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Other Name
WHAT THE FRACK HAPPENED?
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20160014000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WHAT THE FRACK HAPPENED?
Date
2014
Materials
COTTON, POLYESTER, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
3
Length
77.7
Width
86.8
Description
.1: VEST. PATCHWORK OF VARIETY OF MATERIALS AND TEXTURES. CLOSES AT FRONT WITH A LARGE BLUE, CIRCULAR, CONVEX BUTTON, WITH THREE SMALL STONES IN THE CENTRE OF THE BUTTON. A PIECE OF VELVET TRIM LOOPS AROUND THE BUTTON TO CLOSE. A WHITE PAPER TAG (P20160014000.2) HANGS FROM THIS BUTTON. FRONT DEPICTS A NATURE SCENE. ALONG TOP OF VEST, FABRIC IS PINK AND PURPLE, POSSIBLY DEPICTING A SUNRISE OR SUNSET. ON WEARER’S LEFT THERE IS A NATURE SCENE OF A PINE TREE AND ROCKS, WHICH HAS BEEN APPLIQUED AND EMBROIDERED ONTO VEST. LIGHT BROWN YARN DEPICTS THE TREE’S ROOTS, WHICH GO DOWN FROM THE TREE INTO A GREEN SECTION ON THE VEST. THERE ARE SEVERAL BUTTONS AND SMALL ROCKS OF VARIOUS COLOURS SEWN ONTO THIS GREEN SECTION. BELOW THIS IS A BLUE STRIPE, THEN A SECTION OF MULTIPLE SHADES OF BROWN, INCLUDING ONE SECTION THAT IS VERY TEXTURED AND IS LIKELY PAINTED/DYED TYVEK. THE WEARER’S LEFT SIDE DEPICTS A FARMING SCENE WITH MOUNTAINS IN THE BACKGROUND. BELOW THAT IS A CONTINUATION OF THE BLUE STRIPE FROM THE RIGHT SIDE. THEN THERE IS A SECTION OF MULTIPLE SHADES OF BROWN AND PURPLE. THERE IS ALSO ANOTHER SECTION OF PAINTED/DYED TYVEK ON THIS SIDE, WHICH IS PURPLE IN COLOUR AND THERE ARE SEQUINS, BUTTONS, AND SMALL ROCKS SEWN INTO AND ONTO THIS PURPLE SECTION. BACK OF VEST DEPICTS CONSEQUENCES OF FRACKING. TOP OF VEST ON BACK IS A SHADE OF PURPLE/PINK, WITH BLACK NETTING OVER IT. THERE ARE TWO BRIDGE TRUSSES ON THE WEARER’S RIGHT SIDE AND TWO GAS RIGS ON THE WEARER’S LEFT SIDE. BELOW THIS IS A STRIPE OF GOLD RIBBON, WITH 5 GOLD COLOURED KEYS AND FIVE SQUARE WOODEN BUTTONS ATTACHED HORIZONTALLY ACROSS THE VEST. BELOW GOLD STRIPE IS A PATCHWORK OF A VARIETY OF MATERIALS AND TEXTURES AND COLOURS INCLUDE VARIOUS SHADES OF PURPLE, GREEN, BLUE, RED, PINK, YELLOW, AND BROWN. MOST OF THE DIFFERENT PIECES OF MATERIAL ARE BORDERED WITH A RED FRINGE TRIM. ON WEARER’S LEFT SIDE, BELOW ARM HOLE, IS A SMALL SECTION OF BLUE FABRIC WITH THREE SMALL SEA SHELLS SEWN ON. BOTTOM RIGHT HAND CORNER OF THE BACK OF VEST HAS A MEDIUM SIZED WHITE AND RED BUTTON (P20160014000.3). INSIDE OF VEST LINED WITH BLACK NETTING ON THE FRONT AND WITH GOLD, BLACK, AND RED NETTING ON THE BACK. .2: TAG. WHITE, HEAVY PAPER. HANDWRITTEN IN BLUE INK “CREATED BY CHERYL ATKINSON, BEV HALL, FRANCES SCHULTZ.” REVERSE HAS HANDWRITTEN IN BLUE INK “ART VEST. $200.XX” WITH 26-14 TYPED IN BLACK INK. 3.8CM LONG X 6.5CM WIDE .3: BUTTON: ROUND BUTTON, WHITE BACKGROUND. DEPICTS A GAS RIG WITH A RED DIAGONAL LINE ACROSS THE RIG. TEXT OF BUTTON READS: “WWW.NODRILLINGLETHBRIDGE.CA”. 6.5CM DIAMETER
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION COMES FROM AN INTERVIEW WITH THE DONOR, CHERYL ATKINSON, CONDUCTED BY KEVIN MACLEAN IN MAY 2016. THIS VEST WAS CREATED AS PART OF AN ART GARMENT CHALLENGE PUT FORWARD BY THE TEXTILE SURFACE DESIGN GUILD. CHERYL WAS BOTH A PARTICIPANT AND AN ORGANIZER OF THIS ART CHALLENGE. CHERYL INDICATED THAT “PART OF THE CHALLENGE WAS TO WORK WITH OTHER MEMBERS OF THE GROUP WHO, MAYBE YOU HADN’T SPENT TIME TRYING TO WORK COLLABORATIVELY WITH.” IN JANUARY 2014 THE GUILD GOT TOGETHER TO DETERMINE THE WORKING GROUPS AND THE THEMES THAT WOULD BE WORKED ON, BASED ON “WHAT THEIR INTERESTS WERE IN LIFE. SO, SOME PEOPLE CHOSE GARDENING, ANOTHER GROUP DID ART, LIKE PURE ART, AND OUR GROUP CHOSE THE ENVIRONMENT. AND, AT THE TIME, THE ENVIRONMENT IN LETHBRIDGE WAS UNDER THREAT, IN QUESTION BECAUSE THERE WAS A COMPANY THAT WAS PLANNING TO DO DIRECTIONAL DRILLING, FRACKING, IN WEST LETHBRIDGE, AND ONE OF THE MEMBERS WHO JOINED OUR GROUP WAS PARTICULARLY CONCERNED ABOUT IT, SO WE THOUGHT THAT WOULD BE A GOOD SOURCE OF INSPIRATION FOR OUR ART GARMENT.” PART OF THE REASON THE GUILD WANTED TO DO A COLLABORATIVE PROJECT LIKE THIS IS BECAUSE THE GROUP HAD GROWN CONSIDERABLY IN SIZE: “OUR GROUP HAS EXPANDED A LOT. IN THE LAST NUMBER OF YEARS WE WENT FROM A GROUP OF ABOUT FIFTEEN PEOPLE TO A GROUP OF ABOUT FORTY PEOPLE, SO IT’S HARD TO GET TO KNOW FORTY PEOPLE INTIMATELY, SO WE WERE TRYING TO FIND A WAY TO CONNECT WITH EACH OTHER, LEARN MORE ABOUT OUR INTERESTS. AND SO, WE JUST, LIKE, HAD A CONVERSATION AND PEOPLE WERE TALKING ABOUT THINGS THEY WERE INTERESTED IN, AND THEN WE STARTED, I THINK WE PASSED AROUND A LIST OF, JUST LIKE A SHEET THAT PEOPLE WOULD WRITE DOWN KIND OF TOPICS OF THEIR INTEREST, AND THEN WE JUST STARTED MATCHING THEM UP, AND THEN WE PUT, WE DIDN’T WANT TO HAVE LIKE TEN PEOPLE ON ONE PROJECT AND ONE ON ANOTHER, SO WE TRIED TO SORT OF SPLIT THEM UP IF PEOPLE PUT DOWN MORE THAN ONE AREA OF INTEREST. SO, ENVIRONMENT JUST TURNED OUT TO BE FRANCES [SCHULTZ], BEV [HALL] AND I SO.” CHERYL INDICATED THAT THE ENVIRONMENT WAS ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT TO GROUP MEMBER BEV HALL: “I THINK THAT THE ISSUE ABOUT THE FRACKING CAME UP AS WE DISCUSSED, LIKE, WHAT WE WERE GOING TO DO ABOUT THE VEST … BEV FOR INSTANCE, LOVES TO HIKE IN THE MOUNTAINS AND THAT SHE FEELS CONNECTED TO THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. AND I AM INTERESTED IN THINGS LIKE HERITAGE PLANTS AND NATIVE SPECIES AND THINGS LIKE THAT. I DON’T THINK ANY OF US HAD ANY, LIKE, WE’RE NOT TRAINED ENVIRONMENTALISTS IN ANY WAY. IT JUST SEEMED THAT THAT WAS AN AREA OF INTEREST THAT WE COULD USE AS A FOCUS FOR ART.” TO CREATE THE VEST, THE THREE WOMEN DIVIDED UP THE WORK: “WE DECIDED THAT TOGETHER WE WOULD MAKE A PATTERN AND CREATE THE SHAPE OF THE GARMENT. AND THEN, WE HAD A VERY TIGHT TIME PRESSURE, WE HAD SIX WEEKS TO FINISH IT … SO, WE DECIDED TO PARCEL IT OUT INTO PIECES. SO, FRANCES DID THE BACK, BEV DID THE SHOULDER AREA AT THE FRONT, AND I DID THE LOWER AREA AT THE FRONT. AND THEN BEV SEWED IT TOGETHER, AND THEN I EMBELLISHED IT AT THE END.” TO MAKE THE VEST, THE WOMEN USED FABRIC FROM THEIR COLLECTIONS: “WE KIND OF LOOKED AT THE MATERIALS THAT WE HAD, AND WE HAD QUITE A SELECTION! … AND TRIED TO DECIDE WHAT KINDS OF COLOURS OR TEXTURES, THINGS THAT WE COULD DRAW FROM ON OUR OWN PIECES, AND SOMETIMES WE SHARED THEM WITH THE OTHER PEOPLE THAT WERE – YOU KNOW, IF A PIECE OF MY FABRIC FIT BETTER IN BEV’S AREA, THEN I JUST GAVE HER, AND SHE COULD DECIDE WHETHER SHE’D USE IT OR NOT. AND THEN WE EACH TOOK OUR BITS HOME. BEV DID HER PART FIRST, AND THEN I ADDED MINE TO IT, SO SHE STARTED ON THE FRONT AND THEN I ADDED LATER, AND FRANCES DID THE BACK INDEPENDENTLY OF EACH OTHER. SO WE REALLY DIDN’T KNOW WHAT THE WHOLE PIECE WAS GOING TO LOOK LIKE UNTIL IT CAME TOGETHER AS ONE. AND THEN, ONCE THE PIECE WAS TOGETHER, IT WAS MEANT TO BE SHOWED AT THE TEXTILE GUILD MEETING IN MARCH, AND WE HAD A LITTLE FASHION SHOW, AND WE SHOWED IT OFF, AND RESULTING FROM THE PIECES THAT CAME TOGETHER AT THAT TIME, WE HAD A, WE WERE INVITED TO SHOW THE ARTWORK IN THE DISPLAY CASES AT CASA FOR SIX WEEKS.” CHERYL DESCRIBES THE PIECE: “SO THE IMAGERY IN THE PIECE, AT THE FRONT, WE HAVE THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA REPRESENTED ON THE TOP, THE SHOULDER AREAS. SO, THE MOUNTAINS, THE COULEES, THE TREES, THE VALLEY, THE WATER. AND THEN IT GOES DOWN TO THE LOWER, WHAT WE WOULD IMAGINE THE UNDERGROUND LAYERS LOOK LIKE IN THE EARTH, THE GEOLOGY, THE WATER TRAVELLING UNDERGROUND, THE ROCKS THE SOIL, THINGS LIKE THAT. AND THEN ON THE BACK SIDE OF THE VEST, WE SEE ALL OF THAT DISRUPTED DURING THE FRACKING PROCESS. WE SEE FRACTURING HAPPENING. THE WATER AND THE EARTH ARE GETTING ALL MIXED TOGETHER AND DAMAGED AND, THE BIG EMBELLISHMENT ACROSS THE BACK, THERE IS A SERIES OF GOLD KEYS RIGHT ACROSS THE BACK OF THE VEST, AND THEY ARE, ACTUALLY, WE HAD JUST MOVED OUT OF THE BOWMAN ARTS CENTRE AT THAT PERIOD IN TIME, AND WE HAD A LOT OF STUDIO KEYS LEFT OVER THAT WE DIDN’T KNOW WHAT TO DO WITH, SO WE JUST SEWED THEM ON THERE, AND THEY REPRESENT THE DRILLING COMPANY THAT WAS PROPOSING TO DO THE FRACKING IN WEST LETHBRIDGE. SO, IT’S SUBTLE, BUT THERE IS KIND OF A MESSAGE THERE. AND THERE’S ALSO A BUTTON ON THE BACK FROM THE ANTI-FRACKING CAMPAIGN.” CHERYL WAS MADE CUSTODIAN OF THE VEST BECAUSE SHE WAS “SORT OF THE PROJECT LEADER … IT WAS ALSO MEANT TO FIT ME, SO I THINK THAT’S ALSO WHY I AM THE ONE THAT HAS CUSTODY OF IT.” SHE IS PROUD OF HOW THE GROUP COLLABORATION TURNED OUT AND FINDS IT A LITTLE DIFFICULT TO PART WITH THE VEST: “IT IS HARD TO PART WITH IT, BUT I CAN’T, I MEAN IT’S SORT OF A SNAPSHOT IN TIME. I MEAN IT WAS SOMETHING THAT WAS VERY CURRENT AND IMPORTANT, AND I THINK WE ADDED SOMETHING TO THE CONVERSATION BY HAVING THIS ON DISPLAY AT THE TIME WHERE DECISION MAKING WAS HAPPENING. BUT I DON’T REALLY KNOW, LIKE I’M NOT GOING TO WEAR IT TO CHURCH ON SUNDAY OR SOMETHING, (LAUGHS) SO, I DON’T REALLY KNOW WHAT ELSE TO DO WITH IT SO.” INCLUDED IN THE DONATION PAPER WORK IS A SMALL DESCRIPTION OF THE VEST, FROM WHEN IT WAS DISPLAYED. THE TEXT READS AS FOLLOWS: “WHAT THE FRACK HAPPENED? CHERYL ATKINSON, BEV HALL, FRANCES SCHULTZ OUR WORLD IS A FRAGILE HOME. HOW WE EXPLOIT IT CAN HAVE DRASTIC EFFECTS FAR INTO THE FUTURE. THIS GARMENT IS AN ARTISTIC RESPONSE TO THE CURRENT, MAJOR ISSUE FACING THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE. THE FRONT DEPICTS THE NATURAL GEO-LANDSCAPE OF THE CITY – PRISTINE SCENERY ABOVE GROUND AND THE MANY DIFFERENT GEOLOGIC LAYERS UNDERGROUND. THE BACK ATTEMPTS TO DEPICT WHAT FRACKING MIGHT DO TO THESE GEOLOGIC LAYERS, AS WELL AS THE THREAT TO THE SURFACE. HOUSES AND THE UNIVERSITY SIT AMONG OIL WELLS WITH THE GOLDEN KEYS SYMBOLIC OF THE SOURCE OF THE THREAT. MANY SURFACE DESIGN TECHNIQUES HAVE BEEN USED. THESE INCLUDE INDIGO DYEING, SHIBORI DYEING AND DISCHARGING, VEGETABLE PRINTING, TYVEK PAINTING WITH HEAT MOLDING, WAX BATIK, DYE PRINTING, BEADING, EMBROIDERY, COUCHING, MARBLING, ETC.” IN THE TEXTILE SURFACE DESIGN GUILD SPRING 2014 NEWSLETTER THE EXHIBIT IS DESCRIBED: “VESTED INTERESTS IS A COLLECTION OF ART GARMENTS CREATED COLLABORATIVELY BY TSDG MEMBERS. EACH VEST LOBBIES PASSIONATELY FOR A PERSONAL INTEREST HELD BY THE CREATIVE TEAM BEHIND ITS DESIGN. ON DISPLAY IN THE 2ND FLOOR SHOWCASE AT CASA UNTIL APRIL 26.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPY OF INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT, THE EXHIBIT DISPLAY TEXT, AND THE TEXTILE SURFACE DESIGN GUILD SPRING 2014 NEWSLETTER.
Catalogue Number
P20160014000
Acquisition Date
2016-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1971
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
98
Width
59
Description
RED WOOL COAT WITH BROWN EDGING AT CUFFS AND ON TWO FRONT POCKETS; COAT HAS RED ZIPPER RUNNING DOWN FRONT; COAT HAS BROWN STITCHED DETAILING ON FRONT WITH A FLOWER WITH STEM ON BOTH SIDES OF ZIPPER, AND SINGLE BROWN HUMMINGBIRDS ON BOTH FRONT POCKETS. POCKETS HAVE WHITE COTTON LINING INSIDE. COAT HOOD HAS BLACK-TIPPED, BROWN FUR TRIM. INSIDE COAT SLEEVES IS WHITE ELASTIC LINING. INSIDE COAT IS RED LINING. BACK OF JACKET HAS THREE PANELS WITH BROWN STITCHED DETAILING, ON FIRST AND THIRD PANELS ARE SINGLE BEAVERS AND ON SECOND PANEL IS TREE STUMP. SEWN INSIDE COAT ON BACK IS BLACK TAG WITH YELLOW EBROIDERED TEXT “ORIGINAL CREE INDIAN GARMENT HANDCRAFTED BY THE BEAVER LAKE INDIAN BAND OF ALBERTA, AMISK”, WHITE TAG WITH BLACK BILUNGUAL ENGLISH/FRENCH TEXT “BEAVER LAKE FASHIONS & SPORTSWEAR, BOX 1207 LAC LA BICHE, ALBERTA, T0A 2C0, STYLE 2053, SIZE L, SHELL 100% PRIME NEW ZEALAND PURE VIRGIN WOOL, LINING, FACE: NYLON, QUILL: NEW FORTEL, MADE IN CANADA, DRY CLEAN ONLY”, AND WHITE TAG WITH BLACK TEXT UNDER FIRST WHITE TAG “NOT TO BE REMOVED UNTIL SOLD BY RETAIL AND DELIVERED, THIS LABEL IS AFFIXED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT OF CANADA, THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS NEW MATERIALS ONLY”. COAT HAS FRAYING THREADS INSIDE SLEEVES, INSIDE LOWER TRIM, AND INSIDE AT COLLAR; ZIPPER PULL HAS PAINT CHIPPED SHOWING SILVER METAL UNDER RED; COAT HAS LINING SEPARATED FROM OUTER SHELL ON THE INSIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON AUGUST 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RAYMOND AND INGRID SPEAKER REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF A CREE-MADE WOOL COAT. SPEAKER WAS RAISED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WAS ELECTED A MINISTER IN THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT IN 1963 WITH THE SOCIAL CREDIT PARTY. SPEAKER WAS INVOLVED WITH THE FORMATION OF THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN 1967. RAYMOND SPEAKER PROVIDED BACKGROUND ON THE COAT IN HIS POSSESSION, NOTING, “ONE OF [THE] PROJECTS [I WORKED ON AS A MINISTER] WAS TO HAVE A NATIVE PROJECT THAT PRODUCED THESE JACKETS…AFTER THAT, I BOUGHT ONE FOR MY WIFE, AND ONE FOR MYSELF FOR, I THINK, $100.00 EACH [IN 1971].” “I‘D HAVE TO SAY WE DIDN’T [WEAR THE COATS ANNUALLY], AND NOT BECAUSE OF ANY REASON. JUST BECAUSE YOU HAD ONE JACKET THAT YOU USUALLY PICKED UP OUT OF THE CLOSET AND, ON THE FARM, YOU HAVE THIS ONE THAT YOU GO OUTSIDE, AND MUCK AROUND IN, AND GET DIRTY. IF THEY HAD BEEN HANGING IN THE RIGHT PLACE [WE MIGHT HAVE WORN THEM MORE]…WE KEPT THEM IN THE CAR” INGRID STATED, “THEY ARE VERY WARM. YOU ALMOST NEED 20- 30 BELOW WEATHER, SO WHEN WE WERE TRAVELING, MANY A TIME, WE TOOK THEM WITH US, KNOWING THEY WOULD SEE US THROUGH VERY COLD WEATHER…THEY ARE ALSO A BIT HEAVY, SO FOR SHOPPING YOU’D PROBABLY HAVE SOMETHING ELSE WITH YOU. THEY’RE VERY WARM.” “WE WORE THEM [TO GREY CUP GAMES] AND JUST ABOUT FROZE. WHEN IT WAS BITTERLY COLD, AT THAT GREY CUP GAME, WE WORE THEM. WE WORE THEM TO A HOCKEY GAME IN CALGARY. WHENEVER YOU WERE TOUGH TRAVELING, KNOWING THERE WAS A TWO HOUR TRIP TO THE FARM, YOU ALWAYS FELT SAFE WITH THIS.” RAYMOND ADDED, “A FELLOW BY THE NAME OF NEIL GILLIETTE BROUGHT THEM TO MY OFFICE IN EDMONTON, WHEN I WAS THE MINISTER, SO I PAID HIM THE CHEQUE BECAUSE I HAD SEEN THEM WHEN I HAD TRAVELED INTO THE NORTH. I HAD SEEN THEM AT THAT TIME, AND I SAID, “OH, MAN, I’D SURE LIKE TO HAVE THOSE COATS.”…WE DIDN’T BUY THEM DIRECTLY…FROM THE FACTORY.” “THE REASON I HAD IT…WAS THAT I FELT THAT, IF SOMEBODY CHALLENGED ME ABOUT SOME OF THE NATIVE PROJECTS WE DID, I COULD SAY, “LOOK, HERE’S A PROJECT THAT HAPPENED, THAT WORKED. WE DID IT. WE TRIED TO MEET ALL THE OBJECTIVES OF SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-MANAGEMENT, FULLY-FUNDED PROJECT THAT SHOULD HAVE WORKED. IT WORKED FOR A WHILE, BUT, ALL-OF-A-SUDDEN, IT DIDN’T.” RAYMOND SPEAKER ELABORATED ON HIS TIME AS AN ALBERTA GOVERNMENT MINISTER AND THE PROJECTS THAT LED TO THE CREATION OF THE COAT, “I WAS ASSOCIATED WITH PRESTON MANNING, WHO WAS THE SON OF THE PREMIER OF THE PROVINCE. AT THE TIME, HE AND I WERE AT UNIVERSITY TOGETHER, AND TALKED A LOT ABOUT GOVERNMENT AND WHAT FORMATS GOVERNMENT SHOULD TAKE, NOT ONLY PROVINCIALLY BUT FEDERALLY. IN 1967, BETWEEN PRESTON, HIS DAD, AND MYSELF, AND ONE OTHER RESEARCHER, ERIC SCHMIDT, WE DECIDED THAT THE SOCIAL CREDIT GOVERNMENT SHOULD HAVE A NEW OBJECTIVE, AND BE DEFINED IN A BETTER AND CLEARER WAY THAN IT WAS. [THE PARTY] NEEDED TO BE RE-VITALIZED IN TERMS OF ITS OBJECTIVE. WORKING TOGETHER WITH THESE FOUR PARTICIPANTS, WE CAME UP WITH A WHITE PAPER, CALLED THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT, IN MARCH OF 1967, AND PRESENTED IT TO THE ALBERTA LEGISLATURE. THERE WAS ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE PROVINCE. AT THE SAME TIME, THE PEOPLE OF THE PROVINCE NEEDED A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF ATTENTION IN TERMS OF SOCIAL GROWTH, AND SO WE SAID TO OURSELVES, THERE MUST BE SOME WAY OF INTEGRATING ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. THE WHITE PAPER DOES THAT. IT TALKS ABOUT IF YOU CAN GROW THE ECONOMY OF THE PROVINCE, YOU SHOULD ALSO PARALLEL THAT WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT GROWTH. IN THE WHITE PAPER, WE SET OUT THAT OBJECTIVE, IN 1967. AFTER THE LEGISLATURE ACCEPTED THE PAPER, THEN WE HAD TO DEVELOP IT. I WAS APPOINTED, SHORTLY AFTER THAT, THE MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND ONE OF MY RESPONSIBILITIES WAS TO DEVELOP THE CONCEPTS OF THE WHITE PAPER. IN ORDER TO BRING TOGETHER ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, WE SET UP A BODY CALLED THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, AND IT HAD HUGE POWERS TO CHANGE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF GOVERNMENT, REORGANIZE THE BUDGETING OF THE GOVERNMENT, AS A WHOLE, TO FOCUS ON THIS NEW OBJECTIVE. I WAS THE CHAIRMAN OF THAT HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.” “ONE OF THE PROGRAMS THAT WE ESTABLISHED…WAS TO WORK AND COOPERATE WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAD SET UP WHAT WAS CALLED SPECIAL AREAS ACROSS CANADA THAT THEY FELT NEEDED EXTRA FOCUS, FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. ALBERTA, BECAUSE IT HAD ECONOMIC GROWTH AT THE TIME, WAS JUST ABOUT LEFT OUT OF THE FORMULA. THE BLOOD RESERVE WAS A BENEFACTOR OF THAT SPECIAL AREAS.” “THE OTHER PROGRAM WAS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. THERE [WERE] A LOT OF METIS SETTLEMENTS, ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS – ALSO SOME NEW HOMESTEAD SETTLEMENTS – THAT NEEDED SPECIAL ATTENTION. WHAT I DID, AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, ESTABLISHED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS, TO GO INTO THESE DIFFERENT AREAS. ONE OF THESE AREAS THAT HAD A COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICER WAS THE COMMUNITY OF SLAVE LAKE…THESE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS WERE TO TRY AND FOCUS THIS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE WHITE PAPER THAT WE HAD PRESENTED.” “I HAD HEARD THAT THE [FEDERAL] MINISTER, THE HONORABLE MR. MARCHAND, MIGHT BE OPEN TO A LITTLE SPECIAL AREA IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. WE HALF-SUGGESTED TO HIM, VERBALLY, ON THE PHONE, “WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT SLAVE LAKE?” HE THOUGHT IT WAS NOT A BAD IDEA. I SAID TO MY STAFF IN SLAVE LAKE, “LET’S PUT TOGETHER A PROPOSAL, AND GO TO OTTAWA, AND PRESENT IT TO MR. MARCHAND.” WE PUT THE PROPOSAL TOGETHER, BUT WE ALSO FOUND OUT THAT [MANCHARD’S] DEPUTY MINISTER…WAS ANTI-ALBERTA. HE’D WORKED IN ALBERTA; HE DIDN’T LIKE ALBERTA VERY MUCH, AND HE WASN’T IN FAVOR OF ANY SPECIAL AREA FOR THE NORTHERN PART OF OUR PROVINCE. I THOUGHT WE’VE GOT TO GET AROUND [HIM]…HAVE A MEETING WITH THE MINISTER, WITHOUT THE DEPUTY MINISTER. I ARRANGED FOR THE MEETING AT 9 O’CLOCK IN OTTAWA. I GOT ON THE PLANE AT MIDNIGHT, FLEW DOWN [TO OTTAWA] WITH TWO OF MY STAFF, WALKED OFF THE AIRPLANE, [AND] DRAGGED ME INTO HIS OFFICE. I SAID TO HIM, "WE’RE HERE. WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT A SPECIAL AREA, ESPECIALLY SLAVE LAKE. WOULD YOU BE INTERESTED?” “[HE SAID] “OH, RAY, I WOULD LOVE TO DO THAT.” I SAID, “IF WE HAD A PROPOSAL, WOULD YOU ACCEPT IT, AND COULD WE MOVE ON IT, AND WOULD YOU BE BEHIND IT?” [MANCHARD SAID] “RAY, I’D ENDORSE IT RIGHT NOW, IF YOU HAD A PROPOSAL.” I OPENED MY BRIEFCASE, AND PUT IT ON THE TABLE. I SAID, “HERE’S THE FIRST ONE.” IT WAS FOR $4,000,000, SO THEN WE STARTED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE SLAVE LAKE AREA, WITH THIS $4,000,000 PROJECT. ONE OF THE ITEMS WAS METIS/ABORIGINAL…ASSISTING THEM IN DEVELOPING A BUSINESS CLIMATE TOWARD SELF-SUFFICIENCY.” “WE WERE MOST LIKELY ONE OF THE FIRST PROJECTS THAT WERE IMPLEMENTED IN CANADA. WE HAD THE AUTHORITY TO SPEND THE MONEY AS WE SAW FIT. THERE WAS VERY LITTLE INTERVENTION FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THEY LET US DO WHAT WE WANTED TO DO, SO ONE OF THE RESULTS OF THAT WAS THIS MANUFACTURING OF JACKETS BY ABORIGINAL LADIES.” “THE OTHER PART OF [THIS PROGRAM]…THERE WAS A SPECIAL AREA HERE IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE PROVINCE. THE OTHER PROJECT WE PUT TOGETHER WITH JEAN CHRETIEN WAS A PROJECT ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. WE SET UP KAINAI INDUSTRIES. THIS WAS THE BUILDING OF HOMES, AND WE BUILT A WHOLE BUNCH OF HOMES. WE HAD TRUDEAU, THE OLDER FATHER, COME OUT AND CUT THE RIBBON, AND WE BUILT THE FACTORY. THE FEDERAL [GOVERNMENT PUT IN] ONLY ABOUT $100,000 INTO IT, BUT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUILT THE FACTORY. THEY PUT A SUM OF MONEY IN THE BANK TO OPERATE IT, AND DID ON-SITE TRAINING FOR THE NATIVE PEOPLE TO RUN THE THING. WE HAD THE FOX BROTHERS RUN IT TO BEGIN WITH…THAT WAS ONE OF THE OTHER SPIN-OFFS OF THIS SPECIAL AREA OF CANADA THAT I WAS INVOLVED IN. IT WAS ANOTHER WAY THAT WE FELT WE COULD DO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WITH THE ABORIGINAL