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Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19672564007
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Length
5.7
Description
BRASS TITLE "R N W M P" LETTERS JOINED BY BAR TOP & BOTTOM. 2 PIN LOOPS FOR FASTENER, MISSING PIN FASTENER.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
MADE BY "J.R. GAUNT LTD MONTREAL" PREVIOUSLY CATALOGED AS AN ANONYMOUS DONATION P19738905000-GA, ATTRIBUTED TO CRAIG DONATION. TITLE IS CONSISTENT WITH OTHER UNIFORM PIECES. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564007
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP BADGE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1945
Materials
NICKEL
No. Pieces
2
Height
1
Length
4.5
Width
4.7
Description
NICKEL CAP BADGE WITH PIN. BADGE IS SHAPED AS MAPLE LEAF; CROWN EMBOSSED AT CENTRE OF FACE, WITH "CANADA" IN BANNER BELOW. BRASS COTTER PIN THROUGH TABS AT BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BELONGED TO FRANK BATHGATE, A MEMBER OF THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICE FROM 1953 UNTIL HE RETIRED IN 1988. DECEASED 1996. FOR HISTORY PLEASE SEE P19960107001-GA. DONOR IS FRANK'S WIFE.
Catalogue Number
P19970094010
Acquisition Date
1998-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BREECHES
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19672564002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BREECHES
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
105.0
Width
43.0
Description
BLUE WOOL SERGE, YELLOW LEG STRIPE AND "PEG" ON SIDES. INSIDE LEG WOOL GUSSET LACED AT THE CALF. FRONT SINGLE SLIT POCKET, BUTTONS FOR SUSPENDERS & 3 BUTTOFLY. UNDER POCKET FLAP IN INK "SGT CRAIG J.", VERY FADED. "SGT CRAIG J."
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
TROUSERS APPEAR TO BE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE ISSUE OF 1904 OR LATER & CONSISTENT WITH JACKET. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564002
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BOOTS
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19672564004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. BOOTS
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
LEATHER, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Height
37.8
Length
27.8
Width
10.1
Description
LEATHER LACED INSTEP & UPPER, BROWN, LEATHER SOLE & RIDING HEEL. LACED AT REAR & FRONT. SIDE LACING DECORATIVE. GUSSET AT FRONT ABOVE LACES. CLOTH PULL TABS INSIDE NR. TOP. PULL TABS ON INSIDE ARE STRIPED. INSTEP LACES MISSING. BOTTOM OF HEELS READ "ITS". SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BOOT BASED ON STRATHCONA PATTERN ALTHOUGH NOT CONSISTENT WITH 1901 ISSUE. OTHER PATTERNS WERE TRIED. SEE P19672564001-GA FOR HISTORY & REFERENCES.
Catalogue Number
P19672564004
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RIBBON, NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19780059000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
RIBBON, NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
No. Pieces
4
Length
5.1
Width
3.8
Description
RIBBONS - 3.8 CM WTH. X 17.2 CM LTH. .1 BADGE. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. BADGE ENGRAVED "LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT" AND "8". CLIP PIN ON BACK. POLISHED. .2 PINK RIBBON. BLACK LETTERING "LETHBRIDGE FIRE BRIGADE FIRST ANNUAL BALL JAN. 23, 1903 - MEMBER". GOOD CONDITION. .3 BLUE RIBBON. "LETHBRIDGE FIRE BRIGADE SECOND ANNUAL BALL, APRIL 4TH, 1904 MEMBER". GOOD CONDITION. .4 BEIGE RIBBON. RED LETTERING "THE FIRE BRIGADE - MEMBER - LETHBRIDGE 1905". POOR CONDITION.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
CAP BADGE LETHBRIDGE FIRE DEPARTMENT; COMPLETE WITH 1903, 1904, 1905 RIBBONS ATTACHED. THE BADGE PROBABLY ORIGINAL ISSUE. BADGE & RIBBONS BROUGHT INTO DEPARTMENT ABOUT 15 YEARS AGO (1960'S) POSSIBLY BY A FORMER FIREMAN.
Catalogue Number
P19780059000
Acquisition Date
1978-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP (UNIFORM) (3)
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1977
Materials
NICKEL / NICKEL-PLATE
No. Pieces
6
Length
5.1
Width
5.1
Description
.1 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "F.D." IN ENGRAVED LETTERS. "1" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, WITH A BRASS "NUT". SMALL POINT ON BACK. .2 "LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPT." ENGRAVED IN BLACK LETTERS. "64" IN CENTRE, FIRE HYDRANT AND LADDER. SCREW WELDED ON BACK, SMALL POINT ON BACK. HAS A SILVER NUT. .3 "CITY OF LETHBRIDGE" AND "FIRE DEPARTMENT" LETTERING ON RED BACKGROUND. A SCREW WELDED ON BACK. PIN AND A BRASS NUT ON BACK. ALL BADGES ARE HIGHLY POLISHED.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
.1 CAP BADGE USED IN EARLY 1900'S (ORIGINAL FIRE DEPARTMENT BADGE)..2 A LATER MODEL OF ABOVE BADGE. USED UNTIL 1976..3 BADGE FIRST ISSUED IN 1977.
Catalogue Number
P19780058000
Acquisition Date
1978-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE R.N.W.M. POLICE
Date Range From
1904
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19738911000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COLLAR BADGE R.N.W.M. POLICE
Date Range From
1904
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
3.0
Width
2.5
Description
CROWN AT TOP WITH "CANADA" BENEATH "MAINTEN LE DROIT" AROUND A BUFFALO HEAD IN CENTRE. "ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE" BENEATH ON FRONT. "J.R. GAUNT & SON LTD. MONTREAL" ON BACK. COMPLETE WITH PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
SEE PERMANENT RECORD P19672511000 FOR INFORMATION ON THE BARROW FAMILY. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING THIS INFANT'S DRESS DONATED BY BRUCE G. BARROW. ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE IS A NOTE THAT STATES, “FROM THE ESTATE OF THE LATE MAJOR REV. GORE. M. BARROW. SOUVENIRS FROM THE BOER WAR, GREAT WAR I & II FROM BRUCE G BARROW.” FOR MORE INFORMATION OF MAJOR REV. GORE M. BARROW, INCLUDING A SUMMARY OF HIS ATTESTATION PAPERS, PLEASE SEE P19672511000. IT IS LIKELY THAT THE COLLECTION OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY BRUCE G. BARROW ENDED UP IN LETHBRIDGE BECAUSE THEY WERE GIVEN TO BARROW BY HIS FATHER, WHO SPENT THE MAJORITY OF HIS LIFE IN ONTARIO. ACCORDING TO LETHBRIDGE HERALD RESEARCH, BRUCE G. BARROW WAS BORN IN TORONTO. ON 26 JUNE 1937, HE MARRIED MURIEL ELIZABETH BOEHM AND TOGETHER THEY HAD A DAUGHTER, JUDITH (TONY) PAYNE. BARROW SERVED AS A CHOIRMASTER AND AN ORGANIST IN MANY CHURCHES, BEFORE COMING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 WHERE HE SPENT TIME AT ST. AUGUSTINE’S ANGLICAN CHURCH. HE RETIRED FROM THE CHURCH IN 1972 AND WORKED EXAMINING FOR TORONTO CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC. HE PASSED AWAY IN THE CITY ON 22 JUNE 1977 AT THE AGE OF 66 YEARS. IN 2018, PUNDYK CONNECTED WITH THE DONOR'S DAUGHTER, JUDITH PAYNE, IN AN ATTEMPT TO OBTAIN FURTHER ARTIFACT-SPECIFIC INFORMATION. NO FURTHER INFORMATION WAS ACQUIRED. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19672526000 FOR FURTHER INFORMATION, INCLUDING COPIES OF THE ARCHIVAL RESEARCH.
