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Other Name
WOMAN'S OUTFIT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19840004000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WOMAN'S OUTFIT
Date
1963
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Description
WOMEN'S SUIT. .1 SKIRT, SIZE 12-14. WOOL, COTTON. ROYAL BLUE. STRAIGHT LINE SKIRT. BACK KICK PLEAT. SIDE PLASTIC ZIPPER CLOSURE. BLACK COTTON FACING AT WAISTLINE. HANDWOVEN MATERIAL, MACHINE SEWN SUIT. .2 JACKET. SIZE 10. WOOL BOUCLE'. ROYAL BLUE, SKY BLUE. BOLERO STYLE. 3/4 LENGTH SLEEVES. JACKET FACING MADE FROM SAME MATERIAL AS SKIRT. HAND WOVEN MATERIAL. MACHINE SEWN JACKET. SMALL STAIN IN FRONT RIGHT HIP EVEN. YELLOWISH STAIN AT BACK OF NECK ON COLLAR.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
TRADES
History
DONOR BORN IN PILOT MOUNTAIN, MANITOBA IN 1897. GEORGE ELFORD DICKSON BORN ABOUT 1900 IN MANITOBA, DIED 1983. MARRIED IN CLARESHOLM IN 1925. EMPLOYED BY BANK OF COMMERCE IN MANY SOUTHERN ALBERTA LOCATIONS. THEY RETIRED TO CLARESHOLM ABOUT 1962. BOTH ACTIVE & COMPETENT IN WEAVING. BEGAN AS HOBBY IN 1930'S AFTER WATCHING A DISPLAY AT CALGARY STAMPEDE. THEY WOVE MATERIAL & SOLD YARDAGE. WOOL BOUGHT FROM THE CEREAL GRAIN COIN WINNIPEG. DONOR TRAINED AT BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS & TOOK A WEAVING COURSE AT OLDS SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE. MRS. DICKSON WAS ONE OF THE ORIGINATORS & INSTRUCTORS AT THE CLARESHOLM CARE CENTRE, NOW A WELL KNOWN CRAFT CENTRE. MATERIAL FOR SUIT DONATION WOVEN BY DICKSONS & SEWN BY MRS. DICKSON. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A SUIT AND SKIRT DONATED BY EVA A. DICKSON. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. EVA ANN DICKSON (NEE MOFFATT) WAS THE YOUNGEST DAUGHTER OF WILLIAM MOFFAT, EX-MLA. SHE WAS MARRIED TO GEORGE ELFORD DICKSON, THE SON OF JAMES DICKSON, ON MAY 5, 1925. THE ANNOUNCEMENT FOR THEIR WEDDING GIVES THE FOLLOWING DETAILS: “THE MANY USEFUL AND COSTLY GIVES RECEIVED WERE A TESTITMONY OF THE VERY HIGH ESTEEM IN WHICH BOTH ARE HELD BY THEIR MANY FRIENDS IN AND AROUND CLARESHOLM, AND THEIR GREAT POPULARITY THROUGH OUT THE DISTRICT WHERE BOTH HAVE RESIDED FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS. THE GROOM IS A MEMBER OF THE STAFF OF THE INSPECTOR’S DEPARTMENT OF THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE AT CALGARY, BUT WAS FORMERLY ON THE STAFF OF THE LOCAL BRANCH OF THE BANK … THE BRIDGE, WHOSE PARENTS CAME HERE IN THE EARLIER DAYS OF THE TOWN AND DISTRICT, HAS GROWN UP IN THE COMMUNITY, AND HAS ENDEARED HERSELF TO A VERY LARGE CIRCLE OF FRIENDS IN CHURCH, SOCIAL, AND MUSICAL CIRCLES, AND HER PRESENCE WILL BE VERY GREATLY MISSED.” ON DECEMBER 2, 1946, AN ARTICLE ABOUT THE STAVELY UNITED CHURCH WOMEN’S ASSOCIATION APPEARED IN THE HERALD: “MRS. EVA DICKSON OF CLARESHOLM ATTENDED THE MEETING AND DISPLAYED ARTICLES SHE MAKES ON A LOOM. THESE INCLUDED LUNCHEON SETS, TOWELS, SCARVES, AND WOOLEN SUIT LENGTHS.” GEORGE ELFORD DICKSON PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 83 ON JULY 1, 1983. EVA DICKSON PASSED AWAY IN 1991. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19840004000
Acquisition Date
1984-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PROJECTIONIST SMOCK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19970071006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PROJECTIONIST SMOCK
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
110
Width
70
Description
GREY THIGH-LENGTH SMOCK WITH FRONT CLOSURE. LONG SLEEVES; TWO FRONT WAIST POCKETS AND ONE OUTER BREAST POCKET ON LEFT PROPER. VERTICAL SLOT OPENINGS AT SIDES FOR ACCESS TO PERSONAL GARMENTS. "H.B." EMBROIDERED IN RED ABOVE BREAST POCKET. FOUR GREY BUTTONS ALONG FRONT, WITH COTTER PIN BACKINGS. TAG IN GARMENT READS "WEAR THE BEST SUNNY SOUTH GARMENTS LETHBRIDGE ALTA." SLIT AT BOTTOM BACK; BAND AT BACK WAIST, WITH SLIGHT PLEATS IN THE FABRIC. MINOR REDDISH STAINS ON SLEEVES AND ON FRONT. SIZE 40.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
TRADES
History
WORN AS PROJECTIONIST SMOCK BY DONOR'S FATHER, HARRY BOYSE, WHO WORKED FOR THE SHACKLEFORD THEATRES FOR OVER 25 YEARS. FOR MORE HISTORY SEE P19970071001-GA *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF ALFRED WILLIAM SHACKLEFORD (P20060025001-GA), OWNER OF THE SHACKLEFORD THEATRES. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF MAYOR SHACKLEFORD WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ARCHIVES CANADA ONLINE AND A LETHBRIDGE HERALD TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM MAY 31, 1992. A.W. SHACKLEFORD WAS BORN IN ESSEX, ENGLAND IN 1899 AND CAME TO CALGARY WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1909. AFTER HIGH SCHOOL HE TRAINED AS A DRAFTSMAN BUT WAS EMPLOYED BY THE FILM EXCHANGE AND FOX FILMS. IN 1921 HE WAS HIRED TO MANAGED THE KING'S THEATRE IN LETHBRIDGE AND BECAME ASSOCIATED WITH MARK ROGERS, A LETHBRIDGE BUSINESSMAN WHO OWNED THREE LOCAL MOVIE THEATRES. SHACKLEFORD ALSO BECAME PARTNER IN THE AMUSEMENT COMPANY THAT OPENED THE HENDERSON LAKE PAVILLION IN 1924. BY 1925 HE WAS PART-OWNER OF THE FORMER EMPRESS THEATRE ON 5TH AVENUE SOUTH, RENAMING IT THE ROXY. HE THEN TEAMED UP WITH THE FAMOUS PLAYERS COMPANY TO REMODEL THE FORMER PALACE THEATRE AND RENAME IT THE CAPITOL. SHACKLEFORD ALSO OPENED THE THEATRE IN THE FORMER COLLEGE MALL, BUILT THE 960-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE ON 4TH AVENUE SOUTH, AND TOOK OVER OPERATION OF THE DIRVE-IN THEATRE AT THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS. SHACKLEFORD WAS HEAVILY INVOLVED IN CIVIC LIFE, ACTIVE IN GROUPS INCLUDING THE CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY, THE GYRO CLUB, UNITED WAY, LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT EXHIBITION BOARD, BOARD OF TRADE, ST. AUGUSTINE'S CHURCH, AND THE ALBERTA THEATRE OPERATORS ASSOCIATION. HE AND HIS WIFE ADA HAD TWO SONS, ROBERT AND DOUGLAS. AFTER SEVERAL TERMS AS ALDERMAN STARTING IN 1939, SHACKLEFORD FIRST SERVED AS MAYOR FROM 1944 - 1947, AND FOR TWO MORE TERMS FROM 1952 - 1955 AND 1957 - 1961. HE WORKED FOR 68 YEARS IN THE MOVIE BUSINESS, RETIRING AT AGE 90. W.A. SHACKLEFORD DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 30, 1992. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A VEST DONATED BY KEN BOYSE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. KENNETH BOYES IS THE SON OF CHARLES HENRY “HARRY” BOYES AND IRENE BOYSE (NEE JOHNSON). HE WAS MARRIED IN MAY 1964 TO DOREEN ELIZABETH ROWE IN THAMESFORD, ON. FOLLOWING THEIR MARRIAGE, THE COUPLE LIVED AT THE RCAF STATION IN MONT APLCA, QC. CHARLES HENRY “HARRY” BOYES PASSED AWAY ON SEPTEMBER 1, 1980 AT THE AGE OF 83. HE MARRIED IRENE JOHNSTON IN 1936. HE WAS AN ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE SHRINE CLUB, SERVING WITH THE CLUB FOR OVER 33 YEARS. HE WAS THE CLUB PRESIDENT IN 1952. HE WAS ALSO MADE AN HONOURARY LIFE MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA SUGAR BEET GROWERS ASSOCIATION FOR 31 YEARS OF SERVICE TO THE ORGANIZATION, WHERE HE SERVED AS LABOUR ADVISOR AND SECRETARY/MANAGER. HARRY ALSO SPENT OVER 40 YEARS WORKING AS A FILM PROJECTIONIST, HAVING WORKED IN VARIOUS THEATRES INCLUDING: IN LETHBRIDGE, THE ROXY, EMPRESS, CAPITOL, AND PARAMOUNT; IN BOW ISLAND, RED DEER, STETTLER, AND CALGARY. HARRY WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE LIONS CLUB IN LETHBRIDGE. DURING WWII HARRY WAS THE CAPTAIN OF THE LION INFANTRY TEAM IN THE VICTORY LOAN CAMPAIGN. AN ARTICLE FROM JULY 6, 1943 RECOUNTS THAT HARRY WAS VERY SUCCESSFUL AT SELLING WAR BONDS: “MR BOYSE … TOOK OUT A ‘STAMP-O-GRAM’ CARD AND WITH 18 CALLS SOLD $103 WORTH OF WAR SAVINGS STAMPS. A ‘DEPTH CHARGE’ COSTS $90 AND MR. BOYSE FEELS THAT HE WILL PERSONALLY BE ABLE TO SELL FOUR ‘DEPTH CHARGES’ FOR THE CORVETTE LETHBRIDGE.” ANOTHER ARTICLE FROM JUNE 18, 1943 EXPLAINS THAT HARRY HAD JUST COMPLETED A SUCCESSFUL TERM AS PRESIDENT OF THE LIONS CLUB. THE ARTICLE CONTINUES SAYING: “’LIONS THROUGHOUT CANADA POINT WITH PRIDE TO THE $117,000 ALREADY SENT OVERSEAS FOR THIS CAUSE. THIS MONEY IS ENTRUSTED TO THE WAIFS AND STRAYS SOCIETY, WHICH ADMINISTERS HOMES FOR LITTLE BOYS AND GIRLS WHO HAVE BEEN EVACTUATED FROM TARGET AREAS, OR WHOSE PARENTS HAVE BEEN KILLED OR INJURED IN THE ‘BLITZ’’, [MR. BOYSE] SAID.” IRENE BOYSE (NEE JOHNSON) WAS BORN IN BANTRY, ND ON AUGUST 20, 1908 AND MOVED TO CANADA IN 1909. SHE WAS RAISED AND EDUCATED IN THE FOREMOST, AB AREA. SHE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 89 ON OCTOBER 16, 1997. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19970071006
Acquisition Date
1997-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL TWEED
Catalogue Number
P19840005000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1963
Materials
WOOL TWEED
No. Pieces
1
Length
65
Width
55.5 (BOTTOM HEM)
Description
SIZE 12-14. STRAIGHT LINE SKIRT. BACK KICK PLEAT. SIDE PLASTIC ZIPPER CLOSURE. HAND WOVEN MATERIAL, MACHINE SEWN SKIRT. BROWN COLOR. YELLOW LINING ON INSIDE IS LOSING STITCHING.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
TRADES
PERSONAL CARE
History
REF: P19840004000-GA FOR COMPLETE DONOR HISTORY. SKIRT MATERIAL WOVEN BY DICKSONS & SEWN BY MRS. DICKSON. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A SUIT AND SKIRT DONATED BY EVA A. DICKSON. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. EVA ANN DICKSON (NEE MOFFATT) WAS THE YOUNGEST DAUGHTER OF WILLIAM MOFFAT, EX-MLA. SHE WAS MARRIED TO GEORGE ELFORD DICKSON, THE SON OF JAMES DICKSON, ON MAY 5, 1925. THE ANNOUNCEMENT FOR THEIR WEDDING GIVES THE FOLLOWING DETAILS: “THE MANY USEFUL AND COSTLY GIVES RECEIVED WERE A TESTITMONY OF THE VERY HIGH ESTEEM IN WHICH BOTH ARE HELD BY THEIR MANY FRIENDS IN AND AROUND CLARESHOLM, AND THEIR GREAT POPULARITY THROUGH OUT THE DISTRICT WHERE BOTH HAVE RESIDED FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS. THE GROOM IS A MEMBER OF THE STAFF OF THE INSPECTOR’S DEPARTMENT OF THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE AT CALGARY, BUT WAS FORMERLY ON THE STAFF OF THE LOCAL BRANCH OF THE BANK … THE BRIDGE, WHOSE PARENTS CAME HERE IN THE EARLIER DAYS OF THE TOWN AND DISTRICT, HAS GROWN UP IN THE COMMUNITY, AND HAS ENDEARED HERSELF TO A VERY LARGE CIRCLE OF FRIENDS IN CHURCH, SOCIAL, AND MUSICAL CIRCLES, AND HER PRESENCE WILL BE VERY GREATLY MISSED.” ON DECEMBER 2, 1946, AN ARTICLE ABOUT THE STAVELY UNITED CHURCH WOMEN’S ASSOCIATION APPEARED IN THE HERALD: “MRS. EVA DICKSON OF CLARESHOLM ATTENDED THE MEETING AND DISPLAYED ARTICLES SHE MAKES ON A LOOM. THESE INCLUDED LUNCHEON SETS, TOWELS, SCARVES, AND WOOLEN SUIT LENGTHS.” GEORGE ELFORD DICKSON PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 83 ON JULY 1, 1983. EVA DICKSON PASSED AWAY IN 1991. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19840005000
Acquisition Date
1984-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1971
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
98
Width
59
Description
RED WOOL COAT WITH BROWN EDGING AT CUFFS AND ON TWO FRONT POCKETS; COAT HAS RED ZIPPER RUNNING DOWN FRONT; COAT HAS BROWN STITCHED DETAILING ON FRONT WITH A FLOWER WITH STEM ON BOTH SIDES OF ZIPPER, AND SINGLE BROWN HUMMINGBIRDS ON BOTH FRONT POCKETS. POCKETS HAVE WHITE COTTON LINING INSIDE. COAT HOOD HAS BLACK-TIPPED, BROWN FUR TRIM. INSIDE COAT SLEEVES IS WHITE ELASTIC LINING. INSIDE COAT IS RED LINING. BACK OF JACKET HAS THREE PANELS WITH BROWN STITCHED DETAILING, ON FIRST AND THIRD PANELS ARE SINGLE BEAVERS AND ON SECOND PANEL IS TREE STUMP. SEWN INSIDE COAT ON BACK IS BLACK TAG WITH YELLOW EBROIDERED TEXT “ORIGINAL CREE INDIAN GARMENT HANDCRAFTED BY THE BEAVER LAKE INDIAN BAND OF ALBERTA, AMISK”, WHITE TAG WITH BLACK BILUNGUAL ENGLISH/FRENCH TEXT “BEAVER LAKE FASHIONS & SPORTSWEAR, BOX 1207 LAC LA BICHE, ALBERTA, T0A 2C0, STYLE 2053, SIZE L, SHELL 100% PRIME NEW ZEALAND PURE VIRGIN WOOL, LINING, FACE: NYLON, QUILL: NEW FORTEL, MADE IN CANADA, DRY CLEAN ONLY”, AND WHITE TAG WITH BLACK TEXT UNDER FIRST WHITE TAG “NOT TO BE REMOVED UNTIL SOLD BY RETAIL AND DELIVERED, THIS LABEL IS AFFIXED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT OF CANADA, THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS NEW MATERIALS ONLY”. COAT HAS FRAYING THREADS INSIDE SLEEVES, INSIDE LOWER TRIM, AND INSIDE AT COLLAR; ZIPPER PULL HAS PAINT CHIPPED SHOWING SILVER METAL UNDER RED; COAT HAS LINING SEPARATED FROM OUTER SHELL ON THE INSIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON AUGUST 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RAYMOND AND INGRID SPEAKER REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF A CREE-MADE WOOL COAT. SPEAKER WAS RAISED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WAS ELECTED A MINISTER IN THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT IN 1963 WITH THE SOCIAL CREDIT PARTY. SPEAKER WAS INVOLVED WITH THE FORMATION OF THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN 1967. RAYMOND SPEAKER PROVIDED BACKGROUND ON THE COAT IN HIS POSSESSION, NOTING, “ONE OF [THE] PROJECTS [I WORKED ON AS A MINISTER] WAS TO HAVE A NATIVE PROJECT THAT PRODUCED THESE JACKETS…AFTER THAT, I BOUGHT ONE FOR MY WIFE, AND ONE FOR MYSELF FOR, I THINK, $100.00 EACH [IN 1971].” “I‘D HAVE TO SAY WE DIDN’T [WEAR THE COATS ANNUALLY], AND NOT BECAUSE OF ANY REASON. JUST BECAUSE YOU HAD ONE JACKET THAT YOU USUALLY PICKED UP OUT OF THE CLOSET AND, ON THE FARM, YOU HAVE THIS ONE THAT YOU GO OUTSIDE, AND MUCK AROUND IN, AND GET DIRTY. IF THEY HAD BEEN HANGING IN THE RIGHT PLACE [WE MIGHT HAVE WORN THEM MORE]…WE KEPT THEM IN THE CAR” INGRID STATED, “THEY ARE VERY WARM. YOU ALMOST NEED 20- 30 BELOW WEATHER, SO WHEN WE WERE TRAVELING, MANY A TIME, WE TOOK THEM WITH US, KNOWING THEY WOULD SEE US THROUGH VERY COLD WEATHER…THEY ARE ALSO A BIT HEAVY, SO FOR SHOPPING YOU’D PROBABLY HAVE SOMETHING ELSE WITH YOU. THEY’RE VERY WARM.” “WE WORE THEM [TO GREY CUP GAMES] AND JUST ABOUT FROZE. WHEN IT WAS BITTERLY COLD, AT THAT GREY CUP GAME, WE WORE THEM. WE WORE THEM TO A HOCKEY GAME IN CALGARY. WHENEVER YOU WERE TOUGH TRAVELING, KNOWING THERE WAS A TWO HOUR TRIP TO THE FARM, YOU ALWAYS FELT SAFE WITH THIS.” RAYMOND ADDED, “A FELLOW BY THE NAME OF NEIL GILLIETTE BROUGHT THEM TO MY OFFICE IN EDMONTON, WHEN I WAS THE MINISTER, SO I PAID HIM THE CHEQUE BECAUSE I HAD SEEN THEM WHEN I HAD TRAVELED INTO THE NORTH. I HAD SEEN THEM AT THAT TIME, AND I SAID, “OH, MAN, I’D SURE LIKE TO HAVE THOSE COATS.”…WE DIDN’T BUY THEM DIRECTLY…FROM THE FACTORY.” “THE REASON I HAD IT…WAS THAT I FELT THAT, IF SOMEBODY CHALLENGED ME ABOUT SOME OF THE NATIVE PROJECTS WE DID, I COULD SAY, “LOOK, HERE’S A PROJECT THAT HAPPENED, THAT WORKED. WE DID IT. WE TRIED TO MEET ALL THE OBJECTIVES OF SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-MANAGEMENT, FULLY-FUNDED PROJECT THAT SHOULD HAVE WORKED. IT WORKED FOR A WHILE, BUT, ALL-OF-A-SUDDEN, IT DIDN’T.” RAYMOND SPEAKER ELABORATED ON HIS TIME AS AN ALBERTA GOVERNMENT MINISTER AND THE PROJECTS THAT LED TO THE CREATION OF THE COAT, “I WAS ASSOCIATED WITH PRESTON MANNING, WHO WAS THE SON OF THE PREMIER OF THE PROVINCE. AT THE TIME, HE AND I WERE AT UNIVERSITY TOGETHER, AND TALKED A LOT ABOUT GOVERNMENT AND WHAT FORMATS GOVERNMENT SHOULD TAKE, NOT ONLY PROVINCIALLY BUT FEDERALLY. IN 1967, BETWEEN PRESTON, HIS DAD, AND MYSELF, AND ONE OTHER RESEARCHER, ERIC SCHMIDT, WE DECIDED THAT THE SOCIAL CREDIT GOVERNMENT SHOULD HAVE A NEW OBJECTIVE, AND BE DEFINED IN A BETTER AND CLEARER WAY THAN IT WAS. [THE PARTY] NEEDED TO BE RE-VITALIZED IN TERMS OF ITS OBJECTIVE. WORKING TOGETHER WITH THESE FOUR PARTICIPANTS, WE CAME UP WITH A WHITE PAPER, CALLED THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT, IN MARCH OF 1967, AND PRESENTED IT TO THE ALBERTA LEGISLATURE. THERE WAS ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE PROVINCE. AT THE SAME TIME, THE PEOPLE OF THE PROVINCE NEEDED A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF ATTENTION IN TERMS OF SOCIAL GROWTH, AND SO WE SAID TO OURSELVES, THERE MUST BE SOME WAY OF INTEGRATING ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. THE WHITE PAPER DOES THAT. IT TALKS ABOUT IF YOU CAN GROW THE ECONOMY OF THE PROVINCE, YOU SHOULD ALSO PARALLEL THAT WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT GROWTH. IN THE WHITE PAPER, WE SET OUT THAT OBJECTIVE, IN 1967. AFTER THE LEGISLATURE ACCEPTED THE PAPER, THEN WE HAD TO DEVELOP IT. I WAS APPOINTED, SHORTLY AFTER THAT, THE MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND ONE OF MY RESPONSIBILITIES WAS TO DEVELOP THE CONCEPTS OF THE WHITE PAPER. IN ORDER TO BRING TOGETHER ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, WE SET UP A BODY CALLED THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, AND IT HAD HUGE POWERS TO CHANGE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF GOVERNMENT, REORGANIZE THE BUDGETING OF THE GOVERNMENT, AS A WHOLE, TO FOCUS ON THIS NEW OBJECTIVE. I WAS THE CHAIRMAN OF THAT HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.” “ONE OF THE PROGRAMS THAT WE ESTABLISHED…WAS TO WORK AND COOPERATE WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAD SET UP WHAT WAS CALLED SPECIAL AREAS ACROSS CANADA THAT THEY FELT NEEDED EXTRA FOCUS, FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. ALBERTA, BECAUSE IT HAD ECONOMIC GROWTH AT THE TIME, WAS JUST ABOUT LEFT OUT OF THE FORMULA. THE BLOOD RESERVE WAS A BENEFACTOR OF THAT SPECIAL AREAS.” “THE OTHER PROGRAM WAS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. THERE [WERE] A LOT OF METIS SETTLEMENTS, ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS – ALSO SOME NEW HOMESTEAD SETTLEMENTS – THAT NEEDED SPECIAL ATTENTION. WHAT I DID, AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, ESTABLISHED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS, TO GO INTO THESE DIFFERENT AREAS. ONE OF THESE AREAS THAT HAD A COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICER WAS THE COMMUNITY OF SLAVE LAKE…THESE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS WERE TO TRY AND FOCUS THIS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE WHITE PAPER THAT WE HAD PRESENTED.” “I HAD HEARD THAT THE [FEDERAL] MINISTER, THE HONORABLE MR. MARCHAND, MIGHT BE OPEN TO A LITTLE SPECIAL AREA IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. WE HALF-SUGGESTED TO HIM, VERBALLY, ON THE PHONE, “WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT SLAVE LAKE?” HE THOUGHT IT WAS NOT A BAD IDEA. I SAID TO MY STAFF IN SLAVE LAKE, “LET’S PUT TOGETHER A PROPOSAL, AND GO TO OTTAWA, AND PRESENT IT TO MR. MARCHAND.” WE PUT THE PROPOSAL TOGETHER, BUT WE ALSO FOUND OUT THAT [MANCHARD’S] DEPUTY MINISTER…WAS ANTI-ALBERTA. HE’D WORKED IN ALBERTA; HE DIDN’T LIKE ALBERTA VERY MUCH, AND HE WASN’T IN FAVOR OF ANY SPECIAL AREA FOR THE NORTHERN PART OF OUR PROVINCE. I THOUGHT WE’VE GOT TO GET AROUND [HIM]…HAVE A MEETING WITH THE MINISTER, WITHOUT THE DEPUTY MINISTER. I ARRANGED FOR THE MEETING AT 9 O’CLOCK IN OTTAWA. I GOT ON THE PLANE AT MIDNIGHT, FLEW DOWN [TO OTTAWA] WITH TWO OF MY STAFF, WALKED OFF THE AIRPLANE, [AND] DRAGGED ME INTO HIS OFFICE. I SAID TO HIM, "WE’RE HERE. WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT A SPECIAL AREA, ESPECIALLY SLAVE LAKE. WOULD YOU BE INTERESTED?” “[HE SAID] “OH, RAY, I WOULD LOVE TO DO THAT.” I SAID, “IF WE HAD A PROPOSAL, WOULD YOU ACCEPT IT, AND COULD WE MOVE ON IT, AND WOULD YOU BE BEHIND IT?” [MANCHARD SAID] “RAY, I’D ENDORSE IT RIGHT NOW, IF YOU HAD A PROPOSAL.” I OPENED MY BRIEFCASE, AND PUT IT ON THE TABLE. I SAID, “HERE’S THE FIRST ONE.” IT WAS FOR $4,000,000, SO THEN WE STARTED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE SLAVE LAKE AREA, WITH THIS $4,000,000 PROJECT. ONE OF THE ITEMS WAS METIS/ABORIGINAL…ASSISTING THEM IN DEVELOPING A BUSINESS CLIMATE TOWARD SELF-SUFFICIENCY.” “WE WERE MOST LIKELY ONE OF THE FIRST PROJECTS THAT WERE IMPLEMENTED IN CANADA. WE HAD THE AUTHORITY TO SPEND THE MONEY AS WE SAW FIT. THERE WAS VERY LITTLE INTERVENTION FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THEY LET US DO WHAT WE WANTED TO DO, SO ONE OF THE RESULTS OF THAT WAS THIS MANUFACTURING OF JACKETS BY ABORIGINAL LADIES.” “THE OTHER PART OF [THIS PROGRAM]…THERE WAS A SPECIAL AREA HERE IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE PROVINCE. THE OTHER PROJECT WE PUT TOGETHER WITH JEAN CHRETIEN WAS A PROJECT ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. WE SET UP KAINAI INDUSTRIES. THIS WAS THE BUILDING OF HOMES, AND WE BUILT A WHOLE BUNCH OF HOMES. WE HAD TRUDEAU, THE OLDER FATHER, COME OUT AND CUT THE RIBBON, AND WE BUILT THE FACTORY. THE FEDERAL [GOVERNMENT PUT IN] ONLY ABOUT $100,000 INTO IT, BUT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUILT THE FACTORY. THEY PUT A SUM OF MONEY IN THE BANK TO OPERATE IT, AND DID ON-SITE TRAINING FOR THE NATIVE PEOPLE TO RUN THE THING. WE HAD THE FOX BROTHERS RUN IT TO BEGIN WITH…THAT WAS ONE OF THE OTHER SPIN-OFFS OF THIS SPECIAL AREA OF CANADA THAT I WAS INVOLVED IN. IT WAS ANOTHER WAY THAT WE FELT WE COULD DO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WITH THE ABORIGINAL PEOPLE.” “THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR THE JACKETS. THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR PRE-BUILT HOMES. KAINAI INDUSTRIES SOLD THOUSANDS OF HOMES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY WERE GOOD CONSTRUCTION, GOOD QUALITY HOMES.” “THE FIRST ASSIGNMENT, WHEN I GOT ELECTED IN 1963, [WAS] I MET WITH MR. MANNING, AND HE SAID, ‘I NEED HELP – SOMEBODY TO DO NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT – HELP WITH THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, WITH THE ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS, AND WITH THE NEW FARMERS. THERE’S A WHOLE AREA. WE’VE PUT HOMESTEADERS INTO NEW AREAS, AND THEY’RE ALL HAVING TROUBLE. WHAT I’D LIKE YOU TO DO IS GO OUT AND SEE WHAT YOU CAN DO –GO OUT AND VISIT THESE COMMUNITIES.”” “HERE WAS A FARM KID – NEVER HAD THAT EXPERIENCE BEFORE – HAD NO IDEA WHAT WAS NORTH OF EDMONTON. I THOUGHT IT WAS ALL BUSH…ALL OF A SUDDEN, I WAS MEETING ALL THESE GREAT PEOPLE THAT HAD NEEDS, AND WERE TRYING TO ACHIEVE, IN VERY DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES. BECAUSE I…HAD MET PEOPLE ON ALL OF THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, GOT TO KNOW PEOPLE BECAUSE OF THAT, MET A BUNCH OF ABORIGINAL PEOPLE AND GOT TO KNOW THE COMMUNITIES OF THE NORTH, THEN WHEN I WAS APPOINTED MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, I HAD BACKGROUND. I AUTOMATICALLY FELL INTO IT. RATHER THAN DOING SOUTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, I WAS DOING NORTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, AND ENJOYED IT VERY MUCH. IT WAS A GREAT EXPERIENCE, WONDERFUL PEOPLE…WITH GREAT AMBITIONS, AND THEY NEEDED OUR HELP. THAT’S WHY I GOT INVOLVED IN IT.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE MOTIVATION FOR DONATING THE COAT, RAYMOND SPEAKER STATED, “WE’RE MAKING A MAJOR MOVE FROM OUR HOMESTEAD FARM…[IT] WAS HOMESTEADED BY MY GRANDFATHER IN 1908…MY FATHER TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1925, AND I TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1975. NOW WE’RE MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE – BUILDING A HOME IN CHINOOK HEIGHTS IN LETHBRIDGE, SO WE’RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH ISSUES AND STORAGE THINGS THAT WE HAVE ON THE FARM, THAT HAVE ACCUMULATED OVER THE LAST 50 SOME YEARS. THE JACKETS ARE PART OF THAT ACCUMULATION.” “WE’RE AT THE STAGE WHERE WE’VE GOT TO CUT SOME TIES. WE’RE SAYING, “HOW DO YOU LEAVE THE FARM? AND HERITAGE? AND WALK AWAY FROM IT. YOUR KIDS ARE BUSY IN CALGARY; BUSY IN GRANDE PRAIRIE. WHAT HAPPENS TO IT?” WE’RE AT THAT AGE WHEN YOU’VE GOT TO START CUTTING THE TIES, AND THE HISTORICAL THINGS….I’VE LOOKED OVER [AND] I BROUGHT HOME ABOUT 40 OR 50 BOXES OF THINGS, DURING THIS PERIOD OF TIME, THAT WE STORED IN OUR HOME…AND I’M DOWN TO 5 BOXES. I BURNED THE REST, AND I LOOKED AT IT YESTERDAY, AND I THOUGHT THAT, EVERY TIME I LOOK AT A PIECE OF PAPER, OR LOOK AT SOMETHING, EVERY ONE’S GOT A STORY – EVERY PIECE OF PAPER, OF THINGS THAT HAPPENED, AND PEOPLE THAT DID IT. WE THINK NOW, I GUESS IT’S OVER – IT’S FORGOTTEN – WHO CARES? IT’S NICE THAT YOU CARE, SO THAT’S WHY WE’RE HERE. SOMEBODY CARES A LITTLE BIT ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170027000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
Acquisition Date
2017-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail