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Conservation during temporary exhibitions

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Author
Bachmann, Karl-Werner
Material Type
Book
Material Type
Book
Author
Bachmann, Karl-Werner
Publication Date
1975
Subjects
Art - Protection
Call Number
Prof N 8750 B12 E5 1975
Collection
Library
Less detail
Other Name
LEATHER GAUNTLETS
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970016000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LEATHER GAUNTLETS
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Length
35.4
Width
26.3
Description
PAIR OF TAN LEATHER GAUNTLETS WITH COLORFUL GLASS BEADS IN FLOWER PATTERN ON TOP SUFACE, LEATHER TASSELS ON UPPER HALF OF OUTER EDGE, AND LINED WITH DEEP PURPLE COTTON FABRIC. OTHER EDGES HAVE SCALLOPED LEATHER EDGES. LEFT GLOVE IS TORN AT THE BASE OF THE THUMB, HAS BLACK MARKS ON TOP OF MIDDLE AND PINKY FINGER, AND BOTTOM OF GLOVE IS SLIGHTLY SOILED. RIGHT HAND IS ALSO COMING APART AT BASE OF THUMB, BASE OF TASSELS ARE COMING APART FROM BODY OF GLOVE, AND HAS BLACK MARKS ACROSS INSIDE WRIST AND ON TIP OF PINKY FINGER.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
ITEMS WERE GIVEN TO JOHN SIMPSON'S GRANDFATHER, ALEXANDER MULLIGAN, BY A NATIVE GENTLEMAN. ACCORDING TO DONOR IT IS NOT KNOWN WHEN HE EXACTLY RECEIVED THE GAUNTLETS, BUT HE WAS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE VIADUCT BRIDGE IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1908-09, AND MAY HAVE RECEIVED THEM AT THIS TIME. DONORS HAVE HAD GAUNTLETS FOR TWENTY YEARS, WHILE LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE.
Catalogue Number
P19970016000
Acquisition Date
1997-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960112097
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
NYLON
No. Pieces
6
Height
0.7
Length
2.9
Width
1.8
Description
WHITE NYLON TWISTED CORD, WITH A SMALL LOOP ON THE END OF THE HALF WITH A DOUBLE WRAPPED CORD. OTHER HALF IS A LARGE LOOP OF TWISTED CORD. LIKE NEW.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112097
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HANDCUFF POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960112010
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HANDCUFF POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.9
Length
13
Width
9.8
Description
BLACK LEATHER HANDCUFF POUCH. ELONGATED AND ROUNDED AT BOTTOM; SLIGHTLY WIDER NEAR TOP FLAP. SINGLE LOOP AT BACK FOR FIXING TO BELT. BRASS SNAP CLOSURE. "406" STAMPED ON BACK. LEATHER IS SLIGHTLY WORN AND CRACKED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*NOTE* POUCH ATTACHED TO BELT (P19960112008-GA) *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112010
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"ELGIN" AIRCRAFT CLOCK
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, WOOD, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20060019002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"ELGIN" AIRCRAFT CLOCK
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, WOOD, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.4
Length
6.5
Width
11.5
Description
CLOCK, AIRCRAFT. MOUNTED ON WOOD BY FOUR SILVER SCREWS, BLACK METAL CASING, GLASS OVER FACE, BLACK PLASTIC DIAL AT BOTTOM OF CLOCK. FACE MARKED “ELGIN, PIONEER, REG. U.S. PAT. OFF.,” NUMBERS “3, 6, 9 AND 12 AROUND FACE OF CLOCK. BACK OF CLOCK MARKED, “TYPE, 3310-2A-A, 19057, SERIAL…” SOME WRITING SCRATCHED IN BACK “W670T…???”
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE CLOCK FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON (1913-2000). UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE AND RECORD P20060019001.
