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Other Name
PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, METAL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20090004000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Materials
PAPER, METAL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
98.2
Diameter
55.0
Description
PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER, HEXAGONAL STRUCTURE THAT TAPERS TOWARDS BOTTOM END. COMPRISED OF METAL ROD SKELETON LAYERED WITH PAPER PANELS, PANELS HELD TOGETHER AT EDGES WITH GREY FABRIC TAPE AND SOME STITCHING. EACH OF THE SIX PAPER SIDES HAS BEEN DECORATED WITH PICTURES IN RED, GREEN, YELLOW, AND BLACK PAINT. PICTOGRAPHS INCLUDE ANIMALS (HORSES, COWS, BUFFALO, PIGS, BIRDS), PEOPLE, TEPEES, SYMBOLS OF NATURE (TREES, MOUNTAINS, FIRE, SUNSETS), AND OTHER SYMBOLS, SUCH AS SWASTIKAS AND STARS. TOP OF STRUCTURE HAS "LID" WITH HOLE, PRESUMABLY FOR LIGHT FIXTURE. PAPER IS CRACKED AND TORN THROUGHOUT, RED, ORANGE, AND CLEAR SEALANT HAS BEEN USED TO COVER CRACKS. LARGE HOLE IN CENTER LEFT OF ONE PANEL WITH PIECE OF CARDBOARD TAPED ON. EYEHOOKS AND METAL LOOPS ALONG TOP EDGE ALLOW FOR LID OF STRUCTURE TO SECURE TO BODY AND FOR STRUCTURE TO HANG FROM CEILING . 8 STRIPS OF LEATHER HANGING FROM THREE EDGES, SOME PIECES OF LEATHER LIKELY MISSING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
FURNISHINGS
FINE ARTS
History
DONOR LYNN UIBEL SOLD THE PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 2008. LYNN ACQUIRED THE CHANDELIER FROM P. WHETIK WHILE HE WAS WORKING AT THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON IN THE 1950S. LYNN PASSED AWAY IN 2009. THE CHANDELIER WAS HUNG APPROXIMATELY 25 FEET HIGH, FROM A WIRE IN A VAULTED SECTION OF A CEILING. LYNN NEVER HAD THE ITEM CLEANED OR HAD ANY OF THE RIPS AND TEARS IN THE CHANDELIER FIXED, AS HE WAS AWARE OF ITS FRAGILITY AND DID NOT WANT TO RISK FURTHER DAMAGE TO THE ITEM. WHEN LYNN ACQUIRED THE ITEM, ONE OF THE PANELS WAS RIPPED. ROLAND RECALLED THAT WHEN LYNN TRIED TO HANG THE CHANDELIER, ANOTHER PANEL WAS DAMAGED. DURING THE 1950S, WHEN THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL WAS BEING RENOVATED, APPROXIMATELY 50 CHANDELIERS WERE BEING PACKED UP AND DISCARDED. LYNN THEN ACQUIRED A CHANDELIER ON THE BASIS THAT THEY WERE GOING TO BE DISCARDED. ACCORDING TO LYNN'S PARTNER, ROLAND BOYD, LYNN HAS STRONG CONNECTIONS TO THE HOTEL, HIS BROTHERS WORKED THERE AT SOME POINT, AND HE WAS BORN AND RAISED IN MOUNTAINVIEW, WHICH IS NOT FAR FROM THE HOTEL. ADDITIONALLY, HIS WORK AT THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL ENABLED HIM TO PAY FOR HIS UNIVERSITY EDUCATION. WHILE LYNN HAD NO NATIVE AMERICAN ANCESTRY, HE HELD A DEEP FASCINATION WITH NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURE, ESPECIALLY THAT OF SOUTHWEST AND PLAINS TRIBES. ROLAND RECALLED THAT ABOUT 90% OF THE ART IN THE HOME HE SHARED WITH LYNN WAS NATIVE AMERICAN. AS PART OF A UNIVERSITY THESIS, LYNN WROTE EXTENSIVELY ON AMERICAN PLAINS INDIANS AND THEIR CULTURE. LYNN NEVER LEARNED WHAT THE PICTOGRAPHS MEANT, OR WHO THE ARTIST WAS, OTHER THAN SOMEONE BELONGING TO THE BLACKFOOT CULTURE. IN AN E-MAIL CORRESPONDENCE IN AUGUST 2009, JAMES DEMPSEY SUGGESTED THAT THE PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER WAS CREATED AFTER THE PICTOGRAPH FRIEZES AND PANELS. THE IMAGES APPEARING ON THE CHANDELIER ARE LIKELY TAKEN FROM THE FRIEZES AND PANELS, RATHER THAN TELLING THEIR OWN STORY OF A WAR OR HUNTING EXPLOIT. DEMPSEY WAS UNSURE OF WHO THE ARTIST(S) COULD HAVE BEEN. IN AN E-MAIL CORRESPONDENCE WITH GERRY CONATY, DIRECTOR / CURATOR OF THE GLENBOW MUSEUM, IN SEPT 2009, GERRY WAS ALSO UNSURE AS TO WHO THE ARTIST COULD HAVE BEEN. NEITHER JAMES NOR GERRY HAD COME ACROSS A PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER SUCH AS THIS BEFORE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS TAKEN FROM, “BLACKFOOT WAR ART: PICTOGRAPHS OF THE RESERVATION PERIOD, 1880-2000,” BY L. JAMES DEMPSEY, PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS, 2007. PICTOGRAPHS WERE COMMONLY USED BY BLACKFOOT (NATIONS) INDIANS FROM THE 1880'S AND THROUGHOUT THE 20TH CENTURY AS A MEANS OF RECORDING AND EXTOLLING WAR AND HUNTING EXPLOITS, EITHER OF INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS. WAR EXPLOITS WERE HIGHLY RESPECTED AND REGARDED WITH MUCH PRESTIGE WITHIN BLACKFOOT CULTURE. BLACKFOOT ELDERS SPENT MUCH TIME DURING THE LONG AND DARK WINTER MONTHS RECOUNTING WAR AND HUNTING STORIES. HUNTING SCENES, HORSE RAIDS, THE STEALING OF WEAPONS AND OTHER GOODS, SUCH AS MEDICINE BUNDLES OR PIPES, AS WELL AS THE KILLING OF ENEMIES AND EXTRACTING REVENGE WERE ALL EVENTS THAT WERE REPRESENTED IN PICTOGRAPHS. PICTOGRAPHS WERE OFTEN DRAWN ONTO VARIOUS SURFACES, SUCH AS ANIMAL HIDES, PAPER, BLACKFOOT SHIRTS, TEPEES, ROCKS, EVEN HORSES. IMAGES WERE PAINTED, DRAWN, SCRATCHED OR BURNED ONTO THE MATERIAL. PIGMENT WAS OFTEN APPLIED USING A PENCIL-SIZED STICK. VARIOUS MATERIALS WERE USED, SUCH AS CRAYONS, INK, NATURAL PIGMENTS FROM 1913 TO 1930, PICTOGRAPHS CREATED BY BLACKFOOT ARTISTS WERE UTILIZED BY THE GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAYS AS A WAY TO PROMOTE "WESTERN" THEMES AND TOURISM IN THE MANY HOTELS IN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. COME THE 1920S, GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY EXPANDED INTO CANADA, BUILDING THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON NATIONAL PARKS. IN 1926, THE MISSIONARY CANON S. H. MIDDLETON SOUGHT BLACKFOOT PEOPLES WILLING TO RECOUNT WAR AND HUNTING EXPLOITS AND RECORD THESE STORIES USING PICTOGRAPHS. AS A RESULT, MANY PICTOGRAPH FRIEZES AND PANELS ADORNED THE WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL. IN HIS BOOK, DEMPSEY MENTIONS HOTELS BEING FURNISHED WITH LAMPSHADES THAT WERE ADORNED WITH PICTOGRAPHS (PG 274-78). FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SOME PHOTOGRAPHS, SEE PAGES 114-127 IN, “GLACIER’S HISTORIC HOTELS AND CHALETS: VIEW WITH A ROOM,” BY RAY DJUFF AND CHRIS MORRISON, PUBLISHED BY FARCOUNTRY PRESS IN 2001. ALSO SEE PERMANENT RECORD WHICH INCLUDES A POSTCARD IMAGE FEATURING THE FIXTURE(S).
Catalogue Number
P20090004000
Acquisition Date
2008-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19810089000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
85.0
Width
39.5
Description
MIRRORED GLASS WITH WOOD FRAME. BLACK COLOUR WITH RED LETTERS: "BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS".
Subjects
ADVERTISING MEDIUM
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
PURCHASED BY THE CLUB FROM STOKES DRUG STORE FOR A 75 ANNIVERSARY GRANT FOR A MUSEUM DISPLAY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE STOKES DRUG STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ERNEST BALL STOKES' LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, AND AN EDITORIAL WRITTEN BY HIS GRANDDAUGHTER, FRANCES STOKES SCHIPPER, PUBLISHED IN THE HERALD'S AUGUST 15, 2008 ISSUE. STOKES DRUG CO. LTD, WAS FOUNDED BY PHARMACIST ERNEST BALL STOKES IN 1918, AND WAS LOCATED IN THE OLIVER BLOCK ON FIFTH STREET SOUTH IN LETHBRIDGE. ERNEST PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 10, 1947, AND THE BUSINESS WAS TAKEN OVER BY HIS SON, JACK, WHO WAS ALSO TRAINED AS A PHARMACIST. THE STORE CLOSED UPON JACK STOKES' RETIREMENT IN 1981. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF E.B. STOKE'S OBITUARY AND THE EDITORIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19810089000
Acquisition Date
1981-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WYETH'S PHARMACEUTICALS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19810090000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WYETH'S PHARMACEUTICALS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
135.0
Width
39.5
Description
MIRRORED GLASS WITH WOOD FRAME, BLACK COLOUR & RED LETTERS: "WE DISPENSE WYETH' PHARMACEUTICALS".
Subjects
ADVERTISING MEDIUM
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
PURCHASED BY CLUB FROM STOKES DRUG STORE FOR A 75TH ANNIVERSARY GRANT GENERATED MUSEUM DISPLAY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE STOKES DRUG STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ERNEST BALL STOKES' LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, AND AN EDITORIAL WRITTEN BY HIS GRANDDAUGHTER, FRANCES STOKES SCHIPPER, PUBLISHED IN THE HERALD'S AUGUST 15, 2008 ISSUE. STOKES DRUG CO. LTD, WAS FOUNDED BY PHARMACIST ERNEST BALL STOKES IN 1918, AND WAS LOCATED IN THE OLIVER BLOCK ON FIFTH STREET SOUTH IN LETHBRIDGE. ERNEST PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 10, 1947, AND THE BUSINESS WAS TAKEN OVER BY HIS SON, JACK, WHO WAS ALSO TRAINED AS A PHARMACIST. THE STORE CLOSED UPON JACK STOKES' RETIREMENT IN 1981. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF E.B. STOKE'S OBITUARY AND THE EDITORIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19810090000
Acquisition Date
1981-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
MARQUIS HOTEL
Date Range From
1927
Date Range To
1988
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN
Catalogue Number
P20050003000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MARQUIS HOTEL
Date Range From
1927
Date Range To
1988
Materials
TIN
No. Pieces
5
Length
63
Diameter
42
Description
CEILING LIGHT FIXTURE WITH FOUR WHT RIBBED GLOBES. FIXTURE IS BLK WITH GLD ACCENTS. LIGHT SOCKETS ARE WHT PORCELAIN EACH CONTAINING THREE SCREWS TO SECURE GLASS RIBBED GLOBES 21 (H) X 7.5 (D). CENTER OF FIXTURE DISPLAYS A ACORN. FIXTURE HANGS SUSPENDED BY A CHAIN WHICH IS ATTACHED TO A CIRCULAR BLK PLATE.
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
BUSINESS
History
THE LIGHT FIXTURE WAS TAKEN OUT OF THE MARQUIS HOTEL BEFORE ITS DEMOLITION IN 1988. EMIL GUNDLOCK A MORTGAGE BROKER WORKED WITH THE HOTEL'S OWNERS ,JOANNE AND BOB CORBET, TO REFINANCE THE HOTEL FOR IMPROVEMENTS. GUNDLOCK SAID, HOWEVER, THAT THE ROYAL BANK WOULD NOT APPROVE THE REFINANCING AND, SUBSEQUENTLY, TOOK OVER THE HOTEL'S MANAGEMENT. DISCUSSING THE FUTURE OF THE HOTEL OVER A DRINK (WHILE THE BAR WAS STILL IN OPERATION), CORBET AND GUNDLOCK DECIDED IT WOULD BE A "SHAME" TO SEE THE HOTEL'S ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS DESTROYED AND LOST AND, THUS THEY DECIDED TO REMOVE SOME OF THE HOTEL'S FIXTURES, DOORS (ELEVATOR), ETC. GUNDLOCK CLAIMED IT WAS ENOUGH TO FILL A "TRUCKLOAD". RBC, HOWEVER, LEARNED OF THE SALVAGE OPERATION AND DEMANDED THAT THE ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS BE RETURNED. GUNDLOCK KNEW SOME OF THE MATERIAL WAS RETURNED, BUT SOME WAS ALSO RETAINED. GUNDLOCK BELIEVED THAT THE MATERIAL ENDED UP IN THE RBC BANK MANAGER'S HOUSE. GUNDLOCK RECOGNIZED THE LAMP AND BOX THAT IT WAS PACKAGED IN, WHEN HE VISITED THE GALT IN EARLY 2007. SOMEHOW, THE FIXTURE CAME INTO POSSESSION OF TED STILSON WHO LATER PASSED IT ON TO THE DONOR IN 2005. GUNDLOCK WAS CONFIDENT THAT THE STYLE OF THE LAMP, IF NOT THIS VERY LAMP, WAS INSTALLED IN THE ROOM ATTRIBUTED TO SENATOR GLADSTONE WHO WAS THE FIRST NATIVE SENATOR AND FROM THE BLOOD RESERVE. THE ART DECO HOTEL OPENED IN 1928. IN ADDITION TO BEING THE FIRST BUSINESS IN LETHBRIDGE TO UTILIZE NEON SIGNAGE, THE HOTEL BOASTED AN ORIGINAL SEVENTY-EIGHT BEDROOMS AND A BANQUET AREA CAPABLE OF SEATING 250 PERSONS.
Catalogue Number
P20050003000
Acquisition Date
2005-08
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DESK TOP LAMP
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, ALUMINUM
Catalogue Number
P19870010003
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DESK TOP LAMP
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
IRON, ALUMINUM
No. Pieces
1
Height
46.8
Width
16.2
Description
BROWN. DESK TOP LAMP, FLUTED BASE ELECTRICAL CORD. SWITCH AT BASE OF REFLECTOR.
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE ROY CLINIC. THE FOLLOWING HISTORY OF THE ROY CLINIC WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES, DR. LOUIS ARTHUR ROY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, AND THE BOOK 'MEDICAL CLINICS AND PHYSICIANS OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA' BY GERALD M. MCDOUGALL AND FIONA C. HARRIS (1991). DR. LOUIS A. ROY WAS BORN IN MOOSOMIN, SASKATCHEWAN IN 1888. AFTER RECEIVING HIS EARLY EDUCATION THERE, HE PURSUED MEDICINE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, WHERE HE EARNED A BACHELOR OF MEDICINE IN 1911. AFTER COMPLETING AN INTERNSHIP AT THE ROYAL VICTORIA HOSPITAL IN MONTREAL, FOCUSING ON SURGERY AND PATHOLOGY, DR. ROY MOVED TO ALBERTA IN 1913. HE PRACTICED WITH DOCTORS DEVEBER AND CAMPBELL IN LETHBRIDGE FOR FIVE YEARS BEFORE JOINING THE ROYAL CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS. HE WAS STATIONED IN A BRITISH MILITARY HOSPITAL IN KENT AS A PATHOLOGIST AND EARNED THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. UPON WAR'S END DR. ROY RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE AND WORKED WITH THE CAMPBELL GROUP UNTIL 1936, WHEN HE PARTNERED WITH DR. VALERIAN SWANCESKY (AND LATER, WITH DR. STEPHEN SCHMALTZ) TO CREATE THE ROY CLINIC GROUP. THE CLINIC WAS HOUSED ON THE FIRST FLOOR OF THE SHERLOCK BLOCK. DR. ROY WAS ACCREDITED AS A SURGEON BY THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF CANADA IN 1945, AND HE PRACTICED AT THE CLINIC UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1961. DR. ROY'S SON, DR. DOUGLAS GAETEN ROY ALSO JOINED THE PRACTICE IN 1945. DR. LOUIS A. ROY DIED IN 1964, BUT THE PRACTICE CONTINUED WITH ADDITIONS INCLUDING DR. DONALD ARTHUR RICE AND DR. JAMES ALFRED MCNALLY. THE CLINIC MOVED TO 2ND AVENUE SOUTH IN 1959, AND OPERATED THERE UNDER THE ROY NAME UNTIL BECOMING THE PARK MEDICAL GROUP IN THE LATE 1980S. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARCOPIES OF DR. LOUIS A. ROY'S OBITUARY AND RELEVANT PAGES OF MCDOUGALL AND HARRIS' BOOK.
Catalogue Number
P19870010003
Acquisition Date
1987-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
MINERS' SAFETY
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19694640000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MINERS' SAFETY
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS
No. Pieces
4
Height
28.5
Diameter
6.0
Description
DAVY LAMP. "AMERICAN SAFETY LAMP & MINE SUPPLY CO. SERANTON, PA." STAMPED ON SIDE OF TANK. "A.S.L. & M.S. CO. MAKERS SCRANTON, PA." STAMPED ON TOP OF LANTERN. U-SHAPED MARK ENGRAVED BELOW SMALL ADJUSTMENT FOR FLAME. COMPLETE WITH BASE, FRAME & 2 MANTLES. WHITE RESIDUE ON MESH. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
COAL MINING
History
*UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH LETHBRIDGE MAYOR W. D. L. HARDIE, THE FATHER OF THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JESSE MAXWELL OVERTON HARDIE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF W. D. L. HARDIE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM A TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM THE JUNE 16, 1942 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. WILLIAM DUNCAN LIVINGSTONE HARDIE WAS BORN NEAR EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND IN 1862, AND THE FAMILY IMMIGRATED TO OHIO THE FOLLOWING YEAR. IN 1885 HARDIE MARRIED MARGARET KIRTLEY, AND THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN: IANTHE, AGNES, E.W., JESSE, AND INZOLA. HARDIE FIRST CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1889, WHEN HE BECAME THE ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT OF THE GALT NO. 1 MINE. AFTER FOUR YEARS HE RETURNED TO THE UNITED STATES, WORKING FOR MINING COMPANIES IN PENNSYLVANIA, TENNESSEE, AND ALABAMA BEFORE RETURNING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1896 AS SUPERINTENDENT OF NORTHWEST COAL & NAVIGATION COMPANY. IN 1910 HARDIE LEFT THE GALT-OWNED COMPANY AND WORKED AS THE MANAGER OF THE DIAMOND COAL COMPANY UNTIL 1912, WHEN HE RAN FOR AND WON THE OFFICE OF LETHBRIDGE MAYOR. HARDIE SERVED AS MAYOR UNTIL 1928, WHEN HE WAS REPLACED BY ROBERT BARROWMAN. IN 1930 HARDIE HAD AN UNSUCCESSFUL RUN FOR THE LETHBRIDG SEAT IN THE PROVINCIAL GENERAL ELECTION. HARDIE WAS ACTIVE WITH THE LETHBRIDGE MASONS, THE ALBERTA UNION OF MUNICIPALITIES, AND HAD AN AVID INTEREST IN ASTROLOGY. HARDIEVILLE, THE FORMER HAMLET NORTHEAST OF LETHBRIDGE THAT WAS ANNEXED BY THE CITY IN 1978, WAS NAMED AFTER HIM. W. D. L. HARDIE DIED ON JUNE 16, 1942. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JESSE HARDIE, WAS BORN IN TENNESSEE IN 1891 AND CAME TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HIS PARENTS WHEN W. D. L. HARDIE BECAME THE SUPERINTENDENT OF NORTHWEST COAL & NAVIGATION COMPANY. DURING WWI JESSE HARDIE SERVED WITH THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, AND LATER WORKED FOR THE VANCOUVER HARBOUR BOARD. HARDIE DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON OCTOBER 28, 1978. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19880033000-GA FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19694640000
Acquisition Date
1969-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
MINERS' SAFETY
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BRASS, GLASS
Catalogue Number
P19694639000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
MINERS' SAFETY
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1920
Materials
BRASS, GLASS
No. Pieces
4
Height
31.7
Diameter
7.9
Description
SERIAL# 906903. COMPLETE WITH GLOBE, MANTLE, CASE & BASE. DOUBLE GLASS SAFETY LAMP WITH A SINGLE LOCK SCREW BASE. ARRANGEMENT CONSISTS OF AN INSIDE GLASS WITH OUTSIDE MAGNIFYING GLASSES MARKED WITH "906903" ON BRASS RING ON SIDE WITH NO MAGNIFYING GLASS. TOTAL OF3 MAGNIYING GLASSES. ACETYLENE. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
COAL MINING
History
THIS LAMP USED IN LETHBRIDGE AREA MINES FOR MANY YEARS. CARBIDE PRODUCES ACETYLENE GAS WHEN WATER ADDED. ACETYLENE BURNS WITH VERY BRIGHT WHITE LIGHT. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH LETHBRIDGE MAYOR W. D. L. HARDIE, THE FATHER OF THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JESSE MAXWELL OVERTON HARDIE. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF W. D. L. HARDIE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM A TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM THE JUNE 16, 1942 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. WILLIAM DUNCAN LIVINGSTONE HARDIE WAS BORN NEAR EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND IN 1862, AND THE FAMILY IMMIGRATED TO OHIO THE FOLLOWING YEAR. IN 1885 HARDIE MARRIED MARGARET KIRTLEY, AND THEY HAD FIVE CHILDREN: IANTHE, AGNES, E.W., JESSE, AND INZOLA. HARDIE FIRST CAME TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1889, WHEN HE BECAME THE ASSISTANT SUPERINTENDENT OF THE GALT NO. 1 MINE. AFTER FOUR YEARS HE RETURNED TO THE UNITED STATES, WORKING FOR MINING COMPANIES IN PENNSYLVANIA, TENNESSEE, AND ALABAMA BEFORE RETURNING TO LETHBRIDGE IN 1896 AS SUPERINTENDENT OF NORTHWEST COAL & NAVIGATION COMPANY. IN 1910 HARDIE LEFT THE GALT-OWNED COMPANY AND WORKED AS THE MANAGER OF THE DIAMOND COAL COMPANY UNTIL 1912, WHEN HE RAN FOR AND WON THE OFFICE OF LETHBRIDGE MAYOR. HARDIE SERVED AS MAYOR UNTIL 1928, WHEN HE WAS REPLACED BY ROBERT BARROWMAN. IN 1930 HARDIE HAD AN UNSUCCESSFUL RUN FOR THE LETHBRIDG SEAT IN THE PROVINCIAL GENERAL ELECTION. HARDIE WAS ACTIVE WITH THE LETHBRIDGE MASONS, THE ALBERTA UNION OF MUNICIPALITIES, AND HAD AN AVID INTEREST IN ASTROLOGY. HARDIEVILLE, THE FORMER HAMLET NORTHEAST OF LETHBRIDGE THAT WAS ANNEXED BY THE CITY IN 1978, WAS NAMED AFTER HIM. W. D. L. HARDIE DIED ON JUNE 16, 1942. ACCORDING TO HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, THE DONOR OF THIS ARTIFACT, JESSE HARDIE, WAS BORN IN TENNESSEE IN 1891 AND CAME TO LETHBRIDGE WITH HIS PARENTS WHEN W. D. L. HARDIE BECAME THE SUPERINTENDENT OF NORTHWEST COAL & NAVIGATION COMPANY. DURING WWI JESSE HARDIE SERVED WITH THE CANADIAN ARMED FORCES, AND LATER WORKED FOR THE VANCOUVER HARBOUR BOARD. HARDIE DIED IN LETHBRIDGE ON OCTOBER 28, 1978. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19880033000-GA FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIALS.
Catalogue Number
P19694639000
Acquisition Date
1969-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
ULTRA-VIOLET C/W GOGGLES, STAND
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
IRON, STEEL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P19870010012
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
ULTRA-VIOLET C/W GOGGLES, STAND
Date Range From
1910
Date Range To
1920
Materials
IRON, STEEL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
2
Height
196.5
Width
69.0
Diameter
106.1
Description
SINGLE MAST AND BOOM SUPPORTING LAMP HOUSING/REFLECTOR. RAISED/LOWERED BY MEANS OF PULLEY AND CABLE. MERCURY FILLED LAMP BULB. UNIT SUPPORTED ON 3 LEGS WITH CASTORS. LEATHER GOGGLES FOR PROTECTING EYES, LEATHER FACE PIECE, COTTON STRAP AND COTTON CORDUROY PADDING FOR FACE. BLACK IS CHIPPING AND CRACKING IN VARIOUS AREAS. "VICTOR" MARKED ON LAMP HOUSING. HOUSING TURNS AND CAN BE ADJUSTED. VOLTMETER ON TOP OF BASE. GLASS IS CRACKED AND BROKEN. 3 SILVER KNOBS WHICH SCREW ON/OFF A THREAD POST. WHITE PLUG, WHITE KNOB ACROSS FROM PLUG. LARGE BLACK KNOB ACROSS FROM VOLTMETER. METAL PLATE "MADE IN CHICAGO, U.S.A. SERIAL NO. 56397 110 VOLT 10 AMP. 60CY". CLOTH CORD; WORN, TAPED AND ONE PLUG BROKEN.
Subjects
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
HEALTH SERVICES
History
VICTOR X-RAY CORP. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS. USED FOR THE TREATMENT OF SKIN PROBLEMS, I.E. MOLES, MINOR LESIONS AND OCCASIONALLY OTHER AILMENTS SUCH AS COMMON COLD. BY 1930 THIS TREATMENT HAD MORE OR LESS BEEN ABANDONED BY THE MEDICAL ESTABLISHMENT. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE ROY CLINIC. THE FOLLOWING HISTORY OF THE ROY CLINIC WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES, DR. LOUIS ARTHUR ROY'S LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, AND THE BOOK 'MEDICAL CLINICS AND PHYSICIANS OF SOUTHERN ALBERTA' BY GERALD M. MCDOUGALL AND FIONA C. HARRIS (1991). DR. LOUIS A. ROY WAS BORN IN MOOSOMIN, SASKATCHEWAN IN 1888. AFTER RECEIVING HIS EARLY EDUCATION THERE, HE PURSUED MEDICINE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO, WHERE HE EARNED A BACHELOR OF MEDICINE IN 1911. AFTER COMPLETING AN INTERNSHIP AT THE ROYAL VICTORIA HOSPITAL IN MONTREAL, FOCUSING ON SURGERY AND PATHOLOGY, DR. ROY MOVED TO ALBERTA IN 1913. HE PRACTICED WITH DOCTORS DEVEBER AND CAMPBELL IN LETHBRIDGE FOR FIVE YEARS BEFORE JOINING THE ROYAL CANADIAN ARMY MEDICAL CORPS. HE WAS STATIONED IN A BRITISH MILITARY HOSPITAL IN KENT AS A PATHOLOGIST AND EARNED THE RANK OF CAPTAIN. UPON WAR'S END DR. ROY RETURNED TO LETHBRIDGE AND WORKED WITH THE CAMPBELL GROUP UNTIL 1936, WHEN HE PARTNERED WITH DR. VALERIAN SWANCESKY (AND LATER, WITH DR. STEPHEN SCHMALTZ) TO CREATE THE ROY CLINIC GROUP. THE CLINIC WAS HOUSED ON THE FIRST FLOOR OF THE SHERLOCK BLOCK. DR. ROY WAS ACCREDITED AS A SURGEON BY THE ROYAL COLLEGE OF PHYSICIANS AND SURGEONS OF CANADA IN 1945, AND HE PRACTICED AT THE CLINIC UNTIL HIS RETIREMENT IN 1961. DR. ROY'S SON, DR. DOUGLAS GAETEN ROY ALSO JOINED THE PRACTICE IN 1945. DR. LOUIS A. ROY DIED IN 1964, BUT THE PRACTICE CONTINUED WITH ADDITIONS INCLUDING DR. DONALD ARTHUR RICE AND DR. JAMES ALFRED MCNALLY. THE CLINIC MOVED TO 2ND AVENUE SOUTH IN 1959, AND OPERATED THERE UNDER THE ROY NAME UNTIL BECOMING THE PARK MEDICAL GROUP IN THE LATE 1980S. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARCOPIES OF DR. LOUIS A. ROY'S OBITUARY AND RELEVANT PAGES OF MCDOUGALL AND HARRIS' BOOK.
Catalogue Number
P19870010012
Acquisition Date
1987-07
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Date Range From
1905
Date Range To
1915
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, LIGHT CARD
Catalogue Number
P19705637000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1905
Date Range To
1915
Materials
GLASS, LIGHT CARD
No. Pieces
1
Length
25.4
Width
12.4
Description
"PEACOCK AND KITSON LTD. WHOLESALE TOBACCO CONFECTIONERY & SUNDRIES PHONE 2022-2034 LETHBRIDGE, ALTA". "THE TOBACCO AND CONFECTIONERY HOUSE OF THE SOUTH" AND WINTER SCENE AT TOP.
Subjects
ADVERTISING MEDIUM
FURNITURE
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
*UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE DONATED BY M.J. BENNETT. BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION WAS FOUND IN BENNETT'S ATTESTATION PAPERS AND RECORDS FROM THE GLENBOW ARCHIVES. MICHAEL JOHN BENNETT WAS BORN IN 1881 IN WHITNEY, ENGLAND AND SERVED IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR BEFORE IMMIGRATING TO CANADA IN 1910 WITH HIS WIFE, ALICE MAY BENNETT (NEE EDWARDS). THEY WERE LIVING IN MEDICINE HAT WHERE BENNETT WORKED AS A CARPENTER WHEN HE ENLISTED WITH THE 175TH BATTALION CEF ON JANUARY 26, 1916. BENNETT SURVIVED THE WAR AND HE AND ALICE HAD SIX CHILDREN. THE FAMILY LIVED IN SHAUNESSEY AND LETHBRIDGE AND BENNETT WORKED AS A STREETCAR DRIVER, CARPENTER AND HOTEL OPERATOR. HE WAS A MEMBER OF THE KIWANIS CLUB AND LETHBRIDGE HISTORICAL SOCIETY. BENNETT DIED IN 1982. M.J. BENNETT'S GRANDSON, TREVOR BENNETT, PROVIDED SOME FURTHER FAMILY HISTORY IN 2002 (SEE P20020071009). SEE PERMANENT FILE P19672995000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF BENNETT'S ATTESTATION PAPERS AND GLENBOW ARCHIVES FONDS DESCRIPTION. *UPDATE* IN 2017, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT ELISE PUNDYK CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF BOXED TEXTILES AND ACCESSORIES, INCLUDING A SNUFFBOX DONATED BY MICHAEL JOHN BENNETT IN 1970. ON 11 DECEMBER 2017, PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN INTERVIEW WITH BENNETT’S ELDEST GRANDDAUGHTER, ALICE MAY DUHAMEL. DUHAMEL SPECULATED, “THIS [MIRROR] MUST HAVE BEEN IN GRANDMA’S BEDROOM. ALONG WITH ALL THE LITTLE SAYINGS AND FRAMES AND PICTURES THAT THE KIDS HAD GIVEN HER OVER THE YEARS. SHE KEPT THEM ON THIS ONE WALL.” THROUGH THIS INTERVIEW FURTHER INFORMATION WAS RECORDED ABOUT THE DONOR AND THE USERS OF A NUMBER OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY MICHAEL JOHN BENNETT. ABOUT THE DONOR, DUHAMEL SAID, “WE CALLED HIM ‘POP’. THAT’S BECAUSE [ONE OF THE GRANDCHILDREN], MICHAEL, COULDN’T SAY ‘GRANDPA’, [SO] HE SAID ‘POP’. HE’S ‘POP’ TO EVERYONE IN THE COUNTRY. UP UNTIL HE WAS ONE HUNDRED AND ONE OR SO.” SHE CONTINUED, “POP WAS IN ENGLAND [WHEN] HE MARRIED HIS WIFE - [AND MY] GRANDMOTHER - ALICE MAY EDWARDS BENNETT. [SHE] CAME TO CANADA IN 1911 IN SEPTEMBER ON THE SHIP AND LANDED IN CANADA. GRANDMA BROUGHT UNCLE JACK, WHO WAS THE OLDEST, AND MY MOTHER… [MICHAEL AND ALICE] HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: JACK, EDNA MAY, FRANK JAMES, HARRY HUGH, ART – I DON’T KNOW, DORIS ALICE, AGNES MARY, AND SYDNEY EDWARD. MY MOTHER WAS EDNA.” IN AN EMAIL EXCHANGE WITH PUNDYK IN NOVEMBER 2017, FRED WATMOUGH, A GRANDSON OF MICHAEL AND ALICE’S WROTE THAT THIS MIRROR “WAS IN [MY] GRANDPARENT’S BEDROOM IN SHAUGHNESSY, BUT [MY GRANDPARENTS’ PROBABLY GOT IT IN LETHBRIDGE BEFORE HE BUILT THE FIRST SHAUGHNESSY HOTEL AND MOVED THERE IN 1927.” ON 13 FEBRUARY 2018, PUNDYK CONDUCTED AN ADDITIONAL INTERVIEW WITH ANOTHER GRANDCHILD OF MICHAEL AND ALICE BENNETT, MIKE BENNETT, ALONG WITH HIS WIFE, DIANE. THEY PROVIDED ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ABOUT THE BENNETT FAMILY LIVES AND THE COLLECTION OF ARTIFACTS DONATED BY M. J. BENNETT. PLEASE SEE PERMANENT FILE P19705622000 FOR MORE INFORMATION INCLUDING FULL INTERVIEW TRANSCRIPTIONS, INCLUDING INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS OF THE BENNETT FAMILY HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19705637000
Acquisition Date
1970-05
Collection
Museum
Less detail

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