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Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
54.0 (W/O SLEEVES)
Width
43.5
Description
BLUE BLOUSE. DOUBLE BREASTED FRONT WITH 6 BUTTONS AT EACH SIDE. BUTTONS ARE BRASS WITH MEDICAL CORP INSIGNIA ON THEM. SHOULDERS HAVE EPAULETTES WITH BRASS MILITARY INSIGNIA. EACH HAS A "CANADA" PIN, TWO PIPS INDICATING RANK OF 1ST LIEUTENANT, AND A BRASS BUTTON. ONE POCKET ON RIGHT BREAST. BOTTOM 4 BUTTONS ON RIGHT SIDE MISSING KEY CLASPS; REPLACED BY SAFETY PINS. COLLAR IS HELD WITH 2 LOOP HOOKS; ONE MISSING. RED LINING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. MRS. HALL SERVED OVERSEAS FOR MOST OF THE WAR YEARS ON ACTIVE SERVICE (W.W. I) AS A NURSE FOR THE CANADIAN MILITARY. SEE P19920008001-GA AND P20090010001 FOR MORE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLIGHT BOOTS
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19920057001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLIGHT BOOTS
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Materials
LEATHER, RUBBER, WOOL
No. Pieces
2
Height
25.2
Length
35.8
Width
13.5
Description
LEATHER UPPER SEWN TO RUBBER BOTTOM, WOOL LINED, STEEL ZIPPER ON EACH SIDE. BOOTS ARE MID-CALF LENGTH. RUBBER LABEL ON HEEL: "CANADIAN MADE IN CANADA". WELL WORN, LINING WORN, SOME SURFACE CORROSION ON ZIPPER. "LIGHTENING" ON ZIPPERS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
AT TIME OF DONATION, DONOR SAID THE BOOTS WERE GIVEN TO HIM, BUT HE WAS UNSURE. **** AT THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT’S REQUEST, THE DONOR LLOYD TRONE PROVIDED A LETTER TO THE GALT IN 2009, EXPANDING ON HOW HE CAME TO ACQUIRE THE BCTAP DRONE TARGET, P19920057003 AND THE FLIGHT BOOTS P19920057001 DURING WWII. ADDITIONALLY, HE VISITED THE GALT IN SEPTEMBER 2009, MEETING WITH COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN, IN ORDER TO ANSWER QUESTIONS STILL NOT ANSWERED IN THE LETTER. THE NARRATIVE BELOW IS A COMBINATION OF THE LETTER, ON FILE, AND INFORMATION SOLICITED DURING THE 2009 VISIT. ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, HIS FATHER, LAWRENCE WYOMING TRONE, WAS DISCHARGED FROM THE VETERANS GUARD OF CANADA, HAVING GUARDED GERMAN PRISONERS-OF-WAR AT CAMP SEEBEE IN WHAT IS TODAY KANANASKIS, AB. THEREAFTER, HIS LAWRENCE WAS EMPLOYED AT THE NO. 8 BOMBING & GUNNERY SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE AS A SENTRY AS WELL AS PERFORMING KITCHEN AND BOILER ROOM WORK. WHILE AT THE SCHOOL, “HE [THE SENIOR TRONE] BEFRIENDED A COUPLE OF AIRMEN IN TRAINING (AN AUSTRALIAN AND A NEW ZEALANDER) THROUGH MUSIC”. LAWRENCE, A LETHBRIDGE RESIDENT AFTER 1930, ONCE PLAYED IN AN ORCHESTRA AND WAS KNOWN TO PLAY VIOLIN FOR SCHOOL DANCES AT LOCAL SCHOOLS. THE FOREIGN AIRMEN VISITED THE TRONE HOME (910 7TH AVE. SOUTH) ON THEIR DAYS OFF AND ENJOYED LISTENING TO LAWRENCE PLAY HIS VIOLIN. IN EARLY 1943, THE AUSTRALIAN (DONOR COULD NOT RECALL NAME) GIFTED THE BOOTS AND THE DROGUE CHUTE ON TWO SEPARATE OCCASIONS TO THE DONOR THEN 15 Y/O. THE AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALANDER ADDITIONALLY GAVE THE DONOR’S MOTHER EXTRA FOOD STUFFS AND SHE, IN RETURN, PROVIDED THE AIRMEN WITH A HOME-COOKED MEAL. THE DONOR BELIEVED THE BOOTS WERE GIFTED TO HIM IN ORDER TO IMPROVE HIS COMFORT (OVERSHOES) ON HIS TRAVELS TO AND FROM SCHOOL. THEY WERE NOT, HOWEVER, PRACTICAL FOR THAT PURPOSE, BUT WERE FOUND TO BE OF BENEFIT MANY YEARS LATER WHEN THE DONOR USED THEM FOR ICE FISHING. THEY WERE WORN WITH TWO PAIRS OF SOCKS UNDERNEATH. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY LLOYD TRONE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR WAS FOUND IN HIS OBITUARY, PUBLISHED IN THE JUNE 1, 2010 ISSUE OF THE CROWSNEST PASS HERALD. LLOYD TRONE WAS BORN IN 1928 IN MEDICINE HAT, AND MOVED WITH HIS FAMILY TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1930. HE WORKED FOR CANADA PACKERS FOR 25 YEARS AND RETIRED TO THE CROWSNEST PASS, WHERE HE PASSED AWAY IN MAY 2010. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19990049001-GA FOR HARDCOPY OF DONOR'S OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19920057001
Acquisition Date
1992-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19920008001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
80.0
Description
NAVY BLUE CAPE WITH RED LINING & BRASS CLASP. CLASP HAS A LION'S HEAD AT EACH SIDE & JOINED WITH A SHORT CHAIN. 2 LOOP FASTENERS AT COLLAR, 3 BELOW COLLAR. COLLAR HAS MILITARY CUT. CHAIN HANGING LOOP AT BACK INSIDE COLLAR. 2 POCKETS ON RIGHT SIDE INSIDE LINING, 1 ON LEFT SIDE INSIDE LINING. LINING HAS NUMEROUS SMALL HOLES, WORN AROUND COLLAR & LEFT SHOULDER. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
UNIFORM, NURSING SISTER, CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS, BELONGED TO HELEN (NOBLE) HALL OF TABER, ALBERTA. HELEN SERVED IN CANADA, ENGLAND, AND FRANCE DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR, WITH THE NURSING STAFF, CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS. NICKNAMED “BLUEBIRDS” AFTER THEIR BRIGHT BLUE UNIFORMS, OVER 2500 NURSING SISTERS STAFFED CANADIAN OVERSEAS MEDICAL FACILITIES DURING THE CONFLICT. UPON HER DISCHARGE IN MAY 1919, HELEN NOBLE WAS HIRED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF SOLDIERS’ CIVIL RE-ESTABLISHMENT. DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. FOR MORE INFO & PHOTO REFER TO ARCHIVAL DONATION MADE IN 1999 AND P20090010001.
Catalogue Number
P19920008001
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, METAL
Catalogue Number
P20080030000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1946
Materials
WOOL, METAL
No. Pieces
1
Length
46.5
Width
22.0
Description
GREEN WOOL GREAT COAT WITH EPAULETS AND REAR BELT. ROWS OF GOLD METAL BUTTONS ALONG FRONT OF JACKET, EACH BUTTON READS, "CANADA", AND HAS RELIEF IMAGE OF THE CROWN AND MAPLE LEAF. BUTTONS ALSO LOCATED ON SHOULDERS AND ALONG REAR BELT. LABEL ON INSIDE OF JACKET READS, "SIZE 4...COOK CLOTHING CO. LTD. 1943." ADDITIONAL MARKING ON INSIDE OF JACKET READ, "J. W. HURST."
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE FOLLOWING IS AN ACCOUNT WRITTEN BY JOSEPH WILLIAM HURST, DONOR AND OWNER OF THE COAT: "I WAS CONSCRIPTED TO JOIN THE ARMED FORCES. THE DREADED LETTER ARRIVED. MY MOTHER, WHO HAD EXPERIENCED THE FIRST WORLD WAR IN ENGLAND, WORRIED FOR MY SAFETY. LUCKILY, THE WAR ENDED BEFORE I WAS SENT TO EUROPE AND THE FRONT LINES. THE MUMPS DELAYED MY ENLISTMENT UNTIL MARCH OF 1945. MAY 18, 1945, I COMPLETED BASIC TRAINING IN WETASKIWIN, ALBERTA; WE WERE IMMEDIATELY SENT TO CAMP SARCEE AT CALGARY FOR ADVANCED TRAINING. MY EMBARKATION PAPERS ARRIVED, HOWEVER, THE SECOND WORLD WAR HAD ENDED. NEXT ASSIGNMENT WAS A TRANSFER TO POW CAMP 133 AT LETHBRIDGE. A 36 HOUR PASS ONCE A MONTH ALLOWED ME TO TRAVEL BY TRAIN TO MY HOME AT HIGH RIVER, ALBERTA. A P.O.W. CAMP 133, I WAS CHARGED WITH GUARDING THE POW’S ALONG SIDE THE VETERAN GUARD FROM THE FIRST WORLD WAR. IT WAS A DAUNTING TASK FOR A 19 YEAR OLD. BEING I WAS A SHY QUIET LAD, I WAS TRULY THANKFUL WHEN VET, GEORGE NEWHAM, BEFRIENDED ME. THE USUAL SHIFT WAS TWO HOURS ON AND FOUR OFF; HOWEVER, ON TRIPS TO THE FARMS WE STAYED WITH THE 20 MEN ASSIGNED TO US FOR THE ENTIRE DAY. I UNDERSTOOD THERE WERE APPROXIMATELY 12, 000 POW’S IN THE CAMP LOCATED AT THE NORTH END OF THE CITY, VERY SIMILAR TO THE POPULATION OF LETHBRIDGE AT THAT TIME. THESE MEN WERE FROM ALL WALKS OF LIFE. OUR SLEEPING, EATING AND RECREATION QUARTERS, AS WELL AS, PARADE SQUARE WERE OUTSIDE THE POW COMPOUND. ABLE-BODIED POW’S HELPED THE LOCAL AREA FARMERS IN THE FIELDS. THERE WAS A FARM LABOUR SHORTAGE BECAUSE THE YOUNG MEN WERE AWAY AT WAR. GRAIN AND BEET FARMERS TRULY APPRECIATED THE WORK OF THE POW’S. FARM GIRLS WERE EXPECTED TO WORK IN THE FIELDS, ETC. DUE TO THE LABOUR SHORTAGE. DURING THE SUMMER OF 1945, WE LIVED FOUR MILES OUT OF MAGRATH. THE GUARDS AND POW’S EACH HAD THEIR OWN TENT KITCHENS, SLEEPING QUARTERS, ETC. THE ARMY TRUCK CAME EVERY DAY FROM LETHBRIDGE WITH THE FOOD. THE GUARDS WERE HOUSED IN THE LOCAL COUNTRY SCHOOL HOUSE UNTIL SCHOOL RESUMED, THEN WE LIVED IN TENTS AND SLEPT ON THE GROUND, AS DID THE GERMAN MEN. ON ONE VERY COLD NIGHT IN NOVEMBER, WE SLEPT WITH ALL OUR CLOTHES ON INCLUDING OUR “GREAT COATS” AND STILL FROZE. THE FOLLOWING DAY THE ARMY TRUCK ARRIVED AND TOOK US BACK TO LETHBRIDGE. I VIVIDLY REMEMBER SOME OF THESE TRIPS TO THE VARIOUS FARMERS. BOTH THE GUARDS AND THE GERMAN MEN WERE LOADED INTO THE BACK OF THE 2-TON TRUCK, UNAWARE OF THEIR DESTINATION UNTIL THEY ARRIVED. ONE SUCH DAY, I WAS GIVEN 20 POW’S AND TAKEN TO A 60 ACRE FIELD TO STOOK THE WHEAT. WITH MY LE-ENFIELD RIFLE AT MY SIDE, I CONTINUALLY COUNTED MY MEN AND TRUSTED THEY WOULD DILIGENTLY WORK. ANOTHER COUNT, AND MY HEART POUNDED AS FEAR GRIPPED ME, ONLY 18 HEADS. HAD TWO OF MY CHARGES ESCAPED? FORTUNATELY FOR ME, TWO GENTLEMEN HAD TIRED OF THEIR JOB AND DECIDED TO SIT DOWN AGAINST A STOOK. THE SUN WAS SHINING BRIGHTLY AND I FOUND THEM SOUND ASLEEP. WHAT A RELIEF! THEN THERE WERE DAYS SPENT IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS. AGAIN, WE WOULD BE LOADED BOTH MORNING AND LATE AFTERNOON INTO THE BACK OF A 2-TON ARMY TRUCK FOR THE TRIPS TO AND FROM OUR BARRACKS. I WOULD DRIVE THE TRACTOR AND WAGON ALONG WHILE THE POW’S LOADED THE WAGONS. THE BEETS WERE MECHANICALLY DUG, AND THE MEN PICKED, TOPPED AND LOADED THE WAGONS. WHEN THE WAGON WAS FULL THE FARMER WOULD RETURN IT TO THE FARM YARD. THIS PROCEDURE CONTINUED DURING THE ENTIRE DAY. I CANNOT REMEMBER THE WORK WE DID ON OUR TRIPS TO THE LARGE MACINTYRE RANCH LOCATED ON THE BORDER WITH THE USA. THE FARMERS ALWAYS INVITED US INTO THEIR HOMES FOR DINNER. THESE EUROPEAN WOMEN WERE VERY GOOD COOKS AND PROVIDED FULL COURSE MEALS. MY LE-ENFIELD 303 RIFLE WOULD ACCOMPANY ME INTO THE HOUSE. BEING I HAD FULL TRUST IN MY “CHARGES”, I WOULD REMOVE THE CLIP OF BULLETS FROM THE RIFLE AND PUT IT INTO MY POCKET. THE RIFLE WAS THEN REARED IN THE CORNER UNTIL AFTER MEALTIME. OFTEN TIMES THE FARMERS COULD SPEAK GERMAN SO WERE ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH THE POW’S. FROM MY POINT OF VIEW, THE GERMAN MEN WERE TREATED WITH RESPECT. THEY HAD NOURISHING FOOD, WARM CLOTHING, A SAFE PLACE TO SLEEP, AND WORK TO DO, AS WELL AS, RECREATION AND STIMULATION. THE POW’S WOULD MARCH IN LARGE GROUPS ON THEIR PARADE SQUARE. WITHIN THE COMPOUND WAS A FIELD WITH BLEACHERS WHERE THEY PLAYED SOCCER, AND WE COULD HEAR THE EXCITEMENT OF THE CROWD DURING THESE GAMES. I WAS NEVER INSIDE THE POW COMPOUND. ONE LARGE COMPOUND BUILDING HOUSED METAL WORKING TOOLS (LATHES, ETC.), WOOD WORKING TOOLS, AND OTHER SUPPLIES. CREATIVITY ABOUNDED. MANY OF THE GERMAN MEN WERE SKILLED CRAFTSMEN. THESE PERFECTIONISTS BUILT BEAUTIFUL WARES TO SELL DURING THEIR TRADE SHOWS. I PURCHASED TWO “TREASURES”. ONE IS A SAILING SHIP INSIDE A LISTERINE BOTTLE. THE SHIP IS IN THE FOREFRONT WITH A LIGHTHOUSE TO THE LEFT, ANOTHER SMALL PLEASURE BOAT, A DOCKING AREA, A CHURCH WITH A SPIRE, HOTEL AND THREE HOUSES BEHIND WITH A MOUNTAIN SCENE BACKGROUND. ON THE FRONT SAIL IS AN INSCRIPTION, INT. CP 133. THE OTHER ARTIFACT IS A SMALL VARNISHED WOODEN INLAYED TRINKET BOX (BASE AND LID) RESTING ON FOUR LITTLE FEET AND LINED WITH BLUE VELVET. ANOTHER ITEM ON DISPLAY WAS A MINIATURE PRECISELY-MACHINED MOTOR RUN BY COMPRESSED AIR. MY EYES GOT BIGGER AS I STARED AT THE MOTOR AND LONGED FOR IT TO BE MINE. BUT THERE WAS A BIG “HOWEVER”… IT WAS MARKED AT $100 AND MY MEAGER SALARY OF $25 PER MONTH MEANT I COULD JUST YEARN! I STILL THINK ABOUT THE MOTOR AND WISH IT WAS MINE. AS WITH EVERY GROUP THERE ARE ALWAYS THE OVER-ZEALOUS INDIVIDUALS WHO LIKE TO PLAY TRICKS. OUR GUARD-GROUP WAS NO EXCEPTION. SOMEONE DECIDED IT WOULD BE FUN TO PAINT LARGE RED “X’S” ONTO THE FIRE ESCAPE DOORS. BECAUSE NO ONE CONFESSED TO BEING THE CULPRIT, THE ENTIRE GUARD-GROUP WAS CONFINED TO BARRACKS DURING THEIR FREE TIME. I DO NOT REMEMBER THE DURATION OF THE CONFINEMENT, HOWEVER, AT THE TIME IT SEEMS AS IF IT WAS FOREVER. FORTUNATELY, I GOT A JOB IN THE BARRACKS CANTEEN WHICH HELPED TO PASS THE TIME. FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF A 19 YEAR OLD, I FEEL MY TIME SPENT AT POW CAMP 133 WAS A MEMORABLE LEARNING EXPERIENCE. EVEN THOUGH PART OF MY UNIFORM WAS TO CARRY RIFLE AND BE IN COMMAND, THERE WAS NEVER ANY ANIMOSITY SHOWN. I NEVER FELT INTIMIDATED, HOWEVER, I WISH I WOULD HAVE SPOKEN AND UNDERSTOOD THE GERMAN LANGUAGE. WHEN THE POW’S WERE TOLD THE WAR WAS OVER, SOME REJOICED, WHEREAS OTHER HAD GROWN TO LOVE THE COUNTRY AND WANTED TO STAY." *UPDATE* THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS PROVIDED BY JOSEPH WILLIAM HURST ON SEPTEMBER 17, 2012. “ALBERTA WEATHER IS KNOWN TO CHANGE UNEXPECTEDLY . . . LATE ONE NOVEMBER AFTERNOON THE TEMPERATURE ABRUPTLY FELL WELL BELOW THE FREEZING POINT, A STRONG NORTH WIND CAUSED BLIZZARD CONDITIONS AS THE BLOWING SNOW SWIRLED AROUND OUR TENTS AND VISIBILITY BECAME NON-EXISTENT. BECAUSE OF THE PHYSICAL WORK WE PERFORMED EACH DAY IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS, WE WERE ALWAYS TIRED AND ABLE TO SLEEP. THAT NOVEMBER DAY WAS NO EXCEPTION. NOW THE TRICK WAS TO KEEP WARM AFTER GOING TO BED. MY WARDROBE WAS VERY LIMITED . . . MY ARMY UNIFORM AND MY “GREAT COAT". BEING WE LIVED IN CANVAS TENTS WITH DIRT FLOORS AND SLEPT IN CANVAS-COVERED SLEEPING BAGS ON THE GROUND WITH A WATERPROOF SHEET UNDERNEATH, IT WAS IMPORTANT TO STAY AS WARM AS POSSIBLE. THE TENT WAS OUR FIRST DEFENSE AGAINST THE SEVERE ELEMENTS. I CRAWLED INTO MY SLEEPING BAG IN FULL UNIFORM. I MADE SURE MY PANTS WERE TUCKED INTO MY LACED-UP BOOTS, PULLED MY CAP DOWN OVER MY EARS, THEN ADDED THE “GREAT COAT” BUTTONED UP TO THE CHIN, COLLAR UP AND BELT TIGHTLY CINCHED. BLIZZARD CONDITIONS CONTINUED TO BLAST US THROUGHOUT THE NIGHT DEPOSITING A GREAT DEAL OF SNOW ON THE GROUND. THE CAMP WAS DISMANTLED THE FOLLOWING MORNING WHEN 2-TON ARMY TRUCKS WITH CANVAS-COVERS OVER THE BOXES ARRIVED TO TAKE THE PRISONERS AND THEIR GUARDS BACK TO THE LETHBRIDGE POW CAMP. THANK GOODNESS FOR THE WARMTH OF MY HEAVY WOOLEN “GREAT COAT” AND MY WOOLEN ARMY UNIFORM, I SURVIVED THE FREEZING NIGHT. LUCKILY, I SUFFERED NO HEALTH PROBLEMS, AND THE “SHIVERING COLD” ORDEAL BECAME A MEMORY. MY THANKS TO THE “GREAT COAT”!” FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P20080030000
Acquisition Date
2008-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
GREAT COAT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20100035007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GREAT COAT
Date
1942
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
106.5
Length
68
Width
9.5
Description
BLACK WOOL THIGH-LENGTH COAT. PEA COAT IS DOUBLE BREASTED WITH EIGHT BRASS BUTTONS. CROWN AND ANCHOR MOTIFS AND TEXT THAT READS, “CANADA” ON BUTTONS. NOTCHED LAPELS. SLEEVES ARE STRAIGHT CUT WITH ANGLED LEFT BREAST POCKET AND TWO FLAPPED POCKETS ON FRONT. EPAULETS ON SHOULDERS WITH DETACHABLE RANK INSIGNIA. RANK INDICATES AN OFFICER OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY VOLUNTEER RESERVE. BUTTONS ON EPAULETS ARE SMALLER BUT HAVE THE SAME MOTIFS AS FRONT BUTTONS. INSIDE HAS SEWN FABRIC LINING, ALSO BLACK.RIGHT BREAST POCKET IN THE FABRIC LINING HAS TAILOR LABEL THAT READS, “JONES CHALK & DAWSON LTD, 6, SACKVILLE ST. PICCADILLY.W., LEUT ST CLAIR BALFOUR, DATE 8/1/42 FOL S/449”. BLACK LOOP AT BACK OF COLLAR.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
COAT WAS PART OF THE NAVAL UNIFORM WHICH ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WORE DURING HIS SERVICE IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE IN WORLD WAR II. MEDALS WERE AWARDED TO ST. CLAIR BALFOUR USED DURING HIS SERVICE IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE IN WORLD WAR II. ACCORDING TO NAVAL SERVICE RECORDS, “ST. CLAIR BALFOUR ENLISTED IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVAL VOLUNTEER RESERVE ON SEPTEMBER 29, 1939 AND WAS APPOINTED LIEUTENANT-COMMANDER (G), R.C.N.V.R. ON JUNE 16, 1943.” ACCORDING TO THE NAVAL OFFICERS’ ASSOCIATION OF CANADA TORONTO BRANCH NEWSLETTER (BRUMPH) FROM MAY 2002, “DURING THE WAR, [W WII] MR. BALFOUR SERVED WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY, RISING TO THE RANK OF COMMANDER. HE FIRST SERVED IN THE DESTROYER ST. LAURENT, THEN COMMANDED THE CORVETTE LETHBRIDGE (K160) [FROM JUNE 15, 1943 TO DECEMBER 26, 1943], AND IN OCTOBER, 1944, WAS PUT IN COMMAND OF ESCORT GROUP 27. ESCORT GROUP 27 WAS A HUNTER-KILLER SQUADRON OF FRIGATES AND CORVETTES THAT PATROLLED THE WATERS OFF NOVA SCOTIA WHERE LONE GERMAN U-BOATS WOULD LIE IN WAIT TO SINK CONVOYS OF MERCHANT SHIPS BOUND FOR BRITAIN FROM HALIFAX OR SAINT JOHN. NAVAL HISTORIANS SAY IT WAS UNUSUAL FOR A CANADIAN NAVAL OFFICER TO BE GIVEN SUCH A SENIOR ROLE IN THE BATTLE OF THE ATLANTIC. THE COMMAND WAS A TESTAMENT TO COMMANDER BALFOUR’S LEADERSHIP AND HE RECEIVED THE DISTINGUISHED SERVICE CROSS, AWARDED TO NAVAL OFFICERS FOR ACTS OF EXCEPTIONAL BRAVERY." THE DSC CITATION READS, IN PART: “DURING THIS TIME HE HAS, BY HIS ZEAL, ENERGY, CHEERFULNESS AND WHOLEHEARTED DEVOTION TO DUTY SET AN OUTSTANDING EXAMPLE TO THOSE WORKING UNDER HIM, WHICH IS IN KEEPING WITH THE HIGHEST TRADITIONS OF THE NAVAL SERVICE.” ACCORDING TO B.R.U.M.P.H., "HIS NICKNAME ABOARD HIS SHIP WAS OLD IRON PANTS, AND HE USED HIS STRONG VOICE TO CARRY COMMANDS IN THE DAYS BEFORE THE BATTER-POWERED MEGAPHONE. WHEN FRANCE SURRENDERED IN 1940 SOME OF THE SHIPS OF THE FRENCH NAVY JOINED THE ALLIES, OTHERS REMAINED LOYAL TO THE VICHY REGIME. ONE OF THE LATTER WAS IN HALIFAX AT THIS TIME. IT WAS INTERNED PENDING POLITICAL DECISIONS AS TO ITS FATE. ONE NIGHT A NUMBER OF ITS OFFICERS AND MEN DECIDED TO OVERPOWER THE SMALL GUARD AND RETURN TO FRANCE. THEY GATHERED IN A PASSAGEWAY UNTIL THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE GUARD, LT ST. CLAIR BALFOUR, RCNVR, POINTED OUT THAT HE WOULD SHOOT THEM IF THEY PERSISTED IN THIS COURSE OF ACTION. LIKE EVERYONE WHO EVER MET CLAIR, THEY KNEW THAT HE MEANT EXACTLY WHAT HE SAID, AND RELUCTANTLY DECIDED THAT DISCRETION WAS THE BETTER PART OF VALOUR. AT THE WAR’S END HE WAS IN CHARGE OF HMCS CORNWALLIS, A NAVAL BASE OF 10,000 MEN AND WOMEN [LOCATED IN HALIFAX]. HE CONSIDERED A CAREER IN THE NAVY BUT DECIDED TO GO BACK TO NEWSPAPERS.” AS WELL AS THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE, BALFOUR WAS ALSO APPOINTED THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF HMCS MEON (RIVER CLASS FRIGATE – K.269) FROM FEBRUARY 2, 1944 TO JANUARY 3, 1945, AND COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE HMCS DUNVER (RIVER CLASS FRIGATE – K.03) FROM MARCH 27, 1945 TO MAY 26, 1945. BALFOUR WAS DISCHARGED ON OCTOBER 6, 1945 AFTER SIX YEARS OF SERVICE. IN 1988, ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WAS BECAME AN OFFICER OF THE ORDER OF CANADA FOR HIS SERVICE TO THE COUNTRY. ACCORDING TO MAJOR CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD, CD IN LETHBRIDGE AT WAR, “ HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS A ‘FLOWER CLASS’ CORVETTE COMMISSIONED ON JUNE 25, 1941. THE VESSEL WAS CANADA’S RESPONSE TO A GROWING THREAT FROM GERMAN U-BOATS OPERATING IN THE ATLANTIC AND CLOSER TO HOME. THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE BEGAN ITS ATLANTIC SERVICE ON OCTOBER 11, 1941 WHEN IT ESCORTED CONVOY SC.49 BETWEEN SYDNEY, NOVA SCOTIA, AND ICELAND. WHILE ON DUTY, THE ROLE OF THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS TO DEPLOY AHEAD OR ASTERN OF A CONVOY, ALONG WITH OTHER ESCORT SHIPS. USING UNDERWATER RADAR, THE ESCORT SHIPS WOULD THEN CONVERGE ON ANY SUSPECTED U-BOAT POSITION AND ATTEMPT TO DESTROY THE SUBMARINE WITH DEPTH CHARGES. IN 1993, THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS ONE OF 74 SHIPS AWARDED HONOURS UNDER THE BRITISH ADMIRALTY’S DIRECTION, FOR SERVICE IN ANTI-SUBMARINE DUTIES IN INTERNAL CANADIAN WATERWAYS. WITH THE WAR AT A CLOSE, THE HMCS LETHBRIDGE WAS SOLD TO MARINE INDUSTRIES LTD. ON JULY 23, 1945. THE SHIP WAS RESOLD IN 1952, CONVERTED INTO A DUTCH WHALER AND RENAMED THE NICOLASS VINKE. THIS NEW ROLE LASTED UNTIL 1966, AFTER WHICH THE SHIP WAS BROKEN DOWN FOR SCRAP IN SANTANDER, SPAIN. ST. CLAIR BALFOUR WAS BORN IN HAMILTON ONTARIO IN 1910. BALFOUR RETURNED TO HAMILTON ONTARIO AFTER WWII WAS OVER. HE PASSED AWAY AT HIS HOME IN TORONTO ON MAY 9, 2002 AT AGE 92. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20100035007
Acquisition Date
2010-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
GREAT COAT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960033007
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GREAT COAT
Date
1952
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
138
Width
48
Description
OLIVE DRAB WOOL SHIN-LENGTH COAT. GREAT COAT IS DOUBLE BREASTED WITH SIX ORNATE MILITARY BUTTONS AND NOTCHED LAPEL. SLEEVES ARE STRAIGHT CUT WITH TAILORED SHOULDERS AND EPAULETS ON SHOULDERS. FRONT HAS TWO FLAP POCKETS. SIDE PANELS OF COAT WIDEN OUT AT BOTTOM. EACH POCKET HAS TWO SEWN PLEATS ABOVE IT AND BACK OF COAT HAS TWO FOLDED KNIFE PLEATS. BACK HAS WOOL BELT SEWN ACROSS IT AS WELL. SEWN TO EACH SHOULDER IS NAVY BLUE CURVED PATCH WITH "ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY" EMBROIDERED IN RED. EPAULETS HAVE SHOULDER TABS, ALSO NAVY BLUE, THAT HAVE "18 FD" EMBROIDERED ON THEM IN RED. EACH BUTTON ON FRONT IS POLISHED BRASS WITH QUEEN'S CROWN AND R.C.A. CANNON AND SPONGE-ROD RAISED ON FRONT. INSIDE HAS SEWN PADDED LINING, ALSO OLIVE DRAB. AT INSIDE BOTTOM OF RIGHT PANEL IS WHITE POLYESTER LABEL WHICH READS "RUBENSTEIN BROS. LIMITED GREATCOATS, ARMY, 49 PATTERN 1952" AND "SIZE 18 HEIGHT 6'1" TO 6'2" BREAST 41-43". IN TOP LEFT CORNER AN "M" INSIDE A CIRCLE IS STAMPED IN BLACK INK. AT INSIDE OF RIGHT PANEL IS DEEP WELT POCKET AND AT INSIDE LEFT WAIST IS SMALL SHALLOW WELT POCKET.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
COAT IS ENLISTED MAN'S GREAT COAT FROM 1952. WAS USED BY UNKOWN PERSON IN 18TH FIELD ARTILLERY REGIMENT IN LETHBRIDGE. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS UNABLE TO DISCOVER NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THE OBJECT BECAUSE IT WAS COLLECTED IN THE INTEREST OF REPRESENTING TYPOLOGY RATHER THAN INDIVIDUAL OWNERSHIP. NO UNIQUE MARKINGS TO HELP IDENTIFY ORIGINAL OWNER.
Catalogue Number
P19960033007
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
“C.D.” “WALLY”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20150012007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
“C.D.” “WALLY”
Date
1952
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
164
Width
52
Description
GREEN COTTON COVERALLS. FRONT CLOSURE WITH SIX BUTTONS. POCKETS AT CHEST, HIPS, AND REAR. TEXT STENCILLED IN GREY PAINT ON BACK READS “C.D.”. TAG AT INSIDE COLLAR PRINTED WITH TEXT READING “44 M YAMASKA SHIRT LTD. 1952” AND “WALLY” WRITTEN IN BLUE INK. LIGHT WEAR, OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
MILITARY
History
THESE COVERALLS WERE RECOVERED IN SPRING 2015 FROM A STORAGE AREA IN THE BASEMENT OF THE ENMAX CENTRE SPORTS ARENA, WHERE SUPPLIES RELATING TO LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE AND DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS/RISK MANAGEMENT HAD BEEN STORED FOR AT LEAST 30 YEARS PRIOR. DURING MARCH AND APRIL 2015, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CURRENT AND RETIRED CITY STAFF THAT WERE INVOLVED WITH THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SUPPLIES AND DISASTER RESPONSE SERVICES, INCLUDING DIRECTOR OF EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT JESSE KURTZ, RETIRED DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF MIKE ROSS, FORMER CITY DIRECTOR OF DISASTER SERVICES JOE KARL, FORMER CITY EMERGENCY SERVICES CO-ORDINATOR DENNIS JOBE, AND FORMER ADMINISTRATIVE ASSISTANT TO THE CITY MANAGER/RISK MANAGEMENT & INSURANCE OFFICER LEO VANDENHEUVAL. PREVIOUS RESEARCH INTO THE LETHBRIDGE CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE WAS CONDUCTED IN 2009, WHEN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED ROBERT GARDNER, A FORMER C.D. POLICE MEMBER (SEE RECORD P19870044001 FOR MORE INFORMATION). THE AUXILIARY CIVIL DEFENCE POLICE WAS ORGANIZED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AFTER THE PROVINCE APPEALED TO ALBERTA MUNICIPALITIES TO PREPARE DEFENCES IN CASE OF AN ENEMY ATTACK, INCLUDING A NUCLEAR STRIKE. THE C.D. POLICE WERE NOT OFFICIALLY PART OF THE LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE. THE AUXILIARY VOLUNTEERS DID, HOWEVER, RECEIVE TRAINING FROM THE CITY POLICE AND WHEN CALLED OUT BY THE C.D. DIRECTOR, CAME UNDER THE CONTROL OF CHIEF CONSTABLE JAMES H. CARPENTER.THE C.D. POLICE DISBANDED FOR UNKNOWN REASONS IN 1963. GARDNER WAS 33 WHEN HE JOINED THE C.D. POLICE IN 1960, AND EXPLAINS HIS MOTIVATION TO VOLUNTEER WAS BASED ON HIS PERCEPTION THAT A FUTURE WAR WAS LIKELY TO OCCUR – ESPECIALLY GIVEN THE PERIOD’S EVENTS, WHICH INCLUDED THE CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS. GARDNER REMEMBERED TRAINING UNDER THE POLICE CHIEF AND SENIOR MEMBERS OF THE POLICE FORCE, BUT MAINTAINED THAT OUTSIDE OF INITIAL TRAINING, C.D. POLICE OPERATIONS WERE NOT DIRECTED BY THE CITY POLICE. GARDNER SAID THAT MOST C.D. POLICE VOLUNTEERS WERE “MIDDLE AGED AND STAYED ON DUE TO THE THREAT OF WAR”. JOE KARL SAID: “[IN] LATE 1972 THE CITY MANAGER… [ASSIGNED ME TO] LOOK AFTER DISASTER SERVICES/CIVIL DEFENCE… IT’S HAD DIFFERENT NAMES AS TIME WENT ON… THIS EQUIPMENT… IS A CASUALTY COLLECTING UNIT, WITH WATER BOTTLES, BOOTS, RAIN GEAR, COVERALLS. THERE WERE STRETCHERS [AND] BLANKETS. THESE WERE ALL STORED AT THE OLD MUSEUM [ORIGINAL GALT MUSEUM BUILDING, BEFORE THE 1985 EXPANSION] NEAR THE BOILER ROOM… THAT’S WHERE I FIRST INHERITED THE STUFF. THERE WAS REALLY NO RECORD KEPT OF ANYTHING… [WHEN] WE FOUND OUT WE COULDN’T PUT [THE SUPPLIES] BACK INTO STORAGE [AT THE MUSEUM], BEING SAFETY OFFICER I KNEW AND SCOUTED ALL THE OTHER BUILDINGS IN THE CITY. THE SPORTSPLEX, DOWN IN THE DEEP BASEMENT, HAD A ROOM THAT WAS DRY AND UNOCCUPIED… SO I PUT THE STUFF DOWN THERE AND THAT’S BASICALLY WHERE IT WOUND UP… AT THAT TIME EACH MUNICIPALITY RECEIVED A MERE PITTANCE OF DOLLARS TOWARDS DISASTER SERVICES… 12-1500 EMPLOYEES AND THE ONLY SAFETY PERSON WAS ME… THEN AS THE MUNICIPAL ACT CHANGED, THE EMPHASIS WAS PUT ON POLITICALLY BY THE PROVINCE TO ESTABLISH A PEACETIME SCENARIO … IN THE BASEMENT OF THE OLD COURTHOUSE, THERE [WAS] A ROOM WHERE AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE WITH ALL THE COMMUNICATIONS HAD BEEN SET UP… FOR GAS, WATER, SEWER, MAYOR, DEPARTMENT HEADS… [THE STRETCHERS AND BLANKETS] WERE USED IN HOSPITAL EXERCISES… TO SEE HOW PREPARED [STAFF WERE], HOW THEY COULD HANDLE MASS CASUALTIES… WE WOULD DO UP 30/40 KIDS IN BROKEN ARMS, AMNESIA, BURNS, FRACTURES, LOSS OF LIMB… THE FIRE DEPARTMENT WAS VERY GOOD, [DOING] TRAINING AND MOCK SCENARIOS.” ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD RANGING FROM 1957 TO 2006 DESCRIBE MOCK DISASTER EXERCISES TAKING PLACE ON A SEMI-REGULAR BASIS, TO TEST THE PREPAREDNESS OF FIRE, AMBULANCE, HOSPITAL, AND CITY ADMINISTRATIVE STAFF. DENNIS JOBE SAID: “SHORTLY AFTER THE EDMONTON TORNADO [IN 1987] THE PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT DECREED THAT EVERYONE, COUNTIES, CITIES, SHOULD HAVE AN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS PLAN… SO THE CITY WAS INSTRUCTED THAT THEY WOULD HAVE TO PUT ONE TOGETHER… I WORKED FOR THE CITY MANAGER… WE WERE AWARE… THAT WE HAD TO HAVE SOME KIND OF PREPARATION… SO WE KNEW WHERE [THE SUPPLIES] WERE [AND] COUNTED THINGS… AND WE DID USE IT A COUPLE OF TIMES [WHEN] WE HAD AN EXERCISE.” LEO VANDENHEUVAL SAID: “WE USED TO HAVE THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE IN THE BASEMENT OF THE COURT HOUSE… THE REASON IT WAS THERE IS THAT THEY HAD ROOM [AND] IT WAS QUITE A STRONG, FULL CONCRETE FACILITY THAT COULD PERHAPS WITHSTAND A LOT OF DAMAGE… I WOULD HAVE BEEN INVOLVED BACK IN THOSE DAYS AS WELL FROM THE RISK MANAGEMENT STANDPOINT AND BECAUSE I WAS THE SPOKESPERSON FOR THE CITY WHENEVER THINGS WENT SIDEWAYS. THE CITY MANAGER WOULD HAVE BEEN ON THAT TEAM [AS WELL AS] THE FIRE CHIEF, POLICE CHIEF, ALL THE DIRECTORS… COMMUNITY SERVICES… ENGINEERING… THE MAYOR… THAT WHOLE TEAM WOULD HAVE BEEN CALLED TOGETHER TO WORK TOGETHER IN A DISASTER SITUATION… NOTHING OF [HIGHLY EMERGENT] SIGNIFICANCE HAS EVER HAPPENED IN LETHBRIDGE. WE’VE NEVER HAD TO OPEN UP HOUSING CENTRES LIKE THE CIVIC CENTRE OR THE AREAS TO ACCOMMODATE THAT KIND OF THING BECAUSE WE’VE NEVER HAD A DISASTER THAT BIG… THE BIGGEST ONE THAT COMES TO MIND IS THE 1995 FLOOD… AT THAT TIME THERE WAS SOME TALK THAT WE WOULD GET THE MILITARY INVOLVED… BUT BACK THEN IT REQUIRED APPROVAL FROM OTTAWA, SO IT WAS AWFULLY DIFFICULT TO BRING THE MILITARY IN… TO SOME EXTENT WE KNEW THAT [THE CIVIL DEFENSE] EQUIPMENT EXISTED… [SOME OF THE EQUIPMENT] MIGHT HAVE COME INTO THE SYSTEM IN THE LATE ‘80S WHEN DENNIS JOBE WAS AROUND… BECAUSE HE HAD CERTAIN CONTACTS WITH THE MILITARY, BECAUSE HE WAS A RETIRED ARMY OFFICER… [IT IS IMPORTANT THAT] SOMEBODY WITHIN THE ORGANIZATION [IS] AWARE [AND] THAT IT’S INVENTORIED AND KEPT UP TO DATE.” MIKE ROSS SAID: “WHEN I BECAME DEPUTY FIRE CHIEF IN 1998 [THAT POSITION] WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS… WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE BUDGET AND [ASKED] ‘WHAT’S THIS $1000 WE PAID TO THE ENMAX CENTRE?’ BECAUSE THERE WAS A RENTAL [FEE] THAT NO ONE SEEMED TO KNOW ANYTHING ABOUT… WE DID SOME INVESTIGATION AND THEN WE FOUND OUT THAT THERE WAS ALL THIS MATERIAL THAT WAS STORED IN THE DEEP BASEMENT… WE STARTED TO DO SOME RESEARCH AND FOUND OUT THAT IT WAS PART OF A MOBILE HOSPITAL UNIT DATING BACK TO THE COLD WAR… IT [HAD BEEN] BASICALLY FORGOTTEN ABOUT… [IN 2006/2007, HEALTH CANADA] CONTACTED THE CITY AND SAID ‘ON OUR BOOKS THERE IS A [MOBILE] HOSPITAL IN LETHBRIDGE. DOES ANYBODY KNOW WHERE IT IS?’ AND THIS MESSAGE CAME TO ME AS THE EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS CO-ORDINATOR … SUGGESTED THAT [THE SUPPLIES] HAD COME TO THE CITY IN THE ‘50S OR EARLY ‘60S… THE MATERIAL THAT’S THERE NOW IS PROBABLY A THIRD OF WHAT WAS THERE WHEN WE DID THE AUDIT… WE FOUND THINGS LIKE RADIATION BURN DRESSING THAT HAD A ‘BEST BY’ DATE… IV BOTTLES AND IV SOLUTION [THAT] INSTEAD OF BEING CLEAR, WAS CLOUDY… WE KEPT THE STRETCHERS [AND] A BUNCH OF BLANKETS BECAUSE WE FELT THAT… THEY WERE STILL GOOD AND WE COULD USE THEM IN A CURRENT DAY EMERGENCY… SO I REMOVED SOME OF THAT STUFF AND PUT IT OVER [IN] THE EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTRE [AT] THE OLD COURTHOUSE.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS, NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, COPIES OF ORIGINAL EMERGENCY SERVICES SUPPLY INVENTORIES, AND RESEARCH MATERIAL ON LETHBRIDGE’S CIVIL DEFENSE POLICE. FOR OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATING TO CIVIL DEFENSE IN LETHBRIDGE, SEE RECORDS P19870044001, P19870044002, P19960112110, P19960112111, P19970094001, AND P20090038000.
Catalogue Number
P20150012007
Acquisition Date
2015-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FLIGHT SUIT, “COMBAT FLYERS… SEPTEMBER 1992”
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, METAL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20140043006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FLIGHT SUIT, “COMBAT FLYERS… SEPTEMBER 1992”
Date
1992
Materials
COTTON, METAL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
146
Width
52
Description
BLUE COTTON COVERALLS WITH FRONT ZIPPER CLOSURE. ZIPPERED POCKETS AT CHEST, LEFT ARM, LEFT THIGH, AND BOTH CALVES. ANKLES HAVE ZIPPERED OPENINGS TO FACILITATE FOLDING UP OF THE PANT LEGS TO ATTACH TO BLACK PLASTIC CLIPS AT BOTH KNEES. VELCO CINCHING TABS AT WAIST. PRINTED LABEL INSIDE RIGHT CHEST READS “PGL CA 16276 - COVERALLS, COMBAT FLYERS BLUE – SALOPETLES D’AVIATEUR, BLEUES – 8415-21-907-9801 – 6742 – SEPTEMBER 1992”. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
POLITICS
MILITARY
History
THIS FLIGHT SUIT WAS DONATED AS PART OF THE PERSONAL EFFECTS COLLECTED BY SENATOR JOYCE FAIRBAIRN (PC, CM) OVER HER NEARLY THREE DECADES AS A LIBERAL SENATOR FOR THE PROVINCE OF ALBERTA. ON SEPTEMBER 21, 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON INTERVIEWED FAIRBAIRN'S FORMER ASSISTANT, GLENN MILLER, ABOUT THE SUIT AND THE SENATOR'S INVOLVEMENT WITH THE LETHBRIDGE AIR SHOW. MILLER SAID: "THE FLIGHT SUIT CAME FROM THE AIR FORCE... SHE WORE IT DURING HER ROLE AS THE HONORARY AIR MARSHAL AT THE LETHBRIDGE AIR SHOW... FOR APPROXIMATELY 15 YEARS... [AS AIR MARSHAL] SHE BROUGHT GREETINGS FROM THE SENATE OF CANADA, AND SHE WAS ALSO INVOLVED IN VISITING WITH ALL THE PERFORMERS, AND WELCOMING THEM TO THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE... SHE WOULD DO WHATEVER SHE COULD TO ASSIST THE AIR SHOW COMMITTEE IN ACHIEVING A SUCCESSFUL AIR SHOW... ONE PARTICULAR YEAR, THERE WAS VERY LITTLE CANADIAN CONTENT SCHEDULED TO BE THERE, AND SHE HAD MANAGED TO TRACK DOWN THE MINISTER OF DEFENSE OVERSEAS, AND WITHIN 24 HOURS THERE WAS A HERCULES, REPRESENTING CANADA, AT THE AIR SHOW... SHE WAS ABLE TO INFLUENCE HAVING AN AIRCRAFT AT THE AIR SHOW WHEN JUST DAYS BEFORE THEY WERE TOLD DEFINITIVELY THAT NO, THERE'D BE NONE... SHE WORE [THE SUIT] WITH GREAT PRIDE, EVERY YEAR." THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF FAIRBAIRN WAS DEVELOPED BY GALT ARCHIVES INTERN KARISSA PATTON FOR THE 2013 EXHIBIT ‘GALT BABY TO SENATOR’: JOYCE FAIRBAIRN WAS BORN AT THE GALT HOSPITAL ON NOVEMBER 6, 1939. SHE GREW UP IN LETHBRIDGE WHERE SHE GOT HER FIRST EXPERIENCE AS A JOURNALIST AT THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD WHILE SHE WAS STILL IN HIGH SCHOOL. FAIRBAIRN EARNED A BACHELOR’S DEGREE IN ENGLISH FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF ALBERTA IN 1960. FAIRBAIRN THEN LEFT LETHBRIDGE TO ATTEND CARLETON UNIVERSITY IN OTTAWA, ONTARIO WHERE SHE EARNED A BACHELOR OF JOURNALISM IN 1961. AFTER GRADUATION, FAIRBAIRN BEGAN WORKING FOR THE HERALD’S OTTAWA BUREAU, THE OTTAWA JOURNAL, AND UNITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL IN THE PARLIAMENTARY PRESS GALLERY. FAIRBAIRN WAS KNOWN AS ONE OF THE FIRST “FEMALE NEWSMEN.” SHE WORKED AS A JOURNALIST IN OTTAWA FROM 1961-1970 AND WAS THE FIRST JOURNALIST TO REPORT ON THE NEW CANADIAN FLAG SELECTION AS WELL AS COVERED JACKIE KENNEDY AND PRESIDENT KENNEDY’S VISIT TO OTTAWA IN 1961. THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PROUDLY CONTINUED TO PUBLISH HER WORK FROM 1965-1969. IN 1970 FAIRBAIRN BECAME THE LEGISLATIVE ASSISTANT AND, LATER, THE COMMUNICATIONS COORDINATOR FOR PRIME MINISTER PIERRE TRUDEAU. FAIRBAIRN WORKED WITH TRUDEAU UNTIL 1984 WHEN SHE WAS APPOINTED TO THE SENATE. SENATOR FAIRBAIRN QUICKLY BECAME KNOWN FOR ATTENDING SOUTHERN ALBERTAN MILESTONES, OPENINGS, CELEBRATIONS, AND EVEN THE OCCASIONAL CAKE DECORATING CONTEST. SENATOR FAIRBAIRN BECAME WELL KNOWN THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA BECAUSE, AS ONE CONSTITUENT COMMENTED, “SHE CARED ENOUGH TO COME”. SENATOR FAIRBAIRN ALSO BECAME INVOLVED WITH MANY ORGANIZATIONS AND CAUSES SUCH AS, THE PARALYMPICS, THE CALGARY STAMPEDE, BOOKS FOR BABIES, AND THE ALBERTA BIRDS OF PREY CENTRE. FAIRBAIRN WAS PRESENT FOR CELEBRATIONS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA SUCH AS, LETHBRIDGE’S CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION, WHOOP UP DAYS, AND MANY UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE CONVOCATIONS. SENATOR FAIRBAIRN WAS ALSO AN ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE THERAPEUTIC RIDING ASSOCIATION WHERE SHE ADOPTED A HORSE NAMED “DOOLEY”. IN 2008 THE LETHBRIDGE THERAPEUTIC RIDING ASSOCIATION HONOURED SENATOR FAIRBAIRN WITH A LIFETIME MEMBERSHIP. SENATOR FAIRBAIRN’S DEVOTION TO CANADA AND THE SOUTHERN ALBERTAN COMMUNITY WAS ALSO RECOGNIZED BY MANY OTHER ORGANIZATIONS. IN 1990 SHE WAS INAUGURATED INTO THE KAINAI CHIEFTAINSHIP, WHERE SHE RECEIVED THE NAME CHIEF MORNING BIRD WOMAN. FAIRBAIRN WAS ALSO MADE AN HONOURARY LIEUTENANT-COLONEL OF THE 18TH AIR DEFENSE REGIMENT, RCA. SHE WAS ALSO MADE A HONOURARY AIR MARSHAL AND FREQUENTLY ATTENDED THE INTERNATIONAL AIR SHOW AT LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. IN ADDITION, SHE WAS AWARDED WITH A HONOURARY DOCTORATE OF LAWS BY THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE IN 2004. WHILE FAIRBAIRN WAS KNOWN FOR BEING PRESENT IN THE SOUTHERN ALBERTAN COMMUNITY SHE WAS ALSO KNOWN FOR HER MANY ACCOMPLISHMENTS IN PARLIAMENT. HER CAREER AS SENATOR BEGAN AS THE VICE-CHAIR OF THE NATIONAL LIBERAL CAUCUS AND THE WESTERN AND NORTHERN LIBERAL CAUCUS UNTIL 1991 WHEN SHE WAS APPOINTED CO-CHAIR OF THE NATIONAL CAMPAIGN COMMITTEE. BY 1993 SENATOR FAIRBAIRN WAS APPOINTED TO PRIVY COUNCIL AS THE FIRST WOMAN TO HOLD THE POSITION OF LEADER OF GOVERNMENT. SHE ALSO BECAME THE FIRST MINISTER WITH SPECIAL RESPONSIBILITY FOR LITERACY. IN 1997 SHE WAS APPOINTED THE SPECIAL ADVISOR ON LITERACY TO THE MINISTER OF HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT CANADA. IN ADDITION, SENATOR FAIRBAIRN WAS THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND MAKING THE FAMOUS FIVE HONOURARY SENATORS AND ERECTING A HONOURARY STATUE CELEBRATING THE FAMOUS FIVE ON PARLIAMENT HILL. SENATOR JOYCE FAIRBAIRN RETIRED FROM THE SENATE ON JANUARY 18, 2013. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140043006
Acquisition Date
2014-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANADA MILITARY AIR FORCE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19920045006
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANADA MILITARY AIR FORCE
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
162
Width
45.5
Description
COTTON DENIM, DARK BLUE 1 PIECE PAIR OF COVERALLS. TORN IN PLACES, STAINED. 6 OUTER BODY POCKETS; 2 SLASH OPENINGS AT HIPS. SEVERE TEARS BELOW RIGHT KNEE AND BELOW LEFT SIDE WAISTLINE. SEVERAL MINOR TEARS & NIPS THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
CANADIAN AIRFORCE ISSUE WORKING COVERALLS. DONOR TRAINED AT LETHBRIDGE NO. 8 BOMBING & GUNNERY SCHOOL AS PART OF BRITISH COMMONWEALTH AIR TRAINING PLAN DURING WWII. SEE P19920045006-GA FOR DONOR HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920045006
Acquisition Date
1992-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19960033014
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
NYLON, POLYESTER, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
90
Width
40.6
Description
KHAKI BROWN NYLON-POLYESTER DRESS. DRESS HAS GORED SKIRT SEWN TO SHORT SLEEVE BLOUSE. BLOUSE HAS POLO COLLAR AND EPAULETS ON SHOULDERS. ON BREAST ARE TWO PATCH POCKETS WITH TWO MORE ON SKIRT. SEVERAL PLEATS ARE GATHERED AT WAIST. UNDER LEFT ARM ALONG SIDE IS ZIPPER. SMALL LOOPS ARE SEWN AT BOTH SIDES AT WAIST. FRONT HAS THREE BUTTON OPENING. ONLY ONE BUTTON IS PRESENT AND THAT IS ON LEFT SHOULDER HOLDING EPAULET. BUTTON IS POLISHED BRASS WITH RAISED HEAD OF WOMAN WITH GREEK HELMET ON. BENEATH HEAD IS "CWAC". SEWN INSIDE ARE SHOULDER PADS. HAND PRINTED IN BLACK INK ON INSIDE BETWEEN SHOULDER BLADES IS "SCHMIDT AL.". DOWN CENTER OF BACK IS INVERTED PLEAT WITH SINGLE KNIFE PLEAT ON EITHER SIDE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DRESS WAS FOUND IN STORAGE AT THE ARMOURIES AND DONATED BY THE 18TH AIR DEFENSE REGIMENT. DRESS IS SERVICE DRESS MOST LIKELY FROM THE 1960'S, POSSIBLY FROM THE SECOND WORLD WAR.
Catalogue Number
P19960033014
Acquisition Date
1996-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PUTTEE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON CANVAS, LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19880022005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PUTTEE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Materials
COTTON CANVAS, LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Length
35.0
Width
14.0
Description
MILITARY FIELD PUTTEES. BRASS BUCKLES & LEATHER GUSSETTS. BOTH STAMPED "B.A.C. -1943".
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
SEE P19880022001-GA
Catalogue Number
P19880022005
Acquisition Date
1988-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, SILK, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170009003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOL, SILK, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
119
Width
48
Description
BLUE WOOL COAT WITH TWO POCKETS ON FRONT AND TWO BRASS BUTTONS ON RIGHT-WEARING SIDE AND THREE BRASS BUTTONS ON LEFT-WEARING SIDE; BRASS BUTTONS ALL HAVE EMBOSSED CROWN AT TOP WITH FLYING EAGLE UNDER, AND LOWER TEXT “R.C.A.F.”. COAT SLEEVES HAVE THREE BRASS BUTTONS DOWN CUFFS WITH EMBOSSED CROWN OVER FLYING EAGLE AND TEXT “R.C.A.F.”. COAT SHOULDERS HAVE BLUE BADGES SEWN ON WITH WHITE TEXT “CANADA” AND EPAULETS ATTACHED DISPLAYING TWO BLACK STRIPES AND MIDDLE BLUE STRIPE [SECOND LIEUTENANT STRIPES]. INSIDE OF JACKET HAS BLUE SILK LINING; LEFT-WEARING SIDE ON INSIDE HAS A POCKET AND BLACK PLASTIC BUTTON; TAG SEWN ONTO INSIDE POCKET IS WHITE WITH RED TEXT “HANFORD-DREWITT LTD., WINNIPEG”. INSIDE LINING IS STAINED GREEN AT COLLAR AND ON LEFT-WEARING SIDE; OUTSIDE OF COAT HAS SOILING AND STAINING ON FRONT; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON MARCH 1, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLYDE MATHESON REGARDING HIS DONATION OF ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE APPAREL. MATHESON SERVED TWO YEARS IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY ON H.M.C.S. “NADEN” BEFORE TRANSFERRING TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE. ON THE COAT, MATHESON RECALLED, “THIS IS JUST THE WINTER DRESS. THERE WAS THE TUNIC AND THEN THE SUMMER ONES.” “THEY’VE BEEN HANGING UP IN MY CLOSET FOR FIFTY SOME ODD YEARS AND I THINK IT’S TIME THAT I DID SOMETHING WITH THEM.” “ABOUT 1955 I JOINED THE NAVY AND I WAS IN THE NAVY FOR ABOUT TWO YEARS AND THEN TRANSFERRED WITH AIRCREW IN THE AIR FORCE. I WENT IN THE AIR FORCE IN ABOUT 1957 AND THEN GRADUATED FROM THE AIR OBSERVER SCHOOL IN WINNIPEG ABOUT 1958 AND GOT MY WINGS THEN AND THAT’S WHERE THESE ALL ARE ORIGINALLY FROM. THIS ALL I’VE GOT OF ALL THE UNIFORMS I HAD.” MATHESON SPOKE ABOUT HIS TIME IN THE NAVY AND AIR FORCE, STATING, “IN 1955 WHEN I GOT THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL, THE LAST THING I WANTED TO DO WAS ANYMORE SCHOOLING. I HAD ENOUGH OF THAT, SO SPUR OF THE MOMENT THING I JOINED THE NAVY. I WAS IN THE NAVY FOR ABOUT TWO WEEKS AND I REALIZED I HAD MADE A MISTAKE. I LASTED TWO YEARS IN THERE, AND THEN TRANSFERRED TO THE AIR FORCE. I GUESS THAT WAS PROBABLY JUST THE REASON TO GET OUT OF LETHBRIDGE BACK THEN.” “MY DAD WAS KIND OF ANTI-MILITARY. MY BROTHER, BILL, WAS IN THE PARATROOPERS DURING THE WAR…HE WAS KIND OF A HERO WHEN WE WERE KIDS…I THINK MAYBE THE REASON I JOINED THE NAVY IS MY DAD WAS AN OLD FISHERMAN IN SCOTLAND AND HE KIND OF REALLY LOVED THE NAVY. I MIGHT HAVE DONE THAT TO PLEASE HIM, BUT I THINK THE MAIN REASON WAS TO GET OUT OF LETHBRIDGE.” “THE KOREAN WAR [WAS IN] ’55, IT WAS JUST ABOUT FINISHING UP AND THE VIETNAM WAR WAS JUST GETTING [STARTED]. THE ONLY CLAIM I HAD WHEN I WAS IN THE SERVICE IS THEY DID A LOT OF FLYING. ALL MY TIME WAS SPENT IN GREENWOOD, NOVA SCOTIA, 405 SQUADRON AND WE DID A LOT OF FLYING DURING THE CUBAN CRISIS. THE REST OF OUR TIME WAS JUST THESE LONG BORING PATROLS IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC LOOKING FOR SUBMARINES.” “[I KNEW I MADE THE WRONG CHOICE IN THE NAVY FROM] THE DISCIPLINE OF IT. IT DIDN’T MAKE SENSE TO ME, I THINK. THERE WAS SO MUCH STUFF CARRIED OVER FROM LORD NELSON…BUT I STUCK IT OUT FOR TWO YEARS. I ENDED UP GETTING A PRETTY GOOD TRADE IN THE NAVY. I WAS AN AIR AND A WEATHER OBSERVER, SO I HAD A JAMMY TRADE, AND A POSTING ALL THE TIME I WAS IN THE NAVY. IT JUST WASN’T FOR ME AND I WAS GOING THROUGH WHAT THEY CALL AN UPPER YARDS MAN PLAN WHERE YOU GET YOUR COMMISSION THROUGH THE RANKS IN THE AIR FORCE OR IN THE NAVY. I WAS IN TALKING TO THIS COMMANDER MARVIN…THERE WAS A CRUISER OUT, THE MAIDEN, IN ONTARIO, AND HE CALLED ME IN AND SAID, “YOU’VE GOT TO GET READY FOR THESE EXAMS”. I HAD DONE SOME, AND I JUST HAPPENED TO MENTION TO HIM I CHANGED MY MIND ABOUT MAKING THE NAVY MY CAREER AND I WAS THINKING ABOUT TRANSFERRING GOING TO AIRCREW IN THE AIR FORCE. HE MUST NOT HAVE LIKED THE NAVY VERY MUCH EITHER. BEFORE I KNEW IT I WAS IN FRONT OF THE RECRUITING OFFICER FOR THE AIR FORCE AND AWAY I WENT.” “IN THE AIR FORCE [I WAS A FLYING OFFICER]. I WAS JUST AN OOD, AN ORDINARY SEAMAN IN THE NAVY.” “WHEN THEY GIVE YOU A COMMISSION, IT’S A SHORT SERVICE COMMISSION WHICH IS ABOUT FIVE YEARS…ALL MY TIME WAS SPENT IN GREENWOOD NOVA SCOTIA FROM ABOUT ’58 TO ABOUT ’63. THEN THEY OFFERED AN EXTENSION TO MY COMMISSION BUT BY THAT TIME I DECIDED THIS WASN’T FOR ME EITHER AND I TURNED THAT DOWN AND GOT OUT AND WENT BACK TO SCHOOL.” “I WENT BACK TO THE U OF A [IN 1963] AND GRADUATED IN DENTISTRY IN ’68.” “I WOULD DO IT AGAIN IF I HAD TO. IT WAS THE BEST TIME OF MY LIFE ESPECIALLY WHEN I GOT IN THE AIR FORCE. WE WERE AIRCREW SO WE WERE MAKING PRETTY GOOD MONEY. I WASN’T MARRIED AND I SAW A LOT OF THE WORLD FLYING AROUND DOWN THERE IN NOVA SCOTIA MAINLY EUROPE. I DON’T REGRET IT AT ALL.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MOTIVATIONS FOR DONATING THE COAT, MATHESON NOTED, “I JUST DIDN’T KNOW WHAT TO DO WITH IT. IT’S JUST [BEEN] HANGING THERE FOR FIFTY YEARS, SO I FIGURED MAYBE [THE MUSEUM] MIGHT HAVE SOME USE FOR IT. I WOULDN’T WANT TO SEE IT GET THROWN AWAY..." FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170009001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170009003
Acquisition Date
2017-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANADIAN MILITARY W.W.II
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19930019001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANADIAN MILITARY W.W.II
Date
1941
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
130.0
Description
HEAVY OLIVE DRAB OR KHAKI UNIFORM GREATCOAT, WOOL; DOUBLE-BREASTED. FLAP POCKETS. LEATHER CLOSURE BUTTONS. LABEL INSIDE: "BOLTER BROS. COAT, GREAT, DRAB, PATTERN 1941 DELIVER 1941 SIZE 8 5 FT 9 TO 10 --- 41-43 TORONTO CANADA." 3/4 LENGTH LINING. OUTER WAIST BELT. HOLES IN INTERIOR WAISTLINE OF JACKET FOR BELT; MISSING.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
DONOR, OF DUTCH ANCESTORY IMMIGRATED TO CANADA & LATER SERVED IN CANADIAN ARMY SERVICE CORPS 1942-1944. HE WAS AN ARMY COOK AT CAMPS IN WINNIPEG, RED DEER, CALGARY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. WHILE SHE WAS UNABLE TO FIND ANY NEW INFORMATION ABOUT THIS SPECIFIC ARTIFACT, BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR WAS FOUND IN HIS OBITUARY FROM THE JULY 1, 1994 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. GEORGE ELSINGER WAS BORN IN GERMANY IN 1903, AND IMMIGRATED TO CANADA IN THE LATE 1920S. HE HOMESTEADED IN THE PEACE RIVER AREA. AFTER HIS SERVICE IN THE ARMY AS CAMP COOK HE LIVED THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA IN TABER, CARDSTON AND FINALLY COALDALE, WHERE HE MET AND MARRIED HIS WIFE KATHERINA, WHO WAS ALSO AN IMMIGRANT TO CANADA, FROM RUSSIA. THEY FARMED IN COALDALE UNTIL RETIRING IN 1976 AND MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE. KATHERINA DIED IN NOVEMBER 1978, GEORGE IN JUNE 1994. FOR HARDCOPIES OF GEORGE AND KATHERINA ELSINGER'S OBITUARIES, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19930019001
Acquisition Date
1993-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NAVAL UNIFORM
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19990041020
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NAVAL UNIFORM
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
CANVAS, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.7
Length
76.2
Width
58.0
Description
WHITE, CANVAS, MAN'S NAVAL JACKET. FOUR BUTTON FRONT CLOSURE. BUTTONS ARE GOLD WITH AN ANCHOR ON THEM, AND "CANADA" ACROSS THE ANCHOR. HAS TWO BREAST POCKETS. SEWN ON EACH SHOULDER IS A WHITE RECTANGLE, WITH "CANADA" EMBROIDERED IN IT IN BLUE. ON THE UPPER PART OF ONE ARM, A WHITE CIRCLE IS SEWN ON WITH AN EMBROIDERED BLUE STAR IN IT. AN UPRIGHT COLLAR CLOSES WITH TWO SILVER HOOKS AND EYES. BEHIND THESE IS AN EXTRA PIECE OF WHITE CANVAS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
NAVAL UNIFORM BELONGED TO WILLIAM T. NUGENT, DONOR'S HUSBAND. WILLIAM WAS IN THE NAVAL RESERVES IN WINNIPEG DURING WWII. RELATED CATALOGUE NUMBERS P19990041019-21-GA. MURIEL NUGENT WAS BORN MARCH 30, 1915 IN WINNIPEG. THERE, SHE MET AND MARRIED WILLIAM T. NUGENT AND IN 1946, WITH THEIR FAMILY, THEY CAME TO LETHBRIDGE. THEY MOVED IN ORDER THAT WILLIAM COULD TAKE UP A JOB WITH WESTERN CANADIAN HARDWARE IN LETHBRIDGE. PRIOR, HE HAD SERVED WITH THE NAVAL RESERVES IN WINNIPEG DURING WORLD WAR II. MURIEL PASSED AWAY OCTOBER 8, 2002 AND WAS PREDECEASED BY HER HUSBAND IN 1989.
Catalogue Number
P19990041020
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
U.S. AIRBORNE JACKET
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, SATIN, ALUMINUM
Catalogue Number
P19990053005
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
U.S. AIRBORNE JACKET
Date
1944
Materials
WOOL, SATIN, ALUMINUM
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.0
Length
76.0
Width
46.0
Description
SHORT, NAVY GREEN. HAS TWO FLAPPED PATCH, BREAST POCKETS, WITH GOLD COLOURED METAL BUTTONS. BUTTONS ARE EMBOSSED WITH AN EAGLE, WITH SPREAD WINGS, OVERLAID WITH A CREST SHAPE. ONE FOOT OF EAGLE IS HOLDING A STEM OF LEAVES, THE OTHER IS HOLDING A BUNCH OF GRAIN. ABOVE EAGLE IS A BANNER THAT READS "EPLURIBUS UNUM", AND ABOVE THIS IS A CIRCLE WITH 12 STARS WITHIN IT; CIRCLE IS SURROUNDED BY A BORDER OF TINY SPHERES. THERE ARE THREE BUTTONS ON FRONT (SAME AS ABOVE, BUT BIGGER). THE BACK OF EACH BUTTON IS IMPRESSED WITH "WATERBURY BUTTON CO. * CONN. * ". JACKET HAS NOTCHED LAPELS. A STRAP AT BOTTOM OF JACKET OVERLAPS THE OTHER SIDE AND GOES THROUGH A GOLD COLOURED BUCKLE. THERE IS A GOLD BUTTON ON EACH SHOULDER (SAME AS ABOVE). THERE IS ONE KHAKI GREEN STRIPE AROUND EACH CUFF. LEFT ARM HAS A ROYAL BLUE PATCH SEWN ON. ON BOTTOM OF PATCH IS A WHITE STAR WITH A RED CENTRE. ABOVE THIS IS A WHITE PARACHUTE, OVERLAID WITH A WHITE AIRPLANE. ON EITHER SIDE OF THE PLANE IS A YELLOW WING. AT THE TOP OF PATCH READS "AIRBORNE TROOP CARRIER". SEWN ON INSIDE OF JACKET ARE FOUR KHAKI GREEN, PLASTIC BUTTONS. ON INSIDE LEFT IS A SIDEWAYS WELT POCKET. TAG INSIDE OF POCKET READS "CINCINATTI, OHIO SPECIALLY CUT AND MADE FOR YOU MR C.H. LANIER DATE 5-18-44 NO 12177". SEWN OUTSIDE OF POCKET IS A MONOGRAM MADE UP OF THREE SQUARES OF FABRIC, IT READS "CHL". THE LETTERS ARE WHITE, FANCY SCRIPT, ON A BLACK BACKGROUND. INSIDE OF JACKET IS LINED WITH GOLD SATIN. STAMPED ON INSIDE IS "L-2229".
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
MILITARY
History
DONOR IS A HIGH SCHOOL PHYS. ED. TEACHER. SHE DID DRAMA IN SCHOOLS AND LOCAL THEATRE, AND ENTIRE COLLECTION WAS GIVEN TO HER BY LOCAL PEOPLE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON DONOR GAIL HOLLAND’S ACQUISITION, STEWARDSHIP AND GENERAL USE OF HER 1999-DONATED COLLECTION PLEASE REFER TO RECORD P19990053001. ***UPDATE: ARTIFACT INSIGHT BELOW SUBMITTED BY DONOR AND COLLECTIONS VOLUNTEER GAIL HOLLAND ON 19 APRIL 2011. “US AIRBORNE JACKET USED IN 1988 PRODUCTION “SOUTH PACIFIC” BY LETHBRIDGE MUSICAL THEATRE AND WORN BY A CAST MEMBER PLAYING ONE OF THE OFFICERS.”
Catalogue Number
P19990053005
Acquisition Date
2000-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BATTLEDRESS JACKET
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20000036004
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BATTLEDRESS JACKET
Date
1943
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, STEEL
No. Pieces
3
Height
7.0
Length
55.5
Width
46.5
Description
WAISTLENGTH, OLIVE WOOL. THERE IS A FLAPPED, PLEATED, PATCH POCKET ON EACH BREAST. FRONT OPENING CLOSES WITH FOUR OLIVE PAINTED, STEEL BUTTONS. LEFT BREAST POCKET HAS A POPPY PINNED TO IT WITH A SMALL CANADIAN FLAG IN THE CENTRE. ABOVE THIS ARE FIVE RIBBON BOARDS, ONE WITH A SILVER MAPLE LEAF IN THE CENTRE. ABOVE THIS IS A PATCH, WITH A BLACK BACKGROUND. THERE IS A SMALL GOLD MAPLE LEAF EMBROIDERED ONTO PATCH, WITH A WHITE WING ON EITHER SIDE OF IT AND A PARACHUTE ABOVE IT. THERE IS A RED WHITE AND BLUE BRAIDED LANYARD ATTACHED TO LEFT SHOULDER. THE ARMS OF JACKET HAVE VARIOUS PATCHES ON THEM. STAMPED INSIDE COAT, IN GREEN, IS "BATTLE DRESS BLOUSE SERGE SIZE NO. 9" .. "FEB 1943".
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JOHN LLOYD KNIGHT, SERVED AS A MEMBER OF THE FIRST SPECIAL SERVICE FORCE (ALSO KNOWN AS THE DEVILS BRIGADE) DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. BELONGS TO UNIFORM P20000036002-5-GA. KNIGHT ALTERED THE COLLAR ON JACKET, PERHAPS TO RESEMBLE MORE CLOSELY THE AMERICAN IKE JACKET. THE UNIFORM WAS RECEIVED WHEN KNIGHT COMMENCED STUDIES AT SANDHURST MILITARY COLLEGE IN JAN, 1945. THE WOUND STRIPE ON THE UNIFORM’S LEFT WAS RECEIVED AFTER HE WAS IN ENGLAND. KNIGHT CLAIMED THE UNIFORM REFLECTED AN “EISENHOWER MAKE-OVER”. THE ENGLAND-PERIOD UNIFORM ALSO REPRESENTS THE FIRST TIME THAT KNIGHT WORE - AND WAS ISSUED - CANADIAN JUMP WINGS. THE LANYARD WAS COLOURED THE SAME AS HIS WEDGE CAP’S PIPING AND REPRESENTS ONE OF KNIGHT’S EARLIEST ISSUED BELONGINGS, HAVING BEEN RECEIVED BY AUGUST, 1942. IT’S PRACTICAL USE WAS FOR ATTACHMENT TO HIS SIDEARM. SEE RECORD P20000036001-GA FOR DONOR BIOGRAPHY AND BRIEF HISTORY OF THE FSSF.
Catalogue Number
P20000036004
Acquisition Date
2000-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.C.A.F. DRESS JACKET
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, SILK, POLYESTER
Catalogue Number
P20170009002
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.C.A.F. DRESS JACKET
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
COTTON, SILK, POLYESTER
No. Pieces
1
Length
79
Width
47
Description
BLUE COTTON JACKET WITH BLUE SILK LINING; JACKET HAS FIVE POCKETS ON FRONT WITH TWO UPPER POCKETS WITH BRASS “R.C.A.F.” BUTTONS ON COVER FLAPS, TWO LOWER POCKETS WITH BRASS “R.C.A.F.” BUTTONS ON COVER FLAPS, AND ADDITION POCKET ON RIGHT-WEARING SIDE WITH NO COVER FLAP. JACKET HAS FOUR ADDITIONAL BUTTONS FOR FASTENING RUNNING DOWN RIGHT-WEARING SIDE WITH BUTTON HOLES OF LEFT-WEARING SIDE; ALL BUTTONS ON JACKET ARE BRASS WITH EMBOSSED CROWN OVER FLYING EAGLE, OVER TEXT “R.C.A.F.”. JACKET SLEEVES HAVE DOUBLE BLACK STRIPES AROUND CENTER BLUE STRIPE ABOVE CUFFS [SECOND LIEUTENANT BARS]; SHOULDERS HAVE BLUE PATCHES SEWN ON WITH WHITE TEXT “CANADA”. FRONT LEFT-WEARING SIDE OF JACKET HAS BADGE WITH BLUE BACKGROUND SEWN ON; BADGE SHOWS RED AND BRASS CROWN OVER WHITE AND BLACK GLOBE WITH RED LIGHTING BOLT ACROSS FRONT, WITH BRASS WINGS OUTSTRETCHED AND LAUREL LEAVES AROUND GLOBE AT INSIDE OF WINGS [AIRBORNE INTERCEPTOR BADGE]. BACK OF JACKET HAS TWO BLACK BELT LOOPS AT SIDES. INSIDE RIGHT-WEARING SIDE IS POCKET SEWN INTO LINING; OUTSIDE OF POCKET HAS WHITE LABEL WITH STITCHED TEXT “HANFORD-DREWITT LTD., WINNIPEG”. INSIDE LINING HAS RIP AT TOP OF SPLIT AT BACK; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON MARCH 1, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CLYDE MATHESON REGARDING HIS DONATION OF ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE APPAREL. MATHESON SERVED TWO YEARS IN THE ROYAL CANADIAN NAVY ON H.M.C.S. “NADEN” BEFORE TRANSFERRING TO THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE. ON THE JACKET, MATHESON RECALLED, “THIS IS JUST THE WINTER DRESS. THERE WAS THE TUNIC AND THEN THE SUMMER ONES.” “THEY’VE BEEN HANGING UP IN MY CLOSET FOR FIFTY SOME ODD YEARS AND I THINK IT’S TIME THAT I DID SOMETHING WITH THEM.” “ABOUT 1955 I JOINED THE NAVY AND I WAS IN THE NAVY FOR ABOUT TWO YEARS AND THEN TRANSFERRED WITH AIRCREW IN THE AIR FORCE. I WENT IN THE AIR FORCE IN ABOUT 1957 AND THEN GRADUATED FROM THE AIR OBSERVER SCHOOL IN WINNIPEG ABOUT 1958 AND GOT MY WINGS THEN AND THAT’S WHERE THESE ALL ARE ORIGINALLY FROM. THIS ALL I’VE GOT OF ALL THE UNIFORMS I HAD.” MATHESON SPOKE ABOUT HIS TIME IN THE NAVY AND AIR FORCE, STATING, “IN 1955 WHEN I GOT THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL, THE LAST THING I WANTED TO DO WAS ANYMORE SCHOOLING. I HAD ENOUGH OF THAT, SO SPUR OF THE MOMENT THING I JOINED THE NAVY. I WAS IN THE NAVY FOR ABOUT TWO WEEKS AND I REALIZED I HAD MADE A MISTAKE. I LASTED TWO YEARS IN THERE, AND THEN TRANSFERRED TO THE AIR FORCE. I GUESS THAT WAS PROBABLY JUST THE REASON TO GET OUT OF LETHBRIDGE BACK THEN.” “MY DAD WAS KIND OF ANTI-MILITARY. MY BROTHER, BILL, WAS IN THE PARATROOPERS DURING THE WAR…HE WAS KIND OF A HERO WHEN WE WERE KIDS…I THINK MAYBE THE REASON I JOINED THE NAVY IS MY DAD WAS AN OLD FISHERMAN IN SCOTLAND AND HE KIND OF REALLY LOVED THE NAVY. I MIGHT HAVE DONE THAT TO PLEASE HIM, BUT I THINK THE MAIN REASON WAS TO GET OUT OF LETHBRIDGE.” “THE KOREAN WAR [WAS IN] ’55, IT WAS JUST ABOUT FINISHING UP AND THE VIETNAM WAR WAS JUST GETTING [STARTED]. THE ONLY CLAIM I HAD WHEN I WAS IN THE SERVICE IS THEY DID A LOT OF FLYING. ALL MY TIME WAS SPENT IN GREENWOOD, NOVA SCOTIA, 405 SQUADRON AND WE DID A LOT OF FLYING DURING THE CUBAN CRISIS. THE REST OF OUR TIME WAS JUST THESE LONG BORING PATROLS IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC LOOKING FOR SUBMARINES.” “[I KNEW I MADE THE WRONG CHOICE IN THE NAVY FROM] THE DISCIPLINE OF IT. IT DIDN’T MAKE SENSE TO ME, I THINK. THERE WAS SO MUCH STUFF CARRIED OVER FROM LORD NELSON…BUT I STUCK IT OUT FOR TWO YEARS. I ENDED UP GETTING A PRETTY GOOD TRADE IN THE NAVY. I WAS AN AIR AND A WEATHER OBSERVER, SO I HAD A JAMMY TRADE, AND A POSTING ALL THE TIME I WAS IN THE NAVY. IT JUST WASN’T FOR ME AND I WAS GOING THROUGH WHAT THEY CALL AN UPPER YARDS MAN PLAN WHERE YOU GET YOUR COMMISSION THROUGH THE RANKS IN THE AIR FORCE OR IN THE NAVY. I WAS IN TALKING TO THIS COMMANDER MARVIN…THERE WAS A CRUISER OUT, THE MAIDEN, IN ONTARIO, AND HE CALLED ME IN AND SAID, “YOU’VE GOT TO GET READY FOR THESE EXAMS”. I HAD DONE SOME, AND I JUST HAPPENED TO MENTION TO HIM I CHANGED MY MIND ABOUT MAKING THE NAVY MY CAREER AND I WAS THINKING ABOUT TRANSFERRING GOING TO AIRCREW IN THE AIR FORCE. HE MUST NOT HAVE LIKED THE NAVY VERY MUCH EITHER. BEFORE I KNEW IT I WAS IN FRONT OF THE RECRUITING OFFICER FOR THE AIR FORCE AND AWAY I WENT.” “IN THE AIR FORCE [I WAS A FLYING OFFICER]. I WAS JUST AN OOD, AN ORDINARY SEAMAN IN THE NAVY.” “WHEN THEY GIVE YOU A COMMISSION, IT’S A SHORT SERVICE COMMISSION WHICH IS ABOUT FIVE YEARS…ALL MY TIME WAS SPENT IN GREENWOOD NOVA SCOTIA FROM ABOUT ’58 TO ABOUT ’63. THEN THEY OFFERED AN EXTENSION TO MY COMMISSION BUT BY THAT TIME I DECIDED THIS WASN’T FOR ME EITHER AND I TURNED THAT DOWN AND GOT OUT AND WENT BACK TO SCHOOL.” “I WENT BACK TO THE U OF A [IN 1963] AND GRADUATED IN DENTISTRY IN ’68.” “I WOULD DO IT AGAIN IF I HAD TO. IT WAS THE BEST TIME OF MY LIFE ESPECIALLY WHEN I GOT IN THE AIR FORCE. WE WERE AIRCREW SO WE WERE MAKING PRETTY GOOD MONEY. I WASN’T MARRIED AND I SAW A LOT OF THE WORLD FLYING AROUND DOWN THERE IN NOVA SCOTIA MAINLY EUROPE. I DON’T REGRET IT AT ALL.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS MOTIVATIONS FOR DONATING THE JACKET, MATHESON NOTED, “I JUST DIDN’T KNOW WHAT TO DO WITH IT. IT’S JUST [BEEN] HANGING THERE FOR FIFTY YEARS, SO I FIGURED MAYBE [THE MUSEUM] MIGHT HAVE SOME USE FOR IT. I WOULDN’T WANT TO SEE IT GET THROWN AWAY, ESPECIALLY THIS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170009001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170009002
Acquisition Date
2017-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
Catalogue Number
P20180029003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
COTTON, NYLON
No. Pieces
1
Length
74.6
Width
41
Description
GREEN AND BROWN CAMOFLAGUE PATTERN JACKET. JACKET FRONT HAS FOUR POCKETS ON CHEST; POCKETS HAVE BROWN PLASTIC BUTTONS UNDER OUTER FLAPS. JACKET FRONT HAS FIVE BROWN PLASTIC BUTTONS ON RIGHT WEARING SIDE AND BUTTON LOOPS ON LEFT WEARING SIDE; BUTTONS AND BUTTON LOOPS ARE TUCKED UNDER FLAP RUNNING DOWN FRONT. JACKET SLEEVES HAVE LARGE SQUARE PATCHES OF CAMOFLAGUE PATTERN SEWN ONTO TOP OF SLEEVE; SLEEVE CUFFS HAVE THREE BROWN PLASTIC BUTTONS SEWN ON. INSIDE OF JACKET LINED WITH OPAQUE GREEN LINING; JACKET HAS GREEN TAG INSIDE COLLAR. TAG IS FADED AND TEXT INDECIPHERABLE. JACKET HAS GREEN TAG INSIDE RIGHT WEARING SIDE; TAG IS FADED AND TEXT INDECIPHERABLE. BACK OF JACKET HAS SMALL RIP ON RIGHT SIDE; LOWER EDGE OF JACKET HAS FRAYED THREADS; RIGHT SLEEVE HAS SMALL WHITE STAIN; FRONT LOWER LEFT POCKET HAS WHITE RUB MARKS AT LOWER LEFT CORNER; LEFT CUFF HAS FRAYING THREADS INSIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON DECEMBER 21, 2018, GALT MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT INTERVIWED KEVIN MACLEAN REAGARDING HIS DONATION OF PERSONAL OBJECTS. THE OBJECTS DONATED BY MACLEAN REFLECTED HIS LIFE AND IDENTITY THROUGH HIS TIME IN LETHBRIDGE. ON THE CAMOFLAGUE JACKET, MACLEAN ELABORATED, “THE JACKET…IS NOT FOR AN ADULT; IT WOULD BE FOR A CHILD.” “FOR REASONS I DON’T KNOW OR UNDERSTAND, I’VE HAD, TO VARYING DEGREES, OVER MY LIFE, AN INTEREST IN MILITARY STUFF. MY EARLIEST MEMORIES OF THAT INTEREST WOULD BE HANGING OUT WITH MY COUSIN BRYAN IN LETHBRIDGE, AND HIS DAD [HE DIDN’T SERVE IN KOREA]…[WHO WAS] ENLISTING RIGHT ABOUT THE TIME IN KOREA. MY COUSIN HAD HIS DAD’S DOG TAGS AND I REMEMBER RUNNING AROUND THE PARK, AND WE WOULD TELL EVERYONE WE WERE IN THE ARMY AND I THOUGHT THAT WAS PRETTY COOL. THAT WOULD BE PROBABLY BE IN THE LATE 1970S—’78, ’79, ’80—THERE’S A BUNCH OF OTHER STUFF THAT’S GOING ON AT THE SAME TIME, WITH ROCKETS. FOR SOME REASON, I HAD A THING ABOUT ROCKETS. THE SPACE SHUTTLE IS STARTING TO LAUNCH IN 1981…EVEN MY BEDROOM WAS ROCKET-BASED STUFF. IN THE EARLY ‘80S—’81, ’82—I WAS TWELVE. MY COUSIN, WHOSE NAME IS REG [SAKAMOTO], MY MOM’S NEPHEW—MY MOM’S SISTER [MARRIED] A JAPANESE-CANADIAN, PROBABLY IN THE 1960S. [REG’S] PARENTS DIVORCE WHEN HE’S YOUNG. ONE MOVES TO HONOLULU AND THEN THE OTHER MOVES TO ARIZONA. HE’S RAISED BETWEEN HIS PARENTS IN THESE TWO STATES, AND BY 1982 HE COMES TO LIVE WITH US AND HE’S ABOUT SIX YEARS OLDER THAN I AM. HE WOULD BE THE CLOSEST THING THAT I WOULD HAVE TO A BROTHER, DEFINITELY, AT THE TIME. TO HAVE A BROTHER WHO’S [A HANDSOME GUY] AND [WHO HAS] THIS BACKGROUND OF HAVING LIVED IN HAWAII AND ARIZONA…YOU CAN IMAGINE IN YOUR HOUSE, WHEN YOU’RE TWELVE YEARS OLD, HAVING THIS FAMILY MEMBER.” “[IT] WAS REALLY COOL AND HE’S AN INTERESTING GUY AND SUPER FUNNY. AT SOME POINT, HE DECIDES TO LEAVE LETHBRIDGE AFTER HE’S BEEN LIVING HERE, IN THE CITY AND IN OUR HOME, FOR A COUPLE OF YEARS. HE JOINS THE U.S. ARMY BECAUSE HE’S GOT AMERICAN PERMANENT RESIDENCY. I THINK HE HAD PERMANENT RESIDENCY ANYWAYS ‘CAUSE HE GREW UP THERE. HE GOES BACK AND HE JOINS.” “HE JUST MADE A LIFE CHOICE TO JOIN THE MILITARY…AND THIS PATTERN WAS DEVELOPED IN 1981 SO IT’S RELATIVELY NEW. BEFORE THAT, THEY WERE IN GREEN STUFF WHICH—WHEN YOU THINK OF M.A.S.H.—[WAS] THAT LOOK, THROUGH VIETNAM.” “[IT WAS DEVELOPED] BY THE U.S. MILITARY. SOMETIMES…I LIKE CERTAIN, SPECIFIC THINGS AND I’M NOT HAPPY WITH ANYTHING ELSE. I IDENTIFY THIS AS BEING SPECIAL BECAUSE IT’S JUST THE SOLDIERS THAT ARE WEARING IT. SO, I WANT IT. I DON’T KNOW IF HE IS IN [THE ARMY], BY THEN. POTENTIALLY, HE IS. I REMEMBER TELLING MY PARENTS I WANTED CAMOUFLAGE AND I LITERALLY REMEMBER GOING INTO A DEPARTMENT STORE AT THE TIME AND THERE WAS SOMETHING THERE—OTHERWISE IT WASN’T A THING. THROUGH THE ‘70S AND EARLY ‘80S YOU COULDN’T FIND IT. AT THE SAME TIME, THEY WERE STARTING TO DEVELOP HUNTING CAMOUFLAGE, WHICH I’VE NEVER CONNECTED WITH.” “SO, I SAID, “NO, I DON’T WANT HUNTING CAMO—THIS [ARMY CAMO] IS WHAT I WANT.” NEEDLESS TO SAY, REG IS IN THE MILITARY AND, IN 1983, HE’S SENDING ME LETTERS BACK, HE COMES BACK FOR A VISIT. IT COULD BE WITHIN SIX MONTHS OF HIS JOINING…HE BRINGS THIS BACK FOR ME WHICH HE BOUGHT DOWN THERE. HE COULD HAVE BEEN IN THE CAROLINAS AND HE ALSO GAVE ME [A] CAP, WHICH HAPPENS TO BE HIS OWN, PERSONAL CAP. AS PRESENTS GO, IT WOULDN’T HAVE COST HIM A TREMENDOUS AMOUNT OF MONEY. BUT, IT WOULD HAVE BEEN ABSOLUTELY IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND IN CANADA, LET ALONE IN LETHBRIDGE AND THIS IS AT A TIME THAT THERE IS NO INTERNET. ANYTIME YOU WANT SOMETHING, YOU HAVE TO DO IT BY MAIL AND THIS IS RECENTLY DEVELOPED TECHNOLOGY. IT WOULD BE TWO YEARS OLD.” “MY BELIEF IS THAT THEY WOULD HAVE HAD STORES ON THE BASES WHERE [OFFICERS] COULD BUY THEIR OWN THINGS THAT SERVE THEIR OWN PERSONAL NEEDS. I’M PRETTY SURE THAT THIS IS WHERE HE GOT IT—IS FROM A STORE ON THE BASE.” ON HIS TIME WEARING THE JACKET, MACLEAN RECALLED, “I WOULD GUESS I’M THIRTEEN [WHEN I’M GIVEN THE UNIFORM]. I WOULD HAVE BEEN IN APPROXIMATELY GRADE 8.” “IN TERMS OF THE WEAR OF THIS…IF YOU LOOK AT THE LABEL IT’S BEEN WORN. I DID WEAR IT. I WOULD BE SO PROUD TO WEAR A HAT THAT MY COUSIN, WHO IS IN THE U.S. ARMY, WAS WEARING…SO TREMENDOUSLY PROUD. I PROBABLY WORE THE HAT MORE [THAN THE JACKET] BECAUSE I WAS VERY SELF-CONSCIOUS OF STICKING OUT. IF YOU ARE IN THE EARLY ‘80S, WEARING CAMOUFLAGE, THEN IT’S JUST…NUMBER ONE, IT WASN’T A TIME THAT YOU WANTED TO STICK OUT. I DO HAVE VAGUE [MEMORIES OF] MAYBE WEARING IT TO SCHOOL ONCE OR TWICE. THAT WAS PROBABLY IT. IT WOULD HAVE BEEN MORE AROUND HOME THAT I WOULD HAVE BEEN WEARING IT. [THE JACKET] WOULD SEE SOME WEAR BECAUSE HE HAD WORN IT HIMSELF DOWN IN THE STATES BEFORE HE GAVE IT TO ME.” “I DO REMEMBER WEARING IT SKIING IN WHITEFISH. ABOUT THE SAME TIME WE STARTED SKIING AS A FAMILY IN 1982. WE WOULD BE TRAVELING DOWN THERE AND THEN YOU WOULD FIND SURPLUS STORES IN THE U.S. SO, FOR ME, THE EXCITEMENT TO GO TO WHITEFISH WASN’T TO GO SKIING, IT WAS ACTUALLY TO GO TO THE SURPLUS STORES.” “[AT THAT TIME] I STILL HAVE SOME SMALL INTEREST IN THIS SUBJECT MATTER. TO THE POINT WHERE [I WAS INTERESTED IN] WHAT THE CANADIANS WERE WEARING OVERSEAS IN AFGHANISTAN.” MACLEAN ELABORATED ON HIS INTEREST IN THE JACKET AND MILITARY HISTORY, NOTING, “WHILE ALL THIS IS GOING ON—THE 1980S—AS A KID, AND I DON’T KNOW IF IT WAS JUST ME ‘CAUSE I WAS A NEWS JUNKIE, THE COLD WAR WAS A BIG DEAL IN THE EARLY ‘80S. THERE WERE SHOWS ON TV THAT WERE SCARING THE CRAP OUT OF ME…TO SAY THE LEAST, I WAS KIND OF SEMI-OBSESSED WITH THE SUBJECT MATTER. “ “I WOULD BE CONFIDENT THAT BY GRADE 10, I WAS NOT WEARING IT…MY INTEREST MOVED INTO THE SECOND WORLD WAR.” “AGAIN, [REG IS] LIKE AN OLDER BROTHER TO ME. I GOT SOME PRETTY NICE GIFTS WHEN I WAS A KID. BUT, SOMEBODY BRINGING THIS BACK, ALL THE WAY FROM THE CAROLINAS, OR WHERE HE WAS POSTED—AND THE FACT THAT PROBABLY, EVEN BY ’85, IT WOULD BE NEAR IMPOSSIBLE TO FIND, ALTHOUGH YOU MIGHT BE ABLE TO GET IT AT A SURPLUS STORE BY THEN—IT HAD A LOT OF MEANING TO ME. SO I’VE HUNG ONTO IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, BRANDON SUN, MEDICINE HAT NEWS, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180029001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180029003
Acquisition Date
2018-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1969
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, SILVER
Catalogue Number
P20160017008
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE"
Date Range From
1961
Date Range To
1969
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, SILVER
No. Pieces
1
Length
58.7
Width
47
Description
GREEN MILITARY UNIFORM JACKET WITH FOUR SILVER BUTTONS DOWN RIGHT FRONT SIDE; JACKET HAS SILVER BUCKLE ON RIGHT FRONT SIDE AT HEM AND STRAP EXTENDING FROM LEFT SIDE ALONG HEM. JACKET HAS TWO FRONT BREAST POCKETS WITH, AND BOTH POCKETS HAVE A SINGLE SILVER BUTTON BELOW COVER FLAP; SLEEVES BOTH HAVE ONE BROWN PLASTIC BUTTON AT CUFFS. JACKET SHOULDERS HAVE THREE EPAULETS SEWN ON, INCLUDING: A BROWN AND WHITE CROWN STITCHED ON A YELLOW BACKGROUND; A BROWN CROSS SEWN ON A WHITE AND YELLOW BACKGROUND; A BLACK BADGE WITH RED EMBROIDERED TEXT “SOUTH ALBERT LIGHT HORSE, CANADA” ON A YELLOW BACKGROUND. LEFT SHOULDER HAS A YELLOW, RED, AND BLACK WOVEN CORD ATTACHED BY A SILVER SAFETY PIN AT THE LEFT POCKET, AND LOOPED UNDER THE ARM WITH THE OTHER END ATTACHED TO THE CORD. ABOVE LEFT POCKET ARE TWO COLOUR BARS, FIRST BAR INCLUDES COLOURS FOR THE DECORATIONS: 1939-1945 STAR (NAVY BLUE, RED, LIGHT BLUE); FRANCE AND GERMANY STAR (NAVY BLUE, WHITE, RED, WHITE, NAVY BLUE); DEFENCE MEDAL (GREEN, BLACK, GREEN, ORANGE, GREEN, BLACK, GREEN). SECOND BAR INCLUDES COLOURS FOR THE DECORATIONS: CANADIAN VOLUNTEER SERVICE MEDAL, WITH SILVER MAPLE LEAF PINNED ON (GREEN, RED, NAVY BLUE, RED, GREEN); WAR MEDAL 1939-1945 (RED, NAVY BLUE, WHITE, RED, WHITE, NAVY BLUE, RED); CANADIAN CENTENNIAL MEDAL 1967 (RED, WHITE, RED, WHITE, RED, WHITE, RED, WHITE, RED, WHITE, RED); CANADIAN FORCES DECORATION (RED, WHITE, RED, WHITE, RED, WHITE, RED). INSIDE OF JACKET HAS KHAKI CANVAS LINING UNDER BUTTONS, BUTTON LOOPS, HEM, AND KHAKI INSIDE POCKETS. INSIDE ON RIGHT-WEARING SIDE IS WHITE TAG SEWN ON WITH FADED BLACK TEXT “MILLER & GABBE LIMITED, JACKET, MAN’S, BATTLEDRESS, KHAKI 1954, FEBRUARY 1961, SIZE 19, HEIGHT 5’5” TO 5’6”, BREAST 40-41”. LEFT INTERIOR POCKET IS STAINED; RIGHT-WEARING CUFF HAS FRAYING THREADS; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON SEPTEMBER 16, 2016, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED CHRIS AINSCOUGH REGARDING HIS DONATION OF A COLLECTION OF MILITARY OBJECTS. THE OBJECTS BELONGED TO AISNCOUGH’S GRANDFATHER AND FATHER, WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH (WORLD WAR 1) AND REED WILSON AINSCOUGH (WORLD WAR 2 AND POST-WAR). ON HIS FATHER’S, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH’S, MILITARY SERVICE, CHRIS AINSCOUGH RECALLED, “I THINK THAT THE WAR WAS PROBABLY ONE OF THE BEST THINGS THAT HAPPENED TO MY DAD. HE NEVER SPOKE ABOUT IT MUCH, BUT THE FRIENDSHIPS THAT HE DEVELOPED THROUGH HIS CONTACTS IN THE WAR WENT ON RIGHT UNTIL HIS DEATH…IT’S PROBABLY LIKE BEING ON A TEAM, YOU KNOW, AND I THINK IT’S THAT FELLOWSHIP YOU GET FROM RELYING ON PEOPLE, AND TRAINING WITH PEOPLE, AND GETTING THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING. I THINK THAT’S SORT OF A BIG PART OF IT.” “THE ONLY STORIES THAT I EVER REMEMBER HIM TELLING ME WAS, THEY WERE IN LONDON, AND THEY CLIMBED UP A CHURCH TOWER—IT WAS TWIN TOWERS ON THIS CHURCH…I WAS LOOKING AT A PICTURE OF IT IN A BOOK, AND HE SAYS, YES, THAT HE AND A COUPLE OF GUYS WERE ON LEAVE, AND THEY CLIMBED UP TO THE TOP OF THIS TOWER—THEY HAD TO SQUIRM THEIR WAY TO THE TOP, AND, ALL OF A SUDDEN, THE AIR RAID SIRENS WENT, AND THEY WERE HUSTLING TO GET DOWN, AND THEY GOT DOWN TO THE STREET, AND THE OTHER SPIRE WAS GONE. THERE’S THAT, AND I DID ASK HIM WHAT HAPPENED TO HIM WHEN HE GOT WOUNDED. HE DIDN’T GO INTO VERY MUCH DETAIL ON IT, BUT JUST SAID THAT THEY WERE OUT ON A SORTIE—HE WAS A FORWARD OBSERVATION OFFICER…THAT’S A WICKED JOB BECAUSE YOU’RE IN FRONT OF EVERYBODY, AND HE SAID, HE HEARD A BURST OF MACHINE-GUN. THEY STARTED RUNNING DOWN THIS ROAD, AND THEY USED TO SKIP THE BULLETS DOWN THIS ROAD, APPARENTLY, AND THOSE GERMAN MACHINE-GUNS WERE 10 SHOTS FOR EVERY BROWNING—AND HE SAID, ALL OF A SUDDEN, HE HAD A BURNING IN HIS LEG AND HE HOPPED ALONG, AND THAT WAS IT. IT DAMAGED HIS LEG SO BADLY THAT HE COULDN’T GO BACK, SO THOSE ARE THE TWO STORIES. OTHER THAN THAT, I THINK HE TALKED ABOUT, ONE [OTHER] DAY, BECAUSE I FOUND THESE PHOTOS. I THINK HE EITHER HID THEM OR GOT RID OF THEM LATER, AND IT WAS BLACK-AND-WHITE PHOTOS OF A CONCENTRATION CAMP, AND I THINK HE SAID IT WAS BERGEN-BELSEN, BECAUSE BERGEN-BELSEN WAS IN LOWER GERMANY…HE SAID THEY HAD TO DON GAS-MASKS WHEN THEY WERE ABOUT 5 MILES AWAY, BECAUSE THEY HAD EXHUMED EVERYTHING, AND THAT WAS IT. I WAS PROBABLY ABOUT 10 OR 12 WHEN HE TOLD ME THAT ONE. I HAD NIGHTMARES FOR A LONG TIME – LOOKING AT THAT.” “I’M SORRY TO SAY THAT I KNOW NOTHING [ABOUT MY FATHER’S MILITARY EXPERIENCES], BECAUSE HE DIDN’T TALK ABOUT IT. I THINK IT WAS JUST SOMETHING THAT HE DID ON HIS OWN, AND CHOSE NOT TO [TALK ABOUT]…AFTER HIS FUNERAL SERVICE, EVERYBODY CAME BACK TO THE HOUSE AND MY UNCLE, HUGHIE CRAIG, [FROM] FORT MACLEOD, WE WERE SITTING IN THE LIVING ROOM, AND HE SAID, “HAS ANYBODY GOT ANY STORIES ABOUT REED?” THIS WAS MY UNCLE, WHO WAS A COLD IRISH-ENGLISH GUY. NOBODY DID, AND HE SAID THAT THEY WERE IN BELGIUM SOMEWHERE, AND HUGHIE WAS AN ELECTRICIAN SO HE WAS WITH…THE CALGARY SIGNAL CORP…HE WAS AT AN INTERSECTION…THERE’S A CONVOY COMING THROUGH, CANADIAN CONVOY. HE’S SITTING IN THE JEEP WITH HIS DRIVER, AND, ALL OF A SUDDEN, HE HEARS THIS “HUGHIE, HUGHIE.” HE LOOKS UP, AND HERE’S MY DAD. HE BROKE OUT; CAME OVER TO HUGHIE AND SAID, “WE’RE IN A HOTEL FIVE MILES UP THE ROAD HERE.” HE SAYS, “WHY DON’T I COME BACK AND GET YOU FOR DINNER?” SO, HE DROVE BACK; PICKED UP HUGHIE; THEY WENT AND HAD DINNER. HUGHIE…WAS A CAPTAIN AT THAT TIME—SO HE HAD FIVE OR SIX GUYS WITH HIS GROUP. CAME BACK. THEY WERE ALL DEAD. SHOT UP BY THE GERMANS…[I] NEVER HEARD THAT ONE FROM MY DAD.” “[I] NEVER EXPERIENCED [MY FATHER HAVING PTSD]; NEVER HEARD ABOUT IT…I NEVER PUT TWO AND TWO TOGETHER UNTIL I REALIZED THAT, WHEN THEY GOT BACK, THEY HAD THE CHOICE OF EITHER, I THINK, $500.00 COMPENSATION, OR EDUCATION, AND I THINK THEY COULD ALSO DO THE VLA HOUSES. HE WENT FOR THE $500.00, AND BOUGHT FURNITURE, SO I’M NOT SURE IF THAT WAS KIND OF IRRATIONAL CHOICE AT THAT TIME…IT’S JUST MY SUSPICION NOW.” “MY ONE UNCLE IN LETHBRIDGE WAS A DOCTOR, AND MY OTHER UNCLE IN VANCOUVER BECAME THE CHIEF FORESTER FOR MACMILLAN AND BLOEDEL, AND DAD WANTED TO BE A DENTIST BUT, WHEN THEY CAME BACK, HE HAD DENTAL TOOLS THAT HE HAD BOUGHT PRIOR. BUT, I THINK SOMETHING HAPPENED—IT MUST BE POST TRAUMATIC STRESS, OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, THAT JUST SORT OF PUT HIM OFF THAT. I THINK HE JUST WANTED TO GET BACK TO A REGULAR LIFE, SO HE NEVER CHASED DOWN THE DENTISTRY, WHICH IS INTERESTING, BECAUSE OF COURSE, THEY WOULD HAVE HAD THEIR SCHOOLING PAID FOR. SO, THAT’S ALWAYS A QUESTION [I HAD]—BUT I NEVER PRIED, BUT I ALWAYS THOUGHT THAT WAS CURIOUS.” “WE MOVED [FROM FORT MACLEOD TO MEDICINE HAT] IN 1959…AND I THINK DAD WAS THE CO [OF THE SALLY HORSE IN MEDICINE HAT] FROM ’64 TO ’68. I’M PRETTY SURE THOSE WERE THE YEARS, SO IT WAS FIVE YEARS, WHERE YOU WAIT YOUR CHANCE/YOU WAIT YOUR OPPORTUNITY; PROVE YOURSELF; AND THEN UP YOU GO.” “[HIS SERVICE] DEFINITELY GOES INTO THE LATE ‘60S. HE WAS STILL SORT OF ACTIVE IN LETHBRIDGE. I’M NOT SURE EXACTLY IN WHAT FUNCTION MILITARILY, BUT HE DID GO TO EVENTS THAT OCCURRED.” “HE SAVED EVERYTHING THOUGH…[THE UNIFORM AND APPEARANCE ASPECT WAS] PROBABLY A BIG PART OF [HIS MILITARY EXPERIENCE].” “[DAD] HAD A PRETTY GOOD LIBRARY. HE WAS FAIRLY WELL-READ. HE KNEW A LOT ABOUT CANADIAN MILITARY HISTORY. I KNOW THAT FOR SURE. ONE THING I KNOW HE WAS PROUD OF WAS THAT TWICE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE WON THE WORTHINGTON TROPHY, WHICH WAS, I THINK, FOR THE BEST MILITIA IN CANADA….HE WAS THE…AIDE-DE-CAMP FOR [GRANT MACEWAN] FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS. I KNOW PRINCESS ALEXANDRA, WHO WAS THE QUEEN’S COUSIN, PRESENTED THE GUIDON TO THEM UP HERE, ACTUALLY, IT WAS…OVER AT THE CURRIE BARRACKS…IT MUST HAVE BEEN 1967 OR SOMETHING.” “I KNOW WE VERY SELDOM WENT ON FAMILY HOLIDAYS BECAUSE HE USUALLY TOOK THE HOLIDAYS THAT HE GOT, AND HE’D EITHER GO TO SHILO, OR HE’D GO UP HERE, AND THEY SPENT A LOT OF TIME OUT AT SUFFIELD, ON THE RANGE OUT THERE, SO HOLIDAYS WERE TIED INTO THAT. WHEN HE WAS LIEUTENANT-COLONEL, THAT WAS ALMOST LIKE A FULL-TIME JOB…WE NEVER SAW HIM. HE WOULD BE TRAVELING ON THE ROAD, AND THEN HE’D COME HOME, I THINK IT WAS THURSDAY NIGHT. THURSDAY NIGHT WAS…YOUNG SOLDIERS…AND THEN TUESDAY NIGHT WAS WHEN THE OFFICERS AND THE NCO’S WOULD DO SOMETHING, SO THOSE TWO NIGHTS WERE TAKEN UP. SATURDAY, HE’D BE OUT THERE. SUNDAY, HE’D BE OUT THERE…HE PUT IN 40 HOURS A WEEK OR MORE DOING THAT, AS A JOB, AS WELL AS HIS JOB AS AN INSURANCE SALESMAN.” ON HIS GRANDFATHER’S, WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S, MILITARY SERVICE, CHRIS AINSCOUGH NOTED, “MY UNDERSTANDING [IS MY GRANDFATHER SERVED IN WORLD WAR 1] ALTHOUGH IT’S INTERESTING…I REMEMBER MY DAD SAID, WHEN THE DEPRESSION HIT, THEY WERE GOING TO LAY OFF MY GRANDFATHER, WHO WAS THE, I THINK IT WAS THE CHIEF SUPERINTENDENT OF ROADS FOR SOUTHERN ALBERTA, AND THEY WERE HAVING TROUBLE WITH THE MONEY, AND THE CARS AND ALL THAT STUFF, SO THEY THREATENED TO LAY HIM OFF. HE TOOK THE MILITARY SERVICE SORT OF APPROACH TO “THEY CAN’T DO THIS TO ME,” AND SAVED HIS OWN JOB AND HIS OWN SKIN. SO, ALL THROUGH THE DEPRESSION, THEY HAD A CAR, WHICH WAS RARE. THE CAR THAT WAS PAID FOR BY SOMEBODY ELSE, SO THERE MUST HAVE BEEN SOMETHING. IT SEEMS ALMOST LIKE THE OLD BRITISH EMPIRE STYLE OF INFLUENCE THAT YOU WOULD HAVE, IF YOU WERE AN OFFICER IN THE ARMED FORCES, SO THAT PART I DO KNOW. MY GRANDFATHER DIDN’T TALK ABOUT ANYTHING EITHER. I DO KNOW ONE THING THOUGH. IT WAS INTERESTING THAT THEY WERE MORMONS, AND AFTER MY GRANDFATHER CAME BACK FROM WORLD WAR ONE, HE SORT OF ‘SPLIT THE SHEETS’.” AINSCOUGH ELABORATED ON HIS MOTIVES FOR DONATING THE COLLECTION, STATING, “WELL, DOWNSIZING. I THINK THE FACT THAT IT HAS SAT IN DRAWERS AND BOXES, AND NOTHING MUCH HAS BEEN DONE WITH IT, AND, I ACTUALLY HAVE PLANNED TO DO A SMALL SORT OF CROSS SECTION OF WHAT I CONSIDERED TO BE MEANINGFUL THINGS THAT COME OUT OF IT, AND I THINK IT IS A BIG PART OF SOUTH ALBERTA’S HISTORY. DAD WAS VERY ACTIVE IN THE MILITARY AND THE MILITIA FOR MANY YEARS. I THINK THAT’S THE BIGGEST PART [OF WANTING TO DONATE THE OBJECTS].” “ACTUALLY, IT’S DIVESTING, BECAUSE AFTER MY DAD DIED [IN 1992], MY MOTHER STAYED IN THE HOUSE FOR ABOUT 5 YEARS, AND THEN SHE MOVED OUT TO THE COAST. IT WAS AT THAT TIME, WHEN WE WERE GOING THROUGH THE STUFF IN THE HOUSE, THAT WE THOUGHT THIS IS A GOOD TIME TO GET IT DOWN TO SOMEPLACE LIKE THE GALT THAT WOULD LOOK AFTER IT…ESPECIALLY MY GRANDFATHER’S STUFF—THE SWORD AND THE BOOTS AND ALL OF THAT—HOW MANY GENERATIONS DO YOU SORT OF KEEP THAT FOR?” “MY BROTHER HAD PART OF [THE COLLECTION], AND THEN HE MOVED FROM THE HOUSE, TO A CONDO. THEN I ENDED UP WITH IT. MY SON IS NOT THAT INTERESTED IN THAT MATERIAL, AND, AS FAR AS ORAL TRADITION, THERE IS NONE, BECAUSE MY DAD NEVER SPOKE ABOUT THE WAR...[I ENDED UP WITH THE ENTIRE COLLECTION] I THINK IT’S BECAUSE I WAS IN A HOUSE, AND HE WAS DOWNSIZING…THEN, WHEN I MOVED OUT HERE AGAIN, WHAT DO I DO WITH ALL THIS STUFF?” THE DONOR’S GREAT GRANDFATHER, WILLIAM THOMAS AINSCOUGH, MARRIED MARGARET A. AINSCOUGH IN 1878 AND EMIGRATED FROM SMITHFIELD, UTAH TO CANADA IN 1898, BRINGING SIX CHILDREN, AGED 1 TO 18, WITH THEM. WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH, THE DONOR’S GRANDFATHER, WAS AMONG THE CHILDREN (BORN 1885). THE AINSCOUGHS INITIALLY SETTLED IN WHISKEY GAP, ALBERTA, BEFORE RELOCATING TO WOOLFORD, ALBERTA. WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S OBITUARY REPORTED THAT HE AND HUGH B. BROWN FOUNDED CARDSTON’S CAVALRY MILITIA UNIT, UNDER AN APPEAL FROM THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT TO THE CARDSTON DISTRICT IN 1909. IN 1911, A LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE CONFIRMED WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S MEMBERSHIP WITH THE CARDSTON MILITIA, STATING THAT HE WAS A CAPTAIN IN CARDSTON’S “RED COATS”—THE “C” SQUADRON OF THE 23RD ALBERTA RANGERS. IN A 1916 LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE, AND ON WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH’S WORLD WAR 1 ATTESTATION PAPERS, WILLIAM GEORGE IS LISTED AS SERVING WITH THE RANGERS FOR 5 YEARS PRIOR TO ENLISTING WITH THE 13TH CANADIAN MOUNTED RIFLES FOR OVERSEAS SERVICE. WILLIAM GEORGE SERVED OVERSEAS WITH THE LORD STRATHCONA’S HORSES. ACCORDING A RESUME FOR REED W. AINSCOUGH INCLUDED IN THE PERMANENT FILE, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH WAS BORN ON JUNE 21, 1918 IN CARDSTON, ALBERTA. IN 1940, REED AINSCOUGH JOINED THE 93RD BATTERY OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN ARTILLERY [RCA] STATIONED AT FORT MACLEOD, ALBERTA, AND WAS PROMOTED TO A SECOND LIEUTENANT. REED AINSCOUGH WAS POSTED OVERSEAS IN 1942 AND SERVED UNTIL HIS DISCHARGE ON JANUARY 8, 1946. LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES REPORTED REED AINSCOUGH AS BEING IN THE THICK OF THE FIGHTING IN FRANCE, NOTABLY AT CAEN. IT WAS REPORTED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IN 1944 THAT REED AINSCOUGH WAS PROMOTED TO CAPTAIN, AND WAS WOUNDED IN HIS LEG IN OCTOBER 1944. REED AINSCOUGH WAS SENT TO BELGIUM FOR SURGERY AND TO BE HOSPITALIZED, AND WAS RETURNED TO CANADA ON THE HOSPITAL SHIP H.M.C.S. LADY NELSON IN 1945. IN 1947, REED AINSCOUGH BECAME THE BATTERY COMMANDER OF THE 93RD BATTERY RCA, AND SERVED AS THE COMMANDER UNTIL 1959, BEING PROMOTED TO MAJOR IN 1951. IN 1959, UPON A TRANSFER WITH HIS EMPLOYMENT AT CANADA LIFE, REED AINSCOUGH MOVED TO MEDICINE HAT, ALBERTA, AND JOINED THE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE AS A SQUADRON COMMANDER IN 1961. IN 1964, REED AINSCOUGH WAS PROMOTED TO LIEUTENANT COLONEL AND COMMANDER OF THE SOUTH ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE, AND WAS APPOINTED AIDE-DE-CAMP TO LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR GRANT MACEWAN UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT. REED AINSCOUGH WAS PROMOTED TO BRANCH MANAGER OF CANADA LIFE IN LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, IN 1969 AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE. REED AINSCOUGH WAS A MEMBER OF THE MASONIC LODGE, LODGE OF PERFECTION, ROSE CROIX, CONSISTORY, SHRINE, ORDER OF THE EASTERN STAR, AND SERVED AS THE MASTER OF THE LODGE OF PERFECTION UNTIL 1977. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, REED AINSCOUGH WAS ALSO ACTIVE WITH THE FORT MACLEOD CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, LIONS’ CLUB, HISTORICAL ASSOCIATION, AND FORT MACLEOD MUSEUM DURING HIS TIME LIVING IN FORT MACLEOD. IN MEDICINE HAT, AISNCOUGH SERVED AS PRESIDENT OF THE HEART AND STROKE ASSOCIATION, AND ACTED AS A SENATOR FOR THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE UPON MOVING TO THE CITY. ON OCTOBER 20, 1993, REED WILSON AINSCOUGH PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE MILITARY SERVICE FILES FOR WILLIAM GEORGE AINSCOUGH AND FRANK AINSCOUGH, NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS ON WILLIAM GEORGE AND REED AINSCOUGH, A RESUME FOR REED AINSCOUGH, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20160017001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20160017008
Acquisition Date
2016-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANADA MILITARY DRESS MESS KIT
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, SILK, TAFFETA
Catalogue Number
P19740060001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANADA MILITARY DRESS MESS KIT
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Materials
WOOL, SILK, TAFFETA
No. Pieces
1
Length
58.0 (W/O SLEEVES)
Width
51.0
Description
SIZE 44 TALL. NAVY BLUE WOOL DOUBLE BREASTED FORMAL MESS JACKET W/ 7 BRASS BUTTONS ON FRONT. EACH SLEEVE CUFF DISPLAYS THREE EMBROIDERED GILT WIRE STRIPES DENOTING RANK OF SQUADRON LEADER. GOLD WIRE EMROIDERED "CANADA" SHOULDER TITLES. CREAM LINING, BLACK TAFETTA LAPELS. HOLES ON INSIDE OF LAPELS SUGGESTS JACKET WAS LET OUT. INSIDE POCKET MARKED W/ MANUFACTURER "GIEVES". SERIAL NUMBER: "L.2.55.200/79204" & NAME "C.R.J. PARSONS PA." ON TAG ON INSIDE POCKET.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
UNIFORM WORN ONLY FOR SOCIAL FUNCTIONS BY MEMBERS OF THE REGULAR FORCE OFFICE THIS STYLE OF MESS KIT HAS BEEN THE SAME SINCE THE FORMATION OF THE R.C.A.F.* IN 1924 & IS A COPY OF THAT USED BY R.A.F.** UNIFORM IS NOW OBSOLETE WITH THE 1967 UNIFICATION OF THE SERVICES. SEE ATTACHED FILE COPY FOR HISTORY. *ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE **ROYAL AIR FORCE (ENGLAND) ******UPDATE 28 FEBRUARY 2011******* BASED ON LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1943 AND 1946 IN ADDITION TO PARSONS’ HERALD-PUBLISHED OBITUARY IN 1992, CLAUDE ROBERT JAMES PARSONS WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1916 AND SERVED WITH THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR FORCE (R.C.A.F.) DURING WORLD WAR TWO. THE 1946 ARTICLE STATES THAT HE PURSUED A CAREER AS A CIVILIAN ACCOUNTANT IN LETHBRIDGE AFTER THE WAR, BUT AT SOME POINT HE RE-ENLISTED WITH THE RCAF AND SERVED WITH IT UNTIL HIS WEST COAST SEMI-RETIREMENT IN 1965. DONOR CORRESPONDENCE ON FILE INDICATES THAT PARSONS MADE THE DONATION FROM WHITE ROCK, BC. IN THE LETTERS HE STATES THAT THE UNIFORM HAS “NO DIRECT INVOLVEMENT IN THE HISTORY OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA”. AT THE TIME OF WRITING (30 MAY, 1974), HE ADDITIONALLY STATED THAT HIS UNIFORM WAS “ABOUT 20 YEARS OLD”. PRIOR TO JOINING THE RCAF IN APRIL 1940, CLAUDE PARSONS WAS WITH LETHBRIDGE’S 20TH BATTERY, RCA FROM 1934 TO 1938. HE WAS COMMISSIONED AS AN OFFICER AND SERVED WITH THE 39TH BATTERY. IN 1939 HE RETURNED TO THE 20TH BATTERY IN AN ACTIVE SERVICE, MOBILIZED CAPACITY. THREE YEARS AFTER HE TRANSFERRED TO THE RCAF (1940-1943), HE DEPARTED CANADA AND WAS POSTED TO AN OVERSEAS’ “BASE ACCOUNTS UNIT” IN LONDON. HE REMAINED THERE UNTIL HIS DISCHARGE WITH THE RANK OF FLIGHT LIEUTENANT IN 1945 FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE THE HERALD ARTICLES AND DONOR-SUBMITTED LETTERS, AS REFERENCED ABOVE, IN THE DONATION’S PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* DECEMBER 19, 2011 - A DUPLICATE RECORD - P19740060000 WAS DELETED. RECORD CONTAINED A CONGLOMERATE OF INFORMATION FROM P19740060001-8 AND THE DATA WAS IDENTICAL. P19740060000 WAS DELETED IN ORDER TO AVOID CONFUSION.
Catalogue Number
P19740060001
Acquisition Date
1974-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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