Catalogue Number
P20060019002
Acquisition Date
2009-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
AMMUNITION POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960112009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AMMUNITION POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.9
Length
12.8
Width
10.5
Description
BLACK LEATHER AMMUNITION POUCH WITH TWO LOOPS AT BACK FOR CONNECTING TO BELT. POUCH IS RECTANGULAR IN SHAPE, WITH ROUNDED CORNERS. POINTED FLAP, WITH SLOT CUT NEAR TIP FOR FASTENING TO BRASS KNOB ON MAIN POUCH. TWO ROWS OF LEATHER STITCHED ALONG INTERIOR, FOR HOLDING AMMUNITION IN PLACE. TOP OF FLAP AT FOLD IS CRACKING AND TEARING.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*NOTE* POUCH ATTACHED TO BELT (P19960112008-GA) *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112009
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960112007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.2
Length
28.5
Width
13.6
Description
BLACK LEATHER GUN HOLSTER. FITS ONTO 5.5CM WIDTH BELT BY TWO BELT LOOPS AT BACK. STITCHED ALONG FORMED SIDE ONLY; STRAIGHT EDGE (RIGHT) FORMED BY FOLDED LEATHER. FLAP FOLDS OVER TOP FROM BACK; SMALL SLIT CUT INTO FLAP TO FASTEN TO BRASS KNOB. LEATHER WORN THROUGHOUT, WITH IMPRESSIONS OF FIREARM.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FROM LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION; FOR MORE HISTORY SEE P19960112001-GA. *NOTE* HOLSTER FOUND ATTACHED TO BELT (P19960112008-GA) DECEMBER 2007 *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112007
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.9
Length
9.4
Width
8.5
Description
ALTIMETER, GAUGE, METAL AND GLASS. BLACK FACE WITH BROWNISH RED NUMBERS AND BROWNISH RED AND BLACK NEEDLE, NUMBERS MARKED “0…18” AROUND EDGES, FACE MARKED “ALTITUDE… PIONEER…A743B-1137.” CASE SURROUNDING FACE IS BLACK PAINTED METAL, PAINT LOSS ON FRONT, FOUR HOLES IN FOUR CORNERS AND METAL ROD ON BOTTOM FRONT OF FACE. PAPER LABEL COMING OFF OF BACK OF GAUGE MARKED “UNDER, PATEN(?),” REDDISH BROWN AND PUCE SPLATTERS ON SIDE OF GAUGE.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE ALTIMETER FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON. CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN LARSON AND "STEPHENS" (NICKNAMED STEVIE) FROM FEBRUARY 23 - MARCH 3, 1937 SHOWS THAT THEY WERE TRYING TO FIND AN ALTIMETER TO SUIT THEIR NEEDS. IT IS POSSIBLE THIS ARTIFACT IS THE "PIONEER ALTIMETER IN A SECOND HAND STORE FOR WHICH THE YID WANTED BUCKS TWO AND A HALF," STEPHENS WAS REFERRING TO. "LARSON SPENT HIS EARLY DAYS IN LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE COMPLETED HIGH SCHOOL. HIS FATHER WAS A CARPENTER AND MASTER CRAFTSMEN. LARSON BECAME INTERESTED IN AVIATION AFTER LINDBERG FLEW THE ATLANTIC. HE AND HIS FRIENDS, IVAN THOMSON AND JIM FINDLAY, BEGAN BUILDING GLIDERS IN 1929. FOR THE NEXT 10 YEARS LARSON WAS THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THE LETHBRIDGE GLIDING CLUB. DURING THIS TIME HE MADE WELL OVER 300 GLIDER FLIGHTS. IN 1939 HE SET ONE OF THE FIRST UNOFFICIAL GLIDING RECORDS IN CANADA. LARSON SPENT THE WAR YEARS IN CALGARY AS AN AIRFRAME INSTRUCTOR FOR THE WAR EMERGENCY TRAINING PROGRAM. IN 1947 HE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WAS EMPLOYED AS AN ASSESSOR FOR THE CITY UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1978." UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WING CROSS SECTION SUPPORT
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20060019003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WING CROSS SECTION SUPPORT
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.7
Length
99.8
Width
16.0
Description
WING SUPPORT CROSS-SECTION, WOOD, LEADING EDGE IS ROUNDED OFF AND TAPERS TO A POINT AT THE TRAILING EDGE, THE STRUCTURE IS REINFORCED BY SEVERAL TRIANGLE SHAPES, WING IS HELD TOGETHER BY ADHESIVE, PENCIL LINES THROUGHOUT, SMALL REMNANTS OF NEWS PAPER ON ONE SIDE OF LEADING EDGE AND ONE SIDE OF TRAILING EDGE. THIN PIECES OF WOOD WARPED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE WING CROSS SECTION FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON (1913-2000). THE WING COMPONENT WAS BUILT IN THE 1930S. LARSON BUILT GLIDERS IN A BACKYARD SHOP ON HIS PROPERTY AT 1411 3 AVE. N. APPARENTLY LARSON ONCE EXPLAINED TO HODGE THAT THIS PART PERIODICALLY BROKE AND HAD TO BE REPAIRED OR REPLACED. THIS SUPPORT MAY BE A SPARE PART MADE BY MEMBERS OF THE CLUB. IT WAS LIKELY A SPARE PART FOR THE HUTTER GLIDER (H-17) A SINGLE MAN AIRCRAFT USED BY THE "LETHBRIDGE GLIDING CLUB." ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SAMPLES OF CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN LARSON AND NORMAN BRUCE, JIM FRETWELL, AND A COMPANY IN WURTTEMBERG, LARSON WAS TRYING TO GET BLUEPRINTS FOR THE H-17 IN 1936. BY 1937 HE HAD STARTED BUILDING THE AIRCRAFT AND SUBSEQUENTLY FLEW IT (SEE ARCHIVES FOR LOG BOOK OF H-17). BY JUNE OF 1938 THE H-17 WAS THE ONLY GLIDER BEING USED BY THE CLUB. LARSON FLEW THE H-17 AS LATE AS 1947 BEFORE LEAVING IT IN THE CARE OF EVELYN SMITH, A FORMER MEMBER OF THE GLIDING CLUB. THE WING COMPONENT COULD HAVE ALSO COME FROM ONE OF TWO PRIMARY GLIDERS. UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE AND P20060019001.
Catalogue Number
P20060019003
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
21.0 (SHEATH)
Width
6.4
Description
60.3 CM SLING. RAWHIDE SHEATH WITH OUTSIDE FACE COMPLETELY DECORATED WITH GLASS SEED BEADS -GREEN, BLUE, BROWN, PIN, WHITE, LIME (IN GEOMETRIC PATTERNS OF TRIANGLES & CROSSES) SOME BEADS MISSING NEAR THE TIP OF THE SHEATH. A ROW OF IRON TINKLER CONES TRAVERSE THE BEADED FACE. 2 CONES MISSING. BUCKSKIN LACE - SLING IS ATTACHED AT THE PROXIMAL AND DISTAL CORNERS OF THE SHEATH. SLING IS DECORATED WITH WRAPPED STRANDS OF GLASS SEED BEADS IN ALTERNATING BANDS OF BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, GREEN. SEVERAL WRAPPINGS OR BANDS OF BEADS ARE MISSING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PURCHASED, OR RECEIVED AS A GIFT, BY DONOR FROM INDIGENOUS PEOPLE WORKING OR STOPPING AT THE RANCH. POSSIBLY A WOMAN'S KNIFE SHEATH, DUE TO SLING-STYLE OPPOSED TO BELT-STYLE? DONOR CLAIMED THE SHEATH WAS VERY OLD AND WAS FROM THE SIOUX IN THE UNITED STATES. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI NATION, AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THE SHEATH IS MADE FROM ELK OR DEER HIDE. THE GEOMETRIC DESIGN IS APPLIED TO THE SURFACE AND FRINGES WITH CONE-SHAPED TIN “JINGLES” ATTACHED AT THE TOP. THE WHOLE LENGTH OF SHEATH HAS A BEADED RIM EXECUTED IN THE SAME COLOURS. CENTURIES AGO, THE BEADWORK WAS DONE WITH NATURALLY DYED SEEDS; LATER THE SEED BEADS – OBTAINED FROM EUROPEANS THROUGH TRADE – BECAME THE PREVALENT CHOICE OF KAINAI BEADERS. DESPITE THE SWITCH, THE CREATIVE PROCESS CONTINUED TO BE GROUNDED IN TRADITIONAL CULTURE AND SYMBOLS. THIS SHEATH WAS ONCE ATTACHED TO A RAWHIDE BEADED BELT WITH THE SAME DESIGN AND COLOUR SCHEME." *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING A DRUM DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES, ALSO THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR AND HER FAMILY'S RANCH, THE ROCKING P, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1931 AND 1953, THE BOOK 'COWBOYS, RANCHERS AND THE CATTLE BUSINESS: CROSS-BORDER PERSPECTIVES ON RANCHING HISTORY' BY SIMON M. EVANS, AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AMERICASHORSEDAILY.COM, AND THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. RODERICK RIDDLE MACLEAY WAS BORN IN 1878 IN DANVILLE, QUEBEC. IN 1898 HE CAME TO ALBERTA AND BEGAN RANCING A SMALL HERD OF CATTLE ON LAND WEST OF HIGH RIVER. IN 1904, MACLEAY PURCHASED THE 40,000 ACRE BROOKS RANCH, AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR MARRIED LAURA STURTEVANT. THEY HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, DOROTHY AND MAXINE. DURING THE SEVERE WINTER OF 1906/07, MACLEAY LOST 90% OF HIS HERD , AND A FLAGGING CATTLE MARKET DEVASTATED HIS PROFITS. ONLY TWO YEARS LATER HOWEVER, MACLEAY ENTERED INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH ROCKING P RANCH OWNER GEORGE EMERSON, AND IN 1914 MACLEAY BOUGHT OUT EMERSON WITH THE AGREEMENT TO MAINTAIN THE ROCKING P BRAND. OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MACLEAY EXAPANDED Y ACQUIRING THE ADJACENT WILLOW CREEK, BAR S, AND LIVINGSTONE RANCHES. IN THE 1930S, MACLEAY HIRED ERNEST BLADES AS A COWBOY, AND BLADES MARRIED DOROTHY MACLEAY IN 1940. ROD MACLEAY DIED IN OCTOBER 1953, AND HIS LAND WAS LEFT TO HIS DAUGHTERS. DOROTHY AND ERNEST BLADES ASSUMED OPERATION OF THE ROCKING P, MANAGING IT ALONG WITH THEIR OWN RANCH, THE 3VS. THEIR SON, MAC BLADES, BEGAN WORKING FULL TIME ON THE RANCHES IN 1965 WHEN HE FINISHED HIGH SCHOOL, AND BY 1973 WAS RANCH MANAGER. IN 1996 THE PROPERTY WAS DIVIDED AMONG DOROTHY AND ERNEST'S FIVE CHILDREN, AND AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, MAC BLADES OWNS AND OPERATES THE ROCKING P RANCH. OF PARTICULAR NOTE TO THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES TO THE GALT MUSEUM IS THIS SHORT EXCERPT FROM ROD MACLEAY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY FROM OCTOBER 30, 1953: "[AN] INTEREST WHICH ENGROSSED [MACLEAY] WAS THE CAUSE OF THE STONEY INDIANS LIVING A NOMADIC LIFE AWAY FROM THE MORLEY RESERVATION. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH IMPRESSING SUCCESSFULLY ON THE GOVERNMENT THE NEED FOR A SUB-RESERVE." THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAKODA (FORMERLY CALLED STONEY) FIRST NATION AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE WAS SOURCED FROM ROCKYMOUNTAINNAKODA.COM. THE NAKODA "MOUNTAIN PEOPLE" HISTORICALLY TRAVERSED THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND FOOTHILLS IN SMALL, NOMADIC GROUPS, WITH EACH GROUP BEING LED BY A HEAD CHIEF. IN 1877 AT THE SIGNING OF TREATY 7, THE NAKODA WERE REPRESENTED BY THREE HEAD CHIEFS, WHO WERE ASSURED THAT THE NAKODA WOULD RETAIN THREE LARGE TRACTS OF TRADITIONAL HOMELAND, ONE FOR EACH NOMADIC GROUP. HOWEVER, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOTED THE NAKODA ONLY ONE LAND ENTITLEMENT, NOW KNOWN AS THE MORLEY RESERVE, LOCATED WEST OF CALGARY. THE LAND ALLOTMENT WAS FENCED IN BARBED WIRE, PREVENTING THE NAKODA FROM THEIR NOMADIC MOVEMENTS. DURING THE 20TH CENTURY, TWO SMALLER SATELLITE RESERVES WERE ESTABLISHED FOR THE NAKODA FIRST NATION: THE BIG HORN RESERVE (KISKA WAPTADN "BIG HORN RIVER"), 265KM NORTHWEST OF MORLEY, AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE (GA-HNA "ALONG THE FOOTHILLS"), 120KM SOUTH OF MORLEY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
Acquisition Date
1974-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DROQUE CHUTE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON, CANVAS, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19920057003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DROQUE CHUTE
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
NYLON, CANVAS, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Length
74.0
Diameter
30.8
Description
NYLON BAG, ATTACHED TO A STEEL HOOP FRAME WITH CANVAS STRAPS. STAMPED: "RCAF MESSENGER TARGET REF 9A243" CYLINDER SHAPED, TIED AT BOTTOM. SOILED, STAINED & TORN. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ROSS-SMITH-CO-LTD MONTREAL TOWED BY AN AIRCRAFT & USED WITH TARGET FOR AIR GUNNERY TARGET PRACTICE. USED AT LETHBRIDGE BASE. USED AT LETHBRIDGE NO. 8 BOMBING AND GUNNERY SCHOOL. PARACHUTE WAS TOWED BY A LYSANDER AIRCRAFT AND USED FOR AIR GUNNERY TARGET PRACTICE. DROGUE WAS TWENTY FEET LONG AND WOULD BE ROLLED UP AND ATTACHED TO THE END OF A CABLE. THE PARACHUTE WOULD THEN BE REELED OUT WITH THE CABLE, TRIPPED OPEN, AND PULLED FURLING BEHIND THE PLANE. IT HAD LOUVRES AND SLEEVES TO PREVENT IT FROM FLAPPING WHILE THE STUDENTS FLYING BEHIND IN BOLINGBROKE OR FAIREY BATTLE AIRCRAFT FIRED BETWEEN EIGHT AND TEN ROUNDS AT A TIME. AFTER TARGET PRACTICE THE DROGUE WAS RELEASED OVER THE BASE. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR 1989 HERALD ARTICLE ON USE OF DROGUE TARGET AND RELATED USE OF BOLINGBROKE AIRCRAFT. 4 OCTOBER 2009 AT THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT’S REQUEST, THE DONOR LLOYD TRONE PROVIDED A LETTER TO THE GALT IN 2009, EXPANDING ON HOW HE CAME TO ACQUIRE THE BCTAP DRONE TARGET, P19920057003 AND THE FLIGHT BOOTS P19920057001 DURING WWII. ADDITIONALLY, HE VISITED THE GALT IN SEPTEMBER 2009, MEETING WITH COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN, IN ORDER TO ANSWER QUESTIONS STILL NOT ANSWERED IN THE LETTER. THE NARRATIVE BELOW IS A COMBINATION OF THE LETTER, ON FILE, AND INFORMATION SOLICITED DURING THE 2009 VISIT. ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, HIS FATHER, LAWRENCE WYOMING TRONE, WAS DISCHARGED FROM THE VETERANS GUARD OF CANADA, HAVING GUARDED GERMAN PRISONERS-OF-WAR AT CAMP SEEBEE IN WHAT IS TODAY KANANASKIS, AB. THEREAFTER, HIS LAWRENCE WAS EMPLOYED AT THE NO. 8 B&G SCHOOL IN LETHBRIDGE AS A SENTRY AS WELL AS PERFORMING KITCHEN AND BOILER ROOM WORK. WHILE AT THE SCHOOL, “HE [THE SENIOR TRONE] BEFRIENDED A COUPLE OF AIRMEN IN TRAINING (AN AUSTRALIAN AND A NEW ZEALANDER) THROUGH MUSIC”. LAWRENCE, A LETHBRIDGE RESIDENT AFTER 1930, ONCE PLAYED IN AN ORCHESTRA AND WAS KNOWN TO PLAY VIOLIN FOR SCHOOL DANCES AT LOCAL SCHOOLS. THE FOREIGN AIRMEN VISITED THE TRONE HOME (910 7TH AVE. SOUTH) ON THEIR DAYS OFF AND ENJOYED LISTENING TO LAWRENCE PLAY HIS VIOLIN. IN EARLY 1943, THE AUSTRALIAN (DONOR COULD NOT RECALL NAME) GIFTED THE BOOTS AND THE DROGUE CHUTE ON TWO SEPARATE OCCASIONS TO THE DONOR THEN 15 Y/O. THE AUSTRALIAN AND NEW ZEALANDER ADDITIONALLY GAVE THE DONOR’S MOTHER EXTRA FOOD STUFFS AND SHE, IN RETURN, PROVIDED THE AIRMEN WITH A HOME-COOKED MEAL. THE DONOR BELIEVED THE BOOTS WERE GIFTED TO HIM IN ORDER TO IMPROVE HIS COMFORT (OVERSHOES) ON HIS TRAVELS TO AND FROM SCHOOL. THEY WERE NOT, HOWEVER, PRACTICAL FOR THAT PURPOSE, BUT WERE FOUND TO BE OF BENEFIT MANY YEARS LATER WHEN THE DONOR USED THEM FOR ICE FISHING. THEY WERE WORN WITH TWO PAIRS OF SOCKS UNDERNEATH. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY LLOYD TRONE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR WAS FOUND IN HIS OBITUARY, PUBLISHED IN THE JUNE 1, 2010 ISSUE OF THE CROWSNEST PASS HERALD. LLOYD TRONE WAS BORN IN 1928 IN MEDICINE HAT, AND MOVED WITH HIS FAMILY TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1930. HE WORKED FOR CANADA PACKERS FOR 25 YEARS AND RETIRED TO THE CROWSNEST PASS, WHERE HE PASSED AWAY IN MAY 2010. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19990049001-GA FOR HARDCOPY OF DONOR'S OBITUARY.
Catalogue Number
P19920057003
Acquisition Date
1992-12
Collection
Museum
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