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Other Name
LEATHER GAUNTLETS
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19970016000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LEATHER GAUNTLETS
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Length
35.4
Width
26.3
Description
PAIR OF TAN LEATHER GAUNTLETS WITH COLORFUL GLASS BEADS IN FLOWER PATTERN ON TOP SUFACE, LEATHER TASSELS ON UPPER HALF OF OUTER EDGE, AND LINED WITH DEEP PURPLE COTTON FABRIC. OTHER EDGES HAVE SCALLOPED LEATHER EDGES. LEFT GLOVE IS TORN AT THE BASE OF THE THUMB, HAS BLACK MARKS ON TOP OF MIDDLE AND PINKY FINGER, AND BOTTOM OF GLOVE IS SLIGHTLY SOILED. RIGHT HAND IS ALSO COMING APART AT BASE OF THUMB, BASE OF TASSELS ARE COMING APART FROM BODY OF GLOVE, AND HAS BLACK MARKS ACROSS INSIDE WRIST AND ON TIP OF PINKY FINGER.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
ITEMS WERE GIVEN TO JOHN SIMPSON'S GRANDFATHER, ALEXANDER MULLIGAN, BY A NATIVE GENTLEMAN. ACCORDING TO DONOR IT IS NOT KNOWN WHEN HE EXACTLY RECEIVED THE GAUNTLETS, BUT HE WAS INVOLVED IN THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE VIADUCT BRIDGE IN LETHBRIDGE FROM 1908-09, AND MAY HAVE RECEIVED THEM AT THIS TIME. DONORS HAVE HAD GAUNTLETS FOR TWENTY YEARS, WHILE LIVING IN LETHBRIDGE.
Catalogue Number
P19970016000
Acquisition Date
1997-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
NYLON
Catalogue Number
P19960112097
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
NYLON
No. Pieces
6
Height
0.7
Length
2.9
Width
1.8
Description
WHITE NYLON TWISTED CORD, WITH A SMALL LOOP ON THE END OF THE HALF WITH A DOUBLE WRAPPED CORD. OTHER HALF IS A LARGE LOOP OF TWISTED CORD. LIKE NEW.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112097
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
HANDCUFF POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960112010
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
HANDCUFF POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.9
Length
13
Width
9.8
Description
BLACK LEATHER HANDCUFF POUCH. ELONGATED AND ROUNDED AT BOTTOM; SLIGHTLY WIDER NEAR TOP FLAP. SINGLE LOOP AT BACK FOR FIXING TO BELT. BRASS SNAP CLOSURE. "406" STAMPED ON BACK. LEATHER IS SLIGHTLY WORN AND CRACKED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*NOTE* POUCH ATTACHED TO BELT (P19960112008-GA) *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112010
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
AMMUNITION POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960112009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
AMMUNITION POUCH
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.9
Length
12.8
Width
10.5
Description
BLACK LEATHER AMMUNITION POUCH WITH TWO LOOPS AT BACK FOR CONNECTING TO BELT. POUCH IS RECTANGULAR IN SHAPE, WITH ROUNDED CORNERS. POINTED FLAP, WITH SLOT CUT NEAR TIP FOR FASTENING TO BRASS KNOB ON MAIN POUCH. TWO ROWS OF LEATHER STITCHED ALONG INTERIOR, FOR HOLDING AMMUNITION IN PLACE. TOP OF FLAP AT FOLD IS CRACKING AND TEARING.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
*NOTE* POUCH ATTACHED TO BELT (P19960112008-GA) *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112009
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19960112007
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.2
Length
28.5
Width
13.6
Description
BLACK LEATHER GUN HOLSTER. FITS ONTO 5.5CM WIDTH BELT BY TWO BELT LOOPS AT BACK. STITCHED ALONG FORMED SIDE ONLY; STRAIGHT EDGE (RIGHT) FORMED BY FOLDED LEATHER. FLAP FOLDS OVER TOP FROM BACK; SMALL SLIT CUT INTO FLAP TO FASTEN TO BRASS KNOB. LEATHER WORN THROUGHOUT, WITH IMPRESSIONS OF FIREARM.
Subjects
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
FROM LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION; FOR MORE HISTORY SEE P19960112001-GA. *NOTE* HOLSTER FOUND ATTACHED TO BELT (P19960112008-GA) DECEMBER 2007 *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112007
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, ALUMINUM
Catalogue Number
P19990061026
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1970
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, ALUMINUM
No. Pieces
1
Height
27.5
Length
27.2
Width
11.6
Description
BLACK PAINTED, STEEL. HAS A FLAT, RECTANGULAR BASE. A METAL LABEL ON BASE, TOWARDS THE FRONT, READS "MADE IN U.S.A.", AND HAS A RED OUTLINE. A BLACK AND SILVER, METAL LABEL ON BASE, TOWARDS BACK, READS "SINCE 1887 CUMMINS MODEL 15 SERIAL 7539 CUMMINS PERFORATOR COMPANY CHICAGO". BACK OF PERFORATOR EXTENDS UP FROM BASE AND BENDS IN AN ARCH TOWARDS THE FRONT. TOWARDS THE FRONT, THIS ARCH EXTENDS DOWNWARD INTO A RECTANGULAR SHAPE. ON TOP IS A LARGE SLIGHTLY CURVED HANDLE - HANDLE CAN BE PUSHED DOWN. ON FRONT END OF PERFORATOR IS A STEEL DRAWER WITH A CIRCULAR HANDLE.
Subjects
PRINTING T&E
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
MUSEUM OBTAINED ITEMS FROM LETHBRIDGE EATON'S STORE IN 1999. DUE TO COMPANY BANKRUPTCY, EATON'S STORES ACROSS CANADA WERE CLOSED, INCLUDING THE LETHBRIDGE LOCATION IN PARK PLACE MALL. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH THE T. EATON COMPANY STORES IN LETHBRIDGE. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE'S EATON'S STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM THE FALL OF 1988. THE T. EATON COMPANY WAS FOUNDED IN TORONTO IN 1869 BY TIMOTHY EATON. THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE EATON'S 'TECO' STORE WAS OPENED IN 1927 IN THE BASEMENT OF THE DOMINION BLOCK ON THE CORNER OF 4 AVENUE AND SIXTH STREET SOUTH. AFTER A FIRE, THE BUILDING WAS RENOVATED AND COMPLETELY TAKEN OVER BY THE EATON'S STORE, WHICH OPERATED IN THAT LOCATION UNDER PERIODIC RENOVATIONS FROM 1929 UNTIL THE OPENING OF THE PARK PLACE MALL IN 1988, IN WHICH EATON'S WAS AN ANCHOR RETAILER. IN 1989 A PORTION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE ART COLLECTION WAS TEMPORARILY PUT ON DISPLAY IN THE VACANT EATON'S BUILDING, AND PROPOSALS WERE MADE TO MAKE THE INSTALLATION PERMANENT, BUT EVENTUALLY THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD AND DEMOLISHED TO MAKE WAY FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A BANK OF MONTREAL BRANCH. IN 1999 THE EATON'S STORE IN PARK PLACE MALL CLOSED JUST PRIOR TO THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BANKRUPTCY OF THE LARGER T. EATON COMPANY LIMITED. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19930072001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19990061026
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH KEY
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, CHROME, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P19960112026
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH KEY
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, CHROME, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
2
Height
2.51
Length
30.8
Width
4.0
Description
2 IDENTICAL KEYS, CONSISTING OF THREE PIECES EACH. TEAL BLUE PLASTIC HANDLE WITH STEEL PIN/SHAFT. PIN IS THREADED THROUGH LENGTH OF HANDLE, WITH CHROME KNOB AT END FOR TIGHTENING IT IN PLACE. HANDLE IS TAPERED TOWARD PIN, WITH SLIGHT FLARE AT NECK.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF KEY/PUNCH FINGERPRINT SYSTEM; USED WITH ITEMS P19960112025,27-GA. FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS WERE IDENTIFIED ON CARD BY PUNCHING TAB IN CODED BOXES AROUND CARD EDGE. KEY WAS SLOTTED THROUGH STACK OF CARDS, WHICH WAS SHAKEN OUT TO IDENTIFY MATCHING CHARACTERISTICS AMONG CARDS, WHICH COULD THEN BE FURTHER NARROWED BY REPEATING PROCESS. USED BY LETHBRIDGE POLICE BEGINNING IN 1984. HOLES PUNCHED ON THE EDGE OF THE CARDS IDENTIFIED THE MAIN FEATURES OF EACH PRINT. BY INSERTING THE RODS THROUGH STACKS OF CARDS AND SHAKING THE PILE, INVESTIGATORS ELIMINATED PRINTS UNTIL A MATCHING CLASSIFICATION WAS FOUND. RESULTS WERE THEN CONFIRMED BY A FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THEREFORE "THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS" ACCORDING TO IDENT OFFICER GLEN MICHELSON. THE CARD SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY THE AUTOMATIC FINGER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS), WHICH OFFERS LOCAL INVESTIGATORS ACCESS TO A COMPUTERIZED DATABASE IN CALGARY. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON MICHELSON'S IDENT CAREER, SEE P19960112027. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112026
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH PUNCH
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL
Catalogue Number
P19960112025
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH PUNCH
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Materials
STEEL, NICKEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.21
Length
14
Width
8.2
Description
STEEL AND CHROME HAND-HELD SINGLE HOLE PUNCH. SPRING-OPERATED HANDLE; ALSO BLUE PLASTIC SPRING-OPERATED TAB AT HEAD OF PUNCH TO CATCH PAPER BITS. INSIDE ARM OF HANDLE HAS IN RELIEF "MCBEE MADE IN USA". CUTS TAB-SHAPED, NOT ROUND, HOLES.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF KEY/PUNCH FINGERPRINT SYSTEM; USED WITH ITEMS P19960112026, 27-GA. FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS WERE IDENTIFIED ON CARD BY PUNCHING TAB IN CODED BOXES AROUND CARD EDGE. KEY WAS SLOTTED THROUGH STACK OF CARDS, WHICH WAS SHAKEN OUT TO IDENTIFY MATCHING CHARACTERISTICS AMONG CARDS, WHICH COULD THEN BE FURTHER NARROWED BY REPEATING PROCESS. USED BY LETHBRIDGE POLICE BEGINNING IN 1984. HOLES PUNCHED ON THE EDGE OF THE CARDS IDENTIFIED THE MAIN FEATURES OF EACH PRINT. BY INSERTING THE RODS THROUGH STACKS OF CARDS AND SHAKING THE PILE, INVESTIGATORS ELIMINATED PRINTS UNTIL A MATCHING CLASSIFICATION WAS FOUND. RESULTS WERE THEN CONFIRMED BY A FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THEREFORE "THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS" ACCORDING TO FORMER IDENT OFFICER GLEN MICHELSON. THE CARD SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY THE AUTOMATIC FINGER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS), WHICH OFFERS LOCAL INVESTIGATORS ACCESS TO A COMPUTERIZED DATABASE IN CALGARY. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON MICHELSON'S IDENT CAREER, SEE P19960112027. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112025
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KNIFE SHEATH
Date Range From
1860
Date Range To
1870
Materials
RAWHIDE, IRON, GLASS BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
21.0 (SHEATH)
Width
6.4
Description
60.3 CM SLING. RAWHIDE SHEATH WITH OUTSIDE FACE COMPLETELY DECORATED WITH GLASS SEED BEADS -GREEN, BLUE, BROWN, PIN, WHITE, LIME (IN GEOMETRIC PATTERNS OF TRIANGLES & CROSSES) SOME BEADS MISSING NEAR THE TIP OF THE SHEATH. A ROW OF IRON TINKLER CONES TRAVERSE THE BEADED FACE. 2 CONES MISSING. BUCKSKIN LACE - SLING IS ATTACHED AT THE PROXIMAL AND DISTAL CORNERS OF THE SHEATH. SLING IS DECORATED WITH WRAPPED STRANDS OF GLASS SEED BEADS IN ALTERNATING BANDS OF BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, GREEN. SEVERAL WRAPPINGS OR BANDS OF BEADS ARE MISSING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ARMAMENT-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PURCHASED, OR RECEIVED AS A GIFT, BY DONOR FROM INDIGENOUS PEOPLE WORKING OR STOPPING AT THE RANCH. POSSIBLY A WOMAN'S KNIFE SHEATH, DUE TO SLING-STYLE OPPOSED TO BELT-STYLE? DONOR CLAIMED THE SHEATH WAS VERY OLD AND WAS FROM THE SIOUX IN THE UNITED STATES. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI NATION, AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THE SHEATH IS MADE FROM ELK OR DEER HIDE. THE GEOMETRIC DESIGN IS APPLIED TO THE SURFACE AND FRINGES WITH CONE-SHAPED TIN “JINGLES” ATTACHED AT THE TOP. THE WHOLE LENGTH OF SHEATH HAS A BEADED RIM EXECUTED IN THE SAME COLOURS. CENTURIES AGO, THE BEADWORK WAS DONE WITH NATURALLY DYED SEEDS; LATER THE SEED BEADS – OBTAINED FROM EUROPEANS THROUGH TRADE – BECAME THE PREVALENT CHOICE OF KAINAI BEADERS. DESPITE THE SWITCH, THE CREATIVE PROCESS CONTINUED TO BE GROUNDED IN TRADITIONAL CULTURE AND SYMBOLS. THIS SHEATH WAS ONCE ATTACHED TO A RAWHIDE BEADED BELT WITH THE SAME DESIGN AND COLOUR SCHEME." *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, INCLUDING A DRUM DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES, ALSO THE DONOR OF THIS OBJECT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE DONOR AND HER FAMILY'S RANCH, THE ROCKING P, WAS FOUND IN LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM 1931 AND 1953, THE BOOK 'COWBOYS, RANCHERS AND THE CATTLE BUSINESS: CROSS-BORDER PERSPECTIVES ON RANCHING HISTORY' BY SIMON M. EVANS, AN ARTICLE PUBLISHED ON AMERICASHORSEDAILY.COM, AND THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. RODERICK RIDDLE MACLEAY WAS BORN IN 1878 IN DANVILLE, QUEBEC. IN 1898 HE CAME TO ALBERTA AND BEGAN RANCING A SMALL HERD OF CATTLE ON LAND WEST OF HIGH RIVER. IN 1904, MACLEAY PURCHASED THE 40,000 ACRE BROOKS RANCH, AND THE FOLLOWING YEAR MARRIED LAURA STURTEVANT. THEY HAD TWO DAUGHTERS, DOROTHY AND MAXINE. DURING THE SEVERE WINTER OF 1906/07, MACLEAY LOST 90% OF HIS HERD , AND A FLAGGING CATTLE MARKET DEVASTATED HIS PROFITS. ONLY TWO YEARS LATER HOWEVER, MACLEAY ENTERED INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH ROCKING P RANCH OWNER GEORGE EMERSON, AND IN 1914 MACLEAY BOUGHT OUT EMERSON WITH THE AGREEMENT TO MAINTAIN THE ROCKING P BRAND. OVER THE NEXT FIVE YEARS MACLEAY EXAPANDED Y ACQUIRING THE ADJACENT WILLOW CREEK, BAR S, AND LIVINGSTONE RANCHES. IN THE 1930S, MACLEAY HIRED ERNEST BLADES AS A COWBOY, AND BLADES MARRIED DOROTHY MACLEAY IN 1940. ROD MACLEAY DIED IN OCTOBER 1953, AND HIS LAND WAS LEFT TO HIS DAUGHTERS. DOROTHY AND ERNEST BLADES ASSUMED OPERATION OF THE ROCKING P, MANAGING IT ALONG WITH THEIR OWN RANCH, THE 3VS. THEIR SON, MAC BLADES, BEGAN WORKING FULL TIME ON THE RANCHES IN 1965 WHEN HE FINISHED HIGH SCHOOL, AND BY 1973 WAS RANCH MANAGER. IN 1996 THE PROPERTY WAS DIVIDED AMONG DOROTHY AND ERNEST'S FIVE CHILDREN, AND AT THE TIME OF THIS SURVEY, MAC BLADES OWNS AND OPERATES THE ROCKING P RANCH. OF PARTICULAR NOTE TO THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS DONATED BY DOROTHY BLADES TO THE GALT MUSEUM IS THIS SHORT EXCERPT FROM ROD MACLEAY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY FROM OCTOBER 30, 1953: "[AN] INTEREST WHICH ENGROSSED [MACLEAY] WAS THE CAUSE OF THE STONEY INDIANS LIVING A NOMADIC LIFE AWAY FROM THE MORLEY RESERVATION. HE HAD MUCH TO DO WITH IMPRESSING SUCCESSFULLY ON THE GOVERNMENT THE NEED FOR A SUB-RESERVE." THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE NAKODA (FORMERLY CALLED STONEY) FIRST NATION AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE WAS SOURCED FROM ROCKYMOUNTAINNAKODA.COM. THE NAKODA "MOUNTAIN PEOPLE" HISTORICALLY TRAVERSED THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS AND FOOTHILLS IN SMALL, NOMADIC GROUPS, WITH EACH GROUP BEING LED BY A HEAD CHIEF. IN 1877 AT THE SIGNING OF TREATY 7, THE NAKODA WERE REPRESENTED BY THREE HEAD CHIEFS, WHO WERE ASSURED THAT THE NAKODA WOULD RETAIN THREE LARGE TRACTS OF TRADITIONAL HOMELAND, ONE FOR EACH NOMADIC GROUP. HOWEVER, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOTED THE NAKODA ONLY ONE LAND ENTITLEMENT, NOW KNOWN AS THE MORLEY RESERVE, LOCATED WEST OF CALGARY. THE LAND ALLOTMENT WAS FENCED IN BARBED WIRE, PREVENTING THE NAKODA FROM THEIR NOMADIC MOVEMENTS. DURING THE 20TH CENTURY, TWO SMALLER SATELLITE RESERVES WERE ESTABLISHED FOR THE NAKODA FIRST NATION: THE BIG HORN RESERVE (KISKA WAPTADN "BIG HORN RIVER"), 265KM NORTHWEST OF MORLEY, AND THE EDEN VALLEY RESERVE (GA-HNA "ALONG THE FOOTHILLS"), 120KM SOUTH OF MORLEY. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19790235000
Acquisition Date
1974-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH CARDS
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19960112027
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FINGERPRINT KEYSEARCH CARDS
Date Range From
1984
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PAPER
No. Pieces
4
Length
20.6
Width
13
Description
FOUR CREAM-COLORED PAPER CARDS WITH BLUE TRIM, AND "LETHBRIDGE CITY POLICE FORCE KEYSEARCH LATENT FINGERPRINT FORM 1" PRINTED AT TOP. HOLES PERFORATED AROUND EDGES, ENCODED WITH VARIOUS FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS. DETAILS: .1 FINGERPRINTS OF "TOPE BYRON DAVID"; DATED "85/05/29". REVERSE BLANK. .2 FINGERPRINTS OF "LABRECQUE, KENNETH WADE", PRINTED ON WHITE SHEETS ADHERE TO CARD. DATED "85-3-8". .3 PHOTO OF FINGERPRINTS FOUND ON OBJECT; TAPED TO CARD. PRINT IS CIRCLED IN PHOTO, AND SCALED BY RULED STICKER JUST ABOVE. NAME IDENTIFIED AS "CSIZMADIA"; DATED "85/4/9". REVERSE HAS HANDWRITTEN "KEYSEARCHED 85/4/10 85/4/19". .4 PHOTO OF FINGERPRINTS FOUND ON OJBECT; TAPED TO CARD. RULED STICKER ABOVE PRINT WITH "MOTOWN TOYOTA". "1984 - OTTAWA SUBMISSION - NEG." AT BOTTOM. DATED "84-6-24". REVERSE HAS SECOND PHOTO OF PRINTS FOUND ON OBJECT.
Subjects
DATA PROCESSING T&E
Historical Association
SAFETY SERVICES
History
PART OF KEY/PUNCH FINGERPRINT SYSTEM; USED WITH ITEMS P19960112025,26-GA TO COMPARE A PARTIAL FINGERPRINT FOUND AT A CRIME SCENE WITH AN ORIGINAL SET OF PRINTS PROVIDED BY THE ACCUSED. FINGERPRINT CHARACTERISTICS WERE IDENTIFIED ON CARD BY PUNCHING TAB IN CODED BOXES AROUND CARD EDGE. KEY WAS SLOTTED THROUGH STACK OF CARDS, WHICH WAS SHAKEN OUT TO IDENTIFY MATCHING CHARACTERISTICS AMONG CARDS, WHICH COULD THEN BE FURTHER NARROWED BY REPEATING PROCESS. USED BY LETHBRIDGE POLICE BEGINNING IN 1984. HOLES PUNCHED ON THE EDGE OF THE CARDS IDENTIFIED THE MAIN FEATURES OF EACH PRINT. BY INSERTING THE RODS THROUGH STACKS OF CARDS AND SHAKING THE PILE, INVESTIGATORS ELIMINATED PRINTS UNTIL A MATCHING CLASSIFICATION WAS FOUND. RESULTS WERE THEN CONFIRMED BY A FINGERPRINT TECHNICIAN. NO TWO FINGERPRINTS HAVE EVER BEEN FOUND TO BE IDENTICAL IN EVERY DETAIL. FINGERPRINT EVIDENCE IS THEREFORE "THE MOST COMMON, MOST SOUGHT AFTER, POSITIVE AND VALUABLE OF ALL TYPES OF EVIDENCE ENCOUNTERED IN CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS" ACCORDING TO IDENT OFFICER GLEN MICHELSON. THE CARD SYSTEM WAS REPLACED BY THE AUTOMATIC FINGER IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM (AFIS), WHICH OFFERS LOCAL INVESTIGATORS ACCESS TO A COMPUTERIZED DATABASE IN CALGARY. IT IS CLAIMED THAT THE CARDS WERE "SIGNED BY MEMBERS SUCH AS CST. TERRY TOWNSEND AND GORD SCHEURMAN". FOR MORE INFORMATION ON MICHELSON'S IDENT CAREER, SEE ARTIFACT'S PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME DONATED BY THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES. FOR A BRIEF ACCOUNT OF THE LETHBRIDGE POLICE COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19960112001. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE POLICE SERVICES AND TRANSCRIPTS OF INTERVIEWS AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH CURRENT AND FORMER LETHBRIDGE POLICE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19960112000.
Catalogue Number
P19960112027
Acquisition Date
1996-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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