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Other Name
REFEREE VEST
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1924
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19940034004
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
REFEREE VEST
Date Range From
1915
Date Range To
1924
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1+
Length
54.4
Width
45
Description
COTTON VEST WITH VERTICAL BLUE-GREY STRIPES AND RED DOTS ON FRONT PANELS. WHITE COTTON LINING AND BACKING. TWO POCKETS ON EACH SIDE OF FRONT, WITH FIVE SHANK BUTTONS WITH COTTER PINS ALONG FRONT CLOSURE. HALF BELT AT BACK, WITH STEEL ADJUSTING FIXTURE. SOME EDGES OF FABRIC FRAYED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
SPORTS
History
BELONGED TO GRANDFATHER OF DONOR, ALBERT ARNOLD, WHO WORKED FOR CITY OF LETHBRIDGE PARKS DEPARTMENT AND WAS KILLED JULY 30, 1924 WHEN HE FELL FROM A TREE AND HIT CEMENT. VEST MADE BY HIS WIFE, AND WORN AS HE REFEREED FOOTBALL. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A VEST DONATED BY GLADYS CLAY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A FUNERAL ANNOUNCEMENT FROM MARTIN BROTHERS FUNERAL HOME. GLADYS CLAY WAS RAISED ON A FARM OUTSIDE OF LETHBRIDGE AND ATTENDED SCHOOL IN A ONE ROOM SCHOOL HOUSE IN CRYSTAL LAKE. AT THE AGE OF 14 SHE WAS SENT TO LETHBRIDGE TO LIVE WITH HER GRANDMOTHER SO THAT SHE COULD ATTEND LETHBRIDGE COLLEGIATE INSTITUTE. ON NOVEMBER 17, 1945 GLADYS WAS MARRIED TO DONALD “DON” CLAY. GLADYS WAS THE DAUGHTER OF OSCAR WILLETS AND ALICE LUCY EMILY WILLETS (NEE ARNOLD). GLADYS PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 93 ON FEBRUARY 14, 2014. HER HUSBAND DON CLAY PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 8, 2008 AT THE AGE OF 93. OSCAR WILLETS WAS BORN AND RAISED IN ENGLAND, MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1910. IN 1915 HE JOINED THE 39TH BATTALION AND SERVED OVERSEAS DURING WWI. HE WORKED AS A MINER AT NO. 6 MINE FOLLOWING THE WAR, THEN AS A FARMER IN THE SUNNYSIDE DISTRICT STARTING IN 1926. HE RETIRED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1954. OSCAR PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 83 ON MARCH 22, 1975. ALICE LUCY EMILY WILLETS (NEE ARNOLD) WAS BORN AND RAISED IN LONDON, ENGLAND, AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1910. ALICE WAS MARRIED TO OSCAR WILLETS ON SEPTEMBER 30, 1919. SHE WAS THE DAUGHTER OF ALBERT ARNOLD AND ALICE MATILDA ARNOLD (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). ALICE WILLETS PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 85 ON AUGUST 26, 1982. ALICE MATILDA ARNOLD (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN) WAS BORN IN HAVERSHAM, KENT, ENGLAND AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1910. SHE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 82 IN AUGUST 1957. ALBERT ARNOLD PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 50. AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED IN THE HERALD ON JULY 31, 1924 RECOUNTS THE ACCIDENT THAT CAUSED HIS DEATH: “THE DEATH OF ALBERT ARNOLD … AN EMPLOYEE OF THE PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT, OCCURRED LAST NIGHT AT 9:45 AT THE GALT HOSPITAL. MR. ARNOLD WAS ENGAGED IN TRIMMING TREES IN FRONT OF 649 12TH ST., WHEN HE FELL FROM THE LADDER ON WHICH HE WAS WORKING AND STRUCK THE SIDEWALK WITH HIS HEAD, BEING RENDERED UNCONSCIOUS, FROM WHICH STATE HE NEVER EMERGED. HE WAS TAKEN TO THE GALT HOSPITAL WHERE AN EXAMINATION REVEALED A SLIGHT FRACTURE OF THE SKULL. HE WAS OPERATED ON IN THE AFTERNOON IN AN ATTEMPT TO TAKE THE PRESSURE OFF HIS BRAIN CAUSED BY THE FRACTURE, BUT WITHOUT SUCCESS, AND HE DIED AT 9:45PM. MR. ARNOLD, WHO WAS FIFTY YEARS OF AGE, HAD BEEN IN THE CITY THIRTEEN YEARS AND HAD BEEN EMPLOYED BY THE PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT ON AND OFF FOR SEVERAL YEARS. ONLY THE DAY BEFORE HE HAD CELEBRATED THE THIRTIETH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS MARRIAGE.” ANOTHER ARTICLE FROM AUGUST 1, 1924 DISCUSSES THE ACCIDENT FURTHER: “AT AN ENQUIRY HELD ON THURSDAY AFTERNOON BEFORE MAGISTRATE BARKER AS TO WHETHER AN INQUEST ON THE DEATH OF ALBERT ARNOLD WOULD BE NECESSARY, THE MAGISTRATE DECIDED THAT IT WAS A CASE OF ACCIDENTAL DEATH. ACCORDING TO THE EVIDENCE GIVEN, DECEASED ON HAD A 13 FOOT FALL FROM THE POINT OF THE LADDER ON WHICH HE WAS STANDING AT THE TIME HE WAS CUTTING TREES ON TWELFTH ST. SOUTH. GEORGE EDWARDS, WHO WAS HOLDING THE LADDER FOR THE DECEASED, DEPOSED TO HIS HAVING A STRONG GRIP ON IT AND TO ITS NOT SLIPPING. THE DECEASED WAS PRUNING OFF THE LIGHT BRANCHES WITH A PRUNING HOOK AND WAS NOT USING A SAW. ANYTHING OF THE THEORY OF HIS BEING ELECTROCUTED BY THE ELECTRIC WIRES WAS DISSIPATED BY THE EVIDENCE OF ED THEOBALD OF THE CITY ELECTRIC DEPARTMENT, WHO SAID THAT THE WIRE WAS AWAY ABOVE THE TOP OF THE TREE. IT IS PRESUMED THAT DECEASED, WHO HAD NOT BEEN VERY WELL LATELY, HAD A SUDDEN FIT OF VERTIGO. DEATH, ACCORDING TO THE MEDICAL EVIDENCE, RESULTED FROM HEMORRHAGE OF THE BRAIN CAUSED BY THE HEAD OF THE DECEASED STRIKING THE CURB.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A FUNERAL ANNOUNCEMENT FROM MARTIN BROTHERS FUNERAL HOME.
Catalogue Number
P19940034004
Acquisition Date
1994-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TRADITIONAL CHINESE WEDDING OUTFIT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, SILK, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19950073149
  3 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TRADITIONAL CHINESE WEDDING OUTFIT
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
WOOL, SILK, COTTON
No. Pieces
4
Length
78.2
Width
137.2
Description
1. PURPLE WOOL MANDARIN JACKET. BLACK SILK WIDE CUFFS AND TRIM AROUND NECKLINE SIDE CLOSURE, WITH FIVE FROG FASTENERS AND BLACK SILK WIDE TRIM AT BORDER. STRAIGHT SLEEVES AND SLIGHTLY FLARED BODICE. UNLINED; INNER RIGHT BREAST POCKET; HIP LENGTH. FAINT SIGNS OF INSECT DAMAGE WHERE TOP LAYER OF WOOL 2.TROUSERS. 110.5CM L X 66CM W. TRADITIONAL WIDE LEG SILK PANTS. BURGUNDY WITH FLORAL-LEAF PATTERN WOVEN IN. BLACK GEOMETRIC APPLIQUED DESIGN NEAR BOTTOM, WITH WIDE BLACK SILK BAND AT BOTTOM OF LEGS. TRIMMED WITH THIN BLUE AND WHITE HORIZONTAL BANDS. LIGHT BLUE GLAZED COTTON WAISTBAND, WITH PALE BLUE SILK LINING. 3.SKIRT/APRON. 95.3CM L X 170CM W. TRADITIONAL CHINESE SILK WRAP-AROUND SKIRT. WHITE WITH FINE FLORAL PATTERN WOVEN IN. TRIMMED WITH BLACK SILK BORDER, EMBROIDERED WITH BLUE FLORAL PATTERN. BLUE FLOWERS ALSO EMBROIDERED ON WHITE PORTION OF SKIRT. HEAVILY PLEATED WITH FINE PLEATS, EXCEPT TWO PANELS ON SKIRT WHICH HAVE FINELY EMBROIDERED BUTTERFLY PATTERN IN SHADES OF BLUE, PINK, ORANGE, AND GREEN. FUCHSIA SILK LINING. WIDE PALE BLUE COTTON WAISTBAND WITH REMNANTS OF CRIMSON TIES AT ENDS, WHICH HAVE BEEN TORN OFF. HANDMADE. 4. SCARF. 49.2CM X 49.2CM. ROYAL BLUE COTTON SCARF WITH CIRCLE DESIGN WOVEN INTO FABRIC. BUTTON HOLE IN ONE CORNER.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
PERSONAL CARE
History
PIECES OF TWO TRADITIONAL CHINESE WEDDING OUTFITS BELONGING TO THE ING FAMILY (ONE MAN'S, ONE WOMAN'S). *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073149
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
76.2
Width
50.8
Description
PONCHO OR CAPE. THE TOP COMPLETED BEADED IN AN INTRICATE GEOMETRIC PATTERN USING MANY DIFFERENT COLOURED BEADS. LEATHER THONG FRINGES ALONG EDGES. BOTTOM HAS BEIGE COTTON LINING (BROWN WITH AGE). HOLE IN THE CENTRE WITH BLACK CLOTH LINING. FRINGE SEPARATING FROM LEATHER BODY; DRYING. SMALL HOLE IN BEADING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ACQUIRED FROM JOE HEALY A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER BY DONOR'S HUSBAND HERBERT HUSBAND ABOUT 1912. SEE P197800207000-GA FOR HISTORY. ON 26 JANUARY 2011, GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS PROFILED THIS CAPE (P19780209000) AS PART OF HER CURATOR PRESENTS’ FAKES AND FORGERIES PROGRAM. AITKENS WAS INFORMED BY COLLECTIONS STAFF THAT THE CAPE WAS FEATURED IN A GALT-SUBMITTED, LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ARTICLE (ON FILE), AUTHORED BY FORMER GALT STAFF MEMBER DR. JANAY NUGENT IN 1999. MRS. PAULINE DEMPSEY, GRANDDAUGHTER OF JOE HEALY, RECALLED IN FEBRUARY 2011 THAT SHE CONTACTED DR. NUGENT AFTER THE ARTICLE’S PUBLICATION TO INFORM HER HAT SHE QUESTIONED THE ARTICLE-CLAIMED MAKER(S) OF THE CAPE, FEELING IT WAS NOT OF BLACKFOOT DESIGN. JOE HEALY, ACCORDING TO DEMPSEY, TRAVELLED EXTENSIVELY AND SHE THOUGHT IT WAS MORE LIKELY THAT THE CAPE WAS GIVEN TO HIM WHEN HE VISITED OTHER TRIBES. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON DONORS META AND HERBERT HUSBAND, AS PROVIDED BY KOOTENAI BROWN PIONEER VILLAGE CURATOR FARLEY WUTH ON 17 FEBRUARY 2011, CAN BE FOUND IN THE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI (BLOOD TRIBE), AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THIS CAPE IS FULLY BEADED AND IS WORN OVER ELKS HIDE; DEER HIDE DRESS, OR CLOTH DRESS. TRADITIONAL GEOMETRIC AND NATURALISTIC MOTIFS ARE COMBINED INTO A DISTINCTIVE AND PERSONAL CREATIVE EXPRESSION. THIS TYPE OF CAPE IS WORN BY YOUNG GIRLS; THE PATTERNS AND SYMBOLS TELL STORIES THAT HONOUR HER COMMUNITY, HER FAMILY, AND HER ANCESTORS. THE END RESULT IS BOTH A CREATION OF UTILITARIAN AND AESTHETIC VALUE. THE BREAK IN PATTERN ON THE NAPE AREA IS DELIBERATE – THE UNIQUE SIGNATURE OF THE ARTIST WHO CREATED THE PIECE. THIS METHOD OF ‘AUTHENTICATING’ IS COMMONLY USED BY KAINAI BEADERS." *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHO WAS PURPORTEDLY THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS CAPE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
Acquisition Date
1978-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SUMMER DRESS
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19990053009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SUMMER DRESS
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
COTTON, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.0
Length
132.0
Width
49.0
Description
WHITE, COTTON. BODICE AND BOTTOM HALF OF SKIRT HAVE NUMEROUS INTRICATE CUTOUTS AND EMBROIDERY (AN OVERALL FLORAL PATTERN). WAISTBAND AND TOP HALF OF SKIRT HAVE WHITE EMBROIDERED FLOWERS ON THEM WITH TINY CUTOUTS. ABOVE AND BELOW WAISTBAND, DRESS HAS NARROW PLEATS. ELBOW LENGTH SLEEVES END WITH A SCALLOPED EDGE. BOTTOM OF SKIRT HAS A STRAIGHT SOLID BAND AROUND IT. NECKLINE HAS A CROCHETED TRIM AROUND IT. BACK OF DRESS IS OPEN FROM NECKLINE TO HALFWAY DOWN SKIRT; THIS CLOSES WITH NUMEROUS HOOKS AND EYES. TOP OF DRESS IS BEGINNING TO YELLOW. DRESS HAS NUMEROUS TEARS.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
PERSONAL CARE
History
DONOR IS A HIGH SCHOOL PHYS. ED. TEACHER. SHE DID DRAMA IN SCHOOLS AND LOCAL THEATRE, AND ENTIRE COLLECTION WAS GIVEN TO HER BY LOCAL PEOPLE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON DONOR GAIL HOLLAND’S ACQUISITION, STEWARDSHIP AND GENERAL USE OF HER 1999-DONATED COLLECTION PLEASE REFER TO RECORD P19990053001. ***UPDATE: ARTIFACT INSIGHT BELOW SUBMITTED BY DONOR AND COLLECTIONS VOLUNTEER GAIL HOLLAND ON 19 APRIL 2011. “WHITE COTTON EYELET DRESS NOT USED IN A THEATRE PRODUCTION, BUT SERVED AS A REFERENCE FOR POSSIBLE PERIOD COSTUME REPRODUCTION OF CIRCA 1910.”
Catalogue Number
P19990053009
Acquisition Date
2000-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, SILK, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19990053003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Materials
WOOL, SILK, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
10.0
Length
98.0
Width
56.5
Description
MEN'S FROCK COAT. BLACK WOOL. DOUBLE BREASTED; BUTTONS ARE STEEL, OVERLAID WITH BLACK THREAD IN A WEAVE PATTERN. IMPRESSED INTO BACK OF EACH BUTTON IS "CARANTIE * 32 * ". COAT HAS NOTCHED LAPELS, THAT END IN A V-SHAPE. COLLAR IS SLIGHTLY NARROWER THAN LAPELS. THERE ARE TWO BUTTON HOLES ON LAPEL, ONE OF WHICH IS SEWN UP. BELOW WAIST LINE JACKET IS SLIGHTLY FULLER. THERE ARE NO OUTSIDE POCKETS, BUT A WELT POCKET ON EACH INSIDE BREAST. INSIDE OF JACKET IS LINED WITH BLACK SILK, EXCEPT FOR SLEEVES WHICH ARE LINED WITH A WHITE AND BLACK STRIPED COTTON. LINING ON RIGHT ARM IS LOOSE, AND APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN REPAIRED. THERE ARE THREE SMALLER BUTTONS SAME AS ABOVE, ON EACH CUFF, WITH MOCK BUTTONHOLES. BACK OF JACKET, HAS A VENT, ABOVE WHICH ARE 2 BUTTONS (SAME AS ABOVE). EACH 'TAIL' OF VENT HAS A HIDDEN SLIT POCKET ON INSIDE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
PERSONAL CARE
History
ORIGIN DATE OF THIS COAT IS UNKNOWN, BUT FROCK COATS WERE WORN BY MEN FROM THE END OF THE 18TH CENTURY THROUGH THE 19TH CENTURY. COULD HAVE BEEN REPLICATED LATER TO COPY AN EARLIER STYLE. DONOR IS A HIGH SCHOOL PHYS. ED. TEACHER. SHE DID DRAMA IN SCHOOLS AND LOCAL THEATRE, AND ENTIRE COLLECTION WAS GIVEN TO HER BY LOCAL PEOPLE. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON DONOR GAIL HOLLAND’S ACQUISITION, STEWARDSHIP AND GENERAL USE OF HER 1999-DONATED COLLECTION PLEASE REFER TO RECORD P19990053001. ***UPDATE: ARTIFACT INSIGHT BELOW SUBMITTED BY DONOR AND COLLECTIONS VOLUNTEER GAIL HOLLAND ON 19 APRIL 2011. “FROCK COAT WAS USED AS A COSTUME PIECE IN “OLIVER” LETHBRIDGE MUSICAL THEATRE IN 1975 AND WAS WORN BY THE CHARACTER PLAYING OLIVER’S GRANDFATHER.”
Catalogue Number
P19990053003
Acquisition Date
2000-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail