIECE, AND PEG SECURES ALL PIECES TOGETHER. CHAIN WOULD THEN BE USED TO HANG ENTIRE STRUCTURE FROM CEILING. 12 PCES TTL. UWA-JOKU: U. GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN TABLE, CONSISTS OF 4 PCES. BOTTOM-MOST PCE IS RECTANGULAR FRAME INTO WHICH TABLE STRUCTURE WITH SCROLL LEGS SLOTS INTO, FLAT TABLE SURFACE SLOTS INTO TBALE FRAME, TABLE RUNNER SITS ON TABLE SURFACE, DECORATED WITH ETCHED BRASS PLATES, CUT-OUTS AND DEPICTIONS OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS PAINTED PINK AND GREEN. ONE LEG HAS DETACHED FROM TABLE. LEGS ARE AFFIXED TO TABLE BY SMALL EXTENSION THAT SLOTS INTO HOLES. HEIGHT 34.9, LENGTH 75.7, WIDTH 29.4. JAPANESE NAME IS, “UWA-JOKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “UPPER TABLE.” 5 PCES. YORAKU: V. HANGING ORNAMENTS, GOLD-PAINTED WOOD, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 52.5, WIDTH 20.3. JAPANESE NAME IS, “YORAKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CORNER ORNAMENTS.” SIX STRINGS OF ORNAMENTS HANG FROM A CANOPY-LIKE STRUCTURE THAT IS SUSPENDED FROM THE 2 FRONT CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN. THE ORNAMENTS CONSIST OF SMALL BEADS AND GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN FILIGREE. 2 PCES. W. HANGING ORNAMENTS, GOLD-PAINTED WOOD, SET OF TWO, HEIGHT 52.0, WIDTH 7.2. JAPANESE NAME IS, “YORAKU,” WHICH TRANSLATES TO, “CORNER ORNAMENTS.” SINGLE STRING OF ORNAMENTS WHICH HANGS FROM THE TWO BACK CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN. THE ORNAMENTS CONSIST OF SMALL BEADS AND GOLD-PAINTED WOODEN FILIGREE. 2 PCES. WHITE CANDLE: X. PARTIALLY BURNED DOWN, LENGTH 27.7, DIAMETER 2.2.
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
RELIGION
History
THESE OBJECTS REPRESENT THE BULK OF RELIGIOUS ITEMS OWNED BY THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. NEARLY ALL OF THESE OBJECTS ARE THOUGHT TO HAVE BEEN ACQUIRED FROM JAPAN IN 1962. FOR 60 YEARS, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS A SPIRITUAL AND SOCIAL GATHERING PLACE FOR THE MANY JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS RESIDING IN VAUXHALL, BOW ISLAND AND TABER. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, AS WELL AS SEVERAL OTHER BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN THE AREA, IS, HOWEVER, RELATED TO A DARK CHAPTER IN CANADIAN HISTORY, NAMELY THE FORCIBLE RELOCATION OF JAPANESE IMMIGRANTS AND THEIR DECEDENTS FROM THE WEST COAST OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. IN “JODO SHINSHU IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA: FROM RURAL RAYMOND TO AMALGAMATION” JOHN HARDING WRITES, “THE HISTORY OF JAPANESE IMMIGRANTS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA IS INSEPARABLE FROM THE RELOCATION, INTERNMENT AND LABOR FORCED ON JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS IN 1942.” MANY EVACUEES CHOSE, FROM A LIMITED NUMBER OF OPTIONS, TO MOVE TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AS THIS ALLOWED FOR FAMILIES TO STAY TOGETHER. AS A RESULT OF THIS RELOCATION, SOUTHERN ALBERTA’S JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIAN POPULATION INCREASED IN SIZE DRAMATICALLY. PRIOR TO THE WAR, LESS THAN 600 JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS RESIDED IN ALBERTA. APPROXIMATELY 3,000 EVACUEES MOVED TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOLLOWING THE INTERNMENT, MANY OF WHICH SETTLED ON FARMS IN THE TABER AND RAYMOND AREA. MANY BUDDHIST CHURCHES WERE ESTABLISHED IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOLLOWING THIS INCREASE IN JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIAN POPULATIONS. THE TOWNS OF PICTURE BUTTE, ROSEMARY, COALDALE AND TABER ALL SAW THE ESTABLISHMENT OF BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN THE 1940S AND 1950S. THESE CHURCHES ENABLED MEMBERS TO MAINTAIN THEIR SPIRITUAL AND CULTURAL IDENTITY WHICH WOULD HAVE BEEN ESPECIALLY DIFFICULT DURING THE INITIAL PREJUDICES AGAINST JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS DURING AND FOLLOWING WWII. THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH CLOSED IN SEPTEMBER OF 2007. THIS CLOSURE, ALONG WITH THE CLOSURE OF SEVERAL OTHER BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, IS PART OF AN ATTEMPT BY THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA TO AMALGAMATE CHURCHES AND CREATE A NEW TEMPLE, THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA (BTSA), BASED IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. THIS DECISION WAS BROUGHT ABOUT PRIMARILY BECAUSE MEMBERS WERE AGING AND MEMBERSHIP HAD BEEN DECLINING STEADILY FOR THE PAST SEVERAL DECADES. MANY OF THE SHRINES BELONGING TO THESE CHURCHES WERE DONATED TO MUSEUMS THROUGHOUT ALBERTA. THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA IS THE RECIPIENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH SHRINE. THIS REPORT IS A SUMMARY OF THE HISTORY OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, AND IS BASED ON PUBLISHED SOURCES AND INTERVIEWS OF PAST CHURCH MINISTERS AND MEMBERS. ESTABLISHMENT AND HISTORY OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH: KOJIRO SAKAMOTO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. SAKAMOTO MOVED TO TABER FROM PITT MEADOWS IN 1942, FOLLOWING THE INTERNMENT OF JAPANESE AND JAPANESE-CANADIANS DURING WORLD WAR II. ASAYE SAKAMOTO, KOJIRO SAKAMOTO’S DAUGHTER-IN-LAW, REMEMBERS KOJIRO, ALONG WITH HER HUSBAND MR. SAKAMOTO AND TSURUKICHI MISHIYAMA, TRAVELING THROUGHOUT THE TABER AREA TO MEET WITH VARIOUS FAMILIES TO DISCUSS THE IDEA OF ESTABLISHING A BUDDHIST CHURCH. IN 2008, IRENE SAKAMOTO, KOJIRO’S GRANDDAUGHTER, RECALLED HIS APTITUDE FOR GATHERING DONATIONS: “HE (KOJIRO) WOULD PUT UP SOME MONEY TO SAY, HERE’S HOW MUCH I’M GOING TO DONATE TO THE CHURCH. YOU SHOULD DONATE THIS MUCH, OR WHAT YOU CAN…HE WANTED THAT CHURCH BADLY.” IRENE SAKAMOTO REMEMBERED A LOCAL WOMAN, RUBY KRENSKE, PICKING HER UP AT HER HOME IN ORDER TO TAKE HER TO THE TABER GOSPEL HALL TO ATTEND A CHRISTIAN SERVICE. IN, “FROM TANK 77 TO TABER TODAY,” KRENSKE WROTE, “I FIRST MET WITH THE CHILDREN ON THE STREET WHO WENT NOWHERE TO SUNDAY SCHOOL…WE ARRANGED FOR BRINGING THEM IN TO SUNDAY SCHOOL AT THE GOSPEL HALL AND THEY ALL CAME.” MANY CHILDREN WOULD GO TO THE GOSPEL HALL WITH KRENSKE, SO LONG AS THEIR PARENTS APPROVED. IRENE SAKAMOTO WONDERS IF THIS DID NOT BOTHER HER GRANDFATHER, PERHAPS MOTIVATING HIM TO ESTABLISH THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. IN 1945, A COMMITTEE WAS ORGANIZED IN ORDER TO ESTABLISH A BUDDHIST CHURCH IN TABER. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO, MISHIYAMA AND OTHERS ARRANGED FOR BUDDHIST MINISTERS REVEREND IKUTA AND REVEREND YUTETSU KAWAMURA, WHO RESIDED RESPECTIVELY IN PICTURE BUTTE AND RAYMOND, TO VISIT TABER AND CONDUCT SERVICES WITHIN PRIVATE HOMES. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO HAD AN EXTRA ROOM BUILT ONTO HIS HOME IN ORDER TO ACCOMMODATE MORE PEOPLE FOR THESE SERVICES. KOJIRO SAKAMOTO WAS ALSO INSTRUMENTAL IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF A ‘KODEN,’ A MONETARY GIFT MADE TO A RECENTLY DECEASED PERSON’S FAMILY DURING THE FUNERAL. IRENE SAKAMOTO REMEMBERS HER GRANDFATHER ASKING EVERYONE IN THE CHURCH TO DONATE A DOLLAR OR TWO TO THOSE WHO HAD SUFFERED A RECENT DEATH IN THEIR FAMILY. THE MONEY ENABLED FAMILIES TO PURCHASE A COFFIN FOR THEIR DECEASED LOVED ONES. BY 1947, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS ESTABLISHED, AND THE SOUTH HUNGARIAN HALL WAS BEING RENTED FOR WEEKLY SERVICES. IN 1949, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH PURCHASED THE HUNGARIAN HALL FROM DONATIONS RECEIVED BY CHURCH MEMBERS. CHURCH MEMBERSHIP CONSISTED OF MORE THAN 90 FAMILIES AND IT WAS QUICKLY REALIZED THAT THE HALL WOULD NOT ACCOMMODATE ALL OF THE CHURCH MEMBERS. IN THE SUMMER OF 1950, AN ANNEX WAS ADDED TO THE BUILDING FOLLOWING A VERY SUCCESSFUL FUND-RAISING CAMPAIGN. TO HELP COVER THE COSTS OF THE NEW EXTENSION, THE ESTABLISHED FARMER MEMBERS DONATED THE PROFITS FROM TWO ACRES OF SUGAR BEET CROPS TOWARDS THE CHURCH WHICH, WERE THINNED AND CARED FOR BY THE CHURCH MEMBERS. OTHER MEMBERS CONTINUED TO MAKE MONETARY DONATIONS. IN 1951, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS THE RECIPIENT OF A GOHONZON, A STATUE OF AMIDA BUDDHA, FROM THE NEW YORK BUDDHIST CHURCH. MR. AKISABURO SATO FROM TABER TRAVELED REGULARLY TO THE EAST COAST, AND ACCEPTED THE GOHONZON ON BEHALF OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH FROM THE NYBC. AN INSTALLATION CEREMONY WAS CONDUCTED IN APRIL 1951 FOLLOWING THE DONATION. IN 1952, THE LADY YOSHIKO OHTANI AND LORD KOSHO OHTANI, ALSO KNOWN AS THE ABBOT, VISITED THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THIS VISIT WAS PART OF THE LADY OHTANI’S DESIRE TO REVITALIZE THE BUDDHIST WOMAN’S ASSOCIATION BY VISITING SHIN BUDDHIST TEMPLES IN JAPAN AND OVERSEAS. AS A RESULT OF HER EFFORTS, THE WORLD WOMAN’S BUDDHIST CONVENTION, ONE OF WHICH TOOK PLACE IN VANCOUVER AND WAS ATTENDED BY MANY TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH MEMBERS, WAS HELD EVERY FOUR YEARS. THESE CONFERENCES ALLOWED FOR THE VARIOUS SHIN BUDDHIST CHAPTERS TO COMMUNICATE WITH EACH OTHER AND SHARE DIFFERENT CULTURAL TRADITIONS. IRENE SAKAMOTO RECALLED ATTENDING THIS EVENT IN TABER AND BEING BAPTIZED BY THE ABBOT, ALONG WITH SEVERAL OTHER PEOPLE. THOSE WHO WERE BAPTIZED WERE GIVEN THEIR BUDDHIST NAME, WHICH WAS WRITTEN ON A PLACARD, AND IS TRADITIONALLY PLACE IN THE BUDDHIST TEMPLE DURING THEIR FUNERAL SERVICE. AS EARLY AS 1958, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH BEGAN TO MAKE INQUIRIES TO JAPANESE SHRINE DEALERS IN ORDER TO PURCHASE A SHRINE. FURTHER INQUIRIES WERE MADE IN JULY, 1961. AFTER RESEARCHING POTENTIAL SHRINE DEALERS IN JAPAN, A SHINE WAS DECIDED UPON IN FEBRUARY OF 1962. THE TOTAL COST WAS ABOUT $3500.00. THE SHRINE ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN APRIL, 1963 AND WAS ASSEMBLED BY MR. KAWADE OF RAYMOND. IN MARCH 1964, AN INSTALLATION CEREMONY WAS HELD. IT WAS ATTENDED BY APPROXIMATELY 400 MEMBERS AND GUESTS, DESPITE INCLEMENT WEATHER, AND ABOUT $3950.00 WAS RAISED VIA RAFFLES AND DONATIONS. IN APRIL 1964, AN INSTITUTIONAL SPLIT DIVIDED THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN ALBERTA. THE SPLIT WAS A SENSITIVE ISSUE AND IMPACTED RELATIONS BETWEEN MEMBERS OF VARIOUS BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA FOR DECADES. THE REASONS FOR THE SPLIT REMAIN UNCLEAR, ALTHOUGH IT APPEARS THAT DIFFERING OPINIONS ABOUT THE DIRECTION OF THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES AND PERSONALITY CONFLICTS WERE THE MAIN CAUSES. THE MAJORITY OF MEMBERS OF THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, ALONG WITH THE NORTHSIDE LETHBRIDGE, COALDALE, AND THE PICTURE BUTTE BUDDHIST CHURCHES, REMAINED WITH THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES OF CANADA, WHILE THE ROSEMARY, RAYMOND, AND HONPA BUDDHIST CHURCHES EXISTED INDEPENDENTLY OF THE BCC. THE INSTITUTIONAL SPLIT WAS RECONCILED, TO A DEGREE, FOLLOWING THE CREATION OF THE BTSA IN 2007. BITTER FEELINGS, HOWEVER, ARE STILL APPARENT. THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH CELEBRATED 25TH, 30TH, 35TH, 40TH, AND 50TH ANNIVERSARIES IN 1972, 1977, 1982, 1987, AND 1997, RESPECTIVELY. AT THESE EVENTS, A SPECIAL SERVICE WAS HELD AND PHOTOGRAPHS WERE TAKEN TO COMMEMORATE THE EVENT. IN 1984, THE ABBOT AND LADY OHTANI VISITED THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THE VISITING ABBOT WAS THE SON OF LORD KOSHO OHTANI, THE ABBOT WHO CAME TO S. ALBERTA IN 1952. IN 1988, CHURCH MEMBER JACK NAGAI SPEARHEADED THE MOTION TO GET THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH INCORPORATED. THE GOAL WAS TO BE ABLE TO REGISTER THE CHURCH SO THAT TAX RECEIPTS COULD BE ISSUED TO THOSE WHO GAVE A DONATION. DURING THE SAME YEAR, THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT ISSUED REDRESS COMPENSATION TO THE JAPANESE CANADIANS WHO ENDURED INTERNMENT DURING WORLD WAR II. MANY RECIPIENTS OF REDRESS MADE DONATIONS TO THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH, ALLOWING FOR REPAIRS AND CONTINUATION OF CHURCH ACTIVITIES. IN 2008, SEVERAL TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH MEMBERS TOLD GALT MUSEUM STAFF THAT THEY DONATED REDRESS COMPENSATION, AWARDED IN THE LATE 80S, TO THE BTSA FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NEW TEMPLE. IN 1989, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH HOSTED THE 11TH ALBERTA BUDDHIST CONFERENCE. THIS ANNUAL EVENT CONSISTED OF A WEEKEND OF ACTIVITIES, INCLUDING AN OPENING SERVICE, GUEST SPEAKERS, A BANQUET, A TOUR OF ROGER’S SUGAR FACTORY, A SPECIAL SESSION ON BUDDHISM FOR YOUTH ATTENDEES AND A CHURCH SERVICE. APPROXIMATELY 230 ATTENDED AND OVER 2500 RAFFLE TICKETS WERE SOLD. TICKETS WERE $20 AND WERE SOLD BY THE HOSTING CHURCH MEMBERS. THE EVENT WAS A HUGE SUCCESS, WITH MORE TICKETS BEING SOLD THAN ANY OTHER PREVIOUS ALBERTA BUDDHIST CONFERENCE. ON SEPTEMBER 9TH, 2007, THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH WAS CLOSED. THE BUILDING WAS SOLD ON OCTOBER 1, 2007. THE INFORMATION ON THE PLACEMENT, FUNCTION, AND SIGNIFICANCE OF THE OBJECTS LISTED BELOW WAS GATHERED FROM REVEREND IZUMI, A LOCAL BUDDHIST MINISTER. ALL TRANSLATIONS WERE MADE BY REVEREND IZUMI. BUPPANKI: THESE ARE OFFERING VESSELS, USUALLY FOR COOKED RICE. THEY ARE OFTEN PLACED IN FRONT OF THE STATUE OF AMIDA BUDDHA (GOHONZON) ON THE SHUMIDAN. IN SHIN BUDDHISM, OFFERINGS ARE EXPRESSIONS OF GRATITUDE, AND CAN COME IN A SPIRITUAL OR MATERIAL FORM. SPIRITUAL OFFERINGS INCLUDE THE READING OF PRAYERS AND CHANTING OF SUTRAS, WHEREAS MATERIAL OFFERINGS INCLUDE RICE, CAKES, PASTRIES, CANDIES, FLOWERS, AND INCENSE. THERE ARE SEVERAL OBJECTS THAT ARE USED TO HOLD OFFERINGS: THE DANMORI, BUPPANKI, AND KESOKU. BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO: THE BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO IS THE BOX USED TO CONTAIN THE THREE PRINCIPLE SUTRAS OF SHIN BUDDHISM. THEY ARE SUTRA OF IMMEASURABLE LIFE (MURYOJU-KYO), WHICH CONSISTS OF TWO VOLUMES, MEDITATION SUTRA (KAMMURYOJU-KYO), AND, AMIDA SUTRA. ADORNING THE BOX LID IS THE JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI. JODO SHINSHU CREST IS ALSO KNOWN AS, “SAGARIFUJI,” WHICH IS A WISTERIA VINE. THE FLOWERS OF THE VINE HANG DOWN AND SIGNIFY HUMILITY. THE SAGARIFUJI WAS ORIGINALLY THE FAMILY CREST OF THE FUJIWARA CLAN, OF WHICH SHINRAN SHONIN, THE FOUNDER OF SHIN BUDDHISM, WAS A MEMBER. THE KIRI REPRESENTS THE PRINCESS TREE AND/OR PAULOWNIA FLOWER AND IS A SYMBOL OF THE OFFICE OF THE PRIME MINISTER OF JAPAN. CANDLE SNUFFER: THIS WOULD SIT IN THE DRAWER OF THE MAE-JOKU, AND WOULD HAVE BEEN USED TO EXTINGUISH CANDLES. ALL FLAMES WOULD HAVE BEEN EXTINGUISHED BY A CANDLE SNUFFER, AS HUMAN BREATH IS CONSIDERED IMPURE. CANDLE SNUFFER WAS KEPT IN THE DRAWER OF THE MAE-JOKU, AND WAS LIKELY PURCHASED LOCALLY. FLAG POLE: THIS WOULD SIT IN THE GEJIN (NON-STAGE AREA) OF THE CHURCH, IN THE RIGHT CORNER AGAINST THE NAIJIN (STAGE), FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE. A BUDDHIST FLAG WOULD HAVE BEEN ATTACHED TO THE FLAG POLE. GOBUNSHO-BAKO: THIS BOX WOULD SIT ON THE KYO-JOKU (SUTRA TABLE) IN FRONT OF RENNYO SHONIN’S SCROLL. CONTAINED WITHIN THE BOX WOULD HAVE BEEN A BOOK KNOWN AS, “GOBUNSHO.” THE BOOK CONTAINS A SELECTION OF ABOUT 80 LETTERS WRITTEN BY RENNYO SHONIN, WHO LIVED FROM 1415-1499. HE IS THE 8TH DESCENDANT OF SHINRAN, THE FOUNDER OF THE JODO SHINSHU SECT. RENNYO SHONIN WAS A REFORMER OF THE JODO SHINSHU DENOMINATION, AND IS SEEN AS RESPONSIBLE FOR A RE-EMERGENCE OF SHIN BUDDHISM. THE LETTERS WERE WRITTEN TO HELP CLARIFY THE TRUE MEANING OF THE NAMU AMIDA BUTSU AND SHINRAN SHONIN'S TEACHINGS. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST AND KIRI, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. SEE ARCHIVES. GOKUDEN: IS USED TO HOUSE THE GOHONZON (AMIDA BUDDHA). THE GOKUDEN SITS ON THE SHUMIDAN . THE FOUR PILLARS SURROUNDING THE ALCOVE WHERE THE GOHONZON SITS ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS, A CENTRAL COMPONENT OF BUDDHIST TEACHINGS. THE ANIMALS DEPICTED IN RELIEF ON THE GOKUDEN ARE SEEN AS PROTECTING AMIDA BUDDHA. THE GOLD COLOUR SEEN THROUGHOUT THE GOKUDEN AND OTHER RELIGIOUS ARTIFACTS IS SYMBOLIC: TRUTH, LIKE GOLD, DOES NOT TARNISH OVER TIME. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. KAHIN: THE KAHIN (FLOWER VASES) SIT ON THE MAE-JOKU OR SHOKO-DAI. THE BUTSUGU WHICH SITS ON THE MAE-JOKU ARE ARRANGED IN EITHER A THREE OR FIVE SET ARRANGEMENT. THE THREE SET ARRANGEMENT IS CALLED A, “SANGUSOKU,” WHICH HAS AN INCENSE BURNER, A VASE, AND A CANDLE-STICK HOLDER ARRANGED LEFT TO RIGHT FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE. THE FIVE SET ARRANGEMENT IS CALLED A, “GOGUSOKU,” AND THE BUTSUGU ARRANGEMENT IS A VASE, A CANDLE-STICK HOLDER, AN INCENSE BURNER, A CANDLE HOLDER AND A VASE. THE GOGUSOKU IS TRADITIONALLY RESERVED FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS, ALTHOUGH THE BUDDHIST CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA USED THIS ARRANGEMENT FREQUENTLY, ACCORDING TO REVEREND IZUMI. FLOWERS ARE A COMMON SYMBOL IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SIGNIFYING THE IMPERMANENCE OF LIFE. MANY CHURCHES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA COULD NOT AFFORD TO PURCHASE FRESH FLOWERS YEAR ROUND, THUS FAKE FLOWERS WERE OFTEN USED. THE DRAGONS WHICH APPEAR ON THE HANDLES OF SOME OF THE KAHIN ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. KASHA: THE KASHA (INCENSE-BURNER) SITS ON THE UWA-JOKU (UPPER TABLE). THE BUTSUGU THAT SIT ON THE UWA-JOKU ARE ARRANGED IN A FOUR ELEMENT ARRANGEMENT. FROM LEFT TO RIGHT, FROM THE AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE, THE ARRANGEMENT IS AS FOLLOWS: KEBYO (FLOWER-VASE), ROSOKU-TATE (CANDLE HOLDER), KASHA, AND KEBYO. SOME PHOTOGRAPHS, HOWEVER, SUGGEST THAT THIS ARRANGEMENT WAS FLEXIBLE. THE THREE LEGS OF THE KASHA AND OTHER BUTSUGU ARE SYMBOLIC OF THE THREE TREASURES: (1) BUDDHA, THE SOURCE OF ENLIGHTENMENT AND TRUTH, (2) DHARMA, THE TEACHINGS AND EXPRESSIONS OF TRUTH, AND (3) SANGHA, A FRIENDLY, HARMONIOUS GATHERING. BUTSUGU WITH THREE LEGS SHOULD BE POSITIONED SUCH THAT ONE OF THE THREE LEGS FACES DIRECTLY OUTWARDS. INCENSE-BURNING WAS A COMMON RITUAL PRACTICED IN BUDDHIST CHURCHES, SIGNIFYING ONES RESPECT AND GRATITUDE TOWARDS AMIDA BUDDHA. KEBYO: THESE FLOWER VASES WOULD SIT ON THE UWA-JOKU (UPPER TABLE), PER PLACEMENT OF KEBYO, SEE SEE HISTORY OF KASHA ABOVE. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF FLOWERS IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KAHIN ABOVE. KIKU-RINTO: THIS CHRYSANTHEMUM HANGING LANTERN WOULD HANG FROM THE CEILING, GENERALLY ON EITHER SIDE OF THE MAE-JOKU (FRONT TABLE). IN SHIN BUDDHISM, LIGHT SYMBOLIZES AMIDA BUDDHA’S WISDOM AND TRUTH. THE FLOWERS FOUND THROUGHOUT THE KIKU-RINTO ARE SYMBOLIC OF THE TRANSIENCE OF LIFE. SPECIFICALLY, THE CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER IS FOUND ON THE CREST OF THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN, AND A SYMBOL OF THE EMPEROR AND THE IMPERIAL HOUSE. TRADITIONALLY, SUCH LANTERNS WERE OIL-BURNING, BUT THESE LANTERNS ARE ELECTRIC. KORO: THESE KORO (INCENSE-BURNERS) WERE TYPICALLY PLACED ON A SHOKO-DAI (INCENSE BURNING STAND). PER SIGNIFICANCE OF THREE LEGGED BUTSUGU AND INCENSE BURNING, SEE HISTORY OF KASHA ABOVE. THE DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE KORO ARE SYMBOLS OF GOOD OMENS. FOR SYMBOLISM OF JODO SHINSHU CREST, SEE HISTORY OF BUSSETSU MURYJU KYO-BAKO ABOVE. MAE-JOKU: THIS TABLE WOULD BE CENTERED IN FRONT OF THE GOKUDEN (AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE) ON THE NAJIN (STAGE). FOR KINDS OF BUTSUGU AND THEIR PLACEMENT ON MAE-JOKU , SEE HISTORY OF KAHIN ABOVE. THE CARVED WOODEN RELIEFS ON THE TABLE INCLUDE DRAGONS, CRANES (SYMBOLS OF GOOD OMENS AND LONGEVITY, RESPECTIVELY), PEACOCKS, AND LOTUS AND CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS. LOTUS FLOWERS ARE ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT SYMBOLS IN BUDDHISM. THE LOTUS PLANT BEGINS ITS LIFE AS A SEED, AT THE MUCKY BOTTOM OF A POND. AS IT GROWS, THE PLANT ASCENDS THROUGH THE MURKY WATER, EVENTUALLY COMING TO THE SURFACE AND BLOSSOMING INTO A BEAUTIFUL FLOWER. THE LOTUS FLOWER IS THUS AN EXAMPLE FOR FOLLOWERS OF THE BUDDHIST FAITH. THE MUCK AND MUDDY POND IS SYMBOLIC OF OUR WORLD, AND THE SINS AND TEMPTATIONS THAT EXIST WITHIN IT, YET FROM THIS, A BEAUTIFUL FLOWER IS BORNE. BY FOLLOWING AMIDA BUDDHA’S TEACHING AND STRIVING FOR PURITY AND ENLIGHTENMENT, ONE IS ABLE TO MOVE BEYOND SIN, AND ASCEND TOWARDS ENLIGHTENMENT. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWERS, SEE HISTORY OF AND KIKU-RINTO ABOVE. THE ANIMALS AND PLANTS REPRESENTED APPEAR AS THEY ARE DESCRIBED IN THE AMIDA SUTRA, ONE OF THE 3 PRINCIPLE SUTRAS OF SHIN BUDDHISM. RESTING ON TOP OF THE MAE-JOKU WAS THE UCHISHIKI AND MIZUHIKI AND TABLE RUNNER (SEE P20070020012). ROSOKU-TATE: THESE PARTICULAR ROSOKU-TATE WOULD SIT ON A SHOKO-DAI. THE DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE ROSOKU-TATE ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. THE FLAME WOULD HAVE BEEN EXTINGUISHED BY A CANDLE SNUFFER, AS HUMAN BREATH IS CONSIDERED IMPURE. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF LIGHT IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. SHUMIDAN: SAT ON THE CENTER OF THE STAGE (NAIJIN) IN THE TABER BUDDHIST CHURCH. THE GOKUDEN SITS ATOP THE SHIMUDAN, AS DOES THE UWA-JOKU AND OTHER VARIOUS BUTSUGU. DRAGONS DEPICTED ON THE SHIMUDAN ARE SYMBOLIC OF GOOD OMENS. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF CHRYSANTHEMUMS, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. TASSLE: THIS HUNG INSIDE THE GOKUDEN, ABOVE THE HEAD OF THE GOHONZON. TSURI TORO: THESE WOULD HANG FROM THE CEILING, ON EITHER SIDE OF THE GOKUDEN (AMIDA BUDDHA’S HOUSE). THE TSURI TORO WERE ORIGINALLY USED TO LIGHT PATHS AT NIGHT TO AVOID THE ACCIDENTAL KILLING OF INSECTS AND SMALL CREATURES ON THE ROAD. TRADITIONALLY, SUCH LANTERNS WERE OIL-BURNING, BUT THESE LANTERNS WERE ELECTRIC. PER SIGNIFICANCE OF LIGHT IN SHIN BUDDHISM, SEE HISTORY OF KIKU-RINTO. UWA-JOKU: SITS ON THE SHIMUDAN, IN FRONT OF THE GOKUDEN. SITTING ON TOP OF THE UWA-JOKU IS UCHISHIKI 1(TABLE CLOTH). SEE P20070020013 FOR DESCRIPTION AND PLACEMENT OF THIS UCHISHIKI. A FOUR ELEMENT ARRANGEMENT SAT ON THIS TABLE WHICH, FROM LEFT TO RIGHT, AUDIENCE’S PERSPECTIVE, WERE: KEBYO, ROSOKU-TATE, KASHA, AND KEBYO. PER SIGNIFICANCE AND FUNCTION OF THESE OBJECTS, SEE RESPECTIVE HISTORIES LISTED ABOVE. YORAKU: THESE WOULD HANG FROM THE FOUR CORNERS OF THE GOKUDEN; THE LARGER YORAKU HANG FROM THE FRONT CORNERS AND THE SMALLER YORAKU HANG FROM THE BACK CORNERS. THEY ARE DERIVED FROM ORNAMENTS WORN AROUND THE NECK OF BODY OF ARISTOCRATIC MEN IN ANCIENT INDIA. SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA, THE FOUNDER OF BUDDHISM, ADVOCATED THAT NOBILITY WAS NOT THE RESULT OF ONE’S BIRTH, BUT RATHER THE RESULT OF ONES DEEDS. THESE YORAKU REPRESENT THE ATTAINMENT OF NOBILITY THROUGH NOBLE DEEDS. WHITE CANDLE: WOULD HAVE BEEN USED WITH ROSOKU-TATE.
Catalogue Number
P20070020001
Acquisition Date
2007-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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