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Other Name
COAT
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
DENIM, CANVAS, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19940008000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COAT
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1960
Materials
DENIM, CANVAS, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Length
67.8
Width
53
Description
BLACK DENIM JACKET HAS POLO COLLAR AND A FLAP POCKET ON EACH SIDE OF THE CHEST. ABOVE THE LEFT POCKET IS A WHITE, YELLOW, RED AND GREEN OVAL BADGE THAT READS "6 LETHBRIDGE DRY GINGER ALE". HAVE ELBOW PATCHES ON SLEEVES THAT EXTEND TO WRISTS. CUFFS HAVE LEATHER TRIM AND FASTEN WITH BUTTON AND HOLE. EACH SLEEVE HAS TWO BLACK BUTTONS. IS SHORT WAISTED JACKET WITH A THICK HEM AROUND THE BOTTOM. FASTENS UP MIDDLE WITH STEEL ZIPPER THAT READS "LIGHTENING" AND "LF" EACH IN TWO PLACES. HAS A KNIFE PLEAT ALONG BOTH SIDES SEAMS IN BACK ALONG WAIST ON EACH SIDE IS TAB THAT FASTENS AT ONE END TO A BUTTON WHICH IS ADJUSTABLE TO ANOTHER BUTTON. INSIDE WAIST ARE TWO TAGS. ONE READS "LETHBRIDGE U198 A WILLIS SEPT 18, 59" ALONG SIDE IS "SPECIAL ORDER 32451". ON BOTTOM IS LOGO. OTHER TAG READS IN BLUE AND GOLD "TIP TOP CLOTHES GOLDEN JUBILEE". INSIDE LINING AROUND EDGES. LINING IS WEARING AND FRAYING. IS MISSING LEFT POCKET BUTTON. EDGES OF ELBOW PATCHES ARE FRAYING. LEATHER TRIM ON WRISTS IS CRACKING. MINOR SOILING ON LEFT SHOULDER.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
USED PRIOR TO 1960 WHEN POP SHOP WAS OPEN. WORN BY DONOR'S FATHER, ALBERT WILLIS, WHO WORKED IN THE POP SHOP AND RETIRED IN 1977. PART OF THE UNIFORM FOR BREWERY WORKERS THAT DELIVERED POP IN THE CITY. THE UNIFORMS WERE CUSTOM MADE FOR THE DRIVERS BY LEO SINGER. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE BREWERY’S PRODUCTION OF SOFT DRINKS, SEE RECORD P19900020003-GA.
Catalogue Number
P19940008000
Acquisition Date
1994-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1999
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19990061009
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1999
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.5
Length
80.5
Width
105.0
Description
NAVY BLUE, COTTON T-SHIRT. IN SILKSCREEN, ON FRONT OF SHIRT, IS "EATON'S" IN BEIGE. BELOW THIS IS A LOWER CASE LETTER "E" INSIDE A CIRCLE, IN LIGHT BLUE. TO THE BOTTOM, RIGHT OF THIS IS "TM" IS LIGHT BLUE. WHITE TAG ON INSIDE, COLLAR READS "HANES" IN RED, AND "BEEFY-T" IN WHITE ON A BLUE BACKGROUND. BELOW THIS READS "ADULT XL (46-48)". THERE IS ANOTHER WHITE TAG BELOW THIS THAT GIVES INFO. ON SHIRT, AND CARE INSTRUCTIONS IN FRENCH AND ENGLISH.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
MUSEUM OBTAINED ITEMS FROM LETHBRIDGE EATON'S STORE IN 1999. DUE TO COMPANY BANKRUPTCY, EATON'S STORES ACROSS CANADA WERE CLOSED, INCLUDING THE LETHBRIDGE LOCATION IN PARK PLACE MALL. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH THE T. EATON COMPANY STORES IN LETHBRIDGE. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE'S EATON'S STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM THE FALL OF 1988. THE T. EATON COMPANY WAS FOUNDED IN TORONTO IN 1869 BY TIMOTHY EATON. THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE EATON'S 'TECO' STORE WAS OPENED IN 1927 IN THE BASEMENT OF THE DOMINION BLOCK ON THE CORNER OF 4 AVENUE AND SIXTH STREET SOUTH. AFTER A FIRE, THE BUILDING WAS RENOVATED AND COMPLETELY TAKEN OVER BY THE EATON'S STORE, WHICH OPERATED IN THAT LOCATION UNDER PERIODIC RENOVATIONS FROM 1929 UNTIL THE OPENING OF THE PARK PLACE MALL IN 1988, IN WHICH EATON'S WAS AN ANCHOR RETAILER. IN 1989 A PORTION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE ART COLLECTION WAS TEMPORARILY PUT ON DISPLAY IN THE VACANT EATON'S BUILDING, AND PROPOSALS WERE MADE TO MAKE THE INSTALLATION PERMANENT, BUT EVENTUALLY THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD AND DEMOLISHED TO MAKE WAY FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A BANK OF MONTREAL BRANCH. IN 1999 THE EATON'S STORE IN PARK PLACE MALL CLOSED JUST PRIOR TO THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BANKRUPTCY OF THE LARGER T. EATON COMPANY LIMITED. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19930072001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19990061009
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1997
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19990061010
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1997
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
80.0
Width
103.5
Description
WHITE, COTTON. IN SILKSCREEN ON FRONT OF SHIRT, IS A RED RECTANGLE. EACH CORNER OF RECTANGLE HAS A BLACK SQUARE WITH A RED HEART IN IT. WITHIN THE RECTANGLE READS "EATON'S ONE SWEET SALE SCRATCH & SAVE UP TO 50% OFF", IN WHITE. ON EITHER SIDE OF THE WORD "SALE" IS THE IMAGE OF BETTY BOOP. ON INSIDE OF COLLAR IS A WHITE TAG THAT IS EMBROIDERED WITH "GILDAN HEAVY WEIGHT PRE-SHRUNK 100% COTTON/COTON U.S.A. COMPONENTS ASSEMBLED IN MEXICO XL/TG". UNDERSIDE OF THIS LABEL GIVES CARE INSTRUCTIONS IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH. T-SHIRT HAS NOT BEEN WORN.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
MUSEUM OBTAINED ITEMS FROM LETHBRIDGE EATON'S STORE IN 1999. DUE TO COMPANY BANKRUPTCY, EATON'S STORES ACROSS CANADA WERE CLOSED, INCLUDING THE LETHBRIDGE LOCATION IN PARK PLACE MALL. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH THE T. EATON COMPANY STORES IN LETHBRIDGE. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE'S EATON'S STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM THE FALL OF 1988. THE T. EATON COMPANY WAS FOUNDED IN TORONTO IN 1869 BY TIMOTHY EATON. THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE EATON'S 'TECO' STORE WAS OPENED IN 1927 IN THE BASEMENT OF THE DOMINION BLOCK ON THE CORNER OF 4 AVENUE AND SIXTH STREET SOUTH. AFTER A FIRE, THE BUILDING WAS RENOVATED AND COMPLETELY TAKEN OVER BY THE EATON'S STORE, WHICH OPERATED IN THAT LOCATION UNDER PERIODIC RENOVATIONS FROM 1929 UNTIL THE OPENING OF THE PARK PLACE MALL IN 1988, IN WHICH EATON'S WAS AN ANCHOR RETAILER. IN 1989 A PORTION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE ART COLLECTION WAS TEMPORARILY PUT ON DISPLAY IN THE VACANT EATON'S BUILDING, AND PROPOSALS WERE MADE TO MAKE THE INSTALLATION PERMANENT, BUT EVENTUALLY THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD AND DEMOLISHED TO MAKE WAY FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A BANK OF MONTREAL BRANCH. IN 1999 THE EATON'S STORE IN PARK PLACE MALL CLOSED JUST PRIOR TO THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BANKRUPTCY OF THE LARGER T. EATON COMPANY LIMITED. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19930072001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19990061010
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNIFORM DRESS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19950073180
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNIFORM DRESS
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
89
Width
71
Description
WHITE COTTON CHEMISE-STYLE UNIFORM DRESS. SHORT SLEEVES WITH UPTURNED CUFFS. COLLAR, WITH TWO PEARL BUTTONS AT NECKLINE. FRONT TUCKS DOWN LENGTH OF FRONT TO HEMLINE. TWO LARGE POCKETS ON SKIRT FRONT. ZIPPER AT BACK. TAG INSIDE NECKLINE WITH "LACROSS PROFESSIONAL UNIFORMS SANFORIZED PLUS WASH AND WEAR". HEM HAS BEEN TAKEN UP SLIGHTLY.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
BELONGED TO DONOR'S MOTHER. MANY NEW IMMIGRANTS FOUND EMPLOYMENT IN THE SERVICE SECTOR, INCLUDING RESTAURANTS, CONVENIENCE STORES, AND LAUNDRIES. THIS UNIFORM BELONGED TO MYRA ING, THE DONOR’S MOTHER. THE FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED SEVERAL GROCETERIAS AND RESTAURANTS IN THE CITY BETWEEN THE 1950'S AND THE 1980'S. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073180
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BEADED MAN'S
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS BEADS, BUCKSKIN
Catalogue Number
P19641155000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BEADED MAN'S
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
GLASS BEADS, BUCKSKIN
No. Pieces
1
Description
SIZE 38 BEAD, BUCKSKIN, CLOTH LINED WITH COTTON, TRIMMED WITH BLACK VELVET AROUND EDGES, BACK FACED WITH BLACK VELVET COVERED WITH AN OPEN MESH DESIGN IN WHITE BEADS. GEOMETRIC PANELS IN BLUE, RED, GREEN, YELLOW BEADS ON BACK. FRONT PANELS COMPLETELY COVERED IN BEADWORK WITH GEOMETRIC & CURVO-LINEAR DESIGNS, FEATHERED HEAD-DRESS MALE PROFILE FIGURE ON EACH FRONT PANEL. FIGURE IS DONE IN RED, BLUE, WHITE, YELLOW, GREEN, PINK AND GILDED BEADS. BACKGROUND OF SOLID WHITE BEADS TRIMMED WITH GEOMETRIC DESIGN IN RED, GREEN AND GILDED BEADS. FLORAL DESIGN IN RED, BLUE AND GREEN ON EACH PANEL. SMALL PORTION OF BEADS MISSING AT BOTTOM FRONT ON LEFT SIDE AND UPPER LEFT BACK (SHOULDER AREA). CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE - BLACKFOOT. HANDMADE BY MRS. E. BOYCHIEF. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641155000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
UNION DAIRY
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19920002000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNION DAIRY
Date
1958
Materials
COTTON, STEEL
No. Pieces
2
Length
84.2
Width
71.5
Description
COTTON GABERDINE APRON WITH NECK & BACK STRAP. LOOPS FOR LEGS. "UNION MILK" EMBROIDERED IN RED THREAD ACROSS CHEST POCKET. POCKETS & SEAMS STICHED IN RE-THREAD, 7 POCKETS. APRON IN KHAKI OR OLIVE GREEN. 2 STEEL LOOPS FOR STRAPS. "M" IN BLACK INK ON INSIDE. 2. BOOK OF MATCHES (FROM INSIDE POCKET): "LFA CLOSE COVER BEFORE STRIKING" ON FRONT. "UNITED FARMERS OF ALBERTA CO-OPERATIVE LIMITED" IN GREEN ON BACK. 3 MATCHES REMAIN; LARGE STAIN ON BACK OF BOOK. "FOREMOST MATCHES, REGINA".
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
MADE IN EDMONTON AB. BY REYNOLDS MFG. CO. DONOR IS A RETIRED DAIRY WORKER WHO DELIVERED MILK IN LETHBRIDGE FOR UNION MILK AND ITS SUCCESSOR COMPANY. APRONS WERE USED TO CARRY MILK TOKENS & MONEY COLLECTED FROM CUSTOMERS FOR MILK & DAIRY PRODUCTS DELIVERY. DONOR USED AN APRON FROM 1958-86, WHEN HE RETIRED. SEE ARCHIVAL PHOTOGRAPH 1991107612751 FOR AN IMAGE OF JIM BROWN IN HIS UNION MILK APRON, DELIVERING MILK TO EVA MERCER. THE IMAGE WAS PART OF A BETA SIGMA PHI SORORITY FUNDRAISING EFFORT RUN IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING AN APRON DONATED BY JIM BROWN. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND FROM AN INTERVIEW WITH JIM’S SON, BRAD BROWN. JAMES “JIM” KING BROWN WAS BORN ON OCTOBER 29, 1918 IN BEDLINGTON, ENGLAND, THE SON OF JOHN AND ELIZABETH BROWN (MAIDEN NAME UNKNOWN). HE IMMIGRATED TO THE COALHURST AREA IN 1926 WHERE HE LIVED UNTIL 1937 WHEN HE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE. IN 1939, JIM ENLISTED IN THE ARMY AND SERVED OVERSEAS FOR SIX YEARS. HE MET JOYCE HATHAWAY IN APRIL 1944 AND THE TWO WERE MARRIED ON OCTOBER 31, 1944. FOLLOWING THE WAR, JIM WORKED A SERIES OF ODD JOBS, FINALLY WORKING FOR CRYSTAL DAIRIES. HIS FRIEND JOHN M. CREDICO WORKED WITH JIM FOR 35 YEARS AT THE DAIRY AND IN AN ARTICLE FROM MARCH 29, 1995 HAD THE FOLLOWING TO SAY ABOUT JIM: “’HE WAS A VERY TRUSTING FRIEND. IF YOU WERE EVER IN TROUBLE, HE’D BACK YOU UP ALL THE WAY.’ IF A CUSTOMER DIDN’T HAVE MILK MONEY, BROWN WAS KNOWN TO LEAVE A FULL BOTTLE ANYWAY. ‘THERE WAS NEVER A TIME WHEN A FAMILY WAS LEFT WITHOUT. HE OFTEN PAID OUT OF HIS OWN POCKET.’” HE RETIRED FROM THE DAIRIES IN 1983. JIM PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 76 ON MARCH 24, 1995. JIM’S SON BRAD HAD THE FOLLOWING TO SAY ABOUT HIS FATHER: “DAD STARTED WITH, ACTUALLY UNION DAIRY, THEN CRYSTAL DAIRY, THEN IT, IT WAS ACTUALLY BOUGHT BY ALL THESE DIFFERENT COMPANIES, BUT, ONE OF THE FIRST JOBS THAT HE HAD WHEN HE GOT OUT OF ACTIVE SERVICE, WORLD WAR II WITH THE CANADIAN ARTILLERY, THIRD ARMY. SO WHEN HE CAME BACK, THERE WAS NOT MUCH WORK, HE WAS JUST JUMPING FROM JOB TO JOB TO JOB, AND HE WORKED, WORKED IN THE AUTO INDUSTRY FOR A WHILE, JUST DOING OIL CHANGES AND WHAT HAVE YOU, BUT THEN HE GOT A JOB WITH UNION DAIRY. NOW, I BELIEVE IT WAS UNION BEFORE IT WAS CRYSTAL, IF IT WAS CRYSTAL BEFORE IT WAS UNION, I CAN’T, I CAN’T REMEMBER. BUT WHEN HE FIRST STARTED, IT WAS HORSE AND WAGON. SO, WHAT THEY WOULD DO, ESPECIALLY WITH THIS APRON, IT WAS ALMOST STANDARD ISSUE TO HAVE SOMETHING ON.” BRAD RECALLED THAT HIS FATHER HAD MANY APRONS LIKE THIS ONE: “HE HAD SEVERAL OF THEM, HE JUST, YOU KNOW, HE, HE’D WEAR ONE UNTIL IT WAS LITERALLY FALLING APART, AND THEN HE’D HAVE ANOTHER ONE IN THE CLOSET. AND DAD WOULD ALWAYS WEAR HIS UNION PINS ON ONE SIDE OF THE APRON, WHERE IT COME AROUND THE NECK. AND HE’D HAVE HIS TEAMSTERS, AND ALL OF HIS, SORT OF MEMBERSHIP BUTTONS ON THERE AS WELL. SO THAT ONE I BELIEVE IS PROBABLY IN THE BEST SHAPE, PROBABLY HE DIDN’T WEAR THAT TOO MUCH. BUT THE APRON WAS USED AS A HOLDER FOR TOKENS AND CHANGE AND A LOGBOOK ALMOST … I THINK THERE’S ACTUALLY FIVE POCKETS AND THAT LARGE FIFTH ONE WAS WHERE HE WOULD HAVE HIS LOG BOOK UP TOP WITH ALL THE PENS, AND YOU CAN SEE WHERE THAT IS. IT WOULD BE QUARTERS IN THE MIDDLE, NICKELS ON THE SIDE, DIMES ON THE SIDE AND THEN THE TOKENS WOULD GO IN THE BOTTOMS.” BRAD RECALLED HOW HE AND HIS BROTHERS WOULD RAID THE APRON FOR CHANGE: “HE WOULD WORK ALMOST A MONTH, AND THERE WOULD ALWAYS BE AN EXTRA, LET’S SAY FIFTEEN TO TWENTY DOLLARS AT THAT END OF THAT MONTH. BECAUSE PEOPLE WOULD GIVE HIM A LITTLE MORE THAN HE NEEDED, AND HE WOULD JUST ACCUMULATE THIS MONEY. AND DAD KNEW WE WERE ACTUALLY GOING BEHIND HIS, WELL HE WOULD HANG IT ON HIS DOOR. STORY HERE, MY MOTHER AND FATHER SLEPT IN DIFFERENT BEDROOMS BECAUSE DAD HAD TO GET UP SO EARLY IN THE MORNING TO BE A MILK MAN. MY MOM NEEDED TO REST, SO SHE COULD SLEEP UNTIL AT LEAST 7 O’CLOCK. AND THE TRICK WAS, DAD WOULD SIT IN THE LIVING ROOM AND WE’D GO SNEAK INTO THE DINING ROOM AND RIGHT TO HIS BEDROOM. AND, AH, OUR DINING ROOM, THERE WAS TWO BEDROOMS RIGHT OFF OF THE DINING ROOM, ONE WAS MY BROTHER’S AND ONE WAS MY DAD’S. AND WE USED TO JUST SNEAK AROUND AND PUT OUR HANDS AROUND THE DOOR AND PULL COINS OUT. AND NOT VERY MUCH AT A TIME YOU KNOW, A NICK, WELL IT WOULDN’T BE A NICKEL, A QUARTER, THIRTY-FIVE CENTS, FORTY CENTS, BLAH, BLAH, BLAH. SOMETHING LIKE THAT. AND WE’D TAKE IT AND WE’D EITHER BUY CONFECTIONARY CANDY, OR WE’D GO PLAY PINBALL DOWN AT THE …CAFÉ OR WHATEVER. WE LIVED RIGHT OFF OF 13TH STREET, SO, MANY, MANY STORES UP AND DOWN THERE GOT THAT MONEY FROM US ALL THE TIME. DAD KNEW IT, DAD KNEW IT ALL THE TIME, BECAUSE HE KNEW, IT WASN’T SHORT, IT WASN’T COMPANY MONEY, IT WAS HIS MONEY. INSTEAD OF HIM BEING BOTHERED ALL THE TIME FOR A NICKEL OR A DIME OR WHATEVER, WITH SIX BOYS, WELL, MY BROTHER MIKE WAS GONE BY THEN. SO HE HAD FIVE BOYS AT THE HOUSE ALWAYS, CONTINUALLY TRYING TO BUM MONEY OFF MY DAD. SO, IT GOT A LITTLE MORE DARING. NOW, THE COINS ARE NOTHING. COINS ARE EASY, BUT HE HAD ACTUAL BILLS, SO HE HAD ONE DOLLAR BILLS AND TWO DOLLAR BILLS AND FIVE DOLLAR BILLS IN HIS LOG BOOK. AND THAT’S WHERE WE – AND IF ANYONE, IT WAS ALMOST A DARE TO GO AND GRAB A DOLLAR. OR A TWO DOLLAR BILL OR A FIVE DOLLAR BILL … HE WAS VERY STRICT, AND HE KNEW DISCIPLINE, AND HE KNEW HOW TO BE POLITE, AND HE KNEW EVERYTHING. BUT STEALING WAS PROBABLY ONE OF THE WORST THINGS, ONE OF THE WORST THINGS. BUT THE OLD ADAGE WAS, HE ALWAYS KNEW WE WERE TAKING THE MONEY. RIGHT, AND, WHEN WE DID GET CAUGHT, AND VERY RARELY WE DID, BECAUSE HE KNEW. HE COULD HEAR THE, HE COULD HEAR THE DOOR RATTLING … YOU KNOW WE’D, AMONG US BROTHERS, WE WOULD, YOU KNOW WE’D TALK AMONG OURSELVES AND NEVER LET DAD IN ON IT, AND THE FUNNY THING ABOUT IT, I LATER, IN LIFE, I TALKED TO HIM ABOUT IT AND HE LAUGHED, HE SAYS, “I KNEW. I KNEW ALL THE TIME.” BECAUSE WE ALL WORKED WITH HIM TOO.” ASKED ABOUT HIS TYPICAL WORK DAY AND WEEK, BRAD ADDED: “THEY WORKED SIX DAYS. THEY WORKED MONDAY TO SATURDAY … AND I REMEMBER WHEN THEY FINALLY GOT THE SATURDAY’S OFF. AND THERE WAS, IT WAS THE GREATEST THING THAT EVER HAPPENED TO HIM. THEN IT GOT TO A POINT THAT THE UNION GOT MORE INVOLVED AND QUALITY OF LIFE GOT A LITTLE BETTER, AND WHAT HAPPENED, THEY GOT WEDNESDAYS OFF TOO SO THEY WOULD GO MONDAY, TUESDAY, THURSDAY, AND FRIDAY WOULD BE A HALF DAY. A HALF DAY, BEING, AND THIS, THIS IS ALMOST THE EVOLUTION OF WHAT WAS GOING ON THEN, THE HOME DELIVERY WAS GETTING PHASED OUT … WELL, DAD, DAD WOULD GET TO THE DAIRY, HE’D BE UP BY, PROBABLY ABOUT 5 O’CLOCK, GET OUT OF THE HOUSE BY 6. THEY’D CAR POOL, GET THERE BY ABOUT TWENTY AFTER SIX. [HE’D] GO IN, HAVE A COFFEE, KIND OF HAVE A BULL SESSION THERE. THEN THEY’D GET ONTO THE DOCKS, LOAD THEIR TRUCKS, COME IN FOR ONE LAST COFFEE KIND OF DEAL AND THEN THEY WOULD TAKE OFF. SO, THEY, IT WAS ALMOST A BY-LAW, AND I DON’T THINK THEY COULD GET GOING UNTIL 7 IN THE MORNING … [DAD WORKED] AS A HOME DELIVERY [MAN]. HE WAS A SUPERVISOR, SO HE DID ALL THE ROUTES, ALL THE WAY THROUGH LETHBRIDGE, SO HE GOT TO KNOW, LIKE EVERYBODY. AT ONE TIME, HE ENDED UP ON THE SOUTH SIDE WITH PEOPLE GIVING HIM KEYS TO GO INTO THE HOUSE TO CHECK THE REFRIGERATOR FOR MILK. AT, AT THE END, HE HAD, I THINK HE SAID ABOUT 265 KEYS ON A RING, AND HE WOULD KNOW WHICH KEY FIT EVERYONE’S HOUSE.” BRAD ELABORATED ON WHAT THE REST OF JIM’S UNIFORM LOOKED LIKE: “DAD ALWAYS WORE A TIE AND SHIRT, SHIRT AND TIE I SHOULD SAY. AND HE WOULD ALWAYS DRESS IMMACULATE (IN THAT KIND OF THING?), HIS SHOES, HIS BOOTS, HIS PANTS, EVERYTHING, HE WOULD ALWAYS KEEP THAT UNIFORM TOGETHER. AND AS THE YEARS WENT ON IT GOT A LITTLE MORE LAX, AND PEOPLE WERE IN SHORTS, YOU KNOW AND RUNNERS, AND STUFF LIKE THAT, AND DAD WOULD NEVER DO THAT. HE WOULD HAVE HIS BOOTS AND YOU KNOW, MOSTLY, MOST OF THE TIME THEY WERE ARMY BOOTS.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P19920002000
Acquisition Date
1992-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANADIAN WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS HAT - W W II
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19890024001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANADIAN WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS HAT - W W II
Date
1942
Materials
WOOL, LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
9.1
Length
27.2
Width
18.9
Diameter
19
Description
KHAKI COTTON & WOOL MILITARY CAP, LEATHER & CANVAS HATBANDS, PEAK BRIM, BRASS PIPS & HAT BADGE: "CANADIAN WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS" INSIDE, "W.15095 PTE. HICKS, L.E." DESIGNATED AS UNIFORM WINTER CAP. STAMPED ON LINER "THE WOLFE CAP CO. MONTREAL, 1942, SIZE 7". ADJUSTABLE LEATHER CHIN STRAP. BROWN NYLON LINER WITH STITCHED LEATHER TRIM.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
THE WOLFE CAP CO. MONTREAL 1942 SIZE 7 DONOR SERVED IN THE CANADIAN WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS DURING W.W.I.I., SERVING IN EUROPE. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS UNABLE TO RETRIEVE CONTACT INFORMATION FOR ORIGINAL DONOR. SERGEANT LAURA E. HICKS SERVED WITH THE CANADIAN WOMEN’S ARMY CORPS DURING WWII. ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND THE GALT ARCHIVES, SGT. HICKS WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE AND SERVED OVERSEAS. CHRISTMAS CARDS HELD IN ARCHIVES INDICATE THAT SHE WAS IN LONDON, ENGLAND AROUND CHRISTMAS 1944. HER DONATED CWAC HAT (P19890024001) HAS HER MILITARY SERVICE NUMBER WRITTEN IN AND READS, “W.15095 PVT, HICKS, L.E.”. THIS WAS WRITTEN BEFORE HER PROMOTION(S) FROM PRIVATE TO SERGEANT. AT THE TIME OF DONATION, LAURA HICKS SAID THAT THE CHARMS ON HER CHARM BRACELET (P19890024009) CHART HER UNIT’S OVERSEAS PROGRESS IN 1944. CHARMS INCLUDE: SINT-TRUIDEN (BELGIUM), PARIS (FRANCE), GHENT (BELGIUM), SAINT-OMER (FRANCE), BRUSSELS (BELGIUM), ANTWERP (BELGIUM), ARC DE TRIOMPHE PARIS (FRANCE), OSTEND (BELGIUM), VERSAILLES (FRANCE), LEOPOLDSBURG (BELGIUM). FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19890024001
Acquisition Date
1989-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
CANADIAN WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS HAT - W W II
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON CANVAS, LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19890024002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CANADIAN WOMEN'S ARMY CORPS HAT - W W II
Date
1944
Materials
COTTON CANVAS, LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
9.7
Length
27.2
Width
18.2
Diameter
19
Description
COTTON & LEATHER MILITARY CAP, LEATHER HATBAND, PEAK BRIM, BRASS PIPS. DESIGNATED AS UNIFORM SUMMER CAP. 3 METAL AIR HOLE STUDS, EACH SIDE. BEIGE COLORED HAT WITH PEAK BRIM. "CANADA" WITH CROWN AND MAPLE LEAF INSIGNIA ON BRASS BUTTONS."PRINCIPLE HAT AND CAP MFG. CO. MONTREAL, CAN. 1944 SIZE 6 7/8". CAP LINER IS GREEN WITH BROWN LEATHER TRIM.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
PRINCIPAL HAT & CAP MFG. CO. MONTREAL CAN. 1944 SIZE 6.5 SEE P19890024001 FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE WAS UNABLE TO RETRIEVE CONTACT INFORMATION FOR ORIGINAL DONOR. SERGEANT LAURA E. HICKS SERVED WITH THE CANADIAN WOMEN’S ARMY CORPS DURING WWII. ACCORDING TO THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND THE GALT ARCHIVES, SGT. HICKS WAS FROM LETHBRIDGE AND SERVED OVERSEAS. CHRISTMAS CARDS HELD IN ARCHIVES INDICATE THAT SHE WAS IN LONDON, ENGLAND AROUND CHRISTMAS 1944. HER DONATED CWAC HAT (P19890024001) HAS HER MILITARY SERVICE NUMBER WRITTEN IN AND READS, “W.15095 PVT, HICKS, L.E.”. THIS WAS WRITTEN BEFORE HER PROMOTION(S) FROM PRIVATE TO SERGEANT. AT THE TIME OF DONATION, LAURA HICKS SAID THAT THE CHARMS ON HER CHARM BRACELET (P19890024009) CHART HER UNIT’S OVERSEAS PROGRESS IN 1944. CHARMS INCLUDE: SINT-TRUIDEN (BELGIUM), PARIS (FRANCE), GHENT (BELGIUM), SAINT-OMER (FRANCE), BRUSSELS (BELGIUM), ANTWERP (BELGIUM), ARC DE TRIOMPHE PARIS (FRANCE), OSTEND (BELGIUM), VERSAILLES (FRANCE), LEOPOLDSBURG (BELGIUM). FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19890024002
Acquisition Date
1989-06
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CHILD’S, “ADVANCE LUMBER CO”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P20130004009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CHILD’S, “ADVANCE LUMBER CO”
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
CANVAS
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.1
Length
80
Width
40
Description
WHITE CANVAS CHILD’S SIZE FULL APRON. SINGLE POCKET ALONG BOTTOM EDGE DIVIDED INTO THREE COMPARTMENTS WITH LOOSE STITCHING. BIG STRAP AND BACK TIES ATTACHED WITH METAL RIVETS. TEXT SCREENPRINTED ON MAIN BODY READS “ADVANCED LUMBER CO. LTD., YARDS IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA” IN BLACK. TEXT SCREENPRINTED ACROSS POCKET READS “STONEBOARD, THE FIREPROOF WALLBOARD” IN RED. GENERAL WEAR AND GRIME THROUGHOUT; STAINS OF BLACK AND BROWN PAINT. METAL RIVETS ARE RUSTED.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
DOMESTIC
RETAIL TRADE
History
THE COLLECTION OF OBJECTS BELONGING TO THE MEISSER FAMILY WAS DONATED BY JUDY WRIGHT, NIECE OF LOWELL MEISSER, WHO OPERATED A FARM OUTSIDE WARNER WITH HIS BROTHER ROME AS THE ‘MEISSER BROS’ FROM 1929 TO 1946. JUDY’S MOTHER WAS THE SISTER OF LOWELL’S WIFE ELINOR, AND SHE SPENT MUCH OF HER CHILDHOOD LIVING WITH THEM AND ROME MEISSER, DUE TO HER MOTHER BEING UNWELL. IN HER LATER ADULT LIFE, JUDY TOOK CARE OF “UNC” ROME AT HIS WATERTON RESIDENCE, AND BECAUSE ROME AND HIS BROTHER LOWELL DID NOT HAVE ANY LIVING DIRECT DESCENDANTS, JUDY WAS LEFT THE FAMILY BELONGINGS WHEN ROME DIED IN 2004. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT WAS EXTRACTED FROM AN INTERVIEW CONDUCTED WITH THE DONOR BY COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN ON NOVEMBER 14, 2013, AS WELL AS FROM A DOCUMENT WRITTEN BY HER AT THE TIME OF THE DONATION. WRIGHT SAID: “[JERALD’S APRON] THIS WOULD BE MY UNCLE [ROME] TEACHING HIS NEPHEW HOW TO DO STUFF… [ROME] BUILT GRANARIES, HOUSES, AND DID MAJOR RENOVATIONS OR REPAIRS TO VARIOUS FARM, HOUSE OR WATERTON COTTAGES.” THE FOLLOWING BRIEF FAMILY HISTORY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ROME MEISSER’S MANUSCRIPT ‘THE MEISSER’S AND OTHER RAMBLINGS’ AND DONATIONS OF FAMILY PAPERS MADE BY WRIGHT TO THE GALT ARCHIVES. THE MEISSER FAMILY PATRIARCH, MICHAEL MEISSER, WAS BORN IN SWITZERLAND IN 1830 AND IMMIGRATED TO ALMA, WISCONSIN IN 1846. HIS SON, JOHN LUTZI MEISSER MARRIED MARIE KINDSCHI ON APRIL 30, 1898 AND THEY MOVED TO WARNER, ALBERTA TO FARM IN 1910, LOOKING FOR A DRIER CLIMATE FOR MARIE, WHO SUFFERED FROM TUBERCULOSIS. THE COUPLE HAD FIVE CHILDREN: ORMA, LOWELL, JOHN (WHO DIED AT AGE TWO OF PNEUMONIA), ROME, AND MARIE. IN 1912, MOTHER MARIE DIED IN A TUBERCULOSIS CLINIC IN SALT LAKE CITY, AND FIVE YEARS LATER FATHER JOHN DIED FROM HEAD TRAUMA SUSTAINED IN A GRAIN ELEVATOR ACCIDENT. ONE OF THE CHILDREN’S PATERNAL AUNTS, FRENA, CAME TO WARNER TO HELP THEM WITH SCHOOLING AND RUNNING THE FARM. IN 1920, ORMA MARRIED LEE TENNEY AND IN 1926 LOWELL MARRIED ELINOR TENNEY, AND THE TWO COUPLES LOOKED AFTER THE TWO YOUNGER SIBLINGS UNTIL ORMA AND LEE MOVED TO CALIFORNIA IN 1931. THE YOUNGEST SISTER, MARIE, LATER JOINED THEM WITH HER SON JIM. LOWELL AND ROME FARMED TOGETHER FROM THE SEASON FOLLOWING THEIR FATHER’S DEATH (WHEN THEY WERE 17 AND 13 YEARS OLD, RESPECTIVELY) UNTIL 1945 WHEN THEIR LAND WAS DIVIDED FOR TAX BENEFIT. ROME NEVER MARRIED, AND IN 1928 HAD A SHORT STINT IN PILOT’S TRAINING BEFORE RETURNING TO FARMING PERMANENTLY. LOWELL AND ELINOR’S SON JERALD WAS BORN IN 1929. BY 1957 THE MEISSERS RETIRED FROM FARMING AND LEASED OUT THEIR LAND, AND IN 1958 THE FAMILY BOUGHT A CABIN IN WATERTON PARK, WHERE THEY SPENT ALL FOLLOWING SUMMERS. LOWELL AND ELINOR’S SON JERALD SPLIT HIS TIME BETWEEN FARMING IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND VARIOUS PROJECTS IN THE UNITED STATES. HE ENROLLED IN THE CATHOLIC SEMINARY IN SPOKANE, WASHINGTON, BUT PASSED AWAY IN 1990 BEFORE HE COULD BE ORDAINED. LOWELL DIED IN 1988, ELINOR FOLLOWED IN 1992, AND ROME PASSED AWAY IN 2004. THE FOLLOWING REMEMBRANCES OF ROME ‘UNC’ MEISSER WERE EXCERPTED FROM THE NOVEMBER 14, 2013 INTERVIEW. WRIGHT SAID: “I LIVED WITH THEM AND WENT OUT TO THE FARM ALL SUMMER LONG EVERY YEAR FROM THE TIME I WAS FIVE OR SIX YEARS OLD… I JUST HONESTLY THINK THAT I AM WHO I AM TODAY BECAUSE OF MY UNCLE ROME. MY DAD WAS A STAUNCH OLD ENGLISHMAN AND HE COULDN’T RELATE TO ME. HE WAS 45 YEARS OLD WHEN I WAS BORN BUT HE COULDN’T RELATE TO ME. SO, MY UNCLE COULD… HE SHOULD HAVE BEEN MARRIED WITH AT LEAST A DOZEN CHILDREN. IN HIS EARLY NINETIES, WHEN I FIRST GOT THERE [TO WATERTON] WE’D GO GROCERY SHOPPING. I’D HAVE TO WAIT WHILE HE STOPPED AND CHATTED WITH ALL THE CHILDREN HE’D COME ACROSS. HE SHOULD HAVE HAD LOTS OF KIDS. HE JUST LOVED KIDS AND I WAS A LITTLE KID… I WAS THERE FROM PRACTICALLY BIRTH AND LIVED MONTHS AT A TIME WITH HIM… HE COULD AFFORD TO LOOK AFTER THE COMMUNITY AS WELL… HE GAVE GENEROUSLY TO [COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS]. HE GAVE TO THE MILK RIVER HOSPITAL. HE DONATED $200,000 FOR THE HOCKEY GIRLS’ RESIDENCE. THEY HAD NO MONEY AND THAT’S WHY WE NOW HAVE A HOCKEY GIRLS’ RESIDENCE THAT HAS A HUGE KITCHEN AND HOUSES UP TO 25 GIRLS, AND KEEPS OUR WARNER SCHOOL OPEN. SO THAT IS A VERY BIG GIFT, HIS DONATIONS. THEY ALSO STARTED A MEISSER SCHOLARSHIP IN 1967 AND TWO WEEKS AGO I WENT OUT AND GAVE THE TROPHY AND THE MONEY TO THE LAST GIRL THAT WON IT. AND IT WILL GO ON INDEFINITELY AS LONG AS THERE’S A SCHOOL…HE WAS VERY SUPPORTIVE OF CHILDREN AND EDUCATION. THE SCHOLARSHIP, THE HOCKEY GIRLS, KEEPING THE WARNER SCHOOL OPEN - BIG FOCUS FOR HIM – WAS EDUCATION AND CHILDREN… HE WAS ONE OF THOSE KIND OF PRACTICALLY ANONYMOUS DONORS IN THE PAST. HOWEVER, AS HE GOT A LITTLE OLDER, I THINK HE ENJOYED THE ATTENTION. THEY MADE A BIG DEAL ABOUT THE HOCKEY SCHOOL. THE RESIDENCE HAS GOT, HUGE, IT HAS HIS NAME ON IT BUT I DON’T THINK HE SAW THAT. AND THEY HAD HIM RIDE IN THE PARADE ONE YEAR, THE COMMUNITY RECOGNIZED HIM AS MUCH AS HE’D LET THEM RECOGNIZE HIM.” SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR A FULL TRANSCIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, WRITTEN DOCUMENTATION ON THE MEISSER FAMILY BY JUDY WRIGHT AND ROME MEISSER, OBITUARIES AND PHOTOGRAPHS OF FAMILY MEMBERS, AND FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT EACH ARTIFACT COMPRISING THE DONATION.
Catalogue Number
P20130004009
Acquisition Date
2013-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
76.2
Width
50.8
Description
PONCHO OR CAPE. THE TOP COMPLETED BEADED IN AN INTRICATE GEOMETRIC PATTERN USING MANY DIFFERENT COLOURED BEADS. LEATHER THONG FRINGES ALONG EDGES. BOTTOM HAS BEIGE COTTON LINING (BROWN WITH AGE). HOLE IN THE CENTRE WITH BLACK CLOTH LINING. FRINGE SEPARATING FROM LEATHER BODY; DRYING. SMALL HOLE IN BEADING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ACQUIRED FROM JOE HEALY A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER BY DONOR'S HUSBAND HERBERT HUSBAND ABOUT 1912. SEE P197800207000-GA FOR HISTORY. ON 26 JANUARY 2011, GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS PROFILED THIS CAPE (P19780209000) AS PART OF HER CURATOR PRESENTS’ FAKES AND FORGERIES PROGRAM. AITKENS WAS INFORMED BY COLLECTIONS STAFF THAT THE CAPE WAS FEATURED IN A GALT-SUBMITTED, LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ARTICLE (ON FILE), AUTHORED BY FORMER GALT STAFF MEMBER DR. JANAY NUGENT IN 1999. MRS. PAULINE DEMPSEY, GRANDDAUGHTER OF JOE HEALY, RECALLED IN FEBRUARY 2011 THAT SHE CONTACTED DR. NUGENT AFTER THE ARTICLE’S PUBLICATION TO INFORM HER HAT SHE QUESTIONED THE ARTICLE-CLAIMED MAKER(S) OF THE CAPE, FEELING IT WAS NOT OF BLACKFOOT DESIGN. JOE HEALY, ACCORDING TO DEMPSEY, TRAVELLED EXTENSIVELY AND SHE THOUGHT IT WAS MORE LIKELY THAT THE CAPE WAS GIVEN TO HIM WHEN HE VISITED OTHER TRIBES. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON DONORS META AND HERBERT HUSBAND, AS PROVIDED BY KOOTENAI BROWN PIONEER VILLAGE CURATOR FARLEY WUTH ON 17 FEBRUARY 2011, CAN BE FOUND IN THE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI (BLOOD TRIBE), AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THIS CAPE IS FULLY BEADED AND IS WORN OVER ELKS HIDE; DEER HIDE DRESS, OR CLOTH DRESS. TRADITIONAL GEOMETRIC AND NATURALISTIC MOTIFS ARE COMBINED INTO A DISTINCTIVE AND PERSONAL CREATIVE EXPRESSION. THIS TYPE OF CAPE IS WORN BY YOUNG GIRLS; THE PATTERNS AND SYMBOLS TELL STORIES THAT HONOUR HER COMMUNITY, HER FAMILY, AND HER ANCESTORS. THE END RESULT IS BOTH A CREATION OF UTILITARIAN AND AESTHETIC VALUE. THE BREAK IN PATTERN ON THE NAPE AREA IS DELIBERATE – THE UNIQUE SIGNATURE OF THE ARTIST WHO CREATED THE PIECE. THIS METHOD OF ‘AUTHENTICATING’ IS COMMONLY USED BY KAINAI BEADERS." *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHO WAS PURPORTEDLY THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS CAPE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
Acquisition Date
1978-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1971
Materials
WOOL, NYLON, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
98
Width
59
Description
RED WOOL COAT WITH BROWN EDGING AT CUFFS AND ON TWO FRONT POCKETS; COAT HAS RED ZIPPER RUNNING DOWN FRONT; COAT HAS BROWN STITCHED DETAILING ON FRONT WITH A FLOWER WITH STEM ON BOTH SIDES OF ZIPPER, AND SINGLE BROWN HUMMINGBIRDS ON BOTH FRONT POCKETS. POCKETS HAVE WHITE COTTON LINING INSIDE. COAT HOOD HAS BLACK-TIPPED, BROWN FUR TRIM. INSIDE COAT SLEEVES IS WHITE ELASTIC LINING. INSIDE COAT IS RED LINING. BACK OF JACKET HAS THREE PANELS WITH BROWN STITCHED DETAILING, ON FIRST AND THIRD PANELS ARE SINGLE BEAVERS AND ON SECOND PANEL IS TREE STUMP. SEWN INSIDE COAT ON BACK IS BLACK TAG WITH YELLOW EBROIDERED TEXT “ORIGINAL CREE INDIAN GARMENT HANDCRAFTED BY THE BEAVER LAKE INDIAN BAND OF ALBERTA, AMISK”, WHITE TAG WITH BLACK BILUNGUAL ENGLISH/FRENCH TEXT “BEAVER LAKE FASHIONS & SPORTSWEAR, BOX 1207 LAC LA BICHE, ALBERTA, T0A 2C0, STYLE 2053, SIZE L, SHELL 100% PRIME NEW ZEALAND PURE VIRGIN WOOL, LINING, FACE: NYLON, QUILL: NEW FORTEL, MADE IN CANADA, DRY CLEAN ONLY”, AND WHITE TAG WITH BLACK TEXT UNDER FIRST WHITE TAG “NOT TO BE REMOVED UNTIL SOLD BY RETAIL AND DELIVERED, THIS LABEL IS AFFIXED IN COMPLIANCE WITH THE REGULATIONS UNDER THE PUBLIC HEALTH ACT OF CANADA, THIS ARTICLE CONTAINS NEW MATERIALS ONLY”. COAT HAS FRAYING THREADS INSIDE SLEEVES, INSIDE LOWER TRIM, AND INSIDE AT COLLAR; ZIPPER PULL HAS PAINT CHIPPED SHOWING SILVER METAL UNDER RED; COAT HAS LINING SEPARATED FROM OUTER SHELL ON THE INSIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
ON AUGUST 22, 2017, COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED RAYMOND AND INGRID SPEAKER REGARDING THEIR DONATION OF A CREE-MADE WOOL COAT. SPEAKER WAS RAISED IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WAS ELECTED A MINISTER IN THE ALBERTA GOVERNMENT IN 1963 WITH THE SOCIAL CREDIT PARTY. SPEAKER WAS INVOLVED WITH THE FORMATION OF THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN 1967. RAYMOND SPEAKER PROVIDED BACKGROUND ON THE COAT IN HIS POSSESSION, NOTING, “ONE OF [THE] PROJECTS [I WORKED ON AS A MINISTER] WAS TO HAVE A NATIVE PROJECT THAT PRODUCED THESE JACKETS…AFTER THAT, I BOUGHT ONE FOR MY WIFE, AND ONE FOR MYSELF FOR, I THINK, $100.00 EACH [IN 1971].” “I‘D HAVE TO SAY WE DIDN’T [WEAR THE COATS ANNUALLY], AND NOT BECAUSE OF ANY REASON. JUST BECAUSE YOU HAD ONE JACKET THAT YOU USUALLY PICKED UP OUT OF THE CLOSET AND, ON THE FARM, YOU HAVE THIS ONE THAT YOU GO OUTSIDE, AND MUCK AROUND IN, AND GET DIRTY. IF THEY HAD BEEN HANGING IN THE RIGHT PLACE [WE MIGHT HAVE WORN THEM MORE]…WE KEPT THEM IN THE CAR” INGRID STATED, “THEY ARE VERY WARM. YOU ALMOST NEED 20- 30 BELOW WEATHER, SO WHEN WE WERE TRAVELING, MANY A TIME, WE TOOK THEM WITH US, KNOWING THEY WOULD SEE US THROUGH VERY COLD WEATHER…THEY ARE ALSO A BIT HEAVY, SO FOR SHOPPING YOU’D PROBABLY HAVE SOMETHING ELSE WITH YOU. THEY’RE VERY WARM.” “WE WORE THEM [TO GREY CUP GAMES] AND JUST ABOUT FROZE. WHEN IT WAS BITTERLY COLD, AT THAT GREY CUP GAME, WE WORE THEM. WE WORE THEM TO A HOCKEY GAME IN CALGARY. WHENEVER YOU WERE TOUGH TRAVELING, KNOWING THERE WAS A TWO HOUR TRIP TO THE FARM, YOU ALWAYS FELT SAFE WITH THIS.” RAYMOND ADDED, “A FELLOW BY THE NAME OF NEIL GILLIETTE BROUGHT THEM TO MY OFFICE IN EDMONTON, WHEN I WAS THE MINISTER, SO I PAID HIM THE CHEQUE BECAUSE I HAD SEEN THEM WHEN I HAD TRAVELED INTO THE NORTH. I HAD SEEN THEM AT THAT TIME, AND I SAID, 'OH, MAN, I’D SURE LIKE TO HAVE THOSE COATS.'…WE DIDN’T BUY THEM DIRECTLY…FROM THE FACTORY.” “THE REASON I HAD IT…WAS THAT I FELT THAT, IF SOMEBODY CHALLENGED ME ABOUT SOME OF THE NATIVE PROJECTS WE DID, I COULD SAY, 'LOOK, HERE’S A PROJECT THAT HAPPENED, THAT WORKED. WE DID IT.' WE TRIED TO MEET ALL THE OBJECTIVES OF SELF-DETERMINATION, SELF-MANAGEMENT, FULLY-FUNDED PROJECT THAT SHOULD HAVE WORKED. IT WORKED FOR A WHILE, BUT, ALL-OF-A-SUDDEN, IT DIDN’T.” THE DONOR ELABORATED ON HIS TIME AS AN ALBERTA GOVERNMENT MINISTER AND THE PROJECTS THAT LED TO THE CREATION OF THE COAT, “I WAS ASSOCIATED WITH PRESTON MANNING, WHO WAS THE SON OF THE PREMIER OF THE PROVINCE. AT THE TIME, HE AND I WERE AT UNIVERSITY TOGETHER, AND TALKED A LOT ABOUT GOVERNMENT AND WHAT FORMATS GOVERNMENT SHOULD TAKE, NOT ONLY PROVINCIALLY BUT FEDERALLY. IN 1967, BETWEEN PRESTON, HIS DAD, AND MYSELF, AND ONE OTHER RESEARCHER, ERIC SCHMIDT, WE DECIDED THAT THE SOCIAL CREDIT GOVERNMENT SHOULD HAVE A NEW OBJECTIVE, AND BE DEFINED IN A BETTER AND CLEARER WAY THAN IT WAS. [THE PARTY] NEEDED TO BE RE-VITALIZED IN TERMS OF ITS OBJECTIVE. WORKING TOGETHER WITH THESE FOUR PARTICIPANTS, WE CAME UP WITH A WHITE PAPER, CALLED THE WHITE PAPER ON HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT, IN MARCH OF 1967, AND PRESENTED IT TO THE ALBERTA LEGISLATURE. THERE WAS ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE PROVINCE. AT THE SAME TIME, THE PEOPLE OF THE PROVINCE NEEDED A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF ATTENTION IN TERMS OF SOCIAL GROWTH, AND SO WE SAID TO OURSELVES, THERE MUST BE SOME WAY OF INTEGRATING ECONOMIC GROWTH WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. THE WHITE PAPER DOES THAT. IT TALKS ABOUT IF YOU CAN GROW THE ECONOMY OF THE PROVINCE, YOU SHOULD ALSO PARALLEL THAT WITH SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT GROWTH. IN THE WHITE PAPER, WE SET OUT THAT OBJECTIVE, IN 1967. AFTER THE LEGISLATURE ACCEPTED THE PAPER, THEN WE HAD TO DEVELOP IT. I WAS APPOINTED, SHORTLY AFTER THAT, THE MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND ONE OF MY RESPONSIBILITIES WAS TO DEVELOP THE CONCEPTS OF THE WHITE PAPER. IN ORDER TO BRING TOGETHER ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, WE SET UP A BODY CALLED THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, AND IT HAD HUGE POWERS TO CHANGE THE FUNCTIONS OF THE DIFFERENT DEPARTMENTS OF GOVERNMENT, REORGANIZE THE BUDGETING OF THE GOVERNMENT, AS A WHOLE, TO FOCUS ON THIS NEW OBJECTIVE. I WAS THE CHAIRMAN OF THAT HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY.” “THE FIRST ASSIGNMENT, WHEN I GOT ELECTED IN 1963, [WAS] I MET WITH MR. MANNING, AND HE SAID, ‘I NEED HELP – SOMEBODY TO DO NORTHERN DEVELOPMENT – HELP WITH THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, WITH THE ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS, AND WITH THE NEW FARMERS. THERE’S A WHOLE AREA. WE’VE PUT HOMESTEADERS INTO NEW AREAS, AND THEY’RE ALL HAVING TROUBLE. WHAT I’D LIKE YOU TO DO IS GO OUT AND SEE WHAT YOU CAN DO –GO OUT AND VISIT THESE COMMUNITIES.'” “HERE WAS A FARM KID – NEVER HAD THAT EXPERIENCE BEFORE – HAD NO IDEA WHAT WAS NORTH OF EDMONTON. I THOUGHT IT WAS ALL BUSH…ALL OF A SUDDEN, I WAS MEETING ALL THESE GREAT PEOPLE THAT HAD NEEDS, AND WERE TRYING TO ACHIEVE, IN VERY DIFFICULT CIRCUMSTANCES. BECAUSE I…HAD MET PEOPLE ON ALL OF THE METIS SETTLEMENTS, GOT TO KNOW PEOPLE BECAUSE OF THAT, MET A BUNCH OF ABORIGINAL PEOPLE AND GOT TO KNOW THE COMMUNITIES OF THE NORTH, THEN WHEN I WAS APPOINTED MINISTER OF SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, AND THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, I HAD BACKGROUND. I AUTOMATICALLY FELL INTO IT. RATHER THAN DOING SOUTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, I WAS DOING NORTHERN ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT, AND ENJOYED IT VERY MUCH. IT WAS A GREAT EXPERIENCE, WONDERFUL PEOPLE…WITH GREAT AMBITIONS, AND THEY NEEDED OUR HELP. THAT’S WHY I GOT INVOLVED IN IT.” “ONE OF THE PROGRAMS THAT WE ESTABLISHED…WAS TO WORK AND COOPERATE WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAD SET UP WHAT WAS CALLED SPECIAL AREAS ACROSS CANADA THAT THEY FELT NEEDED EXTRA FOCUS, FOR SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. ALBERTA, BECAUSE IT HAD ECONOMIC GROWTH AT THE TIME, WAS JUST ABOUT LEFT OUT OF THE FORMULA. THE BLOOD RESERVE WAS A BENEFACTOR OF THAT SPECIAL AREAS.” “THE OTHER PROGRAM WAS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. THERE [WERE] A LOT OF METIS SETTLEMENTS, ABORIGINAL SETTLEMENTS – ALSO SOME NEW HOMESTEAD SETTLEMENTS – THAT NEEDED SPECIAL ATTENTION. WHAT I DID, AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY, ESTABLISHED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS, TO GO INTO THESE DIFFERENT AREAS. ONE OF THESE AREAS THAT HAD A COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICER WAS THE COMMUNITY OF SLAVE LAKE…THESE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT OFFICERS WERE TO TRY AND FOCUS THIS SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE WHITE PAPER THAT WE HAD PRESENTED.” “I HAD HEARD THAT THE [FEDERAL] MINISTER, THE HONORABLE MR. MARCHAND, MIGHT BE OPEN TO A LITTLE SPECIAL AREA IN NORTHERN ALBERTA. WE HALF-SUGGESTED TO HIM, VERBALLY, ON THE PHONE, 'WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT SLAVE LAKE?' HE THOUGHT IT WAS NOT A BAD IDEA. I SAID TO MY STAFF IN SLAVE LAKE, 'LET’S PUT TOGETHER A PROPOSAL, AND GO TO OTTAWA, AND PRESENT IT TO MR. MARCHAND.' WE PUT THE PROPOSAL TOGETHER, BUT WE ALSO FOUND OUT THAT [MANCHARD’S] DEPUTY MINISTER…WAS ANTI-ALBERTA. HE’D WORKED IN ALBERTA; HE DIDN’T LIKE ALBERTA VERY MUCH, AND HE WASN’T IN FAVOR OF ANY SPECIAL AREA FOR THE NORTHERN PART OF OUR PROVINCE. I THOUGHT WE’VE GOT TO GET AROUND [HIM]…HAVE A MEETING WITH THE MINISTER, WITHOUT THE DEPUTY MINISTER. I ARRANGED FOR THE MEETING AT 9 O’CLOCK IN OTTAWA. I GOT ON THE PLANE AT MIDNIGHT, FLEW DOWN [TO OTTAWA] WITH TWO OF MY STAFF, WALKED OFF THE AIRPLANE, [AND] DRAGGED ME INTO HIS OFFICE. I SAID TO HIM, 'WE’RE HERE. WE WANT TO TALK ABOUT A SPECIAL AREA, ESPECIALLY SLAVE LAKE. WOULD YOU BE INTERESTED?'” “[HE SAID] 'OH, RAY, I WOULD LOVE TO DO THAT.' I SAID, 'IF WE HAD A PROPOSAL, WOULD YOU ACCEPT IT, AND COULD WE MOVE ON IT, AND WOULD YOU BE BEHIND IT?' [MANCHARD SAID] 'RAY, I’D ENDORSE IT RIGHT NOW, IF YOU HAD A PROPOSAL.' I OPENED MY BRIEFCASE, AND PUT IT ON THE TABLE. I SAID, 'HERE’S THE FIRST ONE.' IT WAS FOR $4,000,000, SO THEN WE STARTED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT, SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN THE SLAVE LAKE AREA, WITH THIS $4,000,000 PROJECT. ONE OF THE ITEMS WAS METIS/ABORIGINAL…ASSISTING THEM IN DEVELOPING A BUSINESS CLIMATE TOWARD SELF-SUFFICIENCY.” “WE WERE MOST LIKELY ONE OF THE FIRST PROJECTS THAT WERE IMPLEMENTED IN CANADA. WE HAD THE AUTHORITY TO SPEND THE MONEY AS WE SAW FIT. THERE WAS VERY LITTLE INTERVENTION FROM THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. THEY LET US DO WHAT WE WANTED TO DO, SO ONE OF THE RESULTS OF THAT WAS THIS MANUFACTURING OF JACKETS BY ABORIGINAL LADIES.” “THE OTHER PART OF [THIS PROGRAM]…THERE WAS A SPECIAL AREA HERE IN THE SOUTHERN PART OF THE PROVINCE. THE OTHER PROJECT WE PUT TOGETHER WITH JEAN CHRETIEN WAS A PROJECT ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. WE SET UP KAINAI INDUSTRIES. THIS WAS THE BUILDING OF HOMES, AND WE BUILT A WHOLE BUNCH OF HOMES. WE HAD TRUDEAU, THE OLDER FATHER, COME OUT AND CUT THE RIBBON, AND WE BUILT THE FACTORY. THE FEDERAL [GOVERNMENT PUT IN] ONLY ABOUT $100,000 INTO IT, BUT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT BUILT THE FACTORY. THEY PUT A SUM OF MONEY IN THE BANK TO OPERATE IT, AND DID ON-SITE TRAINING FOR THE NATIVE PEOPLE TO RUN THE THING. WE HAD THE FOX BROTHERS RUN IT TO BEGIN WITH…THAT WAS ONE OF THE OTHER SPIN-OFFS OF THIS SPECIAL AREA OF CANADA THAT I WAS INVOLVED IN. IT WAS ANOTHER WAY THAT WE FELT WE COULD DO SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT WITH THE ABORIGINAL PEOPLE.” “THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR THE JACKETS. THERE WAS A MARKET PLACE FOR PRE-BUILT HOMES. KAINAI INDUSTRIES SOLD THOUSANDS OF HOMES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY WERE GOOD CONSTRUCTION, GOOD QUALITY HOMES.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE MOTIVATION FOR DONATING THE COAT, RAYMOND SPEAKER STATED, “WE’RE MAKING A MAJOR MOVE FROM OUR HOMESTEAD FARM…[IT] WAS HOMESTEADED BY MY GRANDFATHER IN 1908…MY FATHER TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1925, AND I TOOK OVER THE FARM IN 1975. NOW WE’RE MOVING TO LETHBRIDGE...WE’RE TRYING TO DEAL WITH ISSUES AND STORAGE THINGS...THE JACKETS ARE PART OF THAT ACCUMULATION.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20170027000-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20170027000
Acquisition Date
2017-08
Collection
Museum
Images
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