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Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19651477000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
72.4
Width
22.9
Description
LINED WITH WHITE COTTON. FLORAL BEADWORK DESIGN IN RED, WHITE, BLUE, YELLOW & GREEN BEADS ON WHITE BUCKSKIN.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE, LIKELY BLACKFOOT IN ORIGIN. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THE VARIOUS DONATIONS PERTAINING TO EDWARD FREDERICK HAGELL. SEE RECORD P19960053001 FOR AN EXTENDED BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST; SEE PERMANENT FILES P19960053001, P20040009001, P20060027001, P20070008001, AND P20070012001 FOR NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, DETAILS ON PAST GALT DIRECTOR/CURATOR WILMA WOOD'S BOOK ON THE ARTIST, AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE HAGELL FAMILY.
Catalogue Number
P19651477000
Acquisition Date
1965-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19780208000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1912
Date Range To
1915
Materials
LEATHER, BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
83.8
Width
6.4
Description
BACK OF THE BELT IS HARNESS LEATHER WITH BEAD STITCHING. BEADS - BLUE, RED, BROWN & YELLOW (GEOMETRIC PATTERN). 2 HOLES IN EACH END OF BELT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
BELT ORIGINALLY BELONGED TO BLOOD TRIBE MEMBER JOE HEALY, ACQUIRED BY DONOR'S HUSBAND ABOUT 1912. SEE P197800207000-GA FOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI (BLOOD TRIBE), AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. MEN AND WOMEN TRADITIONALLY WORE RAWHIDE BELTS. STARTING FROM THE 19TH CENTURY, THE BELTS WERE INCREASINGLY MADE FROM RE-USED HARNESS LEATHER AND DECORATED WITH BEADWORK IN OVERLAY (SPOT) STITCH. THE WHOLE LENGTH OF BELT IS EXECUTED IN BEADED COLOUR. THE DESIGN CONSISTS OF PANELS WITH GEOMETRIC DESIGNS SEWN TO THE BELT WITH OVERLAY STITCH. THE TRIANGLE SYMBOL IS CALLED THE “MOUNTAIN.” IN THIS DESIGN, THE SYMBOLS ARE COMBINE BASE TO BASE TO FORM A DIAMOND SHAPE. THE NAMES OF BEADED DESIGNS OF THE KAINAI ARE MORE DESCRIPTIVE THAN EVOCATIVE." *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHO WAS PURPORTEDLY THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS BELT. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19780208000
Acquisition Date
1978-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MILITARY, CANADA (W.W.I)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19683209000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MILITARY, CANADA (W.W.I)
Date Range From
1914
Date Range To
1918
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
84.5
Width
9.5
Description
5 LEATHER POCKETS FASTEN WITH BRASS STUDS TO BELT. STAMPED ON ONE END "307B C73", AND ON OTHER END "30 FB".
Subjects
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
MILITARY ISSUE W.W.I. *UPDATE* IN 2012 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT DAVID SMITH CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS. HE LEARNED THE FOLLOWING: ACCORDING TO HIS ATTESTATION PAPER, CHRISTIAN GIBSON WAS BORN IN BELFAST IRELAND ON MAY 9, 1887. HE ENLISTED WITH THE CANADIAN OVER-SEAS EXPEDITIONARY FORCE ON DECEMBER 1, 1914. HE REFERENCES 5 YEARS WITH THE 25TH BATTERY C.Y.A. AS PREVIOUS MILITARY EXPERIENCE. GIBSON’S CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE REVEALS THAT HE SERVED WITH 7TH ARTILLERY BRIGADE AS PAYMASTER FROM DECEMBER 1, 1914 – MARCH 23, 1915. GIBSON RE-ENLISTED WITH THE RANK OF CAPTAIN ON AUGUST 10, 1915. ON JUNE 19, 1916, HE LANDED IN FRANCE AND WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 4TH BRIGADE ON APRIL 8, 1917 TO SERVE AS PAYMASTER. ON JULY 19, 1917 GIBSON WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE 12TH RESERVE BATTALION IN ENGLAND. ON DECEMBER 9, 1918, HE WAS APPOINTED PAYMASTER TO THE CANADIAN SEGREGATION CAMP IN BOURLEY. AUGUST 23, 1919, CAPTAIN CHRISTIAN GIBSON WAS DEMOBILIZED TO LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA. GIBSON PASSED AWAY IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE AGE OF 83 ON MARY 26, 1971. FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING RECORDS FROM LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING FOUR PAINTINGS CREATED BY THE DONOR, CHRISTIAN GIBSON. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON GIBSON WAS EXCERPTED FROM HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY: CHRISTIAN GIBSON WAS BORN IN BELFAST, IRELAND IN 1887 AND EDUCATED IN LONDON, ENGLAND BEFORE ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1908. HE WORKED FOR THE CITY AS ZOO KEEPER AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS AND FOR THE ALBERTA RAILROAD AND IRRIGATION COMPANY BEFORE BEGINNING HIS 35 YEAR CAREER WITH THE DEPARTMENT OF TRADE AND COMMERCE IN 1913. GIBSON SERVED WITH THE 25TH BATTERY CANADIAN FIELD ARTILLERY FROM 1908 TO 1914 AND FROM 1914 TO 1919 HE SERVED IN ENGLAND IN FRANCE WITH THE 20TH BATTERY CFA. HE WAS ALSO VERY ACTIVE IN THE COMMUNITY AS A MEMBER OF THE KIWANIS CLUB, ALLIED ARTS COUNCIL, LETHBRIDGE AND DISTRICT HISTORICAL SOCIETY, PLAYGOERS OF LETHBRIDGE, ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION, PEMMICAN CLUB, MASONIC LODGE, AND THE GALT HOSPITAL BOARD. HE AND HIS WIFE LINDA WERE HEAVILY INFLUENTIAL IN THE RED CROSS SOCIETY’S LETHRBIDGE CHAPTER, AND HAD TWO CHILDREN, FRED AND DORIS. CHRISTIAN GIBSON PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 26, 1971. IN 2010 HIS DAUGHTER, DORIS BALCOVSKE, PARTICIPATED IN THE GALT MUSEUM’S FIRST ‘TREASURES & CURIOSITIES’ EXHIBIT BY SELECTING ONE OF HER FATHER’S PAINTINGS TO BE DISPLAYED. SHE SUBMITTED THE FOLLOWING NARRATIVE ABOUT GIBSON’S ASSOCIATION WITH THE GALT AND HIS PAINTING PRACTICE: “MY FATHER… WAS ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THE GALT MUSEUM AND HELPED COLLECT MANY OF THE ARTIFACTS. MY FATHER WAS A SELF-TAUGHT ARTIST WITH OILS, WATER COLORS, AND ALSO PEN AND INK… THE FAMILY OWNS MOST OF HIS PAINTINGS.” SEE PERMANENT FILE P19694807000 FOR HARDCOPY OF GIBSON’S OBITUARY. SEE RECORD P19930031001 FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE GIBSON FAMILY.
Catalogue Number
P19683209000
Acquisition Date
1968-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail