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Other Name
INDIAN SCOUT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19693981000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
INDIAN SCOUT
Date
1968
Materials
PAPER, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
36.8
Width
31.8
Description
FRAMED, INK & PASTELS ON PAPER, TITLED INDIAN SCOUT. SIGNED "TAILFEATHERS 68"
Subjects
ART
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
GERALD TAILFEATHERS, RAISED ON KAINAI RESERVE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, GERALD TAILFEATHERS, WAS EXCERPTED FROM THE ONLINE CANADIAN AND ALBERTA ENCYCLOPEDIAS AND PERMANENT FILE P20060025003. GERALD TAILFEATHERS WAS BORN ON THE KAINAI RESERVE IN STANDOFF, ALBERTA IN FEBRUARY 1925. HE WAS QUITE YOUNG WHEN HE FIRST BEGAN HIS FORMAL ART TRAINING. IN 1935, AT THE TENDER AGE OF TEN, TAILFEATHERS TRAVELLED TO THE UNITED STATES TO STUDY AT THE ST. MARY’S LAKE SUMMER ART SCHOOL IN GLACIER NATIONAL PARK, MONTANA. STUDY AT THE SCHOOL WOULD HAVE AN INTERESTING INFLUENCE ON TAILFEATHERS’ WORK. ON ONE HAND, HIS ART WAS INFLUENCED BY ARTISTS SUCH AS CARL LINCK AND THE GERMAN BORN PAINTER FROM NEW YORK NAMED WINOLD REISS. REISS HAD MOVED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1913 WITH THE DREAM OF PAINTING PORTRAITS OF NATIVE PEOPLES, WITH WHOM HE HAD CARRIED A BOYHOOD FASCINATION. STARTING IN 1927, REISS WAS COMMISSIONED TO PRODUCE NUMEROUS PORTRAITS OF MEMBERS OF THE BLACKFOOT CONFEDERACY FOR THE GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY, WHICH THE COMPANY USED IN POSTERS, MENUS, CALENDARS, AND OTHER ADVERTISING MATERIALS. WHILE REISS’ PORTRAITS WERE UNABASHEDLY ROMANTIC, REISS’ WORK WAS CONSIDERED FRESH FOR ITS TIME IN THAT IT DEPICTED THE BLACKFOOT PEOPLE IN A VIBRANT AND MOVING STYLE. TAILFEATHERS STUDIED CLOSELY UNDER REISS IN MONTANA, AND HIS EARLIER ARTWORK SHOWS HIS MENTOR’S INFLUENCE. IN ADDITION TO HIS ART TRAINING, TAILFEATHERS WAS RECEIVING A DIFFERENT KIND OF EDUCATION AT THE ST. MARY’S LAKE SUMMER SCHOOL. WHILE AT ST. MARY’S HE FORGED FRIENDSHIPS WITH MANY KAINAI ELDERS. THROUGH THEIR TUTELAGE, TAILFEATHERS WOULD GAIN A PROFOUND SENSE OF HIS OWN CULTURE, AND THIS THEME RESONATED IN HIS ARTWORK. 1941 WAS ANOTHER SIGNIFICANT YEAR FOR GERALD TAILFEATHERS. IN THAT YEAR, HE BEGAN STUDIES AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS, FOR WHICH HE HAD RECEIVED A SCHOLARSHIP. THERE HE CONTINUED TO DEVELOP HIS STYLE MENTORED BY SUCH ARTISTS AS CHARLES COMFORT, WALTER PHILIPS, AND H.G. GLYDE. DURING THIS TIME, TAILFEATHERS WAS EXPOSED TO THE ARTWORKS OF WESTERN ARTISTS SUCH AS CHARLES M. RUSSEL AND FREDERICK REMINGTON, AND HE ENDEAVOURED TO FIND HIS OWN VISUAL STYLE THROUGH EXPERIMENTATION. IN 1942, TAILFEATHERS STUDIED COMMERCIAL DESIGN AT THE PROVINCIAL INSTITUTE OF ART AND TECHNOLOGY IN CALGARY. HE FOUND WORK WITH THE HUDSON’S BAY COMPANY AS A PROFESSIONAL DESIGNER. LATER, HE SERVED AS A BAND COUNCIL MEMBER FOR THE KAINAI NATION. DESPITE HIS BUSY SCHEDULE, TAILFEATHERS PRODUCED NUMEROUS WORKS IN MEDIA RANGING FROM OILS AND WATERCOLOURS TO CHARCOAL, PASTELS, AND PEN AND INK. BY THE 1950S, TAILFEATHERS WAS BEGINNING TO EXPLORE THE HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HIS WORK. HIS KNOWLEDGE OF KAINAI HISTORY AND CULTURE BEGAN TO BECOME THE FOCUS OF HIS WORK, AND HIS ART PIECES STOOD AS VIGNETTES OF 19TH-CENTURY KAINAI LIFE. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, TAILFEATHERS’ WORK BEGAN TO RISE IN PROMINENCE. HIS WORKS WERE FEATURED AT SUCH VENUES AS THE MONTREAL EXPOSITION IN 1967, THE CALGARY STAMPEDE, THE GLENBOW MUSEUM IN CALGARY, AS WELL AS NUMEROUS NATIONAL ART EXHIBITIONS ACROSS CANADA. ALWAYS EXPERIMENTING WITH HIS ART AND ACCEPTING NEW CHALLENGES, TAILFEATHERS ILLUSTRATED AN AWARD WINNING CHILDREN’S BOOK, THE WHITE CALF, IN 1965; AFTER 1969, TAILFEATHERS ADDED CAST BRONZE SCULPTURE TO HIS ARTISTIC ACHIEVEMENTS. HIS SCULPTING WAS INFLUENCED BY ARIZONA ARTIST GEORGE PHIPPIN, AND DEPICTED COWBOY ART THEMES. GERALD TAILFEATHERS DIED AT THE UNTIMELY AGE OF 50, ON APRIL 3, 1975, ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025003 FOR A HARDCOPY NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ON TAILFEATHERS.
Catalogue Number
P19693981000
Acquisition Date
1969-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
A DREAM
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19820008000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
A DREAM
Date
1977
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Length
80.7
Width
60.7
Description
BROWN FRAME, WHITE MATTE. FRAMED BY ARTIST. DEPICTS SURREAL REPRESENTATION OF SEVEN FACES ALONG A HIGHWAY FROM EMBRYO SEQUENTIALLY TO DEATH. TITLED "A DREAM". CHARCOAL SKETCH SIGNED & DATED BY ARTIST BR MARGIN.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
ARTIST IS PIIKANI, FROM BROCKET AREA, STUDIED AT UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE, PRESENTLY NATIVE AFFAIRS COUNSELLOR AT LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE. ARTIST IS VISIONARY, BEYOND SURREALISM, & SYMBOLIC IN HER ARTISTIC STATEMENT. REFERENCE: LETHBRIDGE HERALD, JULY 11, 1980. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE FOUND A REVIEW OF AN EXHIBITION OF 15 WORKS BY MCFARLANE AT THE BOWMAN ARTS CENTRE IN THE JULY 11, 1980 EDITION OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD. THIS SPECIFIC DRAWING WAS IN THE EXHIBITION, WHICH REVIEWER ARTHUR MCDOUGALL CALLED "VISIONARY... THERE IS NO ESCAPING THE ARTIST'S INTENTION; SHE IS PROBING THE MEANING OF REALITY IN ALL OF ITS RICHNESS, RELYING STRONGLY ON HER OWN CULTURAL BACKGROUND TO PROVIDE MATERIAL SHE CAN TRANSFORM THROUGH THE INSIGHT SHE POSSESSES AS AN ARTIST TO AFFECT ALL MANKIND." A PROFILE ON MCFARLANE FROM THE SEPTEMBER 6, 1992 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD DESCRIBES THE ARTIST LEARNING HOW TO MAKE TRADITIONAL CRAFTS DURING HER CHILDHOOD ON THE PEIGAN RESERVE IN BROCKET, AND HOW HER FLUID BELIEF SYSTEM, INCORPORATING ELEMENTS OF THE BLACKFOOT AND BAHA'I FAITHS, INFORMS HER ART PRACTICE. MCFARLANE EARNED A BACHELOR'S DEGREE IN EDUCATION AND ART FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE IN 1980, AND A MASTERS DEGREE IN ADULT EDUCATION IN 1989. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS.
Catalogue Number
P19820008000
Acquisition Date
1982-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
TRADITIONAL NATIVE BURIAL SCENE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
ACRYLIC, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19820005000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
TRADITIONAL NATIVE BURIAL SCENE
Date
1981
Materials
ACRYLIC, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
91.2
Width
60.8
Description
DEPICTS TRADITIONAL STYLE OF PLAINS INDIGENOUS BURIAL ON SCAFFOLDS NEAR LAKE OR RIVER. SIGNED: "SWG" BR.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
PAINTED BY CLARENCE (SMOKEY) WHITEGRASS FROM MEMORY AS CHILD ON RESERVE. HE REMEMBERED BURIALS "IN PINE TREES". ARTIST IS FROM PIIKANI RESERVE BROCKET IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. LIMITED BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, CLARENCE GEORGE WHITEGRASS, WAS FOUND ON CRESTLEAF.COM AND IN HIS WIFE KAROLA WHITEGRASS' OBITUARY PUBLISHED BY CHAR-KOOSTA NEWS ONLINE. CLARENCE WHITEGRASS WAS BORN ON APRIL 29, 1923. HE SERVED IN THE UNITED STATES MILITARY AND MARRIED KAROLA ARROW TOP KNOT IN 1947. THEY BRIEFLY LIVED IN CALIFORNIA AND WASHINGTON BEFORE SETTLING IN STARR SCHOOL, MONTANA TO RAISE THEIR FAMILY. CLARENCE WHITEGRASS DIED ON FEBRUARY 12, 2007 IN BROWNING, MONTANA. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19820005000
Acquisition Date
1982-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT-MALE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
MASONITE
Catalogue Number
P19705694000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT-MALE
Date Range From
1960
Date Range To
1970
Materials
MASONITE
No. Pieces
1
Length
35.8
Width
30.7
Description
OIL ON MASONITE. PORTRAIT, BUST OF MALE IN TRADITIONAL NATIVE COSTUME. UNSIGNED, UNTITLED.
Subjects
ART
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO BLACKFOOT ARTIST, "PERCY PLAIN WOMAN", ALSO KNOWN AS "TWO GUN". *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT KAINAI AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19705694000
Acquisition Date
1970-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT-WOMAN & BABY
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P19738754000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT-WOMAN & BABY
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
CANVAS
No. Pieces
1
Length
37.8
Width
33.6
Description
FRAMED OIL ON CANVAS PORTRAIT OF WOMAN & BABY IN TRADITIONAL NATIVE COSTUMES. SIGNED BOTTOM LEFT "TWO GUN". INDIVIDUALS IN PORTRAIT UNIDENTIFIED.
Subjects
ART
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
ARTIST, TWO GUN, A NOM DE PLUME FOR PERCY PLAIN WOMAN (1895-1961), RAISED ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, SOUTH OF FORT MACLEOD. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT BLOOD AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19738754000
Acquisition Date
1973-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
FORT WHOOP-UP
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PAPER, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19738006000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
FORT WHOOP-UP
Date
1969
Materials
PAPER, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
106.7
Width
71.1
Description
OIL. "TAILFEATHERS '69" (ARTIST). PICTURE DEPICTS AN INDIGENOUS CAMP AT THE JUNCTION OF THE ST. MARY'S AND BELLY RIVERS AND MARKED THE SITE WHERE FORT WHOOP-UP WAS EVENTUALLY BUILT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
TAILFEATHERS IS A NATIVE ARTIST, RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. SEE P20060025003-GA FOR FULL HISTORY OF ARTIST *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, GERALD TAILFEATHERS, WAS EXCERPTED FROM THE ONLINE CANADIAN AND ALBERTA ENCYCLOPEDIAS AND PERMANENT FILE P20060025003. GERALD TAILFEATHERS WAS BORN ON THE KAINAI RESERVE IN STANDOFF, ALBERTA IN FEBRUARY 1925. HE WAS QUITE YOUNG WHEN HE FIRST BEGAN HIS FORMAL ART TRAINING. IN 1935, AT THE TENDER AGE OF TEN, TAILFEATHERS TRAVELLED TO THE UNITED STATES TO STUDY AT THE ST. MARY’S LAKE SUMMER ART SCHOOL IN GLACIER NATIONAL PARK, MONTANA. STUDY AT THE SCHOOL WOULD HAVE AN INTERESTING INFLUENCE ON TAILFEATHERS’ WORK. ON ONE HAND, HIS ART WAS INFLUENCED BY ARTISTS SUCH AS CARL LINCK AND THE GERMAN BORN PAINTER FROM NEW YORK NAMED WINOLD REISS. REISS HAD MOVED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1913 WITH THE DREAM OF PAINTING PORTRAITS OF NATIVE PEOPLES, WITH WHOM HE HAD CARRIED A BOYHOOD FASCINATION. STARTING IN 1927, REISS WAS COMMISSIONED TO PRODUCE NUMEROUS PORTRAITS OF MEMBERS OF THE BLACKFOOT CONFEDERACY FOR THE GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY, WHICH THE COMPANY USED IN POSTERS, MENUS, CALENDARS, AND OTHER ADVERTISING MATERIALS. WHILE REISS’ PORTRAITS WERE UNABASHEDLY ROMANTIC, REISS’ WORK WAS CONSIDERED FRESH FOR ITS TIME IN THAT IT DEPICTED THE BLACKFOOT PEOPLE IN A VIBRANT AND MOVING STYLE. TAILFEATHERS STUDIED CLOSELY UNDER REISS IN MONTANA, AND HIS EARLIER ARTWORK SHOWS HIS MENTOR’S INFLUENCE. IN ADDITION TO HIS ART TRAINING, TAILFEATHERS WAS RECEIVING A DIFFERENT KIND OF EDUCATION AT THE ST. MARY’S LAKE SUMMER SCHOOL. WHILE AT ST. MARY’S HE FORGED FRIENDSHIPS WITH MANY KAINAI ELDERS. THROUGH THEIR TUTELAGE, TAILFEATHERS WOULD GAIN A PROFOUND SENSE OF HIS OWN CULTURE, AND THIS THEME RESONATED IN HIS ARTWORK. 1941 WAS ANOTHER SIGNIFICANT YEAR FOR GERALD TAILFEATHERS. IN THAT YEAR, HE BEGAN STUDIES AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS, FOR WHICH HE HAD RECEIVED A SCHOLARSHIP. THERE HE CONTINUED TO DEVELOP HIS STYLE MENTORED BY SUCH ARTISTS AS CHARLES COMFORT, WALTER PHILIPS, AND H.G. GLYDE. DURING THIS TIME, TAILFEATHERS WAS EXPOSED TO THE ARTWORKS OF WESTERN ARTISTS SUCH AS CHARLES M. RUSSEL AND FREDERICK REMINGTON, AND HE ENDEAVOURED TO FIND HIS OWN VISUAL STYLE THROUGH EXPERIMENTATION. IN 1942, TAILFEATHERS STUDIED COMMERCIAL DESIGN AT THE PROVINCIAL INSTITUTE OF ART AND TECHNOLOGY IN CALGARY. HE FOUND WORK WITH THE HUDSON’S BAY COMPANY AS A PROFESSIONAL DESIGNER. LATER, HE SERVED AS A BAND COUNCIL MEMBER FOR THE KAINAI NATION. DESPITE HIS BUSY SCHEDULE, TAILFEATHERS PRODUCED NUMEROUS WORKS IN MEDIA RANGING FROM OILS AND WATERCOLOURS TO CHARCOAL, PASTELS, AND PEN AND INK. BY THE 1950S, TAILFEATHERS WAS BEGINNING TO EXPLORE THE HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HIS WORK. HIS KNOWLEDGE OF KAINAI HISTORY AND CULTURE BEGAN TO BECOME THE FOCUS OF HIS WORK, AND HIS ART PIECES STOOD AS VIGNETTES OF 19TH-CENTURY KAINAI LIFE. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, TAILFEATHERS’ WORK BEGAN TO RISE IN PROMINENCE. HIS WORKS WERE FEATURED AT SUCH VENUES AS THE MONTREAL EXPOSITION IN 1967, THE CALGARY STAMPEDE, THE GLENBOW MUSEUM IN CALGARY, AS WELL AS NUMEROUS NATIONAL ART EXHIBITIONS ACROSS CANADA. ALWAYS EXPERIMENTING WITH HIS ART AND ACCEPTING NEW CHALLENGES, TAILFEATHERS ILLUSTRATED AN AWARD WINNING CHILDREN’S BOOK, THE WHITE CALF, IN 1965; AFTER 1969, TAILFEATHERS ADDED CAST BRONZE SCULPTURE TO HIS ARTISTIC ACHIEVEMENTS. HIS SCULPTING WAS INFLUENCED BY ARIZONA ARTIST GEORGE PHIPPIN, AND DEPICTED COWBOY ART THEMES. GERALD TAILFEATHERS DIED AT THE UNTIMELY AGE OF 50, ON APRIL 3, 1975, ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025003 FOR A HARDCOPY NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ON TAILFEATHERS. DETAILS REGARDING THE ACQUISITION OF THIS PAINTING WERE FOUND IN A LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLE FROM JANUARY 28, 1970: "STANDOFF ARTIST GERALD TAILFEATHERS STANDS BENEATH HIS OIL PAINTING OF THE JUNCTION OF THE ST. MARY AND BELLY (OLDMAN) RIVERS, WHICH WAS UNVEILED TUESDAY NIGHT AT THE SIR ALEXANDER GALT MUSEUM. THE WORK, COMMISSIONED BY GEORGE WATSON, MEMBER OF THE WHOOP-UP (LETHBRIDGE) CHAPTER OF THE ALBERTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY, WAS DONATED BY AL KENWOOD, PRESIDENT OF KENWOOD CONSTRUCTION LTD. THE FRAME WAS DONATED BY BUD MCKILLOP. IT IS THE FIRST PAINTING BY MR. TAILFEATHERS ACQUIRED BY THE MUSEUM. THE CANVAS; SENCE SHOWS BLOOD INDIANS TRAVELLING DOWN TO THE JUNCTION FOR WINTER QUARTERS, AND IT WAS HERE LATER THAT THE ORIGINAL FORT WHOOP-UP WAS BUILT BY AMERICAN WHISKEY TRADERS." FOR A HARDCOPY OF THE ARTICLE AND PHOTOGRAPH OF THE ARTIST WITH THE PAINTING, SEE PERMANENT FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19738006000
Acquisition Date
1973-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19800312000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1966
Materials
WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Length
37.0
Width
27.3
Description
FRAMED WATERCOLOR. SIGNED: "TAILFEATHERS - 66" BL. LANDSCAPE SCENE WITH 9 INDIVIDUALS ON HORSE-BACK, 2 WITH TRAVOIS & DOG RUNNING ALONGSIDE. IN BACKGROUND ARE LOW HILLS. INDIVIDUALS ARE IN TRADITIONAL NATIVE COSTUME. VIEW IS FROM BACK, OF SUBJECT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
PURCHASED BY DONOR. ARTIST, RAISED ON KAINAI RESERVE. SEE P20060025003-GA FOR FULL HISTORY OF ARTIST *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF MILITARY OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE DONATED BY DR. ALEX JOHNSTON (P19820062000). WHILE SHE WAS UNABLE TO FIND SPECIFIC INFORMATION ON THE ARTIFACTS DONATED BY JOHNSTON, A TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 13, 1989 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PROVIDES BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION. JOHNSTON WAS BORN IN 1920 IN WORKED FOR NEARLY 30 YEARS AS A RANGELAND ECOLOGIST AT THE LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION. HIS CAREER AS A LOCAL HISTORIAN STARTED IN THE MID-1960S, AND BY HIS DEATH HE HAD AUTHORED OVER ONE HUNDRED ARTICLES AND PUBLICATIONS. HE WORKED AT THE GALT MUSEUM AND ARCHIVES, AND SERVED AS THE CHAIRMAN OF THE ARITFACTS AND ACQUISITION COMMITTEE AT THE FORT WHOOP UP INTERPRETIVE SOCIETY. JOHNSON RECEIVED AN HONOURARY DOCTORATE OF LAWS FROM THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE AND WAS INDUCTED IN THE ALBERTA AGRICULTURE HALL OF EXCELLENCE FOR HIS ROLE IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE RESEARCH SUBSTATION WEST OF STAVELY - A DEMONSTRATION FARM USED TO DEVELOP THE PRESERVATION OF NATIVE PRAIRIE GRASSES. JOHNSTON WAS A CONFIRMED BACHELOR AND LIVED FOR MANY YEARS AT THE MARQUIS HOTEL. HE DIED ON APRIL 12, 1989. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, GERALD TAILFEATHERS, WAS EXCERPTED FROM THE ONLINE CANADIAN AND ALBERTA ENCYCLOPEDIAS AND PERMANENT FILE P20060025003. GERALD TAILFEATHERS WAS BORN ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN STANDOFF, ALBERTA IN FEBRUARY 1925. HE WAS QUITE YOUNG WHEN HE FIRST BEGAN HIS FORMAL ART TRAINING. IN 1935, AT THE TENDER AGE OF TEN, TAILFEATHERS TRAVELLED TO THE UNITED STATES TO STUDY AT THE ST. MARY’S LAKE SUMMER ART SCHOOL IN GLACIER NATIONAL PARK, MONTANA. STUDY AT THE SCHOOL WOULD HAVE AN INTERESTING INFLUENCE ON TAILFEATHERS’ WORK. ON ONE HAND, HIS ART WAS INFLUENCED BY ARTISTS SUCH AS CARL LINCK AND THE GERMAN BORN PAINTER FROM NEW YORK NAMED WINOLD REISS. REISS HAD MOVED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1913 WITH THE DREAM OF PAINTING PORTRAITS OF NATIVE PEOPLES, WITH WHOM HE HAD CARRIED A BOYHOOD FASCINATION. STARTING IN 1927, REISS WAS COMMISSIONED TO PRODUCE NUMEROUS PORTRAITS OF MEMBERS OF THE BLACKFOOT CONFEDERACY FOR THE GREAT NORTHERN RAILWAY COMPANY, WHICH THE COMPANY USED IN POSTERS, MENUS, CALENDARS, AND OTHER ADVERTISING MATERIALS. WHILE REISS’ PORTRAITS WERE UNABASHEDLY ROMANTIC, REISS’ WORK WAS CONSIDERED FRESH FOR ITS TIME IN THAT IT DEPICTED THE BLACKFOOT PEOPLE IN A VIBRANT AND MOVING STYLE. TAILFEATHERS STUDIED CLOSELY UNDER REISS IN MONTANA, AND HIS EARLIER ARTWORK SHOWS HIS MENTOR’S INFLUENCE. IN ADDITION TO HIS ART TRAINING, TAILFEATHERS WAS RECEIVING A DIFFERENT KIND OF EDUCATION AT THE ST. MARY’S LAKE SUMMER SCHOOL. WHILE AT ST. MARY’S HE FORGED FRIENDSHIPS WITH MANY KAINAI ELDERS. THROUGH THEIR TUTELAGE, TAILFEATHERS WOULD GAIN A PROFOUND SENSE OF HIS OWN CULTURE, AND THIS THEME RESONATED IN HIS ARTWORK. 1941 WAS ANOTHER SIGNIFICANT YEAR FOR GERALD TAILFEATHERS. IN THAT YEAR, HE BEGAN STUDIES AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ARTS, FOR WHICH HE HAD RECEIVED A SCHOLARSHIP. THERE HE CONTINUED TO DEVELOP HIS STYLE MENTORED BY SUCH ARTISTS AS CHARLES COMFORT, WALTER PHILIPS, AND H.G. GLYDE. DURING THIS TIME, TAILFEATHERS WAS EXPOSED TO THE ARTWORKS OF WESTERN ARTISTS SUCH AS CHARLES M. RUSSEL AND FREDERICK REMINGTON, AND HE ENDEAVOURED TO FIND HIS OWN VISUAL STYLE THROUGH EXPERIMENTATION. IN 1942, TAILFEATHERS STUDIED COMMERCIAL DESIGN AT THE PROVINCIAL INSTITUTE OF ART AND TECHNOLOGY IN CALGARY. HE FOUND WORK WITH THE HUDSON’S BAY COMPANY AS A PROFESSIONAL DESIGNER. LATER, HE SERVED AS A BAND COUNCIL MEMBER FOR THE KAINAI NATION. DESPITE HIS BUSY SCHEDULE, TAILFEATHERS PRODUCED NUMEROUS WORKS IN MEDIA RANGING FROM OILS AND WATERCOLOURS TO CHARCOAL, PASTELS, AND PEN AND INK. BY THE 1950S, TAILFEATHERS WAS BEGINNING TO EXPLORE THE HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF HIS WORK. HIS KNOWLEDGE OF KAINAI HISTORY AND CULTURE BEGAN TO BECOME THE FOCUS OF HIS WORK, AND HIS ART PIECES STOOD AS VIGNETTES OF 19TH-CENTURY KAINAI LIFE. DURING THE 1950S AND 1960S, TAILFEATHERS’ WORK BEGAN TO RISE IN PROMINENCE. HIS WORKS WERE FEATURED AT SUCH VENUES AS THE MONTREAL EXPOSITION IN 1967, THE CALGARY STAMPEDE, THE GLENBOW MUSEUM IN CALGARY, AS WELL AS NUMEROUS NATIONAL ART EXHIBITIONS ACROSS CANADA. ALWAYS EXPERIMENTING WITH HIS ART AND ACCEPTING NEW CHALLENGES, TAILFEATHERS ILLUSTRATED AN AWARD WINNING CHILDREN’S BOOK, THE WHITE CALF, IN 1965; AFTER 1969, TAILFEATHERS ADDED CAST BRONZE SCULPTURE TO HIS ARTISTIC ACHIEVEMENTS. HIS SCULPTING WAS INFLUENCED BY ARIZONA ARTIST GEORGE PHIPPIN, AND DEPICTED COWBOY ART THEMES. GERALD TAILFEATHERS DIED AT THE UNTIMELY AGE OF 50, ON APRIL 3, 1975, ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P20060025003 FOR A HARDCOPY NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ON TAILFEATHERS.
Catalogue Number
P19800312000
Acquisition Date
1980-12
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

PAINTING, PICTOGRAPH

https://collections.galtmuseum.com/en/permalink/artifact12
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19820009000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1982
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
117.0
Width
114.0
Description
ELK LEATHER LACED WITH SINEW TO WILLOW POLE FRAME. SIGNED: "CONRAD CHIEFBODY BOX 32 STANDOFF" BR. TRADITIONAL MOTIFS USED TO RECORD A PANORAMA VIEW OF HISTORIC TRIBAL LIFESTYLE. PAINTING USES TRADITIONAL BLOOD COLOUR, RED, GREEN, YELLOW, & BLUE. ATTACHED IS DETAILED PRESENTATION OF ARTISTS VIEWS (25 PGES) HIDE IS A TRADITIONAL PAINTING SURFACE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
ARTIST LEARNED OR WAS GIVEN STYLISTIC MOTIFS BY HIS FATHER. HIS INTENTION IS THE PAINTING OF "RECORDS OF TRIBAL VICTORIES (EVENTS)" RATHER THAN PRODUCING ARTWORK. HE IS CONCERNED ABOUT THE LACK OF TRIBAL HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE BY HIS CHILDREN & GRANDCHILDREN. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, CONRAD CHIEF BODY, WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES ON HIS ARTWORK AND HIS OBITUARY. CONRAD CHIEF BODY, A MEMBER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, WAS BORN IN 1937 AND MARRIED THERESA EARLY MORNING CALLER, THE DAUGHTER OF PERCY 'TWO GUN' PLAIN WOMAN, IN 1965. THEY RAISED THREE DAUGHTERS. CHIEF BODY WAS WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA FOR HIS STYLIZED PICTOGRAPH PAINTINGS ON COWHIDE. CONRAD CHIEF BODY PASSED AWAY ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2002, ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS AND AN EXCERPT ON CHIEF BODY FROM LLOYD JAMES DEMPSEY'S BOOK 'BLACKFOOT WAR ART: PICTOGRAPHS OF THE RESERVATION PERIOD, 1880-2000', AS WELL AS THE ARTIST'S DESCRIPTIONS OF THE MEANING OF EACH IMAGE DEPICTED IN THIS PAINTING.
Catalogue Number
P19820009000
Acquisition Date
1982-04
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED LANDSCAPE
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, MASONITE
Catalogue Number
P19890016002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED LANDSCAPE
Date Range From
1955
Date Range To
1965
Materials
WOOD, MASONITE
No. Pieces
1
Length
43.4
Width
33.2
Description
UNTITLED, FRAMED OIL ON MASONITE. SUBJECT, NATIVE MALE ON HORSEBACK WITH 2 HORSES. MOUNTAINS IN BACKGROUND. SIGNED BL WITH ILLUSTRATION OF 2 RIFLES.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
ATTRIBUTED TO KAINAI ARTIST TWO GUN OR PERCY PLAIN WOMAN. 2 RIFLES SYMBOL USED BY ARTIST TO SIGN HIS WORK. ALSO USED "TWO GUN" SIGNATURE & SOMETIMES COMBINED BOTH SYMBOL & SIGNATURE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE DONOR WAS FOUND TO BE DECEASED VIA HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY ON JULY 6, 2008. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT BLOOD AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19890016002
Acquisition Date
1989-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED LANDSCAPE
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19910042001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED LANDSCAPE
Date Range From
1950
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
63.7
Width
47.5
Description
OIL PAINTING LANDSCAPE DEPICTING MAN ON HORSEBACK IN TRADITIONAL NATIVE COSTUME OVERLOOKING AN APPROACHING WAGON TRAIN IN A VALLEY BOTTOM. SIGNED BOTTOM LEFT "TWO GUN" BELOW 2 STICK FORM RIFLES. FRAMED OIL ON MASONITE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
SIGNATURE WITH 2 GUNS IS A NOM D' PLUME FOR PERCY PLAINS WOMAN (1895-1961) & IS TYPICAL OF SEVERAL WAYS THE ARTIST, FROM THE KAINAI RESERVE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA, WOULD SIGN HIS WORKS. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT BLOOD AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19910042001
Acquisition Date
1991-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PEYTO LAKE CANADIAN ROCKIES LANDSAPE
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19910065001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PEYTO LAKE CANADIAN ROCKIES LANDSAPE
Date
1960
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Length
45.8
Width
30.6
Description
CANVAS STRETCHED OVER BOARD. LANDSCAPE OF MOUNTAIN SCENE WITH MOUNTAINS IN BACKGROUND, LAKE IN CENTER, TREES & SWOOPING BIRD OF PREY IN FOREGROUND. UNFRAMED. SIGNED BOTTOM LEFT "TWO GUN 60" UNDER 2 SLOPED RIFLES. TITLED "PEYTO LAKE CANADIAN ROCKIES" IN BC.
Subjects
ART
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
ARTIST TWO GUN, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI NATION, PAINTED SCENES IN OIL OF TRADITONAL NATIVE LIFE, ALSO PORTRAITS OF WELL KNOWN NATIVE INDIVIDUALS & SOME LANDSCAPES. TWO GUN IS A "PEN NAME" FOR PERCY PLAINS WOMAN (1895-1961). *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT KAINAI AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19910065001
Acquisition Date
1991-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P19890016001
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
WOOD, CANVAS
No. Pieces
1
Length
34.5
Width
33.2
Description
UNFRAMED, UNTITLED OIL ON CANVAS. SUBJECT, PORTRAIT OF NATIVE MALE IN TRADITIONAL COSTUME, BUST, LEFT PROFILE. SIGNED BL "TWO GUN" STRETCHED CANVAS OVER ROUGH WOOD FRAME.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
KAINAI NATION ARTIST PERCY PLAIN WOMAN (1895-1961) SIGNED HIS WORK TWO GUN OFTEN WITH A TWO RIFLE SYMBOL.TWO GUN IS A NON DE PLUME FOR PERCY PLAIN WOMAN A NATIVE ARTIST FROM THE KAINAI RESERVE. ARTIST LARGELY SELF-TAUGHT, HIS USUAL SUBJECTS WERE SCENES DEPICTING TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE & PORTRAITS OF NATIVE PEOPLE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE DONOR WAS FOUND TO BE DECEASED VIA HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY ON JULY 6, 2008. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT BLOOD AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19890016001
Acquisition Date
1989-05
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, OIL PAINT
Catalogue Number
P19900044000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1930
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, OIL PAINT
No. Pieces
1
Height
60
Width
53
Description
OIL ON BOARD PORTRAIT OF ADULT MALE, NATIVE IN TRADITIONAL REGALIA, INCLUDING FUR HAT WITH FEATHER. PROFILE, FACING RIGHT. WORK IS ATTRIBUTTED TO KAINAI ARTIST TWO GUN.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
UNTITLED PORTRAIT, BELIEVED TO BE CHIEF MANY DIFFERENT HORSES, A KAINAI NATION CHIEF. (SOURCE: HUGH DEMPSEY, GLENBOW MUSEUM). WRITTEN ON REVERSE: "OIL PAINTING BY PERCY PLAIN WOMAN INDIAN NAME TWO GUN MACLEOD ALTA, CANADA" PURCHASED BY ROBT. SWIFT HODSON, AN EARLY PIONEER IN CALGARY AREA, FROM ARTIST. OWNED BY GORDON HEWITT, PAINTING SOLD BY PETLEY JONES GALLERY, ACTING AS AGENT FOR HEWITT TO MUSEUM. FOR HISTORY OF TWO GUN SEE P19890011000-GA. SEE ATTACHED LETTER. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT KAINAI AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19900044000
Acquisition Date
1990-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
KAINAI CHIEF GOOD STRIKER
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
WOOD, CANVAS
Catalogue Number
P19910068000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
KAINAI CHIEF GOOD STRIKER
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1950
Materials
WOOD, CANVAS
No. Pieces
1
Length
44.1
Width
40.0
Description
FRAMED OIL ON CANVAS, PORTRAIT, MALE IN TRADITIONAL NATIVE COSTUME. SIGNED BOTTOM LEFT "TWO GUN". UNTITLED, HOWEVER PENCILLED ON BACKING "CHIEF GOOD STRIKER BLOOD RESERVE".
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
TWO GUN NOM D' PLUME FOR PERCY PLAINS WOMAN OF THE KAINAI RESERVE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. PORTRAIT IS GENERALLY CONSIDERED TO BE CHIEF GOOD STRIKER OF THE KAINAI RESERVE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT KAINAI AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. AT THIS TIME, IT WAS NOTED THAT THE WRITING ON THE BACKING OF THE PAINTING THAT WAS DESCRIBED AT THE TIME OF CATALOGING IS NO LONGER PRESENT, DUE TO THE BACKING PAPER BEING TORN AWAY. GIVEN THE ESTIMATED DATE OF THE PAINTING AND THE ELDERLY AGE OF THE SUBJECT AS DEPICTED BY THE ARTIST, THE "GOOD STRIKER" REFERRED TO ON THE LOST BACKING PAPER WOULD HAVE HAD TO BEEN BORN PRIOR TO THE TURN OF THE 20TH CENTURY. NOTABLE BLOOD CHIEF RUFUS GOODSTRIKER (1924-2003) WAS NOT ELECTED HEAD CHIEF OF THE KAINAI NATION UNTIL 1964, THREE YEARS AFTER THE ARTIST'S DEATH. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE SUBJECT OF THIS PAINTING IS RUFUS' FATHER, FRANK GOODSTRIKER SR., FOR WHOM NO DATE OF BIRTH/DEATH OR FURTHER INFORMATION WAS FOUND.
Catalogue Number
P19910068000
Acquisition Date
1991-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
EVELYN EAGLE SPEAKER - SUSPECTED PORTRAIT SITTER
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19910065002
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
EVELYN EAGLE SPEAKER - SUSPECTED PORTRAIT SITTER
Date
1960
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Length
42.5
Width
32.6
Description
CANVAS STRETCHED OVER BOARD. PORTRAIT OF UNKNOWN WOMAN IN TRADITIONAL NATIVE COSTUME OF WHITE BUCKSKIN, HEADBAND WITH 3 FEATHERS. UNFRAMED & SIGNED BOTTOM LEFT "TWO GUN 60" UNDER 2 SLOPED RIFLES. TOP 1/3 OF PAINTING HAS NUMEROUS WHITE PAINT SPECKLES. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
ARTIST TWO GUN, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI NATION, PAINTED SCENES IN OIL OF TRADITONAL NATIVE LIFE, ALSO PORTRAITS OF WELL KNOWN NATIVE INDIVIDUALS & SOME LANDSCAPES. TWO GUN IS A "PEN NAME" FOR PERCY PLAINS WOMAN (1895-1961). *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT KAINAI AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000. UPDATE: ON NOVEMBER 25TH 2019, GALT MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT SUGGESTED THAT THIS PORTRAIT’S SITTER WAS LIKELY EVELYN EAGLE SPEAKER WHO WAS NAMED THE FIRST INDIGENOUS STAMPEDE QUEEN IN 1954. PHOTOGRAPHS OF EAGLE SPEAKER WEARING IDENTICAL ATTIRE CAN BE FOUND AT WITHIN GLENBOW ARCHIVES--AS REFERENCED BY BENOIT ON FILE.
Catalogue Number
P19910065002
Acquisition Date
1991-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PORTRAIT "'COCO' NELSON SMALL LEGS JR"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19840003000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PORTRAIT "'COCO' NELSON SMALL LEGS JR"
Date
1984
Materials
LEATHER, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
91.4
Width
73.7
Description
CHROME-TANNED DEER HIDE LACED TO WOODEN FRAME WITH LEATHER THONG. PORTRAIT IN ACRYLIC OF NELSON SMALL LEGS JR. IN PROFILE. TITLED: "COCO" "NELSON SMALL LEGS JR." SIGNED BY WILLY LITTLE PLUME.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
ARTIST & SUBJECT ARE PIIKANI, THE LATTER IS DECEASED (FILE ATTACHED) *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE FOUND THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE PAINTING'S SUBJECT, NELSON LUKE SMALL LEGS JR., IN THE PERMANENT FILE: "NELSON SMALL LEGS WAS BORN ON DECEMBER 18, 1952 ON THE PEIGAN RESERVATION IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. THE LAST YEARS OF HIS LIFE WERE SPENT AS AN ADVOCATE OF INDIAN ISSUES. MUCH FRUSTRATION AND INTERNAL TURMOIL WAS FELT BY NELSON IN HIS ATTEMPT TO HAVE HIS INDIAN PEOPLE VIEWED AS CITIZENS WITH RIGHTS THAT REQUIRED RECOGNITION. ON THE SUNDAY AFTERNOON OF MAY 16, 1976, NELSON COMMITTED SUICIDE, GIVING HIS LIFE FOR THIS CAUSE. IN ABIDING BY HIS REQUEST, HE IS BURIED ON A HUGE HILL OVER-LOOKING HIS PEIGAN RESERVE AT BROCKET, ALBERTA." THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, ADAM WILLIAM LITTLE PLUME JR., WAS FOUND IN HIS LETHBRIDGE HERALD OBITUARY: LITTLE PLUME WAS BORN ON JULY 28, 1953 AND LIVED AND WORKED AS AN ARTIST ON THE PEIGAN RESERVE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA. HIS ARTWORK DEPICTS THE SPIRITUAL ESSENCE AND UNITY OF NATIVE CULTURE AND LIFESTYLE. LITTLE PLUME PASSED AWAY ON MARCH 6, 2007 IN CALGARY.
Catalogue Number
P19840003000
Acquisition Date
1984-02
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20030029000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1940
Date Range To
1960
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.6
Length
46.8
Width
44.5
Description
OIL ON CANVAS. FEATURES THE HEAD OF A NATIVE MAN. MAN HAS BRAIDS IN HIS HAIR AS WELL AS RED FATHERS. HE WEARS A PINKISH WHITE EARRING IN ONE EAR. AROUND HIS NECK IS A PINK BAND WITH A LARGE CIRCULAR, WHITE STONE (OR SHELL) ON THE FRONT. IN BOTTOM LEFT HAND CORNER IS "TWO GUN". FRAME IS FINISHED WOOD WITH A WHITE FABRIC INSET. BACK OF FRAME HAS A GOLD LABEL THAT READS "STATION STREET GALLERY & FRAME SHOP 1 - 139 STATION STREET DUNCAN, B.C. V9L 1MB 748-3311". THERE IS A WIRE ON BACK FOR HANGING.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
PAINTING WAS PURCHASED BY DONOR IN 1982 OR 1983 FOR $10 IN EDMONTON. DONOR HAD IT HANGING ON HER WALL UNTIL DONATION TO MUSEUM. DONOR WAS DIRECTOR OF THE GALT MUSEUM & ARCHIVES FROM 1999 TO 2002, AND WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING THE DEANE-FREEMAN COLLECTION OF MORE THAN 200 KAINAI OBJECTS, HELD BY THE ROYAL ONTARIO AND BRITISH MUSEUMS, TO THE GALT MUSEUM FOR THE ANCESTORS EXHIBIT IN 2002. TWO GUN, NOM DE PLUME FOR PERCY PLAIN WOMAN, WAS BORN IN 1895 (D.1961) AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. PERCY WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART. HIS CRAFT WAS PAINTING TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE & PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT BLOOD & BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA & MONTANA. HE WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950'S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS & WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHEIF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. THE GALT MUSEUM HAS A NUMBER OF TWO GUNS WORKS ON CANVAS & MASONITE IN PERMANENT COLLECTION. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR ADDITIONAL HISTORY. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P20030029000
Acquisition Date
2004-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
SELF PORTRAIT TWO GUN
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19640615000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
SELF PORTRAIT TWO GUN
Date
1958
Materials
CANVAS, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
26.7
Width
20.3
Description
TITLED "SELF PORTAIT BY...'58" WITH OUTLINE OF 2 RIFLES, LL, THE SYMBOL USED BY NATIVE ARTIST TWO GUN. FEATURES PORTRAIT, BUST LEFT PROFILE OF ARTIST IN HEADDRESS & TRADITIONAL COSTUME.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
BLACKFOOT, TWO GUN IS THE NOM DE PLUME FOR PERCY PLAIN WOMAN (1895-1961). *UPDATE* NICOLE HEMBROFF, COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT, INTERVIEWED RON BATSFORD (NEPHEW OF WILLIAM BLACKER) AS PART OF A SURVEY OF PALLET RACKING CONDUCTED IN 2010. BATSFORD ALSO SHARED MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS PAINTING. SEE BELOW. ACCORDING TO RON BATSFORD, THE PAINTING WAS A GIFT FROM SOMEONE ON THE RESERVE. ACCORDING TO BATSFORD, WILLIAM BLACKER "DROVE FOR THE LETHBRIDGE LAUNDRY IN THE 1930S. HE WENT OUT TO THE RESERVE FOR HIS WORK." THE FAMILY, INCLUDING WILLIAM BLACKER, SYD BATSFORD AND WILLIAM PICKFORD, WAS INVOLVED IN THE "BEREAN CHRISTADELPHIAN ECCLESIA" (LOCATED ON 633 7TH ST. S.). BATSFORD SAID MANY OF HIS RELATIONS WERE "MINISTERS AND PREACHERS WHO USED TO DO A LOT OF HELP FOR THE NATIVES." THEY OFTEN FED PEOPLE WHO WERE LIVING ON THE STREET, GAVE THEM CLOTHING OR PROVIDED SHELTER FOR THEM. "PART OF THE CHURCH'S MESSAGE WAS TO HELP EVERYONE THEY COULD." BATSFORD SAID, "THE PAINTING WAS A GIFT TO SAY THANK YOU FOR ALL OF THE HELP." BATSFORD THOUGHT IT LIKELY WORD OF BLACKER'S GENEROSITY SPREAD AMONG THE FIRST NATIONS PEOPLE. BATSFORD SAID, "I THINK THE REASON FOR THE PAINTING WAS FOR WHAT MY UNCLES AND THE CHURCH DID FOR THEM." BLACKER LIVED ON 1225 6TH AVE. S., WHERE THE PAINTING HUNG IN HIS STUDY. BLACKER AND HIS WIFE MARY HAD THREE SONS NAMED BILLY, DAVID AND RICKY; RICKY WAS KILLED IN CALGARY WHEN HE WAS IN HIS 20S. PERCY PLAIN WOMAN AKA "TWO GUN" WAS A SELF TAUGHT ARTIST. BORN IN 1895, HE DID NOT SERIOUSLY PURSUE PAINTING UNTIL HE WAS 40 YEARS OLD. HIS WORK WAS COMPRISED OF PAINTINGS ON TEEPEES, PORTRAITS OF FIRST NATIONS PEOPLE AND MORE. HE OFTEN SOLD WORK TO LETHBRIDGE LOCALS AND WAS COMISSIONED TO DO WORK AT THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL. HIS SIGNATURE OFTEN INCLUDED A DEPICTION OF TWO RIFLES. SEE PERMANENT FILE AND P19640838000 FOR MORE INFORMATION. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT BLOOD AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P19640615000
Acquisition Date
1973-10
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
OIL, BOARD, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P20140023003
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED PORTRAIT
Date
1958
Materials
OIL, BOARD, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Height
49
Length
39
Width
3.5
Description
OIL ON CANVAS BOARD. PROFILE PORTRAIT OF MAN WEARING WHITE ROUND EARRING, WITH BLACK HAIR IN TWO BRAIDS THAT ARE WRAPPED IN GREEN CLOTH. MAN’S FACE IS WRINKLED AND HE WEARS A BUCKSKIN SHIRT WITH FRINGE AND A GREEN AND RED NECKLACE. BACKGROUND IS GREEN, GREY AND BROWN. SIGNED “TWO GUN, 58” WITH TWO STYLIZED RIFLES AT BOTTOM LEFT. WOODEN FRAME PAINTED GOLD WITH WIRE HANGER AT BACK. CARDBOARD BACKING SHOWS FADING. CONDITION VERY GOOD OVERALL.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
THIS PAINTING, ALONG WITH P20140023001 AND P20140023002, WAS ORIGINALLY PURCHASED FROM THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, BY THE DONOR’S FATHER, STANLEY PESZAT SR. OF LETHBRIDGE. ON AUGUST 29, 2014, GALT COLLECTIONS TECHNICIAN KEVIN MACLEAN INTERVIEWED STANLEY PESZAT JR. ABOUT THREE PAINTINGS BY TWO GUN THAT HAD BEEN HANGING IN THE PESZAT FAMILY CABIN IN WATERTON, PRIOR TO THE CABIN BEING SOLD IN 2014. PESZAT SAID: “THE PESZAT FAMILY ACQUIRED THE [WATERTON] PROPERTY FROM THE PARKS DEPARTMENT BACK IN 1955… OVER THE YEARS, IT DEVELOPED INTO A SECOND HOME, OUR RETREAT. AND MY PARENTS SPENT CONSIDERABLE TIME AMASSING VARIOUS COLLECTIBLES TO… GIVE IT A PERSONALITY… MY FATHER AND MOTHER OWNED STAN’S MENSWEAR ON 5TH STREET LETHBRIDGE. THEY, TOGETHER, BUILT THAT BUSINESS INTO SOMETHING THAT WAS PART OF LETHRBIDGE’S GROWTH. ONE DAY, WHEN I WAS STILL A TEENAGER… THIS WOULD BE SEPTEMBER, LATE 1950S… A GENTLEMAN, A NATIVE, CAME IN A SOMEBODY POINTED HIM TO MY FATHER… [IT WAS] TWO GUN, COMING IN WITH ONE PICTURE… HE SAID “ARE YOU INTERESTED IN SOME ART?... I’M A PAINTER.”…DAD SAID “KIND OF INTERESTED, TELL ME ABOUT IT.” TWO GUN WENT INTO A STORY BRIEFLY… HE CONSUMMATED A SALE AND… AS HE TURNED AROUND, MY DAD SAID “YOU KNOW, IF YOU PAINT ANY MORE OF THESE, COME AND SEE ME.”… A FEW MONTHS LATER, TWO GUN… SHOWS UP WITH THE SECOND VERSION, AND THEN THE SMALLER ONES FOLLOWED… [DAD] REALLY TOOK A LIKING TO THE UNIQUE STYLE OF THOSE PAINTINGS… SOMETHING THAT WAS DRAMATIC AND UNIQUE AND HANDMADE… SO THOSE WERE ON THE WALL [OF THE WATERTON CABIN] WITH THE BEAR SKIN RUGS, AND SOME OTHER COLLECTIBLES… THINGS YOU KIND OF SAT BACK AND LOOKED AT, AND SMILED…” FOR A TRANSCRIPT OF THE FULL INTERVIEW, INCLUDING DESCRIPTIONS OF THE PESZAT FAMILY HISTORY AND CONSTRUCTION OF THEIR PAN-ABODE CABIN IN WATERTON, SEE PERMANENT FILE. FOR PHOTOGRAPHS OF THE ARTWORKS HANGING ON THE CABIN WALLS, SEE GALT ARCHIVES RECORD 20141087. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT KAINAI AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000.
Catalogue Number
P20140023003
Acquisition Date
2014-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
UNTITLED MALE PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1953
Date Range To
1955
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
MASONITE, OIL
Catalogue Number
P19738755000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UNTITLED MALE PORTRAIT
Date Range From
1953
Date Range To
1955
Materials
MASONITE, OIL
No. Pieces
1
Length
33.0
Width
25.7
Description
PORTRAIT OF MALE IN TRADITIONAL NATIVE COSTUME. BUST, FULL FACE. SIGNED BOTTOM LEFT "TWO GUN" WITH OUTLINE OF 2 RIFLES. FRAMED, OIL ON MASONITE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ART
Historical Association
FINE ARTS
History
TWO GUN IS A NON DE PLUME FOR ARTIST PERCY PLAIN WOMAN (1895-1961), RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA SOUTH OF FORT MACLEOD. *UPDATE* IN JUNE 2009, THE GALT WAS CONTACTED BY A MEMBER OF THE PUBLIC, LYLE YOUNG, SEEKING BIO INFORMATION ON TWO GUN. YOUNG POSSESSED A TWO GUN OIL AND IT WAS REALIZED BY COLLECTIONS STAFF THAT ITS HUMAN SUBJECT WAS NEAR IDENTICAL TO THE UN-DOCUMENTED SUBJECT FEATURED IN THIS WORK. ON THE REVERSE SIDE OF THE YOUNG’S WORK WAS "MOUNTAIN HORSE KNOWN AS RATTLESNAKE JIM, DIED 1952". HIS WORK WAS ADDTIONALLY DATED BY THE ARTIST TWO GUN AS "1953". OTHER EXAMPLES OF THE SUBJECT HAVE TURNED UP LOCALLY IN LETHBRIDGE AS WELL AS AT AUCTION IN VANCOUVER. FOR MORE INFORMATION, PLEASE SEE THE DONATION'S PERMANENT FILE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. SHE DEVELOPED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST, TWO GUN, WITH INFORMATION FROM CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES AND RECORD P20130026000. PERCY “TWO GUN” PLAIN WOMAN WAS BORN IN 1895 AND RAISED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. WITH A GRADE SEVEN EDUCATION, HE LEFT RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL TO TAKE UP LIFE AS A COW PUNCHER. HE SOON BECAME AN EXPERT RIDER AND BRONC BUSTER AND RODEOED THROUGHOUT THE WEST. TWO GUN WAS NEARLY 50 BEFORE HE BEGAN TO TAKE A SERIOUS INTEREST IN ART. AS A MIDDLE-AGED MAN HE TOOK A FEW LESSONS AT THE BANFF SCHOOL OF FINE ART, AND PAINTED TRADITIONAL DESIGNS ON TEEPEES PRIOR TO HIS LATER PORTRAITURE PRACTICE. HIS DEPICTIONS OF TRADITIONAL NATIVE LIFE AND PORTRAITS OF IMPORTANT KAINAI AND BLACKFOOT INDIVIDUALS BECAME WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA. TWO GUN WAS COMMISSIONED TO PAINT A HISTORY OF THE BLACKFOOT TRIBES ON THE LOBBY WALLS OF THE PRINCE OF WALES HOTEL IN WATERTON LAKES NATIONAL PARK. HE FIRST SOLD HIS PAINTINGS TO A LOCAL RESTAURANT FOR $5.00 BUT AS HE BECAME KNOWN DEMAND FOR HIS WORKS INCREASED. IT WAS ONLY IN THE LATER YEARS OF HIS LIFE THAT HE MADE A LIVING OFF HIS ART. DURING THE 1950S TWO GUN CONTRACTED TUBERCULOSIS AND WAS A PATIENT AT CHARLES CAMSELL HOSPITAL IN EDMONTON FOR FOUR YEARS. HE DIED AT AGE 66 IN CARDSTON HOSPITAL. HE USED THE SYMBOL OF TWO CROSSED OR PARALLEL RIFLES TO ACCOMPANY HIS SIGNATURE IN MANY CASES, AS THE NAME TWO GUN WAS HANDED DOWN BY AN UNCLE, CHIEF EAGLECHILD. HIS NEPHEW WAS GERALD TAILFEATHERS, ALSO A WELL-KNOWN CANADIAN NATIVE ARTIST. GIVEN THE SIMILARITY BETWEEN THE UNIDENTIFIED SUBJECT DEPICTED IN THIS PORTRAIT, THE IDENTIFIED "MOUNTAIN HORSE" DEPICTED IN LYLE YOUNG'S PORTRAIT, AND ANOTHER PAINTING OF A NEAR-INDENTICAL SUBJECT IDENTIFIED AS "CHIEF MOUNTAIN HORSE" IN THE ARTIST'S HAND (OFFERED AS A DONATION TO THE MUSEUM IN SUMMER 2014 BY THE PESZAT FAMILY OF LETHBRIDGE), JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED FURTHER RESEARCH INTO CHIEF JIM MOUNTAIN HORSE. A TRIBUTE ARTICLE FROM THE OCTOBER 15, 1937 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PROVIDED THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION AND A PHOTOGRAPH OF CHIEF MOUNTAIN HORSE IN A POSE VERY SIMILAR TO THIS PAINTING AS WELL AS P19930018001-GA, BOTH PREVIOUSLY RECORDED AS DEPICTING UNKNOWN SUBJECTS. JIM MOUNTAIN HORSE WAS BORN C.1857, AS A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI TRIBE. HE WAS A WARRIOR AND FOUGHT IN THE LAST RECORDED BATTLE BETWEEN THE KAINAI AND CREE FIRST NATIONS ALONG THE OLDMAN (BELLY) RIVER IN THE FALL OF 1872. MOUNTAIN HORSE GREW UP TO BE A MINOR CHIEF OF THE KAINAI TRIBE AND HAD THREE SONS WHO ALL FOUGHT IN WORLD WAR I, INCLUDING THE CRITICALLY-ACCLAIMED AUTHOR MIKE MOUNTAIN HORSE. JIM MOUNTAIN HORSE IS PICTURED IN A 1935 PHOTOGRAPH OF THE LETHBRIDGE OLD-TIMER'S ( GALT ARCHIVES 20001076304), AND WHEN HE DIED ON OCTOBER 13, 1937, HIS CASKET WAS DRAPED IN THE UNION JACK AND HIS FUNERAL ATTENDED BY JOHN PUGH, THE KAINAI RESERVE INDIAN AGENT. HE WAS THE LAST LIVING SURVIVOR OF THE OLDMAN RIVER BATTLE. CHIEF JIM MOUNTAIN HORSE IS BURIED ON THE KAINAI RESERVE. FOR COPIES OF CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD NEWSPAPER ARTICLES ON TWO GUN, SEE PERMANENT FILE P20030029000. FOR HARDCOPIES OF THE ARTIST'S DEATH REGISTRATION, MATERIAL DEVELOPED FOR A 1990 EXHIBITION OF HIS WORK, AND CORRESPONDANCE BETWEEN MUSEUM STAFF AND HUGH DEMPSEY REGARDING THE ARTIST, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19640615000. FOR HARDCOPY OF JIM MOUNTAIN HORSE TRIBUTE ARTICLE, SEE PERMANENT FILE P19738755000.
Catalogue Number
P19738755000
Acquisition Date
1964-12
Collection
Museum
Images
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