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Other Name
BEADED MAN'S
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS BEADS, BUCKSKIN
Catalogue Number
P19641155000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BEADED MAN'S
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
GLASS BEADS, BUCKSKIN
No. Pieces
1
Description
SIZE 38 BEAD, BUCKSKIN, CLOTH LINED WITH COTTON, TRIMMED WITH BLACK VELVET AROUND EDGES, BACK FACED WITH BLACK VELVET COVERED WITH AN OPEN MESH DESIGN IN WHITE BEADS. GEOMETRIC PANELS IN BLUE, RED, GREEN, YELLOW BEADS ON BACK. FRONT PANELS COMPLETELY COVERED IN BEADWORK WITH GEOMETRIC & CURVO-LINEAR DESIGNS, FEATHERED HEAD-DRESS MALE PROFILE FIGURE ON EACH FRONT PANEL. FIGURE IS DONE IN RED, BLUE, WHITE, YELLOW, GREEN, PINK AND GILDED BEADS. BACKGROUND OF SOLID WHITE BEADS TRIMMED WITH GEOMETRIC DESIGN IN RED, GREEN AND GILDED BEADS. FLORAL DESIGN IN RED, BLUE AND GREEN ON EACH PANEL. SMALL PORTION OF BEADS MISSING AT BOTTOM FRONT ON LEFT SIDE AND UPPER LEFT BACK (SHOULDER AREA). CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE - BLACKFOOT. HANDMADE BY MRS. E. BOYCHIEF. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641155000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
MAPLE LEAFS HOCKEY TEAM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL BLEND, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19910055001
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MAPLE LEAFS HOCKEY TEAM
Date
1950
Materials
WOOL BLEND, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
73.5
Description
RED, WHITE & BLUE KNITTED LONG SLEEVE SWEATER WITH LACE-UP "V" NECK & ENLARGED (GUSSETTED) ELBOWS. COLORS ARE REPRESENTED IN STRIPES. FRONT WITH LARGE MAPLE LEAF CREST "LETHBRIDGE" ACROSS LEAF. REVERSE: "CANADA 19" CREST & LETTERS CUT FROM FELT. LACE NOT ORIGINAL & REPAIRS EVIDENT. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
SPORTS EQUIPMENT
Historical Association
SPORTS
History
SWEATER USED BY GOAL KEEPER CARL SORKOSKI (DECEASED CA 1980) OF LETHBRIDGE MAPLE LEAFS HOCKEY TEAM. JERSEY GIVEN TO DONOR BY WIDOW OF ORIGINAL OWNER KARL SOROKOSKI. MCLEAN GIVEN JERSEY ON ACCOUNT OF HIS LONGSTANDING FRIENDSHIP WITH SOROKOSKI AND BECAUSE THEY WERE TEAMMATES. BOTH PLAYED MINOR HOCKEY TOGETHER AND BOTH JOINED THE LEAFS IN 1947 – MCLEAN AS A LEFT WINGER AND SOROKOSKI AS ONE OF TWO GOALIES. MCLEAN FELT SOROKOSKI WAS ONE OF THE BEST GOALKEEPERS HE’D EVER PLAYED WITH. DETROIT TRIED TO RECRUIT HIM, ENTICING HIM TO A SUMMER HOCKEY CAMP, BUT SOROKOSKI CHOSE TO RETURN TO LETHBRIDGE IN ORDER TO RUN THE FAMILY STORE RATHER THAN PURSUE A HOCKEY CAREER. MCLEAN CLAIMED THE JERSEY WAS USED THROUGHOUT THE LIFE OF THE LETHBRIDGE MAPLE LEAFS, BUT THAT ANOTHER (AWAY) JERSEY WAS WORN WHEN THEY REPRESENTED CANADA IN EUROPE. THE WORLD CUP JERSEY WAS NOT UNLIKE THE JERSEYS STILL WORN BY TEAM CANADA TODAY. THE BLUE JERSEYS WERE HELD IN HIGH ESTEEM AND WERE GIVEN TO PLAYERS WHO PLAYED ON THE LEAF’S TEAM. PLAYERS REALLY LIKED THE JERSEY AND WERE PROUD TO WEAR THEM. MCLEAN RECOUNTED PLAYING IN OUTDOOR ARENAS IN THE POURING RAIN WHILE THEY WERE IN EUROPE. THE TEAM, HE CLAIMED, RECEIVED VERY LITTLE FINANCIAL SUPPORT FROM THE CITY OR CANADA WHILE THEY WERE TRAVELING. THEY DID NOT EVEN RECEIVE ENOUGH MONEY TO COVER THE RENT FOR THEIR HOMES IN CANADA. THE MONEY WAS DIVIDED GIVING THE MARRIED MEN AND LITTLE BIT MORE THAN THE SINGLE MEN, AND MOST OF THE PLAYERS HAD TO GET FINANCIAL SUPPORT FROM THEIR FAMILIES AND THE FEW BUSINESS SPONSORS THEY COULD FIND. THE TEAM EVEN BOUGHT THEIR OWN WORLD CUP RINGS WHEN THEY RETURNED BECAUSE THE CITY OFFERED THEM NO FINANCIAL SUPPORT. DONOR’S OWN HOCKEY CAREER INCLUDED STINTS WITH THE BIG 6 LEAGUE IN CALGARY, TEAMS IN NELSON, NANAIMO AND LETHBRIDGE. DONOR WISHES DONATION TO BE ON BEHALF OF DECEASED TEAM MEMBERS.
