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Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, ALUMINUM
Catalogue Number
P19990061026
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, ALUMINUM
No. Pieces
1
Height
27.5
Length
27.2
Width
11.6
Description
BLACK PAINTED, STEEL. HAS A FLAT, RECTANGULAR BASE. A METAL LABEL ON BASE, TOWARDS THE FRONT, READS "MADE IN U.S.A.", AND HAS A RED OUTLINE. A BLACK AND SILVER, METAL LABEL ON BASE, TOWARDS BACK, READS "SINCE 1887 CUMMINS MODEL 15 SERIAL 7539 CUMMINS PERFORATOR COMPANY CHICAGO". BACK OF PERFORATOR EXTENDS UP FROM BASE AND BENDS IN AN ARCH TOWARDS THE FRONT. TOWARDS THE FRONT, THIS ARCH EXTENDS DOWNWARD INTO A RECTANGULAR SHAPE. ON TOP IS A LARGE SLIGHTLY CURVED HANDLE - HANDLE CAN BE PUSHED DOWN. ON FRONT END OF PERFORATOR IS A STEEL DRAWER WITH A CIRCULAR HANDLE.
Subjects
PRINTING T&E
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
MUSEUM OBTAINED ITEMS FROM LETHBRIDGE EATON'S STORE IN 1999. DUE TO COMPANY BANKRUPTCY, EATON'S STORES ACROSS CANADA WERE CLOSED, INCLUDING THE LETHBRIDGE LOCATION IN PARK PLACE MALL. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH THE T. EATON COMPANY STORES IN LETHBRIDGE. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE'S EATON'S STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM THE FALL OF 1988. THE T. EATON COMPANY WAS FOUNDED IN TORONTO IN 1869 BY TIMOTHY EATON. THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE EATON'S 'TECO' STORE WAS OPENED IN 1927 IN THE BASEMENT OF THE DOMINION BLOCK ON THE CORNER OF 4 AVENUE AND SIXTH STREET SOUTH. AFTER A FIRE, THE BUILDING WAS RENOVATED AND COMPLETELY TAKEN OVER BY THE EATON'S STORE, WHICH OPERATED IN THAT LOCATION UNDER PERIODIC RENOVATIONS FROM 1929 UNTIL THE OPENING OF THE PARK PLACE MALL IN 1988, IN WHICH EATON'S WAS AN ANCHOR RETAILER. IN 1989 A PORTION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE ART COLLECTION WAS TEMPORARILY PUT ON DISPLAY IN THE VACANT EATON'S BUILDING, AND PROPOSALS WERE MADE TO MAKE THE INSTALLATION PERMANENT, BUT EVENTUALLY THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD AND DEMOLISHED TO MAKE WAY FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A BANK OF MONTREAL BRANCH. IN 1999 THE EATON'S STORE IN PARK PLACE MALL CLOSED JUST PRIOR TO THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BANKRUPTCY OF THE LARGER T. EATON COMPANY LIMITED. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19930072001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19990061026
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH KEY
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, CHROME, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19960112026
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH KEY
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, CHROME, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Height
2.51
Length
30.8
Width
4.0
Description
2 IDENTICAL KEYS, CONSISTING OF THREE PIECES EACH. TEAL BLUE PLASTIC HANDLE WITH STEEL PIN/SHAFT. PIN IS THREADED THROUGH LENGTH OF HANDLE, WITH CHROME KNOB AT END FOR TIGHTENING IT IN PLACE. HANDLE IS TAPERED TOWARD PIN, WITH SLIGHT FLARE AT NECK.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF KEY/PUNCH FINGERPRINT SYSTEM; USED WITH ITEMS P19960112025,27-GA. FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS WERE IDENTIFIED ON CARD BY PUNCHING TAB IN CODED BOXES AROUND CARD EDGE. KEY WAS SLOTTED THROUGH STACK OF CARDS, WHICH WAS SHAKEN OUT TO IDENTIFY MATCHING CHARACTERISTICS AMONG CARDS, WHICH COULD THEN BE FURTHER NARROWED BY REPEATING PROCESS. USED BY LETHBRIDGE POLICE BEGINNING IN 1984. HOLES PUNCHED ON THE EDGE OF THE CARDS IDENTIFIED THE MAIN FEATURES OF EACH PRINT. BY INSERTING THE RODS THROUGH STACKS OF CARDS AND SHAKING THE PILE, INVESTIGATORS ELIMINATED PRINTS UNTIL A MATCHING CLASSIFICATION WAS FOUND. RESULTS WERE THEN CONFIRMED BY A FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THEREFORE "THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS" ACCORDING TO IDENT OFFICER GLEN MICHELSON. THE CARD SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY THE AUTOMATIC FINGER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS), WHICH OFFERS LOCAL INVESTIGATORS ACCESS TO A COMPUTERIZED DATABASE IN CALGARY. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON MICHELSON'S IDENT CAREER, SEE P19960112027. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112026
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH PUNCH
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19960112025
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH PUNCH
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.21
Length
14
Width
8.2
Description
STEEL AND CHROME HAND-HELD SINGLE HOLE PUNCH. SPRING-OPERATED HANDLE; ALSO BLUE PLASTIC SPRING-OPERATED TAB AT HEAD OF PUNCH TO CATCH PAPER BITS. INSIDE ARM OF HANDLE HAS IN RELIEF "MCBEE MADE IN USA". CUTS TAB-SHAPED, NOT ROUND, HOLES.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF KEY/PUNCH FINGERPRINT SYSTEM; USED WITH ITEMS P19960112026, 27-GA. FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS WERE IDENTIFIED ON CARD BY PUNCHING TAB IN CODED BOXES AROUND CARD EDGE. KEY WAS SLOTTED THROUGH STACK OF CARDS, WHICH WAS SHAKEN OUT TO IDENTIFY MATCHING CHARACTERISTICS AMONG CARDS, WHICH COULD THEN BE FURTHER NARROWED BY REPEATING PROCESS. USED BY LETHBRIDGE POLICE BEGINNING IN 1984. HOLES PUNCHED ON THE EDGE OF THE CARDS IDENTIFIED THE MAIN FEATURES OF EACH PRINT. BY INSERTING THE RODS THROUGH STACKS OF CARDS AND SHAKING THE PILE, INVESTIGATORS ELIMINATED PRINTS UNTIL A MATCHING CLASSIFICATION WAS FOUND. RESULTS WERE THEN CONFIRMED BY A FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THEREFORE "THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS" ACCORDING TO FORMER IDENT OFFICER GLEN MICHELSON. THE CARD SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY THE AUTOMATIC FINGER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS), WHICH OFFERS LOCAL INVESTIGATORS ACCESS TO A COMPUTERIZED DATABASE IN CALGARY. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON MICHELSON'S IDENT CAREER, SEE P19960112027. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112025
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19970107029
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1890
Date Range To
1900
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.3
Length
19.6
Width
3.3
Description
BROWN WOODEN HARMONICA WITH A STAINLESS STEEL PLATE ON THE TOP MARKED "HOHNER'S BEST HAMMERED REEDS", AND ON THE BOTTOM "M. HOHNER TRADEMARK MADE IN GERMANY PARIS 1900 CHICAGO 1893". ENDS HAVE A DESIGN CARVED INTO THE END AND ARE FILLED WITH GOLD COLOURED PAINT. STEEL PLATES HAVE VENTS ON BOTH ENDS, AND ON BOTH SIDES OF THE PIECE. SURFACE, ESPECIALLY CORNERS ARE WORN AND CRACKED, AND STEEL PLATES ARE BENT.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
LEISURE
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR AB CHERVINSKI, THIS HARMONICA BELONGED TO MR. PATEY, WHO OWNED 'PATEY'S SIGNS' IN LETHBRIDGE DURING THE 1920'S AND 30'S. DONOR RECEIVED ITEM FROM PATEY'S GRANDSON. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT JACK PATEY, THE ORIGINAL OWNER OF THIS HARMONICA, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1934, 1950, 1978, AND 1986. ARTHUR JOHN SAMUEL 'JACK' PATEY WAS BORN IN WORCHESTERSHIRE, ENGLAND IN 1904, AND IMMIGRATED TO CANADA AT THE AGE OF EIGHT. PATEY WAS A MUSICIAN AND SIGN PAINTER. HE OPERATED THE ART SIGN COMPANY IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1931 TO 1978, WHEN THE BUSINESS WAS TAKEN OVER BY HIS SON, JACK JR. PATEY PLAYED IN AND LEAD MANY SOUTHERN ALBERTA BANDS FOR OVER 60 YEARS, INCLUDING THE KING'S KANADIANS, JACK PATEY TRIO, THREE HITS AND A MISS, THE SATELLITES, PLINK, PLUNK AND THE PROFESSOR, AND THE OLD GUYS. HE PLAYED PIANO, ORGAN, AND TRUMPET. JACK PATEY DIED ON FEBRUARY 18, 1986. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ABOUT PATEY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF AB CHERVINSKI, THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT, WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1982, 1989, AND 2011. ADAM ABRAHAM 'AB" CHERVINSKI WAS BORN ON FEBRUARY 24, 1920 IN LETHBRIDGE. AS A TEENAGER HE WORKED AS A MESSENGER BOY FOR THE CPR TELEGRAPH OFFICE. CHERVINSKI BRIEFLY LIVED IN ONTARIO DURING HIS SERVICE WITH THE AIR FORCE, BUT RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WORKED FOR ALBERTA GOVERNMENT TELEPHONES FOR 37 YEARS. HE WAS A LIFELONG COLLECTOR OF ANTIQUES, AVID LOCAL HISTORIAN, AND HEAVILY INVOLVED IN MUSICAL THEATRE. AB CHERVINSKI DIED ON JUNE 2, 2011. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19970107001-GA FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ABOUT CHERVINSKI. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ARTIFACT SURVEY, WHICH INCLUDED A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY ADAM ABRAHAM CHERVINSKI. EXTENSIVE RESEARCH CONDUCTED TO LOCATE THE DONOR'S LIVING NEXT-OF-KIN WAS UNSUCCESSFUL.
Catalogue Number
P19970107029
Acquisition Date
1997-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH CARDS
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19960112027
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH CARDS
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Length
20.6
Width
13
Description
FOUR CREAM-COLORED PAPER CARDS WITH BLUE TRIM, AND "LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE KEYSEARCH LATENT FINGERPRINT FORM 1" PRINTED AT TOP. HOLES PERFORATED AROUND EDGES, ENCODED WITH VARIOUS FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS. DETAILS: .1 FINGERPRINTS OF "TOPE BYRON DAVID"; DATED "85/05/29". REVERSE BLANK. .2 FINGERPRINTS OF "LABRECQUE, KENNETH WADE", PRINTED ON WHITE SHEETS ADHERE TO CARD. DATED "85-3-8". .3 PHOTO OF FINGERPRINTS FOUND ON OBJECT; TAPED TO CARD. PRINT IS CIRCLED IN PHOTO, AND SCALED BY RULED STICKER JUST ABOVE. NAME IDENTIFIED AS "CSIZMADIA"; DATED "85/4/9". REVERSE HAS HANDWRITTEN "KEYSEARCHED 85/4/10 85/4/19". .4 PHOTO OF FINGERPRINTS FOUND ON OJBECT; TAPED TO CARD. RULED STICKER ABOVE PRINT WITH "MOTOWN TOYOTA". "1984 - OTTAWA SUBMISSION - NEG." AT BOTTOM. DATED "84-6-24". REVERSE HAS SECOND PHOTO OF PRINTS FOUND ON OBJECT.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF KEY/PUNCH FINGERPRINT SYSTEM; USED WITH ITEMS P19960112025,26-GA TO COMPARE A PARTIAL FINGERPRINT FOUND AT A CRIME SCENE WITH AN ORIGINAL SET OF PRINTS PROVIDED BY THE ACCUSED. FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS WERE IDENTIFIED ON CARD BY PUNCHING TAB IN CODED BOXES AROUND CARD EDGE. KEY WAS SLOTTED THROUGH STACK OF CARDS, WHICH WAS SHAKEN OUT TO IDENTIFY MATCHING CHARACTERISTICS AMONG CARDS, WHICH COULD THEN BE FURTHER NARROWED BY REPEATING PROCESS. USED BY LETHBRIDGE POLICE BEGINNING IN 1984. HOLES PUNCHED ON THE EDGE OF THE CARDS IDENTIFIED THE MAIN FEATURES OF EACH PRINT. BY INSERTING THE RODS THROUGH STACKS OF CARDS AND SHAKING THE PILE, INVESTIGATORS ELIMINATED PRINTS UNTIL A MATCHING CLASSIFICATION WAS FOUND. RESULTS WERE THEN CONFIRMED BY A FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THEREFORE "THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS" ACCORDING TO IDENT OFFICER GLEN MICHELSON. THE CARD SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY THE AUTOMATIC FINGER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS), WHICH OFFERS LOCAL INVESTIGATORS ACCESS TO A COMPUTERIZED DATABASE IN CALGARY. IT IS CLAIMED THAT THE CARDS WERE "SIGNED BY MEMBERS SUCH AS CST. TERRY TOWNSEND AND GORD SCHEURMAN". FOR MORE INFORMATION ON MICHELSON'S IDENT CAREER, SEE ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112027
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ORGAN STOOL
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19920001002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ORGAN STOOL
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
46.0
Diameter
35.1
Description
WOOD SWIVEL TOP STOOL, ADJUSTABLE FOR HEIGHT. SITS ON 4 LEGS. MAHOGANY FINISHED WOOD. STEEL ADJUSTING SCREW. FOUR LEGS HAVE LEAD BOTTOMS, WITH FISH HEADS. TOP OF SEAT WORN; LEGS SCRATCHED. CENTRE POST IS AFFIXED TO EACH LEG BY HORIZONTAL SPINDLE.
Subjects
FURNITURE
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
History
ORGAN BELONGED TO JOB REED, AN EARLY RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE. SEE P19920001001-GA FOR HISTORY. UNKNOWN IF STOOL IS ORIGINAL WITH ORGAN. ORGAN ACQUIRED ABOUT 1900. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE REED FAMILY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF JOB REED WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM AN ARTICLE ON THE REED FAMILY AND FARM FROM THE DECEMBER 30, 1985 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED'S DEATH ANNOUNCEMENT FROM 1906, AND THE GALT ARCHIVES. JOB REED WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON NOVEMBER 12, 1841. WHEN HE WAS 14, HIS FATHER DIED, LEAVING JOB THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PROVIDING FOR HIMSELF AND HIS WIDOWED MOTHER. HE WORKED FOR THE BRITISH POSTAL SERVICE AND COMPLETED HIS TEACHING CERTIFICATION. HE MARRIED MARY ELIZABETH HOBBS IN 1869, AND IMMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1873, MOVING FROM NEW ORLEANS TO TEXAS AND THEN PENNSYLVANIA, WHERE REED OBTAINED A DEGREE IN MEDICINE. THE COUPLE RETURNED TO ENGLAND, BUT REED'S MEDICAL TRAINING WAS NOT RECOGNIZED THERE, AND IN 1882 THEY CROSSED THE ATLANTIC AGAIN, MOVING WEST ACROSS CANADA IN STAGES, FINALLY ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1886. THE FAMILY HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: RICHARD, HENRY, ELIZABETH (WHO MARRIED GEORGE HERBERT WATSON), JOB JUNIOR (KNOWN AS BUDD), GEORGE, ANNIE, AND ELLA. REED PURCHASED TWO LOTS ON WHAT IS NOW 6TH AVENUE SOUTH. THE FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED A MARKET GARDEN ON THE PROPERY, AND BUILT A STONE DUPLEX THAT STILL STANDS ON THE 1200 BLOCK OF 6TH AVENUE. REED WORKED AS A COAL MINER TO EARN MORE MONEY TOWARDS INVESTING IN FURTHER LAND, AND RAISED PIGS WITH SCRAP FOOD FROM THE NEARBY RCMP BARRACKS. IN 1901, REED PURCHASED 2.5 SECTIONS OF LAND NEAR PRESENT-DAY GRANUM WITH HIS FOUR SONS AND ONE SON-IN-LAW; HIS SON BILLY LATER TOOK OVER THIS RANCH. REED WAS A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE IN LETHBRIDGE AND A MEMBER OF THE SCHOOL BOARD. IN EARLY 1906, HE PURCHASED EDGEHILL FARM, NEAR SIX MILE COULEE, BUT HE DIED LATER THAT YEAR ON APRIL 25. MARY REED LIVED AT THE FARM FOR YEARS AFTERWARD, AND DIED IN KELOWNA, B.C. IN 1932 AT HOME OF ONE OF HER SONS. BOTH JOB AND MARY REED ARE BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980031006 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, AND PERMANENT FILE P19920001001 FOR RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY AIMEE VIEL FOR A GALT MUSUEM EXHIBIT ON THE REED FAMILY..
Catalogue Number
P19920001002
Acquisition Date
1991-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WIND HARP
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
Catalogue Number
P19651483000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WIND HARP
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Materials
WOOD, STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.7
Length
73.0
Width
15.0
Description
CONSISTS OF 8 STEEL STRINGS ATTACHED TO STEEL PEGS, EACH TUNED TO DIFFERENT NOTE, NOT AN OCTAVE. HANDMADE. POSSIBLY AFRICAN DERIVATION. SCRATCHED INTO CROWBAR ABOVE STRINGS. "C D E F G B A G".
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
LEISURE
History
DONOR PROBABLY MADE INSTRUMENT BASED ON AN INSTRUMENT SEEN IN SOUTH AFRICA WHILE HE WAS SERVING DURING THE BOER WAR. INSTRUMENT IS PLAYED WITH THE FINGERS WHILE BEING SWUNG AND IS KNOWN AT LEAST COLLOQUIALLY AS A WIND HARP. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY M.J. BENNETT. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS FOUND IN BENNETT'S ATTESTATION PAPERS AND RECORDS FROM THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. MICHAEL JOHN BENNETT WAS BORN IN 1881 IN WHITNEY, ENGLAND AND SERVED IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR BEFORE IMMIGRATING TO CANADA IN 1910 WITH HIS WIFE, ALICE MAY BENNETT (NEE EDWARDS). THEY WERE LIVING IN MEDICINE HAT WHERE BENNETT WORKED AS A CARPENTER WHEN HE ENLISTED WITH THE 175TH BATTALION CEF ON JANUARY 26, 1916. BENNETT SURVIVED THE WAR AND HE AND ALICE HAD SIX CHILDREN. THE FAMILY LIVED IN SHAUNESSEY AND LETHBRIDGE AND BENNETT WORKED AS A STREETCAR DRIVER, CARPENTER AND HOTEL OPERATOR. HE WAS A MEMBER OF THE KIWANIS CLUB AND LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. BENNETT DIED IN 1982. M.J. BENNETT'S GRANDSON, TREVOR BENNETT, PROVIDED SOME FURTHER FAMILY HISTORY IN 2002, AND BRIEFLY MENTIONED HIS GRANDFATHER'S AFFINITY FOR MUSIC (SEE P20060032017), BUT SAID HE HAD NO RECOLLECTION OF HIS GRANDFATHER PLAYING ANY INSTRUMENT. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19672995000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF BENNETT'S ATTESTATION PAPERS AND GLENBOW ARCHIVES FONDS DESCRIPTION. *UPDATE* IN 2017, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING A SNUFFBOX DONATED BY MICHAEL JOHN BENNETT IN 1970. ON 11 DECEMBER 2017, PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH BENNETT’S ELDEST GRANDDAUGHTER, ALICE MAY DUHAMEL. THROUGH THIS INTERVIEW FURTHER INFORMATION WAS RECORDED ABOUT THE DONOR AND THE USERS OF A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY MICHAEL JOHN BENNETT. ABOUT THE DONOR, DUHAMEL SAID, “WE CALLED HIM ‘POP’. THAT’S BECAUSE [ONE OF THE GRANDCHILDREN], MICHAEL, COULDN’T SAY ‘GRANDPA’, [SO] HE SAID ‘POP’. HE’S ‘POP’ TO EVERYONE IN THE COUNTRY. UP UNTIL HE WAS ONE HUNDRED AND ONE OR SO.” SHE CONTINUED, “POP WAS IN ENGLAND [WHEN] HE MARRIED HIS WIFE - [AND MY] GRANDMOTHER - ALICE MAY EDWARDS BENNETT. [SHE] CAME TO CANADA IN 1911 IN SEPTEMBER ON THE SHIP AND LANDED IN CANADA. GRANDMA BROUGHT UNCLE JACK, WHO WAS THE OLDEST, AND MY MOTHER… [MICHAEL AND ALICE] HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: JACK, EDNA MAY, FRANK JAMES, HARRY HUGH, ART – I DON’T KNOW, DORIS ALICE, AGNES MARY, AND SYDNEY EDWARD. MY MOTHER WAS EDNA.” “THE WIND HARP WAS ON THE NORTH WALL OF THE DINING ROOM BESIDE THE TELEPHONE. AND IT’S A LONG INSTRUMENT ABOUT – TWO AND A HALF FEET, TWENTY-FOUR INCHES/THIRTY INCHES LONG? AUNT AGNES SAID THAT IT USED TO HAVE A WOODEN FRONT.” ON 13 FEBRUARY 2018, PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ADDITIONAL INTERVIEW WITH ANOTHER GRANDCHILD OF MICHAEL AND ALICE BENNETT, MIKE BENNETT, ALONG WITH HIS WIFE, DIANE. THEY PROVIDED ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE BENNETT FAMILY LIVES AND THE COLLECTION OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY M. J. BENNETT. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19705622000 FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS, INCLUDING INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS OF THE BENNETT FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19651483000
Acquisition Date
1965-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, METAL, CLOTH
Catalogue Number
P19920001001
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1895
Date Range To
1905
Materials
WOOD, METAL, CLOTH
No. Pieces
4
Height
182.7
Length
139.5
Width
61.0
Description
.1 WOOD CABINET & FRAME C/W ENTABLATURE. MAHOGANY FINISH. EXTENSIVE SCROLL WORK. 73 KEYS, SIMULATED IVORY. 14 VOICE VALVES, EACH LABELLED FOR FUNCTION. 2 PEDALS "DOHERTHY" ON LEFT & "ORGAN" ON RIGHT PEDAL. FABRIC BACKING FOR PEDAL & MUSIC STAND SECTION. .2 ENTABLATURE. 135CM (L) X 35.5CM (H). POSSIBLY POSSESSED MIRROR AT CENTRE. CYLINDER AT TOP CENTRE IS REMOVABLE. .3 CIRCULAR MOUNTS (2). PERHAPS USED FOR CANDLEABRAS.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
History
ORGAN BELONGED TO JOB REED, AN EARLY RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE WHO ESTABLISHED A MARKET GARDEN ON S.W. CORNER OF PRESENT DAY 6 AVE & 13 ST SO. (5 1/4 ACRES). WIFE MARY GAVE ORGAN MUSIC LESSONS. ORGAN SHIPPED TO THE OKANAGAN BY HIS GRANDDAUGHTER, MRS. ANNIE MCCORMICK. LATER DONATED TO THE KELOWNA MUSEUM BY FAMILY MEMBER AFTER ANNIE MCCORMICK DIED. JOB REED DIED APRIL 21 1906. AT THE TIME OF HIS DEATH HE ALSO OWNED THE EDGEHILL FARM ON SIX MILE COULEE, WHICH HE ACQUIRED FROM REV. G.J.C. WHITE. REED PROVIDED FARM & MARKET GARDEN PRODUCE & EQUIPMENT TO LETHBRIDGE. HE ALSO PROVIDED POULTRY, EGGS & DAIRY PRODUCTS. REED WAS BORN IN ENGLAND, NOV. 12 1841. HE HAD 7 CHILDREN & WAS ACTIVE IN COMMUNITY AFFAIRS & BELONGED TO NUMEROUS ORGANIZATIONS. BEFORE IMMIGRATING TO CANADA HE WAS A CERTIFIED TEACHER IN ENGLAND. HE IMMIGRATED 1ST TO TEXAS, BUT NOT FINDING THE CLIMATE HEALTHY, RETURNED TO ENGLAND, THEN IMMIGRATED TO CANADA, EVENTUALLY, AFTER WORKING FOR THE C.P.R. ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE TO SETTLE IN 1887. HIS RESIDENCE ON 6 AVE., A STONE BUILDING., IS STILL IN USE TODAY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE REED FAMILY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF JOB REED WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM AN ARTICLE ON THE REED FAMILY AND FARM FROM THE DECEMBER 30, 1985 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED'S DEATH ANNOUNCEMENT FROM 1906, AND THE GALT ARCHIVES. JOB REED WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON NOVEMBER 12, 1841. WHEN HE WAS 14, HIS FATHER DIED, LEAVING JOB THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PROVIDING FOR HIMSELF AND HIS WIDOWED MOTHER. HE WORKED FOR THE BRITISH POSTAL SERVICE AND COMPLETED HIS TEACHING CERTIFICATION. HE MARRIED MARY ELIZABETH HOBBS IN 1869, AND IMMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1873, MOVING FROM NEW ORLEANS TO TEXAS AND THEN PENNSYLVANIA, WHERE REED OBTAINED A DEGREE IN MEDICINE. THE COUPLE RETURNED TO ENGLAND, BUT REED'S MEDICAL TRAINING WAS NOT RECOGNIZED THERE, AND IN 1882 THEY CROSSED THE ATLANTIC AGAIN, MOVING WEST ACROSS CANADA IN STAGES, FINALLY ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1886. THE FAMILY HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: RICHARD, HENRY, ELIZABETH (WHO MARRIED GEORGE HERBERT WATSON), JOB JUNIOR (KNOWN AS BUDD), GEORGE, ANNIE, AND ELLA. REED PURCHASED TWO LOTS ON WHAT IS NOW 6TH AVENUE SOUTH. THE FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED A MARKET GARDEN ON THE PROPERY, AND BUILT A STONE DUPLEX THAT STILL STANDS ON THE 1200 BLOCK OF 6TH AVENUE. REED WORKED AS A COAL MINER TO EARN MORE MONEY TOWARDS INVESTING IN FURTHER LAND, AND RAISED PIGS WITH SCRAP FOOD FROM THE NEARBY RCMP BARRACKS. IN 1901, REED PURCHASED 2.5 SECTIONS OF LAND NEAR PRESENT-DAY GRANUM WITH HIS FOUR SONS AND ONE SON-IN-LAW; HIS SON BILLY LATER TOOK OVER THIS RANCH. REED WAS A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE IN LETHBRIDGE AND A MEMBER OF THE SCHOOL BOARD. IN EARLY 1906, HE PURCHASED EDGEHILL FARM, NEAR SIX MILE COULEE, BUT HE DIED LATER THAT YEAR ON APRIL 25. MARY REED LIVED AT THE FARM FOR YEARS AFTERWARD, AND DIED IN KELOWNA, B.C. IN 1932 AT HOME OF ONE OF HER SONS. BOTH JOB AND MARY REED ARE BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980031006 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, AND PERMANENT FILE P19920001001 FOR RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY AIMEE VIEL FOR A GALT MUSUEM EXHIBIT ON THE REED FAMILY..
Catalogue Number
P19920001001
Acquisition Date
1991-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
I.O.D.E. DRUM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, LEATHER, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19693780000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
I.O.D.E. DRUM
Date
1916
Materials
BRASS, LEATHER, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Diameter
37.0
Description
"THIS DRUM WAS PRESENTED BY THE ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER IMPERIAL ORDER DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE TO THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATT'N LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS C.E.F. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, CANADA MAY 13, 1916". "RESTORED BY THE ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER I.O.D.E. AND PRESENTED TO THE GALT MUSEUM OCTOBER 20/1968". TWO PLATES ON EACH SIDE OF DRUM. "EVERPLAY EXTRA U.S. AND FOREIGN PATENTS MADE IN ENGLAND" ON EACH LEASE. RED, WHITE AND BLACK WOODEN BANDS, BRASS DRUM DECORATED WITH WHITE LANYARD ROPE AND LEATHER TABS.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ACCORDING TO MAJOR CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD, AUTHOR OF LETHBRIDGE AT WAR, THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) BOASTED THREE BANDS – ONE BAND COMPRISING NINETEEN SIOLDIERS DEDICATED TO PIPES AND DRUMS. FIVE ENGRAVED DRUMS WERE PRESENTED TO THE HIGHLANDERS IN A SPECIAL PRESENTATION ON 13 MAY 1916 BY MRS. G.W. ROBINSON, REGENT OF THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER OF THE I.O.D.E. THE PRESENTION WAS HELD AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS. AFTER WORLD WAR ONE, THE DRUMS WERE GIVEN TO ST. AUGUSTINE’S CHURCH FOR SAFEKEEPING. ON PAGE 90 OF LETHBRIDGE AT WAR, KILFORD STATE’S THAT THE DRUMS WERE RE-PRESENTED TO THE 20TH (AT) BATTERY BY THE CHURCH’S REV. P. C. WADE AND ITS BOY SCOUT TROOP “JUST BEFORE” THE BATTERY LEFT LETHBRIDGE. LATER IN THE WAR, THE DRUMS, WROTE KILFORD, WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE 2/20TH BATTERY IN LETHBRIDGE (P. 40). THE 2/20TH WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR TRAINING NEW OFFICERS AND GUNNERS IN LETHBRIDGE FOR SERVICE OVERSEAS. ACCORDING TO A LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE FROM OCTOBER 10, 1968: "THE MEMBERS OF THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER I.O.D.E., CELEBRATING ITS 55TH ANNIVERSARY, WILL PRESENT A RESTORED DRUM TO THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT MUSEUM. THIS DRUM WAS ORIGINALLY PRESENTED BY THE CHAPTER TO THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION, LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS CEF IN 1916. THE BRASS FRAME WAS GIVEN TO THE MUSEUM SOME TIME AGO, AND THROUGH THE ASSISTANCE OF MR. JACK SMITH, A FORMER MEMBER OF 113TH BATTALION AND THE FACILITIES OF LEISTERS MUSIC STORE, MATERIALS WERE OBTAINED AND THE DRUM RESTORED AND [IT] WILL TAKE ITS PLACE AMONG THE OTHER HISTORICAL OBJECTS IN THE GALT MUSEUM." A PHOTO FROM THE OCTOBER 22, 1968 ISSUE OF THE HERALD SHOWS I.O.D.E. CHAPTER REGENT MRS. W. A. NELSON PRESENTING THIS DRUM TO ALEX JOHNSTON, PRESIDENT OF THE LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. SEE ALSO RECORD P19970056000. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE I.O.D.E. AND ITS LETHBRIDGE CHAPTERS WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE I.O.D.E. WEBSITE, GALT ARCHIVES, AND AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 21, 2014 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE IMPERIAL ORDER DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE (IODE) WAS FOUNDED IN 1900 BY MARGARET POLSON MURRAY OF MONTREAL WHO WANTED TO INCREASE HOMELAND SUPPORT FOR CANADIANS FIGHTING WITH THE EMPIRE FORCES IN SOUTH AFRICA DURING THE SECOND BOER WAR. MURRAY INITIATED THE FORMATION OF A FEDERATION OF WOMEN TO PROMOTE PATRIOTISM, LOYALTY AND SERVICE TO OTHERS BY SENDING TELEGRAMS TO THE MAYORS OF CANADA'S MAJOR CITIES ASKING THEM TO CALL TOGETHER THE PROMINENT WOMEN IN THEIR COMMUNITIES. THE FIRST CHAPTER WAS FORMED IN FREDRICTON, NEW BRUNSWICK IN JANUARY 1900. THE FOLLOWING MONTH A CONSTITUTION AND LIST OF OBJECTIVES WERE DRAFTED IN MONTREAL. IN 1901 THE HEAD OFFICE MOVED TO TORONTO AND THE FEDERATION WAS INCORPORATED. CHAPTERS WERE QUICKLY STARTED ACROSS CANADA AND IN INDIA AND THE BAHAMAS. FUNDRAISING CAMPAIGN PROJECTS MOUNTED BY VARIOUS I.O.D.E. CHAPTERS HAVE INCLUDED A MONUMENT TO CANADIAN SOLIDERS KILLED IN BATTLE IN SOUTH AFRICA, A GATEWAY IN TORONTO TO COMMEMORATE THE 1901 VISIT OF THE DUKE AND DUCHESS OF YORK, INCREASED BEDS IN A TUBERCULOSIS SANITORIUM IN HAMILTON, ONTARIO, NUMEROUS CHILD WELFARE PROJECTS, VARIOUS WAR MEMORIAL FUNDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS FOR CHILDREN OF VETERANS, THE PURCHASE OF HOSPITALS, AMBULANCES, SHIPS, AND AIRCRAFT IN BOTH WORLD WARS TO PROVIDE AID TO CANADIAN SOLDIERS, COMMEMORATIVE GARDENS, INTERNATIONAL RELIEF FOR PERSONS DISPLACED BY WAR, AND DOMESTIC RELIEF FOR CANADIANS DISPLACED BY NATURAL DISASTERS. LETHBRIDGE'S FIRST I.O.D.E. CHAPTER WAS THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER, FORMED IN 1914. AT ITS PEAK OF ACTIVITY, THE I.O.D.E. HAD FIVE CHAPTERS IN LETHBRIDGE, INCLUDING THE DR. FRANK H. MEWBURN CHAPTER AND THE MAJOR JACK ROSS CHAPTER. LOCAL I.O.D.E. EFFORTS INCLUDED THE WROUGHT-IRON GATEWAY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY, THE SOLIDER'S PLOT IN THE CEMEMTERY, AND PLAQUES AT BATTERY POINT IN HENDERSON LAKE PARK. IN 1989 THE TWO REMAINING LETHBRIDGE CHAPTERS MERGED, AND BY 2014 THERE WERE NO CHAPTERS OPERATING LOCALLY. THE CALGARY MUNICIPAL CHAPTER STILL RAISES FUNDS FOR A VARIETY OF CHARITABLE CAUSES THROUGH HOTDOG SALES AND A THRIFT STORE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19900051000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19693780000
Acquisition Date
1968-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
DRUM, SNARE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, DRUM, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970056000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DRUM, SNARE
Date
1916
Materials
BRASS, DRUM, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
37
Diameter
36.7
Description
SNARE DRUM WITH RED, BLACK, AND WHITE WOODEN BAND AROUND TOP AND BOTTOM RIMS. CALF-SKIN SURFACE. WHITE PAINTED LEATHER TABS, CRACKING AND DRY IN SOME PLACES. WHITE ROPE AND LANYARD (NOT ORIGINAL). EIGHT STRINGS AND TWINE PULLED ACROSS BOTTOM; BRASS ADJUSTING CLAMPS ON EITHER SIDE. SILVER PLATE ON SIDE ENGRAVED WITH "THIS DRUM WAS PRESENTED BY THE ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER IMPERIAL ORDER DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE TO THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTN. LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS C.E.F. LETHBRIDGE ALBERTA CANADA MAY 13TH 1916". BRASS SHELL IS DENTED IN AREAS; SKIN HAS LIGHT PINK STAINS.
Subjects
MUSICAL T&E
Historical Association
MILITARY
History
ACCORDING TO MAJOR CHRISTOPHER R. KILFORD, AUTHOR OF LETHBRIDGE AT WAR, THE 113TH OVERSEAS BATTALION (LETHBRIDGE HIGHLANDERS) BOASTED THREE BANDS – ONE BAND COMPRISING NINETEEN SIOLDIERS DEDICATED TO PIPES AND DRUMS. FIVE ENGRAVED DRUMS WERE PRESENTED TO THE HIGHLANDERS IN A SPECIAL PRESENTATION ON 13 MAY 1916 BY MRS. G.W. ROBINSON, REGENT OF THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER OF THE I.O.D.E. THE PRESENTION WAS HELD AT THE EXHIBITION GROUNDS. AFTER WORLD WAR ONE, THE DRUMS WERE GIVEN TO ST. AUGUSTINE’S CHURCH FOR SAFEKEEPING. ON PAGE 90 OF LETHBRIDGE AT WAR, KILFORD STATE’S THAT THE DRUMS WERE RE-PRESENTED TO THE 20TH (AT) BATTERY BY THE CHURCH’S REV. P. C. WADE AND ITS BOY SCOUT TROOP “JUST BEFORE” THE BATTERY LEFT LETHBRIDGE. LATER IN THE WAR, THE DRUMS, WROTE KILFORD, WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE 2/20TH BATTERY IN LETHBRIDGE (P. 40). THE 2/20TH WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR TRAINING NEW OFFICERS AND GUNNERS IN LETHBRIDGE FOR SERVICE OVERSEAS. ACCORDING TO THE DONOR, THIS DRUM WAS BOUGHT AT AN AUCTION IN THE P.O.W. ARENA WHEN CAMP 133 CLOSED. THE DONOR REQUESTED SUPPLY OF DRUMS FOR USE IN SEA CADET PIPE BAND IN LETHBRIDGE, FOR WHICH HE WAS A LEADER (LATE 50S/EARLY 60S). DONOR WAS BORN AND RAISED IN LETHBRIDGE (1927-1965), THEN MOVED TO MEDICINE HAT. HE WAS THE THIRD CADET TO JOIN IN 1941, RETIRING AS COLONEL IN 1953. DONOR TAUGHT DRUMMING IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT. THE DRUM HAS NEVER BEEN REFINISHED. THE ROPE IS NOT ORIGINAL, AND THE RIMS HAVE BEEN REPLACED FROM SEA-CADET DRUM. ORIGINAL RESTS AND BRASS SHELL. SEE ALSO P19693780000. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE I.O.D.E. AND ITS LETHBRIDGE CHAPTERS WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE I.O.D.E. WEBSITE, GALT ARCHIVES, AND AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 21, 2014 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE IMPERIAL ORDER DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE (IODE) WAS FOUNDED IN 1900 BY MARGARET POLSON MURRAY OF MONTREAL WHO WANTED TO INCREASE HOMELAND SUPPORT FOR CANADIANS FIGHTING WITH THE EMPIRE FORCES IN SOUTH AFRICA DURING THE SECOND BOER WAR. MURRAY INITIATED THE FORMATION OF A FEDERATION OF WOMEN TO PROMOTE PATRIOTISM, LOYALTY AND SERVICE TO OTHERS BY SENDING TELEGRAMS TO THE MAYORS OF CANADA'S MAJOR CITIES ASKING THEM TO CALL TOGETHER THE PROMINENT WOMEN IN THEIR COMMUNITIES. THE FIRST CHAPTER WAS FORMED IN FREDRICTON, NEW BRUNSWICK IN JANUARY 1900. THE FOLLOWING MONTH A CONSTITUTION AND LIST OF OBJECTIVES WERE DRAFTED IN MONTREAL. IN 1901 THE HEAD OFFICE MOVED TO TORONTO AND THE FEDERATION WAS INCORPORATED. CHAPTERS WERE QUICKLY STARTED ACROSS CANADA AND IN INDIA AND THE BAHAMAS. FUNDRAISING CAMPAIGN PROJECTS MOUNTED BY VARIOUS I.O.D.E. CHAPTERS HAVE INCLUDED A MONUMENT TO CANADIAN SOLIDERS KILLED IN BATTLE IN SOUTH AFRICA, A GATEWAY IN TORONTO TO COMMEMORATE THE 1901 VISIT OF THE DUKE AND DUCHESS OF YORK, INCREASED BEDS IN A TUBERCULOSIS SANITORIUM IN HAMILTON, ONTARIO, NUMEROUS CHILD WELFARE PROJECTS, VARIOUS WAR MEMORIAL FUNDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS FOR CHILDREN OF VETERANS, THE PURCHASE OF HOSPITALS, AMBULANCES, SHIPS, AND AIRCRAFT IN BOTH WORLD WARS TO PROVIDE AID TO CANADIAN SOLDIERS, COMMEMORATIVE GARDENS, INTERNATIONAL RELIEF FOR PERSONS DISPLACED BY WAR, AND DOMESTIC RELIEF FOR CANADIANS DISPLACED BY NATURAL DISASTERS. LETHBRIDGE'S FIRST I.O.D.E. CHAPTER WAS THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER, FORMED IN 1914. AT ITS PEAK OF ACTIVITY, THE I.O.D.E. HAD FIVE CHAPTERS IN LETHBRIDGE, INCLUDING THE DR. FRANK H. MEWBURN CHAPTER AND THE MAJOR JACK ROSS CHAPTER. LOCAL I.O.D.E. EFFORTS INCLUDED THE WROUGHT-IRON GATEWAY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY, THE SOLIDER'S PLOT IN THE CEMEMTERY, AND PLAQUES AT BATTERY POINT IN HENDERSON LAKE PARK. IN 1989 THE TWO REMAINING LETHBRIDGE CHAPTERS MERGED, AND BY 2014 THERE WERE NO CHAPTERS OPERATING LOCALLY. THE CALGARY MUNICIPAL CHAPTER STILL RAISES FUNDS FOR A VARIETY OF CHARITABLE CAUSES THROUGH HOTDOG SALES AND A THRIFT STORE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19900051000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF PRISONER OF WAR CAMP 133 WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT MUSEUM BROCHURE "LETHBRDGE'S INTERNMENT CAMPS" AND THE LIBRARY AND ARCHIVES CANADA WEBSITE. DURING WORLD WAR II THERE WERE 40 PRISONER OF WAR (P.O.W.) CAMPS CONSTRUCTED ACROSS CANADA TO HOUSE THE LARGE NUMBER OF INCOMING POWS - ENEMY MILITARY PERSONNEL THAT WERE CAPTURED IN COMBAT. CAMPS WERE BUILT IN ONTARIO, QUEBEC, THE MARITIMES AND ALBERTA. THE CAMPS IN LETHBRIDGE AND MEDICINE HAT WERE THE LARGEST, TOGETHER HOUSING 22,000 MEN. THE LETHBRIDGE CAMP, NO. 133, WAS BUILT IN THE SUMMER OF 1942, AND BY NOVEMBER OF THAT YEAR HOUSED 13,341 PRISONERS. THE CAMP WAS DIVIDED INTO SIX SECTIONS, EACH WITH SIX DORMITORIES, MESS HALLS, KITCHENS, AND ENTERTAINMENT FACILITIES. MEALS WERE IN SHIFTS WITH PRISONERS SERVING AS COOKS. TAILOR, BARBER AND SHOE REPAIR SHOPS WERE ALSO STAFFED BY PRISONERS, AND NON-COMBAT POWS PRACTICED THEIR PRE-WAR PROFESSIONS AS MEDICAL DOCTORS AND DENTISTS. HOUSING AND RATIONS WERE THE SAME STANDARD AS FOR THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, WHICH SOMETIMES CAUSED RESENTMENT AMONG LETHBRIDGE CIVILIAN RESIDENTS, WHO WERE UNABLE TO OBTAIN MANY OF THE SAME SUPPLIES ON THEIR STRICT WARTIME RATION ALLOWANCES. WITH MANY YOUNG LOCAL MEN AWAY AT WAR, LOCAL FARMERS BEGAN TO REQUEST LABOUR ASSISTANCE FROM THE CAMP, ESPECIALLY FOR THE SUGAR BEET INDUSTRY. BY 1943 AN AGREEMENT WAS REACHED AND SOME OF THE PRISONERS WORKED ON FARMS THROUGHOUT SOUTHERN ALBERTA. MOST OF THESE PRISONERS WENT FROM THE CAMP TO THE FARMS DAILY, BUT SOME WERE KEPT AT 'LODGES' AT THE MORE DISTANT FARMS FOR DAYS AT A TIME, WITH MINIMAL GUARDING. FOR THEIR LABOUR, THE PRISONERS WERE PAID 50 CENTS PER DAY. WITH WAR'S END, CAMP 133 CLOSED IN DECEMBER 1946 AND ITS PRISONERS WERE SENT BACK TO GERMANY. THE AREA WHERE THE CAMP STOOD EVENTUALLY BECAME AN INDUSTRIAL PARK AND PART OF THE FEDERAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH CENTRE.
Catalogue Number
P19970056000
Acquisition Date
1997-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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