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Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19890006000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1920
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Length
70.7
Width
50.7
Description
HAND COLORED PHOTOGRAPH OF BRITISH KING EDWARD VII IN UNIFORM OF COLONEL OF WELSH GUARDS, CAPTION "PRESENTED BY THE IMPERIAL ORDER OF THE DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE IN MEMORY OF THE MEN AND WOMEN WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918". "PRINTED IN ENGLAND"
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
ORIGINALLY HUNG IN ALL ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ROOMS IN LETHBRIDGE & AREA, THIS PHOTO FROM SCHOOL IN PICTURE BUTTE DIST. RETRIEVED BY HARRY WATSON & KEPT IN HIS OFFICE (HARRY WATSON FARM SUPPLY). GIVEN TO DONOR BY JOE WATSON.
Catalogue Number
P19890006000
Acquisition Date
1989-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19940049002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Length
57.4
Width
55.5
Description
CHILD'S DRAWING ON WHITE CONSTRUCTION PAPER. PENCIL-DRAWN TEEPEE ON GREEN GRASS, WITH THREE GREEN AND BROWN TREES. INDIGENOUS CHIEF IN UPPER LEFT CORNER WITH BOW. ONE ARROW IS IN FLIGHT OVER A TREE, AND A SECOND HAS HIT A FIGURE AT THE FAR RIGHT SIDE. GROUP OF BROWN ANIMAL FIGURES ARE ARRANGED IN A CIRCLE AT TOP, WITH "JEFF" IN GREEN PRINT IN TOP RIGHT CORNER. EDGES OF PAPER ARE WORN, WITH SMALL TEAR ABOVE NAME. CRUSHED IN SEVERAL PLACES FROM ROLLED STORAGE.
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
EDUCATION
FINE ARTS
History
DRAWN BY STUDENT IN AUNT DOROTHY'S PLAYHOUSE, FROM GOODSTRIKER'S STORIES ON ONE OF HIS EARLY VISITS. DOROTHY GENTLEMAN, DONOR'S MOTHER, WAS BORN IN ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND IN 1905. HER FATHER WAS A SCOTTISH LAIRD (PARENTS: LAIRD PETER & JESSIE JAMIESON), WHO OWNED A GIRL'S SCHOOL. THE SCHOOL WAS USED AFTER WWI AS A HOSPITAL/RETREAT FOR INJURED BRITISH SOLDIERS TO GO TO RECUPERATE. THERE, DOROTHY WAS KNOWN AS 'LITTLE RED RIDING HOOD' BECAUSE SHE ALWAYS WORE A RED CAPE WHEN SHE WAS CALLED DOWN TO READ STORIES TO SOLDIERS AS THEY WERE DYING. IT WAS DOROTHY'S JOB TO HOLD THEIR HANDS UNTIL THEY DIED, AND TO WRITE TO SOLDIERS' FAMILIES (LETTERS DICTATED BY HER FATHER) ABOUT THEIR CONDITION. WHILE IN SCOTLAND, DOROTHY STUDIED JOURNALISM, PIANO, AND ORGAN. SHE CAME TO CANADA IN 1922 WITH HER PARENTS, TO RESIDE ON RODONO FARM NEAR ALIX, ALBERTA. SHE WAS MARRIED THERE IN 1928, TO WILLIAM DONALD "BILL" GENTLEMAN. SHE RESIDED MAINLY IN EDMONTON AND CALGARY, BEFORE HER 1944 MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE. AFTER HER HUSBAND PASSED AWAY WITHOUT INSURANCE, LEAVING DOROTHY AND HER FOUR CHILDREN WITHOUT FUNDS, DOROTHY FOUNDED AUNT DOROTHY'S PLAYHOUSE IN 1948. IT WAS ONE OF THE FIRST PRIVATE KINDERGARTENS IN THE CITY, MODELED AFTER THOSE IN THE 'OLD COUNTRY' (SCOTLAND). CHILDREN WORE UNIFORMS, AND HAD JACKETS WITH A SCHOOL CREST. DOROTHY TAUGHT FRENCH (INCLUDING FRENCH SONGS), GAVE TRAIN TRIPS, TAUGHT MUSIC (INCLUDING PIANO), SINGING AND DANCING, FINGER PAINTING, AND TOOK TRIPS AROUND THE TOWN. THE KINDERGARTEN WAS IN HER HOME AT 635-8TH STREET SOUTH. IT WAS INTERNATIONALLY REPUTED, AND REPRESENTED CANADA AT THE UNITED NATIONS (UNESCO) 10TH ANNIVERSARY AND THE FIRST PACIFIC AREA CONFERENCES OF THE WORLD ORGANIZATION ON EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION. DOROTHY WAS CALLED IN AS AN OBSERVER-CONSULTANT OF THE U.S.A. HEADSTART MOVEMENT IN ITS FORMATIVE YEARS, WORKING MOSTLY IN NEW YORK AND NEW JERSEY. SHE WAS HONORED AS CANADA'S MOTHER OF THE YEAR IN 1961, AND WAS NOTED FOR MANY THINGS INCLUDING THE FACT THAT SHE LEARNED TO SPEAK MANDARIN AND LEARNED CHINESE CULTURE. AUNT DOROTHY'S PLAYHOUSE CLOSED IN 1973, AFTER DOROTHY RETIRED. DOROTHY GENTLEMAN PASSED AWAY IN OCTOBER 1980.
Catalogue Number
P19940049002
Acquisition Date
1994-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"THE MASTERPIECES OF REYNOLDS"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20090016028
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"THE MASTERPIECES OF REYNOLDS"
Date
1906
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.1
Length
14.6
Width
9.8
Description
BOOK, BLANK, SOFT COVER. FRONT COVER HAS RED STAIN ON PROPER LEFT SIDE AND PENCIL MARKS IN PROPER RIGHT TOP CORNER. PAPER IS SOILED AND YELLOWING THROUGHOUT. EDGES OF FRONT AND BACK COVER ARE WORN AND TORN. FRONT COVER TEARING OFF OF BOOK. THIRD PAGE IN MARKED, “GOWAN’S ART BOOKS, NO. 5, THE MASTERPIECES OF REYNOLDS”. PAGES GO UP TO 68.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
FINE ARTS
History
FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P20090016001 AND PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20090016028
Acquisition Date
2009-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"THE WORLD MASTERS, RUBENS"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20090016029
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"THE WORLD MASTERS, RUBENS"
Date
1928
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.6
Length
14.7
Width
11.2
Description
RUBENS SOFTCOVER BOOK WITH DETACHED FRONT AND BACK COVER - 3 PIECES. 1. FRONT COVER, HEAVY PAPER. EDGES CREASED AND TORN. COVER YELLOWED THROUGHOUT. MARKED, “THE WORLD’S MASTERS, RUBENS…LEICESTER SQUARE, W.C. 2”. BLACK AND WHITE IMAGE OF “RAPE OF THE DAUGHTERS OF LEUCIPPUS” IN CENTER. 14.7 CM LONG BY 11.2 CM WIDE. 2. BOOK, NO COVER, PAPER. MARKED, “THE WORLD’S MASTERS, PETER PAUL RUBENS…” PENCIL MARK IN TOP PROPER LEFT CORNER READS “OR/35”. BINDING IS COMING APART AT BOTTOM. YELLOWED THROUGHOUT. 0.6 CM HIGH BY 14.1 CM LONG BY 11.1 CM WIDE. 3. BACK COVER, HEAVY PAPER. SPINE OF COVER MARKED, “RUBENS”. YELLOWING THROUGHOUT, ESPECIALLY AT EDGES. EDGES WORN. INTERMITTENT TEARS AT EDGES. 0.6 CM HIGH BY 14.7 CM LONG BY 11.9 CM WIDE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
EDUCATION
History
FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P20090016001 AND PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20090016029
Acquisition Date
2009-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"THE WORLD'S MASTERS, GAINSBOROUGH"
Material Type
Artifact
Catalogue Number
P20090016030
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"THE WORLD'S MASTERS, GAINSBOROUGH"
Date
1928
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.7
Length
14.7
Width
11.3
Description
GAINSBOROUGH SOFT COVER BOOK WITH DETACHED COVER – 2 PIECES. 1. COVER, HEAVY PAPER. FRONT MARKED, “THE WORLD’S MASTERS, GAINSBOROUGH… LEICESTER SQUARE…” BLACK AND WHITE IMAGE OF “HARVEST WAGON” IN CENTER. COVER YELLOWED AND SOILED THROUGHOUT. EDGES WORN. INTERMITTENT TEARS AND CREASES. LARGE CREASE RUNS FROM TOP TO BOTTOM OF BACK COVER. 0.7 CM HIGH BY 14.7 CM LONG BY 11.3 CM WIDE. 2. BOOK, NO COVER, PAPER. MARKED, “THE WORLD’S MASTERS, THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH…” PENCIL MARK IN TOP PROPER LEFT CORNER READS “OR/35”. YELLOWED THROUGHOUT. 0.6 CM HIGH BY 14.6 CM LONG BY 11.1 CM WIDE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
EDUCATION
History
FOR MORE INFORMATION SEE P20090016001 AND PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20090016030
Acquisition Date
2009-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073182
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
0.3
Length
20.6
Width
14.7
Description
FOUR CHINESE SCHOOLBOOKS WITH COLOUR PICTURE OF BOY AND GIRL SITTING UNDER A TREE READING, ON THE FRONT COVER. BOUND ON RIGHT HAND SIDE. INSIDE BACK COVER HAS PRINTED "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON, HONG KONG. CABLE ADDRESS: 1879". REST OF PRINTING THROUGHOUT BOOK IS IN CHINESE, WITH SEVERAL BLACK AND WHITE PICTURES. EDITIONS 1, 2, 3, AND 4 (AS INDICATED IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). BACK COVER OF #4 IS FOLDED; BLUE INK SMUDGES BELOW.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073182
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073183
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
0.3
Length
20.5
Width
14.5
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER SCHOOLBOOK WITH PICTURE OF THREE CHILDREN LOOKING AT FRAMED PICTURE OF DRAWN CARRIAGE, ON FRONT COVER. YELLOW, WITH RED AND GREEN. BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. PRINTED ON INSIDE BACK COVER IS "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON, HONG KONG. CABLE ADDRESS: 1879". EDITIONS INCLUDE ONE COPY EACH OF #1, #2, #3 AND #4 (AS INDICATED AT BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER). MOST TEXT THROUGHOUT BOOK IS IN CHINESE CHARACTERS, WITH SEVERAL BLACK AND WHITE PICTURES.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073183
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073184
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
8
Height
0.3
Length
20.5
Width
14.5
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER SCHOOLBOOK WITH PICTURE OF THREE CHILDREN (ONE BOY AND TWO GIRLS) LOOKING AT WORM ON LEAF. WHITE WITH BLUE, YELLOW, RED, AND GREEN. BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. PRINTED ON INSIDE BACK COVER IS "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON, HONG KONG. CABLE ADDRESS: 1879". COLOR PICTURES THROUGHOUT. INCLUDES ONE COPY EACH OF EDITIONS ONE THROUGH EIGHT (AS INDICATED ON BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT COVER).
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073184
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073185
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
8 8
Height
0.3
Length
20.5
Width
14.5
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER SCHOOLBOOK WITH PICTURE OF TWO YOUNG CHILDREN AT PLAYTABLE ON FRONT COVER. TEDDY BEAR IN FOREGROUND. BLUE, YELLOW, RED, AND GREEN. BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. PRINTED ON INSIDE BACK COVER IS "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON, HONG KONG. CABLE ADDRESS: 1879". COLOR PICTURES THROUGHOUT. INCLUDES ONE COPY EACH OF EDITIONS ONE THROUGH EIGHT. SPINE ON #2 IS DAMAGED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073185
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073186
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Height
0.3
Length
20.5
Width
14.5
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER SCHOOLBOOK WITH PICTURE OF TWO CHILDREN WRITING AT TABLE ON A STONE PORCH, ON FRONT COVER. WHITE WITH YELLOW, RED, GREY AND BLUE. BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. PRINTED ON INSIDE BACK COVER IS "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON, HONG KONG. CABLE ADDRESS: 1879". TEXT IS CHINESE CHARACTERS THROUGHOUT. INCLUDES ONE COPY EACH OF EDITIONS ONE THROUGH FOUR (AS INDICATED IN BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF FRONT COVER).
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073186
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073187
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
21
Width
18.5
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK WITH ORANGE COVER. PICTURE OF THREE CHILDREN BLOWING BUBBLES, WITH DOG AND CAT ON COVER. BOUND ON THE RIGHT SIDE. BACK HAS PRINTED "READERS FOR KINDERGARTENS, BOOK 2 PUBLISHED BY MORDERN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH SOCIETY, LTD." OTHER IS "BOOK 3". COLOR PICTURES THROUGHOUT. TOP OF ONE FRONT COVER HAS HANDWRITTEN IN PENCIL "MYRA 2"; OTHER HAS "MYRA ING 3 FEB 6/88". #3 IS A SLIGHTLY DARKER SHADE OF ORANGE.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073187
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073188
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.3
Length
18.2
Width
13.2
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK WITH GREEN COVER. YELLOW, PINK AND BLUE PICTURE OF TWO CHILDREN READING, ON FRONT COVER. CHINESE TEXT AND COLOR PICTURES THROUGHOUT. INSIDE BACK PAGE HAS "CHI SHENG BOOK CO. 580E NATHAN ROAD, KOWLOON HONG KONG". ONE COPY EACH OF EDITION 2, 3, AND 4, AS INDICATED BY BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF COVER. #2 HAS INK SCRIBBLED ON FRONT. BACK PAGE OF #3 IS TORN IN HALF, WITH PIECE DETACHED. BOTTOM LEFT CORNERS OF #4 ARE FOLDED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073188
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073189
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
5
Height
0.3
Length
18.5
Width
13.2
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER SCHOOLBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. COVER HAS BROWN, GREEN, BLUE, AND GREY PICTURE OF MOTHER READING LETTER TO THREE CHILDREN. BLACK CHINESE CHARACTERS THROUGHOUT, WITH SOME BLACK AND WHITE ILLUSTRATIONS. ONE OF BOOKS HAS TITLE PRINTED IN BLACK ON FRONT; TWO OTHERS HAVE TITLE PRINTED IN BLUE, AND FINAL TWO HAVE IT PRINTED IN RED. ONE OF RED COPIES HAS SPINE STAPLED SEVERAL TIMES. MINOR CREASES AND FOLDS THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073189
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073190
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.8
Length
17.5
Width
12
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. COVER HAS GREEN, BLUE, AND BLACK PICTURE OF CHINESE MAN ON HORNED MAMMAL. FLOWERING SHRUB IN BACKGROUND. TOP AND BOTTOM LEFT CORNERS TORN AND MISSING. HANDWRITTEN IN BLACK INK IS "HAROLD ING"; BACK HAS HANDWRITTEN "THE END". PAGES HAVE CHINESE CHARACTERS PRINTED ON ONE SIDE, AND ILLUSTRATIONS ON REVERSE. PAGES 1 THROUGH 132.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073190
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073191
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCHOOLBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.3
Length
18.4
Width
13
Description
CHINESE SOFT-COVER STORYBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE. YELLOW COVER WITH RED PRINT AND IMAGE OF FOUR MONKS PICKING FRUIT FROM A TREE. BACK COVER IS WHITE WITH BLUE PRINT. BLACK CHINESE CHARACTERS PRINTED THROUGHOUT, WITH SEVERAL BLACK AND WHITE ILLUSTRATIONS. BLACK MARK IN TOP RIGHT CORNER OF COVER.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. ***
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073191
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073192
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
19.5
Width
11.5
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. COVER HAS BLACK AND WHITE ILLUSTRATION OF TWO GIRLS WITH DOG, WITH CABIN IN BACKGROUND. ALSO BLANK LINES AND SOME CHINESE CHARACTERS. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES HAVE BLANK OUTLINES, PRESUMABLY FOR PRINTING COLUMNS OF CHINESE CHARACTERS. ONE HAS SOFT PINK COVER, AND ONE HAS FAINT GREEN COVER. OTHERWISE IDENTICAL.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073192
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073193
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
0.3
Length
19.5
Width
11.5
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. COVER HAS RED ILLUSTRATION OF TWO GIRLS, ONE HOLDING RIFLE, WITH DOG. CABIN IN BACKGROUND. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES ARE BLANK. ONE HAS LIGHT GREEN COVER; OTHER HAS PINK. *UPDATE* AS OF 2011 INVENTORY, NO. PIECES HAS INCREASED FROM 2 TO 3. THERE ARE 2 BLANK GREEN BOOKS AND ONE PINK ONE LABELED P19950073193 IN THE COLLECTION.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073193
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073194
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
1 2
Height
0.3
Length
19.5
Width
11.5
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. PINK COVER HAS RED PICTURE OF TWO GIRLS, ONE HOLDING RIFLE, WITH DOG. CABIN IN BACKGROUND. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES ARE PRINTED WITH LARGE RED CHINESE CHARACTERS. BOTTOM RIGHT CORNER OF ONE DAMAGED.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *** *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073194
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073195
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
21.5
Width
12.3
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. PINK COVER HAS RED PICTURE OF TWO MALES WALKING HAND-IN-HAND. THIN SHEET OF BROWN RICE PAPER ON BACK. PAGES ARE PRINTED WITH BLANK SQUARES, PRESUMABLY FOR WRITING COLUMNS OF CHINESE CHARACTERS. COVER OF ONE HAS FOUR HANDWRITTEN CHARACTERS, IN PENCIL, AND SOME PAGES ARE FILLED WITH WRITING IN BLACK INDIAN INK.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073195
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RICE PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073196
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NOTEBOOK
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1965
Materials
RICE PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Height
0.3
Length
21.5
Width
12.3
Description
PAPER NOTEBOOK, BOUND ON RIGHT SIDE WITH STRING. COVER HAS RED PICTURE OF TWO PEOPLE WALKING WITH BOOKS IN HAND. "MADE IN HONG KONG" ACROSS BOTTOM. PAGES ARE PRINTED WITH BLANK SQUARES, PRESUMABLY FOR WRITING COLUMNS OF CHINESE CHARACTERS. ONE HAS PALE GREEN COVER, ANOTHER HAS PINK COVER.
Subjects
DOCUMENTARY ARTIFACT
Historical Association
EDUCATION
History
NARRATIVE BELOW TAKEN FROM "CHINESE SCHOOLS IN LETHBRIDGE" ARTICLE, WRITTEN BY COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT AIMEE BENOIT (NEE VIEL), FOR LETHBRIDGE LIVING MAGAZINE’S, FALL 1997 ISSUE. FOR MORE INSIGHTS INTO LETHBRIDGE'S CHINESE SCHOOLS, PLEASE REFERENCE THIS ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE, THE DONATION'S SCHOOL DESK (P19950073070), AND THE OTHER THIRTY-SEVEN TEXT/WORK BOOKS IN THE COLLECTION. EDUCATION HAS ALWAYS PLAYED A CENTRAL ROLE IN THE SOCIAL LIFE OF LETHBRIDGE. IN ADDITION TO THE MANY PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN OPERATION, SEVERAL PRIVATE SCHOOLS HAVE BEEN ESTABLISHED OVER THE YEARS TO SERVE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS WITHIN THE COMMUNITY. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, LETHBRIDGE HAD TWO CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS: THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE ASSOCIATION SCHOOL, AND THE CHINESE COMMUNITY SCHOOL. LOCATED ACROSS THE STREET FROM EACH OTHER IN CHINATOWN (2ND AVE. AND 3-4ST. S.), BOTH SCHOOLS OPERATED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF SEPARATE INTERNATIONAL POLITICAL ORGANIZATIONS, THE KUOMINTANG OR CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE CHINESE FREEMASONS RESPECTIVELY. YET, RIVALS AT TIMES, THE SCHOOLS WERE UNIFIED IN THEIR MAIN OBJECTIVES. BOTH HOPED TO PERPETUATE CHINESE TRADITIONS AND LANGUAGE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THEY ALSO SOUGHT TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE FOR NEW IMMIGRANTS BETWEEN THE CUSTOMS OF THEIR HOMELAND AND THOSE OF WESTERN SOCIETY. CLASSES IN BOTH SCHOOLS WERE HELD TWO HOURS DAILY, FROM MONDAY TO SATURDAY. IN ADDITION, STUDENTS ATTENDED REGULAR ENGLISH PUBLIC SCHOOL. CHILDREN LEARNED TO READ AND WRITE IN CANTONESE, AND HAD SOME INSTRUCTION IN MUSIC, DANCING, AND CALLIGRAPHY AS WELL. ALTHOUGH SOME TEACHERS WERE PAID, MOST VOLUNTEERED THEIR TIME, TEACHING ANYWHERE FROM TEN TO TWENTY STUDENTS. BY THE LATE 1960S, THE TWO SCHOOLS HAD FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO MAINTAIN INTEREST IN TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE YOUNGER GENERATIONS BORN AND RAISED IN CANADA. AS A RESULT OF INCREASING “WESTERNIZATION” AND DECLINING ATTENDANCE, BOTH CHINESE LANGUAGE SCHOOLS WERE FORCED TO CLOSE THEIR DOORS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073196
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

39 records – page 1 of 2.