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Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Materials
LEATHER, BEAD, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
76.2
Width
50.8
Description
PONCHO OR CAPE. THE TOP COMPLETED BEADED IN AN INTRICATE GEOMETRIC PATTERN USING MANY DIFFERENT COLOURED BEADS. LEATHER THONG FRINGES ALONG EDGES. BOTTOM HAS BEIGE COTTON LINING (BROWN WITH AGE). HOLE IN THE CENTRE WITH BLACK CLOTH LINING. FRINGE SEPARATING FROM LEATHER BODY; DRYING. SMALL HOLE IN BEADING.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
ACQUIRED FROM JOE HEALY A BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER BY DONOR'S HUSBAND HERBERT HUSBAND ABOUT 1912. SEE P197800207000-GA FOR HISTORY. ON 26 JANUARY 2011, GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS PROFILED THIS CAPE (P19780209000) AS PART OF HER CURATOR PRESENTS’ FAKES AND FORGERIES PROGRAM. AITKENS WAS INFORMED BY COLLECTIONS STAFF THAT THE CAPE WAS FEATURED IN A GALT-SUBMITTED, LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE ARTICLE (ON FILE), AUTHORED BY FORMER GALT STAFF MEMBER DR. JANAY NUGENT IN 1999. MRS. PAULINE DEMPSEY, GRANDDAUGHTER OF JOE HEALY, RECALLED IN FEBRUARY 2011 THAT SHE CONTACTED DR. NUGENT AFTER THE ARTICLE’S PUBLICATION TO INFORM HER HAT SHE QUESTIONED THE ARTICLE-CLAIMED MAKER(S) OF THE CAPE, FEELING IT WAS NOT OF BLACKFOOT DESIGN. JOE HEALY, ACCORDING TO DEMPSEY, TRAVELLED EXTENSIVELY AND SHE THOUGHT IT WAS MORE LIKELY THAT THE CAPE WAS GIVEN TO HIM WHEN HE VISITED OTHER TRIBES. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON DONORS META AND HERBERT HUSBAND, AS PROVIDED BY KOOTENAI BROWN PIONEER VILLAGE CURATOR FARLEY WUTH ON 17 FEBRUARY 2011, CAN BE FOUND IN THE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI (BLOOD TRIBE), AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THIS CAPE IS FULLY BEADED AND IS WORN OVER ELKS HIDE; DEER HIDE DRESS, OR CLOTH DRESS. TRADITIONAL GEOMETRIC AND NATURALISTIC MOTIFS ARE COMBINED INTO A DISTINCTIVE AND PERSONAL CREATIVE EXPRESSION. THIS TYPE OF CAPE IS WORN BY YOUNG GIRLS; THE PATTERNS AND SYMBOLS TELL STORIES THAT HONOUR HER COMMUNITY, HER FAMILY, AND HER ANCESTORS. THE END RESULT IS BOTH A CREATION OF UTILITARIAN AND AESTHETIC VALUE. THE BREAK IN PATTERN ON THE NAPE AREA IS DELIBERATE – THE UNIQUE SIGNATURE OF THE ARTIST WHO CREATED THE PIECE. THIS METHOD OF ‘AUTHENTICATING’ IS COMMONLY USED BY KAINAI BEADERS." *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHO WAS PURPORTEDLY THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS CAPE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19780209000
Acquisition Date
1978-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
COAT AND BOOTIES
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL
Catalogue Number
P20010070022
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COAT AND BOOTIES
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1945
Materials
WOOL
No. Pieces
3
Length
22.7
Width
43.0
Description
1. CLOAK. ABOVE DIMENSIONS. CROCHETED BABY'S SWEATER. OFF WHITE WITH LIGHT BLUE TRIM. BOTTOM EDGE OF COAT HAS A JAGGED EDGE. SLEEVES ARE SORT OF PUFFY AT CUFFS. 2. BOOTIES. 8.5 X 5.3. CROCHETED BABY BOOTIES. OFF WHITE WITH LIGHT BLUE TRIM. TOP OF BOOTIES ARE FOLDED OVER. ONE BOOTEE HAS A BLUE PIECE OF YARN AROUND LEG WITH POM POMS ATTACHED TO THE ENDS. OTHER BOOTEE ALSO A PIECE OF YARN AROUND LEG, BUT POM POMS ARE MISSING. THIS BOOTEE HAS A SMALL ORANGEY STAIN ON ONE SIDE.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
History
MADE BY DONOR'S MOTHER DAGMAR DOYLE SIMPSON. THE GARMENTS WERE NEVER USED. DONOR SUSPECTS HER MOTHER MADE THE ITEMS IN HOPES OF ONE DAY HAVING A BABY BOY, BUT WAS UNABLE TO DO SO. DAGMAR OLSEN WAS BORN DECEMBER 28, 1914, RAISED ON A FAMILY FARM, AND SCHOOLED IN STAVLEY, ALBERTA. HER PARENTS, HILDA AND JOHN OLSEN, WERE IMMIGRANT PIONEERS FROM NORWAY. HER MOTHER HILDA, GOT DAGMAR HER FIRST JOB AS A TELEPHONE OPERATOR WITH THE STAVELY AGENCY AT THE AGE OF 15 YEARS. AFTER LIVING AT HOME WORKING SEVEN YEARS IN STAVELY, DAGMAR MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AND WORKED FOR AGT UNTIL SHE MARRIED LAWRENCE DOYLE, ALSO FROM STAVELY AND PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND. DAGMAR AND LAWRENCE HAD ONE DAUGHTER, BARBARA. DAGMAR LATER RETURNED TO AGT AS AN OPERATOR UNTIL HER RETIREMENT AT AGE 60, WHEN SHE MARRIED CLARE SIMPSON. CLARE AND DAGMAR LIVED IN LETHBRIDGE, SOCIALIZED, AND TRAVELED EXTENSIVELY UNTIL HIS DEATH IN 1985. DAGMAR OLSEN DOYLE SIMPSON DIED MARCH 14, 2001. SHE WAS RUMORED TO BE ONE OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL WOMEN IN LETHBRIDGE. DONOR, BARBARA DOYLE, WAS BORN AND SCHOOLED IN LETHBRIDGE. SHE TRAINED AT ST. MICHAEL'S HOSPITAL AS A LABORATORY TECHNOLOGIST; GRADUATED 1962. SHE WORKED IN THE LAB AT ST. MICHAEL'S FOR 5 YEARS; MARRIED AND HAD 2 SONS. GRADUATED FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY WITH A BACHELOR OF ARTS, THEN A MASTERS OF ARTS IN ENGLISH, IN 1987. SHE TAUGHT AT UNIVERSITYS OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, THEN MOVED TO MONTREAL FROM 1990-1996. SHE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE TO RETIRE. *UPDATE* IN 2016 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING CLOTHING ITEMS DONATED BY BARBARA DOYLE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. DAGMAR CHRISTINA SIMPSON (NEE OLSEN) PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 14, 2001 AT THE AGE OF 88. SHE MARRIED LAWRENCE PATRICK (LARRY) DOYLE ON DECEMBER 4, 1940. LAWRENCE WAS BORN IN PEI IN 1910. HE MOVED TO VULCAN IN 1920, STAVELY IN 1924, AND TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1937. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 58 ON MARCH 28, 1969. LAWRENCE WAS THE SON OF GEORGE FRANKLIN AND MINNIE MAGDALEN DOYLE. DAGMAR WAS REMARRIED ON MARCH 29, 1975 TO CLARE C. SIMPSON. CLARE WAS BORN AND RAISED IN BELLEVILE, ON AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1930 TO WORK FOR AGT. HE ENLISTED IN 1939 AND WAS A POW FOR 3.5 YEARS FOLLOWING DIEPPE. HE PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 75 ON FEBRUARY 18, 1983. THE DONOR, BARBARA DOYLE, IS THE DAUGHTER OF DAGMAR AND LAWRENCE. IN 1969, BARBARA WAS MARRIED TO PAUL TURNER AND IN 1983, SHE WAS THE WIFE OF MR. B.F. MCFADDEN. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. *UPDATE* IN 2018 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF THE COLLECTION, INCLUDING A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY BARBARA DOYLE. ON SEPTEMBER 7, 2018, PUNDYK SAT DOWN WITH DOYLE FOR AN INTERVIEW REGARDING THAT DONATION. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION HAS BEEN EXTRACTED FROM THAT INTERVIEW: DOYLE EXPLAINED THAT HER MOTHER DAGMAR OLSEN – THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THE ARTIFACTS – WAS BORN IN STAVLEY AND WAS THE THIRD OF FOUR SISTERS. GROWING UP IN A HOUSE OF DAUGHTERS PLAYED A SIGNIFICANT ROLE IN OLSEN’S LIFE. DOYLE DESCRIBED THE SISTERS BY SAYING, “BESSIE WAS THE OLDEST, AND NORAH WAS THE SECOND OLDEST, AND THEN MY MOTHER, AND THEN VICKI. AUNT VICKI WENT BIG [BY MOVING] TO TORONTO. SHE WANTED TO GET OUT OF TOWN. SHE WAS BORED. SHE WAS BORN IN STAVELY AND THERE WAS NO WAY SHE WAS GOING TO STAY THERE. SHE WAS THE YOUNGEST, SO SHE GOT THINGS THAT THE OTHERS DIDN’T GET IN THEIR LIFE. NORAH TOOK TO CALGARY. SHE WENT UP THERE AND SHE WORKED FOR A WHILE AT PACKING COOKIES OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT. BESSIE WAS [WORKING] WITH MRS. JOURNEK AND THEN IN CALGARY THAT WAY TOO.” MOVING ON TO DESCRIBE HER MOTHER, DOYLE ILLUMINATED, “SHE WORKED [AS A TELEPHONE OPERATOR] FROM WHEN SHE WAS 15 IN STAVELY FOR ABOUT 7 YEARS. SHE WAS THERE FOR THE FIRST TELEPHONES COMING IN. THEN SHE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE. SHE KNEW MY DAD FROM STAVELY, AND THEN HE MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL AND THEY LIVED SEPARATELY IN A BOARDING HOUSE UNTIL THEY GOT MARRIED…SHE HAD BREAKS [IN BETWEEN WHEN SHE FIRST STARTED WORKING AND HER RETIREMENT] WHEN SHE COULDN’T WORK BECAUSE OF THE WAR. [ADDITIONALLY,] I WAS BORN IN ’42, AND ONCE YOU HAD A CHILD, YOU COULDN’T GO TO WORK. EVEN WHEN THE WAR WAS OVER, THE WOMEN COULD NOT GO TO WORK BECAUSE THEY WERE MAKING WAY FOR THE PEOPLE COMING BACK FROM THE WAR FOR THE JOBS. THAT WAS REALLY HARD ON MY MOTHER. SHE WAS SO INDEPENDENT AND TO NOT BE ABLE TO HAVE HER OWN MONEY AND EVERYTHING [WAS DIFFICULT].” “[MY MOTHER] KNITTED [THIS BABY SWEATER] BEFORE [LEAVING WORK TO HAVE CHILDREN]. I DON’T KNOW AT THAT TIME IF IT WAS BLUE FOR BOYS STRICTLY, AND GIRLS FOR PINK. AND I DON’T KNOW WHETHER I EVER WORE IT. [THIS IS FROM] MY MOTHER’S HANDIWORK AND SHE WASN’T ONE THAT CROCHETED VERY MUCH. WHEN SHE WAS WORKING [SHE WOULDN’T HAD A LOT OF EXTRA TIME]. AND I GUESS AT THAT TIME AFTER SHE HAD ME, SHE WASN’T WORKING, BUT OUR OLD WASHERS THAT HAD THE RINGERS AND STUFF LIKE THAT [WERE TIME-CONSUMING]. SHE HAD TO WORK HARDER AROUND THE HOUSE AND EVERYTHING TOO,” DOYLE EXPLAINED. “I WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE,” DOYLE CONTINUED, “[I LEFT MY PARENTS’ HOUSE] WHEN I WAS 18 BECAUSE I WAS IN RESIDENCE WHEN I WAS DOING MY LABORATORY STUFF. I WAS A LAB TECHNICIAN FIRST. AFTER I GOT MARRIED IN ’64, WE LIVED FIVE YEARS HERE BEFORE WE STARTED MOVING AROUND. IT WAS ’71 [WHEN] WE LEFT AND WENT TO SASKATCHEWAN, REGINA.” “[I RECEIVED THESE ITEMS FROM MY MOTHER] AFTER SHE PASSED AWAY. [THEY WERE] IN THE HOUSE,” DOYLE STATED, "ALL OF THIS STUFF WAS IN THE HOUSE ON THE SOUTH SIDE. I FEEL LIKE MY MOTHER IS STILL IN THE HOUSE. I HAD REALLY GOOD PARENTS. WE WEREN’T POOR, BUT WE WEREN’T RICH EITHER, YOU KNOW. WE WERE JUST COMFORTABLE, BUT THEY WORKED VERY HARD FOR IT. THEY BOTH WORKED VERY HARD.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P20010070001 FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPT.
Catalogue Number
P20010070022
Acquisition Date
2001-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail