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Other Name
GREATCOAT
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19739405000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
GREATCOAT
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Length
138
Width
49
Description
.1 SIZE 38. FOUR BRASS BUTTON FRONT. EMBOSSED ON BUTTONS: "CROWN (ARTILLERY GUN)". RED SHOULDER EPAULETTES ARTILLERY D IN WHITE COTTON. LARGE CUFFS ON SLEEVES ARE TURNED DOWN & COMING LOOSE. NARROW ELASTIC BAND AT BACK OF NECK. EPAULETTE HAS OUTLINE OF CROWN PIP (MAJOR). ONE LARGE POCKET AT WAIST ON RIGHT SIDE AND ONE SMALL INSIDE POCKET ON INSIDE LEFT BREAST. COLLAR HAS METAL CLASP. .2. HANDKERCHIEF: 3CM (L) X 41CM (L). WHITE LINEN, WITH SIX SILK STRIPES. MACHINE WOVEN INTO BORDER. STAINED, AND BADLY CREASED FROM PREVIOUS STORAGE IN COAT POCKET.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
MAY HAVE BEEN BRIG. GENERAL J.S. STEWART'S GREATCOAT.
Catalogue Number
P19739405000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITIA JACKET
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1914
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19739406000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITIA JACKET
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1914
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
1
Length
69.0
Width
41.0
Description
SIZE 36. 7 BRASS BUTTONS ON FRONT, BREAST POCKETS WITH BUTTON ONE EACH. "CANADA" "HONI-SOIT-QUI-MAL-Y-PENSE" EMBOSSED ON BUTTONS. "ALLAN SANDEMIN" INKED ON NECK LABEL. JACKET IS RED WITH BLACK TABS. LABEL READS "W.E...CO. LTD" & "W...LE CLOTHIERS", "1909-?" & "HAMILTON ONT".
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
UNIFORM APPROPRIATE TO W.W.I PERIOD. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE FOUND THE WRITING ON THE JACKET TO READ, “ALLAN SANDERSON”, AND SPECULATES THAT THE JACKET'S ASSOCIATION LIES WITH THE 23RD ALBERTA RANGERS. AS INDICATED BY THE 1901 CENSUS OF CANADA, ALLAN SANDERSON WAS LIVING WITH HIS FAMILY IN PETERBOROUGH ONTARIO. SOME TIME BEFORE 1914, THE SANDERSON FAMILY MOVES TO MACLEOD ALBERTA. ACCORDING TO PRIVATE ALLAN ETHELBERT GORDON SANDERSON’S ATTESTATION PAPER TO THE CANADIAN OVER-SEAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON MAY 18TH 1915, HE SERVED ONE YEAR WITH THE 23RD ALBERTA RANGERS BEFORE ENLISTING. THE MACLEOD SPECTATOR FROM JUNE 29, 1916 MENTIONS PRIVATE A. SANDERSON AS ONE OF THE “MACLEOD BOYS” PART OF THE 13TH OVERSEAS MOUNTED REGIMENT. THIS REGIMENT WAS LATER AMALGAMATED WITH THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE AND WAS LATER DISSOLVED TO PROVIDE REINFORCEMENTS FOR ENGLAND. PRIVATE ALLAN E. G. SANDERSON DIED OF UNKNOWN CAUSES ON APRIL 28, 1917. HIS LAST SERVICE WAS WITH THE EATON’S MOTOR MACHINE GUN BATTERY BATTALION IN THE CANADIAN MACHINE GUN CORPS REGIMENT. HE WAS 28 YEARS OLD WHEN HE DIED AND IS BURIED AT THE ORCHARD DUMP CEMETERY IN PAS DE CALAIS, FRANCE. DESPITE THEIR SIGNIFICANT SIZED HOUSEHOLD, THE SANDERSON FAMILY IS NOT REFERENCED IN THE MACLEOD OR SURROUNDING AREA HISTORY BOOKS. FOLLOWING ALLAN SANDERSON’S ATTESTATION HIS YOUNGER BROTHER FRANCIS GRAHAM SANDERSON ENLISTS FIVE MONTHS LATER. FRANK RETURNED FROM THE WAR AND WAS LIVING IN MACLEOD UNTIL AT LEAST 1952. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SERVICE RECORDS FROM LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19739406000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY (W.W.I)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19739412000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY (W.W.I)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Description
76.0 (WAIST) X 71.6 (INSEAM LEG) CM. KHAKI WOOL TWILL BODY STRAIGHT LEG TROUSERS. 2 SLASH POCKETS AT HIPS. 1 SLASH POCKET WITH SCALLOPED FLAP AND BUTTON AT REAR. 6 BROWN "DISHED OUT" PLASTIC BUTTONS ABOUT WAIST TO SECURE SUSPENDERS. 6 BROWN PLASTIC BUTTON FLY. 3 BELT LOOPS ABOUT WAIST. A FEW SMALL NIPS TO BODY.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
*UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO SPECULATE THE ORIGINAL OWNER TO BE CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR WAS BORN ON NOVEMBER 12, 1981 IN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. HE CAME TO MAGRATH, ALBERTA WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1893. HE SPENT THREE YEARS WITH THE MILITIA IN THE 23RD MOUNTED RIFLES WHICH BECAME THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE CAVALRY REGIMENT. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S ATTESTATION PAPER, HE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN OVER-SEAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON JULY 3, 1914, A MONTH BEFORE CANADA AND BRITAIN OFFICIALLY DECLARED WAR. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S PAY BOOK WHICH CAN BE FOUND IN THE GALT ARCHIVES, HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT ON FEBRUARY 14, 1915 AND LATER TO THE RANK OF CAPTAIN ON JANUARY 1, 1917. THE BOOK ALSO OUTLINES HIS EXPERIENCE WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY FROM JUNE 1, 1915 TO JULY 25, 1916. TAYLOR WAS SERVING WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY WHEN HE WAS CALLED TO SERVE OVERSEAS IN FRANCE ON DECEMBER 12, 1915. AFTER LANDING HIS CHARGE SAFELY IN ENGLAND HE WAS ORDERED TO CANTERBURY WHERE HE BECAME ATTACHED TO THE CAVALRY DIVISION OF THE IMPERIAL ARMY. TAYLOR SERVED WITH THE ROYAL FLYING CORPS OVERSEAS FROM JULY 25, 1916 TO DECEMBER 15, 1916. ACCORDING TO THE MAGRATH AND DISTRICT HISTORY BOOK IRRIGATION BUILDERS, TAYLOR WAS ALSO AWARDED THE MONS STAR. ACCESSIONED AT THE SAME TIME AS THE ANONYMOUS DONATION P19739414000, ARE ADDITIONAL ITEMS WHICH LACK UNIQUE IDENTIFIABLE MARKINGS. IT IS SPECULATED THAT THESE ITEMS (P19739407000, P19739408000, P19739410000, P19739411000, P19739412000, P19739413000) ALSO PREVIOUSLY BELONGED TO CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. THESE ITEMS INCLUDE TWO FLYING CORPS UNIFORMS DISPLAYING THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH THE FACT THAT TAYLOR HELD THE RANK OF CAPTAIN AT THE CONCLUSION OF WWI. ADDITIONALLY THE ARCHIVES DEPARTMENT HAS AN ALBUM WITH PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION OF TAYLOR’S EXPERIENCE DURING THE WAR. PICTURES IN THE ARCHIVES EXIST WHICH SHOW TAYLOR IN A MILITIA UNIFORM AND TWO DIFFERENT R.F.C. UNIFORMS THAT ARE VISUALLY IDENTICAL TO THE ONES WE HAVE. ANOTHER PICTURE DEMONSTRATES THAT THE R.F.C. JACKET P19739411000 WHICH IS MISSING A BELT WAS WORN WITH A LEATHER BELT LIKE THE ONE MARKED L.H.T. P19739414000. FROM THE EXTENSIVE FILE OF MILITARY PAPERWORK HE DONATED TO THE ARCHIVES, IT IS EVIDENT THAT TAYLOR SAVED MANY OF HIS ITEMS ASSOCIATED WITH HIS MILITARY CAREER. THE ACCESSIONS LEDGER FROM 1966 SHOWS A DONATION BY CHRIS GIBSON OF TWO FIRST WORLD WAR TUNICS THAT DISPLAY CAPTAIN’S RANK. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BRITISH AND CANADIAN SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE P19739407000.
Catalogue Number
P19739412000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY - MILITIA
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1914
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19739407000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY - MILITIA
Date Range From
1908
Date Range To
1914
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
2
Description
.1 JACKET. 73(L) X 44(W). WOOL AND COTTON. NAVY BLUE WITH BLACK LINING. 5 BRASS BUTTONED FRONT EMBOSSED WITH "CANADA MILITIA" 5 STARS, CROWN, AND BEAVER. 4 BUTTONED POCKETS ON FRONT (EMBOSSED). CHAIN MESH EPAULET WITH 2 BRASS BUTTONS INSET WITH RED AND GREEN ENAMEL. 2 BUTTON CUFFS. .2 PANTS. WOOL AND COTTON. 81.3 CM WAIST, 67.3 CM LEG. 5 BUTTONED FLY WITH REINFORCED CROTCH. 3 BUTTONED TIGHT CUFFS. 2 WHITE STRIPES DOWN OUTSIDE OF EACH LEG. MOTH HOLES.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
IN USE DURING W.W.II. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO SPECULATE THE ORIGINAL OWNER TO BE CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR WAS BORN ON NOVEMBER 12, 1981 IN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. HE CAME TO MAGRATH, ALBERTA WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1893. HE SPENT THREE YEARS WITH THE MILITIA IN THE 23RD MOUNTED RIFLES WHICH BECAME THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE CAVALRY REGIMENT. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S ATTESTATION PAPER, HE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN OVER-SEAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON JULY 3, 1914, A MONTH BEFORE CANADA AND BRITAIN OFFICIALLY DECLARED WAR. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S PAY BOOK WHICH CAN BE FOUND IN THE GALT ARCHIVES, HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT ON FEBRUARY 14, 1915 AND LATER TO THE RANK OF CAPTAIN ON JANUARY 1, 1917. THE BOOK ALSO OUTLINES HIS EXPERIENCE WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY FROM JUNE 1, 1915 TO JULY 25, 1916. TAYLOR WAS SERVING WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY WHEN HE WAS CALLED TO SERVE OVERSEAS IN FRANCE ON DECEMBER 12, 1915. AFTER LANDING HIS CHARGE SAFELY IN ENGLAND HE WAS ORDERED TO CANTERBURY WHERE HE BECAME ATTACHED TO THE CAVALRY DIVISION OF THE IMPERIAL ARMY. TAYLOR SERVED WITH THE ROYAL FLYING CORPS OVERSEAS FROM JULY 25, 1916 TO DECEMBER 15, 1916. ACCORDING TO THE MAGRATH AND DISTRICT HISTORY BOOK IRRIGATION BUILDERS, TAYLOR WAS ALSO AWARDED THE MONS STAR. ACCESSIONED AT THE SAME TIME AS THE ANONYMOUS DONATION P19739414000, ARE ADDITIONAL ITEMS WHICH LACK UNIQUE IDENTIFIABLE MARKINGS. IT IS SPECULATED THAT THESE ITEMS (P19739407000, P19739408000, P19739410000, P19739411000, P19739412000, P19739413000) ALSO PREVIOUSLY BELONGED TO CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. THESE ITEMS INCLUDE TWO FLYING CORPS UNIFORMS DISPLAYING THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH THE FACT THAT TAYLOR HELD THE RANK OF CAPTAIN AT THE CONCLUSION OF WWI. ADDITIONALLY THE ARCHIVES DEPARTMENT HAS AN ALBUM WITH PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION OF TAYLOR’S EXPERIENCE DURING THE WAR. PICTURES IN THE ARCHIVES EXIST WHICH SHOW TAYLOR IN A MILITIA UNIFORM AND TWO DIFFERENT R.F.C. UNIFORMS THAT ARE VISUALLY IDENTICAL TO THE ONES WE HAVE. ANOTHER PICTURE DEMONSTRATES THAT THE R.F.C. JACKET P19739411000 WHICH IS MISSING A BELT WAS WORN WITH A LEATHER BELT LIKE THE ONE MARKED L.H.T. P19739414000. FROM THE EXTENSIVE FILE OF MILITARY PAPERWORK HE DONATED TO THE ARCHIVES, IT IS EVIDENT THAT TAYLOR SAVED MANY OF HIS ITEMS ASSOCIATED WITH HIS MILITARY CAREER. THE ACCESSIONS LEDGER FROM 1966 SHOWS A DONATION BY CHRIS GIBSON OF TWO FIRST WORLD WAR TUNICS THAT DISPLAY CAPTAIN’S RANK. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BRITISH AND CANADIAN SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19739407000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
R.F.C. JACKET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19739410000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
R.F.C. JACKET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
85.0
Width
41.0
Description
KHAKI DOUBLE BREASTED (WRAP-STYLE) ROYAL FLYING CORP JACKET W/ 4 BUTTON & 3 SNAP FRONT CLOSURE. PLEATED BACK. STANDING COLLAR W/ HOOK & EYE. 2 OUTER WAIST POCKETS. SATIN (KHAKI) BODY LINING, ARMS LINED W/ STRIPED COTTON. FABRIC2 SHOULDER BOARDS. 1 HAS STITCH ATTACHMENT TO JACKET BODY TEARING. LINER STITCHING TO COLLAR DETERIORATING. 1 SNAP FOR FRONT CLOSURE MISSING. SHOULDER BOARDS DENOTE RANK OF CAPTAIN. RAISED "RFC" WING BADGE ON LEFT BREAST.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
R.F.C., ROYAL FLYING CORP, FORERUNNER TO ROYAL AIR FORCE (R.A.F.). *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO SPECULATE THE ORIGINAL OWNER TO BE CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR WAS BORN ON NOVEMBER 12, 1981 IN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. HE CAME TO MAGRATH, ALBERTA WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1893. HE SPENT THREE YEARS WITH THE MILITIA IN THE 23RD MOUNTED RIFLES WHICH BECAME THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE CAVALRY REGIMENT. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S ATTESTATION PAPER, HE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN OVER-SEAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON JULY 3, 1914, A MONTH BEFORE CANADA AND BRITAIN OFFICIALLY DECLARED WAR. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S PAY BOOK WHICH CAN BE FOUND IN THE GALT ARCHIVES, HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT ON FEBRUARY 14, 1915 AND LATER TO THE RANK OF CAPTAIN ON JANUARY 1, 1917. THE BOOK ALSO OUTLINES HIS EXPERIENCE WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY FROM JUNE 1, 1915 TO JULY 25, 1916. TAYLOR WAS SERVING WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY WHEN HE WAS CALLED TO SERVE OVERSEAS IN FRANCE ON DECEMBER 12, 1915. AFTER LANDING HIS CHARGE SAFELY IN ENGLAND HE WAS ORDERED TO CANTERBURY WHERE HE BECAME ATTACHED TO THE CAVALRY DIVISION OF THE IMPERIAL ARMY. TAYLOR SERVED WITH THE ROYAL FLYING CORPS OVERSEAS FROM JULY 25, 1916 TO DECEMBER 15, 1916. ACCORDING TO THE MAGRATH AND DISTRICT HISTORY BOOK IRRIGATION BUILDERS, TAYLOR WAS ALSO AWARDED THE MONS STAR. ACCESSIONED AT THE SAME TIME AS THE ANONYMOUS DONATION P19739414000, ARE ADDITIONAL ITEMS WHICH LACK UNIQUE IDENTIFIABLE MARKINGS. IT IS SPECULATED THAT THESE ITEMS (P19739407000, P19739408000, P19739410000, P19739411000, P19739412000, P19739413000) ALSO PREVIOUSLY BELONGED TO CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. THESE ITEMS INCLUDE TWO FLYING CORPS UNIFORMS DISPLAYING THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH THE FACT THAT TAYLOR HELD THE RANK OF CAPTAIN AT THE CONCLUSION OF WWI. ADDITIONALLY THE ARCHIVES DEPARTMENT HAS AN ALBUM WITH PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION OF TAYLOR’S EXPERIENCE DURING THE WAR. PICTURES IN THE ARCHIVES EXIST WHICH SHOW TAYLOR IN A MILITIA UNIFORM AND TWO DIFFERENT R.F.C. UNIFORMS THAT ARE VISUALLY IDENTICAL TO THE ONES WE HAVE. ANOTHER PICTURE DEMONSTRATES THAT THE R.F.C. JACKET P19739411000 WHICH IS MISSING A BELT WAS WORN WITH A LEATHER BELT LIKE THE ONE MARKED L.H.T. P19739414000. FROM THE EXTENSIVE FILE OF MILITARY PAPERWORK HE DONATED TO THE ARCHIVES, IT IS EVIDENT THAT TAYLOR SAVED MANY OF HIS ITEMS ASSOCIATED WITH HIS MILITARY CAREER. THE ACCESSIONS LEDGER FROM 1966 SHOWS A DONATION BY CHRIS GIBSON OF TWO FIRST WORLD WAR TUNICS THAT DISPLAY CAPTAIN’S RANK. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BRITISH AND CANADIAN SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE P19739407000.
Catalogue Number
P19739410000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
JACKET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19739411000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
JACKET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, COTTON
No. Pieces
3
Length
78.0
Width
45.0
Description
KHAKI WOOL OFFICERS SERVICE JACKET EMBROIDERED W/ ROYAL FLYING CORP WING INSIGNIA ABOVE LEFT POCKET. 2 BREAST & 2 SKIRT POCKETS. 2 SHOULDER BOARDS EACH WITH 3 EMBROIDERED PIPS DENOTING CAPTAINS RANK. SLEEVES HAVE SCALLOPED CUFFS EDGED IN LEATHER. WAIST REINFORCED. JACKET HAS GREEN COTTON BODY LINING. HIGHLY DISCOLOURED W/ MOTH DAMAGE. RIGHT SLEEVE HAS ELBOW TEAR. JACKET PARTED WAIST DOWN IN REAR. 4 SMALL POCKET BUTTONS & 4 LARGE BUTTONS OF INTERTWINED LEATHER ON FRONT OF JACKET. 2 BRASS BELT HOOKS AT WAIST MISSING BELT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
*UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS ABLE TO SPECULATE THE ORIGINAL OWNER TO BE CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR WAS BORN ON NOVEMBER 12, 1981 IN SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. HE CAME TO MAGRATH, ALBERTA WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1893. HE SPENT THREE YEARS WITH THE MILITIA IN THE 23RD MOUNTED RIFLES WHICH BECAME THE SOUTHERN ALBERTA LIGHT HORSE CAVALRY REGIMENT. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S ATTESTATION PAPER, HE ENLISTED IN THE CANADIAN OVER-SEAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON JULY 3, 1914, A MONTH BEFORE CANADA AND BRITAIN OFFICIALLY DECLARED WAR. ACCORDING TO TAYLOR’S PAY BOOK WHICH CAN BE FOUND IN THE GALT ARCHIVES, HE WAS PROMOTED TO THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT ON FEBRUARY 14, 1915 AND LATER TO THE RANK OF CAPTAIN ON JANUARY 1, 1917. THE BOOK ALSO OUTLINES HIS EXPERIENCE WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY FROM JUNE 1, 1915 TO JULY 25, 1916. TAYLOR WAS SERVING WITH THE CANADIAN CAVALRY WHEN HE WAS CALLED TO SERVE OVERSEAS IN FRANCE ON DECEMBER 12, 1915. AFTER LANDING HIS CHARGE SAFELY IN ENGLAND HE WAS ORDERED TO CANTERBURY WHERE HE BECAME ATTACHED TO THE CAVALRY DIVISION OF THE IMPERIAL ARMY. TAYLOR SERVED WITH THE ROYAL FLYING CORPS OVERSEAS FROM JULY 25, 1916 TO DECEMBER 15, 1916. ACCORDING TO THE MAGRATH AND DISTRICT HISTORY BOOK IRRIGATION BUILDERS, TAYLOR WAS ALSO AWARDED THE MONS STAR. ACCESSIONED AT THE SAME TIME AS THE ANONYMOUS DONATION P19739414000, ARE ADDITIONAL ITEMS WHICH LACK UNIQUE IDENTIFIABLE MARKINGS. IT IS SPECULATED THAT THESE ITEMS (P19739407000, P19739408000, P19739410000, P19739411000, P19739412000, P19739413000) ALSO PREVIOUSLY BELONGED TO CAPTAIN HYDE SIDDOWAY TAYLOR. THESE ITEMS INCLUDE TWO FLYING CORPS UNIFORMS DISPLAYING THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. THIS IS CONSISTENT WITH THE FACT THAT TAYLOR HELD THE RANK OF CAPTAIN AT THE CONCLUSION OF WWI. ADDITIONALLY THE ARCHIVES DEPARTMENT HAS AN ALBUM WITH PHOTOGRAPHIC DOCUMENTATION OF TAYLOR’S EXPERIENCE DURING THE WAR. PICTURES IN THE ARCHIVES EXIST WHICH SHOW TAYLOR IN A MILITIA UNIFORM AND TWO DIFFERENT R.F.C. UNIFORMS THAT ARE VISUALLY IDENTICAL TO THE ONES WE HAVE. ANOTHER PICTURE DEMONSTRATES THAT THE R.F.C. JACKET P19739411000 WHICH IS MISSING A BELT WAS WORN WITH A LEATHER BELT LIKE THE ONE MARKED L.H.T. P19739414000. FROM THE EXTENSIVE FILE OF MILITARY PAPERWORK HE DONATED TO THE ARCHIVES, IT IS EVIDENT THAT TAYLOR SAVED MANY OF HIS ITEMS ASSOCIATED WITH HIS MILITARY CAREER. THE ACCESSIONS LEDGER FROM 1966 SHOWS A DONATION BY CHRIS GIBSON OF TWO FIRST WORLD WAR TUNICS THAT DISPLAY CAPTAIN’S RANK. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING BRITISH AND CANADIAN SERVICE RECORDS, PLEASE SEE P19739407000.
Catalogue Number
P19739411000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ROYAL FLYING CORP TUNIC
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P19830011000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ROYAL FLYING CORP TUNIC
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
2
Length
81.0
Width
41.0
Description
KHAKI WOOL SERGE WRAP-AROUND STYLE TUNIC W/ 8 BUTTON & 3 SNAP FRONT CLOSURE & A PLEATED BACK. SMALL MENS SIZE. 2 SLASH POCKETS W/ FLAPS AT SKIRT. EPAULETS SECURE W/ BUTTON. 1 BUTTON MISSING. FRAYED ON LOWER RIGHT HEM. CLOTH SHOULDER TITLES READ: "ROYAL FLYING CORPS". LABEL ON INSIDE POCKET MARKED "BEAUCHAMP & ROW LTD., 97 KING STREET, WEST TORONTO, NAME: T.E. BLACK, DATE.". CORPORALS CHEVRON DETACHED & IN ENVELOPE WITH INSPECTION PAPER.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
WORN BY DONOR'S FATHER GEORGE WATSON SR. OVERSEAS DURING W.W.I. HIS RANK WAS PRESUMABLY CORPORAL BASED ON RANK BADGE IN TUNIC POCKET. GEORGE WATSON’S FATHER, A BLACKSMITH, WAS ENTICED OUT TO COAL BANKS (LETHBRIDGE) BY AR&I MINE SUPERINTENDENT WILLIAM STAFFORD IN 1885. WATSON SPENT HIS EARLY YEARS IN THE GALT HOME IN THE RIVER BOTTOM UNTIL MOVING UP TOP IN 1902. FOLLOWING HIGH SCHOOL, WATSON TAUGHT SCHOOL EAST OF MILK RIVER AND AT SLEEPY HOLLOW NEAR WRITING-ON-STONE. IN 1917, HE COMPLETED NORMAL SCHOOL AND ENLISTED WITH THE ROYAL FLYING CORP AS A CADET FOR PILOT TRAINING. HE DID NOT HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY TO SERVE OVERSEAS BUT WAS HAPPY TO HAVE THE TRAINING AND DISCIPLINE THAT THE SERVICE OFFERED. AFTER THE WAR, HE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE. WATSON’S PROVIDED LEADERSHIP AS AN OFFICER FOR LETHBRIDGE’S NO. 11 ROYAL CANADIAN AIR CADET SQUADRON. WATSON AND OTHERS WERE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE SQUADRON’S FORMATION IN 1941. HE RESIGNED AS A SQUADRON OFFICER IN MAY, 1960. GEORGE WATSON SR. DIED IN 1980. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, WHICH INCLUDED OBJECTS RELATED TO THE WATSON FAMILY. FROM WATSON SR.'S OBITUARY IN JUNE 30, 1980 LETHBRIDGE HERALD: "WATSON, GEORGE OF 1409 9 AVE SOUTH PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE ON JUNE 27 AT THE AGE OF 84 YEARS... [HE] WAS EDUCATED IN LETHBRIDGE AND TOOK HIS NORMAL SCHOOL TRAINING IN CALGARY. DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR HE ENLISTED IN THE ROYAL FLYING CORPS, SERVING AS A FLYING CADET. HE RETURNED TO THIS AREA AND TAUGHT SCHOOL IN SLEEPY HOLLOW, MILK RIVER, COALHURST, COALDALE, AT THE LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE FROM 1930 TO 1950, AND FROM 1950-1961 AS VICE PRINCIPAL OF HAMILTON SCHOOL, THE FIRST JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE. HE WAS AN HONORARY LIFE MEMBER OF THE ALBERTA TEACHER'S ASSOCIATION. ACTIVE IN COMMUNITY ASSOCIATIONS, HE SERVED ON THE FOLLOWING: THE FIRST TOWN PLANNING COMMISSION OF THE CITY, THE PARKS AND RECREATION BOARD, THE HEALTH UNIT, AND ONE TERM AS AN ALDERMAN ON CITY COUNCIL. DURING ITS FORMATIVE YEARS HE SERVED AS COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE NO. 1 SQUADRON OF THE ROYAL CANADIAN AIR CADETS. HE WAS A FOUNDING MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY, AND THE LETHBRIDGE RETIRED TEACHERS ASSOCIATION." ACCORDING TO HER SPOKANE CHRONICLE OBITUARY, THE DONOR, C. HELEN RANKIN, PASSED AWAY IN SPOKANE ON MAY 13, 1992. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE WATSON FAMILY, INCLUDING WATSON SR.'S MILITARY SERVICE RECORDS, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19830011000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19830011000
Acquisition Date
1983-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
JACKET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19739409000
  3 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
JACKET
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, COTTON
No. Pieces
3
Length
75.0
Width
43.0
Description
WOOL KHAKI. SIZE 38. BRITISH STYLE M1902 SERVICE JACKET. 5 BRASS BUTTONED FRONT (1 MISSING), EMBOSSED "CANADA" "HONI-SOIT-QUI-MAL-Y-PENSE" WITH CROWN & MAPLE LEAF, 4 FRONTAL BUTTONED POCKETS. SERGEANT'S STRIPES ON SLEEVE, 2 SERVICE STRIPES. 2 BRASS COLLAR BADGES "C" OVER "8". SERVICE STRIPES REMOVED FROM RIGHT SLEEVE. SERGEANT STRIPES ON BOTH SLEEVES. BRASS WOUND STRIPES ON LOWER LEFT SLEEVE. FIRST DIVISION RED PATCH ON UPPER SLEEVE, BOTH SIDES. MEDAL BAR LEFT BREAST. 4 RIBBONS L TO R: DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL; BRITISH WAR MEDAL WWI; VICTORY MEDAL WWI; CANADIAN VOLUNTEER SERVICE MEDAL WWII. 2 SMALL CANADIAN BUTTONS FOUND INSIDE; ALSO EXTRA MEDAL RIBBONS. SERVICE NUMBER 118096 STAMPED IN BLACK INK ON INSIDE POCKET OF TUNIC.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
8TH BATTALION RAISED IN BRANDON & WINNIPEG, MANITOBA; PORT ARTHUR & KENORA, ONTARIO. BATTALION SAILED OCTOBER 3, 1914. SERVED IN FRANCE AND BELGIUM WITH 2ND INFANTRY BRIGADE, 1ST CANADIAN DIVISION. ***UPDATE: DURING THE FALL OF 2007, COLLECTIONS VOLUNTEER GAIL HOLLAND MADE A VALIANT ATTEMPT TO DETERMINE THE ORIGINS OF THIS UNIFORM. MOST SIGNIFICANTLY, SHE CROSS REFERENCED RECIPIENTS OF THE D.C.M. FROM THE 8TH BATTALION AGAINST ONLINE SERVICE RECORDS COURTESY OF THE CANADIAN NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND LOCAL ARCHIVAL SOURCES (LETHBRIDGE HERALD, ETC.) TO TRY AND FIND OUT WHO THE UNIFORM'S WEARER WAS. FROM AMONGST THE LIST OF D.C.M. MEDAL RECIPIENTS, SHE LOOKED FOR SOMEONE WHO WAS YOUNG ENOUGH TO HAVE SERVED OVERSEAS IN TWO WORLD WARS AS WELL AS A NAME WHICH, PERHAPS, WAS DOCUMENTED (HERALD) AS EXISTING IN LETHBRIDGE AT SOME POINT IN TIME. FINALLY, SHE RE-EXAMINED ALL OF THE GALT'S LEDGERS PREDATING 1973. FOR ALL HER WORK, HOWEVER, SHE FOUND NO RESULTS. WE CONTINUE, THEREFORE, TO QUESTION THE WEARER'S ASSOCIATION WITH LETHBRIDGE AND REGION. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE SEARCH AND THE 8TH BATTALION, PLEASE CONSULT THE PERMANENT FILE. **UPDATE: IN THE SUMMER OF 2016, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE RE-EXAMINED THIS UNIFORM AND FOUND THE SERVICE NUMBER 118096 ON THE TUNIC'S INSIDE POCKET. A SEARCH OF THE 'SOLDIERS OF THE FIRST WORLD WAR' DATABASE REVEALED THAT THAT SERVICE NUMBER CORRESPONDED TO JOHN SHIELD. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, THE WINNIPEG FREE PRESS, AND THE MACLEOD NEWS, FROM SHIELD’S SERVICE RECORDS, AND FROM HIS UNIT’S WAR DIARIES, AS WELL AS FROM INTERVIEWS WITH THE DONOR’S CHILDREN AND GRANDCHILDREN. JOHN MARTIN “JACK” SHIELD, DCM WAS BORN ON MAY 18, 1896 IN WHITFIELD, ENGLAND, THE SON OF THOMAS WILLIAM SHIELD AND MARY JANE SHIELD (NEE LITTLE). IN 1912 THE FAMILY IMMIGRATED TO CANADA AND SETTLED ON A FARM NEAR MCBRIDE LAKE IN THE ARDENVILLE DISTRICT, SOUTH OF FORT MACLEOD, AB. JACK ENLISTED IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR ON FEBRUARY 6, 1915 IN PINCHER CREEK, AB. HIS YOUNGEST DAUGHTER EDITH MOYES (NEE SHIELD) RECOUNTS THE STORY THAT HER FATHER TOLD HER ABOUT SIGNING UP: “I CAN REMEMBER DAD TALKING ABOUT JOINING THE FIRST WORLD WAR. THEY LIVED ON A FARM OUT OF FORT MACLEOD, AND DAD SAID HE WAS JUST A YOUNG KID, AND HE WAS DOING IT FOR THE COUNTRY, AND HE GOT ON HIS HORSE, AND RODE TO PINCHER CREEK. AND WHEN HE GOT TO PINCHER CREEK, HE SLAPPED THE HORSE ON THE RUMP, AND TOLD IT TO GO HOME.” JACK WAS ASSIGNED THE SERVICE NUMBER 118096 AND ARRIVED IN ENGLAND IN AUGUST 1915. JACK SERVED OVERSEAS WITH THE 8TH BATTALION, ALSO KNOWN AS THE LITTLE BLACK DEVILS. JACK WAS PROMOTED THROUGHOUT THE WAR, FIRST TO LANCE CORPORAL IN OCTOBER 1917, THEN TO CORPORAL IN NOVEMBER 1917, AND FINALLY TO SERGEANT IN JANUARY 1918. JACK’S YOUNGER BROTHER JOSEPH ALSO SERVED IN THE 8TH BATTALION AND WAS KILLED IN JANUARY 1918, JUST DAYS AFTER HIS 20TH BIRTHDAY. JOSEPH WAS BORN JANUARY 22, 1898 AND DIED ON JANUARY 24, 1918. ACCORDING TO THE UNIT’S WAR DIARY, JOSEPH WAS ON PATROL WITH LIEUTENANT HOWARD ALLEN ARCHER AND ANOTHER UNNAMED MAN. THE THREE “RECEIVED A DIRECT HIT FROM AN ENEMY ‘PINEAPPLE’ [GRENADE], BEING KILLED INSTANTLY.” JACK WAS WOUNDED TWICE IN THE WAR: IN NOVEMBER 1916 HE RECEIVED WOUNDS TO HIS HANDS FROM BARBED WIRE; IN AUGUST 1918, HE SUFFERED A GUNSHOT WOUND TO HIS RIGHT LEG. HE WAS ALSO HOSPITALIZED FOR A BAD CASE OF TRENCH FEVER IN MAY-JUNE 1917. JACK’S BATTALION PARTICIPATED IN THE BATTLE OF VIMY RIDGE IN APRIL 1917. ACCORDING TO THE BATTALION’S WAR DIARIES, THE 8TH BATTALION WAS USED AS A “SUPPORT BATTALION [AND] ITS VALUE LIES IN THE COMPANIES REMAINING CONCENTRATED.” IT WAS KEPT IN RESERVE AND RE-ENFORCED THE LINE FOLLOWING THE INITIAL ATTACK. BY APRIL 8, 1917, THE BATTALION WAS MOVED INTO THE ASSEMBLY TRENCHES AT LILLE POST AND BY 830AM ON APRIL 9, THE ATTACK WAS LABELED AS “AN UNQUALIFIED SUCCESS”. NO PRISONERS OF WAR WERE TAKEN BY THE BATTALION IN THIS OFFENSIVE, BUT THE BATTALION DID CAPTURE 3 MACHINE GUNS, 1 TRENCH MORTAR GUN, A 5.9 NAVAL GUN, AND MISCELLANEOUS TELEPHONE AND SIGNALING EQUIPMENT. THEY REMAINED ON THE FRONT LINE UNTIL APRIL 15 AND WERE IN THE REAR IMPROVING ROADS TO THE FRONT BY APRIL 17, 1917. THE 8TH BATTALION ALSO PLAYED A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN THE BATTLE OF AMIENS IN AUGUST 1918. IT WAS DURING THIS OFFENSIVE, IN THE ADVANCE ON PICARDY, THAT JACK RECEIVED THE GUNSHOT WOUND TO HIS RIGHT LEG, AS WELL AS THE DISTINGUISHED CONDUCT MEDAL. AN ARTICLE FROM THE WINNIPEG FREE PRESS, PUBLISHED ON FEBRUARY 23, 1943 RELAYS HOW JACK RECEIVED THE WOUND AND THE MEDAL: “SERGEANT SHIELD, THEN A PLATOON SERGEANT IN THE 8TH BATTALION (LITTLE BLACK DEVILS), TOOK CHARGE OF D COMPANY DURING THE BATTLE OF AMIENS, WHEN THE OFFICERS OF THE COMPANY WERE KNOCKED OUT AND THE COMPANY WAS ENCIRCLED BY THE ENEMY. DESPITE BEING SEVERELY WOUNDED IN THE RIGHT LEG, HE LED THE COMPANY AS IT CUT ITS WAY THROUGH THE ENEMY, WITH THE AID OF TWO CAPTURED GERMAN MACHINE-GUNS AND REJOINED THE UNIT.” IN A SUPPLEMENT TO THE LONDON GAZETTE, PUBLISHED ON NOVEMBER 15, 1918, A SLIGHTLY DIFFERENT SEQUENCE OF EVENTS IS RECOUNTED: “118096 SJT. J.M. SHIELDS [SIC], INFY. WHEN ABOUT EIGHTY OF THE ENEMY WERE CUT OFF BY HIS PLATOON AND ATTEMPTED TO BREAK THROUGH HE STRENUOUSLY OPPOSED THEM, KILLING FOUR BEFORE HE WAS WOUNDED. HE CONTINUED IN THE ATTACK UNTIL THE OBJECTIVE WAS REACHED. HE SHOWED ABSOLUTE DISREGARD OF DANGER, AND SET A FINE EXAMPLE TO HIS MEN.” THE GUNSHOT WOUND TO HIS RIGHT LEG ENDED JACK’S WAR. HE REMAINED IN HOSPITAL UNTIL JUST BEFORE HIS RETURN TO CANADA. HE WAS SHIPPED HOME ON THE S.S. BELGIC ON APRIL 16, 1919 AND DISEMBARKED AT HALIFAX, NS ON APRIL 23, 1919. JACK WAS FINALLY DISCHARGED FROM SERVICE ON APRIL 28, 1919 IN CALGARY. DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR, JACK DECIDED TO ENLIST AGAIN. INITIALLY HE JOINED THE 14TH ARMY TANK BATTALION, CALGARY REGIMENT OF THE CANADIAN ARMOURED CORPS. HE SERVED IN THIS UNIT FROM MARCH 6, 1941 TO JULY 3, 1941 AND WAS ASSIGNED THE SERVICE NUMBER M-27176. IN JULY 1941, HE WAS DISCHARGED FROM SERVICE DUE TO HIS FLAT FEET AND BECAUSE HE WAS OVERAGE. UNDETERRED AND DETERMINED TO SERVE, JACK JOINED THE VETERAN’S GUARD OF CANADA. HE SERVED IN #11 D COMPANY OF THE VETERAN’S GUARD IN CALGARY, AB, BEGINNING ON NOVEMBER 28, 1941. HE SERVED AS A STORE MAN IN THE VETERAN’S GUARD AT THE RANK OF STAFF SERGEANT. JACK’S SECOND WORLD WAR DISCHARGE PAPERS INDICATE THAT HE WAS DISCHARGED ON SEPTEMBER 15, 1945, FOLLOWING 46 MONTHS OF SERVICE IN CANADA, AT THE AGE OF 49, AND THAT HE HAD A CIRCULAR SCAR ON HIS RIGHT SHIN. THE PAPERS ALSO INDICATE JACK’S POST WAR PLANS: “SHIELD IS [AN] AVERAGED SIZED MAN WITH A PLEASING PERSONALITY. HE HAS BEEN OFFERED A JOB AS [A] TIME KEEPER WITH A RAILROAD CONSTRUCTION COMPANY AND IS VERY HAPPY ABOUT IT. HE HAS HAD PREVIOUS EXPERIENCE IN THIS WORK AND IS QUITE CONFIDENT HE CAN HANDLE IT. THE WORK IS PROMISED TO BE PERMANENT AND SHIELD FEELS THAT HIS FUTURE IS WELL TAKEN CARE OF. IT IS FELT THAT THIS IS THE TYPE OF WORK SHIELD CAN DO AND HE SHOULD HAVE NO TROUBLE MASTERING IT.” EDITH MOYES HAD THE FOLLOWING TO SAY ABOUT HER FATHER: “MY DAD WAS ALWAYS A GENTLEMAN, AND HE ALWAYS HAD, IN THE BACK OF HIM, THE MILITARY. THAT WAS PART OF HIS LIFE. IT ISN’T SOMETHING DAD EVER TALKED ABOUT TO US – THE WAR PART OF IT – BUT I ALWAYS KNEW THAT MY DAD WAS IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR AND THAT HE GOT A MEDAL, WHICH HIS MOTHER WOULDN’T LET HIM GET, AND HE GOT IT AT A LATER TIME. … I HAVE ALWAYS RESPECTED THE MILITARY, THE QUEEN. MY DAD ALWAYS CELEBRATED REMEMBRANCE DAY. HE ALWAYS TOOK US TO THE CENOTAPH. MY DAD WAS NOT A DRINKER. DAD HAD HAD MALARIA IN THE SECOND WORLD WAR THEN. AND HE ALWAYS GOT SICK FROM THE MALARIA. AND WE’D ALWAYS NURSE HIM, AND KNOW THAT WAS PART OF THE WAR … I CAN REMEMBER THE SECOND WORLD WAR, DAD WOULD HAVE BEEN DOWN IN BRITISH GUINEA, AND HE SENT ME BACK A COCONUT AND IT WAS IN THE SHELL.” WHEN ASKED IF HIS DCM EARNED HIM ADDITIONAL RESPECT IN THE COMMUNITY, EDITH REPLIED: “I DIDN’T NOTICE DAD RESPECTED ANY MORE, EXCEPT AT THE CENOTAPH, THERE WAS A LOT OF PEOPLE THAT CAME OVER AND SHOOK HIS HAND. BUT DAD WAS SUCH A PERSONAL MAN. HE DID NOT BRAG ABOUT IT OR TELL US. I DON’T THINK ANY OF US REALIZED WHAT AN HONOUR IT WAS TO HAVE THAT MEDAL, TO BE HONEST WITH YOU.” EDITH’S HUSBAND GORDON “SAM” MOYES ADDED: “HE USED TO TELL ME – I ALWAYS WENT FISHING WITH HIM – AND OUT THERE, HE’D START TALKING ABOUT THE FIRST WORLD WAR – THE WET, THE RAIN, THE MUD – AND THEN IT GOT SO MANY, LIKE HE SAID, ‘YOU DON’T MAKE REAL HARD BUDDIES WHEN YOU’RE UP ON THE FRONT LINE BECAUSE YOU’RE JUST GOING TO SEE THEM SHOT OR KILLED’ … YOU DIDN’T GET TOO FRIENDLY WITH YOUR COMRADES. YOU RESPECTED THEM, BUT YOU DIDN’T REALLY BUDDY-UP, BECAUSE IF THEY GOT KILLED, IT COULD BE A DISASTER.” JACK’S GRANDSON GERRY ELLERMAN ADDED: “THE LAST NUMBER OF YEARS, I SPENT MORE TIME THERE THAN ANYBODY AND ONE THING HE TALKED ABOUT THE FIRST WORLD WAR WAS THE TRENCHES, AND HOW IT WAS WET AND THEN DRY, WET AND THEN DRY, WET AND THEN DRY. AND HIS FEET TOOK A LOT OF HURT OVER THE YEARS. AND HE SPOKE A COUPLE OF TIMES ABOUT THE GAS, AND HOW, WHEN THAT WAS COMING, THEY HAD TO SCRAMBLE. THAT’S THE ONLY THING HE SAID ABOUT THE WAR. AND EVERY SINGLE REMEMBRANCE DAY, WE’D ALWAYS GO DOWN TO THE CENOTAPH AND WHEN IT WAS ALL OVER, WE’D ALWAYS GO TO THE LEGION FOR LUNCH. … AND WE’D GO INTO THE LEGION, AND THERE’D BE LOTS OF WAR VETS THERE, REALLY TALKING IT UP. AND HE’S ALWAYS SAY, ‘WELL, THOSE ARE THE ONES THAT DIDN’T EVEN GO OVER, OR DO ANYTHING. THE ONES THAT ARE SITTING THERE QUIET ARE THE ONES THAT – “ EDITH FINISHED THE SENTENCE: “I CAN REMEMBER DAD SAYING THAT – THAT THE ONES THAT DIDN’T HAVE ANYTHING TO SAY WERE THE ONES WHO WERE ON THE LINE SUFFERING.” RUTH CADICK, ONE OF JACK’S OLDER DAUGHTERS, HAD THE FOLLOWING TO SAY ABOUT HER FATHER: “HE WAS A GREAT FATHER, A GREAT MAN, AND HE WAS KNOWN BY MANY PEOPLE. … WHEN WORLD WAR TWO BROKE OUT, MY FATHER WENT TO CALGARY AND ENLISTED IN THE CALGARY TANKS. HE HAS A NUMBER THERE, AND THAT’S M27176. DAD WAS NOT ABLE TO STAY. HE WAS DISCHARGED BECAUSE HE COULD NOT MEET THE MEDICAL OR PHYSICAL NEEDS, BECAUSE OF HIS INJURIES DURING WORLD WAR ONE. SO FROM THEM, HE WENT TO THE VETERAN’S GUARD AND WITH THE VETERAN’S GUARD HE SERVED AREAS IN WESTERN CANADA AND BRITISH GUINEA. IN BRITISH GUINEA, THAT IS WHERE HE CONTRACTED MALARIA. … [BEING GASSED] BOTHERED HIM FOR THE REST OF HIS LIFE. EVEN AS A CHILD, I REMEMBER WHEN HE WOULD COME IN FROM WORK, HE WOULD GO TO BED IMMEDIATELY. MY MOTHER WOULD PUT PLASTERS ON HIS CHEST SO HE COULD BREATHE, AND SHE WOULD FEED HIM, AND THEN HE COULD GET UP AND GO TO WORK THE NEXT DAY. … AFTER RETURNING – WHEN HE GOT HOME – AND THEN HE MET MY MOTHER, AND THEY GOT MARRIED, I THINK IT SAID IN 1923, AND WHEN HE CAME OUT, BECAUSE HE’D COME OUT FROM ENGLAND. HE WAS BORN IN ENGLAND AND THE FAMILY CAME OUT. HE TOOK UP VIOLLAR FARM, RETURNING FROM THE WAR, AND HIM AND MY MOTHER HOMESTEADED WEST OF FORT MACLEOD AND THEY WERE RAISING WORK HORSES.” JACK WAS MARRIED IN 1923 TO BEATRICE EMILY ALLUM. THE COUPLE HAD SEVERAL CHILDREN: ARTHUR SHIELD, LADY EMILY STONHOUSE (NEE SHIELD), RUTH CADICK (NEE SHIELD), SHIRLEY ELLERMAN (NEE SHIELD), AND EDITH MOYES (NEE SHIELD). JACK DONATED THIS UNIFORM TO THE GALT IN 1965 AND HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 79 ON JULY 7, 1975.
Catalogue Number
P19739409000
Acquisition Date
1973-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY 16 CANADIAN HIGHLANDERS
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1919
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19860153000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY 16 CANADIAN HIGHLANDERS
Date Range From
1917
Date Range To
1919
Materials
WOOL, BRASS, COTTON
No. Pieces
6
Description
.1 JACKET. 70 CM (LTH) X 42 CM (ACROSS SHOULDERS) WOOL, BRASS, COTTON. OLIVE DRAB OR KHAKI LABEL/INSIDE LINING "S.D. JACK...SIZE NO...HEIGHT... 5 BREAST 36 WAIST..." IN INK "125 WAB?" 10 BRASS BUTTON TOTAL WITH "16 CANADIAN SCOTTISH" AND COAT OF ARMS "DEAS GU CATH". COLLAR TABS BRASS ("C BAR 16") EPAULETS BRASS "CANADIAN SCOTTISH" 4 COLLAR HOOKS. BRAIDED COTTON LEFT SHOULDER. 2 CHEVRONS UPPER LEFT & RIGHT SLEEVE. THREE REVERSED CHEVRONS LOWER RIGHT SLEEVE. 4 POCKETS C/W BUTTON FLAPS. TWO BRASS BELT LOOPS AT WAIST. .2 KILT 60 CM (LTH) X 140 CM (UNFOLDED AT WAIST) WOOL, LEATHER, COTTON. BLUE, GREEN, RED, WHITE TARTAN. INKED INSIDE WAISTBAND "1278" OR "12Y8" "736662" "16TH CAN. SCOTTISH 1917" MACKENZIE TARTAN KILT. 2 LEATHER BELTS AND BUCKLES NICKEL PLATED CLASP PIN PITTED AND RUSTED. .3 BELT 119 CM LTH X 4.3 CM WTH LEATHER, BRASS BROWN STAMPED "SERVICE FULL GRAIN BRIDLE LEATHER". DOUBLE HOOK BRASS BUCKLE AND LEATHER RING SEVEN HOLES. .4 CAP 57.2 CM (INCLUDES FLASHES) X 11.7 (WTH) WOOL COTTON ALUMINUM. NAVY BLUE, RED, BLACK CAP OR GLENCARY HAS COAT OF ARMS BADGE ON LEFT SIDE, FASTENED TO CAP WITH BRASS COTTER PIN "DEAS GU CATH" RED WOOL BUTTON ON TOP OF CAP. TWO BLACK TABS OR FLASHES FROM BACK OF CAP, HANG OVER NECK. .5 GARTERS 15.8 CM LTH X 4.5 CM WTH WOOL, COTTON 2 PCES RED WITH WHITE ELASTICISED STRAP GARTERS OR FLASHES ARE STITCHED TO FORM TWO LOOPS AND TWO TAB ENDS WITH FRINGE. ELASTICISED STRAPS SEWN ON.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
MILITARY
History
THIS MILITARY MEMORABILIA IS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST WORLD WAR, SCOTTISH-BORN VETERAN GLEN R. GALL. IN 1916, GALL, A CALGARY RESIDENT, WANTED TO SERVE WITH ONE OF THE CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE’S (CEF) SCOTTISH INFANTRY BATTALIONS AND, CONSEQUENTLY, JOINED THE 113TH LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS. UPON DISEMBARKING IN ENGLAND IN 1916, THE 113TH WAS DISBANDED AND GALL WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE CEF’S 16TH SCOTTISH REGIMENT. GALL SURVIVED THE WAR, RETURNING TO CALGARY IN 1919. PLEASE SEE OTHER DONATIONS BY DR. PETER ALLEN AND ROBINA GUINN TO REFERENCE OTHER ARTIFACTS RELATED TO GLEN GALL’S FIRST WORLD WAR SERVICE. . SEE ALSO HARCOPY FILE. THE MCKENZIE TARTAN IS HISTORICALLY ASSOCIATED WITH SCOTLAND. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVERY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. SHE FOUND AN ENTRY IN THE GELNBOW ARCHIVES FOR FONDS DONATED BY GLEN R. GALL, WITH A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY THAT CONTAINS INFORMATION NOT PREVIOUSLY REFERENCE IN GALT PERMANENT FILES: GLEN RAMSAY GALL WAS BORN IN 1898 IN EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND, AND MOVED WITH HIS FAMILY TO CALGARY AROUND 1912. HE SERVED IN THE 50TH BATTALION CEF DURING WWI. GALL LATER SETTELD IN SAN ANSELMO, CALIFORNIA, AND PASSED AWAY IN 1996. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS IS EXCERPTED FROM CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD'S BOOK 'LETHBRIDGE AT WAR: THE MILITARY HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE FROM 1990 TO 1996' (BATTERY BOOKS & PUBLISHING, 1996). "THE 113TH CANADIAN EXPEDITIONARY FORCE, THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS, WERE ORGANIZED DECEMBER 22, 1915 [AS] PART OF A CANADIAN RECRUITING DRIVE WHERE MEN FROM THE SAME REGION COULD ENLIST AND SERVE TOGETHER. THIS TYPE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT RECRUITING WAS VERY POPULAR AS IT DREW IN FRIENDS, NEIGHBOURS, CO-WORKERS, ETC. WITH THE PROMIS OF SERVING TOGETHER THROUGHOUT THE WAR. THE 113TH CONSISTED OF 883 MEN AND OFFICERS AND HAD ITS BARRACKS AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS IN LETHBRIDGE... BASIC TRAINING IN THE CEF INVOLVED RIFLE TRAINING, BOMBING OR HAND GRENADE PRACTICE, ROUTE MARCHES, RIFLE DRILL AND MANY INSPECTIONS... IN LATE MAY 1916 THE BATTALION MOVED TO SARCEE CAMP OUTSIDE CALGARY FOR FURTHER TRAINING THAT LASTED UNTIL SPETEMBER... ON SEPTEMBER 26TH 1916 THE 113TH EMBARKED ALONG WITH THE 111TH AND 145TH BATTALIONS ON THE SS TUSCANIA... UPON ARRIVING IN ENGLAND THE BATTALION WAS TAKEN TO A HOLDING CAMP AT SANDLING NEAR SHORNCLIFFE... THE COMMANDING OFFICER LEARNED THAT THE 113TH WOULD BE BROKEN UP FOR REPLACEMENTS AND WOULD NOT SEE ACTION AS A UNIT AFTER ALL... THE 113TH WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 17TH RESERVE BATTALION CEF, THE NOVA SCOTIA HIGHLANDERS, AFFILIATED WITH THE SCOTTISH SEAFORTH HIGHLANDERS... ON OCTOBER 12, 1916 MOST OF THE OLD 113TH PROCEEDED TO FRANCE... ALMOST IMMEDIATELY 300 MEN OF THE OLD 113TH WERE ASSIGNED AS REPLACEMENTS TO ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS BATTALIONS IN THE CEF, THE 16TH BATTALION CANADIAN SCOTTISH." SEE GALT ARCHIVES 19861100001-12 FOR PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN BY GALL DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS. SEE PERMANENT FILE P199700810001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF GLENBOW ARCHIVES FONDS DESCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19860153000
Acquisition Date
1986-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON?
Catalogue Number
P19920008008
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
COTTON?
No. Pieces
1
Length
98.0
Description
BLUE COTTON WITH DARKER BLUE WAIST BAND, NUMEROUS HOLES, SOME PATCHED. BRASS SNAP FASTENERS 1 SIDE WITH FLAP, POCKET WITH FLAP OPPOSITE. EYE FASTENERS AT WAIST BAND. STITCHED IN BLUE ON WAIST BAND IS "ARSS 4L". SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. MRS. HALL SERVED OVERSEAS FOR MOST OF THE WAR YEARS ON ACTIVE SERVICE (W.W. I) AS A NURSE FOR THE CANADIAN MILITARY. SEE P19920008001-GA AND P20090010001 FOR MORE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920008008
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
54.0 (W/O SLEEVES)
Width
43.5
Description
BLUE BLOUSE. DOUBLE BREASTED FRONT WITH 6 BUTTONS AT EACH SIDE. BUTTONS ARE BRASS WITH MEDICAL CORP INSIGNIA ON THEM. SHOULDERS HAVE EPAULETTES WITH BRASS MILITARY INSIGNIA. EACH HAS A "CANADA" PIN, TWO PIPS INDICATING RANK OF 1ST LIEUTENANT, AND A BRASS BUTTON. ONE POCKET ON RIGHT BREAST. BOTTOM 4 BUTTONS ON RIGHT SIDE MISSING KEY CLASPS; REPLACED BY SAFETY PINS. COLLAR IS HELD WITH 2 LOOP HOOKS; ONE MISSING. RED LINING. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. MRS. HALL SERVED OVERSEAS FOR MOST OF THE WAR YEARS ON ACTIVE SERVICE (W.W. I) AS A NURSE FOR THE CANADIAN MILITARY. SEE P19920008001-GA AND P20090010001 FOR MORE HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19920008002
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19920008001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM, MILITARY (NURSE)
Date Range From
1916
Date Range To
1919
Materials
WOOL, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
80.0
Description
NAVY BLUE CAPE WITH RED LINING & BRASS CLASP. CLASP HAS A LION'S HEAD AT EACH SIDE & JOINED WITH A SHORT CHAIN. 2 LOOP FASTENERS AT COLLAR, 3 BELOW COLLAR. COLLAR HAS MILITARY CUT. CHAIN HANGING LOOP AT BACK INSIDE COLLAR. 2 POCKETS ON RIGHT SIDE INSIDE LINING, 1 ON LEFT SIDE INSIDE LINING. LINING HAS NUMEROUS SMALL HOLES, WORN AROUND COLLAR & LEFT SHOULDER. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
HEALTH SERVICES
History
UNIFORM, NURSING SISTER, CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS, BELONGED TO HELEN (NOBLE) HALL OF TABER, ALBERTA. HELEN SERVED IN CANADA, ENGLAND, AND FRANCE DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR, WITH THE NURSING STAFF, CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS. NICKNAMED “BLUEBIRDS” AFTER THEIR BRIGHT BLUE UNIFORMS, OVER 2500 NURSING SISTERS STAFFED CANADIAN OVERSEAS MEDICAL FACILITIES DURING THE CONFLICT. UPON HER DISCHARGE IN MAY 1919, HELEN NOBLE WAS HIRED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF SOLDIERS’ CIVIL RE-ESTABLISHMENT. DONOR IS SISTER TO UNIFORM'S FORMER OWNER (DECEASED) MRS. HELEN HALL (NEE NOBLE) FROM TABER AREA. FOR MORE INFO & PHOTO REFER TO ARCHIVAL DONATION MADE IN 1999 AND P20090010001.
Catalogue Number
P19920008001
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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