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Other Name
SCOUT PROJECT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19970041336
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SCOUT PROJECT
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
3.4
Diameter
2.4
Description
SHORT HOLLOW WOOD CYLINDER WITH DIAMOND PATTERN CARVED INTO OUTSIDE AND PAINTED BLACK, GREEN, RED AND WHITE.
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ASSOCIATIONS
History
CYLINDRICAL CARVING WAS MADE BY DONOR'S BROTHER, TIMOTHY, AS A SCOUT PROJECT. THE NAKAYAMA FAMILY WAS ORIGINALLY FROM VANCOUVER BUT MOVED TO COALDALE FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WHEN THEY WERE INTERNED AT SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA BY THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT. THE DONOR'S FATHER, REV. CANON G.G. NAKAYAMA, WAS AN ANGLICAN MINISTER IN VANCOUVER, AND THEN ESTABLISHED THE CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION IN COALDALE IN 1945 WHERE HE SERVED UNTIL 1970. TIMOTHY WENT ON TO BECOME A CHRISTIAN MINISTER IN THE AREA OF JAPANESE MISSIONS. SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041336
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BACKDROP
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1940
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD, ROPE
Catalogue Number
P20010027000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BACKDROP
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1940
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD, ROPE
No. Pieces
1
Length
594.3
Description
PAINTED CANVAS ATTACHED TO SLATS OF WOOD. CANVAS IS A DIRTY MUSTARD COLOR. PAINTING ON ONE SIDE OF CANVAS CONSISTS OF THE FOLLOWING IMAGES: BURGUNDY VELVET CURTAINS, WITH GREEN & YELLOW TRIM, THAT ARE DRAWN TO THE SIDES BY YELLOW TASSELED ROPES; PILLARS AND A RAIL OF LIGHT GREEN MARBLE; A BACKGROUND OF PINK STRIPED WALLPAPER; AN OVAL FRAME WITH A SCENE WITHIN OF TREES, BUSHES, AND FLOWERS, A GAZEBO WITH A FLAG ON TOP, AND A BOAT ON A BODY OF WATER IN THE BACKGROUND. WITHIN FRAME IS SIGNED "R. BARROWMAN CITY SIGN WORKS". THERE IS A LENGTH OF YELLOW ROPE AT EACH END OF MURAL. (SEE PHOTOS ATTACHED TO HARD COPY).
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
FINE ARTS
History
DONOR STATES THAT HE WAS TOLD MURAL WAS USED BY THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE DURING ANNIVERSARIES, CHINESE NEW YEARS, AND CHINESE DOMINION DAY (OCT 10), BUT THAT HE HAS BEEN A RESIDENT OF LETHBRIDGE SINCE 1949 AND NOT ONCE EVER SEEN THE MURAL IN THE NATIONAL LEAGUE BUILDING. ARTIST, ROBERT BARROWMAN WAS BORN NEAR GLASGOW, SCOTLAND IN 1881. HE BEGAN CREATING ART AT AN EARLY AGE WHEN HE SKETCHED MANY SCENES OF HIS NATIVE LAND. HE WAS EMPLOYED ON THE CLYDE FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS IN SHIPBUILDING. LEAVING SCOTLAND IN 1907 HE TRAVELLED TO CANADA AND SECURED EMPLOYMENT WITH THE BLUE RIBBON TEA COMPANY IN TORONTO. AFTERWARDS, HE WENT TO PETERBOROUGH WHERE HE SERVED WITH A FIRM NAMED TURNER'S, ENGAGED IN PAINTING OF SIGNS AND MANUFACTURE OF TENTS AND AWNINGS. TRAVELLING WEST, MR. BARROWMAN STOPPED FOR A SHORT TIME IN SASKATOON AND ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1910. HE AT ONCE PURCHASED THE CITY SIGN WORKS WHICH HAD BEEN STARTED TWO YEARS PREVIOUSLY IN LETHBRIDGE. IN 1912 MR BARROWMAN MARRIED MISS CATHARINE SHEARER IN LETHBRIDGE. TOGETHER THEY HAD 3 DAUGHTERS: MAY, DEVINA, AND VICTORIA. IN 1920 ROBERT ADDED TO HIS BUSINESS HOLDINGS BY THE PURCHASE OF THE LETHBRIDGE POSTING CO. WHICH CONTROLLED SIGNBOARDS THROUGHOUT THE CITY. IN 1945 MR. BARROWMAN SOLD HIS BUSINESS INTERESTS TO HOOK SIGNS, LTD., OF CALGARY. MR BARROWMAN WAS THE FIRST ELECTED AS AN ADVISORY COMMISSIONER IN THE CITY IN 1924, SERVING IN THAT CAPACITY IN THE COUNCIL CHAMBER UNTIL 1928. IN THAT YEAR HE WAS ELECTED AS AN ALDERMAN AND BECAME THE FIRST MAYOR UNDER THE NEW CITY MANAGER FORM OF GOVERNMENT. HE ACTED AS CITY MANAGER UNTIL SEPTEMBER, 1928. HE SERVED CONTINUOUSLY AS MAYOR UNTIL 1934 WHEN HE WITHDREW FROM CITY POLITICS. HE THEN TURNED TO PROVINCIAL POLITICS, BEING ACTIVE IN AFFAIRS OF THE LIBERAL PARTY. HE WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE ALBERTA LIBERAL ASSOCIATION AND SERVED IN THAT CAPACITY DURING THE DAYS OF THE SOCIAL CREDIT LANDSLIDE IN 1935. HE WAS TWICE THE LIBERAL CANDIDATE FOR LETHBRIDGE CONSTITUENCY IN PROVINCIAL ELECTIONS, BUT WAS TWICE DEFEATED. ADDITIONALLY, MR. BARROWMAN WAS: A MEMBER AND CHAIRMAN OF THE CHILDREN'S AID SOCIETY, MEMBER OF THE GALT HOSPITAL BOARD, ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE AQUATIC CLUB, ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE BOARD OF TRADE FOR WHICH HE SERVED AS PRESIDENT IN 1936, A PIONEER MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE ROTARY CLUB FOR WHICH HE ACTED AS PRESIDENT IN 1928-29, MEMBER OF THE OLD LETHBRIDGE PLAYGOERS' CLUB, MEMBER OF LETHBRIDGE SKETCH CLUB, MEMBER OF ST. ANDREW'S PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, AND ACTIVE MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE ST. ANDREW SOCIETY. (TAKEN FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE FEB. 18, 1947). *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH THE LETHBRIDGE SKETCH CLUB. THE LETHBRIDGE SKETCH CLUB HELD THEIR FIRST MEETING AT THE HOME OF MISS ANNA MACKENZIE ON OCTOBER 7, 1936. EDITH FANNY KIRK WAS THE FIRST ART TEACHER IN LETHBRIDGE. SHE CAME FROM BRITAIN WITH CLASSICAL TRAINING AND IT WAS KIRK WHO SET THE STAGE FOR THE SKETCH CLUB TO COME INTO BEING. THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS ALSO PLAYED A ROLE IN THE FORMATION BY PROVIDING RECOGNITION OF ARTISTIC MERIT THROUGH DISTRICT SCHOLARSHIPS. ANNA MACKENZIE AND P.J. COLLINS CONCEIVED OF THE CLUB AFTER THEIR EXPERIENCE IN BANFF. THE GROUP WAS FORMED OUT OF AN ENTHUSIASTIC INTEREST IN ART AND SOON AFTER THE GROUP BEGAN MEETING, THERE WERE REGULAR EXHIBITIONS. THE GROUP WAS PRIVY TO THE ATTENTION OF GROUP OF SEVEN ARTIST A.Y.JACKSON WHEN HE MADE HIS FREQUENT SKETCHING TRIPS TO SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HE REGULARLY ACCOMPANIED THE SKETCH CLUB AND HIS INFLUENCE CAN BE SEEN IN MUCH OF THEIR WORK. ANOTHER GUEST OF THE GROUP WAS ANNORA BROWN WHO WAS AN ARTIST WHO HAD TRAINED IN TORONTO, BUT RESIDED IN FORT MACLEOD AND BEGAN SPENDING TIME WITH THE GROUP IN 1939. HER INTEREST IN FLOWER STUDIES IS SUSPECTED TO HAVE INSPIRED MANY OF THE WORKS BY CLUB MEMBERS. DURING THE SUMMER MONTHS, THE GROUP ORGANIZED SUMMER CLASSES TAUGHT BY OUT OF TOWN ARTISTS SUCH AS: H.G.GLYDE, WALTER J. PHILIPS AND A.C. LEIGHTON. ACCORDING TO A HISTORY OF THE LETHBRIDGE SKETCH CLUB WRITTEN BY JOAN STEBBINS IN JUNE, 1985, “THE PAINTINGS OF THE LETHBRIDGE SKETCH CLUB PORTRAY FAVOURITE SKETCHING AREAS IN THE REGION – THE COULEES PROVIDED ENDLESS MATERIAL, THE RIVERBOTTOM, THE OLD R.C.M.P. BARRACKS, THE WHITNEY FARM, HENDERSON LAKE, THE FELGER HUTTERITE COLONY, THE FOOTHILLS AND WATERTON LAKE WERE OFTEN REPEATED SUBJECTS.”
Catalogue Number
P20010027000
Acquisition Date
2002-03
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1962
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
HEAVY CARD
Catalogue Number
P20000041003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1942
Date Range To
1962
Materials
HEAVY CARD
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.1
Length
50.3
Width
39.1
Description
UNFRAMED, RECTANGULAR BLACK AND WHITE PRINT. CONSISTS OF THE UPPER HALF OFAN OLDER MAN, WITH HIS ARMS FOLDED OVER EACH OTHER. HE IS WEARING A SCOUTING UNIFORM, INCLUDING A MOUNTIE-STYLE HAT, A SHIRT WITH BARS ON IT, AND A SCARF. BELOW THE MAN, PRINTED IN WHITE, WITHIN A BLACK RECTANGLE IS "BADEN-POWELL". CORNERS ARE SLIGHTLY WORN; LOWER RIGHT HAND CORNER HAS A SLIGHT BEND IN IT.
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
ASSOCIATIONS
History
PRINT CAME FROM THE OFFICES OF THE WEST WINDS DISTRICT OF SCOUTING. DISTRICT INCLUDED FORT MACLEOD, COALHURST, DIAMOND CITY, NOBLEFORD, PICTURE BUTTE AND THE AREA NORTH AND WEST OF LETHBRIDGE. THE FORMATION OF THIS DISTRICT OCCURRED APPROXIMATELY IN THE LATE 1940S. IT CEASED TO FUNCTION IN 1962 AND WAS OFFICIALLY CLOSED IN 1977. FORT MACLEOD AND THAT AREA MOVED TO JOIN THE PORCUPINE HILLS DISTRICT, WHILE COALHURTS, DIAMOND CITY, NOBELFORD AND PICTURE BUTTE JOINED IN THE REFORMATION OF THE LETHBRIDGE DISTRICT. THE PRINT IS RELEVANT TO SCOUTING AS EACH OFFICE, WITHIN SCOUTING, FROM THE DISTRICT LEVEL TO NATIONAL LEVELS PROMINENTLY DISPLAYED A LIKENESS OF THE FOUNDER OF SCOUTING LORD BADEN-POWELL. SCOUTING CHANGED ITS ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND THE LETHBRIDGE DISTRICT HAS BEEN ABSORBED INTO A WIDER GEOGRAPHICAL AREA. ON MAY 25TH, 2000 THE OFFICE IN LETHBRIDGE OFFICIALLY CLOSED, BUT BOY SCOUTS STILL REMAIN THERE. DUE TO FEAR OF LOSS OF ITEMS THEY WERE DONATED TO MUSEUM. SCOUTING BEGAN IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1914. *NOTE* WHEN DISPLAYED, DONORS WISH TO BE IDENTIFIED AS LETHBRIDGE DISTRICT,SOUTHERN REGION, SCOUTS CANADA.
Catalogue Number
P20000041003
Acquisition Date
2000-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
NEEDLEPOINT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, COTTON, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20110024000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
NEEDLEPOINT
Date
1986
Materials
LINEN, COTTON, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
35.9
Length
29.8
Width
2.6
Description
GOLD FRAME WITH CRACKLED FINISH, WHITE AND GOLD MATTING. WHITE DOUBLE WEAVE NEEDLEPOINT CANVAS WITH FLAG, COMPASS, AND CROWN DESIGN STITCHED IN CENTER USING RED, WHITE BLUE AND GOLD COLOURED YARN. BELOW CREST IS STITCHED, “IODE.” BROWN PAPER BACK WITH TYPEWRITTEN TEXT FIXED TO PAPER WITH SCOTCH TAPE. TEXT READS, “THIS PIECE OF NEEDLEPOINT WAS DONE BY MARGARET SOMERVILLE, LONG TIME MEMBER OF SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER, IODE, OF LETHBRIDGE. IT WAS HER WISH THAT IT BE PRESENTED TO EACH REGENT AND BE KEPT IN HER POSSESSION DURING HER TERM OF OFFICE. MRS. A.G. LYNCH-STAUNTON WAS THE FIRST TO RECEIVE IT IN 1986. IF IODE SHOULD CEASE TO EXIST IN LETHBRIDGE THIS ITEM IS TO BE PLACED IN THE HANDS OF MRS. W.A. NELSON (MARGARET) FOR DISPOSITION.” STAMPED UPSIDE DOWN AT TOP, “HANG ON TWO HOOKS WHICH SHOULD BE 10” APART.” STAMPED AT BOTTOM, “THE ART STUDIO ON FIFTH AVENUE LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA.”
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
*NOTE* OBJECT WAS ORIGINALLY DONATED TO THE ARCHIVES DEPARTMENT ON JULY 20, 2009. IT WAS TRANSFERRED TO THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT ON JULY 20, 2011.
ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, “MARGARET MAY SOMERVILLE WAS BORN AND RAISED IN NEW WESTMINSTER, B.C. AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1937. SOMERVILLE PASSED AWAY ON MAY 31, 1986.” EVIDENCE OF HER ACTIVITY WITHIN THE IMPERIAL ORDER DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE ORGANIZATION CAN BE SEEN IN ARTICLES FROM THE HERALD BETWEEN 1960 AND 1986. SOMERVILLE HELD THE RANKS OF: ECHOES SECRETARY IN 1960, STAND BEARER IN 1967 AND 1970, SERVICES IN 1971, CITIZENSHIP CONVENER IN 1975, AND HONORARY VICE-REGENT FOR THE I.O.D.E. IN 1983. THE BACK OF THE FRAME HAS WRITTEN THAT IT WAS FIRST PRESENTED TO MRS. A.G. LYNCH-STAUNTON IN THE SAME YEAR THAT MARGARET SOMERVILLE PASSED AWAY (1986). AT THE TIME OF DONATION, THE PIECE WAS IN THE ESTATE OF MRS. MARGARET NELSON AND DONATED BY HER DAUGHTER KATHY HINMAN.
FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF THE I.O.D.E. AND ITS LETHBRIDGE CHAPTERS WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE I.O.D.E. WEBSITE, GALT ARCHIVES, AND AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 21, 2014 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THE IMPERIAL ORDER DAUGHTERS OF THE EMPIRE (IODE) WAS FOUNDED IN 1900 BY MARGARET POLSON MURRAY OF MONTREAL WHO WANTED TO INCREASE HOMELAND SUPPORT FOR CANADIANS FIGHTING WITH THE EMPIRE FORCES IN SOUTH AFRICA DURING THE SECOND BOER WAR. MURRAY INITIATED THE FORMATION OF A FEDERATION OF WOMEN TO PROMOTE PATRIOTISM, LOYALTY AND SERVICE TO OTHERS BY SENDING TELEGRAMS TO THE MAYORS OF CANADA'S MAJOR CITIES ASKING THEM TO CALL TOGETHER THE PROMINENT WOMEN IN THEIR COMMUNITIES. THE FIRST CHAPTER WAS FORMED IN FREDRICTON, NEW BRUNSWICK IN JANUARY 1900. THE FOLLOWING MONTH A CONSTITUTION AND LIST OF OBJECTIVES WERE DRAFTED IN MONTREAL. IN 1901 THE HEAD OFFICE MOVED TO TORONTO AND THE FEDERATION WAS INCORPORATED. CHAPTERS WERE QUICKLY STARTED ACROSS CANADA AND IN INDIA AND THE BAHAMAS. FUNDRAISING CAMPAIGN PROJECTS MOUNTED BY VARIOUS I.O.D.E. CHAPTERS HAVE INCLUDED A MONUMENT TO CANADIAN SOLIDERS KILLED IN BATTLE IN SOUTH AFRICA, A GATEWAY IN TORONTO TO COMMEMORATE THE 1901 VISIT OF THE DUKE AND DUCHESS OF YORK, INCREASED BEDS IN A TUBERCULOSIS SANITORIUM IN HAMILTON, ONTARIO, NUMEROUS CHILD WELFARE PROJECTS, VARIOUS WAR MEMORIAL FUNDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS FOR CHILDREN OF VETERANS, THE PURCHASE OF HOSPITALS, AMBULANCES, SHIPS, AND AIRCRAFT IN BOTH WORLD WARS TO PROVIDE AID TO CANADIAN SOLDIERS, COMMEMORATIVE GARDENS, INTERNATIONAL RELIEF FOR PERSONS DISPLACED BY WAR, AND DOMESTIC RELIEF FOR CANADIANS DISPLACED BY NATURAL DISASTERS. LETHBRIDGE'S FIRST I.O.D.E. CHAPTER WAS THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT CHAPTER, FORMED IN 1914. AT ITS PEAK OF ACTIVITY, THE I.O.D.E. HAD FIVE CHAPTERS IN LETHBRIDGE, INCLUDING THE DR. FRANK H. MEWBURN CHAPTER AND THE MAJOR JACK ROSS CHAPTER. LOCAL I.O.D.E. EFFORTS INCLUDED THE WROUGHT-IRON GATEWAY OF MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY, THE SOLIDER'S PLOT IN THE CEMEMTERY, AND PLAQUES AT BATTERY POINT IN HENDERSON LAKE PARK. IN 1989 THE TWO REMAINING LETHBRIDGE CHAPTERS MERGED, AND BY 2014 THERE WERE NO CHAPTERS OPERATING LOCALLY. THE CALGARY MUNICIPAL CHAPTER STILL RAISES FUNDS FOR A VARIETY OF CHARITABLE CAUSES THROUGH HOTDOG SALES AND A THRIFT STORE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19900051000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P20110024000
Acquisition Date
2011-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MASONIC PRINT, FRAMED
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, GLASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19990009057
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MASONIC PRINT, FRAMED
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
PAPER, GLASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
1.8
Length
54.4
Width
42.8
Description
WHITE PAPER PRINT WITH BEIGE, PINK, GOLD, AND GREEN IMAGES. DEPICTS ARCHWAY READING AT TOP "IN GOD IS MY TRUST". EYE AND LOGO WITH "LOYAL ORANGE INSTITUTION" AT TOP CENTRE. BELOW ARE SEVERAL IMAGES OF BIBLICAL SCENES, SYMBOLS, AND ICONS. BOTTOM READS "HONOR ALL MEN, LOVE THE BROTHERHOOD. FEAR GOD, HONOR THE KING". PRINT IS FRAMED IN BLACK WOODEN FRAME. CARDBOARD BACKING SECURED BY NAILS. TWO EYEHOOKS AND HANGING WIRE AT CENTRE.
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
SEE P19990009001-GA FOR DUFF FAMILY HISTORY. ACCORDING TO DONOR, ARTHUR DUFF WASN'T AN ACTIVE MASON BUT HE WAS RAISED IN RURAL ONTARIO, AND IT WAS PART OF HIS PAST. HE DID BELONG TO THE CRANBROOK ORANGE LODGE. THE 'EYE IN THE PYRAMID' HUNG ON THE BEDROOM WALL FROM 1943-1999. SEE PERMANENT RECORD FOR P19790054000-GA FOR ARTHUR DUFF'S BIO AND MILITARY SERVICE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF FREEMASONRY AND ITS SYMBOLOGY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GRAND LODGE OF CANADA WEBSITE. FREEMASONRY IS A FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION THAT TRACES ITS ORIGINS TO THE LOCAL FRATERNITIES OF STONEMASONS IN THE 14TH CENTURY. THE MASONIC LODGE IS THE MEETING PLACE FOR MASONS, AND MASONIC RITUAL CONSISTS PRIMARILY OF CEREMONIES FOR THE BESTOWING OF DEGREES UPON THE INITIATED. SPECIFIC SYMBOLS, SIGNS, AND PASSWORDS (LIKE THOSE DEPICTED IN THIS PRINT) ARE ENTRUSTED TO MEMBERS OF PARTICULAR DEGREES OR RANK WITHIN THE FRATERNITY. THE SYMBOLS ARE MAINLY DRAWN FROM THE MANUAL TOOLS OF STONEMASONRY (FOR EXAMPLE, THE SQUARE AND COMPASSES), AND REPRESENT THE TENANTS OF MORALITY AS SUBSCRIBED TO BY THE FRATERNITY. THE EYE OF PROVIDENCE (SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS THE 'EYE IN THE PYRAMID') HAS BEEN USED IN FREEMASON ICONOGRAPHY SINCE THE LATE 18TH CENTURY, REPRESENTING THE ALL-SEEING EYE OF GOD AND REMINDING MASONS THAT THEIR THOUGHTS AND DEEDS ARE ALWAYS OBSERVED BY THE DEITY THEY CALL 'THE GREAT ARCHITECT OF THE UNIVERSE'.
Catalogue Number
P19990009057
Acquisition Date
1999-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SET, TWO MASONIC PRINTS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CARDBOARD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19990009003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SET, TWO MASONIC PRINTS
Date
1901
Materials
CARDBOARD, PAPER
No. Pieces
3
Length
70
Width
52
Description
1. HEAVY WHITE PAPER LITHOGRAPHED COLOR PRINT OF ROYAL COUPLE SEATED BEFORE DIGNITARIES. MAN FACING COUPLE, READING FROM PAPER. TWO CIRCULAR SEALS AT BOTTOM OF PRINT; LABELED BELOW, "THE GREAT SEAL OF WILLIAM III THE BILL OF RIGHTS READ TO THE PRINCE AND PRINCESS OF ORANGE BY THE CLERK OF THE CROWN SENTINEL PREMIUM PICTURE 1901". LARGE VERTICAL TEAR FROM BOTTOM OF PRINT; EDGES WORN AND CREASED THROUGHOUT. 2. HEAVY WHITE PAPER LITHOGRAPHED COLOR PRINT OF MAN ON WHITE HORSE, RIDING THROUGH CROWD OF PEOPLE. WOMAN IN PINK DRESS AND WHITE BONNET LOOKING UP AT HIM FROM GROUND. PRINT LABELED BELOW, "ENTRY OF WILLIAM PRINCE OF ORANGE INTO EXETER. SENTINEL PREMIUM PICTUER 1900". TOP LEFT CORNER OF PRINT HAS BEEN TORN OFF; EDGES WORN AND CREASED THROUGHOUT. 3. CARDBOARD TUBE. OPEN AT BOTH ENDS. WHITE PAPER LABEL WITH BLUE PRINT READS "TO TAKE OUT CONTENTS, INSERT THE FINGER IN END OF TUBE, TURN SLOWLY AND DRAW OUT PICTURE. DO NOT CUT WITH A KNIFE. FROM THE OLEOGRAPH CO. 680 KING STREET WEST, TORONTO. TO MISS MAGGIE DUFF TEACHER BERWICK CRYSLER, ONT.". EDGES OF LABEL WORN. TUBE USED TO HOLD ABOVE TWO PRINTS.
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
COMMEMORATIVE
ASSOCIATIONS
History
SEE P19990009001-GA FOR HISTORY. ACCORDING TO DONOR, ARTHUR DUFF WASN'T AN ACTIVE MASON BUT HE WAS RAISED IN RURAL ONTARIO, AND IT WAS PART OF HIS PAST. THE 'EYE IN THE PYRAMID' HUNG ON THE BEDROOM WALL FROM 1943-1999. SEE PERMANENT RECORD FOR P19790054000-GA FOR ARTHUR DUFF'S BIO AND MILITARY SERVICE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF FREEMASONRY AND ITS SYMBOLOGY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GRAND LODGE OF CANADA WEBSITE. FREEMASONRY IS A FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION THAT TRACES ITS ORIGINS TO THE LOCAL FRATERNITIES OF STONEMASONS IN THE 14TH CENTURY. THE MASONIC LODGE IS THE MEETING PLACE FOR MASONS, AND MASONIC RITUAL CONSISTS PRIMARILY OF CEREMONIES FOR THE BESTOWING OF DEGREES UPON THE INITIATED. SPECIFIC SYMBOLS, SIGNS, AND PASSWORDS ARE ENTRUSTED TO MEMBERS OF PARTICULAR DEGREES OR RANK WITHIN THE FRATERNITY. THE SYMBOLS ARE MAINLY DRAWN FROM THE MANUAL TOOLS OF STONEMASONRY (FOR EXAMPLE, THE SQUARE AND COMPASSES), AND REPRESENT THE TENANTS OF MORALITY AS SUBSCRIBED TO BY THE FRATERNITY. THE EYE OF PROVIDENCE (SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS THE 'EYE IN THE PYRAMID') HAS BEEN USED IN FREEMASON ICONOGRAPHY SINCE THE LATE 18TH CENTURY, REPRESENTING THE ALL-SEEING EYE OF GOD AND REMINDING MASONS THAT THEIR THOUGHTS AND DEEDS ARE ALWAYS OBSERVED BY THE DEITY THEY CALL 'THE GREAT ARCHITECT OF THE UNIVERSE'.
Catalogue Number
P19990009003
Acquisition Date
1999-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
BRONZE COAL MINER
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRONZE, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20030051023
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BRONZE COAL MINER
Date
1990
Materials
BRONZE, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
38.0
Length
15.0
Width
10.2
Description
BRONZE COAL MINER STANDING ON A RECTANGULAR BRONZE BASE; THIS IS ON TOP OF A WOOD BASE. WOOD BASE HAS ROUTERED EDGES AND A LIGHT VARNISH. UNDERSIDE OF WOOD BASE HAS GREEN FELT ON IT. MINER HAS A PICK AXE OVER ONE SHOULDER AND A LUNCH BUCKET IN OPPOSITE HAND. HE IS WEARING A CAP WITH LAMP AND TROUSERS WITH SUSPENDERS. CARVED INTO FRONT OF BRONZE BASE IS "C. MARTENS '90".
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
COAL MINING
ASSOCIATIONS
FINE ARTS
History
CREATED BY COALDALE ARTIST CORNELIUS MARTENS. A REPLICA OF THE ORIGINAL STATUE INSTALLED IN FRONT OF THE MINER'S LIBRARY IN 1990. THE ORIGINAL STATUE WAS ALSO SCULPTED BY CORNELIUS MARTENS AND WAS CAST BY STUDIO WEST BRONZE FOUNDRY AND GALLERY IN COCHRANE. THE STATUE WAS DEDICATED "TO THE COAL MINER'S OF LETHBRIDGE AND THEIR FAMILIES, WHO FOUNDED A COMMUNITY ON THE PRAIRIES OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA WHICH STILL REFLECT THEIR STRENGTH AND OPTIMISM". AFTER RESTORATION AT THE ORIGINAL FOUNDRY, THE FULL SIZE STATUE WAS RE-LOCATED TO THE NORD-BRIDGE SENIOR'S CENTRE IN 2004, AFTER THE CLOSURE OF THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY CLUB. LOCAL ARTIST CORNELIUS MARTENS WAS BORN IN THE UKRAINE, AND MOVED TO SASKATCHEWAN WITH HIS FAMILY AT A YOUNG AGE. IT WAS THERE, AS A CHILD, THAT CORNE MADE HIS FIRST SCULPTURES, USING CLAY FROM THE RIVERBANK AND CREATING MODEL ANIMALS. WHILE STILL A YOUNGSTER, HIS FAMILY MOVED AGAIN TO COALDALE, ALBERTA. ALWAYS HAVING AN INTENSE INTEREST IN ART, HE TRIED ANY FORM, BUT PREFERRED SCULPTURE. HE HAD NO FORMAL ART TRAINING, EXCEPT THAT WHICH HE RECEIVED IN GRADE SCHOOL. HIS FAVORITE SUBJECT WAS WESTERN LIFE, INCLUDING HIS FAVORITE SPORT OF RODEO. CORNE DESIGNED AND CREATED THE C.N. WOODWARD AWARD, A TROPHY FOR THE CANADIAN RODEO COWBOYS ASSOCIATIONS, AND A BRONZE SCULPTURE PRESENTED TO GOVERNOR GENERAL ROLAND MICHENER UPON A VISIT TO FORT MACLEOD IN 1970. HE WAS ALSO CHOSEN AS ONE OF SIX ARTISTS TO CREATE TROPHIES THAT WERE PRESENTED AT THE 1972 CALGARY STAMPEDE. THIS WAS A LONG STANDING GOAL OF MARTENS', AND HE CREATED THE AWARDS FOR CALF ROPING AND CHUCKWAGONS WHICH WERE HANDED OUT FOR 5 YEARS. MARTENS ALSO WORKED AS PROMOTION DIRECTOR FOR CJLH-TV IN LETHBRIDGE AND USED A FRAME BUILDING AT THE BACK OF HIS HOME AS A WORKSHOP TO CREATE ART IN HIS SPARETIME. HE AND HIS WIFE BARBARA, RAISED THEIR SON AND DAUGHTER IN COALDALE, AND REMAIN THERE AT PRESENT. THIS REPLICA WAS RETRIEVED FROM THE MINERS' LIBRARY BUILDING ON 13TH STREET NORTH AFTER ITS CLOSURE. LIBRARY MATERIALS AND MINING MEMORABILIA WERE KEPT IN A DISPLAY CASE LOCATED IN THE SOUTH WEST CORNER OF THE MAIN FLOOR CLUB ROOM. THE ORIGIN OF THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY BEGINS WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY AND READING ROOM BY THE EMPLOYEES OF THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND COAL CO., IN 1890. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LIBRARY WAS FOLLOWING IN THE TRADITION OF THE MECHANICS' LIBRARIES, ALSO CALLED MECAHNICS' INSTITUTES, THAT SPRANG UP ACROSS EASTERN NORTH AMERICA IN THE MID 1800S. THEY WERE SELF-HELP INSTITUTES SET UP BY WORKING MEN TO PROVIDE EDUCATION FOR WORKING MEN SO THEY COULD BETTER THEMSELVES IN LIFE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO THOSE WHO WANTED TO MOVE UP THE ECHELON IN THE COAL MINE. IT WAS ORIGINALLY HOUSED IN A SMALL BUILDING NEXT DOOR TO 108 5TH STREET SOUTH, AND MEMBERSHIP WAS NOT RESTRICTED TO MINERS. A YEAR LATER THE EMPLOYEES RENOVATED THE FORMER #1 BOARDING HOUSE, LOCATED ON THE NORTH SIDE OF MACLEOD ROAD, FOR RELOCATION OF THE LIBRARY AND WHEN THIS LARGER BUILDING OPENED IT IS SAID TO HAVE HAD 300 BOOKS. WITH THE REORGANIZATION OF THE GALT COMPANIES IN 1904, THE AR&C COMPANY'S EMPLOYEES' READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY BECAME THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND IRRIGATION COMPANY'S EMPLOYEE'S READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY. THE LIBRARY CONTAINED 1500 BOOKS, PLUS MANY MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS. IN 1908 THE SOCIETY WAS REFERRED TO AS THE GALT MINER'S LIBRARY, AND STILL IN THE #1 BOARDING HOUSE BUILDING, IT CONTAINED A BILLIARD ROOM AND GYMNASIUM. THE NEXT KNOWN MOVE OF THE LIBRARY WAS IN 1917 WHEN THE GALT MINES LIBRARY PURCHASED THE BAILEY ST. SCHOOL AND MOVED IT TO 733 13TH ST. NORTH - WHERE IT IS STILL PART OF THE MODERN BUILDING THAT USED TO BE THE MINER'S LIBRARY. AFTER THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY IN THE YMCA IN 1919 AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CARNEGIE FUNDED LIBRARY IN GALT GARDENS, THE 'LIBRARY AND READING ROOM' ACTIVITIES BECAME OF LESSER IMPORTANCE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY BECAME MORE OF A SOCIAL CLUB WHICH HAS GIVEN GREAT FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO MANY ASPECTS OF THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY. A BAR AREA IN THE CLUB'S BASEMENT PROVIDED A SPACE FOR PRIVATE FUNCTIONS SUCH AS WEDDINGS, OFFICE PARTIES, FUNERALS AND VARIOUS CLUB ACTIVITIES. THE UPSTAIRS BLACK NUGGET LOUNGE OFFERED MEALS, DRINKS, LIVE MUSIC, DARTS, POOL, CRIB AND VLTS. LONG TIME MEMBERS COULD BUY THEIR CHAIR AND HAVE THEIR NAME ON IT. A REGISTERED NON-PROFIT SOCIETY, THE CLUB MADE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FORMER ADAMS PARK BALL FIELD AND SPECTATOR STANDS, AND SUPPORTED MANY SPORTS AND SPORTS TEAMS THROUGH THE YEARS. THERE ARE ALSO SEVERAL PARKS THAT HAVE THEIR ROOTS IN FUNDS FROM THE LIBRARY. THE CLUB WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BUILDING PAVAN PARK, AND VARIOUS SPORTS VENUES. AS MEMBERSHIP IN THE CLUB DWINDLED THE CLUB'S SALES COULD NOT COVER THE DAILY COSTS OF RUNNING THE OPERATION. IN 2000 FUNDRAISING EFFORTS WERE UNDERTAKEN, AND ALONG WITH AN AUCTION AND CRAFT AND BAKE SALES, THE CLUB SOLICITED DONATIONS FOR THE FIRST TIME IN ITS HISTORY. HOWEVER, BY 2003 THE CLUB HAD ONLY 300 MEMBERS (LESS THAN 1/3 OF THAT 3 YEARS PRIOR) AND AFTER 113 YEARS IT WAS FORCED TO CLOSE IT'S DOORS. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY CLUB WAS THE LONGEST STANDING MEN-ONLY CLUB, AND THE OLDEST CONTINUALLY RUNNING CLUB IN ALBERTA.
Catalogue Number
P20030051023
Acquisition Date
2004-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
COAL STATUE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COAL
Catalogue Number
P20030051019
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
COAL STATUE
Date
1978
Materials
COAL
No. Pieces
1
Height
23.0
Length
12.8
Width
7.0
Description
MADE COMPLETELY FROM COAL. HAS A RECTANGULAR BASE WITH SLIGHTLY BEVELED EDGES. FEATURES A COAL MINER STANDING WITH ONE LEG CROSSED OVER. MINER ALSO HAS ONE HAND ON HIP AND OTHER IS RESTING ON AN INVERTED PICK AXE. HE IS WEARING A CAP WITH LAMP AND A BELT WITH BATTERY PACK AND SAFETY LAMP HANGING FROM IT. CARVED INTO BACK OF BELT IS "© J. KOUREY 1978". A GOLD STICKER ON UNDERSIDE OF BASE READS "HANDCRAFTED FROM COAL". HAS SLIGHT ACCRETIONS THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
COAL MINING
ASSOCIATIONS
History
RETRIEVED FROM THE MINERS' LIBRARY BUILDING ON 13TH STREET NORTH AFTER ITS CLOSURE. LIBRARY MATERIALS AND MINING MEMORABILIA WERE KEPT IN A DISPLAY CASE LOCATED IN THE SOUTH WEST CORNER OF THE MAIN FLOOR CLUB ROOM. THE ORIGIN OF THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY BEGINS WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY AND READING ROOM BY THE EMPLOYEES OF THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND COAL CO., IN 1890. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LIBRARY WAS FOLLOWING IN THE TRADITION OF THE MECHANICS' LIBRARIES, ALSO CALLED MECAHNICS' INSTITUTES, THAT SPRANG UP ACROSS EASTERN NORTH AMERICA IN THE MID 1800S. THEY WERE SELF-HELP INSTITUTES SET UP BY WORKING MEN TO PROVIDE EDUCATION FOR WORKING MEN SO THEY COULD BETTER THEMSELVES IN LIFE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO THOSE WHO WANTED TO MOVE UP THE ECHELON IN THE COAL MINE. IT WAS ORIGINALLY HOUSED IN A SMALL BUILDING NEXT DOOR TO 108 5TH STREET SOUTH, AND MEMBERSHIP WAS NOT RESTRICTED TO MINERS. A YEAR LATER THE EMPLOYEES RENOVATED THE FORMER #1 BOARDING HOUSE, LOCATED ON THE NORTH SIDE OF MACLEOD ROAD, FOR RELOCATION OF THE LIBRARY AND WHEN THIS LARGER BUILDING OPENED IT IS SAID TO HAVE HAD 300 BOOKS. WITH THE REORGANIZATION OF THE GALT COMPANIES IN 1904, THE AR&C COMPANY'S EMPLOYEES' READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY BECAME THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND IRRIGATION COMPANY'S EMPLOYEE'S READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY. THE LIBRARY CONTAINED 1500 BOOKS, PLUS MANY MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS. IN 1908 THE SOCIETY WAS REFERRED TO AS THE GALT MINER'S LIBRARY, AND STILL IN THE #1 BOARDING HOUSE BUILDING, IT CONTAINED A BILLIARD ROOM AND GYMNASIUM. THE NEXT KNOWN MOVE OF THE LIBRARY WAS IN 1917 WHEN THE GALT MINES LIBRARY PURCHASED THE BAILEY ST. SCHOOL AND MOVED IT TO 733 13TH ST. NORTH - WHERE IT IS STILL PART OF THE MODERN BUILDING THAT USED TO BE THE MINER'S LIBRARY. AFTER THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY IN THE YMCA IN 1919 AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CARNEGIE FUNDED LIBRARY IN GALT GARDENS, THE 'LIBRARY AND READING ROOM' ACTIVITIES BECAME OF LESSER IMPORTANCE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY BECAME MORE OF A SOCIAL CLUB WHICH HAS GIVEN GREAT FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO MANY ASPECTS OF THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY. A BAR AREA IN THE CLUB'S BASEMENT PROVIDED A SPACE FOR PRIVATE FUNCTIONS SUCH AS WEDDINGS, OFFICE PARTIES, FUNERALS AND VARIOUS CLUB ACTIVITIES. THE UPSTAIRS BLACK NUGGET LOUNGE OFFERED MEALS, DRINKS, LIVE MUSIC, DARTS, POOL, CRIB AND VLTS. LONG TIME MEMBERS COULD BUY THEIR CHAIR AND HAVE THEIR NAME ON IT. A REGISTERED NON-PROFIT SOCIETY, THE CLUB MADE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FORMER ADAMS PARK BALL FIELD AND SPECTATOR STANDS, AND SUPPORTED MANY SPORTS AND SPORTS TEAMS THROUGH THE YEARS. THERE ARE ALSO SEVERAL PARKS THAT HAVE THEIR ROOTS IN FUNDS FROM THE LIBRARY. THE CLUB WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BUILDING PAVAN PARK, AND VARIOUS SPORTS VENUES. AS MEMBERSHIP IN THE CLUB DWINDLED THE CLUB'S SALES COULD NOT COVER THE DAILY COSTS OF RUNNING THE OPERATION. IN 2000 FUNDRAISING EFFORTS WERE UNDERTAKEN, AND ALONG WITH AN AUCTION AND CRAFT AND BAKE SALES, THE CLUB SOLICITED DONATIONS FOR THE FIRST TIME IN ITS HISTORY. HOWEVER, BY 2003 THE CLUB HAD ONLY 300 MEMBERS (LESS THAN 1/3 OF THAT 3 YEARS PRIOR) AND AFTER 113 YEARS IT WAS FORCED TO CLOSE IT'S DOORS. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY CLUB WAS THE LONGEST STANDING MEN-ONLY CLUB, AND THE OLDEST CONTINUALLY RUNNING CLUB IN ALBERTA.
Catalogue Number
P20030051019
Acquisition Date
2004-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
SET OF MINING FIGURES
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEAD
Catalogue Number
P20030051001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SET OF MINING FIGURES
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1990
Date
1980
Materials
LEAD
No. Pieces
9
Description
1. 4.3 x 8.4 x 2.8. FEATURES A SHORT LENGTH OF RAILROAD TRACK, WITH ROCKS (OR PIECES OF COAL) BETWEEN THE TIES. ON TOP OF TRACK IS A COAL MINER (WITH CAP, LAMP AND BATTERY PACK) PUSHING A CART FULL OF COAL. COAL CART IS ON A SLIGHT ANGLE (A BIT HIGHER IN THE BACK), AND THERE IS MORE COAL TOWARDS BACK. UNDERSIDE OF FIGURINE HAS VARIOUS CIRCLES DRAWN INTO LEAD WITH NUMBERS 2, 3, OR 4 WITHIN CIRCLES . 2. 4.0 X 8.6 X 3.0. SAME AS ABOVE, WITH ONE DIFFERENCE: COAL CART IS REVERSED (HIGHER IN FRONT AND MORE COAL TOWARDS FRONT). 3. 4.8 X 9.3 X 2.8. 2 PIECES. FEATURES A LENGTH OF RAILROAD TRACK, WITH ROCKS (OR COAL) BETWEEN THE TIES. THERE IS A MAN STANDING AT ONE END OF TRACK, AND HE IS LEANING TO ONE SIDE. HE HAS A LENGTH OF ROPE AROUND HIS SHOULDERS, AND IS HOLDING IT IN EACH HAND. ROPE APPEARS TO BE BROKEN AT ONE END. THERE IS A HAND CART THAT HAS BROKEN OFF OF TRACK. CART HAS 2 HOLES IN IT. THERE IS A FAINT X PATTERN ON UNDERSIDE OF FIGURINE. 4. 4.2 X 10.0 X 3.0. FEATURES A LENGTH OF RAILROAD TRACK, WITH ROCKS (OR COAL) BETWEEN THE TIES. ON TRACK IS A COAL CART ATTACHED TO A HORSE. THERE IS A MAN, WITH A PAGEBOY CAP ON, SITTING ON HITCH OF COAL CART. UNDERSIDE OF FIGURINE HAS VARIOUS CIRCLES DRAWN INTO LEAD WITH NUMBERS 2, 3, OR 4 WITHIN CIRCLES . 5. 4.1 X 5.5 X 4.5. HAS AN OVAL BASE. FEATURES A MAN SITTING IN AN OVAL WASHTUB ON TOP OF A RECTANGULAR RUG. THERE IS A WOMAN, IN A DRESS, WASHING MAN'S BACK. CRUMPLED CLOTHES AND BOOTS ARE ON FLOOR. ETCHED INTO UNDERSIDE OF FIGURINE IS "10-4-80 AMMONITE LTD.". 6. 4.7 X 7.3 X 5.2. HAS AN OVAL BASE. FEATURES 3 COAL MINERS. 2 ARE SITTING, ONE IS STANDING. STANDING MAN IS DRINKING FROM A CANTEEN. ONE SITTING MAN HAS HANDS BEHIND HEAD, OTHER MAN'S HANDS ARE ON HIS KNEES. THERE ARE VARIOUS TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT ON GROUND. ETCHED INTO UNDERSIDE OF FIGURINE IS "10-4-8 AMMONITE LTD.". 7. 4.2 X 8.6 X 2.9. SAME AS #2 EXCEPT COAL CART IS NOT ON AN ANGLE. 8. 6.4 X 3.2 X 1.6. FEATURES A COAL MINER STANDING ON A ROUGH LANDSCAPE (RECTANGULAR BASE). MINER HAS ONE HAND ON BELT AND OTHER IS HOLDING A PICK AXE. MINER IS WEARING CAP WITH LAMP.
Subjects
ART
Historical Association
COAL MINING
ASSOCIATIONS
History
RETRIEVED FROM THE MINERS' LIBRARY BUILDING ON 13TH STREET NORTH AFTER ITS CLOSURE. LIBRARY MATERIALS AND MINING MEMORABILIA WERE KEPT IN A DISPLAY CASE LOCATED IN THE SOUTH WEST CORNER OF THE MAIN FLOOR CLUB ROOM. THE ORIGIN OF THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY BEGINS WITH THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY AND READING ROOM BY THE EMPLOYEES OF THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND COAL CO., IN 1890. THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE LIBRARY WAS FOLLOWING IN THE TRADITION OF THE MECHANICS' LIBRARIES, ALSO CALLED MECAHNICS' INSTITUTES, THAT SPRANG UP ACROSS EASTERN NORTH AMERICA IN THE MID 1800S. THEY WERE SELF-HELP INSTITUTES SET UP BY WORKING MEN TO PROVIDE EDUCATION FOR WORKING MEN SO THEY COULD BETTER THEMSELVES IN LIFE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY WAS VERY IMPORTANT TO THOSE WHO WANTED TO MOVE UP THE ECHELON IN THE COAL MINE. IT WAS ORIGINALLY HOUSED IN A SMALL BUILDING NEXT DOOR TO 108 5TH STREET SOUTH, AND MEMBERSHIP WAS NOT RESTRICTED TO MINERS. A YEAR LATER THE EMPLOYEES RENOVATED THE FORMER #1 BOARDING HOUSE, LOCATED ON THE NORTH SIDE OF MACLEOD ROAD, FOR RELOCATION OF THE LIBRARY AND WHEN THIS LARGER BUILDING OPENED IT IS SAID TO HAVE HAD 300 BOOKS. WITH THE REORGANIZATION OF THE GALT COMPANIES IN 1904, THE AR&C COMPANY'S EMPLOYEES' READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY BECAME THE ALBERTA RAILWAY AND IRRIGATION COMPANY'S EMPLOYEE'S READING ROOM AND LIBRARY SOCIETY. THE LIBRARY CONTAINED 1500 BOOKS, PLUS MANY MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS. IN 1908 THE SOCIETY WAS REFERRED TO AS THE GALT MINER'S LIBRARY, AND STILL IN THE #1 BOARDING HOUSE BUILDING, IT CONTAINED A BILLIARD ROOM AND GYMNASIUM. THE NEXT KNOWN MOVE OF THE LIBRARY WAS IN 1917 WHEN THE GALT MINES LIBRARY PURCHASED THE BAILEY ST. SCHOOL AND MOVED IT TO 733 13TH ST. NORTH - WHERE IT IS STILL PART OF THE MODERN BUILDING THAT USED TO BE THE MINER'S LIBRARY. AFTER THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A LIBRARY IN THE YMCA IN 1919 AND THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CARNEGIE FUNDED LIBRARY IN GALT GARDENS, THE 'LIBRARY AND READING ROOM' ACTIVITIES BECAME OF LESSER IMPORTANCE. THE MINERS' LIBRARY BECAME MORE OF A SOCIAL CLUB WHICH HAS GIVEN GREAT FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO MANY ASPECTS OF THE LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY. A BAR AREA IN THE CLUB'S BASEMENT PROVIDED A SPACE FOR PRIVATE FUNCTIONS SUCH AS WEDDINGS, OFFICE PARTIES, FUNERALS AND VARIOUS CLUB ACTIVITIES. THE UPSTAIRS BLACK NUGGET LOUNGE OFFERED MEALS, DRINKS, LIVE MUSIC, DARTS, POOL, CRIB AND VLTS. LONG TIME MEMBERS COULD BUY THEIR CHAIR AND HAVE THEIR NAME ON IT. A REGISTERED NON-PROFIT SOCIETY, THE CLUB MADE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FORMER ADAMS PARK BALL FIELD AND SPECTATOR STANDS, AND SUPPORTED MANY SPORTS AND SPORTS TEAMS THROUGH THE YEARS. THERE ARE ALSO SEVERAL PARKS THAT HAVE THEIR ROOTS IN FUNDS FROM THE LIBRARY. THE CLUB WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BUILDING PAVAN PARK, AND VARIOUS SPORTS VENUES. AS MEMBERSHIP IN THE CLUB DWINDLED THE CLUB'S SALES COULD NOT COVER THE DAILY COSTS OF RUNNING THE OPERATION. IN 2000 FUNDRAISING EFFORTS WERE UNDERTAKEN, AND ALONG WITH AN AUCTION AND CRAFT AND BAKE SALES, THE CLUB SOLICITED DONATIONS FOR THE FIRST TIME IN ITS HISTORY. HOWEVER, BY 2003 THE CLUB HAD ONLY 300 MEMBERS (LESS THAN 1/3 OF THAT 3 YEARS PRIOR) AND AFTER 113 YEARS IT WAS FORCED TO CLOSE IT'S DOORS. AT THE TIME OF ITS CLOSURE THE LETHBRIDGE MINERS' LIBRARY CLUB WAS THE LONGEST STANDING MEN-ONLY CLUB, AND THE OLDEST CONTINUALLY RUNNING CLUB IN ALBERTA.
Catalogue Number
P20030051001
Acquisition Date
2004-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
STAGE PERFORMANCE BORDER
Date Range From
1918
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLYWOOD, PAINT
Catalogue Number
P20110031021
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
STAGE PERFORMANCE BORDER
Date Range From
1918
Date Range To
1950
Materials
PLYWOOD, PAINT
No. Pieces
5
Height
303.5
Length
114.3
Description
STAGE PERFORMANCE BORDER, IN FIVE PANEL PIECES. .001 TOP CENTRE PANEL. RECTANGULAR. VERY THIN PLYWOOD. GREEN BACKGROUND WITH PINK/RED FLOWERS. TWO FLAGS IN THE CENTRE: THE KUOMINTANG/NATIONAL LEAGUE FLAG IS ON THE LEFT (NAVY BLUE WITH A GOLDEN YELLOW SUN IN THE MIDDLE) AND THE FLAG OF THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA IS ON THE RIGHT (RED BODY, WITH A NAVY BLUE RECTANGLE IN THE TOP LEFT CORNER AND A GOLDEN YELLOW SUN IN THE MIDDLE OF THIS NAVY SECTION). BETWEEN THE FLAGS IS A NAVY BLUE, ROUGHLY OCTAGON SHAPE, WITH ANOTHER GOLDEN YELLOW SUN IN THE CENTRE. ALONG THE BOTTOM IS A REPEATING PATTERN IN RED AND YELLOW OF TWO DOTS, A LINE, AND A DOT. SCREW HOLES ALONG THE TOP AND SIDES FOR MOUNTING. ON THE FAR RIGHT SIDE OF THE PANEL IS A SMALL RECTANGULAR PIECE, ATTACHED WITH WIRE, ROUGHLY 19CM X 7.6CM. PANEL IS 241.6CM X 47.6CM POOR TO FAIR CONDITION. PANEL IS WELL WORN, THE COLOURS ARE FADED, AND THE PAINT IS CHIPPED IN SEVERAL SPOTS. .002 TOP SIDE PANEL. RECTANGULAR. VERY THIN PLYWOOD. ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE PANEL ARE THE TOPS OF TWO COLUMNS. A SMALL PINK/RED FLOWER ON A GREEN VINE IS VISIBLE ON THE COLUMN. TO THE LEFT OF THE COLUMNS IS A SECTION OF GREEN WITH PINK/RED FLOWERS. ALONG THE BOTTOM IS A REPEATING PATTERN IN RED AND YELLOW OF TWO DOTS, A LINE, AND A DOT. BELOW THE RED AND YELLOW SECTION IS A NAVY BLUE SECTION, WITH A YELLOW SECTION JUST TO THE RIGHT OF THE COLUMN. SCREW HOLES ALONG THE TOP AND SIDES FOR MOUNTING. PANEL IS 200.7CM X 56.2CM POOR TO FAIR CONDITION. PAINT SCRATCHED OFF, ESPECIALLY ON THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE GREEN FLOWER SECTION. NOT AS FADED OR AS WORN AS .001. TAPE REMNANTS IN THE GREEN SECTION TO THE RIGHT OF COLUMNS. .003 TOP SIDE PANEL. RECTANGULAR. VERY THIN PLYWOOD. ON THE LEFT SIDE OF THE PANEL ARE THE TOPS OF TWO COLUMNS. TO THE LEFT OF THE COLUMNS IS A SECTION OF GREEN WITH PINK/RED FLOWERS. ALONG THE BOTTOM IS A REPEATING PATTERN IN RED AND YELLOW OF TWO DOTS, A LINE, AND A DOT. BELOW THE RED AND YELLOW SECTION IS A NAVY BLUE SECTION, WITH A YELLOW SECTION JUST TO THE RIGHT OF THE COLUMN. SCREW HOLES ALONG THE TOP AND SIDES FOR MOUNTING. PANEL IS 243.2CM X 55.2CM POOR TO FAIR CONDITION. TAN PAINT ALONG THE BOTTOM, OVER THE GREEN SECTION, IN SEVERAL AREAS. THE NAVY BLUE SECTION HAS A LOT OF HAIRLINE CRACKS IN THE PAINT. .004 SIDE PANEL. RECTANGULAR. VERY THIN PLYWOOD. ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PANEL IS A RECTANGLE IN THREE SHADES OF BROWN/TAN. ALONG THE LEFT SIDE OF THE PANEL THERE ARE TWO COLUMNS, WHICH HAVE PINK/RED FLOWERS ON GREEN VINES WRAPPED AROUND THEM. NAVY BLUE CURTAIN TO THE RIGHT OF COLUMNS. THERE IS A VERTICAL RECTANGLE OVER THIS NAVY CURTAIN. THE RECTANGLE HAS A LIGHT BLUE/GREEN BACKGROUND AND HAS SEVEN CHINESE CHARACTERS IN YELLOW. THERE IS ORNAMENTATION AROUND THIS RECTANGLE. THE NAVY CURTAIN IS HELD BACK WITH A GOLDEN YELLOW TIEBACK NEAR THE TOP. ON THE FAR RIGHT SIDE IS A VERTICAL RECTANGLE WITH AN ORANGE BACKGROUND AND SEVEN CHINESE CHARACTERS IN BLACK. SCREW HOLES FOR MOUNTING AROUND EDGE OF PANEL. PANEL IS 303.5CM X 114.3CM POOR TO FAIR CONDITION. IN WORSE CONDITION THAN .005. LOTS OF LITTLE HOLES, ESPECIALLY ON THE NAVY CURTAIN. LOTS OF WALL PAINT FLECKS, ESPECIALLY ON THE COLUMNS. THE BLUE VERTICAL RECTANGLE IS MORE GREEN THAN ON .005 AND THE PAINT IS VERY, VERY WORN. .005 SIDE PANEL. RECTANGULAR. VERY THIN PLYWOOD. ON THE BOTTOM OF THE PANEL IS A RECTANGLE IN THREE SHADES OF BROWN/TAN. ALONG THE RIGHT SIDE OF THE PANEL THERE ARE TWO COLUMNS, WHICH HAVE PINK/RED FLOWERS ON GREEN VINES WRAPPED AROUND THEM. NAVY BLUE CURTAIN TO THE LEFT OF COLUMNS. THERE IS A VERTICAL RECTANGLE OVER THIS NAVY CURTAIN. THE RECTANGLE HAS A LIGHT BLUE/GREEN BACKGROUND AND HAS SEVEN CHINESE CHARACTERS IN YELLOW. THERE IS ORNAMENTATION AROUND THIS RECTANGLE. BELOW THIS BLUE RECTANGLE, ON THE NAVY CURTAIN, ARE SEVERAL CHINESE CHARACTERS ON A DIAGONAL, PAINTED ON IN RED. THE NAVY CURTAIN IS HELD BACK WITH A GOLDEN YELLOW TIEBACK NEAR THE TOP. ON THE FAR LEFT SIDE IS A VERTICAL RECTANGLE WITH AN ORANGE BACKGROUND AND SEVEN CHINESE CHARACTERS IN BLACK. SCREW HOLES FOR MOUNTING AROUND EDGE OF PANEL. PANEL IS 303.5CM X 114.3CM POOR TO FAIR CONDITION. LOTS OF CHIPPED PAINT. PANEL IS FADED/DISCOLOURED. BOTTOM BACK IS IN ESPECIALLY POOR CONDITION AND IS VERY DIRTY.
Subjects
PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENT DEVICE
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
FINE ARTS
LEISURE
History
THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THIS ARTIFACT COMES FROM INTERVIEWS HELD WITH MAY LEE AND JUDY CHAN, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND JANICE WONG. PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE FOUND BELOW THE ARTIFACT DETAILS AND BELOW THE INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY BUILDING. MAY RECALLED THAT THERE WERE OPERAS AT THE SOCIETY BUILDING, BUT THAT THEY DIDN’T COME VERY OFTEN. SHE DIDN’T RECALL ATTENDING MANY OPERAS, BUT DID REMEMBER THAT “HONG WONG WAS SINGING THERE.” RICHARD, MEANWHILE, THOUGHT THAT THE OPERAS WERE FINISHED BEFORE HE ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE. HE NEVER SAW AN OPERA PRODUCTION AT THE SOCIETY BUILDING, BUT DID RECALL THAT PROJECTION FILMS WERE SHOWN. RICHARD SUGGESTED “ASK HONG. HE LIKED A LITTLE BIT OF OPERA TOO … HE SANG IN STUFF LIKE THAT.” HONG INDICATED THAT THERE WAS NO OPERAS AT THE SOCIETY BUILDING WHEN HE CAME IN 1951, BUT THAT THE SOCIETY DID STAGE PRODUCTIONS AT THE UNIVERSITY. ASKED WHERE THE COSTUMES CAME FROM, HONG SAID “WE GOT THEM FROM CALGARY AT THAT TIME, WELL, ACTUALLY WE JUST BORROWED THEM. WE DIDN’T HAVE THE MONEY TO BUY THEM.” HONG CONTINUED SAYING THAT THIS STAGE PERFORMANCE BORDER WAS USED IN CONJUNCTION WITH A LARGE MURAL (SEE P20010027000) AND A STAGE. A SERIES OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD GIVE BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY AND ITS BUILDING: THE BUILDING THAT HOUSED THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE SOCIETY WAS BUILT IN 1909-1910 IN THE 300 BLOCK OF 2 AVENUE SOUTH AND IT WAS ORIGINALLY A RESTAURANT. BY 1915 IT HAD BECOME THE HEADQUARTERS FOR THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE KAO MIN TANG (ALTERNATIVE SPELLINGS INCLUDE KUOMINTANG, KUO MIN TANG, GUOMINDANG, AND GUO MIN DANG). THE BUILDING WAS DESIGNATED AS A PROVINCIAL HERITAGE RESOURCE IN 1995 BECAUSE OF ITS VALUE AS A SOCIAL AND CULTURAL CENTRE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE CHINESE COMMUNITY. THE BUILDING WAS USED IN A VARIETY OF WAYS BY THE SOCIETY AND INCLUDED, AT VARIOUS TIMES, A RESTAURANT, A SCHOOL, AND LIVING ACCOMODATIONS. IN FEBRUARY 2011 A SECTION OF THE BRICK FAÇADE FELL OFF THE BUILDING AND CITY INSPECTORS DETERMINED THAT THE TIMBER AND RED BRICK STRUCTURE WAS POTENTIALLY UNSTABLE. THE BUILDING WAS TORN DOWN A SHORT TIME LATER. LETHBRIDGE'S CHINATOWN EMERGED IN 1901, A RESULT OF THE CHINESE POPULATION BEING RELEGATED TO A SECTION OF THE CITY BETWEEN GALT GARDENS AND THE COULEES. IN A JANUARY 7, 2002 ARTICLE ALBERT LEONG EXPLAINS THAT NO ONE REALLY WANTED CHINESE PEOPLE AROUND AND THAT “’ THEY WERE TOLD THAT THE ONLY PLACE THEY COULD START BUSINESSES WAS BETWEEN THE COULEES AT THE PARK, BECAUSE THE CITY DIDN’T WANT ANY COMPETITION FOR THE WHITE BUSINESSMEN … BUT ‘GHETTO-IZED’ OR NOT, THE CHINESE WHO CAME TO LETHBRIDGE FORMED AN IMPORTANT PART OF THE BACKBONE OF THIS CITY, [AND MADE] NOTEWORTHY [CONTRIBUTIONS] TO THE HISTORY OF THIS PLACE.’” BUSINESSES SUCH AS LAUNDRIES, MARKET GARDENS, AND RESTAURANTS WERE OPENED IN CHINATOWN, WITH THE RESIDENTS LIVING IN ROOMS ABOVE THE BUSINESSES. IN 1912 THERE WERE ABOUT 100 PEOPLE LIVING IN CHINATOWN AND BY THE 1930S, IT WAS A BUSTLING COMMUNITY. THE POPULATION OF CHINATOWN DWINDLED FOLLOWING THE SECOND WORLD WAR. JANICE WONG, PRESIDENT OF THE SOCIETY IN 2015, GAVE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE SOCIETY IN AN INTERVIEW: AS OF 2015, THE SOCIETY EXISTS MORE AS A SOCIAL CLUB AND THE SOCIETY HOLDS THREE CELEBRATORY DINNERS EACH YEAR, USUALLY HELD AT THE NEW DYNASTY RESTAURANT. THE SOCIETY ALSO VISITS THE CEMETERY ON A YEARLY BASIS “TO HONOUR THE ANCESTORS, CLEAN THE TOMBS, BRING FOOD, DO THE USUAL THINGS THAT WE USED TO DO – EAT ON GRAVES, BURN THE INCENSE. WE DO THAT EVERY YEAR STILL TO HONOUR OUR ANCESTORS. IT IS USUALLY IN THE SPRING … IN APRIL.” JANICE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED THE FUTURE OF THE SOCIETY, INDICATING THAT THERE IS SOME TALK ABOUT RE-BUILDING “BUT THAT INVOLVES A LOT OF PLANNING, AND MONEY, AND FUNDRAISING” AND SHE QUESTIONS WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS ENOUGH OF A MEMBERSHIP BASE TO GO FORWARD WITH RE-BUILDING. SHE ALSO EXPLAINED THAT PREVIOUS CHINESE IMMIGRANTS HAD TENDED TO COME FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC REGION, BUT THAT PRESENTLY IMMIGRANTS ARE COMING FROM ALL OVER CHINA: “THERE’S A LOT OF INFLUX OF PEOPLE FROM CHINA THAT AREN’T FROM THE SAME AREA, BECAUSE TRADITIONALLY, THE PEOPLE WERE ALL FROM THE SAME AREA AND SPOKE THE SAME DIALECT AND HAD THAT SORT OF THING KEEPING THEM TOGETHER AS A COMMUNITY OVERSEAS FROM CHINA.” PERSONAL DETAILS ABOUT THE LIVES OF MAY LEE, RICHARD LOO, AND HONG WONG AND THEIR IMMIGRATION TO CANADA ARE BELOW: MAY LEE: MAY WAS ACTUALLY BORN IN CANADA AND IS KNOWN AS A GOLD MOUNTAIN GIRL, BECAUSE SHE IS A CANADIAN-BORN CHINESE WOMAN. MAY EXPLAINS: “I WAS BORN IN CANADA. I WAS BORN IN NANOOSE BAY. WHEN I WAS 4 YEARS OLD, WE MOVED TO VICTORIA. WHEN I WAS 9 YEARS OLD AND THE WHOLE FAMILY, IN 1930, GO BACK TO CHINA.” DURING THE WAR, THE JAPANESE BOMBED THE GIRLS’ HIGH SCHOOL IN TOCSIN CITY AND MAY’S MOTHER DECIDED TO SEND MAY AND HER BROTHER TO HONG KONG TO START THE PROCESS OF COMING TO CANADA. MAY STARTED ENGLISH SCHOOL IN HONG KONG, BUT OFTEN MISSED CLASSES BECAUSE SHE WAS SICK FROM THE HEAT. SHE SAYS THAT SHE’S LEARNED MOST OF HER ENGLISH FROM HER HUSBAND, HER CHILDREN, GRANDCHILDREN, AND EVEN GREAT-GRANDCHILDREN. SHE WAS MARRIED TO HOM MEN LEE, AKA JIMMY LEE, ON NOVEMBER 16, 1938 IN VICTORIA, BC. JIMMY WAS BORN IN LETHBRIDGE AT THE GALT HOSPITAL, BUT WAS SENT BACK TO CHINA AS A CHILD FOR HIS EDUCATION. JIMMY’S FAMILY HAD COME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1914 AND OWNED LEE-DUC CLEANERS. THE LEE FAMILY LIVED ABOVE THE SHOP, WHICH WAS ON 13TH STREET NORTH, NEAR HIGA’S JEWELERS. MAY’S MAIN MEMORY OF CHINATOWN: “ALL I REMEMBER IN CHINATOWN, IN SUMMERTIME, LOTS OF OLD GUYS SITTING IN FRONT OF GUOMINDANG. AUNTIE HELEN GREW UP IN CHINATOWN. I THINK SHE KNOWS MORE ABOUT CHINATOWN. IN THE OLDEN DAYS, I HARDLY GO OUT, JUST TO BUY GROCERIES.” JUDY ADDED THAT MAY HAD 8 CHILDREN AND WAS KEPT BUSY AT HOME RAISING THEM. RICHARD LOO: RICHARD ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1953, HAVING LEFT THE MAINLAND OF CHINA IN 1949. RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD MOVED TO CANADA IN EITHER LATE 1800S OR THE EARLY 1900S AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE HEAD TAX. HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED AS A COOK IN RESTAURANTS, EITHER IN LETHBRIDGE OR IN TABER (ACCORDING TO RICHARD, HIS GRANDFATHER WORKED THROUGH THE WAR YEARS IN TABER). RICHARD’S GRANDFATHER HAD PLANNED ON MOVING BACK TO CHINA WHEN HE RETIRED, BUT THEN THE COMMUNISTS TOOK OVER, AND HE ELECTED TO STAY. AT THAT TIME, HE INVITED RICHARD TO MOVE TO LETHBRIDGE AS WELL. RICHARD LEFT HONG KONG, AFTER LIVING THERE FOR 8 MONTHS, ON A FRIDAY AFTERNOON AT 2PM LOCAL TIME. HE FINALLY ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE SUNDAY AFTERNOON. HE WAS LUCKY IN THAT HE WAS ABLE TO GET HIS FLIGHTS ON SALE. NORMALLY A TICKET FROM HONG KONG TO VANCOUVER WOULD HAVE COST $700, BUT RICHARD WAS ABLE TO SECURE A FLIGHT FOR ONLY $500. HE ALSO INDICATED THAT HIS FLIGHT TO LETHBRIDGE WAS ONLY $39.95. ON RECALLING HIS FIRST TIME IN LETHBRIDGE, RICHARD RECOUNTED THE FOLLOWING STORY: “SO, BY THE TIME I GOT TO THE AIRPORT, I DIDN’T KNOW HOW TO SAY NOTHING. DIDN’T KNOW – MAYBE COULD SAY ‘GOOD MORNING’ – THAT’S ALL YOU COULD SAY, JUST ANYWAYS HOW TO SAY ‘HELLO’ – SO, ANYWAY, SO IN THE MEANTIME, THE FELLOW AT THE AIRPORT MUST HAVE KNOWN ZEKE, YOU KNOW ZEKE QUAN [OWNER OF] THE LOTUS INN [RESTAURANT], AND HE PHONED HIM UP. HE SAYS, ‘ZEKE.’ I DIDN’T KNOW WHAT HE WAS TALKING ABOUT – NOTHING. AND THEN HE SAYS, ‘HEY, THIS IS A CHINA BOY HERE. WHAT ARE YOU GOING TO DO WITH HIM?’ SO, ZEKE SAYS, ‘OH, JUST TAKE HIM TO CHINATOWN AND DUMP HIM.’ NOW, I DIDN’T KNOW THOSE, NOT UNTIL LATER ON. ZEKE’S SON GO TO SAME SCHOOL I DID – CENTRAL SCHOOL.” RICHARD INITIALLY LIVED IN THE SOCIETY BUILDING FOR SEVERAL YEARS, OCCUPYING A ROOM THAT HAD BEEN RECENTLY VACATED BY ANOTHER MAN NAMED LOO WHO HAD GONE TO WORK IN PICTURE BUTTE. RICHARD RECALLED THAT THE SOCIETY WAS A GOOD PLACE TO FEEL A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND THAT IT WAS A WELCOMING PLACE FOR NEW CHINESE IMMIGRANTS, A PLACE WHERE THEY WEREN’T DISCRIMINATED AGAINST. HONG WONG: HONG ARRIVED IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1951 AND WAS INVITED TO THE CITY BY HIS UNCLE SHUEY WONG, WHO WAS ALREADY LIVING HERE. UNCLE SHUEY HAD COME TO CANADA SEVERAL YEARS BEFORE AND HAD HAD TO PAY THE $500 HEAD TAX. HONG TRAVELED WITH HIS BROTHER FROM MAINLAND CHINA TO HONG KONG, IN ORDER TO GO TO THE CANADIAN EMBASSY. ON HIS FERRY RIDE TO HONG KONG, HE WAS SHOT BY BANDITS AND WAS REQUIRED TO STAY IN THE HOSPITAL FOR QUITE SOME TIME TO RECOVER. HIS BROTHER ELECTED TO REMAIN IN HONG KONG, AS HIS MOTHER-IN-LAW LIVED IN THE CITY AND GOT HONG’S BROTHER WORK IN A THEATRE. TO GET TO CANADA, HONG FLEW FROM JAPAN TO GUAM, TO VANCOUVER, AND THEN FINALLY TO LETHBRIDGE. HIS FIRST IMPRESSION OF LETHBRIDGE: COLD. HONG SAID: “’WELL, IN HONG KONG IT WAS AROUND MAYBE 20 SOME 30 ABOVE. AND HERE, AT THAT TIME, MAYBE 20 BELOW, OR 20 SOME BELOW. I DIDN’T HAVE THE EAR MUFFS. I SAID, ‘GEE, I’M NOT SO HAPPY HERE, IT SEEMS SO COLD.’” UNCLE SHUEY TOLD HONG THAT IT WAS ONE OF THE COLDEST WINTERS HE COULD REMEMBER. HONG WORKED FOR HIS UNCLE IN HIS SHOP ON 9TH AVENUE, DOING CHORES AROUND THE STORE, UNTIL HIS ENGLISH HAD IMPROVED ENOUGH SO THAT HE COULD SERVE CUSTOMERS. HE JOINED THE CHINESE NATIONALIST LEAGUE SOCIETY ALMOST AS SOON AS HE ARRIVED: “WHEN I CAME HERE, I JOINED IN THE SAME YEAR BECAUSE MY UNCLE WAS A MEMBER. SO THAT’S WHY HE GOT ME IN TO BE A MEMBER. OH, AT THAT TIME, I BET, 95% OF THE CHINESE PEOPLE THEY BELONG TO THE CHINESE NATIONAL LEAGUE, I BELIEVE.” HE CONTINUED, SAYING THAT YOU COULDN’T BE A MEMBER OF BOTH THE SOCIETY AND THE MASONS, AND HE BELIEVES ABOUT 5% OF THE CITY’S CHINESE POPULATION WOULD HAVE BELONGED TO THE MASONS. HE ADDED: “BUT WE ARE STILL FRIENDS, STILL FRIENDS. WE’RE NOT ENEMY OR ANYTHING BUT, IT’S JUST THAT THE ORGANIZATIONS ARE DIFFERENT. THAT’S ALL.” HONG ENJOYED THE CAMARADERIE OF THE SOCIETY. HE SAID: “I REMEMBER, I LIKE IT BECAUSE THEY HAVE THE PARTY AND SO MANY PEOPLE. AND THEN YOU MEET ALL THE CHINESE PEOPLE THERE IN THE ONE GROUP. WELL, ANYWAY, WHEN YOU SEE SO MANY PEOPLE IN ONE PARTY, AND THEN WHEN THEY COME OUT MOSTLY THE PEOPLE THAT PARTY AND IT FEELS LIKE A LOTS OF FRIENDS OR EVEN LIKE THE FAMILY. SO YOU FEEL GOOD, YOU FEEL BETTER, AND THEN, WELL, MY UNCLE BELONGS THERE TOO AND THEN THE OTHERS BELONG THERE TOO, YEAH, EVERYBODY LIKE IN THE BIG FAMILY. YES, NICE, OTHERWISE YOU DON’T HAVE ANY FRIENDS, YOU DON’T MEET ANYBODY, IF YOU NOT BELONG THERE, I THINK NOT SO FRIENDLY TO YOU.” HONG INDICATED THAT WHEN A SPECIAL MEAL WAS HELD AT THE SOCIETY, IT WAS THE MEN WHO DID THE COOKING: “AT THAT TIME JUST ABOUT EVERYBODY KNOWS HOW TO COOK BECAUSE MOSTLY WE WORK IN THE KITCHEN WHEN THEY CAME HERE.” HE SAID THAT DINERS WOULD PAY A SMALL FEE TO EAT AT THE LEAGUE WHEN SPECIAL MEALS WERE PUT ON. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND FOR INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTS.
Catalogue Number
P20110031021
Acquisition Date
2011-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
LEGION - 1980+
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, POLYESTER, LEATHER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19990063001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
LEGION - 1980+
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Materials
WOOL, POLYESTER, LEATHER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
8.2
Length
25.5
Width
24.7
Description
NAVY BLUE, WITH BLACK TRIM AND LINING. HAS A BLACK SHOELACE AT BACK, LACED THROUGH FOUR HOLES, AND TIED. ON FRONT IS AN EMBROIDERED LEGION EMBLEM, CONSISTING OF A YELLOW CIRCLE, WITH A CROWN ON TOP. WITHIN THE CIRCLE IS A RED MAPLE LEAF; BELOW THIS IS A BLUE BANNER THAT READS "LEGION", AND BELOW THIS ARE THREE RED POPPIES. TO THE RIGHT OF THIS CREST IS A BRASS "4". OUTER LAYER OF "4" IS PEELING; HAS SOME GREEN CORROSION ON IT. INSIDE BRIM OF BERET IS THE REMNANT OF A WHITE TAG.
Subjects
CLOTHING-HEADWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
ITEMS BELONGED TO DONOR'S HUSBAND, ARTHUR "ART" TURNER. BORN IN BOURNVILLE, ENGLAND IN 1915. HIS FAMILY COULDN'T AFFORD TO KEEP HIM IN ENGLAND; SENT TO CANADA IN 1930, AND HE WENT TO NORTH EDMONTON. A YEAR LATER HE TRAVELLED THROUGH B.C. AND ALBERTA. HE JOINED THE CANADIAN ARMY IN 1934 IN CALGARY?, SERVED FOR OVER 30 YEARS. SERVED OVERSEAS DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WITH THE 2ND ANTI-TANK REGIMENT FROM LETHBRIDGE. HE WENT INTO THE INVASION OF EUROPE, HAVING BEEN TRAINED FOR THIS INVASION SINCE 1940. HE SERVED IN FRANCE, BELGIUM, HOLLAND AND GERMANY. HE WAS WOUNDED TWICE, INCLUDING LOSS OF HEARING FROM THE BOMBING, BUT HE CARRIED ON. WHEN THE WAR WAS OVER, ART SERVED WITH THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION IN GERMANY FOR ABOUT TWO YEARS. RETURNING TO SHILO, MANITOBA, ART UNDERTOOK MANY TRAINING COURSES AND WAS PROMOTED TO WARRANT OFFICER, TRAINING THE MILITIA AND ARMY CADETS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF MANITOBA, SASK., ALBERTA AND B.C.. ART ENJOYED HIS WORK AND FINALLY RETIRED FROM THE ARMY IN 1966. HE THEN WENT TO WORK IN THE MAIN BRANCH OF THE CANADIAN IMPERIAL BANK OF COMMERCE IN LETHBRIDGE, RETIRING IN 1978. HE WAS AWARDED SEVERAL MEDALS FOR WAR SERVICES. IN 1978 HE MARRIED ROSA AND THEY LIVED FOR A FEW YEARS IN CHAMPION, FINALLY COMING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1980. ART LOVED TO CURL AND WON MANY TROPHIES IN THE SPORT; HE ALSO LOVED TO TRAVEL. HE JOINED THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION, GENERAL STEWART BRANCH #4 IN 1960, AND SERVED FOUR YEARS ON THE HOUSING COMMITTEE, PRESIDENT OF LEGION COMMITTEE. IN 1997 HE WAS AWARDED A LIFE MEMBERSHIP IN THE LEGION, AND HE PASSED AWAY IN 1998. ID# WARRANT OFFICER 2ND CLASS / SM1008.
Catalogue Number
P19990063001
Acquisition Date
1999-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
ROTARY NAMEPLATE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
STEEL (TINNED), PAPER (COVERING)
Catalogue Number
P19890005004
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ROTARY NAMEPLATE
Date
1943
Materials
STEEL (TINNED), PAPER (COVERING)
No. Pieces
1
Length
7
Width
4.6
Description
OVAL BADGE OR NAMETAG, BLUE & WHITE, "ROTARY LETHBRIDGE 'ART' A.K. PUTLAND SR. ACTIVE (EDUCATION MUSIC) 1943".
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
MANUFACTURER: BOOTHE-KENT TORONTO. NAME TAG PROBABLY INTENDED FOR ROTARIAN FUNCTIONS, IE CONVENTIONS.
Catalogue Number
P19890005004
Acquisition Date
1989-02
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION BLAZER
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOL, POLYESTER, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19990063003
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION BLAZER
Date Range From
1980
Date Range To
1998
Materials
WOOL, POLYESTER, BRASS
No. Pieces
1
Length
87.5
Width
61.0
Description
NAVY BLUE, WOOL, BLAZER. HAS A POLYESTER LINING; LIGHT BLUE WITH A REPEATING SMALL NAVY BLUE AND SALMON COLOURED PATTERN. HAS TWO INSIDE POCKETS; BENEATH ONE OF THESE IS A BROWN TAG THAT READS "HENLEY BY/PAR TIP TOP". INSIDE POCKET ARE TWO WHITE TAGS THAT READ "52% WOOL/LAINE 48% POLYESTER DRY CLEAN ONLY NETTOYAGE A SEC CA 00261 ACCLAMATED CLOTHING AND TEXTILE WORKERS UNION" "46 31856 TALL M665 13837 817". ON OUTSIDE ARE TWO HIP POCKETS AND ONE BREAST POCKET. ON BREAST POCKET IS AN EMBROIDERED ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION BADGE. CONSISTS OF A YELLOW CIRCLE, WITH A CROWN ON TOP; WITHIN BORDER OF CIRCLE, IN GOLD IS "MEMORIAN FORUM RETINEBIMUS". IN CIRCLE IS A RED MAPLE LEAF, BELOW THIS IS A BLUE BANNER THAT READS "LEGION", AND BELOW THIS ARE THREE RED POPPIES. THE CUFFS AND FRONT CLOSURE EACH HAVE TWO GOLD BUTTONS WITH THE SAME LEGION EMBLEM EMBOSSED ON THEM.
Subjects
CLOTHING-OUTERWEAR
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
BELONGED TO ART TURNER, WHO SERVED OVER THIRTY YEARS IN THE CANADIAN ARMY. TURNER ENLISTED IN CALGARY IN 1934, SERVING OVERSEAS DURING THE SECOND WORLD WAR WITH THE 2ND ANTI-TANK REGIMENT FROM LETHBRIDGE. HE REMAINED IN GERMANY WITH THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION FOR TWO YEARS AFTER THE WAR, RETIRING FROM SERVICE IN 1966. TURNER JOINED THE ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION IN 1960 AND, SHORTLY BEFORE HIS DEATH IN 1998, WAS AWARDED A LIFE MEMBERSHIP IN THE GENERAL STEWART BRANCH #4. SEE P19990063001-GA FOR MORE HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2017 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT RUTHANN LABLANCE CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF CLOTHING, INCLUDING A JACKET DONATED BY ROSA TURNER. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS COMPILED USING ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. ACCORDING TO HER OBITUARY, ROSA TURNER “WAS BORN AND RAISED IN ENGLAND. DURING THE WAR YEARS SHE JOINED THE CIVIL DEFENCE AND STUDIED FIRST AID, AMBULANCE WORK, AND GAS WARFARE, VOLUNTARY WORK WHICH EARNED HER A MEDAL. IN 1959 SHE MOVED TO CANADA AND MARRIED ANDY DUNIPACE. THEY RESIDED IN CHAMPTION UNTIL HIS PASSING IN 1977. IN 1978 SHE MARRIED ART TURNER AND MOVED TO LETHBRIDGE.” ROSA PASSED AWAY AT THE AGE OF 91 ON AUGUST 11, 2002. ARTHUR “ART” A. TURNER C.D. WAS BORN IN BOURNVILLE, ENGLAND AND MOVED TO CANADA AT THE AGE OF 15. HE SERVED IN THE CANADIAN ARMY FOR OVER THIRTY YEARS, INCLUDING OVERSEAS SERVICE DURING WWII IN FRANCE, BELGIUM, HOLLAND, AND GERMANY. HE WAS TWICE WOUNDED, INCLUDING THE LOSS OF HIS HEARING FROM BOMBINGS. HE ALSO SERVED IN GERMANY FOR TWO YEARS WITH THE ARMY OF OCCUPATION FOLLOWING THE WAR. UPON HIS RETURN TO CANADA, HE TRAINED MILITA AND ARMY CADETS THROUGHOUT MANITOBA, SASKATCHEWAN, ALBERTA, AND BRITISH COLUMBIA. HIS OBITUARY LISTS HIS TITLE AND NAME AS WARRANT OFFICER (RETIRED) ARTHUR “ART” A. TURNER, C.D. ART PASSED AWAY ON MAY 2, 1998. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR COPIES OF THE ARTICLES FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD.
Catalogue Number
P19990063003
Acquisition Date
1999-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINIUM, PLASTIC, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19890020008
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1974
Materials
ALUMINIUM, PLASTIC, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
17.5
Width
21.3
Description
PLAQUE READS: "PRESENTED TO ALEX JOHNSON LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES CITIZEN OF THE YEAR 1974" BLACK PLASTIC ON ALUMINIUM ON WOOD. BASE CONTRUCTED OF PARTICLE BOARD. INK STAMP ON REVERSE "ART STUDIO, LETHBRIDE AB". WHITE LABEL ON REVERSE MARKED "5:7.6".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
JOHNSTON GIVEN AWARD BY JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. FROM JOHNSTON ESTATE. SEE P19890020001-GA FOR JOHNSTON HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19890020008
Acquisition Date
1989-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
"ELGIN" AIRCRAFT CLOCK
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, WOOD, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20060019002
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"ELGIN" AIRCRAFT CLOCK
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, WOOD, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
4.4
Length
6.5
Width
11.5
Description
CLOCK, AIRCRAFT. MOUNTED ON WOOD BY FOUR SILVER SCREWS, BLACK METAL CASING, GLASS OVER FACE, BLACK PLASTIC DIAL AT BOTTOM OF CLOCK. FACE MARKED “ELGIN, PIONEER, REG. U.S. PAT. OFF.,” NUMBERS “3, 6, 9 AND 12 AROUND FACE OF CLOCK. BACK OF CLOCK MARKED, “TYPE, 3310-2A-A, 19057, SERIAL…” SOME WRITING SCRATCHED IN BACK “W670T…???”
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE CLOCK FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON (1913-2000). UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE AND RECORD P20060019001.
Catalogue Number
P20060019002
Acquisition Date
2009-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ALUMINIUM, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19890020005
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1983
Materials
ALUMINIUM, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
23
Width
15.2
Description
PLAQUE READS: "SOCIETY FOR RANGE MANAGEMENT RECOGNIZES WITH APPRECIATION THE SERVICES OF SOCIETY FOR RANGE MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL MOUNTAIN SECTION OUTSTANDING RANGEMAN AWARD 1983 ALEX JOHNSTON" ALUMINIUM ON WOOD. WOOD ENGRAVED DEPICTS A MAN ON HORSE TITLED "THE TRAIL BOSS".
Subjects
CEREMONIAL ARTIFACT
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
JOHNSTON WAS A CHARTER AND LIFE MEMBER OF THE SOCIETY & HELD ALL OFFICES AT THE SECTION LEVEL 1953-60. NEWSLETTER EDITOR 1957-58 & 1967-83. EDITORIAL BOARD FOR SOCIETY'S PUPLICATIONS & MEMBER OF INTERNATIONAL RANGELAND COMMISSION 1976-78. HE WAS ACTIVE ON MANY OTHER COMMITTEES & HELD OTHER OFFICES. SOCIETY WAS FORMED IN 1947 TO ADVANCE SCIENCE & ART OF GRAZING LAND MANAGEMENT & TO PROMOTE PROGRESS IN CONSERVATION OF RANGE FORAGE AND SOIL FORMAL ORGANIZATION FIRST MEETING OCCURRED IN SALT LAKE CITY UTAH IN JAN OF 1948. SEE "CANADIAN CATTLEMEN" SEPT. 1953 P.31 & RANGELANDS 4(4) AUG. 1982. P. 178-181. SEE P19890020001-GA FOR JOHNSTON HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19890020005
Acquisition Date
1989-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
TEA TOWEL, LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
COTTON
Catalogue Number
P20140037000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TEA TOWEL, LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS
Date
2014
Materials
COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
82
Width
39
Description
PLAID, HANDWOVEN TEA TOWEL MADE UP OF VARIOUS PLAID PATTERNS. THE BASE THROUGHOUT THE TOWEL IS A SYMMETRICAL PATTERN OF BANDS (DARK BLUE, LIGHT BLUE, GREEN, YELLOW, ORANGE, RED, PINK, DARK PURPLE, AND LIGHT PURPLE). THERE IS A CARDBOARD TAG ATTACHED THAT READS, “LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT…” PRINTED IN BLACK INK AND “GALT TOWEL… GUILD WEAVERS” HANDWRITTEN IN BLUE INK. THE REVERSE OF THE CARD HAS CARE INSTRUCTIONS. THE TOWEL IS 82 CM BY 39 CM. EXCELLENT CONDITION. CREASED AT THE FOLDS.
Subjects
MAINTENANCE T&E
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
COMMEMORATIVE
DOMESTIC
TRADES
History
AN EXHIBITION AT THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES TITLED WOVEN IN TIME CELEBRATING 65 YEARS WITH LETHBRIDGE WEAVERS WAS ORGANIZED BY GALT CURATOR WENDY AITKENS IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS. THIS EXHIBITION RAN FROM JUNE 7 TO SEPTEMBER 1, 2014 AND DISPLAYED THE HISTORY OF THE GUILD WITHIN THE COMMUNITY SINCE ITS RE-ESTABLISHMENT IN 1949. THIS EXHIBITION INCLUDED BOTH HERITAGE AND RECENT WEAVINGS, ARCHIVAL MATERIAL, DEMONSTRATION VIDEOS, AND WEAVERS WHO SAT AT A LOOM IN THE EXHIBIT CREATING 6 COTTON TEA TOWELS. OF THESE TOWELS, ONE WAS CHOSE FOR DONATION TO THE MUSEUM. THIS TEA TOWEL SHOWS SEVERAL DESIGNS CREATED BY THE WEAVERS WHO SAT AT THE LOOM IN THE EXHIBIT. IT WAS CREATED AS A WEAVING DEMONSTRATION WITH AT LEAST SEVEN WEAVERS DESIGNING THE PATTERN AND WORKING ON IT. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD OF WEAVERS HAS BEEN TAKEN FROM TEXTS WRITTEN FOR THE EXHIBITION BY AITKENS: “IN THE PAST, FUNCTIONAL HOUSEHOLD ITEMS SUCH AS CLOTHING, BEDDING AND OTHER NECESSITIES WERE WOVEN BY HAND, ON HOMEMADE LOOMS. WITH THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, MASS PRODUCED WOVEN PRODUCTS EMPLOYED MANY PEOPLE IN FACTORIES MAKING THINGS THAT THEY WOULD HAVE MADE EARLIER AT HOME. AS TIME PASSED THERE WAS A GROWING FEAR THAT THE SKILLS AND KNOWLEDGE REQUIRED TO PRODUCE HANDMADE WOVEN ARTICLES WOULD BE LOST. CONSEQUENTLY, FOLLOWED MOVEMENTS IN BRITAIN, SEVERAL WOMEN IN MONTREAL FORMED THE CANADIAN HANDICRAFTS GUILD [CHG] IN 1905 TO PRESERVE THESE TRADITIONAL ART AND CRAFT SKILLS. … BY THE LATE 1800S, MEN AND WOMEN WERE RECOGNIZED FOR THEIR ADVANCED SKILL IN WEAVING, AND GUILDS WERE ESTABLISHED IN COMMUNITIES ACROSS CANADA, INCLUDING EDMONTON, VANCOUVER, AND WINNIPEG. GUILDS ALSO ENCOURAGED PRODUCTION OF FURNITURE, JEWELRY DESIGN, LEATHER AND IRON WORK, AS WELL AS OTHER ARTISTIC ENDEAVOURS. THE NATIONAL GUILD TRANSFERRED ITS ASSETS TO THE QUEBEC PROVINCIAL BRANCH OF THE CHG IN 1936. THE LETHBRIDGE BRANCH OF THE CHG WAS FOUNDED IN 1935. IT WAS DISCONTINUED DURING WWII BECAUSE RED CROSS PROJECTS, WHICH SUPPORTED SOLDIERS OVERSEAS, WERE THE PRIORITY. AFTER THE WAR IN 1949, ELEVEN LOCAL WOMEN REBUILT THE CHG AND OFFERED COURSES IN NEEDLEWORK, LEATHERWORK, COPPER TOOLING, GLOVE MAKING, POTTERY, ALUMINUM ETCHING, AND OTHER CRAFTS INCLUDING, IN 1951, WEAVING. MEETINGS AND CLASSES WERE HELD IN THE CANADIAN WESTERN NATURAL GAS COMPANY BUILDING [420 – 6 ST. S] AND THE RED CROSS ROOMS [1160 – 7 AVE S] UNTIL 1964 WHEN THE GUILD MOVED TO THE BOWMAN ARTS CENTRE [811 – 5 AVE. S].” “SINCE 1951, WHEN WEAVING BECAME A POPULAR ACTIVITY IN THE LETHBRIDGE HANDICRAFT GUILD, MEMBERS PRACTICED THEIR ART, TAUGHT OTHERS HOW TO WEAVE, AND SHARED THEIR PIECES WITH THE PUBLIC THROUGH SHOWS AND SALES. INITIALLY, 16 BOX LOOMS WERE PURCHASED FROM EATON’S FOR EVERYONE TO USE. IN 1954, GUILD MEMBERS SAVED LABELS FROM SOUP CANS AND WHEN THEY TURNED THEIR LABELS IN TO THE CAMPBELL COMPANY THEY RECEIVED $165 TO PURCHASE A FLOOR LOOM. TODAY, THE GUILD OWNS MANY LOOMS OF VARYING SIZES. THE LETHBRIDGE GUILD HAS ALWAYS OPERATED AS A CO-OPERATIVE. ALL THE LOOMS ARE OWNED BY THE GUILD AND THEY ARE SET UP WITH A COMMON WARP (THE LONG THREADS ON THE LOOM) FOR ALL MEMBERS TO USE. GUILD MEMBERS WORK TOGETHER TO PLAN GROUP PROJECTS SUCH AS A FRIENDSHIP BED COVERLET, TEA TOWELS AND PLACE MATS. MEMBERS USE TRADITIONAL FIBRES SUCH AS COTTON, LINEN AND WOOL BUT THEY ALSO EXPERIMENT WITH YARNS MADE FROM YAK, DOG AND POSSUM HAIR. THEY ALSO USED RIBBONS, ZIPPERS AND VHS TAPES TO CREATE IMAGINATIVE WORKS OF ART. IN THE EARLY 2000S, GUILD MEMBERS ASKED CITY COUNCIL FOR PERMISSION TO DEVELOP AN OFFICIAL TARTAN FOR LETHBRIDGE. MONTHS OF WEAVING SAMPLES, CHOOSING THE PERFECT PATTERN, AND GETTING COUNCIL APPROVAL RESULTED IN A SPECTACULAR TARTAN WHICH WAS UNIQUE IN THE WORLD. THE TARTAN WAS OFFICIALLY CERTIFIED BY THE SCOTTISH TARTAN SOCIETY. KNOWLEDGEABLE LOCAL WEAVERS TAUGHT ADULTS AND CHILDREN THE ART OF WEAVING, SPINNING, AND DYING. MASTER WEAVERS FROM OUTSIDE LETHBRIDGE HAVE BEEN BROUGHT IN TO EXPAND THE TECHNIQUES AND STYLES OF GUILD MEMBERS. THE GUILD RECEIVED INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION FROM INTERWEAVE PRESS WHEN IT WON THE FIBERHEARTS AWARD IN 2005 FOR ITS UNIQUE MENTORSHIP PROGRAM. THE $500 RECEIVED WITH THE AWARD ALLOWED NOVICE WEAVERS TO LEARN FROM EXPERIENCED WEAVERS.” PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Catalogue Number
P20140037000
Acquisition Date
2014-09
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
C/W CASE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, VELVET, GOLD
Catalogue Number
P19705503000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
C/W CASE
Date
1933
Materials
PAPER, VELVET, GOLD
No. Pieces
2
Description
.1 CASE. 5.7 CM WTH. X 11.4 CM LTH. CARD PAPER, BLUE VELVET. APPEARS TO BE INNER PART OF CASE. HAS ENDS WHICH FOLD IN TO COVER PIN. .2 PIN. 5.7 CM WTH. X 9.2 CM LTH. GOLD, BLUE RIBBON. FILIGREE DESIGN ON FRONT. "PHILLIP JEROME COLLINS W.M. 1933 LETHBRIDGE LODGE NO. 39 A.F.S.A.M.G.R.A." "10K" STAMPED ON BACK.
Subjects
PERSONAL SYMBOL
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING SOME CREATED BY THIS ARTIFACT'S DONOR, P.J. COLLINS. SHE COMPILED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON P.J. COLLINS FROM RECORD P20120016001: THE ARTIST, PHILIP JEROME COLLINS, WAS BORN NEAR LONDON, ENGLAND ON AUGUST 14, 1884. HE WAS THE SON OF CHARLES JEROME COLLINS, WHO WAS ALSO AN ARTIST. THERE WERE TEN CHILDREN IN COLLINS FAMILY, NINE BOYS AND ONE GIRL. COLLINS IMMIGRATED WITH HIS BROTHER TO CANADA IN 1911 AT THE AGE OF 27. HE WAS A SCHOOL TEACHER FOR 30 YEARS, BEGINNING HIS CAREER IN 1919 IN RURAL SCHOOLS, AND LATER TEACHING AT CENTRAL WESTMINSTER SCHOOLS. COLLINS WAS A FOUNDING MEMBER OF THE LETHBRIDGE SKETCH CLUB ALONG WITH ARTIST ANNABELLE MCKENZIE, DORA TREW AND JESSIE URSENBACH. COLLINS ATTENDED THE FIRST SKETCH CLUB MEETING THAT WAS HELD ON OCTOBER 7, 1932, AT THE HOME OF MCKENZIE, AND WAS APPOINTED SECRETARY OF THE CLUB. UPON HIS RETIREMENT FROM TEACHING IN JUNE 1949, HE BEGAN PRODUCING PAINTINGS AT THE RATE OF 8 TO 10 PER A YEAR. HIS MEDIUM OF CHOICE WAS OIL ON MASONITE. IN 1966 HE HAD A ONE MAN SHOW AT BOWMAN ARTS CENTRE. COLLINS PASSED AWAY IN 1975.
Catalogue Number
P19705503000
Acquisition Date
1970-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
METAL, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"PIONEER"
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
METAL, GLASS
No. Pieces
1
Height
6.9
Length
9.4
Width
8.5
Description
ALTIMETER, GAUGE, METAL AND GLASS. BLACK FACE WITH BROWNISH RED NUMBERS AND BROWNISH RED AND BLACK NEEDLE, NUMBERS MARKED “0…18” AROUND EDGES, FACE MARKED “ALTITUDE… PIONEER…A743B-1137.” CASE SURROUNDING FACE IS BLACK PAINTED METAL, PAINT LOSS ON FRONT, FOUR HOLES IN FOUR CORNERS AND METAL ROD ON BOTTOM FRONT OF FACE. PAPER LABEL COMING OFF OF BACK OF GAUGE MARKED “UNDER, PATEN(?),” REDDISH BROWN AND PUCE SPLATTERS ON SIDE OF GAUGE.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE ALTIMETER FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON. CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN LARSON AND "STEPHENS" (NICKNAMED STEVIE) FROM FEBRUARY 23 - MARCH 3, 1937 SHOWS THAT THEY WERE TRYING TO FIND AN ALTIMETER TO SUIT THEIR NEEDS. IT IS POSSIBLE THIS ARTIFACT IS THE "PIONEER ALTIMETER IN A SECOND HAND STORE FOR WHICH THE YID WANTED BUCKS TWO AND A HALF," STEPHENS WAS REFERRING TO. "LARSON SPENT HIS EARLY DAYS IN LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE COMPLETED HIGH SCHOOL. HIS FATHER WAS A CARPENTER AND MASTER CRAFTSMEN. LARSON BECAME INTERESTED IN AVIATION AFTER LINDBERG FLEW THE ATLANTIC. HE AND HIS FRIENDS, IVAN THOMSON AND JIM FINDLAY, BEGAN BUILDING GLIDERS IN 1929. FOR THE NEXT 10 YEARS LARSON WAS THE DRIVING FORCE BEHIND THE LETHBRIDGE GLIDING CLUB. DURING THIS TIME HE MADE WELL OVER 300 GLIDER FLIGHTS. IN 1939 HE SET ONE OF THE FIRST UNOFFICIAL GLIDING RECORDS IN CANADA. LARSON SPENT THE WAR YEARS IN CALGARY AS AN AIRFRAME INSTRUCTOR FOR THE WAR EMERGENCY TRAINING PROGRAM. IN 1947 HE RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE WHERE HE WAS EMPLOYED AS AN ASSESSOR FOR THE CITY UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1978." UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P20060019001
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
WING CROSS SECTION SUPPORT
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P20060019003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WING CROSS SECTION SUPPORT
Date Range From
1929
Date Range To
2000
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.7
Length
99.8
Width
16.0
Description
WING SUPPORT CROSS-SECTION, WOOD, LEADING EDGE IS ROUNDED OFF AND TAPERS TO A POINT AT THE TRAILING EDGE, THE STRUCTURE IS REINFORCED BY SEVERAL TRIANGLE SHAPES, WING IS HELD TOGETHER BY ADHESIVE, PENCIL LINES THROUGHOUT, SMALL REMNANTS OF NEWS PAPER ON ONE SIDE OF LEADING EDGE AND ONE SIDE OF TRAILING EDGE. THIN PIECES OF WOOD WARPED THROUGHOUT.
Subjects
AEROSPACE TRANSPORTATION-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
ASSOCIATIONS
TRANSPORTATION
History
ACCORDING TO DONOR GARY HODGE AT TIME OF DONATION, HE RECEIVED THE WING CROSS SECTION FROM HIS UNCLE, ART LARSON (1913-2000). THE WING COMPONENT WAS BUILT IN THE 1930S. LARSON BUILT GLIDERS IN A BACKYARD SHOP ON HIS PROPERTY AT 1411 3 AVE. N. APPARENTLY LARSON ONCE EXPLAINED TO HODGE THAT THIS PART PERIODICALLY BROKE AND HAD TO BE REPAIRED OR REPLACED. THIS SUPPORT MAY BE A SPARE PART MADE BY MEMBERS OF THE CLUB. IT WAS LIKELY A SPARE PART FOR THE HUTTER GLIDER (H-17) A SINGLE MAN AIRCRAFT USED BY THE "LETHBRIDGE GLIDING CLUB." ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SAMPLES OF CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN LARSON AND NORMAN BRUCE, JIM FRETWELL, AND A COMPANY IN WURTTEMBERG, LARSON WAS TRYING TO GET BLUEPRINTS FOR THE H-17 IN 1936. BY 1937 HE HAD STARTED BUILDING THE AIRCRAFT AND SUBSEQUENTLY FLEW IT (SEE ARCHIVES FOR LOG BOOK OF H-17). BY JUNE OF 1938 THE H-17 WAS THE ONLY GLIDER BEING USED BY THE CLUB. LARSON FLEW THE H-17 AS LATE AS 1947 BEFORE LEAVING IT IN THE CARE OF EVELYN SMITH, A FORMER MEMBER OF THE GLIDING CLUB. THE WING COMPONENT COULD HAVE ALSO COME FROM ONE OF TWO PRIMARY GLIDERS. UPDATE: ON 6 NOVEMBER 2017, GALT CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH GLIDER OBJECTS’ DONOR GARY HODGE. FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING A TRANSCRIPT OF THE INTERVIEW, PLEASE SEE THIS RECORD’S PERMANENT FILE AND P20060019001.
Catalogue Number
P20060019003
Acquisition Date
2006-04
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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