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Author
Johnson, L.P.V.
Publisher
Institute of Applied Art
Material Type
Book
Material Type
Book
Author
Johnson, L.P.V.
Place
Edmonton, Alberta
Publisher
Institute of Applied Art
Publication Date
1970
Physical Description
252 pages, illustrated
Subjects
Aberhart, William 1878-1942
Abstract
Biography of William Aberhart
Call Number
FC 3674.1 A3 J6
Collection
Library
Less detail

The Allied Arts Council of Lethbridge; a history

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/library2728
Publisher
Allied Arts Council
Material Type
Book
Material Type
Book
Place
Lethbridge
Publisher
Allied Arts Council
Publication Date
1983
Subjects
Allied Arts Council, Lethbridge, Alberta - History
Call Number
Pamph J65a
Collection
Library
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073186
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
0.3
Length
20.5
Width
14.5
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER SCHOOLBOOK WITH PICTURE OF TWO CHILDREN WRITING AT TABLE ON A STONE PORCH, ON FRONT COVER. WHITE WITH YELLOW, RED, GREY AND BLUE. BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. PRINTED ON INSIDE BACK COVER IS "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON, HONG KONG. CABLE ADDRESS: 1879". TEXT IS CHINESE CHARACTERS THROUGHOUT. INCLUDES ONE COPY EACH OF EDITIONS ONE THROUGH FOUR (AS INDICATED IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT COVER).
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073186
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073187
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
21
Width
18.5
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK WITH ORANGE COVER. PICTURE OF THREE CHILDREN BLOWING BUBBLES, WITH DOG AND CAT ON COVER. BOUND ON THE RIGHT SIDE. BACK HAS PRINTED "READERS FOR KINDERGARTENS, BOOK 2 PUBLISHED BY MORDERN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH SOCIETY, LTD." OTHER IS "BOOK 3". COLOR PICTURES THROUGHOUT. TOP OF ONE FRONT COVER HAS HANDWRITTEN IN PENCIL "MYRA 2"; OTHER HAS "MYRA ING 3 FEB 6/88". #3 IS A SLIGHTLY DARKER SHADE OF ORANGE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073187
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073188
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.3
Length
18.2
Width
13.2
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK WITH GREEN COVER. YELLOW, PINK AND BLUE PICTURE OF TWO CHILDREN READING, ON FRONT COVER. CHINESE TEXT AND COLOR PICTURES THROUGHOUT. INSIDE BACK PAGE HAS "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON HONG KONG". ONE COPY EACH OF EDITION 2, 3, AND 4, AS INDICATED BY BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF COVER. #2 HAS INK SCRIBBLED ON FRONT. BACK PAGE OF #3 IS TORN IN HALF, WITH PIECE DETACHED. BOTTOM LEFT CORNERS OF #4 ARE FOLDED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073188
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073189
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
5
Height
0.3
Length
18.5
Width
13.2
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER SCHOOLBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. COVER HAS BROWN, GREEN, BLUE, AND GREY PICTURE OF MOTHER READING LETTER TO THREE CHILDREN. BLACK CHINESE CHARACTERS THROUGHOUT, WITH SOME BLACK AND WHITE ILLUSTRATIONS. ONE OF BOOKS HAS TITLE PRINTED IN BLACK ON FRONT; TWO OTHERS HAVE TITLE PRINTED IN BLUE, AND FINAL TWO HAVE IT PRINTED IN RED. ONE OF RED COPIES HAS SPINE STAPLED SEVERAL TIMES. MINOR CREASES AND FOLDS THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073189
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073190
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.8
Length
17.5
Width
12
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. COVER HAS GREEN, BLUE, AND BLACK PICTURE OF CHINESE MAN ON HORNED MAMMAL. FLOWERING SHRUB IN BACKGROUND. TOP AND BOTTOM LEFT CORNERS TORN AND MISSING. HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK INK IS "HAROLD ING"; BACK HAS HANDWRITTEN "THE END". PAGES HAVE CHINESE CHARACTERS PRINTED ON ONE SIDE, AND ILLUSTRATIONS ON REVERSE. PAGES 1 THROUGH 132.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073190
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073191
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
18.4
Width
13
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. YELLOW COVER WITH RED PRINT AND IMAGE OF FOUR MONKS PICKING FRUIT FROM A TREE. BACK COVER IS WHITE WITH BLUE PRINT. BLACK CHINESE CHARACTERS PRINTED THROUGHOUT, WITH SEVERAL BLACK AND WHITE ILLUSTRATIONS. BLACK MARK IN TOP RIGHT CORNER OF COVER.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073191
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073192
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
19.5
Width
11.5
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. COVER HAS BLACK AND WHITE ILLUSTRATION OF TWO GIRLS WITH DOG, WITH CABIN IN BACKGROUND. ALSO BLANK LINES AND SOME CHINESE CHARACTERS. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES HAVE BLANK OUTLINES, PRESUMABLY FOR PRINTING COLUMNS OF CHINESE CHARACTERS. ONE HAS SOFT PINK COVER, AND ONE HAS FAINT GREEN COVER. OTHERWISE IDENTICAL.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073192
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073193
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.3
Length
19.5
Width
11.5
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. COVER HAS RED ILLUSTRATION OF TWO GIRLS, ONE HOLDING RIFLE, WITH DOG. CABIN IN BACKGROUND. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES ARE BLANK. ONE HAS LIGHT GREEN COVER; OTHER HAS PINK. *UPDATE* AS OF 2011 INVENTORY, NO. PIECES HAS INCREASED FROM 2 TO 3. THERE ARE 2 BLANK GREEN BOOKS AND ONE PINK ONE LABELED P19950073193 IN THE COLLECTION.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073193
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073194
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
1 2
Height
0.3
Length
19.5
Width
11.5
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. PINK COVER HAS RED PICTURE OF TWO GIRLS, ONE HOLDING RIFLE, WITH DOG. CABIN IN BACKGROUND. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES ARE PRINTED WITH LARGE RED CHINESE CHARACTERS. BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF ONE DAMAGED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *** *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073194
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073195
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
21.5
Width
12.3
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. PINK COVER HAS RED PICTURE OF TWO MALES WALKING HAND-IN-HAND. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES ARE PRINTED WITH BLANK SQUARES, PRESUMABLY FOR WRITING COLUMNS OF CHINESE CHARACTERS. COVER OF ONE HAS FOUR HANDWRITTEN CHARACTERS, IN PENCIL, AND SOME PAGES ARE FILLED WITH WRITING IN BLACK INDIAN INK.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073195
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073196
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
21.5
Width
12.3
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. COVER HAS RED PICTURE OF TWO PEOPLE WALKING WITH BOOKS IN HAND. "MADE IN HONG KONG" ACROSS BOTTOM. PAGES ARE PRINTED WITH BLANK SQUARES, PRESUMABLY FOR WRITING COLUMNS OF CHINESE CHARACTERS. ONE HAS PALE GREEN COVER, ANOTHER HAS PINK COVER.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073196
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073197
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.3
Length
18.8
Width
13
Description
THREE SCHOOL BOOKS, ALL WITH PINK, BLUE, YELLOW AND PEACH COLORED COVERS. PICTURES OF ANIMALS AND OTHER SUBJECTS ON FRONT, WITH BLUE BAND AT SPINE. BOUND ON RIGHTHAND SIDE. BACKS HAVE SAME COLORS, WITH ILLUSTRATIONS AROUND BORDER, AND MEDAL WITH PRINT BELOW, IN CENTRE. VARIOUS COLOR PICTURES THROUGHOUT BOOK, WITH BLACK CHINESE CHARACTERS. TITLE PRINTED IN GREEN ON ONE, BLUE ON ONE, AND BURGUNDY ON OTHER ONE. CONTENTS DIFFER IN EACH.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073197
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073198
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
7
Height
0.3
Length
18.8
Width
13
Description
SEVEN CHINESE SCHOOL BOOKS, WITH YELLOW AND BLUE SQUARES CONTAINING VARIOUS IMAGES, ON FRONT COVER. BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. LEFT SIDE OF COVER HAS BAND PRINTED WITH WHITE CHINESE CHARACTERS. TWO EACH OF GREEN, RED, AND ORANGE, ONE OF BLUE, EACH WITH DIFFERENT CONTENTS. ALL HAVE COLORED PICTURES WITH CHINESE CHARACTERS PRINTED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073198
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MUSIC BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073199
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MUSIC BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Length
18
Width
12.8
Description
PINK SOFT-COVER MUSIC BOOK WITH WHITE AND BLACK CHINESE CHARACTERS PRINTED ON COVER. ALSO, PICTURE OF GIRL SINGING IN CENTRE. BACK COVER HAS PRICE OF $24.00 PRINTED IN TOP RIGHT CORNER, WITH OTHER CHARACTERS IN BOTTOM RIGHT. PAGES ARE WHITE WITH BLACK MUSICAL NOTATION, CHARACTERS, AND SEVERAL ILLUSTRATIONS.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073199
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073200
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Length
18
Width
12.8
Description
SOFT-COVER BOOK, BOUND ON THE RIGHT SIDE. FRONT HAS HORIZONTAL BLUE, WHITE, AND RED STRIPES, WITH VERTICAL YELLOW STRIPE ON THE LEFT. ORIENTAL CHARACTERS PRINTED ON YELLOW PORTION. BACK OF BOOKS ARE WHITE, WITH ENDS OF BLUE, YELLOW AND WHITE STRIPES ON THE LEFT SIDE. PAGES OF BOOK ARE WHITE WITH BLACK ORIENTAL PRINT. BLACK AND WHITE PHOTOS PRINTED ON FIRST AND LAST FEW PAGES.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073200
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073201
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOL BOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.3
Length
18.2
Width
13
Description
THREE CHINESE SCHOOL BOOKS, SOFT COVER AND BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. GREEN, RED, PURPLE, AND BROWN PICTURE ON FRONT COVER, OF BOY AT DESK AND GIRL STANDING BESIDE. BACK READS "PRACTICAL AID TO CHINESE COMPOSITION, P.2, 1ST TERM PUBLISHED BY MODERN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH SOCIETY, LTD.". BOOK WITH BLUE PRINT HAS NUMBER "CCII616" ON BACK. SECOND, WITH GREEN, HAS "CCIV616"; ONE WITH RED HAS "CCVI616".
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073201
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOL WORKBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073202
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOL WORKBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
12
Height
0.3
Length
21
Width
17.5
Description
SOFT-COVER CHINESE SCHOOL WORKBOOK, WITH YELLOW AND GREEN DIAMOND-SHAPED PICTURES ON FRONT. EIGHT ARE BOUND ON LEFT, AND THREE ARE BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. COLORED RECTANGULAR PORTION NEAR TOPS OF FRONT COVERS WITH TITLE. INCLUDES TWO BROWN, ONE PINK, TWO GREEN, TWO PURPLE, TWO RED, AND TWO ORANGE. CONTENTS VARY AMONG THEM. PAGES ARE PRINTED WITH CHINESE PHRASES, WITH BLANK LINES FOR RESPONSES. BACK COVER HAS PRINTED "S.G. DAVIS PH.D., M.SC., F.G.S., F.R.G.S.". SOME ILLUSTRATIONS. EDGES OF PAPER ARE YELLOWING SLIGHTLY.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073202
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOL WORKBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073203
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOL WORKBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
17.1
Width
11
Description
SOFT-COVER CHINESE SCHOOL WORKBOOK. BEIGE WITH RED ILLUSTRATIONS OF TWO PEOPLE AND BIRDS ON FRONT. CHINESE CHARACTERS ALSO PRINTED ON COVER. PAGES ARE WHITE WITH BLACK PRINT AND SOME ILLUSTRATIONS. PENCIL AND INK HANDWRITTEN NOTATIONS THROUGHOUT. ONE HAS GREEN ONION PAPER(?) BACKING, TORN OVER BOTTOM HALF. BOOKS ARE BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. ONE IS MARKED "11619" ON BACK; OTHER IS MARKED "11692". TOP BACK CORNER OF ONE BOOK HAS SIGNS OF INSECT DAMAGE (BORED HOLES).
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073203
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
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