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Other Name
PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, METAL, LEATHER
Catalogue Number
P20090004000
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1950
Materials
PAPER, METAL, LEATHER
No. Pieces
1
Height
98.2
Diameter
55.0
Description
PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER, HEXAGONAL STRUCTURE THAT TAPERS TOWARDS BOTTOM END. COMPRISED OF METAL ROD SKELETON LAYERED WITH PAPER PANELS, PANELS HELD TOGETHER AT EDGES WITH GREY FABRIC TAPE AND SOME STITCHING. EACH OF THE SIX PAPER SIDES HAS BEEN DECORATED WITH PICTURES IN RED, GREEN, YELLOW, AND BLACK PAINT. PICTOGRAPHS INCLUDE ANIMALS (HORSES, COWS, BUFFALO, PIGS, BIRDS), PEOPLE, TEPEES, SYMBOLS OF NATURE (TREES, MOUNTAINS, FIRE, SUNSETS), AND OTHER SYMBOLS, SUCH AS SWASTIKAS AND STARS. TOP OF STRUCTURE HAS "LID" WITH HOLE, PRESUMABLY FOR LIGHT FIXTURE. PAPER IS CRACKED AND TORN THROUGHOUT, RED, ORANGE, AND CLEAR SEALANT HAS BEEN USED TO COVER CRACKS. LARGE HOLE IN CENTER LEFT OF ONE PANEL WITH PIECE OF CARDBOARD TAPED ON. EYEHOOKS AND METAL LOOPS ALONG TOP EDGE ALLOW FOR LID OF STRUCTURE TO SECURE TO BODY AND FOR STRUCTURE TO HANG FROM CEILING . 8 STRIPS OF LEATHER HANGING FROM THREE EDGES, SOME PIECES OF LEATHER LIKELY MISSING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
LIGHTING DEVICE
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
FURNISHINGS
FINE ARTS
History
DONOR LYNN UIBEL SOLD THE PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 2008. LYNN ACQUIRED THE CHANDELIER FROM P. WHETIK WHILE HE WAS WORKING AT THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON IN THE 1950S. LYNN PASSED AWAY IN 2009. THE CHANDELIER WAS HUNG APPROXIMATELY 25 FEET HIGH, FROM A WIRE IN A VAULTED SECTION OF A CEILING. LYNN NEVER HAD THE ITEM CLEANED OR HAD ANY OF THE RIPS AND TEARS IN THE CHANDELIER FIXED, AS HE WAS AWARE OF ITS FRAGILITY AND DID NOT WANT TO RISK FURTHER DAMAGE TO THE ITEM. WHEN LYNN ACQUIRED THE ITEM, ONE OF THE PANELS WAS RIPPED. ROLAND RECALLED THAT WHEN LYNN TRIED TO HANG THE CHANDELIER, ANOTHER PANEL WAS DAMAGED. DURING THE 1950S, WHEN THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL WAS BEING RENOVATED, APPROXIMATELY 50 CHANDELIERS WERE BEING PACKED UP AND DISCARDED. LYNN THEN ACQUIRED A CHANDELIER ON THE BASIS THAT THEY WERE GOING TO BE DISCARDED. ACCORDING TO LYNN'S PARTNER, ROLAND BOYD, LYNN HAS STRONG CONNECTIONS TO THE HOTEL, HIS BROTHERS WORKED THERE AT SOME POINT, AND HE WAS BORN AND RAISED IN MOUNTAINVIEW, WHICH IS NOT FAR FROM THE HOTEL. ADDITIONALLY, HIS WORK AT THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL ENABLED HIM TO PAY FOR HIS UNIVERSITY EDUCATION. WHILE LYNN HAD NO NATIVE AMERICAN ANCESTRY, HE HELD A DEEP FASCINATION WITH NATIVE AMERICAN CULTURE, ESPECIALLY THAT OF SOUTHWEST AND PLAINS TRIBES. ROLAND RECALLED THAT ABOUT 90% OF THE ART IN THE HOME HE SHARED WITH LYNN WAS NATIVE AMERICAN. AS PART OF A UNIVERSITY THESIS, LYNN WROTE EXTENSIVELY ON AMERICAN PLAINS INDIANS AND THEIR CULTURE. LYNN NEVER LEARNED WHAT THE PICTOGRAPHS MEANT, OR WHO THE ARTIST WAS, OTHER THAN SOMEONE BELONGING TO THE BLACKFOOT CULTURE. IN AN E-MAIL CORRESPONDENCE IN AUGUST 2009, JAMES DEMPSEY SUGGESTED THAT THE PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER WAS CREATED AFTER THE PICTOGRAPH FRIEZES AND PANELS. THE IMAGES APPEARING ON THE CHANDELIER ARE LIKELY TAKEN FROM THE FRIEZES AND PANELS, RATHER THAN TELLING THEIR OWN STORY OF A WAR OR HUNTING EXPLOIT. DEMPSEY WAS UNSURE OF WHO THE ARTIST(S) COULD HAVE BEEN. IN AN E-MAIL CORRESPONDENCE WITH GERRY CONATY, DIRECTOR / CURATOR OF THE GLENBOW MUSEUM, IN SEPT 2009, GERRY WAS ALSO UNSURE AS TO WHO THE ARTIST COULD HAVE BEEN. NEITHER JAMES NOR GERRY HAD COME ACROSS A PICTOGRAPH CHANDELIER SUCH AS THIS BEFORE. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION WAS TAKEN FROM, “BLACKFOOT WAR ART: PICTOGRAPHS OF THE RESERVATION PERIOD, 1880-2000,” BY L. JAMES DEMPSEY, PUBLISHED BY THE UNIVERSITY OF OKLAHOMA PRESS, 2007. PICTOGRAPHS WERE COMMONLY USED BY BLACKFOOT (NATIONS) INDIANS FROM THE 1880'S AND THROUGHOUT THE 20TH CENTURY AS A MEANS OF RECORDING AND EXTOLLING WAR AND HUNTING EXPLOITS, EITHER OF INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS. WAR EXPLOITS WERE HIGHLY RESPECTED AND REGARDED WITH MUCH PRESTIGE WITHIN BLACKFOOT CULTURE. BLACKFOOT ELDERS SPENT MUCH TIME DURING THE LONG AND DARK WINTER MONTHS RECOUNTING WAR AND HUNTING STORIES. HUNTING SCENES, HORSE RAIDS, THE STEALING OF WEAPONS AND OTHER GOODS, SUCH AS MEDICINE BUNDLES OR PIPES, AS WELL AS THE KILLING OF ENEMIES AND EXTRACTING REVENGE WERE ALL EVENTS THAT WERE REPRESENTED IN PICTOGRAPHS. PICTOGRAPHS WERE OFTEN DRAWN ONTO VARIOUS SURFACES, SUCH AS ANIMAL HIDES, PAPER, BLACKFOOT SHIRTS, TEPEES, ROCKS, EVEN HORSES. IMAGES WERE PAINTED, DRAWN, SCRATCHED OR BURNED ONTO THE MATERIAL. PIGMENT WAS OFTEN APPLIED USING A PENCIL-SIZED STICK. VARIOUS MATERIALS WERE USED, SUCH AS CRAYONS, INK, NATURAL PIGMENTS FROM 1913 TO 1930, PICTOGRAPHS CREATED BY BLACKFOOT ARTISTS WERE UTILIZED BY THE GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAYS AS A WAY TO PROMOTE "WESTERN" THEMES AND TOURISM IN THE MANY HOTELS IN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. COME THE 1920S, GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY EXPANDED INTO CANADA, BUILDING THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON NATIONAL PARKS. IN 1926, THE MISSIONARY CANON S. H. MIDDLETON SOUGHT BLACKFOOT PEOPLES WILLING TO RECOUNT WAR AND HUNTING EXPLOITS AND RECORD THESE STORIES USING PICTOGRAPHS. AS A RESULT, MANY PICTOGRAPH FRIEZES AND PANELS ADORNED THE WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL. IN HIS BOOK, DEMPSEY MENTIONS HOTELS BEING FURNISHED WITH LAMPSHADES THAT WERE ADORNED WITH PICTOGRAPHS (PG 274-78). FOR MORE INFORMATION, INCLUDING SOME PHOTOGRAPHS, SEE PAGES 114-127 IN, “GLACIER’S HISTORIC HOTELS AND CHALETS: VIEW WITH A ROOM,” BY RAY DJUFF AND CHRIS MORRISON, PUBLISHED BY FARCOUNTRY PRESS IN 2001. ALSO SEE PERMANENT RECORD WHICH INCLUDES A POSTCARD IMAGE FEATURING THE FIXTURE(S).
Catalogue Number
P20090004000
Acquisition Date
2008-12
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
DECORATIVE VASES
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
TIN, BRASS
Catalogue Number
P19970041230
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
DECORATIVE VASES
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
TIN, BRASS
No. Pieces
2
Height
15.5
Diameter
5.2
Description
ONE PAIR OF BRASS VASES WITH CIRCULAR BASES AND NARROW CONICAL BODIES. EACH VASE HAS INLAID MOLDED DECORATIVE WORK OF GREEN, YELLOW, GREY AND RED AMONGS TBRASS MOLDINGS. PATTERNS ARE GENERALLY LEAFY ON BODY AND BASE. STAMPED INTO BOTTOM OF EACH VASE IS "H.K. MADE IN INDIA 116 C".
Subjects
HOUSEHOLD ACCESSORY
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
History
VASES BELONGED TO DONOR'S PARENTS, ONE OF WHICH ACQUIRED THEM ON A TRIP TO INDIA. DONOR RELATES THAT THE PAIR OF VASES SAT ON TOP OF THE FAMILY PIANO. REV. NAKAYAMA AND HIS FAMILY MOVED TO COALDALE IN 1945 AFTER BEING RELOCATED FROM VANCOUVER IN 1942 TO SLOCAN CITY IN THE INTERIOR OF BRITISH COLUMBIA. AT COALDALE HE FOUNDED THE ANGLICAN CHURCH OF THE ASCENSION WHERE HE WAS RECTOR FROM 1945 TO 1970. FROM AUGUST 29 TO 31, 2011 COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED THE DONOR, JOY KOGAWA, ABOUT HER MEMORIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPECIFIC OBJECTS THAT SHE DONATED IN 1997. OF THIS ARTIFACT, KOGAWA SAID: “THEY WERE ALWAYS THERE ON TOP OF THE PIANO, BOTH OF THOSE… IN COALDALE, AND PROBABLY IN SLOCAN… I THINK THIS IS SOMETHING DAD PICKED UP SOMEWHERE ALONG THE LINE... I DON’T KNOW IF HE GOT THEM IN INDIA OR WHERE HE GOT THEM.” SEE RECORD P19970041001 FOR EXPANDED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND PERMANENT FILE FOR FURTHER HISTORY.
Catalogue Number
P19970041230
Acquisition Date
1997-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19810089000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
85.0
Width
39.5
Description
MIRRORED GLASS WITH WOOD FRAME. BLACK COLOUR WITH RED LETTERS: "BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS".
Subjects
ADVERTISING MEDIUM
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
PURCHASED BY THE CLUB FROM STOKES DRUG STORE FOR A 75 ANNIVERSARY GRANT FOR A MUSEUM DISPLAY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE STOKES DRUG STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ERNEST BALL STOKES' LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, AND AN EDITORIAL WRITTEN BY HIS GRANDDAUGHTER, FRANCES STOKES SCHIPPER, PUBLISHED IN THE HERALD'S AUGUST 15, 2008 ISSUE. STOKES DRUG CO. LTD, WAS FOUNDED BY PHARMACIST ERNEST BALL STOKES IN 1918, AND WAS LOCATED IN THE OLIVER BLOCK ON FIFTH STREET SOUTH IN LETHBRIDGE. ERNEST PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 10, 1947, AND THE BUSINESS WAS TAKEN OVER BY HIS SON, JACK, WHO WAS ALSO TRAINED AS A PHARMACIST. THE STORE CLOSED UPON JACK STOKES' RETIREMENT IN 1981. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF E.B. STOKE'S OBITUARY AND THE EDITORIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19810089000
Acquisition Date
1981-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
WYETH'S PHARMACEUTICALS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19810090000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
WYETH'S PHARMACEUTICALS
Date Range From
1920
Date Range To
1930
Materials
GLASS, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
135.0
Width
39.5
Description
MIRRORED GLASS WITH WOOD FRAME, BLACK COLOUR & RED LETTERS: "WE DISPENSE WYETH' PHARMACEUTICALS".
Subjects
ADVERTISING MEDIUM
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
PURCHASED BY CLUB FROM STOKES DRUG STORE FOR A 75TH ANNIVERSARY GRANT GENERATED MUSEUM DISPLAY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION ABOUT THE STOKES DRUG STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM ERNEST BALL STOKES' LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY, AND AN EDITORIAL WRITTEN BY HIS GRANDDAUGHTER, FRANCES STOKES SCHIPPER, PUBLISHED IN THE HERALD'S AUGUST 15, 2008 ISSUE. STOKES DRUG CO. LTD, WAS FOUNDED BY PHARMACIST ERNEST BALL STOKES IN 1918, AND WAS LOCATED IN THE OLIVER BLOCK ON FIFTH STREET SOUTH IN LETHBRIDGE. ERNEST PASSED AWAY ON NOVEMBER 10, 1947, AND THE BUSINESS WAS TAKEN OVER BY HIS SON, JACK, WHO WAS ALSO TRAINED AS A PHARMACIST. THE STORE CLOSED UPON JACK STOKES' RETIREMENT IN 1981. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF E.B. STOKE'S OBITUARY AND THE EDITORIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19810090000
Acquisition Date
1981-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, PLASTIC BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19890047000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Materials
LEATHER, PLASTIC BEADS
No. Pieces
2
Height
9.5
Length
27.4
Width
9.2
Description
PAIR BEADED MOCCASINS, HANDMADE, PARFLECHE SOLE, BROWN-TANNED LEATHER UPPERS. BLUE, SILVER, RED, GREEN, YELLOW PLASTIC BEADS, FLOWER PATTERN. BEADED TRIM AROUND ANKLE; TASSELS ON HEELS. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
MADE FOR SAMUAL ALEXANDER BUCKLAND CRABB, DONOR'S FATHER. DONOR BELIEVES MADE ABOUT 1925-26 BY JOE HEALY'S WIFE AS A GIFT. CRABB CAME TO ALBERTA ABOUT 1901 & CAME TO KNOW HEALY WHEN HE WORKED WITH NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE LATER EMPLOYED BY GALT #6 MINE. HE WAS KILLED IN KERALTA EXPLOSION IN 1943. HIS ACQUAINTENCE WITH HEALY WAS RENEWED BY CHANCE, & MOCCASINS MADE AFTER HEALY NOTICED THAT CRABB ALWAYS REMOVED HIS BOOTS & WANDERED AROUND IN STOCKING FEET. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL LETTER WRITTEN BY DONOR, NORMA B. CHARLES (CRABB). *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHOSE WIFE PURPORTEDLY MADE THESE MOCCASINS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19890047000
Acquisition Date
1989-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail