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Other Name
YUNG-CHUNG BELL
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
1997
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, WOOD, CARDBOARD, FELT
Catalogue Number
P20010099022
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
YUNG-CHUNG BELL
Date Range From
1994
Date Range To
1997
Materials
METAL, WOOD, CARDBOARD, FELT
No. Pieces
7
Height
19.9
Length
8.7
Width
9.3
Description
BELL IS MADE OF DARK GREEN METAL. THE LIP OF THE BELL IS CURVED UP ON THE LENGTHWISE SIDE, GIVING IT TWO POINTS ON EITHER END. ON TWO SIDES, THE BELL HAS IT'S MOST DISTINCTIVE FEATURES, 6 ROWS OF POINTS WHICH STICK DIRECTLY OUT FROM THE BELL, EACH SEPARATED BY A SMALL DESIGN. ON ONE SIDE OF THE BELL, IS WHAT LOOKS LIKE HIEROGLYPHICS. EXTENDING IMMEDIATELY UP FROM THE LARGE PORTION OF THE BELL IS A NARROW, HOLLOW SHAFT WITH A RING, FROM WHICH THE BELL IS SUSPENDED. THERE IS ALSO A BLACK STAND MADE OUT OF WOOD. THE BELL AND STAND ARE INSIDE AN AQUA COLORED BOX WITH A PAPER LIKE TEXTURE. THE INSIDE OF THE BOX IS RED AND CONTAINS YELLOW FELT FOR CUSHIONING OF THE BELL. ON THE TOP OF THE LID OF THE BOX, A GOLD PICTURE SHOWS A SMALL IMAGE OF THE BELL, AS WELL AS SOME CHINESE CHARACTERS. THE BOX'S MEASURMENTS ARE, LENGTH- 12.5 CM, WIDTH- 11.5 HEIGHT- 23.7CM.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
POLITICS
History
THIS ARTIFACT WAS GIVEN TO MAYOR CARPENTER (1986-2001) DURING HIS SECOND VISIT TO TAIWAN IN 1998. THE BELL IS A CERTIFIED REPLICA FORM THE NATIONAL MUSEUM IN TAIWAN. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE VISIT, SEE P20010099001, FOR MORE INFORMATION ON THE BELL, SEE PERMANENT RECORDS. *UPDATE* IN 2018, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILE ARTIFACTS AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING AN ALTER CLOTH AND A SASH DONATED BY DAVID CARPENTER. ON 8 MARCH 2018, PUNDYK INTERVIEWED CARPENTER REGARDING HIS DONATION OF 22 ARITFACTS RELATED TO HIS TRIPS TO TAIWAN AS THE MAYOR OF LETHBRIDGE. THE CITY OF LETHBRIDGE EMPLOYEE, WEI QUO, WHO ACTED AS TRANSLATOR DURING THESE TRIPS WAS ALSO A PART OF THE 8 MAY 2018 INTERVIEW. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR THE FULL INTERVIEW.
Catalogue Number
P20010099022
Acquisition Date
2002-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P20070023004
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Materials
WOOD, STEEL, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
202.0
Length
75.8
Width
31.5
Description
SET OF TWO WOODEN DOORS, BOTH PAINTED GREY-PURPLE WITH SMALL WINDOW, METAL DOOR CLOSURE DEVICE MOUNTED AT TOP, HANDLES ON ONE SIDE WITH STEEL PLATES ON REVERSE, STEEL PLATES ALONG BOTTOM WIDTH OF DOORS, AND THREE BRASS HINGES ALONG SIDES. ONE DOOR WITH "J" SHAPED PIECE OF METAL HANGING FROM HANDLE. 2 PIECES, IDENTICAL SIZE.
Subjects
BUILDING COMPONENT
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
DOOR SET IS ONE OF TWO ENTRANCE DOOR SETS TO PARAMOUNT THEATRE CINEMA ONE. DOOR SET WAS REMOVED FROM THEATRE AFTER ITS CLOSURE IN 2007. ACCORDING TO JOEY SHACKLEFORD (GRANDSON OF A.W. SHACKLEFORD) IN 2010, THE PANE OF GLASS ON THE DOOR ALLOWED MANAGEMENT TO SEE WHEN THE LIGHTS WERE COMING ON. THIS FACILITATED THE PROCESS OF SWITCHING FROM THE EARLY VIEWING TO THE LATE VIEWING. THE LOBBY WOULD BE ROPED OFF AND THE PATRONS WOULD EXIT OUT THE SIDE DOOR. NEW PATRONS WOULD WAIT IN THE LOBBY UNTIL THE ROPES WERE TAKEN DOWN BEFORE ENTERING THE THEATRE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE P20070023001 AND PERMANENT RECORD. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF ALFRED WILLIAM SHACKLEFORD (P20060025001-GA), OWNER OF THE SHACKLEFORD THEATRES. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF MAYOR SHACKLEFORD WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ARCHIVES CANADA ONLINE AND A LETHBRIDGE HERALD TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM MAY 31, 1992. A.W. SHACKLEFORD WAS BORN IN ESSEX, ENGLAND IN 1899 AND CAME TO CALGARY WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1909. AFTER HIGH SCHOOL HE TRAINED AS A DRAFTSMAN BUT WAS EMPLOYED BY THE FILM EXCHANGE AND FOX FILMS. IN 1921 HE WAS HIRED TO MANAGED THE KING'S THEATRE IN LETHBRIDGE AND BECAME ASSOCIATED WITH MARK ROGERS, A LETHBRIDGE BUSINESSMAN WHO OWNED THREE LOCAL MOVIE THEATRES. SHACKLEFORD ALSO BECAME PARTNER IN THE AMUSEMENT COMPANY THAT OPENED THE HENDERSON LAKE PAVILLION IN 1924. BY 1925 HE WAS PART-OWNER OF THE FORMER EMPRESS THEATRE ON 5TH AVENUE SOUTH, RENAMING IT THE ROXY. HE THEN TEAMED UP WITH THE FAMOUS PLAYERS COMPANY TO REMODEL THE FORMER PALACE THEATRE AND RENAME IT THE CAPITOL. SHACKLEFORD ALSO OPENED THE THEATRE IN THE FORMER COLLEGE MALL, BUILT THE 960-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE ON 4TH AVENUE SOUTH, AND TOOK OVER OPERATION OF THE DIRVE-IN THEATRE AT THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS. SHACKLEFORD WAS HEAVILY INVOLVED IN CIVIC LIFE, ACTIVE IN GROUPS INCLUDING THE CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY, THE GYRO CLUB, UNITED WAY, LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT EXHIBITION BOARD, BOARD OF TRADE, ST. AUGUSTINE'S CHURCH, AND THE ALBERTA THEATRE OPERATORS ASSOCIATION. HE AND HIS WIFE ADA HAD TWO SONS, ROBERT AND DOUGLAS. AFTER SEVERAL TERMS AS ALDERMAN STARTING IN 1939, SHACKLEFORD FIRST SERVED AS MAYOR FROM 1944 - 1947, AND FOR TWO MORE TERMS FROM 1952 - 1955 AND 1957 - 1961. HE WORKED FOR 68 YEARS IN THE MOVIE BUSINESS, RETIRING AT AGE 90. W.A. SHACKLEFORD DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 30, 1992. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20070023004
Acquisition Date
2008-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
PROJECTIONIST DOOR
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL
Catalogue Number
P20070023002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PROJECTIONIST DOOR
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Materials
STEEL
No. Pieces
1
Height
216.5
Length
91.0
Width
28.0
Description
STEEL DOOR, ONE SIDE PAINTED GREY-GREEN WITH BLACK SEMI-CIRCLE SURROUNDING METAL PUSH-PLATE AND KEYHOLE. BLACK METAL PROTECTIVE PLATE ALONG BOTTOM LENGTH OF DOOR. OTHER SIDE PAINTED WHITE, HAS METAL C-SHAPED HANDLE AND METAL DOOR CLOSURE DEVICE MOUNTED AT TOP. SIDE OF DOOR WITH DOOR LOCKING MECHANISM LABELLED, "SCHLAGE."
Subjects
BUILDING COMPONENT
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
THE DOOR WAS REMOVED FROM THE PARAMOUNT THEATRE IN 2007. ACCORDING TO JOEY SHACKLEFORD (GRANDSON OF A.W. SHACKLEFORD) IN 2010, THE DOOR WAS FROM THE PROJECTION BOOTH. THE BOOTH WAS NEAR A PRIVATE VIEWING AREA ON THE UPPER FLOOR OF THE THEATRE. THE DOOR HAD A HALF CIRCLE WINDOW. HARRY BOYSE, AND RICHARD FURUKAWA WERE TWO OF THE PROJECTIONISTS AT THE PARAMOUNT THEATRE. WHILE SHACKLEFORD SAID MEMBERS OF HIS FAMILY WORKED ALMOST EVERY POSITION IN THE THEATRE THROUGHOUT THE COURSE OF THEIR LIVES, THE PROJECTIONIST JOB WAS THE “ONLY THING WE NEVER DID BECAUSE IT WAS A UNION POSITION. YOU HAD TO WRITE EXAMS AND PUT IN A CERTAIN AMOUNT OF HOURS BEFORE YOU WERE QUALIFIED.” FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE P20070023001 AND PERMANENT RECORD. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF ALFRED WILLIAM SHACKLEFORD (P20060025001-GA), OWNER OF THE SHACKLEFORD THEATRES. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF MAYOR SHACKLEFORD WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ARCHIVES CANADA ONLINE AND A LETHBRIDGE HERALD TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM MAY 31, 1992. A.W. SHACKLEFORD WAS BORN IN ESSEX, ENGLAND IN 1899 AND CAME TO CALGARY WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1909. AFTER HIGH SCHOOL HE TRAINED AS A DRAFTSMAN BUT WAS EMPLOYED BY THE FILM EXCHANGE AND FOX FILMS. IN 1921 HE WAS HIRED TO MANAGED THE KING'S THEATRE IN LETHBRIDGE AND BECAME ASSOCIATED WITH MARK ROGERS, A LETHBRIDGE BUSINESSMAN WHO OWNED THREE LOCAL MOVIE THEATRES. SHACKLEFORD ALSO BECAME PARTNER IN THE AMUSEMENT COMPANY THAT OPENED THE HENDERSON LAKE PAVILLION IN 1924. BY 1925 HE WAS PART-OWNER OF THE FORMER EMPRESS THEATRE ON 5TH AVENUE SOUTH, RENAMING IT THE ROXY. HE THEN TEAMED UP WITH THE FAMOUS PLAYERS COMPANY TO REMODEL THE FORMER PALACE THEATRE AND RENAME IT THE CAPITOL. SHACKLEFORD ALSO OPENED THE THEATRE IN THE FORMER COLLEGE MALL, BUILT THE 960-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE ON 4TH AVENUE SOUTH, AND TOOK OVER OPERATION OF THE DIRVE-IN THEATRE AT THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS. SHACKLEFORD WAS HEAVILY INVOLVED IN CIVIC LIFE, ACTIVE IN GROUPS INCLUDING THE CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY, THE GYRO CLUB, UNITED WAY, LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT EXHIBITION BOARD, BOARD OF TRADE, ST. AUGUSTINE'S CHURCH, AND THE ALBERTA THEATRE OPERATORS ASSOCIATION. HE AND HIS WIFE ADA HAD TWO SONS, ROBERT AND DOUGLAS. AFTER SEVERAL TERMS AS ALDERMAN STARTING IN 1939, SHACKLEFORD FIRST SERVED AS MAYOR FROM 1944 - 1947, AND FOR TWO MORE TERMS FROM 1952 - 1955 AND 1957 - 1961. HE WORKED FOR 68 YEARS IN THE MOVIE BUSINESS, RETIRING AT AGE 90. W.A. SHACKLEFORD DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 30, 1992. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20070023002
Acquisition Date
2008-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
VINYL, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19950073136
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Materials
VINYL, PAPER
No. Pieces
2
Diameter
17.3
Description
BLACK VINYL 45-SPEED SAMPLE RECORD WITH WHITE PAPER LABEL IN CENTRE. READS "LONGSHOT PRODUCTIONS SAY TONIGHT LONGSHOT", WITH SERIAL NUMBER "ZF 0055". SCRATCHED SLIGHTLY ON ONE SIDE. NO ALBUM COVER. SMALL TEAR NEAR CENTRE OF DUST JACKET.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
History
MADE IN RED DEER. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED AS PART OF THE ING ESTATE (P19950073023). SHE EXTRACTED THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ON THE ING FAMILY FROM PERMANENT FILE P19950073001, WHICH CONTAINS A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW COLLECTIONS TECH KEVIN MACLEAN CONDUCTED WITH HAROLD ING JR., SON OF HAROLD AND MYRA, IN HIS ROOM AT THE LETHBRIDGE HOTEL IN SEPTEMBER 2005. MYRA WAS BORN IN GOLDEN B.C. TO SHIN-BOW AND CHOW TING RAH; HER FATHER ORGINALLY EMIGRATED TO CANADA TO WORK ON CANADIAN RAILWAY CONSTRUCTION AND LATER BECAME A RESTAURANTEUR, WHERE MYRA DEVELOPED HER ENGLISH SKILLS AS A WAITRESS. "IN 1906 MY DAD [HAROLD ING SR.] LEFT HONG KONG FOR VANCOUVER, HE COULDN'T SPEAK ENGLISH... HE'S GOT TO BE A WAITER, A BUSBOY... AND HE LEARNED ALL THE WAY UP, IN THE MEANTIME PICKING UP ENGLISH... WENT TO WINNIPEG. THIS IS BEFORE ME. BY THEN HE KNEW THE WHOLE SYSTEM OF RESTAURANTING." MYRA AND HAROLD SR. MARRIED AND ADOPTED HAROLD JR. WHEN HE WAS BORN INTO A POOR FAMILY OF ELEVEN IN 1944, IN VANCOUVER. "ME AND MY TWIN SISTER WERE SOLD BECAUSE THERE WERE JUST TOO MANY. SO DAD, MY MOM PICKED ME AND DAD SAID YES THAT'S GOOD... I DON'T KNOW WHERE MY SISTER IS... THERE'S NO WAY OF FINDING OUT." THE ING FAMILY SETTLED IN LETHBRIDGE IN THE LATE 1940S, AND HAROLD SR. OWNS AND OPERATES THE NEW MOON CAFE AND TWO GROCERIES, WHICH ARE RUN BY THE FAMILY AND NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS THAT HAROLD SR. SPONSORED. "AT APPROXIMATELY FIVE YEARS OLD [MY FATHER] INTRODUCED ME TO THE NEW MOON CAFE, AND I WAS A BUSBOY AT THE AGE OF FIVE... IN 1951 HE SHOWED ME MY FIRST HUNDRED DOLLAR BILL... BECAUSE HE WAS THE OWNER... HE'D WAKE UP AT FIVE IN THE MORNING TO GO TO THE CAFE, OFF AND ON TO THE GROCERY STORE AND MIGHT BE DONE AT EIGHT AT NIGHT, SUPPER AND IMMEDIATELY TO CHINATOWN [FOR] GAMBLING, PUTTING DOWN MAH JONG." HAROLD JR. ATTENDED WESTMINISTER ELEMENTARY SCHOOL DURING THE DAY, AND CHINESE SCHOOL AT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE IN THE EVENINGS - HIS FATHER WAS THE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE, AND THE ORGANIZATION RAN THE SCHOOL, CULTURAL CELEBRATIONS, FILM SCREENINGS, AND BANQUETS, FUNDED BY MEMBERSHIP FEES. HAROLD'S YOUNGER BROTHER, CALVIN, "GOT SENT TO A BOARDING SCHOOL SOMEWHERE. HE WAS GIFTED, BUT HE HAD A BYPASS SURGERY, HE HAD SOMETHING WRONG WITH HIS HEART. HE COULDN'T HANDLE PUBLIC SCHOOL, SO THEY SENT HIM TO B.C." AFTER HIGH SCHOOL AND A BRIEF STINT IN CALGARY, HAROLD JR. RAN ING'S GROCERY FOR HIS FATHER, AND IN THE LATE 1960S AND EARLY 70S ALSO WORKED AS A PHOTOGRAPHER FOR THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD AND A SALESMAN AT SEARS. BOTH HAROLD SR. AND MYRA ING PASSED AWAY IN THE 1990S, AND THE OBJECTS ENCOMPASSING DONATION P19950073001-231 WERE COLLECTED FROM THE FAMILY HOME. FOR A COMPLETE TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, COPIES OF PHOTOGRAPHS AND WRITTEN DETAILS ON THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19950073136
Acquisition Date
1995-11
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, WIRE
Catalogue Number
P20070023005
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
2007
Materials
PLASTIC, WIRE
No. Pieces
1
Height
9.2
Length
24.0
Width
13.0 13.0
Description
PALE GREEN INTERCOM PHONE WITH SIX OFF-WHITE BUTTONS ON FRONT. BRAIDED PHONE CORD, SPEAKER AND RECEIVER OF PHONE OFF-WHITE COLOURED. LABELS NEXT TO BUTTONS READ, "MGR., LOBY, CONC., BOX. O., PROJ. 2." TEXT ON BACK READS, "MADE IN WESTERN GERMANY...". BROWN FOAM MATERIAL ON BACK OF PHONE DETERIORATING, SURFACE GRIME OVERALL, ESPECIALLY CONCENTRATED ON PHONE RECIEVER AND PHONE RESTING AREAS.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
INTERCOM WAS INSTALLED IN THE PROJECTIONSIT ROOM OF CINEMA 1 AT THE PARAMOUNT THEATRE. IT ALLOWED THE USER TO STRATEGICALLY CONNECT WITH VARIOUS LOCATIONS IN THE THEATRE. INTERCOM WAS REMOVED FROM PARAMOUNT THEATRE AFTER ITS CLOSURE IN 2007. NICOLE HEMBROFF, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT, CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH JOEY SHACKLEFORD (GRANDSON OF A. W. SHACKLEFORD) ON AUGUST 15, 2010, HE SAID THE INTERCOM SYSTEM WAS PRETTY BAREBONES. IT WAS USED FOR SEVERAL PURPOSES. FOR EXAMPLE, THE PROJECTIONIST'S ROOM WOULD RECEIVE A CALL TO START THE FILM. THIS WAS IMPORTANT BECAUSE THE MOVIES DIDN'T ALWAYS START ON TIME IN ORDER TO ALLOW BIG CROWDS TO COME IN. THE INTERCOM WAS ALSO USED BETWEEN THE MANAGER'S OFFICE AND THE CANDY BAR. THE PEOPLE WORKING AT THE CONCESSION COULD CALL THE MANAGER'S OFFICE TO OBTAIN MORE CANDY OR SUPPLIES. FINALLY, IT WAS COMMON FOR THE BOX OFFICE TO CALL THE MANAGER'S OFFICE IN ORDER TO GET MORE CHANGE OR TO GET MONEY TAKEN OUT. THIS WAS ESPECIALLY IMPORTANT BECAUSE THE BOX OFFICE WAS EXPOSED TO THE PEOPLE. BY TAKING MONEY TO THE MANAGER'S OFFICE ON A REGULAR BASIS, ONE COULD ENSURE THAT IF THE BOX OFFICE WAS ROBBED, NOT TOO MUCH MONEY WOULD BE LOST. FOR MORE INFORMATION, SEE P20070023001 AND PERMANENT RECORD. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF ALFRED WILLIAM SHACKLEFORD (P20060025001-GA), OWNER OF THE SHACKLEFORD THEATRES. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF MAYOR SHACKLEFORD WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ARCHIVES CANADA ONLINE AND A LETHBRIDGE HERALD TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM MAY 31, 1992. A.W. SHACKLEFORD WAS BORN IN ESSEX, ENGLAND IN 1899 AND CAME TO CALGARY WITH HIS PARENTS IN 1909. AFTER HIGH SCHOOL HE TRAINED AS A DRAFTSMAN BUT WAS EMPLOYED BY THE FILM EXCHANGE AND FOX FILMS. IN 1921 HE WAS HIRED TO MANAGED THE KING'S THEATRE IN LETHBRIDGE AND BECAME ASSOCIATED WITH MARK ROGERS, A LETHBRIDGE BUSINESSMAN WHO OWNED THREE LOCAL MOVIE THEATRES. SHACKLEFORD ALSO BECAME PARTNER IN THE AMUSEMENT COMPANY THAT OPENED THE HENDERSON LAKE PAVILLION IN 1924. BY 1925 HE WAS PART-OWNER OF THE FORMER EMPRESS THEATRE ON 5TH AVENUE SOUTH, RENAMING IT THE ROXY. HE THEN TEAMED UP WITH THE FAMOUS PLAYERS COMPANY TO REMODEL THE FORMER PALACE THEATRE AND RENAME IT THE CAPITOL. SHACKLEFORD ALSO OPENED THE THEATRE IN THE FORMER COLLEGE MALL, BUILT THE 960-SEAT PARAMOUNT THEATRE ON 4TH AVENUE SOUTH, AND TOOK OVER OPERATION OF THE DIRVE-IN THEATRE AT THE SOUTH CITY LIMITS. SHACKLEFORD WAS HEAVILY INVOLVED IN CIVIC LIFE, ACTIVE IN GROUPS INCLUDING THE CANADIAN CANCER SOCIETY, THE GYRO CLUB, UNITED WAY, LETHBRIDGE & DISTRICT EXHIBITION BOARD, BOARD OF TRADE, ST. AUGUSTINE'S CHURCH, AND THE ALBERTA THEATRE OPERATORS ASSOCIATION. HE AND HIS WIFE ADA HAD TWO SONS, ROBERT AND DOUGLAS. AFTER SEVERAL TERMS AS ALDERMAN STARTING IN 1939, SHACKLEFORD FIRST SERVED AS MAYOR FROM 1944 - 1947, AND FOR TWO MORE TERMS FROM 1952 - 1955 AND 1957 - 1961. HE WORKED FOR 68 YEARS IN THE MOVIE BUSINESS, RETIRING AT AGE 90. W.A. SHACKLEFORD DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON MAY 30, 1992. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20070023005
Acquisition Date
2008-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
CASSETTE TAPE
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20180029005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
CASSETTE TAPE
Date Range From
1985
Date Range To
1990
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Height
1.7
Length
11
Width
7
Description
A. CASSETTE TAPE CASE, 11 CM LONG X 7 CM WIDE X 1.7 CM TALL. CLEAR PLASTIC RECTANGULAR CASE WITH TWO PLASTIC PRONGS INSIDE. CASE FRONT HAS EMBOSSED STAMP IN LOWER RIGHT CORNER “TDK, MADE IN JAPAN”. RIGHT SIDE HAS INDENT FOR OPENING; CASE IS HINGED ON LEFT SIDE. CASE IS SCRATCHED AND SCUFFED, WITH BLACK STAINING ON FRONT, BACK, AND LEFT SIDE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. B. CASSETTE TAPE, 10 CM LONG X 6.4 CM WIDE X 0.7 CM TALL. TAPE IS BLACK PLASTIC WITH TWO HOLES THROUGH CASSETTE; TAPE HAS CLEAR PLASTIC WINDOW BETWEEN HOLES SHOWING TAPE INSIDE; BOTTOM EDGE OF TAPE HAS FIVE SQUARE OPENINGS SHOWING BROWN TAPE. TAPE HAS WHITE TEXT ON FRONT AND BACK; FRONT TEXT “AC DC * BACK IN BLACK, HELLS BELLS/SHOOT TO THRILL/, WHAT DO YOU DO FOR MONEY HONEY, GIVE THE DOG A BONE/LET ME PUT MY LOVE IN YOU, CP 1, DOLBY SYSTEM, XCS 16018, ATLANTIC”, LOWER LABEL HAS WHITE TEXT BILUNGUAL [ENGLISH AND FRENCH] “MANUFACTURED & DISTRIBUTED BY WEA MUSIC OF CANADA LTD., 810 BIRCHMOUNT RD SCARBOROUGH ONTARIO, A WARNER COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY”. TOP EDGE OF TAPE HAS EMBOSSED TEXT “MADE IN CANADA”. BACK OF TAPE HAS WHITE TEXT “AC DC * BACK IN BLACK, BACK IN BLACK/YOU SHOOK ME ALL NIGHT LONG, HAVE A DRINK ON ME, SHAKE A LEG/ROCK AND ROLL AIN’T NOISE POLLUTION, CP 2, DOLBY SYSTEM, XCS 16018, ATLANTIC”, LOWER LABEL HAS WHITE TEXT BILINGUAL [ENGLISH AND FRENCH] “MANUFACTURED & DISTRIBUTED BY WEA MUSIC OF CANADA LTD., 810 BIRCHMOUNT RD SCARBOROUGH ONTARIO, A WARNER COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY”. TEXT ON TAPE IS WORN AND FADED; LOWER EDGE OF TAPE IS SCUFFED AND STAINED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION. C. PAPER INSERT FOR CASSETTE TAPE, 10.3 CM LONG X 6.6 CM WIDE X 1.4 CM TALL. PAPER BOOKLET WITH BLACK COVER AND WHITE TEXT; FRONT OF COVER HAS TEXT “AC DC, BACK IN BLACK, ATLANTIC, SUPER CASSETTE”; SIDE OF COVER HAS TEXT “AC/DC, BACK IN BLACK, DOLBY SYSTEM, XCS-16018, SUPER CASSETTE”; BACK OF COVER HAS TEXT INCLUDING TRACK LIST FOR “SIDE ONE/SIDE TWO” AND PHOTOGRAPH OF MAN PLAYING GUITAR, TEXT BELOW PHOTOGRAPH “1980 LEIDSPELEIN PRESSE B.V., UNAUTHORIZED REPRODUCTION OF THIS RECORDING IS PROHIBITED BY LAW AND SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION”, TEXT BELOW IS BILINGUAL [ENGLISH AND FRENCH] “MANUFACTURED & DISTRIBUTED BY, WEA MUSIC OF CANADA LTD., 1810 BIRCHMOUNT RD. SCARBOROUGH, ONTARIO, A WARNER COMMUNICATIONS COMPANY”. INSIDE OF COVER WHITE WITH BLACK TEXT “ALL SONGS WRITTEN BY YOUNG, YOUNG AND JOHNSON, PRODUCED BY ROBERT JOHN “MUTT” LANGE, ENGINEERED BY TONY PLATT, ASSISTANT ENGINEERS: JACK NEWBER, BENJI ARMBRISTER, RECORDED AT COMPASS POINT STUDIOS, APRIL-MAY 1980, MIXING ENGINEER: BRAD SAMUELSON, ART DIRECTION: BOB DEFRIN, PHOTOS: ROBERT ELLIS”, WITH “THANKS” BELOW, TEXT BELOW “FOR MORE INFORMATION ON AC/DC’S FAN CLUB AND MERCHANDISING, PLEASE SEND A SELF-ADDRESSED ENVELOPE TO: AC/DC FAN CLUB, 18 WATSON CLOSE, BURY ST. EDMUNDS, SUFFOLK ENGLAND, ALBERT PRODUCTIONS”. BACK INSIDE INCLUDES TEXT ON “NEW LEVELS OF EXCELLENCE” IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH. BACK OF BOOKLET HAS TWO HOLES PUNCHED THROUGH; COVER IS WORN AND FADED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
LEISURE
HOME ENTERTAINMENT
History
ON DECEMBER 21, 2018, GALT MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT INTERVIEWED KEVIN MACLEAN REAGARDING HIS DONATION OF PERSONAL OBJECTS. ON THE CASSETTE TAPE, MACLEAN ELABORATED, “I WOULD THINK IT’S…IN THE WINTER OF GRADE 10 THAT I FOUND AC/DC AND THE SONG WAS, “FOR THOSE ABOUT TO ROCK”. I REMEMBER LISTENING TO IT WITH A BUDDY IN KALISPELL AND PLAYING ARCADE GAMES IN THE HOTEL AND THINKING, “OH, MY GOD, THIS IS THE COOLEST.”” “[BECAUSE] I’M A CATHOLIC KID…WE WERE PRETTY INNOCENT KIDS, AND [LISTENING TO BANDS LIKE AC/DC AND IRON MAIDEN] WOULD BE LIKE, “OH, I’M NOT GONNA GO THERE.” IT’S JUST TOO GRAPHIC…I THOUGHT IT DIDN’T REPRESENT ANYTHING GOOD. AC/DC CAME FIRST [FOR ME].” “THE OTHER THING THAT ATTRACTED ME TO AC/DC…THIS IS 1985, SO PART OF [MY INTEREST] IS THAT THEY’RE QUITE BLUE COLLAR…THE GLAM-ROCK THING…NEVER DID AS MUCH FOR ME. BUT THESE GUYS LOOK LIKE ORDINARY, WORKING-CLASS GUYS WHICH…IN TERMS OF WANTING TO FIT IN AND NOT HAVE A LOOK THAT STANDS OUT THEN, THERE WAS SOME APPEAL TO THESE GUYS, TOO.” “THIS, “BACK IN BLACK”, I’M CARRYING IN MY JEAN JACKET IN THE LEFT BREAST POCKET. WHEN I GO TO PARTIES, EVERY SINGLE WEEKEND, I HAD THIS TAPE BECAUSE IF PEOPLE DIDN’T HAVE “BACK IN BLACK” IN THEIR HOUSE, THEN I HAD IT. THEY COULD PLAY IT WHILE WE WERE PARTYING.” MACLEAN RECALLED HIS INTEREST IN MUSIC IN THE 1980S, NOTING, “[MY] DAD LISTENED TO COUNTRY MUSIC, CHARLEY PRIDE AND WILLIE NELSON, WHICH I WASN’T REALLY GETTING ANYTHING OUT OF. MY MOM, THOUGH, HAS ALWAYS BEEN INTERESTED IN CONTEMPORARY STUFF, WHATEVER THAT WORLD MIGHT BE. SHE IS THE ONE IN THE FAMILY WHO’S PROBABLY BUYING MOST OF THE RECORDS AND WHO IS LISTENING TO MUSIC LOTS, IN THE HOUSEHOLD. SHE DID JAZZERCISE STUFF SO SHE TAUGHT CLASSES. THERE’S LOTS OF VINYL IN THE HOUSE WHEN I’M GROWING UP. AT SOME POINT IN TIME, I DON’T KNOW HOW IT HAPPENED, BUT THERE WAS A RECORD PLAYER THAT WENT INTO MY BEDROOM AND INITIALLY, [BECAUSE] IT’S PROBABLY THE ONLY TIME I LISTENED TO VINYL, IT WAS MOM AND DAD’S KENNY ROGERS RECORD. I THINK I LIKED IT [BECAUSE] I COULD SING TO IT.” “IN ABOUT 1983, I WOULD HAVE AN ALLOWANCE. I START BUYING MUSIC AND THAT’S ALL I WANTED MONEY FOR; TO BUY MUSIC AND TO BUY A TAPE BACK THEN BECAUSE TAPES [WERE] COMPETING WITH VINYL RECORDS. WHERE I HAVE FRIENDS WHO ARE YOUNGER THAN ME OR WHO ARE THE SAME AGE AS ME WHO ARE BUYING VINYL, IT’S GENERALLY, I WOULD SAY, BECAUSE THEY HAVE SIBLINGS WHO ARE ALSO BUYING VINYL. THEY’RE DOING THE RECORD PLAYER THING BUT I WENT RIGHT TO CASSETTE.” “WHEN I FIRST STARTED BUYING MUSIC, THE FIRST [CASSETTE] I BOUGHT WAS MICHAEL JACKSON “THRILLER”; THAT WAS THE FIRST ONE. ALMOST AT THE EXACT SAME TIME, I BOUGHT DURAN DURAN “RIO” AND I THINK MY THIRD TAPE WAS EDDY GRANT; IT WAS A SONG CALLED “ELECTRIC AVENUE”. WHEN I’M BUYING MUSIC, I’M COMING INTO LETHBRIDGE. I REMEMBER THERE WAS A MUSIC STORE—THERE [WAS] NO PARK PLACE MALL—IN THE LETHBRIDGE CENTRE MALL.” “MY COUSIN, WHO’S LIVING WITH US—REG—IS SIX YEARS OLDER THAN ME. HE [HAS] A TAPE CASE BEFORE I BUY MY FIRST TAPE CASE. HIS MUSIC IS PREDOMINANTLY CANADIAN ROCK FROM THE EARLY ‘80S. SO, BANDS THAT WERE ALL COMING OUT AT THE SAME TIME LIKE STREETHEART, TORONTO, CHILLIWACK, HEADPINS, PRISM, THE STUFF THAT RON SAKAMOTO, THE PROMOTER, WAS BRINGING INTO THE SPORTSPLEX. BUT I WAS NOT INTERESTED IN ROCK. I WANTED POP MUSIC AND I REMEMBER SHARING MY LOVE OF MY POP MUSIC WITH MY FRIENDS. I REMEMBER WHEN I GOT DURAN DURAN “RIO”, I WOULD CALL UP MY FRIEND ON THE ROTARY DIAL PHONE AND WITH MY VIKING CASSETTE RECORDER/TAPE PLAYER PUSH ‘PLAY’ AND HOLD THE RECEIVER OVER SO THAT HE COULD HEAR THIS MUSIC THAT I WAS SO EXCITED TO SHARE.” “WHEN I BUY, WHEN I TELL MY NEIGHBOUR FRIEND, [I ASK], “IS THIS OKAY? IS THIS A GOOD ONE?” AND THE ONE TIME, I REMEMBER HIM GOING, “YEAH, THAT’S A GOOD CHOICE.” IT WAS A BAND CALLED, THE TUBES. THAT WOULD BE GRADE 8 AND PROBABLY INTO GRADE 9 AND MY TAPE CASE WOULD BE FULL OF STUFF THAT WOULD BE POP, DURAN DURAN AND MICHAEL JACKSON.” “[IN] GRADE 9, RIGHT BEFORE HIGH SCHOOL, I FIND TWISTED SISTER…THIS WOULD BE BY THE SUMMER OF ’84. [THEIR] VIDEO WAS GETTING TO BE A BIG DEAL…THERE WAS, “WE’RE NOT GONNA TAKE IT” WHICH IS REBELLION FROM YOUR PARENTS AND THE DAD IS LIKE A DRILL SERGEANT. THEN [THE KIDS] ALL TURN INTO TWISTED SISTER. I LOVED THIS TAPE. I PLAYED IT OVER AND OVER AGAIN. [IT WAS] MY FIRST ROCK TAPE AND IT WAS LIFE-CHANGING BECAUSE THEN, ALL THIS POP THAT HAD BEEN IN MY TAPE CASE…I SOLD TO JACK PEACOCK BY GRADE 10. I GOT RID OF ALL MY POP, SO WHERE THAT POP HAD BEEN DEFINING…ALL OF A SUDDEN IT’S LIKE, “I’M NOT THAT, ANYMORE.” IT WAS LIKE A LIGHT SWITCH WENT ON…IN GRADE 10.” “I WAS WEARING A JEAN JACKET IN GRADE 11…WHICH IS ABOUT AS MUCH AS, IN TERMS OF ME AND MY DRESS, HOW I’M REFLECTING [MY IDENTITY]. THIS IS A BIG DEAL BECAUSE WHERE MAYBE YOU DON’T WANT, IN YOUR OWN PARTICULAR DRESS, TO BE WEARING CAMOUFLAGE, YOU COULD THEN OPEN UP A TAPE CASE AND, BY PEOPLE SEEING WHAT’S IN YOUR TAPE CASE, THAT IS SPEAKING TO WHO YOU ARE.” “LISTENING TO MUSIC HASN’T NECESSARILY BEEN CONSISTENT BECAUSE THERE WERE YEARS WHEN WE WERE [AT HOME] THAT WE DIDN’T HAVE A STEREO SYSTEM BECAUSE IT JUST DIDN’T FEEL LIKE IT WAS THE RIGHT THING TO DO AT THE TIME. I WOULD HAVE BEEN LISTENING TO [TAPES] MORE IN MY VEHICLE. WHEN WE GOT OUR…SYSTEM BACK, THEN ALL OF A SUDDEN I’M LISTENING TO IT A LOT, AGAIN. BUT, THERE’S NO QUESTION, IT’S BEEN A MAINSTAY.” “MAYBE IT’S BECAUSE MY EYES ARE SO CRAPPY, [I ASK] IF YOU HAD TO CHOOSE BETWEEN YOUR EYESIGHT AND YOUR HEARING, WHAT WOULD YOU CHOOSE? DO I REALLY WANT TO LOSE MY HEARING? I WANT MONEY TO BUY MUSIC. THAT’S ALL I WANT MONEY FOR. NOTHING ELSE…THE FUNNY PART WITH THAT, TOO, THAT I LEARNED WAS THAT YOU NEVER WANTED TO BUY TOO MUCH MUSIC AT THE SAME TIME. IF YOU DID, YOU DIDN’T LISTEN TO A TAPE AS INTENSELY BECAUSE YOU HAD TWO OR THREE TAPES, SO YOU WOULDN’T APPRECIATE THEM EQUALLY. I LEARNED EARLY, YOU SHOULD ONLY BUY ONE RECORD OR ONE TAPE AT A TIME AND LISTEN TO IT OVER AND OVER AND OVER AGAIN.” “I SWITCHED OVER TO CD’S IN THE SUMMER OF ’89. MY TAPE LISTENING WOULD BE A VERY SHORT TIME. TAPES DON’T LAST VERY LONG. CASSETTE TAPES DON’T LAST. WHEN YOU THINK OF CD’S, WHICH YOU CAN STILL GO AND BUY AND THEY WERE BEING SOLD BY, AT LEAST LOCALLY, FOR SURE, BY 1987, AND THEY’RE STILL BEING SOLD, CASSETTE TAPES [DIDN’T LAST LONG]. FOR ME, [I’M BUYING CASSETTE TAPES FROM] ’83 TO ’88. SIX YEARS.” “IT’S FUNNY, BECAUSE [MY TAPE CASE] WOULD HAVE BEEN FULL AND, FOR SOME REASON, I CHOSE TO GET RID OF THE OTHER TAPES. PROBABLY BECAUSE I WASN’T LISTENING TO THEM AND I THOUGHT, ‘OH, I CAN TAKE THEM TO A USED PLACE,’ BUT I SHOULDN’T HAVE DONE THAT. I SHOULD HAVE ACTUALLY KEPT IT FULL. I WISH I HAD [BECAUSE] I HAD ALL THE AC/DC’S. BUT YOU CAN TELL BY WHAT I KEPT, I OBVIOUSLY KNEW THAT THIS WAS A REALLY IMPORTANT TAPE; TWISTED SISTER [AND] “BACK IN BLACK”. THOSE ARE THE MOST IMPORTANT…” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, BRANDON SUN, MEDICINE HAT NEWS, AND THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20180029001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20180029005
Acquisition Date
2018-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"GLOBAL NEWS" FLASH
Date Range From
2007
Date Range To
2014
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, FOAM, INK
Catalogue Number
P20190022005
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"GLOBAL NEWS" FLASH
Date Range From
2007
Date Range To
2014
Materials
PLASTIC, FOAM, INK
No. Pieces
1
Height
5.7
Width
7
Description
BLACK PLASTIC MICROPHONE FLASH, SQUARE/CUBE WITH GREY FOAM INSIDE. TOP HAS HOLE CUT IN PLASTIC SHOWING FOAM INSIDE; FOAM HAS CIRCLE CUT IN CENTER FOR HOLDING A MICROPHONE. SIDES OF FLASH HAVE LOGO WITH WHITE TEXT “GLOBAL” AND RED TEXT “NEWS” BESIDE RED ARROW. TEXT ON SIDES OF FLASH IS FADED AND PEELING; TOP AND SIDES OF FLASH ARE SCRATCHED AND SCUFFED; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
INDUSTRY
History
ON AUGUST 21, 2019, COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIWED WAYNE DWORNIK REGARDING HIS DONATION OF GLOBAL NEWS STATION ITEMS. DWORNIK WORKED FOR LETHBRIDGE TELEVISION BROADCAST NEWS FROM 1976-2013. ON THE MICROPHONE FLASH, DWORNIK RECALLED, “[A HANDHELD MICROPHONE WITH A FLASH] WAS USED MORE SO FOR SOME PROMOTION IN PROGRAMMING STUFF. I THINK [THE MICROPHONE AND FLASH] MAY HAVE BEEN USED FOR THE JUNE 7TH BATTLE GROUND…IT WAS A REALLY HUGE UNDERTAKING. WE HAD OUR MOBILE CONSTRUCTED, AND ONE OF THE THINGS, AGAIN, TO DO COMMUNITY PROGRAMMING, WE WOULD DO A GAME SHOW THAT WE WOULD RECORD DURING WHOOP-UP DAYS. WE DID IT DOWNTOWN [BY THE IGA STORE, NOW CASA] AND I DID SOME VIDEOTAPING FROM THAT. IT WAS A THREE CAMERA OPERATION. MOST OF THE STAFF WOULD GO OUT TO IT, AND WE WOULD GET TEAMS OF PEOPLE FROM BUSINESSES COMPETING IN A THREE LEGGED RACE, A SKI RACE. THERE WERE FOUR PEOPLE ON A TWO BY TEN TREATED AS SKIS. THERE WAS A BOBBING-TANK THERE, WHERE THEY WOULD HAVE TO GET THEIR HEAD IN TO GET A DOZEN DUCKS OUT. THERE WAS A WOBBLY WHEEL CART AND ANOTHER ONE WITH SPRAYING WATER GUNS. IT WAS JUST A BLAST. PEOPLE WOULD COME OUT AND SET UP BLEACHERS ON THE STREET…WE ALSO DID IT ON ANOTHER STREET, I THINK IT WAS ON SIXTH STREET AT ONE TIME AND THEN WE DID IT OUT AT WHOOP-UP GROUNDS. WE ALSO TOOK IT OUT ON THE ROAD. WE DID IT IN TABER, PINCHER CREEK…IT WAS A BLAST, A REALLY GREAT TIME.” “I’M THINKING [WE RAN IT] ABOUT FIVE YEARS…I’M GOING TO SAY, 1990-95…I REMEMBER ONE BUDGET YEAR, JUST AFTER WICK BOUGHT THE STATION, THE WHOLE MANAGEMENT TEAM (AND AT THAT TIME I WAS THE PRODUCTION MANAGER) WE WERE FLOWN OUT TO VANCOUVER TO MEET THE EXECUTIVES OF WICK, AND WE WEREN’T SURE IF WE WERE GOING TO RECEIVE WALKING PAPERS OR WHAT. ACTUALLY, IT WAS QUITE AMIABLE REALLY, BUT WE HAD TO DO WHAT THEY CALLED, A ZERO-BUDGET PROCESS WHERE YOU TAKE EVERYTHING AWAY, START FROM ZERO AND SEE WHAT YOU NEED. THEN OF COURSE WE HAD BUDGET FIGURES TO MEET…WHAT CAN YOU DO WITHOUT AND WHAT IS GOING TO GET CUT BACK. A LOT OF IT WAS THE LOCAL PROGRAMMING WE WERE DOING…[THIS HAPPENED] I THINK ABOUT ’92.” “I KNOW [THE INCLUDED HANDHELD MICROPHONE] DOESN’T FIT ON [THE] NEWS FLASHER…[THE MICROPHONE] WAS WIRED. IT HAS GOT AN XLR CONNECTION ON IT…IT WAS [STORED IN THE ENGINEER’S ROOM WHEN I GOT IT IN 2014].” “WE STARTED GOING WITH WHAT THEY CALL LAVALIER MICS…SOMETIMES THEY’LL STILL USE A HAND HELD MIC…ONE OF THE REASONS THEY USE A HAND HELD MIC IS THAT THEY CAN PUT THE FLASH ON RIGHT THERE, AND IF YOU’RE GOING TO USE FILM, THEY’VE GOT YOUR NAME IN FRONT…THEY HAD QUITE A FEW [GLOBAL NEWS] FLASHERS THERE FOR THAT VERY PURPOSE, WHEN YOU NEED…YOU COULD USE [THE HANDHELD MICROPHONE] AS A HAND RIGHT, IT WAS AN OLD WARHORSE CAMERA OR MICROPHONE, AND YOU WOULD JUST SLIDE THAT ON, BUT THEN THEY’D THROW IT IN THE BACK OF THE CAR, OR THE TRUCK AND IT GETS SCUFFED UP.” “WE HAD THOSE WHEN I WAS STILL A SHOOTER, AND YOU KNOW, THEY’D BEEN USED FOR DECADES REALLY…WHILE I DIDN’T USE THAT PARTICULAR ONE, WE HAD ONES THAT WERE LIKE THAT.” “[I STARTED UNDER] CJOC…THEN TWO MONTHS AFTER I STARTED THERE, WE CHANGED TO CFAC [AND THEY HAD FLASHES TOO].” DWORNIK RECALLED HIS TIME WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE FOR BROADCAST NEWS, NOTING, “I WORKED FOR LETHBRIDGE TELEVISION FOR [25] YEARS…I JOINED THE STATION AS A PHOTOGRAPHER IN 1976. I HELD THAT POSITION FOR SEVEN YEARS AS CHIEF PHOTOGRAPHER, AND THEN I MOVED INTO MANAGEMENT, AND BECAME PRODUCTION MANAGER FOR TEN YEARS I GUESS, AND THEN I GOT INTO SALES AND MARKETING AND RESEARCH. I LEFT THE STATION IN 1996, AND I WAS ONE THE FIRST, IF NOT THE FIRST OF THE DOWNSIZING IN THAT ERA. AT THE TIME WHEN I LEFT IN ’96 THERE WERE AT LEAST SEVENTY-SIX PEOPLE ON STAFF. [TODAY] I BELIEVE THERE IS MAYBE A DOZEN…I RETURNED TO THE STATION IN THE CAPACITY OF…ACCOUNT REPRESENTATIVE IN 2008 AND I RETIRED AT…THE END OF DECEMBER 2014…WHEN I CAME TO LETHBRIDGE, I THOUGHT I WOULD ONLY STAY A COUPLE OF YEARS AND MOVE ONTO A BIGGER STATION, YOU KNOW BIG CITY, BRIGHT LIGHTS…BUT I LOVED THE CITY AND THERE WAS SO MUCH TO OFFER HERE. I HAD SO MUCH FUN, THERE WERE SO MANY REMARKABLE, INCREDIBLY REMARKABLE EXPERIENCES I HAD AS A PHOTOGRAPHER, AND PRODUCTION MANAGER, ESPECIALLY. SOME OF THESE ITEMS HERE GO BACK TO BEFORE MY TIME, BUT AGAIN LETHBRIDGE—LITTLE DIMPLE ON THE PRAIRIE HERE THAT WE ARE, WE ACTUALLY MADE A PRETTY GOOD NAME FOR THE CITY AND FOR THE STATION IN WHAT WE WERE PRODUCING IN NEWS, AND PARTICULARLY IN LOCAL PROGRAMMING. THAT WAS KIND OF ONE OF MY PASSIONS, WAS THE LOCAL PROGRAMMING, DOCUMENTARIES AND THEN OF COURSE, NEWS AS WELL.” “[THERE] WAS A FRIENDLY RIVALRY BETWEEN ALL THE MEDIA ACTUALLY, AND CTV WOULD PRODUCE THE ODD DOCUMENTARY, WHEREAS WE DID A LOT MORE…AT THE MOST THEY HAD I THINK MAYBE TWENTY PEOPLE ON STAFF, SO THEY WERE LIMITED. THEY WERE ACTUALLY A SATELLITE, OR A RE-BROADCASTER, THEY DIDN’T HAVE THEIR OWN LICENSE SO THEY WERE HANDLED DIFFERENTLY BY THEIR OWNERS THAN OUR STATION WAS. THEN AGAIN MANAGEMENT HERE WAS QUITE FORWARD THINKING IN MOST THINGS. I REMEMBER OUR PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MANAGER, BOB JOHNSON, DECADES AGO TOUTING THE FACT THAT THE ONLY THING THAT WILL MAKE US SUSTAINABLE AND RELEVANT IS LOCAL NEWS. HE KNEW, BACK THEN, THROUGH BROADCASTER ASSOCIATIONS ALL THE THINGS THAT WERE COMING AHEAD OF US…WE COULD GET NEWS FROM AROUND THE WORLD…WE CARRIED A LOT OF AMERICAN PROGRAMS…THE ONLY THING THAT IS GOING TO MAKE US DISTINCT IS WHAT WE CAN DO WITH OUR LOCAL NEWS AND AS AN EXTENSION OF THAT, OUR LOCAL PROGRAMMING, OUR DOCUMENTARIES. IT WAS QUITE GOOD FOR THE STAFF AND THE MORALE WAS TERRIFIC…WE HAD A SLOW PITCH BASEBALL TEAM, WE’D PARTICIPATE IN COMMUNITY THINGS, WITH THE PARADES, WHOOP-UP DAYS AND THE STAFF PARTIES WERE TERRIFIC.” “I WAS A PHOTOGRAPHER, AND I WAS OUT ON LOCATION INTERVIEWING ALL THESE INTERESTING PEOPLE, EDITING THESE PROGRAMS, NEWS STORIES, COMMERCIALS. I WAS IN MY ELEMENT…[I WORKED WITH] THE VISUAL CONTENT…BACK IN THE DAY, THERE WAS A NEWS REPORTER THAT WAS HIS JOB WAS TO BE ON CAMERA, TO RESEARCH THE STORY, SET UP THE CONTEXT, DO THE INTERVIEWS, WE WOULD RECORD THE VISUALS, RECORD THE INTERVIEWS, AND NOW AS YOU REFER TO IT, IT IS ALL DONE BY ONE…THEY CALL HIM A, AT DIFFERENT TIMES, EITHER A VIDEO JOURNALIST OR A VIDEOGRAPHER. MY TRAINING ACTUALLY WAS IN STILL PHOTOGRAPHY BACK IN WINNIPEG, BUT MY FIRST JOB WAS IN TELEVISION, SO I LEARNED ON THE JOB. SHOOTING BLACK AND WHITE FILM, COLOUR—AGAIN, SIXTEEN MILLIMETER FILM FOR COMMERCIALS. WE WERE STILL DOING A LOT OF SLIDE COMMERCIALS AT THAT TIME, AND WE PROCESSED OUR OWN SLIDE FILM IN THE BASEMENT AT THE STATION THERE, WITHOUT USING RUBBER GLOVES.” “AT THAT TIME WE HAD FIVE PHOTOGRAPHERS, WE ONLY HAD TWO VEHICLES TO GO OUT IN BUT, SO THE REPORTERS WOULD SOMETIMES USE THEIR OWN VEHICLES. I KNOW FOR THE FIRST YEAR OR TWO I USED MY OWN VEHICLE TO CARRY THE GEAR BECAUSE AT THAT TIME WE DIDN’T HAVE ANY STATION VEHICLES. OUR FIRST ONES WERE TWO…HONDA CIVIC STATION WAGONS, THEN WE GOT TWO NISSAN STATION WAGONS AND THEN WE WENT TO A FORD BRONCO I THINK IT WAS.” “I WOULD GO WHERE THERE WAS A GOOD OPPORTUNITY FOR WORK AND—ACTUALLY, ON OUR HONEY MOON, WE PACKED UP FROM SWIFT CURRENT…(I HAD THREE WEEKS HOLIDAY), AND WE MADE OUR WAY OUT TO THE WEST COAST, STOPPING AT EVERY TELEVISION STATION, ALONG THE WAY, HAVING A TOUR, AND LEAVING A RESUME. SO WE STOPPED AT MEDICINE HAT, LETHBRIDGE (WHICH I WAS REALLY IMPRESSED WITH), AND WE WENT THROUGH KELOWNA, (WHICH I WAS AGAIN VERY IMPRESSED WITH), AND SO I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE EITHER LETHBRIDGE, OR KELOWNA, I WOULD LIKE TO MOVE TO, AND THEN FROM THERE MAYBE CALGARY, VANCOUVER. AS I SAID, LETHBRIDGE WON OUT, THEY HAD A JOB OPENING…BECAUSE OF A STRIKE…AT THAT TIME…NABET…NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BROADCAST ENGINEERS AND TECHNOLOGISTS…THEY WERE WANTING TO FORM A LOCAL, AND GET UNION REPRESENTATION AND NEGOTIATIONS CAME TO A STAND-STILL, AND THEY WENT ON STRIKE I THINK, IN APRIL, OR MAY OF ’75 , ’76. SO I HAD JUST FAIRLY RECENTLY PUT MY RESUME IN THERE, AND THEY CALLED ME UP AND [IT WAS] A TOUGH SITUATION, AND I HELD OFF, AND I SAID, ‘WELL I’VE GOT TO WORK WITH THESE PEOPLE, IF I COME IN AS A STRIKE BREAKER, A SCAB—‘ AND SO I WASN’T TOO ANXIOUS TO DO THAT, BUT, AFTER A FEW MORE PHONE CALLS OVER I GUESS IT WAS A COUPLE OR THREE MONTH’S PERIOD, I SAID ‘WELL, YEAH, LET’S DO IT,’ AND I MOVED BACK.” DWORNIK SHARED THE HISTORY OF THE GLOBAL NEWS STATION IN LETHBRIDGE, RECALLING, “[BEFORE THE STATION WAS 2&7, IT WAS] CFAC. IT HAS GONE THROUGH A LOT OF CHANGES, IT STARTED OFF AS CJLH WHICH IS A COMBINATION OF CJOC RADIO AND THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD THAT CO-OWNED THE STATION WHICH OPENED IN [NOVEMBER] 1955…THEN THE HERALD GOT OUT OF IT AND WE WERE BOUGHT BY SELKIRK COMMUNICATIONS AND WE BECAME CJOC TELEVISION…THE STATION OPENED IN ’55, I THINK IT BECAME CJOC AROUND 1960, BUT DON’T QUOTE ME ON THAT. THEN WHEN I CAME IN [FALL] ’76…UP UNTIL THEN WE WERE A CBC AFFILIATE, AND THEN IN ’76 WE BECAME AN INDEPENDENT STATION AND CHANGED OUR CALL LETTERS, AGAIN, TO CFAC TELEVISION. OUR LOGO WAS MODELED AFTER THE RONDELL OF CHC HAMILTON TELEVISION, WHICH WAS AN INDEPENDENT STATION OWNED BY SELKIRK. WE ARE THE SISTER STATION BUT WITH OUR OWN INDEPENDENT LICENSE, WE BECAME PART OF THE INDEPENDENT NETWORK…ABOUT THE TIME OF THE OLYMPICS…WE CHANGED TO TWO AND SEVEN…IT WAS AROUND 1992 MAYBE THAT WE CHANGED OUR CALL LETTERS ONCE AGAIN TO CISA, INDICATIVE OF, ALL STATIONS STARTED WITH ‘C’ RADIO OR TELEVISION IN CANADA, AND THE ‘ISA’ WAS FOR INDEPENDENT SOUTHERN ALBERTA…WITH MY BACKGROUND IN ART AND DESIGN WORKING WITH THAT, WE DID SOME STILL-FRAME ANIMATION. WE DID SOME FUN STUFF WITH THE LOGOS…WHILE I WAS STILL [WITH CISA] WE WENT THROUGH…ANOTHER TWO CHANGES IN OWNERSHIP. SELKIRK SOLD US TO, APPARENTLY TO MACLEAN’S MAGAZINE, AND THAT LASTED FOR ABOUT AN HOUR OR TWO AND THEN I THINK WITH WICK…WESTERN BOUGHT US, THEY BASICALLY BOUGHT ALL OF SELKIRK COMMUNICATIONS AND ADDED US TO THEIR FLOCK OF ITV EDMONTON, BRITISH COLUMBIA TV IN VANCOUVER, AND CHECK TV IN VICTORIA AND I THINK THEY ALSO HAD OKANAGAN TV AS WELL.” “[LETHBRIDGE IS AN ANOMALY] FOR SURE BECAUSE WHEN I CAME HERE WE WERE AROUND FORTY THOUSAND [IN POPULATION], AND THERE WERE TWO OPERATING TELEVISION STATIONS. AS FAR AS I KNOW, WE ARE THE ONLY CITY OF THIS SIZE THAT HAD TWO TELEVISION STATIONS. IN MANY OTHER CITIES THEY WOULD HAVE WHAT THEY CALL A ‘TWINSTICK.’ SO WE WERE CBC, CFCN WAS A CTV AFFILIATE. IN MEDICINE HAT, CBC AND CTV WERE OPERATED OUT OF THE SAME BUILDING BY THE SAME STAFF. THEY WOULD LIKELY HAVE A DIFFERENT ANCHOR OR NEWS DEPARTMENT, BUT THE OTHER COMPONENTS OF OPERATIONS WERE ALL CONTAINED IN THE SAME [BUILDING]—AND THAT’S THE SAME IN, ALL ACROSS WESTERN CANADA…IN A CITY OF OUR POPULATION TO HAVE TWO STATIONS WAS QUITE REMARKABLE, AND VERY COMPETITIVE, AND ALONG WITH THAT, THE RADIO SIDE OF IT…RIGHT NOW WE’VE GOT REALLY SIX RADIO STATIONS, BACK THEN, THERE WERE NEARLY FOUR. AGAIN, QUITE UNUSUAL IN THE FACT THAT YOU’VE GOT TWO AM AND THEN TWO FM. ONE FM STATION ACTUALLY STARTED OFF PLAYING CLASSICAL MUSIC. WHAT THAT LENDS TO THE CITY IS A LOT MORE VARIETY IN PROGRAMMING THAN THEY WOULD OTHERWISE GET. WE HAVE GOT THE BROADCAST PROGRAMMING AT THE LETHBRIDGE COLLEGE HERE, AND THAT FED INTO OUR NEEDS QUITE WELL, IN RADIO AND IN TELEVISION. WE BROUGHT A LOT OF PEOPLE OUT ACTUALLY FROM DOWN EAST BECAUSE THEY HAD SOME REALLY GOOD PROGRAMS FROM FANSHAWE COLLEGE, OTTAWA AND WE WOULD BRING AS WELL, PEOPLE FROM SAIT AND NAIT, AS WELL AS MOUNT ROYAL COLLEGE. THOSE PEOPLE COME STRAIGHT OUT OF COLLEGE, GETTING AN OPPORTUNITY IN A MID-SIZED MARKET…THEY HAD THEIR HANDS INVOLVED IN PROGRAMS, NEWS, COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND THEN BEING PART OF THE COMMUNITY.” “I BELIEVE THAT WE WERE STILL A PRETTY GOOD REVENUE-GENERATOR FOR [WICK TO BE SUPPORTIVE OF]. BECAUSE EVEN WITH THAT SIZE OF STAFF, WE WEREN’T PAID AS MUCH AS THEY WERE IN CALGARY, WHICH IS LIKELY WHY EVERYBODY WANTED THE UNION…THEY WEREN’T LOSING MONEY THERE. WE WEREN’T MAKING A WHOLE LOT OF MONEY, BUT…CRTC I THINK CAME INTO PLAY IN THAT, A LOT, TOO, BECAUSE CRTC WAS TO GOVERN THE RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR BROADCASTING. IT WOULD BE DIFFICULT, I THINK, IN ANY PURCHASE OF A STATION, FOR THEM TO GO, AND SHUT THAT STATION DOWN, AT THAT TIME. BUT, WHAT HAS HAPPENED IS THAT RADIO STATIONS HAVE SHUT DOWN, (LIKE RED DEER LOST THEIR STATION; IT WAS A TWINSTICK), AND I LOST TOUCH WITH THE INDUSTRY WHEN THAT SORT OF THING WAS HAPPENING.” “THE GLOBAL PERIOD, WHEN IT WAS OWNED BY CANWEST…ANOTHER REMARKABLE COMPANY (FAMILY-OWNED BUSINESS), AND THEY WERE BUYING UP TELEVISION STATIONS ACROSS CANADA, AND THEN THEY EXPANDED. THEY BOUGHT SOME NEWSPAPERS; THEY BOUGHT A TELEVISION STATION IN ENGLAND, AND I THINK THEIR DOWNFALL ACTUALLY WAS OVER-EXTENDING THEMSELVES, AND GETTING INTO THE AUSTRALIAN MARKET. I JOINED THE STATION IN 2008, WHEN THEY WERE STARTING TO SLIDE. OF COURSE, THE WHOLE ECONOMY WAS STARTING TO SLIDE, AND I CAME ON AS A FRESH, NEW SALESPERSON TO SELL ADVERTISING.” “THAT’S WHEN ALL THE DOWNSIZING OCCURRED [AROUND 2008], JUST IN THAT TRANSITION…WICK STARTED THE DOWNSIZING, AND THEN CANWEST CARRIED ON WITH IT. IT WAS JUST WELL, THE ONSLAUGHT OF GLOBALIZATION, AND THE BIG GET BIGGER, AND SMALL EITHER GET BOUGHT UP, OR SHUT DOWN…WHEN I STARTED AT THE STATION IN 2008, BACK IN SALES, THAT WAS WHEN THINGS REALLY CHANGED, BECAUSE WE STILL HAD A DIRECTOR, AND ONE VIDEOTAPE OPERATOR, AND THEY HAD ROBOT CAMERAS SET UP, BUT WE WERE STILL SWITCHING OUR OWN NEWS, AND ORIGINATING NEWS OUT OF OUR PRODUCTION CONTROL ROOM. THEN, TOWARDS THE END OF 2008, IS WHEN THOSE TWO PEOPLE WERE LET GO, AND WE STARTED WITH CALGARY TELEVISION DIRECTING THE NEWS. AS IT TURNED OUT, THERE WAS NO WAY THAT WE COULD PUT SOMETHING ON THE AIR, BECAUSE THEY DISCONNECTED THE SWITCHING EQUIPMENT…IF THERE WAS LIKE A WEATHER EMERGENCY, OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, WE COULD NOT PUT A CRAWL ACROSS THE SCREEN. IT WAS QUITE UNNERVING, ACTUALLY, THAT WE WERE LOSING THAT KIND OF LOCAL CAPABILITY.” “[I THINK] IT WAS IN 2013…WHERE EVERYONE BUT ME WAS LET GO, AND THEY COULD RE-APPLY FOR THEIR JOB. BASICALLY, IT WAS A WAY OF GETTING AROUND THE UNION. EVERYONE WAS CANNED; THEY GOT A SEVERANCE PACKAGE. IT WAS A PRETTY UNNERVING TIME, AND MORALE REALLY, REALLY HIT A LOW THERE. THEY ASSIGNED AN EDITOR FROM TORONTO, AND ANOTHER FELLOW WHO HAD BEEN BROADCASTING NEWS, THEY WENT…AND THEY WERE GOING TO RE-IMAGINE THE NEWS, AND THEY HAD BIG PLANS TO MAKE THE STATION WHOLLY-NEW, AND A WHOLE NEW WAY OF DOING THINGS, WITH A MINIMUM NUMBER OF PEOPLE…RESPONSIBILITIES WERE CHANGED; MORE LOAD WAS TAKEN ON, BUT, AS WELL, LESS THINGS WERE GOING TO BE DONE. WE DIDN’T HAVE THE ENGINEER, AND SO THEY HIRED A FELLOW TO BE A VIDEOGRAPHER. HE WOULD SHOOT SOME OF THE NEWS STORIES, BUT HE WAS ALSO RESPONSIBLE FOR TWEAKING UP THE CAMERAS, AND IF THERE WAS A PROBLEM, SENDING IT UP TO CALGARY…I THINK WHAT THEY DID WAS THEY MEASURED OUT THE NUMBER OF HOURS, THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE, WHAT THEY WANTED TO COVER, WHAT THEY WANTED TO DO, AND THEY WENT WITH THAT NUMBER—TWELVE OR FOURTEEN PEOPLE, AND SO, CHANGING THE ROLES, WHOLE NEW JOB DESCRIPTIONS. BUT, AS I SAID TO [MANAGEMENT], ‘YOU KNOW, I THINK YOU OVERLOOKED THE FACT THAT ALL THE PEOPLE HERE, ON THE UNION CONTRACT, GET AT LEAST THREE WEEKS’ VACATION. MEANS YOU’VE GOT TWELVE PEOPLE—THAT’S THIRTY-SIX WEEKS—THAT YOU’VE GOT SOMEBODY AWAY. SO, YOU’RE RUNNING SHORT-STAFFED OVER HALF A YEAR.’ THAT’S PRETTY TOUGH ON PEOPLE, BECAUSE THIS GENERATION THAT’S IN THERE NOW, I DON’T THINK THEY HAVE THE SAME KIND OF ATTITUDE, OR WORK ETHIC. WE WOULD WORK. WELL, MY WIFE COULD ATTEST TO THE HOURS THAT I WOULD PUT IN AT THE STATION. AND, I DIDN’T GET PAID OVERTIME. I GOT A…FEE. THIS STUFF, BETWEEN THE CHANGE OF ATTITUDE, AND THE NEWS CYCLE, AND CUTTING BACK HOW THEY COULD, IT WAS REALLY TOUGH ON PEOPLE. BUT, I WAS THE FIRST ONE TO BE LET GO IN 1996, AND I WAS THE MARKETING RESEARCH AND SALES (WE WERE DOING VIDEO PRODUCTIONS), AND THE FELLOW WHO WAS THE PRODUCTION COORDINATOR, JIM MCNALLY, I BROUGHT ON. HE WAS AN EXCELLENT PHOTOGRAPHER OUT OF OTTAWA, AND HE HAD, I THINK, ONE OF THE TOUGHEST TIMES BACK IN ’96 (ACTUALLY, MORE SO IN ’98). THEY MADE HIM GENERAL MANAGER OF THE STATION. HIS ENTIRE RESPONSIBILITY OVER, I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY WEEKS AND MONTHS WAS TO CUT THE STAFF DOWN TO, I DON’T KNOW, SIXTEEN PEOPLE. AND, WHEN THAT WAS ACCOMPLISHED, HE WAS LET GO.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE “GOLDEN AGE” OF LETHBRIDGE BROADCAST OR TELEVISION NEWS, DWORNIK SHARED, “TELEVISION HAS ALWAYS BEEN FOR THE VAST MAJORITY OF PEOPLE, A VERY EXCITING INDUSTRY BECAUSE THERE’S ALWAYS DEVELOPMENTS, TECHNOLOGY. WHEN YOU THINK THAT BACK IN THE DAY IT WAS IN BLACK AND WHITE, BUT THEY DID LIVE COMMERCIALS AND THAT’S QUITE REMARKABLE TOO, HOW THEY WERE DOING THOSE THINGS. THEY DID A LOT OF PRANKS AND FUN STUFF ON AIR…THE TECHNOLOGY KEPT DEVELOPING. IT LOOKED AS GOOD AS IT COULD GET BACK IN THE DAY, BUT NOW THAT WE ARE UP TO 4K VIDEO…IN MY DAY WE HAD BEEN COLOUR FOR QUITE SOME TINE, BUT WHEN I CAME IN IN ‘76 IT WAS KIND OF THE LAUNCH OF ENG, ELECTRONIC NEWS GATHERING OR EFP, FIELD PRODUCTION. THE EQUIPMENT WAS THREE QUARTER INCH AT THAT TIME, THE CAMERAS WERE BIG AND HEAVY, AND THE TAPE DECK, IT WAS A TWO PIECE UNIT, IT NEEDED A LOT OF LIGHT SO WE CARRIED AROUND ABOUT A THIRTY POUND BOX FULL OF LIGHTING GEAR. TRUCKING THAT FROM ONE END OF THE UNIVERSITY HALL DOWN TO THE OTHER END WHERE THE PRESIDENT WAS.” “FROM MY PERSPECTIVE, I THINK I WAS IN THE “GOLDEN AGE” OF TELEVISION IN LETHBRIDGE HERE, BECAUSE WE DID A LOT OF LOCAL PROGRAMS. WE ACTUALLY HAD A SYNDICATED SPORTS PROGRAM CALLED SKI WEST, AND THAT RAN ON HALF A DOZEN MARKETS—INDEPENDENT MARKETS—TELEVISION STATIONS WITH SELKIRK, AND, ACTUALLY THAT WAS WITH WICK AS WELL TOO. WE DID A LOT OF COMMERCIALS, PROGRAM PRODUCTION AND…I THINK IT WAS AROUND ’88 OR ’90, WE WERE ALREADY TALKING AND WE SAW ADVANTAGES IN WHAT WAS CALLED THEN HIGH-DEFINITION TELEVISION WHICH WAS TEN EIGHTY, BUT IT WAS A LONG WAY BEFORE IT CAME. WE DIDN’T ACTUALLY CONVERT TO DIGITAL TELEVISION IN CANADA UNTIL I THINK IT WAS 2009-2010, AND AS ONE OF OUR ENGINEERS MENTIONED, THAT WAS MOST REMARKABLE TECHNOLOGY-WISE. BECAUSE, WHEN WE STARTED IN BLACK AND WHITE, IT WAS A FOUR BY THREE FORMAT AND THEN THEY ADDED COLOUR, IMAGINATIVE COLOUR IN THE ‘60S. THAT WAS PRETTY SMOOTH BECAUSE YOU COULD, YOU KNOW, YOU ARE BROADCASTING THIS ONE SIGNAL OUT IN COLOUR, BUT IF YOU ONLY HAD A BLACK AND WHITE TV, YOU COULD STILL WATCH IT IN BLACK AND WHITE, AND IF YOU HAD COLOUR ALL THE BETTER. THAT WAS IN THE ERA WHEN CABLE WAS ON ITS UP RISE AND SO IT WENT THROUGH A PRETTY SMOOTH TRANSITION, BUT WHEN WE WENT DIGITAL IT WAS HARD LINE IN THE SAND. YOUR OLD TV SET WOULD NOT BE GETTING NOTHING ON IT. THERE WOULD BE NO SIGNAL COMING IN AT ALL, AND WE HAD TO SWITCH OVER TO EITHER CABLE, WHICH WOULD CONVERT THE DIGITAL SIGNAL INTO THE NTSC SIGNAL FOR YOU, OR ELSE YOU HAD TO GET A BRAND NEW TV THAT’S DIGITAL. IT REALLY DID SPUR THE INDUSTRY, AND IT WAS A HUGE FINANCIAL INVESTMENT. CBC WITH ALL THEIR BROADCAST SATELLITES TO COVER ALL OF CANADA, WAS GIVEN AN EXTRA YEAR TO SWITCH OVER TO DIGITAL. IN THE END THEY SAID, ‘NO WE CAN’T DO IT,’ SO THEY HAD TO ACTUALLY SHUT DOWN THEIR TELEVISION TOWER IN LETHBRIDGE [IN JUNE 2012].” “IN A MARKET LIKE OURS WHERE WE HAVE GOT CABLE THAT WAS OKAY, BUT IN THE RURAL AREAS…SOME [PEOPLE] WERE ALREADY ON SATELLITE, BUT THEN AGAIN, WHEN I WAS IN THE INDUSTRY, THE SATELLITE DISHES WERE HUGE AND WE WERE STILL USING A HUGE ONE…IT WAS MORE THAN 12 FEET, IT WAS HUGE, 20 SOME FEET ACROSS. AGAIN, BACK IN THE ‘80S I REMEMBER OUR PRESIDENT COMING BACK AND TELLING US THAT, ‘YOU KNOW, THEY’RE TALKING ABOUT SATELLITES GOING UP THERE AND THEY’RE GOING TO BE SO POWERFUL YOU COULD USE A SATELLITE DISH NO BIGGER THAN A PIZZA BOX.’…THAT’S WHAT WE’VE GOT NOW REALLY…I THINK IT’S A LOT OF ‘GOLDEN ERAS’ AS YOU WOULD SAY REALLY, BECAUSE NOW WITH DIGITAL IT’S JUST PHENOMENAL, AND IT WENT FROM 1080 UP TO 4K. 8K IS OUT THERE TODAY, BUT I THINK IT WILL BE A LONG TIME BECAUSE IT IS A LOT OF BAND WIDTH FOR PEOPLE…” ON HIS MOTIVATIONS FOR DONATING THE ITEMS TO THE GALT MUSEUM, DWORNIK SHARED, “MY WIFE WHO IS WITH US, SANDRA, SUGGESTED THAT I MIGHT CLEAN UP OUR GARAGE AND OTHER PLACES IN THE HOUSE, BECAUSE I COLLECT A LOT OF STUFF. THE OTHER REASON [I’M DONATING THE ITEMS TO THE GALT MUSEUM] ACTUALLY IS IT MIGHT BE TIME—FROM A HISTORICAL VIEW POINT THAT WHAT IS NOW GLOBAL TELEVISION IS MOVING LOCATION. WHERE THEY HAVE BEEN IN THEIR ORIGINAL SITE…[IN] WHAT IS NOW THE INDUSTRIAL PARK, THEY ARE MOVING OUT OF THERE MID-SEPTEMBER OR SO TO A LOCATION DOWNTOWN AND THEY ARE MOVING INTO WHAT IS NOW THE NEW ROYAL BANK, WHICH USED TO BE THE MARQUIS HOTEL. THEY ARE JUST BUILDING THE STUDIO THERE NOW AND THEY WILL BE JOINING THE RADIO FROM THE PATERSON GROUP IN THAT SAME BUILDING, BUT THEY ARE TOTALLY SEPARATED. ANYWAY, I THOUGHT IT PERHAPS TIMELY AND SOME CONNECTIONS THERE.” “WHEN I RETIRED IT WAS KIND OF A HOLLOW BUILDING AND THERE WAS A LOT OF VIDEO TAPE AROUND, WHICH I CONVINCED THE CURRENT OWNERS OF THE STATION, SHAW MEDIA AT THE TIME…BETWEEN MYSELF AND AN ENGINEER, LARRY LAWDINEY, WE DID CONVINCE THEM THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF HISTORY IN THOSE VIDEO TAPES, WHICH THEY WERE PREPARED TO THROW OUT IN THE DUMPSTER, AND END UP IN OUR LANDFILL. SO, WORKING WITH ANDREW [AT THE GALT ARCHIVES], AND HE HAS GOT—I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TRUCKLOADS OF THE TAPES NOW.” “SOME OF THESE ARTIFACTS, WHICH I HAVE DISCUSSED WITH YOU BEFORE, I FELT WERE SIGNIFICANT…REPRESENTATIVE OF SOME OF THE HISTORY OF THE STATION. THE STATION PRODUCED SOME VERY REMARKABLE INDIVIDUALS THAT HAVE GONE ON TO WIDE ACCLAIM ACTUALLY, RIGHT THROUGH THE HISTORY OF THE STATION. INCLUDING PEOPLE LIKE DON SLADE…HE WAS A DISC JOCKEY WHEN I WAS LIVING IN WINNIPEG GROWING UP, AND THEN HE ENDED UP BEING IN EITHER CALGARY OR EDMONTON. THE FAMOUS WEATHER MAN…BILL MATHESON, OF COURSE FROM LETHBRIDGE, WENT TO NEW YORK, AND ENDED UP IN EDMONTON. I HAVE HAD A NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE WORKED IN MY DEPARTMENT THAT HAVE GONE ON TO SOME SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS AS WELL. ONE IN PARTICULAR, DOUG GOAT, WAS A VIDEO JOURNALIST FOR NBC AND HE WENT OVER TO THESE WAR TORN COUNTRIES—HE WAS A LETHBRIDGE BOY, HIS DAD ACTUALLY MADE SOME EQUIPMENT FOR US FOR OUR TRIPODS…RICK LUCHUCK, WHO WAS IN OUR PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT LEFT, WENT TO REGINA, AND THEN I THINK TORONTO…HE CAME BACK JUST THIS PAST YEAR FOR A REUNION AT LETHBRIDGE COLLEGE, FROM WHERE HE GRADUATED IN BROADCASTING. HE IS VICE PRESIDENT OF PROMOTIONS FOR CNN…WE HAVE HAD PEOPLE GO TO SPORTS NETWORK…A LOT OF PEOPLE WENT THROUGH THE STATION, IT WAS A REVOLVING DOOR, BUT I WAS OKAY WITH THAT BECAUSE WE HELPED BUILD THEIR CAPABILITIES, AND THEY WERE VERY APPRECIATIVE OF THE OPPORTUNITIES AND THE TRAINING THAT WE DID PROVIDE…THE STUFF WE DID WE HAD…A VERY SMALL MOBILE PRODUCTION FACILITY, BUT IT WAS INVOLVED WITH THE OLYMPICS IN ’88, THE TORCH RUN. WE PICKED UP THE TORCH RUN WHEN IT ENTERED ALBERTA IN THE CROWSNEST PASS, BROADCAST THAT LIVE THROUGHOUT ALBERTA. I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO MEET PRINCE CHARLES AND PRINCE ANDREW AND FERGIE…THEY WERE DOWN FOR…THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF HEAD SMASHED IN BUFFALO JUMP.” “THE STATION WON A [NATIONAL] AWARD…[THE] FOUNDERS AWARD OF EXCELLENCE FOR A DOCUMENTARY WE PRODUCED [CALLED ‘WE WON’T LET HIM DIE’], AND I WAS THE PHOTOGRAPHER ON THAT AND SHOT…IT WAS ACTUALLY THIRTY YEARS AGO THAT THIS YOUNG FELLOW, TOMMY JONES, WAS WORKING AT A CHURCH CAMP IN WATERTON AND WENT HIKING WITH SOME FRIENDS IN A MOUNTAIN AND FELL AND HAD A SERIOUS BRAIN INJURY. TWO YEARS LATER—THEY DIDN’T EXPECT HIM TO LIVE…WE DOCUMENTED THAT WHOLE STORY AND RECREATED THE SCENES IN THE DOCUDRAMA…THESE THINGS REMIND ME OF ANOTHER ARTIST CORNY MARTENS, BRONZE ARTIST, WAS OUR STUDIO DIRECTOR, AND SOME OF THE STUFF THEY USED TO DO, BACK IN THE DAYS OF BLACK AND WHITE, THEY DID COMMERCIALS—THEY PAINTED THE FLOOR OF THE STUDIO TO MAKE IT LOOK LIKE A SWIMMING POOL, AND THEY HAD A FASHION SHOW WITH SWIMSUITS…THAT’S KIND OF WHAT PROMPTED ME [TO DONATE THE ITEMS], AND THAT’S THE CONNECTION TO THESE ITEMS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND ARTICLES ON THE GLOBAL NEWS STATION BEING DISMANTLED, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190022001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190022005
Acquisition Date
2019-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ELECTRO VOICE RE5ON/D-B
Date Range From
1988
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, RUBBER, PLASTIC
Catalogue Number
P20190022006
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ELECTRO VOICE RE5ON/D-B
Date Range From
1988
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, RUBBER, PLASTIC
No. Pieces
1
Length
27.5
Diameter
5
Description
BLACK METAL MICROPHONE WITH SILVER CONNECTOR AND BLACK RUBBER END. MICROPHONE HAS BLACK WINDSCREEN; MICROPHONE HAS BLACK LABEL WRAPPED AROUND BODY UNDER HEAD AND WINDSCREEN, WITH WHITE TEXT “EV, RE5ON/D-B, 150 OHMS DYNAMIC OMNIDIRECTIONAL”. BASE CONNECTOR HAS SILVER PUSH-SWITCH FOR REMOVAL. BODY IS HEAVILY SCRATCHED AND SCUFFED; HEAD BELOW WINDSCREEN IS SCUFFED; LABEL BELOW HEAD IS PEELED AT CORNERS; BASE CONNECTOR HAS GREEN-BLUE RESIDUE; OVERALL VERY GOOD CONDITION.
Subjects
SOUND COMMUNICATION T&E
TELECOMMUNICATION T&E
Historical Association
INDUSTRY
History
ON AUGUST 21, 2019, COLLECTION TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIWED WAYNE DWORNIK REGARDING HIS DONATION OF GLOBAL NEWS STATION ITEMS. DWORNIK WORKED FOR LETHBRIDGE TELEVISION BROADCAST NEWS FROM 1976-2013. ON THE HANDHELD ELECTRO VOICE MICROPHONE, DWORNIK RECALLED, “THIS [MICROPHONE] WAS USED MORE SO FOR SOME PROMOTION IN PROGRAMMING STUFF. I THINK THIS ONE MAY HAVE BEEN USED FOR THE JUNE 7TH BATTLE GROUND…IT WAS A REALLY HUGE UNDERTAKING. WE HAD OUR MOBILE CONSTRUCTED, AND ONE OF THE THINGS, AGAIN, TO DO COMMUNITY PROGRAMMING, WE WOULD DO A GAME SHOW THAT WE WOULD RECORD DURING WHOOP-UP DAYS. WE DID IT DOWNTOWN [BY THE IGA STORE, NOW CASA] AND I DID SOME VIDEOTAPING FROM THAT. IT WAS A THREE CAMERA OPERATION. MOST OF THE STAFF WOULD GO OUT TO IT, AND WE WOULD GET TEAMS OF PEOPLE FROM BUSINESSES COMPETING IN A THREE LEGGED RACE, A SKI RACE. THERE WERE FOUR PEOPLE ON A TWO BY TEN TREATED AS SKIS. THERE WAS A BOBBING-TANK THERE, WHERE THEY WOULD HAVE TO GET THEIR HEAD IN TO GET A DOZEN DUCKS OUT. THERE WAS A WOBBLY WHEEL CART AND ANOTHER ONE WITH SPRAYING WATER GUNS. IT WAS JUST A BLAST. PEOPLE WOULD COME OUT AND SET UP BLEACHERS ON THE STREET…WE ALSO DID IT ON ANOTHER STREET, I THINK IT WAS ON SIXTH STREET AT ONE TIME AND THEN WE DID IT OUT AT WHOOP-UP GROUNDS. WE ALSO TOOK IT OUT ON THE ROAD. WE DID IT IN TABER, PINCHER CREEK…IT WAS A BLAST, A REALLY GREAT TIME.” “I’M THINKING [WE RAN IT] ABOUT FIVE YEARS…I’M GOING TO SAY, 1990-95…I REMEMBER ONE BUDGET YEAR, JUST AFTER WICK BOUGHT THE STATION, THE WHOLE MANAGEMENT TEAM (AND AT THAT TIME I WAS THE PRODUCTION MANAGER) WE WERE FLOWN OUT TO VANCOUVER TO MEET THE EXECUTIVES OF WICK, AND WE WEREN’T SURE IF WE WERE GOING TO RECEIVE WALKING PAPERS OR WHAT. ACTUALLY, IT WAS QUITE AMIABLE REALLY, BUT WE HAD TO DO WHAT THEY CALLED, A ZERO-BUDGET PROCESS WHERE YOU TAKE EVERYTHING AWAY, START FROM ZERO AND SEE WHAT YOU NEED. THEN OF COURSE WE HAD BUDGET FIGURES TO MEET…WHAT CAN YOU DO WITHOUT AND WHAT IS GOING TO GET CUT BACK. A LOT OF IT WAS THE LOCAL PROGRAMMING WE WERE DOING…[THIS HAPPENED] I THINK ABOUT ’92.” “I KNOW [THE INCLUDED HANDHELD MICROPHONE] DOESN’T FIT ON [THE] NEWS FLASHER…[THE MICROPHONE] WAS WIRED. IT HAS GOT AN XLR CONNECTION ON IT…IT WAS [STORED IN THE ENGINEER’S ROOM WHEN I GOT IT IN 2014].” “WE STARTED GOING WITH WHAT THEY CALL LAVALIER MICS…SOMETIMES THEY’LL STILL USE A HAND HELD MIC…ONE OF THE REASONS THEY USE A HAND HELD MIC IS THAT THEY CAN PUT THE FLASH ON RIGHT THERE, AND IF YOU’RE GOING TO USE FILM, THEY’VE GOT YOUR NAME IN FRONT…THEY HAD QUITE A FEW [GLOBAL NEWS] FLASHERS THERE FOR THAT VERY PURPOSE, WHEN YOU NEED…YOU COULD USE [THE MICROPHONE] AS A HAND RIGHT, IT WAS AN OLD WARHORSE CAMERA OR MICROPHONE, AND YOU WOULD JUST SLIDE THAT ON, BUT THEN THEY’D THROW IT IN THE BACK OF THE CAR, OR THE TRUCK AND IT GETS SCUFFED UP.” “WE HAD THOSE WHEN I WAS STILL A SHOOTER, AND YOU KNOW, THEY’D BEEN USED FOR DECADES REALLY…WHILE I DIDN’T USE THAT PARTICULAR ONE, WE HAD ONES THAT WERE LIKE THAT.” DWORNIK RECALLED HIS TIME WORKING IN LETHBRIDGE FOR BROADCAST NEWS, NOTING, “I WORKED FOR LETHBRIDGE TELEVISION FOR [25] YEARS…I JOINED THE STATION AS A PHOTOGRAPHER IN 1976. I HELD THAT POSITION FOR SEVEN YEARS AS CHIEF PHOTOGRAPHER, AND THEN I MOVED INTO MANAGEMENT, AND BECAME PRODUCTION MANAGER FOR TEN YEARS I GUESS, AND THEN I GOT INTO SALES AND MARKETING AND RESEARCH. I LEFT THE STATION IN 1996, AND I WAS ONE THE FIRST, IF NOT THE FIRST OF THE DOWNSIZING IN THAT ERA. AT THE TIME WHEN I LEFT IN ’96 THERE WERE AT LEAST SEVENTY-SIX PEOPLE ON STAFF. [TODAY] I BELIEVE THERE IS MAYBE A DOZEN…I RETURNED TO THE STATION IN THE CAPACITY OF…ACCOUNT REPRESENTATIVE IN 2008 AND I RETIRED AT…THE END OF DECEMBER 2014…WHEN I CAME TO LETHBRIDGE, I THOUGHT I WOULD ONLY STAY A COUPLE OF YEARS AND MOVE ONTO A BIGGER STATION, YOU KNOW BIG CITY, BRIGHT LIGHTS…BUT I LOVED THE CITY AND THERE WAS SO MUCH TO OFFER HERE. I HAD SO MUCH FUN, THERE WERE SO MANY REMARKABLE, INCREDIBLY REMARKABLE EXPERIENCES I HAD AS A PHOTOGRAPHER, AND PRODUCTION MANAGER, ESPECIALLY. SOME OF THESE ITEMS HERE GO BACK TO BEFORE MY TIME, BUT AGAIN LETHBRIDGE—LITTLE DIMPLE ON THE PRAIRIE HERE THAT WE ARE, WE ACTUALLY MADE A PRETTY GOOD NAME FOR THE CITY AND FOR THE STATION IN WHAT WE WERE PRODUCING IN NEWS, AND PARTICULARLY IN LOCAL PROGRAMMING. THAT WAS KIND OF ONE OF MY PASSIONS, WAS THE LOCAL PROGRAMMING, DOCUMENTARIES AND THEN OF COURSE, NEWS AS WELL.” “[THERE] WAS A FRIENDLY RIVALRY BETWEEN ALL THE MEDIA ACTUALLY, AND CTV WOULD PRODUCE THE ODD DOCUMENTARY, WHEREAS WE DID A LOT MORE…AT THE MOST THEY HAD I THINK MAYBE TWENTY PEOPLE ON STAFF, SO THEY WERE LIMITED. THEY WERE ACTUALLY A SATELLITE, OR A RE-BROADCASTER, THEY DIDN’T HAVE THEIR OWN LICENSE SO THEY WERE HANDLED DIFFERENTLY BY THEIR OWNERS THAN OUR STATION WAS. THEN AGAIN MANAGEMENT HERE WAS QUITE FORWARD THINKING IN MOST THINGS. I REMEMBER OUR PRESIDENT AND GENERAL MANAGER, BOB JOHNSON, DECADES AGO TOUTING THE FACT THAT THE ONLY THING THAT WILL MAKE US SUSTAINABLE AND RELEVANT IS LOCAL NEWS. HE KNEW, BACK THEN, THROUGH BROADCASTER ASSOCIATIONS ALL THE THINGS THAT WERE COMING AHEAD OF US…WE COULD GET NEWS FROM AROUND THE WORLD…WE CARRIED A LOT OF AMERICAN PROGRAMS…THE ONLY THING THAT IS GOING TO MAKE US DISTINCT IS WHAT WE CAN DO WITH OUR LOCAL NEWS AND AS AN EXTENSION OF THAT, OUR LOCAL PROGRAMMING, OUR DOCUMENTARIES. IT WAS QUITE GOOD FOR THE STAFF AND THE MORALE WAS TERRIFIC…WE HAD A SLOW PITCH BASEBALL TEAM, WE’D PARTICIPATE IN COMMUNITY THINGS, WITH THE PARADES, WHOOP-UP DAYS AND THE STAFF PARTIES WERE TERRIFIC.” “I WAS A PHOTOGRAPHER, AND I WAS OUT ON LOCATION INTERVIEWING ALL THESE INTERESTING PEOPLE, EDITING THESE PROGRAMS, NEWS STORIES, COMMERCIALS. I WAS IN MY ELEMENT…[I WORKED WITH] THE VISUAL CONTENT…BACK IN THE DAY, THERE WAS A NEWS REPORTER THAT WAS HIS JOB WAS TO BE ON CAMERA, TO RESEARCH THE STORY, SET UP THE CONTEXT, DO THE INTERVIEWS, WE WOULD RECORD THE VISUALS, RECORD THE INTERVIEWS, AND NOW AS YOU REFER TO IT, IT IS ALL DONE BY ONE…THEY CALL HIM A, AT DIFFERENT TIMES, EITHER A VIDEO JOURNALIST OR A VIDEOGRAPHER. MY TRAINING ACTUALLY WAS IN STILL PHOTOGRAPHY BACK IN WINNIPEG, BUT MY FIRST JOB WAS IN TELEVISION, SO I LEARNED ON THE JOB. SHOOTING BLACK AND WHITE FILM, COLOUR—AGAIN, SIXTEEN MILLIMETER FILM FOR COMMERCIALS. WE WERE STILL DOING A LOT OF SLIDE COMMERCIALS AT THAT TIME, AND WE PROCESSED OUR OWN SLIDE FILM IN THE BASEMENT AT THE STATION THERE, WITHOUT USING RUBBER GLOVES.” “AT THAT TIME WE HAD FIVE PHOTOGRAPHERS, WE ONLY HAD TWO VEHICLES TO GO OUT IN BUT, SO THE REPORTERS WOULD SOMETIMES USE THEIR OWN VEHICLES. I KNOW FOR THE FIRST YEAR OR TWO I USED MY OWN VEHICLE TO CARRY THE GEAR BECAUSE AT THAT TIME WE DIDN’T HAVE ANY STATION VEHICLES. OUR FIRST ONES WERE TWO…HONDA CIVIC STATION WAGONS, THEN WE GOT TWO NISSAN STATION WAGONS AND THEN WE WENT TO A FORD BRONCO I THINK IT WAS.” “I WOULD GO WHERE THERE WAS A GOOD OPPORTUNITY FOR WORK AND—ACTUALLY, ON OUR HONEY MOON, WE PACKED UP FROM SWIFT CURRENT…(I HAD THREE WEEKS HOLIDAY), AND WE MADE OUR WAY OUT TO THE WEST COAST, STOPPING AT EVERY TELEVISION STATION, ALONG THE WAY, HAVING A TOUR, AND LEAVING A RESUME. SO WE STOPPED AT MEDICINE HAT, LETHBRIDGE (WHICH I WAS REALLY IMPRESSED WITH), AND WE WENT THROUGH KELOWNA, (WHICH I WAS AGAIN VERY IMPRESSED WITH), AND SO I THOUGHT IT WOULD BE EITHER LETHBRIDGE, OR KELOWNA, I WOULD LIKE TO MOVE TO, AND THEN FROM THERE MAYBE CALGARY, VANCOUVER. AS I SAID, LETHBRIDGE WON OUT, THEY HAD A JOB OPENING…BECAUSE OF A STRIKE…AT THAT TIME…NABET…NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF BROADCAST ENGINEERS AND TECHNOLOGISTS…THEY WERE WANTING TO FORM A LOCAL, AND GET UNION REPRESENTATION AND NEGOTIATIONS CAME TO A STAND-STILL, AND THEY WENT ON STRIKE I THINK, IN APRIL, OR MAY OF ’75 , ’76. SO I HAD JUST FAIRLY RECENTLY PUT MY RESUME IN THERE, AND THEY CALLED ME UP AND [IT WAS] A TOUGH SITUATION, AND I HELD OFF, AND I SAID, ‘WELL I’VE GOT TO WORK WITH THESE PEOPLE, IF I COME IN AS A STRIKE BREAKER, A SCAB—‘ AND SO I WASN’T TOO ANXIOUS TO DO THAT, BUT, AFTER A FEW MORE PHONE CALLS OVER I GUESS IT WAS A COUPLE OR THREE MONTH’S PERIOD, I SAID ‘WELL, YEAH, LET’S DO IT,’ AND I MOVED BACK.” DWORNIK SHARED THE HISTORY OF THE GLOBAL NEWS STATION IN LETHBRIDGE, RECALLING, “[BEFORE THE STATION WAS 2&7, IT WAS] CFAC. IT HAS GONE THROUGH A LOT OF CHANGES, IT STARTED OFF AS CJLH WHICH IS A COMBINATION OF CJOC RADIO AND THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD THAT CO-OWNED THE STATION WHICH OPENED IN [NOVEMBER] 1955…THEN THE HERALD GOT OUT OF IT AND WE WERE BOUGHT BY SELKIRK COMMUNICATIONS AND WE BECAME CJOC TELEVISION…THE STATION OPENED IN ’55, I THINK IT BECAME CJOC AROUND 1960, BUT DON’T QUOTE ME ON THAT. THEN WHEN I CAME IN [FALL] ’76…UP UNTIL THEN WE WERE A CBC AFFILIATE, AND THEN IN ’76 WE BECAME AN INDEPENDENT STATION AND CHANGED OUR CALL LETTERS, AGAIN, TO CFAC TELEVISION. OUR LOGO WAS MODELED AFTER THE RONDELL OF CHC HAMILTON TELEVISION, WHICH WAS AN INDEPENDENT STATION OWNED BY SELKIRK. WE ARE THE SISTER STATION BUT WITH OUR OWN INDEPENDENT LICENSE, WE BECAME PART OF THE INDEPENDENT NETWORK…ABOUT THE TIME OF THE OLYMPICS…WE CHANGED TO TWO AND SEVEN…IT WAS AROUND 1992 MAYBE THAT WE CHANGED OUR CALL LETTERS ONCE AGAIN TO CISA, INDICATIVE OF, ALL STATIONS STARTED WITH ‘C’ RADIO OR TELEVISION IN CANADA, AND THE ‘ISA’ WAS FOR INDEPENDENT SOUTHERN ALBERTA…WITH MY BACKGROUND IN ART AND DESIGN WORKING WITH THAT, WE DID SOME STILL-FRAME ANIMATION. WE DID SOME FUN STUFF WITH THE LOGOS…WHILE I WAS STILL [WITH CISA] WE WENT THROUGH…ANOTHER TWO CHANGES IN OWNERSHIP. SELKIRK SOLD US TO, APPARENTLY TO MACLEAN’S MAGAZINE, AND THAT LASTED FOR ABOUT AN HOUR OR TWO AND THEN I THINK WITH WICK…WESTERN BOUGHT US, THEY BASICALLY BOUGHT ALL OF SELKIRK COMMUNICATIONS AND ADDED US TO THEIR FLOCK OF ITV EDMONTON, BRITISH COLUMBIA TV IN VANCOUVER, AND CHECK TV IN VICTORIA AND I THINK THEY ALSO HAD OKANAGAN TV AS WELL.” “[LETHBRIDGE IS AN ANOMALY] FOR SURE BECAUSE WHEN I CAME HERE WE WERE AROUND FORTY THOUSAND [IN POPULATION], AND THERE WERE TWO OPERATING TELEVISION STATIONS. AS FAR AS I KNOW, WE ARE THE ONLY CITY OF THIS SIZE THAT HAD TWO TELEVISION STATIONS. IN MANY OTHER CITIES THEY WOULD HAVE WHAT THEY CALL A ‘TWINSTICK.’ SO WE WERE CBC, CFCN WAS A CTV AFFILIATE. IN MEDICINE HAT, CBC AND CTV WERE OPERATED OUT OF THE SAME BUILDING BY THE SAME STAFF. THEY WOULD LIKELY HAVE A DIFFERENT ANCHOR OR NEWS DEPARTMENT, BUT THE OTHER COMPONENTS OF OPERATIONS WERE ALL CONTAINED IN THE SAME [BUILDING]—AND THAT’S THE SAME IN, ALL ACROSS WESTERN CANADA…IN A CITY OF OUR POPULATION TO HAVE TWO STATIONS WAS QUITE REMARKABLE, AND VERY COMPETITIVE, AND ALONG WITH THAT, THE RADIO SIDE OF IT…RIGHT NOW WE’VE GOT REALLY SIX RADIO STATIONS, BACK THEN, THERE WERE NEARLY FOUR. AGAIN, QUITE UNUSUAL IN THE FACT THAT YOU’VE GOT TWO AM AND THEN TWO FM. ONE FM STATION ACTUALLY STARTED OFF PLAYING CLASSICAL MUSIC. WHAT THAT LENDS TO THE CITY IS A LOT MORE VARIETY IN PROGRAMMING THAN THEY WOULD OTHERWISE GET. WE HAVE GOT THE BROADCAST PROGRAMMING AT THE LETHBRIDGE COLLEGE HERE, AND THAT FED INTO OUR NEEDS QUITE WELL, IN RADIO AND IN TELEVISION. WE BROUGHT A LOT OF PEOPLE OUT ACTUALLY FROM DOWN EAST BECAUSE THEY HAD SOME REALLY GOOD PROGRAMS FROM FANSHAWE COLLEGE, OTTAWA AND WE WOULD BRING AS WELL, PEOPLE FROM SAIT AND NAIT, AS WELL AS MOUNT ROYAL COLLEGE. THOSE PEOPLE COME STRAIGHT OUT OF COLLEGE, GETTING AN OPPORTUNITY IN A MID-SIZED MARKET…THEY HAD THEIR HANDS INVOLVED IN PROGRAMS, NEWS, COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION AND THEN BEING PART OF THE COMMUNITY.” “I BELIEVE THAT WE WERE STILL A PRETTY GOOD REVENUE-GENERATOR FOR [WICK TO BE SUPPORTIVE OF]. BECAUSE EVEN WITH THAT SIZE OF STAFF, WE WEREN’T PAID AS MUCH AS THEY WERE IN CALGARY, WHICH IS LIKELY WHY EVERYBODY WANTED THE UNION…THEY WEREN’T LOSING MONEY THERE. WE WEREN’T MAKING A WHOLE LOT OF MONEY, BUT…CRTC I THINK CAME INTO PLAY IN THAT, A LOT, TOO, BECAUSE CRTC WAS TO GOVERN THE RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR BROADCASTING. IT WOULD BE DIFFICULT, I THINK, IN ANY PURCHASE OF A STATION, FOR THEM TO GO, AND SHUT THAT STATION DOWN, AT THAT TIME. BUT, WHAT HAS HAPPENED IS THAT RADIO STATIONS HAVE SHUT DOWN, (LIKE RED DEER LOST THEIR STATION; IT WAS A TWINSTICK), AND I LOST TOUCH WITH THE INDUSTRY WHEN THAT SORT OF THING WAS HAPPENING.” “THE GLOBAL PERIOD, WHEN IT WAS OWNED BY CANWEST…ANOTHER REMARKABLE COMPANY (FAMILY-OWNED BUSINESS), AND THEY WERE BUYING UP TELEVISION STATIONS ACROSS CANADA, AND THEN THEY EXPANDED. THEY BOUGHT SOME NEWSPAPERS; THEY BOUGHT A TELEVISION STATION IN ENGLAND, AND I THINK THEIR DOWNFALL ACTUALLY WAS OVER-EXTENDING THEMSELVES, AND GETTING INTO THE AUSTRALIAN MARKET. I JOINED THE STATION IN 2008, WHEN THEY WERE STARTING TO SLIDE. OF COURSE, THE WHOLE ECONOMY WAS STARTING TO SLIDE, AND I CAME ON AS A FRESH, NEW SALESPERSON TO SELL ADVERTISING.” “THAT’S WHEN ALL THE DOWNSIZING OCCURRED [AROUND 2008], JUST IN THAT TRANSITION…WICK STARTED THE DOWNSIZING, AND THEN CANWEST CARRIED ON WITH IT. IT WAS JUST WELL, THE ONSLAUGHT OF GLOBALIZATION, AND THE BIG GET BIGGER, AND SMALL EITHER GET BOUGHT UP, OR SHUT DOWN…WHEN I STARTED AT THE STATION IN 2008, BACK IN SALES, THAT WAS WHEN THINGS REALLY CHANGED, BECAUSE WE STILL HAD A DIRECTOR, AND ONE VIDEOTAPE OPERATOR, AND THEY HAD ROBOT CAMERAS SET UP, BUT WE WERE STILL SWITCHING OUR OWN NEWS, AND ORIGINATING NEWS OUT OF OUR PRODUCTION CONTROL ROOM. THEN, TOWARDS THE END OF 2008, IS WHEN THOSE TWO PEOPLE WERE LET GO, AND WE STARTED WITH CALGARY TELEVISION DIRECTING THE NEWS. AS IT TURNED OUT, THERE WAS NO WAY THAT WE COULD PUT SOMETHING ON THE AIR, BECAUSE THEY DISCONNECTED THE SWITCHING EQUIPMENT…IF THERE WAS LIKE A WEATHER EMERGENCY, OR SOMETHING LIKE THAT, WE COULD NOT PUT A CRAWL ACROSS THE SCREEN. IT WAS QUITE UNNERVING, ACTUALLY, THAT WE WERE LOSING THAT KIND OF LOCAL CAPABILITY.” “[I THINK] IT WAS IN 2013…WHERE EVERYONE BUT ME WAS LET GO, AND THEY COULD RE-APPLY FOR THEIR JOB. BASICALLY, IT WAS A WAY OF GETTING AROUND THE UNION. EVERYONE WAS CANNED; THEY GOT A SEVERANCE PACKAGE. IT WAS A PRETTY UNNERVING TIME, AND MORALE REALLY, REALLY HIT A LOW THERE. THEY ASSIGNED AN EDITOR FROM TORONTO, AND ANOTHER FELLOW WHO HAD BEEN BROADCASTING NEWS, THEY WENT…AND THEY WERE GOING TO RE-IMAGINE THE NEWS, AND THEY HAD BIG PLANS TO MAKE THE STATION WHOLLY-NEW, AND A WHOLE NEW WAY OF DOING THINGS, WITH A MINIMUM NUMBER OF PEOPLE…RESPONSIBILITIES WERE CHANGED; MORE LOAD WAS TAKEN ON, BUT, AS WELL, LESS THINGS WERE GOING TO BE DONE. WE DIDN’T HAVE THE ENGINEER, AND SO THEY HIRED A FELLOW TO BE A VIDEOGRAPHER. HE WOULD SHOOT SOME OF THE NEWS STORIES, BUT HE WAS ALSO RESPONSIBLE FOR TWEAKING UP THE CAMERAS, AND IF THERE WAS A PROBLEM, SENDING IT UP TO CALGARY…I THINK WHAT THEY DID WAS THEY MEASURED OUT THE NUMBER OF HOURS, THE NUMBER OF PEOPLE, WHAT THEY WANTED TO COVER, WHAT THEY WANTED TO DO, AND THEY WENT WITH THAT NUMBER—TWELVE OR FOURTEEN PEOPLE, AND SO, CHANGING THE ROLES, WHOLE NEW JOB DESCRIPTIONS. BUT, AS I SAID TO [MANAGEMENT], ‘YOU KNOW, I THINK YOU OVERLOOKED THE FACT THAT ALL THE PEOPLE HERE, ON THE UNION CONTRACT, GET AT LEAST THREE WEEKS’ VACATION. MEANS YOU’VE GOT TWELVE PEOPLE—THAT’S THIRTY-SIX WEEKS—THAT YOU’VE GOT SOMEBODY AWAY. SO, YOU’RE RUNNING SHORT-STAFFED OVER HALF A YEAR.’ THAT’S PRETTY TOUGH ON PEOPLE, BECAUSE THIS GENERATION THAT’S IN THERE NOW, I DON’T THINK THEY HAVE THE SAME KIND OF ATTITUDE, OR WORK ETHIC. WE WOULD WORK. WELL, MY WIFE COULD ATTEST TO THE HOURS THAT I WOULD PUT IN AT THE STATION. AND, I DIDN’T GET PAID OVERTIME. I GOT A…FEE. THIS STUFF, BETWEEN THE CHANGE OF ATTITUDE, AND THE NEWS CYCLE, AND CUTTING BACK HOW THEY COULD, IT WAS REALLY TOUGH ON PEOPLE. BUT, I WAS THE FIRST ONE TO BE LET GO IN 1996, AND I WAS THE MARKETING RESEARCH AND SALES (WE WERE DOING VIDEO PRODUCTIONS), AND THE FELLOW WHO WAS THE PRODUCTION COORDINATOR, JIM MCNALLY, I BROUGHT ON. HE WAS AN EXCELLENT PHOTOGRAPHER OUT OF OTTAWA, AND HE HAD, I THINK, ONE OF THE TOUGHEST TIMES BACK IN ’96 (ACTUALLY, MORE SO IN ’98). THEY MADE HIM GENERAL MANAGER OF THE STATION. HIS ENTIRE RESPONSIBILITY OVER, I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY WEEKS AND MONTHS WAS TO CUT THE STAFF DOWN TO, I DON’T KNOW, SIXTEEN PEOPLE. AND, WHEN THAT WAS ACCOMPLISHED, HE WAS LET GO.” WHEN ASKED ABOUT THE “GOLDEN AGE” OF LETHBRIDGE BROADCAST OR TELEVISION NEWS, DWORNIK SHARED, “TELEVISION HAS ALWAYS BEEN FOR THE VAST MAJORITY OF PEOPLE, A VERY EXCITING INDUSTRY BECAUSE THERE’S ALWAYS DEVELOPMENTS, TECHNOLOGY. WHEN YOU THINK THAT BACK IN THE DAY IT WAS IN BLACK AND WHITE, BUT THEY DID LIVE COMMERCIALS AND THAT’S QUITE REMARKABLE TOO, HOW THEY WERE DOING THOSE THINGS. THEY DID A LOT OF PRANKS AND FUN STUFF ON AIR…THE TECHNOLOGY KEPT DEVELOPING. IT LOOKED AS GOOD AS IT COULD GET BACK IN THE DAY, BUT NOW THAT WE ARE UP TO 4K VIDEO…IN MY DAY WE HAD BEEN COLOUR FOR QUITE SOME TINE, BUT WHEN I CAME IN IN ‘76 IT WAS KIND OF THE LAUNCH OF ENG, ELECTRONIC NEWS GATHERING OR EFP, FIELD PRODUCTION. THE EQUIPMENT WAS THREE QUARTER INCH AT THAT TIME, THE CAMERAS WERE BIG AND HEAVY, AND THE TAPE DECK, IT WAS A TWO PIECE UNIT, IT NEEDED A LOT OF LIGHT SO WE CARRIED AROUND ABOUT A THIRTY POUND BOX FULL OF LIGHTING GEAR. TRUCKING THAT FROM ONE END OF THE UNIVERSITY HALL DOWN TO THE OTHER END WHERE THE PRESIDENT WAS.” “FROM MY PERSPECTIVE, I THINK I WAS IN THE “GOLDEN AGE” OF TELEVISION IN LETHBRIDGE HERE, BECAUSE WE DID A LOT OF LOCAL PROGRAMS. WE ACTUALLY HAD A SYNDICATED SPORTS PROGRAM CALLED SKI WEST, AND THAT RAN ON HALF A DOZEN MARKETS—INDEPENDENT MARKETS—TELEVISION STATIONS WITH SELKIRK, AND, ACTUALLY THAT WAS WITH WICK AS WELL TOO. WE DID A LOT OF COMMERCIALS, PROGRAM PRODUCTION AND…I THINK IT WAS AROUND ’88 OR ’90, WE WERE ALREADY TALKING AND WE SAW ADVANTAGES IN WHAT WAS CALLED THEN HIGH-DEFINITION TELEVISION WHICH WAS TEN EIGHTY, BUT IT WAS A LONG WAY BEFORE IT CAME. WE DIDN’T ACTUALLY CONVERT TO DIGITAL TELEVISION IN CANADA UNTIL I THINK IT WAS 2009-2010, AND AS ONE OF OUR ENGINEERS MENTIONED, THAT WAS MOST REMARKABLE TECHNOLOGY-WISE. BECAUSE, WHEN WE STARTED IN BLACK AND WHITE, IT WAS A FOUR BY THREE FORMAT AND THEN THEY ADDED COLOUR, IMAGINATIVE COLOUR IN THE ‘60S. THAT WAS PRETTY SMOOTH BECAUSE YOU COULD, YOU KNOW, YOU ARE BROADCASTING THIS ONE SIGNAL OUT IN COLOUR, BUT IF YOU ONLY HAD A BLACK AND WHITE TV, YOU COULD STILL WATCH IT IN BLACK AND WHITE, AND IF YOU HAD COLOUR ALL THE BETTER. THAT WAS IN THE ERA WHEN CABLE WAS ON ITS UP RISE AND SO IT WENT THROUGH A PRETTY SMOOTH TRANSITION, BUT WHEN WE WENT DIGITAL IT WAS HARD LINE IN THE SAND. YOUR OLD TV SET WOULD NOT BE GETTING NOTHING ON IT. THERE WOULD BE NO SIGNAL COMING IN AT ALL, AND WE HAD TO SWITCH OVER TO EITHER CABLE, WHICH WOULD CONVERT THE DIGITAL SIGNAL INTO THE NTSC SIGNAL FOR YOU, OR ELSE YOU HAD TO GET A BRAND NEW TV THAT’S DIGITAL. IT REALLY DID SPUR THE INDUSTRY, AND IT WAS A HUGE FINANCIAL INVESTMENT. CBC WITH ALL THEIR BROADCAST SATELLITES TO COVER ALL OF CANADA, WAS GIVEN AN EXTRA YEAR TO SWITCH OVER TO DIGITAL. IN THE END THEY SAID, ‘NO WE CAN’T DO IT,’ SO THEY HAD TO ACTUALLY SHUT DOWN THEIR TELEVISION TOWER IN LETHBRIDGE [IN JUNE 2012].” “IN A MARKET LIKE OURS WHERE WE HAVE GOT CABLE THAT WAS OKAY, BUT IN THE RURAL AREAS…SOME [PEOPLE] WERE ALREADY ON SATELLITE, BUT THEN AGAIN, WHEN I WAS IN THE INDUSTRY, THE SATELLITE DISHES WERE HUGE AND WE WERE STILL USING A HUGE ONE…IT WAS MORE THAN 12 FEET, IT WAS HUGE, 20 SOME FEET ACROSS. AGAIN, BACK IN THE ‘80S I REMEMBER OUR PRESIDENT COMING BACK AND TELLING US THAT, ‘YOU KNOW, THEY’RE TALKING ABOUT SATELLITES GOING UP THERE AND THEY’RE GOING TO BE SO POWERFUL YOU COULD USE A SATELLITE DISH NO BIGGER THAN A PIZZA BOX.’…THAT’S WHAT WE’VE GOT NOW REALLY…I THINK IT’S A LOT OF ‘GOLDEN ERAS’ AS YOU WOULD SAY REALLY, BECAUSE NOW WITH DIGITAL IT’S JUST PHENOMENAL, AND IT WENT FROM 1080 UP TO 4K. 8K IS OUT THERE TODAY, BUT I THINK IT WILL BE A LONG TIME BECAUSE IT IS A LOT OF BAND WIDTH FOR PEOPLE…” ON HIS MOTIVATIONS FOR DONATING THE ITEMS TO THE GALT MUSEUM, DWORNIK SHARED, “MY WIFE WHO IS WITH US, SANDRA, SUGGESTED THAT I MIGHT CLEAN UP OUR GARAGE AND OTHER PLACES IN THE HOUSE, BECAUSE I COLLECT A LOT OF STUFF. THE OTHER REASON [I’M DONATING THE ITEMS TO THE GALT MUSEUM] ACTUALLY IS IT MIGHT BE TIME—FROM A HISTORICAL VIEW POINT THAT WHAT IS NOW GLOBAL TELEVISION IS MOVING LOCATION. WHERE THEY HAVE BEEN IN THEIR ORIGINAL SITE…[IN] WHAT IS NOW THE INDUSTRIAL PARK, THEY ARE MOVING OUT OF THERE MID-SEPTEMBER OR SO TO A LOCATION DOWNTOWN AND THEY ARE MOVING INTO WHAT IS NOW THE NEW ROYAL BANK, WHICH USED TO BE THE MARQUIS HOTEL. THEY ARE JUST BUILDING THE STUDIO THERE NOW AND THEY WILL BE JOINING THE RADIO FROM THE PATERSON GROUP IN THAT SAME BUILDING, BUT THEY ARE TOTALLY SEPARATED. ANYWAY, I THOUGHT IT PERHAPS TIMELY AND SOME CONNECTIONS THERE.” “WHEN I RETIRED IT WAS KIND OF A HOLLOW BUILDING AND THERE WAS A LOT OF VIDEO TAPE AROUND, WHICH I CONVINCED THE CURRENT OWNERS OF THE STATION, SHAW MEDIA AT THE TIME…BETWEEN MYSELF AND AN ENGINEER, LARRY LAWDINEY, WE DID CONVINCE THEM THAT THERE WAS A LOT OF HISTORY IN THOSE VIDEO TAPES, WHICH THEY WERE PREPARED TO THROW OUT IN THE DUMPSTER, AND END UP IN OUR LANDFILL. SO, WORKING WITH ANDREW [AT THE GALT ARCHIVES], AND HE HAS GOT—I DON’T KNOW HOW MANY TRUCKLOADS OF THE TAPES NOW.” “SOME OF THESE ARTIFACTS, WHICH I HAVE DISCUSSED WITH YOU BEFORE, I FELT WERE SIGNIFICANT…REPRESENTATIVE OF SOME OF THE HISTORY OF THE STATION. THE STATION PRODUCED SOME VERY REMARKABLE INDIVIDUALS THAT HAVE GONE ON TO WIDE ACCLAIM ACTUALLY, RIGHT THROUGH THE HISTORY OF THE STATION. INCLUDING PEOPLE LIKE DON SLADE…HE WAS A DISC JOCKEY WHEN I WAS LIVING IN WINNIPEG GROWING UP, AND THEN HE ENDED UP BEING IN EITHER CALGARY OR EDMONTON. THE FAMOUS WEATHER MAN…BILL MATHESON, OF COURSE FROM LETHBRIDGE, WENT TO NEW YORK, AND ENDED UP IN EDMONTON. I HAVE HAD A NUMBER OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE WORKED IN MY DEPARTMENT THAT HAVE GONE ON TO SOME SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS AS WELL. ONE IN PARTICULAR, DOUG GOAT, WAS A VIDEO JOURNALIST FOR NBC AND HE WENT OVER TO THESE WAR TORN COUNTRIES—HE WAS A LETHBRIDGE BOY, HIS DAD ACTUALLY MADE SOME EQUIPMENT FOR US FOR OUR TRIPODS…RICK LUCHUCK, WHO WAS IN OUR PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT LEFT, WENT TO REGINA, AND THEN I THINK TORONTO…HE CAME BACK JUST THIS PAST YEAR FOR A REUNION AT LETHBRIDGE COLLEGE, FROM WHERE HE GRADUATED IN BROADCASTING. HE IS VICE PRESIDENT OF PROMOTIONS FOR CNN…WE HAVE HAD PEOPLE GO TO SPORTS NETWORK…A LOT OF PEOPLE WENT THROUGH THE STATION, IT WAS A REVOLVING DOOR, BUT I WAS OKAY WITH THAT BECAUSE WE HELPED BUILD THEIR CAPABILITIES, AND THEY WERE VERY APPRECIATIVE OF THE OPPORTUNITIES AND THE TRAINING THAT WE DID PROVIDE…THE STUFF WE DID WE HAD…A VERY SMALL MOBILE PRODUCTION FACILITY, BUT IT WAS INVOLVED WITH THE OLYMPICS IN ’88, THE TORCH RUN. WE PICKED UP THE TORCH RUN WHEN IT ENTERED ALBERTA IN THE CROWSNEST PASS, BROADCAST THAT LIVE THROUGHOUT ALBERTA. I HAD THE OPPORTUNITY TO MEET PRINCE CHARLES AND PRINCE ANDREW AND FERGIE…THEY WERE DOWN FOR…THE OFFICIAL OPENING OF HEAD SMASHED IN BUFFALO JUMP.” “THE STATION WON A [NATIONAL] AWARD…[THE] FOUNDERS AWARD OF EXCELLENCE FOR A DOCUMENTARY WE PRODUCED [CALLED ‘WE WON’T LET HIM DIE’], AND I WAS THE PHOTOGRAPHER ON THAT AND SHOT…IT WAS ACTUALLY THIRTY YEARS AGO THAT THIS YOUNG FELLOW, TOMMY JONES, WAS WORKING AT A CHURCH CAMP IN WATERTON AND WENT HIKING WITH SOME FRIENDS IN A MOUNTAIN AND FELL AND HAD A SERIOUS BRAIN INJURY. TWO YEARS LATER—THEY DIDN’T EXPECT HIM TO LIVE…WE DOCUMENTED THAT WHOLE STORY AND RECREATED THE SCENES IN THE DOCUDRAMA…THESE THINGS REMIND ME OF ANOTHER ARTIST CORNY MARTENS, BRONZE ARTIST, WAS OUR STUDIO DIRECTOR, AND SOME OF THE STUFF THEY USED TO DO, BACK IN THE DAYS OF BLACK AND WHITE, THEY DID COMMERCIALS—THEY PAINTED THE FLOOR OF THE STUDIO TO MAKE IT LOOK LIKE A SWIMMING POOL, AND THEY HAD A FASHION SHOW WITH SWIMSUITS…THAT’S KIND OF WHAT PROMPTED ME [TO DONATE THE ITEMS], AND THAT’S THE CONNECTION TO THESE ITEMS.” FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING THE FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTION AND ARTICLES ON THE GLOBAL NEWS STATION BEING DISMANTLED, PLEASE SEE THE PERMANENT FILE P20190022001-GA.
Catalogue Number
P20190022006
Acquisition Date
2019-08
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

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