Catalogue Number
P19910055001
Acquisition Date
1991-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BASEBALL UNIFORM, BUSSEI
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P20110030000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BASEBALL UNIFORM, BUSSEI
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1955
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
2
Description
1. UNIFORM, BASEBALL. LABELLED “UNIQUE CRESTS… TORONTO”, TEAM NAMED ON FRONT OF SHIRT “BUSSEI”, NUMBERED ON SHIRT BACK “11”. (H-78.3 L-88 W-0.9) 2. PANTS OFF WHITE WITH RED PINSTRIPE DOWN LEG, PANT INSIDE WAISTBAND LABELLED “UNIQUE.. TORONTO”, “SIZE 32”. (H-94.5 L-39.2 W-3.4)
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
SPORTS EQUIPMENT
Historical Association
SPORTS
History
UNIFORM WORN BY DONOR ROY SASSA DURING TIME SPENT PLAYING FOR THE, “BUSSEI” BASEBALL TEAM (RAYMOND) IN THE SUGAR BEET LEAGUE. SASSA PLAYED LEFT FIELDER FROM 1953-1955. UNIFORMS WERE DONATED BY THE RAYMOND BUDDHIST TEMPLE AND ARE 100% WOOL. FELLOW, “BUSSEI” TEAMMATE SHIG NAKAGAWA TOLD GALT STAFF IN 2011, “BUSSEI IS A SHORT FORM OF JAPANESE YOUNG BUDDHIST ASSOCIATION OR TO THAT EFFECT”. AS THE YOUNGEST PLAYER ON THE TEAM AT AGE 16, SASSA WAS INCLUDED BECAUSE THEY NEEDED MORE PLAYERS TO FORM A FULL TEAM. OTHER TEAMS IN THE LEAGUE INCLUDED TABER/BARNWELL, MAGRATH, PICTURE BUTTE, RAYMOND, LETHBRIDGE AND COALDALE. NAKAGAWA SAID, “OUR PARENTS WERE THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THIS TEAM. THEY WERE THE RIGOROUS SUPPORTERS. MIND YOU WE HAD TO WORK THE SUGAR BEETS TO GO OUT TO THIS. WE PUT OUR SHARE IN.” PLAYERS ON THE TEAM WOULD WORK DURING THE DAY IN THE SUGAR BEET FIELDS, AND GO TO PRACTICES AFTER WORK. SASSA SAID, “WELL IT WAS ONLY ON SUNDAYS THAT WE PLAYED [GAMES], AND IF WE HAD TO GO OUT OF TOWN, YOU’D HAVE TO LEAVE QUITE EARLY. YOU WOULD DO A FEW ROWS OF BEETS BEFORE YOU LEFT AND QUICKLY EAT, AND THEN GET CHANGED, AND MEET AT THE CHURCH AND AWAY WE’D GO.” THE TEAM NEVER TOOK A BUS [BUT] INSTEAD CARPOOLED. SASSA SAID, “A LOT OF THESE OLDER GUYS HAD FAMILY CARS THEY WERE ABLE TO DRIVE. LIKE MYSELF I WAS TOO YOUNG AND NEVER HAD A CAR, SO I WOULD ALWAYS GET A RIDE. IT WAS NO PROBLEM. THE PROBLEM WAS A SHORTAGE OF MONEY, AND I REMEMBER COMING HOME FROM PICTURE BUTTE, OR COALDALE, OR TABER AND IT’S EVENING AND IT’S TIME TO STOP FOR DINNER. THEY WOULD ALWAYS WANT TO STOP IN AT THE CHINESE RESTAURANT IN LETHBRIDGE. I WOULDN’T HAVE ANY MONEY, BUT THESE OLDER GUYS WOULD HAVE THE MONEY, AND THEY WOULD ALWAYS FORCE ME INTO GOING INTO THE RESTAURANT TO BUY ME SUPPER. AND I TELL YOU I’LL NEVER FORGET THE FELLAS THAT PAID MY LUNCHES AND SUPPERS AND THINGS LIKE THAT. IT WAS HARD. SO NOW, WHEN I TOOK MY BOYS OUT OF TOWN TO HOCKEY TOURNAMENTS AND HOCKEY GAMES, THERE’S ALWAYS SOME PEOPLE THAT DIDN’T SEND THEIR CHILDREN WITH MONEY AND IT DIDN’T BOTHER ME ONE BIT TO BUY THEM LUNCHES AND MEALS WHEREVER WE WENT. IT JUST DIDN’T BOTHER ME AT ALL.” SASSA SAID, “MY FATHER WAS A BALL PLAYER IN VANCOUVER AND HIM AND I, WE’D PLAY CATCH AND BAT THE BALL AROUND AND THAT’S HOW I GOT INTERESTED IN IT, AND I LIKED THE SPORT AND EVEN TO THIS DAY I ENJOY BASEBALL.” THE RAYMOND TEAM HAD A STRONG SENSE OF CAMARADERIE. WHEN ASKED ABOUT HIS STRONGEST MEMORY FROM THE TEAM, SASSA SAID, “THE BOND, FOR ME ANYWAYS, AND HOW I WAS TREATED. YEAH, THEY TREATED ME JUST… JUST LIKE A BROTHER I GUESS. THAT’S HOW I REMEMBER IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION AND 2011 MUSEUM INTERVIEW WITH NAKAGAWA AND SASSA, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20110030000
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
76.2
Width
50.8
Description
PONCHO OR CAPE. THE TOP COMPLETED BEADED IN AN INTRICATE GEOMETRIC PATTERN USING MANY DIFFERENT COLOURED BEADS. LEATHER THONG FRINGES ALONG EDGES. BOTTOM HAS BEIGE COTTON LINING (BROWN WITH AGE). HOLE IN THE CENTRE WITH BLACK CLOTH LINING. FRINGE SEPARATING FROM LEATHER BODY; DRYING. SMALL HOLE IN BEADING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ACQUIRED FROM JOE HEALY A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER BY DONOR'S HUSBAND HERBERT HUSBAND ABOUT 1912. SEE P197800207000-GA FOR HISTORY. ON 26 JANUARY 2011, GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS PROFILED THIS CAPE (P19780209000) AS PART OF HER CURATOR PRESENTS’ FAKES AND FORGERIES PROGRAM. AITKENS WAS INFORMED BY COLLECTIONS STAFF THAT THE CAPE WAS FEATURED IN A GALT-SUBMITTED, LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ARTICLE (ON FILE), AUTHORED BY FORMER GALT STAFF MEMBER DR. JANAY NUGENT IN 1999. MRS. PAULINE DEMPSEY, GRANDDAUGHTER OF JOE HEALY, RECALLED IN FEBRUARY 2011 THAT SHE CONTACTED DR. NUGENT AFTER THE ARTICLE’S PUBLICATION TO INFORM HER HAT SHE QUESTIONED THE ARTICLE-CLAIMED MAKER(S) OF THE CAPE, FEELING IT WAS NOT OF BLACKFOOT DESIGN. JOE HEALY, ACCORDING TO DEMPSEY, TRAVELLED EXTENSIVELY AND SHE THOUGHT IT WAS MORE LIKELY THAT THE CAPE WAS GIVEN TO HIM WHEN HE VISITED OTHER TRIBES. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON DONORS META AND HERBERT HUSBAND, AS PROVIDED BY KOOTENAI BROWN PIONEER VILLAGE CURATOR FARLEY WUTH ON 17 FEBRUARY 2011, CAN BE FOUND IN THE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI (BLOOD TRIBE), AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THIS CAPE IS FULLY BEADED AND IS WORN OVER ELKS HIDE; DEER HIDE DRESS, OR CLOTH DRESS. TRADITIONAL GEOMETRIC AND NATURALISTIC MOTIFS ARE COMBINED INTO A DISTINCTIVE AND PERSONAL CREATIVE EXPRESSION. THIS TYPE OF CAPE IS WORN BY YOUNG GIRLS; THE PATTERNS AND SYMBOLS TELL STORIES THAT HONOUR HER COMMUNITY, HER FAMILY, AND HER ANCESTORS. THE END RESULT IS BOTH A CREATION OF UTILITARIAN AND AESTHETIC VALUE. THE BREAK IN PATTERN ON THE NAPE AREA IS DELIBERATE – THE UNIQUE SIGNATURE OF THE ARTIST WHO CREATED THE PIECE. THIS METHOD OF ‘AUTHENTICATING’ IS COMMONLY USED BY KAINAI BEADERS." *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHO WAS PURPORTEDLY THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS CAPE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
Acquisition Date
1978-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1971
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
98
Width
59
Description
RED WOOL COAT WITH BROWN EDGING AT CUFFS AND ON TWO FRONT POCKETS; COAT HAS RED ZIPPER RUNNING DOWN FRONT; COAT HAS BROWN STITCHED DETAILING ON FRONT WITH A FLOWER WITH STEM ON BOTH SIDES OF ZIPPER, AND SINGLE BROWN HUMMINGBIRDS ON BOTH FRONT POCKETS. POCKETS HAVE WHITE COTTON LINING INSIDE. COAT HOOD HAS BLACK-TIPPED, BROWN FUR TRIM. INSIDE COAT SLEEVES IS WHITE ELASTIC LINING. INSIDE COAT IS RED LINING. BACK OF JACKET HAS THREE PANELS WITH BROWN STITCHED DETAILING, ON FIRST AND THIRD PANELS ARE SINGLE BEAVERS AND ON SECOND PANEL IS TREE STUMP. SEWN INSIDE COAT ON BACK IS BLACK TAG WITH YELLOW EBROIDERED TEXT “ORIGINAL CREE INDIAN GARMENT HANDCRAFTED BY THE BEAVER LAKE INDIAN BAND OF ALBERTA, AMISK”, WHITE TAG WITH BLACK BILUNGUAL ENGLISH/FRENCH TEXT “BEAVER LAKE FASHIONS & SPORTSWEAR, BOX 1207 LAC LA BICHE, ALBERTA, T0A 2C0, STYLE 2053, SIZE L, SHELL 100% PRIME NEW ZEALAND PURE VIRGIN WOOL, LINING, FACE: NYLON, QUILL: NEW FORTEL, MADE IN CANADA, DRY CLEAN ONLY”, AND WHITE TAG WITH BLACK TEXT UNDER FIRST WHITE TAG “NOT TO BE REMOVED UNTIL SOLD BY RETAIL AND DELIVERED, THIS LABEL IS AFFIXED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT OF CANADA, THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS NEW MATERIALS ONLY”. COAT HAS FRAYING THREADS INSIDE SLEEVES, INSIDE LOWER TRIM, AND INSIDE AT COLLAR; ZIPPER PULL HAS PAINT CHIPPED SHOWING SILVER METAL UNDER RED; COAT HAS LINING SEPARATED FROM OUTER SHELL ON THE INSIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON AUGUST 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RAYMOND AND INGRID SPEAKER REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF A CREE-MADE WOOL COAT. SPEAKER WAS RAISED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WAS ELECTED A MINISTER IN THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT IN 1963 WITH THE SOCIAL CREDIT PARTY. SPEAKER WAS INVOLVED WITH THE FORMATION OF THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN 1967. RAYMOND SPEAKER PROVIDED BACKGROUND ON THE COAT IN HIS POSSESSION, NOTING, “ONE OF [THE] PROJECTS [I WORKED ON AS A MINISTER] WAS TO HAVE A NATIVE PROJECT THAT PRODUCED THESE JACKETS…AFTER THAT, I BOUGHT ONE FOR MY WIFE, AND ONE FOR MYSELF FOR, I THINK, $100.00 EACH [IN 1971].” “I‘D HAVE TO SAY WE DIDN’T [WEAR THE COATS ANNUALLY], AND NOT BECAUSE OF ANY REASON. JUST BECAUSE YOU HAD ONE JACKET THAT YOU USUALLY PICKED UP OUT OF THE CLOSET AND, ON THE FARM, YOU HAVE THIS ONE THAT YOU GO OUTSIDE, AND MUCK AROUND IN, AND GET DIRTY. IF THEY HAD BEEN HANGING IN THE RIGHT PLACE [WE MIGHT HAVE WORN THEM MORE]…WE KEPT THEM IN THE CAR” INGRID STATED, “THEY ARE VERY WARM. YOU ALMOST NEED 20- 30 BELOW WEATHER, SO WHEN WE WERE TRAVELING, MANY A TIME, WE TOOK THEM WITH US, KNOWING THEY WOULD SEE US THROUGH VERY COLD WEATHER…THEY ARE ALSO A BIT HEAVY, SO FOR SHOPPING YOU’D PROBABLY HAVE SOMETHING ELSE WITH YOU. THEY’RE VERY WARM.” “WE WORE THEM [TO GREY CUP GAMES] AND JUST ABOUT FROZE. WHEN IT WAS BITTERLY COLD, AT THAT GREY CUP GAME, WE WORE THEM. WE WORE THEM TO A HOCKEY GAME IN CALGARY. WHENEVER YOU WERE TOUGH TRAVELING, KNOWING THERE WAS A TWO HOUR TRIP TO THE FARM, YOU ALWAYS FELT SAFE WITH THIS.” RAYMOND ADDED, “A FELLOW BY THE NAME OF NEIL GILLIETTE BROUGHT THEM TO MY OFFICE IN EDMONTON, WHEN I WAS THE MINISTER, SO I PAID HIM THE CHEQUE BECAUSE I HAD SEEN THEM WHEN I HAD TRAVELED INTO THE NORTH. I HAD SEEN THEM AT THAT TIME, AND I SAID, 'OH, MAN, I’D SURE LIKE TO HAVE THOSE COATS.'…WE DIDN’T BUY THEM DIRECTLY…FROM THE FACTORY.” “THE REASON I HAD IT…WAS THAT I FELT THAT, IF SOMEBODY CHALLENGED ME ABOUT SOME OF THE NATIVE PROJECTS WE DID, I COULD SAY, 'LOOK, HERE’S A PROJECT THAT HAPPENED, THAT WORKED. WE DID IT.' WE TRIED TO MEET ALL THE OBJECTIVES OF SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-MANAGEMENT, FULLY-FUNDED PROJECT THAT SHOULD HAVE WORKED. IT WORKED FOR A WHILE, BUT, ALL-OF-A-SUDDEN, IT DIDN’T.” THE DONOR ELABORATED ON HIS TIME AS AN ALBERTA GOVERNMENT MINISTER AND THE PROJECTS THAT LED TO THE CREATION OF THE COAT, “I WAS ASSOCIATED WITH PRESTON MANNING, WHO WAS THE SON OF THE PREMIER OF THE PROVINCE. AT THE TIME, HE AND I WERE AT UNIVERSITY TOGETHER, AND TALKED A LOT ABOUT GOVERNMENT AND WHAT FORMATS GOVERNMENT SHOULD TAKE, NOT ONLY PROVINCIALLY BUT FEDERALLY. IN 1967, BETWEEN PRESTON, HIS DAD, AND MYSELF, AND ONE OTHER RESEARCHER, ERIC SCHMIDT, WE DECIDED THAT THE SOCIAL CREDIT GOVERNMENT SHOULD HAVE A NEW OBJECTIVE, AND BE DEFINED IN A BETTER AND CLEARER WAY THAN IT WAS. [THE PARTY] NEEDED TO BE RE-VITALIZED IN TERMS OF ITS OBJECTIVE. WORKING TOGETHER WITH THESE FOUR PARTICIPANTS, WE CAME UP WITH A WHITE PAPER, CALLED THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT, IN MARCH OF 1967, AND PRESENTED IT TO THE ALBERTA LEGISLATURE. THERE WAS ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE PROVINCE. AT THE SAME TIME, THE PEOPLE OF THE PROVINCE NEEDED A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF ATTENTION IN TERMS OF SOCIAL GROWTH, AND SO WE SAID TO OURSELVES, THERE MUST BE SOME WAY OF INTEGRATING ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. THE WHITE PAPER DOES THAT. IT TALKS ABOUT IF YOU CAN GROW THE ECONOMY OF THE PROVINCE, YOU SHOULD ALSO PARALLEL THAT WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT GROWTH. IN THE WHITE PAPER, WE SET OUT THAT OBJECTIVE, IN 1967. AFTER THE LEGISLATURE ACCEPTED THE PAPER, THEN WE HAD TO DEVELOP IT. I WAS APPOINTED, SHORTLY AFTER THAT, THE MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND ONE OF MY RESPONSIBILITIES WAS TO DEVELOP THE CONCEPTS OF THE WHITE PAPER. IN ORDER TO BRING TOGETHER ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, WE SET UP A BODY CALLED THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, AND IT HAD HUGE POWERS TO CHANGE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF GOVERNMENT, REORGANIZE THE BUDGETING OF THE GOVERNMENT, AS A WHOLE, TO FOCUS ON THIS NEW OBJECTIVE. I WAS THE CHAIRMAN OF THAT HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.” “THE FIRST ASSIGNMENT, WHEN I GOT ELECTED IN 1963, [WAS] I MET WITH MR. MANNING, AND HE SAID, ‘I NEED HELP – SOMEBODY TO DO NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT – HELP WITH THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, WITH THE ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS, AND WITH THE NEW FARMERS. THERE’S A WHOLE AREA. WE’VE PUT HOMESTEADERS INTO NEW AREAS, AND THEY’RE ALL HAVING TROUBLE. WHAT I’D LIKE YOU TO DO IS GO OUT AND SEE WHAT YOU CAN DO –GO OUT AND VISIT THESE COMMUNITIES.'” “HERE WAS A FARM KID – NEVER HAD THAT EXPERIENCE BEFORE – HAD NO IDEA WHAT WAS NORTH OF EDMONTON. I THOUGHT IT WAS ALL BUSH…ALL OF A SUDDEN, I WAS MEETING ALL THESE GREAT PEOPLE THAT HAD NEEDS, AND WERE TRYING TO ACHIEVE, IN VERY DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES. BECAUSE I…HAD MET PEOPLE ON ALL OF THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, GOT TO KNOW PEOPLE BECAUSE OF THAT, MET A BUNCH OF ABORIGINAL PEOPLE AND GOT TO KNOW THE COMMUNITIES OF THE NORTH, THEN WHEN I WAS APPOINTED MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, I HAD BACKGROUND. I AUTOMATICALLY FELL INTO IT. RATHER THAN DOING SOUTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, I WAS DOING NORTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, AND ENJOYED IT VERY MUCH. IT WAS A GREAT EXPERIENCE, WONDERFUL PEOPLE…WITH GREAT AMBITIONS, AND THEY NEEDED OUR HELP. THAT’S WHY I GOT INVOLVED IN IT.” “ONE OF THE PROGRAMS THAT WE ESTABLISHED…WAS TO WORK AND COOPERATE WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAD SET UP WHAT WAS CALLED SPECIAL AREAS ACROSS CANADA THAT THEY FELT NEEDED EXTRA FOCUS, FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. ALBERTA, BECAUSE IT HAD ECONOMIC GROWTH AT THE TIME, WAS JUST ABOUT LEFT OUT OF THE FORMULA. THE BLOOD RESERVE WAS A BENEFACTOR OF THAT SPECIAL AREAS.” “THE OTHER PROGRAM WAS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. THERE [WERE] A LOT OF METIS SETTLEMENTS, ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS – ALSO SOME NEW HOMESTEAD SETTLEMENTS – THAT NEEDED SPECIAL ATTENTION. WHAT I DID, AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, ESTABLISHED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS, TO GO INTO THESE DIFFERENT AREAS. ONE OF THESE AREAS THAT HAD A COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICER WAS THE COMMUNITY OF SLAVE LAKE…THESE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS WERE TO TRY AND FOCUS THIS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE WHITE PAPER THAT WE HAD PRESENTED.” “I HAD HEARD THAT THE [FEDERAL] MINISTER, THE HONORABLE MR. MARCHAND, MIGHT BE OPEN TO A LITTLE SPECIAL AREA IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. WE HALF-SUGGESTED TO HIM, VERBALLY, ON THE PHONE, 'WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT SLAVE LAKE?' HE THOUGHT IT WAS NOT A BAD IDEA. I SAID TO MY STAFF IN SLAVE LAKE, 'LET’S PUT TOGETHER A PROPOSAL, AND GO TO OTTAWA, AND PRESENT IT TO MR. MARCHAND.' WE PUT THE PROPOSAL TOGETHER, BUT WE ALSO FOUND OUT THAT [MANCHARD’S] DEPUTY MINISTER…WAS ANTI-ALBERTA. HE’D WORKED IN ALBERTA; HE DIDN’T LIKE ALBERTA VERY MUCH, AND HE WASN’T IN FAVOR OF ANY SPECIAL AREA FOR THE NORTHERN PART OF OUR PROVINCE. I THOUGHT WE’VE GOT TO GET AROUND [HIM]…HAVE A MEETING WITH THE MINISTER, WITHOUT THE DEPUTY MINISTER. I ARRANGED FOR THE MEETING AT 9 O’CLOCK IN OTTAWA. I GOT ON THE PLANE AT MIDNIGHT, FLEW DOWN [TO OTTAWA] WITH TWO OF MY STAFF, WALKED OFF THE AIRPLANE, [AND] DRAGGED ME INTO HIS OFFICE. I SAID TO HIM, 'WE’RE HERE. WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT A SPECIAL AREA, ESPECIALLY SLAVE LAKE. WOULD YOU BE INTERESTED?'” “[HE SAID] 'OH, RAY, I WOULD LOVE TO DO THAT.' I SAID, 'IF WE HAD A PROPOSAL, WOULD YOU ACCEPT IT, AND COULD WE MOVE ON IT, AND WOULD YOU BE BEHIND IT?' [MANCHARD SAID] 'RAY, I’D ENDORSE IT RIGHT NOW, IF YOU HAD A PROPOSAL.' I OPENED MY BRIEFCASE, AND PUT IT ON THE TABLE. I SAID, 'HERE’S THE FIRST ONE.' IT WAS FOR $4,000,000, SO THEN WE STARTED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE SLAVE LAKE AREA, WITH THIS $4,000,000 PROJECT. ONE OF THE ITEMS WAS METIS/ABORIGINAL…ASSISTING THEM IN DEVELOPING A BUSINESS CLIMATE TOWARD SELF-SUFFICIENCY.” “WE WERE MOST LIKELY ONE OF THE FIRST PROJECTS THAT WERE IMPLEMENTED IN CANADA. WE HAD THE AUTHORITY TO SPEND THE MONEY AS WE SAW FIT. THERE WAS VERY LITTLE INTERVENTION FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THEY LET US DO WHAT WE WANTED TO DO, SO ONE OF THE RESULTS OF THAT WAS THIS MANUFACTURING OF JACKETS BY ABORIGINAL LADIES.” “THE OTHER PART OF [THIS PROGRAM]…THERE WAS A SPECIAL AREA HERE IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE PROVINCE. THE OTHER PROJECT WE PUT TOGETHER WITH JEAN CHRETIEN WAS A PROJECT ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. WE SET UP KAINAI INDUSTRIES. THIS WAS THE BUILDING OF HOMES, AND WE BUILT A WHOLE BUNCH OF HOMES. WE HAD TRUDEAU, THE OLDER FATHER, COME OUT AND CUT THE RIBBON, AND WE BUILT THE FACTORY. THE FEDERAL [GOVERNMENT PUT IN] ONLY ABOUT $100,000 INTO IT, BUT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUILT THE FACTORY. THEY PUT A SUM OF MONEY IN THE BANK TO OPERATE IT, AND DID ON-SITE TRAINING FOR THE NATIVE PEOPLE TO RUN THE THING. WE HAD THE FOX BROTHERS RUN IT TO BEGIN WITH…THAT WAS ONE OF THE OTHER SPIN-OFFS OF THIS SPECIAL AREA OF CANADA THAT I WAS INVOLVED IN. IT WAS ANOTHER WAY THAT WE FELT WE COULD DO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WITH THE ABORIGINAL PEOPLE.” “THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR THE JACKETS. THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR PRE-BUILT HOMES. KAINAI INDUSTRIES SOLD THOUSANDS OF HOMES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY WERE GOOD CONSTRUCTION, GOOD QUALITY HOMES.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE MOTIVATION FOR DONATING THE COAT, RAYMOND SPEAKER STATED, “WE’RE MAKING A MAJOR MOVE FROM OUR HOMESTEAD FARM…[IT] WAS HOMESTEADED BY MY GRANDFATHER IN 1908…MY FATHER TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1925, AND I TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1975. NOW WE’RE MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE...WE’RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH ISSUES AND STORAGE THINGS...THE JACKETS ARE PART OF THAT ACCUMULATION.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170027000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
Acquisition Date
2017-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SET, “ROLLERBLADE”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2010
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON, FOAM
Catalogue Number
P20100050001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SET, “ROLLERBLADE”
Date Range From
1999
Date Range To
2010
Materials
PLASTIC, NYLON, FOAM
No. Pieces
2
Height
8
Length
25.5
Width
97
Description
PAIR OF BLACK ROUND PLASTIC SHIELDS MOUNTED TO BLACK PADDED COTTON SLEEVES. BACKING OF SLEEVES IS ELASTICIZED. STRIPS OF VELCRO ARE SEWN TO THE FRONT OF SLEEVES ABOVE AND BELOW PLASTIC SHIELDS. EACH SLEEVE HAS TWO BLACK WOVEN ELASTICIZED STRAPS WITH GREY STRIPES, ATTACHED AT TOP AND BOTTOM. ENDS OF STRAPS HAVE WHITE LABELS READING “ROLLERBLADE”, AND VELCRO SEWN TO OPPOSITE SIDES. SCUFFS AND GENERAL WEAR ON THE PLASTIC SHIELDS, AND WEAR ALONG EDGES OF FABRIC AND VELCRO. OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
SPORTS EQUIPMENT
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
THESE KNEE PADS WERE USED BY SERGEANT GEORGE CARSCADDEN DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE LETHBRIDGE REGIONAL POLICE TACTICAL UNIT FROM 1999 TO 2012. CARSCADDEN JOINED THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE IN 1997, AFTER WORKING WITH THE PEEL REGIONAL POLICE SERVICES IN THE GREATER TORONTO AREA FROM 1988 TO 1997. DURING HIS CAREER IN PEEL, CARSCADDEN RECEIVED SPECIAL TRAINING, INCLUDING COMPLETING THE FBI’S OBSERVER/SNIPER COURSE, WHICH INFORMED HIS APPLICATION AND ACCEPTANCE TO THE TACTICAL UNIT IN LETHBRIDGE. CARSCADDEN DESCRIBED HIS USE OF THESE KNEE PADS AS SUCH: “I PUT THEM ON AND I WEAR THEM UNDERNEATH MY PANTS… THEY PROTECT YOUR KNEES. IF YOU’RE ON AN UNSTABLE PLATFORM, YOU NEED YOUR KNEES. AND THE MORE PROTECTION WE CAN MAKE FOR OURSELVES, THE LONGER YOU CAN LAST IN DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTS… THESE ONES I BOUGHT AT THE SKATEBOARD SHOP… NOW, THEY HAVE [PROPER] TACTICAL KNEEPADS. THAT’S THE CHANGE THAT I’VE SEEN WITH GEAR AND EQUIPMENT. IT’S GOT MORE SPECIALIZED AND PURPOSEFUL FOR THE OFFICER.” ON JULY 28, 2015 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED SGT. CARSCADDEN ABOUT HIS SERVICE WITH THE LRPS TACTICAL UNIT. CARSCADDEN SAID: “FIRST OF ALL, I JUST WENT AS A QUARRY… ALL DIFFERENT SPECIALTY UNITS THAT HAVE SOME KIND OF TACTICAL SCENARIO LIKE TO HAVE QUARRIES TO [HELP TRAIN THEM] TO DO THEIR JOB BETTER, SO I THOUGHT ‘I’LL GO WORK AS A QUARRY TO SHOW THEM I’M INTERESTED’. A QUARRY IS GENERALLY A BAD GUY – YOU PRETEND YOU’RE HIDING, OR MOVING OR YELLING OR RUNNING AWAY AND TRYING TO EVADE THEM, AND THEY ARE TRYING TO CAPTURE YOU… IT TOOK A COUPLE OF YEARS, BUT I WAS FORTUNATE ENOUGH… IN THE MOVEMENT OF THE TEAM THAT THERE WERE [POSITIONS OPEN]… THERE IS A PHYSICAL, AND INTERVIEW, SOME TESTS… I WENT THROUGH AND STUDIED, AND DID THE BEST THAT I COULD… MAKING SURE YOU ARE IN GOOD PHYSICAL SHAPE BECAUSE YOU ARE CARRYING AN EXTRA 50 POUNDS OF GEAR… THAT’S JUST THE GEAR THAT YOU ARE CARRYING ON YOURSELF, NOT A RAM OR DIFFERENT TYPE OF EQUIPMENT THAT YOU MIGHT BE MOVING INTO PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS… I WAS AROUND 35 [YEARS OLD]. I WAS AN OLDER GUY APPLYING FOR THIS POSITION, BUT I WAS IN GOOD SHAPE AND HAD SOME GOOD EXPERIENCES THAT MADE ME COMPETITIVE, SO I DON’T THINK YOUR AGE TAKES YOU OUT OF THE EQUATION IF YOU ARE REALLY DETERMINED.” CARSCADDEN CONTINUED: “I’VE HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE IN A LOT OF DIFFERENT POSITIONS WITHIN [THE TACTICAL] UNIT… I STARTED OFF AS AN ASSAULTER… THE PERSON WHO CARRIES ALL THE GEAR, SO YOU’RE IN THE BACK… THE LAST PERSON THAT COMES IN. IT’S A GOOD POSITION TO START OFF WITH. IT MAKES IT SAFER FOR WHEN YOU’RE GOING INTO THESE HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENTS… FROM THERE I WAS GIVEN THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE OBSERVER, THEN A SNIPER, THEN FROM THERE… A BREECHER. SO YOU ARE BREECHING DOORS AND WINDOWS. [THEN] I WENT TO THE FRONT OF THE TACTICAL LINE-UP, WHICH IS THE SCOUT… THEN THE LAST SIX YEARS THAT I WAS ON THE TACTICAL TEAM, I WAS THE PERSON IN CHARGE, THE TEAM LEADER… AND I WAS RUNNING OPERATIONS IN CONJUNCTION WITH OUR CANINE UNIT AND OUR EXPLOSIVES DISPOSAL UNIT… THE TRAINING IS REALLY GOOD. [THE TEAM] TRAINS EVERY TWO WEEKS, AND DO LOTS OF MOVEMENTS AND SHOOTING AND TACTICS. IT’S A PERISHABLE SKILL, THAT IF YOU DON’T REPEAT AND PRACTICE IT ALL THE TIME, IT DIMINISHES… PRACTICE IS IMPORTANT. IT ALLOWS YOU TO BE BETTER AT YOUR GAME... YOU NEED TO HAVE A MINDSET [OF] BEING NOT ONLY PHYSICALLY TOUGH, BUT MENTALLY TOUGH, WHEN YOU DEAL WITH THINGS IN A HIGH-RISK ENVIRONMENT… YOU’VE GOT TO HAVE A LITTLE BIT OF DRIVE TO GET YOU THROUGH THINGS.” CARSCADDEN CONCLUDED: “ONE OF THE THINGS I’M PROUD OF ON THE TACTICAL SIDE IS THAT I WAS THE OFFICER WHO WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING LESS LETHAL CAPABILITY TO THE TEAM… [WE] MAKE THE DIFFERENCE IN SAVING SOMEBODY’S LIFE. WE HELP THEM THROUGH THAT TIME OF NEED… WE HAVE ESTABLISHED WHERE, IN THE PAST IF THAT PERSON COULD HAVE ACTUALLY BEEN SHOT AND INJURED, IF NOT FATALLY SHOT, THAT PERSON NOW CAN BE DEALT WITH A LESS LETHAL MEANS… WE ARE ABLE TO RESTRAIN, ARREST, WITH THESE LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES. THAT MAKES THE DIFFERENCE FOR THEM… THE EXPERIENCES THAT I HAD IN PEEL [SHOWED ME LESS LETHAL CAPABILITIES] IN OPERATION AND HOW IT WORKED… THEY WERE ONE OF THE FIRST SERVICES IN CANADA TO HAVE THE RUBBER BULLET… WHEN YOU’RE LOOKING AT DIFFERENT TACTICS AND HOW YOU CAN DO IT BETTER, THAT WAS ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I RECOGNIZED, THAT [LETHBRIDGE] COULD BRING THIS ON. IT WOULD BE BETTER FOR OUR TEAM AND OUR COMMUNITY: AS OPPOSED TO SHOOTING SOMEBODY AND STOPPING THEM THAT WAY, WE COULD USE THE [RUBBER BULLET] OR BEANBAG ROUND AND THAT WOULD BE ABLE TO HELP STOP THESE PEOPLE [BUT] SAVE THEIR LIVES… IT REALLY OPENS PEOPLE’S EYES WHEN THEY SEE THAT THERE’S A LOT OF OTHER RESOURCES AVAILABLE TO PUT IN PLACE FOR DIFFERENT TACTICS. AND WHEN PEOPLE SEE THERE’S ANOTHER WAY OF DOING BUSINESS, IT’S HELPFUL FOR US TO PROGRESS AND PUSH FORWARD… THESE PIECES OF EQUIPMENT ARE HERE TO ALLOW US TO KEEP THINGS CONTROLLED AND TO MAKE US DO OUR JOB BETTER… I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO BE INVOLVED WITH A VERY SPECIALIZED UNIT AND I’M VERY PROUD OF IT.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20100050001
Acquisition Date
2010-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

6 records – page 1 of 1.