PEOPLE.” “THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR THE JACKETS. THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR PRE-BUILT HOMES. KAINAI INDUSTRIES SOLD THOUSANDS OF HOMES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY WERE GOOD CONSTRUCTION, GOOD QUALITY HOMES.” “THE FIRST ASSIGNMENT, WHEN I GOT ELECTED IN 1963, [WAS] I MET WITH MR. MANNING, AND HE SAID, ‘I NEED HELP – SOMEBODY TO DO NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT – HELP WITH THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, WITH THE ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS, AND WITH THE NEW FARMERS. THERE’S A WHOLE AREA. WE’VE PUT HOMESTEADERS INTO NEW AREAS, AND THEY’RE ALL HAVING TROUBLE. WHAT I’D LIKE YOU TO DO IS GO OUT AND SEE WHAT YOU CAN DO –GO OUT AND VISIT THESE COMMUNITIES.”” “HERE WAS A FARM KID – NEVER HAD THAT EXPERIENCE BEFORE – HAD NO IDEA WHAT WAS NORTH OF EDMONTON. I THOUGHT IT WAS ALL BUSH…ALL OF A SUDDEN, I WAS MEETING ALL THESE GREAT PEOPLE THAT HAD NEEDS, AND WERE TRYING TO ACHIEVE, IN VERY DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES. BECAUSE I…HAD MET PEOPLE ON ALL OF THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, GOT TO KNOW PEOPLE BECAUSE OF THAT, MET A BUNCH OF ABORIGINAL PEOPLE AND GOT TO KNOW THE COMMUNITIES OF THE NORTH, THEN WHEN I WAS APPOINTED MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, I HAD BACKGROUND. I AUTOMATICALLY FELL INTO IT. RATHER THAN DOING SOUTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, I WAS DOING NORTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, AND ENJOYED IT VERY MUCH. IT WAS A GREAT EXPERIENCE, WONDERFUL PEOPLE…WITH GREAT AMBITIONS, AND THEY NEEDED OUR HELP. THAT’S WHY I GOT INVOLVED IN IT.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE MOTIVATION FOR DONATING THE COAT, RAYMOND SPEAKER STATED, “WE’RE MAKING A MAJOR MOVE FROM OUR HOMESTEAD FARM…[IT] WAS HOMESTEADED BY MY GRANDFATHER IN 1908…MY FATHER TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1925, AND I TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1975. NOW WE’RE MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE – BUILDING A HOME IN CHINOOK HEIGHTS IN LETHBRIDGE, SO WE’RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH ISSUES AND STORAGE THINGS THAT WE HAVE ON THE FARM, THAT HAVE ACCUMULATED OVER THE LAST 50 SOME YEARS. THE JACKETS ARE PART OF THAT ACCUMULATION.” “WE’RE AT THE STAGE WHERE WE’VE GOT TO CUT SOME TIES. WE’RE SAYING, “HOW DO YOU LEAVE THE FARM? AND HERITAGE? AND WALK AWAY FROM IT. YOUR KIDS ARE BUSY IN CALGARY; BUSY IN GRANDE PRAIRIE. WHAT HAPPENS TO IT?” WE’RE AT THAT AGE WHEN YOU’VE GOT TO START CUTTING THE TIES, AND THE HISTORICAL THINGS….I’VE LOOKED OVER [AND] I BROUGHT HOME ABOUT 40 OR 50 BOXES OF THINGS, DURING THIS PERIOD OF TIME, THAT WE STORED IN OUR HOME…AND I’M DOWN TO 5 BOXES. I BURNED THE REST, AND I LOOKED AT IT YESTERDAY, AND I THOUGHT THAT, EVERY TIME I LOOK AT A PIECE OF PAPER, OR LOOK AT SOMETHING, EVERY ONE’S GOT A STORY – EVERY PIECE OF PAPER, OF THINGS THAT HAPPENED, AND PEOPLE THAT DID IT. WE THINK NOW, I GUESS IT’S OVER – IT’S FORGOTTEN – WHO CARES? IT’S NICE THAT YOU CARE, SO THAT’S WHY WE’RE HERE. SOMEBODY CARES A LITTLE BIT ABOUT IT.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170027000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
Acquisition Date
2017-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail