Skip header and navigation

12 records – page 1 of 1.

Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, SINEW, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19860089000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date
1986
Materials
LEATHER, SINEW, WOOD
No. Pieces
1
Length
101.5
Width
80.0
Description
BROWN, WHITE, RED, YELLOW, GREEN, BLACK. PICTOGRAPHIC HIDE PAINTING DEPICTING BLOOD INDIAN WAR SCENES. ILLUSTRATED WITH FIGURES OF HORSES, MEN, TEEPEES, BUFFALO SKULLS, WEAPONS (BOWS, SPEARS, ARROWS, SHIELDS). GREEN PAINTED BORDER WITH YELLOW & RED GEOMETRIC DESIGNS. HIDE STRETCHED WITH SINEW TO PELLED WILLOW FRAME. HOLE (12CM DIA) UPPER RIGHT CORNER. WORDS "PICTOGRAPHIC OF INDIAN ART" & "CONRAD CHIEF BODY 1986".
Subjects
ART
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
FINE ARTS
History
BLOOD INDIAN. MADE IN 1986 FOR MUSEUM. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, CONRAD CHIEF BODY, WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES ON HIS ARTWORK AND HIS OBITUARY. CONRAD CHIEF BODY, A MEMBER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, WAS BORN IN 1937 AND MARRIED THERESA EARLY MORNING CALLER, THE DAUGHTER OF PERCY 'TWO GUN' PLAIN WOMAN, IN 1965. THEY RAISED THREE DAUGHTERS. CHIEF BODY WAS WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA FOR HIS STYLIZED PICTOGRAPH PAINTINGS ON COWHIDE. CONRAD CHIEF BODY PASSED AWAY ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2002, ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19820009000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS AND AN EXCERPT ON CHIEF BODY FROM LLOYD JAMES DEMPSEY'S BOOK 'BLACKFOOT WAR ART: PICTOGRAPHS OF THE RESERVATION PERIOD, 1880-2000'. AS WELL AS FOR DESCRIPTIONS OF THE MEANING OF EACH IMAGE DEPICTED IN THE PAINTING.
Catalogue Number
P19860089000
Acquisition Date
1986-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
"PEMMICAN MAKERS"
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
CERAMIC, WOOD, CLOTH, LEATHER, MOSS
Catalogue Number
P19870008000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
"PEMMICAN MAKERS"
Date
1987
Materials
CERAMIC, WOOD, CLOTH, LEATHER, MOSS
No. Pieces
1
Length
54.4
Width
43.4
Description
TWO NATIVE WOMEN PREPARING PEMMICAN. CHARACTERS ARE SCULPTED FROM CLAY AND FIRED. DRESSED IN COTTON FROCKS. MOSS IS USED TO IMITATE GROUND. BEEF JERKY SIMULATES PEMMICAN.
Subjects
ART
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DIORAMA PURCHASED FROM HARRISON RED CROW, A BLOOD INDIAN FROM BLOOD RESERVE. PURCHASE PRICE $450.00
Catalogue Number
P19870008000
Acquisition Date
1987-06
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
P19820010000-GA
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, SINEW, BEADS, FEATHERS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19820011000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19820010000-GA
Date
1982
Materials
LEATHER, SINEW, BEADS, FEATHERS, WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Description
.1 SHIELD, 1 CM TH. X 48.0 CM DIA. PAINTED ELK LEATHER, SINEW, BEADS, DYED TURKEY FEATHERS, HARDWOOD ROUND FRAME. OCHRE, RED, YELLOW, GREEN, BLUE, BLACK AND WHITE. SIGNED ON REVERSE BY ARTIST "CONRAD CHIEFBODY, BOX 32, STANDOFF". CONSTRUCTION OF ELK LEATHER STRETCHED ON FRAME AND LACED ON REVERSE WITH SINEW. CONTEMPORARY IMAGE OF MOUNTED WARRIOR WITH BACK TO WIND PAINTED ON SHIELD CENTRE; MARTIN PAINTED RED/GREEN AND FEATURES 7 BLACK DYED FEATHERS TRIMMED WITH BLUE/RED FEATHERS AND BLACK/BLUE BEADS. OTHER THAN BLACK/WHITE NON-COLOURS, SHIELD FEATURES OCHRE COLOUR AND TRADITIONAL BLOOD COLORS GREEN, BLUE, YELLOW AND RED. .2 SPEAR, 105 CM LTH. X 1.5 CM DIA. ELK LEATHER, BONE, BEADS, DYED TURKEY FEATHERS, WILLOW SHAFT. RED/BLUE/BLACK/WHITE. SPEAR CONSTRUCTED OF CARVED WILLOW SHAFT TIPPED WITH CARVED BONE POINT. SHAFT DECORATED SIMILAR TO SHIELD WITH RED/BLUE TRIMMED/BEADED FEATHERS.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
BLOOD INDIAN. SHIELD & SPEAR INTENDED FOR WALL DECORATING USE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, CONRAD CHIEF BODY, WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES ON HIS ARTWORK AND HIS OBITUARY. CONRAD CHIEF BODY, A MEMBER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, WAS BORN IN 1937 AND MARRIED THERESA EARLY MORNING CALLER, THE DAUGHTER OF PERCY 'TWO GUN' PLAIN WOMAN, IN 1965. THEY RAISED THREE DAUGHTERS. CHIEF BODY WAS WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA FOR HIS STYLIZED PICTOGRAPH PAINTINGS ON COWHIDE. CONRAD CHIEF BODY PASSED AWAY ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2002, ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19820009000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS AND AN EXCERPT ON CHIEF BODY FROM LLOYD JAMES DEMPSEY'S BOOK 'BLACKFOOT WAR ART: PICTOGRAPHS OF THE RESERVATION PERIOD, 1880-2000'.
Catalogue Number
P19820011000
Acquisition Date
1982-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Other Name
P19820011000-GA
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, SINEW, BEADS, FEATHERS, WOOD
Catalogue Number
P19820010000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
P19820011000-GA
Date
1982
Materials
LEATHER, SINEW, BEADS, FEATHERS, WOOD
No. Pieces
2
Description
.1 SHIELD. 1.5 CM TH. X 48.0 CM DIA. PAINTED ELK LEATHER, SINEW, BEADS, DYED TURKEY FEATHERS, HARDWOOD ROUND FRAME. RED, GREEN, BLUE, YELLOW, BLACK, WHITE. SIGNED ON REVERSE BY ARTIST "CONRAD CHIEFBODY, BOX 32, STANDOFF, ALBERTA" SHIELD CONSTRUCTED OF ELK LEATHER STRETCHED ON FRAME AND LACED ON REVERSE WITH SINEW. TRADITIONAL BUFALO SKULL MOTIF PAINTED ON SHIELD CENTRE; MARGIN IS PAINTED RED/YELLOW AND FEATURES 8 BLACK DYED FEATHERS TRIMMED WITH BLUE FEATHERS AND GREEN/RED BEADS OTHER THAN BLACK/WHITE NON-COLORS, SHIELD FEATURES TRADITIONAL BLOOD COLOURS: GREEN, BLUE,YELLOW, RED. .2 SPEAR. 108 CM LTH. X 1.5 CM DIA. ELK LEATHER, BONE, BEADS, DYED TURKEY FEATHERS, WILLOW SHAFT. RED, BLUE, GREEN, BLACK, WHITE. SPEAR CONSTRUCTED OF CARVED WILLOW SHAFT TIPPED WITH CARVED BONE POINT. SHAFT DECORATED SIMILAR TO SHIELD WITH RED PAINT AND BLUE TRIMMED/BEADED FEATHERS.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
BLOOD INDIAN. ARTIST LEARNED , OR WAS "GIVEN", STYLISTIC MOTIF BY HIS FATHER. SHIELD AND SPEAR INTENDED FOR WALL DECORATIVE USE. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION ON THE ARTIST, CONRAD CHIEF BODY, WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES ON HIS ARTWORK AND HIS OBITUARY. CONRAD CHIEF BODY, A MEMBER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, WAS BORN IN 1937 AND MARRIED THERESA EARLY MORNING CALLER, THE DAUGHTER OF PERCY 'TWO GUN' PLAIN WOMAN, IN 1965. THEY RAISED THREE DAUGHTERS. CHIEF BODY WAS WELL KNOWN IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND MONTANA FOR HIS STYLIZED PICTOGRAPH PAINTINGS ON COWHIDE. CONRAD CHIEF BODY PASSED AWAY ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2002, ON THE BLOOD RESERVE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19820009000 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS AND AN EXCERPT ON CHIEF BODY FROM LLOYD JAMES DEMPSEY'S BOOK 'BLACKFOOT WAR ART: PICTOGRAPHS OF THE RESERVATION PERIOD, 1880-2000'.
Catalogue Number
P19820010000
Acquisition Date
1982-03
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
HORSE HAIRS, BUCKSKIN, CANCELLOUS BONE
Catalogue Number
P19641165000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1850
Date Range To
1900
Materials
HORSE HAIRS, BUCKSKIN, CANCELLOUS BONE
No. Pieces
4
Description
.1 PAINT BRUSH. 3 CM LTH X 18.1 CM DIA.. HORSE HAIR BRITTLE ENCASED IN BUCKSKIN. .2 PAINT BRUSH. 1.3 CM HT. X 3.8 CM WTH. X 5.1 CM LTH. CANCELLOUS BONE WEDGE ENCASED IN BUCKSKIN. YELLOW PAINT ADHERING TO BONE .3 PAINT BRUSH. 1.9 CM HT. X 3.5 CM WTH. X 8.2 CM LTH. GREEN PAINT. .4 PAINT BRUSH. 1.9 CM HT. X 3.8 CM WTH. X 8.9 CM LTH. .RED PAINT ADHERING TO BONE. CANCELLOUS BONE WEDGE ENCASED IN BUCKSKIN.CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
DECORATIVE ARTS
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS INDIANS. *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641165000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
HORN
Catalogue Number
P19651475000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1880
Date Range To
1890
Materials
HORN
No. Pieces
1
Length
26.0
Width
8.0
Description
METAL AXE MARKS ON ANTLER.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
LEATHER, HORN, SHELLWORKING T&E
Historical Association
AGRICULTURE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
PLAINS INDIAN CULTURE *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THE VARIOUS DONATIONS PERTAINING TO EDWARD FREDERICK HAGELL. SEE RECORD P19960053001 FOR AN EXTENDED BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST; SEE PERMANENT FILES P19960053001, P20040009001, P20060027001, P20070008001, AND P20070012001 FOR NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, DETAILS ON PAST GALT DIRECTOR/CURATOR WILMA WOOD'S BOOK ON THE ARTIST, AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE HAGELL FAMILY.
Catalogue Number
P19651475000
Acquisition Date
1965-01
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19651477000
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BUCKSKIN, BEADS
No. Pieces
1
Length
72.4
Width
22.9
Description
LINED WITH WHITE COTTON. FLORAL BEADWORK DESIGN IN RED, WHITE, BLUE, YELLOW & GREEN BEADS ON WHITE BUCKSKIN.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
CLOTHING-ACCESSORY
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
NORTHERN PLAINS CULTURE, LIKELY BLACKFOOT IN ORIGIN. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THE VARIOUS DONATIONS PERTAINING TO EDWARD FREDERICK HAGELL. SEE RECORD P19960053001 FOR AN EXTENDED BIOGRAPHY OF THE ARTIST; SEE PERMANENT FILES P19960053001, P20040009001, P20060027001, P20070008001, AND P20070012001 FOR NEWSPAPER CLIPPINGS, DETAILS ON PAST GALT DIRECTOR/CURATOR WILMA WOOD'S BOOK ON THE ARTIST, AND CORRESPONDENCE WITH THE HAGELL FAMILY.
Catalogue Number
P19651477000
Acquisition Date
1965-01
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
EATON'S
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
1999
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
Catalogue Number
P19990061007
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
EATON'S
Date Range From
1990
Date Range To
1999
Materials
PLASTIC, PAPER
No. Pieces
1
Height
0.1
Length
8.5
Width
5.4
Description
RECTANGULAR, GREY, PLASTIC. PRINTED ON TOP, FRONT OF CARD IS "EATON'S*" IN A DARK GREY. EMBOSSED BELOW THIS, IN SILVER, IS "1234 5678 9015 EXP 04/01 EATON'S SHOPPER". TO THE RIGHT OF THIS IS A SQUARE HOLOGRAPH, WITH AN "E" INSIDE A CIRCLE. ON BACK OF CARD IS A MAGNETIC STRIPE, A WHITE STICKER (FOR SIGNING NAME), AND INFO. ON CARD USE IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH. TOP RIGHT, ON BACK OF CARD, READS "SCS24294 05/98".
Subjects
EXCHANGE MEDIUM
Historical Association
RETAIL TRADE
History
MUSEUM OBTAINED ITEMS FROM LETHBRIDGE EATON'S STORE IN 1999. DUE TO COMPANY BANKRUPTCY, EATON'S STORES ACROSS CANADA WERE CLOSED, INCLUDING THE LETHBRIDGE LOCATION IN PARK PLACE MALL. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING THOSE ASSOCIATED WITH THE T. EATON COMPANY STORES IN LETHBRIDGE. THE FOLLOWING BRIEF HISTORY OF LETHBRIDGE'S EATON'S STORE WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM GALT ARCHIVES AND LETHBRIDGE HERALD ARTICLES FROM THE FALL OF 1988. THE T. EATON COMPANY WAS FOUNDED IN TORONTO IN 1869 BY TIMOTHY EATON. THE FIRST LETHBRIDGE EATON'S 'TECO' STORE WAS OPENED IN 1927 IN THE BASEMENT OF THE DOMINION BLOCK ON THE CORNER OF 4 AVENUE AND SIXTH STREET SOUTH. AFTER A FIRE, THE BUILDING WAS RENOVATED AND COMPLETELY TAKEN OVER BY THE EATON'S STORE, WHICH OPERATED IN THAT LOCATION UNDER PERIODIC RENOVATIONS FROM 1929 UNTIL THE OPENING OF THE PARK PLACE MALL IN 1988, IN WHICH EATON'S WAS AN ANCHOR RETAILER. IN 1989 A PORTION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE ART COLLECTION WAS TEMPORARILY PUT ON DISPLAY IN THE VACANT EATON'S BUILDING, AND PROPOSALS WERE MADE TO MAKE THE INSTALLATION PERMANENT, BUT EVENTUALLY THE PROPERTY WAS SOLD AND DEMOLISHED TO MAKE WAY FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF A BANK OF MONTREAL BRANCH. IN 1999 THE EATON'S STORE IN PARK PLACE MALL CLOSED JUST PRIOR TO THE ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE BANKRUPTCY OF THE LARGER T. EATON COMPANY LIMITED. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19930072001 FOR HARDCOPIES OF SOURCE MATERIAL.
Catalogue Number
P19990061007
Acquisition Date
1999-10
Collection
Museum
Less detail
Other Name
UMBILICAL CORD
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
BEADS, BUCKSKIN
Catalogue Number
P19641186000
  1 image  
Material Type
Artifact
Other Name
UMBILICAL CORD
Date Range From
1900
Date Range To
1910
Materials
BEADS, BUCKSKIN
No. Pieces
1
Height
2.9
Length
14.0
Width
7.3
Description
DORSAL SURFACE BUCKSKIN COVERED WITH GEOMETRIC BEADWORK DESIGN IN BLACK AND WHITE BEADS. VENTRAL SURFACE BUCKSKIN. HANDMADE. CONSERVATION REPORT ON FILE.
Subjects
INDIGENOUS
ADORNMENT
Historical Association
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
DONOR CLAIMS MADE BY SIOUX & TRADED OR GIVEN TO BLOODS. THIS TYPEOF TURTLE UMBILICAL CHARM WORN BY FEMALE CHILDREN (SNAKE CHARMS WORN BY BOYS) UMBILICAL CORDS OF NEW-BORN WERE PLACED IN A BEADED CASE & WORN BY CHILD UNTIL ADOLESCENCE AS PROTECTIVE CHARM. *UPDATE* IN 2014 LOUISE-MARIE CROP EARED WOLF, A MEMBER OF THE KAINAI (BLOOD TRIBE), AND A FOURTH YEAR NATIVE AMERICAN STUDIES MAJOR AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE COMPLETED AN APPLIED STUDIES PROJECT WITH THE COLLECTIONS DEPARTMENT AT THE GALT MUSEUM. SHE PHOTOGRAPHED ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS ASSOCIATED WITH FIRST NATIONS CULTURES IN SOUTHERN ALBERTA AND WROTE THE FOLLOWING TEXT TO PRESENT HER FOCUSED RESEARCH ON FOUR SPECIFIC ARTIFACTS (P19641186000, P19780209000, P19780208000, AND P19790235000): “I WANT TO DISPLAY THE KAINAI WOMEN BEADED ITEMS FROM THE GALT MUSEUM COLLECTIONS FOR THEIR ARTISTIC MERIT AND NOT JUST FOR THEIR ETHNOLOGICAL VALUE. THE FOUR ARTIFACTS SELECTED ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF FOUR GENERATIONS OF BEADERS: GRANDMOTHERS, MOTHERS, SISTER, AND DAUGHTERS. THE COLOURS ARE MEANINGFUL AND THE TRADITIONAL SYMBOLS ARE USED THROUGHOUT. THE ADHERENCE TO THE TRADITION, HOWEVER, DOES NOT SUPPRESS ARTISTIC EXPRESSION; THE BEADERS USE A FAIR DEGREE OF CREATIVITY IN THEIR CHOICE OF MATERIALS, SYMBOLS AND COLORS. THE ART OF BEADING IS NOT A “DYING ART” – IT IS THE ARTISTS, ARTISTIC EXPRESSION AND IT IS A “LIVING ART”. FOR GENERATIONS, KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS AND CLOTHING DESIGNERS HAVE BEEN MAKING CLOTHING FOR THE ENTIRE COMMUNITY. THE BEADED CLOTHING HONOURS THE FAMILY FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT IN A CONTINUOUS CIRCLE OF HONOURING. THE BEADED CLOTHING AND ACCESSORIES SUCH AS MOCCASINS, LEGGINGS, AND BELTS, COMMUNICATE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE FAMILY AND ILLUSTRATE HOW TRADITIONS ARE PASSED DOWN THROUGH GENERATIONS. THE BEADED WORK CONNECTS A BEADING ARTIST TO HER ANCESTORS. EVERY MOTIF, DESIGN, COLOUR OF SEED BEADS, STANDS FOR SOMETHING IMPORTANT TO THE ARTIST’S FAMILY, REFLECTING THE ARTIST’S SURROUNDINGS AND REINFORCING HER CULTURAL VALUES. LEARNING BY OBSERVATION, AN ARTIST PAYS RESPECT TO THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE KAINAI WOMEN BEADERS. THIS IS A PROTECTIVE SYMBOL OF THE TURTLE THAT IS WORN BY CHILDREN INTO THEIR ADOLESCENCE. THE GRANDMOTHER ENCASES THE UMBILICAL CORD IN ELK HIDE THAT IS CUT IN THE SHAPE OF TURTLE FOR GIRLS AND LIZARDS FOR BOYS; BOTH HAVE APPLICATION COLOURED SEED BEADS. THE DESIGN USES CONTRASTING BLACK AND WHITE BEADS TO EMULATE THE SHAPE AND TEXTURE OF THE ANIMAL. THE ITEM IS WORN ON THE BACK OF A DRESS ATTACHED NEAR THE NECK. THE ITEM INSURES THE SAFETY AND PROTECTION FROM INFANCY INTO ADULTHOOD." *UPDATE* IN 2015 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON ASKED TWO FORMER MEMBERS OF THE LETHBRIDGE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE, PHIL EDMUNDSON AND PAUL RUSZNAK, ABOUT THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS THAT THE GROUP DONATED TO THE GALT MUSEUM IN 1964, 1969, AND 1973. NEITHER RECALLED HOW THE JAYCEES CAME INTO OWNERSHIP OF THE ARTIFACTS, AS THEIR ACQUISITION PREDATED BOTH EDMUNDSON AND RUSZNAK’S MEMBERSHIP IN THE CHAMBER. RESEARCH CONDUCTED INTO LETHBRIDGE’S GURNEY MUSEUM FOUND A CONNECTION BETWEEN ITS PROPRIETOR, WALTER GURNEY, AND THE JAYCEES, WHO ACCORDING TO AN ARTICLE FROM THE APRIL 16, 1946 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD ADVOCATED ON GURNEY’S BEHALF FOR IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE TO THE FORMER BOARD OF TRADE BUILDING WHERE THE MUSEUM WAS HOUSED. AN ARTICLE FROM THE JULY 13, 1948 ISSUE OF THE HERALD DESCRIBES SOME OF THE FIRST NATIONS ARTIFACTS ON DISPLAY IN THE MUSEUM: “TOMAHAWKS, ARROW HEADS, PEACE PIPES, BEAD AND LEATHER WORK, CLOTHING AND WOODCRAFT”. UPON THE CLOSURE OF THE MUSEUM AND SALE OF GURNEY’S COLLECTION TO BELMORE SCHULTZ OF THE ALTAMONT MUSEUM IN COUTTS, MENTION WAS MADE IN A HERALD ARTICLE FROM MAY 16, 1961 OF “HISTORICAL INDIAN RELICS THAT BELONG TO THE JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE HAVE BEEN RETAINED IN THE CITY AND WILL BE AVAILABLE WHEN PROPER DISPLAY FACILITIES ARE AVAILABLE”. IT IS POSSIBLE THAT THE ARTIFACTS WERE TRANSFERRED TO THE JAYCEES BY GURNEY DURING THE DISSOLUTION OF HIS MUSEUM, BUT NO FURTHER CONFIRMATION WAS FOUND. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION ABOUT THE GURNEY MUSEUM AND ITS COLLECTION, SEE RECORD P19890044001.
UPDATE 16 AUGUST 2017: ON 25 JULY 2017, MUSEUM CURATOR AIMEE BENOIT FOUND EVIDENCE TO CONNECT THE INDIGENOUS COLLECTION DONATED BY THE LETHBRIDGE JAYCEES (AKA. JUNIOR CHAMBER OF COMMERCE) WITH FORMER LETHBRIDGE RESIDENTS THE LATE FRED BOTSFORD AND HIS LATE DAUGHTER DOROTHY CLARK. NOTES MADE BY AIMEE ON THE DISCOVERY AS WELL AS RELEVANT CLIPPINGS FROM THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD CAN BE FOUND ATTACHED TO THE PERMANENT FILE OF P19641140000.
Catalogue Number
P19641186000
Acquisition Date
1964-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19920020009
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
40.2
Width
28.0
Description
HEAVY LINEN BAG, 2 TIE STRAPS. PROBABLY HANDMADE. 20.4 CM SLIT ON FACE REINFORCED. SOME STAINS. WORN & PATCHED ON REAR FACE NEAR SLIT BOTTOM. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
EXCHANGE MEDIUM
Historical Association
BUSINESS
CURRENCY/MAUNDY
History
BEGINNING ABOUT 1888, JOB REED BEGAN A MARKET GARDEN BUSINESS IN LETHBRIDGE. HANDMADE BAG IS BELIEVED TO DATE TO ABOUT THAT TIME. SEE P19920020001-GA FOR FURTHER DONOR & REED FAMILY HISTORY. FOR EXTENSIVE INFORMATION ON REED FAMILY EXHIBITION SEE HARDCOPY FILE P19920001001. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE REED FAMILY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF JOB REED WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM AN ARTICLE ON THE REED FAMILY AND FARM FROM THE DECEMBER 30, 1985 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED'S DEATH ANNOUNCEMENT FROM 1906, AND THE GALT ARCHIVES. JOB REED WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON NOVEMBER 12, 1841. WHEN HE WAS 14, HIS FATHER DIED, LEAVING JOB THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PROVIDING FOR HIMSELF AND HIS WIDOWED MOTHER. HE WORKED FOR THE BRITISH POSTAL SERVICE AND COMPLETED HIS TEACHING CERTIFICATION. HE MARRIED MARY ELIZABETH HOBBS IN 1869, AND IMMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1873, MOVING FROM NEW ORLEANS TO TEXAS AND THEN PENNSYLVANIA, WHERE REED OBTAINED A DEGREE IN MEDICINE. THE COUPLE RETURNED TO ENGLAND, BUT REED'S MEDICAL TRAINING WAS NOT RECOGNIZED THERE, AND IN 1882 THEY CROSSED THE ATLANTIC AGAIN, MOVING WEST ACROSS CANADA IN STAGES, FINALLY ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1886. THE FAMILY HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: RICHARD, HENRY, ELIZABETH (WHO MARRIED GEORGE HERBERT WATSON), JOB JUNIOR (KNOWN AS BUDD), GEORGE, ANNIE, AND ELLA. REED PURCHASED TWO LOTS ON WHAT IS NOW 6TH AVENUE SOUTH. THE FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED A MARKET GARDEN ON THE PROPERY, AND BUILT A STONE DUPLEX THAT STILL STANDS ON THE 1200 BLOCK OF 6TH AVENUE. REED WORKED AS A COAL MINER TO EARN MORE MONEY TOWARDS INVESTING IN FURTHER LAND, AND RAISED PIGS WITH SCRAP FOOD FROM THE NEARBY RCMP BARRACKS. IN 1901, REED PURCHASED 2.5 SECTIONS OF LAND NEAR PRESENT-DAY GRANUM WITH HIS FOUR SONS AND ONE SON-IN-LAW; HIS SON BILLY LATER TOOK OVER THIS RANCH. REED WAS A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE IN LETHBRIDGE AND A MEMBER OF THE SCHOOL BOARD. IN EARLY 1906, HE PURCHASED EDGEHILL FARM, NEAR SIX MILE COULEE, BUT HE DIED LATER THAT YEAR ON APRIL 25. MARY REED LIVED AT THE FARM FOR YEARS AFTERWARD, AND DIED IN KELOWNA, B.C. IN 1932 AT HOME OF ONE OF HER SONS. BOTH JOB AND MARY REED ARE BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980031006 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, AND PERMANENT FILE P19920001001 FOR RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY AIMEE VIEL FOR A GALT MUSUEM EXHIBIT ON THE REED FAMILY..
Catalogue Number
P19920020009
Acquisition Date
1992-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
Catalogue Number
P19920020015
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1888
Date Range To
1900
Materials
LINEN, COTTON
No. Pieces
1
Length
48.0
Width
27.5
Description
HEAVY LINEN BAG, 2 TIE STRAPS. PROBABLY HANDMADE. 14.7 CM SLIT ON FACE REINFORCED. SOME STAINS. CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
EXCHANGE MEDIUM
Historical Association
BUSINESS
CURRENCY/MAUNDY
History
HANDMADE BAG IS BELIEVED TO DATE TO ABOUT 1888 WHEN JOB REED BEGAN A MARKET GARDENING BUSINESS IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE P19920020001-GA FOR FURTHER REED FAMILY HISTORY & DONOR HISTORY. *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING ONE ASSOCIATED WITH THE REED FAMILY. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY OF JOB REED WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM AN ARTICLE ON THE REED FAMILY AND FARM FROM THE DECEMBER 30, 1985 ISSUE OF THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD, REED'S DEATH ANNOUNCEMENT FROM 1906, AND THE GALT ARCHIVES. JOB REED WAS BORN IN SOMERSETSHIRE, ENGLAND ON NOVEMBER 12, 1841. WHEN HE WAS 14, HIS FATHER DIED, LEAVING JOB THE RESPONSIBILITY OF PROVIDING FOR HIMSELF AND HIS WIDOWED MOTHER. HE WORKED FOR THE BRITISH POSTAL SERVICE AND COMPLETED HIS TEACHING CERTIFICATION. HE MARRIED MARY ELIZABETH HOBBS IN 1869, AND IMMIGRATED TO THE UNITED STATES IN 1873, MOVING FROM NEW ORLEANS TO TEXAS AND THEN PENNSYLVANIA, WHERE REED OBTAINED A DEGREE IN MEDICINE. THE COUPLE RETURNED TO ENGLAND, BUT REED'S MEDICAL TRAINING WAS NOT RECOGNIZED THERE, AND IN 1882 THEY CROSSED THE ATLANTIC AGAIN, MOVING WEST ACROSS CANADA IN STAGES, FINALLY ARRIVING IN LETHBRIDGE IN 1886. THE FAMILY HAD SEVEN CHILDREN: RICHARD, HENRY, ELIZABETH (WHO MARRIED GEORGE HERBERT WATSON), JOB JUNIOR (KNOWN AS BUDD), GEORGE, ANNIE, AND ELLA. REED PURCHASED TWO LOTS ON WHAT IS NOW 6TH AVENUE SOUTH. THE FAMILY OWNED AND OPERATED A MARKET GARDEN ON THE PROPERY, AND BUILT A STONE DUPLEX THAT STILL STANDS ON THE 1200 BLOCK OF 6TH AVENUE. REED WORKED AS A COAL MINER TO EARN MORE MONEY TOWARDS INVESTING IN FURTHER LAND, AND RAISED PIGS WITH SCRAP FOOD FROM THE NEARBY RCMP BARRACKS. IN 1901, REED PURCHASED 2.5 SECTIONS OF LAND NEAR PRESENT-DAY GRANUM WITH HIS FOUR SONS AND ONE SON-IN-LAW; HIS SON BILLY LATER TOOK OVER THIS RANCH. REED WAS A JUSTICE OF THE PEACE IN LETHBRIDGE AND A MEMBER OF THE SCHOOL BOARD. IN EARLY 1906, HE PURCHASED EDGEHILL FARM, NEAR SIX MILE COULEE, BUT HE DIED LATER THAT YEAR ON APRIL 25. MARY REED LIVED AT THE FARM FOR YEARS AFTERWARD, AND DIED IN KELOWNA, B.C. IN 1932 AT HOME OF ONE OF HER SONS. BOTH JOB AND MARY REED ARE BURIED IN MOUNTAIN VIEW CEMETERY IN LETHBRIDGE. SEE PERMANENT FILE P19980031006 FOR HARDCOPIES OF NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, AND PERMANENT FILE P19920001001 FOR RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY AIMEE VIEL FOR A GALT MUSUEM EXHIBIT ON THE REED FAMILY..
Catalogue Number
P19920020015
Acquisition Date
1992-07
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Material Type
Artifact
Materials
LEATHER, PLASTIC BEADS
Catalogue Number
P19890047000
  2 images  
Material Type
Artifact
Date Range From
1925
Date Range To
1935
Materials
LEATHER, PLASTIC BEADS
No. Pieces
2
Height
9.5
Length
27.4
Width
9.2
Description
PAIR BEADED MOCCASINS, HANDMADE, PARFLECHE SOLE, BROWN-TANNED LEATHER UPPERS. BLUE, SILVER, RED, GREEN, YELLOW PLASTIC BEADS, FLOWER PATTERN. BEADED TRIM AROUND ANKLE; TASSELS ON HEELS. SEE CONSERVATION REPORT.
Subjects
CLOTHING-FOOTWEAR
INDIGENOUS
Historical Association
PERSONAL CARE
ETHNOGRAPHIC
History
MADE FOR SAMUAL ALEXANDER BUCKLAND CRABB, DONOR'S FATHER. DONOR BELIEVES MADE ABOUT 1925-26 BY JOE HEALY'S WIFE AS A GIFT. CRABB CAME TO ALBERTA ABOUT 1901 & CAME TO KNOW HEALY WHEN HE WORKED WITH NORTH WEST MOUNTED POLICE LATER EMPLOYED BY GALT #6 MINE. HE WAS KILLED IN KERALTA EXPLOSION IN 1943. HIS ACQUAINTENCE WITH HEALY WAS RENEWED BY CHANCE, & MOCCASINS MADE AFTER HEALY NOTICED THAT CRABB ALWAYS REMOVED HIS BOOTS & WANDERED AROUND IN STOCKING FEET. SEE PERMANENT FILE FOR FULL LETTER WRITTEN BY DONOR, NORMA B. CHARLES (CRABB). *UPDATE* IN 2014 COLLECTIONS ASSISTANT JANE EDMUNDSON CONDUCTED A SURVEY OF ART OBJECTS, INCLUDING A PORTRAIT OF JOE HEALY, WHOSE WIFE PURPORTEDLY MADE THESE MOCCASINS. THE FOLLOWING BIOGRAPHY ON JOE HEALY WAS DEVELOPED WITH INFORMATION FROM THE GALT ARCHIVES AND 'THE AMAZING DEATH OF CALFSHIRT: THREE HUNDRED YEARS OF BLACKFOOT HISTORY' BY HUGH DEMPSEY: POTAI'NA "FLYING CHIEF' JOE HEALY (LATER CALLED WOLF MOCCASIN) WAS BORN IN 1854 ON THE MONTANA BLACKFEET RESERVATION, TO THE LEADER OF THE BLOOD TRIBE, MANY BRAIDS. MANY BRAIDS HAD BECOME FRIENDLY WITH JOHN J. HEALY, CO-OPERATOR OF THE SUN RIVER CROSSING TRADING POST WITH ALFRED B. HAMILTON. DURING A ROUTINE VISIT TO THE TRADING POST, THE BLOODS' CAMP WAS RAIDED AT NIGHT BY A BAND OF PEND D'OREILLE WARRIORS. MANY BRAIDS, HIS WIFE, BABY AND TEENAGE DAUGHTER WERE KILLED IN THE CONFLICT, WHICH WAS WITNESSED BY JOHN HEALY. BEFORE HE DIED, MANY BRAIDS ASKED JOHN HEALY TO TAKE CARE OF HIS SON, FLYING CHIEF, THE ONLY SURVIVING MEMBER OF THE FAMILY. JOHN HEALY GAVE THE EIGHT YEAR OLD BOY THE NAME JOE HEALY, AND KEPT HIM AT THE TRADING POST UNTIL THE SUMMER, WHEN HE WAS ENROLLED IN THE SCHOOL AT NEARBY FORT SHAW. THERE JOE DEVELOPED HIS KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH. IN 1869, WHILE JOE WAS IN SCHOOL, HEALY AND HAMILTON WENT NORTH AND OPENED A TRADING POST AT THE CONFLUENCE OF THE OLDMAN AND ST. MARY RIVERS; THIS POST WOULD BECOME KNOWN AS FORT WHOOP-UP AND WAS INFAMOUS FOR ITS CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE WHISKEY TRADE AND VIOLENCE IN THE AREA UNTIL THE ARRIVAL OF THE NORTH-WEST MOUNTED POLICE IN 1874. THREE YEARS LATER, DUE TO A DECLINE IN THE BUFFALO POPULATIONS AND THUS THE ROBE MARKET, HEALY CLOSED THE SUN RIVER CROSSING POST AND MOVED TO FORT BENTON. JOE WAS NOW SIXTEEN AND WAS COMPELLED TO RETURN TO HIS RELATIVES AMONG THE BLOODS. HE FOLLOWED THE LAST BUFFALO HERDS WITH BULL SHIELD, AND JOINED IN RELIGIOUS AND WARFARE ACTIVITIES OF THE TRIBE. WHEN THE BLOODS SETLLED ON THEIR RESERVE IN 1881, JOE WAS THE ONLY MEMBER OF THE TRIBE WHO WAS FLUENT IN BLACKFOOT AND ENGLISH. HE WAS AN OUTSPOKEN SUPPORTER OF RELIGIOUS TRADITIONS AND DEFIED ATTEMPTS BY THE GOVERNMENT TO SUPRESS DANCES AND FESTIVALS. HE MARRIED WIDE NOSTRILS, THE DAUGHTER OF IRON PIPE, AND THEY HAD SIX DAUGHTERS AND FOUR SONS. JOE WORKED AS AN OFFICIAL INTERPRETER FOR THE GOVERNMENT WHEN A NEW TREATY WAS MADE IN 1883, AND AS A SCOUT FOR THE RNWMP. IN LATER YEARS HE CO-ORDINATED FIRST NATIONS' PARTICIPATION IN THE LETHBRIDGE EXHIBITION AND STAMPEDE. JOE HEALY DIED AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION ON THE BLOOD RESERVE IN 1936 AS ONE OF THE MOST RESPECTED PATRIARCHS OF THE BLOOD TRIBE.
Catalogue Number
P19890047000
Acquisition Date
1989-11
Collection
Museum
Images
Less detail

12 records – page 1 of 1.