Catalogue Number
P19738911000
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. TUNIC
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19672564001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.N.W.M.P. TUNIC
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1920
Date
1908
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
69.0
Width
42.0
Description
RED WOOL SERGE, NAVY BLUE EPAULET (OR SHOULDER STRAPS) WITH BRASS BUTTON. COLLAR PATCHES IN NAVY BLUE, BRASS COLLAR FASTENERS. BELLOWS TYPE BREAST POCKET C/W FLAP & BRASS BUTTON. 1 PR. HIP POCKETS, SQUARE CUT WITH FLAPS, NO BUTTON. 2 BRASS BELT LOOPS, (1 EA SIDE). BADGES: 2 STARS MID UPPER LFT ARM. KINGS CROWN, 3 STRIPE CHEVRON, SPUR BADGE BETWEEN. ALL BADGES EMBROIDERED GOLD ON BLACK BACKGROUND. 5 BRASS BUTTONS DOWN FRONT. 2 BRASS, BUTTONS LOWER RT SLEEVE CUFF. BUTTONS MISSING ON LFT CUFF. ALL BRASS BUTTONS, KINGS CROWN & MARKED "R.N.W.M.P.." INSIDE TUNIC "SGT CRAIG J. 4812" IN INK. SHOULDER TITLES & COLLAR BADGES MISSING (STOLEN JNE 1975), AND CROSSED PISTOL BADGE LFT CUFF, WAR SERVICE STRIPE, RT. CUFF & SERVICE MEDAL BAR UPPER LFT BREAST ABOVE POCKET.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES INDICATE THAT CRAIG WAS A NON COMMISSIONED OFFICER WITH RANK OF SARGEANT, SERVING FOR AT LEAST 10 YRS (2 SERVICE STARS). HE WAS A ROUGHRIDER (RIDING INSTRUCTOR-SPUR BADGE), SERVED IN W.W. I & WAS LIKELY A MARKSMAN WITH REVOLVERS. CRAIG DIED AT AGE 62, OCT. 15 1952 IN LETHBRIDGE. HE JOINED THE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE FORCE DEC. 22 1908, DISCHARGED JULY 24 1911. REJOINED FEB. 15, 1915 WITH CALVARY DRAFT FOR W.W.I RETURNED FROM OVERSEAS & AGAIN DISCHARGED ON AUG 29 1922 TO JOIN ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE FORCE. ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE QUARTERLY OBITUARY IDENTIFIES CRAIG HAS HAVING ACHIEVED RANK OF CONSTABLE, ALTHOUGH JACKET INDICATES RANK OF SARGENT. ALSO NOTED ON ORIGINAL CATALOG SHEET IS APPOINTMENT AS RIDING MASTER, THIS IS NOT MENTIONED IN THE OBITUARY. REF: "ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE QUARTERLY" VOL #4, & "UNIFORMS OFCANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE" J.J. BOULTON. WIDOW DONATED UNIFORM IN 1967. BORN IN ARMAUGH, IRELAND IN 1890, JOSEPH CRAIG EMIGRATED TO CANADA AT THE AGE OF SEVENTEEN. IN 1908 HE JOINED THE ROYAL NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE AT CALGARY AND FOLLOWING A THREE YEAR TERM, HE WAS DISCHARGED IN 1911. HE REJOINED IN 1915 AND WAS RECRUITED OVERSEAS WITH THE SIBERIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE "B" SQUADRON DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. AFTER HIS RETURN IN 1919, CRAIG BECAME CHIEF RIDING INSTRUCTOR AT THE LETHBRIDGE BARRACKS. IN 1922, CRAIG TRANSFERRED TO THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BECAUSE HE BELIEVED IT WAS "POLICE WORK", BUT RETURNED TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE WHEN THE PROVINCIAL FORCE WAS ABSORBED IN 1932. HAVING ACHEIVED THE RANK OF SERGEANT, CRAIG RETIRED FROM THE MOUNTED POLICE THAT SAME YEAR AND SETTLED IN BOW ISLAND AND LETHBRIDGE TO TRAIN AND RAISE POLICE DOGS AND HORSES. IN LETHBRIDGE HE OPERATED CRAIGAVON KENNELS AND RIDING SCHOOL. JOSEPH CRAIG PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1952 AT THE AGE OF 52 YEARS.
Catalogue Number
P19672564001
Acquisition Date
1967-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. ABOVE DIMENSIONS DO NOT INCLUDE SPLIT PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
BADGES P20020090001 & P20020090002 CAME TO MUSEUM MOUNTED ON A PIECE OF GREEN FELT (REMOVED BY CATALOGUER). ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE HE BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY, 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920. IN 1922 HE MET AND MARRIED HIS WIFE, CHRISTENE - THE DAUGHTER OF A SWEDISH FARMER. THEY BEGAN THEIR MARRIED LIFE IN THE LOG CABIN DETACHMENT NEAR BEAVERLODGE, ALBERTA, AND HAD 2 SONS, 2 DAUGHTERS, THEN ANOTHER SON DURING AN 18 YEAR PERIOD. WITH THE EXPANSION OF THE R.C.M.P. THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT ENTERED INTO A CONTRACT WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND THE MOST SUITABLE MEMBERS WERE ACCEPTED AND CONTINUED THEIR SERVICE WITH THE R.C.M.P. ON APRIL 1, 1932, WHEN THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS DISSOLVED. FURTHER POLICE TRAINING WAS THEN TAKEN. ED BUCHANAN WAS THE FIRST R.C.M.P. OFFICER TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WEMBLEY DETACHMENT NEAR GRANDE PRAIRIE; ON CALL 24 HOURS A DAY, 7 DAYS A WEEK. MUCH OF HIS WORK WAS DONE ON HORSEBACK WHEN A VEHICLE COULD NOT BE USED. IN 1935 HE WAS PROMOTED TO CORPORAL (AND THEN SARGEANT) IN CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT WHICH COVERED A HUGE AREA INCLUDING BARRHEAD THROUGH TO FORT ASSINIBOINE AND NORTH OF WESTLOCK TO SMITH. THEIR HOME INCLUDED THE COURT ROOM, OFFICE AND A JAIL CELL. THE PRISONERS ATE THE SAME FOOD AS ED AND HIS FAMILY (WHICH EARNED CHRISTENE 25 CENTS PER DAY WHENEVER OCCUPIED). HE USUALLY HAD 2 CONSTABLES TRAINING UNDER HIM. ED WAS INVOLVED WITH SEVERAL TRAGIC MURDER CASES AND ALWAYS ASSISTED THE CORONER WITH AUTOPSIES PLUS SENDING BODY PARTS INTO EDMONTON FOR EXAMINATION. IN 1944 ED WAS PROMOTED TO STAFF SARGEANT WITH A WARTIME MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE COVERING ALL OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA WITH SPECIAL DUTIES APPOINTED TO HIM; ONE BEING THE INSPECTOR OF FOREIGN EXCHANGE & CONTROL BOARD; ALSO INSPECTOR OF P.O.W. CAMPS. WITH REGARD TO SECURITY, HE ALSO REPRESENTED THE DEPARTMENT OF SECURITY CONTROL AND WAS OBLIGED TO INSPECT THE R.C.A.F. UNITS IN THAT AREA. HE SERVED AS THE SUB-DIVISION SENIOR NCO UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1950 WHICH COMPLETED 30 YEARS OF DISTINGUISHED SERVICE. HOWEVER, HE DID NOT REMAIN INACTIVE. THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA APPOINTED HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF GAOLS WHICH TOOK HIM TO ALL THE INSTITUTIONS THROUGHOUT THE PROVINCE RANGING FROM PEACE RIVER TO LETHBRIDGE. HE MOVED HIS FAMILY TO EDMONTON AS HIS OFFICE WAS IN THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT. HE WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN DEVELOPING NUMEROUS, PROGRESSIVE CHANGES BY HAVING INMATES GROW THEIR OWN FOOD SUPPLIES, SPECIAL WORK CAMPS IN FORESTRY AREAS, ETCETERA. CONCERNED ABOUT THE WELFARE OF RELEASED INMATES AND ESPECIALLY JUVENILE AND FIRST OFFENDERS, MR. BUCHANAN LOOKED AT THE OLD R.C.A.F. TRAINING DEPOT NEAR BOWDEN AND COULD SEE THE BENEFIT OF CONVERTING THE DORMITORY AND OTHER BUILDINGS INTO A SEPARTE PRISON FOR THE YOUNG AND FIRST-OFFENDERS AND IMPLEMENTING SCHOOLING AND TRAINING COVERING MANY PROFESSIONS THAT COULD EARN THEM DIPLOMAS FOR A BARBER, CARPENTER, WELDER, BAKER, HIGH SCHOOL, ETCETERA. UPON THEIR RELEASE, MANY WERE ABLE TO OBTAIN A GOOD JOB OR EVEN START THEIR OWN BUSINESS. ED ALSO RAISED UP THE BELMONT INSTITUTION WHICH HOUSED INMATES WHO HAD GOTTEN INTO TROUBLE DUE TO ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. HIS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE PENAL INSTITUTION CHANGES WERE RECOGNIZED BOTH NATIONALLY AND INTERNATIONALLY. FOLLOWING A 2ND RETIREMENT IN 1965, HE CONTINUED AN ACTIVE ROLE THROUGHOUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT IN CREATING A SPECIAL TRAINING SCHOOL IN EDMONTON FOR SMALL MUNICIPAL AND RURAL POLICE FORCES THAT LACKED PROPER FACILITIES. AT THE SAME TIME HE BEGAN DONATING HIS TIME TO SCHOOL CHILDREN BY SHARING SOME OF HIS EXPERIENCES, SOUVENIRS AND HISTORY OF THE R.C.M.P. THE STUDENTS WERE SO THRILLED WITH HIS PRESENTATION THAT HIS APPOINTMENT BOOK BECAME JAMMED. BY THE TIME HE TURNED 95, THEIR REQUESTS WERE RARELY ACCEPTED. ED WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER AND PAST PRESIDENT OF THE R.C.M.P. VET'S ASSOCIATION; ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE INTERNATIONAL POLICE ASSOCIATION; RECEIVED SPECIAL RECOGNITION AND HIS PHOTO DISPLAYED BY THE EDMONTON HISTORICAL SOCIETY; ACTIVE CHURCH MEMBER, IN WHICH HE SERVED TERMS AS ELDER AND STEWARD; LOVER OF THE BIBLE, HE ALWAYS HAD WITH HIM FROM THE TIME HE POLICED ON HORSEBACK AT THE AGE OF 20. ED PASSED AWAY ON DECEMBER 15, 1998. SEE HARD COPY FOR BIOGRAPHY. THE HISTORY OF THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE BEGINS IN NOVEMBER 1916 WHEN A.B. PERRY, COMMISSIONER OF THE R.N.W.M.P., ANNOUNCED THE MOUNTIES COULD NO LONGER POLICE THE PRAIRIE PROVINCES. CONTRACTS WOULD BE CANCELLED AND SERVICES WITHDRAWN AT THE END OF THE YEAR. THE FIRST WORLD WAR (WHICH TOOK MANY MOUNTIES OVERSEAS TO SERVE IN THE MILITARY; AS WELL AS ADDING ADDITIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES TO THE MOUNTIES) AND THE MOUNTIE'S UNWILLINGNESS TO ENFORCE ALBERTA'S LIQUOR LAWS (PROHIBITION BEGAN IN 1915) WERE TO BLAME FOR THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE MOUNTIES FROM THE PRAIRIES. ON MARCH 1, 1917 THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WERE OFFICIALLY IN CHARGE. THE NEW POLICE FORCE WAS UNDERSTAFFED, UNDERPAID, UNDERTRAINED AND OVERWORKED; AS WELL, ALBERTANS OBJECTED TO THE FORMATION OF THE A.P.P. HOWEVER, AFTER A ROCKY START AND SOME REORGANIZATION OF ITS ADMINISTRATION, THE A.P.P. SETTLED IN TO THE TASK OF POLICING ALBERTA. IT STARTED WITH FEWER THAN 100 OFFICERS, 50 HORSES, A FEW CARS, AND THE OBSOLETE 45-75 WINCHESTER CARBINES THE R.N.W.M.P. HAD BOUGHT IN 1873. THE FIRST A.P.P. UNIFORMS WERE SURPLUS METROPOLITAN POLICE UNIFORMS USED BY CLAGARY AND EDMONTON FORCES, TOTALLY UNSUITED TO THE RIGOURS OF RURAL POLICING. THE A.P.P. LATER ADOPTED A UNIFORM CLOSER TO WHAT THE MOUNTIES WORE, WITH BLUE FOR DRESS UNIFORMS AND KHAKI FOR THE WORKING UNIFORMS. AFTER ALBERTA REPEALED PROHIBITION IN 1924, THE R.C.M.P. REOPENED NEGOTIATIONS WITH ALBERTA; BUT BY THEN THE A.P.P. HAD GROWN AND HAD ACQUIRED A GOOD REPUTATION FOR ITS EFFECTIVENESS. SO, ALBERTA RESISTED THE R.C.M.P.'S ADVANCES, BUT AS THE GREAT DEPRESSION DEEPENED, ALBERTA COULD NO LONGER AFFORD ITS OWN POLICE FORCE. PREMIER JOHN BROWNLEE RELUCTANTLY APPROACHED THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT LATE IN 1931, AND ON MARCH 1, 1932 THE MOUNTIES WERE BACK AND THE A.P.P. WAS NO MORE. (TAKEN FROM CALGARY HERALD ARTICLE, JUNE 15, 2003). AN INTERVIEW ABOUT SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S POLICING CAREER WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH HIS DAUGHTER JEAN I. BUCHANAN REGARDING A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE MADE TO THE MUSEUM IN 2018. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20180014001 FOR THE ORAL HISTORY INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20020090002
Acquisition Date
2003-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
A. P. P SHOULDER TITLE
Date Range From
1919
Date Range To
1932
Materials
ALUMINUM, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.9
Length
6.0
Width
2.6
Description
SILVER SHOULDER TITLE. HAS THE LETTERS "A.P." CENTERED ABOVE THE WORD "POLICE". BACK OF TITLE HAS 2 BRASS LOOPS FOR HOLDING BRASS SPLIT PIN. THERE IS NO PIN.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THIS BADGE BELONGED TO THE DONOR'S FATHER, EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN. ACCORDING TO THE BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY PROVIDED WITH A BUCHANAN A. P. P.-RELATED DONATION MADE BY JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN 2002 (P20020090). IT STATES, "BORN IN GLASGOW, SCOTLAND, WHERE BUCHANAN BEGAN REGULAR SCHOOLING AT THE AGE OF 4, WHICH ENABLED HIM TO COMPLETE HIS HIGH SCHOOL BEFORE HIS PARENTS MOVED THE FAMILY TO CANADA IN MAY 1914. THE FAMILY SETTLED IN EDMONTON, ALBERTA, WHERE EDWARD FOUND A JOB PLUS ENROLLED IN NIGHT CLASSES AT THE EDMONTON TECHNICAL SCHOOL TAKING ENGLISH, CANADIAN HISTORY, TRIGONOMETRY AND MANUAL TRAINING IN WOODWORKING. IN FEBRUARY 1917, THE ALBERTA PROVINCIAL POLICE WAS ORGANIZED. ED JOINED IN MAY OF 1920." THESE BADGES WERE A PART OF HIS UNIFORM IN THIS ROLE. AN INTERVIEW WAS CONDUCTED BY GALT’S COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON JUNE 8, 2018 WITH THE DONOR JEAN I. BUCHANAN IN REGARDS TO A NEW ARTIFACT OFFER SHE WAS MAKING TO THE MUSEUM (P20180014001-2). THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION REGARDING THE CAREER OF SENIOR STAFF SERGEANT EDWARD ETTERSHANK “BUCK” BUCHANAN – THE DONOR’S FATHER – HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW. DESCRIBING HER FATHER’S CAREER, BUCHANAN BEGAN, “[MY DAD] JOINED THE A.P.P. WHEN HE WAS TWENTY AND HE WAS STATIONED OUT NEAR ST. PAUL…AS A ROOKIE – RIGHT AT THE START – HE WAS ON JOB TO BE ON GUARD AT THE STATION. AND IT WASN’T LONG UNTIL HE WAS SENT OUT TO ST. PAUL AND INTO MORE REAL POLICING. WHEN THE CRAZY PROHIBITION WAS BROUGHT IN, THAT WAS A REAL PAIN FOR THE POLICE. IT WAS [A MOVEMENT] PUSHED BY THESE DO-GOODERS, WHO DIDN’T REALIZE WHAT THEY WERE DOING. DAD WAS VERY UPSET TALKING ABOUT THAT. EVEN WHEN HE WAS JUST A YOUNG FELLOW, [HE WAS] FINDING YOUNG, GOOD FARM BOYS BLIND OR DEAD OVER A FENCE, BECAUSE THEY HAD A PROBLEM WITH THE PROHIBITION AND GETTING MOONSHINE THAT WASN’T MATURE OR SOMETHING, [WHICH] WAS POISONOUS.” “IN 1921 HE MET MY MOTHER IN EDMONTON,” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT HE STAYED AT ST. PAUL. HE THEN GOT POSTED TO GRANDE PRAIRIE AND HE WAS GOING TO GO THERE, BUT THEN IN 1922 THEY GOT MARRIED [SO HE DID NOT GO TO GRAND PRAIRIE] FORTUNATELY, THE A.P.P. HAD NO RESTRICTIONS ON THEIR MEMBERS GETTING MARRIED, LIKE THE R.C.M.P. DID, SO HE DIDN’T HAVE TO WAIT TO GET MARRIED. [AFTER MY PARENTS’ MARRIAGE] THEY WENT OUT TO BRAINARD, WHERE HE WAS ON HIS OWN [AT THE POSTING]. FROM THERE, HE DID A LOT OF WORK GOING BACK AND FORTH.” “BRAINARD [WAS] A LITTLE PLACE NEAR THE HORSE LAKE INDIAN RESERVATION… THEY BUILT DAD A LOG CABIN DOWN THERE FOR THE HOUSE WITH HIS NEW WIFE AND [SOON AFTER THEY WERE] EXPECTING THEIR FIRST CHILD. [THE CABIN HAD] ONE BIG ROOM WITH CURTAINS HERE AND THERE, AND HE DIDN’T HAVE A PRISON THERE. WHEN HE TOOK IN A PRISONER, THAT’S WHEN HE NEEDED THE OREGON BOOT AND THE BALL AND CHAIN BECAUSE HE HAD A BIG BOLT ON THE FLOOR NEAR HIS OFFICE. THAT’S WHERE THE GUY HAD TO SIT, CHAINED, UNTIL [MY FATHER] COULD TAKE HIM ON INTO EDMONTON…EVEN IN THE A.P.P. TO START WITH, HE HAD SOME SERVICE DOWN HERE AT THE LETHBRIDGE PRISON. [HE WOULD BE] BRINGING PRISONERS DOWN [TO LETHBRIDGE],” BUCHANAN EXPLAINED EXPANDING ON HOW HER FATHER’S WORK TOOK HIM “BACK AND FORTH.” “THEN THEY CLOSED THAT [BRAINAR POST] DOWN AND TRANSFERRED HIM TO WEMBLEY – A LITTLE VILLAGE – AND HE WAS THE ONLY OFFICER IN CHARGE OF WEMBLEY. [HE WAS THERE] WHEN 1932 CAME ALONG AND THEN HE JUST CHANGED THE SIGN UP THERE FROM A.P.P. TO R.C.M.P… AND THAT STAYED R.C.M.P. UNTIL ’34. [FROM THERE] HE WAS TRANSFERRED TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE WESTLOCK DETACHMENT, WHICH WAS A BIG AREA. HE HAD A HUGE AREA THERE TO [COVER]. AND THERE AGAIN, WE HAD A NICE, BIG WHITE HOUSE AND A JAIL THIS TIME… THE JAIL OFFICE AND THE COURTROOM AND EVERYTHING WAS CONNECTED [TO THE HOUSE]. YOU JUST GO DOWN THE HALL AND OPEN THE DOOR AND THERE YOU GO, AND THERE’S TWO JAILS IN THERE. [THERE] HE WAS GETTING ROOKIES COMING OUT FROM EDMONTON TO TRAIN UNDER HIM… [I WAS BORN IN] ’30 [AND] NOW IN ’34, I REMEMBER GOING THERE [TO WESTLOCK].” SPEAKING ABOUT THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P. IN 1932 AND THE ABSORPTION OF SOME OF ITS MEMBERS INTO THE R. C. M P., BUCHANAN EXPLAINED, “[A. P. P. OFFICERS] WERE NOT AUTOMATICALLY TAKEN INTO THE R.C.M.P. THEY [WERE RANKED] INTO THREE CATEGORIES. [FIRST, THERE WERE THE] ONES THAT WERE NOT ACCEPTABLE; THEY HADN’T DONE A VERY GOOD JOB IN THE A.P.P. THEY SHOWED UP, GOOFIN’ AROUND, DOING THINGS THEY SHOULDN’T BE DOING. THEN THERE WERE THE ONES THAT COULD BE GIVEN A LITTLE TRIAL RUN. THEY COULD APPLY [INTO THE FORCE FOR THE TRIAL PERIOD]. THEY COULD [BE ACCEPTED] FOR A FULL YEAR AND THEN RE-APPLY AGAIN [FOR FULL-TIME]. THEN THERE’S THE TOP GRADE, [WHO] WERE AUTOMATICALLY ACCEPTABLE. DAD WAS RIGHT UP THERE IN THAT TOP GRADE…IT IS IMPORTANT [TO REMEMBER], THOSE A.P.P. MEMBERS WERE TRAINED BY THE NORTHWEST MOUNTED POLICE, NOT SOME GOOFBALLS THAT DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THEY WERE DOING OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. THEY WERE TRAINED BY THE BEST-TRAINED POLICE OFFICERS.” WHEN ANSWERING HOW HER FATHER ENDED UP WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE, BUCHANAN SAID, “[AFTER THE DISSOLUTION OF THE A. P. P.], ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER [OF THE R. C. M. P.] HANCOCK (WILLIAM FREDERICK WATKINS “BILL” HANCOCK) KNEW DAD REALLY WELL. [PREVIOUSLY, HANCOCK] WAS THE [ACTING COMMISSIONER] FOR THE ALBERTA [PROVINCIAL POLICE]. [HANCOCK] CALLED DAD INTO THE OFFICE AND HE SAID, ‘BUCK – DAD WAS EDWARD ETTERSHANK BUCHANAN, BUT THEY CALLED HIM ‘BUCK’A LOT – I WAS GOING TO SEND YOU DOWN TO TAKE CHARGE OF THE RED DEER DETACHMENT, BUT I’VE HAD SO MUCH PROBLEM GETTING SOMEBODY TO GO DOWN TO TAKE THE LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT. YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE THE SITUATION WE’VE GOT DOWN THERE. THERE’S A LOT OF PROBLEMS AND I’M SURE YOU’RE THE ONLY ONE THAT CAN HANDLE IT. WILL YOU GO?’” AS A RESULT, EDWARD BUCHANAN WAS RELOCATED TO THE R. C. M. P.’S LETHBRIDGE DETACHMENT IN 1944. JEAN BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “DAD’S PERSONALITY WAS ALWAYS QUIET, FIRM, NO-NONSENSE, BUT HE WAS NEVER ARROGANT. I NEVER HEARD HIM SWEAR OR GET MAD AT ANYBODY, NOT EVEN PRISONERS. HE HANDLED THEM VERY QUIETLY, VERY FIRMLY. AND THE STAFF [IN LETHBRIDGE] ENDED UP LOVING HIM. THE SECRETARIES AND EVERYTHING, THEY WERE CRYING WHEN HE LEFT. AND I GOT LETTERS AND THEY CAME ALL THE WAY UP TO THEIR ANNIVERSARIES LATER IN EDMONTON… BUT [IN TERMS OF] THE SITUATION [WHICH ASSISTANT COMMISSIONER HANCOCK WAS REFERRING TO], NO, HE WAS FINE. HE NEVER HAD ANY TROUBLE. HE JUST FIRMLY, QUIETLY DEALT WITH EVERYTHING AND EVERYTHING WAS FINE. I NEVER SAW HIM STRESSED OUT. ALWAYS COOL, LAID BACK.” “[WHEN WE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE], WE RENTED A HOUSE ON 538 – 7TH STREET SOUTH. IT’S ALL TORN DOWN NOW. BUT WE HAD [SOME] TROUBLE BECAUSE DAD HAD TO COME DOWN A MONTH OR SO AHEAD OF US. HE COULDN’T FIND A HOUSE [THAT WAS] READY, SO WHEN WE CAME DOWN [WE] STAYED IN A HOTEL FOR ABOUT TWO MONTHS. AND THEN I HAD TO START GRADE TEN; I WAS ONLY FOURTEEN. THAT WAS, TO ME, THE ONLY SAD PART OF MY LIFE – LEAVING THE WESTLOCK SCHOOL AND STARTING LCI. THE PERSONALIZATION WAS GONE WITH THE TEACHERS. ANYWAY, I GOT THROUGH GRADE TWELVE AND THAT’S ALRIGHT.” “[ANOTHER THING HE WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR HERE IN LETHBRIDGE] WAS TO OVERSEE THE PRISONER OF WAR (POW) CAMPS…HE TALKED ABOUT THE POWS IN THE RESPECT THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF VERY GOOD GERMANS THAT WERE IN THERE. THEY WOULDN’T HAVE CHOSEN TO EVEN BE IN THE GERMAN ARMY, BUT THEY WERE CONSCRIPTED OVER IN GERMANY. THEY DIDN’T HAVE ANY CHOICE, AND THEY WERE VERY DECENT, GOOD GUYS. [MY DAD] RESPECTED THEM FOR THAT… AND THEN THERE WAS A TRUST THERE TO LET SOME OF THEM OUT TO WORK ON THE [FARMS], BECAUSE THERE WAS A LABOUR SHORTAGE FOR THE FARMERS… BUT, OF COURSE, I KNEW ABOUT THE CRUELTY OF SOME OF THE HARD-CORE NAZIS THAT WERE IN THERE. THE TROUBLE WAS THERE WASN’T ENOUGH FORCE POLICE TO GO IN THERE SAFELY. THEY COULDN’T EVEN GET IN THE POW CAMP AND THE CIVIL GUARDS WERE THE ONLY ONES THAT WERE AVAILABLE, BUT THEY DIDN’T EVEN DARE GO IN HALF THE TIME. IT WAS REALLY SOMETHING. THERE WERE SOME GUYS IN THERE THAT WERE REALLY, REALLY MEAN…” “AND OH YES, A FEW [MEN DID TRY TO ESCAPE THE CAMP],” BUCHANAN CONTINUED, “BUT THEY DIDN’T GET VERY FAR. THEY NEVER GOT AWAY. I’VE GOT RECORDS OF ONES THAT WERE CAUGHT. THEY STOLE SOMEBODY’S CAR. SOME OF THEM GOT A REGULAR SENTENCE FOR BREAKING ONE OF OUR LAWS.” BUCHANAN CONFIRMS THAT HER FATHER RETIRED FROM THE ROYAL CANADIAN MOUNTED POLICE IN 1950 WHILE IN LETHBRIDGE. AFTER RETIREMENT, SHE EXPLAINED, “[HE] WENT BACK TO EDMONTON, HIS HOME CITY WHERE HIS PARENTS WERE AND A LOT OF FRIENDS… BUT THE ATTORNEY GENERAL’S DEPARTMENT WERE NOT GOING TO LET HIM LOOSE WITH HIS RECORD, SO THEY MADE IT A FIRST APPOINTMENT OF AN INSPECTOR OF JAILS FOR THE PRISONS OF ALBERTA…HE THEN WORKED ON THAT FOR FIFTEEN OR SIXTEEN YEARS. AFTER TWELVE YEARS, THEY MADE HIM SUPERINTENDENT OF PRISONS…” EDWARD BUCHANAN “SORT OF” RETIRED FROM THAT ROLE IN THE 1970S, HIS DAUGHTER EXPLAINED. HE CONTINUED WORKING IN SOME CAPACITIES UNTIL HIS PASSING IN 1998. “[I RECEIVED MY DAD’S R. C. M. P. POSSESSIONS, BECAUSE HE] KNEW I WOULD LOOK AFTER IT AND WANTED TO GET IT TO A MUSEUM… HE LIVED TO BE NINETY-EIGHT AND I DON’T THINK HE EVER THREW ANYTHING OUT SINCE HE WAS IN HIS TWENTIES.” ACCORDING TO EDWARD E. “BUCK” BUCHANAN’S OBITUARY, HE PASSED AWAY IN IN EDMONTON IN 1998. HIS WIFE’S NAME WAS CHRISTENE BUCHANAN AND TOGETHER THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN – EDWARD, ROBERT, JEAN, WILLIAM, AND ROSE-MARIE. THE OBITUARY STATES HE SERVED 31 YEARS IN THE R.C.M.P, AND 15 YEARS AS THE SUPERINTENDENT OF CORRECTIONS FOR ALBERTA. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION.
Catalogue Number
P20180014001
Acquisition Date
2018-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
54.0 (W/O SLEEVES)
Width
43.5
Description
BLUE BLOUSE. DOUBLE BREASTED FRONT WITH 6 BUTTONS AT EACH SIDE. BUTTONS ARE BRASS WITH MEDICAL CORP INSIGNIA ON THEM. SHOULDERS HAVE EPAULETTES WITH BRASS MILITARY INSIGNIA. EACH HAS A "CANADA" PIN, TWO PIPS INDICATING RANK OF 1ST LIEUTENANT, AND A BRASS BUTTON. ONE POCKET ON RIGHT BREAST. BOTTOM 4 BUTTONS ON RIGHT SIDE MISSING KEY CLASPS; REPLACED BY SAFETY PINS. COLLAR IS HELD WITH 2 LOOP HOOKS; ONE MISSING. RED LINING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. MRS. HALL SERVED OVERSEAS FOR MOST OF THE WAR YEARS ON ACTIVE SERVICE (W.W. I) AS A NURSE FOR THE CANADIAN MILITARY. SEE P19920008001-GA AND P20090010001 FOR MORE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CAP, “GSN”
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20140006005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CAP, “GSN”
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1930
Materials
COTTON, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.1
Length
60
Width
30
Description
.A - TRIANGULAR PIECE OF WHITE, STARCHED COTTON WITH WIDE HEM ALONG BOTTOM EDGE AND CONCAVE CURVES ALONG EACH UPPER SIDE. TOP IS HEMMED AND HAS TWO HORIZONTAL BUTTONHOLE ALONG EDGE. A SMALLER PIECE OF WHITE COTTON IS SEWN ONTO THE BACK OF THE TOP HEM, AND MARKED WITH HANDWRITING IN BLACK INK READING “GSN”. MINOR WEAR ALONG EDGES, BROWN STAINED DOT NEAR BOTTOM CENTRE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 0.1 X 60 X 30 .B & .C – WHITE ROUND PEARLIZED BUTTONS, ATTACHED NEAR CENTRE OF TRIANGULAR PIECE OF FABRIC AT EDGES OF CONCAVE CURVES. PINNED TO .A WITH METAL SAFETY PINS. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. 0.1 X 1.4 X 1.4
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
EDUCATION
History
AT THE TIME OF DONATION, GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION PAST ARCHIVIST ELAINE HAMILTON IDENTIFIED THIS CAP AS BEING PART OF THE “OLDEST UNIFORM” HELD IN THE ALUMNAE’S COLLECTION. THIS CAP, ALONG WITH P20140006001, P20140006002, P20140006003, AND P20140006004, WAS USED TO DRESS THE ALUMNAE’S MANNEQUIN THAT WAS ON DISPLAY IN THE ATRIUM AT THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL HOSPITAL. IN SUMMER 2014, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE PAST ARCHIVISTS OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING COLLECTION, SHIRLEY HIGA, ELAINE HAMILTON, AND SUE KYLLO, ABOUT THEIR INVOLVEMENT WITH THE GSN ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION AND THE HISTORY OF THE COLLECTED ARTIFACTS. HIGA, THE EARLIEST GSN COLLECTION ARCHIVIST, SAID: “I TRAINED MOSTLY AT THE GALT. THE STUDENTS, WE ALL KNEW EACH OTHER, HELPED EACH OTHER BECAUSE THERE WERE MOSTLY STUDENTS THERE: ONE REGISTERED NURSE FROM 7AM TO 7PM. THE REST WERE ALL US STUDENTS THAT RAN THE HOSPITAL SO, BUT WE WERE REALLY GOOD FRIENDS AND WE HELPED EACH OTHER… WE HAD SUCH GOOD RAPPORT BETWEEN THE STUDENTS IN MY CLASS… I JOINED [THE ALUMNAE] WHEN I GRADUATED IN 1955… I WAS INTERESTED IN HOW EVERYBODY TURNED OUT, AND THE ALUMNAE SORT OF KEPT IN CONTACT WITH THEM, AND IT WAS QUITE IMPORTANT TO ME. I FELT QUITE HAPPY TO HEAR ABOUT ALL THE OTHER [NURSES]… IT’S NICE WHEN THEY CAME FOR THE REUNIONS. YOU SEE ALL THESE GIRLS YOU WORKED WITH, MAYBE ONLY FOR A LITTLE WHILE, BUT YOU REMEMBER THEM… I REALLY DIDN’T WANT TO BE THE ARCHIVIST, BUT WE DON’T HAVE TOO MANY PEOPLE THAT OFFER TO DO THINGS… I WAS INTERESTED IN ALL THE HISTORY AND ALL THE THINGS THAT THE GIRLS THOUGHT ABOUT IT… [THE ARCHIVIST WAS TO] KEEP TRACK OF ALL THE HISTORY AND THE PEOPLE THAT WERE INVOLVED, AND KEEP TRACK OF THE STUFF WE COLLECT[ED]… [THE COLLECTION IS IMPORTANT TO ME BECAUSE] I LIKE EVERYBODY TO KNOW ABOUT THE GALT AND HOW WE TRAINED AND HOW IT PROGRESSED… AS YOU GET OLDER YOU KIND OF HAVE MEMORIES THAT YOU WOULD LIKE TO KEEP, AND YOU KNOW YOU THINK ABOUT THOSE THINGS… [WHEN] YOU LOOK AT [THE OBJECTS] YOU REMEMBER.” ELAINE HAMILTON BECAME THE GSN COLLECTION ARCHIVIST IN THE LATE 1980S AFTER SHIRLEY HIGA STEPPED DOWN. OF THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION, HAMILTON SAID: “I THINK THE RETIRED NURSES DECIDED THAT THEY SHOULD FORM A GROUP TO HELP THE STUDENTS… I WASN’T THERE BUT IT WAS ’45 WHEN THEY FORMED, AND THEY DID THINGS FOR THE NURSES STUDENTS LIKE, THEY BOUGHT FURNITURE [FOR STUDENT RESIDENCES]… THEY DID A WHOLE BUNCH OF BAKE SALES AND CRAFT SALES; THEY WORKED AT THE BULL SALE OUT AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS. THEY DID A LOT OF THINGS LIKE THAT TO RAISE MONEY FOR LITTLE THINGS THAT COULDN’T BE BOUGHT OTHERWISE, LIKE THE PATIENT COMFORT, LIKE PATIENTS WOULD COME IN WITHOUT TOOTHBRUSHES AND COMBS… THEY HAD A BANQUET [FOR NURSING STUDENTS], AND THEY HAD A TEA WITH OUR PARENTS TOO, FOR US IN THE RESIDENCE… FOR ME, THE MOST IMPORTANT THING WAS THE BANQUETS, AND HAVING MY CLASSMATES COME EVERY FIVE YEARS, BECAUSE THEY ARE LIKE SISTERS TO ME… OF COURSE I LIKE HISTORY AND ARCHIVES TOO SO [THE COLLECTION] IS KIND OF IMPORTANT TO ME TOO… WE LIVED TOGETHER, AND ATE TOGETHER, AND CRIED TOGETHER AND DID EVERYTHING TOGETHER FOR THREE YEARS, BECAUSE WE LIVED RIGHT IN A RESIDENCE. SO, WE BECAME VERY CLOSE… AND IF YOU WORK IN THE ALUMNI, YOU BECOME KIND OF LIKE A LITTLE FAMILY TOO BECAUSE THERE’S NOT THAT MANY OF US THAT GO TO OUR MEETINGS, SO WHEN WE GET TOGETHER, IT’S KIND OF NICE TO SHARE WHAT’S BEEN GOING ON… IT’S A FELLOWSHIP.” OF THE GSN COLLECTION, HAMILTON SAID: “IT’S AN ACCUMULATION OF ARTIFACTS FROM THE HOSPITALS AND FROM OUR TRAINING DAYS. AND, IT’S PART OF THE HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE IN A WAY, BECAUSE THE SCHOOL WAS HERE FOR QUITE A WHILE… I’M A CARE GIVER AND I LIKE TO LOOK AFTER STUFF. SO, IT WAS IMPORTANT TO ME THAT IT GOT CARED FOR… I THINK WITH THE CLOSING [OF THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING, IN 1979] WE GOT ALL THE CHARTS, AND WE ALREADY HAD THINGS FROM THE GALT HOSPITAL IN OUR STUFF THAT PROBABLY SOMEBODY [BEFORE HIGA] ACCEPTED… WHEN WE WENT INTO THE MUNICIPAL HOSPITAL [IN 1955] IT WAS ALL BRAND NEW, STAINLESS STEEL, SO THERE WAS NONE OF THE ENAMEL STUFF, AND THEN WHEN THE MUNICIPAL CLOSED [IN 1988], THE OPERATING ROOM GAVE US A LOT OF THINGS. THERE WERE A LOT OF DONATIONS THEN FROM DIFFERENT SPOTS BECAUSE THEY DIDN’T WANT TO MOVE STUFF SINCE IT WAS OLD… WE GOT A PLACE [FOR STORING THE COLLECTION IN THE REGIONAL HOSPITAL], ACTUALLY ABOVE THE WASHERS IN THE LAUNDRY FIRST. BUT IT WAS PRETTY MOIST UP THERE. AND THEN THEY GAVE US A ROOM IN THE SEWING ROOM, WHICH WAS VERY NICE, OUR OWN SEPARATE LITTLE ROOM THERE FOR OUR STORAGE… WE HAD THINGS UP ON A SHELF AND WE HAD A TRUNK IN THERE, AND… WE HAD ALL THE LETTERS FROM THE RESIDENCE… WE HAD A DISPLAY CASE THAT THEY BUILT AT THE REGIONAL [IN THE HOSPITAL ATRIUM] AND WE HAD STUFF IN THERE, AND WE’D MOVE IT AROUND… HAVING THE DISPLAY CASE WAS IMPORTANT TO ME, AND CHANGING THE UNIFORM ON [THE DISPLAY MANNEQUIN] EVERY ONCE IN A WHILE, AND HAVING HER IN DIFFERENT OUTFITS… I ALWAYS HAD IT ALL TIDY FOR A REUNION… I WOULD CHANGE THE UNIFORM FOR THEM, DEPENDING ON WHAT CLASS WAS HAVING THEIR REUNION.” SUE KYLLO BECAME THE GSN COLLECTION ARCHIVIST IN 2010 AFTER ELAINE HAMILTON STEPPED DOWN. OF THE ALUMNAE ASSOCIATION, KYLLO SAID: “[I ATTENDED THE GALT SCHOOL OF NURSING] FROM ’66 TO ’69, AND I JOINED IN 1976 AFTER I CAME BACK TO LETHBRIDGE. I HAD TWO LITTLE KIDS AND I WANTED TO GET OUT AND MEET PEOPLE AND THE ALUMNI GAVE ME THAT… I WANTED TO STAY IN TOUCH WITH MY NURSING FRIENDS AND SEE IF I CAN HELP OUT IN SOME WAY… THE ALUMNI IS THE WAY TO GO TO KEEP OUR NURSING MEMORIES ALIVE AND I WANT TO DO THAT. SO NOW IT’S IMPORTANT TO ME WAY MORE THAN WHEN I WAS A YOUNG MOTHER THAT WANTED TO GET OUT… IT MEANS COMPANIONSHIP [AND] TO HELP EACH OTHER.” OF THE GSN COLLECTION, KYLLO SAID: “I DON’T KNOW HOW IT GOT STARTED. I WOULD THINK THAT MRS. BOYCHUCK WOULD HAVE A LOT TO DO WITH IT BECAUSE [SHE] WAS VERY ACTIVE IN THE ALUMNI AT THE BEGINNING, AND I WOULD THINK THAT IF ANYBODY, IT WOULD BE HER THAT STARTED COLLECTING THE ODD LITTLE THING, AND THEN IT WENT TO SHIRLEY. I DON’T KNOW THAT THERE WAS ANYBODY BEFORE SHIRLEY… OUR ALUMNI ONLY STARTED IN [1945], SO THERE WERE THOSE PERIODS WHERE I DON’T THINK ANYBODY CARED ABOUT ANY OF THIS STUFF… TO ME, IT MEANS AN AWFUL LOT. IT MEANS THAT WE EXISTED REALLY… IF WE DIDN’T HAVE ALL THIS STUFF, WELL WHAT WERE WE? A NURSE, WHAT DOES A NURSE DO? WITH THIS WE CAN SHOW THEM THAT WE DIDN’T JUST GIVE BEDPANS. WE DID A LOT OF THINGS, AND I’M REALLY PROUD THAT WE HAVE WHAT WE’VE GOT.” OF THE SITUATION LEADING UP TO THE DONATION OF THE GSN COLLECTION TO THE GALT MUSEUM, KYLLO SAID: “WE HAD A DISPLAY AT THE NORTH END OF THE HOSPITAL [THAT] WAS GOING TO STAY THERE [AND ADDITIONAL COLLECTION STORAGE] AND WE DIDN’T HAVE A PROBLEM... WE WERE ALWAYS UNDER THE IMPRESSION OF ALL THE PAST ADMINISTRATIONS THAT WE ALWAYS HAD A PLACE IN THAT HOSPITAL… NOW THAT ALL THE OLD GUYS HAVE GONE, THEY JUST UP AND MOVED [THE COLLECTION, IN FALL 2012] AND DIDN’T CARE. THEY WERE BUILDING A NEW WING AND ‘TO HECK WITH YOUR GUYS’ STUFF’… NOBODY WANTED TO EVEN TALK TO US ABOUT IT. I FINALLY GOT AHOLD OF THE GUY IN CHARGE OF MAINTENANCE, [HE] SAID, “WELL IT’S UPSTAIRS IN THE PENTHOUSE.” WELL, WE KNEW WHAT THE PENTHOUSE WAS LIKE, BECAUSE IT WAS VERY HOT AND YOU DON’T WANT [THESE ARTIFACTS] IN SOMEPLACE REALLY HOT, SO I WANTED IT OUT OF THERE… SO THAT’S WHEN IT WENT OUT INTO A STORAGE LOCKER. AND IN THE STORAGE LOCKER… IT WAS JUST NOT CLEAN ENOUGH TO BE IN THERE… WE WERE VERY DISAPPOINTED.” HAMILTON ADDED: “WE DIDN’T HAVE ANYWHERE FOR [THE COLLECTION], AND IT’S IN PEOPLE’S GARAGES AND BASEMENTS AND LIVING ROOMS… [THE MUSEUM IS HOUSED IN] THE GALT HOSPITAL. AND A LOT OF OUR MEMBERS TRAINED HERE. SO IT’S PRETTY SPECIAL TO THEM, AND THEY WOULD LIKE TO LEAVE SOMETHING HERE TO BE REMEMBERED BY… IT’S VERY IMPORTANT TO US TO LEAVE SOMETHING BEHIND.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES.
Catalogue Number
P20140006005
Acquisition Date
2014-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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