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Other Name
JAPANESE LETTERING BRUSH
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, COTTON, HAIR
Catalogue Number
P19970041413
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
JAPANESE LETTERING BRUSH
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
WOOD, COTTON, HAIR
No. Pieces
1
Length
19.8
Width
0.7
Description
CYLINDRICAL SHAFT OF DARK STAINED WOOD WITH HORSE HAIR BRUSH AT END AND COILED RED STRING AROUND GRIP END. JAPANESE CHARACTERS ARE CARVED DOWN LENGTH OF HANDLE WHICH IS SPLIT FROM END TO END.
Subjects
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
DRAFTING T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
BRUSH WAS USED BY DONOR'S FATHER, REV. G.G. NAKAYAMA, WHO CORRESPONDED REGULARLY WITH PARISHIONERS, MISSIONARIES AND OTHERS AROUND THE WORLD HE HAD MET. HE ALSO PUBLISHED NEWSLETTERS AND NEWSPAPERS FOR THE JAPANESE CANADIAN COMMUNITY. THIS IS ONE OF MANY ITEMS HE POSSESSED TO PERFORM THESE TASKS. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY. THE FOLLOWING MEMORIES WERE PROVIDED BY REVEREND TIM NAKAYAMA IN A LETTER TO THE GALT ON 16 AUGUST, 2007. HE WROTE: “JAPANESE CALLIGRAPHY IS A MANUAL ART IN WHICH JAPANESE IDEOGRAPHS ARE EXECUTED BY THE USE OF A “FUDE” BRUSH. THE INK IS PREPARED ON A BLACK RECESSED SMOOTH STONE ON WHICH BLACK “SUMI” (A SPECIAL CHARCOAL SUBSTANCE) IS RUBBED AND MIXED WITH A SMALL QUANTITY OF WATER. THE BRUSH IS DIPPED IN THE PREPARED “SUMI” AND THE IDEOGRAPHS ARE ARTISTICALLY “PAINTED” ON JAPANESE “WASHI” PAPER IF AVAILABLE. IT’S ABSORBENCY TAKES THE BRUSH STROKES THAT ARE BOLDLY MADE IN A GIVEN REGULAR SEQUENCE AND ORDER FOR EACH IDEOGRAPH.”
Catalogue Number
P19970041413
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
MARQUIS HOTEL
Date Range From
1927
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN
Catalogue Number
P20050003000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MARQUIS HOTEL
Date Range From
1927
Date Range To
1988
Materials
TIN
No. Pieces
5
Length
63
Diameter
42
Description
CEILING LIGHT FIXTURE WITH FOUR WHT RIBBED GLOBES. FIXTURE IS BLK WITH GLD ACCENTS. LIGHT SOCKETS ARE WHT PORCELAIN EACH CONTAINING THREE SCREWS TO SECURE GLASS RIBBED GLOBES 21 (H) X 7.5 (D). CENTER OF FIXTURE DISPLAYS A ACORN. FIXTURE HANGS SUSPENDED BY A CHAIN WHICH IS ATTACHED TO A CIRCULAR BLK PLATE.
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
THE LIGHT FIXTURE WAS TAKEN OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL BEFORE ITS DEMOLITION IN 1988. EMIL GUNDLOCK A MORTGAGE BROKER WORKED WITH THE HOTEL'S OWNERS ,JOANNE AND BOB CORBET, TO REFINANCE THE HOTEL FOR IMPROVEMENTS. GUNDLOCK SAID, HOWEVER, THAT THE ROYAL BANK WOULD NOT APPROVE THE REFINANCING AND, SUBSEQUENTLY, TOOK OVER THE HOTEL'S MANAGEMENT. DISCUSSING THE FUTURE OF THE HOTEL OVER A DRINK (WHILE THE BAR WAS STILL IN OPERATION), CORBET AND GUNDLOCK DECIDED IT WOULD BE A "SHAME" TO SEE THE HOTEL'S ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS DESTROYED AND LOST AND, THUS THEY DECIDED TO REMOVE SOME OF THE HOTEL'S FIXTURES, DOORS (ELEVATOR), ETC. GUNDLOCK CLAIMED IT WAS ENOUGH TO FILL A "TRUCKLOAD". RBC, HOWEVER, LEARNED OF THE SALVAGE OPERATION AND DEMANDED THAT THE ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS BE RETURNED. GUNDLOCK KNEW SOME OF THE MATERIAL WAS RETURNED, BUT SOME WAS ALSO RETAINED. GUNDLOCK BELIEVED THAT THE MATERIAL ENDED UP IN THE RBC BANK MANAGER'S HOUSE. GUNDLOCK RECOGNIZED THE LAMP AND BOX THAT IT WAS PACKAGED IN, WHEN HE VISITED THE GALT IN EARLY 2007. SOMEHOW, THE FIXTURE CAME INTO POSSESSION OF TED STILSON WHO LATER PASSED IT ON TO THE DONOR IN 2005. GUNDLOCK WAS CONFIDENT THAT THE STYLE OF THE LAMP, IF NOT THIS VERY LAMP, WAS INSTALLED IN THE ROOM ATTRIBUTED TO SENATOR GLADSTONE WHO WAS THE FIRST NATIVE SENATOR AND FROM THE BLOOD RESERVE. THE ART DECO HOTEL OPENED IN 1928. IN ADDITION TO BEING THE FIRST BUSINESS IN LETHBRIDGE TO UTILIZE NEON SIGNAGE, THE HOTEL BOASTED AN ORIGINAL SEVENTY-EIGHT BEDROOMS AND A BANQUET AREA CAPABLE OF SEATING 250 PERSONS.
Catalogue Number
P20050003000
Acquisition Date
2005-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PORTABLE TYPEWRITER
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1933
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, STEEL, RUBBER, WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19940010000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PORTABLE TYPEWRITER
Date Range From
1923
Date Range To
1933
Materials
IRON, STEEL, RUBBER, WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Description
1. CASE: 31.5 (L) X 25CM (W) X 12.5CM (H) WOOD COVER WITH BLACK PAPER COVERING WHICH IMITATES LEATHER LOOK. BACK OF CASE HAS FOUR ROUNDED STEEL FEET. FRONT HAS STEEL PLATE WITH CLASP RIVETED TO IT. AT CENTER OF PLATE IS CIRCULAR TAB WHICH OPENS CASE. TAB HAS CONCENTRIC CIRCLES ETCHED INTO IT. ETCHED INTO PLATE IS "U.T. CO. INC" AND "MADE IN U.S.A.". ABOVE PLATE ARE TWO RECTANGULAR STEEL BRACKETS WHICH HOLD LEATHER STRAP 19CM LONG. STRAP IS BLACK WITH STITCHED EDGING AND MUSHROOM SHAPED ENDS. LEATHER IS WORN AND CRACKING. ABOVE STRAP IS RECTANGULAR AREA WHICH WAS COVERED WITH BLUE FABRIC TAPE WHICH HAS BEEN PAINTED BLACK. PORTION OF TAPE HAS WORN OFF. AT INSIDE OF BACK ARE TWO STEEL ARMS WHICH HOOK INTO TYPEWRITER WHEN COVERED. 2. TYPEWRITER: 25.5 XM (L) X 21CM (W) X 10CM (H) BLACK CAST IRON TYPEWRITER WITH MANUAL KEY-STROKE MECHANISM. TYPEWRITER IS ATTACHED TO WOODEN BASE WHICH HAS TWO STEEL HINGE PLATES RIVETED TO BACK AND STEEL KNOB AT CENTER OF FRONT. WOODEN CASE SITS OVER TOP TYPEWRITER AND ATTACHES TO WOOD BOTTOM TO BECOME PORTABLE. TYPEWRITER HAS "UNDERWOOD STANDARD PORTABLE TYPEWRITER" EMBOSSED IN GOLD ACROSS BOTTOM OF FRONT FRAME. ALL KEYS ARE WHITE WITH BLACK PRINTING AND STEEL COLLARS. HAS BLACK RIBBON ON TWO BLACK ALUMINUM REELS. BEHIND KEYSTROKE MECHANISM IS LINED AND NUMBERED; PITCH SCALE ALSO EMBOSSED IN GOLD. PLATEN IS RUBBER WITH NUMEROUS PITS. PAPER SUPPORT AT BACK HAS LOGO WHICH IS LARGE GOLD "T" INSIDE A "U" WITH A TYPEWRITER AND "TRADE MARK" UNDERNEATH. WRITTEN ACROSS SUPPORT IN LARGE LETTERS IS "UNDERWOOD" WITH "MADE IN U.S.A" BENEATH. AT BASE OF BACK FRAME READS "PATENTED MADE IN U.S.A. OTHER PATENTS PENDING". IT LISTS 28 PATENT DATES FROM MARCH 19, 1912 TO MAY 22, 1923. ON BACK OF PAPER SUPPORT IS "LICENSED UNDER GUBELMANN PATENT NOVEMBER 9, 1915". BOTTOM OF TYPEWRITER HAS FOUR PLASTIC FEET SCREWED INTO WOOD BASE.
Subjects
WRITTEN COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
NOTE ACCOMPANYING TYPEWRITER CLAIMED THAT ARTIFACT WAS FIRST OF ITS KIND IN LETHBRIDGE AND ORIGINALLY OWNED BY A.W. SHACKLEFORD. TYPEWRITER WAS MOST RECENTLY OWNED BY DENISE BLACK. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF ALFRED WILLIAM SHACKLEFORD (P20060025001-GA), SUPPOSED ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS TYPEWRITER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF MAYOR SHACKLEFORD WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ARCHIVES CANADA ONLINE AND A LETHBRIDGE HERALD TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM MAY 31, 1992. A.W. SHACKLEFORD WAS BORN IN ESSEX, ENGLAND IN 1899 AND CAME TO CALGARY WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1909. AFTER HIGH SCHOOL HE TRAINED AS A DRAFTSMAN BUT WAS EMPLOYED BY THE FILM EXCHANGE AND FOX FILMS. IN 1921 HE WAS HIRED TO MANAGED THE KING'S THEATRE IN LETHBRIDGE AND BECAME ASSOCIATED WITH MARK ROGERS, A LETHBRIDGE BUSINESSMAN WHO OWNED THREE LOCAL MOVIE THEATRES. SHACKLEFORD ALSO BECAME PARTNER IN THE AMUSEMENT COMPANY THAT OPENED THE HENDERSON LAKE PAVILLION IN 1924. BY 1925 HE WAS PART-OWNER OF THE FORMER EMPRESS THEATRE ON 5TH AVENUE SOUTH, RENAMING IT THE ROXY. HE THEN TEAMED UP WITH THE FAMOUS PLAYERS COMPANY TO REMODEL THE FORMER PALACE THEATRE AND RENAME IT THE CAPITOL. SHACKLEFORD ALSO OPENED THE THEATRE IN THE FORMER COLLEGE MALL, BUILT THE 960-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE ON 4TH AVENUE SOUTH, AND TOOK OVER OPERATION OF THE DIRVE-IN THEATRE AT THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS. SHACKLEFORD WAS HEAVILY INVOLVED IN CIVIC LIFE, ACTIVE IN GROUPS INCLUDING THE CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY, THE GYRO CLUB, UNITED WAY, LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT EXHIBITION BOARD, BOARD OF TRADE, ST. AUGUSTINE'S CHURCH, AND THE ALBERTA THEATRE OPERATORS ASSOCIATION. HE AND HIS WIFE ADA HAD TWO SONS, ROBERT AND DOUGLAS. AFTER SEVERAL TERMS AS ALDERMAN STARTING IN 1939, SHACKLEFORD FIRST SERVED AS MAYOR FROM 1944 - 1947, AND FOR TWO MORE TERMS FROM 1952 - 1955 AND 1957 - 1961. HE WORKED FOR 68 YEARS IN THE MOVIE BUSINESS, RETIRING AT AGE 90. W.A. SHACKLEFORD DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 30, 1992. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19940010000
Acquisition Date
1994-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073212
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.5
Length
18.5
Width
13
Description
GREEN CLOTHBOUND BOOK. TITLE "KEY TO ENGLISH LETTER WRITING" PRINTED IN GOLD ACROSS FRONT AND SPINE, WITH SWAN IN FLIGHT IMPRINTED BELOW, ON FRONT COVER. STAMPED ON FIRST PAGE IS "HARRY L. ING-YIP CANORA SASK. NO 27", WITH "1.75" HANDWRITTEN IN TOP RIGHT CORNER. CONTAINS CHINESE SAMPLES OF LETTERS, WITH ENGLISH TRANSLATIONS AND APPENDIX. FRONT COVER AND TEXT DETACHED FROM SPINE; REPAIRED WITH ADHESIVE TAPE WHICH IS NOW DRY AND YELLOWED. FRONT COVER SLIGHTLY BUBBLED NEAR TITLE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
BUSINESS
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073212
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail